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Title:
SUBSTITUTED BIPHENYL SULFONAMIDE ENDOTHELIN ANTAGONISTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1998/004260
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Compounds of formula (I) inhibit the activity of endothelin. The symbols are defined as follows: R?1� and R?2� are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl or alkoxy; (c) hydroxyl; (d) halo; or (e) amino; R?3� and R?4� are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z?1�, Z?2� and Z?3�; (c) halo; (d) hydroxyl; (e) cyano; (f) nitro; (g) -C(O)H or -C(O)R?5�; (h) -CO�2?H or -CO�2?R?5�; (i) -Z?4�-NR?6�R?7�; (j) -Z?4�-N(R?10�)-Z?5�-NR?8�R?9�; or (k) R?3� and R?4� together may also be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z?1�, Z?2� and Z?3�, completing a 4- to 8-membered saturated, unsaturated or aromatic ring together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached; and the remaining symbols are as defined in the specification.

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Inventors:
MURUGESAN NATESAN
BARRISH JOEL C
STEIN PHILIP D
Application Number:
PCT/US1997/012180
Publication Date:
February 05, 1998
Filing Date:
July 15, 1997
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SQUIBB BRISTOL MYERS CO (US)
International Classes:
A61K31/505; A61K31/525; A61K45/06; C07D405/00; C07D409/00; C07D413/12; C07D413/14; (IPC1-7): A61K31/44; A61K31/495; A61K31/50; A61K31/505; C07D401/10; C07D413/10
Foreign References:
US5378715A1995-01-03
US5514696A1996-05-07
US5571821A1996-11-05
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Babajko, Suzanne E. (Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, P.O. Box 4000 Princeton, NJ, 08543-4000, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is :
1. A compound of the formula or an enantiomer, diastereomer or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein: one of X and Y is N and the other is 0; R! and R2 are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl or alkoxy; (c) hydroxyl; (d) halo; or (e) amino; R3 and R4 are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3; (c) halo; (d) hydroxyl; (e) cyano; (f) nitro; (g) C (0) H or C (0) R5 ; (h) C02H or CO2R5 ; (i) Z NR6R7; or (j) Z N(R10)Z5NR8R9; or (k) R3 and R4 together may also be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3, completing a 4 to 8 membered saturated, unsaturated or aromatic ring together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached; R5 is alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z3; R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each independently (a) hydrogen; or (b) alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z3; or R6 and R7 together may be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z , completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; or any two of R8, R9 and R^O together are alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z3, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; R11, R12, Ri3 and R^4 are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3 , (c) heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or heterocyclooxy; (d) halo; (e) hydroxyl; (f) cyano; (g) nitro; (h) C(0)H or C(0)R5; (i) C02H or C02R5; (j) SH, S(0)nR5, S(0)m0H, S(0)m0R5, 0S(0)mOR5, 0S(0)m0H or 0S(0)m0R5; (k) Z4NR6R7; or (1) Z4N(R10)Z5NR8R9; Z1, Z2 and Z3 are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) halo; (c) hydroxy; (d) alkyl; (e) alkenyl; (f) aryl; (g) aralkyl; (h) alkoxy; (i) aryloxy; (j) aralkoxy; (k) heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or heterocyclooxy; (1) SH, S(0)nZ6, S(0)mOH, S(0)m0Z6, 0S(0)m Z6, 0S(0)m0H or OS (0)m0Z6; (m) oxo; (n) nitro; (o) cyano; (p) C(0)H or C(0)Z6; (q) C02H or CO2Z6; (r) Z NZ7Z8; (s) Z N(Z1:L)Z5H; (t) Z N(Z1:L)Z5Z6; or (u) Z N(Z1:L)Z5NZ7Z8; Z4 and Z^ are each independently (a) a single bond; (b) Z9S (0) nZ10 ; ( c ) Z9C (0) Z10 ; (d) Z9C ( S ) Z10 ; (e) _z9_OZ10_ ; ( f ) _Z9_S_Z10_ . (g) Z90C ( 0) Z10 or (h) Z9C (0) 0Z10 Z^ is alkyl; alkyl substituted with one to three groups selected from halogen, aryl, aryloxy and alkoxy; alkenyl; alkynyl; cycloalkyl; cycloalkyl substituted with one to three groups selected from alkyl, aryl, alkenyl and alkoxyaryl; cycloalkyl to which is fused a benzene ring; aryloxy substituted with one or two halogens; cycloalkylalkyl; cycloalkenyl; cycloalkenylalkyl; aryl; aryl substituted with methylenedioxy or one to four groups selected from alkyl, dialkylamino, cyano, halogen, trihaloalkyl, alkoxy and trihaloalkoxy; or heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo; Z7 and Z8 are each independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, or Z7 and Z8 together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; Z9 and Z^O are each independently a single bond, alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene; Zll is (a) hydrogen; or (b) alkyl, alkyl substituted with one, two or three halogens, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl; or any two of Z7, Z8 and Z1! together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; J, K, L, T and U are each independently N or C, provided that at least one is N, and at most two are N; and when only one of J, K, L, T and U is N, the N may be substituted with <> so that an Noxide is formed; each m is independently 1 or 2; each n is independently 0, 1 or 2; and p is 0 or an integer from 1 to 2.
2. A compound of Claim 1, where the ring containing U, T, L, K and J is a pyridine, pyrimidine or pyrazine ring.
3. A compound of Claim 2, wherein the ring containing U, T, L, K and J is a 2pyrimidine ring.
4. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R and R2 are each independently hydrogen, alkyl or alkoxy.
5. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R3 and R4 are each independently alkyl.
6. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R^ and R2 are each independently hydrogen or alkoxy; and R3 and R4 are each independently alkyl.
7. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen or lower alkoxy.
8. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R3 and R4 are each independently alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms.
9. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R3 and R4 are each methyl.
10. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R^ and R2 are each independently hydrogen or lower alkoxy; and R3 and R4 are each independently alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms.
11. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R^ and R2 are each independently hydrogen or lower alkoxy; and R3 and R4 are each methyl.
12. >.
13. A compound of Claim 1, wherein p is 0.
14. A compound of Claim 1, wherein p is 0; R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen or lower alkoxy; and R3 and R4 are each methyl.
15. A compound of Claim 1, wherein R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen or lower alkoxy; R3 and R4 are each methyl; R11, R12, R13 and R14 are each hydrogen, CHO or substituted alkyl; and p is 0.
16. A compound of Claim 14, wherein R^1, R12, R13 and R^4 are each hydrogen.
17. A compound of Claim 14, wherein R12, R13 and R14 are each hydrogen and R^ is substituted alkyl.
18. A compound of Claim 16, wherein R^ is alkyl substituted with heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or Z N(Z1:L)Z5Z6.
19. A compound of Claim 1, selected from the group consisting of: N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(2pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(2pyridinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N(3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(3pyridinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; 5 4'(4, 6Dimethoxy2pyrimidinyl)N (3,4dimethyl5 isoxazolyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N(3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(4pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(2pyrazinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(5pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(2pyridinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide, N4'oxide; N(3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4'(6methoxy2 pyridinyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N [ [2'[ [ (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl] 4 (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2yl]methyl]N methylcyclohexanepropanamide; N[ [2 '[ [ (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl] 4 (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2yl]methyl]N methylcyclohexaneacetamide; N [ [2 '[ [ (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl] 4 (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2yl]methyl]N methylbenzenepropanamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl) 2'[ (3,3dimethyl2oxo 1pyrrolidinyl)methyl]4' (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2 sulfonamide; and N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)2[ [methyl(2,2,2 trifluoroethyl)amino]methyl]4'(2pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide.
20. A compound of Claim 1, selected from the group consisting of: N [ [2'[ [ (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl]4(2 pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl] 2yl]methyl]Nmethyl2 thiophenebutanamide; N(3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)2'[ [ (4 methoxyphenyl)methylamino]methyl]4'(2pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)2'formyl4'(2 pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl]2sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl) 2 ' [ (methylamino)methyl] 4 ' (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl] 2sulfonamide; N [ [2 ' [ [ (3, 4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)amino] sulfonyl] 4 (2 pyridinyl) [1,1' biphenyl] 2y1]methyl] N, 3, 3 trimethylbutanamide; N (4, 5Dimethyl3isoxazolyl) 2 ' [ (3, 3dimethyl2oxol pyrrolidinyl)methyl] 4 ' (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl] 2 sulfonamide; N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl) 2 ' [ (3, 3dimethyl2oxol pyrrolidinyl)methyl]4 ' (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1'biphenyl] 2 sulfonamide; N [ [2 ' [ [ (4, 5Dimethyl3isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl] 4 ' (2pyrimidinyl) [1,1* biphenyl] 2y1]methyl] ,3, 3 trimethylbutanamide; N (4, 5Dimethyl3isoxazolyl)4'(2pyrimidinyl)2 ' [ [3 (trifluoromethyl) lHpyrazol1yl]methyl] [1,1' biphenyl] 2 sulfonamide; and N (3,4Dimethyl5isoxazolyl)4' (2pyrimidinyl) 2 ' [ [3 (trifluoromethyl) lHpyrazol1yl]methyl] [1,1'biphenyl] 2 sulfonamide.
21. A method of treating endothelinrelated disorders in a mammal, which comprises administering to said mammal an effective endothelinrelated disorder treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
22. A method of treating hypertension, which comprises administering an effective hypertension treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
23. A method of treating pulmonary hypertension, which comprises administering an effective pulmonary hypertension treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
24. A method of treating renal, glomerular or mesangial cell disorders, which comprises administering an effective renal, glomerular or mesangial cell disorder treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
25. A method of treating endotoxemia, which comprises administering an effective endotoxemia treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
26. A method of treating ischemia, which comprises administering an effective ischemia treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
27. A method of inhibiting cell growth, which comprises administering an effective cell growth inhibiting amount of a compound of Claim 1.
28. A method of treating atherosclerosis, which comprises administering an effective atherosclerosis treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
29. A method of treating restenosis, which comprises administering an effective restenosis treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
30. A method of treating subarachnoid hemorrhage, which comprises administering an effective subarachnoid hemorrhage treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
31. A method of treating benign prostatic hypertrophy, which comprises administering a benign prostatic hypertrophy treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
32. A method of treating congestive heart failure, which comprises administering a congestive heart failure treating amount of a compound of Claim 1.
33. The method of claim 20, wherein said compound of Claim 1 is used in combination with at least one angiotensin II (All) receptor antagonist, renin inhibitor, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, or dual neutral endopeptidase (NEP)ACE inhibitor.
34. A pharmaceutical composition for the treatment of an endothelinrelated disorder, comprising a compound of Claim 1 in an amount effective therefor and a physiologically acceptable vehicle or carrier.
35. A pharmaceutical composition of Claim 33, further comprising at least one angiotensin II (All) receptor antagonist, renin inhibitor, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, or dual neutral endopeptidase (NEP)ACE inhibitor.
36. A compound of the formula or an enantiomer, diastereomer or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein: one of X and Y is N and the other is 0; R1 and R2 are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl or alkoxy, (c) hydroxyl; (d) halo; or (e) amino; R3 and R4 are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3; (c) halo; (d) hydroxyl; (e) cyano; (f) nitro; (g) C(0)H or C(0)R5; (h) C02H or C02R5; (i) Z NR6R7; or (j) Z4N(R10)Z5NR8R9; or (k) R3 and R4 together may also be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3 , completing a 4 to 8 membered saturated, unsaturated or aromatic ring together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached; R5 is alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z3; R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each independently (a) hydrogen; or (b) alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z ; or R6 and R7 together may be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3 , completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; or any two of R8, R9 and R10 together are alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z3, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; Rll R12 R13 an(*j R14 are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z , (c) halo; (d) hydroxyl; (e) cyano; (f) nitro; (g) C(0)H or C(0)R5; (h) C02H or CO2R5; (i) SH, S(0)nR5, S(0)m0H, S(0)mOR5, 0S(0) OR5, 0S(0)m0H or 0S(0)m0R5; (j) Z NR6R7; or (k) Z4N(R10)Z5NR8R9; Z^, Z2 and Z3 are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) halo; (c) hydroxy; (d) alkyl; (e) alkenyl; (f) aralkyl; (g) alkoxy; (h) aryloxy; (i) aralkoxy; (j) SH, S(0)nZ6, S(0)mOH, S(0)mOZ6, 0S(0)m Z6, 0S(0)mOH or OS(0)m0Z6; (k) oxo; (1) nitro; (m) cyano; (n) C(0)H or C(0)Z6; (o) C02H or C02Z6; (p) Z4NZ7Z8; (q) Z4N(Z1:L)Z5Z6; or (r) Z N(Z1;L)Z5NZ7Z8; Z4 and Z^ are each independently (a) a single bond; (b) Z9S(0)nZ10; (c) Z9C(0)Z10; (d) Z9C(S)Z10; (e) Z90zlO; (f) Z9SZ10; (g) Z90C(0)Z10; or (h) Z9C(0)0Z10; Z6 is alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl; Z7 and Z8 are each independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl or Z7 and Z8 together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; Z9 and Z1^ are each independently a single bond, alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene; Zl is (a) hydrogen; or (b) alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl; or any two of Z7, Z8 and Z11 together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; J, K, L, T and U are each independently N or C, provided that at least one is N, and at most two are N; and when only one of J, K, L, T and U is N, the N may be substituted with ~0 so that an Noxide is formed; each is independently 1 or 2; each n is independently 0, 1 or 2; and p is 0 or an integer from 1 to 2.
37. A compound of the formula or an enantiomer, diastereomer or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein: one of X and Y is N and the other is O; R and R2 are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl or alkoxy; (c) hydroxyl; (d) halo; or (e) amino; R3 and R4 are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3; (c) halo; (d) hydroxyl; (e) cyano; (f) nitro; (g) C(0)H or C(0)R5; (h) CO2H or C02R5; (i) Z4NR6R7; or (j) Z4N(R10)Z5NR8R9; or (k) R3 and R4 together may also be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with zl, Z2 and Z3, completing a 4 to 8 membered saturated, unsaturated or aromatic ring together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached; R5 is alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3; R6, R7. R8 R9 an(j RIO are each independently (a) hydrogen; or (b) alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3 , or R6 and R7 together may be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z , completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; or any two of R8, R9 and R^υ together are alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z^, Z2 and Z3, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; R11, R1 , R!3 and R^ are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z1, Z2 and Z3, (c) heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or heterocyclooxy; (d) halo; (e) hydroxyl; (f) cyano; (g) nitro; (h) C(0)H or C(0)R5; (i) C02H or CO2R5; (j) SH, S(0)nR5, S(0)mOH, S(0)mOR5, 0S(0)m0R5, 0S(0)mOH or 0S(0)mOR5; (k) Z NR6R7; or (1) Z N(R10)Z5NR8R9; Z1, Z2 and Z3 are each independently (a) hydrogen; (b) halo; (c) hydroxy; (d) alkyl; (e) alkenyl; (f) aryl; (g) aralkyl; (h) alkoxy; (i) aryloxy; (j) aralkoxy; (k) heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or heterocyclooxy; (1) SH, S(0)nZ6, S(0)πι0H, S(O)m0Z6, 0S(0)m Z6, 0S(0)mOH or 0S(0)mOZ6; (m) oxo; (n) nitro; (o) cyano; (p) C(0)H or C(0)Z6; (q) CO2H or CO2Z6; (r) Z4NZ7Z8; (s) Z N(Z1:L)Z5H; (t) Z4N(Z1:L)Z Z6; or (U) Z N(Z1:L)Z5NZ7Z8; Z4 and Z^ are each independently (a) a single bond; (b) Z9S(0)nZ10; (c) Z9C(0)Z10; (d) Z9C(S)Z10; (e) Z90Z10; (f) Z9SZ10; (g) 7Z90C(0)Z10; or (h) Z9C(0)0Z10; Z6 is alkyl, alkyl substituted with one, two or three halogens, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryl substituted with one, two or three halogens, aryl substituted with trihaloalkyl, or aralkyl; Z7 and Z8 are each independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl or Z7 and Z8 together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; Z9 and Z1^ are each independently a single bond, alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene; Zll is (a) hydrogen; or (b) alkyl, alkyl substituted with one, two or three halogens, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl; or any two of Z7 , Z8 and Z^ together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3 to 8membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; J, K, L, T and U are each independently N or C, provided that at least one is N, and at most two are N; and when only one of J, K, L, T and U is N, the N may be substituted with r<■O; so that an Noxide is formed; each m is independently 1 or 2; each n is independently 0, 1 or 2; and p is 0 or an integer from 1 to 2.
Description:
SUBSTITUTED BIPHENYL SULFONAMIDE ENDOTHELIN

