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Title:
A SINGLE-PIECE TURBO BEARING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/078801
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Single-piece, low-cost turbo bearing that increases power and efficiency obtained from internal combustion engines, that can bear axial loads along with radial loads, comprising two axial support rings in connection with each other, at least one compressor side film forming hole and at least one turbine side film forming hole that enable oil film formation thereon, internal channel opened on the force support surface and which connects said compressor side film forming hole and turbine side film forming hole to axial support ring outer surface, ring surface recess on axial support ring and support surface recess on force support surface that increases axial load bearing capability and lubrication holes in connection with internal channel on axial support ring and force support surface.

Inventors:
KAYABAŞI, İskender (Küçükbakkalköy Mh. Kayışdağı Cad. Defne Sokak Büyükhanlı Plaza No:3 Kat:1, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
ALPAYA, Mert (Narçiçeği Sok. No:11/A, Fulya, Şişli/İstanbul, TR)
HAMPARYAN, Burag (Halkalı Caddesi No:158, Sefaköy, Küçükçekmece/İstanbul, TR)
ÇAKIL, Semih (Aselsan Elektronik Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi MGEO Grup Başkanlığı Çankırı Yolu 7 Km, Akyurt/Ankara, TR)
TEMİZ, Vedat (İTÜ Makina Fakültesi İnönü Cad. No: 65, Gümüşsuyu, Beyoğlu/İstanbul, TR)
DOĞRU, Rıdvan (Küçükbakkalköy Mh. Kayışdağı Cad. Defne Sokak Büyükhanlı Plaza No:3 Kat:1, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
Application Number:
TR2018/050596
Publication Date:
April 25, 2019
Filing Date:
October 17, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BORUSAN TEKNOLOJİ GELİŞTİRME VE ARGE A.Ş. (Küçükbakkalköy Mh. Kayışdağı Cad. Defne Sokak Büyükhanlı Plaza No:3 Kat:1, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
SUPSAN MOTOR SUPAPLARI SANAYİİ VE TİCARET A.Ş. (Halkalı Caddesi No:158, Sefaköy, Küçükçekmece/İstanbul, TR)
International Classes:
F16C33/10; F16C17/10
Foreign References:
US3043636A1962-07-10
US20070007771A12007-01-11
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BİLEN SINAİ MÜLK. HİZ. DAN. MÜH. İTH. İHR. TİC. LTD. ŞTİ. (Hüdavendigar Mah. Bent Cad. No:163/B, Osmangazi/Bursa, TR)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

Turbo bearing that increases power and efficiency obtained from internal combustion engines, that is low cost and that can bear axial loads along with radial loads, characterized in that by comprising one-piece axial support ring (51 ) in connection with each other, at least one compressor side film forming hole (501 ) and at least one turbine side film forming hole (502) that enable oil film formation thereon, the internal groove (503) that lies along the force support surface (52) which connects said compressor side film forming hole (501 ) and turbine side film forming hole (502) to axial support ring (51 ) outer surface, ring surface recess (51 1 ) on axial support ring (51 ) and support surface recess (521 ) on force support surface (52) that increase axial load bearing capability and lubrication holes (5030) in connection with internal grooves (503) on axial support ring (51 ) and force support surface (52).

Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises single-piece bearing (50) having axial support ring (51 ) structure which controls the axial movement of the rotor assembly and which enables axial load bearing.

Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises at least one internal groove (503) between the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) and the axial support ring (51 ), which enables formation of axial oil film, which is inside the bearing (50) and which is parallel to the axis of said bearing (50).

Single-piece turbo bearing according to any one of claim 1 or claim 3 that comprises the internal groove (503) which connects each compressor side film formation hole (501 ) to the axial support ring (51 ) surface.

Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises at least one internal groove (503) between the turbine side film forming holes (502) and the force support surface (52) forming the turbine side outer surface of the bearing (50), which enables formation of axial oil film, which is inside the bearing (50) and which is parallel to the axis of said bearing (50).

