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Title:
SPINAL STABILIZATION APPARATUS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2008/069420
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A spinal stabilization apparatus can reduce side effects from occurring in free spines adjacent to stiffly stabilized spines and reduce additional injury on a patient by easily extending new rod to adjacent, free spines without removing pre-installed spinal stabilization apparatus during re-surgery. According to one embodiment of the present invention, is provided a spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: at least one first stabilization member which is installed to a first spine; at least one second stabilization member which is installed to a second spine adjacent to the first spine; and a rod comprising one end engaged with the first stabilization member, the other end engaged with the second stabilization member, and a convolution portion formed by rolling the rod at least once in an extension direction from the first spine to the second spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendicular to the extension direction.

Inventors:
KIM SOO-KYUNG (KR)
Application Number:
KR2007/004794
Publication Date:
June 12, 2008
Filing Date:
October 01, 2007
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KIM SOO-KYUNG (KR)
International Classes:
A61B17/70
Foreign References:
US6966910B22005-11-22
KR20050037395A2005-04-21
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Y.P.LEE, MOCK & PARTNERS (Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-875, KR)
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Claims:

CLAIMS

1. A spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: at least one first stabilization member which is installed to a first spine; at least one second stabilization member which is installed to a second spine adj acent to the first spine; and a rod comprising one end engaged with the first stabilization member, the other end engaged with the second stabilization member, and a convolution portion formed b y rolling the rod at least once in an extension direction from the first spine to the second spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendicular to the extension direct ion.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the first and second stabilization memb ers comprise at least one screw installed to a pedicle of the first and second spines, res pectively.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the first and second stabilization memb ers comprise at least one laminar hook which is installed to at least one of a superior Ia minar and an inferior laminar of the first and second spines, respectively.

4. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the first and second stabilization memb ers comprise at least one pedicle hook which is installed to at least one of a superior pe dicle and an inferior pedicle of the first and second spines, respectively.

5. A spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: at least one stabilization member which is installed to a first spine; and a rod comprising one end engaged with the stabilization member, the other end i ncluding a hook portion installed to a second spine adjacent to the first spine, and a con volution portion formed by rolling the rod at least once in an extension direction from the first spine to the second spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendicul ar to the extension direction.

6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the stabilization member comprises at I east one screw installed to a pedicle of the first spine.

7. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the stabilization member comprises at I east one laminar hook which is installed to at least one of a superior laminar and an inf erior laminar of the first spine.

8. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the stabilization member comprises at I east one pedicle hook which is installed to at least one of a superior pedicle and an infe rior pedicle of the first spine.

9. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the hook portion of the rod is fixed by gr abbing a portion of a spinous process of a superior laminar of the second spine or a por tion of a superior laminar of the second spine.

10. A spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: a plurality of stabilization members which are installed to a pedicle or a laminar o f a first spine and are symmetrical with respect to a spinous process of the first spine; a nd a bridge-shaped rod comprising first and second ends engaged with the stabiliza tion members, respectively, a third end correspondingly surrounding a portion of a spino us process of a second spine adjacent to the first spine, and an elastic portion for stabili zing the first and second spines elastically and which is between the first end and the th ird end and between the second end and the third end.

11. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the stabilization member comprises at least one of a screw, a laminar hook and a pedicle hook.

12. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the third end comprises a seating porti on which accommodates at least one of an upper and a lower portion of the spinous pr ocess.

13. The apparatus of claim 12, further comprising a stabilization unit to faci litate stabilization of the third end and the spinous process.

14. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein the stabilization unit comprises a metal thread or carbon fiber.

15. A spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: a plurality of stabilization members installed to at least three adjacent spines; and a rod engaged with the stabilization member, the rod comprising an elastic portio n for stabilizing the two adjacent spines elastically and a stiffness portion extending fro m one end or both ends of the elastic portion for stabilizing the other spine stiffly.

16. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the elastic portion is a convolution port ion formed by rolling the rod at least once in an extension direction from the one spine t o the other spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendicular to the exten sion direction.

17. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the stabilization members comprise at least one of screw, laminar hook and pedicle hook.

18. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the elastic portion and the stiffness po rtion are formed as a single body and the elastic portion has a first diameter and the stif fness portion has a second diameter that is larger than the first diameter.

19. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the first diameter is 2 - 5 mm and the second diameter is 4 - 7 mm.

20. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the elastic portion and the stiffness portion are separately formed and one end of the elastic portion and one end of the stiff ness portion are commonly engaged with one rod mounting portion of the stabilization member.

21. The apparatus of claim 20, wherein the rod mounting portion comprises: a protrusion between a plurality of grooves on which the end of the elastic portio n or the end of stiffness portion are mounted, the protrusion comprising a helix fo rmed thereon; and an engaging member able to screw-engage with the grooves of the protrusion, wherein one of the commonly-engaged ends of the elastic portion and the stiffne ss portion is mounted in the groove of the rod mounting portion, the other thereof includ es a disk with a through-hole which is formed to be able to be detachably installed to th e protrusion and the disk is pressurized together with the one of the commonly-engage d ends by the engaging member.

22. The apparatus of claim 21 , wherein the stiffness portion comprises two subrods and the grooves are formed in a line and each end of the subrods is mounted on each of the grooves.

23. A spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: a plurality of stabilization members which are symmetrically installed to a pedicle or a laminar of first and second adjacent spines with spinous processes of the first and second adjacent spines between the stabilization members; a first rod and a second rod which are engaged with the stabilization members to stabilize the first spine and the second spine stiffly; and a bridge-shaped rod comprising first and second ends engaged with the stabiliza tion members, respectively, a third end correspondingly surrounding a portion of a spino us process of a third spine adjacent to at least one of the first spine and the second spi ne and installed to the spinous process, and an elastic portion for elastically stabilizing t he third spine, the elastic portion disposed between the first end and the third end and between the second end and the third end.

24. The apparatus of claim 23, wherein the elastic portion is a convolution port ion formed by rolling the bridge-shaped rod at least once in an extension direction from the first spine to the second spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendi cular to the extension direction.

25. The apparatus of claim 23, wherein the stabilization members comprise s crews, laminar hooks and pedicle hooks.

26. The apparatus of claim 23, wherein the third end comprises a seating porti on which accommodates at least one of a upper and an lower portion of the spinous pr ocess.

27. The apparatus of claim 23, wherein the bridge-shaped rod comprises a stiffness portion for stabilizing the first spine and the second spine stiffly.

28. A spinal stabilization apparatus comprising: a rod comprising two ends, a convolution portion formed by rolling the rod at leas t once in an extension direction of the rod or a curved portion protruding at least once p erpendicular to the extension direction between the two end; and a stabilization member comprising a plurality of a pair of seating portions for ace ommodating respectively an upper portion and a lower portion of spinous process of at I east two adjacent spines, and a rod mounting portion for engaging with the rod.

