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Title:
SULFAMIDES AS ZAP-70 INHIBITORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2009/080638
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The invention relates to compounds of formula (I). Said compounds are useful as inhibitors of ZAP-70 for the treatment or prophylaxis of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, and immuno logically-mediated diseases. The invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions including said compounds, the preparation of such compounds as well as the use as medicaments.

Inventors:
HARRISON, Richard John (30 Chalmers Road, Cambridge CB1 3SX, GB)
MAJOR, Jeremy (10 Chigwell Court, Cambridge CB5 8TY, GB)
MIDDLEMISS, David (61 Thorley Hill, Bishops StortfordHertfordshire, CM23 3NF, GB)
RAMSDEN, Nigel (Sparrows Lodge, Green Lane Fowlmer, Royston Herts SG8 7QP, GB)
KRUSE, Ulrich (Frankenweg 32, Dossenheim, 69221, DE)
DREWES, Gerard (Burgstrasse 13, Heidelberg, 69121, DE)
Application Number:
EP2008/067682
Publication Date:
July 02, 2009
Filing Date:
December 17, 2008
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Cellzome Limited (Chesterford Research Park, Little Chesterford, Cambridgeshire CB10 1XL, GB)
HARRISON, Richard John (30 Chalmers Road, Cambridge CB1 3SX, GB)
MAJOR, Jeremy (10 Chigwell Court, Cambridge CB5 8TY, GB)
MIDDLEMISS, David (61 Thorley Hill, Bishops StortfordHertfordshire, CM23 3NF, GB)
RAMSDEN, Nigel (Sparrows Lodge, Green Lane Fowlmer, Royston Herts SG8 7QP, GB)
KRUSE, Ulrich (Frankenweg 32, Dossenheim, 69221, DE)
DREWES, Gerard (Burgstrasse 13, Heidelberg, 69121, DE)
International Classes:
C07D239/48; A61K31/505; A61P29/00; A61P37/00
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ISENBRUCK, Günter (Isenbruck Bösl Hörschler Wichmann Huhn LLP, Patentanwälte EASTSITE ONE, Seckenheimer Landstrasse 4 Mannheim, 68163, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:

Claims

A compound of formula (I)

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug or metabolite thereof, wherein

-X is of formula

R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 10 ; OR 10 ; C(O)R 10 ; C(O)N(R 10 R 10a ); S(O) 2 N(R 10 R 10a ); S (O)N(R 10 R 1 Oa ); S(O) 2 R 10 ; S(O)R 10 ; N(R 10 )S(O) 2 N(R 10a R 10b ); SR 10 ; N(R 10 R 10a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 10 ;

N(R 10 )C(O)R 10a ; N(R 10 )S(O) 2 R 10a ; N(R 10 )S(O)R 10a ; N(R 10 )C(O)N(R 10a R 10b );

N(R 10 )C(O)OR 10a ; OC(O)N(R 10 R 10a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; C 2 - 6 alkynyl; and T, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 11 , which are the same or different;

Optionally, one of the pairs RVR 2 and R 2 /R 3 is joined together with the phenyl ring to which it is attached to form a bicyclic ring T 1 ;

R 10 , R 1Oa , R 10b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; T; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 12 , which are the same or different;

R 11 , R 12 are independently selected from the group consisting of T; halogen; CN;

C(O)OR 13 ; OR 13 ; C(O)R 13 ; C(O)N(R 13 R 13a ); S(O) 2 N(R 13 R 13a ); S(O)N(R 13 R 13a ); S(O) 2 R 13 ; S(O)R 13 ; N(R 13 )S(O) 2 N(R 13a R 13b ); N(R 13 )S(O)N(R 13a R 13b ); SR 13 ; N(R 13 R 13a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 13 ; N(R 13 )C(O)R 13a ; N(R 13 )S(O) 2 R 13a ; N(R 13 )S(O)R 13a ; N(R 13 )C(O)N(R 13a R 13b ); N(R 13 )C(O)OR 13a ; OC(O)N(R 13 R 13a ); d_ 6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 13 , R 13a , R 13b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

T is phenyl; C 3 _ 7 cycloalkyl; or 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl, wherein T is optionally substituted with one or more R 14 , which are the same or different;

T 1 is naphthyl; indenyl; indanyl; or 9 to 11 membered benzo-fused heterobicyclyl, wherein T 1 is optionally substituted with one or more R 15 , which are the same or different;

R 14 , R 15 are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN; C(O)OR 16 ; OR 16 ; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; C(O)R 16 ;

C(O)N(R 16 R 16a ); S(O) 2 N(R 16 R 16a ); S (O)N(R 16 R 16a ); S(O) 2 R 16 ; S(O)R 16 ;

N(R 16 )S(O) 2 N(R 16a R 16b ); N(R 16 )S(O)N(R 16a R 16b ); SR 16 ; N(R 16 R 16a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 16 ;

N(R 16 )C(O)R 16a ; N(R 16 )S(O) 2 R 16a ; N(R 16 )S(O)R 16a ; N(R 16 )C(O)N(R 16a R 16b );

N(R 16 )C(O)OR 16a ; OC(O)N(R 16 R 16a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 - 6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 16 , R 16a , R 16b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a are independently selected from the group consisting of H; X 1 ; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 17 ; OR 17 ; C(O)R 17 ; C(O)N(R 17 R 17a ); S(O) 2 N(R 17 R 17a ); S(O)N(R 17 R 17a ); S(O) 2 R 17 ; S(O)R 17 ; SR 17 ; N(R 17 R 17a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 17 ; N(R 17 )C(O)R 17a ; N(R 17 )S(O) 2 R 17a ; N(R 17 )S(O)R 17a ; N(R 17 )C(O)N(R 17a R 17b ); N(R 17 )C(O)OR 17a ; OC(O)N(R 17 R 17a ); d_ 6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; C 2 - 6 alkynyl; and T 2 , wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 18 , which are the same or different and wherein one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a is X 1 ;

Optionally, one of the pairs R 4 /R 5 , R 5 /R 6 , R 6 /R 7 , R 7 /R 4a is joined together with the phenyl ring to which it is attached to form a bicyclic ring T 3 ;

R 17 , R 17a , R 17b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; T 2 ; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 19 , which are the same or different;

R 18 , R 19 are independently selected from the group consisting of T 2 ; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 20 ; OR 20 ; C(O)R 20 ; C(O)N(R 20 R 20a ); S(O) 2 N(R 20 R 20a ); S(O)N(R 20 R 20a ); S(O) 2 R 20 ; S(O)R 20 ; N(R 20 )S(O) 2 N(R 20a R 20b ); N(R 20 )S(O)N(R 20a R 20b ); SR 20 ; N(R 20 R 20a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 20 ; N(R 20 )C(O)R 20a ; N(R 20 )S(O) 2 R 20a ; N(R 20 )S(O)R 20a ; N(R 20 )C(O)N(R 20a R 20b ); N(R 20 )C(O)OR 20a ; OC(O)N(R 20 R 20a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 20 , R 20a , R 20b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

T 2 is phenyl; C3_7 cycloalkyl; or 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl, wherein T 2 is optionally substituted with one or more R 21 , which are the same or different;

T 3 is naphthyl; indenyl; indanyl; or 9 to 11 membered benzo-fused heterobicyclyl, wherein T 3 is optionally substituted with one or more R 22 , which are the same or different;

R 21 , R 22 are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN; C(O)OR 23 ; OR 23 ; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; C(O)R 23 ; C(O)N(R 23 R 23a ); S(O) 2 N(R 23 R 23a ); S(O)N(R 23 R 23a ); S(O) 2 R 23 ; S(O)R 23 ; N(R 23 )S(O) 2 N(R 23a R 23b ); N(R 23 )S(O)N(R 23a R 23b ); SR 23 ; N(R 23 R 23a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 23 ; N(R 23 )C(O)R 23a ; N(R 23 )S(O) 2 R 23a ; N(R 23 )S(O)R 23a ; N(R 23 )C(O)N(R 23a R 23b );

N(R 23 )C(O)OR 23a ; OC(O)N(R 23 R 23a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 - 6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 23 , R 23a , R 23b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl;

C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

X 1 is N(R 24a )S(O) 2 N(R 24b R 24 );

R 9 , R 24a are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_4 alkyl; C3-5 cycloalkyl; and C 3 _ 5 cycloalkylmethyl, wherein Ci_ 4 alkyl; C 3 _ 5 cycloalkyl and C 3 _ 5 cycloalkylmethyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 24 , R 24b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; T 4 ; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 25 , which are the same or different;

Optionally, R 24 , R 24b are joined together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form an at least partially saturated 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl ring, which is optionally substituted with one or more R 27 , which are the same or different;

R 25 is T 4 ; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 26 ; OR 26 ; C(O)R 26 ; C(O)N(R 26 R 26a ); S(O) 2 N(R 26 R 26a ); S(O)N(R 26 R 26a ); S(O) 2 R 26 ; S(O)R 26 ; N(R 26 )S(O) 2 N(R 26a R 26b ); N(R 26 )S(O)N(R 26a R 26b ); SR 26 ; N(R 26 R 26a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 26 ; N(R 26 )C(O)R 26a ; N(R 26 )S(O) 2 R 26a ; N(R 26 )S(O)R 26a ; N(R 26 )C(O)N(R 26a R 26b ); N(R 26 )C(O)OR 26a ; OC(O)N(R 26 R 26a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; or C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 26 , R 26a , R 26b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

T 4 is phenyl; C3_7 cycloalkyl; or 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl, wherein T 4 is optionally substituted with one or more R 27a , which are the same or different;

R 27 , R 27a are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN;

C(O)OR 28 ; OR 28 ; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; C(O)R 28 ;

C(O)N(R 28 R 28a ); S(O) 2 N(R 28 R 28a ); S(O)N(R 28 R 28a ); S(O) 2 R 28 ; S(O)R 28 ;

N(R 28 )S(O) 2 N(R 28a R 28b ); N(R 28 )S(O)N(R 28a R 28b ); SR 28 ; N(R 28 R 28a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 28 ;

N(R 28 )C(O)R 28a ; N(R 28 )S(O) 2 R 28a ; N(R 28 )S(O)R 28a ; N(R 28 )C(O)N(R 28a R 28b ); N(R 28 )C(O)OR 28a ; OC(O)N(R 28 R 28a ); d_ 6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 - 6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R , R , R are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 8 is H; F; Cl; Br; CN; CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; OH; OCH 3 ; NO 2 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; or NO 2 .

2. A compound of claim 1, wherein -X is of formula

wherein R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 and X 1 have the meaning as indicated in claim 1.

3. A compound of claim 1 or 2, wherein R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; halogen; OR 10 ; NO 2 ; C(O)R 10 ; SR 10 ; N(R 10 R 10a ); T; and Ci -4 alkyl, wherein Ci_ 4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different.

4. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein R 10 , R 1Oa are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 4 alkyl, wherein Ci_ 4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different.

5. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; F; Cl; OH; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ; OCH 2 F;

OCHF 2 ; OCF 3 ; OCH 2 CH 2 F; OCH 2 CHF 2 ; OCH 2 CF 3 ; OCHFCH 2 F; OCHFCHF 2 ; OCHFCF 3 ; OCF 2 CH 2 F; OCF 2 CHF 2 ; OCF 2 CF 3 ; NO 2 ; C(O)CH 3 ; SH; SCH 3 ; SCH 2 F; SCHF 2 ; SCF 3 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 F; CH 2 CHF 2 ; CH 2 CF 3 ; CHFCH 2 F; CHFCHF 2 ; CHFCF 3 ; CF 2 CH 2 F; CF 2 CHF 2 ; and CF 2 CF 3 .

6. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are OCH 3 .

7. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein T is 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl.

8. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein T is 5 membered heterocyclyl.

9. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein T is imidazolyl; pyrazolyl; triazolyl; morpholinyl; piperazinyl; pyrrolidinyl; or piperidinyl.

10. A compound of claim 1 or 2, wherein R 1 , R 2 are joined together with the phenyl ring to which they are attached to form 9 to 11 membered benzo-fused heterobicyclyl.

11. A compound of claim 10, wherein the bicyclic ring is benzodioxane; benzothiazole; benzomorpholine; indole; indazole; or benzotriazole.

12. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein each R 15 is independently selected from the group consisting of F; Cl; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; OH; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ; OCH 2 F; OCHF 2 ; OCF 3 ; OCH 2 CH 2 F; OCH 2 CHF 2 ; OCH 2 CF 3 ; OCHFCH 2 F; OCHFCHF 2 ; OCHFCF 3 ; OCF 2 CH 2 F; OCF 2 CHF 2 ; OCF 2 CF 3 ;

NO 2 ; C(O)CH 3 ; SH; SCH 3 ; SCH 2 F; SCHF 2 ; SCF 3 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 F; CH 2 CHF 2 ; CH 2 CF 3 ; CHFCH 2 F; CHFCHF 2 ; CHFCF 3 ; CF 2 CH 2 F; CF 2 CHF 2 ; and CF 2 CF 3 .

13. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a is X 1 and the others are H;

14. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein R 9 ; R 24a ; and R 24b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; and CH 3 .

15. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 14, wherein R 24 is H; T 4 ; and Ci_4 alkyl, wherein Ci_4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more R 25 , which are the same or different.

16. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein T 4 is phenyl; thiazolyl; imidazolyl; pyridyl; morpholinyl; piperazinyl, pyrrolidinyl; piperidinyl; or cyclopropyl.

17. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein R 25 , R 25a are independently selected from the group consisting of F; Cl; OH; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ; OCH 2 F; OCHF 2 ; OCF 3 ; OCH 2 CH 2 F; OCH 2 CHF 2 ; OCH 2 CF 3 ; OCHFCH 2 F; OCHFCHF 2 ; OCHFCF 3 ;

OCF 2 CH 2 F; OCF 2 CHF 2 ; OCF 2 CF 3 ; NO 2 ; C(O)CH 3 ; SH; SCH 3 ; SCH 2 F; SCHF 2 ;

SCF 3 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; and N(CH 3 ) 2 .

18. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 17, wherein R 24 is H; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 3 CHCH 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 OH; CH 2 CH 2 OCH 3 ; T 4 ; or CH 2 -T 4 .

19. A compound of any of claims 1 to 14, wherein R 24 , R 24b are joined together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a partially or fully saturated 5- or 6- membered heterocyclyl ring.

20. A compound of claim 19, wherein the ring is a morpholine; pyrrolidine; piperidine; or piperazine ring.

21. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 20, wherein R 8 is H; F; Cl; CN; CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; OH; OCH 3 ; NO 2 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; Or NO 2 .

22. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 21, wherein R 8 is H; CH 3 ; or F.

23. A compound of claim 1 selected from the group consisting of

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'- dimethylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- phenylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- benzylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- isopropylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- ethylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxyethyl)sulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- methylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'- dimethylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- isopropylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- benzylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxyethyl)sulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)N',N'- dimethylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- ethylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- phenylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-iso- propylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxyethyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-methyl-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-bromo-2-(dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-bromo-2-(4-methoxyamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(2(lH-benzo[d][l,2,3]triazol-5-ylamino)-5-bromopyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(4-methoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(4-(dimethylamino)phenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-6- methy lpheny l)sulfamide ;

N-(6-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-2,3- dimethylphenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-6- methoxypheny l)sulfamide ;

N-(2-ethoxy-6-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-Fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-5- methy lpheny l)sulfamide ;

N-(2-(5-Fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-5- morpholinophenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-4- methoxyphenyl)sulfamide; and

N-(4-fluoro-2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide.

24. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of any one of the claims 1 to 23 together with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, optionally in combination with one or more other pharmaceutical compositions.

25. A pharmaceutical composition of claim 24, comprising one or more additional compounds or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof selected from the group consisting of compounds of any one of the claims 1 to 23 and not being the first compound; other ZAP-70 inhibitors, steroids, leukotriene antagonists, cyclosporine or rapamycin.

26. A compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of any one of claims 1 to 23 for use as a medicament.

27. A compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of any one of claims 1 to 23 for use in a method of treating or preventing diseases and disorders associated with

ZAP-70.

28. A compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of any one of claims 1 to 23 for use in a method of treating or preventing immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, or immuno logically-mediated diseases.

29. A compound of claim 28, wherein the disease is acute or chronic inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); allergic rhinitis; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus-host disease.

30. Use of a compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of any one of claims 1 to 23 for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of diseases and disorders associated with ZAP-70.

31. Use of a compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of any one of claims 1 to 23 for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, or immunologically- mediated diseases.

32. Use of claim 31, wherein the disease is acute or chronic inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); allergic rhinitis; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus-host disease.

33. A method for treating, controlling, delaying or preventing in a mammalian patient in need of the treatment of one or more conditions selected from the group consisting of diseases and disorders associated with ZAP-70, wherein the method comprises the

administration to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of any one of claims 1 to 23 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

34. A method for treating, controlling, delaying or preventing in a mammalian patient in need of the treatment of one or more conditions selected from the group consisting of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, and immunologically- mediated diseases, wherein the method comprises the administration to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of any one of claims 1 to 23 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

35. A method of claim 34, wherein the disease is acute or chronic inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); allergic rhinitis; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus-host disease.

36. A method for the preparation of a compound of any one of the claims 2 to 23, comprising the steps of

(a) reacting a compound of formula (II)

wherein R has the meaning as indicated in claim 1 and A, B are suitable leaving groups with one of the compounds of formula (III) or (IV)

wherein R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 9 have the meaning as indicated in claim 1 and R 4a is NHR 24a , wherein R 24a has the meaning as indicated in claim 1 ;

(b) further reacting the resulting product from step (a) with the other compound of formula (III) or (IV); and

(c) reacting the resulting product from step (b) with a compound of formula GS(O) 2 N(R 24 R 24b ), wherein R 24 , R 24b have the meaning as indicated in claim 1 and G is a suitable leaving group to yield compounds of formula (I), wherein R 4a is X\

37. A method for the preparation of a compound of claim 1, comprising the steps according to claim 36, wherein in formula (III) R 4a has the meaning as indicated in claim 1 and one of R 5 , R 6 is NHR 24a , wherein R 24a has the meaning as indicated in claim 1 to yield compounds of formula (I), wherein one of R 5 ,

R 6 is X 1 .

Description:

SULFAMIDES AS ZAP-70 INHIBITORS

The present invention relates to a novel class of kinase inhibitors, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts, prodrugs and metabolites thereof, which are useful for modulating protein kinase activity for modulating cellular activities such as signal transduction, proliferation, and cytokine secretion. More specifically the invention provides compounds which inhibit, regulate and/or modulate kinase activity, in particular ZAP-70 activity, and signal transduction pathways relating to cellular activities as mentioned above. Furthermore, the present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising said compounds, e.g. for the treatment of diseases such as immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune and allergic disorders, or immuno logically-mediated diseases and processes for preparing said compounds.

Protein kinases participate in the signaling events which control the activation, growth and differentiation of cells in response to extracellular mediators or stimuli such as growth factors, cytokines or chemokines. In general, these kinases are classified in two groups, those that preferentially phosphorylate tyrosine residues and those that preferentially phosphorylate serine and/or threonine residues. The tyrosine kinases include membrane-spanning growth factor receptors such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cytosolic nonreceptor kinases such as Src, Syk or ZAP-70.

Inappropriately high protein kinase activity is involved in many diseases including inflammatory disorders and cancer. This can be caused either directly or indirectly by the failure of control mechanisms due to mutation, overexpression or inappropriate activation of the enzyme. In all of these instances, selective inhibition of the kinase is expected to have a beneficial effect.

Protein tyrosine kinases - both receptor tyrosine kinases and non-receptor kinases - are essential for the activation and proliferation of cells of the immune system. Among the earliest detectable events upon the immunoreceptor activation in mast cells, T cells and B cells is the stimulation of non-receptor tyrosine kinases. Immune receptors such as the high-

affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI), T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and B cell receptor, consist of antigen-binding subunits and signal transducing subunits. The signal transducing chain contains one or more copies of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMSs). For TCR activation, ITAMS located in the CD3 molecule are phosphorylated by Lck and Fyn, two Src family tyrosine kinases, followed by recruitment and activation of ZAP-70, a member of the Syk family of tyrosine kinases. These activated tyrosine kinases then phosphorylate downstream adaptor molecules such as LAT (linker for activation of T cells) and SLP-76 (SH2 domain-containing leukocyte protein of 76 kDa). This step leads to the activation of multiple downstream signaling molecules such as inducible T cell kinase (ITK), PLCγl and PB kinase (Wong, 2005, Current Opinion in Pharmacology 5, 264-271; Schwartzberg et al. 2005, Nat. Rev. Immunology 5, 284-295).

ZAP-70 (zeta chain-associated protein of 70 kDa) belongs to the Syk family of tyrosine kinases and is associated with the zeta subunit of the T cell receptor (Chan et al., 1992, Cell 71(4): 649-662; Weiss, 1993, Cell 73, 209-212). ZAP-70 is primarily expressed in T cells and Natural Killer (NK) cells and plays an essential role in signaling through the TCR. The TCR- mediated activation of T cells is crucial for the immune response. Failure to adequately regulate T cell activation can lead to allergic and autoimmune diseases. Therefore ZAP-70 is considered as an attractive target for the development of immunosuppresive agents for T cell mediated diseases.

Several reports provided genetic evidence that ZAP-70 plays an important role in T cell activation. Mutations in ZAP-70 have been shown to be responsible for an autosomal recessive form of severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID) in humans (Elder 1998, Semin. Hematol. 35(4): 310-320). This SCID syndrome is characterized by the absence of peripheral CD8+ T cells and by the presence of circulating CD4+ T cells that do not respond to TCR-mediated stimuli in vitro. Targeted disruption of the ZAP-70 gene in mice leads to defects in thymic development and T cell activation (Negishi et al., 1995, Nature 376, 435-438). Inhibitors of ZAP-70 may therefore represent drugs useful for the treatment of diseases of the immune system (for example autoimmune diseases) or immuno logically- mediated diseases (for example allograft transplant rejection and graft-versus-host disease).

A variety of approaches for the identification of selective ZAP-70 inhibitors have been reported. Vu suggested the structure-based design and synthesis of antagonists of the tandem

Src-homology 2 (SH2) domains of ZAP-70 (Vu et al. 1999, 2000, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Letters 9, 3009-3014). Nishikawa screened a peptide library for the ability to bind to ZAP-70 and identified a peptide that inhibited ZAP -kinase activity by competing with protein substrates (Nishikawa et al., 2000, Molecular Cell 6, 969-974). Moffat used a ZAP-70 kinase assay with the non-physiological substrate polyGluTyr to identify ZAP-70 inhibitors (Moffat et al., 1999, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Letters 9, 3351-3356). In addition, the three-dimensional structure of the ZAP-70 kinase domain in complex with Staurosporine was reported and suggested as basis for the structure-based design of inhibitors (Jin et al., 2004, J. Biol. Chem. 279(41), 42818-42825).

In view of the above, there is a need for providing effective ZAP-70 inhibitors.

Inhibitors of FAK and/or ALK and/or ZAP-70 and/or IGF-IR are described in WO-A 2005/016894.

Thus, an object of the present invention is to provide a new class of compounds as kinase inhibitors, especially as ZAP-70 inhibitors, which may be effective in the treatment or prophylaxis of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, immuno logically-mediated diseases or other diseases or disorders associated with ZAP-70.