ANTAGONISTS

This invention relates to endothelin antagonists useful, inter alia, for treatment of hypertension.

Compounds of the formula

I

its enantiomers and diastereomers, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof are endothelin receptor antagonists useful, inter alia, as antihypertensive agents. Throughout this specification, the above symbols are defined as follows: one of X and Y is N and the other is 0;

R! and R^ are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently

(a) hydrogen;

(b) alkyl or alkoxy; (c) hydroxyl;

(d) halo; or

(e) amino;

R^ and R^ are each directly bonded to a ring carbon and are each independently (a) hydrogen;

(b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or

aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z 1 , Z 2 and Z 3 ;

(c) halo;

(d) hydroxyl; (e) cyano;

(f) nitro;

(g) -C(0)H or -C(0)R 5 ; (h) -C02H or -CO2R 5 ; (i) -Z 4 -NR 6 R 7 ; or (j) -Z -N(R 10 )-Z 5 -NR 8 R 9 ; or

(k) R 3 and R 4 together may also be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with zl, Z 2 and Z 3 , completing a 4- to 8- membered saturated, unsaturated or aromatic ring together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached; R5 is alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z 1 , Z 2 and Z 3 ;

R 6 , R 7 , R 8 , R 9 and R^O are each independently

(a) hydrogen; or

(b) alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, any of which may be substituted with Z 1 , Z 2 and Z 3 ; or

R 6 and R 7 together may be alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z^, Z 2 and Z 3 , completing a 3- to 8-membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; or any two of R 8 , R 9 and R 10 together are alkylene or alkenylene, either of which may be substituted with Z^, Z 2 and Z 3 , completing a 3- to 8-membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; R 11 , R 12 , R 13 and R 14 are each independently

(a) hydrogen;

(b) alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy,

cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, - cycloalkenyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl, aryloxy, aralkyl or aralkoxy, any of which may be substituted with Z^, Z 2 and Z 3 , (c) heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or heterocyclooxy;

(d) halo;

(e) hydroxyl;

(f) cyano; (g) nitro;

(h) -C(0)H or -C(0)R 5 ;

(i) -C02H or -CO2R 5 ;

(j) -SH, -S(0) n R 5 , -S(0) m -0H, -S(0) m -OR 5 , -0-S(0) m -OR 5 , -0-S(0) m OH or -0-S(0) m -OR 5 ;

(k) -Z -NR 6 R 7 ; or

(1) -Z -N(R 10 )-Z 5 -NR 8 R 9 ;

Z^, Z 2 and Z 3 are each independently

(a) hydrogen; (b) halo;

(c) hydroxy;

(d) alkyl;

(e) alkenyl;

(f) aryl; (g) aralkyl;

(h) alkoxy;

(i) aryloxy;

(j) aralkoxy;

(k) heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or heterocyclooxy;

(1) -SH, -S(0) n Z 6 , -S(0) m -OH, -S(0)m-OZ 6 , -0-S(0) ra - Z 6 , -0-S(0) m OH or -0-S(0) -0Z 6 ;

(m) oxo;

(n) nitro; (o) cyano;

(p) -C(0)H or -C(0)Z 6 ;

(q) -C02H or -CO2Z 6 ;

(r) -Z -NZ 7 Z 8 ;

(s) -Z -N(Z 11 )-Z 5 -H;

(t) -Z 4 -N(Z 1:L )-Z 5 -Z 6 ; or

(u) -Z -N(Z 1:1 -)-Z 5 -NZ 7 Z 8 ; Z 4 and Z^ are each independently

(a) a single bond;

(b) -Z 9 -S(0) n -Z 10 -;

(c) -Z 9 -C(0)-Z 10 -;

(d) -Z 9 -C(S)-Z 10 -; (e) -Z 9 -O-Z 1 0-;

(f) -Z 9 -S-Z 10 -;

(g) -Z 9 -0-C(0)-Z 10 -; or (h) -Z 9 -C<0)-0-Z 10 -;

Z^ is alkyl; alkyl substituted with one to three groups selected from halogen, aryl, aryloxy and alkoxy; alkenyl; alkynyl; cycloalkyl; cycloalkyl substituted with one to three groups selected from alkyl, aryl, alkenyl and alkoxyaryl; cycloalkyl to which is fused a benzene ring; aryloxy substituted with one or two halogens; cycloalkylalkyl; cycloalkenyl; cycloalkenylalkyl; aryl; aryl substituted with methylenedioxy or one to four groups selected from alkyl, dialkylamino, cyano, halogen, trihaloalkyl, alkoxy and trihaloalkoxy; or heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo; Z 7 and Z 8 are each independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl, or Z 7 and Z 8 together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3- to 8-membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached; Z 9 and Z 1 ^ are each independently a single bond, alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene; Zll is

(a) hydrogen; or

(b) alkyl, alkyl substituted with one, two or three halogens, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, aryl or aralkyl;

or any two of Z 7 , Z 8 and Z^ together are alkylene or alkenylene, completing a 3- to 8-membered saturated or unsaturated ring together with the atoms to which they are attached; J, K, L, T and U are each independently N or C, provided that at least one is N, and at most two are N; and when only one of J, K, L, T and U is N, the N may be substituted with ~ v so that an N-oxide is formed; each m is independently 1 or 2; each n is independently 0, 1 or 2; and p is 0 or an integer from 1 to 2.

For compound I, it is preferred that: the heterocyclic ring containing U, T, L, K and J is a pyridine (such as a 2- or 3-pyridine) , pyrimidine (such as a 2-, 4- or 5-pyrimidine) , or pyrazine (such as a 2- pyrazine) ring;

R! and R 2 are each independently hydrogen, alkyl or alkoxy; R 3 and R 4 are each independently alkyl;

RU, R1 2 , R1 and R 14 are each hydrogen, -CHO or substituted alkyl, especially where R^ 2 , R 13 and R 14 are each hydrogen and R^ is alkyl substituted with heterocycle, substituted heterocycle or -Z 4 -N(Z 1:L )-Z 5 -Z 6 ; and p is 0.

Most preferred compounds are those wherein: the heterocyclic ring containing U, T, L, K and J is a 2-pyrimidine ring; R! and R 2 are each independently lower alkoxy or hydrogen; and

R 3 and R 4 are each independently lower alkyl, especially methyl.