29. The apparatus of claim 28, wherein the rod mounting portion comprises: an open type mounting portion or a perforation type mounting portion on which th e rod is mounted; an inner circumference in which a helix is formed; and an engaging member which is able to screw-engage with the inner circumferenc e to pressurize the rod.

Description:

SPINAL STABILIZATION APPARATUS

TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a spinal stabilization apparatus, and more partic ularly, to a spinal stabilization apparatus, for use in spine surgery, which can be elastica Hy deformed.

BACKGROUND ART In general, spinal diseases, such as disc herniation, spondylolysis, scoliosis, frac ture, and instability, require spinal fusion or spinal stabilization together with external ne rve decompression when a pathological injury to spinal discs is serious. The spinal sta bilization is a surgical technique to reduce the injured spines to a normal status and the n stabilize them using a spinal stabilization apparatus. FIGS. 1 A and 1 B are a plan view and a perspective view of a conventional spinal stabilization apparatus 30 for use in spinal stabilization, respectively.

Referring to FIGS. 1A and 1 B, the conventional spinal stabilization apparatus 30 comprises screws 10 and a rod 20. The screws may be installed by being inserted at a predetermined angle and depth into the pedicle of the spines A and B. The rod 20 is combined with the screw 10 to stabilize the adjacent spines A and B stiffly with each ot her. The screw 10 may comprise a rod mounting portion 12 which provides a seating groove 13 for the rod 20 so as to combine the rod 20 with an upper portion of the screw 10. The rod mounting portion 12 has a spiral groove 14 formed on an inner circumfer ence thereof. The combining element 15 with a spiral extrusion corresponding to the s piral groove is coupled with the inner circumference, thereby combining the rod 20.

Stabilizing the adjacent spines A and B using the stiff rod 20 is called stiffness st abilization. Generally, the two adjacent spines A and B are stabilized using two screws 10 and one rod 20 so that the movement of joints of the spines A and B is completely suppressed. The spinal stabilization using the conventional spinal stabilization apparatus 30 is applied primarily to patients who suffer from continuing low-back pain that cannot be el iminated by methods other than surgery. However, in case of the spinal stabilization, it is difficult to predict the results of the surgery. Sometimes, the spinal stabilization ma

y cause worse results than the original status of the patient.

In particular, side effects of the spinal stabilization frequently occur in the free spi nes A' and B' that are directly adjacent to the spines A and B that are stabilized by the c onventional spinal stabilization apparatus 30. The side effects produced in the adjace nt, free spines A' and B' are, for example, disc herniation, degeneration, spinal stenosis

, spondylolysis, facet joint arthritis, and instability or the like. These side effects may o ccur both in the spines A' and B' (hereinafter, referred to as topping off and bottom off, r espectively) that are adjacent to the head side portion of the stiff stabilized spines A an d to the pelvis side portion of the stiff stabilized spines B. It is reported that the above- described side effects may be occurred within 5 to 7 years after the surgery using the c onventional spinal stabilizing apparatus 30.

Once the side effects occur in the adjacent free spines A' and B', a re-surgery pr ocess is generally conducted. The re-surgery process will be conducted by installing a new spinal stabilization apparatus which can cover the topping off and bottom off, after removing the spinal stabilization apparatus 30 installed by the initial surgery. Since th e new spinal stabilization apparatus is used in the re-surgery, a patient suffers from add itional tissue injury. In addition, since the existing spinal stabilization apparatus 30 mu st be completely removed before the re-surgery, a long surgery time is required.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

TECHNICAL PROBLEM

The present invention provides a spinal stabilization apparatus that can reduce si de effects on the free spines adjacent to the spines stiffly stabilized by a stiffness rod, a nd minimize tissue damage and reduce surgery time by easily being extended to the adj acent, free spines during the re-surgery.

TECHNICAL SOLUTION

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a spinal stabiliz ation apparatus comprising: at least one first stabilization member which is installed to a first spine; at least one second stabilization member which is installed to a second spin e adjacent to the first spine; and a rod comprising one end engaged with the first stabili zation member, the other end engaged with the second stabilization member, and a co nvolution portion formed by rolling the rod at least once in an extension direction from th

e first spine to the second spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendicu lar to the extension direction.

In some embodiments, the first and second stabilization members may comprise at least one screw installed to a pedicle of the first and second spines, respectively. I n other embodiments, the first and second stabilization members may comprise at least one laminar hook which is installed to at least one of a superior laminar and an inferior laminar of the first and second spines, respectively. In another embodiment, the first and second stabilization members may comprise at least one pedicle hook which is inst ailed to at least one of a superior pedicle and an inferior pedicle of the first and second spines, respectively.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a spinal s tabilization apparatus comprising: at least one stabilization member which is installed to a first spine; and a rod comprising one end engaged with the stabilization member, the other end including a hook portion installed to a second spine adjacent to the first spin e, and a convolution portion formed by rolling the rod at least once in an extension direc tion from the first spine to the second spine or a curved portion protruding at least once perpendicular to the extension direction.

The stabilization member may comprise at least one screw installed to a pedicle of the first spine. The stabilization member may comprise at least one laminar hook w hich is installed to at least one of a superior laminar and an inferior laminar of the first s pine. The stabilization member may comprise at least one pedicle hook which is inst ailed to at least one of a superior pedicle and an inferior pedicle of the first spine.

According to yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a spin al stabilization apparatus comprising: a plurality of stabilization members which are inst ailed to a pedicle or a laminar of a first spine and are symmetrical with respect to a spin ous process of the first spine; and a bridge-shaped rod comprising first and second end s engaged with the stabilization members, respectively, a third end correspondingly surr ounding a portion of a spinous process of a second spine adjacent to the first spine, an d an elastic portion for stabilizing the first and second spines elastically and which is bet ween the first end and the third end and between the second end and the third end.

In some embodiments, the third end may comprise a seating portion which acco mmodates at least one of an upper and a lower portion of the spinous process. The a pparatus may comprise further a stabilization unit to facilitate stabilization of the third en

d and the spinous process. The stabilization unit may comprise a metal thread or carb on fiber.

The spines may have various movements, for example, lateral bending, axial rot ation, flexion, and extension by various forces including a weight and a rotational force originated from motions of the human's head, the chest, and the pelvis. If these forces are discontinuously transmitted between the spines stiffly stabilized by the spinal stabil ization apparatus and the free spines adjacent thereto, the joint portion of the adjacent, free spines may be damaged.