Accordingly, the present invention provides compounds of formula (I)

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug or metabolite thereof, wherein

-X is of formula

R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 10 ; OR 10 ; C(O)R 10 ; C(O)N(R 10 R 10a ); S(O) 2 N(R 10 R 10a ); S (O)N(R 10 R 1 Oa ); S(O) 2 R 10 ; S(O)R 10 ; N(R 10 )S(O) 2 N(R 10a R 10b ); SR 10 ; N(R 10 R 10a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 10 ;

N(R 10 )C(O)R 10a ; N(R 10 )S(O) 2 R 10a ; N(R 10 )S(O)R 10a ; N(R 10 )C(O)N(R 10a R 10b ); N(R 10 )C(O)OR 10a ; OC(O)N(R 10 R 10a ); d_ 6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; C 2 - 6 alkynyl; and T, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 11 , which are the same or different;

Optionally, one of the pairs RVR 2 and R 2 /R 3 is joined together with the phenyl ring to which it is attached to form a bicyclic ring T 1 ;

R 10 , R 1Oa , R 10b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; T; Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 12 , which are the same or different;

R 11 , R 12 are independently selected from the group consisting of T; halogen; CN;

C(O)OR 13 ; OR 13 ; C(O)R 13 ; C(O)N(R 13 R 13a ); S(O) 2 N(R 13 R 13a ); S(O)N(R 13 R 13a ); S(O) 2 R 13 ; S(O)R 13 ; N(R 13 )S(O) 2 N(R 13a R 13b ); N(R 13 )S(O)N(R 13a R 13b ); SR 13 ;

N(R 13 R 13a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 13 ; N(R 13 )C(O)R 13a ; N(R 13 )S(O) 2 R 13a ; N(R 13 )S(O)R 13a ;

N(R 13 )C(O)N(R 13a R 13b ); N(R 13 )C(O)OR 13a ; OC(O)N(R 13 R 13a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 13 , R 13a , R 13b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl;

C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

T is phenyl; C 3 _ 7 cycloalkyl; or 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl, wherein T is optionally substituted with one or more R 14 , which are the same or different;

T 1 is naphthyl; indenyl; indanyl; or 9 to 11 membered benzo-fused heterobicyclyl, wherein T 1 is optionally substituted with one or more R 15 , which are the same or different;

R 14 , R 15 are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN;

C(O)OR 16 ; OR 16 ; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; C(O)R 16 ; C(O)N(R 16 R 16a ); S(O) 2 N(R 16 R 16a ); S (O)N(R 16 R 16a ); S(O) 2 R 16 ; S(O)R 16 ;

N(R 16 )S(O) 2 N(R 16a R 16b ); N(R 16 )S(O)N(R 16a R 16b ); SR 16 ; N(R 16 R 16a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 16 ;

N(R 16 )C(O)R 16a ; N(R 16 )S(O) 2 R 16a ; N(R 16 )S(O)R 16a ; N(R 16 )C(O)N(R 16a R 16b );

N(R 16 )C(O)OR 16a ; OC(O)N(R 16 R 16a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 - 6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 16 , R 16a , R 16b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 6 alkyl;

C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a are independently selected from the group consisting of H; X 1 ; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 17 ; OR 17 ; C(O)R 17 ; C(O)N(R 17 R 17a ); S(O) 2 N(R 17 R 17a );

S(O)N(R 17 R 17a ); S(O) 2 R 17 ; S(O)R 17 ; SR 17 ; N(R 17 R 17a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 17 ;

N(R 17 )C(O)R 17a ; N(R 17 )S(O) 2 R 17a ; N(R 17 )S(O)R 17a ; N(R 17 )C(O)N(R 17a R 17b ); N(R 17 )C(O)OR 17a ; OC(O)N(R 17 R 17a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; C 2 - 6 alkynyl; and T 2 , wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 18 , which are the same or different and wherein one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a is X 1 ;

Optionally, one of the pairs R 4 /R 5 , R 5 /R 6 , R 6 /R 7 , R 7 /R 4a is joined together with the phenyl ring to which it is attached to form a bicyclic ring T 3 ;

R 17 , R 17a , R 17b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; T 2 ; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl

19 are optionally substituted with one or more R , which are the same or different;

R 18 , R 19 are independently selected from the group consisting of T 2 ; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 20 ; OR 20 ; C(O)R 20 ; C(O)N(R 20 R 20a ); S(O) 2 N(R 20 R 20a ); S(O)N(R 20 R 20a ); S(O) 2 R 20 ; S(O)R 20 ; N(R 20 )S(O) 2 N(R 20a R 20b ); N(R 20 )S(O)N(R 20a R 20b ); SR 20 ; N(R 20 R 20a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 20 ; N(R 20 )C(O)R 20a ; N(R 20 )S(O) 2 R 20a ; N(R 20 )S(O)R 20a ;

N(R 20 )C(O)N(R 20a R 20b ); N(R 20 )C(O)OR 20a ; OC(O)N(R 20 R 20a ); d_ 6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 20 , R 20a , R 20b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 6 alkyl;

C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

T 2 is phenyl; C3_7 cycloalkyl; or 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl, wherein T 2 is optionally substituted with one or more R 21 , which are the same or different;

T 3 is naphthyl; indenyl; indanyl; or 9 to 11 membered benzo-fused heterobicyclyl, wherein T 3 is optionally substituted with one or more R 22 , which are the same or different;

R 21 , R 22 are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN;

C(O)OR 23 ; OR 23 ; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; C(O)R 23 ;

C(O)N(R 23 R 23a ); S(O) 2 N(R 23 R 23a ); S(O)N(R 23 R 23a ); S(O) 2 R 23 ; S(O)R 23 ;

N(R 23 )S(O) 2 N(R 23a R 23b ); N(R 23 )S(O)N(R 23a R 23b ); SR 23 ; N(R 23 R 23a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 23 ; N(R 23 )C(O)R 23a ; N(R 23 )S(O) 2 R 23a ; N(R 23 )S(O)R 23a ; N(R 23 )C(O)N(R 23a R 23b );

N(R 23 )C(O)OR 23a ; OC(O)N(R 23 R 23a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 - 6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 23 , R 23a , R 23b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl;

C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 _6 alkenyl; and C 2 _6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

X 1 is N(R 24a )S(O) 2 N(R 24b R 24 );

R 9 , R 24a are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 4 alkyl; C3-5 cycloalkyl; and C3-5 cycloalkylmethyl, wherein Ci_ 4 alkyl; C3-5 cycloalkyl and C3-5 cycloalkylmethyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 24 , R 24b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; T 4 ; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more R 25 , which are the same or different;

Optionally, R 24 , R 24b are joined together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form an at least partially saturated 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl ring, which is optionally substituted with one or more R 27 , which are the same or different;

R 25 is T 4 ; halogen; CN; C(O)OR 26 ; OR 26 ; C(O)R 26 ; C(O)N(R 26 R 26a ); S(O) 2 N(R 26 R 26a );

S(O)N(R 26 R 26a ); S(O) 2 R 26 ; S(O)R 26 ; N(R 26 )S(O) 2 N(R 26a R 26b ); N(R 26 )S(O)N(R 26a R 26b );

SR 26 ; N(R 26 R 26a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 26 ; N(R 26 )C(O)R 26a ; N(R 26 )S(O) 2 R 26a ;

N(R 26 )S(O)R 26a ; N(R 26 )C(O)N(R 26a R 26b ); N(R 26 )C(O)OR 26a ; OC(O)N(R 26 R 26a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; or C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 26 , R 26a , R 26b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_ 6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C 2 -6 alkenyl; and C 2 -6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

T 4 is phenyl; C3_7 cycloalkyl; or 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl, wherein T 4 is optionally substituted with one or more R 27a , which are the same or different;

R 27 , R 27a are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN; C(O)OR 28 ; OR 28 ; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; C(O)R 28 ;

C(O)N(R 28 R 28a ); S(O) 2 N(R 28 R 28a ); S(O)N(R 28 R 28a ); S(O) 2 R 28 ; S(O)R 28 ; N(R 28 )S(O) 2 N(R 28a R 28b ); N(R 28 )S(O)N(R 28a R 28b ); SR 28 ; N(R 28 R 28a ); NO 2 ; OC(O)R 28 ; N(R 28 )C(O)R 28a ; N(R 28 )S(O) 2 R 28a ; N(R 28 )S(O)R 28a ; N(R 28 )C(O)N(R 28a R 28b ); N(R 28 )C(O)OR 28a ; OC(O)N(R 28 R 28a ); Ci -6 alkyl; C 2 - 6 alkenyl; and C 2 - 6 alkynyl,

wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C2-6 alkenyl; and C2-6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 28 , R 28a , R 28b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_6 alkyl; C2-6 alkenyl; and C2-6 alkynyl, wherein Ci_6 alkyl; C2-6 alkenyl; and C2-6 alkynyl are optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different;

R 8 is H; F; Cl; Br; CN; CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; OH; OCH 3 ; NO 2 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; or NO 2 .

In case a variable or substituent can be selected from a group of different variants and such variable or substituent occurs more than once the respective variants can be the same or different.

Within the meaning of the present invention the terms are used as follows:

"Alkyl" means a straight-chain or branched carbon chain. Each hydrogen of an alkyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"Alkenyl" means a straight-chain or branched carbon chain, that contains at least one carbon- carbon double bond. Each hydrogen of an alkyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"Alkynyl" means a straight-chain or branched carbon chain, that contains at least one carbon- carbon triple bond. Each hydrogen of an alkyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"Ci_ 4 alkyl" means an alkyl chain having 1 - 4 carbon atoms, e.g. if present at the end of a molecule: methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl tert-butyl, or e.g. - CH 2 -, -CH 2 -CH 2 -, -CH(CH 3 )-, -C(CH 2 )-, -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -, -CH(C 2 H 5 )-, -C(CH 3 ) 2 -, when two moieties of a molecule are linked by the alkyl group. Each hydrogen of a Ci_4 alkyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"Ci_6 alkyl" means an alkyl chain having 1 - 6 carbon atoms, e.g. if present at the end of a molecule: Ci_ 4 alkyl, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl; tert-butyl,

n-pentyl, n-hexyl, or e.g. -CH 2 -, -CH 2 -CH 2 -, -CH(CH 3 )-, -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -, -CH(C 2 H 5 )-, -C(CHs) 2 -, when two moieties of a molecule are linked by the alkyl group. Each hydrogen of a Ci_6 alkyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"C 2 _6 alkenyl" means an alkenyl chain having 2 to 6 carbon atoms, e.g. if present at the end of a molecule: -CH=CH 2 , -CH=CH-CH 3 , -CH 2 -CH=CH 2 , -CH=CH-CH 2 -CH 3 , -CH=CH- CH=CH 2 , or e.g. -CH=CH-, when two moieties of a molecule are linked by the alkyl group. Each hydrogen of a C 2 _ 6 alkenyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"C 2 _6 alkynyl" means an alkynyl chain having 2 to 6 carbon atoms, e.g. if present at the end of a molecule: -C≡CH, -CH 2 -C≡CH, CH 2 -CH 2 -C≡CH, CH 2 -C≡C-CH 3 , or e.g. -C≡C- when two moieties of a molecule are linked by the alkyl group. Each hydrogen of a C 2 _6 alkynyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent.

"C 3 _ 7 cycloalkyl" or "C 3 _ 7 cycloalkyl ring" means a cyclic alkyl chain having 3 - 7 carbon atoms, e.g. cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclohexenyl, cycloheptyl. Each hydrogen of a cycloalkyl carbon may be replaced by a substituent. Accordingly, "C 3 _ 5 cycloalkyl" means a cycloalkyl having 3 to 5 carbon atoms.

"Halogen" means fluoro, chloro, bromo or iodo. It is generally preferred that halogen is fluoro or chloro.

"4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl" or "4 to 7 membered heterocycle" means a ring with 4, 5, 6 or 7 ring atoms that may contain up to the maximum number of double bonds (aromatic or non- aromatic ring which is fully, partially or un-saturated) wherein at least one ring atom up to 4 ring atoms are replaced by a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of sulfur (including -S(O)-, -S(O) 2 -), oxygen and nitrogen (including =N(O)-) and wherein the ring is linked to the rest of the molecule via a carbon or nitrogen atom. Examples for a 4 to 7 membered heterocycles are azetidine, oxetane, thietane, furan, thiophene, pyrrole, pyrroline, imidazole, imidazoline, pyrazole, pyrazoline, oxazole, oxazoline, isoxazole, isoxazoline, thiazole, thiazoline, isothiazole, isothiazoline, thiadiazole, thiadiazoline, tetrahydro furan, tetrahydrothiophene, pyrrolidine, imidazolidine, pyrazolidine, oxazolidine, isoxazolidine, thiazolidine, isothiazolidine, thiadiazolidine, sulfolane, pyran, dihydropyran, tetrahydropyran,

imidazolidine, pyridine, pyridazine, pyrazine, pyrimidine, piperazine, piperidine, morpholine, tetrazole, triazole, triazolidine, tetrazolidine, diazepane, azepine or homopiperazine.

"9 to 11 membered heterobicyclyl" or "9 to 11 membered heterobicycle" means a heterocyclic system of two rings with 9 to 11 ring atoms, where at least one ring atom is shared by both rings and that may contain up to the maximum number of double bonds (aromatic or non-aromatic ring which is fully, partially or un-saturated) wherein at least one ring atom up to 6 ring atoms are replaced by a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of sulfur (including -S(O)-, -S(O) 2 -), oxygen and nitrogen (including =N(O)-) and wherein the ring is linked to the rest of the molecule via a carbon or nitrogen atom. Examples for a 9 to 11 membered heterobicycle are indole, indoline, benzofuran, benzothiophene, benzoxazole, benzisoxazole, benzothiazole, benzisothiazole, benzimidazole, benzimidazoline, quinoline, quinazoline, dihydroquinazoline, quinoline, dihydroquinoline, tetrahydroquinoline, decahydroquinoline, isoquinoline, decahydroisoquinoline, tetrahydroisoquinoline, dihydroisoquinoline, benzazepine, purine or pteridine. The term 9 to 11 membered heterobicycle also includes spiro structures of two rings like l,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane or bridged heterocycles like 8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane.

"benzofused" heterobicyclyl or heterobicycle means that one of the two rings is a benzene ring.

