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Title:
SLIDING VANE OF ROTORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2007/081071
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention provides a sliding vane, which is provided through a rotor in a cylinder and reciprocates in a diametrical direction and rotates together with the rotor. The sliding vane of the present invention includes a vane body (10), which has plate seating slots (23a) and (23b) formed in the respective diametrical opposite ends of the vane body. The sliding vane further includes two pairs of compression plates (3a) and (3b), (3c) and (3d), which are provided in the plate seating slots. First springs (15) are provided in a diametrically inner end of each compression plate. A sealing rod insertion slot (7a), (7b), (7c), (7d) is formed in a diametrically outer end of each compression plate, and a second spring 19 is provided between axially inner ends of the adjacent compression plates. The sliding vane further includes a sealing rod (5a), (5b) which is inserted into and occupies the entire length of the sealing rod insertion slots of adjacent compression plates placed in each plate seating slot.

Inventors:
MAENG, Hyuk-jae (2 Keukdong Apt, Baickma Maeul #739, Madoo-dong, Ilsan-g, Goyang-shi Kyungki-do 410-708, 03-1003, KR)
Application Number:
KR2006/000918
Publication Date:
July 19, 2007
Filing Date:
March 14, 2006
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MAENG, Hyuk-jae (2 Keukdong Apt, Baickma Maeul #739, Madoo-dong, Ilsan-g, Goyang-shi Kyungki-do 410-708, 03-1003, KR)
International Classes:
F02B53/00
Foreign References:
JPS59168292A
JP2004285978A
JP2004332697A
US4385873A
US4515123A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
YOO, Byeong Eel (405 4FL. Daeheung Building, 251-5 Hakik 2-dong Nam-gu, Incheon-shi 402-867, KR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

[1] A sliding vane provided through a rotor, which is eccentrically installed in a cylinder, so as to cross a central axis of the rotor, the sliding vane reciprocating in a diametrical direction of the rotor and rotating together with the rotor, while diametrically opposite ends thereof contact an inner surface of the cylinder and axially opposite ends thereof contact respective covers of the cylinder, the sliding vane comprising: a vane body, having a rectangular planar shape, with a spacer formed at a central position through the vane body and extending in a direction, in which the sliding vane reciprocates, and a plurality of plate seating slots, each having a predetermined depth towards a central axis of the vane body, and formed in respective diametrical opposite ends of the vane body, the plate seating slots being symmetrical based on the central axis of the vane body; two pairs of compression plates, each having a rectangular planar shape, provided in the respective plate seating slots, with a plurality of first springs provided in a diametrically inner end of each of the compression plates to provide a pushing force in a direction of the inner surface of the cylinder, a sealing rod insertion slot formed in a diametrically outer end of each of the compression plates, and a second spring provided between axially inner ends of the adjacent compression plates to provide a pushing force in directions of the covers; and a sealing rod inserted throughout an entire length of the sealing rod insertion slots of the adjacent compression plates placed in each of the plate seating slots, the sealing rod having surface hardness and strength greater than surface hardness and strength of the compression plate.

[2] The sliding vane according to claim 1, wherein a pneumatic pressure guide groove is formed in a surface of each of the compression plates so that high- pressure gas in the cylinder is supplied to the diametrically inner end of the compression plate between the first springs, and a pressure leakage prevention member is provided between each of the first spring and an inner surface of the plate seating slot, so that the high-pressure gas, supplied between the diametrically inner end of the compression plate and the inner surface of the plate seating slot through the pneumatic pressure guide groove, is prevented from leaking in axial directions.

[3] The sliding vane according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising: a sealing member seat, having a rectangular parallelepiped shape, formed in each of axially opposite ends of the plate seating slots such that the sealing member

seat faces the surface of each compression plate in which the pneumatic pressure guide groove is formed; a sealing member, having a rectangular parallelepiped shape, placed in each of the sealing member seats; and a third spring installed in each of the sealing member seats and pushing the sealing member in a direction of a corresponding cover of the cylinder.

