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Title:
SUPPORTING STRUCTURE FOR A TWO WHEELED VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/038667
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a saddle type vehicle (1) comprising a frame (2), a swing arm (10) journaled to the frame (2), an electric motor (5a) coupled to the rear wheel (5) and supplies a rotational driving force to the rear wheel (5) and at least one supporting structure (200) adapted for housing one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) therein. In the present invention, said at least one supporting structure (200) comprises one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) integrally formed to at least a portion thereof. The one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) is configured for removably mounting said at least one supporting structure (200) on at least a portion of said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13).

Inventors:
RAWAT, Ankit (TVS Motor Company Limited, Jayalakshmi EstatesNo.29 Haddows Road, Chennai 6, 600 006, IN)
MEIBALAN, Mugilan (TVS Motor Company Limited, Jayalakshmi EstatesNo.29 Haddows Road, Chennai 6, 600 006, IN)
SUBRAMONIAM, Chithambaram (TVS Motor Company Limited, Jayalakshmi EstatesNo.29 Haddows Road, Chennai 6, 600 006, IN)
Application Number:
IB2018/056307
Publication Date:
February 28, 2019
Filing Date:
August 21, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TVS MOTOR COMPANY LIMITED (Jayalakshmi Estates, No.29 Haddows Road, Chennai 6, 600 006, IN)
International Classes:
B62K19/30
Foreign References:
IN2319CH2007A
IN3923DE2014A
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Claims:
We Claim:

1. A saddle type vehicle (1), said vehicle (1) comprising:

a frame (2) extending along a vehicle longitudinal axis (AA);

a swing arm (10) journaled to the frame (2) and adapted to support a rear wheel (5), said swing arm (10) includes at least one mounting boss (12), (13) fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof;

an electric motor (5a) coupled to the rear wheel (5) and supplies a rotational driving force to the rear wheel (5); and

at least one supporting structure (200) adapted for housing one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) therein, said at least one supporting structure (200) comprises one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) integrally formed to at least a portion thereof; and said one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) is configured for removably mounting said at least one supporting structure (200) on at least a portion of said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13).

2. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said at least one supporting structure (200) includes a bottom wall (204), a pair of left and right side walls (206L), (206R) extending upward from two respective ends of said bottom wall (204) in the vehicle longitudinal axis (AA), a pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) extending upward from other two respective ends of said bottom wall (204) in a vehicle width direction and an open top (203).

3. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 2, wherein said bottom wall (204), said pair of left and right side walls (206L), (206R) and said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) forms a housing portion (203a) structured to hold said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) therein and said open top (203) is configured for accessing said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) being enclosed in said housing portion (203a).

4. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claiml, wherein said at least one supporting structure (200) comprises at least one holder portion (200b) being integrally formed with at least a portion of one (205f) of said pair of front and rear side walls (205f), (205r) of said at least one supporting structure (200).

5. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) and said pair of left and right side walls (206L) (206R) is configured to form a first cooling air intake structure (200a) and a second cooling air intake structure (200c), respectively.

6. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 6, wherein the first cooling air intake structure (200a) and the second cooling air intake structure (200c) are adapted for guiding air to said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) housed therein.

7. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) includes at least one fastener receiving hole adapted to receive one or more fasteners (200f), (200g) for detachably securing said at least one supporting structure (200) to said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13).

8. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claiml, wherein said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) comprises of at least two configuration including a first configuration (L), (H), (W) and a second configuration

9. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 9, wherein said first configuration (L), (H), (W) of said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) comprises a dimensional ratio between length (L), height (H) and width (W) which is equal to 1: 1.1: 3.1 with a tolerance range of + 10%.

10. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 9, wherein said second configuration of said one or more energy devices (201), (202), (300) comprises a dimensional ratio between length, height and width which is equal to 1: 1.05: 1.7 with a tolerance of + 10%.

11. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) includes at least one primary energy storage device (300) configured to supply a primary power to the electric motor (5a).

12. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 12, wherein said at least one primary energy storage unit (300) is disposed below at least a portion of said vehicle frame (2).

13. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claiml, wherein said one or more energy storage devices (300), (201), (202) includes at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) adapted to supply a secondary power to the electric motor (5a) and said at least one primary energy storage unit (300).

14. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said at least one primary energy storage device (300) and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) are rechargeable batteries.

15. The saddle-type vehicle (1) as claimed in claiml, wherein said at least one primary energy storage device (300) and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) are disposed in a line along a front-rear direction of said vehicle (1).

Description:
SUPPORTING STRUCTURE FOR A TWO-WHEELED VEHICLE

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present subject matter relates to a saddle-type vehicle. More particularly, the present subject matter relates to a supporting structure for an electric saddle-type vehicle. BACKGROUND

[0002] In recent times there is an increased demand to control emissions from automobiles, in view of stringent emission norms. As a result, a number of hybrid and electric vehicles are seeing the light of the day in order to minimize the amount of emissions. Typically, hybrid vehicles have distinct advantage of allowing long travel, as at least one source is always available to drive the vehicle.

[0003] Generally, existing hybrid vehicles configured to be powered either by an internal combustion engine or electric motor or both, are replacing normal engine powered vehicles. For example, driving on terrain or for long distances, an internal combustion engine can be used and for shorter distances electric propulsion system can be used. However, incorporation of both internal combustion engine and electric motor assembly in the hybrid saddle-type vehicle makes the system bulky and more complex. The vehicle's suspension, transmission, primary motor are designed for the additional weight of a redundant drive train and its fuel. [0004] Thus, electric vehicles have gained popularity in recent years as the potential replacement for internal combustion vehicles, since they promise zero emission from electric drive system, and a break away from oil dependency. However, a pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle entails a problem in that its own weight increases, a traveling distance is short, and its traveling is impossible in the case where there is no battery charge and due to packaging constraints it is difficult to mount one or more batteries as an additional rechargeable back-up power source in the limited spaces of the vehicle which may involve further structural challenges for installing said one or more additional batteries thereon. Additionally, with the transition of vehicles from internal combustion engine to hybrid and hybrid to a pure electric vehicle, manufacturer needs to gear up to meet these challenges. Often depending on emission norms in different markets, manufacturers need to simultaneously produce vehicles with all three types of technologies including internal combustion engine, hybrid and electric vehicle at the same time and cater to usage requirements and ecosystem of respective markets. As manufacturer of transportation vehicles, it is a challenge to design and produce vehicles which can operate on different technologies or combination of different technologies e.g. frequently changing from hybrid to electric vehicle and vice-versa. This not only adds to the cost of manufacturing but also makes the entire production set-up complex in managing a platform of products with different technologies simultaneously. Different design of vehicles with different technologies also necessitates additional number of exclusive parts, increased number of assembly operations including complex assembly sequences and supply chain challenges. Additionally, there exist challenges in ensuring good ride & handling stability of the vehicle when it is an electric powertrain type as well as hybrid powertrain type. It is important to be able to design a base platform architecture which significantly retains it centre of gravity and weight disposition on the front axle and the rear axle so as to achieve a good dynamic characteristic of the vehicle with either of the powertrains.

[0005] Hence, there exists a need for an improved electric saddle-type vehicle which can be readily and quickly derived from the conventional hybrid saddle-type vehicle without carrying out any structural modification for the existing hybrid saddle -type vehicle layout. It is desirable to provide an improved electric saddle-type vehicle that balances the independencies of one or more components of the existing hybrid driven saddle type vehicle during conversion of the hybrid driven saddle type vehicle into a pure electric vehicle and vice-versa, thereby maintaining the weight distribution, centre of gravity as well the dynamic stability, ride and handling performance of the vehicle. Further, it is desirable to provide an improved electric saddle type vehicle in a manner that provides the consumer with an economical solution in terms of fuel efficiency as well as reduction in emissions.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0006] The detailed description is described with reference to the accompanying figures. The same numbers are used throughout the drawings to reference like features and components.

[0007] Fig.l is a side view of a conventional saddle-type vehicle.

[0008] Fig.2 is a perspective view of a pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle as per one embodiment of the present invention. [0009] Fig.3 is a perspective view of at least one supporting structure adapted for housing at least one auxiliary energy storage device therein, is removably mounted on a swing arm of the pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle of Fig.2, as per one embodiment of the present invention.

