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Title:
SUBSEA JUMPER TERMINATION WITH ACCESS INTERFACE FOR SECOND JUMPER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/175585
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention provides a jumper termination apparatus (115) for a subsea jumper flowline (114), comprising a connector (116b) for connecting to a subsea manifold, and an access interface (122) for connecting to a second jumper flowline (124).

Inventors:
DONALD, Ian (Ramstone Mill House, Monymusk Monymusk, Inverurie Aberdeenshire AB51 7JB, AB51 7JB, GB)
REID, John (Millhill Farm Cottage, Inchture Monymusk, Perthshire Tayside PH14 9SN, PH14 9SN, GB)
MCDONALD, Craig (16 Abercrombie CourtWesthill, Aberdeen Aberdeenshire AB32 6FE, AB32 6FE, GB)
Application Number:
GB2019/050711
Publication Date:
September 19, 2019
Filing Date:
March 13, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ENPRO SUBSEA LIMITED (34Albyn Place, Aberdeen Aberdeenshire AB10 1FW, Aberdeen Aberdeenshire AB10 1FW, AB10 1FW, GB)
International Classes:
E21B43/017
Domestic Patent References:
WO2018045357A12018-03-08
Foreign References:
US20050070150A12005-03-31
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LINCOLN, Matthew (Lincoln IP, 9 Victoria Street, ABERDEEN Aberdeenshire AB10 1XB, AB10 1XB, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A jumper termination apparatus for a subsea jumper flowline, the jumper termination apparatus comprising:

a body;

a jumper coupling means configured to couple the body to a jumper flowline;

a connector coupling means configured to couple the body to a subsea manifold connector; and

an access interface disposed on the body;

wherein the body defines a first flow path from a coupled jumper flowline to a coupled subsea manifold connector, and a second flow path from the access interface to the first flow path or the subsea manifold connector; and

wherein the access interface is configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline.

2. The jumper termination apparatus according to claim 1 , wherein the access interface is vertically oriented to enable access from above.

3. The jumper termination apparatus according to claim 1 , wherein the access interface is oriented on an axis inclined to the main axis of the manifold connector.

4. The jumper termination apparatus according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the jumper coupling means comprises a gooseneck section configured to be disposed between the body and the coupled jumper flowline.

5. The jumper termination apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the access interface is configured to provide access for fluid intervention or mechanical intervention operations on the flow system.

6. A jumper termination apparatus for a subsea jumper flowline, the jumper termination apparatus comprising:

a body;

a jumper coupling means configured to couple the body to a jumper flowline;

an interface coupling means configured to couple the body to an access interface of a jumper flowline termination head of a further jumper flowline.

7. The jumper termination apparatus according to claim 6, comprising a guide funnel with a cut-away or relief configured to accommodate the further jumper flowline.

8. The jumper termination apparatus according to claim 6 or claim 7, comprising a

further access interface configured for connection of a jumper termination apparatus.

9. A method of connecting subsea flowlines to a subsea manifold, the method

comprising:

providing a first jumper flowline having a first jumper termination apparatus connected to a first subsea manifold connector and comprising a first access interface;

providing a second jumper flowline having a second jumper termination apparatus; and

connecting the second jumper flowline to the subsea manifold via the access interface and the first subsea manifold connector.

10. The method according to claim 9, comprising vertically stacking the second jumper termination apparatus on the first jumper termination apparatus.

11. The method according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the second jumper termination

apparatus comprises a guide funnel, and wherein the method comprises orienting a cut-away or relief of the guide funnel to accommodate the first jumper flowline.

12. The method according to any of claims 9 to 11 , wherein the second jumper

termination apparatus comprises a second access interface, and the method comprises:

providing a further jumper flowline having a further jumper termination apparatus; and

connecting the further jumper flowline to the subsea manifold via the second access interface, the first jumper termination apparatus, and the first subsea manifold connector.

13. The method according to claim 12, wherein the further jumper termination apparatus comprises a further access interface.

