Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A SULKY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1994/018050
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A sulky comprises two wheels (7) which are attached via frame members (3) to the sulky's support structure, which consists of a beam section (1) which connects the wheels (7), a seat section (2) and shafts (4). In order to give the horse which is harnessed between the shafts (4) an impulse by means of swinging movements from the driver who is sitting on the seat (2), the shafts (4) are designed with an arm member (6) which is facing the wheel (7). This arm member (6) is rotatably connected to the frame member (3). From the shaft (4) to the beam section (1) there is maintained a connection (9) for transfer of tensile force (9).

Inventors:
MYRAN ODD (NO)
Application Number:
PCT/NO1994/000032
Publication Date:
August 18, 1994
Filing Date:
February 09, 1994
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
HAMY SVEIS AS (NO)
MYRAN ODD (NO)
International Classes:
B62C1/08; (IPC1-7): B62C1/08
Foreign References:
SE420185C1985-08-22
US4313611A1982-02-02
SE449202B1987-04-13
Download PDF:
Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS
1. A sulky with two shafts and where two wheels (7) are attached via wheel mountings (5) in a frame member (3) to the sulky's support structure, which consists of a beam section ( 1 ) which connects the wheels (7), a seat section (2), characterized in that the shafts (4) are designed with a rear arm member (6) which is facing the wheel (7), that this rear arm member (6) is rotatably con¬ nected with the frame member (3) at a fulcrum (8) which is provided at a distance from the wheel mounting (5), preferably lower than the wheel axis (5), and that there is maintained a connection (9) which transfers tensile force from the shaft (4) to the beam section (1 ) .
2. A sulky according to claim 1 , characterized in that the force transferring connection (9) is an elastically springing or dampening connection ( 10).
3. A sulky according to claim 2, characterized in that the springing or dampening element (10) is provided in a telescopic casing (1 1 ) which has an articulated link (12) on at least one side.
Description:
A sulky

The invention concerns an improvement for a sulky with two shafts and where two wheels are attached via wheel mountings in a frame member to the sulky's support structure, which consists of a beam section which connects the wheels, a seat section and two shafts Sulkies are very light carriages which are used in trotting races, where the driver sits on a very light-weight two-wheeled carriage The driver therefore sits with his centre of gravity over and slightly behind the wheel mounting, with the result that when he swings or stretches his legs, this causes a kind of up and down rocking movem ent, thus influencing the horse Impulses of this kind are intended to give the horse added inspiration, thus contributing to the attainment of maximum speed

Even though a swinging movement of this kind will influence the horse, it will only exert an up and down momentum on the horse and due to the rigid design of the sulky this will also cause relatively hard |θltιng movements

An object of the present invention is to provide a sulky which permits a more favourable influence to be exerted on the horse via the shaft, based on the movements of the driver on his seat Thus it is an object of the invention to provide a device which enables the horse to be not only influenced by forces in the upward and downward direction, I e vertically directed forces, but also by a force which acts in the forward direction in the horse's direction of travel, I e a horizontal force component

A further object of the invention is to provide an improvement which makes this movement as comfortable as possible, thus achieving a kind of shock absorption, while at the same time the influence on the horse is maintained Thus it is also desirable to provide a sulky which permits at least a reduction in the shaking when driving on an uneven course

These objects are achieved with a sulky of the type mentioned in the introduc¬ tion, which is characterized in that the shafts are designed with a rear arm member which is facing the wheel, that this rear arm member is rotatably connected with the frame member at a fulcrum which is provided at a distance form the wheel mounting, preferably lower than the wheel axis, and that there is maintained a connection which transfers tensile force from the shaft to the beam section

Further advantageous features of the invention are indicated in the sub-claims.

When it is specified that the shaft is designed with an arm, this means that the shaft is bent with an arm member at an angle to the main longitudinal direction. This arm normally forms a part of the actual shaft, even though it will, of course, be possible to find other design forms.