Description:

Description

SLIDING VANE OF ROTORS Technical Field

[1] The present invention relates, in general, to sliding vanes for rotors and, more particularly, to a sliding vane which is provided so as to diametrically cross a central axis of a rotor, which is eccentrically installed a cylinder of a rotary engine or a compressor, so that, when the rotor rotates, the sliding vane diametrically reciprocates and partitions the interior space of the cylinder while maintaining airtightness between the partitioned spaces. Background Art

[2] The inventor of the present invention proposed a rotary engine, which has an improved structure to solve the disadvantages experienced with conventional engines, such as wankel engines, etc., and was disclosed in Korean Patent Application No. 10-2005-20840 (Application Date: March, 14, 2005). The rotary engine of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2005-20840 comprises an engine body. The engine body includes a compression cylinder, which is configured to have a slightly distorted cylinder shape (an elliptical cylinder shape) and has at a predetermined position thereof an intake hole, through which fuel/air mixture or air is drawn into the compression cylinder. The engine body further includes an output cylinder, which has a slightly distorted cylinder shape (an elliptical cylinder shape) and is formed through the engine body in a direction parallel to the compression cylinder. A discharge hole, through which combustion gas is discharged, is formed at a predetermined position in the output cylinder. The engine body further includes a combustion chamber, which is formed between the compression cylinder and the output cylinder in a direction parallel both to the compression cylinder and to the output cylinder. The combustion chamber is divided into two cylindrical bores, which are symmetrical to each other, and each of which communicates with the compression cylinder through an intake gate and communicates with the output cylinder through a discharge gate. The rotary engine further comprises a compression rotor, which is eccentrically provided in the compression cylinder of the engine body and rotates such that fuel/air mixture or air is drawn into the compression cylinder through the intake hole, compressed, and supplied into the combustion chamber through the intake gates. The rotary engine further comprises an ignition device, which is provided in the combustion chamber of the engine body to ignite and explode the fuel/air mixture or air compressed and supplied by the compression rotor, and an output rotor which is eccentrically disposed in the output cylinder of the engine body and rotated using propulsive force generated by the

combustion gas supplied from the compression cylinder through the discharge gates. The rotary engine further comprises a plurality of valves, which are provided in respective bores of the combustion chamber and control the intake gates and the discharge gates such that a compression process, a combustion process and an output process are sequentially conducted depending on rotational positions of the compression rotor and the output rotor. The rotary engine further comprises a synchronizing means, which rotates the compression rotor in conjunction with rotation of the output rotor, and an axial sealing means, which seals the compression cylinder, the combustion chamber and the output cylinder of the engine body. The present invention relates to a sliding vane to be used in a compression rotor and an output rotor which are components of the rotary engine of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2005-20840.

[3] Airtightness is a critical requirement to ensure the practicability of Korean Patent

Application No. 10-2005-20840. Particularly, it is very important to ensure airtightness between the inner surfaces of the compression and output cylinders and the sliding vanes of the compression rotor and the output rotor, and airtightness between the axially opposed ends of the sliding vanes and the covers (in the case that a sealing plate is provided inside each cover, airtightness with sealing plates, and, hereinafter, both the cover and the sealing plate, are abbreviated as "cover").

[4] It is also important to ensure airtightness between the covers and the bodies of the compression rotor and the output rotor, but means for achieving these will be declared in another patent to be filed by the inventor of the present invention.

[5] If airtightness between the inner surface of the compression cylinder and the sliding vane of the compression rotor and airtightness between the inner surface of the output cylinder and the sliding vane of the output rotor are not ensured, in the compression cylinder, some high-pressure fuel/air mixture or air may not be supplied from the compression cylinder into the combustion chamber but may leak into the intake hole, and, in the output cylinder, some high-pressure combustion gas may not be used for rotating the output rotor due to leakage thereof into the discharge hole. In this case, it is obvious that the efficiency of the rotary engine will be markedly reduced.