14. The method according to claim 12 or claim 13, wherein the further jumper termination apparatus comprises a guide funnel, and the method comprises orienting a cut-away or relief of the guide funnel to accommodate the second jumper flowline.

15. The method according to any of claim 9 to 14, wherein the method comprises

performing fluid intervention or mechanical intervention operations on the flow system via the first access interface, and/or the second access interface and/or the further access interface.

16. The method according to claim 15, wherein fluid intervention operations are fluid intervention operations from the group comprising: fluid sampling, fluid pumping, fluid diversion, fluid recovery, fluid injection, fluid circulation, fluid measurement fluid metering, artificial/gas lift, and/or well scale squeeze operations.

17. The method according to claim 15, wherein mechanical intervention operations are cleaning and/or pigging operations.

18. A flow system for a subsea hydrocarbon production or injection installation, the flow system comprising:

a subsea manifold;

a first jumper flowline having a first jumper termination apparatus connected to a first subsea manifold connector and comprising a body and a first access interface; wherein the body defines a first flow path from the first jumper flowline to the subsea manifold connector, and a second flow path from the access interface to the first flow path or the subsea manifold connector;

and wherein the first access interface is configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline.

19. The flow system according to claim 18, wherein the subsea manifold is a collection manifold.

20. The flow system according to claim 18 or claim 19, wherein the flow system

comprises a second jumper flowline having a second jumper termination apparatus, and wherein the second jumper flowline is connected to the subsea manifold via the first access interface and the subsea manifold connector.

21. The flow system according to claim 20, wherein the first and second jumper termination apparatus are vertically stacked.

22. The flow system according to any of claims 18 to 21 , wherein the first jumper flowline and/or the second jumper flowline comprise a composite jumper flowline.

23. The flow system according to any of claims 18 to 22, wherein the first jumper flowline and/or the second jumper flowline are production jumper flowlines which facilitate production flow from respective subsea wells into the subsea manifold.

24. The flow system according to any of claims 18 to 23, wherein the subsea manifold, and the first jumper flowline and/or the second jumper flowline comprise multiple flow lines or flow bores.

25. The flow system according to 24, wherein the first jumper termination apparatus and/or second jumper termination apparatus define a further flow path or flow paths which correspond to the multiple flow lines or flow bores of the subsea manifold and the first and/or second jumper flowlines.

Description:
SUBSEA JUMPER TERMINATION WITH ACCESS INTERFACE FOR SECOND JUMPER

The present invention relates to apparatus, systems and methods for oil and gas operations. In particular, the present invention relates to apparatus, systems and methods for connecting subsea flowlines to a subsea manifold. Aspects of the invention also have application to fluid and mechanical intervention in subsea oil and gas production and injection infrastructure

Background to the invention

In the field of subsea engineering for the hydrocarbon production industry, it is known to provide flow systems comprising a subsea manifold connected to several flowlines from or to other flow infrastructure, for example from or to subsea wells. A typical subsea manifold has a plurality of spatially distributed connectors for tie-in of the flowlines, which may be jumper flowlines. During the development of subsea hydrocarbon fields, it is often the case that new hydrocarbon discoveries are made and/or further tie-ins to the flow system infrastructure are required. If an existing subsea manifold has no connectors available, new subsea infrastructure may need to be installed to enable the new well to be tied-in and to accommodate any further tie-ins which may be required in the future.

Summary of the invention

There is generally a need for a method and apparatus which addresses one or more of the problems identified above.

It is amongst the aims and objects of the invention to provide a method and/or apparatus for connecting subsea flowlines to a subsea manifold, which obviates or mitigates one or more drawbacks or disadvantages of the prior art.

Other aims and objects will become apparent from the following description.

According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of connecting subsea flowlines to a subsea manifold, the method comprising:

providing a first jumper flowline having a first jumper termination apparatus connected to a first subsea manifold connector and comprising a first access interface;

providing a second jumper flowline having a second jumper termination apparatus; and connecting the second jumper flowline to the subsea manifold via the access interface and the first subsea manifold connector.

The method may comprise stacking the second jumper termination apparatus on the first jumper termination apparatus. The method may comprise vertically stacking the second jumper termination apparatus on the first jumper termination apparatus.