According to the spinal stabilization apparatus of the present invention, the adjac ent spines are elastically stabilized using a rod including a convolution portion or a curv ed part so that the various forces including compressive, tensile and the rotational force can be prevented from being discontinuously propagated through the spines, and thus

, damages on the adjacent free spines can be minimized and prevented.

ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS

According to the spinal stabilization apparatus of the present invention, adjacent spines are elastically stabilized using a rod including at least one of convolution portion and a curved part so that a compressive and tensile forces or a rotational force, deliver ed from free spines adjacent to the elastically-stabilized spines, can be continuously pro pagated to the elastically-stabilized spines thereby minimizing and prevent the damage of the free spines.

In addition, according to the spinal stabilization apparatus of the present inventio n, since a pre-installed stabilization apparatus need not to be removed for re-surgery an d new spinal stabilization apparatus can extend easily to the adjacent free spines, an int ernal injury that may be caused additionally due to the re-surgery can be minimized and a surgery time can also be reduced.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGS. 1A and 1 B are a plan view and a perspective view of a conventional spinal stabilization apparatus for use in spinal stabilization, respectively.

FIGS. 2A through 3D are perspective views of various spinal stabilization appara tuses according to embodiments of the present invention, respectively.

FIGS. 4A through 4D are perspective views illustrating a method of applying the

spinal stabilization apparatuses shown in FIGS. 2A through 3D, respectively.

FIGS. 5A through 5C are perspective views of spinal stabilization apparatuses ac cording to other embodiments of the present invention, respectively.

FIGS. 6A and 6B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

FIGS. 7A and 7B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus according to anoth er embodiment of the present invention. FIGS. 9A and 9B are perspective views of a spinal stabilization apparatus accord ing to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus according to anot her embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus according to anot her embodiment of the present invention.

FIGS. 12A and 12B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizati on apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

FIGS. 13A and 13b are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizatio n apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively. FIGS. 14A and 14B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizati on apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

FIGS. 15A and 15B are a top view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizatio n apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

FIGS. 16A and 16B are perspective views of a spinal stabilization apparatus ace ording to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

BEST MODE

The present invention will now be described more fully with reference to the acco mpanying drawings, in which exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown. Th e present invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embo diments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the invention to one skilled in the art.

In the drawings, the thicknesses of layers and regions are exaggerated for clarity

. Like reference numerals in the drawings denote like elements, and thus their descripti on will be omitted. As used in the present specification, the terms "and/or" include any one of listed items or all combinations of one or more items. In the present specificati on, the terms such as "first" and "second" are used to explain various members, compo nents, regions, layers and/or portions. However, it is self-obvious that these members, components, regions, layers and/or portions should not be construed as being limited t o the terms. These terms are used only to discriminate one member, component, regi on, layer or portion from other region, layer or portion. Thus, a first member, compone nt, region, layer or portion that will be described as below may denote a second membe r, component, region, layer or portion without escaping from the teaching of the inventio n.

FIGS. 2A through 3D are perspective views of various spinal stabilization appara tuses 1000A, 1000B, 1000C, 1000D, 1000E 1 and 1000F according to various embodim ents of the present invention, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 2A, the spinal stabilization apparatus 1000A comprises a stabili zation member 100a that can be installed by being inserted into a pedicle of the spines. The stabilization member 100a may be a screw with a body portion 101a on the surfa ce of which a helix is formed. Referring to FIG. 2B, the spinal stabilization apparatus 1 00OB comprises at least one of a laminar hook and a pedicle hook as a stabilization me mber 100b. The laminar hook and pedicle hook include a body portion 101b with a ho ok to grab and be fixed to a laminar or a pedicle of the spines, respectively. The body portion 101 b have different widths D and lengths L 101 b depending on the place of the spine with the body portion 101b is to be combined, while the shapes of the laminar hoo k and pedicle hook may be generally similar to each other.

Each of the stabilization members 100a and 100b comprises rod mounting portio ns 102a and 102b which provide seating grooves 103a and 103b which the rod 200a is seated on and passes through. Each of the rod mounting portions 102a and 102b m ay be engaged with engaging members 105a and 105b having a helix corresponding to a helix formed on inner circumferences 104a and 104b of the seating grooves 103a and 103b, so as to couple the rod 200a with the stabilization members 100a and 100b. E ach of the stabilization members 100a and 100b may further comprise a cover 106a, as shown in FIG. 2A, so as to maintain the state in which the rod mounting portions 102a

and 102b, the rod 200a and the engaging member 105a are engaged with one another. In other embodiments of the present invention, the rod mounting portions 102a and 1 02b may comprise a hole-shaped seating portion through which the rod 200a can pass through. The spinal stabilization apparatuses 1000A and 1000B comprise the rod 200a of which both ends are respectively engaged with the rod mounting portions 102a and 10 2b of the stabilization members 100a and 100b. The rod 200a may comprise a convol ution portion 201a that stabilizes the adjacent spines elastically.

The convolution portion 201a of the rod 200a may be formed by rolling a straight rod into a loop formation in an extending direction of a first spine S100 to a second spin e S200 (refer to FIGs. 4A and 4B). The convolution portion 201a may be rolled twice o r more so as to provide elasticity as required by patients. The convolution portion 201 a may be rolled to have a distance d at the bottom of the convolution portion 201a in th e range of 0.5 - 2 mm in order for the convolution portion 201a not to contact itself at th e bottom thereof. If the convolution portion 201a contacts itself at the bottom of the Io op, friction occurs in the convolution portion 201a and contamination may occur in the p atient's body.

The rod 200a may be formed of harmless metal such as titanium or an alloy ther eof. The cross-section of the rod 200a may be circular or polygonal so as to facilitate bending of the rod 200a in a predetermined direction or so as to prevent the rod 200a fr om being bent in a predetermined direction.

The diameter Ri of the rod 200a may be 2 - 5 mm, for example. There is somet imes a case that among a stiff rod 20 and screws 10(refer to FIG. 1A) which are previo usly installed by initial surgery, the stiff rod 20 is only removed and the screws 10 are r eutilized for new re-surgery of a patient. In general, the commercially available rod 2

0, which is stiff, has a diameter of 4 - 7 mm. Thus, a seating groove 13 of the screw

10, for engaging the rod 20 may be larger than the diameter R1 of the rod 200a accord ing to the present embodiment of the present invention. In this case, a compensation member 210, which surrounds the outer circumference of the rod 200a, may be used to compensate for the smaller diameter R1 of the rod 200a. As a result, the rod 200 a can replace the pre-installed stiff rod 20 without removing the screw 10 so that additi onal internal injury to the patient caused by spinal stabilization can be minimized.

The compensation member 210 may include a ring of which a portion is open, as

shown in FIG. 2A. The ring-shaped compensation member 210 allows the rod 200a t o be easily inserted therein. When the compensation member 210 is engaged with ro d mounting portions 102a and 102b, the inner diameter of the compensation member 2 10 is reduced by a pressing force of the engaging member 105a and the rod 200a may be pressurized and tightened in the seating groove 103a.