[6] Furthermore, if airtightness between the covers and the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane is not ensured, in the compression cylinder, some high-pressure mixture or air may not be supplied from the compression cylinder into the combustion chamber, but may leak into the intake hole, and, in the output cylinder, some high-pressure combustion gas may not be used for rotating the output rotor but may be directly discharged through the discharge hole. In this case, it is obvious that the efficiency of the rotary engine will be markedly reduced. Disclosure of Invention

Technical Problem

[7] Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide a sliding vane for a rotor which ensures airtightness between it and an inner surface of a compression cylinder or an output cylinder, thus markedly increasing the efficiency of an engine.

[8] Another object of the present invention is to provide a sliding vane for a rotor which ensures airtightness between axially opposite ends thereof and cylinder covers, thus markedly increasing the efficiency of the engine. Technical Solution

[9] In order to accomplish the above object(s), the present invention provides a sliding vane provided through a rotor, which is eccentrically installed in a cylinder, so as to cross a central axis of the rotor, the sliding vane reciprocating in a diametrical direction of the rotor and rotating together with the rotor, while diametrically opposite ends thereof contact an inner surface of the cylinder and axially opposite ends thereof contact respective covers of the cylinder. The sliding vane includes: a vane body, having a rectangular planar shape, with a spacer formed at a central position through the vane body and extending in a direction, in which the sliding vane reciprocates, and a plurality of plate seating slots, each having a predetermined depth towards a central axis of the vane body, and formed in respective diametrical opposite ends of the vane body, the plate seating slots being symmetrical based on the central axis of the vane body; two pairs of compression plates, each having a rectangular planar shape, provided in the respective plate seating slots, with a plurality of first springs provided in a diametrically inner end of each of the compression plates to provide a pushing force in a direction of the inner surface of the cylinder, a sealing rod insertion slot formed in a diametrically outer end of each of the compression plates, and a second spring provided between axially inner ends of the adjacent compression plates to provide a pushing force in directions of the covers; and a sealing rod inserted throughout an entire length of the sealing rod insertion slots of the adjacent compression plates placed in each of the plate seating slots, the sealing rod having surface hardness and strength greater than surface hardness and strength of the compression plate.

[10] Preferably, a pneumatic pressure guide groove may be formed in a surface of each of the compression plates so that high-pressure gas in the cylinder is supplied to the diametrically inner end of the compression plate between the first springs, and a pressure leakage prevention member may be provided between each of the first spring and an inner surface of the plate seating slot, so that the high-pressure gas, supplied between

the diametrically inner end of the compression plate and the inner surface of the plate seating slot through the pneumatic pressure guide groove, is prevented from leaking in axial directions.

[11] The sliding vane may further include: a sealing member seat, having a rectangular parallelepiped shape, formed in each of axially opposite ends of the plate seating slots such that the sealing member seat faces the surface of each compression plate in which the pneumatic pressure guide groove is formed; a sealing member, having a rectangular parallelepiped shape, placed in each of the sealing member seats; and a third spring installed in each of the sealing member seats and pushing the sealing member in a direction of a corresponding cover of the cylinder.

Advantageous Effects

[12] As described above, a sliding vane for a rotor used in a rotor engine or a compressor makes it possible to ensure airtightness between the sliding vane and an inner surface of a compression cylinder or of an output cylinder and to ensure airtightness between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane and cylinder covers. Therefore, because a compression process and an output process can be conducted without pressure leakage, the present invention is advantageous in that the efficiency of the rotor engine or the compressor is markedly increased. Brief Description of the Drawings

[13] FlG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a sliding vane for a rotor, according to the present invention;

[14] FlG. 2 is a front view of the sliding vane according to the present invention;

[15] FlG. 3 is a perspective view of the sliding vane according to the present invention;

[16] FlG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line A-A' of FlG. 3;

[17] FlG. 5 is an exploded view showing the sliding vane and a rotor body of the rotor according to the present invention;

[18] FlG. 6 is a front view of the rotor assembled with the sliding vane according to the present invention; and

[19] FlG. 7 is a view showing the usage of the rotor having the sliding vane according to the present invention. Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention

[20] Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of a sliding vane for rotors according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the attached drawings.