6. Single-piece turbo bearing according to any one of claim 1 or claim 5 that comprises the internal groove (503) which connects each turbine side film formation hole (501 ) to the force support surface (52).

7. Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises at least one ring surface recess (51 1 ) which enables the oil conveyed through the lubrication holes (5030) on the axial support ring (51 ) surface to increase axial load bearing capability on the axial support ring (51 ) surface.

8. Single-piece turbo bearing according to any one of claim 1 or claim 7 that comprises at least one ring surface recess (51 1 ) formed by a radial recess. 9. Single-piece turbo bearing according to any one of claim 1 or claim 7 that comprises six ring surface recesses (51 1 ).

10. Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises at least one support surface recess (521 ) that enables the oil conveyed through the lubrication holes (5030) on the force support surface (52) to increase axial load bearing capability on the force support surface (52).

1 1 . Single-piece turbo bearing according to any one of claim 1 or claim 10 that comprises at least one support surface recess (521 ) formed by a radial recess.

12. Single-piece turbo bearing according to any one of claim 1 or claim 10 that comprises six support surface recesses (521 ).

13. Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises single-piece bearing (50) having axial support ring (51 ) structure which is made of a brass material, which controls axial movement of the rotor assembly and which enables axial load bearing.

14. Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises single-piece bearing (50) having axial support ring (51 ) structure which is made of metal material, which controls axial movement of the rotor assembly and which enables axial load bearing.

15. Single-piece turbo bearing according to claim 1 that comprises single-piece bearing (50) having axial support ring (51 ) structure which is made of metal alloy material, which controls axial movement of the rotor assembly and which enables axial load bearing.

Description:
A TURBO BEARING SYSTEM TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention is related to a turbo system that enables increasing combustion efficiency and hence the motor power by delivering more compressed air into the cylinders in internal combustion engines. Specifically, the invention is related to the turbo bearing that increases efficiency and power obtained from engines having small cylinder volume, that has lower cost, that is a single-piece component and that can bear axial loads.

PRIOR ART

Turbo systems are rotating devices that increase combustion performance by delivering efficient compressed air into the cylinders in internal combustion engines. A turbo is generally driven by a turbine and the turbine and the compressor impeller are connected to each other by a shaft. By driving the turbine, the compressor impeller draws the air, compresses it and discharges into the cylinders. So, power obtained by combustion with this denser air is increased. Thus, in internal combustion engines, higher powers can be obtained with turbochargers compared to naturally aspirated engines.

The turbines present within the turbocharge systems used today are rotated by the exhaust gas released from the internal combustion engine after combustion. In super charge systems that operate by similar methods, the compressor is driven by engine instead of the turbo turbine. The biggest advantage of the turbocharge systems is that the mechanical lossses are minimal while rotating the turbo turbine and that they can be easily applicable to engines with small cylinder volumes.

Modern turbos used in the automotive industry may reach up to 250.000 rpm rotational speed. In such cases, the importance of bearing comes into play in order to avoid damage of the turbo shaft due to extensive friction. Turbo bearing systems usually comprise of journal bearings made of bronze material and axial thrust bearings. It is of critical importance that the high-speed rotating parts operate without contacting surrounding parts.

In the current turbos, the film layer is formed by the film forming holes on the journal bearing and/or the grooves located inside the bearing and the friction inside the bearing is minimized by said film layer. Turbo bearing systems can be divided into two, which are Rotating Floating Ring Bearing (RFRB) and Semi Floating Ring Bearing (SFRB). In RFRB systems, two films are formed which are between the central body and the bearing and between the bearing and the shaft.

In SFRB systems, there is only one hydrodynamic oil film between the shaft and the bearing and said single-piece bearing structure enables a better control of the rotor assembly. The external oil film formed in these systems is used for damping purposes.

The RFRB turbos that are usually implemented to small power engines in the market basically comprise two shaft bearings (journal bearings), one spacer, one axial thrust ring, and one axial thrust bearing. The SFRB turbos are generally used in engines with more power, the bearing is provided by a single-piece structure.