Referring to FIGS. 3A through 3D, the spinal stabilization apparatuses 1000C, 1 000D, 1000E, and 1000F, according to other embodiments of the present invention, co mprise the stabilization members 100a and 100b as described above with reference to FIGS. 2A and 2B. In addition, the spinal stabilization apparatuses 1000C, 1000D, 100 OE, and 1000F comprise rods 200b and 200b" of which both ends are engaged with rod mounting portions 102a and 102b of the stabilization members 100a and 100b, respec tively.

In the present embodiments, the rods 200b and 200b' comprise curved portion 2 01b and 201b' which protrude at least once perpendicularly with respect to an extensio n direction of the rods 200b and 200b' from first spine S100 to the second spine S200. The curved configurations 201b and 201b' may protrude once or more so as to provid e elasticity as required by patients.

The diameter of each of the rods 200b and 200b' may be 2 - 5 mm, for example. In addition, the rod 200b or 200b' may be formed of harmless metal, such as titanium or an alloy thereof. The cross-section of the rod 200b or 200b' may be circular or polyg onal so as to facilitate bending of the rod 200b or 200b' in a predetermined direction or so as to prevent the rod 200b or 200b' from being bent in a predetermined direction. I n addition, a compensation member 210 which surrounds the outer circumference of th e rod 200b or 200b' may be used, so as to continue use of the conventional stabilizatio n member 10 pre-installed for a previous initial surgery, as described above.

FIGS. 4A through 4D are perspective views illustrating a method of applying the spinal stabilization apparatuses 1000A, 1000B shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B, respectively to a spines S100 and S200 of patient. However, it should be understood that FIGS. 4 A trough 4D can also illustrate a method of applying the spinal stabilization apparatuses 1000C-1000F shown in FIGS. 3A through 3D, respectively to a spines S100 and S200 of patient.

Referring to FIG. 4A, a first stabilization member 101ai and a second stabilizatio n member 100a2, which are screw type stabilization members may be installed by being

inserted into a pedicle of the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 that are adja cent to each other, respectively. The rod 200a of which both ends are engaged with th e first stabilization member 101ai and the second stabilization member 100a2 stabilizes the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 and may provide adjustable elasticity t o the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 by the convolution portion 201a of the rod 200a. As a result, a compressive or tensile force and a rotative force delivered fr om free spines SA and SB that are adjacent to the first spine S100 and the second spin e S200, respectively, are continuously propagated through the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 and, accordingly, do not damage the adjacent free spines SA and S B. FIG. 4A illustrates the rod 200a including the convolution portion 201a, however th e rod 200b including the curved portion 201 b may also be applied to patients in the sam e manner.

Referring to FIGS. 4B through 4D, a laminar hook may be used as stabilization members 10Ob 1 and 10Ob 2 to stabilize at least one of a superior laminar SLs and an inf erior laminar SLi of the first spine S100 with at least one of an inferior laminar SLs and an inferior laminar SLi of the second spine S200. The rod 200a including the convoluti on portion 201a may minimize damage on the adjacent, free spines SA and SB. FIG S. 4B through 4D illustrate the rod 200a including the convolution portion 201a, howeve r the rod 200b including the curved portion 201b may also be applied to patients in the s ame manner. In addition, although not shown in FIGS. 4B through 4D, a pedicle hook may be also be applied as the stabilization members 100b1 and 100b2, instead of the I aminar hook, to stabilize the first and second spines S100 and S200.

The rods 200a and 200b according to the present embodiment stabilize the adja cent spines S100 and S200 elastically by the convolution portion 201a or the curved po rtion 201 b and 201b' of rods 200a and 200b, thereby preventing a compressive or tensil e force and a rotational force generated from motions of the head, the chest, and the p elvis of a patient from being discontinuously propagated between the free spines SA an d SB and the spines S100 and S200 that are elastically-stabilized by the spinal stabiliza tion apparatus according to the present invention. In particular, the convolution portion 201a and the curved portion 201 b and 201b' according to the present embodiment are adjustably bent and extend in a predetermined direction, for example, a spinal directio n so that movements such as lateral bending, axial rotation, flexion, and extension of th e elastically-stabilized spines S100 and S200 are available and the spines can be stabil

ized. As a result, the spinal stabilization apparatus according to the present invention allows the stabilized spines S100 and S200 and the unstabilized spines SA and SB not to be adjacent discontinuously to each other so that side effects on the unstabilized adj acent spines SA and SB as well as the elastically-stabilized spines S100 and S200 can be reduced.

In addition, even when side effects occur in adjacent spines of a patient who exp erienced a surgery of spinal stabilization, a rod according to the present invention, in th e place of a pre-installed conventional rod can be engaged with a stabilization member without removing a screw of a conventional spinal stabilization apparatus so that re-sur gery can be easily conducted. As a result, according to the present embodiment, addit ional internal injury caused by re-surgery may be reduced from occurring.

FIGS. 5A through 5C are perspective views of spinal stabilization apparatuses 2 000A, 2000B, and 2000C, according to other embodiments of the present invention, res pectively. Referring to FIGS. 5A through 5C, the spinal stabilization apparatuses 2000A an d 2000B according to the present embodiments comprise a laminar hook-shaped stabili zation member 100b installed to the second spine S200. Selectively, the spinal stabili zation apparatuses 2000A may comprise a pedicle hook-shaped stabilization member a s a stabilization member. In addition, the spinal stabilization apparatus 2000C may co mprise a screw-shaped stabilization member 100c as a stabilization member, as illustra ted in FIG. 5C. One end of rods 400a, 400b, and 400c are fixed to the second spine

S200 by engaging with the stabilization members 100b and 100c installed on the secon d spine S200, and the other ends of the rods 400a, 400b, and 400c are fixed to the first spine S100 by hook portions 402a, 402b, and 402c. The rods 400a, 400b, and 400c may be detachably installed to the first spine S100 by the hook portions 402a, 402b, an d 402c of the rods 40Oa 1 400b, and 400c without an additional stabilization member for the first spine S100. The hook portions 402a, 402b and 402c may be hung and fixed t o a spinous process SS of the first spine S100, as illustrated in FIG. 5A and 5C, or be h ung and fixed to the superior laminar SLs of the first spine S100, as illustrated in FIG. 5 B. Although not shown, like the spinal stabilization apparatus 2000C of FIG. 5C, the ro d 400c stabilized in the screw-shaped stabilization member 100c may be stabilized by b eing hung in superior laminar SL 8 of the first spine S100.

