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Title:
SUBSTITUTED PHENYLSULFONAMIDE INHIBITORS OF BETA AMYLOID PRODUCTION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2003/103660
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Compounds of Formula I, wherein R1-R8 are defined herein are provided, together with pharmaceutically acceptable salts, hydrates, metabolites, and/or prodrugs thereof. Uses of these compounds for inhibiting beta amyloid production and for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease and Down’s syndrome are described.

Inventors:
Kreft, Anthony Frank (43 Barley Court, Langhorne, PA, 19047, US)
Cole, Derek Cecil (14 Renfrew Road, New City, NY, 10956, US)
Woller, Kevin Roger (2 Amandrey Way, Ayer, MA, 01432, US)
Stock, Joseph Raymond (439 High Street, Monroe, NY, 10950, US)
Kutterer, Kristina Martha (624 Cambell Place, Westwood, NJ, 07675, US)
Kubrak, Dennis Martin (3231 Gaul Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19134, US)
Mann, Charles William (122 South Fifth Street, North Wales, PA, 19454, US)
Moore, William Jay (108 Fox Run Drive, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
Casebier, David Scott (161 Ember Lane, Carlisle, MA, 01741, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2003/018198
Publication Date:
December 18, 2003
Filing Date:
June 09, 2003
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Wyeth (Five Giralda Farms, Madison, NJ, 07940, US)
ARQULE, INC. (19 Presidential Way, Woburn, MA, 01801, US)
Kreft, Anthony Frank (43 Barley Court, Langhorne, PA, 19047, US)
Cole, Derek Cecil (14 Renfrew Road, New City, NY, 10956, US)
Woller, Kevin Roger (2 Amandrey Way, Ayer, MA, 01432, US)
Stock, Joseph Raymond (439 High Street, Monroe, NY, 10950, US)
Kutterer, Kristina Martha (624 Cambell Place, Westwood, NJ, 07675, US)
Kubrak, Dennis Martin (3231 Gaul Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19134, US)
Mann, Charles William (122 South Fifth Street, North Wales, PA, 19454, US)
Moore, William Jay (108 Fox Run Drive, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
Casebier, David Scott (161 Ember Lane, Carlisle, MA, 01741, US)
International Classes:
C07D307/14; A61K31/18; A61K31/335; A61K31/34; A61K31/341; A61K31/357; A61K31/4045; A61K31/4245; A61K31/655; A61P3/00; A61P25/28; A61P43/00; C07C311/17; C07C311/18; C07C311/19; C07C311/20; C07C311/29; C07C311/40; C07C323/49; C07D209/14; C07D209/16; C07D271/12; C07D307/52; C07D319/06; (IPC1-7): A61K31/18; C07C311/17
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Kodroff, Cathy A. (Howson and Howson, Spring House Corporate Center P.O. Box 45, Spring House PA, 19477, US)
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Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A method of lowering beta amyloid levels comprising the steps of : a) delivering to a patient, a pharmaceutically acceptable amount of a compound of Formula I : I wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N ; R5 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Rl and R2 ; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, substituted allcyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH23indole, CH (lower allcyl)2furan, CH (lower allcyl)4methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl; or R7 and R8 are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; Tis Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and Rlo is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, CF3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Rg and Rlo are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and RI, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is 0 ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and RsiS O ; R4 is bound to R5 to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Ri, R2, R3, R4, and Rs is halogen unless Ri and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbonbased, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof ; and b) monitoring levels of betaamyloid in the patient.
2. Use of a pharmaceutically acceptable amount of a compound of Formula I in preparation of a medicament for lowering beta amyloid levels in a subject, characterized by Formula I being: wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Ri and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH23indole, CH (lower alkyl)2furan, CH (lower alkyl)4methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl ; or R7 and R8 are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; Tis Rs and Rio are H; or Rg is H and RIO is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, CF3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when Rs is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and RI, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when R5 is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Rlis O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and RsiS O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Rl, R2, R3, R4, and Rs is halogen unless R, and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbonbased, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof; and further characterized by a step of monitoring betaamyloid in the subject following delivery of said medicament to the subject.
3. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein: Tis : Ri, R2, R4, Rs, R6, R7, RonandRloareH ; R3 is halogen; and R8 is lower alkyl of Sstereochemistry at the carbon atom to which N, T, R7, and R8 are attached.
4. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein said pharmaceutically acceptable salt of said compound is selected from the group consisting of salts of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, diethanolamine, ethylene amine, salts of bases, and mixtures thereof.
5. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein said compound is delivered to said subject orally or by injection.
6. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein said compound is selected from the group consisting of 2bromoN [ (1 S, 2S) 1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3bromoN [ (lS, 2S) 1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN[(1S,2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lS, 2S) 1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] 1, 2, 3benzoxadiazole7sulfonamide, 2chloro4 fluoroN[(lS, 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 5chloro N [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl]2methoxybenzenesulfonamide, 2 chloroN [ 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl]6methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3, 5dichloroN[(1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2, 4difluoroN[(1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 fluoroN[(lS, 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoro N [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] naphthalene1sulfonamide, N[(1S, 2S) 1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] naphthalene2sulfonamide 3amino4chloroN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N[(1S)1benzyl2 hydroxyethyl] 4bromobenzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S)1cyclohexyl2 hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[(lR)2hydroxy1(4 hydroxyphenyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (lS)l (hydroxymethyl)3 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ S)2hydroxy1(1 Hindol2 ylmethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromo2, 5difluoroN[(lS, 2S)l (hydroxymethyl2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2, 5dibromoN [ (IS, 2S)l (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3,4dibromoN [ S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2, 3dichloroN[(1S,2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4dichloroN[(lS, 2S)l (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 5trichloroN[(1S,2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromo2, 5difluoroN[(lS) 1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4dichloroN [ (1 S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 6trichloroN [ (1S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3,4dibromoN [ (1S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2,2dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4dichloroN[(1S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2,2dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 5trichloroN [ (lS)l (hydroxymethyl) 2,2dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 6trichloroN [ (lS)l (hydroxymethyl) 2, 2dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (IR, 2R)l (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S)1 (hydroxymethyl)1, 2dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[l (hydroxymethyl) 2phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2R)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[(1S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 1,2dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[1 (hydroxymethyl) 2phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S,2R)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, Nallyl4chloroN[(1S,2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N ( [1, 1'biphenyl]4ylmethyl) 4chloroN [ 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, tert butyl 2f [ (4chlorophenyl) sulfonyl] [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2 methylbutyl] amino} ethylcaxbamate, 4chloroN (4chlorobenzyl)N [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN (cyclobutylmethyl)N [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN (3, 4dimethoxybenzyl) N [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN(2furylmethyl)N [(1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lS, 2S)I (hydroxymethyl)2methylbutyl]N [2 (methylthio) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1 S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2 methylbutyl]N (3phenylprop2ynyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S, 2R)1 (hydroxymethyl)2 (4methoxyphenyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S, 2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2methyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [ (1S, 2R)1 (hydroxymethyl)2phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S) 2ethyll (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lS, 2R)2ethyl1 (hydroxymethyl)4methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl) 2methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[(1S, 2S) 2ethyl 1(hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[(1S,2R)1 (hydroxymethyl) 4methyl2propylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S,2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2(4methoxyphenyl)pentyl]benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN [ S, 2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2propyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloro N [ (1S, 2R)1 (hydroxymethyl)2phenylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ S, 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylheptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [(lS, 2S)2ethyl1(hydroxymethyl) heptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S,2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2pentyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S, 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [(lS, 2S)l(hydroxymethyl)4methyl2phenylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN 2S)l(hydroxymethyl)2phenyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloro N [ (1S, 2R)2(2furyl)1(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S, 2R)2(2furyl)1(hydroxymethyl)4methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN [ S, 2R)2(2furyl)1(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2, 3dimethylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN [ 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2isopropyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 bromoN [ 2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2(4methoxyphenyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ 2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2methyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[(lS, 2R)2ethyl1(hydroxymethyl)4 methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2(4 methoxyphenyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2R)2ethyl1 (hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (IS, 2S)1(hydroxymethyl) 2methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[(lS, 2S)2ethyl1 (hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S, 2R)1 (hydroxymethyl) 4methyl2propylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ S, 2R)1(hydroxymethyl)2propyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2methylheptyl]benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ S, 2S)2ethyl1(hydroxymethyl) heptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S, 2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2phenylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2R)2(2furyl)1(hydroxymethyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S,2R)2(2furyl)1(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ S, 2R)2(2furyl)1(hydroxymethyl)4methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 bromoN [ ( 1 S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2isopropyl4 methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lS, 2S)2ethyll (hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[(lS, 2R)2ethyl1(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroNmethylN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2 methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S)1(hydroxymethyl)3 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lR, 2S)2hydroxylmethyl2 phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [l (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ S)2cyclohexyl1 (hydroxymethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, N (1 S)1 [4(benzyloxy) benzyl] 2 hydroxyethyl}4chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1R)1(hydroxymethyl)1 methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S, 2S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2 methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[l(hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[(1R,2S)2hydroxy1methyl2phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ S)2hydroxy1 phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (l R)1 (hydroxymethyl)3 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [1 (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [1 (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN[1 (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN [ S)2cyclohexyl1 (hydroxymethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN [ (1R)1(hydroxymethyl)3 (methylthio) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN [ (1S)1 (hydroxymethyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN [ (lS)l (hydroxymethyl)3 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN[1(hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN [ (lR, 2S)2hydroxylmethyl2phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN [ (1 S)2hydroxy1 phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN[(lR)1(hydroxymethyl)3 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN [1 (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide, N[(1S)2cyclohexyl1 (hydroxymethyl) ethyl]2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN { (lS, 2S)2hydroxy l (hydroxymethyl)2 [4 (methylthio) phenyl] ethyl}benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN [ (1 S)1 (hydroxy 1methylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, N [ (1 S)1benzyl2 hydroxyethyl]2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN [ (1S)1 (hydroxymethyl)2 methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[1 (hydroxymethyl) cyclohexyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [2 (hydroxymethyl) bicyclo [2.2. 1. ] hept2yl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[1 (hydroxymethyl)2, 3dihydro1Hinden1yl]benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [1 (hydroxymethyl) cyclohexyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[1(hydroxymethyl) 2, 3dihydro1Hinden1yl]benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN(1cyclobutyl2 hydroxylphenylethyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN[(1S,2S)1(1 hydroxyethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S,2S)1 [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}4fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4fluoro N { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (lS)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1 S, 2S)1 [hydroxy (2methylphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4 fluoroN{(l S)2hydroxy3, 3dimethyl1[(1 S)1 methylpropyl] butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]3butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (lS)2hydroxyl [ (lS) 1methylpropyl]4pentenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN{(1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]butyl]benzenesulfonamide, N{(1S,2S)1[(4 chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}4fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4 fluoroN {(1S)2hydroxy4methyl1[(1S)1methylpropyl]3 pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1S)2hydroxy3methyl1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]3butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1 S, 2S)1 [hydroxy (4 methoxyphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S)4 (1, 3dioxan 2yl)2hydroxy1[(1S)1methylpropyl]butyl}4fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> fluoroN {(1 S)2hydroxy1[(1 S)1methylpropyl]5hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN((1 S, 2S)1 {hydroxy [4(methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}2 methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, N{(1S,2S)1[[4 (dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}4 fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN {(1 S, 2S)1[hydroxy (1naphthyl) methyl] 2 methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (1S, 2S)1 (1hydroxyethyl)2 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN{(1S,2S)1 [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S)2hydroxy3,3dimethyl1[(1S)1methylpropyl]butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4 bromoN {(1S)2hydroxy4methyl1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]3bubenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN{(1S)2hydroxy1[(1S) <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1methylpropyl]4pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN{(1 S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN{(1S,2S)1[(4 fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S, 2S)1 [ (4chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN {(1S)2hydroxy4methyl1[(1S)1methylpropyl]3pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN{(1S)2hydroxy3methyl1[(1S)1 methylpropyl]3butenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN{(1S,2S)1[hydroxy (4 methoxyphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S, 3E) 2hydroxy3methyl1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]3pentenyl} benzenesulfona. mide, 4 bromoN{(l S)4(1, 3dioxan2yl)2hydroxy1[(1 S)1 methylpropyl] butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN {(1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methylpropyl]5hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> lmethylpropyl]3pentynyl} benzenesulfonarnide, 4bromoN((1 S, 2S)1 {hydroxy [4 (methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4 bromoN {(1S,2S)1[(4(dimethylamino)phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]2 methylbutyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN[(1S,2S)1formyl2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S,2S)1(1hydroxyethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { S, 2S)1[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]2 methylbutyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] octyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy[(1S)1 methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroNf (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN{(1S)2hydroxy3methyl1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S, 2S)1 [hydroxy (2 methylphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { S)2 hydroxy3, 3dimethyl1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloro N {(1 S)2hydroxy4methyl1 [(1 S)1methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN { (1 S)2hydroxy1 [ (1 S)1methylpropyl]3butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN{(1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1methylpropyl]4 pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN {(1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S, 2S)1 [ (4 chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN {(1S,2S)1[hydroxy (4methoxyphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1 S)4 (1, 3dioxan2yl)2hydroxy1 [ (1 S)1 methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]5hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (lS)2hydroxyl [ (lS) 1methylpropyl]3pentynyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN((1 S, 2S)1 {hydroxy [4(methylsulfanyl)phenyl]methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN{(1S,2S)1[[4(dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (IS, 2S)hydroxy (lnaphthyl) methyl] 2 methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN [ (IS, 2S)1 (1hydroxyethyl)2 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1 S, 2S)1[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (lS)2hydroxy 1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]heptyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN{(1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy3 methyl1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2 hydroxy3, 3dimethyl1[(1S)1methylpropyl]butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3chloro N { (1S)2hydroxy4methyl1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3 chloroN { (1 S)2hydroxy1 [(1 S)1methylpropyl]3butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1 S)2hydroxy1 [(1 S)1methylpropyl]4 pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S, 2S)1 [ (4 chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> { (1S)2hydroxy4methyl1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]3pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (lS, 2S)l [hydroxy (4methoxyphenyl) methyl]2 methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (IS)4 (1, 3dioxan2yl) 2hydroxy 1 [ (IS)lmethylpropyl] butyll benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { S)2hydroxy1 [ (lS)lmethylpropyl]5hexenyllbenzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN ( (lS, 2S)l {hydroxy [4 (methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S,2S)1[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}2 fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN{(1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN { (1 S)2hydroxy1 [ (1 S)1 methylpropyl] heptyl}benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN{(1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN { (1S)2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl]3butenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN{(1S,2S)1[(4 fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (IS, 2S)1 [ (4chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2 fluoroN {(1 S, 2S)1[hydroxy (4methoxyphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S)4 (1, 3dioxan2yl)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl] butyl}2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN[(1S,2S)1(1 hydroxy1methylethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1 S)2 hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]2pentylheptyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S)2butyl2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4 bromoN { (1 S)2hydroxy2isobutyl4methyl1 [(1 S)1methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1S,2S)1[hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]2 methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N{(1S)2allyl2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl]4pentenyl}4bromo benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { S)2ethyl 2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S,2S)1[bis (4 chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}4bromobenzenesulfonamide, 4 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> bromoN {(1 S)2hydroxy2isopropenyl3methyl1[(1 S)1methylpropyl]3<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN { (1 S, 3E)2hydroxy3methyl2 [ (lE)1 methyl1propenyl]1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl]3pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4 bromoN {(1 S)2(3b. utenyl)2hydroxy1[(1 S)1methylpropyl]5 hexenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN((1S,2S)1{hydroxy[di(1 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> naphthyl) ] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S, 2S)1 (1<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> hydroxy1methylethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN {(1 S)2 hexyl2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1 S)2 butyl2hydroxy1[(1S)1methylpropyl]hexyl}4chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN {(1 S)2hydroxy2isobutyl4methyl1[(1 S)1 methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S, 2S)1 [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl}benzenesulfonamide, N{(1S)2allyl2 hydroxy1 [ S)1methylpropyl]4pentenyl}4chloro benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN { (1 S)2ethyl2hydroxy1 [ ( 1 S)1methylpropyl] <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy2isopropenyl3methyl1 [(lS)lmethylpropyl]3butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN((1S,2S)1 {hydroxy [bis (4methoxyphenyl)] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4 chloroN {(1S,3E)2hydroxy3methyl2[(1E)1methyl1propenyl]1[(1S)1 methylpropyl]3pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S)2(3butenyl)2hydroxy1 [(lS)lmethylpropyl]5hexenyl}4chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN ( (1S, 2S)1 {hydroxy [di (1naphthyl)] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> fluoroN [ 2S)1(1hydroxy1methylethyl)2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN {(1S)2hexyl2hydroxy1[(1 S) 1 methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1 S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methylpropyl]2pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide, N {(1 S)2butyl2hydroxy1<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [(lS)lmethylpropyl] hexyl}4fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN{(lS)2 hydroxy2ispropyl3methyl1[(1S)1methylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1 S)2hydroxy2isobutyl4methyl1 [(1 S)1 methylpropyl]pentyl}benzenesulfonamide, N{(1S)2allyl2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl]4pentenyl}4fluoro benzenesulfonamide, N{(1S)2ethyl2 hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] butyl}4fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN {(1 S)2hydroxy2isopropenyl3methyl1[(1 S)1methylpropyl]3 butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN ( (1S, 2S)1 {hydroxy [bis (4 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methoxyphenyl) ] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN { (1S,3E) 2hydroxy3methyl2[(1E)1methyl1propenyl]1[(1S)1methylpropyl]3 pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S)2 (3butenyl)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]5hexenyl}4fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N { (1S, 2S)1 [bis [4 (dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}4 fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4fluoroN ( (1S, 2S)1 {hydroxy [di (1naphthyl)] methyl} 2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2hexyl2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]2pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1S)2butyl2hydroxy1 [ (1S)1methylpropyl] hexyl}3chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (1S)2 hydroxy2isobutyl4methyl1 [ S)1methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3 chloroN {(1 S, 2S)1[hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1 S)2allyl2hydroxy1 [ ( 1 S)1methylpropyl]4pentenyl}3chloro benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN{(1S)2ethyl2hydroxy1[(1S)1 methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, N {(1 S, 2S)1[bis (4 chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}3chloro benzenesulfonamide, 3 chloroN { (1 S)2hydroxy2isopropenyl3methyl1 [ ( 1 S)1methylpropyl]3 butenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN((1S,2S)1{hydroxy [bis (4 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methoxyphenyl) ] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 3chloroN { (lS, 3E) 2hydroxy3methyl2[(1E)1methyl1propenyl]1[(1S)1methylpropyl]3 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1 S)2 (3butenyl)2hydroxy1 [ (1 S)1<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methylpropyl]5hexenyl}3chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN{(lS)2hexyl2<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> hydroxy1 [ (1 S)1methylpropyi] octyl} benzenesulfbnamide, 2fluoroN { (1 S)2 hydroxyl[(lS)lmethylpropyl]2pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN { (1 S, 2S)1[hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]2methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1 S)2allyl2hydroxy1 [(1 S)1methylpropyl]4pentenyl}2 fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N { (1 S)2ethyl2hydroxy1 [ ( S)1 methylpropyl] butyl}2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, Nf ( S, 2S)1 [bis (4 fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N {(1S,2S)1[bis (4chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]2methylbutyl}2fluoro benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN { (1S)2hydroxy2isopropenyl3methyl1 [ (1S)1 methylpropyl]3butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2fluoroN((1S,2S)1 {hydroxy [bis (4methoxyphenyl)] methyl}2methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 2 fluoroN (lys, 3E) 2hydroxy3methyl2 [(1E)1methyl1propenyl]1[(1S)1 methylpropyl]3pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N { (1 S)2 (3butenyl)2hydroxy1 [ S)1methylpropyl]5hexenyl}2fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (1S)1 cyclohexyl2hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lS)2hydroxy1 phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4chloroN [ (lS)l (hydroxymethyl)2 methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4bromoN [ (IS)1 (hydroxymethyl)2 methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4iodoN [ (1S,2S)1(hydroxymethyl)2 methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, and 4chloroN[(lS)l(hydroxymethyl)2, 2 dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
7. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein the compound is 4chloroN[(lS, 2S)2ethyl1 (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
8. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein R2 is bound to Ri to form a 1,2, 3oxadiazole ring.
9. The method according to claim 1 or use according to claim 2, wherein Rs is bound to R4 to form a 1,2, 3oxadiazole ring.
10. A method of preventing or treating Alzheimer's disease, Down's Syndrome, mild cognitive impairment and other beta amyloidinvolved diseases, comprising the steps of : a) administering to a patient, a pharmaceutically acceptable amount of a compound, sufficient to alleviate the symptoms or progress of said disease, Formula I : wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Rl and R2; R2 and R3; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloallcyl, CH23indole, CH (lower alkyl)2furan, CH (lower alkyl)4methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl ; or R7 and R8 are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; Tis Rg and Rio are H; or Rg is H and RIO is lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, CF3, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, or CH2CH21,3 dioxolane; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy ; R2 is halogen and Rl, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl ; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino ; R3 is halogen and Rl, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Rl to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and RsiS O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Ri, R2, R3, R4, and Rs is halogen unless R1 and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbonbased, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof; and b) monitoring the patients for amelioration or stabilization of disease progress.
11. Use of a pharmaceutically acceptable amount of a compound of Formula I for the preparation of a medicament for preventing or treating Alzheimer's disease, Down's Syndrome, mild cognitive impairment and other beta amyloid involved diseases, characterized by formula I being: wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N ; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Ri and R2 ; R2 and R3 ; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R$ is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH23indole, CH (lower alkyl)2furan, CH (lower alkyl)4methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl ; or R7 and Rg are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; Tis Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and RIO is lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, CF3, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, or CH2CH21, 3 dioxolane; or Rg and Rlo are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Ri, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when R5 is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and Ri, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rsis O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Ri, R2, R3, R4, and Rois halogen unless Rl and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbonbased, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof; and further characterized by the step of monitoring the subject for amelioration or stabilization of disease progress following delivery of the medicament to the subject.
12. The method according to claim 10 or use according to claim 11, wherein R3 is halogen and Rs is a lower alkyl of Sstereochemistry at the carbon atom to which N, T, R7, and R$ are attached; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.
13. A compound of Formula la : wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N ; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N ; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC; R8 is selected from the group consisting of npropyl, isopropyl, isobutyl, nbutyl, tbutyl, substituted butyl, optionally substituted hexyl, optionally substituted heptyl, cycloalkyl, CH2 cycloallcyl, CH (lower allcyl)2furan, CH (lower alkyl)4 methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl, and (CH2) 2S lower alkyl ; T is Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and Rio is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, CF3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Rg and Rlo are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein : (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and RI, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when R5 is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and R5 are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rsis O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) one or more of R, to Rs is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
14. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a physiologically compatible carrier and a compound according to claim 13.
15. A compound of Formula I: I wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Ri and R2 or R4 and Rs are fused to form a carbonbased, unsaturated ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of benzyl and substituted benzyl; Tis Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and Rlo is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, CF3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower allcynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and RI, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; R1 is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rs is O ; R4 is bound to R5 to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) one or more of R, to Rs is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
16. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a physiologically compatible carrier and a compound according to claim 16.
17. A compound of Formula Ib: Ib wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H, bromine, fluorine, and iodine; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloallcyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; Tis Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and Rio is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, CF3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, cycloallcyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Rg and Rlo are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when Rs is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and RI, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 or R4 is N=N; Rl or Rs is O and R2 or R4 is bound to Rl or Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (v) one or more of Rl to Rs is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
18. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a physiologically compatible carrier and a compound according to claim 17.
19. A compound of Formula I : wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of lower allcyl and cycloallcyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of cycloallcyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, CH2 cycloallcyl, CH (lower allcyl)2furan, CH (lower allcyl)4methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl ; T is Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and Rio is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, CF3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower allcynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Rg and Rlo are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when Rs is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Rl, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; and (v) when R4 is N=N and R5 is O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) one or more of R, to R5 is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
20. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a physiologically compatible carrier and a compound according to claim 19.
21. A compound of Formula I : I wherein: R, is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N ; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Ri and R2 ; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH (lower alkyl)2furan, CH (lower alkyl)4methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH)4SCH3 phenyl; or R7 and Rg are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; Tis wherein: (i) when Rs is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Rl, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rs is O ; R4 is bound to R5 to form a heterocyclic ring; (vi) when each of Rl, R2, R4, Rs, and R6 is H, R3 is halogen, and R7 is H, then R8 is Cs to C8 alkyl or R7 and R8 are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; (vii) when each of R3, R4, R5, R6, and R7 is H and R1 and R2 are fused to form a carbonbased naphthalene ring, then R8 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH (lower alkyl) 2furan, CH (lower alkyl) 4methoxyphenyl ; CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) 4SCH3phenyl ; (viii) when each of Ri, R2, R4, R5, and R6 is H and R3 is halogen, then R7 and R8 are not both CH3 ; and (ix) at least one of Rl, R2, R3, R4, and Rs is halogen unless Ri and R2 ; R2 and R3; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbonbased, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
22. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a physiologically compatible carrier and a compound according to claim 21.
23. A compound of Formula I: I wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; R5 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Ri and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3 phenyl2propyn1yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH22furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 and R8 are fused to form a saturated carbonbased ring; Tis Rg and Rio are H; or Rg is H and Rio is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, C ? 3, methylsubstituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1naphthyl, and CH2CH21, 3dioxolane; or Ru and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4substitutedphenyl, and 1naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Ri, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino ; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and R5 are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to Ri to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and R5 is 0 ; R4 is bound to R5 to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Ri, R2, R3, R4, and R5 is halogen unless Ri and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbonbased, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.
24. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a physiologically compatible carrier and a compound according to claim 23.
Description:
SUBSTITUTED PHENYLSULFONAMIDE INHIBITORS OF BETA AMYLOID PRODUCTION CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application claims the benefit of US Patent Application No. 60/387, 690, filed June 11,2002, which is incorporated by reference herein.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to small molecular compounds which inhibit beta amyloid production and have utility in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia (loss of memory) in the elderly. The main pathological lesions of AD found in the brain consist of extracellular deposits of beta amyloid protein in the form of plaques and angiopathy and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles of aggregated hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Recent evidence has revealed that elevated beta amyloid levels in the brain not only precede tau pathology but also correlate with cognitive decline. Further suggesting a causative role for beta amyloid in AD, recent studies have shown that aggregated beta amyloid is toxic to neurons in cell culture and has a detrimental effect on memory. This suggests that reducing beta amyloid levels is a viable therapeutic strategy for the treatment of AD.