The second jumper termination apparatus may comprise a second access interface, and the method may comprise:

providing a further jumper flowline having a further jumper termination apparatus; and connecting the further jumper flowline to the subsea manifold via the second access interface, the first jumper termination apparatus, and the first subsea manifold connector.

The further jumper termination apparatus may comprise a further access interface. The method may also comprise connecting the first jumper termination apparatus to the first subsea manifold connector, for example by an ROV-operated clamping action.

The method may comprise clamping the second jumper termination apparatus to the first subsea manifold connector.

The second jumper termination apparatus may comprise a guide funnel. The method may comprise orienting a cut-away or relief of the guide funnel to accommodate the first jumper flowline.

The further jumper termination apparatus may comprise a guide funnel. The method may comprise orienting a cut-away or relief of the guide funnel to accommodate the second jumper flowline.

The method may comprise performing fluid intervention or mechanical intervention operations on the flow system via the first access interface, and/or the second access interface and/or the further access interface. Fluid intervention operations may be a fluid intervention operation from the group comprising: fluid sampling, fluid pumping, fluid diversion, fluid recovery, fluid injection, fluid circulation, fluid measurement fluid metering, artificial/gas lift, and/or well scale squeeze operations. Mechanical intervention operations may be cleaning and/or pigging operations.

According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a jumper termination apparatus for a subsea jumper flowline, the jumper termination apparatus comprising: a body;

a jumper coupling means configured to couple the body to a jumper flowline;

a connector coupling means configured to couple the body to a subsea manifold connector;

and an access interface disposed on the body;

wherein the body defines a first flow path from a coupled jumper flowline to a coupled subsea manifold connector, and a second flow path from the access interface to the first flow path and/or the subsea manifold connector;

and wherein the access interface is configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline. The access interface may be vertically oriented, which may enable access from above.

The access interface may be oriented on an axis inclined to the main axis of the manifold connector, for example in a radial plane.

Alternatively, the access interface may have an axis of orientation which may be horizontal, or which may be inclined at an angle to the horizontal.

The second flow path may be inclined at an angle to the immediately adjacent portion of the jumper flowline.

The jumper flowline may comprise a composite jumper flowline.

The jumper coupling means may comprise a studded connection.

The jumper coupling means may comprise a curved gooseneck section which may be configured to be disposed between the body and the jumper flowline. The gooseneck section may be connected to the body and the jumper flowline by flanged connections.

The access interface may be configured to provide access for a fluid intervention or mechanical intervention operation on the flow system. Fluid intervention operations may be a fluid intervention operation from the group comprising: fluid sampling, fluid pumping, fluid diversion, fluid recovery, fluid injection, fluid circulation, fluid measurement fluid metering, artificial/gas lift, and/or well scale squeeze operations. Mechanical intervention operations may be cleaning and/or pigging operations.

In this context, connected means a physical interaction between two components. The connection may be directly or via an intermediate component. The access interface may be configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline directly. Alternatively, or in addition, the access interface may be configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline via a jumper termination apparatus of the second jumper flowline.

Embodiments of the second aspect of the invention may include one or more features of the first aspect of the invention or its embodiments, or vice versa. According to a third aspect of the invention, there is provided a jumper termination apparatus for a subsea jumper flowline, the jumper termination apparatus comprising: a body;

a jumper coupling means configured to couple the body to a jumper flowline;

an interface coupling means configured to couple the body to an access interface of a jumper flowline termination head of a further jumper flowline.

The jumper termination apparatus may comprise a guide funnel, and/or may comprise a cut-away or relief configured to accommodate the further jumper flowline. The cut-away or relief may be in the guide funnel.

The jumper termination apparatus may comprise a further access interface, which may be configured for connection of a jumper termination apparatus. The further access interface may be configured to provide access for a fluid intervention or mechanical intervention operation on the flow system.

Embodiments of the third aspect of the invention may include one or more features of the first or second aspects of the invention or their embodiments, or vice versa.

