|1.||steering apparatus for an autogenous cutting torch for cutting a hole of desired shape in the wall of a pipe, said steering apparatus comprising a holder arm for an autogenous cutting torch (3) and means for steering the holder arm so a to guide the autogenous cutting torch along a certain orbit, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the holder arm is an elongate axle (4) disposed on the centerline of a pipe to be cut, an autogenous cutting torch being mounted on the end of said axle and displaced from said centerline to a working distance, that holder arm (4) is arranged to be axially displaceable on a slide guide (7) by means of an actuator, and that the movement of an autogenous cutting torch crosswis relative to holder arm (4) is arranged to be effected by mean of drive and control elements engaging said holder arm at a distance from the cutting torch (3) , said elements turning the holder arm (4) around its longitudinal axis depending:.on the axial movement.|
|2.||A steering apparatus for an autogenous cutting torch as • set forth in claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the control elements, rotating holder arm (4) around its longitudinal axis and displacing it in axial direction, comprise an assembly (12) rotatable around a fixed vertical axle (13) and a slide element (10) displaceable along a transverse slide guide (9), said rotatable assembly (12) and slide element (10) being journaled (14) to each other in a manner that, while the former (12) rotates, the latter (10) travels back and forth on its slide guide (9) and simultaneou ly moves said slide guide (9) back and forth in axial direction of holder arm (4) , said slide guide (9) being lockable on holder arm (4) so as to be axially immovable, and that to holder arm (4) is secured an intermediate element (19, 20). which is in engagement with slide element (10).|
|3.||A steering apparatus as set forth in claim 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the slide guide (9) of . said slide element (10) is mounted on a frame (6) to which the slide rods (7) fo the axial slide steering of holder arm (4) are secured and to which holder arm (4) is rotatably journaled.|
|4.||A steering apparatus as set forth in any of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that said holder arm (4) carries a measuring scale (4a) selected in a manner that the position of said intermediate element (19) or frame (6) on the measuring scale determines the distance of the center of an eventual hole (2) from the back stop (1a) of a work piece.|
|5.||A steering apparatus as set forth in any of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the frame (6) , which is mounted on holder arm (4) , is fitted with a template which corresponds to the shape to be cut and whose edge is arranged to follow a rotatable, immovable magnetic roller.|
|6.||A steering apparatus as set forth in any of the preceding claims 25, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that said slide element (10) is provided with a vertically displaceable, at various levels lockable adjustment element (22) by means of which it is possible to adjust the length of the lever arm (20) of .an intermediate element (19) mounted.on the holder arm, whereby the same transverse travelling distance of slide element (10) leads to a different turning angle of holder arm (4) .|
|7.||A steering apparatus as set forth in any of the preceding claims 26, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that a pivot (14) between said rotatable assembly (12) and slide element (10) can be set at various distances (18) from the rotating axis (13) of said rotatable assembly (12) .|
|8.||A steering apparatus as set forth, in any of the preceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the. radial distan of a torch nozzle from the axial extension of holder arm (4) is adjustable.|
|9.||A steering apparatus as set forth in claim 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that slide element (10) can be locked immovably on slide guide (9) .|
|10.||A steering apparatus as set forth in any of the precedin claims, comprising a slide guide (25) perpendicular to the axial direction of holder arm (4), 'c h a r a c t e r ! z e d in that said perpendicular slide guide (25) is lockable.|
|11.||A steering apparatus as set forth in any of the precedin claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that said torch nozzle (3) is mounted at a distance from the axial extension of holder arm (4) in a manner that it is directed towards this axial extension (fig. 1A) .|
|12.||A steering apparatus as set forth in claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that said holder arm (4) is passed through a bearing (8) permitting its free rotation, that the holder arm is axially displaceable and lockable in various axially displaced positions relative to said bearing (8), said bearing (8) being mounted on a portion (6) displacing the holder arm in its axial direction.|
|13.||A steering apparatus as set forth in claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the relative dependence of rotating and axial movements of holder arm (4) is adjustable.|
|14.||A method of operating the steering apparatus for an auto¬ genous cutting torch as set forth in claim 1, c h a r a c t e i z e d in that an autogenous cutting torch (3) is pushed into the interior of a pipe (P) and holder arm (4) is set on the centerline of pipe (P) . ■ . ^..|
The present invention relates to a steering, apparatus for an autogenous cutting torch for cutting a hole of desired shape in a wall / such as the wall of a pipe or a flat sheet, said steering apparatus comprising a holder arm for the autogenou cutting torch and means for steering the holder arm so as to guide the autogenous cutting torch along a certain desired path.