In PCT document No.WO2007005478, a type of turbocharge bearing and related components are described. Said bearing comprises holes on its outer side that enable oil film formation. While said holes are effective in oil film formation, they can't guarantee high turbo efficiency at high rotational speeds. In EPO document No.EP1002185, a kind of integrated bearing system is described. The bearing has a recessed structure that enables internal oil film formation. Moreover, said bearing also includes a grooved structure which enables lubrication at the axial thrust bearing part. In the context of said embodiment, it is specifically suitable for small volume engines, but not for high-speed turbos. Consequently, all the problems mentioned above make it necessary to bring a novelty in the related field. OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The present invention makes it necessary to solve the abovementioned problems and bring a technical novelty in the related field.

The main object of the invention is to provide a low cost, single part bearing structure that is suitable for use in big or small volume internal combustion engines, that can operate at high speeds, and that enables reducing friction and power loss as compared to alternative types which enable better axial load bearing by forming oil film layer in axial direction.

Another object of the invention is to provide support and damping in order to control the axial and radial movements of the turbo shaft and impellers.

Yet another object of the invention is to reduce manufacturing cost by its single-piece structure as an alternative to turbo bearings comprising of at least five parts.

Another object of the invention is to provide ease of assembly and thus saving from labor through the single-piece bearing instead of complicated systems during assembly of the turbo.

Another object of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the turbocharge mechanism.

Another object of the invention is to increase the life of the turbocharge mechanism.

Another object of the invention is to provide formation of oil film inside the bearing by developing single-component semi-floating bearing systems.

Another object of the invention is to enable bearing radial and axial loads by developing single-component semi-sliding bearing systems.

Another object of the invention is to increase the efficiency of hydrodynamic bearing systems developed as an alternative to mechanical ball bearings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In order to achieve all the above-mentioned objects that can become obvious from the detailed description provided below, the present invention is related to a single-piece turbo bearing that can bear axial loads along with the radial loads.

The invention is related to a single-piece, low-cost turbo bearing that increases power and efficiency obtained from internal combustion engines, that can bear axial loads along with radial loads, characterized by comprising one-piece axial support ring in connection with each other, at least one compressor side film forming hole and at least one turbine side film forming hole that enable oil film formation thereon, internal groove that lies along the force support surface which connects said compressor side film forming hole and turbine side film forming hole to axial support ring outer surface, ring surface recess on axial support ring and support surface recess on force support surface that increases axial load bearing capability and lubrication holes in connection with internal grooves on axial support ring and force support surface.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises the single-piece bearing having axial support ring structure which controls the axial movement of the rotor assembly and which enables axial load bearing.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises at least one internal groove that enables the formation of axial oil film that is inside the bearing, that is parallel to the axis of said bearing and that is located between the compressor side film forming holes and the axial support ring surface.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises the internal groove that connects each compressor side film forming hole to the axial support ring surface.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises at least one internal groove that enables axial oil film formation, that is inside the bearing that is parallel to the axis of said bearing that is located between the turbine side holes and the force support surface that forms the turbine side outer surface of the bearing. Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises the internal groove that connects each turbine side film forming hole to the force support surface. Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises at least one ring surface recess that increases axial load bearing capability of the turbo bearing where the oil comes from the lubrication holes located on the axial support ring surface.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises at least one support surface recess that increases axial load bearing capability of the turbo bearing where the oil comes from the lubrication holes located on the force support ring surface.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises at least one ring surface recess formed by a radial recess and at least one support surface recess formed by a radial recess.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises six ring surface recesses and six support surface recesses.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises the single-piece bearing that contains axial support ring structure which enables axial load bearing, that is made of brass material and that controls the axial movement of the rotor assembly.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises the single-piece bearing that contains axial support ring structure which enables axial load bearing, that is made of metal material and that controls the axial movement of the rotor assembly.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises the single-piece bearing that contains axial support ring structure which enables axial load bearing, that is made of a metal alloy material and that controls the axial movement of the rotor assembly. The scope of the invention is stated in the claims and it cannot be limited with what is described as an example in this brief and detailed description. It is apparent that a person skilled in the art can present similar embodiments in the light of what is described above without departing from the main scheme of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES Figure 1 shows the cross-section perspective view of the bearing body.

