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Title:
SLIDING BEARING PAD SUPPORT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/166660
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Sliding bearing pad support The invention relates to a support of a bearing pad of a sliding bearing. A bearing pad support connection (1) is disclosed comprising a bearing pad (2) and a bearing pad support (3), whereby the bearing pad is connected to the bearing pad support by a pivot joint (4). The pivot joint (4) comprises a pivot pocket (5), and a pivot (6). The pivot pocket (5) comprises a sealing (7) that abuts on the neck of pivot (6).

Inventors:
FRYDENDAL, Niels Karl (Ravnsborggade 14, 7400 Herning, 7400, DK)
THOMSEN, Kim (Møllevej 27, 9520 Skørping, 9520, DK)
THORHAUGE, Morten (Polarvej 19, 8200 Aarhus, 8200, DK)
Application Number:
EP2018/050035
Publication Date:
September 20, 2018
Filing Date:
January 02, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SIEMENS WIND POWER A/S (Borupvej 16, 7330 Brande, 7330, DK)
International Classes:
F16C33/74; F16C11/06; F16C13/04; F16C17/03; F16C17/04; F16C23/02; F16C33/08; F16C13/02; F16C17/24
Foreign References:
US4404724A1983-09-20
US4228571A1980-10-21
US4073549A1978-02-14
US3004804A1961-10-17
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ASPACHER, Karl-Georg (Postfach 22 16 34, München, 80506, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

Bearing pad support connection (1), comprising a bearing pad (2) and a bearing pad support (3), whereby the bearing pad is connected to the bearing pad support by a pivot joint (4),

whereby the pivot joint (4) comprises a pivot pocket (5), and a pivot (6) ,

characterized in that the pivot pocket (5) comprises a sealing (7) that abuts on the pivot (6) of the pivot joint (4) .

Bearing pad support connection according to claim 1, characterized in that the bearing pad (2) comprises the pivot pocket (5) , and the bearing pad support (3) comprises the pivot (6) .

Bearing pad support connection according to claim 1, char acterized in that the bearing pad (2) comprises the pivot (6), and the bearing pad support (3) comprises the pivot pocket (5) .

Bearing pad support connection according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the pivot (6) comprises a neck (8) and a head (9), whereby the head (9) comprises a rim (13) with a wider dimension than the neck (8), and wherein the sealing (7) abuts on the neck (8) of the pivot ( 6) . 5. Bearing pad support connection according to claim 4, characterized in that the head (9) of the pivot (6) comprises a rounded outer surface (11) at its longitudinal end, and the pivot pocket (5) comprises an inner surface (10) facing the outer surface (11) of the pivot (6), and that the largest radius of the outer surface (11) of the pivot (6) is smaller than a radius of the inner surface (10) of the pivot pocket (5) facing the pivot (6) . Bearing pad support connection according to claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that the sealing (7) that abuts on the pivot (6) defines a space that is limited by the pivot pocket (5) and the pivot (6), surrounding the pivot head (9), and that the pivot pocket (5) or the pivot (6) comprises a duct (12) to allow a fluid to enter the space between the pivot (6) and the pivot pocket (5) .

Bearing pad support connection according to claim 6, char acterized in that the fluid is oil, that is applied through the duct (12) to the space between the pivot (6) and the pivot pocket (5) to lubricate the pivot joint (4)

Bearing pad support connection according to claim 7, characterized in that the pivot pocket (5) with the sealing (7) is movable in respect to the pivot (6) in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the neck (8) of the pivot (6) . Bearing pad support connection according to claim 8, characterized in that pressure is applied to the oil in the space between the pivot (6) and the pivot pocket (5) to preload pivot joint (4) and/or to apply a force to the bearing pad (2) to push the bearing pad (2) in the longi- tudinal direction of the pivot (6) in a way that the sealing (7) advances along the neck (8) of the pivot (6) towards the head (9) of the pivot (6) .

Bearing pad support connection according to claim 9, characterized in that the sealing (7) of the pivot pocket (5) is prepared and arranged in a way to abut on the rim (13) of the head (9) of the pivot (6) to limit the movement of the bearing pad (2) along the length axis of the neck (8) of the pivot (6) .