[00010] Fig.4 and Fig.5 are an exploded view of at least one supporting structure adapted for housing said at least one auxiliary energy storage device therein, is removably mounted on a swing arm of the pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle of Fig.2, as per one embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[00011] Hybrid vehicles offer consumers with an alternative to vehicles employing conventional internal combustion engines, transmissions, and drive trains which often exhibit relatively low fuel efficiency and/or produce undesirable emissions that are released during operation. A typical hybrid saddle-type vehicle combines a battery powered electric motor with an internal combustion engine. For example, in an existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle, for driving long distances, an internal combustion engine can be used and for shorter distances electric propulsion system can be used. However, in an existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle, said engine and an electric motor assembly mounted thereon increases the overall weight of the vehicle. [00012] Hence, the vehicle manufacturers are increasingly focusing on vehicles having a pure electric drive which provides a cost effective, fuel efficient alternative to the conventional engine driven saddle-type vehicle. However, there are multiple problems, some of which have been identified above, which combine to make the pure electric vehicles impractical for most applications today. For example, vehicle range is a major problem. Further, due to limited space and packaging constraint for an existing saddle-type vehicle, the mounting of one or more rechargeable batteries as an additional power sources requires further structural modification in at least a portion of the vehicle which may then increase the overall weight and cost for the vehicle as well as may increase the variety of platform of vehicles, thereby making it difficult to manage production as well as changeover between the different models either by manufacturers or by the end users.

[00013] Thus, there is a need to have an optimum energy storage device so as to be able to use it flexibly between different technologies, for example, vehicle powered purely by internal combustion engine, vehicle powered by electric motor in addition to the internal combustion engine and vehicles powered purely by electric motor. Thus, there is need for a new modular platform architecture of the vehicle layout and structure which necessitates a modular and optimal energy pack size and thereby maximizes the flexibility of packaging the energy storage device in modular form, economy of vehicle cost, ease of access for charging, service. There is also a need to enable a swapping architecture of the energy storage device as well as maximizing travel distance before need for recharge.

[00014] Moreover, there continues to be an additional need to provide an improved pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle which can be easily derived from said existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle by installing one or more energy storage devices as a retro-fit application in an existing layout for hybrid saddle-type vehicle. Further, it is desirable to provide an improved electric saddle-type vehicle comprising of at least one energy storage device being configured to fit within the space and weight limitations of an engine mounting space of the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle without bringing any structural changes in the existing layout of the hybrid saddle-type vehicle.

[00015] With the above objectives in view, the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle is readily converted into a pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle and vice-versa. In one embodiment, the present invention describes an improved pure electrically driven saddle-type vehicle with an extended travelling range, power capacity and improved performance. Further, as per one embodiment of the present invention, said one or more energy storage devices can be readily installed in said improved pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle without bringing any structural innovation in the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle layout.

[00016] As per one embodiment, the present invention relates to an improved pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle comprising of a low framework structure body frame having a floor board portion and a swing arm journaled to the frame and adapted to support a rear wheel. As per one embodiment of the present invention, said swing arm comprises a pair of lateral support portions surrounding a pivot, a first arm portion extending rearwardly from one lateral support portion of the pair of lateral support portions to a position along one lateral side of the rear wheel, a second arm portion extending rearwardly from other lateral support portion of the pair of lateral support portions to a position along other lateral side of the rear wheel, a cross-portion extending in the widthwise direction of the vehicle in order to connect the first arm portion to the second arm portion and one or more cross-members extending between said first arm portion and said second arm portion. In one embodiment, said swing arm includes at least one mounting boss fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof. [00017] Further, as per one embodiment, a first mounting boss of said at least one mounting boss is fixedly attached to at least a portion of said cross-portion and a pair of second mounting bosses of said at least one mounting boss is fixedly attached to at least a portion of said one or more cross-members. Further, said pure electrically driven-saddle-type vehicle comprises an electric motor coupled to the rear wheel and supplies a rotational driving force to the rear wheel. In one embodiment of the present invention, said electric motor is incorporated into a hub body (or "hub ") of the rear wheel and drives the hub directly. This type of motor is known as a hub motor.

