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Title:
STABLE ASPHALT EMULSIONS, METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME, AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES FORMED FROM THE SAME
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/055319
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Asphalt emulsions, methods of forming asphalt emulsions, and composite pavement structures formed from the asphalt emulsions are provided herein. In an embodiment, an asphalt emulsion includes a base asphalt component, water, and an oxidized high density polyethylene. The base asphalt component is present in an amount of from about 15 to about 70weight %, the water is present in an amount of at least about 25 weight %, and the oxidized high density polyethylene is present in an amount of from about 1 to about 20 weight %, where all amounts are based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion. The oxidized high density polyethylene has an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mgKOH/g. The asphalt emulsion is free of aggregate and other mineral materials.

Inventors:
YUAN, Ruixing (Honeywell International Inc, Patent Services M/S 4D3115 Tabor Road,P. O. Box 37, Morris Plains New Jersey, 07950, US)
LIU, Yue Wen (Honeywell International Inc, Patent Services M/S 4D3115 Tabor Road,P. O. Box 37, Morris Plains New Jersey, 07950, US)
WANG, Wei (Honeywell International Inc, Patent Services M/S 4D3115 Tabor Road,P. O. Box 37, Morris Plains New Jersey, 07950, US)
SHEN, YuanSheng (Honeywell International Inc, Patent Services M/S 4D3115 Tabor Road,P. O. Box 37, Morris Plains New Jersey, 07950, US)
Application Number:
US2018/050058
Publication Date:
March 21, 2019
Filing Date:
September 07, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC. (Patent Services M/S 4D3, 115 Tabor RoadP. O. Box 37, Morris Plains New Jersey, 07950, US)
International Classes:
C04B26/26; C04B24/26; E01C7/35; E01C13/06; C04B111/00
Foreign References:
US20160340552A12016-11-24
US20170190618A12017-07-06
US20140373750A12014-12-25
US20110041734A12011-02-24
US20130042792A12013-02-21
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SZUCH, Colleen D (Honeywell International Inc, Intellectual Property-Patent Services115 Tabor Road, M/S 4D3,P. O. Box 37, Morris Plains New Jersey, 07950, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. An asphalt emulsion comprising:

a base asphalt component present in an amount of from about 15 to about 70 weight 9c . based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion;

water present in an amount of at least about 25 we ight % , based on the iotalweight of the asphal t emulsion ;

an oxidized hi gh density polyethylene pre sent in an amount of from abou t 1 to abou t 20 weight %, based on the total weight of the -asphalt emulsion :

wherein the oxidized high density polyethylene has an acid val ue of from about 5 to about 50 mgKQH/g: and

w herein the asphalt emulsion is free of aggregate and other mineral materials,

2. The asphalt emu lsion of clai m 1. wherein the ox idi/ed high densi ty polyethylene has an acid value of front about 15 to about 40 mgKOH/g. more preferably front about 26 to about 35 mgKOH/g.

3. The asphal t emulsion of claim I , w herein the oxidized high density polyethylene is present in an amount of from about 0.5 to about 10 we i ght % . based upon the combined weight of the oxidized high density polyethylene and base asphalt component in the asphalt emulsion,

7. The asphalt emulsion of claim I , wherein the oxidized hi gh density polyethy lene has a density of from about 0.9? to about 1 01 g/cm3

5. The asphalt emulsion of claim 1 wherein the base asphalt component present in an amount of from about 45 to about 65 weight % , based on the total weight of the asphalt emu lsion ,

6. The asphalt emulsion of claim 1 . wherein the base asphalt component has a

PEN of from about 60 to about 1 00 dmm.

7. A method of forming an asphalt emulsion, wherein the method comprises the steps of:

forming a base asphal t emulsion comprising a base asphal t component and water; forming an ox idized polyethyk-ne emulsion separate from the base asphalt emulsion, wherein the oxidized polyethylene emulsion comprises an oxidized high density polyethylene and water, and wherein the oxidized high density polyethylene has an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mgKOH/g: and

combining the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidi zed polyethylene emulsion to form the asphalt emulsion, wherein the asphalt emulsion comprises the base asphalt component present in an amount of from about 15 to about 70 weight if, preferably from about 20 to about 70 weight water present in an amount of at least about 25 weight % . preferably from about 29 to about 77 weight % and the oxidized high density polyethylene present in an amount of from about 1 to about 20 weight % , wherei n all amounts are based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion, and wherein the asphalt emulsion is free of aggregate and other minera l materials.