In FIGS. 5A through 5C, the hook portions 402a, 402b, and 402c are directed to

ward the head. However, the hook portions 402a, 402b, and 402c may be fixed to a s pinous process SS toward a pelvis or an inferior laminar SLi of the spine. In addition, I amina hook type stabilization member 100b can be fixed to the superior laminar SLs of the second spine S200 and the inferior laminar SLi of the first spine S100 while the lami nar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b is illustrated to be fixed to the lower lamina r SLi of the second spine S200 in FIGS, 5A and 5B. In order to stabilize the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 elastically, the rods 400a and 400b may comprise co nvolution portions 401a and 401b, as illustrated in FIGS. 5A through 5C, or curved porti ons 201 b and 201 b 1 , as illustrated in FIGS. 3A through 3D. FIG. 6A is a plan view of a spinal stabilization apparatus 3000A according to ano ther embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 6B is a perspective view of the spin al stabilization apparatus 3000A illustrated in FIG. 6A.

Referring to FIGS. 6A and 6B, the spinal stabilization apparatus 3000A comprise s a laminar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b and a bridge-shaped rod 600a. T he laminar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b is fixed symmetrically to a laminar o f the second spine S200 to be centered at a spinous process of second spine S200. A first end 602a and a second end 602b of the bridge-shaped rod 600a are engaged wit h the laminar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b, respectively.

In the present embodiment of the present invention, a third end 602c of the rod 6 00a is fixed to a spinous process SS of the first spine S100 with the third end 602C surr ounding a portion of the spinous process SS, for example, a side portion of the spinous process SS toward a head, upper portion of the spinous process SS, as illustrated in Fl GS. 6A and 6B. The third end 602c may be shaped into a prop to accommodate the u pper portion of the spinous process SS stably, similar as will be illustrated in FIG. 7A. The rod 600a comprises a convolution portion 601 between the first end 602a an d the third end 602c and between the second end 602b and the third end 602c, respecti vely, to help stabilize elastically the spines S100 and S200 and prevent damage to the adjacent first and second spines S100 and S200.

FIG. 7A is a plan view of a spinal stabilization apparatus 3000B according to ano ther embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 7B is a perspective view of the spin al stabilization apparatus 3000B illustrated in FIG. 7A.

Referring to FIGS. 7A and 7B, a third end 602c is formed corresponding to a port ion of the spinous process SS toward a pelvis, i.e. a bottom portion of the spinous proc

ess SS of the first spine S100, unlike the third end 602a of FIG. 6A. In addition, the t hird end 602c may be formed into a prop to accommodate the bottom portion of the sp inous process SS of the first spine S100. The structure of the prop can be provided b y folding the rod 600b at least once. The bridge-shaped rod 600b may have the conv olution portion 601 so as to stabilize the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 el astically.

In some embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 7A, a stabilizatio n unit 603, for fixing the third end 602c with the portion of the spinous process SS of the first spine S100, may be used. To provide the stabilization unit 603, a through-hole S Sh is formed in the spinous process SS and engaging units such as bolt and nut are ins erted and coupled with each other, thereby facilitating the fixation of the third end 602c t o the spinous process SS. In other embodiments of the present invention, the third en d 602c may be fixed to the spinous process SS by using a harmless metal thread or a wire or carbon fiber as the stabilization unit 603. Since the bridge-shaped rods 600a and 600b according to the present embodim ent help stabilize the adjacent spines S110 and S200 symmetrically with respect to the spinous process SS of the spine S 200, the force delivered from the free spines SA and SB can be propagated symmetrically.

In FIGS. 6A and 7B, the third end 602c is directed toward the head of a patient. However, the third end 602c may be directed toward the pelvis of a patient. In this cas e, the third end 602c may be fixed to an upper or bottom portion of the spinous process

SS of the spine S200. In addition, the laminar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b is not only fixed to an inferior laminar SLi of the second spine S200, however may also be fixed to superior laminar SLs of the second spine S200 or the inferior laminar SLi of the first spine S100. It is obvious to one skilled in the art that a screw-shaped stabiliz ation may also be used as a stabilization member. In order to stabilize the first spine S

100 and the second spine S200 elastically, the rods 600a and 600b may comprise the c urved portions 201b and 201b' as a elastic portion, as shown in FIGS. 3A through 3D.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus 4000A according t o another embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 8, the spinal stabilization apparatus 4000A comprises laminar h ook-shaped stabilization members 100b that are installed to three adjacent spines S100 , S200, and S300, respectively. Rods 800a, that engage with the stabilization member

s 100b, comprise an elastic portion 801a which stabilizes the first spine S100 and the s econd spine S200 elastically and a stiffness portion 802a which extends in the direction of the third spine S300 from the elastic portion 801a and stabilizes the second spine S

200 and the third spine S300 stiffly. The elastic portion 801a may include a convolution portion 201a or the curved po rtions 201 b and 201b' as shown in FIGS. 3A through 3D. The elastic portion 801a and the stiffness portion 802a may be formed as one body, as shown in FIG. 8, and the dia meter R2 of the stiffness portion 802a may be larger than the diameter R1 of the elastic portion 801a. For example, the diameter R2 of the stiffness portion 802a may be 4 - 7 mm, and the diameter of the elastic portion 801a may be 2 - 5 mm.

FIG. 8 shows the rod 800a having one elastic portion 801a and one stiffness port ion 802a. However, the rod 800a may further comprise another stiffness portion exten ding from the elastic portion 801a to another spine SA or another elastic portion extendi ng from the stiffness portion 802a to another spine SB. In this case, a stabilization me mber such as a screw, a laminar hook or a pedicle hook can be further installed to the s pine SA and/or the spine SB to engage these further extended portions.

FIGS. 9A and 9B are perspective views of a spinal stabilization apparatus 4000B according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

Referring to FIGS. 9A and 9B, the spinal stabilization apparatus 4000B accordin g to the present embodiment comprises a rod 800b that is non-integrally formed of an e lastic portion 801b and a stiffness portion 802b, unlike the rod 800a of FIG. 8. The ela stic portion 801b may include a curved portion 201a or a convolution portion 201 b and

201 b', as shown in FIGS. 2A to 3D.

The stiffness portion 802b may comprise two subrods 8021b and 8022b. For e xample, the diameter R1 of the elastic portion 801b and the diameter R3 of each the su brods 8021b and 8022b of the stiffness portion 802b may be 2 - 5 mm, and the diamet er R1 of the elastic portion 801b and the diameter R3 of each of the subrods 8021b and

8022b of the stiffness portion 802b may be substantially equivalent.

The rod 800b may be engaged with the screw-shaped stabilization members 100 a and 100c which are installed to a pedicle of the spines S100, S200, and S300, and th us, stabilize the spines S100, S200, and S300. When the elastic portion 801b and the stiffness portion 802b are non-integrally formed, one end of the elastic portion 801 b an d one end of the stiffness portion 802b may be commonly engaged with the stabilization

member 100c.