[00018] Further, as per one embodiment, said pure electrically driven- saddle-type vehicle comprises at least one primary energy storage device configured to supply a primary power to the electric motor. In one embodiment, said at least one primary energy storage device is disposed below said floor board portion. Referring to one embodiment, at least one supporting structure is adapted for housing at least one auxiliary energy storage device therein. [00019] As per one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure is configured for being removably mounted on at least a portion of said swing arm through said at least one mounting boss. Further, as per one embodiment, said at least one auxiliary energy storage device is adapted to supply a secondary power to the electric motor and said at least one primary energy storage unit. Further, in one embodiment of the present invention, said at least one supporting structure includes a bottom wall, a pair of left and right side walls extending upward from two respective ends of said bottom wall in a vehicle longitudinal direction, a pair of front and rear walls extending upward from other two respective ends of said bottom wall in a vehicle width direction and an open top. In one embodiment, said bottom wall, said pair of left and right side walls and said pair of front and rear walls forms a housing portion structured to hold said at least one auxiliary energy device therein and said open top is configured for accessing said at least one auxiliary energy device being enclosed in said housing portion.

[00020] In one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure comprises at least one holder portion being integrally formed with at least a portion of one of said pair of front and rear side walls of said at least one supporting structure.

Referring to one embodiment, said at least one holder portion is adapted for grasping said at least one supporting structure for lifting and maneuvering thereof.

As per one embodiment, said at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls and said pair of left and right side walls is configured to form a first cooling air intake structure and a second cooling air intake structure, respectively. Referring to one embodiment, the first cooling air intake structure and the second cooling air intake structure are adapted for guiding air to said at least one auxiliary storage device housed therein. In one embodiment, at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls comprises one or more mounting portions fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof. In one embodiment, a pair of first mounting portions of said one or more mounting portions are fixedly attached through welding to at least a portion of a front wall of said pair of front and rear walls and a second mounting portion of said one or more mounting portions are fixedly attached through welding to at least a portion of a rear wall of said pair of front and rear walls. As per one embodiment, said one or more mounting portions includes at least one fastener receiving hole adapted to receive one or more fasteners for detachably securing said at least one supporting structure to said swing arm through said at least one mounting boss being fixedly attached to said swing arm of the vehicle. Referring to one embodiment, said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device are rechargeable batteries. In one embodiment, said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device are disposed in a line along a front-rear direction of said vehicle. [00021] The object of the present invention is to provide an improved pure electrically driven saddle-type vehicle that can replace an internal combustion engine with one or more energy storage devices without bringing any structural modification in the existing hybrid driven saddle-type vehicle layout such that one or more energy storage devices are configured to be removably mounted within the space and weight limitations of the engine mounting space of the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle. Thus, as per one embodiment, the present invention provides an improved pure electrically driven saddle-type vehicle that is designed with primary focus on ease of conversion, optimization of power generation and use. [00022] The present invention describes an improved pure electrically driven saddle-type vehicle which can be readily retro -fittable into an existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle layout such that said electric vehicle includes said at least one supporting structure being removably mounted to said swing arm of the vehicle through said at least one mounting boss which was used previously in connection with the mounting of a power transmission system for the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle configuration. Thus, in one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure adapted for housing said at least one auxiliary energy storage device which serves as a backup power source for driving the vehicle is disposed on at least a portion of the swing arm of the vehicle. In another embodiment of the present invention, said at least one auxiliary energy storage device provides an additional source of power for driving the electric motor and further contributing in an extended travelling range and improved performance of the vehicle.

[00023] In one embodiment of the present invention, said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle derived from said existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle by detaching said engine from said swing arm on the vehicle and mounting said at least one supporting structure on said swing arm through said at least one mounting boss being fixedly attached on said at least a portion of the swing arm. [00024] As per one embodiment, in conversion of said existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle into said pure electric vehicle and vice versa, said at least one supporting structure with said at least one auxiliary energy device housed therein is mounted in the space on the swing arm which was previously required for the mounting of said engine in hybrid saddle-type vehicle configuration. Thus, said mounting of said at least one supporting structure adapted to house said at least one auxiliary energy storage device therein enhances the balance of the vehicle by maintaining the rearward position of the vehicle center of gravity of the vehicle and thereby facilitating the desired weight distribution between the front and rear axles of the vehicle. [00025] Referring to one embodiment, at least one supporting structure adapted to hold said at least one auxiliary energy storage device therein is removably mounted to said swing arm of the vehicle such that said at least one supporting structure does not touch said utility box being disposed below the seat assembly, thereby maintaining the optimum storage space of the utility box. Thus, said hybrid saddle-type vehicle is readily converted into said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle through mounting of an additional energy sources in the form of said at least one auxiliary energy storage device on the vehicle without bringing any structural modification in the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle layout.

