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Title:
SEWING MACHINE FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/149333
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The design of the sewing machine is only qualified to serve the person who has the basic conditions of good health eye vision. The inventor provided the sewing machine for use by visually impaired people by adding some annexes that help visually impaired people to use the sewing machine in an attempt to integrate the visually impaired group in the applied field for the production and manufacture of ready-made garments. The practical experience was applied to a number of people whose vision ranged from 6/60 to 6/24 in the best eyes using medical glasses or contact lenses and identifying difficulties and finding solutions. These inventions are designed to make the industrial sewing machine usable by visually impaired persons and to facilitate the learning and performance of some of the handicraft skills of the ready-made clothes industry for that category. These inventions are not only suitable for the industrial sewing machine but can also be used to facilitate the work on other types of machines. It also does not hinder the user during his handling. In addition, visually healthy people can use some of the suggested annexes if necessary, and others can be used without embarrassment as the added annexes make it easier to use the machine.

Inventors:
SHEHA, Samah Ibrahim Emara El Said (Al Wahda Health Street, MIT Fares VillageBerket El-Saba Center, Menoufia Governorate, EG)
Application Number:
EG2019/000003
Publication Date:
August 08, 2019
Filing Date:
January 29, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SHEHA, Samah Ibrahim Emara El Said (Al Wahda Health Street, MIT Fares VillageBerket El-Saba Center, Menoufia Governorate, EG)
International Classes:
D05B79/00; D05B81/00
Foreign References:
US4084216A1978-04-11
CN203668658U2014-06-25
KR20170137300A2017-12-13
Other References:
OTTLITE: "2-in-1 LED Sewing Machine Light", YOUTUBE, 11 October 2017 (2017-10-11), pages 1 - 1, XP054979314, Retrieved from the Internet [retrieved on 20190423]
W WALDMANN: "Manual MLD MAGNIFICATION & INSPECTION LIGHT", 17 November 2017 (2017-11-17), XP055581672, Retrieved from the Internet [retrieved on 20190416]
None
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Claims:
Claims

New items need to protect:

First claim: Annexes of the sewing machine with closed s tch 301 for visually impaired persons consist of: *

1. A device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with closed s tch (301) during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people (The magnifying device, which is equipped with a light source).

2. Hold the guides and needle together.

3. A pin changing needle industrial sewing machine manually provided with a plastic head.

4. Adjuster to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence signs and numbers.

5. A device for learning and performing manual techniques for ready-made clothes industry.

Second claim: According to the first claim - the first annex:

A device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with s tch 301 during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people (the magnifying device, which is equipped with a light source), it includes:

• Number (1) in gure (la) represents the holder ( exible arm) hollow, is made with the idea that the yay spring has an isolated electrical wire connected to the electrical source and is equipped with an operating switch that is not connected to the operation of the machine.

• Number (2) in gure (la) represents magnified and illustrated lens according to the visual level of the user with an electrically operated light source Diameter:

9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magni ca on power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces.

Lens components - Connect the electric current to lens:

Magnifying and illustrating lens, different magnification power to be suitable to every case and equipped with an external frame with a light (strong-medium -low), When moving the key up and down at different levels, the lighting set from the opposite side of the needle is covered with a transparent layer that allows light to enter through it, taking into consideration that this layer can be dismantled and installed to repair lamps in case of breakdown, or change them if necessary, the connecting wires of the lamps pass through the lens arm to the end of the lens affixed to the connecting plug (male connector in the lens and female connector in the flexible arm), the non-opposite side of the needle (facing the user's eye) cover it with a dark, non- permeable material.

The electrical current is connected to the lens through plug (female connector), connected to a wire that passes through a flexible pipe (yay) to the control switch, which is attached to the machine's operating switches. This type of switch is distinguished by the fact that it is possible to control different levels of Lighting as previously mentioned, as well as regularity of lighting distribution on the lens.

The lens provides a mechanical connection (the flexible arm) with (string yay holder) machine body to control the lens moving in different directions to adjust the lens during use.

• Number (3) in annex 1 ( gure lb) represents the number of two clamps installed in the side of the machine to make the holder closer to lens or warn off it (yay).

• Number (4) in annex (1) ( gure lc) represents an isolated linear trend for the passage of an electric wire connected to the operating pad of the machine and the lens.

• Number (5) in the annex (1) - ( gure la) represents a key to control opening and closing the electrical current and the lightness (strong-medium-weak), in addition to regular distribution of lighting on the lens.

Third claim: According to the second element of the first annex, the following points are considered:

• The side face of the machine (cover the maintenance of the needle column and the pedal column) can be manufactured with fixed clamps proportional to the (Yay) diameter, taking into account the detailed installation of the cover to facilitate the maintenance of the needle column and the pedal column and avoid lifting the face complete.

• The machine is manufactured, taking into account the existence of an isolated longitudinal stream to pass the source of the isolated electrical current of the lens (the electric power, which must be flexible, strong and high-endurance, in order to withstand the frequent movement and repeated folds, the quality of the wire, its bearing strength and the material made must be proportional to the current and high voltage used).

• Installation the holder in a certain way on the machine, keeping in mind that the device does not impede user movement, thread or cloth.

• Lens mode is controlled by the user in terms of installation method or the possibility of changing the lens to suit the change in the level of visual acuity that may occur in the person.

• Some parts of the device can be changed if it is easily damaged while retaining the basic parts of the device.

• Appropriate color of the device for the visually impaired is convenient for the eye, taking into consideration the good contrast between the color of the holder, Screws, Jaw keys of connectivity and movement of the device (colors used are white, black, brown, orange, gray, green, blue) And any clear and contrasting colors can be used for a good contrast between the lens and the holder.

The fourth claim: According to the first claim - the second annex:

Holding the guides and needle together:

The parts, definition and use can be defineji in the following steps: • Number (1) in annex (2) - ( gure 2) represents the body of the needle holder, made of exible metal - plastic.

• Number (2) in annex (2)- ( gure 2) represents the oval splint to hold guides.

• Number (3) in annex (2) - ( gure 2) represents a exible wire for needle hold.

The meaning of "flexibility" in needle hold : (Is a resistance property change shape), That is, the latent power of the material, through which the material recovers its original form if a change of this form occurs with a mechanical effect and then removes that effect,

and accordingly determined the sizes of needle hold:

-Overall length: 6.55 cm. -Connec ve thickness (diameter): 30. 1 cm.

-Flexible wire Length: 56. 1 cm. -Oval Slit Length: 3.1 cm.

-Leg Length: 4.69 cm

It is a cylindrical needle holding made with spring (Yay) wire (Thick wire corresponds to the thickness of the guides for easy to pass inside the guides of machine and comes out of the same thick wire another thin wire is done as the gure (2) to t the thickness of the needle and facilitate the process of needle holding), to facilitate access to the guides and needle, have a large oval slit passes through the thread and then to hold the guides by moving the needle hold after holding the thread in the holes machine guides, and then passes the flexible wire connected to the cylindrical part of the needle (taking into account that the direction of the passage of the flexible wire is reversing the thread passage when holding the needle without using the needle hold ) and the thread is inserted between the wires of the needle holding and then pulls the needle hold so that the needle and the guides are combined into one needle hold (the recommended needle holding).