A rod mounting portion 102c of the stabilization member 100c, for commonly eng aging the elastic portion 801b and the stiffness portion 802b, comprises grooves 103c o n which the subrods 8021 b and 8022b of the stiffness portion 802c are seated, a protru sion 104c having a helix formed and protruding between the grooves 103c, and an eng aging member 105c which is able to screw-engage with the protrusion 104c.

One end of the elastic portion 801b may comprise a disk 8011 with a through-hol e 8011h which is formed to be able to be detachably installed to the protrusion 104c. After the subrods 8021 b and 8022b of the stiffness rod 802c are first seated in the groo ves 103c, the disk 8011 is disposed on the subrods 8021 b and 8022b and the engaging member 105c is engaged with protrusion 104c, so that the disk 8011 and the subrods 8021 b and 8022b are compressed together and may be fixed with the rod mounting por tion 102c. The rod mounting portion 102c may further comprise a cover 106c, so as to further maintain the engaged status between the protrusion 104c and the engaging me mber 105c.

FIGS. 9A and 9B illustrate the screw-shaped stabilization members 100a and 10 Oc. However, it is obvious to one skilled in the art that the laminar hook or pedicle hoo k-shaped stabilization member 100b as shown in FIG. 2B may be used as a stabilizatio n member. In addition, a stiffness portion does not have to be the subrods 8021 b and 8022b. The stiffness portion can also be a rod 20 formed of a single body, as shown i n FIG. 1 B and It is obvious from this disclosure that an end of the rod 20 can be modifie d in order to commonly engage the rod and the elastic portion 801 b using the stabilizati on member 100c. For example, the end of the rod 20 can be formed into a disk with a through hole. In addition, it should be understood that a spinal stabilization apparatus may further comprise another elastic portion extending from the stiffness portion 802 an d a stabilization member to engage the elastic portion.

FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus 4000C according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 10, the spinal stabilization apparatus 4000C comprises screws 250 which are installed to at least two adjacent spines S200 and S300, a first rod 260a and 260b which is engaged with the screws 250, respectively to connect the screws 25

0 stiffly in a line, and a second rod 282 which is engaged with the screw 250 installed to an adjacent spine S100 to connect the screw 250 and the first rod elastically. The spi

nal stabilization apparatus 4000C has a structure in which the first rods 260a and 260b and the second rod 282 are non-integrally or separately formed, like the rod 800b of Fl GS. 9A and 9B.

The screw 250 as shown in FIG. 2A may be used as a stabilization member. T he screw 250 is installed to a pedicle or a sacrum of the spine S100, S200, and S300, a nd the rods 260a, 260b or 282 is engaged with the upper portions of the screw 250. T he first rods 260a and 260b connect the screws 250A and 250B stiffly in a line. A lami nar hook or a pedicle hook instead of a screw may be used, as illustrated in FIG. 10, as the screw 250. The second rods 282 including the elastic portion 283 are fixed with first the rods

260a and 26Ob 1 by using a first fixing portion 281 Ba and a second fixing portion 281 Bb

, respectively. The first fixing portion 281 Ba and the second fixing portion 281 Bb may comprise a rod clamp 284B2 which surrounds a portion of the first rods 260a and 260b, and a rod mounting portion 284B1 in which a first end 282a or a second end 282b of t he second rods 282 are seated. As shown in FIG. 10, a hole 281 h is formed in the rod clamp 284B2, a screw groove is formed in an inner sidewall of the hole 281 h, the rods

260a and 260b are inserted in the rod clamp 281 B2, an engaging member 284B4, havi ng a helix corresponding to the screw groove of the hole 281 h, is inserted in the hole 28

1 h of the rod clamp 284B2 so that the rods 260a and 260b are fixed with the rod clamp 284B2. Similarly, the screw groove is formed in the inside of the rod seating portion 2 84B1 , the first end 282a or the second end 282b of the second rod 282 is mounted in th e rod mounting portion 284B1 , and then an engaging member 284B4, having the helix c orresponding to the screw groove of hole 281 h of the rod clamp 284B2, is inserted in th e rod mounting portion 284B, so that the second rod 282 can be stabilized with the rod mounting portion 284B1. The rod mounting portion 284B1 may be modified in various shapes in such a way that the rod mounting portion 2811 is formed as one body so that the first rods 260a and 260b and the second rod 282 can be stabilized. A first fixing p ortion and a second fixing portion according to other embodiments of the present invent ion will be described later with reference to FIGS. 12A and 12B. A third end 282c of the second rod 282 including the elastic portion 283 is engag ed with the screw-type stabilization member 250 installed to the adjacent spine S100 to stabilize the spine S100 elastically that is adjacent to the stiffly stabilized spines S200 a nd S300. The elastic portion 283 may be curved portions 201 b and 201b' instead of th

e convolution portion 201a. The first diameter R1 of each of the first rods 260a and 2

60b may be larger than the second diameter R2 of the elastic portion 283 of the second rod 282. In some embodiments of the present invention, the first diameter R1 may b e 5 - 6 mm so as to connect the engaged screws 250 stiffly, and the second diameter R2 may be 2.5 - 4.5 mm for elastic stabilization between adjacent spines.

FIG. 10 illustrates the screw 250 as a stabilization member. However, it is obvio us to one skilled in the art that the laminar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b sho wn in FIG. 2B or the pedicle hook-shaped stabilization member 100b may be used as a stabilization member. In addition, as a modified example, it is obvious to one skilled in the art that the third end 282c of the rod 282 is fixed to laminar of the adjacent spine S 100 by a hanging stabilization.

FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a spinal stabilization apparatus 4000D according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 11 , the spinal stabilization apparatus 4000D comprises laminar hook-shaped stabilization members 100b that are detachably installed to laminars of a second spine S200 and a third spine S300 and symmetrical with respect to spinous pro cesses SS of the second spine S200 and the third spine S300 in a spinal direction. In the some embodiments of the present invention, the rod is a bridge-shaped rod 800c. The bridge-shape rod 800c comprising a pair of elastic portions 801 C and a stiffness po rtion 802c that extends from the elastic portions 801 C in the spinal direction to stabilize spines S200 and S300 stiffly.

The stiffness portion 802c of the bridge-shaped rod 800c is engaged with the Ia minar hook-shaped stabilization member 100b. A third end 803c of the bridge-shaped rod 800c is fixed to the spinous process SS of the first spine S100 by surrounding a por tion of the spinous process SS, i.e., a lower portion of the spinous process SS of the fir st spine S100. However, as also described with reference to FIG. 6A, the third end 80

3c may also be fixed to the spinous process SS of the first spine S100 by surrounding t he upper portion of the spinous process SS of the first spine S100. In addition, the spi nal stabilization apparatus 4000D may further comprise a stabilization unit 803, such as a metal thread or a carbon fiber to facilitate the third end 803c and the portion of the s pinous process SS of the first spine S 100 to be fixed.