[00026] It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel electrical drive assembly for said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle which includes said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device. In one embodiment, said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary storage device are adapted to facilitate a long travelling range and improved performance for the vehicle.

[00027] The present invention describes an improved pure electrical saddle-type vehicle which comprises an electric motor that is incorporated into a hub body (or "hub") and drives the hub directly. In one embodiment, the hub-type electric motor comprises a shape corresponding to a hub of the rear wheel. In one embodiment, by utilizing a hub motor, the need for a transmission, driveline, differential, and connecting axles are eliminated. Advantageously, as per one embodiment, said hub motor generate high torque at low rotations per minute (RPM) which translates to less weight, less complexity, and better efficiency. Further, as per one embodiment, the hub-type electric motor being mounted to the rear wheel removes power during regenerative braking to recharge said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device being disposed on the vehicle. As per one embodiment of the present invention, said improved electric vehicle can take the advantage of techniques such as regenerative braking and suspension to recover energy normally lost during braking/road excitation oscillations as electricity to be restored to the on-board said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device.

[00028] In the present invention, said one or more energy storage devices comprises of at least two configurations including a first configuration and a second configuration. In one embodiment, said at least one primary energy storage device and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device comprises of said first configuration including a dimensional ratio between length, height and width which is equal to 1: 1.1: 3.1 with a tolerance range of + 10%. For example, as per one embodiment said at least one primary storage device of predetermined length in the range of 90 mm to 110 mm includes a predetermined height in the range of

99 mm to 121 mm and predetermined width in the range of 279 mm to 331 mm, for example, said at least one primary storage device of predetermined length of

100 mm includes a predetermined height of 110 mm and the predetermined width of 310 mm This specific aspect ratio provides for optimum energy storage density and packaging efficiency in a saddle type vehicle. In another embodiment of the present invention, said second configuration of said one or more energy devices comprises a dimensional ratio between the length, the height and the width which is equal to 1: 1.05: 1.7 with a tolerance range of + 10%. As per the one embodiment of the present invention, at least four of said one or more energy storage devices with the first configuration when taken together is equivalent in size to at least one of said one or more energy storage devices with the second configuration. In one embodiment, the number of energy storage device to be configured into said at least supporting structure ranges from 1 to 6 depending on the net mass balance so as to substantially achieve similar centre of gravity of the vehicle when the vehicle is being changed from one powertrain to other. Moreover, said specified size of said one or more energy storage devices enables ease of service and swapping thereof either individually or together or both individually as well as together, thereby providing an improved solution to the problem of being stranded during riding and resolve all cited problems as well as enable having a flexible architecture platform to offer variety of products with minimum cost impact.

[00029] Further, as per one embodiment of the present invention, the installation of said one or more energy storage devices with one of said at least two configuration depends on the customer requirements for achieving an enhanced vehicle performance such as extending the range of the vehicle by installing an additional said at least one auxiliary energy storage device on the vehicle , design flexibility in at least a portion of the vehicle to accommodate said one or more energy devices therein and one or more variants of the vehicle, for example, the vehicle powered by the engine, the electric motor or both requiring the installation of said one or more energy storage devices on the vehicle. Further, as per one embodiment of the present invention, the installation of said one or more energy storage devices with said first configuration involves simple packaging in the limited available space on the vehicle. [00030] The present invention provides an improved layout of said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle which is derived from said existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle by replacing said engine mounted on the swing arm by said at least one supporting structure. In one embodiment, said at least one mounting boss being fixedly attached through welding to at least a portion of said swing arm to mount said engine in said hybrid saddle-type vehicle configuration is utilized in removably mounting said at least one supporting structure on the vehicle. In another embodiment, said at least one mounting boss being removably attached through fastening to at least a portion of said swing arm to mount said engine in said hybrid saddle-type vehicle configuration is utilized in removably mounting said at least one supporting structure on the vehicle. Thus, as per one embodiment, said hybrid saddle-type vehicle when retrofitted with said at least one supporting structure in said engine mounting space by detaching said engine from swing arm, is converted into said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle. Thus, said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle including said at least one primary energy storage device being disposed below said floorboard portion and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device being mounted on said swing arm provides a long travelling range and improved performance for the vehicle.