"5 to 6 membered aromatic heterocyclyl" or "5 to 6 membered aromatic heterocycle" means a heterocycle derived from cyclopentadienyl or benzene, where at least one carbon atom is replaced by a heteoatom selected from the group consisting of sulfur (including -S(O)-, - S(O) 2 -), oxygen and nitrogen (including =N(O)-). Examples for such heterocycles are furan, thiophene, pyrrole, imidazole, pyrazole, oxazole, isoxazole, thiazole, isothiazole, thiadiazole, pyranium, pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine, triazole, tetrazole.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) are those compounds in which one or more of the residues contained therein have the meanings given below, with all combinations of preferred substituent definitions being a subject of the present invention. With respect to all preferred compounds of the formula (I) the present invention also includes all tautomeric and stereoisomeric forms and mixtures thereof in all ratios, and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the substituents mentioned below independently have the following meaning. Hence, one or more of these substituents can have the preferred or more preferred meanings given below.

Preferably, -X is of formula

wherein R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 and X 1 have the meaning as indicated above, i.e. R 4a is X 1 . Furthermore it is preferred that R 5 is X 1 or that R 6 is X 1 .

Preferably, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; halogen; OR 10 ; NO 2 ; C(O)R 10 ; SR 10 ; N(R 10 R 10a ); T; and Ci -4 alkyl, wherein Ci -4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different. More preferably, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; and OR 10 .

Preferably, R 10 , R 1Oa are independently selected from the group consisting of H; Ci_4 alkyl, wherein Ci_ 4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more halogen, which are the same or different. More preferably, R 10 , R 1Oa are independently selected from the group consisting of H; and unsubstituted Ci_4 alkyl. Even more preferably, R 10 , R 1Oa are independently Ci_4 alkyl.

More preferred, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; F; Cl;

OH; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ; OCH 2 F; OCHF 2 ; OCF 3 ; OCH 2 CH 2 F; OCH 2 CHF 2 ; OCH 2 CF 3 ; OCHFCH 2 F; OCHFCHF 2 ; OCHFCF 3 ; OCF 2 CH 2 F; OCF 2 CHF 2 ; OCF 2 CF 3 ; NO 2 ; C(O)CH 3 ;

SH; SCH 3 ; SCH 2 F; SCHF 2 ; SCF 3 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ;

CH 2 CH 2 F; CH 2 CHF 2 ; CH 2 CF 3 ; CHFCH 2 F; CHFCHF 2 ; CHFCF 3 ; CF 2 CH 2 F; CF 2 CHF 2 ; and

CF 2 CF 3 . Even more preferred, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H; and OCH 3 . Even more preferred, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 are OCH 3 .

Preferably, T is 4 to 7 membered heterocyclyl. More preferred, T is 5 membered heterocyclyl. Even more preferred, T is imidazolyl; pyrazolyl; triazolyl; morpholinyl; piperazinyl; pyrrolidinyl; or piperidinyl.

Preferably, R 1 , R 2 are joined together with the phenyl ring to which they are attached to form 9 to 11 membered benzo-fused heterobicyclyl. Even more preferred the bicyclic ring is benzodioxane; benzothiazole; benzomorpholine; indole; indazole; or benzotriazole.

Preferably, each R 15 is independently selected from the group consisting of F; Cl; oxo (=0), where the ring is at least partially saturated; OH; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ; OCH 2 F; OCHF 2 ; OCF 3 ;

OCH 2 CH 2 F; OCH 2 CHF 2 ; OCH 2 CF 3 ; OCHFCH 2 F; OCHFCHF 2 ; OCHFCF 3 ; OCF 2 CH 2 F;

OCF 2 CHF 2 ; OCF 2 CF 3 ; NO 2 ; C(O)CH 3 ; SH; SCH 3 ; SCH 2 F; SCHF 2 ; SCF 3 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ;

N(CH 3 ) 2 ; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 F; CH 2 CHF 2 ; CH 2 CF 3 ; CHFCH 2 F;

CHFCHF 2 ; CHFCF 3 ; CF 2 CH 2 F; CF 2 CHF 2 ; and CF 2 CF 3 .

Preferably, one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a is X 1 and the others are H. Preferably, one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 ,

R 7 , R 4a is X 1 and the others are selected from the group consisting of H; halogen; Ci_6 alkyl;

OR 17 ; and T 2 . More preferably, one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a is X 1 and the others are selected from the group consisting of H; halogen; Ci_6 alkyl; OR 17 ; and T 2 , provided that at least two of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 are H. More preferably, one of R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 4a is X 1 and the others are selected from the group consisting of H; F; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH(CH 3 ) 2 ; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ;

OCH(CH 3 ) 2 . Preferably, R 4a is X 1 .

Preferably, R 9 ; R 24a ; and R 24b are independently selected from the group consisting of H; and CH 3 . More preferably, R 9 , R 24a are H.

Preferably, R 24 is H; T 4 ; and Ci_4 alkyl, wherein Ci_4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more R 25 , which are the same or different. Even more preferably, R 24 is H.

Preferably, X 1 is NHS(O) 2 NH 2 .

Preferably, T 4 is phenyl; thiazolyl; imidazolyl; pyridyl; morpholinyl; piperazinyl, pyrrolidinyl; piperidinyl; or cyclopropyl.

Preferably, R 25 , R 25a are independently selected from the group consisting of F; Cl; OH; OCH 3 ; OCH 2 CH 3 ; OCH 2 F; OCHF 2 ; OCF 3 ; OCH 2 CH 2 F; OCH 2 CHF 2 ; OCH 2 CF 3 ; OCHFCH 2 F; OCHFCHF 2 ; OCHFCF 3 ; OCF 2 CH 2 F; OCF 2 CHF 2 ; OCF 2 CF 3 ; NO 2 ; C(O)CH 3 ; SH; SCH 3 ; SCH 2 F; SCHF 2 ; SCF 3 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; and N(CH 3 ) 2 .

Preferably, R 24 is H; CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 ; CH 3 CHCH 3 ; CH 2 CH 2 OH; CH 2 CH 2 OCH 3 ; T 4 ; or CH 2 -T 4 .

Preferably, R 24 , R 24b are joined together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a partially or fully saturated 5- or 6- membered heterocyclyl ring, more preferred a fully saturated ring. Even more preferred the ring is a morpholine; pyrrolidine; piperidine; or piperazine ring.

Preferably, R 8 is H; F; Cl; CN; CH 3 ; CH 2 F; CHF 2 ; CF 3 ; OH; OCH 3 ; NO 2 ; NH 2 ; NHCH 3 ; N(CH 3 ) 2 ; or NO 2 . Even more preferred R 8 is H; CH 3 ; Cl or F. Even more preferred R 8 is H; CH 3 ; or F.

Compounds of formula (I) in which some or all of the above-mentioned groups have the preferred meanings are also an object of the present invention.

Further preferred compounds of the present invention are selected from the group consisting of

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'- dimethylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- phenylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- benzylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- isopropylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- ethylsulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxyethyl)sulfamide;

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- methylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'- dimethylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- isopropylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- benzylsulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxyethyl)sulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)N',N'- dimethylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- ethylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- phenylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'-iso- propylsulfamide;

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxyethyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino) phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-methyl-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-bromo-2-(dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl )sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-bromo-2-(4-methoxyamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)pheny l)sulfamide;

N-(2-(2(lH-benzo[d][l,2,3]triazol-5-ylamino)-5-bromopyrim idin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(4-methoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamin o)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(4-(dimethylamino)phenylamino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-6- methy lpheny l)sulfamide ;

N-(6-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-2,3- dimethylphenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-6- methoxypheny l)sulfamide ;

N-(2-ethoxy-6-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)py rimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-Fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-5- methylphenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-Fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-5- morpholinophenyl)sulfamide;

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-4- methoxyphenyl)sulfamide; and

N-(4-fluoro-2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)py rimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide.

Prodrugs of the compounds of the present invention are also within the scope of the present invention.

"Prodrug" means a derivative that is converted into a compound according to the present invention by a reaction with an enzyme, gastric acid or the like under a physiological condition in the living body, e.g. by oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis or the like, each of which is carried out enzymatically. Examples of a prodrug are compounds, wherein the amino group in a compound of the present invention is acylated, alkylated or phosphorylated to form, e.g., eicosanoylamino, alanylamino, pivaloyloxymethylamino or wherein the hydroxyl group is

acylated, alkylated, phosphorylated or converted into the borate, e.g. acetyloxy, palmitoyloxy, pivaloyloxy, succinyloxy, fumaryloxy, alanyloxy or wherein the carboxyl group is esterifϊed or amidated. These compounds can be produced from compounds of the present invention according to well-known methods.

Metabolites of compounds of formula (I) are also within the scope of the present invention.

The term "metabolites" refers to all molecules derived from any of the compounds according to the present invention in a cell or organism, preferably mammal.

Preferably the term relates to molecules which differ from any molecule which is present in any such cell or organism under physiological conditions

The structure of the metabolites of the compounds according to the present invention will be obvious to any person skilled in the art, using the various appropriate methods.

Where tautomerism, like e.g. keto-enol tautomerism, of compounds of general formula (I) may occur, the individual forms, like e.g. the keto and enol form, are comprised separately and together as mixtures in any ratio. The same applies for stereoisomers, like e.g. enantiomers, cis/trans isomers, conformers and the like.

If desired, isomers can be separated by methods well known in the art, e.g. by liquid chromatography. The same applies for enantiomers by using e.g. chiral stationary phases. Additionally, enantiomers may be isolated by converting them into diastereomers, i.e. coupling with an enantiomerically pure auxiliary compound, subsequent separation of the resulting diastereomers and cleavage of the auxiliary residue. Alternatively, any enantiomer of a compound of formula (I) may be obtained from stereoselective synthesis using optically pure starting materials.

The compounds of formula (I) may exist in crystalline or amorphous form. Furthermore, some of the crystalline forms of the compounds of formula (I) may exist as polymorphs, which are included within the scope of the present invention. Polymorphic forms of compounds of formula (I) may be characterized and differentiated using a number of conventional analytical techniques, including, but not limited to, X-ray powder diffraction

(XRPD) patterns, infrared (IR) spectra, Raman spectra, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR).

In case the compounds according to formula (I) contain one or more acidic or basic groups, the invention also comprises their corresponding pharmaceutically or toxicologically acceptable salts, in particular their pharmaceutically utilizable salts. Thus, the compounds of the formula (I) which contain acidic groups can be used according to the invention, for example, as alkali metal salts, alkaline earth metal salts or as ammonium salts. More precise examples of such salts include sodium salts, potassium salts, calcium salts, magnesium salts or salts with ammonia or organic amines such as, for example, ethylamine, ethanolamine, triethanolamine or amino acids. Compounds of the formula (I) which contain one or more basic groups, i.e. groups which can be protonated, can be present and can be used according to the invention in the form of their addition salts with inorganic or organic acids. Examples for suitable acids include hydrogen chloride, hydrogen bromide, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, methanesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, naphthalenedisulfonic acids, oxalic acid, acetic acid, tartaric acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid, benzoic acid, formic acid, propionic acid, pivalic acid, diethylacetic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid, pimelic acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, malic acid, sulfaminic acid, phenylpropionic acid, gluconic acid, ascorbic acid, isonicotinic acid, citric acid, adipic acid, and other acids known to the person skilled in the art. If the compounds of the formula (I) simultaneously contain acidic and basic groups in the molecule, the invention also includes, in addition to the salt forms mentioned, inner salts or betaines (zwitterions). The respective salts according to the formula (I) can be obtained by customary methods which are known to the person skilled in the art like, for example by contacting these with an organic or inorganic acid or base in a solvent or dispersant, or by anion exchange or cation exchange with other salts. The present invention also includes all salts of the compounds of the formula (I) which, owing to low physiological compatibility, are not directly suitable for use in pharmaceuticals but which can be used, for example, as intermediates for chemical reactions or for the preparation of pharmaceutically acceptable salts.

The term "pharmaceutically acceptable" means approved by a regulatory agency such as the EMEA (Europe) and/or the FDA (US) and/or any other national regulatory agency for use in animals, preferably in humans.

The present invention furthermore includes all solvates of the compounds according to the invention.

The present invention provides compounds of formula (I) as kinase inhibitors, especially as ZAP-70 inhibitors. The compounds of formula (I) may inhibit the kinase, optionally in addition to other kinases mentioned above without being limited by theory.

Accordingly, the compounds of the present invention are useful for the prevention or treatment of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, or immuno logically-mediated diseases, especially acute or chronic inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); allergic rhinitis; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus-host disease.