The problem of finding the needle hold when it is lost, it can be made of a solid material (for easy magnetization) and at the same time flexible (for easy movement between the guides), taking into account the surface coverage of the layer when the light source sheds light up and easy to find and made of flexible plastic with multiple colors and clear to fit visually impaired, where the needle hold helps on:

• Facilitate the needle holding process.

• Minimize the time and effort of holding the machine.

• Possibility to used even after a part of them have been damaged, and also the colors of needle holding are suitable for visually impaired people, providing comfort to the eye, clarity of colors, and good contrast (between the color of needle holding body and the color of oval slit- flexible wire).

• The facility of passing thread in each of the oval slit, flexible wire for clarity, thus avoiding the need to use more than needle hold.

• The facility of using and does not obstruct the user during the use due to their flexibility.

• Can be available in multiple colors to fit each case not only visually impaired.

The fifth claim: According to the fourth element, the second annex is made by: • Needle hold is artificially manufactured from the same materials proposed with keeping of the properties mentioned, taking into account that the surface is opaque, but when a light source sheds light and gives light signals to be easy to find when lost as well as the ability to magnet attraction.

•Increasing the diameter of the machine's guides, especially the threading, in order to achieve the highest quality of needle holding size. This also helps to increase the ease of the machine needle holding to this class. However, this needle holding is suitable for use in these sizes.

The sixth claim: According to the first claim - the third annex:

Pin for manually disassembled, tied and changed the needle of the machine

Powered by plastic head:

The parts, definition and use can be defined in the following steps:

• Number (1) in annex (3)-( gure 3) represents the pin body by helical end.

• Number (2) in annex (3)-( gure 3) represents a plas c head to manually disassemble and tie the pin.

A screwdriver is usually used to disassemble, tie and change the needle of an industrial sewing machine, but this pin is disassembled and tied using a hand instead of using a screwdriver to make it easier for visually impaired people to change the needle of the industrial sewing machine by reinforcing the normal pin with rough plastic head (molded plastic) to facilitate the process of disassembling and tying and changing the needle of the industrial sewing machine manually, taking into account that the pin head (plastic molded) screwdriver to combine the disassembling manually and disassembling by using a screwdriver. Instead of using traditional pin for this machine. Figure no. (3) shows the shape and parts of pin.

The seventh claim: According to the fourth element, the third annex and the pin is characterized by:

• The plastic head is electrically insulating.

• The round head of the w3w332proposed pin appropriately where it does not impede the movement of the needle.

• The pin was used with a white head, but it is no problem to use it black as in the old pin, it does not affect anything.

The eighth claim; According to the first claim - the fourth annex:

Adjuster to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence signs and numbers:

Parts and mode of operation: • Number (1) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents the adjuster body of the length of the s tch, surrounded by a colored border in a color contrary to the adjuster's background.

• Number (2) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents prominent texture numbers and has a good contrast with the underlying adjuster background color.

• Number (3) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents prominent signs at the top of the adjuster in front of each number in it and each number of its marks, so that the number of prominent signs reflects the opposite number.

• Number (4) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents an explana on of the half-distance between the numbers using the prominence and good contrary of the numbering marks between the numbers.

• Number (5) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents an indicator to adjust the length of the stitch. It is in the same place of the traditional indicator, taking into consideration increasing its length and make it prominent and its length shall be 1.5 cm.

This is a device adapted to the nature of Visual impairment in terms of the prominence of some parts, or the use of color variation, or use both together that was done during the practical experience.

The adjuster has been prepared by clarifying the numbers in it, as well as the punctuation marks between the numbers by prominence them as well as coloring them in different and contrasting color with the adjuster's background, as well as using colors to clarify the beginning or end of the punctuation marks and to define the adjuster's outer frame.

The organizer has been done with the addition of prominent pieces to make them essential in the design of adjuster and face the numbers on it in order to the number of pieces represents the corresponding number. If the visually impaired cannot see the numbers despite the difference between the color and the background color of the adjuster, also if it cannot touch the prominent numbers, the added pieces added to the top of the adjuster are more prominent and vary with the color of the adjuster as well as the machine color so that it can be touched and adjusted by facing the prominent and varied indicator that was added to the machine, and the height of the indicator should be suitable to facilitate the touch of the added pieces and adjusted them so that they are facing the indicator to enable correct adjustment of the desired stitch length.

The ninth claim: According to eight element, the fourth annex, the adjuster is manufactured in the industry:

• The adjuster's background is white or black because the white or black color achieves good contrast with all colors, especially when close-up vision.

• The prominent parts on the top of the adjuster and they are essential in the adjuster's design (in the adjuster's body) to avoid losing some of them and the presence of these pieces makes it easier to adjuster movement when moving to adjust the length of the stitch.

• The indicator is varied and prominent and its height is so large that it is facilitate the touch the prominent numbers or the corresponding prominence of the numbers in the top of adjuster to enable the correct adjustment of the length of the stitch. • Connect the adjuster and provide it with ligi¾;ing by an electric circuit where each number lights up when the adjuster is moved and the number is facing the indicator (for each number different color from the other indicated on it and differentiated by the user), in addition to the prominence in the top of the adjuster.

• The adjuster by an electric circuit where each number lights up when the regulator is moved and the number is facing the cursor is not only mimic the visually impaired but also patients with color blindness due to the presence of lighting in different colors.

• The added units to the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length help to be easily moved and do not represent an obstacle when used.

• The persons with good vision can use the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length.

The tenth claim: According to the first claim - the fifth annex:

A device for learning and performing manual skills for ready-made clothes industry:

Parts of the device and the mode of operation:

• Number (1) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents the base of the device (a smooth, non-glossy base) on which the parts of the device are fixed and designed in a certain way to allow the size of the table to be increased when needed, where It is possible to separate and fold base provided with drawers and holders.

• Number (2) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents a hollow exible arm made with the idea of spring (Yay),its length ranges from 30-35 cm.

• Number (3) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents magnified and illustrated lens according to the visual level of the user with an electrically operated light source Diameter: 9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magnification power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces.

• Sizes of lens:

Diameter: 9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magnification power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces.

Lens components:

• Magnifying and illustrating lens, different magnification power to be suitable to every case and equipped with an external frame with a light (strong-medium -low), the lighting set from the opposite side of the needle is covered with a transparent layer that allows light to enter through it, taking into consideration e at this layer can be dismantled and installed to repair lamps in case of breakdown, or change them if necessary, the connecting wires of the lamps pass through the lens arm to the end of the lens affixed to the connecting plug (male connector in the end of lens and female connector in the flexible arm), For the ease of connecting the electricity to the lens or the separation of electricity from the lens if changed if necessary or control the regularity of the distribution of lighting on the lens), the non-opposite side of the needle (facing the user's eye) cover it with a dark, non- permeable material.

Connect the electric current to lens:

• The electricity is connected to one of the sides of the base of the device, which has a place to install the plug and connect the electricity to plug of the unit's lighting in the device with a switch to control the various levels of light (strong-medium-weak).