8. Ths method of claim 7. where in

combining the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidized polyethylene emulsion comprises combining the base asphalt emulsion and the ox idized polyethylene emulsion at a composition temperature of from about 3 5 to about 25 °C ;

forming the base -asphalt emulsion comprises heat ing the base asphalt component to an elevated temperature of at least f 30 °C ; and

formi ng the oxidized polyethylene emulsion comprises healing a mixture of the water and the oxidized high density polyethylene to att elevated temperature of at least 100 wherei n the method further comprises cooling the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidized polyethylene emulsion to a temperature of less than or equal to about 40 °C prior to mixing the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidized polyethylene emulsion.

9. A composite pavement structure comprising:

an underlying aggregate-containing asphalt layer: and

an emulsion-derived asphalt layer disposed directly on and over the underlying aggregate-containing asphalt layer, wherein the emulsion-derived asphalt layer is formed from an asphalt emulsion comprising: a base asphalt component present in an amount of from about 15 to about 70 weight %, based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion;

water present in an amount of at least about 25 weight % . bused on the total weight of the asphal t emulsion;

an oxidised high densi ty polyethylene present in an amount of from about 1 to about 20 weight . % based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion;

wherein the oxidized high density polyethylene has an acid value of from about 5 to about 30 mgKOH/g: and

wherein the emulsion-derived -asphalt layer as-deposited is free of aggregate and other mineral materials: and

optionally, an overlying aggregate-comainmg asphalt layer disposed directly on the emulsion-derived asphalt layer, wherein the overlyi ng aggregate -contai n i ng asphalt la y er w hen present is disposed on an opposite side of the emulsion-deriv ed asphalt layer from the underl y i ng aggregate-contai ning asphal t layer.

10. The composite pa vement structure of claim 9. wherein the emultions -derived asphalt layer has an as-deposited thickness of from about 1 .0 to about 4.0 cm.

Description:
STABLE ASPHALT EM ULSIONS, METHODS OF FORM ING THE SAME, A ND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES FORMED FROM THE SAME

CROSS - REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application clai ms the benefit of U.S.. Provisional Appl ication No.

62/558, 191 . filed September 1 3, 20 17.

TECHN ICAL FIELD

[0002] The technical field generally relates to asphalt emul sions, methods of forming the asphalt emulsions, and composite structures formed from the asphalt emulsions. More particularly, the technical field relates to asphalt emulsions having excellent stabil ity.

BACKGROUND

[0003] Asphalt, or bitumen, is commonly col lected or synthesized and refined for use in applications such as paving, roofing, sealing, and water-proofing applications. Asphalt, often referred to as "asphalt binder" or "asphalt cement", is often mi xed with aggregate to form material used in asphalt paving. To effectively mix the asphalt with the aggregate materia), the asphalt is often provided in an asphalt emulsion that is free of aggregate. Asphalt emulsions are also employed in applications that do not involv e mixing with aggregate, i.e.. the asphalt emulsions themselves may be employed for end applications such as to form a tac k coat layer or other aggregate- free layers in a composite paving structure such as fog seal, printer layers, chip seal, sin try seal, and the li ke. Particularly, composite paving structure s generally include multiple aggregate-containing asphalt layers, with each succeeding layer bonded to an underlying layer through a tack coat layer, The tack coat layer effectiv ely promotes adhesion and/or fusion between the aggregate-contain asphalt layers. The tack coat layer may also contribute to wear and/or weather resistance features of the composite paving structures.