The spinal stabilization apparatuses 4000A, 4000B, 4000C, and 4000D illustrate d in FIGS. 8 through 11 stiffly stabilize the first and second spines S200 and S300, and

the elastic portions 801a, 801b, 282, and 801c stabilize the spines S100 and S200 elas tically. The spinal stabilization apparatuses 4000A, 4000B, 4000C 1 and 4000D accordi ng to the present embodiments of the present invention use rods 800a, 800b, 282, and 800c respectively including the elastic portions 801a, 801b, 283, and 801c so that a sid e effect which can occur from an adjacent fee spine SA as well as the elastically stabiliz ed spines S200 and S300 may be minimized.

In addition, even when side effects occur in adjacent spines of a patient on who m spinal stabilization has been previously performed and re-surgery is conducted, stabil ization can be simply achieved by installing a stabilization member and a rod having an elastic portion, according to the present invention without removing the pre-installed sta bilization member so that re-surgery can be easily conducted. Since all of the pre-inst ailed stabilization members do not need to be removed during re-surgery in this way, ad ditional internal injury caused by re-surgery may be reduced.

FIGS. 12A and 12B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizati on apparatus 5000A according to another embodiment of the present invention, respect ively.

Referring to FIGS. 12A and 12B, the spinal stabilization apparatus 5000A compri ses screws 250 which are installed in at least two adjacent spines S200 and S300, rods 260a and 260b which are engaged with the screws 250, respectively, and connect the screws 250 stiffly in a line, and a bridge-shaped rod 282a which connects elastically a s pinous process SS of spine S100 adjacent to the spines S200.

The screw 250 shown in FIG. 2A may be used in the present embodiment as the screw 250 as a stabilization member. The rods 260a and 260b may be engaged with the upper portion of the screw 250. The two rods 260a and 260b connect the screws 250A and 250B stiffly in a line. As shown in FIG. 11 , a laminar hook or pedicle hook, i nstead of the screw 250, may also be used as the stabilization member.

First and second ends 282a and 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 280 are fixed wit h each of the rods 260a and 260b using a first fixing portion 281a and a second fixing p ortion 281 b, respectively. The first fixing portion 281a and the second fixing portion 28 1b may comprise a rod mounting portion 2811 which the rods 260a and 260b and the fi rst end 282a and the second end 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 280 pass through and are fixed in by overlapping them. The rod mounting portion 2811 is grooved, for exam pie, laterally to facilitate insertion of the rods 260a and 260b and the first end 282a and

the second end 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 280. A screw groove is formed in an in ner circumference of a second hole 2812, and an engaging member 2813 having a heli x corresponding to the screw groove is joined with the second hole 2812.

The engaging member 2813 is pressurized against the rods 260a and 260b and the first end 282a and the second end 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 280 so that the fir st fixing portion 281a and the second fixing portion 281 b can be engaged with the rods 260a and 260b and the first end 282a and the second end 282b of the bridge-shaped r od 280, respectively. The rod mounting portion 2811 may be formed in various shape s, for example, in such a way that the rod mounting portion 2811 is formed as one body so that the rods 260a and 260b and the first end 282a and the second end 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 280 can be fixed. The first fixing portion 281Ba and the second fix ing portion 281 Bb shown in FIG. 10 may be used according to other embodiments of th e present invention.

A third end 282c of the bridge-shaped rod 280 may be fixed with the spinous pro cess SS by surrounding a lower portion of the spinous process SS of the spine S100 th at is adjacent to the stiffly stabilized spines S200 and S300. An elastic portion 283, for stabilizing the spine elastically, is provided between the first end 282a and the third en d 282c and between the second end 282b and the third end 282c of the bridge-shaped rod 280. The elastic portion 283 may comprise curved portion 201 b and 201 b' instead of the shown convolution portion 201a or together therewith. The first diameter R1 of each of the rods 260a and 260b may be larger than the second diameter R2 of the elas tic portion 283. In one embodiments of the present invention, the first diameter R1 ma y be 5 - 6 mm so as to connect the screws 250 stiffly, and the second diameter R2 may be 2.5 - 4.5 mm for elastic stabilization between adjacent spines. In some embodiments of the present invention, a stabilization unit 285 is used to facilitate the third end 282c to be fixed with the spinous process SS of the first spine S1 00. An engaging member such as a bolt nut or a wire or a metal thread or a carbon fib er, may be used as the stabilization unit 285. The third end 282c may be shaped into a prop to accommodate the lower portion of the spinous process SS stably, similar as w ill be illustrated in FIG. 7A and 7B. Modified examples related to the stabilization unit f or fixing the bridge-shaped rod to the adjacent spine will now be described.

FIGS. 13A and 13B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizati on apparatus 5000B according to another embodiment of the present invention, respect

ively.

Referring to FIGS. 13A and 13B, like the spinal stabilization apparatus 5000A de scribed with reference to FIGS. 12A and 12B, a spinal stabilization apparatus 5000B co mprises a screw 250 of which a pair is installed to at least two adjacent spines S200 an d S300, rods 260a and 260b which are engaged with upper portions of the screw 250, r espectively, and connect the screw 250 stiffly in a line, and a bridge-shaped rod 280 wh ich connects a spinous process SS of the adjacent spine S100 to the stiffly stabilized sp ines S200 and S300 elastically.

Third ends 282c of the bridge-shaped rod 280 may be fixed to a portion of the sp inous process SS of the spine S100 using a plate 284B. The plate 284B comprises a concave portion 2841 that correspondingly surrounds at least a portion of the spinous p rocess SS of the adjacent spine S100 and an engaging groove portion 2842 with which the third ends 282c of the bridge-shaped rod 280 are engaged. The plate 284B may h ave a predetermined thickness t so that the third ends 282c can be inserted therein and engaged therewith. For example, the plate 284B has a thickness t of 4 - 12 mm that is larger than a second diameter R2 of the rod 280. It is obvious to one skilled in the a rt that the third ends 282c of the bridge-shaped rod 280 are formed separately as show n in FIG. 12b or are connected to be one body.