The wire passes through the (Yay) which fixed in the end of the lens, and the base provides with a number of drawers, put in them (small accessories and accessories such as needles, pins, buttons, etc.).

• Number (4) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents an isolated electric wire that must be exible, strong and highly durable to withstand the frequent stirring and bending. The quality of the wire, its bearing strength and the material made must be proportional to the current and voltage used.

• Number (5) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents a drawer for keeping kni ng tools in general and tools that are difficult to see in particular (small accessories such as needles, pins, buttons,...) , Taking into account the use of magnet for easy attraction of fine objects.(The Division of the drawer should be taken into account during the manufacturing to facilitate the placement of each group in its proper place, making it easier for the visually impaired to get the objects, taking into consideration the installation of some of the contents on the outside of the drawer to indicate the drawer contents when sense it if necessary - such as buttons, needle, pin, to indicate the contents of the drawer).

• Number (6) in annex 5 ( gure 5) represents a key to control opening and closing the electrical current and the lightness (strong-medium-weak), in addition to regular distribution of lighting on the lens.

• Number (7) in annex 5 ( gure 5) represents the place of disassemble, connec on and installation of lens holder (Yay).

The eleventh claim: According to tenth element, the fifth annex, the device is characterized by:

The same characteristics of the device for follow the movement of the needle and facilitate the process of sewing on the cloth in addition to the following advantages:

• Ability to control the table size according to the desired purpose where It is possible to separate and fold base provided with drawers and holders.

• Free movement of the hands during work, where the movement of the flexible arm (Yay) can be controlled according to the need of the user.

• Facility of keeping and finding things especially fine objects. • The flexible arm can be used to move it to see the fine objects even when kept in the drawer if needed.

• Suitable colors for visually impaired people (in terms of contrast between the colors of device parts used to illustrate the device parts and separation between them).

• It is possible to disconnect the lens in case¾f change part of it or completely changed and it is easy (by attracting it through the plug).

• A visually impaired person can easily change damaged parts by himself.

• It is possible to change the lens easily in case of completely damaged or damage part of it .

• A visually impaired person can easily change damaged parts by himself.

• The lens is designed to allow any part of its components to be changed if a malfunction occurs such as (damage of lens glass - lighting circuit - hand lens).

AMENDED CLAIMS

received by the International Bureau on 16 July 2019 (16.07.2019)

(Some of the annexes for the sewing machine with closed stitch 301 for visually impaired people- a device for the performance of manual skills).

Claims

New items need to protect:

Protection elements according to the required adjustment

First claim: (Some of the annexes for the sewing machine with closed stitch 301 for visually impaired people):

The closed Stitch 301 is a scientific term commonly used by specialists. It is the most widely used stitching in the garment. It is the stitch produced by the threading of the upper needle thread with the lower shuttle thread called the straight stitch produced by the household and industrial sewing machine, Annexes are consisting of:

1. A device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with closed stitch (301) during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people "A sewing machine with a magnifying device, equipped with a light source" ).

2. Hold the guides and needle together.

3. A pin changing needle industrial sewing machine manually provided with a plastic head.

4. Adjuster to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence signs and numbers.

5. A device for learning and performing manual techniques for ready-made clothes industry.

Second claim: According to the first claim - the first annex:

A device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with stitch 301 during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people ("A sewing machine with a magnifying device, equipped with a light source" ), it includes:

Number (1) in figure (la) represents the holder (flexible arm) hollow, is made with the idea that the yay string to has the ability to bend, seclude and the movement in any direction with the keep it solid and the situation to be set it, to combine the characteristics of flexibility and hardness and has an isolated electrical wire connected to the operator panel and is equipped with an operating switch that is not connected to the operation of the machine, , it does not light when button "on" is pressed and does not turn off when button "off" is pressed but it is a standalone switch Where the Lighting and extinguishing bulbs are illuminated at different levels (strong - medium - weak - extinguish) by pressing it.

• Number (2) in figure (la) represents magnified and illustrated lens according to the visual level of the user with an electrically operated light source Diameter:

9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magnification power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces to suit the changes that may occur in the level of vision.

Lens components - Connect the electric current to lens:

Magnifying and illustrating lens, different magnification power to be suitable to every case and equipped with an external frame with a light (strong-medium -low), When moving the key up and down at different levels, the lighting set from the opposite side of the needle is covered with a transparent layer that allows light to enter through it, taking into consideration that this layer can be dismantled and installed to repair lamps in case of breakdown, or change them if necessary, the connecting wires of the lamps pass through the lens arm to the end of the lens affixed to the connecting plug (male connector in the lens and female connector in the flexible arm), the non opposite side of the needle (facing the user's eye) cover it with a dark, non-permeable material.

The electrical current is connected to the lens through plug (female connector), connected to a wire that passes through a flexible pipe (yay) to the control switch, which is attached to the machine's operating switches. This type of switch is distinguished by the fact that it is possible to control different levels of Lighting as previously mentioned, as well as regularity of lighting distribution on the lens.

The lens provides a mechanical connection (the flexible arm) with (string yay holder) machine body to control the lens moving in different directions to adjust the lens during use and the lens is interchangeable, not only the lens but all parts of the annex are interchangeable in the event of damage and need to be replaced, while keeping the remaining parts as long as they are intact.

• Number (3) in annex 1 ( figure lb) represents the number of two clamps installed in the side of the machine to make the holder closer to lens or warn off it (yay) It is meant that the clamps maintain the stability of the annex on the machine, with the possibility of moving it in all directions.

• Number (4) in annex (1) (figure lc) represents an isolated linear trend for the passage of an electric wire connected to the operating pad of the machine and the lens.

• Number (5) in the annex (1) - (figure la) represents a key to control opening and closing the electrical current and the lightness (strong-medium-weak), in addition to regular distribution of the magnifying lens, as well as the ability to open and close the light source according to the need of the user through a special key.

Key Description:

A key with numbers on its side and each number indicating a level of illumination.

The key can be scientifically defined as: a key with a set of conductors connected to each other in sequence with a control in the resistance displacement or reduction, resulting in a light increasing or reduction, and the key moving forward front movement.

Third claim: According to the second element of the first annex, the following points are considered:

• The machine is manufactured, taking into account the existence of an isolated longitudinal stream to pass the source of the isolated electrical current of the lens (the electric power, which must be flexible, strong and high-endurance, in order to withstand the frequent movement and repeated folds, the quality of the wire, its bearing strength and the material made must be proportional to the current and high voltage used).

The side face of the machine (the maintenance of the needle column and the pedal column) can be manufactured with fixed clamps proportional to the (Yay) diameter, Usually , the face side of the machine is fixed with screws, during the maintenance of the column of the needle and the column of padal , the side face of the machine can be dismantled, Take care when manufacturing The side face is composed of two parts the upper and the lower, the upper part is fixed and the clamps are installed on it, the lower is installed by screws .This method enables the visually impaired to use the lens in maintenance of the needle and the pedal column by directing the lens in the desired direction

Installation the holder in a certain way on the machine, keeping in mind that the annex does not impede user movement, thread or cloth, the installation is done only once, and there is no need to install it every time the person uses the machine, and the normal person can use the same machine and move the holder aside from the machine if not needed, while keeping it stationary on the machine.