[00031] Various other features and advantages of the invention are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings, like reference numbers generally indicate identical, functionally similar, and/or structurally similar elements. The drawing in which an element first appears is indicated by the leftmost digit(s) in the corresponding reference number. With reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein the same reference numerals will be used to identify the same or similar elements throughout the several views. It should be noted that the drawings should be viewed in the direction of orientation of the reference numerals.

[00032] It is to be noted that in the ensuing description, the present invention is usable in a saddle type vehicle exemplified in the form of a hybrid saddle type vehicle. [00033] Further "front" and "rear", and "left" and "right" referred to in the ensuing description of the illustrated embodiment refer to front and rear, and left and right directions as seen in a state of being seated on a seat of the saddle-type vehicle. Furthermore, a longitudinal axis refers to a front to rear axis relative to the vehicle, while a lateral axis refers to a side to side, or left to right axis relative to the vehicle. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.

[00034] With reference to FIG.l, a description is made of a conventional hybrid saddle-type vehicle (hereinafter "vehicle"). The vehicle (1) illustrated, has a low framework structure body frame (2) having a floor board portion (3). The low framework structure body frame (2) includes a head tube (2a), a main tube (2b) and a pair of side frames (2c). Particularly, the main tube (2b) extends downwards from an anterior portion of the head tube (2a) and then extends rearwards in an inclined manner. Thus, the frame (2) extends from a front portion (F) to a rear portion (R) of the vehicle (1) along a vehicle longitudinal direction (AA). The vehicle (1) further includes a plurality of body panels for covering the frame (2) and is mounted thereto. The plurality of body panels includes a front panel (6), a leg shield (8), an under-seat cover (11), and a left and a right-side panel (22). Further, a seat assembly (21) is disposed above said under-seat cover (11), and is mounted to the main tube (2b). A utility box (20) (shown in Fig.2) is disposed below the seat assembly (21). A pillion handle (14) is disposed behind said seat assembly (21). A rear fender (18) for covering at least a portion of a rear wheel (5) is positioned below a fuel tank (not shown). One or more suspension(s)/shock absorbers (17) are provided in the rear portion (R) of said vehicle (1) for comfortable ride. Further, said vehicle (1) comprises of plurality of electrical and electronic components including a headlight (7), a taillight (19), a transistor controlled ignition (TCI) unit (not shown), a starter motor (not shown) and the like. A touch screen LCD unit (not shown) is provided on a handle bar (5) to display various operating modes, power flow pattern and warning signals. A pair of left and right rear view mirrors (4) are mounted on the right and left sides of the handle bar (5). In one embodiment, said vehicle (1) is also provided with hazard lamps (not shown).

