Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
SOLAR COLLECTOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/013066
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A solar collector, which can be used for heating interiors, supplying hot water and heating process water, comprises: an enclosure (1) made of a composite polymer material, a transparent coating (2), and a heat exchanger (3) provided with channels for a heat-transfer agent. The transparent coating (2) and the heat exchanger (3) are combined with each other along the perimeter by a distance frame (4) to create a hermetically sealed heating package, and the air is released from the inner space (6) of the heating package to obtain vacuum, or the air is replaced by an inert gas therein. The heat exchanger (3) is designed as a metal plate and inside it or on its surface, there are arranged tubes having channels for circulating a heat-transfer agent, which are combined to create a single closed system having an inlet and an outlet on the surface of the solar collector, the heat exchanger surface facing the sun is applied with a dark coating, and the heating package is arranged in the enclosure (1) made of a composite polymer material.

Inventors:
SHRAMKO, Serhii Ivanovych (vul. Yaremy, bud. 23Lviv, 79026, UA)
Application Number:
UA2017/000072
Publication Date:
January 18, 2018
Filing Date:
July 10, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SHRAMKO, Serhii Ivanovych (vul. Yaremy, bud. 23Lviv, 79026, UA)
International Classes:
F24S10/75; F24S80/457; F24S80/54
Foreign References:
JP2009162473A2009-07-23
FR2606495A11988-05-13
US20150233606A12015-08-20
US20090188489A12009-07-30
DE29918781U11999-12-30
CH699462A12010-03-15
UA19344U2006-12-15
UA24208U2007-06-25
UA18057U2006-10-16
RU2126517C11999-02-20
RU2135908C11999-08-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LISNA, Tetyana Leonidivna (Gertsena st, 17-25 of., Kyiv ., 04050, UA)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A solar collector, comprising enclosure, a transparent coating, and a heat exchanger provided with channels to let a heat-transfer agent flow through, characterized in that the transparent coating and the heat exchanger are combined with each other along the perimeter by a distance frame to create a hermetically sealed heating package, and the air is released from the inner space of the heating package to obtain vacuum, or the air is replaced by an inert gas therein, the heat exchanger is designed as a metal plate, and inside it or on its surface, there are arranged tubes having channels for circulating heat-transfer agent, which are combined to create a single closed system having an inlet and an outlet on the surface of the solar collector, the heat exchanger surface facing the Sun is applied with a dark coating, and the heating package is arranged in the enclosure made of a composite polymer material.

2. A solar collector as set forth in claim 1 characterized in that the sealed heating package is a package of a rectangular or square form.

3. A solar collector as set forth in claim 1 characterized in that the transparent coating is made of glass. 4. A solar collector as set forth in claim 1 characterized in that the solar collector is separable and the heating package is removable from the solar collector enclosure.

5. The solar collector as set forth in claim 1 characterized in that fasteners are disposed on the enclosure.

Description:
SOLAR COLLECTOR The invention relates to heliotechnics, including solar collectors, and can be used for heating interiors, supplying hot water and heating process water.

There is known a solar thermal collector comprising a translucent cylindrical container, a heat-transfer agent duct integrated into a circulation circuit by a manifold equipped with a pump, a piping for hydraulically connecting the container closed cavity to the circulation circuit, and a feed conduit equipped with a pump. The container consists of two translucent cylindrical elements, namely the external and internal coaxially arranged ones that are connected to create the container closed cavity filled with water. The heat-transfer agent duct is arranged in the cavity of the container inner element, and this duct is hydraulically connected both to the closed cavity of the container and to the feed conduit for periodically refilling the container cavity with water [UA 19344 U, F24J 2/06, 2006].

The disadvantage of this solar thermal collector is its low efficiency caused by low-intensity of heating the inner heat-transfer agent.

There is known a solar vacuum collector of tubular type comprising a vacuum shell (enclosure) made of a transparent material that is fixedly mounted on a stand equipped with a pipe connecting the vacuum shell (enclosure) to a device intended for creating vacuum, and a receptacle of solar radiation formed as a tube coated with a selective material to absorb solar radiation, which is arranged along the axis of the vacuum shell (enclosure) and connected both to a duct for supplying a cold heat-transfer agent and also to a duct for taking a hot heat- transfer agent off. The receptacle tube is made of metal and manufactured in the form of a spiral-wound element located in the thin-walled corrugated metal pipe that follows the contour geometry of the receptacle spiral-wound element. To the bottom portion of the spiral- wound element, there is attached the duct for supplying the cold heat-transfer agent, and to the top portion of the receptacle, there is attached the duct for taking the hot heat-transfer agent off, which duct is located inside the spiral-wound element, while a half of the internal surface of the transparent vacuum shell(enclosure) is covered with a coating to reflect solar radiation [UA 24208 U F24J 2/24, 2007]. The disadvantage of the known vacuum solar collector of tubular type is its ability to generate only one type of energy that is heat, and as a result, its rather low efficiency.

There is also known a solar vacuum collector of tubular type comprising a cylindrical vacuum shell (enclosure) made of a transparent material and equipped with a pipe connecting the vacuum shell (enclosure) to a device intended for creating vacuum, a receptacle of solar radiation, which is located in the vacuum shell (enclosure) and equipped with a duct for supplying a cold heat-transfer agent and also a duct for taking a hot heat-transfer agent off. The receptacle of solar radiation is designed as concentrically arranged tubes, the outer one of which is closed on both sides and coupled with a metal plate coated with a selective material to absorb solar radiation, which plate covers up the tube on its back side and is arranged in the centerline plane of the vacuum shell (enclosure), whereto there is attached the duct for supplying a cold heat-transfer agent, and the inner tube is at the top portion connected to the outer tube, and this inner tube is located in an additional vacuum shell (enclosure), and the lower portion of the inner tube is connected to the duct for taking a hot heat-transfer agent off. [UA 18057, F24J 2/00, 2006]

The disadvantage of this known solar collector is a small surface area of the solar radiation receptacle coated with a selective material absorbing solar radiation, and as a result, the availability of a rather low index of the collector efficiency.