The installation method as the following,

• One end of holder has femal connector and the electrical wire is passing through the holder, then the electrical wire is passed through the isolated longitudinal duct (pathway) behind the machine. • It passes the electrical wire from the isolated duct behind the machine to the slot on the side of the machine and then connects the wire to the operating panel in the machine, which has a lens switch to control the lens light.

• The holder is installed on the side of the machine and tighten it with clamps to adjust its position on the machine.

• The installation of the male connector in the lens with the female connector in the holder.

NOTE: All parts of the accessory can be disassembled, installed and exchanged, such as bulbs. Light set - the transparent layer in the lens on the part opposite the needle - the lens - the holder - the wire - etc.

• Lens mode is controlled by the user in terms of installation method or the possibility of changing the lens to suit the change in the level of visual acuity that may occur in the person.

• Some parts of the device can be changed if it is easily damaged while retaining the basic parts of the device.

• Appropriate color of the device for the visually impaired is convenient for the eye, taking into consideration the good contrast between the color of the holder, Screws, Jaw keys of connectivity and movement of the device (colors used are white, black, brown, orange, gray, green, blue) And any clear and contrasting colors can be used for a good contrast between the lens and the holder.

The meaning of colors are clear in terms of degree of excellence, and also have a good contrast, which allows the visually impaired to distinguish between the two colors to see them good, it is known that the color white and black achieve a good contrast with all colors, it is possible to use one with any other color or use together with a contrast between the color of the holder and the screws and switches of the jaw, splicing and movement of the device, including the lens arm, the clamps and the lens light switch.

The fourth claim: According to the first claim - the second annex:

Holding the guides and needle together:

The parts, definition and use can be defined in the following steps:

• Number (1) in annex (2) - (figure 2) represents the body of the needle holder, made of flexible metal - plastic.

• Number (2) in annex (2)- (figure 2) represents the oval splint to hold guides.

• Number (3) in annex (2) - (figure 2) represents a flexible wire for needle hold.

The meaning of "flexibility" in needle hold : (Is a resistance property change shape), That is, the latent power of the material, through which the material recovers its original form if a change of this form occurs with a mechanical effect and then removes that effect.

and accordingly determined the sizes of needle hold:

-Overall length: 6.55 cm. -Connective thickness (diameter): 30. 1 cm.

-Flexible wire Length: 56. 1 cm. -Oval Slit Length: 3.1 cm.

-Leg Length: 4.69 cm

It is a cylindrical needle holding made with spring (Yay) wire (Thick wire corresponds to the thickness of the guides for easy to pass inside the guides of machine and comes out of the same thick wire another thin wire is done as the figure (2) to fit the thickness of the needle and facilitate the process of needle holding), to facilitate access to the guides and needle, have a large oval slit passes through the thread and then to hold the guides by moving the needle hold after holding the thread in the holes machine guides, and then passes the flexible wire connected to the cylindrical part of the needle (taking into account that the direction of the passage of the flexible wire is reversing the thread passage when holding the needle without using the needle hold ) and the thread is inserted between the wires of the needle holding and then pulls the needle hold so that the needle and the guides are combined into one needle hold (the recommended needle holding).

The problem of finding the needle hold when it is lost, it can be made of a solid material (for easy magnetization) and at the same time flexible (for easy movement between the guides), taking into account the surface coverage of the layer when the light source sheds light up and easy to find and made of flexible plastic with multiple colors and clear to fit visually impaired, where the needle hold helps on:

• Facilitate the needle holding process.

• Minimize the time and effort of holding the machine.

• Possibility to used even after a part of them have been damaged, and also the colors of needle holding are suitable for visually impaired people, providing comfort to the eye, clarity of colors, and good contrast (between the color of needle holding body and the color of oval slit- flexible wire).

• The facility of passing thread in each of the oval slit, flexible wire for clarity, thus avoiding the need to use more than needle hold.

• The facility of using and does not obstruct the user during the use due to their flexibility.

• Can be available in multiple colors to fit each case not only visually impaired.

The fifth claim: According to the fourth element, the second annex is made by:

• Needle hold is artificially manufactured from the same materials proposed with keeping of the properties mentioned, taking into account that the surface is opaque, but when a light source sheds light and gives light signals to be easy to find when lost as well as the ability to magnet attraction.

• Increasing the diameter of the machine's guides, especially the threading, in order to achieve the highest quality of needle holding size. This also helps to increase the ease of the machine needle holding to this class. However, this needle holding is suitable for use in these sizes.

The sixth claim: According to the first claim - the third annex:

Pin for manually disassembled, tied and changed the needle of the machine Powered by plastic head:

The parts, definition and use can be defined in the following steps:

• Number (1) in annex (3)-(figure 3) represents the pin body by helical end.

• Number (2) in annex (3)-(figure 3) represents a plastic head to manually disassemble and tie the pin.

A screwdriver is usually used to disassemble, tie and change the needle of an industrial sewing machine, but this pin is disassembled and tied using a hand instead of using a screwdriver to make it easier for visually impaired people to change the needle of the industrial sewing machine by reinforcing the normal pin with rough plastic head (molded plastic) to facilitate the process of disassembling and tying and changing the needle of the industrial sewing machine manually, taking into account that the pin head (plastic molded) screwdriver to combine the disassembling manually and disassembling by using a screwdriver. Instead of using traditional pin for this machine. Figure no. (3) shows the shape and parts of pin.

The seventh claim: According to the fourth element, the third annex and the pin is characterized by:

• The plastic head is electrically insulating. • The round head of the w3w332proposed pin appropriately where it does not impede the movement of the needle.

• The pin was used with a white head, but it is no problem to use it black as in the old pin, it does not affect anything.

The eighth claim: According to the first claim - the fourth annex:

Adjuster to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence signs and numbers:

Parts and mode of operation:

• Number (1) in annex (4)-(figure 4) represents the adjuster body of the length of the stitch, surrounded by a colored border in a color contrary to the adjuster's background.

• Number (2) in annex (4)-(figure 4) represents prominent texture numbers and has a good contrast with the underlying adjuster background color.

• Number (3) in annex (4)-(figure 4) represents prominent signs at the top of the adjuster in front of each number in it and each number of its marks, so that the number of prominent signs reflects the opposite number.

• Number (4) in annex (4)-(figure 4) represents an explanation of the half-distance between the numbers using the prominence and good contrary of the numbering marks between the numbers.

• Number (5) in annex (4)-(figure 4) represents an indicator to adjust the length of the stitch. It is in the same place of the traditional indicator, taking into consideration increasing its length and make it prominent and its length shall be 1.5 cm.

This is a device adapted to the nature of Visual impairment in terms of the prominence of some parts, or the use of color variation, or use both together that was done during the practical experience.

The adjuster has been prepared by clarifying the numbers in it, as well as the punctuation marks between the numbers by prominence them as well as coloring them in different and contrasting color with the adjuster's background, as well as using colors to clarify the beginning or end of the punctuation marks and to define the adjuster's outer frame.