Use of a bearing pad support connection (1) according to any of the preceding claims in a wind turbine. Method to operate a bearing pad support connection (1) according to any of the claims 1 to 10, whereby the bearing pad support connection (1) comprises a bearing pad (2) and a bearing pad support (3), whereby the bearing pad (2) is connected to the bearing pad support (3) by a pivot joint (4), whereby the pivot joint (4) comprises a pivot pocket (5) and a pivot (6) , whereby the pivot pocket (5) comprises a sealing (7) that abuts on the pivot (6) ,

comprising the step of preloading the bearing pad support connection (1) by applying a fluid pressure to the space between the pivot (6) and the pivot pocket (5) .

Method to operate a bearing pad support connection (1) according to claim 12, whereby the pivot (6) comprises an outer surface (11) at its longitudinal end and the pivot pocket (5) comprises an inner surface (10) facing the outer surface (11) at the longitudinal end of the pivot (6) ,

comprising the additional step of increasing the distance between the outer surface (11) at the longitudinal end of the pivot (6) and the inner surface (10) of the pivot pocket (5) facing the longitudinal end of the pivot (6) by increasing the amount of fluid present in the space between the pivot (6) and the pivot pocket (5) .

Description:
Description

Sliding bearing pad support

The invention relates to a support of a bearing pad of a sliding bearing.

Sliding bearings or plain bearings are known to be used in bigger machinery. Often these sliding bearings comprise bearing pads that comprise a sliding surface. Bearing pads are mounted to a bearing ring and are to a certain extent flexible, movable or tiltable in respect to the bearing ring.

These bearing pads can adapt to the tolerances in the bearing, to deformation and to other tolerances in operating conditions. The adjustment of their sliding surface adapts to the surface of the counterpart to be supported.

Therefore the bearing pads need a freedom to move. In high dynamic events, like in bearings in wind turbines, the movement of the tilting pads can lead to unwanted movements of the bearing pads, including micro-movements, or high loads o the bearing pads that can lead to higher wear in the bearing

The aim of the invention is therefore to provide an improved connection of the bearing pad to the bearing ring.

The object of the invention is achieved by the independent claim 1. Further features of the invention are disclosed in the dependant claims .

A bearing pad support connection is disclosed comprising a bearing pad and a bearing pad support. The bearing pad is connected to the bearing pad support by a pivot joint. The pivot joint comprises a pivot pocket and a pivot.

The bearing pad pivot pocket comprises a sealing that abuts on the pivot of the pivot joint. A bearing pad is connected to a bearing pad support by a pivot joint. The pivot joint comprises a pivot pocket and a pivot. The pivot joint allows a pivot movement of the bearing pad in relation to the bearing pad support.

To limit the wear in the pivot joint, the pivot joint is lubricated by a lubricant. A sealing is present in the pivot pocket, whereby the sealing is in contact with the surface of the pivot in a way to seal the space present between the pivot pocket and the pivot.

Thus lubricant, present inside the pivot pocket to lubricate the pivot joint, is held back by the sealing and can't leave the pivot pocket in an uncontrolled manner. Thus the lubricant will stay in the pivot joint, and will not flow out of the pivot joint. Thus a pollution of the surrounding area with lubricant is avoided. The bearing pad comprises the pivot pocket, and the bearing pad support comprises the pivot.

The pivot is connected to the bearing pad support in a way to allow the pivot to interact with the pivot pocket of the piv- ot joint.

The pivot pocket is arranged at the bearing pad in a way that the pivot pocket can interact with the pivot of the bearing pad support.

The pivot is connected to the bearing pad support at a side of the bearing pad support that is facing the bearing pad, when the pivot joint is connected. The pivot pocket is arranged at a surface of the bearing pad that is facing the bearing pad support when the pivot joint is connected.

The bearing pad comprises the pivot, and the bearing pad support comprises the pivot pocket. The pivot pocket is arranged at the bearing pad support in a way that the pivot pocket can interact with the pivot of the bearing pad support .

The pivot is connected to the bearing pad in a way to allow the pivot to interact with the pivot pocket of the pivot j oint . The pivot is connected to the bearing pad at a side of the bearing pad that is facing the bearing pad support, when the pivot joint is connected. The pivot pocket is arranged at a surface of the bearing pad support that is facing the bearing pad when the pivot joint is connected.