Listed below are definitions of terms used in this specification. These definitions apply to the terms as used throughout this specification, individually or as part

of another group, unless otherwise limited in specific instances.

The term "alkyl" or "alk-" refers to straight or branched chain hydrocarbon groups having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 7 carbon atoms. The expression "lower alkyl" refers to alkyl groups of 1 to 4 carbon atoms. The term "haloalkyl" refers to alkyl groups substituted by one or more, such as 1 to 3, halogens.

The term "alkoxy" refers to alkyl-O-. The expression "lower alkoxy" refers to lower alkyl-O-.

The term "aryl" or "ar-" refers to phenyl, naphthyl and biphenyl.

The term "alkenyl" refers to straight or branched chain hydrocarbon groups of 2 to 10 carbon atoms having at least one double bond. Groups of two to four carbon atoms are preferred.

The term "alkynyl" refers to straight or branched chain groups of 2 to 10 carbon atoms having at least one triple bond. Groups of two to four carbon atoms are preferred.

The term "alkylene" refers to a straight chain bridge of 1 to 5 carbon atoms connected by single bonds (e.g., - (CH2)χ- wherein x is 1 to 5) , which may be substituted with

1 to 3 lower alkyl groups. The term "alkenylene" refers to a straight chain bridge of 2 to 5 carbon atoms having one or two double bonds that is connected by single bonds and may be substituted with 1 to 3 lower alkyl groups. Exemplary alkenylene groups are -CH=CH-CH=CH-, -CH2-CH=CH-, -CH2-CH=CH-CH2-, -C(CH3)2CH=CH- and -CH(C2Hs)-CH=CH-. The term "alkynylene" refers to a straight chain bridge of 2 to 5 carbon atoms that has a triple bond therein, is connected by single bonds, and may be substituted with 1 to 3 lower alkyl groups. Exemplary alkynylene groups are -C≡C-, -CH2-C_=C-_ -CH(CH3)-CSC- and -C≡C-CH(C2H5)CH2-*

The term "alkanoyl" refers to groups of the formula -C(0)alkyl.

The terms "cycloalkyl" and "cycloalkenyl" refer to cyclic hydrocarbon groups of 3 to 8 carbon atoms. The term "hydroxyalkyl" refers to an alkyl group including one or more hydroxy radicals such as -CH2CH2OH, - CH2CHOHCH2OH, -CH(CH2θH)2 and the like.

The terms "halogen" and "halo" refer to fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. The terms "heterocycle", "heterocyclic" and

"heterocyclo" refer to an optionally substituted, fully saturated or unsaturated, aromatic or nonaromatic cyclic group, for example, which is a 4 to 7 membered monocyclic, 7 to 11 membered bicyclic, or 10 to 15 membered tricyclic ring system, which has at least one heteroatom in at least one carbon atom-containing ring. Each ring of the heterocyclic group containing a heteroatom may have 1, 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atoms, oxygen atoms or sulfur atoms, where the nitrogen and sulfur heteroatoms may optionally be oxidized and the nitrogen heteroatoms may optionally be quaternized. The heterocyclic group may be attached at any heteroatom or carbon atom.

Exemplary monocyclic heterocyclic groups include pyrrolidinyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, oxetanyl, pyrazolinyl i idazolyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, oxazolyl, oxazolidinyl, isoxazolinyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolidinyl, isothiazolyl, isothiazolidinyl, furyl, tetrahydrofuryl, thienyl, oxadiazolyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, 2-oxopiperazinyl, 2-oxopiperidinyl, 2-oxopyrrolodinyl, 2-oxoazepinyl, azepinyl, 4-piperidonyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, morpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl sulfoxide, thiamorpholinyl sulfone, 1, 3-dioxolane and tetrahydro-1, 1-dioxothienyl, and the like.

Exemplary bicyclic heterocyclic groups include indolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzothienyl,

quinuclidinyl, quinolinyl, tetra-hydroisoquinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, benzimidazolyl, benzopyranyl, indolizinyl, benzofuryl, chromonyl, coumarinyl, benzopyranyl, cinnolinyl, quinoxalinyl, indazolyl, pyrrolopyridyl, furopyridinyl (such as furo[2, 3-c]pyridinyl, furo[3,2-b]pyridinyl] or furo[2, 3-b]pyridinyl) , dihydroisoindolyl, dihydroquinazolinyl (such as 3,4-dihydro-4- oxo-quinazolinyl) , tetrahydroquinolinyl and the like.

Exemplary tricyclic heterocyclic groups include carbazolyl, benzidolyl, phenanthrolinyl, acridinyl, phenanthridinyl, xanthenyl and the like.

The expression "substituted heterocycle" refers to a heterocycle substituted with 1, 2 or 3 of the following:

(a alkyl, especially lower alkyl; (b hydroxy (or protected hydroxy) ; (c halo; (d oxo (i.e. = 0) ; (e amino, alkylamino or dialkylamino; (f alkoxy;

( g carbocyclo, such as cycloalkyl;

(h carboxy; (i heterocyclooxy; (j alkoxycarbonyl, such as unsubstituted lower alkoxycarbonyl;

(k carbamyl, alkylcarbamyl or dialkylcarbamyl;

(1 mercapto; (m nitro; (n cyano; (o carboalkoxy; ( P sulfona ido, sulfonamidoalkyl or sulfonamidodialkyl;

R 5 S0 2 — N-

(r )

R 6

( s ) aryl ;

(t) alkylcarbonyloxy; (u) arylcarbonyloxy; (v) arylthio; (w) aryloxy; (x) alkylthio; (y) for yl; (z) arylalkyl; (a') aryl substituted with alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, halo or trihaloalkyl; or (b 1 ) haloalkyl.

The term "heterocyclooxy" denotes a heterocyclic group bonded through an oxygen bridge. Throughout the specification, groups and substituents thereof are chosen to provide stable moieties and compounds.

The compounds of formula I form salts which are also within the scope of this invention. Pharmaceutically acceptable (i.e., non-toxic, physiologically acceptable) salts are preferred, although other salts are also useful, e.σ.. in isolating or purifying the compounds of this invention.

The compounds of formula I may form salts with alkali metals such as sodium, potassium and lithium, with alkaline earth metals such as calcium and magnesium, with organic bases such as dicyclohexylamine, t-butyl amine, benzathine, N-methyl-D-glucamide and hydrabamine, and with amino acids such as arginine, lysine and the like. Such salts may be obtained by reacting compound I with the desired ion in a medium in which the salt precipitates or in an aqueous medium followed by lyophilization.

When the R 1 to R 4 or R^ 1 to R^ 4 substituents comprise a basic moiety, such as amino or substituted amino, compound I may form salts with a variety of organic and inorganic acids. Such salts include those formed with

hydrochloric acid, hydrogen bromide, me hanesulfonic acid, sulfuric acid, acetic acid, maleic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, toluenesulfonic acid and various other sulfonates, nitrates, phosphates, borates, acetates, tartrates, maleates, citrates, succinates, benzoates, ascorbates, salicylates and the like. Such salts may be formed by reacting compound I in an equivalent amount of the acid in a medium in which the salt precipitates or in an aqueous medium followed by lyophilization. In addition, when the R 1 to R 4 or R 11 to R 14 substituents comprise a basic moiety such as amino, zwitterions ("inner salts") may be formed.

Certain of the R 1 to R 4 and R 11 to R 14 substituents of compound I may contain asymmetric carbon atoms. Such compounds of formula I may exist, therefore, in enantiomeric and diastereomeric forms and in racemic mixtures thereof. All are within the scope of this invention. Additionally, compound I may exist as enantiomers even in the absence of asymmetric carbons. All such enantiomers are within the scope of this invention. The compounds of formula I are antagonists of ET-1, ET-2 and/or ET-3 and are useful in treatment of conditions associated with increased ET levels (e.g., dialysis, trauma and surgery) and of all endothelin-dependent disorders. They are thus useful as antihypertensive agents. By the administration of a composition having one (or a combination) of the compounds of this invention, the blood pressure of a hypertensive mammalian (e.g., human) host is reduced. They are also useful in pregnancy-induced hypertension and coma (preeclampsia and eclampsia) , acute portal hypertension and hypertension secondary to treatment with erythropoietin.

The compounds of the present invention are also useful in the treatment of disorders related to renal, glomerular and mesangial cell function, including acute and chronic renal failure, glomerular injury, renal damage secondary to old age or related to dialysis, nephrosclerosis (especially

hypertensive nephrosclerosis) , nephrotoxicity (including nephrotoxicity related to imaging and contrast agents and to cyclosporine) , renal ischemia, primary vesicoureteral reflux, glomerulosclerosis and the like. The compounds of this invention may also be useful in the treatment of disorders related to paracrine and endocrine function.

The compounds of the present invention are also useful in the treatment of endotoxemia or endotoxin shock as well as hemorrhagic shock. The compounds of the present invention are also useful in hypoxic and ischemic disease and as anti-ischemic agents for the treatment of, for example, cardiac, renal and cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (such as that occurring following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery) , coronary and cerebral vasospasm, and the like.

In addition, the compounds of this invention may also be useful as anti-arrhythmic agents; anti-anginal agents; anti-fibrillatory agents; anti-asthmatic agents; anti- atherosclerotic and anti-arteriosclerotic agents; additives to cardioplegic solutions for cardiopulmonary bypasses; adjuncts to thrombolytic therapy; and anti-diarrheal agents. The compounds of this invention may be useful in therapy for myocardial infarction; therapy for peripheral vascular disease (e.g., Raynaud's disease and Takayashu's disease); treatment of cardiac hypertrophy (e.g., hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) ; treatment of primary pulmonary hypertension (e.g., plexogenic, embolic) in adults and in the newborn and pulmonary hypertension secondary to heart failure, radiation and chemotherapeutic injury, or other trauma; treatment of central nervous system vascular disorders, such as stroke, migraine and subarachnoid hemorrhage; treatment of central nervous system behavioral disorders; treatment of gastrointestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, gastric mucosal damage, ulcer and ischemic bowel disease; treatment of gall bladder or bile duct-based diseases such as cholangitis; treatment of pancreatitis; regulation of

cell growth; treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy; restenosis following angioplasty or following any procedures including transplantation; therapy for congestive heart failure including inhibition of fibrosis; inhibition of left ventricular dilatation, remodeling and dysfunction; and treatment of hepatotoxicity and sudden death. The compounds of this invention may be useful in the treatment of sickle cell disease including the initiation and/or evolution of the pain crises of this disease; treatment of the deleterious consequences of ET- producing tumors such as hypertension resulting from hemangiopericytoma; treatment of early and advanced liver disease and injury including attendant complications (e.g., hepatotoxicity, fibrosis and cirrhosis) ; treatment of spastic diseases of the urinary tract and/or bladder; treatment of hepatorenal syndrome; treatment of immunological diseases involving vasculitis such as lupus, systemic sclerosis, mixed cryoglobulinemia; and treatment of fibrosis associated with renal dysfunction and hepatotoxicity. The compounds of this invention may be useful in therapy for metabolic and neurological disorders; cancer; insulin-dependent and non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; neuropathy; retinopathy; maternal respiratory distress syndrome; dysmenorrhea; epilepsy; hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke; bone remodeling; psoriasis; and chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, sarcoidosis and eczematous dermatitis (all types of dermatitis) .