[0004] insufficient adhesion between a new aggregate-containing asphalt layer and an existing aggregate-containing asphalt layer, he * , a previously laid pavement layer or a prepared pavement surface, can cause pavement separation and cracking during construction of the composite paving structure, as well as subsequent failures and premature deterioration of the composite paving structure and/or surface. Such conditions often require costly repairs, can cause damage to vehicles traveling on the surface, and may cause dangerous traffic conditions threatening damage to property and injury to vehicle passengers. Therefore, the tack coat layer desirably promotes maximized adhesion between the adjacent aggregate-containing asphalt layers. Properties of the tack coat layer, such as pull strength and softening point, provide an objective measure of how well the tack coat layer can adhere adjacent aggregate-containing asphalt layer .

[0005] Because the tack coat layer is formed on the existing aggregate-containing asphalt layer, construction or other vehicles may travel over the tack coat layer prior to subsequent formation of the new aggregate-comainmg asphalt layer on the tack coat layer, Oftentimes, the tack coat layer is damaged by such exposure doe to pick -up on ti res or tracks of vehicles traveling over the tack coat layer. Where suc h damage occurs, the picked -up material front the tack coat layer can be deposited onto other surfaces of the pavement composi te, causing collateral problems in other areas.. Further, the damaged areas of the tuck coat layer exhibit reduced efFect»venes> vis-a-vis promoting adhesion between the aggregate-containing asphalt layers., resulting in the aforementioned reveling concerns. Therefore, tack coat layers, as well as other layers as formed in the composite paving structures that are subject to direct contact with vehicle tires or tracks during construction of the composite paving structure.s. desirably exhibit excellent trackless adhesion properties.

[0006] To improve upon the various physical properties of tack coat layers in terms of trackless adhesion, softening point, and pull strength, various polymeric additives have been employed. For example, copolymers such as styrene -butadiene rubber ( SBR) and styrene butadiene styrene tSBS) are known to improve such properties. Additionally, other polymeric additives such as polyethylene have been included in asphalt compositions to improve trackless adhesion and anti-rutting properties of composite paving structures.

[0007] The asphalt emulsions that are employed to form the tack coat layers, as well as the other layers referenced above, may be prepared through a variety of techniques to provide a liquid, flowable fluid. For example, asphalt emulsions may be prepared by heating compositions that primarily include asphalt above a melting temperature of the asphalt. Such techniques generally avoid the use of significant amounts of solvent that would be required to maintain the emulsions in liquid form at temperatures below the melting temperature of the asphalt. Further, such techniques minimize instability concerns that are prevalent when polymeric additives are included in the asphalt emulsions. Alternati vely, asphalt may be dissolved in solvents or emulsified in water to form the asphalt emulsions that are in liquid form at temperatures that are below the melting temperature of the asphalt. However, ajiphait emulsions in water are notoriously unstable, especially when polymeric additives are included, and exhibit significant asphalt delta in solids content between a top of the asphalt emulsion and a bottom of the asphalt emulsion over relati vely short periods of time, e.g., at 1 day or 5 days after emulsificaiion.

[0008] Significant efforts have been made to improve storage stability of asphalt emulsions that employ water as a solvent and that include polymeric additives ' such as polyethylene. However, many such efforts do not provide sufficient .storage stability, require additional components to achieve acceptable stability, require special mixing apparatuses, or result in compromise of other physical properties of the resulting asphalt layer,

[0009] Accordingly, it is desirable to provide asphalt emulsions that include appreciable amounts of water and that exhibit excellent stability, as well as methods of forming such stable asphalt emulsions and composite paving structures that are formed from the stable asphalt emulsions. In addition, it is desirable to provide asphalt emulsions that, whi le exhibiting excel lent stability, further provide layers in composite pavement structures that have excellent physical properties such as trackless adhesion, pul l adhesion, and high softening point. Furthermore, other desirable features and characteristics wil l become apparent from the subsequent detailed description and the appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying draw ings and this background.