The organizer has been done with the addition of prominent pieces to make them essential in the design of adjuster and face the numbers on it in order to the number of pieces represents the corresponding number. If the visually impaired cannot see the numbers despite the difference between the color and the background color of the adjuster, also if it cannot touch the prominent numbers, the added pieces added to the top of the adjuster are more prominent and vary with the color of the adjuster as well as the machine color so that it can be touched and adjusted by facing the prominent and varied indicator that was added to the machine, and the height of the indicator should be suitable to facilitate the touch of the added pieces and adjusted them so that they are facing the indicator to enable correct adjustment of the desired stitch length.

The ninth claim: According to eight element, the fourth annex, the adjuster is manufactured in the industry:

• The adjuster's background is white or black because the white or black color achieves good contrast with all colors, especially when close-up vision.

• The prominent parts on the top of the adjuster and they are essential in the adjuster's design (in the adjuster's body) to avoid losing some of them and the presence of these pieces makes it easier to adjuster movement when moving to adjust the length of the stitch. • The indicator is varied and prominent and its height is so large that it is facilitate the touch the prominent numbers or the corresponding prominence of the numbers in the top of adjuster to enable the correct adjustment of the length of the stitch.

• Connect the adjuster and provide it with lighting by an electric circuit where each number lights up when the adjuster is moved and the number is facing the indicator (for each number different color from the other indicated on it and differentiated by the user), in addition to the prominence in the top of the adjuster.

• The adjuster by an electric circuit where each number lights up when the regulator is moved and the number is facing the cursor is not only mimic the visually impaired but also patients with color blindness due to the presence of lighting in different colors.

• The added units to the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length help to be easily moved and do not

represent an obstacle when used.

• The persons with good vision can use the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length.

The tenth claim: According to the first claim - the fifth annex:

A device for learning and performing manual skills for ready-made clothes industry:

Parts of the device and the mode of operation:

• Number (1) in annex (5)-(figure 5) represents the base of the device (a smooth, non-glossy base) on which the parts of the device are fixed and designed in a certain way to allow the size of the table to be increased when needed, where It is possible to separate and fold base provided with drawers and holders.

• Number (2) in annex (5)-(figure 5) represents a hollow flexible arm made with the idea of spring (Yay),its length ranges from 30-35 cm.

• Number (3) in annex (5)-(figure 5) represents magnified and illustrated lens according to the visual level of the user with an electrically operated light source Diameter: 9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magnification power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces.

• Sizes of lens:

Diameter: 9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magnification power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces.

Lens components:

• Magnifying and illustrating lens, different magnification power to be suitable to every case and equipped with an external frame with a light (strong-medium -low), the lighting set from the opposite side of the needle is covered with a transparent layer that allows light to enter through it, taking into consideration that this layer can be dismantled and installed to repair lamps in case of breakdown, or change them if necessary, the connecting wires of the lamps pass through the lens arm to the end of the lens affixed to the connecting plug (male connector in the end of lens and female connector in the flexible arm), For the ease of connecting the electricity to the lens or the separation of electricity from the lens if changed if necessary or control the regularity of the distribution of lighting on the lens), the non-opposite side of the needle (facing the user's eye) cover it with a dark, non-permeable material.

Connect the electric current to lens: • The electricity is connected to one of the sides of the base of the device, which has a place to install the plug and connect the electricity to plug of the unit's lighting in the device with a switch to control the various levels of light (strong-medium-weak).

The wire passes through the (Yay) which fixed in the end of the lens, and the base provides with a number of drawers, put in them (small accessories and accessories such as needles, pins, buttons, etc.).

• Number (4) in annex (5)-(figure 5) represents an isolated electric wire that must be flexible, strong and highly durable to withstand the frequent stirring and bending. The quality of the wire, its bearing strength and the material made must be proportional to the current and voltage used.

• Number (5) in annex (5)-(figure 5) represents a drawer for keeping knitting tools in general and tools that are difficult to see in particular (small accessories such as needles, pins, buttons,...) , Taking into account the use of magnet for easy attraction of fine objects. (The Division of the drawer should be taken into account during the manufacturing to facilitate the placement of each group in its proper place, making it easier for the visually impaired to get the objects, taking into consideration the installation of some of the contents on the outside of the drawer to indicate the drawer contents when sense it if necessary - such as buttons, needle, pin, to indicate the contents of the drawer).

• Number (6) in annex 5 (figure 5) represents a key to control opening and closing the electrical current and the lightness (strong-medium-weak), in addition to regular distribution of lighting on the lens.

• Number (7) in annex 5 (figure 5) represents the place of disassemble, connection and installation of lens holder (Yay).

The eleventh claim: According to tenth element, the fifth annex, the device is characterized by:

The same characteristics of the device for follow the movement of the needle and facilitate the process of sewing on the cloth in addition to the following advantages:

• Ability to control the table size according to the desired purpose where It is possible to separate and fold base provided with drawers and holders.

• Free movement of the hands during work, where the movement of the flexible arm (Yay) can be controlled according to the need of the user.

• Facility of keeping and finding things especially fine objects.

• The flexible arm can be used to move it to see the fine objects even when kept in the drawer if needed.

• Suitable colors for visually impaired people (in terms of contrast between the colors of device parts used to illustrate the device parts and separation between them).

• It is possible to disconnect the lens in case of change part of it or completely changed and it is easy (by attracting it through the plug).

• A visually impaired person can easily change damaged parts by himself.

• It is possible to change the lens easily in case of completely damaged or damage part of it .

• A visually impaired person can easily change damaged parts by himself.

• The lens is designed to allow any part of its components to be changed if a malfunction occurs such as (damage of lens glass - lighting circuit - hand lens).

Description:
SEWING MACHINE FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE

Technical field:

Application of these inventions in the manufacture and production of ready-made clothes. The benefit of these inventions is to facilitate the process of:

• Hold guides and needles together.

• Adjust the length of the stitch.

• Disassemble and tie the sewing machine needle manually without using the screwdriver.

• Follow the movement of the needle on the cloth during the process of sewing.

• Performance of the handicraft skills of the ready-made clothes industry for visually Impaired people.

Background art:

There are no, where practical fields are limited to those who enjoy good eyesight. The design of the sewing machine is only qualified to serve the person who must meet the basic conditions of good eyesigh and also some manual skills related to the ready-made clothes industry need to good sight. The attempt to integrate visually impaired people into the ready-made clothes industry was not addressed.