According to a fourth aspect of the invention, there is provided a flow system for a subsea hydrocarbon production or injection installation, the flow system comprising:

a subsea manifold;

a first jumper flowline having a first jumper termination apparatus connected to a first subsea manifold connector and comprising a body and a first access interface;

wherein the body defines a first flow path from the first jumper flowline to the subsea manifold connector, and a second flow path from the access interface to the first flow path and/or the subsea manifold connector;

and wherein the first access interface is configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline.

The subsea manifold may be a collection manifold.

The first subsea manifold connector may be a male connector. The first jumper termination apparatus may comprise a connector coupling means for connecting the first jumper termination apparatus to the first subsea manifold connector. The connector coupling means may be a female connector.

The flow system may comprise a second jumper flowline having a second jumper termination apparatus, wherein the second jumper flowline is connected to the subsea manifold via the first access interface and the subsea manifold connector.

The first and second jumper termination apparatus may be stacked. The first and second jumper termination apparatus may be vertically stacked.

The first and/or second jumper flowlines may comprise a composite jumper flowline.

The first and/or second jumper flowlines may be production jumper flowlines which may facilitate production flow from respective subsea wells into the subsea manifold.

The subsea manifold, and the first and/or second jumper flowlines may comprise multiple flow lines or flow bores. The first and/or second jumper termination apparatus may define a further flow path or flow paths which correspond to the multiple flow lines or flow bores of the subsea manifold and the first and/or second jumper flowlines.

Embodiments of the fourth aspect of the invention may include one or more features of the first to third aspects of the invention or their embodiments, or vice versa.

According to a fifth aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of connecting subsea flowlines to a subsea manifold, the method comprising:

providing a first jumper flowline having a first jumper termination apparatus configured to be connected to a subsea manifold connector and comprising a first access interface; providing a second jumper flowline having a second jumper termination apparatus configured to be connected to an access interface;

connecting the second jumper termination apparatus of the second jumper flowline to the first access interface of the first jumper termination apparatus; and

connecting the first jumper termination apparatus of the first jumper flowline to a subsea manifold connector. Embodiments of the fifth aspect of the invention may include one or more features of the first to fourth aspects of the invention or their embodiments, or vice versa.

Brief description of the drawings

There will now be described, by way of example only, various embodiments of the invention with reference to the drawings, of which:

Figures 1 A and 1 B are perspective views of a prior art subsea production manifold tie-in system, respectively before and after connection of a jumper flowline;

Figures 2A to 2C are perspective views of a subsea production manifold tie-in system according to an embodiment of the invention, in various conditions;

Figure 3 is a side view of a jumper flowline termination according to an alternative embodiment of the invention; and

Figure 4 is a side view of a jumper flowline termination according to a further alternative embodiment of the invention.

Detailed description of preferred embodiments

Referring firstly to Figures 1A and 1 B, there is shown, generally at 10 a subsea production manifold tie-in system according to the prior art. The system comprises a subsea manifold 12, which in this example is a collection manifold comprising a plurality of proprietary subsea connectors 16a for the connection of production jumper flowlines 14 from respective subsea wells. The subsea connectors 16a are male connectors of a proprietary vertical tie-in connection system, of which there are several types in the industry, and the jumper flowlines 14 are terminated with a jumper termination head comprising a corresponding female proprietary connector 16b. In this embodiment, the flowline being tied-in is a vertically-deployed jumper flowline 14. Figure 1A shows the system prior to the connection being made-up, and Figure 1 B shows the connection made up such that production flow from the jumper flowline can enter the manifold for onward processing, production, or transportation.

The manifold 12 also comprises a number of other connectors 16a, each available to be connected to connectors on additional jumper flowlines from other subsea wells. Subsea manifolds of this type can therefore accommodate a number of jumper flowlines, determined by the number of connectors on the manifold. However, during the

development of subsea hydrocarbon fields, it is often the case that new hydrocarbon discoveries are made and/or further tie-ins to the production infrastructure are required. If an existing subsea production manifold has no connectors available, new subsea infrastructure must be installed to enable the new well to be tied-back and to

accommodate any further tie-ins which may be required in the future.