Beta amyloid protein is composed mainly of 39 to 42 amino acid peptides and is produced from a larger precursor protein called amyloid precursor protein (APP) by the sequential action of the proteases beta and gamma secretase. Although rare, cases of early onset AD have been attributed to genetic mutations in APP that lead to an overproduction of either total beta amyloid protein or its more aggregation-prone 42 amino acid isoform. Furthermore, people with Down's Syndrome possess an extra chromosome that contains the gene that encodes APP and thus have elevated beta amyloid levels and invariably develop AD later in life.

There continues to be a need for compositions useful in inhibiting beta amyloid production and in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In one aspect, a method of lowering beta amyloid levels is provided which includes delivering to a patient a phenylsulfonamide compound and monitoring the beta amyloid levels in the patient.

In another aspect, a method of lowering beta amyloid levels is provided which includes delivering to a patient a compound of formula I: I In a further aspect, a method of preventing or treating Alzheimer's disease is provided which includes delivering to a patient, a compound of formula I :

I In yet another aspect, a compound of formula la is provided, wherein formula la is:

Ia In a further aspect, a compound of formula Ib is provided, wherein formula Ib is:

Other aspects and advantages of the present invention are described further in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments thereof.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides methods of monitoring beta amyloid production in patients at risk for, or suffering from, AD and other diseases resulting from elevated levels of beta amyloid protein in the brain.

The present invention also provides methods of lowering beta amyloid levels which includes delivering to a patient a pharmaceutically acceptable amount of a compound of the invention and monitoring the levels of beta-amyloid in the patient.

By the term"patient"as used herein is meant to describe a mammal which has been diagnosed as having or is at risk of having one or more of the conditions for which modulation of beta amyloid levels is desirable. Preferably, the patient is a human, domestic animal, including canines and felines, or livestock and more preferably is a human. Thus, the compounds are useful for treatment and/or prevention of a number of human and veterinary conditions.

By the term"lowering beta amyloid levels"as used herein is meant to describe decreasing or inhibiting beta amyloid production in a patient. A variety of conditions can be treated by lowering beta amyloid production in a patient and include Alzheimer's Disease, dementia, Down's Syndrome, and mild cognitive impairment, among others.

As used herein, the term"prevention"encompasses precluding the onset of symptoms in a patient who has been identified with or is at risk for a condition resulting from elevated levels of beta amyloid protein in the brain. The patient may not have been diagnosed with the same or have not yet presented any symptoms thereof.

I. Compositions of the invention In one embodiment, the present invention provides compounds of formula I :

wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or R1 and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon- based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3- phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-3-indole, CH (lower alkyl) -2-furan, CH (lower alkyl)-4-methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) -4-SCH3-phenyl ; or R7 and Rs are fused to form a saturated carbon-based ring; Tis

Rg and Rio are H; or Rg is H and Rio is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, CF3, lower alkenyl, methyl-substituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, and CH2CH2-1, 3-dioxolane; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4-substituted-phenyl, and 1-naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and R1, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and R1, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Ri is O ; R2 is bound to R1 to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rsis O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Ri, R2, R3, R4, and R5 is halogen unless R1 and R2 ; R2 and R3; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon-based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

In another embodiment, the compound is of formula la :

wherein: Ri is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3-phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of n-propyl, iso-propyl, iso-butyl, n-butyl, t-butyl, substituted butyl, optionally substituted hexyl, optionally substituted heptyl, cycloalkyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH (lower alkyl)-2-furan, CH (lower alkyl)-4- methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, CH (OH) -4-SCH3-phenyl, and (CH2) 2-S- lower alkyl ; Tis Rg and Rlo are H; or R9 is H and RIO is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methyl-substituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, CF3, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, and CH2CH2-1, 3-dioxolane; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4-substituted-phenyl, and 1-naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when R5 is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Rl, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when R5 is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and Rl, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Rlis O ; R2 is bound to R1 to form a heterocyclic ring;

(v) when R4 is N=N and Rs is O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) one or more of Rl to Rs is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

In a further embodiment, the compound is of formula I:

wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Rl and R2 or R4 and Rs are fused to form a carbon-based, unsaturated ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3- phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of benzyl and substituted benzyl; Tis

Rg and Rlo are H; or Rg is H and Rlo is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methyl-substituted alkenyl, CF3, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, and CH2CH2-1, 3-dioxolane; or

R9 and Rlo are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4-substituted-phenyl, and 1-naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when Rois a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Rl, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and RI, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and Rl is 0 ; R2 is bound to R1 to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rs is 0 ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) one or more of Rl to Rs is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

In yet another embodiment, the compound is of formula Ib : Ib wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H, bromine, fluorine, and iodine; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3- phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; Tis

Rg and RIO are H; or Rg is H and Rio is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methyl-substituted alkenyl, CF3, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, and CH2CH2-1, 3-dioxolane ; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4-substituted-phenyl, and 1-naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when Rs is a methoxy ; R2 is halogen and RI, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and R, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 or R4 is N=N ; Rl or Rs is O and R2 or R4 is bound to Rl or Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (v) one or more of Rl to Rs is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

In a further embodiment, the compound is of formula I : I wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N ; Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ;

R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3- phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH (lower alkyl)-2-furan, CH (lower alkyl)-4-methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) -4-SCH3-phenyl ; Tis Rg and Rio are H; or Rg is H and RIO is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methyl-substituted alkenyl, lower alkynyl, CF3, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, and CH2CH2-1, 3-dioxolane ; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4-substituted-phenyl, and 1-naphthyl ; wherein: (i) when Rs is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and R1, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and R1, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and R1 is O ; R2 is bound to R! to form a heterocyclic ring; and (v) when R4 is N=N and Rs is 0 ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) one or more of R, to R5 is a halogen; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

In yet a further embodiment, the compound is of formula I :

wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N; R5 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or R1 and R2 ; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon- based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3- phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC; R7 is selected from the group consisting of H, lower alkyl, and cycloalkyl ; R8 is selected from the group consisting of cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH (lower alkyl)-2-furan, CH (lower alkyl)-4-methoxyphenyl, CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH)-4-SCH3- phenyl; or R7 and Rg are fused to form a saturated carbon-based ring; Tis wherein:

(i) when Rs is a methoxy ; R2 is halogen and R1, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl; Rl is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and Rl, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and R1 is O ; R2 is bound to R1 to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rs is O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; (vi) when each of R1, R2, R4, Rs, and R6 is H, R3 is halogen, and R7 is H, then Rs is C5 to C$ alkyl or R7 and R$ are fused to form a saturated carbon-based ring ; (vii) when each of R3, R4, R5, R6, and R7 is H and R1 and R2 are fused to form a carbon-based naphthalene ring, then R8 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH (lower alkyl)-2-furan, CH (lower alkyl)-4-methoxyphenyl ; CH (lower alkyl) phenyl, and CH (OH) -4-SCH3-phenyl ; (viii) when each of Rl, R2, R4, Rs, and R6 is H and R3 is halogen, then R7 and R8 are not both CH3; and (ix) at least one of Rl, R2, R3, R4, and Rs is halogen unless R1 and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and R5 ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon-based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

In another embodiment, the compound is of formula I : I wherein: Rl is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and O ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, and N=N; R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and halogen; R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, amino, and N=N;

Rs is selected from the group consisting of H, halogen, methoxy, methyl, and O ; or Ri and R2 ; R2 and R3 ; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon- based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; R6 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, 3- phenyl-2-propyn-1-yl, benzyl, substituted benzyl, CH2 cycloalkyl, CH2-2-furan, (CH2) 2SCH3, and (CH2) 2NHBOC ; R7 and R8 are fused to form a saturated carbon-based ring; Tis R9 and Rio are H; or Rg is H and R10 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, methyl-substituted alkenyl, CF3, lower alkynyl, cycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, and CH2CH2-1, 3-dioxolane; or Rg and Rio are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, phenyl, 4-substituted-phenyl, and 1-naphthyl ; wherein : (i) when Rs is a methoxy; R2 is halogen and Rl, R3, and R4 are H; (ii) when Rs is a methyl ; Ri is halogen and R2, R3, and R4 are H; (iii) when R4 is an amino; R3 is halogen and Rl, R2, and Rs are H; (iv) when R2 is N=N and R1 is O ; R2 is bound to R1 to form a heterocyclic ring; (v) when R4 is N=N and Rsis O ; R4 is bound to Rs to form a heterocyclic ring; and (vi) at least one of Rl, R2, R3, R4, and Rs is halogen unless R1 and R2; R2 and R3 ; R4 and Rs ; or R3 and R4 are fused to form a carbon-based, naphthalene ring with the benzene ring; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof.

. In yet a further embodiment, the compound is selected from the group consisting of 2-bromo-N- [ (lS, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl]-1, 2, 3-benzoxadiazole-7-sulfonamide, 2-chloro-4-fluoro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 5-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl]-2-methoxybenzenesulfonamide, 2-chloro-N-[(lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-6-methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3,5-dichloro- N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4-difluoro-N- [ S, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-[(1S,2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N- [ (1S, 2S) -1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] naphthalene-1-sulfonamide, N-[(1S,2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] naphthalene-2-sulfonamide, 3-amino-4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N- [ (lS)-1-benzyl-2- hydroxyethyl] -4-bromo benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(lS)-l-cyclohexyl-2- hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1R)-2-hydroxy-1- (4- hydroxyphenyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (lS)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-3- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-(1H-indol-2- ylmethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-2, 5-difluoro-N- [ (IS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2, 5-dibromo-N-[(1S,2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4-dibromo-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2, 3-dichloro-N-[(lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4-dichloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 5-trichloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-2, 5-difluoro-N-[(1S)- 1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4-dichloro-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 6-trichloro-N- [ (lS)-l- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3, 4-dibromo-N-[(1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2,2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3,4-dichloro-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2,2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 5-trichloro-N-[(lS)-l-

(hydroxymethyl) -2,2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2,4, 6-trichloro-N-[(1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2,2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(lR, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -1, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -1,2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N-allyl-4-chloro-N- [ (l S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4- ylmethyl)-4-chloro-N- [ (1 S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, tert-butyl 2- { [ (4-chlorophenyl) sulfonyl] [(1S, 2S) - 1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] amino} ethylcarbamate, 4-chloro-N- (4- chlorobenzyl)-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-(cyclobutylmethyl)-N-[(1 S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-[(1S,2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- (2-furylmethyl)-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-N- [2- (methylthio) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl]-N- (3-phenylprop-2-ynyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-methoxyphenyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)- 2-ethyl-l- (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2R) -2-ethyl- 1- (hydroxymethyl)-4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-[(lS, 2S) -2-ethyl- 1-(hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2-propylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-methoxyphenyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- [ (l S, 2R)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-propyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro- N- [ (1S,2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2-phenylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-

[(lS, 2S)-l-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylheptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl)-heptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-pentyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1 S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2-phenylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro- N- [ (lS, 2R)-2- (2-furyl)-l- (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1 S, 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N-[(lS, 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 3-dimethylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-isopropyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- bromo-N- [ ( 1 S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl) -2- (4-methoxyphenyl) <BR> <BR> <BR> propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (lS, 2R)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2R)-2-ethyl-l- (hydroxymethyl)-4- methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (lS, 2R)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4- methoxyphenyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(1S,2R)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)- 2-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(lS, 2S)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(1S,2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2-propylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-propyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ ( S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylheptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [(lS, 2S)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl) heptyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ ( S, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2R)-2- (2-furyl)-1- (hydroxymethyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [(1 S, 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4- bromo-N- [ (l S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-isopropyl-4- methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2R)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-methyl-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-

methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl]-benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-3- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1R,2S)-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2- phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[1- (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (IS)-2-cyclohexyl-l- (hydroxymethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, N- (1 S)-1- [4- (benzyloxy) benzyl] -2- hydroxyethyl}-4-chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (IR)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-l- methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] -benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (lR, 2S)-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(lS)-2-hydroxy-1- phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[(1R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-[1- (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[1- (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-[1- (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- [ (1S)-2-cyclohexyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- [ (1R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-3- (methylthio) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxymethyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3- methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-[1-(hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- [ (lR, 2S)-2-hydroxy-l-methyl-2-phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-[(lS)-2-hydroxy-1- phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- [ (1R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-3- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-[1- (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide, N- [ (lS)-2-cyclohexyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) ethyl]-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1 S, 2S) -2-hydroxy- 1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- [4- (methylthio) phenyl] ethyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- [ (1S)-1- (hydroxyl-methylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, N- [ (lS)-1-benzyl-2- hydroxyethyl] -2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2- methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-[1- (hydroxymethyl) cyclohexyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [2- (hydroxymethyl) bicyclo [2.2. 1. ] hept-2-yl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [1-

