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Title:
SHOCK ABSORBER FOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/132451
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Shock absorber (5), (8-10), (12-14) used for damping a control flow which is to be directed to the control valve belonging to a hydraulic system or is to be directed to the adjustable valve of the flow through which absorber the flow of the hydraulic fluid can be directed at least in one direction. The absorber is a stopper (5) which restricts the run of the flow to be damped which stopper is equipped with one or several ducts (6, 7) which let the flow go through the mentioned stopper (5) when the other orifice of the mentioned duct is blocked with a plate (8), (12) in such a way that bending of the mentioned plate opens access for the flow through the mentioned stopper (5) due to the pressure of the flow coming along the mentioned duct (6, 7).

Inventors:
KARPPINEN, Reijo (Kivitie 1, Ylöjärvi, FI-33480, FI)
Application Number:
FI2015/000008
Publication Date:
September 11, 2015
Filing Date:
March 05, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
DYNASET OY (Menotie 3, Ylöjärvi, FI-33470, FI)
International Classes:
F16F15/04; F15C3/00; F16K47/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2005015384A12005-02-17
WO1993019313A21993-09-30
WO2005015384A12005-02-17
Foreign References:
US20030150679A12003-08-14
US5584226A1996-12-17
JP3471438B22003-12-02
US6202805B12001-03-20
DE19642837C11998-01-29
DE4323179C11994-11-17
US20030150679A12003-08-14
Other References:
See also references of EP 3114367A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NIEMINEN, Taisto (Patenttitoimisto T Nieminen Oy, P.O. Box 65, Tampere, FI-33201, FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Shock absorber (5), (8-10), (12-14) used for damping a control flow which is to be directed to the control valve belonging to a hydraulic system or is to be directed to the adjustable valve of the flow through which shock absorber the flow of the pressurized, controlling hydraulic fluid can be directed at least in one direction, characterized in that the shock absorber is a stopper (5) which restricts the run of the control flow to be damped which absorber is equipped with one or several ducts (6, 7) which let the flow run through the mentioned stopper (5) when the other orifice of the mentioned duct is blocked with a plate (8), (12) in such a way that bending of the mentioned plate opens access for the control flow through the mentioned stopper (5) due to the pressure of the flow coming along the mentioned duct (6, 7). 2. Shock absorber according to the claim 1, characterized in that the plate (8), (12) is a round ring the thickness of which ring is less than 20 % of its outer diameter.

3. Shock absorber according to the claim 1, characterized in that the several plates (8- 10) are stacked on top of each other in which case the plate (8) that is located against the stopper (5) has the largest outer diameter.

4. Shock absorber according to the claim 1, characterized in that the several plates (12 - 14) are stacked on top of each other in which case the plate (12) that is located against the stopper (5) has the smallest inner diameter.

5. Shock absorber according to the claim 1, characterized in that the bending of the outer edge of the plate (8) opens the flow path for the hydraulic fluid.

6. Shock absorber according to the claim 1, characterized in that the bending of the inner edge of the plate (12) opens the flow path for the hydraulic fluid.

7. Shock absorber according to the claim 1, characterized in that the shape of the outer edge of the plate (8 - 10), (12 - 14) deviates from the round shape.

Description:
SHOCK ABSORBER FOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

Invention relates to a shock absorber used for damping a control flow which is to be directed to a control valve belonging to a hydraulic system or to the adjustable valve of the flow through which damper the flow of the pressurized, controlling hydraulic fluid can be directed at least in one direction.

For example choke - check valve dampers are previously known as dampers of control flows and one must have two different pieces of them in parallel in line if one wants to have a different kind of damping in one direction than what the other direction has. Chokers that are located in these can also be adjustable but still they don ' t always react in a positive way to vibrations that occur in the fluid line that is directed to the control valve and their adjustments don ' t always stay in the set value and are not always accurate.

Further dampers are known from publications US 2003/150679 and WO 2005015384 which damp the movement of masses. In these solutions a movable piston is adjusted to a cylinder which is filled with hydraulic fluid which piston is connected outside the cylinder with the help of a piston rod. The movement of the piston is damped in the cylinder by letting the hydraulic fluid go in a restricted way over the piston at least in one direction. The other direction can be unrestricted. The run of the hydraulic fluid over the piston can be restricted with the help of a valve which opens due to pressure difference and which is formed of bendable plates. In these solutions the main flow of pressurized fluid running in the cylinder from one side of the piston to the other side is restricted with the help of a valve in which case the formed system functions as a restrictor/damper of movement speed.

