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Title:
SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING MULTIPLE STACKS OF DIFFERENT SEMICONDUCTOR DIES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/133117
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A semiconductor device assembly is provided. The assembly comprises a package substrate, a first stack of semiconductor dies having a first set of planform dimensions disposed over a first location on the substrate, a second stack of semiconductor dies having a second set of planform dimensions different from the first set disposed over a second location on the substrate, and an encapsulant at least partially encapsulating the substrate, the first stack and the second stack. The first stack of semiconductor dies has a first planform area, the second stack of semiconductor dies has a second planform area, and a sum of the first and second planform areas can be at least 50%, 67%, 75%, or even more of an area of the package substrate.

Inventors:
THURGOOD, Blaine, J. (Inc.8000 S. Federal Way, P.O. Box, Boise ID, 83707-0006, US)
Application Number:
US2018/060234
Publication Date:
July 04, 2019
Filing Date:
November 11, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC. (8000 S. Federal Way, P.O. Box 6Boise, ID, 83707-0006, US)
International Classes:
H01L25/065; H01L23/31; H01L27/108; H01L27/11502; H01L27/11551; H01L43/02; H01L45/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2003017327A22003-02-27
Foreign References:
US20070218588A12007-09-20
US20170125378A12017-05-04
US20170373040A12017-12-28
JP2012186295A2012-09-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PARKER, Paul, T. et al. (Perkins Coie LLP, P.O. Box 1247Seattle, WA, 98111-1247, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A semiconductor device assembly, comprising:

a package substrate;

a first stack of semiconductor dies having a first set of planform dimensions disposed over a first location on the substrate;

a second stack of semiconductor dies having a second set of planform dimensions different from the first set disposed over a second location on the substrate; and

an encapsulant at least partially encapsulating the substrate, the first stack and the second stack.

2. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first set of planform dimensions includes a first length and a first width, and wherein the second set of planform dimensions includes a second length and a second width, and wherein the first length is different than the second length and the second width.

3. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 2, wherein the first width is different than the second length and the second width.

4. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first stack of semiconductor dies has a first planform area, the second stack of semiconductor dies has a second planform area, and a sum of the first and second planform areas is at least 50% of an area of the package substrate.

5. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 4, wherein the sum is at least 67% of the area of the package substrate.

6. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 4, wherein the sum is at least 75% of the area of the package substrate.

7. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 4, wherein the sum is at least 90% of the area of the package substrate.

8. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first stack of semiconductor dies is connected to the package substrate by a first plurality of wirebonds and the second stack of semiconductor dies is connected to the package substrate by a second plurality of wirebonds.

9. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first stack of semiconductor dies includes through substrate vias.

10. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 9, wherein the second stack of semiconductor dies includes through substrate vias.

1 1. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first stack of semiconductor dies comprises a first plurality of memory dies, and wherein the second stack of semiconductor dies comprises a second plurality of memory dies.

12. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 1 , wherein the first plurality of memory dies and the second plurality of memory dies comprise a single memory type.

13. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 12, wherein the single memory type is one of NAND flash, NOR flash, DRAM, PCM, FeRAM, or MRAM.

14. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , wherein the package substrate includes a plurality of external connectors operably connected to the first and second stacks of semiconductor dies.

15. The semiconductor device assembly of claim 1 , further comprising:

a third stack of semiconductor dies having a third set of planform dimensions different from the first set disposed over a third location on the substrate.

16. A method of making a memory device, comprising:

providing a substrate;

stacking a first plurality of semiconductor dies having a first set of planform dimensions on the substrate in a first stack;

stacking a second plurality of semiconductor dies having a second set of planform dimensions different from the first set on the substrate in a second stack; and

providing an encapsulant to at least partially encapsulate the substrate, the first stack and the second stack.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein the first set of planform dimensions includes a first length and a first width, and wherein the second set of planform dimensions includes a second length and a second width, and wherein the first length is different than the second length and the second width.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the first width is different than the second length and the second width.

19. The method of claim 16, wherein the first stack of semiconductor dies has a first planform area, the second stack of semiconductor dies has a second planform area, and a sum of the first and second planform areas is at least 50% of an area of the package substrate.

20. The method of claim 16, wherein the first stack of semiconductor dies comprises a first plurality of memory dies, and wherein the second stack of semiconductor dies comprises a second plurality of memory dies.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein the first plurality of memory dies and the second plurality of memory dies comprise a single memory type.