[21] FlG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a sliding vane for a rotor, according to the present invention. FlG. 2 is a front view of the sliding vane. FlG. 3 is a perspective view of the sliding vane. FlG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line A-A' of FlG. 3. FlG. 5 is an exploded view showing the sliding vane and a rotor body of the rotor. FIG.

6 is a front view of the rotor assembled with the sliding vane of the present invention. FlG. 7 is a view showing the usage of the rotor having the sliding vane of the present invention.

[22] First, the usage of the sliding vane 1 for the rotor 44 according to the present invention will be explained herein below with reference to FlG. 7.

[23] In the rotary engine shown in FlG. 7, an intake hole 50, through which mixture (air mixed with fuel) or air is drawn, and an intake gate 52, which communicates with a combustion chamber 62, are formed at predetermined positions in a compression cylinder 46. The compression rotor 44 rotates in the compression cylinder 46, thereby drawing fuel/air mixture or air into the compression cylinder 46 through the intake hole 50, compressing it, and supplying it into the combustion chamber 62 through the intake gate 52. Furthermore, in an output cylinder 54 of the rotary engine of FlG. 14, a discharge gate 60, through which high-pressure combustion gas is supplied from the combustion chamber 62 into the output cylinder 54, and a discharge hole 56, through which the combustion gas, having rotated the output rotor 44 in the output cylinder 54, is discharged outside the engine, are formed. The output rotor 44 of the output cylinder 54 is rotated by the combustion gas, which has been ignited by an ignition device 64 in the combustion chamber 62. Furthermore, the output rotor 44 discharges combustion gas through the discharge hole 56 once every half-rotation thereof. Meanwhile, front and rear ends of the compression cylinder 46 and the output cylinder 54 are covered with covers (not shown), such that open opposite ends of a compression chamber 48a, 48b and 48c and an output chamber 58a, 58b and 58c are sealed by the covers. The construction of each cover was described in detail in the above-mentioned art disclosed in Korean Patent Application No. 10-2005-20840, therefore further explanation is deemed unnecessary.

[24] As shown in FlG. 7, the rotors 44 are respectively provided in the compression cylinder 46 and the output cylinder 54 at positions eccentric in the direction of the combustion chamber 62. The main body of each rotor 44 respectively contacts the inner surface of each of the compression cylinder 46 and the output cylinder 54 at positions eccentric towards each other. Furthermore, the sliding vane 1 of the present invention is provided in each rotor 44 and diametrically crosses the central axis of the rotor 44. The sliding vane 1 rotates together with the rotor 44 and, simultaneously, reciprocates in a diametrical direction.

[25] Therefore, in a process of compressing and supplying fuel/air mixture or air into the combustion chamber 62 using rotation of the rotor 44 in the compression cylinder, the interior space of the compression cylinder 46 is divided into three sections 48a, 48b and 48c, other than the case in which the sliding vane 1 is in a horizontal orientation. Among the three sections 48a, 48b and 48c, the section 48b, in which fuel/air mixture

or air is compressed at high pressure, is closed by a junction between the body of the rotor 44 and the inner surface of the compression cylinder 46, a junction between a diametrical end of the sliding vane 1 and the inner surface of the compression cylinder 46, junctions between the body of the rotor 44 and the covers, and junctions between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane 1 and the covers, other than the intake gate 52. Therefore, to compress fuel/air mixture or air, having been drawn into the compression cylinder 46 through the intake hole 50, at sufficiently high pressure, it is very important to ensure airtightness between the body of the rotor 44 and the inner surface of the compression cylinder 46, between the body of the rotor 44 and the cylinder covers, between the diametrical end of the sliding vane 1 and the inner surface of the compression cylinder 46, and between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane 1 and the cylinder covers.