The compounds of this invention can also be formulated in combination with endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) inhibitors, such as phosphoramidon; thromboxane receptor antagonists; potassium channel openers; thrombin inhibitors (e.g., hirudin and the like); growth factor inhibitors such as modulators of PDGF activity; platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonists; angiotensin II (All) receptor antagonists; renin inhibitors; angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as captopril, zofenopril,

fosinopril, ceranapril, alacepril, enalapril, delapril, pentopril, quinapril, ramipril, lisinopril and salts of such compounds; neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitors; dual NEP-ACE inhibitors; HMG CoA reductase inhibitors such as pravastatin and mevacor; squalene synthetase inhibitors; bile acid seguestrants such as questran; calcium channel blockers; potassium channel activators; beta-adrenergic agents; antiarrhythmic agents; diuretics, such as chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, flumethiazide, hydroflumethiazide, bendroflumethiazide, methylchlorothiazide, trichloromethiazide, polythiazide or benzothiazide as well as ethacrynic acid, tricrynafen, chlorthalidone, furosemide, musolimine, bumetanide, triamterene, amiloride and spironolactone and salts of such compounds; and thrombolytic agents such as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) , recombinant tPA, streptokinase, urokinase, prourokinase and anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) . If formulated as a fixed dose, such combination products employ the compounds of this invention within the dosage range described below and the other pharmaceutically active agent within its approved dosage range. The compounds of this invention may also be formulated with, or useful in conjunction with, antifungal and immunosuppressive agents such as amphotericin B, cyclosporins and the like to counteract the glomerular contraction and nephrotoxicity secondary to such compounds. The compounds of this invention may also be used in conjunction with hemodialysis. The compounds of the invention can be administered orally or parenterally to various mammalian species known to be subject to such maladies, e.g., humans, in an effective amount within the dosage range of about 0.1 to about 100 mg/kg, preferably about 0.2 to about 50 mg/kg and more preferably about 0.5 to about 25 mg/kg (or from about 1 to about 2500 mg, preferably from about 5 to about 2000 mg) in single or 2 to 4 divided daily doses.

The active substance can be utilized in a composition such as tablet, capsule, solution or suspension containing about 5 to about 500 mg per unit dosage of a compound or mixture of compounds of formula I or in topical form for wound healing (0.01 to 5% by weight compound of formula I, 1 to 5 treatments per day) . They may be compounded in a conventional manner with a physiologically acceptable vehicle or carrier, excipient, binder, preservative, stabilizer, flavor, etc., or with a topical carrier such as Plastibase (mineral oil gelled with polyethylene) as called for by accepted pharmaceutical practice.

The compounds of the invention may also be administered topically to treat peripheral vascular diseases and as such may be formulated as a cream or ointment.

The compounds of formula I can also be formulated in compositions such as sterile solutions or suspensions for parenteral administration. About 0.1 to 500 milligrams of a compound of formula I is compounded with a physiologically acceptable vehicle, carrier, excipient, binder, preservative, stabilizer, etc., in a unit dosage form as called for by accepted pharmaceutical practice. The amount of active substance in these compositions or preparations is such that a suitable dosage in the range indicated is obtained.

The compounds of the present invention may be prepared by methods analogous to those described in U.S. Application Serial No. 08/493,331, filed July 24, 1995 by Murugesan et al. (Attorney Docket No. HA662c) , incorporated herein by reference, or by methods such as those described following. In any of the following methods, R 11 , R 12 , R 13 and/or R 14 may be converted at any suitable point to a different RU, R 12 , R 13 and/or R 14 group such as is described in the aforementioned U.S. Application Serial No. 08/493,331. For example, an R^ 1 group which is alkyl can be converted to an RU group which is alkyl substituted by an amine or amide group by methods known in the art.

depicted above by Scheme I, the title compounds 4. may be prepared by a Pd(0) catalyzed coupling of an appropriately protected phenylsulfonamide-2-boronic acid intermediate 2.» with a 4-heterocyclic aryl halide 1 . The coupling is performed in the presence of a suitable base, such as aqueous potassium carbonate, and a solvent, such as a mixture of toluene and ethanol. The resulting compound 3. is converted into the title compound 4. by removal of the protecting group.

A boronic acid intermediate 2. shown in scheme I may be prepared from a 2-bromophenylsulfonamide 5. (preparation of which is described in EP Publication number 0,569,193 (1993)) as shown below in Scheme II by lithiation with a suitable alkyl lithium (such as n-butyl lithium) , subsequent treatment with a trialkylborate (e.g. , triisopropyl borate) and finally, preferably, adding an aqueous acid such as aqueous hydrochloric acid:

SCHEME II

(In the schemes shown herein, "Prot" is an appropriate protecting group for the sulfonamide function. This is also described in EP Publication number 0,569,193 (1993).)

B . The title compounds may also be prepared by alternate routes shown below in SCHEMES III and IV:

SCHEME III

6

Compound 4_

As depicted above in Scheme III, a 4 ' -heterocyclic aryl halide 1 can be converted to a boronic acid intermediate 6 . via the sequence shown. This compound 6 . , upon Pd(O) catalyzed coupling with a compound 5., provides a biaryl analog 2. Upon deprotection, biaryl analog 3 . leads to the title compound 4..

Boronic acid intermediates 2. or ϋ may also be coupled with triflate compounds which correspond to compounds 1 or 5 . , respectively, but which contain -OSO2CF3 in place of the halo group. In addition, if the boronic acid group of compounds 2 or £ is replaced by a trialkyltin moiety, then such trialkyltin compounds may be coupled, respectively, with compounds 1 or 5 or, alternatively, coupled with triflate compounds which correspond to compounds 1 or 5 but which contain -OSO2CF3 in place of the halo group. The aforementioned triflate compounds may be prepared by methods known in the art, for example, by contacting a compound which corresponds to a compound 1 or 5 . but which contains -OH in place of the halo group with an agent providing the triflate moiety such as trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride.

SCHEME IV

Compound A' (where p = O)

As shown in Scheme IV, the title compound 4 . ' can be prepared by the Pd(O) catalyzed coupling of the boronic acid derivative 2.. with a 1,4-dibromobenzene 1_ to provide the 4' -bromo-biphenyl derivative 8 . . Pd(O) coupling of compound £ with either a heterocyclic boronic acid or a heterocyclic tin derivative (where R 15 is lower alkyl) then affords, after deprotection, the title compound 4.' •

(For general strategies in biaryl synthesis, see, e.g., Bringmann, et al., Anσew. Chem. Int. , Ed. Engl. 22. (1990) 977 - 991. For heterocycles, see, e.g., V. N. Kalinin, Synth. 413 - 432 (1992) and T. R. Bailey, Tetrahedron Lett. 21, (1986) 4407 - 4410.) C . The 4' -heterocyclic aryl halide 1 can be prepared by those skilled in the art by a variety of methods described in the literature. A few representative examples are shown below:

i . ) SCHEME V

_9

10 (where Z is

Cl , Br or I

halo

(where p = 0)

As shown in Scheme V, the Pd(O) catalyzed cross- coupling of a 4-bromo phenylboronic acid (10) with a heterocyclic halide 9_, in the presence of a base and suitable solvents, provides the 4'-heterocyclic aryl halide 1' . A variety of 4'-heterocycles such as pyridines and pyrimidines can be prepared using this method. See, for example, Mitchell and Wallbank, Tet. Lett., 12., 2273 (1991) .

IX.) SCHEME VI

(where p = 0)

As shown, a heterocyclic boronic acid or related tin species (.£) can be coupled with a 1,4-dibromobenzene 1_ in the presence of Pd(O) to provide a 4 ' -heterocyclic aryl halide H (where p = 0) .

Compounds, shown by formula jL are either commercialy available or can be prepared by methods known in the art. See "The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds", John Wiley & Sons.

In certain instances, the boronic acid may be replaced with a tin species to perform the coupling reaction. (Again, for general strategies in biaryl synthesis, see: Bringmann et al. , Anσew. Chem. Int. , Ed. Engl. 9. (1990)

977 - 991.)

The 4'-heterocyclic aryl halide 1 can also be prepared from the corresponding compound where the 4'-position bears, in place of the heterocycle, a reactive group such as cyano. Such preparation may proceed by converting the reactive group to the desired 4'-heterocycle by methods known in the art. For example, a 4'-cyano aryl halide may be converted to the corresponding 4'-amidine aryl halide:

and the latter converted to a 4'-pyrimidine aryl halide 1 by methods such as those described in Wagner et al* , Chem. Ber. 104. 2975-2983 (1971), incorporated herein by reference. D. The 4'-alkyl pyridine or pyrimidine title compounds may also be prepared by the alternate route shown below in Scheme VII. In these compounds, K, L and T are C, at least one of J and U is N, and p is 1 or 2:

SCHEME VII

itle ompound 4

1 " ( ii ) Remove protec ting group > As shown, the treatment of a 2-halo pyridine or a 2-halopyrimidine H with a Wittig ylide 12/ prepared by methods known in the art, followed by hydrolysis of the intermediate using an aqueous base such as sodium carbonate, provides the corresponding 4-bromophenylalkyl pyridine/pyrimidine H* Pd(0) catalyzed cross-coupling of 11 with 2/ followed by removal of the protecting group, affords the title compund 41. (See, for example, E.C.

Taylor and S.F. Martin, J. Am. Chem. Soc.. £4, (1972)

2874.)

E. A typical example for forming an N-oxide is shown below in Scheme VIII:

SCHEME VIII

4" • 4 r

R = CH 3 , m-chlorophenyl, etc. The appropriate pyridine analogs can be oxidized to the corresponding N-oxide derivatives using a variety of known oxidizing agents such as m-chloroperbenzoic acid or peracetic acid. The above scheme is also applicable to other isomeric pyridine analogs.

The compounds of the present invention may also be prepared by methods described in or analogous to those described in U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 08/603,975, filed February 20, 1996 by Murugesan et al. (Attorney Docket No. HA662d) entitled "Substituted Biphenyl Isoxazole Sulfonamides" and/or U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 60/011,974, filed February 20, 1996 by Polniaszek et al. (Attorney Docket No. HA689*) entitled "Methods for the Preparation of Biphenyl Isoxazole Sulfonamides", each incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

The invention will now be further described by the following working examples, which are preferred embodiments of the invention. These examples are meant to be illustrative rather than limiting.

Example 1

N-(3.4-Dimethvl-5-isoxazolyl)- '-(2-pyri idinyl. Tl.1 biphenyl1-2-sulfonamide

A. 2-( -Bromophenvl.pyrimidine

To a solution of 0.8 g (4.0 mmol) of p-bromo phenylboronic acid and 0.23 g (0.2 mmol) of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) in 20 mL of toluene under argon, 10 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate was added, followed by 1.0 g (6.23 mmol) of 2- bromopyrimidine in 10 mL of 95% ethanol. The mixture was refluxed for 1.5 hours, diluted with 100 mL of water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed once with 100 mL of brine, dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on 100 g of silica gel using hexanes/ethyl acetate 3:1 to afford 0.82 g of compound A as a white solid.

B. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimi- dinyl. ri.1'-biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 0.35 g (0.91 mmol) of 2-Borono-N- (3 ,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -N- [ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide and 0.052 g (0.045 mmol) of tetrakis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) in 20 mL of toluene under argon, 10 mL of 2 M aqueous sodium carbonate was added followed by 0.278 g (1.18 mmol) of compound A in 10 mL of 95% ethanol. The mixture was refluxed for 1.5 hours, diluted with 100 mL of water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed once with 100 mL of brine, dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on 75 g of silica gel using hexanes/ethyl acetate 2:1 to afford 0.14 g (39%) of compound B as a colorless gum.

C. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'-(2- pvrimidinvl) .1.1' -biphenvl! -2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 0.13g (0.25 mmol) of compound B in 6 mL of 95% ethanol, 6 mL of 6N aqueous hydrochloric acid was added and refluxed for 1.5 hours. The mixture was then concentrated and diluted with 10 mL of water, and the solution was neutralized to pH 7 using aqueous sodium bicarbonate. The mixture was then reacidified to pH 4 using glacial acetic acid, and the solution was extracted with 3 x 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed once with water, dried and evaporated (0.11 g) . This material was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC on a 30 x 500 mm ODS S10 column using 70% solvent B (90% methanol, 10% water, 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid) and 30% solvent A (10% methanol, 90% water, 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid) . The appropriate fractions were collected and neutralized with aqueous sodium bicarbonate to pH 7 and concentrated to 10 mL. The solution was then acidified to pH 4 using glacial acetic acid and the white solid was filtered and dried to provide 0.09g (87%) of the title compound. M.p. >210°C.

!H NMR(CDCl3) : δ 1.70 (s, 3H) , 2.00 (s, 3H), 6.49 (br s,

1H) , 7.09 - 8.70 ( , 10H) .

1 3 C NMR (CDCI3): δ 6.6, 10.8, 108.5, 119.4, 127.3,

127.8, 128.0, 129.0, 130.3, 132.5, 133.1, 137.4, 138.0, 140.7, 141.0, 154.1, 157.3, 161.8, 164.1.

Example 2

N-(3.4-Dimethvl-5-isoxazolvl)- '- (2-pvridinyl) .1.1'- biphenvl1-2-sulfonamide

A. 2-(4-Bromophenvl)pyridine

To a solution of 2.0 g (9.96 mmol) of p-bromo phenylboronic acid and 0.57 g (0.5 mmol) of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) in 20 mL of toluene under argon, 15 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate was added followed by 3.16 g (20 mmol) of 2-bromopyridine in 15 mL of 95% ethanol. The mixture was refluxed for 2 hours, diluted with 100 mL of water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed once with 100 mL of brine, dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on 100 g of silica gel using

hexanes/ethyl acetate 4:1 to afford 2.3 g of compound A as a light yellow solid which solidified on standing.

B. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(2-pyridinyl) [1,1'- biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 1.47 g (3.84 mmol) of 2-Borono-N- (3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide and 0.173 g (0.15 mmol) of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) in 40 mL of toluene under argon, 20 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate was added, followed by 1.0 g (4.27 mmol) of compound A in 20 mL of 95% ethanol. The mixture was refluxed for 2 hours, diluted with 100 mL of water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed once with 100 mL of brine, dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on 50 g of silica gel using hexanes/ethyl acetate 2:1 to afford 0.91 g (47%) of compound B as a colorless gum.

C. N- (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'- (2- pyridinyl) f1.1'-biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 0.9 g (1.78 mmol) of compound B in 12 mL of 95% ethanol, 12 mL of 6N aqueous hydrochloric was added and the mixture was refluxed for 2 hours. The mixture was then concentrated and diluted with 25 mL of water and the solution was neutralized to pH 7 using aqueous sodium bicarbonate. The mixture was acidified to pH 4 using glacial acetic acid, and the solution was then extracted with 3 x 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed once with water, dried and evaporated (0.75g) . The residue was chromatographed on 25 g of silica gel using hexanes/ethyl acetate 3:2 to provide 0.53 g (73%) of the title compound. M.p. 85-90°C.

Analysis calculated for C 22 H 19 N 3 O 3 S. 1.17 H 2 O: Calculated:

C, 61.94; H, 5.04; N, 9.85; S, 7.52.

Found: C, 62.10; H, 4.66; N, 9.69; S, 7.81.

Example 3

N- _3. -Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl_ -4'- (3-pyridinyl) .1.1'- biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

A. 3-(4-Bromophenvl) yridine

To a solution of 4-bromophenylboronic acid (1.41 g, 7 mmol), 3-bromopyridine (6.64 g, 42 mmol) in 50 mL of toluene and 40 mL of 95% ethanol under argon, tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladiu (0) (809 mg, 0.7 mmol) was added, followed by 30 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate. The reaction mixture was heated at 85°C for 1.5 hours, cooled and diluted with 150 mL of ethyl acetate. The organic liquid was separated and washed with 20 mL water and 20 mL brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 4:1 hexane/ethyl acetate to afford compound A (1.5 g, 92%) as a colorless oil.

B. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl] -4 ' - (3-pyridinyl) [1,1'- biphenyll -2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 2-Borono-N- (3 , 4-dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl) -N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide (384 mg, 1.0 mmol), compound A (351 mg, 1.5 mmol) in 9 mL of toluene and 7.2 mL of 95% ethanol under argon, tetrakis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) (116 mg, 0.1 mmol) was added followed by 5.4 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate. The reaction mixture was heated at 75°C for 3 hours, cooled and diluted with 50 ml of ethyl acetate. The organic liquid was separated and washed with 10 mL water and 10 mL brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 1:2 hexane/ethyl acetate to afford compound B (346 mg, 70%) as a colorless gum.

C. N- (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'- (3- pyridinyl) fl.1 ' -biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

To a solution of compound B (346 mg, 0.70 mmol) in 10 mL of 95% ethanol, 10 mL of 6N aqueous hydrochloric acid was added and refluxed for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the pH of the solution was adjusted to 8 using sodium bicarbonate solution. It was then reacidified to pH 5 with glacial acetic acid. The mixture was extracted with 3 x 40 mL ethyl acetate. The organic liquid was washed with 10 mL water and 10 mL brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 100:2.5 dichloromethane/methanol to afford the title compound (199 mg, 70%) as a white solid. M.p. 96-106°C (amorphous) . Analysis calculated for C22H19N3O3S 0.44 H 2 O: Calculated: C, 63.92; H, 4.83; N, 10.17; S, 7.76. Found: C, 63.95; H, 4.64; N, 10.14; S, 7.55.

Example 4

4'- (4.6-Dimethoxv-2-Pvrimidinvl)-N- (3.4-dimethyl-5- isoxazolvl) .1.1'-biphenvl!-2-sulfonamide

2-Chloro-4.6-dimethoxvpvrimidine

To a solution of 2-amino-4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine (12.41 g, 80 mmol) in 66 mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid at -8 to -12°C, a solution of sodium nitrite (11.04 g, 160 mmol) in 22 mL water was added over 30 minutes. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The precipitate was separated by filtration and washed with small amount of water. The solid was dissolved in 200 mL dichloromethane, dried (magnesium sulfate) and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated to give compound A (3.74 g, 27%) as a white solid.

B. 2-(4-Bromophenyl)-4*6-dimethoxvpvrimidine

To a solution of 4-bromophenylboronic acid (602 mg, 3 mmol), compound A (524 mg, 3 mmol) in 22.5 mL of toluene and 18 mL of 95% ethanol under argon,

tetrakis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (208 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added, followed by 13.5 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate. The reaction mixture was heated at 80°C for 1.25 hours, cooled and diluted with 60 mL of ethyl acetate. i The organic liquid was separated and washed with 15 mL water and 15 mL brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 4:1 hexane/dichloromethane to afford compound B (170 mg, 19%) as a white solid.

C. 4 ' - (4, 6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) -N- (3,4- dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy) - methyll .1, 1' -biphenyl! -2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 2-Borono-N- (3,4-dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl) -N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide (384 mg, 1.0 mmol), compound B (339 mg, 1.15 mmol) in 9 L of toluene and 7.2 mL of 95% ethanol under argon, tetrakis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) (116 mg, 0.1 mmol) was added, followed by 5.4 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate. The reaction mixture was heated at 75°C for 3 hours, cooled and diluted with 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The organic liquid was separated, washed with 10 mL water and 10 mL brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 3:1 hexane/ethyl acetate to afford compound C (370 mg, 67%) as a colorless gum.

D. 4 ' - (4, 6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)-N- (3,4- dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2- sulfonamide

To a solution of compound C (370 mg, 0.67 mmol) in 15 mL of 95% ethanol, 15 mL of 6N aqueous hydrochloric acid was added and refluxed for 45 minutes. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the pH of the solution was adjusted to 8 using sodium bicarbonate solution. It was

then acidified to pH 5 with glacial acetic acid. The mixture was extracted with 3 x 50 mL ethyl acetate. The organic liquid was washed with 15 mL water and 15 L brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 10:1 and then 5:1 dichloromethane/ethyl acetate to afford the title compound (185 mg, 60%) as a white solid. M.p. 83-93°C (amorphous) . Analysis calculated for C23H22N4θsS :

Calculated: C, 59.22; H, 4.75; N, 12.01; S, 6.87. Found: C, 59.15; H, 4.76; N, 11.73; S, 6.56.

Example 5

N- (3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'-(4-pyrimidinyl) I " 1.1' biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

A. 4- (4-Bromophenyl)pyrimidine n-Butyllithium (1.6 M in hexanes, 8.0 mL, 13 mmol) was added dropwise over 8 minutes to a solution of 1,4- dibromobenzene (3.6 g, 15 mmol) in ether (22 mL) stirring at 0°C under argon in an oven-dried flask. After stirring at 0°C for 30 minutes, the reaction solution was cooled to -35°C and a solution of pyrimidine (1.2 g, 1.2 mL, 15 mmol) in ether (15 mL) was added over 10 minutes. After stirring

at -35°C for 20 minutes, the reaction was quenched with water (4.5 mL) and transferred to a separatory funnel. Extraction with ether (2 x 30 ml) and dichloromethane (30 mL) , and drying the combined organic layers over magnesium sulfate, afforded 4.2 g of material after evaporation of the solvent.

The residue was dissolved in acetone and saturated acetone solution of potassium permagnate (-30 mL) was added until the purple color remained. This solution was refluxed for 10 minutes. The reaction was filtered through Celite®, rinsing with acetone and ethanol, and the filtrate was evaporated to afford 2.3 g of crude product. Recrystallization from heptane afforded 0.78 g (24%) of compound A. M.p. 81.0-83.5°C.

B. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'- (4-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'- biphenyll-2-sulfonamide

A solution of 2-Borono-N- (3,4-dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide (1.0 g, 1.6 mmol) in ethanol (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 7.2 mL) was added to a solution of compound A (0.50 g, 2.0 mmol) in toluene (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 14 mL) . To this solution was added a solution of sodium carbonate (0.45 g) in water (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 7.2 mL) followed by tetrakis(triphenyl- phosphine)palladium(0) (0.13 g, 0.11 mmol). After refluxing under argon for 4.5 hours, the solution was cooled and poured into brine (20 mL) . Extraction with ethyl acetate (2 x 70 mL) and drying the combined organic layers over magnesium sulfate afforded 1.6 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 50 mm diameter, 50% ethyl acetate/dichloromethane) afforded 0.20 g (25%) of compound B.

C. N- (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -4 '-(4- pvrimidinvl) Q.1 ' -biphenvl!-2-sulfonamide A solution of compound B (0.20 g, 0.40 mmol) in ethanol (6.0 mL) and 6N hydrochloric acid (6.0 mL) was stirred at 80°C. After 7 hours, the ethanol was evaporated in vacuo, and the residue transferred to a separatory funnel with dichloromethane/water. The aqueous layer was brought to pH 1.5 with saturated sodium bicarbonate. Extraction with dichloromethane (4 x 20 mL) and drying over magnesium sulfate afforded 0.24 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 15 mm diameter, 8% methanol/dichloromethane) followed by recrystallization from hot methanol afforded 42 mg (26%) of the title compound. M.p. = 211.0-214.0°C. Analysis calculated for C21H18N4O3S • 0.16 H 2 O:

Calculated: C, 61.61; H, 4.51; N, 13.68; S, 7.83. Found: C, 61.66; H, 4.42; N, 13.63; S, 7.60.