Description:
SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING MULTIPLE STACKS OF DIFFERENT SEMICONDUCTOR DIES

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present disclosure generally relates to semiconductor devices, and more particularly relates to semiconductor device assemblies including multiple stacks of different semiconductor dies.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Packaged semiconductor dies, including memory chips, microprocessor chips, and imager chips, typically include one or more semiconductor dies mounted on a substrate and encased in a plastic protective covering or covered by a heat- conducting lid. The die can include active circuits ( e.g ., providing functional features such as memory cells, processor circuits, and/or imager devices) and/or passive features {e.g., capacitors, resistors, etc.) as well as bond pads electrically connected to the circuits. The bond pads can be electrically connected to terminals outside the protective covering to allow the die to be connected to higher level circuitry.

[0003] To provide additional functionality, additional semiconductor dies can be added to a semiconductor device assembly. One approach to including additional semiconductor dies involves stacking the dies over the substrate. To facilitate the electrical connection of dies to the substrate, the dies can be arranged in a shingled stack, where each die is offset horizontally from a die below to leave exposed contact pads of the die that can be bonded {e.g., with a wirebond) to a corresponding bondfinger on the substrate. In this regard, Figure 1 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly 100 in which a shingled stack 102 of dies 103 connected by adhesive layers are stacked on a substrate 101 and electrically connected to bondfingers 105 on the substrate 101 by wirebonds 106. The stack 102, substrate 101 and wirebonds 106 are encapsulated by, e.g., a mold material 105.

[0004] Semiconductor device assemblies are frequently provided in one of a number of widely-adopted physical formats for use in electronic devices. These formats may specify, e.g., the overall dimensions of the assemblies {i.e., width, length and height), the connectivity mechanisms ( e.g ., solder ball arrays, pads, pin outs, etc.), and other features of the assemblies. When a semiconductor die, or a stack thereof, have a planform area that utilizes most of the available space on a substrate that is required for a given format, as in Figure 2, there is little wasted space in the package. As can be seen with reference to Figure 2, a stack 202 of semiconductor dies 203 with a planform area that covers a majority {e.g., more than half, more than two-thirds, more than three- fourths, etc.) of the area of the substrate 201 leaves little wasted space in the assembly 200. As semiconductor dies continue to shrink due to process and technological advances, however, smaller dies may not make good use of the area available for a given assembly format.

[0005] For example, Figure 3 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly in which a stack 302 of semiconductor dies 303 with a planform area that covers less than a majority {e.g., less than half, less than two-thirds, less than three-fourths, etc.) of the area of the substrate 301 leaves a great deal of wasted space in the assembly 300. To address this inefficiency, one approach involves using multiple stacks of smaller semiconductor dies, as shown in Figure 4, but this approach can also be inefficient when the required format of a device assembly is not efficiently used even by multiple stacks of smaller semiconductor dies. As can be seen with reference to the semiconductor device assembly 400 illustrated in Figure 4, even two stacks 402 and 412 of smaller semiconductor dies 403 may cover less than a majority {e.g., less than half, less than two-thirds, less than three-fourths, etc.) of the area of a substrate 401 for a given assembly format, leaving a great deal of wasted space in the assembly 400.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0006] Figure 1 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including a stack of semiconductor dies.

[0007] Figure 2 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including a stack of semiconductor dies.

[0008] Figure 3 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including a stack of semiconductor dies.

[0009] Figure 4 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including multiple stacks of semiconductor dies. [0010] Figure 5 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including multiple stacks of different semiconductor dies in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology.

[0011] Figure 6 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including multiple stacks of different semiconductor dies in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology.

[0012] Figure 7 illustrates a semiconductor device assembly including multiple stacks of different semiconductor dies in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology.

[0013] Figure 8 is a flow chart illustrating a method of making a semiconductor device assembly in accordance with one embodiment of the present technology.

[0014] Figure 9 is a schematic view showing a system that includes a semiconductor device assembly configured in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0015] In the following description, numerous specific details are discussed to provide a thorough and enabling description for embodiments of the present technology. One skilled in the relevant art, however, will recognize that the disclosure can be practiced without one or more of the specific details. In other instances, well- known structures or operations often associated with semiconductor devices are not shown, or are not described in detail, to avoid obscuring other aspects of the technology. In general, it should be understood that various other devices, systems, and methods in addition to those specific embodiments disclosed herein may be within the scope of the present technology.

[0016] As discussed above, semiconductor device assemblies, such as semiconductor memory packages, may be provided in a number of different physical formats with predetermined sizes. When a semiconductor die is not sized to efficiently utilize the available space in a particular physical format, the inefficiency of unused space in the package can increase the relative cost of the assembly ( e.g ., as compared to an assembly in which a shorter stack of larger dies can provide the same memory capacity, or an equivalent stack of larger dies can provide greater memory capacity). Accordingly, it is desirable to provide more efficient use of available space in semiconductor device assemblies.