[26] Furthermore, in a process of rotating the rotor 44 in the output cylinder 54 using the explosive power of the high-pressure combustion gas discharged from the combustion chamber 62, the interior space of the output cylinder 54 is divided into three sections 58a, 58b and 58c, other than the case in which the sliding vane 1 is in a horizontal orientation. Among the three sections 58a, 58b and 58c, the section 58a, into which high-pressure combustion gas is supplied, is closed by the junction between the body o f the rotor 44 in the output cylinder 54 and the inner surface of the output cylinder 54, the junction between a diametrical end of the sliding vane 1 and the inner surface of the output cylinder 54, junctions between the body of the rotor 44 in the output cylinder 54 and the covers, and junctions between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane 1 and the covers, other than the discharge gate 22. Therefore, in order to efficiently convert the explosive power of high-pressure combustion gas, which is supplied into the output cylinder 54 through the discharge gate 60, into rotating force, it is very important to ensure airtightness between the body of the rotor 44 in the output cylinder 54 and the inner surface of the output cylinder 54, between the body of the rotor 44 in the output cylinder 54 and the cylinder covers, between the diametrical end of the sliding vane 1 and the inner surface of the output cylinder 54, and between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane 1 and the cylinder covers.

[27] Referring to FIG. 1, the sliding vane 1 of the present invention is characterized in that a cylinder-wall-side sealing means, which is in close contact with the inner surface of the cylinder, is provided on each diametrical end of a vane body 10 of the sliding vane 1, and a cover-side sealing means, which is in close contact with each cylinder cover, is provided on each axial end of the vane body 10. The cylinder-wall-side airtightness is realized by sealing rods 5a and 5b, compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d, springs 15, pressure leakage prevention members 17, and high-pressure gas, which is supplied through pneumatic pressure guide grooves 9a formed on the surfaces of the

respective compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d. The cover-side airtightness is realized by the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d, springs 19, sealing members 29, and springs 27.

[28] Thanks to the above-mentioned construction, the sliding vane 1 of the present invention, which rotates along with the rotor in the cylinder 46, 54 and diametrically reciprocates with respect to the rotor, can maintain airtightness between diametrically opposite edges thereof and the inner surface of the cylinder and airtightness between the axially opposite edges thereof and the cylinder covers.

[29] As shown in FlG. 1, a spacer hole 12, which extends in the direction in which the sliding vane 1 reciprocates, is formed at a central position through the vane body 10 having a rectangular plate shape. Furthermore, plate seating slots 23a and 23b, into which the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d are inserted, are formed in the diametrical opposite ends of the vane body 10. The plate seating slots 23a and 23b are symmetrical based on the central axis of the vane body 10. Each plate seating slot 23a, 23b has a predetermined depth towards the central axis of the vane body 10. Furthermore, two compression plates 3a and 3b, 3c and 3d are placed in each plate seating slot 23a, 23b such that they are adjacent to each other. The springs 15 are provided in a diametrically inner end of each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, thus pushing the compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d in the direction of the inner surface of the cylinder. That is, the cylinder-wall-side airtightness is ensured by the elasticity of the springs 15. To prevent the springs 15 from moving, spring insertion holes 11 and insertion notches 13 for receiving pressure leakage prevention members are preferably formed in the diametrically inner end of each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d. The springs 15 and the pressure leakage prevention members 13 are respectively inserted into the spring seating holes 11 and the insertion notches 13. The springs 15 are preferably coil springs, but are not limited to coil springs. As such, two compression plates 3a and 3b, 3c and 3d are placed in each plate seating slot 23a, 23b such that they are adjacent to each other. Here, the springs 19 are interposed between the axially inner ends of adjacent compression plates 3a and 3b, 3c and 3d, that is, between junction surfaces between adjacent compression plates 3a and 3b, 3c and 3d, thus pushing the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d in directions of the cylinder covers. Therefore, the cover-side airtightness is ensured by the elasticity of the springs 19.