Without intending to be limited by theory, the compounds of the invention are useful for treating or preventing diseases that are mediated directly or indirectly by T cells. Indirect effects can be caused by influencing other types of immune cells, for example B cells.

Thus, another object of the present invention is a compound of the present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use as a medicament.

Another object of the present invention is a compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof according to the present invention for use in a method of treating or preventing diseases and disorders associated with ZAP-70.

Yet another object of the present invention is the use of a compound of the present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of diseases and disorders associated with ZAP-70.

According to the present invention, the expression "ZAP-70" or "ZAP-70 kinase" means "zeta chain-associated protein of 70 kDa" (Chan et al, 1992, Cell 71(4):649-662). ZAP-70 associates with the zeta chain of the T cell receptor (TCR) and undergoes tyrosine

phosphorylation following TCR stimulation. The ZAP-70 gene is located on human chromosome 2ql2 and it is expressed in T cells and natural killer (NK) cells.

Yet another object of the present invention is a compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof according to the present invention for use in a method of treating or preventing immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, or immuno logically-mediated diseases.

Yet another object of the present invention is the use of a compound of the present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, or immuno logically-mediated diseases.

More specifically, preferred disorders are acute or chronic inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); allergic rhinitis; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus-host disease.

Quite more preferred are rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus- host disease.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic progressive, debilitating inflammatory disease that affects approximately 1% of the world's population. RA is a symmetric polyarticular arthritis that primarily affects the small joints of the hands and feet. In addition to inflammation in the synovium, the joint lining, the aggressive front of tissue called pannus invades and destroys local articular strucrures (Firestein 2003, Nature 423:356-361).

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and demyelating neurological disease. It has bee considered as an autoimmune disorder mediated by CD4+ type 1 T helper cells, but recent studies indicated a role of other immune cells (Hemmer et al., 2002, Nat. Rev. Neuroscience 3, 291-301).

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis that affects approximately 2% of the population. It is characterized by red, scaly skin patches that are usually found on the scalp, elbows, and knees, and may be associated with severe arthritis. The lesions are caused by

abnormal keratinocyte proliferation and infiltration of inflammatory cells into the dermis and epidermis (Schόn et al, 2005, New Engl. J. Med. 352:1899-1912).

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by a chronic relapsing intestinal inflammation. IBD is subdivided into Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis phenotypes. Crohn disease involves most frequently the terminal ileum and colon, is transmural and discontinuous. In contrast, in ulcerative colitis, the inflammation is continuous and limited to rectal and colonic mucosal layers. In approximately 10% of cases confined to the rectum and colon, definitive classification of Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis cannot be made and are designated 'indeterminate colitis.' Both diseases include extraintestinal inflammation of the skin, eyes, or joints (Asakura et al., 2007, World J. Gastroenterol. 13(15):2145-2149).

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease generated by T cell- mediated B-cell activation, which results in glomerulonephritis and renal failure. Human SLE is characterized at early stages by the expansion of long-lasting autoreactive CD4 + memory cells (D'Cruz et al., 2007, Lancet 369(9561):587-596). Asthma is a complex syndrome with many clinical phenotypes in both adults and children. Its major characteristics include a variable degree of air flow obstruction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and airway inflammation (Busse and Lemanske, 2001, N. Engl. J. Med. 344:350-362). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by inflammation, airflow limitation that is not fully reversible, and a gradual loss of lung function. In COPD, chronic inhalation of irritants causes an abnormal inflammatory response, remodeling of the airways, and restriction of airflow in the lungs. The inhaled irritant is usually tobacco smoke, but occupational dust and environmental pollution are variably implicated (Shapiro 2005, N. Engl. J. Med. 352, 2016-2019).

Allergic rhinitis (also known as hay fever) is caused by pollens of specific seasonal plants and airborne chemicals or dust particles in patients who are allergic to these substances. It is characterized by sneezing, runny nose and itching eyes. The immune response to an allergen depends on an initial sensitization process and future exposure triggering the allergic response. This process involves several cell types and mediators of the immune system (Rosenwasser 2007, Allergy Asthma Proc. 28(1): 10-15).

Immuno logically-mediated diseases include rejection of transplanted organs or tissues (allografts) and graft-versus-host disease.

Allogaft transplant rejection includes, without limitation, acute and chronic allograft rejection following for example transplantation of kidney, heart, liver, lung, bone marrow, skin and cornea. It is known that T cells play a central role in the specific immune response of allograft rejection. Strategies to prevent T cell activation are expected to be useful for immunosuppression (Perico and Remuzzi, 1997. Drugs 54(4):533-570).

Graft-versus-host disease (GVDH) is a major complication in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. GVDH is caused by donor T cells that recognize and react o recipient differences in the histocompatibility complex system, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality (Riddell and Appelbaum, 2007, PLoS Medicine 4 (7): 1174-1177).

Another object of the present invention is a method for treating, controlling, delaying or preventing in a mammalian patient in need of the treatment of one or more conditions selected from the group consisting of diseases and disorders associated with ZAP-70, wherein the method comprises the administration to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Yet another object is a method for treating, controlling, delaying or preventing in a mammalian patient in need of the treatment of one or more conditions selected from the group consisting of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, and immuno logically-mediated diseases, wherein the method comprises the administration to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to the present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

More specifically the one or more conditions are selected from the group consisting of immunological, inflammatory, autoimmune, allergic disorders, or immuno logically-mediated diseases, especially acute or chronic inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis; multiple sclerosis; psoriasis; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis; systemic lupus erythematosus; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); allergic rhinitis; allograft transplant rejection; or graft-versus-host disease.

As used herein, the term "treating" or "treatment" is intended to refer to all processes, wherein there may be a slowing, interrupting, arresting, or stopping of the progression of a disease, but does not necessarily indicate a total elimination of all symptoms.

The compounds of the present invention may be further characterized by determining whether they have an effect on ZAP-70 activity, for example on its kinase activity (Isakov et al, 1996, J. Biol. Chem. 271(26), 15753-15761; Moffat et al., 1999, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Letters 9, 3351-3356).

The compounds of the present invention may also be characterized by measuring whether they have an effect on T cell receptor (TCR) signaling in a cell based assay using a T cell line or primary T cells. Cellular activation that is initiated by TCR signaling occurs as a result of a series of molecular events that include tyrosine phosphorylaton of the CD3 zeta (CD3ζ) chain, recruitment of ZAP-70, phosphorylation of phospho lipase gamma 1 (PLCγl), inositol 1,4,5- triphosphate production, release of calcium stores from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytoplasm, secretion of cytokines (for example Interleukin 2, IL-2), and cell proliferation.

The effect of compounds on tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCγl in Jurkat T cells following stimulation with anti-CD3 antibody can be examined by immunoprecipitation of PLCγl with an anti-PLCγl antibody and probing with an anti-phosphotyrosine specific antibody (e.g. antibody 4G10; Lin et al., 2004, Biochemistry 43, 11056-11062). Methods for measuring intracellular calcium release using fluorescent indicators for cytosolic calcium after TCR stimulation have been described (Meinl et al., 2000, J. Immunol. 165(7):3578-3583).

To evaluate the effect of compounds on the secretion of IL-2 T cells are stimulated with an anti-CD-3 antibody and incubated with various compound concentrations, then the concentration of IL-2 is measured in the cell- free media by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A similar approach can be used to determine whether the compounds show activity in vivo. Mice are dosed with the compound of interest (e.g. by orally administration) followed by stimulation by intravenous injection of an anti-CD3 antibody. Serum is collected and the level of cytokines (e.g. IL-2) is measured in an ELISA (Lin et al., 2004, Biochemistry 43, 11056-11062).

The present invention provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as active ingredient together with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, optionally in combination with one or more other pharmaceutical compositions.

"Pharmaceutical composition" means one or more active ingredients, and one or more inert ingredients that make up the carrier, as well as any product which results, directly or indirectly, from combination, complexation or aggregation of any two or more of the ingredients, or from dissociation of one or more of the ingredients, or from other types of reactions or interactions of one or more of the ingredients. Accordingly, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention encompass any composition made by admixing a compound of the present invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

The term "carrier" refers to a diluent, adjuvant, excipient, or vehicle with which the therapeutic is administered. Such pharmaceutical carriers can be sterile liquids, such as water and oils, including those of petroleum, animal, vegetable or synthetic origin, including but not limited to peanut oil, soybean oil, mineral oil, sesame oil and the like. Water is a preferred carrier when the pharmaceutical composition is administered orally. Saline and aqueous dextrose are preferred carriers when the pharmaceutical composition is administered intravenously. Saline solutions and aqueous dextrose and glycerol solutions are preferably employed as liquid carriers for injectable solutions. Suitable pharmaceutical excipients include starch, glucose, lactose, sucrose, gelatin, malt, rice, flour, chalk, silica gel, sodium stearate, glycerol monostearate, talc, sodium chloride, dried skim milk, glycerol, propylene, glycol, water, ethanol and the like. The composition, if desired, can also contain minor amounts of wetting or emulsifying agents, or pH buffering agents. These compositions can take the form of solutions, suspensions, emulsions, tablets, pills, capsules, powders, sustained- release formulations and the like. The composition can be formulated as a suppository, with traditional binders and carriers such as triglycerides. Oral formulation can include standard carriers such as pharmaceutical grades of mannitol, lactose, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharine, cellulose, magnesium carbonate, etc. Examples of suitable pharmaceutical carriers are described in "Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences" by E.W. Martin. Such compositions will contain a therapeutically effective amount of the therapeutic, preferably in purified form, together with a suitable amount of carrier so as to provide the form for proper administration to the patient. The formulation should suit the mode of administration.

A pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may comprise one or more additional compounds as active ingredients like one or more compounds of formula (I) not being the first compound in the composition or ZAP-70 inhibitors.

Other active ingredients for use in combination with other therapies for the treatment of immune, inflammatory, allergic disorders may include steroids, leukotriene antagonists, cyclosporine or rapamycin.

Other active ingredients include: immunosuppresants such as amtolmetin guacil, mizoribine and rimexolone; anti-TNFα agents such as etanercept, infliximab, Adalimumab, Anakinra, Abatacept, Rituximab; tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as leflunomide; kallikrein antagonists such as subreum; interleukin 11 agonists such as oprelvekin; interferon beta 1 agonists; hyaluronic acid agonists such as NRD-101 (Aventis); interleukin 1 receptor antagonists such as anakinra; CD8 antagonists such as amiprilose hydrochloride; beta amyloid precursor protein antagonists such as reumacon; matrix metalloprotease inhibitors such as cipemastat and other disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as methotrexate, sulphasalazine, cyclosporin A, hydroxychoroquine, auranofϊn, aurothioglucose, gold sodium thiomalate and penicillamine.

The individual compounds of such combinations may be administered either sequentially in separate pharmaceutical compositions as well as simultaneously in combined pharmaceutical compositions.

The pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention include compositions suitable for oral, rectal, topical, parenteral (including subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intravenous), ocular (ophthalmic), pulmonary (nasal or buccal inhalation), or nasal administration, although the most suitable route in any given case will depend on the nature and severity of the conditions being treated and on the nature of the active ingredient. They may be conveniently presented in unit dosage form and prepared by any of the methods well-known in the art of pharmacy.

In practical use, the compounds of formula (I) can be combined as the active ingredient in intimate admixture with a pharmaceutical carrier according to conventional pharmaceutical compounding techniques. The carrier may take a wide variety of forms depending on the form of preparation desired for administration, e.g., oral or parenteral (including intravenous). In preparing the compositions for oral dosage form, any of the usual pharmaceutical media may be employed, such as water, glycols, oils, alcohols, flavoring agents, preservatives, coloring agents and the like in the case of oral liquid preparations, such as, for example, suspensions,

elixirs and solutions; or carriers such as starches, sugars, microcrystalline cellulose, diluents, granulating agents, lubricants, binders, disintegrating agents and the like in the case of oral solid preparations such as powders, hard and soft capsules and tablets, with the solid oral preparations being preferred over the liquid preparations.

Because of their ease of administration, tablets and capsules represent the most advantageous oral dosage unit form in which case solid pharmaceutical carriers are obviously employed. If desired, tablets may be coated by standard aqueous or non-aqueous techniques. Such compositions and preparations should contain at least 0.1 percent of active compound. The percentage of active compound in these compositions may, of course, be varied and may conveniently be between about 2 percent to about 60 percent of the weight of the unit. The amount of active compound in such therapeutically useful compositions is such that an effective dosage will be obtained. The active compounds can also be administered intranasally, for example, as liquid drops or spray.