[0017] In this regard, several embodiments of the present technology are directed to semiconductor device assemblies that include a package substrate, a first stack of semiconductor dies having a first set of planform dimensions disposed over a first location on the substrate, a second stack of semiconductor dies having a second set of planform dimensions different from the first set disposed over a second location on the substrate, and an encapsulant at least partially encapsulating the substrate, the first stack and the second stack. The first stack of semiconductor dies has a first planform area, the second stack of semiconductor dies has a second planform area, and a sum of the first and second planform areas can be at least 50%, 67%, 75%, 90%, or even more of an area of the package substrate.

[0018] Specific details of several embodiments of semiconductor devices are described below. The term “semiconductor device” generally refers to a solid-state device that includes a semiconductor material. A semiconductor device can include, for example, a semiconductor substrate, wafer, or die that is singulated from a wafer or substrate. Throughout the disclosure, semiconductor devices are generally described in the context of semiconductor dies; however, semiconductor devices are not limited to semiconductor dies.

[0019] The term“semiconductor device package” can refer to an arrangement with one or more semiconductor devices incorporated into a common package. A semiconductor package can include a housing or casing that partially or completely encapsulates at least one semiconductor device. A semiconductor device package can also include an interposer substrate that carries one or more semiconductor devices and is attached to or otherwise incorporated into the casing. The term“semiconductor device assembly” can refer to an assembly of one or more semiconductor devices, semiconductor device packages, and/or substrates ( e.g ., interposer, support, or other suitable substrates). The semiconductor device assembly can be manufactured, for example, in discrete package form, strip or matrix form, and/or wafer panel form. As used herein, the terms“vertical,”“lateral,”“upper,” and“lower” can refer to relative directions or positions of features in the semiconductor device or device assembly in view of the orientation shown in the Figures. For example,“upper” or“uppermost” can refer to a feature positioned closer to or closest to, respectively, the top of a page than another feature or portion of the same feature. These terms, however, should be construed broadly to include semiconductor devices having other orientations, such as inverted or inclined orientations where top/bottom, over/under, above/below, up/down, and left/right can be interchanged depending on the orientation.

[0020] Figure 5 is a simplified cross-sectional view of a semiconductor device assembly including multiple stacks of different semiconductor dies in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology. The semiconductor device assembly 500 includes a substrate 501 , a first stack 502 of first semiconductor dies 503 and a second stack 512 of second semiconductor dies 513, which have a different set of planform dimensions ( e.g ., length and/or width) than the first semiconductor dies 503. In this regard, the first semiconductor dies 503 of the first stack 502 have a first length Li and a first width W-i, and the second semiconductor dies 513 of the second stack 512 have a second length l_2 and a second width W2, where Li ¹ L2, and/or W1 ¹ W2. By utilizing stacks of semiconductor dies with different sets of planform dimensions, the available space in a device assembly format of a predetermined size can be more efficiently exploited than with a single stack of semiconductor dies or with multiple stacks of semiconductor dies with the same dimensions. In this regard, the first stack 502 has a first area A-i, the second stack 512 has a second area A2, and a sum of the first and second areas can be at least 50%, 67%, 75%, 90%, or even more of an area of the substrate 501.

[0021] In accordance with one aspect of the present technology, the semiconductor dies 503 and 513 of the first and second stacks 502 and 512 can be memory dies {e.g., NAND flash, NOR flash, DRAM, PCM, FeRAM, MRAM, etc.) and device assembly 500 can be a packaged memory device. The semiconductor dies 503 and 513 can be the same kind of memory {e.g., both NAND flash, both NOR flash, both DRAM, etc.) to provide increased memory capacity in device assembly 500 when compared to a device assembly with less-efficiently utilized physical space {e.g., due to the use of a single stack, or multiple stacks of the same dimensions).

[0022] Although in the foregoing example embodiment, a semiconductor device assembly with two stacks of eight semiconductor dies has been illustrated, in other embodiments, the number of semiconductor dies in a stack, and the number of stacks in a device assembly, may vary. For example, Figure 6 is a simplified plan view of a semiconductor device assembly including three stacks of two different semiconductor dies ( e.g ., semiconductor dies with two different sets of planform dimensions) in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology. As can be seen with reference to Figure 6, the semiconductor device assembly 600 includes a substrate 601 and three stacks 602-604 of semiconductor dies, with features similar to those discussed in more detail above with reference to Figure 5. Each of the stacks 602-604 is disposed in a different location on the substrate 601 {e.g., in adjacent, non overlapping locations). The first stack 602 is a stack of eight of a first type of semiconductor die with a first set of planform dimensions, and the second and third stacks 603 and 604 are stacks of four of a second type of semiconductor die with a second set of planform dimensions, different from the first. By utilizing stacks of semiconductor dies with different sets of planform dimensions, the available space in a device assembly format of a predetermined size can be more efficiently exploited than with a single stack of semiconductor dies or with multiple stacks of semiconductor dies with the same dimensions. In this regard, the first stack 602 has a first area, the second stack 603 has a second area, the third stack 604 has a third area, and a sum of the first, second and third areas can be at least 50%, 67%, 75%, 90%, or even more of an area of the substrate 601.

