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Title:
SILVER IMAGE BLEACHING SOLUTION AND PROCESS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1993/004401
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A deletion fluid for lithographic printing plates comprising a silver image formed by the silver salt diffusion transfer process comprising an aqueous solution containing iodine and an iodide salt characterised in that it contains from 1 to 10 % by weight of a surfactant which comprises both polyalkyleneoxy units and a quaternary ammonium group.

Inventors:
Barnett
Anthony
Malcolm, Gray
Colin
James, Green
Jeffrey
Keith, Hallbery
David
Alan, Baker
Julie
Application Number:
PCT/EP1992/001883
Publication Date:
March 04, 1993
Filing Date:
August 18, 1992
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KODAK LIMITED EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY BARNETT
Anthony
Malcolm, Gray
Colin
James, Green
Jeffrey
Keith, Hallbery
David
Alan, Baker
Julie
International Classes:
B41N3/00; B41N3/08; G03C5/42; G03C5/44; G03C8/06; G03C11/00; G03F7/06; G03F7/07; (IPC1-7): B41N3/08; G03C5/44
Domestic Patent References:
WO1990003600A1
Foreign References:
EP0097282A2
US4258122A
EP0231028A2
GB2107889A
Other References:
See also references of EP 0556357A1
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A deletion fluid for lithographic printing plates comprising a silver image formed by the silver salt diffusion transfer process comprising an aqueous solution containing iodine and an iodide salt characterised in that it contains from 1 to 10% by weight of a surfactant which comprises both polyalykleneoxy units and a quaternary ammonium group.
2. A deletion fluid as claimed in claim 1 in which the surfactant molecule comprises one or more ethyleneoxy chains having a total of from 5 to 25 ethyleneoxy units.
3. A deletion fluid as claimed in claim 2 in which the surfactant molecule comprises a total of 10 to 20 ethyleneoxy units .
4. A deletion fluid as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3 in which the surfactant's quaternary ammonium group has one or more alkyl substituent having 1 to 18 carbon atoms or represents a mixture thereof.
5. A deletion fluid as claimed in any of claims 1 to 4 in which the surfactant has the formula: R NT C H C I (C2H4 ) yH wherein x+y = from 10 to 20, and R is an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms or represents a mixture thereof.
6. A .deletion fluid as claimed in claim 5 in which the groups R having predominantly 12 and/or 15 carbon atoms.
7. A deletion fluid as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6 in which the solvent is a mixture of water and butyrolactone optionally with other organic solvents.
8. A deletion fluid as claimed in claim 7 which comprises from 10 to 60% by weight of water.
9. A deletion fluid as claimed in any of claims 1 to 8 which contains from 2 to 50g, preferably from 2g to 20g, of iodine and from 50g to 250 g, preferably from 150g to 200g, of iodide ions per litre of solution.
10. A method of deleting silver image on a lithographic printing plate formed by the silver salt diffusion transfer process using a deletion fluid comprising an aqueous solution containing iodine and an iodide salt characterised in that it contains from 1 to 10% by weight of a surfactant which comprises both polyalykleneoxy units and a quaternary ammonium group.
Description:
SILVER IMAGE BLEACHING SOLUTION AND PROCESS

This invention relates to a method of bleaching silver images and to solutions therefor. The photographic silver salt diffusion transfer image forming process is well known. It is also well known that lithographic printing plates can be formed by this process and such printing plates can be formed on a metal, polymeric film or paper base. Sometimes it is desirable to retouch the silver image formed thereby and, specifically, it is sometimes desired to remove parts of the image such as unwanted cut lines and spots.

It is known, for example from British specification 2 107 889 that a thickened solution containing, for example, iodine and an iodide can achieve the desired result. When such a deletion solution is used with a litho plate that has been treated with a litho plate conditioner which contains phenyl-mercapto-tetrazole and cetyl-trimethyl-ammonium bromide the results are unsatisfactory.

The present invention provides a method of removing silver images while avoiding the problem noted above. According to the present invention there is provided a deletion fluid for lithographic printing plates comprising a silver image formed by the silver salt diffusion transfer process comprising an aqueous solution containing iodine and an iodide salt characterised in that it contains from 1 to 10% by weight of a surfactant which comprises both polyalykleneoxy units and a quaternary ammonium group.