Previously known is to autogenously cut out pieces of a desired template shape from a flat sheet by employing a steering device/ wherein a magnetic roller rolls along the edges of a template having desired shape while simultaneousl carrying the holder arm of an autogenous cutting torch. A drawback of this steering device is that it is only capable of cutting flat or planar sheets. However, there is a need to cut holes of various sizes both in curved wall surfaces and in the combinations of curved and flat surfaces. One example of this is cutting of an oval hole in the side of a pipe when the purpose is to form a collar for a branching joint by pulling the hole edges upwards. In this case, the hole to be cut must be oval longitudinally of the pipe in order to bring edges of the eventual collar essentially onto the same level. Another not eworthy example is cutting of check gates or manholes in the side of containers of various shapes, whereby the wall to be cut can.be partially flat and partially, e.g. at its edges, curved. Heretofore, there has not been available a steering apparatus for an autogenous cutting torch, which would be suitable for.cutting holes of desired shapes both in flat and curved wall surfaces.
An object of the invention is to eliminate this drawback and, according to the invention, this has been accomplished by means of a surprisingly simple design of a steering apparatus
A steering apparatus of the invention is characterized in that the holder arm consists of an elongate holder bar mounted for axial displacement on a slide control / the motion of an autogenous cutting torch crosswise relative to the holder arm being effected by means of steering elements engaging the holder arm at a distance from the autogenous storch, said elements rotating the holder arm around its longitudinal axis and/or displacing the holder arm cross¬ wise, supported by a. slide control perpendicular to the above-mentioned slide control.
The essence of a solution of the invention is thus the use of an elongate holder arm, said holder arm being selectively or as various combinations settable in 1) controlled axial movement, 2) rotating motion dependent on axial movement,. and 3) movement perpendicular to axial direction.
The invention will now be illustrated in more detail by means of work examples with reference made to the accompanying drawings, in which
-fig. 1 is a perspective view of a steering apparatus for an au togenous cutting torch according to a first embodimen of the invention for cutting an oval hole in a pipe.
Fig. 1A shows an alternative mounting of an autogenous torch for cutting an oval hole in the outer face of a pipe.
Fig. 2 shows a further developed embodiment capable of cuttin both oval and circular holes both in curved and flat wall .
Fig. 3 shows a detail of the steering apparatus as depicted in figures 1 and 2.
Referring to fig. 1, a pipe P is to be provided with an oval hole 2 and supported on a stand, not shown. The end of pipe
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P is placed against a back stop' la extending from the body of a steering apparatus 1. An autogenous cutting torch 3 is mounted on the end of. a holder arm 4 provided by an elongate rod, so that the radial distance of a torch nozzle from -the axial extension of holder arm 4 is adjustable for adapting the apparatus to. various pipe diameters.
Fig. 1 shows cutting of an oval hole in a pipe from the interior of the pipe. Thus, the autogenous cutting debris shall not remain inside the pipe. However, it is often preferable and, when dealing with small pipes, for practical reasons necessary to effect the cutting from the exterior of a pipe. Fig. 1 sh " ows an autogenous cutting torch 3 and its mounting arrangement for this purpose. Thus, the end of arm 4 is fitted with a radial distance .or spacer element 4a to which is secured an auxiliary arm 4b, which is parallel to arm 4 and radially spaced from the extension of the axis of arm 4. The cutting torch 3 is mounted on the end of arm 4b s that its torch nozzle will be at a desired distance from the extension of the axis of arm 4 directed towards said extension of axis.
Holder arm 4 is journaled to frames 5 and 6 to be rotatable around its axis and axially displaceable. However, the axial displacement can be locked e.g.. by means of a screw fitted in the inner rim of a bearing 8. Frames 5 and 6 are connected with each other by slide rods 7 which are axially slideably supported on the body 1 by means of slide bearings 7a.