[0023] Moreover, although in the foregoing example embodiments, semiconductor device assemblies with two different types of semiconductor dies {e.g., semiconductor dies with two different sets of planform dimensions) have been illustrated, in other embodiments a semiconductor device assembly may have three, four, or even more different types of semiconductor dies. In this regard, Figure 7 is a simplified plan view of a semiconductor device assembly including three stacks of three different semiconductor dies {e.g., semiconductor dies with three different sets of planform dimensions) in accordance with an embodiment of the present technology. As can be seen with reference to Figure 7, the semiconductor device assembly 700 includes a substrate 701 and three stacks 702-704 of semiconductor dies, with features similar to those discussed in more detail above with reference to Figures 5 and 6. Each of the stacks 702-704 is disposed in a different location on the substrate 701 {e.g., in adjacent, non-overlapping locations). The first stack 702 is a stack of eight of a first type of semiconductor die with a first set of planform dimensions, the second stack 703 is a stack of four of a second type of semiconductor die with a second set of planform dimensions, different from the first, and the third stack 704 is a stack of four of a third type of semiconductor die with a third set of planform dimensions, different from the first and second. By utilizing stacks of semiconductor dies with different sets of planform dimensions, the available space in a device assembly format of a predetermined size can be more efficiently exploited than with a single stack of semiconductor dies or with multiple stacks of semiconductor dies with the same dimensions. In this regard, the first stack 702 has a first area, the second stack 703 has a second area, the third stack 704 has a third area, and a sum of the first, second and third areas can be at least 50%, 67%, 75%, 90%, or even more of an area of the substrate 701.

[0024] Although in the foregoing examples, semiconductor device assemblies have been illustrated and described as including shingled stacks of semiconductor dies, in other embodiments of the present technology, semiconductor device assemblies can include multiple stacks of semiconductor dies utilizing different topologies ( e.g ., vertical stacks, partially shingled stacks, etc.) and interconnection technologies {e.g., TSVs, optical interconnections, inductive interconnections, etc.).

[0025] According to one aspect of the subject technology, an advantage of including two or more stacks of different semiconductor dies {e.g., semiconductor dies with different sets of planform dimensions) in a semiconductor device assembly is the additional flexibility provided in layout of the assembly, which can permit efficient use of the available space for a given device assembly format {e.g., providing a greater density of bits for a memory device assembly). In accordance with one aspect of the subject technology, another advantage of providing multiple stacks of different semiconductor dies in a semiconductor device assembly is the reduction in package height that can be achieved {e.g., by using multiple stacks of fewer dies instead of a single, taller stack of dies). Yet another advantage can include the use of thicker semiconductor dies {e.g., which can be more easily manufactured than thinner dies) while maintaining a similar package height as a semiconductor device assembly using a single stack with a greater number of thinner dies. [0026] Figure 8 is a flow chart illustrating a method of making a semiconductor device assembly. The method includes providing a substrate (box 810), stacking a first plurality of semiconductor dies with a first set of planform dimensions on the substrate in a first stack (box 820) and stacking a second plurality of semiconductor dies with a second set of planform dimensions, different from the first set on the substrate in a second stack (box 830). In this regard, the first plurality of semiconductor dies can be stacked directly over a first location on the substrate, and the second plurality of semiconductor dies can be stacked directly over a second location on the substrate. The method can further includes wirebonding or otherwise connecting the first and second pluralities of semiconductor dies to the substrate and providing an encapsulant to at least partially encapsulate the substrate, the first stack and the second stack (box 840).

[0027] Any one of the semiconductor device assemblies described above with reference to Figures 5-8 can be incorporated into any of a myriad of larger and/or more complex systems, a representative example of which is system 900 shown schematically in Figure 9. The system 900 can include a semiconductor device assembly 902, a power source 904, a driver 906, a processor 908, and/or other subsystems or components 910. The semiconductor device assembly 902 can include features generally similar to those of the semiconductor devices described above with reference to Figures 5-8. The resulting system 900 can perform any of a wide variety of functions, such as memory storage, data processing, and/or other suitable functions. Accordingly, representative systems 900 can include, without limitation, hand-held devices ( e.g ., mobile phones, tablets, digital readers, and digital audio players), computers, vehicles, appliances and other products. Components of the system 900 may be housed in a single unit or distributed over multiple, interconnected units {e.g., through a communications network). The components of the system 900 can also include remote devices and any of a wide variety of computer readable media.

[0028] From the foregoing, it will be appreciated that specific embodiments of the invention have been described herein for purposes of illustration, but that various modifications may be made without deviating from the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not limited except as by the appended claims.