(hydroxymethyl) -2, 3-dihydro-lH-inden-1-yl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [l- (hydroxymethyl) cyclohexyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-[1-(hydroxymethyl)- 2, 3-dihydro-1 H-inden-1-yl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- (1-cyclobutyl-2- hydroxy-1-phenylethyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(1- hydroxyethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S, 2S)-1- [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro- N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]hexyl}benzenesulfonami de, 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S, 2S)-1-[hydroxy-(2-methylphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-3,3,-dimethyl-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)- 1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [ (4- chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4- fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- pentenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (4- methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S)-4- (1, 3-dioxan- 2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl}-4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4- fluoro-N- {(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl}benzenesul fonamide, 4-fluoro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy[4-(methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, N- {(1 S, 2S)-1-[[4- (dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4- fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (1-naphthyl) methyl] -2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (1-hydroxyethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (lS, 2S)-l- [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]hexyl}benzenesulfonami de, 4-bromo-N- { S)-2-hydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-1- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-

bromo-N- {(1 S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-[(1 S)-1- methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)- 1-methylpropyl]-4-pentyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { S, 2S)-1- [ (4- fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [ (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- {(1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- {(1 S)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy (4- methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- {(1S, 3E) - 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1- [ S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4- bromo-N- {(1S)-4-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]b utyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-5- hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]- 3-pentynyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- ( (1S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy- [4- (methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { S, 2S)-1-[[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-formyl-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(1-hydroxyethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S,2S)-1-[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2- methylbutyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] hexyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy (2- methylphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2- hydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro- N- { (lS)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- {(1 S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-4- <BR> <BR> pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]

butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[(4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1 S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (4-methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro- N- {(1S)-4-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]b utyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5- hexenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]- 3-pentynyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy[4-(methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[[4- (dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- {(1 S, 2S)-1-[hydroxy (l-naphthyl) methyl] -2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(1-hydroxyethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- {(1 S) - 2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1 S)-2- hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-{(1S)-2- hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]hexyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-{(1S)-2- hydroxy-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3- chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] pentyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)- 1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- {(1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[(4- chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl] -2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [ (1S)-l-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1 S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (4-methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-4-(1, 3-dioxan-2-yl) -2-hydroxy- 1- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- ( (1S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [4- (methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S, 2S)-1-[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2- fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-

methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] heptyl}benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[(4- fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S, 2 S)-1- [ (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 2- fluoro-N- { (1 S, 2 S)-1- [hydroxy (4-methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S)-4- (1, 3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] butyl}-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (l- hydroxy-1-methylethyl) -2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1 S) -2- hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4- bromo-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [(1 S)-1- methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-4-bromo benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-ethyl- 2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [bis (4- chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4-bromobenzenesulfonamide, 4- bromo-N- {(1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropy l]-3- butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N-{(1S,3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-[(1E)-1- methyl-1-propenyl]-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4- bromo-N- { (1 S)-2- (3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-5- hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- ( (1S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [di (1- <BR> <BR> <BR> naphthyl) ] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(1- hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2- <BR> <BR> <BR> hexyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { ( S)-2-<BR> <BR> <BR> butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S) -1-methylpropyl] hexyl}-4-chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { (1S,2S)-1- [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- {(1 S)-2-allyl-2- hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-4-chloro benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- { (1 S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]

butyl}benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- { S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- ( (lS, 2S)-l- {hydroxy [bis (4-methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4- chloro-N- {(1S,3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-[(1E)-1-methyl-1-propenyl]-1-[ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl}benzenesulfonamide, N-{(1S)-2-(3-butyl)-2-hydroxy-1- [ S)-1-methyl propyl]-5-hexenyl}-4-chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- ( (1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy [di (l-naphthyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4- <BR> <BR> <BR> fluoro-N- [ 2S)-1-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N-{(1S)-2-hexyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1 S) -1- methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl}-4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2- hydroxy-2-isopropyl-3-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1- [ (lS)-1- methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-4-fluoro benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S)-2-ethyl-2- hydroxy-1- [ S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl}-4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N-((1 S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [bis (4- methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N-{(1S, 3E) - 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2- [(1E)-1-methyl-1-propenyl]-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- {(1S)-2-(3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl}-4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N- { (IS, 2S)-l- [bis [4- (dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4- fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-fluoro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy [di (l-naphthyl)] methyl}- 2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hexyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] octyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- {(1S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl}-3-chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1 S)-2- hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide, 3- chloro-N- { (1 S, 2 S)-1- [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-3-chloro

benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide, N-{(1S,2S)-1-[bis (4- chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-3-chloro benzenesulfonamide, 3- chloro-N- {(1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropy l]-3- butenyl}benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy [bis (4- <BR> <BR> <BR> methoxyphenyl) ] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 3-chloro-N-{(1S, 3E) - 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2- [(1E)-1-methyl-1-propenyl]-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (lS)-2- (3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l- <BR> <BR> <BR> methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl}-3-chlorobenzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hexyl-2- hydroxy-1- [ S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2- hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl}benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1 S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-2- fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] butyl}-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N- { (1 S, 2S)-1- [bis (4- fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, N- { (lS, 2S)-l- [bis (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluoro benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide, 2-fluoro-N-((1S,2S)-1- {hydroxy [bis (4-methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide, 2- fluoro-N- {(1S,3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-[(1E)-1-methyl-1-propenyl]-1-[ (1S)-1- methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide, N- { (1S)-2-(3-butentyl)-2-hydroxy-1- <BR> <BR> <BR> [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl}-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)-1- cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-chloro-N- [ (lS)-I- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-bromo-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2- methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4-iodo-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide, and 4-chloro-N- [(1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 2- dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate, metabolite, or prodrug thereof.

In another embodiment, the compound is 4-chloro-N-[(lS)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, metabolite, hydrate, or prodrug thereof The compounds of the invention can contain one or more asymmetric carbon atoms and some of the compounds can contain one or more asymmetric (chiral) centers and can thus give rise to optical isomers and diastereomers. While shown without respect to stereochemistry, when the compounds can contain one or more chiral centers, preferably at least one of the chiral centers is of S-stereochemistry.

Most preferably, the carbon atom to which N, T, R7 and Rg are attached is of S- stereochemistry. Thus, the invention includes such optical isomers and diastereomers; as well as the racemic and resolved, enantiomerically pure stereoisomers; as well as other mixtures of the R and S stereoisomers, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts, hydrates, metabolites, and prodrugs thereof.

The term"allcyl"is used herein to refer to both straight-and branched-chain saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon groups having about one to about ten carbon atoms, preferably one to eight carbon atoms and, most preferably, one to six carbon atoms.

The term"lower alkyl"is used herein to refer to straight-and branched-chain saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon groups having about one to about six carbon atoms.

The term"alkenyl"is used herein to refer to straight-and branched-chain alkyl groups having at least one carbon-carbon double bond and about two to about eight carbon atoms, preferably two to six carbon atoms. The term"alkynyl"is used herein to refer to straight-and branched-chain alkyl groups having at least one carbon-carbon triple bond and about two to about eight carbon atoms, preferably two to six carbon atoms.

The terms"substituted alkyl","substituted alkenyl", and"substituted alkynyl" refer to alkyl, alkenyl, and alkynyl as just described having from one to three substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, CN, OH, NO2, amino, aryl, heterocyclic, substituted aryl, substituted heterocyclic, alkoxy, aryloxy, substituted alkyloxy, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarboxy, alkylamino, and arylthio, which groups can be optionally substituted. These substituents can be attached to any carbon of an alkyl, alkenyl, or alkynyl group provided that the attachment constitutes a stable chemical moiety.

The term"aryl"is used herein to refer to a carbocyclic aromatic system, which can be a single ring, or multiple aromatic rings fused or linked together as such that at least one part of the fused or linked rings forms the conjugated aromatic system. The aryl groups include, but are not limited to, phenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, anthryl, tetrahydronaphthyl, and phenanthryl.

The term"substituted aryl"refers to aryl as just defined having one or more substituents including halogen, CN, OH, N02, amino, alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, substituted alkyloxy, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarboxy, alkylamino, and arylthio. Preferably, a substituted aryl group is substituted with one to about four substituents.

The term"heterocyclic"is used herein to describe a stable 4-to 7-membered monocyclic or a stable multicyclic heterocyclic ring which is saturated, partially unsaturated, or wholly unsaturated. The heterocyclic ring has in its backbone carbon atoms and one or more heteroatoms including N, O, and S atoms. Preferably, the heterocyclic ring has about 1 to about 4 heteroatoms in the backbone of the ring.

When the heterocyclic ring contains nitrogen or sulfur atoms in the backbone of the ring, the nitrogen or sulfur atoms can be oxidized. The heterocyclic ring also includes any multicyclic ring in which any of the above defined heterocyclic rings is fused to an aryl ring. The heterocyclic ring can be attached at any heteroatom or carbon atom provided the resultant structure is chemically stable.

A variety of heterocyclic groups are known in the art and include, without limitation, oxygen-containing rings, nitrogen-containing rings, sulfur-containing rings, mixed heteroatom-containing rings, fused heteroatom containing rings, and combinations thereof. Oxygen-containing rings include, but are not limited to, furyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, pyranyl, pyronyl, and dioxinyl rings. Nitrogen-containing rings include, without limitation, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyridyl, piperidinyl, 2-oxopiperidinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, piperazinyl, azepinyl, triazinyl, pyrrolidinyl, and azepinyl rings. Sulfur-containing rings include, without limitation, thienyl and dithiolyl rings. Mixed heteroatom containing rings include, but are not limited to, oxathiolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, oxatriazolyl, dioxazolyl, oxathiazolyl, oxathiolyl, oxazinyl, oxathiazinyl, morpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl sulfoxide, oxepinyl, thiepinyl, and diazepinyl rings.

Fused heteroatom-containing rings include, but are not limited to, benzofuranyl, benzo [b] thienyl or benzo [c] thienyl, indolyl, benazazolyl, purindinyl, pyranopyrrolyl, isoindazolyl, indoxazinyl, benzoxazolyl, anthranilyl, benzopyranyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, benzodiazonyl, naphthyridinyl, benzothienyl, pyridopyridinyl, benzoxazinyl, xanthenyl, acridinyl, and purinyl rings.

As used herein, an N-substituted piperidinyl group can be defined as a substituted heterocyclic group. Among particularly desirable substituents are N-alkyl-, N-aryl-, N-acyl-, and N-sulfonyl piperidinyl groups. One particularly suitable N-acyl-piperidinyl group is N-t-butyloxycarbonyl (BOC)-piperidine.

However, other suitable substituents can be readily identified by one of skill in the art.

The term"substituted heterocyclic"is used herein to describe a heterocyclic group having one or more substituents including halogen, CN, OH, NO2, amino, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl, substituted alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, substituted alkyloxy, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarboxy, alkylamino, and arylthio.

Preferably, a substituted heterocyclic group has 1 to about 4 substituents.

The term"alkoxy"is used herein to refer to the O (alkyl) group, where the point of attachment is through the oxygen-atom and the alkyl group is optionally substituted. The term"aryloxy"is used herein to refer to the O (aryl) group, where the point of attachment is through the oxygen-atom and the aryl group is optionally substituted.

The term"alkylcarbonyl"is used herein to refer to the CO (alkyl) group, where the point of attachment is through the carbon-atom of the carbonyl moiety and the alkyl group is optionally substituted.

The term"alkylcarboxy"is used herein to refer to the COO (alkyl) group, where the point of attachment is through the carbon-atom of the carboxy group and the alkyl group is optionally substituted.

The term"aminoalkyl"is used herein to refer to secondary and tertiary amines where the point of attachment is through the nitrogen-atom and the alkyl groups are optionally substituted. Preferably, the alkyl groups contain one to eight carbon atoms and can be either same or different.

The term"halogen"refers to Cl, Br, F, or I.

The term"ring"structure, e. g. , when R3 and R4 can form a ring structure, includes a monocyclic structure, a bridged cyclo structure, and fused cyclo structures, unless the type of ring structure is otherwise specified.

The compounds of the present invention encompass tautomeric forms of the structures provided herein characterized by the bioactivity of the exemplary compounds and drawn structures. Further, the compounds of the present invention can be used in the form of salts derived from pharmaceutically or physiologically acceptable acids, bases, alkali metals and alkaline earth metals.

Physiologically acceptable acids include those derived from inorganic and organic acids. A number of inorganic acids are known in the art and include hydrochloric, hydrobromic, hydroiodic, sulfuric, nitric, and phosphoric acids, among others. Similarly, a variety of organic acids are known in the art and include, without limitation, lactic, formic, acetic, fumaric, citric, propionic, oxalic, succinic, glycolic, glucuronic, maleic, furoic, glutamic, benzoic, anthranilic, salicylic, tartaric, malonic, mallic, phenylacetic, mandelic, embonic, methanesulfonic, ethanesulfonic, panthenoic, benzenesulfonic, toluenesulfonic, stearic, sulfanilic, alginic, and galacturonic acids, among others.

Physiologically acceptable bases include those derived from inorganic and organic bases. A number of inorganic bases are known in the art and include aluminum, calcium, lithium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and zinc hydroxide compounds, among others. A number of organic bases are known in the art and include, without limitation, N, N,-dibenzylethylenediamine, chloroprocaine, choline, diethanolamine, ethylenediamine, meglumine, and procaine, among others.

Physiologically acceptable alkali salts and alkaline earth metal salts can include, without limitation, sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium salts in the form of esters, hydroxides, and carbamates. Other conventional"pro-drug"forms can also be utilized which, when delivered in such form, convert to the active moiety in vivo.

These salts, as well as other compounds of the invention can be in the form of esters, carbamates and other conventional"pro-drug"forms, which, when administered in such form, convert to the active moiety in vivo. In a currently preferred embodiment, the prodrugs are esters. See, e. g. , B. Testa and J. Caldwell,

"Prodrugs Revisited: The"Ad Hoc"Approach as a Complement to Ligand Design", Medicinal Research Reviews, 16 (3): 233-241, ed. , John Wiley & Sons (1996).

The compounds discussed herein also encompass"metabolites"which are unique products formed by processing the compounds of formula I, la, or Ib by the cell or patient. Preferably, metabolites are formed in vivo.

The compounds of the present invention can be prepared in a number of ways well known to one skilled in the art. The compounds of the present invention can be prepared using the methods described below, together with synthetic methods known in the synthetic organic arts or variations of these methods by one skilled in the art.

See, generally, Comprehensive Organic Synthesis, "Selectivity, Strategy & Efficiency in Modern Organic Chemistry", ed. , I. Fleming, Pergamon Press, New York (1991) ; Comprehensive Organic Chemistry,"The Synthesis and Reactions of Organic Compounds", ed. J. F. Stoddard, Pergamon Press, New York (1979). Preferred methods include, but are not limited to, those outlined below.

In certain embodiments, it may be desirable to utilize chirally pure a-amino acids, 1,2-aminoalcohols, N-sulfonyl a-amino acids, and N-sulfonyl 1,2- aminoalcohols in the reactions described herein for the production of the phenylsulfonamides of the invention. A number of methods for producing these compounds are known in the art. Among desirable methodologies are those described in US Patent Application No. 60/339, 264, filed December 11, 2001, and later filed as US Patent Application No. 10/304,322 and International Patent Application PCT/US02/38119, both filed November 26,2002,"Process for the Synthesis of Chirally Pure a-Amino-Alcohols" ; US Patent Application No. 10/014, 304, filed December 11,2001, entitled"Heterocyclic Sulfonamide Inhibitors of Beta Amyloid Production", published as US-2002-0183361-A on December 5,2002 ; and US Patent Application No. 10/166,896, filed June 11,2002 and later published January 16,2003 as US-2003-0013892-A1, entitled"Production of Chirally Pure a-Amino Acids and N-Sulfonyl a-Amino Acids".

A first method of preparation for the compounds of the invention consists of reaction of a 1, 2-aminoalcohol II with the appropriate sulfonyl halide in the presence of a base such as triethylamine (TEA) and in a suitable solvent to afford compounds of formula III. For compounds where Rg and Rio are hydrogen, oxidation of the N-

sulfonyl primary alcohol with pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) or under Swern conditions then affords the corresponding aldehyde IV which can be reacted with Grignard reagents to afford the secondary alcohols V as a mixture of diastereomers which can be separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or other suitable methods (Scheme 1).

Scheme 1

V IV A second method of preparation involves reaction of an a-amino acid or ester IX with the appropriate sulfonyl halide in the presence of a base such as triethylamine and in a suitable solvent to afford compounds of formula X (Scheme 2). The intermediate N-sulfonyl acid X (Rx=H) can be converted to the corresponding primary alcohol VIII (R9=Rlo=H) utilizing standard methodology such as LiAlH4 (LAH), B2H6 or cyanuric chloride/NaBH4. The intermediate N-sulfonyl ester X (Rx=alkyl, Bn) can also be reduced to the corresponding primary alcohol VIII utilizing standard methodology such as LiAlH4. Alternatively, the intermediate N- sulfonyl ester X (Rx=alkyl, Bn) can be converted to the aldehyde IV with diisobutyl aluminumhydride (DiBAL). Finally, the intermediate N-sulfonyl ester X (Rx=alkyl, Bn) can be reacted with 2 equivalents of Grignard reagent to afford the tertiary alcohols III with R9=Rlo. Alternatively, for tertiary alcohols III with R9 not equal to Rlo, the corresponding Weinreb amide (see Scheme 7) of the N-sulfonyl acid can be prepared and subsequently reacted with R9MgX and RioMgX.

Scheme 2 R2 Ro H 0 R3/\ SN\ R3 s R4 Rs jy fiv R2 R1 DiBAL 1 Rx= alkyl, Bn R3 R3/\ SC1 IX X III H2N P, 4 R5-N X'" R $ R M X =R O R lo Rx=H or alkyl, Bn R4 R5 9 g 9 o R4 R5 in III 07 Rs Rx=H or alkyl, or for Rx=H, Bn LjAIH4 + B2H6 Rio H OH R3 R>O R7 R8 n X H R4 R5 O R R$ VIII

In a variation of the second method to prepare the primary alcohols, an a- amino acid or ester (or N-protected derivative thereof) VI is first converted to the corresponding primary 1,2-aminoalcohol VII (using the methodology outlined in the previous paragraph), which is subsequently, after deprotection (if necessary), reacted with the appropriate sulfonyl halide (Scheme 3) to afford compounds of formula VIII.

Scheme 3

Pro O Pro ° 1. LiAlH4 Pro OH for Rx=H or all : yl, Bn H >< ORx lw-HN R7 R8 or for Rx=H H VI cyanuric Cl/NaBH4 R7 R8 orB2H6 Vil VII Pro = H or protecting group R2 RIO 2. Deprotect D//Y\Q-r') 3. tes 11 Y R4 Re R2 R, 0 H OH IN H R3 s R7 R8 R4 R5 VIII For the preparation of compounds derived from unnatural a-amino acids containing beta branching in the amino acid side chain, a method of preparation based on the worlc of Hruby (Tet. Lett. 38: 5135-5138 (1997) ), incorporated by reference, is outlined in Scheme 4. This route entails formation of the a, (3-unsaturated amide XII of the Evans chiral auxiliary from an oc, p-unsaturated acid XI, followed by conjugate addition of an organocuprate, trapping of the resulting enolate anion XIII with N- bromosuccinimide (NBS), displacement of the bromide XIV with azide anion to afford XV, followed by reduction to the 1, 2-aminoalcohol and subsequent sulfonylation to afford the target compound XVI.

Scheme 4 Ra Ra Ra ! J. \\Rb 1. tBuCOCI/TEA0 3. CuBr, DMS, RbMgX OZON O 51 41 Nez Lis N O Ph XI Xu I XIII oh 4. NB, yS Ra Ra 1 N., ARb., v\Rb O 5. tetramethylguanidinium Bri,. O O= IS=O IRa 6. LAH Jt azide (TMGA) ! t) 1-4 0 lN 0 5 7. Ary1S02C1 HO Ph Ph

XVI XV XIV For the preparation of N-allcylated sulfonamides XVII (R6 can be alkyl, substituted alkyl, allyl, substituted allyl, benzyl, or substituted benzyl), the sulfonamide ester X can be N-alkylated by either treatment with a suitable base such as sodium hydride followed by the alkylating agent R6X or by employing Mitsunobu conditions (R60H/DEAD, TPP). LiBH4 reduction of the N-alkylated sulfonamide ester affords the N-alkylated sulfonamide in the primary alcohol series XVII (Scheme 5). These primary alcohols XVII can be converted to N-alkylated analogs of the secondary alcohols V or aldehyde IV series by chemistry that has been outlined above. Alternatively, the N-alkylated sulfonamide esters, or their corresponding Weinreb amides, can be treated with Grignard reagents to afford the N-alkylated analogs of the tertiary alcohols III (where Rg and Rio are non-hydrogen).