Frame 6 carries a transverse slide rod 9 which extends through a slide hole 11 in a slide element 10.
An assembly 12, provided by a gear wheel and an arm mounted thereon, is arranged to be rotated around .a fixed vertical axle 13 by means of a small gear 17 driven by a motor 15 through a reduction gear 16. The arm of assembly 12 is articulated to slide element 10 by means of a pivot 14.
The arm of said rotatable assembly 1.2 is provided with holes 18. so that the distance of pivot 14. from axle 13 can be selected. Instead of the stepped adjustment,- it is naturally possible to use stepless slide adjustment in order to adjust the distance between axle 13. and pivot 14. r
Holder arm 4 carries an intermediate element 19 through which arm 4 is displaceable and lockable in a desired position. Thus, the intermediate element 19 and the inner rim of bearin 8 can be connected to each other so that they both can be locked on arm 4 at the same time. The cooperation between the intermediate element 19 and the slide element 10 will be further described hereinbelow with reference made to fig. 3.
I i As shown in fig. 3, the intermediate element 19 is fitted wit a lever arm 20 extending through aii adjustment element 22. The adjustment element 22 can be locked at a desired level on pins 21 projecting from the slide element 10. The adjustment element 22 is provided with a cylinder member 23 which is turnable around the longitudinal axis and through which the lever arm 20 is slideable.
Operation of the apparatus is explained in the following. The radial distance of the nozzle of an autogenous cutting torch 3 from the axial extension of holder arm 4 is adjusted according to the diameter of pipe P, i.e. to be slightly less than the internal diameter of pipe P. In the support stand, pipe P is pushed so as to surround the autogenous cutting torch 3 and the end of its holder arm 4 until it engages the back stop 1a. Holder arm 4 is displaced axially relative to frames 5 and 6 as well as relative to the intermediate element 11 until a desired distance of the center of an eventual hole 2 from back stop 1a can be verfied from a measuring scale 4a on holder arm 4. Thereafter arm 4 is locked to be axially immovable relative to frame 6 e.g. by means of a screw fitted in the inner rim of bearing 8 Motor 15 is actuated whereby, while rotating around axle 13,
said assembly 12 carries slide element 10 transversely along slide rod 9 and at. the. same time it carries- slide rod 9 together with its frame 6 and holder arm 4 in axial directio The distance between axle 13 and pivot 14 determines the length of the major axis of an oval hole 2. The level of adjustment element 22 determines- the turning angle of arm 4 or the width of hole 2. While the nozzle of an autogenous cutting torch 3 travels along the desired oval.path, the cutting flame is lit and the hole is run.
Fig. 2 shows a further development of the invention for cutting holes both in curved and flat surfaces and also in combinations of flat and curved surfaces.. For this purpose, the sliding sleeves 7a of slide rods 7 are mounted on a cradle 24 which is displaceable on slide guides 25 in a direction perpendicular to arm 4. if the movement of cradle 24 on slide rods 25 is locked, the operation complies with the case illustrated in fig. l and the apparatus can be used, as explained, to work an oval hole in the wall of a pipe P. However, if cradle 24 is released to travel on slide rods 25 and, in addition to this, the movement of slide element 10 on slide guide 9 is locked, it is possible to make circular holes in a flat sheet. The operating characteristics of the apparatus will be particularly versatile due to the fact that slide element 10 on frame 6 can be replaced by a fixed template whose outline corresponds to that of the hole to be cut.. Gear 17 is replaced by a magneticroller, said template running around the roller while the latter rotates in its fixed position. '■
Thus, the embodiment shown in fig. 2 can be used to cut circular holes in a flat sheet without a template, e.g. for making annular flanges and, by means of a template, shaped pieces of a desired pattern or outline. Thus it is preferable that removal of the pieces from the sheet can be effected without moving the latter. For this purpose, the transverse slide guides 25 are mounted on a cradle unit 26 supported on
a transverse slide guide unit 28 which, in effect, provides the actual fixed body for the apparatus; ' During the intervals between the cutting operations, said cradle ' unit 26 in arranged to move along the slide guide unit 28 e.g. over a hole distance 29, which corresponds to the distance between the pieces to be cut off the sheet.