Referring now to Figures 2A, 2B and 2C, a subsea production manifold tie-in system according to an embodiment of the invention is shown generally at 110. The manifold 110 is the same as the manifold 10 of Figures 1A and 1 B, and comprises a number of connectors 16a for connection of jumper flowlines. However, the connection system between the jumper flowlines and the manifold is modified to provide additional flexibility of operation and/or increased connection capability, as will be described below.

In this embodiment of the invention, the jumper flowline is terminated in a modified connector assembly 115, comprising female connector 116b and access interface 122.

The female connector 116b is similar to the connector 16b, and enables the jumper flowline 114 and the manifold to be fluidly coupled to a manifold connector 16a. The access interface 122 comprises an additional access bore 117 which enables fluid and/or mechanical access to the inlet bore of the connector 16a, even after make-up with the jumper flowline 114. The access bore is at an angle to the immediately adjacent portion of the jumper flowline, and in this embodiment is vertically oriented to enable access from above.

Figure 2B shows the connection between the jumper flowline 114 and the manifold after it is made up, by engagement of the connector 16a and the connector 116b. The system 110 also includes a second jumper flowline 124, terminated in a termination head 125 comprising a connector portion 126 configured for connection to the access bore 117 of the access interface 122. The connector portion 126 comprises a guide funnel 127 comprising a cut out profile 128, such that the guide funnel can be placed over the access interface 122 with the cut-out profile accommodating the installed jumper flowline 114.

Internal to the guide funnel is a bore connection which enables the jumper flowline to be placed in fluid communication with the access bore 117. An external clamp mechanism 129, operable by an ROV, enables the connection to be made up as shown in Figure 2C. The system 110 therefore comprises a dual jumper connection to a single manifold connector 16a, with the jumper terminations connected to the manifold in a vertically stacked arrangement. The system therefore increases the number of jumper flowlines that may be connected to the manifold, and/or alternatively provides flexible connection locations for jumper flowlines on the manifold. Such a configuration increases the connection capacity of existing subsea flow systems, reducing the requirement for additional subsea infrastructure.

The foregoing embodiment shows the vertically-stacked connection of a pair of vertically- deployed conventional steel jumper flowlines onto a single proprietary connector on a subsea manifold. However, it would be appreciated that alternative configurations of jumper system may be used within the scope of the invention. For example, the access interface may be oriented on an axis inclined to the main axis of the manifold connector, for example in a radial plane. The principles of the invention may be applied to horizontal manifold connectors or inclined manifold connectors, and/or the access interface may have an axis of orientation which is vertical, horizontal, or inclined.

Alternative embodiments of the invention may use alternative materials for the jumper system, and/or alternative geometries or configurations of the connection system in order to facilitate the connection of two jumper flowlines to a single manifold connector.

Figure 3 is an example of a jumper connection systems, generally depicted at 300, having a jumper termination head and jumper arrangement, where the jumper flowline 314 is a composite jumper flowline provided with a studded inlet connection 315 to a body supporting the access interface 322. As with previous embodiments, the access interface 322 is arranged above a female connector 316 with an external clamp 318, and is designed to connect onto a corresponding proprietary connector of the manifold. By using a composite material for the jumper flowline 314, the overall weight of the jumper flowline and connector system may be reduced, compared to the weight of a conventional steel jumper flowline. This reduces the static load on the connector and manifold. In addition, the increased flexibility of the composite jumper flowline compared with the conventional steel jumper flowline may reduce the dynamic load on the connector and manifold.

Figure 4 is a side view of a further alternative embodiment of the invention. In this embodiment, the connector and jumper flowline system, generally shown at 400, comprises a composite jumper flowline 414 connected to a block supporting an access interface 422 above connector 416 with an external clamp 418. In this embodiment, the composite jumper flowline forms a flanged connection 415 with a rigid, curved gooseneck section 413 disposed between the block and the jumper flowline. The system 400 offers the load reduction benefits of the system 300, and the gooseneck portion may provide an improved position of the composite jumper flowline, and further reduce the static and/or dynamic loads on the connector and manifold.