The problem in the background art and the new subject of invention:

Because of visually impaired People is integral part of the society. As the owner of the invention is visual disabilities (visually impaired), and because of the difficulties encountered during the study in the Department of Clothing and Textiles at the Faculty of Home Economics and before that in the Department of Readymade clothes, in Industrial High School was one of the most important difficulties encountered during the study is the use of sewing machine so she wanted to reach a solution of the problem in a scientific and practical method to be easy for visually impaired category who want to join this field whether for academic study, small projects or home use to help in reducing the problem of unemployment suffered by this category by integrating the visually impaired in the applied field to produce, manufacture and learn the manual skills of the ready- made clothes industry through the use of innovations and the addition of ideas prepared by the researcher through using of some means that help to enhance vision and exploitation the rest of the vision. The researcher made several new innovations to facilitate the use of the industrial sewing machine with s tch 301 for visually impaired people and learn the manual skills of the ready-made clothes industry. These inventions e;e not only suitable for the industrial sewing machine but can also be used to facilitate the work on other types of machines.

l New in the subject of invention:

The design of the sewing machine is only qualified to serve the person who must has the basic conditions of good health eye vision. The inventor provided the sewing machine for use by visually impaired people by adding some annexes that help visually impaired people to use the sewing machine in an attempt to integrate the visually impaired group in the applied field for the production and manufacture of ready-made garments. The practical experience was applied to a number of people whose vision ranged from 6/60 to 6/24 in the best eyes using medical glasses or contact lenses and identifying difficulties and finding solutions through the practical application. These inven ons are designed to make the industrial sewing machine with a closed s tch (301) for use by visually impaired persons and to facilitate the learning and performance of some of the handicraft skills of the ready-made clothes industry for that category. These inventions are not only suitable for the industrial sewing machine but can also be used to facilitate the work on other types of machines. It also does not hinder the user during his handling. In addition, ordinary people (visually healthy) can use some of the suggested annexes if necessary, and others can be used without embarrassment as the added annexes make it easier to use the machine without a negative impact on eye health.

These inventions include:

• A device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with closed s tch (301) during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people (The magnifying device, which is equipped with a light source).

• Hold the guides and needle together.

• A pin changing needle industrial sewing machine manually provided with a plastic head.

• Adjuster to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence signs and numbers.

• A device for learning and performing manual techniques for ready-made clothes industry.

Disclosure of Invention

Parts accessories and operation method

The first annex:

A device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with closed s tch (301) during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people

(The magnifying device, which is equipped with a light source):

Device parts (Annex 1):

• Number (1) in the annex number (1) - ( gure la) represents the holder (flexible arm) hollow, is made with the idea that the yay spring has an isolated electrical wire connected to the electrical source and is equipped with an operating switch that is not connected to the operation of the machine. • Number (2) in the annex number (1) - ( gure la) magni ed and illustrated lens according to the visual level of the user with an electrically operated light source. o Sizes of lens:

Diameter: 9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magnification power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces. o Lens components - Connect the electric current to lens:

Magnifying and illustrating lens, different magnification power to be suitable to every case and equipped with an external frame with a light (strong-medium -low), When moving the key up and down at different levels, the lighting set from the opposite side of the needle is covered with a transparent layer that allows light to enter through it, taking into consideration that this layer can be dismantled and installed to repair lamps in case of breakdown, or change them if necessary, the connecting wires of the lamps pass through the lens arm to the end of the lens affixed to the connecting plug (male connector in the lens and female connector in the flexible arm), the non-opposite side of the needle (facing the user's eye) cover it with a dark, non-permeable material.

The electrical current is connected to the lens through plug (female connector), connected to a wire that passes through a flexible pipe (yay) to the control switch, which is attached to the machine's operating switches. This type of switch is distinguished by the fact that it is possible to control different levels of Lighting as previously mentioned, as well as regularity of lighting distribution on the lens.

The lens provides a mechanical connection (the flexible arm) with (string yay holder) machine body to control the lens moving in different directions to adjust the lens during use.

• Number (3) in annex 1 ( gure lb) represents the number of two clamps installed in the side of the machine to make the holder closer to lens or warn off it (yay).

• Number (4) in annex (1) ( gure lc) represents an isolated linear trend.

• Number (5) in the annex (1) - ( gure la) represents a key to control opening and closing the electrical current and the lightness · (strong-medium-weak), in addition to regular distribution of lighting on the lens.

Note:

• The side position of the machine can be manufactured (cover maintenance of needle column and pedal column) with fixed clamps in proportion to the diameter of the spring yay, taking into account the detailed installation of the cover to facilitate the maintenance of the needle column and the pedal column and avoid lifting the face completely.

• The machine is manufactured, taking into account the existence of an isolated longitudinal path to transfer the source of the isolated electrical current of the lens. (The power cord, which must be flexible, strong and high endurance, to withstand the frequent stirring and folds. The quality of the wire and its bearing strength shall be proportional to the current and high voltage used). Method of operation and advantages of Annex I:

• The flexible arm is fixed in a certain way behind the machine and on its side, taking into account the proposed annex does not impede user movement or thread movement.

• Lens mode is controlled by the user in terms of the installation method or the possibility of changing the lens to suit the change in the level of vision that may occur in the person.

• Light source is controlled in terms of brightness (strong, medium, low) and regularity distribution to the magnifying lens, as well as the possibility of opening and closing the light source according to the need of the user through a special key ( gure la).

• Some parts of the proposed annex can be changed easily in case of damage while retaining the basic parts.

• Appropriate color for the visually impaired is convenient for the eye, taking into consideration the good contrast between the color of the holder, Screws, Jaw keys of connectivity and movement of the device (colors used are white, black, brown, orange, gray, green, blue) And any clear and contrasting colors can be used for a good contrast between the lens and the holder.

• Providing occupational safety and security.

The second annex:

To hold the guides and needle for the industrial sewing machine

Definition of needle holding process and its parts and how to use:

Parts:

• Number (1) in annex (2) - ( gure 2) represents the body of the needle holder, made of flexible metal - plastic.

• Number (2) in annex (2)- ( gure 2) represents the oval splint to hold guides.

• Number (3) in annex (2) - ( gure 2) represents a exible wire for needle hold..

The meaning of "flexibility" in needle hold : (Is a resistance property change shape), That is, the latent power of the material, through which the material recovers its original form if a change of this form occurs with a mechanical effect and then removes that effect.

Sizes of hold the guides and needle for the industrial sewing machine:

-Overall length: 6.55 cm. -Connec ve thickness (diameter): 30. 1 cm.

-Flexible wire Length: 56. 1 cm. -Oval Slit Length: 3.1 cm.

Leg Length: 4.69 cm.

Definition of needle hold and its parts and how to use: At this stage, a single needle holding has been made to hold guides and the needle to avoid the need to use two needle hold at work, providing comfort and time to the user, and can define needle hold and know the parts and how to use it in the following steps:

It is a cylindrical needle hold made with wire of spring yay (Thick wire match the thickness of guides for easy to pass inside the machine guides and comes out of the same thick wire another ne wire is done, as in ( gure 2) to match the thickness of the needle and facilitate the process of needle hold ), To facilitate the entry into the guides and needle, have a large oval split passes the thread and then to hold guides by passing needle holder after needle hold with the thread in the holes machine guides , and then passes the flexible wire connected to the cylindrical part of the needle (taking into account that the direction of passage of the flex wire is the opposite of the passage of the thread at needle hold without the use of the needle holder) and the thread is inserted between the wires of the needle holder and then pulls the needle holder so that holding the needle and the guides to combine the one.

The problem of finding needle holder when it is lost can be made of a solid material (for easy magnetization) and at the same time flexible (for easy movement between guides), taking into account cover the surface with a layer when the light source is lighted, easy to find and made of exible plas c with mul pie and clear colors, t visually impaired category. (Figure 2) illustrates the needle hold, where the needle hold helped on:

• Facilitate the needle holding process.

• Minimize the time and effort of holding the machine.