The pivot comprises a neck and a head. The head comprises a rim with a wider dimension than the neck, and the sealing abuts on the neck of the pivot. The bearing pad support connection comprises a pivot and the pivot comprises a neck and a head, whereby the head is connected to the neck, and the head forms an end of the pivot. The head of the pivot is located in the pivot pocket of the pivot joint, when the bearing pad support connection is con- nected.

The neck of the pivot reaches out of the pivot pocket. The sealing of the pivot pocket abuts on the neck of the pivot. A dimension of the neck of the pivot can be, in the case of a more cylindrical neck, the diameter of the neck in a crosscut perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, for example.

In the case of a more rectangular neck, a dimension of the neck can be the length of a side of the neck in a cross- section . The head of the pivot has a wider dimension than the neck. Thus the pivot shows a mushroom shape form.

During a pivot movement of the bearing pad in relation to the pivot, the sealing present in the pivot pocket slides along the surface of the neck.

The area of movement of the sealing along the neck of the pivot is limited by the head of the pivot.

The head of the pivot comprises a rounded outer surface at its longitudinal end. The pivot pocket comprises an inner surface facing the outer surface of the pivot. The largest radius of the outer surface of the pivot is smaller than the radius of the inner surface of the pivot pocket facing the pivot .

The head of the pivot is present at its longitudinal end. Th head of the pivot is the end of the pivot pointing towards the counterpart of the pivot joint.

The head of the pivot comprises a rounded shape at its end, and the head comprises an outer surface.

The pivot pocket comprises an inner surface that is facing the outer surface of the pivot. To allow a movement of the pivot in the pivot pocket the largest radius of the outer surface of the pivot head needs to be smaller than a radius of the inner surface of the pivot pocket.

Thus the pivot can move along the inner surface of the pivot pocket with its outer surface of the pivot head.

The sealing that abuts on the pivot defines a space that is limited by the pivot pocket and the pivot surrounding the pivot head. The pivot pocket, or the pivot, comprises a duct to allow a fluid to enter the space between the pivot and the pivot pocket . A certain space is defined by the inner surface of the pivot pocket and the outer surface of the pivot. The space is present between the pivot pocket and the pivot and is surrounding the pivot head. The space is limited by the sealing abutting on the neck of the pivot.

A duct is present in the bearing pad support connection that leads from the outside of the bearing pad support connection towards the space defined between the pivot pocket and the pivot head.

The duct allows a fluid to enter the space between the pivot pocket and the pivot head. The duct can be present in the bearing pad or it can lead through the pivot. Thus a lubricant can be pressed into the pivot joint and the pivot joint can be lubricated.

The fluid is oil that is applied through the duct to the space between the pivot and the pivot pocket to lubricate the pivot joint.

Oil can be used as a lubricant to be pressed into the space between the pivot pocket and the pivot head. The oil is used to lubricate the pivot joint to reduce the wear in the joint.

The oil can distribute itself in the space within the pivot pocket that is limited by the inner surface of the pivot pocket, the outer surface of the pivot head, the surface of the pivot neck, and is limited by the sealing. The sealing prevents the oil from leaving the pivot joint.

Thus the lubrication of the pivot joint is optimized. The pivot pocket with the sealing is movable in respect to the pivot in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the neck of the pivot. Thus the pivot joint comprises an additional degree of freedom, not only to perform the pivot movement, but to allow the bearing pad to move in a direction of the longitudinal axis of the pivot. Thus the bearing pad is more flexible in its reaction to loads .

Pressure is applied to the oil in the space between the pivot and the pivot pocket to preload the pivot joint and/or to ap- ply a force to the bearing pad to push the bearing pad in the longitudinal direction of the pivot, in a way that the sealing advances along the neck of the pivot towards the head of the pivot . A pressure is applied to the lubricant in the space between the inner surface of the pivot pocket and the outer surface of the pivot. The pressure of the lubricant forces to surfaces away from each other. Thus the bearing pad is forced away from the bearing pad support. The bearing pad moves in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the pivot.

Thus the sealing slides along the neck of the pivot in the direction of the head of the pivot.