Example 6

N-(3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolvl)-4'-(2-pvrazinyl) .1,1' biphenyl1 -2-sulfonamide

A. 2-(4-Bromophenyl)pyrazine n-Butyllithium (1.6 M in hexanes, 8.0 mL, 13 mmol) was added dropwise over 8 minutes to a solution of 1,4- dibromobenzene (3.6 g, 15 mmol) in ether (22 mL) stirring at 0°C under argon in an oven-dried flask. After stirring at 0°C for 30 minutes, this solution was added over 13 minutes to a solution of pyrazine (0.86 g, 11 mmol, 0.86 mL) in tetrahydrofuran (34 mL) stirring at -78°C. Once the addition was complete, dry air (passed through a bed of calcium sulfate) was bubbled through the solution. After 30 minutes, the cold bath was removed, and then after another 30 minutes, the reaction was quenched with water (4.5 mL) and transferred to a separatory funnel. Extraction with dichloromethane (2 x 50 mL) and drying the combined organic layers over magnesium sulfate afforded 3.9 g of material after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 75 mm diameter, 5% ethyl acetate/dichloromethane) afforded 0.93 g (36%) of compound

A. M.p. 105.0-107.5°C.

B. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy) ethyl]-4'- (2- pyrazinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2- sulfonamide

A solution of 2-Borono-N-(3,4-dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2-methoxyethoxy) ethyl]benzenesulfonamide (1.0 g, 1.6 mmol) in ethanol (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 7.2 mL) was added to a solution of compound A (0.50 g, 2.0 mmol) in toluene (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 14 mL) . To this solution was added a solution of sodium carbonate (0.45 g) in water (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 7.2 mL) followed by tetrakis(triphenyl- phosphine)palladium(O) (0.13 g, 0.11 mmol). After refluxing under argon for 4 hours, the solution was cooled and poured into brine (20 mL) . Extraction with ethyl acetate (2 x 70 ml) and drying the combined organic layers

over magnesium sulfate afforded 1.6 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 50 mm diameter, 50% ethyl acetate/ dichloromethane) afforded 0.15 g (19%) of compound B.

C. N- (3, 4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -4' - (2- pyrazinyl) [1,1' -biphenyl] -2- sulfonamide A solution of compound B (0.15 g, 0.30 mmol) in ethanol (4.6 mL) and 6N hydrochloric acid (4.6 mL) was stirred at 90°C. After 3 hours, the ethanol was evaporated in vacuo, and the residue transferred to a separatory funnel with dichloromethane/water. The aqueous layer was brought to pH 1.5 with saturated sodium bicarbonate. Extraction with dichloromethane (4 x 20 mL) and drying over magnesium sulfate afforded 0.18 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 15 mm diameter, 7% methanol/dichloromethane) afforded 94 mg of almost pure product. Preparative HPLC (YMC S-10, 30 x 500 mm, 68.4% methanol in water with 1% trifluoroacetic acid, 25 mL/minute, fractions 17 to 19.5 minutes) afforded 64 mg (52%) of the title compound. M.p. = 131.0-134.0°C. Analysis calculated for C21H18 4O3S • 0.50 H 2 O:

Calculated: C, 60.71; H, 4.61; N, 13.49; S, 7.72. Found: C, 60.49; H, 4.37; N, 13.17; S, 8.09.

Example 7

N- (3.4-Dimethvl-5-isoxazolyl) -4 ' - (5-pvrimidinvl..1.1' - biphenvl! -2-sulfonamide

A. 5-(4-Bromopheny1)pyrimidine

A solution of 4-bromophenylboronic acid (2.0 g, 10 mmol) in ethanol (sparged with argon 30 minutes, 44 mL) was added to a solution of 5-bromopyrimidine (1.9 g, 12 mmol) in toluene (sparged with argon 30 minutes, 87 mL) . To this solution was added a solution of sodium carbonate (2.7 g) in water (sparged with argon 30 minutes, 44 mL) followed by tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) (0.76 g, 0.66 mmol) . After stirring under argon at 75°C for 1 hour, the solution was cooled and poured into brine (50 mL) . Extraction with ethyl acetate (2 x 250 mL) and drying the combined organic layers over magnesium sulfate afforded 3.4 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 50 mm diameter, 5% to 10% ethyl acetate/dichloromethane) followed by recrystallization from hot ether afforded 1.0 g (42%) of compound A. M.p. 144.0- 146.5°C.

B. N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(5- pvrimidinvl) f1.1'-biphenvl!-2-sulfonamide A solution of 2-Borono-N-(3,4-dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide (1.0 g, 1.6 mmol) in ethanol (sparged with argon 20

minutes, 7.2 mL) was added to a solution of compound A (0.50 g, 2.0 mmol) in toluene (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 14 mL) . To this solution was added a solution of sodium carbonate (0.45 g) in water (sparged with argon 20 minutes, 7.2 mL) followed by tetrakis (triphenyl- phosphine)palladium(O) (0.13 g, 0.11 mmol) . After stirring at 75°C under argon for 4 hours, the solution was cooled and poured into brine (20 mL) . Extraction with ethyl acetate (2 x 70 mL) and drying the combined organic layers over magnesium sulfate afforded 1.8 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 50 mm diameter, 50% ethyl acetate/hexane followed by 10% methanol/ethyl acetate) afforded 0.15 g (19%) of compound B.

C. N- (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'-(5- pyrimidinyl) [1,1' -biphenyl] -2- sulfonamide

A solution of compound B (0.15 g, 0.30 mmol) in ethanol (4.6 mL) and 6N hydrochloric acid (4.6 mL) was stirred at 90°C. After 2 hours, the ethanol was evaporated in vacuo, and the residue was transferred to a separatory funnel with dichloromethane/water. The aqueous layer was brought to pH 2.0 with saturated sodium bicarbonate. Extraction with dichloromethane (4 x 20 mL) and drying over magnesium sulfate afforded 0.13 g of crude product after evaporation of the solvent. Flash chromatography (silica, 15 mm diameter, 7% methanol/dichloromethane) afforded 54 mg of almost pure product. Preparative HPLC (YMC S-10, 30 x 500 mm, 66.8% methanol in water with 1% trifluoroacetic acid, 25 mL/minute, fractions 16 to 18.7 minutes) afforded 25 mg (20%) of the title compound. M.p. = 105.0-109.0°C. Analysis Calculated for C21H18N4O3S • 0.40 C2HF3O2 ' 0.90 H 2 0: Calculated: C, 55.91; H, 4.35; N, 11.96; S, 6.85. Found: C, 55.92; H, 3.97; N, 11.61; S, 7.29.

Example 8

N- (3*4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'- (2-Pyridinyl. ri.1' biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide, N 4 '-oxide

N- (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'-(2- pyridinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide, N 4 '-oxide

To a solution of 0.15 g (0.37 mmol) of the title compound of Example 2, above, in 5 mL of dichloromethane, 0.088 g of m-chloroperbenzoic acid was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was then evaporated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC on a 30 x 500 mm ODS S10 column using 58% solvent B (90% methanol, 10% water, 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid) and 42% solvent A (10% methanol, 90% water, 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid). The appropriate fractions were collected, neutralized with aqueous sodium bicarbonate to pH 7 and concentrated to 10 mL. The solution was then acidified to pH 4 using glacial acetic acid and the white solid was filtered and dried to provide 0.088 g (56%) of the title compound. M.p. 110-117°C.

Analysis Calculated for C 22 H 19 N 3 O 4 S. 1.70 H 2 O: Calculated:

C, 58.44; H,4.99; N,9.29; S,7.09.

Found: C, 58.82; H,4.36; N,8.91; S,6.75.

Example 9

N- (3 , 4-Dimethvl-5-isoxazolyl. -4 ' - (6-methoxy-2- pyridinvl) .1, 1' -biphenvl! -2-sulfonamide

A. 2-Bromo-6-methoxvovridine

A solution of 5.0 g (21.24 mmol) of 2,6- dibromopyridine and 8.2 mL (35.875 mmol) of 25% sodium methoxide/methanol in 15 mL of methanol was stirred at reflux for about 26 hours at which point TLC (1:1 ethyl acetate:hexane) showed no 2, 6-dibromopyridine remaining. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, poured into cold 5% sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl ether. After evaporation, the residue was dissolved in ethyl ether, washed with brine, dried (magnesium sulfate) and evaporated to dryness to give 3.6 g (90%) of a colorless oil.

B. 2- (4-Bromophenyl) -6-methoxypyridine

To 1.88 g (10 mmol) of compound A and 0.5 g (2.5 mmol) of 4-bromophenyl boronic acid in a mixture of 20 mL of degassed toluene and 16 mL of degassed ethanol, was added 0.175 g (0.15 mmol) of tetrakis (triphenylphosphine) palladium(O) and 12 mL of degassed 2N aqueous sodium carbonate. The mixture was stirred at 75°C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with 200 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with water and then brine, dried (magnesium sulfate) and evaporated. Flash chromatography (50 mm X 6"; 25% to 50% ethyl acetate/hexane) gave 1.86 g of a mixture of starting material and product which was chromatographed two additional times (50 mm X 6"; 1% ethyl acetate/hexane, then 50 mm X 7"; 0.75% ethyl acetate/hexane) to afford 230 mg (35%) of a colorless oil along with mixed fractions.

C. Ν-(3, 4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N- [ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl] -4 ' -(6-methoxy-2- pyridinyl) .1.1' -biphenyl! -2-sulfonamide To 230 mg (0.87 mmol) of compound B, and 280 mg (0.73 mmol) of 2-Borono-N- (3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy) ethyl]benzenesulfonamide in a mixture of 5.5 mL of degassed toluene and 3.7 mL of degassed ethanol, was added 84 mg (0.072 mmol) of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium^0) and 3.2 mL of degassed 2N aqueous sodium carbonate. The mixture was stirred at 85°C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and then brine, dried (magnesium sulfate) and evaporated. Flash chromatography (50 mm X 6"; 30% to 40% to 50% ethyl acetate/hexane) afforded 172 mg of an oily-solid residue (45%) .

D. N- (3, -Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-4'-(6-methoxy- 2-pvridinvl) Q.1'-biphenvl!-2-sulfonamide

A mixture of 170 mg (0.325 mmol) of compound C and 7.5 mL of 6N hydrochloric acid in 7.5 mL of ethanol was stirred at 75° C for 30 minutes. Additional water was added. The pH was brought to about 8 with saturated sodium bicarbonate and then brought back to about 4.5 with acetic acid. The mixture was extracted with 3 X 50 mL ethyl acetate and the organic extracts were washed with 25 mL each of water and brine, dried (magnesium sulfate) and evaporated. Flash chromatography (25 mm X 6"; 40% to 50% ethyl acetate/hexane) gave 50 mg of a semi-solid product which was partially purified by trituration with hexane to give 15 mg of the title compound as a white solid. 120 mg of recovered compound C was also isolated and resubmitted to the above reaction conditions (4 mL each of 6N hydrochloric acid and ethanol) . After work-up as above, the crude product was combined with the mother liquors from the above trituration and purified by flash chromatography (2X 25mm X 8"; 40% to 50% ethyl acetate/Hexane) to give an additional 50 mg of the title compound as a white solid (65 mg total; 46% yield) . M.p. 132-34°C. Analysis calculated for C 23 H 21 Ν 3 O 4 S • 0.39 H 2 O: Calculated: C, 62.42; H, 4.96; N, 9.49; S, 7.24. Found: C, 62.70; H, 4.87; N, 9.21; S, 6.93.