In order to remove these disadvantages a new absorber has been developed with the help of which one can achieve an essential improvement to the known prior art when one deals with the control of the control pressure which is directed to the pressure controlled valves and when one deals with the damping of vibration. It is characteristic of the shock absorber according to the invention that the shock absorber is a stopper which restricts the run of the control flow to be damped which absorber is equipped with one or several ducts which let the flow go through the mentioned stopper when the other orifice of the mentioned duct is being blocked with a plate in such a way that the bending of the mentioned plate due to the pressure of the flow coming along the mentioned duct opens access for the flow through the mentioned stopper. The significant advantage of the absorber according to the invention is the fact that damping can be achieved for the hydraulic fluid which runs to the controlling valve in both flowing directions and as different volumes, if needed. The absorber can easily be adjusted regarding its properties according to the need of the speed and vibration control of the need for control of all kinds of valves separately in both directions. The absorber can be located in the stem of the valve to be controlled, it can be a separate part in the valve or be its independent component in a pipework that directs the control pressure.

In the following the invention is described more detailed by referring to the accompanying drawing in which

Figure 1 shows a shock absorber according to the invention being located before the stem of the control valve.

Figure 2 shows a part of an absorber as an enlarged figure.

Figure 3 shows an absorber in connection with a pressure compensated flow controller. In the figure 1 the stem 2 of the control valve located inside the body 1 and the spring 3 are shown. The pressure line of the controlling hydraulic fluid runs through the damper arrangement 4, 5 according to the invention to the stem 2. The damper arrangement comprises a stopper 5 which stopper is assembled to prevent the control flow from running to the stem 2 or away from there. According to the figure 2 the stopper 5 comprises ducts 6 and 7 along which the pressure flow could run through the stopper if the ducts 6 and 7 were not closed with plates 8 - 10, in other words with shimming plates. The plates 8 that are against the stopper 5 have the largest outer diameter in such a way that when they are in an direct position, they cover the other orifices of the ducts 6 and 7. The other plates 9, 10 have a smaller outer diameter. In the figure 1 the absorber is in a free state in which case pressure difference does not have an effect over the absorber.

In the figure 2 pressure difference for its part has an effect over the absorber to such an extent that at least the undermost plate 8 is bent and lets the hydraulic fluid flow through the stopper 5 along the duct 7. The diminishing of the pressure difference closes the duct 7 and then the plate 8 is restored back to its direct form. The stopper 5 is attached to the flange of the body 1, which can be divided, through bolt holes 11 that are located in the stopper in which case the absorber can be revealed and its plates 8 - 10 can be changed for example in order to change the adjustment properties. With the plates 9 and 10 the bending capacity of the undermost plate 8 can be affected. The plates 8 - 10 are stacked and tied so that they rest on the middle bolt 4. The middle bolt 4 can be opened at the other end for example with the help of a nut that can be unscrewed. The absorber damps the vibration occuring in the control flow most effectively in the state of the figure 2 in which case the plate 8 is in a sensitive state due to the pressure difference opening and closing the duct 7 when the pressure difference changes.

In the figure 3 a pressure compensated flow controller is shown schematically. The main flow comes in at the point 21 and comes out at the point 22. The position of the valve stem 17 and its movements adjust the amount of the flow being removed through an aggregate 18. When the pressure increases the outgoing flow becomes bigger when the stem 17 moves against the spring 19. The absorber 5, 12 - 14 is located at the body 15 with the help of retaining rings 16. The pressure controlling the stem 17 goes through the absorber and a sufficient pressure difference opens the duct through the stopper 5. The undermost plate 12 bends most at its inner edge due to the pressure and the flow then has an access to the stem 17 along the right hand duct. The body 15 is also divided with a flange joint in which case the absorber arrangement can be disassembled and re-assembled.

In this way of executing the plates 12 - 14 are plate rings which have an equally sized outer diameter in which case only their inner diameter varies. The undermost plate 12 covers at least the orifice of the other duct. The absorber damps the movements of the stem 17 and prevents vibrations from occuring. The left hand duct that is located in the stopper 5 lets the flow run back from the stem 17 if the pressure difference over the absorber is sufficient. The plates 8 - 10 and 12 - 14 are most advantageously round spring steel rings the thickness of which rings is less than 20 % of the outer diameter. The shape of their outer edge can also deviate from the round form, for example it can be an angular shape, most advantageously then when they are tied with the help of the perch bolt 5 according to the figures 1 and 2. There can be different plate arrangements above and below the stopper 5 if one wants to have different damping properties in different flowing directions.