BRIEF SUMMARY

[0010] Asphalt emulsions, methods of forming asphalt emulsions, and composite pavement .structures formed from the asphalt emulsions are provided herein . In an embodiment, an asphalt emulsion includes a base asphalt component, water, and an oxidized high density polyethylene. The base asphalt component is present in an amount of from about 15%- to about ?0%- weight % , the water is present in an amount of at least about 25 weight % and the oxidized high density polyethylene is present in an amount of front about 1 to about 20 weight where all amounts are based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion. The oxidized high density polyethylene has an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mgKOH/g> The asphalt emulsion is free of aggregate and other mineral materials,

[0011] In another embodiment, a method of forming an asphalt emulsion includes forming a base asphalt emulsion that includes a base asphalt component and water. An oxidi zed polyethylene emulsion is formed separate from the base asphalt emulsion. The ox idized polyethylene emulsion includes an oxidized high density polyethylene and water. The oxidi zed high density polyethylene has an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mgKOH/g. The base asphalt emulsion and the ox idized polyethylene emulsion are combined to form the asphalt emulsion . The asphalt emulsion includes the base asphalt component present in an amount of from about 15% to about 10% weight % . water present in an amount of at least about 25 weight % , and the oxidized high density polyethylene present in an amount of from abou1t to about 20 weight % , wherein al l amounts are based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion. The asphalt emulsion i s free of aggregate and other mi neral materials,

[0012] In another embodiment, a composite pavement structure includes an underlying aggregate-containing asphait layer and an emulsion-derived asphalt layer disposed directly on and over the underlying aggregate contai ning asphalt layer. The emulsion-derived asphalt layer is formed from an asphalt emulsion including a base asphait component, water, and an oxidized high density polyethylene. The base asphalt emulsion is present tn an amount of from about 15% to about 70% weight % , the water is present in an amount of at least about 25 weight % . and the oxidized high density polyethylene is present in an amount of from about 1 to about 20 weight %. wherein all amounts are based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion. The oxidized high density polyethylene hats an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mgKOH/g. The emulsion-derived asphalt layer as deposited is free of aggregate and other mineral materials.

B RIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DR AWINGS

[0013] The various em bod in ten is will hereinafter be described in conj unction wi th the following drawing figures, wherein l ike numerals denote like elements, and wherein:

[0014] FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional side view of a composite pavement structure in accordance with an embodiment,

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0015] The following detailed description is merely exemplary in nature and is not intended to limit the asphalt emulsions, methods of form ing the same, or composite pavement structures formed from !he same. Furthermore, there is no intention to he bound by any theory presented in the preceding background or the following detailed description.

[0016] The various embodiments contemplated herein relate to asphalt emulsions, methods of forming the asphalt emulsions, and composite pavement structures formed from the asphalt emulsions. The asphalt emulsions have excellent stability despite the presence of poly meric additives and appreciable amounts of water in the asphalt emulsions, In part icu lar, the asphal t emulsions as contemplated herein include water in an amount of at least about 25 weight % and a base asphalt component pre.sem in an amount of tip to about 65 weight % . wi th both amounts based on ihe total weight of the asphal t emul sion. The asphalt emulsions as conte mplated herein are free of aggregate or other mineral materials. i,e. aggregate and other mineral materials such as rock, sand, clay, and the l ike are not intentionally mixed into the asphalt emulsion* dari ng preparation of the emulsions or prior so depositing the asphalt emulsions on a base substrate and. to the extent that such materials may he included in the asphalt emulsions (e.g., due to field conditions), such materials are only present hi trace amounts of less than about 1 percent by weighs based upon a total weight of the asphalt emulsions. To provide the excellent stability, the asphal t emulsions as contemplated herein include oxidised high density polyethylene (Ox H DPE ) that has an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mg KOH/gm. with acid value of ihe OxHDPE found to have a direct impact on stability of the asphah emulsions. With the OxH DPE having the recited acid val ue, the excellent stability of the asphalt emulsion can be attained while also enabling formation of various str uct ures therefrom that have excellent physical prepenses attributable to the presence of ox idized polyethylene such as trackless adhesion, pull adhesion, and high softening point. For example, the asphalt emulsions may be employed to form a layer such as a tack coat layer, a fog seal, a primer layer, a chip seal, a micro surface layer, a slurry seal, or the like. The combination of emulsion stability and physical properties of the resulting layer formed from the emulsions can even be achieved with additional polymeric components beyond the OxHDPE present in the asphalt emulsions.

