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Title:
SPRING APPARATUS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/175866
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A spring apparatus(10), including: a spring(12); an elongated object(18A) disposed within and along the spring(12); and a mode-changing assembly(16), for providing a first mode in which a portion(38) of the spring(12) being along the elongated object(18A) is not springy, and a second mode in which an entire of the spring(12) is springy.

Inventors:
ZOHAR, Gil (Hashayetet st. 4 apt. 36, 39 Ashqelon, 7876839, IL)
Application Number:
IL2019/050270
Publication Date:
September 19, 2019
Filing Date:
March 12, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ZOHAR, Gil (Hashayetet st. 4 apt. 36, 39 Ashqelon, 7876839, IL)
International Classes:
F16F1/13; F16F13/00
Foreign References:
CN201582338U2010-09-15
JP5587255B22014-09-10
JP2006214453A2006-08-17
JPS5756238U1982-04-02
DE10345987A12005-04-21
US5722645A1998-03-03
US20130175394A12013-07-11
US20050258582A12005-11-24
US6471197B12002-10-29
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GITELIS, Asaf (P.O.B 181, Harishonim st. 54, 00 Bney Atarot, 6099100, IL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A spring apparatus(lO), comprising:

- a spring(l2);

- an elongated object(l8A) disposed within and along said spring(l2); and

- a mode-changing assembly(l6), for providing

a first mode in which a portion(38) of said spring(l2) being along said elongated object(l8A) is not springy, and

a second mode in which an entire of said spring(l2) is springy.

2. The spring apparatus(lO) according to claim 1,

wherein said elongated object(l8A) is anchored to said spring(l2) at a first location(60A) of said spring(l2), and wherein said non-springy portion(38) of said first mode extends from said first location(60A) along said elongated object(l8A).

3. The spring apparatus(lO) according to claim 2, wherein said mode-changing assembly(l6) comprises an embracing assembly(l6), being anchored to said spring(l2) at a second location (60C) thereof, said embracing assembly(l6) being configured to

to form a first aperture(36B) being smaller than a width of said elongated object(l8A), thereby providing said first mode in which said non-springy portion(38) extends from said first(60A) to said second location (60C) along said elongated object(l8A), and to

form a second aperture(36A) being larger than a width of said elongated object(l8A), thereby providing said second mode.

4. The spring apparatus(lO) according to claim 2, further comprising a shock absorber(20), comprising:

- a cylinder(l8A) comprising said elongated object(l8A) being anchored to said spring(l2) at said first location(60A) of said spring(l2; and

- a piston(l8B) being anchored(l4B) to said spring(l2) at a third location(60B) thereof being beyond said non- springy portion(38) of said first mode.

5. The spring apparatus(lO) according to claim 1, wherein said embracing assembly(l6) comprises:

- embracing members(28) ending with insoles(54).

6. The spring apparatus(lO) according to claim 5, wherein said embracing assembly(l6) further comprises:

- a motorized cog(24) for rotating arms(52) of said embracing members(28),

thereby said embracing is available during use of said spring(l2).

7. The spring apparatus(lO) according to claim 5, wherein said embracing assembly(l6) further comprises: - a peripheral internal cog(26B) for rotating a plurality of cogs(34), from each extending an arm(52) of one of said embracing members(28).

Description:
SPRING APPARATUS

TECHNICAL FIELD The invention relates to the field of shock absorbers, especially for vehicle suspensions.

BACKGROUND

A shock absorber is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb shock impulses, by converting kinetic energy of the shock into heat which is then dissipated. Typically a hydraulic shock absorber is accompanied by a spring, which ideally only stores the kinetic energy.

Fig. 1 depicts a prior art combination of a shock absorber and a spring.

A prior art combination of a shock absorber and a spring includes a spring 12; a shock absorber cylinder 18A extending along spring 12; a shock absorber piston 18B extending from shock absorber cylinder 18A further along spring 12; a top anchor 14A, for anchoring top of spring 12 to top of shock absorber cylinder 18A; and a bottom anchor 14B, for anchoring bottom of spring 12 to the bottom of shock absorber piston 18B.