Scheme 5 R3 Rl0 H 0 R2 Rl OH Ix--0 P'6 11 H II R ORx R3 \ IIN H o Rs or II R R4 R5 2. R60H/DEAD/TPPR/\ 0 7 Rs LiBH4 Rx= alkyl or Bn XVII

x An alternate preparation of sulfonamides derived from unnatural 1,2- aminoalcohols utilizes the Bucherer modification of the Strecker o-amino acid synthesis (Scheme 6). In this route, an aldehyde XVIII is reacted with cyanide anion and ammonium carbonate to afford the hydantoin XIX, which is hydrolyzed to the oc- amino acid XX. This compound is then reduced to XXI and sulfonylated to afford the desired compounds of formula XXII.

Scheme 6 Rb l. NaCN/(NH4) 2CO3 yt Rb 2. NaOH ° Rb H 0 \// O H2N XVIII 0 XA XX 3. Liait4 Rb Rob \ 4. AryISOC1 HO Y O Ra HO Ra HNSAryl Õ H2N XXII XXI

As previously noted (Scheme 1), the preparation of sulfonamides derived from 1,2-aminoalcohols in the secondary alcohol series V results in the formation of a diastereomeric mixture. An alternate method of preparation of these compounds that results in the production of a pure diastereomer is outlined in Scheme 7 for compounds derived from L-isoleucine. This method, which utilizes chemistry previously employed by Roux (Tetrahedron 50: 5345-5360 (1994) ), consists of addition of Grignard reagents to the Weinreb amide XXIII (derived from the requisite a-amino acid) followed by stereospecific reduction of the ketone XXIV to afford a single diastereomeric N-protected 1,2-aminoalcohol XXV. Deprotection of this compound followed by reaction with sulfonyl chlorides affords the pure diastereomeric sulfonamide secondary alcohols of formula XXVI.

Scheme 7

XXV XXVI Where catalysts or solvents are included in a reaction step of this invention, it is expected that other catalysts or solvents known in the art, but not mentioned herein, can be used. Those skilled in the art will readily be able to determine suitable

catalysts, solvents and reaction conditions for each reaction step included in the invention.

The invention includes certain types of reactions, such as enolate trapping, hydrolysis, and reduction reactions that are generally known in the art, but previously had not been applied in the novel manner of the present invention. Variations in the specific methods of accomplishing individual steps of the invention can be apparent to those in the art. Although all of these possible variations cannot be set forth herein, such variations are contemplated to be within the scope of the present invention.

II. Formulations of the Invention The compounds described herein can be formulated in any form suitable for the desired route of delivery using a pharmaceutically effective amount of one or more of the compounds of the invention. For example, the compositions of the invention can be delivered by a route such as oral, dermal, transdermal, intrabronchial, intranasal, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, parenteral, intraperitoneal, sublingual, intracranial, epidural, intratracheal, intranasal, vaginal, rectal, or by sustained release. Preferably, delivery is oral.

A pharmaceutically effective amount of a compound used according to the present invention can vary depending on the specific compound, mode of delivery, severity of the condition being treated, and any other active ingredients used in the formulation or the selected regimen. The dosing regimen can be adjusted to provide the optimal therapeutic response. Several divided doses can be delivered daily or a single daily dose can be delivered. The dose can however be proportionally reduced or increased as indicated by the exigencies of the therapeutic situation.

As described herein, a pharmaceutically useful amount of a compound of the invention is that amount of a compound which alleviates the symptoms of the disease, e. g. , AD, or which prevents the onset of symptoms, or the onset of more severe symptoms. Generally, an individual dose (i. e. , per unit, e. g. , tablet) of a compound of the invention can be in the range from about 1 ug/kg to about 10 g/kg, more preferably 10 mg/kg to about 5 g/kg, and most preferably about 1 mg/kg to about 200 mg/kg. Desirably, these amounts are provided on a daily basis. However, the dosage to be used in the treatment or prevention of a specific cognitive deficit or other

condition can be subjectively determined by the attending physician. The variables involved include the specific cognitive deficit and the size, age and response pattern of the patient.

The compounds of the invention can be combined with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or excipients including, without limitation, solid and liquid carriers which are compatible with the compounds of the present invention.

Such carriers can include adjuvants, syrups, elixirs, diluents, binders, lubricants, surfactants, granulating agents, disintegrating agents, emollients, solubilizers, suspending agents, fillers, glidants, compression aids, encapsulating materials, emulsifiers, buffers, preservatives, thickening agents, colors, viscosity regulators, stabilizers, osmo-regulators, and combinations thereof. Optionally, one or more of the compounds of the invention can be mixed with other active agents.

Adjuvants can include, without limitation, flavoring agents, sweeteners, coloring agents, preservatives, and supplemental antioxidants, which can include vitamin E, ascorbic acid, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA).

Elixers and syrups can be prepared from acceptable sweeteners such as sugar, saccharine or a biological sweetener, a flavoring agent, and/or solvent. In one embodiment, a syrup can contain about 10 to about 50% of a sugar carrier. In another embodiment, the elixir can contain about 20 to about 50% of an ethanol carrier.

Diluents can include materials in which the compound can be dispersed, dissolved, or incorporated. Preferably, the diluents include water, lower monovalent alcohols, monohydric alcohols, polyhydric alcohols, and low molecular weight glycols and polyols, including propylene glycol, diethylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, glycerol, butylene glycol, 1,2, 4-butanetriol, sorbitol esters, 1,2, 6-hexanetriol, ethanol, isopropanol, sorbitol esters, butanediol, ethyl oleate, isopropyl myristate, ether propanol, ethoxylated ethers, propoxylated ethers, oils such as corn, peanut, fractionated coconut, arachis, sesame oils, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), dimethylformamide (DMF), waxes, preferably low-melting waxes, dextrin, and combinations thereof. Preferably, the diluent is water.

Binders can include, without limitation, cellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxymethylcellulose, polypropylpyrrolidone, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyvinylpyrrolidine, gelatin, gum arabic, polyethylene glycol, starch, sugars such as sucrose, kaolin, cellulose kaolin, and lactose, among others.

Lubricants can include magnesium stearate, light anhydrous silicic acid, talc and sodium lauryl sulfate, among others.

Granulating agents can include, without limitation, silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, starch, calcium carbonate, pectin, crospovidone, and polyplasdone, among others.

Disintegrating agents can include starch, carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxypropylstarch, substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, sodium bicarbonate, calcium phosphate, and calcium citrate, among others Emollients can include, without limitation, stearyl alcohol, mink oil, cetyl alcohol, oleyl alcohol, isopropyl laurate, polyethylene glycol, olive oil, petroleum jelly, palmitic acid, oleic acid, and myristyl myristate.

Alternatively, the use of sustained delivery devices can be desirable, in order to avoid the necessity for the patient to take medications on a daily basis. The term "sustained delivery"is used herein to refer to delaying the release of an active agent, i. e. , a compound of the invention, until after placement in a delivery environment, followed by a sustained release of the agent at a later time. A number of sustained delivery devices are known in the art and include hydrogels (US Patent Nos.

5,266, 325; 4,959, 217; 5,292, 515), osmotic pumps (US Patent Nos. 4,295, 987 and 5,273, 752 and European Patent No. 314,206, among others); hydrophobic membrane materials, such as ethylenemethacrylate (EMA) and ethylenevinylacetate (EVA); bioresorbable polymer systems (International Patent Publication No. WO 98/44964 and US Patent Nos. 5,756, 127 and 5,854, 388) ; and other bioresorbable implant devices composed of, for example, polyesters, polyanhydrides, or lactic acid/glycolic acid copolymers (US Patent No. 5,817, 343). For use in such sustained delivery devices, the compounds of the invention can be formulated as described herein.

111. Formulation Delivery The present invention provides methods of providing the compounds of the invention to a patient. The compounds can be delivered by a route such as oral, dermal, transdermal, intrabronchial, intranasal, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, parenteral, intraperitoneal, sublingual, intracranial, epidural, intratracheal, intranasal, vaginal, rectal, or by sustained release. Preferably, delivery is oral.

In one embodiment, the compositions are delivered orally in solid or liquid form by powder, tablet, capsule, microcapsules, dispersible powder, granule, suspension, syrup, elixir, and aerosol.

Desirably, when the compound is delivered orally, it is sub-divided in a dose containing appropriate quantities of the active ingredient. The unit dosage forms can be packaged compositions, for example packeted powders, vials, ampoules, prefilled syringes or sachets containing liquids. The unit dosage form can be, for example, a capsule or tablet itself, or it can be the appropriate number of any such compositions in package form. Preferably, the powders and tablets contain up to 99% of the active ingredient.

In another embodiment, the compounds are delivered intravenously, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, parenterally and intraperitoneally in the form of sterile injectable solutions, suspensions, dispersions, and powders which are fluid to the extent that easy syringe ability exits. Such injectable compositions are sterile, stable under conditions of manufacture and storage, and free of the contaminating action of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi.

Injectable formations can be prepared by combining the compound with a liquid. The liquid can be selected from among water, glycerol, ethanol, propylene glycol and polyethylene glycol, oils, and mixtures thereof, and more preferably the liquid carrier is water. In one embodiment, the oil is vegetable oil. Optionally, the liquid carrier contains about a suspending agent.

In a further embodiment, the compounds are delivered rectally or vaginally in the form of a conventional suppository.

In yet another embodiment, the compositions are delivered intranasally or intrabronchially in the form of an aerosol.

In a further embodiment, the compositions are delivered transdermally or by sustained release through the use of a transdermal patch containing the composition and an optional carrier that is inert to the compound, is nontoxic to the skin, and allows for delivery of the compound for systemic absorption into the blood stream.

Such a carrier can be a cream, ointment, paste, gel, or occlusive device. The creams and ointments can be viscous liquid or semisolid emulsions. Pastes can include absorptive powders dispersed in petroleum or hydrophilic petroleum. Further, a variety of occlusive devices can be utilized to release the active reagents into the blood stream and include semi-permeable membranes covering a reservoir contain the active reagents, or a matrix containing the reactive reagents.

IV. Methods of Use The compounds of the present invention have utility for the prevention and treatment of disorders involving beta amyloid production, including cerebrovascular diseases, and the prevention and treatment of AD by virtue of their ability to reduce beta amyloid production.

In preliminary studies using protease specific assays, the compounds of the invention have been shown to exhibit specific inhibition with respect to protease activity. Thus, the compounds of the present invention are useful for treatment and prevention of a variety of conditions in which modulation of beta amyloid levels provides a therapeutic benefit. Such conditions include, e. g. , amyloid angiopathy, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, systemic amyloidosis, Alzheimer's Disease (AD), hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis of the Dutch type, inclusion body myositis, Down's syndrome and mild cognitive impairment, among others.

The compounds of the present invention have also been shown to inhibit beta amyloid production. In one embodiment, a subject or patient can be monitored for circulating levels of the compounds and/or beta-amyloid levels, from time to time following administration of a compound of the invention, or during the course of treatment. A variety of assays can be utilized for this purpose, including those described below. Additionally, cellular, cell-free and in vivo screening methods, as well as radioimmunoassays and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect inhibitors of beta amyloid production are known in the art (See, e. g. , P. D.

Mehta, et al. , Techniques in Diagnostic Pathology, vol. 2, eds. , Bullock et al, Academic Press, Boston, pages 99-112 (1991), International Patent Publication No.

WO 98/22493, European Patent No. 0 652 009, and US Patent Nos. 5,703, 129 and 5,593, 846).

The compounds can further be utilized in generating reagents useful in diagnosis of conditions associated with abnormal levels of beta amyloid. For example, the compounds of Formula I can be used to generate antibodies which would be useful in a variety of diagnostic assays. Methods for generating monoclonal, polyclonal, recombinant, and synthetic antibodies or fragments thereof, are well known to those of skill in the art. See, e. g. , E. Mark and Padlin, "Humanization of Monoclonal Antibodies", Chapter 4, The Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Vol. 113, The Pharmacology of Monoclonal Antibodies, Springer-Verlag (June, 1994); Kohler and Milstein and the many known modifications thereof; International Patent Application No.

PCT/GB85/00392; British Patent Application Publication No. GB2188638A; Amit et al. , Science, 233: 747-753 (1986); Queen et al. , Proc. Nat'l. Acad. Sci. USA, 86: 10029-10033 (1989); International Patent Publication No. WO 90/07861 ; and Riechmann et al., Nature, 332: 323-327 (1988); Huse et al, Science, 246: 1275-1281 (1988). Alternatively, the compounds of Formula I can themselves be used in such diagnostic assays. Regardless of the reagent selected (e. g. , antibody or compound of Formula I), suitable diagnostic formats including, e. g. , radioimmunoassays and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), are well known to those of skill in the art and are not a limitation on this embodiment of the invention.

The following examples are provided to illustrate the production and activity of representative compounds of the invention and to illustrate their performance in a screening assay. One skilled in the art will appreciate that although specific reagents and conditions are outlined in the following examples, these reagents and conditions are not a limitation on the present invention.

EXAMPLES Example 1 2-Bromo-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of (S) isoleucinol (23 mg, 0.2 mmol) in THF (3 mL) was added triethylamine (46 p, L, 0.24 mmol) and 2-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (51 mg, 0.2 mmol). The solution was stirred for 8 tol6 hours, then concentrated. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (1.5 mL) and purified by semi-preparative RP-HPLC using the following conditions: Column: Phenomenex C18 Luna 21.6 mm x 60 mm, 5 1 Solvent A: Water (0.02% TFA buffer) Solvent B: Acetonitrile (0.02 % TFA buffer) Solvent Gradient: Time 0: 10 % B; 2.5 min: 10 % B; 14 min: 90 % B.

Flow Rate: 22.5 mL/min The product peak was collected based on UV absorption and concentrated to give Example 1 (37.7 mg).

The following compounds (Table 1; Examples 1-13) were prepared using 2- bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 3-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 3-chloro benzenesulfonyl chloride, 4-chloro-7-chlorosulfonyl-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole, 2-chloro- 4-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 5-chloro-2-methoxy-benzenesulfonyl chloride, 2- chloro-6-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride, 3, 5-dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 2,4- difluoro benzenesulfonyl chloride, 4-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 2- fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 1-naphthalenesulfonyl chloride, and 2- naphthalenesulfonyl chloride and following the procedure outlined in Example 1.

This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 1-LCMS Datal

RSO2Cl Example Molecular ion and retention time 2-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 1 (338.0 M+H); 2.850 min 3-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 2 (338.0 M+H) ; 3.014 min 3-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 3 (292.1 M+H); 2.949 min 4-chloro-7-chlorosulfonyl-2, 1, 3- 4 (334.1 M+H); 3.073 min benzoxadiazole 2-chloro-4-fluorobenzenesulfonyl 5 (311. 1 M+H); 2.910 min chloride 5-chloro-2-methoxy-benzenesulfonyl 6 (322. 1 M+H); 3.018 min chloride 2-chloro-6-methylbenzenesulfonyl 7 (306.1 M+H); 3.017 min chloride 3, 5-dichlorobenzenesulfonyl 8 (326. 0 M+H); 3.320 min chloride 2, 4-difluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 9 (294. 1 M+H); 2.740 min 4-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 10 (277.1 M+H); 2.691 min 2-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 11 (276.1 M+H); 2.608 min 1-naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 12 (308.1 M+H); 3.087 min 2-naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 13 (308.1 M+H); 3.103 min 'LCMS conditions: Hewlett Packard 1100 MSD; YMC ODS-AM 2.0 mm x 50 mm 5 11 column at 23°C ; 3 tL injection; Solvent A: 0.02% TFA/water; Solvent B: 0.02% TFA/acetonitrile; Gradient: Time 0: 95% A; 0.3 min: 95% A; 4.7 min: 10% A; 4.9 min: 95% A. Flow rate 1.5 mL/min; Detection: 254 nm DAD; API-ES Scanning Mode Positive 150-700; Fragmentor 70 mV.

Example 14 3-Amino-4-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide

A. Preparation of 3-Nitro-4-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide To a solution of S-isoleucinol (3.0 g, 25.6 mmol), triethylamine (2.85 g, 28.2 mmol) and methylene chloride (30 mL) at 0°C, was added a solution of 4- chloro-3-nitro-benzenesulfonyl chloride (6.55 g, 25.6 mmol) in CH2CI2 (30 mL).

After 15 minutes, the ice bath was removed and the reaction allowed to reach 25°C.

After 16 hours, the reaction was quenched by pouring into a saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (125 mL). The organic phase was separated and washed sequentially with 1N HC1 solution (100 mL), distilled water and brine, dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give a crude solid that was recrystallized from ethyl acetate-hexane (5.52 g, 64%). MS (+ESI) 354 ([M+NH4] +). Anal. Calc'd for C12Hl7ClN2O5S : C, 42.80 ; H, 5.09 ; N, 8.32 ; Found: C, 42.82 ; H, 5.05 ; N, 8.23.

B. Preparation of 3-Amino-4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide A standard hydrogenation bottle was charged with 3-nitro-4-chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide (0. 50g, 1.48 mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (0.05 g), methanol (25 mL) and hydrogen gas. It was shaken on a Parr hydrogenation apparatus for 50 minutes. The reaction mixture was filtered and the solvent evaporated to produce a crude oil that was flash chromatographed (eluant: ethyl acetate-hexane, 3-2) to afford the product as a solid, mp 89-92°C (0.12g, 26%). MS (+APCI) 307.03 ([M+H]+). Anal. Calc'd for C12Hl9CIN203S : C, 46.98 ; H, 6.24 ; N, 9.13 ; Found: C, 47.44 ; H, 6.32 ; N, 8.88.

Example 15 N- [(1 S)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxyethyl]-4-bromobenzenesulfonamide To a solution of (S)- (-) 2-amino-3-phenyl-l-propanol (37 mg, 0.25 mmol) in THF (3 mL) was added triethylamine (58 uL, 0.3 mmol) and 4-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (63 mg, 0.25 mmol). The solution was stirred for 8 to 16 hours, then concentrated. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (1.5 mL) and purified by semi- preparative RP-HPLC using the conditions described in Example 1 to give Example 15 (9.8 mg). This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 2 (LCMS Datal : Molecular ion and retention time) RIR2NH (S)-(-) 2-amino-3-phenyl-1-propanol Example 15; (372.0 M+H); 3.110 min Example 16 4-Bromo-N- [ ( 1 S)-1-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of 4-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (102 mg, 0.4 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added L-cyclohexylglycine (77.4 mg, 0.4 mmol) in 1 N sodium hydroxide (1 mL). The reaction was shaken at 25°C for 16 hours, then concentrated.

The residue was dissolved in THF (1 mL) and lithium aluminum hydride (1 M solution in THF, 0.8 mmol, 0.8 mL) was added and the reaction shaken for 2 hours.

Water (240 plu), 15% sodium hydroxide (240 pL) and water (960 J. L) were added with shaking between each addition. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate concentrated and purified as described for Example 1 to give Example 16 (1.9 mg).

This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

The following compounds (Examples 16-19, Table 3) were prepared using 4- bromobenzensulfonyl chloride with L-cyclohexylglycine, D-4-hydroxyphenylglycine, D-methionine, and L-tryptophan and following the procedure outlined in Example 16.

Table 3 (LCMS Datal : Molecular ion and retention time) Amino Acid Example Molecular Ion Retention time (min) L-cyclohexylglycine 16 (364.0 M+H) 3.216 D-4-hydroxy 17 (374. 0 M+H) 2.371 phenylglycine D-methionine 18 (355. 0 M+H) 2. 692 L-tryptophan 19 (411.0 M+H) 3.004

Example 20 4-Bromo-2, 5-difluoro-N- [ (1 S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of (S) -isoleucinol (23 mg, 0.2 mmol) in THF (3 mL) was added triethylamine (46 I1L, 0.24 mmol) and 4-bromo-2,5-difluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (58 mg, 0.2 mmol). The solution was stirred for 8 to 16 hours. The solvent was removed and the residue purified as described for Example 1 to give Example 20 (4.7 mg).