While the bearing pad increases the distance to the bearing pad support and the space in the pivot pocket fills with the oil, the inner surface of the pivot pocket and the outer sur- face of the pivot head are no longer in contact with each other, but have a certain amount of oil in the distance between them. When bearing pad experiences load, it will be pressed in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the pivot, towards the bearing pad support . Peaks in the load, acting on the bearing pad, press the bearing pad towards the bearing pad support.

This increases the pressure in the oil, present in the space between the pivot pocket and the pivot. Thus oil will be pressed out of the space.

Nevertheless, the inner surface of the pivot pocket and the outer surface of the pivot head are most of the time not in contact to each other, and thus the pivot head does only in rare occasions experience an impact on the surface of the pivot pocket.

Thus the wear resulting from such an impact is reduced. The bearing pad can be preloaded by adding oil pressure to the pivot pocket, and peaks in the load or changes in the load on the bearing pad can be dampened by the oil present in the pivot pocket.

The sealing of the pivot pocket is prepared and arranged in a way to abut on the rim of the head of the pivot to limit the movement of the bearing pad along the length of the neck of the pivot .

The pivot comprises a mushroom shaped form with the head of the pivot protruding over the neck of the pivot.

When oil pressure is applied through the duct into the space between the pivot pocket and the pivot, the bearing pad moves in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the pivot. The space between the pivot pocket and the pivot increases and the sealing slides along the neck of the pivot towards the head of the pivot. With an even further increasing pressure of the oil the sealing abuts on the head of the pivot and the movement of the bearing pad in the longitudinal direction of the pivot comes to a stop.

The pivot head is pressed against the sealing by the oil pressure and the space between the pivot head and the pivot pocket is even better sealed. Thus the movement of the bearing pad can be limited while the bearing is preloaded with oil pressure.

The use of a bearing pad support connection in a wind turbine is disclosed.

For bigger wind turbines it is advantages to use sliding bearings to support the main shaft of the rotor of the wind turbine. By preloading the bearing pads in the sliding bearing, wear in the pivot joints of the bearing pads is reduced.

Thus the live time of the bearing pads is enhanced and the costs for service and maintenance and the exchange of the bearing pad are reduced. A method is disclosed to operate a bearing pad support connection, whereby the bearing pad support connection comprises a bearing pad and the bearing pad support. The bearing pad is connected to the bearing pad support by a pivot joint. The pivot joint comprises a pivot pocket and a pivot. The pivot pocket comprises a sealing that abuts on the pivot.

The method comprises the step of preloading the bearing pad support connection by applying fluid pressure to the space between the pivot and the pivot pocket. By applying fluid pressure, pressure is building up in the space between the pivot and the pivot pocket. The pressure forces the pivot pocket away from the pivot. Loads acting at a bearing pad force the pivot pocket towards the pivot. An increase in the loads acting on the bearing pad, like load peaks, can be dampened by the fluid present in the space between the pivot pocket and the pivot.

The preload of the bearing pad can be regulated by the fluid pressure in the space between the pivot and the pivot pocket.

Thus the load on the pivot and the pivot pocket is reduced. Thus also the wear of the pivot joint is reduced.

A method to operate a bearing pad support connection is disclosed, whereby the pivot comprises an outer surface at its longitudinal end, and the pivot pocket comprises an inner surface facing the outer surface of the longitudinal end of the pivot .

The method comprises the additional step of increasing the distance between the outer surface of the longitudinal end of the pivot, and the inner surface of the pivot pocket facing the longitudinal end of the pivot, by increasing the amount of fluid present in a space between the pivot and the pivot pocket . Thus the bearing pad can be lifted up in respect to the bearing pad support in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the pivot. The pressure of the fluid present in the pivot pocket can be adjusted to fit to the load on the pivot. By applying a certain pressure to the fluid in the pivot pocket the distance between the outer surface of the pivot and the inner surface of the pivot pocket can be increased.

A load impact on the bearing pad is dampened by the fluid present in the pivot pocket. Thus, it can be avoided that peak loads acting on the bearing pad are transferred un-dampened from the bearing pad over the pivot joint to the bearing pad support.

The fluid present in the pivot pocket acts as a cushion to dampen certain impacts of load on the bearing pad in respect to the bearing pad support. Thus the wear on the pivot joint is reduced.