Figure 2 shows the front view of the turbo bearing. Figure 3 shows the perspective view of the turbo bearing body.

Figure 4A shows the exploded view of the turbo bearing before assembly and Figure 4B shows the perspective view of the turbo bearing after assembly.

Figure 5A and 5B show the perspective view of the turbo bearing.

Figure 5C and 5D show two different cross-sections of the turbo bearing. DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMBERS IN FIGURES

10. Body

101 . Bearing housing

102. Oil pocket 103. Assembly housing

1 1 . Oil inlet channel

12. Oil outlet channel

121 . Compressor side oil groove

122. Turbine side oil groove 20. Compressor impeller

201 . Backplate 30. Turbine impeller

301 . Heat shield 40. Shaft 50. Bearing 501 . Compressor side film forming hole

502. Turbine side film forming hole

503. Internal groove 5030. Lubrication hole

51 . Axial support ring

51 1 . Ring surface recess

512. Installation recess

52. Force support surface

521 . Support surface recess

53. Oil drain opening

54. Fixing screw 60. Flinger sleeve

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In this detailed description, a turbo bearing system of the invention is described by non-limiting examples in order to provide a better understanding of the subject.

The invention is specifically related to the single-piece, low-cost turbo bearing that increases the power and efficiency obtained from small cylinder engines and that can bear axial loads along with radial loads.

The invention is characterized by comprising one-piece axial support ring (51 ) in connection with each other, at least one compressor side film forming hole (501 ) and at least one turbine side film forming hole (502) that enable oil film formation thereon, the internal groove (503) that lies along the force support surface (52) which connects said compressor side film forming hole (501 ) and turbine side film forming hole (502) to axial support ring (51 ) outer surface, ring surface recess (51 1 ) on axial support ring (51 ) and support surface recess (521 ) on force support surface (52) that increase axial load bearing capability and lubrication holes (503) in connection with internal grooves (503) on axial support ring (51 ) and force support surface (52). In Figure 1 , the perspective view of the body (10) is shown. The turbine impeller (30) is connected to the rear end of the shaft (40) passing through the bearing (50) mounted inside the body (10). The compressor impeller (20) is mounted on the front end of the said shaft (40). The backplate (201 ) is positioned between the compressor impeller (20) and the body (10). Figures 5A and 5B show the perspective view of the turbo bearing. The turbo bearing comprises the turbine side film forming holes (502) and the compressor side film forming holes (501 ). Figures 5C and 5D show the cross-sectional views where internal grooves (503) inside the turbo bearing are shown. As seen on the figures, the bearing (50) is single-piece and preferably made of brass material. In the turbo assembly wherein said bearing (50) is located, the support ring (51 ) connected to the bearing (50) is located on the compressor impeller (20) side. The axial support ring (51 ) and the bearing (50) are manufactured as a single-piece.

The heat shield (301 ) that protects the body (10) from the exhaust gas is located on the back of the turbine impeller (30). Thus, the bearing (50) part of the turbo is protected from overheating and so the turbo operates at desired performance.

On the front side, the single-piece bearing (50) comprises axial support ring (51 ), compressor side film forming holes (501 ) and turbine side film forming holes (502) that enable formation of oil film inside the bearing (50) and internal grooves (503) in connection with the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) and turbine side film forming holes (502) that enable formation of axial oil film around the bearing (50). As seen in Figure 2, the flinger sleeve (60) is positioned between the compressor impeller (20) and the axial support ring (51 ) contained within the bearing (50). Thus, the predetermined space between the axial support ring (51 ) and the compressor impeller (20) positioned on the shaft (40) is provided. There is the Oil inlet channel (1 1 ) on the upper part of the body (10) of the invention and the Oil outlet channel (12) on the bottom part. The oil is conveyed to the body (10) and to the compressor side oil film forming hole (501 ) and turbine side film forming hole (502) of the bearing (50) through the compressor oil groove (121 ) and the turbine side oil groove (122) connected to the oil inlet channel (1 1 ). Said oil inlet channel (1 1 ), oil outlet channel (12), compressor side oil groove (121 ) and turbine side oil groove (122) are realized by boring the body during production of the body (10). In another preferred embodiment of the invention, the grooves in said process can be manufactured by machining or by molding the body.