[0017] As alluded to above, the asphal t emulsions include the base asphalt component, water, and OxHDPE. As also alluded to above, the asphalt emulsion is free of aggregate and other mineral materials. As referred to herein, "aggregate" is a col lective term for mineral materials, such as, for example, sand, gravel, or crushed stone. Further, the asphalt emulsions are liquid, i.e., flowable, at ambient temperatures of about 21°C.. As such, in many embodiments, .such as for tack coat layer, a fog seal, a primer layer, a chip seal, a slurry seal, or the like, the asphalt emulsions as described herein are not formulated as a binder for aggregate-containing asphalt compositions. However, it h to be appreciated thai in some embodiments, such as for a micro surface layer, the asphalt emulsions may be formulated to mix with aggregate but are still flowable at ambient temperature.

[0018] The base asphalt component, as referred to herein, is neat asphalt thatis free of polymers. The neat asphalt is often a byproduct of petroleum refining or post refining operations and includes air-blown asphalt, blended asphalt, cracked or residual asphalt, petroleum asphalt, propane asphalt, straight-run asphalt, thermal asphalt, and the tike. Examples of suitable base asphalt components include those having a penetration value, or "PEN", of from about 60 to about 100 dmm, as measured in accordance with T0604-2011. In embodiments, the base asphalt component is present in the asphalt emulsion in an amount of from about 15 to about 70 weight .such as from anon! 45 to about 65 weight % based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion.

[0019] Watej is present in the asphalt emulsion in an amount of at least about 25 weight % , such as from about 30 to about 65 weight % . or such as from about 40 to about 65 weight % , based on the total weight of the asphalt emulsion . Such amounts of water are sufficiently high to render the asphalt emulsion liquid, or flowable, at ambient temperatures of about 21 " C. Such amounts of water also present stability concerns that have traditionally been difficult to address in asphalt emulsions that include polyethylene, with such concerns documented in the literature.

[0020] The Ox HOPE that Is included in the asphalt emulsion can include one or more different types of oxidized high density polyethylene. As referred to herein, "high density" polyethylene includes polyethylene having a density in excess of 0.95 g/cm 3 such as polyethylenes having a density of from about 0.9? to about 1.01 g/cm 3 OxHDPE is known to provide beneficial properties to asphalt compositions when used in various layers of a composite pavement structure. For example, it has been suggested that OxHDPE may assist with ami-rutting performance. As described in further detail below, layers formed from the asphalt emulsions as contemplated herein that include the OxHDPE exhibit excellent pull strength, owing to the presence of the OxHDPE.

[0021 ] As contemplated herein, suitable OxHDPE has an acid value of from about 5 to about 50 mgKOH/g, such as from about 15 to about 40 mgKOH/g , or such as from about 26 to about 35 mgKOH/g. The acid value is indicative of a degree of oxidation of the OxHDPE, e.g., carboxyl group content. The acid value may be determined by titrating a

.solution of the OxHDPE with a 0. 1 N alcoholic potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution to a visual "pink" end point using phenolphthalein as an indicator i n accordance with conventional techniques, it has been found, as shown in the Examples below, that acid Value of the OxHDPE has a direct impact on .storage stability of the asphalt emulsions, and OxHDFE having the acid value within the aforementioned ranges enables the desirable physical properties of asphalt emulsions that include OxHDPE to be realized while also remediating storage stability concerns that have heretofore been observed u iih asphalt emulsions thai include high amounts of water and polyethylene.

[0022] In embodiments, the OxHDPE has a number average molecular weight of from about 1000 to about 30,000 Dal tons, such as from about 1000 to about 10.000 Dai tons.. In embodiments, the Ox HDPE has a viscosity of from about 100 to about 20000 cP at 150° C as measured in accordance with ASTM D4402. Examples of sui table OxHDPE include, but are not limited to. Honeywell Titan 1686, Honeywell Than ?60S, and Honeywel l Titan 7 183 oxidized high-density polyethylene homopol y mers, manufactured by Honeywell International I nc ., which is headquartered in Morristown, NJ .