There is also known a solar collector comprising a protective coating manufactured in the form of at least one corrugated and perforated sheet located above a solar energy absorber, which is formed with the use of corrugated sheets arranged with the possibility to connect to each other and create channels for fluid movement, thus the lower portions of the channels are fulfilled with the opportunity to provide for light absorption, and the upper portions of the channels are transparent [RU 1216517 CI , F24J 2/24, 1999].

The closest to the claimed invention is a solar thermal collector comprising a sealed enclosure, transparent coating, absorbing surface formed by absorbing tubes arranged in the enclosure in the same plane and provided with two parallel channels to let a heat-transfer agent flow, and heat insulation means disposed underneath thereof. The channels designed to let a heat-transfer agent flow are arranged along the long sides of the enclosure, and along the short sides of the same, there are mounted the tubes of larger diameters, which are combined with the absorbing tubes and the channels to let a heat-transfer agent flow. In this case, the absorbing surface is formed by the tubes, channels, and jumpers located in the gaps between them, and the enclosure is manufactured hermetically sealed with a seal disposed between the above mentioned enclosure and the transparent coating [RU 2135908 CI, F24J 2/26, 1999]. The disadvantage of this known solar thermal collector, as well as the previous analogue, is an insufficient absorptive surface for solar radiation and, consequently, rather low efficiency thereof.

The basis of the claimed invention is a technical problem of creating a solar collector, which would have a large area of sunlight absorption and a high efficiency index, as well as the possibility to use it in a low temperature environment.

The specified technical problem has been solved owing to creating a solar collector, which as the analogues from the previous art comprises an enclosure, a transparent coating, and a heat exchanger provided with channels to let a heat-transfer agent flow through, but wherein, according to the invention, the transparent coating and the heat exchanger are combined with each other along the perimeter by a distance frame to create a hermetically sealed heating package, and the air is released to vacuum from the inner space of the heating package, or the air is replaced by an inert gas therein, the heat exchanger is designed as a metal plate having, and inside it or on its surface, there are arranged tubes having channels for circulating a heat- transfer agent, which are combined to create a single closed system having an inlet and an outlet on the surface of the solar collector, the heat exchanger surface facing the Sun is applied with a dark coating, and the heating package is arranged in the enclosure made of a composite polymer material.

The sealed heating package is manufactured in the form of a rectangle or square device.

The transparent coating can be made of glass. The solar collector is manufactured separable with the possibility for the heating package to be removed from the solar collector enclosure.

The solar collector is provided with fasteners disposed on the enclosure. The fact that the enclosure is made of a composite polymer material provides for isolating heat exchanger from direct contact with the external air environment.

A transparent material (such as glass) provides for penetrating solar energy inside.

The metal plate has conductive properties.

The number of tubes and channels and their compactness maximum cover the area of the heat exchanger in order to provide the process of efficient heat take-off from the surface area with increasing the area of solar radiation absorption and, consequently, the solar collector coefficient of performance.

Applying a dark coating onto the heat exchanger surface facing the sun facilitates the process of collecting solar heat.

Combining the transparent coating and the heat exchanger along the perimeter by the distance frame to produce a sealed heating package and releasing the air to obtain vacuum therein, or replacing the air by an inert gas into the package was fulfilled to ensure that at low outdoor temperatures, there was neither direct contact of the heat exchanger with the environment, nor waste of the heat energy obtained from the Sun.

The transparent coating, which is tightly connected with the enclosure, increases the solar collector efficiency. The main difference between the claimed solar collector and the prototype is that the heat exchanger of the claimed solar collector has a larger surface area for absorbing solar heat.

The invention is illustrated with the following drawings. Fig. 1 shows a solar collector as assembled;

Fig. 2 shows a solar collector and a heating package removed from the solar collector.

The solar collector comprises an enclosure 1 made of a composite polymer material in the form of a rectangle or square, transparent coating 2 (such as glass), heat exchanger 3 in the form of a metal plate, inside of which or on the surface thereof, there are located ducts with channels (not shown) for circulating a heat-transfer agent, which are combined to create a single closed system having an inlet and outlet on the surface of the solar collector. On the heat exchanger 3 surface facing the Sun, there is applied a dark coating to absorb solar heat.

Transparent coating 2 and heat exchanger 3 are combined with each other along the perimeter by distance frame 4 to create hermetically sealed heating package 5, and the air is released to vacuum from inner space 6 of the heating package, or the air is replaced by an inert gas. The solar collector is provided with fasteners 7 disposed on enclosure 1.

The solar collector is used for conversing direct sunlight energy into heat resources.

In the solar collector, the heat-transfer agent is heated by falling sunlight that passes through the transparent upper part (glass) 2 without losing its heating properties and directly falls onto the heat exchanger 3 surfaces. The special dark coating applied onto the surface of the heat exchanger 3 faced the Sun also absorbs solar heat.

All the obtained heat is transferred by the heat-transfer agent through the inlet and outlet on the solar collector surface into the storage insulated tank or central heating system where it is distributed for domestic or commercial purposes.

Most often, the solar collector is installed on roof surfaces of inhabited and industrial constructions and oriented to the South direction.