The invention is shown in more detail by the help of figures The figures show a preferred configuration and do not limit the scope of the invention. shows a bearing support connection, FIG 2 shows a further embodiment of the bearing pad support connection .

FIG 1 shows a bearing support connection. Figure 1 shows a bearing pad support connection 1 comprising a bearing pad 2 and a bearing pad support 3. The bearing pad support 3 is connected to the bearing pad 2 by a pivot joint 4. The pivot joint 4 comprises a pivot pocket 5 whereby the pivot pocket 5 is present in a part of the bearing pad 2.

The pivot joint 4 further comprises a pivot 6 that is located in the pivot pocket 5 when the bearing pad support connection 1 is connected. The bearing pad 2 can move in relation to the bearing pad support 3 by a movement in the pivot joint 4.

The pivot pocket 5 of the bearing pad 2 comprises a sealing 7. The sealing 7 abuts on the pivot 6 to seal the space present between the pivot 6 and the pivot pocket 5.

The space between the pivot 6 and the pivot pocket 5 can comprise a lubricant, for example, and the sealing 7 prevents that the lubricant present in the space between the pivot 6 and the pivot pocket 5 leaves the space in an uncontrolled manner .

FIG 2 shows a further embodiment of the bearing pad support connection.

Figure 2 shows a further embodiment of the bearing pad support connection 1. The bearing pad support connection 1 comprises a bearing pad 2 and a bearing pad support 3. The bear- ing pad support 3 is connected to the bearing pad 2 by a pivot j oint 4.

The pivot joint comprises a pivot pocket 5 present in a part of the bearing pad 2 and a pivot 6. The pivot 6 comprises a neck 8 and a head 9. The head 9 builds the end of the pivot

6. The head 9 comprises the area where the pivot 6 is in contact with the pivot pocket 5 when it performs a pivot movement on top of the pivot 6. The neck 8 of the pivot 6 carries the head 9.

The sealing 7 present in the pivot pocket 5 is in contact with the surface of the neck 8. The bearing pad 2 comprises a duct 12 that connects the pivot pocket 5 with the outside of the bearing pad 2. The duct 12 allows a fluid to enter or leave the pivot pocket 5.

The pivot pocket 5 comprises an inner surface 10. The head 9 of the pivot 6 comprises an outer surface 11. A fluid that is forced through the duct 12 into the pivot pocket 5 forces the inner surface 10 and the outer surface 11 apart from each other .

Thus the space present between the inner surface 10 and the outer surface 11 will increase.

With an increasing distance between the inner surface 10 and the outer surface 11 the bearing pad 2 with the sealing 7 slides along the neck 8 of the pivot 6 towards the head 9. If further fluid is forced through the duct 12 and the space between the inner surface 10 and the outer surface 11 increases even further, the sealing 7 comes to arrest at the rim 13 of the head 9 of the pivot 6.

The movement of the bearing pad 2 along the pivot 6 stops when the sealing 7 comes to arrest at the rim 13. When the fluid is forced through the duct 12 into the room between the inner surface 10 and the outer surface 11, a pressure is build up in this room and thus the bearing pad support connection is preloaded.

When the bearing pad 2 is in use in a bearing the normal load present in the bearing acts in a direction to force the inner surface 10 towards the outer surface 11. The preload of the bearing pad forces the surfaces 10, 11 away from each other.

Thus in the case of a peak load at the bearing pad the pressure in the room between the inner surface 10 and the outer surface 11 is increased and the fluid will be forced out of the duct 12, which leads to a movement of the bearing pad 2 towards the head 9 of the pivot 6. Only when the inner surface 10 touches the outer surface 11 peak loads are directly transferred from the bearing pad 2 towards the bearing pad support 3.

The illustration in the drawings is in schematic form. It is noted that in different figures, similar or identical ele- ments are provided with the same reference signs.

Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the present invention is not limited by the disclosed examples, and that numerous additional modifications and variations could be made thereto by a person skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention . It should be noted that the use of "a" or "an" throughout this application does not exclude a plurality, and "comprising" does not exclude other steps or elements. Also elements described in association with different embodiments may be combined. It should also be noted that reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope of the claims .