The plate 284B may have a sufficient strength to endure a load applied to the spi ne. The plate 284B may be formed of a stiff material or a flexible material that can be bent uniformly according to movements such as lateral bending, axial rotation, flexion, a nd extension of the spines S100, S200 and S300. For example, the plate 284B may b e formed of a harmless metal such as titanium or a titanium alloy, an elastic material su ch as a carbon fiber or polymer-based material. As the stabilization unit 285, for fixing the plate 284B and the spinous process S

S together, for example, an engaging member such as a bolt nut, may be used. The e ngaging member is inserted into a perforated hole of the spinous process SS to engage the plate 284B with the spinous process SS. Alternatively, as the stabilization unit, fo r facilitating engagement of the plate 284B and the spinous process 12, a harmless met al thread or a wire such as a carbon fiber may be used. For example, a hole is formed in the spinous process SS and the plate 284B and the spinous process SS are engage d together by inserting into the hole and binding the metal thread or wire.

FIGS. 14A and 14B are a plan view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizati

on apparatus 5000C according to another embodiment of the present invention, respect ively.

Referring to FIGS. 14A and 14B 1 like the spinal stabilization apparatuses 5000A and 5000B described with reference to FIGS. 12A through 13B, the spinal stabilization apparatus 5000C comprises a screw 250 of which a pair is fixed to at least two adjacent spines S200 and S300, rods 260a and 260b which are engaged with upper portions of the screw 250, respectively, and which connect the screws 250 stiffly in a line and eac h have a first diameter R1 , and a bridge-shaped rod 282c which connects spinous proc esses SS of the spine 100 adjacent to the spines S200 and S300 stiffly-stabilized by th e rods 260a and 260b elastically.

The bridge-shaped rod 282C is elastically engaged with the spinous process SS of the adjacent spine S100 using a stabilization unit 284C. The stabilization unit 284C comprises rod mounting portions 284C1 on which a third end 282c of the bridge-shape d rod 282C is mounted and a concave portion 284C2 which correspondingly surrounds the top portion of the spinous process SS. A screw groove is formed in each of the ro d mounting portions 284C1 of the stabilization unit 284C, the third end 282c is mounted in the rod mounting portions 284C1 and then the engaging member 284C3 having a h elix corresponding to the screw groove is inserted in the screw groove so that the bridge -shaped rod 282C is engaged with the stabilization unit 284C. A first end 282a and a second end 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 282C are eng aged by a first fixing portion 281 Ba and a second fixing portion 281 Bb, respectively. O ther embodiments of the first fixing portion 281 Da and the second stabilization portion 2 81 Db will now be described.

FIGS. 15A and 15B are a top view and a perspective view of a spinal stabilizatio n apparatus 5000D according to another embodiment of the present invention, respecti vely.

Referring to FIGS. 15A and 15B, a first fixing portion 281 Da and a second fixing portion 281 Db comprise a rod clamp 284D2 which correspondingly surrounds a portion of rods 260a and 260b and a rod mounting portion 284D1 on which a first end 282a or a second end 282b of a bridge-shaped rod 282c are mounted. As shown in FIGS. 15 A and 15B, a hole 282Dh is formed in the first fixing portion 281 Da and the second fixin g portion 281 Db, respectively, a screw groove is formed in an inner sidewall of the hole 282Dh, rods 260a and 260b are inserted into the rod clamp 281 Da and then an engagi

ng member 284D4 having a helix corresponding to the screw groove is inserted so that the rod clamp 284D2 and the rods 260a and 260b can be engaged.

Similarly, a screw groove is formed in an inner wall of a groove formed in a rod m ounting portion 284D1 of the first fixing portion 281 Da and a second fixing portion 281 D b, the first end 282a or the second end 282b of the bridge-shaped rod 282c is mounted in the rod mounding portion 284D1 , an engaging member 284D3 having a helix corresp onding to the screw groove is inserted in the screw groove so that the bridge-shaped ro d 282c can be engaged with the spinous process SS of the spine S100.

The first and second fixing portions 281 Ba and 281 Bb shown in FIGS. 14A and 1 4B and the first and second stabilization portions 281 Da and 281 Db shown in FIGS. 15 A and 15B can be discriminated in that the rod clamps 284B2 and 284B4 clamp the rod s 260a and 260b inward and the rod clamp 284D2 clamps the rods 260a and 260b out ward, and thus, a selection of their use may be properly selected as necessary. The fi rst fixing portion 281 Ba shown in FIG. 14A and the second fixing portion 281 Db shown i n FIG. 15B are different from the first and second fixing portions 281a and 281b shown in FIGS. 12A through 13B in that the rods 260a and 260b and the bridge-shaped rod 28 2 are stabilized independently. A first fixing portion and/or a second fixing portion havi ng various shapes according to embodiments of the present invention may be properly selected according to the size of the spines of a patient and a surgery method. FIGS. 16A and 16B are perspective views of a spinal stabilization apparatus 600

0 according to another embodiment of the present invention, respectively.

Referring to FIGS. 16A and 16B, the spinal stabilization apparatus 6000 accordin g to the present embodiment comprises a rod 80Od having an elastic portion 801 d for st abilizing the first spine S100 and the second spine S200 elastically, as described above . FIGS. 16A and 16B illustrate only a curved portion as the elastic portion 801d, howe ver a convolution portion may be used as the elastic portion. The rod 80Od stabilizes t he first spine S100 and the second spine S200 elastically as shown in FIG 16A, howev er a rod with a convolution portion or a curved portion can be provided between the sec ond spine S200 and the second spine S300 so that the second spine S200 and the thir d spine S300 can be stabilized elastically. In addition, a stiffness portion which stabiliz es the spines S200 and S300 stiffly may be provided, by increasing the diameter of the rod 80Od between the second and third spines S200 and S300.

A stabilization member 100d, for engaging the rod 80Od, comprises a pair of seat

ing portions 101d1 and 101d2 which can correspondingly accommodate a upper portio n and lower portion of the spinous process SS, respectively. The pair of seating porti ons 101d1 and 101d2 are disposed to face each other with each spinous process SS sandwiched by the pair of seating portions 101d1 and 101d2. The pair of seating port ions 101d1 and 101d2 are installed by pressurizing the pair of mounting portions 101d 1 and 101d2 against the sandwiched spinous processes SS.

The rod 80Od is stabilized with a rod mounting portion 102d of the stabilization m ember 100d. The rod mounting portion 102d comprises a mounting portion 103d in wh ich the rod 80Od is mounted, an inner circumference 104d in which a helix is formed, an d an engaging member 105d which can screw-engage with the inner circumference 104 d. In the drawings, the open type mounting portion 103d, in which the rod 80Od are m ounted, is shown. However, a perforation type mounting portion, which can be engage d by a method in which the rod 80Od can pass through the perforation type mounting po rtion, may also be included in the spirit of the invention. The spinal stabilization apparatus 6000 according to the present embodiment us es the rods 800a, 800b, and 800c including the elastic portion 801 d so that side effects that may affect the adjacent, free spines SA and SB can be minimized.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with refer ence to exemplary embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from th e spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.