• Possibility to used even after a part of them have been damaged, and also the colors of needle holding are suitable for visually impaired people, providing comfort to the eye, clarity of colors, and good contrast (between the color of needle holding body and the color of oval slit- flexible wire).

• The facility of passing thread in each of the oval slit, flexible wire for clarity, thus avoiding the need to use more than needle hold.

• The facility of using and does not obstruct the user during the use due to their flexibility.

• Easy to find when falling for clarity of colors, and can be attracted by the magnet

• Can be available in multiple colors to fit each case not only visually impaired.

• Cheap price for cheap raw materials made from them.

• Occupational safety and security elements are available.

Note:

• The researcher suggests when manufacturing this needle hold artificially manufactured from the same materials proposed with keeping of the properties mentioned, taking into account that the surface is opaque, but when a light source sheds light and gives light signals to be easy to find when lost as well as the ability to magnet attraction.

• The researcher suggests to increase the diameter of the machine's guides, especially the threading, in order to achieve the highest quality of needle holding size. This also helps to increase the ease of the machine needle holding to this class. However, this needle holding is suitable for use in these sizes and has been proven by practical experience during the application process.

The third annex:

A pin changing needle industrial sewing machine manually provided with a plastic head

Parts:

• Number (1) in annex (3)-( gure 3) represents the pin body by helical end.

• Number (2) in annex (3)-( gure 3) represents a plas c head to manually disassemble and tie the pin.

A screwdriver is usually used to disassemble, tig and change the needle of an industrial sewing machine, but this pin is disassembled and tied using a hand instead of using a screwdriver to make it easier for visually impaired people to change the needle of the industrial sewing machine by reinforcing the normal pin with rough plastic head (molded plastic) to facilitate the process of disassembling and tying and changing the needle of the industrial sewing machine manually, taking into account that the pin head (plastic molded) screwdriver to combine the disassembling manually and disassembling by using a screwdriver. Instead of using traditional pin for this machine. Figure no. (3) shows the shape and parts of pin.

Note:

During the change the needle, the needle holder can be used to guide the direction of the needle's eye by using the needle holder opposite the longitudinal split in the needle when the needle is changed or the thread is inserted by the needle's eye when it is pinned to the needle column to adjust the correct direction of the needle when fastened to the needle column. The pin was used with a white head, but there is no problem to use it black as in the old pin, it does not affect anything.

Advantages of the pin:

• Easy to use where it is handled manually.

• The plastic head is electrically insulating.

• Rotate the pin head appropriately where it does not impede the movement of the needle.

• The pin is suitable for visually impaired and visually healthy people alike.

The fourth annex:

Adjuster to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence signs and numbers

Parts and mode of operation: • Number (1) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents the adjuster body of the length of the s tch, surrounded by a colored border in a color contrary to the adjuster's background.

• Number (2) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents prominent texture numbers and has a good contrast with the underlying adjuster background color.

• Number (3) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents prominent signs at the top of the adjuster in front of each number in it and each number of its marks, so that the number of prominent signs reflects the opposite number.

• Number (4) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents an explana on of the half-distance between the numbers using the prominence and good contrary of the numbering marks between the numbers.

• Number (5) in annex (4)-( gure 4) represents an indicator to adjust the length of the s tch.

It is in the same place of the traditional indicator, taking into consideration increasing its length and make it prominent and its length shall be 1.5 cm.

Purpose of adjuster:

This adjuster is designed to help and facilitate the process of adjusting the length of the stitch for visually impaired people.

Definition and the mode of operation:

Is a device adapted to the nature of visual impairment in terms of the prominence of some parts, or the use of color variation, or use both together.

The organizer has been configured by clarifying the numbers in it, as well as the punctuation marks between the numbers by prominence them as well as coloring them in different and contrasting color with the adjuster's background, as well as using colors to clarify the beginning or end of the punctua on marks and to de ne the adjuster's outer frame, ( gure 4) illustrates that.

The organizer has been done with the addition of prominent pieces to make them essential in the design of adjuster and face the numbers on it in order to the number of pieces represents the corresponding number. If the visually impaired cannot see the numbers despite the difference between the color and the background color of the adjuster, also if it cannot touch the prominent numbers, the added pieces added to the top of the adjuster are more prominent and vary with the color of the adjuster as well as the machine color so that it can be touched and adjusted by facing the prominent and varied indicator that was added to the machine, and the height of the indicator should be suitable to facilitate the touch of the added pieces and adjusted them so that they are facing the indicator to enable correct adjustment of the desired stitch length.

Note:

When manufacturing the adjuster in the industry, it is preferable to:

• The adjuster's background is white or black because the white or black color achieves good contrast with all colors, especially when close-up vision. • The prominent parts on the top of the adjuster and they are essential in the adjuster's design (in the adjuster's body) to avoid losing some of them and the presence of these pieces makes it easier to adjuster movement when moving to adjust the length of the stitch.

• The indicator is varied and prominent and its height is so large that it is facilitate the touch the prominent numbers or the corresponding prominence of the numbers in the top of adjuster to enable the correct adjustment of the length of the stitch.

• Connect the adjuster and provide it with lighting by an electric circuit where each number lights up when the adjuster is moved an j the number is facing the indicator (for each number different color from the other indicated on it and differentiated by the user), in addition to the prominence in the top of the adjuster.

The advantages of the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length:

• The adjuster by an electric circuit where each number lights up when the regulator is moved and the number is facing the cursor is not only mimic the visually impaired but also patients with color blindness due to the presence of lighting in different colors.

• The added units to the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length help to be easily moved and do not represent an obstacle when used.

• The persons with good vision can use the adjuster to adjust the stitch's length.

The fifth annex:

A device for learning and performing manual skills for ready-made clothes industry:

Parts of the device:

• Number (1) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents the base of the device (a smooth, non-glossy base) on which the parts of the device are fixed and designed in a certain way to allow the size of the table to be increased when needed, where It is possible to separate and fold base provided with drawers and holders.

• Number (2) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents a hollow exible arm made with the idea of spring (Yay), its length ranges from 30-35 cm.

• Number (3) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents a magnifying and illustra ng lens with an electric light source.

Sizes of lens:

Diameter: 9 cm, zoom power: The person selects the appropriate magni ca on power according to eye condition, and the lenses are made with different magnification forces.

Lens components: • Magnifying and illustrating lens, different magnification power to be suitable to every case and equipped with an external frame with a light (strong-medium -low), the lighting set from the opposite side of the needle is covered with a transparent layer that allows light to enter through it, taking into consideration that this layer can be dismantled and installed to repair lamps in case of breakdown, or change them if necessary, the connecting wires of the lamps pass through the lens arm to the end of the lens affixed to the connecting plug (male connector in the end of lens and fenlale connector in the flexible arm), For the ease of connecting the electricity to the lens or the separation of electricity from the lens if changed if necessary or control the regularity of the distribution of lighting on the lens), the non-opposite side of the needle (facing the user's eye) cover it with a dark, non- permeable material.

Connect the electric current to lens:

• The electricity is connected to one of the sides of the base of the device, which has a place to install the plug and connect the electricity to plug of the unit's lighting in the device with a switch to control the various levels of light (strong-medium-weak).