The load reduction benefits described above maybe significant in some applications of the invention to mitigate the effect of increased loads due to additional connectors connecting at a single point on the manifold. Alternatively, or in addition, the load reduction benefits may enable landing and/or installation of additional equipment on the manifold before its load bearing capacity is exceeded.

Although the foregoing embodiments show a pair of vertically stacked jumper connectors, it will be appreciated that alternative embodiments of the invention, three or more jumper flowlines may be connected onto a single manifold connector, for example by vertical stacking of third and further jumper termination heads. In an embodiment, this can be implemented by providing a second jumper termination head with a second access interface, configured for the connection of a further jumper termination head. Third and further jumper termination heads maybe similarly configured to enable continuing connection (e.g. by stacking) of jumper flowlines on a single manifold connector. In such implementations of the invention, reducing the static or dynamic loads by the use of composite jumper flowlines and/or flowline geometries may be beneficial.

In further alternative embodiments of the invention, the access interface of a jumper termination head may be used to provide access for a fluid intervention or mechanical intervention operation. Such fluid intervention operations may be selected from (but are not limited to) fluid sampling, fluid pumping, fluid diversion, fluid recovery, fluid injection, fluid circulation, fluid measurement fluid metering, artificial/gas lift, and/or well scale squeeze operations. Mechanical intervention operations include but are not restricted to cleaning and/or pigging operations.

The jumper termination head may be a modified jumper termination head, modified to include the access interface and a flow path connecting the access interface to the subsea manifold connector or a flow path between the subsea manifold connector and the jumper flowline coupling. Alternatively, the system may be provided with an adaptor hub which is configured to be connected between the jumper flowline and the subsea manifold connector (for example between the jumper termination head and the subsea manifold connector, or between the jumper termination head), and which provides the access interface. The invention may therefore extend to a jumper termination head assembly comprising an adaptor hub and a conventional jumper termination head.

In a further alternative embodiment, the jumper termination head, or jumper termination head assembly, may comprise multiple flow lines or flow bores extending therethrough, to correspond to multiple flow lines or flow bores present in the flow system. For example, a connector on the subsea manifold may incorporate production flow lines and injection or artificial lift flow lines, and the jumper may be similarly configured. The jumper flowline connection system may comprise a set of parallel flow lines configured for connection of the respective lines between the subsea tree and the jumper, and at least one of the parallel flow lines may be provided with an access interface for another flow stream directed in or out of the flow system (e.g. production fluid being brought in from another subsea tree), or as an access interface for fluid or mechanical intervention as described above.

The invention provides a jumper termination apparatus for a subsea jumper flowline, a flow system for a subsea hydrocarbon production or injection installation incorporating such a jumper termination apparatus, and a method of use. The jumper termination apparatus comprises a body, a jumper coupling means configured to couple the body to a jumper flowline, and a connector coupling means configured to couple the body to a subsea manifold connector. An access interface is disposed on the body. The body defines a first flow path from a coupled jumper flowline to a coupled subsea manifold connector, and a second flow path from the access interface to the first flow path or the subsea manifold connector. The access interface is configured to be connected to a second jumper flowline. A flow system comprises a subsea manifold and a first jumper flowline having a first jumper termination apparatus connected to a first subsea manifold connector, and may also comprise a second jumper flowline having a second jumper termination apparatus, wherein the second jumper flowline is connected to the subsea manifold via the first access interface and the subsea manifold connector. In another aspect, the invention provides a jumper termination apparatus for a subsea jumper flowline comprising a body, a jumper coupling means configured to couple the body to a jumper flowline; and an interface coupling means configured to couple the body to an access interface of a jumper flowline termination head of a further jumper flowline.

The invention facilitates connection of multiple flowlines, for example by daisy-chaining flowlines, into flow systems with a limited number of connection locations, reducing the requirement to add subsea flow infrastructure.

Various modifications to the above-described embodiments may be made within the scope of the invention, and the invention extends to combinations of features other than those expressly recited herein.