[0023] In embodiments, the OxHDPE is present in an amount of from about 1 to about 20 weight % such as from about 1 to about 5 weight % , such as from about 1 to about 3 weight such as from about 1 .5 to about 3 weight % . bused on the total weight of the asphak emu lsion. As an alternati ve measure of the amount of Ox H DPE in the asphalt emulsion, the Ox HDPE may be present in art amount of from about 0.5 to about 10 weight % , such as from about 0.5 to about 2. 5 weight % , or such as from about 0.5 to about 1.5 weight based upon the combined we ight of the oxidized high density polyethylene and base asphalt component in the asphalt emulsion.

[0024] The balance of the asphalt emulsion may include conventional additives that are included to .-enhance physical properties of layers formed from the asphalt emulsion or to enhance physical properties of the asphalt emulsion itself. For example, in an embodiment, the asphalt emulsion further includes a styrene alkadiene copolymer to modify softening point and/or adhesion properties of layers formed from the asphalt emulsions. The styrene aikadiene copolymer may be introduced into the asphalt emulsion along with the base asphah component, e.g.. in a polymer-modified asphalt component. Alternatively, the styrene alkakiene copolymer may be introduced into the .asphalt emulsion separate from the base asphalt component. In an exemplary embodiment, the styrene alkadiene copolymer is chosen from .styrene butadiene styrene (SB S ), styrene butadiene rubber (SBR). or combinations thereof. As an alternative or in addition to the styrene alkadiene copolymer, styrene ethylene bntylene styrene (SEBS ), styrene isoprene styrens (SIS), polychloroprene. or combinations thereof can be employed. In embodiments, the concentration of ihe .styrene alkadsene copolymer is in the range of front about 0.5 w eight % to about. 4.0 weight % , based on the total weight of the base asphalt component. Additional optional additives that may be included in the asphalt emulsions include, but are not limited to, emulsifiers. acids, stabilizers, and the like, with the additional optional additives generally present in amount* of less than about 1 weight based upon the total weight of the asphalt emulsion, when present.

[0025] As alhided to above, the asphalt emulsions as contemplated herei n exhibit excellent storage stabil ity. For example, in embodiments, the asphalt emulsions have a 24 hour .storage .stability at a temperature of about 2 t ¾ C of lews than about I weight . $\ such as from about 0, 1 to about I weight Cf. or such as from about 0. 1 to -about 0,8 weight %, based upon the total weight of the asphalt emulsion as measured in accordance wi th T0665- I 993 per T07 19 201 1 in the Industry Standard JIG E20 - 201 I Speci fication and Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixture for High Engineering, China. Additional ly, in embodiments, the asphalt emulsions as contemplated herein have a five day storage stability at a temperature of about 2 I *C of jess than about 5.0 weight such from about 0, 1 to about 4.5 weight or such as from about 0. 1 to about 4.2 weight based upon the total weight of the asphalt emulsion as measured in accordance with 70665- 1 993 per T07 I 9 201 1 in the Industry Standard JTG £20-201 1 Specification and Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixture for High Engineering. China.

[0026] An exemplary method of fanning the asphalt emulsion, as contemplated herein, will now be described. In accordance with embodiments, a base asphalt emulsion and an oxidized polyethylene emulsion are separately prepared prior to mixing the respective emulsions to form the asphalt emulsion. In particular, the base asphalt emulsion is formed including the base asphalt component and water. In embodi ments, the base asphalt emulsion includes the base asphalt component in an amount of from about 20 to about 70 weight 7c and water in an amount of from about 29 to about 77 weight %, wherein the amounts are based on the total weight of the base asphalt emulsion. To be clear, the base asphalt emulsion is free of the oxidized high density polyethylene. The base asphalt emulsion may be formed at elevated temperatures to effectuate adequate dispersion and mixing of components therein. For example, in embodiments, to form the base asphalt emulsion, the base asphalt, component is heated to an elevated temperature of at least 1 30 °C- After forming the base asphalt emulsion, the base asphalt emulsion is cooled to a temperature of less than or equal to about 40 °C, such as less than or equal to about 30 °C prior to mixing with the oxidized polyethylene emulsion.