The wire passes through the (Yay) which fixed in the end of the lens, and the base provides with a number of drawers, put in them (small accessories and accessories such as needles, pins, buttons, etc.).

• Number (4) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents an isolated electric wire that must be exible, strong and highly durable to withstand the frequent stirring and bending. The quality of the wire, its bearing strength and the material made must be proportional to the current and voltage used.

• Number (5) in annex (5)-( gure 5) represents a drawer for keeping kni ng tools in general and tools that are difficult to see in particular (small accessories such as needles, pins, buttons,...) , Taking into account the use of magnet for easy attraction of fine objects.

Note:(The Division of the drawer should be taken into account during the manufacturing to facilitate the placement of each group in its proper place, making it easier for the visually impaired to get the objects, taking into consideration the installation of some of the contents on the outside of the drawer to indicate the drawer contents when sense it if necessary - such as buttons, needle, pin, to indicate the contents of the drawer).

• Number (6) in annex 5 ( gure 5) represents a key to control opening and closing the electrical current and the lightness (strong-medium-weak), in addition to regular distribution of lighting on the lens.

• Number (7) in annex 5 ( gure 5) represents the place of disassemble, connec on and installation of lens holder (Yay).

Advantages of the device for learning and performance of some manual skills for ready-made industry:

The same characteristics of the device for follow the movement of the needle and facilitate the process of sewing on the cloth in addition to the following advantages: • Ability to control the table size according to the desired purpose where It is possible to separate and fold base provided with drawers and holders.

• Free movement of the hands during work, where the movement of the flexible arm (Yay) can be controlled according to the need of the user.

• Facility of keeping and finding things especially fine objects.

• The flexible arm can be used to move it to see the fine objects even when kept in the

drawer if needed.

• Suitable colors for visually impaired people (in terms of contrast between the colors of device parts used to illustrate the device parts and separation between them).

• It is possible to change the lens easily in case of completely damaged or damage part of it .

• A visually impaired person can easily change damaged parts by himself.

• It is possible to disconnect the lens in case of change part of it or completely changed easily (by attracting it through the plug).

• A visually impaired person can easily change damaged parts by himself.

Note:

• The lens is designed to allow any part of its components to be changed if a malfunction occurs such as (damage of lens glass - lighting circuit - hand lens).

Advantages of the provided annexes (inventions provided):

• Service the required purpose in terms of (method of installation, method of use, lighting, colors, suitability to different levels of view).

• Take into account the good and appropriate color variation in the provided annexes.

• Possibility to change some parts while retaining basic parts.

• The use of the provided annexes even if part of it is damaged by repeated use by changing and replacing the damaged part.

• Provide a good range of magnification and clarification.

• The user can maintain his correct position in the seating if the added annexes are used.

• Not eye-catching and relatively socially acceptable so the user does not feel embarrassed when using them in the workplace.

• The provided annexes lightweight and portable

• Raw materials made with the proposed annexes are cheap, thus reflecting their total price.

• Easy to control tools based on visual level (by user).

• Easy and effective use of the proposed tools, which does not hinder the user while dealing with them.

• The proposed annexes do not obstruct the user while handling.

• Ordinary people (visually healthy) can use some of the proposed annexes if necessary, and others can be used without embarrassment as the added annexes make it easier to use the machine in general without a negative impact on the health of the eye.

• Availability of occupational safety and security components.

• The proposed annexes can be used in other types of machines, industrial or domestic, taking into account the position of the machines proposed on the machine, and taking into account the differences in the form of machines. Method of exploitation:

Application of these inventions in the manufacture and production of ready-made clothes, the benefit of these inventions is to facilitate the process of:

• Hold guides and needles together.

• Adjust the length of the stitch.

• Unscrew and connect the sewing machine needle manually without using the screwdriver.

• Follow the movement of the needle on the cloth during the process of sewing.

• Performance of the handicraft skills of hand-made clothes industry for visually impaired

people.

Brief description of drawings:

Figure Ml represents a device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with stitch

1301) during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people (The magnifying device, which is equipped with a light source):

• Number (1) in gure (la) represents the holder (flexible arm) hollow, is made with the idea that the yay spring has an electrical wire connected to the electrical source and is equipped with an operating switch that is not connected to the operation of the machine.

• Number (2) in gure (la) represents magnified and illustrated lens according to the visual level of the user with an electrically operated light source.

• Number (3) in gure (la) represents the number of two clamps installed in the side of the machine to make the holder closer to lens or warn off it (yay).

• Number (4) in gure (la) represents an isolated linear trend.

• Number (5) in gure (la) represents a key to control the degree of light and open and close the power.

• Number(6) in annex (l)(Figure lb). The lens is provided with a mechanical connection method (the flexible arm) with the machine's body (spring Yay) to control the movement of the lens in different directions to adjust the lens during usfe.

Figure f2) represents holding the guides and needle together:

• Number (1) in gure (2) represents the body of the needle holder, made of exible metal - plastic.

• Number (2) in gure (2) represents the oval splint to hold guides.

• Number (3) in gure (2) represents a exible wire for needle hold.

Figure f3) represents a pin to disassemble, e and change needle industrial sewing machine manually provided with a plastic head:

• Number (1) in gure (3) represents the pin body by helical end.

• Number (2) in gure (3) represents a plas c head to manually disassemble and e the pin. Figure (4) represents advice to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence numbers and signs:

• Number (1) in gure (4) represents the adjuster body of the length of the s tch, surrounded by a colored border in a color contrary to the adjuster's background.

• Number (2) in gure (4) represents prominent texture numbers and has a good contrast with the underlying adjuster background color.

• Number (3) in gure (4) represents prominent signs at the top of the adjuster in front of each number in it and each number of its marks, so that the number of prominent signs reflects the opposite number.

• Number (4) in gure (4) represents an explana on of the half-distance between the numbers using the prominence and good contrary of the numbering marks between the numbers.

• Number (5) in gure (4) represents an indicator to adjust the length of the s tch.

Figure (5¾ represents advice to help in learning and performing manual techniques for readv-made clothes industry;

• Number (1) in gure (5) represents the base of the device.

• Number (2) in gure (5) represents a hollow ej ble arm made with the idea of spring (Yay).

• Number (3) in gure (5) represents a magnifying and illustra ng lens with a light source.

• Number (4) in gure (5) represents an electric wire.

• Number (5) in gure (5) represents a drawer for keeping the tools.

• Number (6) in gure (5) represents a key to control the lightness (strong-medium-weak).

Figure (6) the annexes for the sewing machine with closed s tch 301 for visually impaired people:

• Number (1) in Figure (6) represents a device to facilitate the process of using a sewing machine with s tch (301) during sewing process and follow the movement of the needle on the cloth for visually impaired people (The magnifying device, which is equipped with a light source).

• Number (2) in Figure ( 6) represents holding the guides and needle together.

• Number (3) in Figure (6) represents a pin to disassemble, e and change needle industrial sewing machine manually provided with a plastic head.

• Number (4) in Figure (6) represents advice to adjust the stitch's length with contrary and prominence numbers and signs.