Example 10

The following compounds (1) through (7) are also made by methods described herein, such as from a 4'-amidine aryl halide as described above:

(1) N-[[2'-[ [ (3,4-Dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl]-4- (2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]- 2-yl] ethyl]-N-methylcyclohexanepropanamide, having the structure:

(2) N-[[2'-[[ (3,4-Dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl]-4-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl] 2-yl]methyl] -N-methylcyclohexaneacetamide, having the structure:

(3) N-[[2'-[[(3,4-Dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl]-4-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl] 2-yl] ethyl]-N-methylbenzenepropanamide, having the structure:

(4) N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2'-[ (3,3-dimethyl-2- oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1' -biphenyl] 2-sulfonamide, having the structure (prepared in Example 15)

(5) N- (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2 '-[ [methyl(2,2,2- trifluoroethyl)amino]methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'- biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide, having the structure:

(6) N-[[2'-[ [ (3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)amino]- sulfonyl] -4- (2-pyrimidinyl) [1, 1 ' -biphenyl] -2-yl]methyl] -N- methyl-2-thiophenebutanamide, having the structure:

(7) N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2'-[ [ (4- methoxyphenyl)methylamino]methyl]-4 ' - (2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1' biphenyl] -2-sulfonamide, having the structure:

Example 11

N-(3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl. -2 '-formyl-4'- (2- pvrimidinvl) .1,1'-biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

A. 4-Bromo-3-methylbenzenecarboxamidamide

To a suspension of 2.73 g (51.0 mmol) of ammonium chloride in 40 mL of toluene at 0°C, a 2.0 M solution of trimethyl aluminum (25.5 mL) was added over 5 minutes. The mixture was then slowly warmed to room temperature and stirred for an additional 2 hrs. This mixture was then added to a solution of 5.0 g (25.5 mmol) of 4-bromo-3- methyl benzonitrile in 15 mL of toluene under argon, and the mixture was heated at 80°C for 6 days. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and added to a slurry of silica gel (100 g) in 200 mL of CH2CI2 and filtered. The silica was washed with 400 mL of methanol and the combined

filtrate was evaporated to provide 6.8 g- (100%) of the title compound of this step as a white solid.

B. N- .3- (Dimethylamino)-2-propenylidene!-N- methylmethanamminium perchlorate

To a solution of dimethylamine in methanol (2.0 M solution, 25 mL) at 0°C, perchloric acid (7.17 g, 50 mmol) was added over 10 minutes and the mixture was concentrated to about 5 mL. To this mixture was added a solution of 3- dimethylamino acrolein (4.96 g, 50 mmol) in 20 mL of absolute ethanol ("EtOH") and the mixture was heated under reflux for 4 hrs. The mixture was then cooled to 5°C and the tan white solid was filtered and washed with 25 mL of EtOH to obtain the title compound of this step (11.5 g, 100%) .

C. 2-(4-Bromo-3-methylohenyl)pyrimidine

To a solution of 5.0 g (23.46 mmol) of the title compound of Step A in 15 mL of methanol ("MeOH"), 7.94 g (35.2 mmol) of the title compound of Step B and 1.9 g (35.2 mmol) of sodium methoxide were added and the mixture stirred at room temperature under argon for 1 hr. The solution was then refluxed for 4 hrs and concentrated to about 10 mL. The residue was then added to 200 mL of water and extracted with 4 x 150 mL of ethyl acetate ("EtOAc") . The combined organic extracts were washed once with water and dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on 100 g of silica gel using Hexanes/EtOAc 4:1 to provide 1.65 g (28%) of the title compound of this step as a white solid.

D. 2-r4-Bromo-3-(bromomethvl)phenyl1-pyrimidine

A mixture of the title compound of Step C (1.0 g, 4.01 mmol), N-bromosuccinimide (2.69 g, 15.14 mmol) and benzoyl peroxide (100 mg) in 150 mL of carbon tetrachloride was refluxed for 6 hrs while illuminating the solution with a sun lamp. The mixture was then cooled and filtered. The

filtrate was concentrated to provide 1.7-5 g of a light yellow solid containing the title compound of this step which was used in the following step without any further purification.

E. 2-Bromo-5- (2-pvrimidinvl)benzaldehvde

To a solution of 1.75 g of the crude title compound of Step D in 6 mL of anhydrous dimethylsulfoxide ("DMSO") under argon, 3.0 g of anhydrous trimethy1amine N-oxide (prepared as described in Soderquist et al . , Tet. Letters., 27, 3961 (1986) ; this compound is also commercially available) were added and the mixture stirred at 55°C for 12 hrs. The mixture was then cooled and added to 100 mL of ice/water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were washed once with 100 mL of brine and dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on 100 mL of silica gel using Hexanes/EtOAc 6:1 to afford 0.86 g (81.5% for two steps) of the title compound of this step as a white solid.

F. N- (3 * 4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -2 ' -formyl-N- \ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl1 -4 ' - (2-pyrimidinyl) 11,1'- biphenvl! -2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 0.554 g (1.188 mmol) of 2-borono-N- (3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]benzenesulfonamide (prepared as described in U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 08/603,975, filed February 20, 1996 by Murugesan et al. (Attorney Docket No. HA662d) ) and 0.0578 g (0.05 mmol) of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) -palladium(0) in 20 mL of toluene under argon, 10 mL of 2M aqueous sodium carbonate was added followed by 0.25 g (0.95 mmol) of the title compound of Step E added in 10 mL of 95% EtOH. The mixture was refluxed for 2 hrs and then diluted with 100 mL of water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were washed once with 100 mL of brine and dried and evaporated. The residue was chromatographed on

100 mL of silica gel using Hexanes/EtOAc 1:1 to afford 0.48g (80%) of the title compound of this step as a colorless gum.

G. N-(3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2 '-formyl-4'- (2- pyrimidinyl) 1 " 1.1'-biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide To a solution of 0.26 g (0.497 mmol) of the title compound of Step F in 10 mL of 95% EtOH, 10 mL of 6N aqueous HCI was added and refluxed for 1 hr. The mixture was then concentrated and diluted with 100 mL of water and extracted with 3 x 50 mL of EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were then washed once with water and dried and evaporated to provide 0.21 g (97%) of the title compound of this Example as a colorless gum. 1H NMR (CDCI3): δ 1.79 (s, 3H) , 2.12 (s, 3H) , 7.24-8.87 (m,

10H) , 9.76 (s, 1H) .

Example 12

N-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2'- \ (methylamino)methyl!-4'- (2-pyrimidinyl) _1.1'-biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

To a solution of 0.21 g (0.483 mmol) of the title compound of Example 11 in 15 mL of CH2CI2, 1 mL of 3A molecular sieves, 0.18 mL (33% solution in EtOH, 1.45 mmol) of methyl amine and 0.087 g (1.45 mmol) of acetic acid were added and stirred under argon for 10 minutes. Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (0.307 g, 1.45 mmol) was then added to the mixture and stirred at room temperature overnight.

The solution was then filtered through celite and the celite was washed with 25 mL of CH2CI2 and the combined filtrate was washed with 2 x 50 mL of water and dried and evaporated to afford 0.16 g (74%) of the title compound of this Example as a light yellow gum. Rf = 0.23 (5% methanol in CH2CI2)

Example 13

N- r .2 ' - . r (3 , 4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl ) amino! sulfonyl! -4- (2- pvrimidinvl ) . 1. 1 ' -biphenvl! -2-vllmethvπ -N.3 .3- trimethylbutanamide

To a solution of 0.14 g (0.31 mmol) of the title compound of Example 12 in 10 mL of CH2CI2, 0.046 g (0.342 mmol) of t-butylacetyl chloride and 0.063 g (0.624 mmol) of triethylamine were added. The mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 4 hrs and evaporated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC on a 30x500 mm ODS S10 column using 78% solvent B (90% MeOH, 10% H2O, 0.1%

(trifluoroacetic acid ("TFA")) and 22% solvent A (10% MeOH, 90% H2O, 0.1% TFA). The appropriate fractions were collected and neutralized with aqueous sodium bicarbonate to pH 7 and concentrated to 10 mL. The solution was then acidified to pH 4 using aqueous sodium bisulfate and the white solid was filtered and dried to provide 0.031 g (18%) of the title compound of this Example as a white solid. m.p. 105-115°C.

Example 14

N-(4.5-Dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl) -2'- . (3.3-dimethyl-2-oxo-l- pyrrolidinyl)methyl!-4'-(2-pyri idinyl) fl,1'-biphenyl!-2- sulfonamide

A. 2'-(Bromomethyl)-N-(4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-N- r (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl1-4'-(2- pyrimidinyl) F1.1'-biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide

To N- (4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2'-formyl-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'- (2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2- sulfonamide (460 mg, 0.88 mmol, prepared as described in Step C of Example 16) in 10 ml MeOH, NaBH 4 (40 mg, 1.06 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 hrs and concentrated. To the residue, 10 ml H2O and 50 ml EtOAc were added. The organic layer was separated, washed with H2O, brine, dried and concentrated to give N-(4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2'-(hydroxymethyl)-N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'- biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide.

To N-(4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2 '-(hydroxymethyl)-N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'- biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide in 4.4 ml DMF at 0°C, carbon tetrabromide (438 mg, 1.32 mmol) was added followed by triphenylphosphine (346 mg, 1.32 mmol) . The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 4 hrs, diluted with 100 ml 1:2 hexane/EtOAc. The organic solution was washed with 3 x 20 ml H 2 0, brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 1.2:1 hexane/EtOAc to

give the title compound of this step (370 mg, 72% for two steps) as a gum.

B. N-(4,5-Dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2 '-f (3,3-dimethyl- 2-oxo-l-pvrrolidinvl)methvll-4'- (2- pyrimidinyl) \1.1'-biphenvl!-2-sulfonamide

To 3,3-dimethyl-2-pyrrolidinone (58 mg, 0.51 mmol, prepared as described in Example 15) in 0.5 ml DMF at 0°C, sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 26 mg, 0.64 mmol) was added and stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes. To the mixture, the title compound of Step A (150 mg, 0.26 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 hrs. The mixture was then diluted with 50 ml EtOAc, washed with H2O, brine, dried and concentrated to give N- (4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2'-[ (3,3-dimethyl-2- oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-N-[ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-

(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide as a gum.

To the solution of N- (4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2'-

[ (3,3-dimethyl-2-oxo-l-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'- (2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1*-biphenyl]-2- sulfonamide in 5.1 ml of CH3CN, trimethylsilyl chloride

("Me 3 SiCl", 166 mg, 1.53 mmol) was added, followed by Nal

(229 mg, 1.53 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. Additional Me 3 SiCl (166 mg, 1.53 mmol) and Nal (229 mg, 1.53 mmol) were added in three portions and the reaction was stirred for an additional 1 hr and 20 minutes. The reaction mixture was then added to 5 ml H 2 0 and 30 ml EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and washed with 2 ml saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate, brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC on an ODS S10 column using 32% solvent A (10% MeOH, 90% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) and 68% solvent B (90% MeOH,

10% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) to provide the title compound of this

Example (29 mg, 21% for two steps) as a white solid, m.p. 125-132°C (amorphous) .