However, most vehicles are equipped with suspension springs of a predetermined length which cannot be adjusted to better suit the road conditions. Generally, for vehicles which travel on highways, the most suitable suspension springs are short springs while for terrain vehicles the most suitable suspension springs are relatively long springs. Use of an inadequate suspension spring in a vehicle may contribute to reducing the lifespan of the vehicle's suspension system and contributes to an uncomfortable ride.

SUMMARY

A spring apparatus, including:

- a spring!

- a shock absorber! and

- an embracing assembly.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 depicts a prior art combination of a shock absorber and a spring.

Fig. 2 depicts a spring apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the embracing assembly of Fig. 2 at the non embracing state.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the embracing assembly of Fig. 3 at the embracing state.

Fig. 5 is a perspective exploded view of the spring of the spring apparatus of Fig. 2. Fig. 6 explains the motion of the embracing member of

Fig. 4. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Fig. 2 depicts a spring apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention.

A spring apparatus 10 according to one embodiment of the invention, includes like the prior art prior art combination of the shock absorber and the spring, spring 12; shock absorber cylinder 18A extending along spring 12; shock absorber piston 18B extending from shock absorber cylinder 18A further along spring 12; top anchor 14A, for anchoring top of spring 12 to the top of shock absorber cylinder 18A; and bottom anchor 14B, for anchoring bottom of spring 12 to the bottom of shock absorber piston 18B. In addition to the prior art prior art combination of the shock absorber and the spring, spring apparatus 10 further includes an embracing assembly 16, being fixed to spring 12 at a selected disposition along spring 12, such as at the middle.

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the embracing assembly of Fig. 2 at the non embracing state.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the embracing assembly of Fig. 3 at the embracing state.

Embracing assembly 16 includes movable embracing members 28. Fig. 5 is a perspective exploded view of the spring of the spring apparatus of Fig. 2.

A motorized cog 24 rotates a peripheral external cog 26A having an internal cog 26B, which rotates cogs 34 of embracing members 28, each about its hinge 50.

The motor of motorized cog 24 may be operated during use of spring 12, such as while the vehicle using spring 12 as a suspension, moves up and down.

Spring 12 includes a top 58A and bottom 58B sections, which may constitute different subsidiary springs, being connected to embracing assembly 16.

Fig. 6 explains the motion of the embracing member of

Fig. 4.

Rotation of internal cog 26B rotates cog 34 and an arm 52 about hinge 50, thereby moving insoles 54 of embracing member 28 onto rod 18.

Referring again to Fig. 3, at the non-embracing state, insoles 54 form a circle 36A having a diameter being larger than that of shock absorber cylinder 18A, thus at the non- embracing state, spring apparatus 10 functions equal to the prior art combination of the shock absorber and spring of Fig. 1.

Referring again to Fig. 4, at the embracing state, insoles 54 form a circle 36B having a diameter being smaller than that of shock absorber cylinder 18A, and being larger than that of shock absorber piston 18B.

Referring again to Fig. 2, in case embracing 16 in Fig. 2 is at the embracing state of Fig. 4, then embracing 16 cannot be disposed above the bottom of shock absorber cylinder 18A, thus maintaining a constant length to top section 58A of spring 12, thus bottom section 58B only works alone.

Fig. 7 depicts the spring apparatus of Fig. 2 according to another embodiment. Cylinder 18A, even without piston 18B may provide the cancellation of the portion of spring 12.

- Numeral 10 denotes the spring apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention!

12: spring!

14A: top anchor!

14B: bottom anchor!

16: embracing assembly!

18A: shock absorber cylinder!

18B: shock absorber piston!

- 20: shock absorber, including members 18A, 18B!

22: package!

24: cog!

26A: external peripheral cog!

- 26B internal peripheral cog!

- 28: embracing member including arm 52! 30: rotation of external and internal cogs 26A,26B;

- 32: screw for closing package 22 of embracing assembly 16;

34: cog!

36A,36B: circles formed by insoles of embracing members 28;

38: non-springy portion of spring 12 upon embracing cylinder 18A;

- 50: hinge!

- 52: arm!

54: insole!

58A,58B: sections of spring 12;

60A,60B: locations along spring 12.

The reference numbers in the claims should not be interpreted as limiting the claims in any form.