By having the shafts led down to the wheel area and rotatably connected there with the sulky's frame member, while at the same time creating a connection for transfer of tensile force instead of a rigid connection from the shaft to the beam section, the object has been achieved that the transfer of force when the driver swings on his seat will provide a stronger force component in the shaft's longi¬ tudinal direction, thus influencing the horse in its direction of travel. This influence will be particularly marked if the joining point between the arm of the shaft and the frame member is located at a distance under the wheel mounting, i.e. as far from the driver's seat as practically possible. The connection between the shaft and the upper part of the frame member where the driver's seat is located, i.e. the straight extension of the shaft is designed as a connection for transfer of tensile force which can be composed of an elastically springing or dampening element, e.g. a spring placed in a telescopic cylinder. Other dampen¬ ing or springing elements can, of course, also be used here and in principle it would be sufficient to use a thick, elastic rubber band.

This elastically springing connection will provide springing for the whole carriage and will result in a marked cushioning of the shaking experienced on an uneven course, while at the same time dampening down the hard effects of jolting on the horse. Due to the force which is exerted in the shaft's longitudinal direction, the length of the horse's step will automatically be increased by a few millimetres, which will result in greater speed.

The invention will now be described in more detail by means of an embodiment which is depicted in the drawing, which illustrates in a purely schematic side view the principle of the design of the invention.

A sulky is constructed in the traditional manner of a support structure in the form of a beam section which connects the sulky's two wheels and which also on a conventional sulky is connected to the shafts 4. On the beam section 1 the

seat section 2 is also located as is indicated schematically in the figure and in this area there is also attached the frame member 3 which forms the mounting and the connection to the wheel suspension The frame member 3 can, e g , be designed at each wheel as a fork which constitutes the mounting for the wheel axis 5

According to the invention the shaft 4 is designed with an arm member 6 which is angled down towards the frame member 5, on one side of the wheel 7 and is attached by a pivot joint, e g a swivel pin 8 to the frame member 3 In the illustrated embodiment, the fulcrum 8 is located in the extension of the frame member 3 beyond the wheel axis 5, I e at the end of the frame member 3 which faces away from the seat 2

In the straight extension of the shaft's 4 main direction, and attached to the top of the frame member 3 or the beam section 1 there is located a connection for transfer of tensile force which is generally indicated by 9 This connection is preferably designed as an elastically springing or dampening device, e g a spring element 10 which is located in a telescopic casing 1 1 , which is connected with a rotatable coupling to, e g the beam section 1 1

If the driver rocks in his seat, e g by stretching his legs, the seat and the frame member are tilted as indicated by an arrow at the seat 2 The frame member 3 will thereby be moved downwards about the wheel axis 5, as is exaggeratedly indicated as an arc a By means of the illustrated location of the connection point 8 on the arm member 6, the connection point will be moved forward in an arc b, thereby moving the shaft 4 a distance forward corresponding approxi¬ mately to the arc b The forces thereby created are illustrated in a triangular arrow diagram K and show that a force component will be created there in the longitudinal direction of the shaft This force component will give the horse an impulse forward and the length of the horse's step will thus increase by a few millimetres, thus achieving greater speed

With the illustrated spring design which creates a connection transferring tensile force between the sulky's beam section/seat and shaft, there is provided an independent springing which will cushion the shaking experienced on an uneven course, while at the same time absorbing shocks in the connection between the seat and the shaft In a practical design, the fulcrum 8 is placed approximately

120 mm below the wheel mounting 5. Without swinging the spring device will pull the shaft and the wheel fork, i.e. the frame member together.

Many modifications will be possible within the scope of the invention. Thus many different springing and dampening devices can be used instead of the illustrated spring, hydraulic devices can be used and a simple "rubber band" can be employed. The location of the fulcrum 8 in relation to the wheel axis 5 can also be varied depending on the desired effect which is to be achieved. In principle the fulcrum 8 can also coincide with the axis 5 or be located above it, but this will lead to a reversed pattern of movement, with the result that the impulse forwards will occur when the driver rises and not when he pushes down.