Example 15

N-(3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2'- . (3.3-dimethyl-2-oxo-l- pyrrolidinyl)methyl1-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) f1, 1'-biphenyl1-2- sulfonamide

A. N- (3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-2 '-. (3.3-dimethyl- 2-oxo-l-pvrrolidinyl)methyl!-N-r (2- methoxyethoxy) ethyl1-4'- (2-pyrimidinyl) .1.1'- biphenyl!-2-sulfonamide To a flask containing 3,3-dimethyl-2-oxo-l- pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethy1 ester, hydrochloride (0.5 g, 2.34 mmol, prepared as described in J. Chem. Res . (Synopsis) . , 414-415 (1993)), IN HCI in ether (15 mL) was added and the mixture stirred overnight. The solution was then evaporated and the residue dried in vacuo to provide 0.26 g (98%) of 3,3-dimethyl-2-pyrrolidinone as a light yellow gum which solidified on standing.

To a solution of the 3,3-dimethyl-2-pyrrolidinone so prepared (0.033 g, 0.29 mmol) in 1 mL of dimethylformamide ("DMF"), NaH (60% suspension in mineral oil, 0.015 g, 0.36 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature under argon for 10 minutes. 2 '-(Bro omethyl)- N-(3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2-methoxyethoxy)me hyl]- 4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide (prepared as described in Step A of Example 14, except that the title compound of Step F of Example 11 was employed in place of N- (4, 5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-2'-formyl-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl] -2-

sulfonamide; 0.085 g, 0.145 mmol) was then added and the mixture was stirred for 3 hrs. The mixture was then added to 50 mL water and the solution was extracted with 3 x 25 mL EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were washed with water and dried and evaporated to afford 0.086 g (95%) of the title compound of this step as a colorless gum.

B. N- (3.4-Dimethvl-5-isoxazolvl) -2 ' - . (3.3-dimethyl- 2-oxo-l-Pvrrolidinvl)methvll-4'-(2- pvrimidinvl) .1.1'-biphenvl! -2-sulfonamide

To a solution of the title compound of Step A (0.081 g, 0.13 mmol) in 3 mL of acetonitrile, chlorotrimethylsilane (0.085 g, 0.78 mmol) and sodium iodide (0.117 g, 0.78 mmol) were added and the mixture stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. Additional portions of chlorotrimethylsilane (0.085 g, 0.78 mmol) and sodium iodide (0.117 g, 0.78 mmol) were added and the mixture stirred for an additional 1 hr. The mixture was diluted with 25 mL of 2% aqueous sodium thiosulfate and extracted with 3 x 25 mL of EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were then washed once with water and dried and evaporated to provide 0.071 g of a colorless gum. This was combined with another 0.071 g of the same material prepared in another batch and the mixture was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC on a 30x500 mm ODS S10 column using 71% solvent B (90% MeOH, 10% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) and 29% solvent

A (10% MeOH, 90% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) . The appropriate fractions were collected and neutralized with aqueous sodium bicarbonate to pH 7 and concentrated to 5 mL. The solution was then acidified to pH 2 using aqueous sodium bisulfate and the white solid was filtered and dried to provide 0.039 g (28%) of the title compound of this Example as a white solid, m.p. 105-115°C (amorphous) .

Example 16

N-r .2 - ϊ r (4.5-Dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)amino!sulfonyl1-4 ' - ( 2- pyrimidinvl) .1.1' -biphenyl1 -2-yl1methvl! -N.3.3- trimethylbutanamide

A. 2-Bromo-N- (4.5-dimethyl-3- isoxazolvl.benzenesulfonamide To 4, 5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolamine (1.62 g, 13.00 mmol, prepared as described in T. Konoike et al., Tetrahedron Letters, 37, 3339 (1996)) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (159 mg, 1.3 mmol) in 6.5 ml pyridine at 0°C, 2- bromobenzenesulphonyl chloride (3.65 g, 14.3 mmol) was added in portions over 10 minutes. After stirring at room temperature overnight, the mixture was added dropwise to 40 ml 6N HCI at 0°C. The mixture was extracted with 3 x 50 ml EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were washed with 30 ml each of IN HCI and brine and dried and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in 160 ml MeOH and 160 ml 3% aqueous NaHCO β solution was added and the mixture was concentrated in vacuo to remove most of the MeOH. The solid was filtered off and the aqueous filtrate was acidified to pH 2 with solid NaHS0 4 , and extracted with 3 x 100 ml of EtOAc. The extracts were washed with brine, dried and concentrated to give the title compound of this step (3.0 g, 70%) . Rf=0.57, silica gel, 1:1 hexane/EtOAc.

B. 2-Bromo-N- (4, 5-dimethvl-3-isoxazolyl) -N- r 12- methoxvethoxv)methyl1 -benzenesulfonamide

To the title compound of Step A (3.19 g, 10.05 mmol) in 10 ml DMF, NaH (60% in mineral oil, 442 mg, 11.05 mmol) was added in portions. After stirring at room temperature for 10 minutes, 2-methoxyethoxymethyl chloride (1.57 g,

12.56 mmol) was added dropwise and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. 20 ml H 2 0 and 100 ml 1:1 hexane/EtOAc were added to the reaction mixture. The organic layer was separated and washed with 2 x 50 ml water, 30 ml brine and dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 3:1 hexane/EtOAc to afford the title compound of this step (2.99 g, 71%) as an oil.

C. N-(4.5-Dimethvl-3-isoxazolyl) -2 ' -formvl-N- ..2- methoxvethoxv)methvll -4 ' - (2-Pvrimidinvl..1.1 ' - biphenvl! -2-sulfonamide

To a solution of the title compound of Step B (1.28 g, 3.04 mmol) in 15 ml tetrahydrofuran ("THF") at -95°C, n- butyllithium ("n-BuLi", 2 M in pentane, 1.75 ml, 3.5 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at -95°C for 10 minutes and trimethylborate (411 mg, 3.95 mmol) was added. The cold bath was removed and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr and concentrated. To the residue, 2- bromo-5- (2-pyrimidinyl)benzaldehyde (250 mg, 0.95 mmol, prepared as described in Step E of Example 11), 4.75 ml of toluene, 1.43 ml of 95% EtOH, 1.43 ml 2M aqueous sodium carbonate and tetrakis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (110 mg, 0.095 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was heated under argon at 85°C for 4 hrs, cooled and diluted with 40 ml of EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and washed with 10 ml H 2 0 and 10 ml brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 1:1 hexane/EtOAc to afford the title compound of

this step (250 mg, 50%) as a colorless gum. R f =0.40, silica gel, 1:2 Hexane/EtOAc.

D. N-r .2'-. F (4.5-Dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl.. (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl!amino1sulfonyl!-4'-(2- pyrimidinyl) r1■ 1'-biphenyl1-2-yl1methyl1-N.3.3- trimethvlbutanamide

To the title compound of Step C (130 mg, 0.25 mmol), methyl amine ("MeNH 2 ", 8.03 M in EtOH, 0.16 ml, 1.24 mmol) and 3A molecular sieves in 2.5 ml CH 2 C1 . acetic acid

("AcOH", 45 mg, 0.75 mmol) was added followed by sodium triacetoxyborohydride ("NaB(AcO) 3 H", 158 mg, 0.75 mmol).

After stirring at room temperature for 16 hrs, MeNH (8.03

M in EtOH, 0.155 ml, 1.24 mmol), AcOH (45 mg, 0.75 mmol) and NaB(AcO) H (263 mg, 1.25 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was stirred for additional 24 hrs. The mixture was diluted with EtOAc, and filtered through celite. The filtrate was washed with aqueous NaHC0 3 , H 2 0, brine, dried and concentrated to give N- (4,5-dimethyl-3- isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-2'-

[ (methylamino)methyl]-4'- (2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2- sulfonamide.

To N-(4,5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- ethoxyethoxy)methyl]-2'- [ (methylamino)methyl]-4'-(2- pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2-sulfonamide in 2.5 ml CH 2 C1 2 at 0°C, t-butylacetyl chloride (35 mg, 0.26 mmol) was added followed by triethylamine (50 mg, 0.49 mmol) . The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hrs and concentrated.

The residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 1:1.2 hexane/EtOAc to afford the title compound of this step (73 mg, 39% for two steps) as a colorless gum. silica gel, 20:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH.

E . N- r . 2 ' - r r ( 4 . 5-Dimethvl-3 - isoxazolvl)amino!sulfonvll -4 ' - (2- pyrimidinyl) .1, 1' -biphenyl1 -2-yl1methyl1 -N, 3 , 3- trimethylbutanamide To a solution of the title compound of Step D (71 mg, 0.11 mmol) in 2.3 ml of CH 3 CN, trimethylsilyl chloride

("Me 3 SiCl", 73 mg, 0.67 mmol) was added and followed by Nal

(100 mg, 0.67 mmol) . The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. Additional Me 3 SiCl (24 mg, 0.22 mmol) and Nal (33 mg, 0.22 mmol) were added and the reaction was stirred for an additional 1 hr. The reaction mixture was then added to 1 ml H 2 0 and 30 ml EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and washed with 2 ml saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate, brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC on an ODS S10 column using 25% solvent A (10% MeOH, 90% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) and 75% solvent B (90% MeOH, 10% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) to provide the title compound of this Example (43 mg, 70%) as a white solid, m.p. 120-128°C (amorphous) . Rf=0.44 (silica gel, 20:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH) .

Example 17

N- (4.5-Dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl) -4 ' - (2-pyrimidinyl) -2 ' - ..3- (trifluoromethvl) -lH-pvrazol-1-yllmethyll .1.1' -biphenyl! -2- sulfonamide

To 3- (Trifluoromethyl)pyrazole (56 mg, 0.41 mmol) in 0.4 ml DMF at 0°C, sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 16.3

mg, 0.41 mmol) was added and stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes. To the mixture, the title compound of Step

A of Example 14 (120 mg, 0.20 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr, diluted with 30 ml EtOAc and 10 ml hexane, washed with H 0, brine and dried and concentrated to give N- (4, 5-dimethyl-3- isoxazolyl) -N- [ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl] -4 ' - (2-pyrimidinyl) -

2 ' - [ [3- (trifluoromethyl) -lH-pyrazol-1-yl]methyl] [1,1'- biphenyl] -2-sulfonamide as a gum. To the solution of N- (4, 5-dimethyl-3-isoxazolyl)-N-

[ (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl] -4' - (2-pyrimidinyl) -2 ' - [ [3-

(trifluoromethyl) -lH-pyrazol-1-yl]methyl] [1,1' -biphenyl] -2- sulfonamide in 3 ml of 95% EtOH, 3 ml 6 N HCI was added.

The mixture was refluxed for 1 hr and concentrated. 10 ml H 2 0 was added and the mixture was extracted with 3 x 30 ml

EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC on an ODS S10 column using 24% solvent A (10% MeOH, 90% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) and 76% solvent B (90% MeOH, 10% H 2 0, 0.1% TFA) to provide the title compound of this

Example (87 mg, 77% for two steps) as a white solid, m.p. 108-114°C (amorphous) .

Example 18

N- (3.4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) -4 ' - (2-pyrimidinyl)-2 ' - \ f3- (trifluoromethyl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yllmethyl! .1.1' -biphenyl! -2- sulfonamide

The title compound of this Example is prepared by a method analogous to that of Example 17, except that 2'- (bro omethyl)-N- (3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-N-[ (2- methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4'-(2-pyrimidinyl) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2- sulfonamide (preparable as in Step A of Example 15) , is employed in place of the title compound of Step A of Example 14.