The oil filled into the bearing (50) through the oil drain opening (53) of the bearing (50) is conveyed to the oil outlet channel (12) from this opening. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, there are at least one and preferably two oil drain openings (53).

As seen in Figure 4A, the body (10) comprises a bearing housing (101 ) suitable with the bearing (50). Due to said bearing housing (101 ), the bearing (50) can be fixed and lubricated inside the body. Inside said bearing housing (101 ) and outside the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) and turbine side film forming holes (502), there are two oil pockets (102). Said oil pockets (102) are formed by recesses shaped on the inner surface of said bearing housing (101 ) around the bearing housing (101 ). The oil flowing onto the bearing through the compressor side oil groove (121 ) and the turbine side oil groove (122) over the oil pockets (102) enables the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) and the turbine side film forming holes (502) of the bearing (50) to form an oil film around the bearing (50).

As seen in Figure 4A and Figure 4B, the bearing (50) is fixed to the bearing housing (101 ) inside the body (10) by preferably at least two fixing screws (54) and the installation recess (512) of the axial support ring (51 ) and the assembly housing (103) of the body (10). During fastening, the bearing (50) is loose fixed. By said fixing screws (54), the bearing (50) is protected from turning during operation of the turbo.

Due to the turbine side film forming holes (502) and the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) inside the bearing (50) that supports the shaft (40) rotated by the turbine impeller (30) of the turbo, a radial oil film is formed around the inner surface of said bearing (50). In Figures 5C and 5D, the cross-section of the bearing (50) is shown. As seen in the figure, the bearing (50) comprises internal grooves (503) that open to the turbine side film forming holes (502) and the compressor side film forming holes (501 ). By said internal grooves, the axial oil film is formed around the bearing (50). In Figure 5A, the lubrication hole (5030) structure is positioned where said internal grooves (503) are connected to the axial support ring (51 ) surface. Said lubrication hole (5030) is positioned on the surface for each internal groove (503). In a similar structure, there is lubrication hole (5030) where each internal groove (503) opens to the surface on the force support surface (52) of the bearing (50).

Formed oil film provides hydrodynamic support and thus the friction and power loss on the shaft (40) can be minimized. Since said oil film tangentially covers all the surface, the surface friction is minimized and supported. Thus, the high-speed turbo bearings can be realized without any problems.

By the ring surface recesses (51 1 ) of the axial support ring (51 ) and the support surface recesses (521 ) of the force support surface (52), the bearing (50) can bear axial loads.

By the internal grooves (503) that open to the axial support ring (51 ) and the force support surface (52) through the lubrication holes (5030) in connection with the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) and the turbine side film forming holes (502) during rotation, the oil is conveyed to the ring surface recesses (51 1 ) and the support surface recesses (521 ).

As seen in Figure 1 , the bearing compressor side oil groove (121 ) and the bearing turbine side oil groove (122) that provide oil flow between the bearing (50) and the oil inlet channel (1 1 ) positioned on the upper part of the body (10) are located inside the body (10). The oil sent into the turbo through the oil inlet channel (1 1 ) is conveyed onto the compressor side film forming holes (501 ) via the compressor side oil grooves (121 ). Similarly, transfer of oil from said oil inlet channel (1 1 ) to the turbine side film forming holes (502) is accomplished through the turbine side oil groove (122). The lubrication is performed reliably by the oil pockets (102) on the body (10).