The following compounds (Table 4) were prepared using (S)- (+)-isoleucinol, (S)- (+)-2-amino-3-methyl-l-butanol, and (S) -tert-leucinol with 4-bromo-2,5-difluoro benzenesulfonyl chloride, 2,5-dibromobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 3,4-dibromo benzenesulfonyl chloride, 2,3-dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, 3,4-dichloro benzenesulfonyl chloride, 2,4, 5-trichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, and 2,4, 6-trichloro benzenesulfonyl chloride and following the procedure outlined in Example 20.

This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 4 (LCMS Datal : Molecular ion and retention time)

RS02C1Aminoalcohol (S)- (+)- (S)- (+)-2-amino- (S) -tert-leucinol isoleucinol 3-methyl-1- butanol 4-bromo-2, 5-Ex. 20 Ex. 26 difluorobenzenesulfonyl (374.0 M+H); (358. 0 M+H); chloride 3. 663 min 3. 006 min 2, 5-dibromobenzenesulfonyl Ex. 21 chloride (417.9 M+H); 3. 340 min 3, 4-dibromobenzenesulfonyl Ex. 22 Ex. 29 chloride (415.9 M+H); (415.9 M+H); 3. 387 min 3. 357 min 2, 3-dichlorobenzenesulfonyl Ex. 23 chloride (328.0 M+H); 3. 152 min 3, 4-dichlorobenzenesulfonyl Ex. 24 Ex. 27 Ex. 30 chloride (328.0 M+H); (312.0 M+H); (326.0 M+H); 3. 314 min 3. 105 min 3. 041 min 2,4, 5-trichlorobenzenesulfonyl Ex. 25 Ex. 31 chloride (362.0 M+H); (362.0 M+H); 3.533 min 3. 505 min 2,4, 6-trichlorobenzenesulfonyl Ex. 28 Ex. 32 chloride (348.0 M+H); (362.0 M+H); 3. 210 min 3. 404 min Example 33 4-Bromo-N- [ (lR, 2R)-I- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of D-isoleucine (32.8 mg, 0.25 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was added lithium aluminum hydride (1 M solution in THF) (0.8 mL, 0.8 mmol) and the solution was heated at 60°C for 4 hours. The solution was then stirred at 25°C for 8 to 16 hours. The reaction was quenched by addition of water (45 vol), 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide (45 u. L) and water (105 pL) with vigorous stirring between each addition. The mixture was then filtered and concentrated.

To the residue in THF (3 mL) was added triethylamine (69 I1L, 0.50 mmol) and 4-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (63.9 mg, 0.25 mmol). The solution was stirred for 8 to 16 hours, then concentrated and the residue purified as described for Example 1 to give 50.8 mg.

The following compounds (Examples 33-39, Table 5) were prepared using 4- bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride, and 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride, with D- isoleucine, L-a-methyl-valine, ß-methyl-DL-phenylalanine, and L-allo-isoleucine and following the procedure outlined in Example 33. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 5 (LCMS Datal : Molecular ion and retention time) Amino Acid RS02Cl 4-bromobenzenesulfonyl 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride chloride D-isoleucine Ex. 33 (336. 0 M+H); 2. 858 min L-a-methyl-valine Ex. 34 Ex. 37 (338. 0 M+H); (292.0 M+H); 2.872 min 2. 806 min (3-methyl-DL-phenylalanine Ex. 35 Ex. 38 (386.0 M+H); (342.0 M+H); 3.089 min 3. 035 min L-allo-isoleucine Ex. 36 Ex. 39 (336. 0 M+H); (292.0 M+H); 2.828 min 2. 763 min

Example 40 N-Allyl-4-chloro-N- [ ( 1 S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of L-isoleucine methyl ester hydrochloride (1.82 g, 10 mmol) and 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (2. 11 g, 10 mmol) in CH2Cl2 was added triethylamine (4.18 mL, 30 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 25°C for 16 hours, then filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography over silica gel using 10% ethyl acetate in hexane to give N-4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl L-isoleucine methyl ester 3.53 g.

To a solution of N-4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl L-isoleucine methyl ester (80 mg, 0.25 mmol) in a mixture of DCM (1.5 mL) and THF (1.5 mL) was added allyl alcohol (17 1L, 0.25 mmol), triphenylphosphine (66 mg, 0.25 mmol) and diethylazodicarboxylate (39 I1L, 0.25 mmol). The reaction was shaken at 25°C for 24 hours.

Lithium borohydride (11 mg, 0.5 mmol) was added to this reaction solution and the reaction was shaken at 45°C for 24 hours then quenched by addition of water (2 mL) and extracted into ethyl acetate (3.5 mL). The organic phase was evaporated and the residue purified as described for Example 1 to give 11.6 mg.

The following compounds (Examples 40-48, Table 6) were prepared using allyl alcohol, 4-biphenylmethanol, t-butyl N- (2-hydroxyethyl)-carbamate, p- chlorobenzyl alcohol, cyclobutanemethanol, 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol, furfuryl alcohol, 2- (methylthio) ethanol, and 3-phenyl-2-propyn-1-ol and following the procedure outlined in Example 40. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 6 (LCMS Datal) RIOH Example Molecular Ion Retention Time allyl alcohol 40 332. 24 M+H 3. 57 min 4-biphenylmethanol 41 458. 0 M+H 4. 225 min t-butyl N- (2-hydroxyethyl)- 42 435. 33 M+H 3. 68 min carbamate p-chlorobenzyl alcohol 43 416. 14 M+H 3. 97 min cyclobutanemethanol 44 360. 31 M+H 3. 97 min 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 45 442. 1 M+H 3. 333 min fiufuryl alcohol 46 372. 1 M+H 3. 403 min 2- (methylthio) ethanol 47 366. 27 M+H 3. 69 min 3-phenyl-2-propyn-1-ol 48 406. 33 M+H 4. 05 min Example 49 4-Chloro-N- [ ( 1 S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-methoxyphenyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide

Part 1 : A solution of 2-pentenoic acid (4.05 mL, 40 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was cooled to-78°C. Triethylamine (5.85 mL, 42 mmol) and trimethylacetyl chloride (pivaloyl chloride) (5.17 mL, 42 mmol) were added via syringe in that order. The dry ice bath was replaced with an ice bath and the reaction stirred at 0°C for 1 hour, then the reaction was recooled to-78°C. In a separate flask 4- (R)-4-benzyl-2- oxazolidinone (7.0 g, 40 mmol) was dissolved in THF (100 mL) and cooled to-78°C, then n-butyl lithium (1.6 M, 25 mL) was added via syringe. The mixture was stirred for 20 minutes then the above reaction mixture was added by removing the septum and pouring quickly from one flask to the other (Note* attempts to transfer reaction mixture via cannula failed due to the suspended triethylammonium chloride in the mixture).

The resulting mixture was stirred at-78°C for 30 minutes then allowed to warm to 25°C for 1 to 2 hours before quenching with saturated aqueous NH4C1 solution (100 mL). Volatiles were removed on the rotary evaporator and the aqueous slurry was diluted with water (200 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 200 mL).

The combined organic phase was dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated. The product may crystallize out of solution and be of high purity. If purification is required, the crude product can be purified by flash chromatography using 20-30% ethyl acetate in hexane.

Part 2: To a copper (1) bromide-dimethyl sulfide complex (246 mg, 1.2 mmol) in THF/DMS (2: 1,15 mL), cooled to-40° C, was added 4-methoxyphenyl magnesium bromide (4.8 mL 0.5 M solution in THF, 2.4 mmol). The solution was allowed to stir for 10 minutes while warming to-15° C. The mixture was recooled to-40° C and the product from Part 1 (245 mg, 1 mmol) in THF (6 mL) was added. The solution was stirred at 25°C for 8 to 16 hours. The solution was cooled to-78° C and N- bromosuccinimide (356 mg, 2 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was added. The solution was allowed to warm to 0° C and shaken at 0° C for 3 hours. The reaction was quenched with a 1: 1 solution of saturated ammonium carbonate and 0.5 N potassium bisulfate (5 mL). The organic phase was decanted off and concentrated.

Part 3: To the product from Part 2 dissolved in acetonitrile (5 mL) was added tetramethylguanidine azide (0.6 mL, 4 mmol). The solution was stirred for 72 to 120 hours. The solution was concentrated to dryness, redissolved in CH2C12 and 1 N HC1 (2 mL) was added. The layers were separated and the organic layer was filtered through a pad of silica gel, washed with CH2C12 (5 mL) and concentrated.

Part 4: To the product from Part 3 (131 mg, 1 mmol) in THF (5 mL) at 0° C was added lithium aluminum hydride (1 M solution in THF) (2 mL, 2 mmol) and the solution stirred at 25°C for 4 hours. The reaction was quenched by addition of water (114 ilL), 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide (114 I1L), and water (266 pL) with vigorous stirring between each addition. The mixture was then filtered and concentrated.

Part 5 : To the solution from Part 4 (0.5 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was added triethylamine (83.7 aL, 0.6 mmol) and 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (130.8 mg, 0.5 mmol). The solution was stirred for 8 to 16 hours, then concentrated. The solvent was removed and the residue purified as described for Example 1 to give 50.8 mg.

The following compounds (Examples 49-70, Table 7) were prepared using 4- chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride with crotonic acid, 2-pentenoic acid, 2-hexenoic acid, 2-octenoic acid, cinnamic acid, furylacrylic acid, and 4-methyl-2-pentenoic acid and methyl, ethyl, isobutyl, 4-methoxyphenyl, hexyl and phenyl magnesium bromide and following the procedure outlined in Example 49. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme. 0 0 p. o o O _\ OJ OII R'O O i)- {PC ; EtN RNO i) CuBr, DMS, R'Mgxz'k O ii) NBS . 0 ber oh TMGA R' n R. R' ArylSOCl FL. R' J rAH li U R, X AryISOZCI R II + HN 0-0-R'y N 0 Ph Ph N Aryl, NH H2N \S O O Ph Ph Table 7 (LCMS Datal : Molecular ion and retention time) R R'MgX methyl Ethyl isobutyl 4-n-hexyl phenyl methoxy- phenyl Methyl Ex. 49 Ex. 50 Ex. 51 (370.0 (348.1 (340.0 M+H); M+H); M+H); 3. 168 min 4. 017 min 3. 244 min Ethyl Ex. 52 Ex. 53 (306.0 (334.0 M+H); M+H); 3. 189 min 3. 648 min n-propyl Ex. 54 Ex. 55 Ex. 56 Ex. 57 Ex. 58 Ex. 59 (306.0 (320.0 (348.1 (398.1 (376.1 (368.1 M+H); M+H); M+H); M+H); M+H); M+H); 3. 215 min 3. 372 min 3. 891min 3. 635 min 4. 415 min 3. 706 min n-pentyl Ex. 60 Ex. 61 Ex. 62 (334.1 (348.1 (404.2 M+H); M+H); M+H); 3. 746 min 3. 949 min 4. 834 min Phenyl Ex. 63 Ex. 64 Ex. 65 (340.0 (382.1 (410.1 M+H); M+H); M+H); 3. 259 min 3. 876 min 4. 366 min 2-furyl Ex. 66 Ex. 67 Ex. 68 (344.0 (372.1 (400.1 M+H); M+H); M+H) ; 3. 225 min 3. 649 min 4. 152 min i-propyl Ex. 69 Ex. 70 (306.0 (376.1 M+H); M+H); 3. 199 min 4. 414 min

The following compounds (Examples 71-87, Table 8) were prepared using 4- bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride with crotonic acid, 2-pentenoic acid, 2-hexenoic acid, 2-octenoic acid, cinnamic acid, b- (3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, furylacrylic acid, and 4- methyl-2-pentenoic acid and methyl, ethyl, isobutyl, 4-methoxyphenyl, and hexyl magnesium bromide and following the procedure outlined in Example 49.

Table 8 (LCMS Datal : Molecular ion and retention time) R R' Methyl ethyl Isobutyl 4-methoxy-n-hexyl phenyl Methyl Ex. 71 Ex. 72 (414.0 M+H); (394.0 M+H); 3. 230 min 4.071 min Ethyl Ex. 73 Ex. 74 Ex. 75 (380.0 M+H); (430.0 M+H); (406.1 M+H); 3. 710 min 3. 460 min 4. 256 min n-propyl Ex. 76 Ex. 77 Ex. 78 Ex. 79 (352.0 M+H) ; (364.0 (394.0 M+H); (422.1 M+H) ; 3. 291 min M+H); 3. 949 min 4. 466 min 3. 422 min n-pentyl Ex. 80 Ex. 81 (380.0 M+H); (392.1 3.797 min M+H); 4. 007 min Phenyl Ex. 82 Ex. 83 (386.0 M+H); (398.0 M+H); 3. 328 min 3. 546 min 2-furyl Ex. 84 Ex. 85 Ex. 86 (376.0 M+H); (388.0 M+H) ; (418.0 M+H); 3. 057 min 3. 305 min 3. 712 min i-propyl Ex. 87 (394.0 M+H); 3.948 min

Example 88 4-Chloro-N-[(1 S, 2S)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide

Following the procedure outlined in Example 49 (Part 1 and 2), 2-pentenoic acid was coupled with 4- (R)-4-benzyl-2-oxazolidinone to give (R)-3- (2'-pentenyl)-4- benzyl-2-oxazolidinone. Addition of hexyl magnesium bromide was followed by trapping by N-bromosuccinimide. After workup, flash chromatography over silica gel using 5% ether in hexane, gave approximately a 2: 1 mixture of (lR-2R) : (lR-2S)-3- (2'-bromo-3'ethylnonanyl) -4-benzyl-2-oxazolidinone. Each isomer was converted to the corresponding sulfonylated amino alcohol following the procedure in Example 49, (Steps 3-5).

Table 9 (LCMS Data : Molecular ion and retention time) Isomer Example Molecular Ion Retention Time (min) 1S-2S 88 363 M+H 4. 24 min 1S-2R 89 363 M+H 4. 24 min Example 90 4-Chloro-N-methyl-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl ] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of 4-chloro-N-[(lS, 2S)-l-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide (0.10 g, 0.343 mmol) dissolved in DMF (2.0 mL) was added potassium carbonate (47 mg, 0.343 mmol). After 30 minutes, the reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C and iodomethane (50 I1L, 0.686 mmol) was added. After 2 hours, the ice bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at 25°C for 24 hours. The insolubles were then filtered off and the DMF solution was diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and washed sequentially with 10% citric acid (50 mL) and saturated brine (50 mL), dried over MgS04 and evaporated to a clear oil which was washed with Et2O and then purified by flash chromatography (eluant: 95-5 CHCl3/iPrOH) to afford the desired product as a clear oil (71 mg, 68%). Mass Spectrum (+APCI): 306 ([M+H]+).

Anal: Calc'd for CoClNCS : C, 51.06 ; H, 6.59 ; N, 4.58. Found: C, 51.15 ; H, 6.73 ; N, 4.36.

Example 91 4-Chloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenes ulfonamide To a solution of (S) -isoleucinol (17.6 mg, 0.15 mmol) in CH3CN (600 µL) was added Et3N (300 I1L, 1M in CH3CN) and 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (21.07 mg, 0.1 mmol) as a solution in CH3CN (400 1L). The vial was capped and

shaken for 8 to 12 hours at 40 °C. The solvent was removed, and the oil was dissolved in EtOAc (1 mL). The resulting solution was washed with 1M HC1 (2 x lmL). The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the residue dissolved in 1.6 mL DMSO (0.03 M).

The following compounds (Examples 91-119, Table 10) were prepared using 4-chloro, 4-bromo, 3-chloro, and 3-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride with (S)- isoleucinol, L-leucinol, DL-2-amino-1-hexanol, (1S, 2R)- (+)-phenyl-propanolamine, (S)- (+)-2-phenylglycinol, (R)- (-)-leucinol, 1-amino-l-cyclopentanemethanol, DL-2- amino-1-pentanol, (S)-2-amino-3-cyclohexyl-1-propanol, H-tyrosinol (bzl), (R)- (+)- methioninol, (S)-(+)-2-amino-1-butanol, (lS, 2S)-(+)-thiomicamine, L-alaninol, L- phenylalaninol, L-valinol, and (R)- (+)-2-amino-2-methyl-l-butanol following the procedure outlined in Example 91. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 10 (LCMS Data2 : Molecular ion and retention time) Aminoalcohol X-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 3-fluoro-Ph Ex. 91 Ex. 98 (S)-isoleucinol 290.54 (M-H) 334.48 (M-H) 0.96 min 1. 00 min Ex. 92 Ex. 109 L-leucinol 290.53 (M-H) 274.57 (M-H) 0.96 min 0. 87 min Ex 99 Ex. 110 hexanol 334.49 (M-H) 274.55 (M-H) 1.02 min 0.86 min (1S, 2R)- (+)- Ex. 93 Ex. 100 Ex. 111 phenyl-324.54 (M-H) 368.44 (M-H) 308.55 (M-H) propanolamine 1.05 min 1. 09 min 0. 96 min Table 10 (cont'd) Aminoalcohol X-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 3-fluoro-Ph (S)-(+)-2- Ex. 101 Ex. 112 354.44 (M-H) 294.53 (M-H) phenylglycinol 0.96 min 0.81 min Ex. 102 Ex. 113 (R)- (-)-leucinol 334.48 (M-H) 274.48 (M-H) 1. 00 min 0. 89 min 1-amino-1-Ex. 94 Ex. 103 Ex. 114 cyclopentane 332.47 (M-H) 288.52 (M-H) 272.55 (M-H) methanol 0. 95 min 0. 91 min 0. 78 min Ex. 104 Ex. 105 320.47 (M-H) 276.49 (M-H) pentanol 0.93 min 0.89 min (S) -2-amino-3-Ex. 95 Ex. 106 Ex. 115 cyclohexyl-1-330. 57 (M-H) 330. 57 (M-H) 314.59 (M-H) propanol 1. 16 min 1. 16 min 1. 07 min H-tyrosinol Ex. 96 (bzl) 430.54 (M-H) 1. 22 min Ex. 107 methioninol 308.50 (M-H) 0.85 min (S)- (+)-2- Ex. 108 amino-1-262. 49 (M-H) butanol 0. 80 min (1S,2S)-(+)- Ex. 116 370.51 (M-H) thiomicamine 0.85 min Ex. 117 L-alaninol 232.47 (M-H) 0.52 min L-phenyl Ex. 118 alaninol 308.56 (M-H) 0.89 min Ex. 119 L-valinol 260.51 (M-H) 0.74 min Table 10 (cont'd) Aminoalcohol X-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 3-fluoro-Ph (R)-(+)-2-Ex. 97 Ex. 97 amino-2- 275.91 (M-H) methyl-1- 0.49 min butanol ²LCMS conditions: ZMD (Waters) or Platform (Micromass) or LCZ (Micromass); column: Zorbax SB-C8; solvent: AcCN+H20 containing 0. 1% TFA or 0. 1% FA; gradient: 2.5 min 15% AcCN-95% AcCN ; flow rate: 3 mL/min; detection: ELSD detection (SEDEX 55); UV253 detection (Schimadzu).

Example 120 4-Bromo-N- [1-(hydroxymethyl)-cyclohexyl]-benzenesulfonamide

Part 1 : To a suspension of 1-amino-1-cyclohexane carboxylic acid (5 g, 35 mmol) and THF (100 mL) was added borane dimethyl sulfide (50 mL, 2M in THF) at 0 °C. The cold bath was allowed to expire and the reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 24 hours.

NaOH (3M, 100 mL) was added and the mixture was stirred for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was saturated with K2CO3 and extracted with Et2O (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (100 mL) and dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give 4.35 g (96%) of the desired amino alcohol.

Part 2: The amino alcohol was sulfonylated as in example 91.