[30] Meanwhile, because two compression plates are placed in each plate seating slot

23a, 23b, if the diametrically outer ends of the compression plates contact the inner surface of the cylinder, pressure may leak through a gap defined between the compression plates and the inner surface of the cylinder. To prevent this, a sealing rod insertion slot 7a, 7b, 7c, 7d, which has a predetermined depth towards the central axis of the sliding vane 1, is formed in the diametrically outer end of each compression

plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, and each sealing rod 5a, 5b, which is relatively long, is inserted in to adjacent sealing rod insertion slots 7a and 7b, 7c and 7d. In detail, each sealing rod 5a, 5b has length sufficient to occupy the entire length of the sealing rod insertion slots 7a and 7b, 7c and 7d of the compression plates 3a and 3b, 3c and 3d which are placed in the same plate seating slot 23a, 23b. Furthermore, each sealing rod 5a, 5b has surface hardness and strength greater than those of the compression plates.

[31] Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 1, a stepped part 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d is provided on the surface of the diametrically outer end of each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d. Preferably, each plate seating slot 23a, 23b has a predetermined height such that parts of the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d, other than the stepped parts 8a, 8b, 8c and 8d, can be tightly inserted into the plate seating slots 23a and 23b. Alternatively, each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d may have no stepped part such that the thickness thereof is constant.

[32] Meanwhile, a pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a is formed in each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d and extends to the diametrically inner end of the compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d. Thus, high-pressure gas is supplied to the diametrically inner end of the compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d through the pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a, thus pushing the compression plate in the direction of the inner surface of the cylinder. As such, each pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a is formed in the surface of each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, so that high-pressure gas in the cylinder is supplied into a space defined by the diametrically inner end of the compression plate, the pressure leakage prevention members 17, and the inner surface of the plate seating slot 23a, 23b. Furthermore, the pressure leakage prevention members 17, which are disposed between the springs 15 and the inner surface of the plate seating slot 23a, 23b, prevent high-pressure gas, supplied through the pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a, from leaking between the compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d and the inner surface of the plate seating slot 23a, 23b in an axial direction. The airtightness provided using high-pressure gas supplied through the pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a is more reliable than airtightness provided using the springs 15. The springs 15 push the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d in the direction of the inner surface of the cylinder, thus contributing to the realization of cylinder-wall-side airtightness. Also, the springs 15 serve to push the pressure leakage prevention members 17 inwards, that is, towards the inside surfaces of the plate seating slots 23a and 23b, thus preventing high-pressure gas from leaking in an axial direction.

[33] Meanwhile, preferably, the two compression plates 3a and 3b, which are placed in the plate seating slot 23a, and the two compression plates 3c and 3d, which are placed in the plate seating slot 23b, are symmetrically oriented. The reason is that the roles of the compression plates 3a and 3b in the plate seating slot 23a and of the compression

plates 3c and 3d in the plate seating slot 23b are exchanged with each other every half- rotation of the rotor, as shown in FlG. 7.

[34] As shown in the drawings, pneumatic pressure guide notches 9b are formed in diametrically opposite edges of the vane body 10 at positions corresponding to the pneumatic pressure guide grooves 9a of the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d. Thus, when the sliding vane 1 is assembled, each pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a and each pneumatic pressure guide notch 9b form a pneumatic pressure guide hole 9. Therefore, as shown in FlG. 7, when the pneumatic pressure guide holes 9 face the high-pressure compressed gas space 48b or the high-pressure combustion gas space 58b, high-pressure fuel/air mixture, air, or combustion gas can be easily supplied into the diametrically inner ends of the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d.