[8027] Separate from the base asphalt emulsion, the oxidized polyethylene emulsion is formed. The oxidized polyethylene emulsion includes the OxHDPE and water, with the OxHDPE present in an amount of from about 0. 1 to about 40 weight % and water present in an amount of front about 50 to about 90 weight % , wherein the amounts are based on the total weight of the oxidized polyethylene emulsion. To be clear, the ox idized polyethylene emulsion is free of the base asphalt component. The oxidized polyethylene emulsion maybe formed at elev ated temperatures, e.g.. by heating a mixture of the water and the OxHDPE to an elevated temperature of at least 100 After forming the oxidized polyethylene emulsion, the oxidized polyethylene emulsion is cooled to a temperature of less than or equal to about 40 ° C. such as less than or equal to about 30 °C. prior to mixing the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidized polyethylene emulsion.

[0328] After cool ing the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidized polyethylene emulsion, the base asphalt emulsion and the oxidized polyethylene emulsion are combined to form the asphal t emu lsion. In embodiments, the base asphalt e mu lsion and the ox idized polyethylene emulsion are combined at rekuh ely low temperatures, e.g ., at a composition temperature of front about 1 5 to about 25 °C, The asphalt emulsion is free of aggregate and other mineral materials; and the asphalt emulsion may be stored or immediately employed to form an appropriate layer in a composite pavement structure.

[0029] Referring to FIG. 1 , an exemplary composite pavement structure is shown at 30. with the composite pavement structure 10 including an emulsion deri ved asphalt layer 12 formed from the asphalt emulsion as described herein. The composite pavement structure

10 includes an underlying aggregate containing asphalt layer 14. e.g. a conventional base course, that includes aggregate and asphalt. In the embodiment shown in FIG . 1 emu l sion deri ved asphalt layer 12 is disposed between the underlying aggregate-containing asphalt layer l 4 and an overly ing layer 16 disposed directly on the emulsion-derived asphalt layer

1 2. The emulsion-derived asphalt layer 1 2 as deposited, is free front aggregate. In the embodiment as shown, the overlying layer 16 is an aggregate-containing asphalt layer and i s disposed on an opposite side of the e mu lsion-derived asphalt layer 1 2 from the underlying aggregate-containing asphalt layer. However, it is to be appreciated that the overlying layer

16 may be free of aggregate, or may be an ultra-thin course in accordance with conventional composite pavement structures. In this embodiment, the emulsion-derived asphalt layer l 2 may be a tack coat layer that serves to bind the underlying layer 14 and the overlying layer 16 together, or can be a primer layer. In embodiments, the emulsion-derived asphalt layer 1 2 has an as-deposited thickness of from about I .0 to about 4,0 cm. However, it is to be appreciated that in other embodiments, the emulsion- derived asphalt layer 12 may have an exposed surface that is intended for direct contact by vehicles and/or pedestrians traveling on the composite pavement structure 10.

[0039] The emulsion- derived asphalt layer 1 2 exhibits excellent physical properties such as high softening point, pull resistance .strength, and trackless adhesion, and thus provides the composite pavement structure 10 with excellent physical properties. For example, in embodiments, the emulsion derived asphalt layer 12 has a softening point of at least 60 °C. such as at least 70 °C. as measured in accordance with T0606 per T07 19 201 1 in the industry Standard JTG E20 -20 I I Specification and Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mi xture for High Engineering. China. Higher softening point is generally understood to correlate to increased pull resistance strength. Further, the emulsion-derived asphalt layer 12 exhibits excellent trackless performance, as determined through qualitative testing where an asphaltic felt is dabbed with the asphalt emulsion and heated for 30 minutes at 60 °C. The demuisified asphalt emulsions as contemplated herein generally do not remain sticky to the touch of a hand after the period of heating at 60 °C . Further still, ihe emulsion -deri ved asphalt layer 1 .2 exhibits superior pull strength as compared to conventional tack coal layers, while also exhibiting the .superior softening point and with the asphalt emulsions also exhibiting the e xcellent storage stability.