The tablets, pills, capsules, and the like may also contain a binder such as gum tragacanth, acacia, corn starch or gelatin; excipients such as dicalcium phosphate; a disintegrating agent such as corn starch, potato starch, alginic acid; a lubricant such as magnesium stearate; and a sweetening agent such as sucrose, lactose or saccharin. When a dosage unit form is a capsule, it may contain, in addition to materials of the above type, a liquid carrier such as fatty oil.

Various other materials may be present as coatings or to modify the physical form of the dosage unit. For instance, tablets may be coated with shellac, sugar or both. A syrup or elixir may contain, in addition to the active ingredient, sucrose as a sweetening agent, methyl and propylparabens as preservatives, a dye and a flavoring such as cherry or orange flavor.

Compounds of formula (I) may also be administered parenterally. Solutions or suspensions of these active compounds can be prepared in water suitably mixed with a surfactant such as hydroxypropyl-cellulose. Dispersions can also be prepared in glycerol, liquid polyethylene glycols and mixtures thereof in oils. Under ordinary conditions of storage and use, these preparations contain a preservative to prevent the growth of microorganisms.

The pharmaceutical forms suitable for injectable use include sterile aqueous solutions or dispersions and sterile powders for the extemporaneous preparation of sterile injectable

solutions or dispersions. In all cases, the form must be sterile and must be fluid to the extent that easy syringability exists. It must be stable under the conditions of manufacture and storage and must be preserved against the contaminating action of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. The carrier can be a solvent or dispersion medium containing, for example, water, ethanol, polyol (e.g., glycerol, propylene glycol and liquid polyethylene glycol), suitable mixtures thereof, and vegetable oils.

Any suitable route of administration may be employed for providing a mammal, especially a human, with an effective dose of a compound of the present invention. For example, oral, rectal, topical, parenteral, ocular, pulmonary, nasal, and the like may be employed. Dosage forms include tablets, troches, dispersions, suspensions, solutions, capsules, creams, ointments, aerosols, and the like. Preferably compounds of formula (I) are administered orally.

The effective dosage of active ingredient employed may vary depending on the particular compound employed, the mode of administration, the condition being treated and the severity of the condition being treated. Such dosage may be ascertained readily by a person skilled in the art.

A general route for the preparation of compounds according to present invention is outlined in Schemes 1 and 2.

Scheme 1

Scheme 2

Compounds of formula (I) can be formed from compounds (II), (III) and (IV) by reacting (II) with (III) then reacting the resultant adduct with (IV) according to Scheme 1. Alternatively (I) may be formed by the reaction of (II) with (IV) then reacting the resultant adduct with (III) according to Scheme 2. The person skilled in the art would understand that the order of events would depend on the conditions of the reaction and the nature of (I), (II) and (III). Compounds (II), (III) and (IV) are either commercially available or can be made by those skilled in the art. A wide range of solvents are optionally employed for these reactions, including protic solvents such as alcohols, or polar aprotic solvents such as dimethylsulfoxide, DMF, acetonitrile, dioxane, THF. The reactions can optionally be promoted by the addition of a base which include but are not limited to amine bases such as triethylamine and DIPEA; or metal carbonates. The reactions can be optionally promoted by acids including mineral acids such as hydrogen chloride; organic acids and Lewis acids such as zinc (II) chloride. These reactions are typically performed between -78°C and 160 0 C depending on the nature of (I), (II) and (III). A and B are suitable leaving groups such as halogens, O-Ci_6 alkyl, N-Ci_6 alkyl, N(Ci -6 alkyl) 2 , S-Ci -6 alkyl and SO 2 -CL 6 alkyl.

In one embodiment, a compound of formula (II) is reacted with a compound of formula (III) in the presence of an amine base, such as DIPEA; in a protic solvent, such as IPA; at a temperature above 20 0 C, such as 80 0 C. The adduct is isolated by means known to those skilled in the art, then reacted with a compound of formula (IV) in the presence of a mineral acid, such as hydrogen chloride; in a protic solvent such as IPA; at a temperature above 20 0 C, such as 80 0 C to yield a compound of formula (I). In this embodiment it is conceivable that (I) is isolated in a salt form, such as a hydrochloride salt.

In Scheme 3 the forming of the substituent X 1 is outlined starting from (V).

Scheme 3

The sulfamide functionality, X 1 , can be introduced by reacting a compound of formula (V) with a compound of formula (VI). The skilled person would recognise that a wide range of solvents may be employed to effect this process and that the addition of a base may be beneficial. In one embodiment, DCM is used as a solvent and triethylamine is used as a base.

In another embodiment, pyridine is used as base and solvent. Compounds of formula (V) are prepared according to the procedure described in Scheme 1 or Scheme 2. The person skilled in the art will recognise that protecting groups might be employed to facilitate this synthesis. Compounds of formula (VI) are either commercially available or can be prepared by those skilled in the art. G is typically a leaving group such as chlorine or oxazolidinone. In some instances it might be desirable to use a protecting group attached to the nitrogen of (VI) which upon removal releases (Ia). The person skilled in the art will recognise that similar transformations are possible when either R 4 , R 5 , R 6 or R 7 are X 1 .

Alternatively, the substituent X 1 may be introduced to yield (III), wherein R 4a will give X 1 , which is reacted according to Schemes 1 or 2. The person skilled in the art will recognise that similar transformations are possible when either R 4 , R 5 , R 6 or R 7 are X 1 .

Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention is a method for the preparation of a compound of formula (Ia), comprising the steps of

(a) reacting a compound of formula (II)

wherein R 8 has the meaning as indicated above and A, B are suitable leaving groups with one of the compounds of formula (III) or (IV)

wherein R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 9 have the meaning as indicated above and

R a is NHR , 24a a , wherein R , 24a a has the meaning as indicated above;

(b) further reacting the resulting product from step (a) with the other compound of formula (III) or (IV); and

(c) reacting the resulting product from step (b) with a compound of formula GS(O) 2 N(R 24 R 24b ), wherein R 24 , R 24b have the meaning as indicated above and G is a suitable leaving group to yield compounds of formula (I), wherein R 4a is X 1 .

Another aspect of the present invention is a method for the preparation of a compound of the present invention, comprising the preparation steps as indicated above, wherein in formula (III) R 4a has the meaning as indicated in claim 1 and one of R 5 , R 6 is NHR 24a , wherein R 24a has the meaning as indicated in claim 1 to yield compounds of formula (I), wherein one of R 5 , R 6 is X 1 .

It will be appreciated that novel intermediates described herein form another embodiment of the present invention.

Examples

Analytical Methods

NMR spectra were obtained on a Bruker dpx400. LCMS was carried out on an Agilent 1100 using a ZORBAX ® SB-C 18, 4.6 x 150 mm, 5microns or ZORBAX ® SB-C 18, 4.6 x 75 mm, 3.5 micron column. Column flow was lml/min and solvents used were water and acetonitrile (0.1% formic acid) with an injection volume of lOul. Wavelengths were 254 and 210nm. Methods are described below.

Method A

Column: Gemini C 18, 3 x 30 mm, 3 microns Flow: 1.2 mL/min. Gradient: Table 1

Table 1

Method B

Column: ZORBAX ® SB-C 18, 4.6 x 150 mm, 5 microns. Flow: 1 mL/min. Gradient: Table 2

Table 2

Method C

As Method A but with 0.1% ammonium hydroxide instead of 0.1% formic acid.

Abbreviations

Table 3

Intermediate Ia

JST-(3-aminophenyl)-5-fluoro-N -(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine

Step (i) N-(3-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)acetam,ide

A mixture of 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (3.1 g, 18.6 mmol), N-(3- aminophenyl)acetamide (3.1 g, 20.7 mmol) and DIPEA (5.6 mL, 32.2 mmol) in IPA (12 mL) were stirred at 80 0 C for 16 h then concentrated in vacuo then slurried with 0.1 M hydrochloric acid (20 mL). The solid was collected at the pump, washed with water (2 x 20 mL), methanol (10 mL and diethyl ether (10 mL), then dried under vacuum to afford N-(3-(2-chloro-5- fluoropyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)acetamide as a colourless powder (2.35 g, 94%). 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 10.02 (d, 2H), 8.32 (s, IH), 7.93 (s, IH), 7.39 (d, IH), 7.31 (m, 2H), 2.06 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 281, 283, RT = 2.11 min.

Step (ii) N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-y lamino)phenyl)acetam,ide

λ/-(3-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)aceta mide (4.70 g, 16.7 mmol), 3,4,5- trimethoxyaniline (4.63 g, 25.3 mmol) and 4M HCl in dioxane (6.5 mL, 26.0 mmol) were

stirred in IPA (80 rnL) at 80 0 C for 20 h. The resultant precipitate was collected at the pump, washed with diethyl ether then dissolved in water (20 rnL). The aqueous solution was washed with diethyl ether (10 rnL), adjusted to pH 9 with sat. NaHCOs(aq) and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 20 rnL). The combined organics were washed with brine, dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, ethyl acetate - petrol) and recrystallisation (1:1 :1 DCM / ethyl acetate / petrol) to afford N- (3- (5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino )phenyl)acetamide as colourless crystals (3.5 g, 49%). 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) 5 9.89 (s, IH), 9.39 (s, IH), 9.01 (s, IH), 8.10 (d, IH), 7.80 (d, IH), 7.57 (d, IH), 7.29 (d, IH), 7.21 (t, 2H), 7.05 (s, 2H), 3.61 (s, 6H), 3.59 (s, 3H), 2.03 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 428, RT = 1.91 min.

Step (iii)

JST-(3-aminophenyl)-5-fluoro-N -(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine

5M NaOH(aq) (8.2 niL, 41 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)acetamide (3.5 g, 8.2 mmol) in ethanol (50 mL) at 60 0 C. The temperature was raised to 80 0 C and stirring was continued for 2 days whereupon the mixture was concentrated by half and filtered. The residue was washed with

1 :2 methanol / water, then dried in a vacuum oven overnight to afford N 4 -(3-aminophenyl)-5- fluoro-N 2 -(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine as a tan solid (2.57 g, 81%). 1 H

NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.05 (s, IH), 8.96 (s, IH), 8.06 (d, IH), 7.06 (s, 2H), 6.94 (s, 3H), 6.30

(d, IH), 4.99 (s, 2H), 3.63 (s, 6H), 3.59 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 386, RT = 1.75 min.

Intermediate Ib

N 4 -(2-aminophenyl)-5-fluoro-N 2 -(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine

Ib was made according to the procedure of Ia using (2-aminophenyl)acetamide instead of (3- aminophenyl)acetamide in step (i). 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 8.87 (s, IH), 8.57 (s, IH), 8.00 (d, IH), 7.12 (dd, IH), 6.98-6.94 (m, 3H), 6.75 (dd, IH), 6.56 (td, IH), 4.92 (s, 2H), 3.54 (s, 3H), 3.47 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 386, RT = 1.87 min.

Intermediate Ic IST - (4-aminophenyl)-5-fluoro-N - (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidine-2, 4-diamine

Ic was made according to the procedure of Ia using (4-aminophenyl)acetamide instead of (3- aminophenyl)acetamide in step (i). 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.25 (s, IH), 9.02 (br s, IH), 8.04 (d, IH), 7.12 (d, 2H), 7.04 (br s, 4H), 3.62 (s, 6H), 3.59 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 386, RT = 1.88 min.

Intermediate 2a

N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-2-oxooxazolidine-3-sulfonamide

A solution of bromoethanol (175 μL, 2.5 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of chlorosulfonylisocyanate in DCM (2 mL) under nitrogen. After 40 min this

solution was added over 2 min to a cooled mixture of cyclopropylmethylamine (238 μL, 2.85 mmol) and triethylamine (293 μL, 2.1 mmol) in DCM. The ice-bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for 1 h at room temperature whereupon 0.2M hydrochloric acid (5 mL) was added, the separated organic layer was concentrated and then slurried with water (15 mL). The precipitate was collected at the pump, washed with water and dried under vacuum to afford N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-2-oxooxazolidine-3-sulfonamide as a colourless solid (250 mg, 46%). 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 11.30 (s, IH), 7.87 (s, IH), 4.38 (t, 2H), 3.68 (t, 2H), 2.79 (t, 2H), 0.93 (m, IH), 0.41 (m, 2H), 0.16 (m, 2H).

Intermediates 2b-g

Intermediates 2b-g (Table 4) were synthesized according to the procedure of 2a using the appropriate amine in place of cyclopropylmethylamine.