The following compounds (Examples 120-125, Table 11) were prepared using the following amino acids: 1-amino-1-cyclohexane carboxylic acid, 2-amino-2- norbornane carboxylic acid, d, 1-1-aminoindane-1-carboxylic acid, and d-1-2- cyclobutyl-2-phenylglycine with 4-bromo and 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride following the procedure outlined for example 120. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 11 (LCMS Data2 : Molecular ion and retention time) Amino Acid X-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 4-chloro-Ph l-amino-l-cyclohexane Example 120 Example 123 carboxylic acid 348. 07 (M-H) 302. 18 (M-H) 1.02 min 1.00 min Example 121 2-amino-2-norbornane 360.05 (M-H) carboxylic acid 1.07 min d, l-1-aminoindane-1- Example 122 Example 124 carboxylic acid 381. 96 (M-H) 336.17 (M-H) 1.06 min 1.04 min Example 125 d,1-2-cyclobutyl-2- phenylglycine 364.21 (M-H) 1.22 min Example 165A 4-Chloro-N- [ (1 S, 2S)-1-formyl-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1.93 g, 9.1 mmol) in CH3CN (25 mL) and (S) -isoleucinol (1.07 g, 9.1 mmol) was added Et3N (1.91 mL, 13.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 30 minutes. The solvent was removed and the oil was dissolved in CH2C12 (20 mL). The solution was washed with water (2 x 20 mL) and dried over Na2S04. The solvent was removed to give N-4- chloro benzenesulfonyl isoleucinol, which was carried on without further purification.

To a stirred solution of N-4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl isoleucinol (-9. 1 mmol) in CH2C12 (100 mL) was added a mixture of pyridinium chlorochromate (5. 88 g, 27.3 mmol) and silica gel (-6 g). The resulting slurry was stirred at 25 °C until the alcohol was consumed by TLC analysis. The reaction mixture was diluted with Et2O (250 mL) and filtered through wet silica gel (eluant: 20% EtOAc/hex). Following removal of solvent, the residue was subjected to a BiotageTM eluting with 10--*20% EtOAc/hex to give 1.94 g (74%, two steps) of the aldehyde (LCMS = 288.14 (M-H), rt = 1.07 min).

Example 165 4-Chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-l- (hydroxyethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide To a solution of the aldehyde from Example 165A (23.1 mg, 80 mmol) in THF (400 u. L) was added methyl magnesium bromide (400 1L, 1.0 M in THF, 5 eq).

The vial was capped and agitated at 50 °C for 12 hours. The reaction was quenched with saturated aqueous NH4C1 (1.5 mL) and EtOAc (1 mL). The organic layer was transferred into a tared vial and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (1 mL).

The combined organics were concentrated (Savant, medium heat) and the resulting mixture of diastereomers was dissolved in DMSO such that the final concentration was 30 mM.

The following compounds (Examples 126-210, Table 12) were prepared using N-4-fluoro, 4-bromo, 4-chloro, 3-chloro and 2-fluorophenylsulfonyl isoleucinal with methylmagnesium bromide, cyclopentylmagnesium bromide, hexylmagnesium bromide, pentylmagnesium bromide, butylmagnesium bromide, isopropylmagnesium bromide, o-tolylmagnesium bromide, tert-butylmagnesium bromide, isobutylmagnesium bromide, vinylmagnesium bromide, allylmagnesium bromide, ethylmagnesium bromide, 4-fluorophenylmagnesium bromide, 4-

chlorophenylmagnesium bromide, 2-methyl-1-propenylmagnesium bromide, isopropenylmagnesium bromide, 4-anisylmagnesium bromide, 1-methyl-1- propenylmagnesium bromide, 2- [2- (1, 3-dioxanyl) ] ethylmagnesium bromide, 3- butenylmagnesium bromide, 1-propynylmagnesium bromide, 4- thioanisolemagnesium bromide, 4-N, N-dimethylanilinemagnesium bromide, and 1- naphthylmagnesium bromide following the procedures outlined in examples 165A and 165. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme. 1. (S)-isoleucinol 01-9 Et3N. CH CN X i \ CI 2. PCC, SiOZ, w S N 0 S. N. R X-i Z. PCC. SiOo, f N"'T THF r'N' CHzCl2 X i/H H X i, H OH Table 12 (LCMS Data2 : Molecular ion and retention time (s)) RMGX X-Ph 4-fluoro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 2-fluoro-Ph Ex. 126 Ex. 145 Ex. 165 Ex. 185 Methyl 288. 18 350. 05 304. 10 304. 15 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide l. ou min 1. 12 min 1. 04 min, 1. 05 min, 1. 10 min 1. 12 min 1. 10mm 1. 12mm Cyclopentyl Ex. 127 Ex. 146 Ex. 166 Ex. 186 Ex. 202 242. 21 404. 05 358. 18 358. 18 342. 22 bromide (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) 1. 30 min 1. 40 min 1. 37 min 1. 39 min 1. 29 min Ex. 128 Ex. 167 Ex. 187 Ex. 203 Hexyl 358. 24 374. 21 374. 22 358. 24 magnesium (M-H), (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 40 min, 1. 48 min, 1. 48 min, 1. 41 min, 1. 44 min 1. 52 min 1. 53 min 1. 46 min Ex. 129 Ex. 147 Ex. 168 Ex. 188 Ex. 204 Pentyl 344. 23 406. 10 360. 19 360. 20 344. 22 magnesium (M-H) (M-H), (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 32 min, 1. 40 min, 1. 40 min, 1. 40 min, 1. 32 min, 1. 36 min 1. 46 min 1. 45 min 1. 46 min 1. 36 min Ex. 130 Ex. 148 Ex. 169 Ex. 189 Ex. 205 Butyl 330. 21 392. 07 346. 18 346. 17 330. 23 magnesium (M-H) (M-H), (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 24 min, 1. 34 min, 1. 33 min, 1. 33 min, 1. 25 min, 1. 28 min 1. 39 min 1. 37 min 1. 38 min 1. 30 min Table 12 (cont'd) X-Ph 4-fluoro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 2-fluoro-Ph Ex. 170 Ex. 190 Isopropyl 332. 17 332. 18 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 25 min, 1. 26 min, 1. 30 min 1. 31 min o-tolyl Ex. 131 Ex. 171 364. 19 380. 17 magnesium bromide'o'.'". 1. 28 min 1. 36 min tert-butyl Ex. 132 Ex. 149 Ex. 172 Ex. 191 330. 21 392. 08 346. 17 346. 18 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 31 min 1. 42 min 1. 40 min 1. 40 min Ex. 150 Ex. 173 Ex. 192 Isobutyl 392. 06 346. 17 346. 18 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 33 min, 1. 31 min, 1. 32 min, 1. 37 min 1. 36 min 1. 37 min Ex. 133 Ex. 151 Ex. 174 Ex. 193 Ex. 206 Vinyl 300. 18 362. 07 316. 14 316. 16 300. 18 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 04 min, 1. 16 min, 1. 13 min, 1. 13 min, 1. 03 min, 1. 08 min 1. 20 min 1. 17 min 1. 18 min 1. 08 min Ex. 134 Ex. 152 Ex. 175 Ex. 194 Allyl 314. 19 376. 05 330. 14 330. 17 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 12 min, 1. 22 min, 1. 21 min, 1. 20 min, 1. 16 min 1. 26 min 1. 25 min 1. 25 min Ex. 135 Ex. 153 Ex. 176 Ex. 195 Ethyl 302. 19 364. 09 318. 16 318. 16 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 06 min, 1. 18 min, 1. 16 min, 1. 16 min, 1. 11 min 1. 23 min 1. 21 min 1. 21 min 4-fluoro Ex. 154 Ex. 207 phenyl 429. 99 368. 17 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) magnesium. bromide 1. 28 min, 1. 18 min, 1. 33 min 1. 23 min Ex. 136 Ex. 155 Ex. 177 Ex. 196 Ex. 208 phenyl 384. 14 446. 01 402. 03 402. 06 384. 14 (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) mnesium - - magnesium 1. 26 min, 1. 35 min, 1. 33 min, 1. 33 min, 1. 25 min, bromide 1. 30 min 1. 40 min 1. 35 min 1. 38 min 1. 30 min Table 12 (cont'd) RMGX X-Ph 4-fluoro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 2-fluoro-Ph Ex. 137 Ex. 156 Ex. 197 propenyl 238. 18 390. 04 344. 19 propcnyl (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 16 min, 1. 25 min, 1. 24 min, 1. 21 min 1. 31 min 1. 30 min Ex. 138 Ex. 157 Isopropenyl 314. 19 376. 06 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 14 min, 1. 24 min, 1. 17 min 1. 28 min Ex. 139 Ex. 158 Ex. 178 Ex. 198 Ex. 209 4-anisyl 380. 20 442. 01 396. 16 396. 19 380. 20 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 15 min, 1. 24 min, 1. 23 min, 1. 22 min, 1. 14 min, 1. 21 min 1. 30 min 1. 29 min 1. 28 min 1. 19 min Ex 159 1-methyl-l-Ex. 159 Propenyl magnesium (M-H) bromide 1. 26 min, 1. 35 min 2- [2- (1, 3- Ex. 140 Ex. 160 Ex. 179 Ex. 199 Ex. 210 dioxanyl)] 388. 22 450. 07 404. 18 404. 19 388. 21 ethyl (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) magnesium 0. 99 min, 1. 09 min, 1. 08 min, 0. 98 min, bromide 1. 04 min 1. 15 min 1. 13 min. mm 1. 03 min Ex. 141 Ex. 161 Ex. 180 Ex. 200 3-butenyl 328. 21 390. 06 344. 16 344. 16 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 19 min, 1. 29 min, 1. 27 min, 1. 27 min, 1. 23 min 1. 33 min 1. 31 min 1. 31 min Ex. 162 Ex. 181 p py y 374. 01 328. 15 magnesium bromide 1. 19 min 1. 18 min Ex. 142 Ex. 163 Ex. 182 Ex. 201 anisole 396. 17 458. 01 412. 14 412. 15 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) magnesium 1. 25 min, 1. 33 min, 1. 32 min, 1. 32 min, bromide 1. 29 min 1. 38 min 1. 37 min 1. 37 min Table 12 (cont'd) X-PU 4-fluoro-Ph 4-bromo-Ph 4-chloro-Ph 3-chloro-Ph 2-fluoro-Ph 4-N, N- Ex. 143 Ex. 164 Ex. 183 methyl 934 Ime (M. H) dimethyl 393. 24 455. 07 409. 22 aniline (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) magnesium 0. 77 min, 0. 95 min 0. 92 min bromide 0. 81 min 1-naphthyl Ex. 144 Ex. 184 400. 21 416. 18 magnesium magnesium (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 35 min 1. 41 min

Example 211 <BR> <BR> 4-Bromo-N- [ 2S)-1-(1-hydroxy-l-methylethyl)-2-ethylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide Part 1 : To a solution of 4-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1.278 g, 5 mmol) in CH3CN (20 mL) was added (L) -isoleucine methyl ester hydrochloride (908.5 mg, 5 mmol) as a solution in CH3CN (10 mL) and Et3N (1 mL, 7.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C with shaking for 3 days. The solvent was removed and the oil was dissolved in EtOAc (10 mL). The solution was washed with water (5 mL), sat. NH40H (5 mL), brine (5 mL), and dried over MgS04. The solvent was removed to give 1.62 g (89%) of the desired sulfonamide ester.

To a solution of the sulfonamide ester (45.5 mg, 0.125 mmol) in THF (500 tL) was added methyl magnesium bromide (333 pL, 3.0 M in THF, 8 eq). The vial was capped and agitated at 50 °C for 12 hours. The reaction was quenched with saturated NH4C1 (1.5 mL) and EtOAc (1 mL). The organic layer was transferred into a tared vial and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (1 mL). The combined organic extract was concentrated (Savant, medium heat) and the product was dissolved in DMSO such that the final concentration was 30 mM.

The following compounds (Examples 211-271, Table 13) were prepared using (from part 2) N-4-bromo, 4-chloro, 4-fluoro, 3-chloro and 2-fluorobenzenesulfonyl isoleucine methyl ester with methylmagnesium bromide, hexylmagnesium bromide, pentylmagnesium bromide, butylmagnesium bromide, isopropylmagnesium bromide, isobutylmagnesium bromide, allylmagnesium bromide, ethylmagnesium bromide, 4- fluorophenylmagnesium bromide, 4-chlorophenylmagnesium bromide, 2-methyl-1- propenylmagnesium bromide, isopropenylmagnesium bromide, 4-anisylmagnesium bromide, 1-methyl-1-propenylmagnesium bromide, 3-butenylmagnesium bromide, 1- propynylmagnesium bromide, 4-N, N-dimethylanilinemagnesium bromide, and 1- naphthylmagnesium bromide following the procedure outlined in example 211. This procedure is outlined in the following Scheme.

Table 13 (LCMS Data2 : Molecular ion and retention time) X-Ph RMgX 4-bromo-4-chloro-3-chloro-2-fluoro- Ph Ph Ph Ph Methyl Ex. 211 Ex. 223 Ex. 235 364. 51 318. 61 magnesium 30264 (M-H) bromide 1, 117 min 1. 15 min 1. 06 min Ex. 224 Ex. 249 Ex. 261 hexyl 458. 78 Ex. 236 458. 75 442. 78 magnesium (M-H) 442 78 (M-) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 87 min 1. min 1. 87 min 1. 81 min Pentyl Ex. 212 Eux. 250 Ex. 262 -476. 49 Ex. 237 430. 76 414. 74 magnesium 41482 (M-H) bromide 1, 76 min 1. 70 min 1, 76 min 1. 70 min 1. 76mm1. 76mm 1. 70mm Table 13 (cont'd) X-Ph RMgX 4-bromo-4-chloro-3-chloro-2-fluoro- Ph Ph Ph Ph Ex. 213 Ex. 225 Ex. 251 bd 1 448. 59 402. 72 Ex. 238 402. 68 magnesium 386. 73 (M-H) 1. 65 min 1. 63 min 1. 65 min Isopropyl Ex. 239 magnesium 358. 70 (M-H) bromide 1. 47 min Isobutyl Ex. 214 Ex. 226 Ex. 240 Ex. 252 448. 58 402. 70 402. 74 bromide (M-H) (M-H) 1. 58 min (M-H) 1. 65 min 1. 63 min 1. 65 min 1. 65mm 1. 63mm1. 65mm Phenyl Ex. 215 Ex. 227 Ex. 253 Ex. 263 henyl Phenyl 488. 51 442. 65 442. 64 426. 67 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 50 min 1. 48 min 1. 50 min 1. 43 min Ex. 216 Ex. 228 Ex. 254 Ex. 264 alkyl 416. 53 370. 65 Ex. 241 370. 64 354. 67 magnesium 35469 (M-H) bromide 1. 43 min 1. 41 min. min 1. 43 min 1. 35 min Ex. 217 Ex. 229 Ex. 255 Ex. 265 Ex. 217 Ex. 229 p Ex. 255 Ex. 265 Ethyl 392. 55 346. 67 x. 346. 66 330. 74 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) 0. 6 (1-) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 37 min 1. 35 min 1. 28 min 1. 37 min 1. 28 min 4-fluoro Ex. 266 phenyl 462. 64 magnesium (M-H) bromide 1. 45 min 4-chloro Ex. 218 Ex. 256 Ex. 267 phenyl 556. 39 511. 96 494. 57 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 61 min 1. 66 min 1. 56 min , Ex. 219 Ex. 230 Ex. 257 Ex. 268 isopropenyl Ex. 219 Ex. 230 Ex. 243 Ex. 257 Ex. 268 magnesium 416. 51 370. 64 354. 69 (M-H) 370. 66 354. 68 magnesium (M-H) (M-H). 69 (S-) (M-H) (M-H) bromide 50 min 1. 48 min 1. 48 min 1. 43 min eux. 231 Ex. 258 Ex. 269 magnesium 502. 64 486. 67 (M-H) 502. 62 486. 71 bromide (M-H) 1. 38 min (M-H) (M-H) bromide 1. 43 min 1. 43 min 1. 37 min 1-methyl-l-Ex. 220 Ex. 232 Ex. 259 Ex. 270 propenyl 444. 59 398. 69 398. 65 (M- 382. 50 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) 1. 54 min H) (M-H) bromide 1. 63 min 1. 61 min 1. 61 min 1. 56 min Table 13 (cont'd) X-Ph RMgX 4-bromo-4-chloro-3-chloro-2-fluoro- Ph Ph Ph Ph 3-butenyl Ex. 221 Ex. 233 Ex. 246 Ex. 260 Ex. 271 magnesium 444. 60 398. 66 382. 71 (M-H) 518. 68 382. 70 bromide (M-H) (M-H) 382 71 (M-H) (M-H) (M-H) 1. 54mm 1. 52mm1. 21mm 1. 46mm 4-N, N- dimethyl Ex. 247 aniline 512. 73 (M-H) magnesium 0. 97 min bromide 1-naphthyl Ex. 222 Ex. 234 Ex. 248 558. 46 542. 56 magnesium (M-H) (M-H) 526. 69 (M-H) bromide.. 1. 58 min 1. 65 mm 1. 63 mm Example 272 4-Chloro-N-[(l S)-1-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethylabenzenesulfonamide

A. Preparation of (αS)-α-[[(4-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl] amino] cyclohexaneacetic acid To a solution of S-cyclohexylglycine (1.00 g, 5.16 mmol) in H2O (10 mL) and THF (11 mL) was added 4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1.53 g, 7.23 mmol) followed by 2. 5N NaOH (8.26 mL) at 25°C with stirring. After 24 hours, the reaction was quenched by addition of 6 N HC1 until pH=2. The reaction mixture was then extracted with EtOAc (2x50 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with saturated brine (2x50 mL), dried over MgS04, and evaporated to afford a white solid.

This white solid was taken up in Et20, filtered and evaporated to afford an amorphous white solid which after washing with hexane afforded 0.90 g (52%) of product, mp

120-128°C. Mass Spectrum (+ESI): 354 ([M+Na]+). Anal: Calc'd for Ci4Hl8ClN04S : C, 50.68 ; H, 5.47 ; N, 4.22. Found: C, 50.59 ; H, 5.46 ; N, 4.19.

B. Preparationof4-Chloro-N-[(lS)-l-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide To a solution of LAH (1.0 M in THF, 1.5 mL, 1.5 mmol) was added dropwise at 0°C a solution of (aS)-a- [ [ (4- chlorophenyl) sulfonyl] amino] cyclohexaneacetic acid (0.50 g, 1.507 mmol) in THF (8.0 mL). After the addition was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to 25°C. After 24 hours, the reaction was quenched by sequential addition of H20 (60 I1L), 15% NaOH (60 aL) and H20 (180 aL). The precipitate was filtered and washed with THF. The combined THF solution was evaporated to a clear oil which afforded a white solid after washing with hexane. This white solid was purified by flash chromatography (eluant: 1-1 hexane/ethyl acetate), washed with hexane and pumped on to afford 0.179 g (37%) of the desired product as a white solid, mp 115-118°C.

Mass Spectrum (+APCI): 318 ([M+H]+). Anal: Calc'd for Cl4H20ClNO3S : C, 52.91 ; H, 6.34 ; N, 4.41. Found: C, 52.16 ; H, 6.25 ; N, 4.40.

Example 273 4-Chloro-N-[(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-phenylethyl]benzenesulfonamide To a solution of S-2-phenyl-glycinol (0.50 g, 3.645 mmol) and Et3N (0.561 mL, 4.01 mmol) in CH2C12 (7.5 mL) was added dropwise at 0°C a solution of 4-chloro benzenesulfonyl chloride (0.769 g, 3.645 mmol) in CH2C12 (7.5 mL). After the addition was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to 25°C. After 24 hours, the reaction was diluted with CH2C12 (20 mL) and washed sequentially with saturated sodium bicarbonate (30 mL), IN HCl (30 mL), H20 (30 mL) and saturated

brine (30 mL), dried over MgS04 and evaporated to a white solid which was washed with hexane twice. This white solid was purified by flash chromatography (eluant: 1-1 hexane/ethyl acetate), washed with hexane and pumped on to afford 0.347 g (29%) of the desired product as a white solid, mp 127-128°C. Mass Spectrum (+APCI): 329 ([M+NH4] +). Anal: Calc'd for C14Hl4ClN03S : C, 53.93 ; H, 4.53 ; N, 4.49. Found: C, 53.96 ; H, 4.49 ; N, 4.39.