The silver image to be treated may be on an imagewise exposed and processed printing plate made by the photographic silver salt diffusion transfer

process. Such materials are described in Research Disclosure Item 308119, December 1989 published by Kenneth Mason Publications, Emsworth, Hants, United Kingdom. The deletion fluid may be applied to the silver image either before or after the image has been treated with a conditioner to make the silver oleophilic. Preferably it is applied before the conditioner because if it is applied afterwards, it will usually be necessary to wipe the plate with a conditioner-dampened pad to achieve the best deletion effect.

The alkyleneoxy groups may, for example, be ethyleneoxy or propyleneoxy groups. The surfactant molecule may comprise one or more ethyleneoxy chains having a total of 5 to 25 units, preferably 10 to 20 units. The quaternary ammonium group may have one or more alkyl substitutents having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms, typically such groups being derived from natural products are a mixture.

The surfactant preferably has the general formula:

R - N + - CH 3 C I

( C 2 H 4 ) y H

wherein x+y = from 10 to 20, and R is an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms or represents a mixture thereof. The preferred compounds have groups R having predominantly 12 and/or 15 carbon atoms.

An example of such a surfactant is ETHOQUAD C25 (Trademark of Akzo Chemie) .

The deletion solution preferably contains a mixture of water and butyrolactone. The ratio of aqueous to organic solvent is optimised to provide sufficient water for rapid penetration of the solute into the gelatin layer (if present) on the image- bearing material, together with sufficient butyrolactone to obtain high complexing power for silver iodide so that the image is removed in a conveniently quick time. It may also contain other solvents used alone or in combination including alcohols eg ethyl or butyl alcohol.

The iodide may be provided by an ammonium or alkali metal iodide, eg sodium or potassium iodide.

The deletion solution preferably contains from 2 to 50g, especially from 2g to 20g, of iodine and from 50g to 250 g, especially from 150g to 200g, of iodide ions per litre of solution. The solvent preferably comprises from 10 to 60% by weight of water.

Preferably the solution also contains an acid, for example acetic acid, preferably in an amount of from 10 to 30, preferably 15 to 25, g/1 of 90% acetic acid.

The following Example is included for a better understanding of the invention. The words KODAK, PMT, IMAGEMAKER, IMAGEMATE, ROTAPRINT, KLUCEL and SURFONYL are trademarks.

EXAMPLE

The following deletion solution was made up:

Deletion Fluid

Iodine 8.8 g

Potassium iodide 176.7 g Butyrolactone 856.4 g Hydroxypropyl cellulose (KLUCEL H) 6.7 g

Acetic acid (90% w/w) 20.0 g ETHOQUAD C25 (surfactant) 62.9 g Water to 1.0 litre

A control deletion fluid was also made being of the same formula as above but without the ETHOQUAD C25. Images were produced using Kodak PMT3 KNP negative paper, exposed on a Kodak Imagemaker Camera and processed in a Kodak 43DT Imagemate Processor onto Kodak PMT II Paper Litho Plate receivers. Part of the area on one plate was then deleted with the Deleltion Fluid of the invention while the same area on another plate was deleted using the control solution. Both plates were then conditioned using a conditioner of the composition:

Conditioner

Sodium ferric EDTA 40.0 g Phenylmercaptotetrazole 2.8 g ETHOQUAD C25 6.0 g Acetic acid 90% w/w 20.0 ml Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide 1.5 g Potassium iodide 5.5 g Potassium thiocyanate 1.0 g Sodium acetate to pH4 Water to 1.0 litre

The plates were mounted side by side on a Rotaprint R3550 press and printing started. During the run the supply of fount solution to the plates was switched off and the plates allowed to scum for 30 seconds before resuming normal operation.

The plate treated using the deletion fluid of the invention gave clean printed results just like an untreated plate both before and after the scumming. The plate containing the deletion made with the control deletion fluid displayed incomplete deletion both before and after scumming.

When the deletion fluid was applied after the conditioner, a less good effect was achieved but this could be improved by wiping the plate with a conditioner-damp pad.