Table 4

Example 1

N- (3- (5-fluoro-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide

tert-Butanol (50 μL, 0.52 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (45 μL, 0.52 mmol) in DCM at 0 0 C under nitrogen. After 1 h, a solution of Ia (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and triethylamine (36 μL, 0.26 mmol) in pyridine (2 mL) was added and the mixture was warmed to room temperature. After 2 h, the mixture was diluted with water and DCM then the aqueous layer was adjusted to pH 1 with 2M hydrochloric acid. The separated organic layer was washed with 0.2M hydrochloric acid, dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated to afford λ/-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino)phenyl)-JV'-Boc-sulfamide as a white solid (126 mg, 86%). LCMS method A, (ES+) 465 (M-Boc), RT = 2.38 min.

TFA (165 μL, 2.6 mmol) was added to a stirred suspension of λ/-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-Boc-sul famide (126 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM. After 2h the mixture was concentrated and taken up in a mixture of ethyl acetate, water and sat. NaHCO3(aq). The separated organic layer was washed with water and brine; dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated in vacuo to give N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfam.ide as a colourless solid (81 mg, 78%). 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.45 (s, IH), 9.35 (s, IH), 8.94 (s, IH), 8.10 (d, IH), 7.51 (dd, IH), 7.42 (s, IH), 7.19 (t, IH), 7.08 (s, 2H), 7.04 (s, 2H), 6.92 (dd, IH), 3.62 (s, 6H), 3.59 (s, 3H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 465, RT = 3.40 min.

Example 2

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'- dimethylsulfamide

Dimethylaminosulfonyl chloride (0.14 rnL, 132 mmol) was added to a solution of Ia (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) in pyridine (2 mL) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 18 h. Evaporation of the solvent and purification by HPLC afforded N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'-dime thylsulfam.ide as a cream solid (20 mg, 16%). 1 H NMR (MeOD) δ 7.97 (d, IH), 7.94 (s, IH), 7.66 (m, IH), 7.40 (d, IH), 7.22 (t, 2H), 6.9 (m, 3H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 6H), 2.75 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 493, RT = 2.03 min.

Example 3

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide

A solution of Ia (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and 2a (92 mg, 0.42 mmol) in pyridine (1 mL) was stirred at 50 0 C overnight then water was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The separated organic layer was washed with IM hydrochloric acid and IM NaOH(aq); dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated in vacuo to afford N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-cyclopr opylmethylsulfam.ide as a cream solid (69 mg, 51%). 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 10.05 (br s, IH), 9.68 (s, IH), 9.59 (br s, IH), 8.17 (d, IH), 7.53-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.34 (s, IH), 7.19 (t, IH), 6.97 (dd, IH), 6.88 (s, 2H), 3.61 (s, 9H), 2.69 (t, 2H), 0.82 (m, IH), 0.32 (m, 2H), 0.06 (m, 2H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 519, RT = 4.56 min.

Example 4

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'- phenylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ia and 2d. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 10.38 (s, IH), 10.24 (s, 2H), 9.91 (br s, IH), 8.22 (d, IH), 7.43 (d, IH), 7.33 (s, IH), 7.25-7.12 (m, 5H), 6.99-6.96 (m, 2H), 6.82 (s, 2H), 3.60 (s, 3H), 3.54 (s, 6H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 541, RT = 4.91 min.

Example 5

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- benzylsulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ia and 2e. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.74 (s, IH), 9.36 (s, IH), 8.95 (s, IH), 8.10 (d, IH), 7.92 (t, IH), 7.57 (d, IH), 7.45 (s, IH), 7.26-7.21 (m, 6H), 7.04 (s, 2H), 6.94 (dd, IH), 4.02 (d, 2H), 3.61 (s, 6H), 3.58 (s, 3H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 555, RT = 5.05 min.

Example 6

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- isopropylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ia and 2c. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.59 (s, IH), 9.33 (s, IH), 8.94 (s, IH), 8.10 (d, IH), 7.54 (dd, IH), 7.38 (s, IH), 7.31 (d, IH), 7.19 (t, IH), 7.04 (s, 2H), 6.90 (dd, IH), 3.61 (s, 6H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 3.16 (d, IH), 0.98 (d, 6H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 507, RT = 4.44 min.

Example 7

N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- ethylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ia and 2b. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 10.24 (br s, IH), 9.87 (br s, IH), 9.74 (s, IH), 8.23 (d, IH), 7.45 (d, IH), 7.40-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.20 (t, IH), 6.99 (dd, IH), 6.85 (s, 2H), 3.61 (s, 3H), 3.60 (s, 6H), 2.84 (quintet, 2H), 0.96 (t, 3H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 493, RT = 4.04 min.

Example 8 N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl amino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxy ethyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ia and 2f. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.34 (s, IH), 8.95 (s, IH), 8.10 (d, IH), 7.56 (d, IH), 7.40 (s, IH), 7.19 (t, IH), 7.05 (s, 2H), 6.90 (dd, IH), 3.61 (s, 6H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 3.30 (t, 2H), 3.16 (s, IH), 3.14 (s, 3H), 2.97 (t, 2H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 523, RT = 3.98 min.

Example 9 N-(3-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl amino)phenyl)-N'- methylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ia and 2g. H NMR (de-DMSO) 5 9.36 (s, IH), 8.95 (s, IH), 8.10 (d, IH), 7.55 (d, IH), 7.40 (s, IH), 7.23 (br s, IH), 7.21 (t, IH), 7.04 (s, 2H), 6.90 (dd, IH), 3.60 (s, 6H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H); LCMS method B, (ES+) 479, RT = 3.74 min.

Example 10

N- (2- (5-fluoro-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfam,i de

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 using intermediate Ib. 1 H NMR (d 6 - DMSO) 5 9.07 (s, IH), 8.58 (s, IH), 8.17 (s, IH), 8.14 (d, IH), 7.93 (d, IH), 7.44 (d, IH), 7.18 (m, 2H), 7.13 (br s, IH), 7.01 (s, 2H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 3.57 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 386, 384, RT = 1.97 min.

Example 11

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N',N'- dimethylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 2 using intermediate Ib. 1 H NMR (d 6 - DMSO) δ 9.22 (s, IH), 9.10 (s, IH), 8.73 (br s, IH), 8.16 (d, IH), 7.78 (d, IH), 7.44 (d, IH), 7.21 (m, 2H), 6.96 (s, 2H), 3.57 (s, 6H), 3.52 (s, 3H), 2.64 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 384, RT = 2.30 min.

Example 12 N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-y lamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediate Ib. H NMR (d 6 - DMSO) 5 9.03 (s, IH), 9.00 (br s, IH), 8.64 (s, IH), 8.13 (d, IH), 7.84 (d, IH), 7.47 (br s, IH), 7.40 (d, IH), 7.15 (m, 2H), 6.97(s, 2H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 3.53 (s, 6H), 2.72 (t, 2H), 0.83 (m, IH), 0.30 (m, 2H), 0.02 (m, 2H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 519, RT = 2.35 min.

Example 13 N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-y lamino)phenyl)-N'- isopropylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ib and 2c. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.04 (s, IH), 8.95 (s, IH), 8.64 (s, IH), 8.13 (d, IH), 7.82 (d, IH), 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.16 (m, 2H), 6.97 (s, 2H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 3.53 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 384, RT = 2.29 min.

Example 14

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- benzylsulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ib and 2e. 1 H NMR (de-DMSO) δ 9.13 (s, IH), 9.04 (s, IH), 8.64 (s, IH), 8.12 (d, IH), 7.98 (t, IH), 7.83 (dd, IH), 7.44 (m, IH), 7.21 (m, 7H), 6.98 (s, 2H), 4.04 (d, 2H), 3.55 (s, 3H), 3.53 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 384, RT = 2.51 min.

Example 15 N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-y lamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxy ethyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ib and 2f. 1 H NMR (MeOD) δ 7.97 (d, IH), 7.87 (dd, IH), 7.36 (m, 2H), 6.87 (s, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.63 (s, 6H), 3.37 (t, 2H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 3.14 (t, 2H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 384, RT = 2.15 min.

Example 16

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)N',N'- dimethylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 2 using intermediate Ic. H NMR (d 6 - DMSO) δ 10.12 (br s, IH), 9.94 (s, IH), 9.98 (br s, IH), 8.21 (d, IH), 7.85 (d, 2H), 7.15 (d, 2H), 6.66 (d, 2H), 3.65 (s, 6H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 2.69 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 493, RT = 2.03 min.

Example 17 N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl amino)phenyl)-N'- ethylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ic and 2b. 1 H NMR (MeOD) δ 8.13 (br s, IH), 7.89 (d, IH), 7.62 (d, 2H), 7.16 (d, 2H), 6.89 (s, 2H), 3.73 (s, 3H), 3.68 (s, 6H), 3.02 (q, 2H), 1.9 (t, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 493, RT = 1.99 min.

Example 18

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- cyclopropylmethylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediate Ic. 1 H NMR (MeOD) δ 7.89 (d, IH), 7.62 (d, 2H), 7.16 (d, 2H), 6.90 (s, 2H), 3.73 (s, 3H), 3.68 (s, 6H), 2.3

(d, 2H), 1.22 (t, IH) 0.42-0.44 (m, 2H), 0.11-0.14 (m, 2H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 519, RT = 2.15 min.

Example 19

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'- phenylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ic and 2d. 1 H NMR (MeOD) 5 7.80 (d, IH), 7.51 (d, 2H), 7.15-7.19 (m, 2h) 7.07 (d, 2H), 7.00 (d, 2H) 6.95-6.98 (m, IH), 6.78 (s, 2H), 3.62 (s, 3H), 3.54 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 541, RT = 2.27 min.

Example 20

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)phenyl)-N'-iso- propylsulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ic and 2c. 1 H NMR (MeOD) δ 7.82 (d, IH), 7.56 (d, 2H), 7.10 (d, 2H), 6.82 (s, 2H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.61 (s, 6H), 3.36-3.42 (m, IH), 1.02 (d, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 507, RT = 2.10 min.

Example 21

N-(4-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)phenyl)-N'-(2- methoxy ethyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 3 using intermediates Ic and 2f. H NMR (MeOD) 5 7.82 (d, IH), 7.56 (d, 2H), 7.10 (d, 2H), 6.82 (s, 2H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.61 (s, 6H), 3.36 (t, 2H) 3.18 (s, 3H), 3.09 (t, 2H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 523, RT = 1.96 min.

Example 22

N- (2- (5-fluoro-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 using intermediate Ic. 1 H NMR (d 6 - DMSO) δ 9.37 (br s, IH), 9.25 (s, IH), 9.02 (br s, IH), 8.04 (d, IH), 7.12 (d, 2H), 7.04 (br s, 4H), 3.62 (s, 6H), 3.59 (s, 3H ); LCMS method A, (ES+) 465, RT = 2.01 min.

Example 23

N-(2-(2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino )phenyl)sulfam,ide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 U NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.04 (s, IH), 8.65 (br s, IH), 8.44 (s, IH), 8.03 (d, IH), 7.80 (d, IH), 7.43 (dd, IH), 7.18-7.11 (m, 6H), 6.23 (d, IH), 3.64 (s, 6H), 3.59 (s, 3H); LCMS method B, (MH+) 447, RT = 5.36 min.

Example 24

N- (2- (5-methyl-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 H NMR: (d 6 -DMSO) δ 8.89 (s, IH), 8.74 (s, IH), 8.17 (d, IH), 8.03 (s, IH), 7.94 (s, IH), 7.38 (d, IH), 7.21 (t, IH), 7.12 - 7.05 (m, 5H), 3.58 (s, 9H), 2.11 (s, 3H); LCMS method C, (ES+) 461, RT = 1.72 min.

Example 25

N-(2-(5-bromo-2-(dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl )sulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.07 (s, IH), 8.34 (s, 3H), 8.17

(s, 2H), 7.37 (d, 2H), 7.26 (t, IH), 7.15 (t, IH), 6.63 (d, 2H), 2.83 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 478, 480, RT = 2.15 min.

Example 26

N- (2- (5-bromo-2- (4-methoxyamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 U NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.23 (s, IH), 8.76 (s, IH), 8.48 (s, IH), 8.21 (s, IH), 7.47 (d, 2H), 7.39 (d, IH), 7.30 (t, IH), 7.18 (t, IH), 7.08 (s, 2H), 6.78 (d, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 465, 467, RT = 2.09 min.

Example 27

N- (2- (2 (lH-benzo[d] [1, 2, 3]triazol-5-ylamino)-5-bromopyrimidin-4- ylamino) phenyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.63 (s, IH), 8.27-8.30 (m, 3H), 7.79 (d, IH), 7.55 (dd, IH), 7.34 (dd, IH), 7.04-7.06 (m, 2H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 476, 478, RT = 1.95 min.