Example 274 4-Chloro-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide To a solution of S-valinol (0.52 g, 5.0 mmol), triethylamine (0.55 g, 5.5 mmol) and methylene chloride (10 mL) at 0°C, was added a solution of 4- chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1.06 g, 5.0 mmol) in CH2C12 (5 mL). After 15 minutes the ice bath was removed and the reaction allowed to reach 25°C. After 16 hours, the reaction was quenched by pouring into saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (20 mL) and additional methylene chloride (15 mL). The organic phase was separated and washed sequentially with IN HC1 solution (20 mL), distilled water and brine, dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give a colorless oil that crystallized upon standing, mp 83-85°C (1.30 g, 94%). MS (+ESI) 278.1 ( [M+H] +) ; 257.2 ; 237.1.

Anal. Calc'd for CllHl6ClNO3S : C, 47.56 ; H, 5.81 ; N, 5.04. Found: C, 47.78 ; H, 5. 81 ; N, 4.99.

Example 275 4-Bromo-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide

To a solution of S-valinol (0.52 g, 5.0 mmol), triethylamine (0.55 g, 5.5 mmol) and methylene chloride (10 mL) at 0°C, was added a solution of 4- bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1.28 g, 5.0 mmol) in CH2C12 (5 mL). After 15 minutes the ice bath was removed and the reaction allowed to reach 25°C. After 16 hours, the reaction was quenched by pouring into saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (20 mL) and additional methylene chloride (15 mL). The organic phase was separated and washed sequentially with IN HC1 solution (20 mL), distilled water and brine, dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give a colorless oil that crystallized upon standing under vacuum, mp 89-94°C (1.49 g, 93%). MS (+APCI) 324.03 ([M+H] +).

Anal. Calc'd for CllHl6BrNO3S : C, 41.00 ; H, 5.00 ; N, 4.35 ; Found: C, 41.09 ; H, 4.85 ; N, 4.28.

Example 276 4-Iodo-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide To a solution of S-isoleucinol (0.50 g, 4.26 mmol), triethylamine (0.47 g, 4.68 mmol) and methylene chloride (10 mL) at 0°C, was added a solution of 4-iodo benzenesulfonyl chloride (1.29 g, 4.26 mmol) in CH2C12 (5 mL). After 15 minutes

the ice bath was removed and the reaction allowed to reach 25°C. After 16 hours, the reaction was quenched by pouring into saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (22 mL) and additional methylene chloride (15 mL). The organic phase was separated and washed sequentially with IN HC1 solution (25 mL), distilled water and brine, dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give a crude solid that was recrystallized from ethyl acetate-hexane, mp 118-120°C (1.07 g, 66%). MS (+APCI) 383.96 ([M+H] +) ; 283.81 ; 191.95. Anal. Calc'd for C12Hl8lNO3S : C, 37.61 ; H, 4.73 ; N, 3.65 ; Found : C, 37. 55 ; H, 4. 61 ; N, 3. 61.

Example 277 4-Chloro-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 2-dimetlaylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide To a solution of S-tert-leucinol (0.20 g, 1.70 mmol), triethylamine (0.19 g, 1.87 mmol) and methylene chloride (10 mL) at 0°C, was added a solution of 4-chloro benzenesulfonyl chloride (0.36 g, 1.70 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL). After 15 minutes the ice bath was removed and the reaction allowed to reach 25°C. After 16 hours, the reaction was quenched by pouring into saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (20 mL) and additional methylene chloride (15 mL). The organic phase was separated and washed sequentially with IN HC1 solution (20 mL), distilled water and brine, dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give the desired product as a white solid, mp 128- 130°C (0.46 g, 94%). MS (+APCI) 292.06 ([M+H] +). Anal. Calc'd for C12Hl8ClN03S : C, 49.39 ; H, 6.22 ; N, 4.80 ; Found: C, 49.40 ; H, 6.17 ; N, 4.79.

Table 14 Ex &num Compound 1 2-bromo-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 2 3-bromo-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide 3 3-chloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenes ulfonamide 4 4-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-1, 2, 3-benzoxadiazole- 7-sulfonamide 5 2-chloro-4-fluoro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl ] benzenesulfonamide 6 5-chloro-N-[(1 S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-2-methoxy benzenesulfonamide 7 2-chloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-6-methy l benzenesulfonamide 8 3, 5-dichloro-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 9 2, 4-difluoro-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutylgbenzenesulfonamide 10 4-fluoro-N- [ (l S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 11 2-fluoro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenes ulfonamide 12 N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] naphthalene-1-sulfonamide 13 N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-metl1ylbutyl] naphthalene-2-sulfonamide 14 3-amino-4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 15 N- [ (1S)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxymethyl]-4-bromobenzenesulfonamide 16 4-bromo-N- [(1 S)-1-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide 17 4-bromo-N- [ (lR)-2-hydroxy-1- (4-hydroxyphenyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide 18 4-bromo-N- [ (l S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 19 4-bromo-N- [ (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- (1 H-indol-2-ylmethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide 20 4-bromo-2, 5-difluoro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 21 2, 5-dibromo-N-[(1 S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 22 3, 4-dibromo-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 23 2, 3-dichloro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 24 3, 4-dichloro-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 25 2,4, 5-trichloro-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 26 4-bromo-2,5-difluoro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2- methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 27 3,4-dichloro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl]benzenesulfonamide 28 2, 4, 6-trichloro-N- [(1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl]benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 29 3, 4-dibromo-N-[(1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 30 3,4-dichloro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 31 2,4, 5-trichloro-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 32 2,4, 6-trichloro-N- [(1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 33 4-bromo-N- [ (1R, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 34 4-bromo-N- [(1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-1, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 35 4-bromo-N- [1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 36 4-bromo-N- [ (IS, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 37 4-chloro-N- [ (lS)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-1, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 38 4-chloro-N- [1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 39 4-chloro-N- [ 2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 40 N-allyl-4-chloro-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 41 N- ( [l, l'-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 42 tert-butyl2- { [ (4-chlorophenyl) sulfonyl] [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] amino} ethylcarbamate 43 4-chloro-N- (4-chlorobenzyl)-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 44 4-chloro-N- (cyclobutylmethyl)-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 45 4-chloro-N- (3, 4-dimethoxybenzyl) -N- [ (1 S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 46 4-chloro-N- (2-furylmethyl)-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 47 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-N-[2-(methylthio) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide 48 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-N-(3-phenylprop-2- ynyl) benzenesulfonamide 49 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-methoxyphenyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide 50 4-chloro-N- [ 2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide 51 4-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2R)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfbnamide 52 4-chloro-N- [ S)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 53 4-chloro-N- [ (1 S, 2R)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) -4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 54 4-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 55 4-chloro-N- [ (lS, 2S)-2-ethyl-l- (hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide 56 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2-propylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 57 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-methoxyphenyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide 58 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-propyloctyl]benzenesulfonamide 59 4-chloro-N- [ 2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 60 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylheptyl] benzenesulfonamide 61 4-chloro-N- [ ( 1 S, 2S)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) heptyl] benzenesulfonamide 62 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-pentyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide 63 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl]benzenesulfonamide 64 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2-phenylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 65 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide 66 4-chloro-N- [ 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide 67 4-chloro-N- [ 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 68 4-chloro-N- [ S, 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide 69 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 3-dimethylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 70 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-ispropyloctyl]benzenesulfonamide 71 4-bromo-N- [ (lS, 2R)-l- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4- methoxyphenyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide 72 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyloctyl]benzenesulfonamide 73 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2R)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 74 4-bromo-N- [ (IS, 2R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-methoxyphenyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide 75 4-bromo-N- [ (1S, 2R)-2-ethyl-l- (hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide 76 4-bromo-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpentyl]benzenesulfonamide 77 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2S)-2-ethyl-1-(hydroxymethyl)pentyl] benzenesulfonamide 78 4-bromo-N- [ S, 2R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2-propylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 79 4-bromo-N- [ 2R)-l-(hydroxymethyl)-2-propyloctyl] benzenesulfonamide 80 4-bromo-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylheptyl] benzenesulfonamide 81 4-bromo-N- [(1 S, 2 S)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) heptyl] benzenesulfonamide 82 4-bromo-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 83 4-bromo-N- [ (l S, 2S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 84 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide 85 4-bromo-N- [ 2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide 86 4-bromo-N- [ (1S,2R)-2-(2-furyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 87 4-bromo-N- [ S, 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-isopropyl-4-methylpentyl] benzenesulfonamide 88 4-chloro-N- [ (l S, 2S)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide 89 4-chloro-N- [ (1S, 2R)-2-ethyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) octyl] benzenesulfonamide 90 4-chloro-N-methyl-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 91 4-chloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-benzene sulfonamide 92 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 93 4-chloro-N- [ (1R, 2S)-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide 94 4-bromo-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide 95 4-chloro-N- [ (1 S)-2-cyclohexyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide 96 N- (1 S)-1- [4- (benzyloxy) benzyl] -2-hydroxyethyl}-4-chlorobenzenesulfonamide 97 4-chloro-N- [ (1R)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-1-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 98 4-bromo-N- [ 2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]-benzenesulfonamide 99 4-bromo-N-[l-(hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide 100 4-bromo-N- [ (1R,2S)-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl]benzenesulfonamide 101 4-bromo-N- [ (1 S) -2-hydroxy-1-phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide 102 4-bromo-N- [(1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide 103 4-chloro-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide 104 4-bromo-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide 105 3-chloro-N-[1-(hydroxymethyl) butyl] benzenesulfonamide 106 3-chloro-N- [ (l S)-2-cyclohexyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) ethyl] benzenesulfonamide 107 3-chloro-N-[(1R)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-(methylthio) propyl] benzenesulfonamide 108 3-chloro-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl) propyl] benzenesulfonamide 109 2-fluoro-N- [ (l S)-1- (hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 110 2-fluoro-N- [1- (hydroxymethyl) pentyl] benzenesulfonamide 111 2-fluoro-N- [(1R,2S)-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl]benzenesulfonamide 112 2-fluoro-N- [ S)-2-hydroxy-1-phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide 113 2-fluoro-N-[(lR)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 114 2-fluoro-N-[l-(hydroxymethyl) cyclopentyl] benzenesulfonamide 115 N- [ (1 S)-2-cyclohexyl-1- (hydroxymethyl) ethyl]-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide 116 2-fluoro-N- {(1S, 2S)-2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-[4-(methylthio)phenyl] ethyl}benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 117 2-fluoro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxy1-methylethyl]benzenesulfonamide 118 N- [ S)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxyethyl]-2-fluorobenzenesulfonamide 119 2-fluoro-N- [ (1S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 120 4-bromo-N- [1-(hydroxymetl1yl) cyclohexyl] benzenesulfonamide 121 4-bromo-N- [2- (hydroxymethyl) bicyclo [2.2. 1. ] hept-2-yl] benzenesulfonamide 122 4-bromo-N- [1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 3-dihydro-1 H-inden-1-yl] benzenesulfonamide 123 4-chloro-N- [1-(hydroxymethyl) cyclohexyl] benzenesulfonamide 124 4-chloro-N- [1-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 3-dihydro-1 H-inden-1-yl] benzenesulfonamide 125 4-chloro-N- (1-cyclobutyl-2-hydroxy-1-phenylethyl) benzenesulfonamide 126 4-fluoro-N- [ (1S, 2S)-1- (1-hydroxyethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 127 N- { S, 2S)-1-[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 128 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]octyl}benzenesulfonami de 129 4-fluoro-N- { S)-2-hydroxy-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide 130 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide 131 4-fluoro-N- {(1 S, 2S)-1-[hydroxy (2-methylphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 132 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide. 133 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 134 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 13 5 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [(l S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 136 N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [ (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4- fluorobenzenesulfonamide 13 7 4-fluoro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 138 4-Huoro-N- { (lS)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 139 4-fluoro-N- { (1S), 2S)-1-[hydroxy (4-methoxyphenl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 140 N- { (1S)-4- (I, 3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-I-methylpropyl] butyl}-4- fluorobenzenesulfonamide 141 4-fluoro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl } benzenesulfonamide 142 4-fluoro-N- ( 2S)-1-{hydroxy [4-(methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 143 N-{(1S,2S)-1-[[4-(dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4- fluorobenzenesulfonamide 144 4-fluoro-N-{ { (1 S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (1-naphthyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 145 4-bromo-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(1-hydroxyethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenes ulfonamide 146 4-bromo-N- { (1S,2S)-1-[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 147 4-bromo-N- { (lS)-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide 148 4-bromo-N-f (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide 149 4-bromo-N- { (lS)-2-hydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-1- [ (lS)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 150 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]pe ntyl} benzenesulfonamide 151 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 152 4-bromo-N- { (IS)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (IS)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 153 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 154 4-bromo-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[(4-fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 155 4-bromo-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[(4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 156 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3 -pentyl} benzenesulfonamide 157 4-bromo-N-({1S)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3 -butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 158 4-bromo-N-{(1S,2S)-1- [hydroxy (4-methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 159 4-bromo-N- (1S, 3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 160 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-4-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-meth ylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide 161 4-bromo-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide 162 4-bromo-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentynyl } benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 163 4-bromo-N- ( (l S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [4- (methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 164 4-bromo-N- { (1S, 2S)-1-[[4-(dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 165A 4-chloro-N-[(1S,2S)-1-formyl-2-methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamid e 165 4-chloro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(1-hydroxyethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide 166 4-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 167 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide 168 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]heptyl} benzenesulfonamide 169 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]hexyl} benzenesulfonamide 170 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]b utyl} benzenesulfonamide 171 4-chloro-N- {(1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy (2-methylphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 172 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide 173 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide 174 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 175 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 176 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 177 4-chloro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [ (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 178 4-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy (4-methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 179 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-4-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 180 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide 181 4-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentynyl} benzenesulfonamide 182 4-chloro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy[4-(methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 183 4-chloro-N- { S, 2S)-1-[44-(dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2- methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 184 4-chloro-N- { Sn2S)-1-[hydroxy (l-naphthyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 185 3-chloro-N- [ (l S, 2S)-1- (I-hydroxyethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 186 3-chloro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 187 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide 188 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide 189 3-chloro-N- { (lS)-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide 190 3-chloro-N- { (IS)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 191 3-chloro-N- {(1S)-2-hydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide 192 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide 193 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 194 3-cyhloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-penten yl} benzenesulfonamide 195 3-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide 196 3-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[(4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 197 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 198 3-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1- [hydroxy (4-methoxyphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 199 3-chloro-N-{(1S)-4-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-met hylpropyl]butyl} benzenesulfonamide 200 3-chloro-N-{(1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl } benzenesulfonamide 201 3-chloro-N-((l S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [4-(methylsulfanyl) phenyl] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 202 N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [cyclopentyl (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 203 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 204 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] heptyl} benzenesulfonamide 205 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide 206 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3-butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 207 2-fluoro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [ (4-fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 208 N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [ (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 209 2-fluoro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-2-met hylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 210 N- { (lS)-4- (l, 3-dioxan-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] butyl}-2- fluorobenzenesulfonamide 211 4-bromo-N-[(1S,2S)-1-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-methylbutyl ] benzenesulfonamide 212 4-bromo-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide 213 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1- methylpropyl] hexyl} benzenesulfonamide 214 4-bromo-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl}benzenesulfonamide 215 4-bromo-N- { (1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 216 N- { (1S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-4-bromo benzenesulfonamide 217 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl) butyl} benzenesulfonamide 218 N- { (1S,2S)-1-[bis (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-4- bromobenzenesulfonamide 219 4-bromo-N- { S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- butentyl}benzenesulfonamide 220 4-bromo-N- { (1S, 3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2- [ (lE)-1-methyl-1-propenyl]-1- [ (1S)- 1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 221 4-bromo-N- { (1S)-2-(3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5- hexenyl} benzenesulfonamide 222 4-bromo-N- ( (lS, 2S)-l- {hydroxy [di (l-naphthyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 223 4-chloro-N- [ 2S)-1-(1-hydroxy-l-methylethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 224 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hexyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] octyl} benzenesulfonamide 225 N- { (1S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl}-4-chloro benzenesulfonamide 226 4-chloro-N- { (1 S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1- [(1 S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide 227 4-chloro-N- { (1S, 2S)-l- [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 228 N- { (1S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-4 -chloro benzenesulfonamide 229 4-chloro-N- { (1 S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 230 4-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 231 4-chloro-N-((1 S, 2S)-1-{hydroxy [bis (4-methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 232 4-chloro-N- { (1S, 3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2- [ (lE)-l-methyl-l-propenyl]-l- [ (lS)- 1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 233 N- { (lS)-2- (3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl}-4- chlorobenzenesulfonamide 234 4-chloro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy [di (l-naphthyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 235 4-fluoro-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-methylbutyl] benzenesulfonamide 236 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hexyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]octyl} benzenesulfonamide 237 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide 238 N- {(1 S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1 S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl}-4-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 239 4-fluoro-N- { (lS)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropyl-3-methyl-l- [ (lS)-l- methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 240 4-fluoro-N- { S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1- [ (1 S)-1-methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide 241 N- { S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-4-fluoro benzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 242 N- { (1S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] butyl}-4-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 243 4-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 244 4-fluoro-N-((1S,2S)-1-{hydroxy [bis (4-methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 245 4-fluoro-N- { (lS, 3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2- [ (lE)-l-methyl-l-propenyl]-l- [ (lS)- 1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 246 N- { (1S)-2-(3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexen yl}-4- fluorobenzenesulfonamide 247 N- { S, 2S)-1-[bis [4-(dimethylamino) phenyl] (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}- 4-fluorobenzenesulfonamide 248 4-fluoro-N- ( (lS, 2S)-l- {hydroxy [di (l-naphthyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 249 3-chloro-N- { (lS)-2-hexyI-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] octyI} benzenesulfonamide 250 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide 251 N- { (1S)-2-butyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl] hexyl}-3-chloro benzenesulfonamide 252 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isobutyl-4-methyl-1-[(1S)-1- methylpropyl] pentyl} benzenesulfonamide 253 3-chloro-N-{(1S,2S)-1-[hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 254 N- { (1S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1- [ (lS)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-3-chloro benzenesulfonamide 255 3-chloro-N- { (lS)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl] butyl} benzenesulfonamide 256 N-{(1S,2S)-1-[bis (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-3- chlorobenzenesulfonamide 257 3-chloro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- butenyl} benzenesulfonamide 258 3-chloro-N- ( (1S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [bis (4-methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2- methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 259 3-chloro-N-{(1S,3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-[(1E)-1-methyl-1-pr openyl]-1-[(1S)- 1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 260 N- { (lS)-2- (3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-l- [ (lS)-l-methylpropyl]-5-hexenyl}-3- chlorobenzenesulfonamide Table 14 (cont'd) Ex # Compound 261 2-fluoro-N-{(1S)-2-hexyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]oc tyl} benzenesulfonamide 262 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-2-pentylheptyl} benzenesulfonamide 263 2-fluoro-N- { (1S, 2S)-1- [hydroxy (diphenyl) methyl]-2-methylbutyl} benzenesulfonamide 264 N- { (1S)-2-allyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-4-pentenyl}-2 -fluoro benzenesulfonamide 265 N- { (1S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]butyl}-2-fluor o benzenesulfonamide 266 N- { S, 2S)-1-[bis (4-fluorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 267 N- { S, 2S)-l- [bis (4-chlorophenyl) (hydroxy) methyl]-2-methylbutyl}-2-fluoro benzenesulfonamide 268 2-fluoro-N- { (1S)-2-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-3-methyl-1- [ (1S)-1-methylpropyl]-3- butenyl}benzenesulfonamide 269 2-fluoro-N- ( (1S, 2S)-1- {hydroxy [bis (4-methoxyphenyl)] methyl}-2-methylbutyl) benzenesulfonamide 270 2-fluoro-N- { S, 3E)-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2- [ (lE)-1-methyl-1-propenyl]-1- [ (1S)- 1-methylpropyl]-3-pentenyl} benzenesulfonamide 271 N- { (1S)-2-(3-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-[(1S)-1-methylpropyl]-5-hexen yl}-2- fluorobenzenesulfonamide 272 4-chloro-N- [ (1S)-1-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethyl] benzenesulfonamide 273 4-chloro-N- [ S)-2-hydroxy-1-phenylethyl] benzenesulfonamide 274 4-chloro-N- S)-l-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 275 4-bromo-N- S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide 276 4-iodo-N- [ (1S,2S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylbutyl]benzenesulfonamide 277 4-chloro-N- S)-l-(hydroxymethyl)-2, 2-dimethylpropyl] benzenesulfonamide

Example 278-Repressor Release Assay (RRA) The beta amyloid inhibitory activity of the compounds of the present invention was determined using the Repressor Release Assay (RRA). See, Table 17. A compound was considered active in RRA if it leads to at least a 1.5 fold increase in luciferase activity at 10 g/mL and was non-toxic.