[35] Returning to FlG. 1, the cover-side airtightness of the sliding vane 1 of the present invention is realized by the springs 19, which are provided between the compression plates. To ensure cover-side airtightness more reliably, sealing members are provided in the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane 1. In detail, each sealing member seat 25a, 25b, 25c, 25d, having a rectangular parallelepiped shape, is formed in each of axially opposite ends of the plate seating slots 23a and 23b such that the sealing member seat 25a, 25b, 25c, 25d faces the surface of each compression plate 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, in which the pneumatic pressure guide groove 9a is formed. Each sealing member 29, having a rectangular parallelepiped shape, is placed in each of the sealing member seats 25a, 25b, 25c and 25d. A spring 27 is installed in each sealing member seat 25a, 25b, 25c, 25d and pushes each sealing member 29 in the direction of the corresponding cover of the cylinder, thus more reliably ensuring cover-side airtightness. Here, it is preferable that the spring 27 be a leaf spring having a waved band shape, as shown in FIG. 1.

[36] Referring to FIGS. 2 through 4, in the sliding vane 1 of the present invention having the above-mentioned construction, cylinder-wall-side airtightness is ensured by the sealing rods 5a and 5b, which are provided in diametrically outer ends of the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d and are in close contact with the inner surface of the cylinder. Cover-side airtightness is ensured by the axially outer surfaces of the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d and the axially outer surfaces of the sealing member 29 which are in close contact with the cylinder covers. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 4 through 7, high-pressure gas is supplied into diametrically inner ends of the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d through the pneumatic pressure guide holes 9 and pushes the compression plates 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d outwards, thus ensuring the cylinder- wall-side airtightness more reliably.

[37] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, after a spacer 36, which defines and maintains a distance between two body units 42a and 42b of the rotor body, is inserted into the

spacer hole 12 formed at a central position through the vane body 10, the sliding vane 1 and the spacer 36 are assembled with the two body units 42a and 42b using a locking bolt 37. For this, through holes 31 and 33 are respectively formed through the upper body unit 42a and the spacer 36, and a hole 35 is tapped at a predetermined position in the lower body unit 42b. Furthermore, hubs are coupled to respective opposite ends of the body units 42a and 42b of the rotor and the sliding vane 1 by tightening locking members into locking holes 34 of the rotor, thereby a rotor shaft and the like can be additionally coupled to the rotor. In FIGS. 5 and 6, the reference numeral 30 denotes a rotor body sealing member for ensuring airtightness between the rotor body and the cylinder cover, and the reference numeral 32 denotes a rotor body sealing rod for ensuring airtightness both between the rotor body and the inner surface of the cylinder and between the rotor body and the cylinder cover.

[38] Referring to FIGS. 5 through 7, to ensure airtightness between the vane body 10 and the body units 42a and 42b of the rotor, a sealing rail 41, which extends a predetermined length in an axial direction, is preferably provided on each junction between the vane body 10 and the body units 42a and 42b of the rotor.

[39] As shown in FIG. 7, thanks to the above-mentioned construction, even while the rotor 44 rotates at a high speed, the present invention makes it possible to ensure airtightness between the rotor body and the inner surface of the cylinder, airtightness between the rotor body and the cylinder covers, airtightness between the diametrically opposite ends of the sliding vane 1 and the inner surface of the cylinder, and airtightness between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane 1 and the covers. Industrial Applicability

[40] As described above, the present invention provides a sliding vane for a rotor used in a rotor engine or a compressor which makes it possible to ensure airtightness between the sliding vane and an inner surface of a compression cylinder or of an output cylinder and to ensure airtightness between the axially opposite ends of the sliding vane and cylinder covers. Therefore, because a compression process and an output process can be conducted without pressure leakage, the present invention is advantageous in that the efficiency of the rotor engine or the compressor is markedly increased.

[41] Although the preferred embodiment of the present invention has been disclosed for illustrative purposes, the scope of the present invention is not limited to the preferred embodiment. Furthermore, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various modifications, additions and substitutions are possible, without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as disclosed in the accompanying claims. Therefore, it must be appreciated that the scope of the present invention is defined by the accompanying claims.