Example 28

N- (2- (5-fluoro-2- (4-methoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.01 (s, IH), 8.83 (br s, IH), 8.70 (br s, IH), 8.09 (br s, IH), 8.07 (d, IH), 7.53 (d, 2H), 7.38 (m, IH), 7.07 (m, 2H), 6.79 (d, 2H), 3.70 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 405, RT = 1.88 min.

Example 29

N- (2- (5-fluoro-2- (4- (dimethylamino)phenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)sulfam ide

Synthesized according to the procedure in Example 1 from the appropriate aniline and 2- chloropyrimidine derivatives. The 2-chloropyrimidine derivative was synthesized in an analogous manner to Intermediate Ia. 1 H NMR (MeOD) δ 8.55 (s, IH), 8.11 (dd, IH), 7.87 (d, IH), 7.44 (dd, IH), 7.32 (d, 2H), 7.25 (td, IH), 7.17 (td, IH), 6.76 (d, 2H), 2.87 (s, 6H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 418, RT = 1.46 min.

Example 30

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylanιino)-6- methylphenyl)sulfamide

N 1 -(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-3-methylbenzene-l,2-diami ne

Synthesized according to the procedure of Intermediate Ia step (i). LCMS method C, (ES+) 253, 255, RT = 2.33 min.

Step (ii) N-(2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-ylamino)-6-methylphenyl)a cetam,ide

A mixture of Nl-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-3-methylbenzene-l,2-dia mine (3.7 mmol), acetic anhydride (11 mmol) and acetic acid (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with water (15 mL) and the precipitate was collected and dried and the pump to afford N-(2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-ylamino)-6-methylphenyl)a cetam,ide as a cream powder. LCMS method A, (ES+) 295, 297, RT = 2.16 min.

Step (iii)

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-6- methylphenyl)acetamide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Intermediate Ia step (ii). LCMS method A, (ES+) 442, RT = 2.01 min.

Step (iv) N 4 -(2-amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluoro-N 2 -(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine

Synthesized according to the procedure of Intermediate Ia step (iii). LCMS method A, (ES+) 400, RT = 2.01 min.

Step (v)

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylam,ino)-6- methylphenyl)sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 1. 1 H NMR: (dβ-DMSO) δ 9.11 (s, IH), 8.73 (d, IH), 8.68 (s, IH), 8.15 (d, IH), 8.03 (d, IH), 7.21 (s, 2H), 7.17 (t, IH), 7.04 (d, IH),

7.02 (s, 2H), 3.62 (s, 3H), 3.59 (s, 6H), 2.40 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 479, RT = 2.03 min.

Example 31

N- (6- (5-fluoro-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-2, 3- dimethylphenyl)sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR: (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.06 (s, IH), 8.65 (s, IH), 8.62 (d, IH), 8.11 (d, IH), 7.81 (d, IH), 7.11 (s, 2H), 7.08 (d, IH), 7.00 (s, 2H), 3.58 (s, 9H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 2.24 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 493, RT = 2.08 min.

Example 32

N-(2-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-6- methoxyphenyl)sulfamide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR: (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.16 (s, IH), 8.56 (d, IH), 8.44 (s, IH), 8.16 (d, IH), 7.97 (d, IH), 7.23 (t, IH), 7.04 (s, 2), 6.89 (s, 2H), 6.86 (s, 2H), 6.84 (d, IH), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.65 (s, 6H), 3.61 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 495, RT = 2.02 min.

Example 33

N-(2-ethoxy-6-(5-fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)py rimidin-4- ylamino) phenyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR: (d 6 -DMS0) δ 9.15 (s, IH), 8.57 (s, IH), 8.17 (s, IH), 7.94 (d, IH), 7.20 (t, IH), 7.05 (s, 2H), 6.83 (d, IH), 4.08 (q, 2H), 3.65 (s, 6H), 3.61 (s, 3H), 1.39 (t, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 509, RT = 2.16 min.

Example 34

N-(2-(5-Fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylam,ino)pyrimidin- 4-ylamino)-5- methylphenyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 7.98 (s, IH), 7.93 (s, IH), 7.78 (d, IH), 7.30 (s, IH), 7.05 (dd, IH), 6.87 (s, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.63 (s, 6H), 2.99 (s, 2H), 2.86 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 479, RT = 2.03 min.

Example 35

N-(2-(5-Fluoro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4 -ylamino)-5- morpholinophenyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 8.96 (s, IH), 8.64 (s, IH), 8.40 (s, IH), 8.05 (d, IH), 7.52 (d, IH), 7.09 (s, 2H), 7.00 (t, 3H), 6.75 (dd, IH), 3.76 (t, 4H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 3.53 (s, 6H), 3.09 (t, 4H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 550, RT = 1.92 min.

Example 36 N- (2- (5-fluoro-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-4- methoxyphenyl)sulfamide.

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.15 (s, IH), 8.61 (s, IH), 8.52 (d, IH), 8.17 (d, IH), 7.71 (d, IH), 7.29 (d, IH), 7.01 (d, 4H), 6.73 (dd, IH), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.59 (s, 6H), 3.51 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 495, RT = 2.03 min.

Example 37

N- (4-fluoro-2- (5-fluoro-2- (3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenylamino)pyrimidin-4- ylamino) phenyl) sulf amide

Synthesized according to the procedure of Example 30. 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO) δ 9.23 (br s, IH), 8.79 (br s, IH), 8.58 (br s, IH), 8.21 (d, IH), 8.16 (d, IH), 7.39 (t, IH), 7.07-6.96 (m, 5H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 3.60 (s, 3H); LCMS method A, (ES+) 482, RT = 2.01 min.

Example 38

Determination of the effect of the compounds according to the invention on ZAP-70

The compounds of the present invention as described in the previous examples can be tested in the ZAP-70 kinobeads assay as described (EP-A 1862802 and WO-A 2007/137867). Briefly, test compounds (at various concentrations) and the affinity matrix with the immobilized aminopyrido-pyrimidine ligand 24 are added to cell lysate aliquots and allowed to bind to the proteins in the lysate sample. After the incubation time the beads with captured proteins are separated from the lysate. Bound proteins are then eluted and the presence ZAP- 70 is detected and quantified using a specific antibody in a dot blot procedure and the Odyssey infrared detection system.

Conventionally, ZAP-70 kinase activity can be measured using purified or recombinant enzyme in a solution-based assay with protein or peptide substrates (Isakov et al., 1996, J. Biol. Chem. 271(26), 15753-15761; Moffat et al., 1999, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Letters 9, 3351- 3356).

In general, compounds of the invention are effective for the inhibition of ZAP-70, with an IC 50 of< 10μM.

By this method (ZAP-70 kinobeads assay) the following compounds demonstrated an IC50 below 50 μM: Examples 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 22, 28, 36.

In addition, the following compounds demonstrated an IC50 below 1 μM: Examples 11, 23,

24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 34, 35, 37.

In addition, the following compounds demonstrated an IC50 below 0.1 μM: Examples 10, 30, 32, 33.

Example 39

Measurement of calcium ion release in cells

Compounds of the present invention were tested in a Calcium release assay as described below.

Assay principle The development of fluorescent probes makes it possible to measure the concentration of intracellular free Calcium ions in single living cells. Cells are first loaded with a cell- permeable Ca 2+ -sensitive dye, then the test compound is added. Finally, cells are activated through the T cell receptor with an anti-CD3 antibody shortly before data acquisition on the flow cytometer. The release of Ca 2+ is measured as a function of time after cell stimulation. This protocol describes the flow cytometry method using the Fluo-3 and Fluo-4 dyes (Minta et al, 1989, J. Biol. Chem. 264(14):8171-8178) to measure the intracellular Ca 2+ concentration in Jurkat cells (see also June et al., 1997, Measurement of intracellular calcium ions by flow cytometry. In: Current Protocols in Cytometry (1997) Unit 9.8.1-9.8.19, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).

Ca 2+ releasse assay protocol

In general, cells should be handled in the shortest time possible to assure their stability. Therefore the preparation of all materials in advance is highly recommended as well as using any incubation or centrifugation time to prepare the next steps (e.g. preparing compound dilution or starting the flow cytometer).

1) Prepare a work plan indicating the number of samples to be analyzed including controls.

2) Cell harvest: Centrifuge 50 to 100 ml of a Jurkat cell culture for 5 minutes at 1100 rpm. Discard the supernatant, pool the resuspended cell pellets in a single 50 ml Falcon tube, and fill up to 50 ml with PBS-CaCl 2 (without FCS). Centrifuge again sample again.

3) Resuspend cell pellet with PBS-CaCl 2 (without FCS) to achieve a concentration not lower than 10 x 106 cells/ml. Prepare an adequate dilution to evaluate the cell concentration and count the cells.

4) Separate the volume of cells needed to be loaded (for example 107 cells for 20 samples) in a 50 ml Falcon tube. Fill up with PBS-CaCl 2 to 900 μl for 107 cells.

5) Prepare in the dark a 1 :1 mix of FLUO-4 (1 mM) + Pluronic F- 127 (20%). 5 μl of Fluo-4 are needed per 107 cells.

6) Prepare a 1/10 dilution of this mix with PBS-CaCl 2 (in the dark; for example 5μl Fluo-4 + 5μl F-127 completed to 100 μl).

7) Add the dye solution to the cells. Do not load more than 30 x 106 cells per tube.

8) Incubate the sample for 30 minutes in a cell incubator (37°C, 5% CO 2 ). Mix from time to time.

9) During this time prepare the adequate test compound dilution in PBS-CaCl 2 (with 10% FCS). The solution should be 10 times more concentrated than the desired final concentration. Vortex each dilution. Prepare also the antibody dilutions: anti-CD3 (1/200) and GAM (1/25).

10) Label FACS tubes and distribute in the corresponding tube 30 μl of the compound dilution or only buffer for the control tubes.

11) After 30 minutes of incubation wash the cells twice in PBS-CaCl 2 (with 10% FCS). During the washing steps make sure that the flow cytometer is already "ON" in order to warm the laser.

12) Resuspend the cell pellet in PBS-CaCl 2 (with 10% FCS) at a concentration of 1.5 x 10 6 cells/ml.

13) Distribute 300 μl of cell suspension into the FACS tubes and mix gently. The compound incubation is starting. Keep samples at room temperature in the dark.

14) Open the settings of the cytometer. It is advised to have a template ready which is used for all measurements. Settings of the machine should also be the same from one experiment to the other which permits to evaluate the reproducibility of the cell preparation.

15) In Setup modus control your cell preparation on the cytometer. Cells should fit in the predefined gates.

16) During the compound incubation time, check also that cells are responding to the anti- CD3 activation as expected. Set a timer at 8 sec. Add 6 μl of anti-CD3 dilution (0.2 μg/ml

final) and mix gently. Add 1 μl of GAM dilution (0.75 μg/ml final) and mix gently. Incubate the samples in water bath at 37°C while starting timer. After 8 seconds of incubation, acquire data at medium speed for 200 seconds. A clear increase of fluorescence should appear after 1 minute. 17) Make sure that the cells rest and equilibrate at room temperature 15 minutes before FACS data acquisition

18) Data acquisition: Samples to be compared should be measured consecutively.

19) For a better reproducibility, make shure that data for the loaded cells are acquired within 2 hours. 20) Analyze the data by using the Flow Jo® software (Tree Star, Inc.).

Cell culture

The Jurkat cell line J77 was obtained from American Type Cell Collection (ATCC). Jurkat cells were maintained in RPMI 1640 medium (Gibco, ref. 21875-034) supplemented with heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (Gibco, ref. 10270-106. FCS is heat-inactivated by in water bath for 45 minutes at 56°C).

Reagents

Fluo-3, AM (Molecular Probes, F14218, supplied as 1 ml of ready made 1 mM solution in DMSO and stored in 5 μl or 7.5 μl aliquots at -20 0 C).

Fluo-4, AM (Molecular Probes, F14217, supplied as 1 ml of ready made 1 mM solution in

DMSO and stored in 5 μl or 7.5 μl aliquots at -20 0 C).

Pluronic F- 127 (Molecular Probes, P3000MP, supplied as 1 ml of ready made 20% solution in

DMSO). PBS-CaCl 2 -MgCl 2 (Gibco, 14040-91).

Anti-CD3 antibody (Calbiochem, 217570, supplied at 1 mg/ml).

Goat anti-mouse IgG antibody (GAM; Sigma, M8890, supplied at 6 mg/ml).

Equipment Flow cytometer (Becton-Dickinson, FACSCalibur) and Flow Jo® software (Tree Star, Inc.).

Results

By this method the following compounds demonstrated an IC50 below 1 μM: Examples 1, 7,

11, 12, 15, 16, 23, 27, 28, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37.

In addition, the following compounds demonstrated an IC 50 below 0.1 μM: 10, 24, 25, 26, 30,

32.