[0031] The following Examples arc not to be construed as limiting as other equivalent embodi ments will be apparent in view of the present disclosure.

EXAMPLES

Preparation of Base Asphalt Emulsion

[0032] Base asphalt emulsions are first prepared that include a base asphalt component, water, and other components as shown below in TABLE 1. where all amounts are shown in weight % based on the total weight of the base asphalt emulsion. The base asphalt emulsions are prepared by preparing a polymer modified asphalt include the base asphalt component and polymeric components as set forth in TABLE I, heating the resulting mixture to a temperature of 160 °C, separately combining and heating the remaining components to a temperature of 55 °C, and then combining the respective mixtures and mixing the composition in a colloidal mi ll for a period of from I to 2 minutes. The emulsion is then cooled lo room temperature of about 2 1 °C

TABLE I

Base asphalt component is AH70#. local Chinese base asphalt, with a penetration at 25 °C of from 60 to 80 (0. 1 mm ).

Emulsi fier 1 is quaternary ammonium sals .

Polymer is hard asphalt

Polymeric Modifier ί is styrene butadiene rubber.

Polymeric Modifier 2 is styrene butadiene styrene .

Stabilizer 1 is a solution of calcium chloride and carboxymethyl cellulose ether in a 1: 1 weighs ratio.

pH Regulator is hydroch loric acid.

Preparation of Oxidized Polyethylene Emulsion

[0033] Oxidized polyethylene emulsions are .separately prepared that include an oxidized high density polyethylene and other components as shown below in TABLE If, w here all amounts are shown in weight % based on the total weight of ihe oxidized polyethylene emulsion. The oxidized polyethylene emulsions are prepared by sequentially combining all of the ingredients in a pressure vessel , followed by sealing the pressure vessel and heating to a temperature of 145 °C for a period of 20 minutes while mixing. The emulsion is then cooled to room temperature of about 21 °C with continuous stirring.

Preparation of Asphalt Emulsion

[0034] VanOLis examples and comparative examples of asphalt emissions are prepared using the prepared base asphalt emulsions and oxidized polyethylene emis sions. The asphalt emulsions are prepared by mixing the base asphalt emulsion* and the oxidized polyethylene emulsions, for 60 minutes at 600 rpm speed using a low speed mixer. TABLE III provides a listing of the components included in the asphalt emulsions with all amounts in weight % based upon total weight of the asphalt emulsions. TABLE III further provides select physical properties of the asphalt emulsions.

[0035] Storage viability at 24 hours and at 3 days was men wired in accordance with T0665-I993 per T07192011 in the industry Standard JIG E2G-2Gl 1 Specification and Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixture for High Engineering. China.

[0036] Softening point was measured in accordance wish T0606 of the Industry Standard JTG E20-2011 Specification and Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixture for Highway Engineering. China.

[0037] Additions] samples of asphah emulsion are prepared to Illustrate the impact of the amount of oxidized polyethylene emulsion on trackless performance. In particular, trackless performance is qualitatively tested whereby an asphahic lelt is dabbed with the asphalt emulsion and heated for 30 minutes at 60 °C in an oven. The resulting demulsified asphalt emulsions are then tested for tackiness by contacting the demulsified asphalt emulsions with a finger and observing whether or not the demulsified asphalt emulsions remain sticky to the touch after the period of heating at 60 °C. TABLE fV provides the results of such testing.

FO038] Ductil ity was measured irt accordance with T0605 of the Industry Standard JTG E20-20 1 1 Specification and Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixture lor H igh way Engineering, China,

[0039] While at least one exemplary embodiment has been presented in the foregoing detailed description, it should be appreciated that a vast number of variations exist. It .should al.so be appreciated that the exemplary embodiment or exemplary embodiments are only exampes , and are not intended to limit the scope, applicability, or configuration in arty way. Rather, the foregoi ng detailed description will provide those skilled in the art with -a convenknt road map for implementing an exemplary embodiment. It being understood that various changes may be made in the function and arrangement of elements described in an exemplary embodiment without departing from the scope as set forth in the appended claims.