[00035] Further in Fig.l, an internal combustion engine (16), hereinafter "engine", is arranged behind said floor board portion (3) and supported between the pair of side frames (2c). Particularly, said internal combustion engine (16) is removably disposed on a swing arm (10) through at least one mounting boss (12), (13) (shown in Fig.4) being fixedly attached therein. The swing arm (10) is attached to a lower portion of the main tube (2b) by means of a toggle link (not shown). The other end of the swing arm (10) holds the rear wheel (5). The rear wheel (5) and the swing arm (10) are connected to the pair of side frames (2c) by a pair of shock absorbers (17) provided on either side of the vehicle (1). Further, said vehicle (1) includes a hub-type electric motor (5a) mounted on a hub of the rear wheel (5). The vehicle (1) is configured to be propelled either by the engine (16) alone or by the electric motor (5a) alone or by both engine (16) and electric motor (5a) simultaneously. At zero vehicle speed, a rider can select any of the following four operating drive modes with the help of a mode switch. The four operating drive modes of the vehicle (1) are: (a) a sole engine mode where engine (16) alone powers the vehicle (1), (b) a sole motor mode where the electric motor (5a) alone powers the vehicle (1), (c) a hybrid power mode wherein the engine (16) and the electric motor(5a) together power the vehicle (1), (d) a hybrid economy mode wherein only the engine (16) or only the electric motor (5a) or both power the hybrid vehicle (1) depending on the vehicle operating conditions. In other words, the rear wheel (5) of the vehicle (1) is driven by either the engine (16) alone or by the motor (5a) alone or by both the engine (16) and the motor (5a) simultaneously. [00036] Fig.2 is a perspective view of a pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle (100) derived from said existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle (1) of Fig.l as per one embodiment of the present invention. In one embodiment, said pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle (100) comprises of said at least one supporting structure (200) adapted to house at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) (shown in Fig.3) and being configured to be removably mounted on the swing arm (10) through at least one mounting boss (12), (13) (shown in Fig.4) being fixedly attached therein, as per one embodiment of the present invention. In one embodiment, said vehicle (100) includes the electric motor (5a) mounted on the hub of the rear wheel (5). As per one embodiment, said vehicle (100) comprises said at least one primary energy storage device (300) configured to supply a primary power to the electric motor (5a) and said at least one primary energy storage device (300) is disposed below said floor board portion (3). In one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure (200) adapted for housing said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) therein, is configured for being removably mounted on at least a portion of said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13).

[00037] Further in Fig.2, referring to one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure (200) adapted to hold said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) therein, is removably mounted to said swing arm (10) on the vehicle such that said at least one supporting structure (200) do not touch said utility box (20) being disposed below the seat assembly (21), thereby maintaining optimum storage capacity of the utility box (20). As per one embodiment, said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) is adapted to supply a secondary power to the electric motor (5a) and said at least one primary energy storage device (300). Further, said at least one primary energy storage device (300) and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) are rechargeable batteries. In one embodiment said at least one primary energy storage device (300) and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) are disposed in a line along the front-rear direction of said vehicle (100).

[00038] Fig. 3 illustrates said at least one supporting structure (200) adapted for housing said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) therein, as per one embodiment of the present invention. As per one embodiment, said vehicle (100) includes the electric motor (5a) mounted on the hub of the rear wheel (5). The swing arm (10) is journaled to the frame (2) and adapted to support the rear wheel (5). In one embodiment, said swing arm (10) includes said at least one mounting boss (12), (13) (shown in Fig.4) fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof. Referring to one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure (200) removably mounted on said swing arm of the vehicle (100) and said hub-type an electric motor (5a) coupled to the rear wheel (5) supplies a rotational driving force to the rear wheel (5). In one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure

(200) includes the bottom wall (204), said pair of left and right side walls (206L), (206R) extending upward from two respective ends of said bottom wall (204) in a vehicle longitudinal direction, said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) extending upward from other two respective ends of said bottom wall (204) in a vehicle width direction and an open top (203). As per one embodiment, said bottom wall (204), said pair of left and right side walls (206L), (206R) and said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) forms the housing portion (203a) structured to hold said at least one auxiliary energy device therein and said open top (203) is configured for accessing said at least one auxiliary energy device

(201) , (202) being enclosed in said housing portion (203a). In one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure (200) comprises at least one holder portion (200b) being integrally formed with at least a portion of one (205f) of said pair of front and rear side walls (205f), (205r) of said at least one supporting structure (200). Further, said at least one holder portion (200b) is adapted for grasping said at least one supporting structure (200) for lifting and maneuvering thereof. Referring to one embodiment, said at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) and said pair of left and right side walls (206L) (206R) is configured to form a first cooling air intake structure (200a) and a second cooling air intake structure (200c), respectively. The first cooling air intake structure (200a) and the second cooling air intake structure (200c) are adapted for guiding air to said at least one auxiliary storage device (201), (202) housed therein. In one embodiment, said at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) comprises one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof. In one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure (200) is configured for being removably mounted on at least a portion of said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13) (shown in Fig.4). In one embodiment, said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) is adapted to supply a secondary power to the electric motor (5a) and said at least one primary energy storage device (300). As per another embodiment, a controller (not shown) mounted on at least a portion of the vehicle for controlling the energy supply to the powertrain for the vehicle. The controller is configured to determine said at least one enrgy storage device of said one or more energy storage devices (300), (201), (202) to be referred to as the primary storage unit based on the requirements. Additionally, the regenerative energy may be directed by the controller to said one or more energy storage devices (300), (201), (202).