A. Cell Culture CHO-K1 cells were cultured in whole DMEM media (DMEM-High Glucose with 10% fetal bovine serum, 1% Non-essential Amino Acids, and 1%

Penicillin-Streptomycin) at 37°C with 5% C02. Two million cells were plated into 1 0-cm dishes 24 hrs prior to transfection.

Transient transfections were completed as recommended by Gibco BRL using their Lipofectamine Plus system. First, 6 u, g ofpRSVO-luc and 6 ig of APP-lacI construct DNA were added to 460 aL Opti-Mem transfection media and incubated with 30 ilL Plus reagent for 15 minutes. Then, a lipid mixture of 40 aL Lipofectamine reagent and 460 uL Opti-Mem transfection media was incubated with the DNA-Plus reagent mixture for 15 minutes. During the DNA-lipid incubation, the CHO-Kl cells were washed once and covered in 5.0 mL DMEM media without Penicillin-Streptomycin. The DNA-lipid preparation was then layered onto these cells and incubated at 37°C overnight.

One and one half million transfected cells per well (100 ilL total volume) were plated into sterile, opaque Packard 96-well Culture-Plates in clear DMEM whole media (DMEM-without phenol red) and incubated at 37°C with 5% C02 for 3-5 hours.

B. Compound Dilution Compounds were diluted using two different protocols; one protocol was used for compounds supplied neat (weighed powder in vial) and the other protocol was used for compounds supplied in solution (20 mM in DMSO in 96-well plates). For both protocols, 25 mM Hepes and 25 mM Hepes/1% DMSO were prepared fresh to be used as diluent. The Hepes/DMSO was used as the diluent control on all experimental plates.

The following table depicts the steps for compound dilution (please note that the last step was the addition of compound to cells/media in tissue culture plate).

Table 15 Concentration Dilution x mg compound (vial) Stock Solution 10 mg/mL diluted with 100% DMSO 20 1L stock solution Dilution 1 1 mg/mL 180 p1L 25mM Hepes 60 p, L Dilution 1 Dilution 2 200 µg/mL 240 µg/mL 240 µL 25 mM Hepes Dilution 3 11. 3 pL Dilution 2 (in Cell Plate) 20 ag/mL (in 100 zip cells/well)

Because some compounds were present in 96-well format at 20 mM, the following represents the protocol for their dilution (note that an average molecular weight of these compounds was used to calculate these dilutions and as above, the last step was the addition of compound to cells/media in tissue culture plate).

Table 16 Concentration Dilution Stock Solution (original conc.)-20 mM Solution 6 J. L stock solution Dilution 1-200 jg/mL194aL25mMHepes 11. 3 aL Dilution 2 Dilution 2 (in Cell Plate)-20 ag/mL (in 100 µL cells/well)

Once the compounds were diluted, they were applied in duplicate on cells in tissue culture plates (prepared above). Cells were incubated with compound at 37°C with 5% C02 for an additional 36-48 hours.

C. Assay Measurement Luciferase assays (LucLite reagent, Packard) were performed and were read on a Packard TopCount instrument. Media was removed from each 96-well plate and replaced with 100 ILS PUBS per well (with Mg2+ and Ca2+). An equal volume (100 pL) of the LucLite lysis/substrate buffer was added to each well and the plates were sealed and mixed in the dark on a rotary shaker for 15-30 minutes at room temperature. Luciferase readings were then taken on the TopCount instrument.

Measurements were expressed as relative light units (RLU) and are calculated and analyzed in MS Excel as follows: D. Analysis of data "Fold Increase"refers to the amount of luciferase activity (measured in relative light units) over diluent control."SEM"refers to the standard error of the mean for fold increase."Activity" : A compound is considered active if it results in at least a 1.5 fold increase in luciferase activity at 10 llg/pL. 1= non-toxic, 0=toxic in Table 17. "Toxicity"is determined by loss of signal (< 0.75 fold increase).

E. Standard beta amyloid inhibitor The reference gamma secretase inhibitor DAPT (LY374973, AN37124: Dovey, H. F. et al, J. Neurochem. 76: 173-181 (2001) ) was prepared as outlined in WO 98/22494 and tested in RRA and exhibited a 6.0-28. 1 fold increase in luciferase activity at 20 ug/mL.

Table 17-Repressor Release Assay Example Concg/ml) APPIFold APPI% of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 91 10 2. 38 92.18 1 3 1. 71 66. 26 1 20 5 116. 7 1 20 3. 1 81 1 20 4. 4 154. 8 1 20 3. 8 105 1 20 2 46. 8 1 Table 17-continued Example Cone (g/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 98 10 2.58 100 1 10 2. 91 112. 76 1 10 3. 09 100 1 10 3. 26 100 1 10 2.56 100 1 10 2. 7 100 1 10 2. 62 100 1 10 2. 5 100 1 10 2. 17 100 1 10 2. 92 100 1 10 2. 11 100 1 10 2. 36 100 1 10 2. 06 100 1 10 2. 25 100 1 10 2. 75 100 1 10 2. 52 100 1 10 5. 5 100 1 10 3. 2 100 1 10 4. 3 100 1 10 3. 5 100 1 10 3. 8 100 1 20 3. 7 100 1 10 3. 3 100 1 10 2. 69 100 1 20 5. 6 100 1 20 5. 5 100 1 20 5. 8 100 1 20 4. 4 100 1 20 3. 2 100 1 20 2. 7 100 1 20 3. 3 100 1 20 3. 3 100 1 20 3. 6 100 1 20 4. 4 100 1 20 3.9 100 1 20 3.7 100 1 20 4. 2 100 20 7 100 Table 17-continued Example Conc (µg/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity Ex 98 20 19.5 100 1 (cont.) 20 4. 2 100 1 20 5. 5 100 1 20 4 100 1 20 3. 2 100 1 20 4. 4 100 1 20 3. 5 100 1 20 4. 5 100 1 20 5. 7 100 1 20 5. 4 100 1 20 3. 4 100 1 20 2. 9 100 1 20 3. 3 100 1 20 3. 3 100 1 20 3. 2 100 1 20 3. 5 100 1 20 4. 3 100 1 20 4. 3 100 1 20 6. 8 158. 9 1 20 3. 9 100 1 20 4. 2 100 1 20 2. 7 100 1 10 2. 53 100 1 20 3 76. 7 1 10 2. 9 100 1 10 2. 78 100 1 10 2. 47 95. 68 1 3 1. 79 69. 39 1 274 20 2. 1 44. 8 1 20 2. 4 43. 2 1 272 20 2. 3 81. 3 1 275 20 2 41. 9 1 20 1. 8 32. 5 1 90 20 1. 6 54. 4 1 276 20 2 46. 3 1 20 2. 1 73. 4 1 277 20 1. 5 53. 4 1 Table 17-continued Example Conc (p, g/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 1 20 1. 6 27. 2 1 2 20 2. 8 48. 1 1 3 20 3. 6 62. 9 1 4 20 1. 5 26. 5 1 5 20 2. 5 43. 2 1 6 20 1. 7 30. 2 1 7 20 1. 6 27. 1 1 8 20 2 35. 3 1 9 10 2. 2 63. 5 1 20 1. 8 30. 5 1 10 20 2. 4 62. 5 1 20 3. 6 63. 2 1 10 20 3. 3 113. 6 1 11 20 2. 3 63. 2 1 12 20 2. 9 54 1 13 20 1. 8 33. 5 1 15 20 1. 5 26. 5 1 16 20 2. 7 68. 5 1 17 20 2. 2 56. 4 1 18 20 1. 9 48. 6 1 20 1. 7 41. 8 1 19 20 1. 6 40. 5 1 273 20 1. 5 38. 7 1 14 20 1. 9 67 1 20 20 3. 3 78. 2 1 21 20 1. 6 37. 2 1 22 20 1. 7 39. 5 1 23 10 3. 6 116. 23 1 20 8. 3 197. 5 1 3 1. 67 54. 13 1 24 20 1. 6 38. 6 1 25 20 1. 8 44. 1 1 26 20 2. 4 58 1 27 20 2. 2 53. 6 1 28 20 1. 5 34. 8 1 29 20 2. 1 49. 5 1 30 20 2. 1 50. 5 1 Table 17-continued Example Conc (g/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 31 20 2. 8 66. 7 1 32 20 2. 2 51. 6 1 33 20 3. 9 112 1 34 20 4. 2 122. 5 1 35 20 2. 4 68. 1 1 10 3. 33 107. 5 1 20 6. 4 186. 2 1 20 4. 5 107 1 1 1. 6 51. 68 1 3 2. 05 66. 34 1 37 20 4. 7 136. 5 1 38203. 394. 8J 39 10 2. 47 79. 99 1 20 5. 5 158. 9 1 1. 56 50. 53 1 92 20 1. 7 43. 2 1 99 20 1. 7 42. 9 1 93 20 1. 5 39. 2 1 100 20 1. 6 41 1 101 20 1. 6 42 1 102 20 1. 5 39. 6 1 94 20 2. 5 69. 2 1 -. 20 1. 7 38 104 20 1. 5 31. 2 103 20 2. 6 70. 8 1 20 1. 5 34. 9 1 95 20 1. 6 36. 3 1 96 20 1. 5 44. 7 1 106 20 1. 6 32. 8 1 107 1 2. 35 91. 1 1 105 10 1. 54 47. 3 1 108 3 1. 66 59. 78 1 112 20 1. 8 50. 3 113 20 1. 6 43. 9 1 109 20 1. 9 52. 6 1 110 20 1. 7 46. 5 1 111 20 1. 7 47. 8 1 116 20 1. 6 44. 8 1 Table 17-continued Example Conc (µg/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 114 20 1.5 30. 9 1 117 20 1. 5 31 1 115 20 1. 8 37. 3 1 118 20 1. 6 33. 6 1 119 20 1. 5 46. 5 1 227 10 1. 65 75. 91 1 165 10 2. 05 70. 81 1 10 1. 6 63. 92 1 97 20 1. 5 47. 3 1 126 10 1. 52 59. 52 1 3 1. 54 56. 2 1 127 10 2. 97 116. 04 1 128 10 10. 76 420. 7 1 10 2. 13 77. 43 1 129 10 7. 12 278. 35 1 10 1. 62 59. 13 1 130 10 2. 4 93. 87 1 131 10 1. 65 64. 57 1 132 10 1. 54 60. 21 1 133 10 1. 79 79. 67 1 134 10 3 133. 7 1 10 2. 6 47 1 3 1. 5 27. 5 1 135 10 1. 91 84. 91 1 10 2 37 1 136 10 3. 04 135. 09 1 137 10 1. 61 71. 59 1 138 10 1. 57 69. 78 1 139 10 2. 12 94. 48 1 140 10 1. 52 67. 81 1 141 10 1. 79 76. 02 1 142 10 2. 71 114. 62 1 143 10 5.72 242.28 1 144 10 1. 69 71. 37 1 145 10 3. 9 152. 49 1 10 2. 57 102. 15 1 Table 17-continued Example Conc (µg/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 146 10 4. 26 166. 6 1 3 1. 53 60. 66 1 10 2. 33 92. 64 1 147 10 1. 94 75. 86 1 148 10 1. 88 73. 4 1 149 10 4.29 167.71 1 10 2. 02 80. 24 1 150 10 3. 39 132. 65 1 10 1.59 63.18 1 151 10 2.9 129.13 1 152 10 6. 64 295. 59 1 10 3.7 67.7 1 3 1. 6 29. 7 1 153 10 4. 77 212. 3 1 3 2 36.2 1 10 2. 9 53. 4 1 154 10 1. 68 74. 73 1 155 10 4. 37 194. 25 1 156 10 2. 01 89. 37 1 10 1.64 106.77 1 3 1. 52 98. 84 1 157 10 1. 96 87. 36 1 158 10 2. 28 101. 49 1 159 10 2. 11 94. 03 1 160 10 1. 66 73. 83 1 161 10 1. 69 71. 57 1 162 10 1.63 68.85 1 163 10 1. 64 69. 41 1 164 10 3. 53 149. 31 1 166 10 5. 49 189. 28 1 10 2. 05 82. 01 1 167 10 9.66 332.83 1 168 10 8. 32 286. 71 1 10 2. 2 87. 86 1 169 10 2. 85 98. 28 1 10 2. 01 80. 19 1 170 10 1. 92 66. 13 1 Table 17-continued Example Concg/ml) APPIFold APPI% of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 171 10 1. 54 53. 17 1 172 10 2. 51 86. 45 1 10 1. 59 63. 78 1 173 10 2. 56 88. 08 1 174 10 2. 1 102. 08 1 175 10 4. 24 205. 87 1 10 2. 01 124. 61 1 176 10 2. 63 127. 84 1 10 1. 87 116. 42 1 177 10 1. 95 94. 93 1 178 10 1. 68 81. 88 1 179 10 1. 63 79. 4 1 180 10 1. 69 80. 17 1 181 10 1. 76 83. 43 1 182 10 2. 58 122. 24 1 183 10 4. 49 212. 53 1 184 10 1. 7 80. 39 1 185 10 1. 51 51. 91 1 186 10 3. 86 133. 06 1 187 10 9. 02 310. 99 1 188 10 3. 54 122. 17 1 189 10 1. 51 52. 11 1 190 10 1. 76 60. 57 1 191 10 2. 42 83. 48 1 192 10 2. 21 76. 01 1 193 10 1. 78 86. 66 1 194 10 3. 42 166. 42 1 10 1. 97 122. 18 1 195 10 2. 16 104. 89 1 196 10 1. 78 86. 69 1 197 10 1. 54 74. 67 1 198 10 1. 54 74. 68 1 199 10 1. 61 78. 5 1 200 10 1. 85 87. 52 1 201 10 2. 45 116. 18 1 202 10 1. 62 55. 79 1 203 10 3. 47 119. 61 1 Table 17-continued Example Concg/ml) APPIFold APPI% of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 204 10 3. 73 128. 72 1 205 10 1. 72 59. 11 1 206 10 1. 9 92. 42 1 207 10 1. 81 87. 79 1 208 10 2.01 97. 83 1 209 10 1. 81 88. 04 1 210 10 1. 68 81. 7 1 211 10 2. 09 71. 66 1 212 10 4. 85 166. 42 1 10 2. 4 70. 1 1 213 10 3. 03 103. 82 1 10 1. 6 46. 4 1 214 10 4. 93 169. 16 1 10 1. 8 53. 2 1 215 10 1. 65 75. 81 1 216 10 1.58 72.76 1 217 10 1. 68 77. 38 1 218 10 1.55 71.25 1 219 10 1. 8 82. 73 1 20 2. 8 75. 9 1 220 10 3. 29 151. 23 1 221 10 5. 73 263. 29 1 222 10 1. 59 54. 46 1 223 10 2. 33 79. 87 1 224 10 2. 22 76. 16 1 225 10 6. 82 234. 08 1 226 10 4. 6 157. 69 1 228 10 1. 56 71. 57 1 229 10 1. 52 69. 7 1 230 10 1. 75 80. 53 1 20 1. 9 51 1 231 10 2. 49 114. 39 1 232 10 1. 94 89. 04 1 20 4. 2 115 1 233 10 6. 67 306. 66 1 234 10 2. 9 99. 47 1 10 1. 6 49. 5 1 235 10 1. 88 64. 32 1 Table 17-continued Example Concg/ml) APPIFold APPI% of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 236 10 6. 55 224.57 1 10 3. 2 101. 3 1 237 10 6. 05 207. 45 1 10 3. 8 119. 8 1 238 10 4. 5 154. 18 1 239 10 1. 54 52. 99 1 240 10 3. 82 131. 15 241 10 1. 58 72. 82 1 242 10 1. 6 73. 53 1 243 10 1. 7 78. 07 1 244 10 1. 51 69. 29 1 245 10 2. 05 94. 29 1 20 3. 5 95. 1 1 246 10 2. 42 111. 39 20 1. 9 50. 9 1 247 10 1. 54 57. 33 1 248 10 3. 53 121. 19 1 10 1. 5 46. 6 1 249 10 1. 9 58. 4 1 250 10 2. 4 72. 2 1 251 10 3. 4 103. 5 1 252 10 1. 8 53. 8 1 253 10 1. 61 59. 95 1 254 10 1. 93 71. 92 1 255 10 2. 03 75. 56 1 256 10 1. 5 55. 91 1 257 10 2. 54 94. 5 1 20 2. 5 68. 8 1 258 10 1. 72 63. 9 1 259 10 2. 19 81. 37 1 1 1. 7 31. 1 1 0. 3 1. 7 31. 1 1 3 1. 7 31. 5 1 10 1. 6 49. 1 1 20 4. 4 119. 7 1 10 1. 7 31. 6 1 260 10 6. 23 231. 76 1 3 1. 5 26. 7 1 Table 17-continued Example Concg/ml) APPIFold APPI% of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 261 10 3. 5 104.4 1 262 10 2. 2 63. 8 1 263 10 1. 57 58. 4 1 264 10 2 74. 18 1 265 10 1. 78 66. 02 1 266 10 1. 57 58. 25 1 267 10 1. 59 58. 97 1 268 10 1. 75 65. 06 1 269 10 1. 58 58. 74 1 270 10 1. 86 69. 21 1 271 10 1. 82 67. 61 1 40 20 3. 4 126. 2 1 41 20 4. 9 182. 1 1 42 20 1. 9 71. 7 1 43 20 5. 1 190 1 44 20 2. 6 95. 7 1 45 20 1. 5 55. 9 1 46 20 1. 8 67. 4 1 47 20 2. 4 88. 9 1 48 20 3. 1 116. 6 1 120 20 5 135. 2 1 121 20 1. 7 45. 1 1 122 20 1. 5 42. 1 1 123 20 4. 4 121 1 20 3. 5 97. 4 1 124 20 2 55. 1 1 125 20 1. 8 49. 2 1 49 20 2. 5 59. 1 1 50 20 2. 5 59. 3 1 51 20 1. 6 37. 6 1 52 20 6. 2 145. 7 1 20 8. 6 43. 8 1 53 20 5. 2 121. 9 1 54 20 5 117 1 55 20 5. 6 131. 5 1 56 20 3. 6 85. 4 1 57 20 1. 7 39. 1 1 58 20 2. 6 61. 2 1 Table 17-continued Example Cone (tg/ml) APPI Fold APPI % of (%) APPI Increase Example #98 Toxicity 59 20 3. 2 76. 3 1 60 20 4. 6 109. 3 1 61 20 6. 5 152. 3 1 62 20 1. 8 42. 2 1 63 20 2 47. 9 1 64 20 1. 7 39. 3 1 65 20 1. 9 44. 6 1 66 20 5. 5 129. 1 1 67 20 3. 9 91. 5 1 68 20 2 47. 5 1 69 20 3. 1 73 1 70 20 2 48 1 71 20 1. 9 43. 9 1 72 20 3. 2 76. 4 1 73 20 5. 4 127. 1 1 74 20 2. 5 57. 7 1 75 20 4. 8 112. 3 1 76 20 5. 8 135. 2 1 77 20 5. 9 139. 8 1 78 20 4. 4 102. 4 1 79 20 1. 5 34. 1 1 80 20 3. 9 91. 1 1 81 20 5 118 1 82 20 2. 6 66 1 83 20 3. 4 86. 8 1 84 20 3. 4 86. 6 1 85 20 3. 4 87. 3 1 86 20 1. 6 41. 4 1 87 20 8. 8 223. 8 1 88 20 6. 4 27. 9 1 89 20 22. 4 97. 9 1

All publications cited in this specification are incorporated herein by reference. While the invention has been described with reference to a particularly preferred embodiment, it will be appreciated that modifications can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. Such modifications are intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.