[00039] Fig.4 and Fig.5 illustrates an exploded view of said at least one supporting structure (200) being removably mounted on the swing arm (10) though said at least one mounting boss (12), (13). In one embodiment, said swing arm (10) is journaled to the frame (2) and adapted to support the rear wheel (5). The swing arm (10) comprises a pair of lateral support portions (11a), (lib) surrounding a pivot (11), a first arm portion (10a) extending rearwardly from one lateral support portion (11a) of the pair of lateral support portions (11a), (lib), to a position along one lateral side of the rear wheel (5), a second arm portion (10b) extending rearwardly from other lateral support portion (11a) of the pair of lateral support portions (11a), (lib), to a position along other lateral side of the rear wheel (5), a cross-portion (10c) extending in the widthwise direction of the vehicle (1) in order to connect the first arm portion (10a) to the second arm portion (10b) and one or more cross-members (lOd) extending between said first arm portion (10a) and said second arm portion (10b). As per one embodiment, said swing arm (10) includes said at least one mounting boss (12), (13) fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof. As per one embodiment, a first mounting boss (12) of said at least one mounting boss (12), (13) is fixedly attached to at least a portion of said cross-portion (10c) and a pair of second mounting boss (13) of said at least one mounting boss (12), (13) is fixedly attached to at least a portion of said one or more cross-members (lOd). As per one embodiment, said vehicle (100) comprises said at least one supporting structure (200) adapted for housing said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202). In one embodiment, four of said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) are accommodated in at least one supporting structure (200).

[00040] Further, as per one embodiment, said at least one supporting structure (200) is configured for being removably mounted on at least a portion of said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13). Further in one embodiment, said at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) and said pair of left and right side walls (206L) (206R) is configured to form the first cooling air intake structure (200a) and the second cooling air intake structure (200c), respectively. In one embodiment, the first cooling air intake structure (200a) and the second cooling air intake structure (200c) are adapted for guiding air to said at least one auxiliary storage device (202) housed therein. In one embodiment, said at least a portion of said pair of front and rear walls (205f), (205r) (shown in Fig.2) comprises said one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) fixedly attached to at least a portion thereof. In one embodiment, said one or more mounting portions (200d), (200e) includes at least one fastener receiving hole adapted to receive one or more fasteners (200f), (200g) for detachably securing said at least one supporting structure (200) to said swing arm (10) through said at least one mounting boss (12), (13).

[00041] Further in Fig.4 and Fig.5, said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) comprises of at least two configurations including a first configuration (L), (H), (W) (shown in Fig.4) and a second configuration. In one embodiment, said at least one primary energy storage device (300) and said at least one auxiliary energy storage device (201), (202) comprises of said first configuration (L), (H), (W) including a dimensional ratio between length (L), height (H) and width (W) which is equal to 1: 1.1 : 3.1 with a tolerance range of + 10%. In another embodiment of the present invention, said second configuration of said one or more energy devices (201), (202), (300) comprises a dimensional ratio between the length, the height and the width which is equal to 1: 1.05: 1.7 with a tolerance of + 10%. As per the one embodiment of the present invention, at least four of said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) with the first configuration (L), (H), (W) ratio when taken together is equivalent in size to at least one of said one or more energy storage devices (201), (202), (300) with the second configuration as per another embodiment of the present invention.

[00042] It is advantageous to provide an improved pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle which can be readily derived from the conventional hybrid saddle-type vehicle without bringing any structural modification in the existing hybrid saddle-type vehicle layout. Further, as per one embodiment of the present invention, said improved pure electrically-driven saddle-type vehicle comprises a hub-type electric motor mounted at the hub of the rear wheel which removes power during regenerative braking to recharge said at least one primary energy storage device and / or said at least one auxiliary energy storage device being disposed on the vehicle. Further, advantageously, the mounting of said at least one supporting structure with said at least one auxiliary energy storage device provides an additional source of power for driving the vehicle electric motor, thereby providing long travelling range and improved performance for the vehicle.

[00043] Improvements and modifications may be incorporated herein without deviating from the scope of the invention.