Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
SYNTHETIC ROPE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/170373
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A synthetic rope (20) comprises a core (22) and at least a first layer surrounding the core (22). The first layer has first layer strands (26). The core has a fluted outer surface with spaced apart helical concave grooves. Each of these grooves contacts one of the first layer strands (26). The grooves have a radius of curvature (24) that is greater than the radius of curvature (14) of a circle having a same diameter as the contacting first layer strand before twisting.

Inventors:
HUNTER, Timothy (8 Keir ST, Pollockshields, Glasgow G41 2NW, G41 2NW, GB)
WANG, Pengzhu (44 Middlefield Road, Doncaster DN4 7EA, Doncaster DN4 7EA, DN4 7EA, GB)
Application Number:
EP2019/053422
Publication Date:
September 12, 2019
Filing Date:
February 12, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
BRIDON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED (Icon Building First Point Balby Carr Bank, Doncaster South Yorkshire DN4 5JQ, DN4 5JQ, GB)
International Classes:
D07B1/02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MESSELY, Marc (Bekaertstraat 2, 8550 ZWEVEGEM, 8550, BE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A synthetic rope comprising

a core and

at least a first layer surrounding said core,

said first layer having first layer strands,

said core having a fluted outer surface with spaced apart helical concave grooves,

each of said grooves contacting one of said first layer strands, said grooves having a radius of curvature that is greater than the radius of curvature of a circle the same cross-section as the cross- section of a first layer strand.

2. The synthetic rope of claim 1 ,

wherein said core comprises convex curves between said concave grooves.

3. The synthetic rope of claim 1 or claim 2,

said core comprising a core load bearing member and a core coating.

4. The synthetic rope of claim 3,

said core cover being an extruded layer.

5. The synthetic rope of claim 3 or claim 4,

said core load bearing member being a synthetic strand or synthetic rope. 6. The synthetic rope of claim 5,

said synthetic strand being a braided construction.

7. The synthetic rope of claim 5,

said synthetic strand being a wire laid strand.

8. The synthetic rope of claim 3 or claim 4,

said reinforcing member being a solid cylindrical member.

9. The synthetic rope according to any one of the preceding claims,

said rope comprising a second layer surrounding said first layer.

10. The synthetic rope according to claim 9,

said rope comprising a third layer surrounding said second layer.

11.The synthetic rope according to claim 10, wherein said said second layer second layer strands and said third layer comprises third layer strands, some of said first layer strands, second layer strands and third layer strands each have a braided or extruded cover.

12. The synthetic rope according to claim 10 or claim 11 , wherein said first layer, said second layer and said third layer may have a braided or extruded cover. 13. The synthetic rope according to any one of the preceding claims,

said rope comprising high strength polymer fibres.

Description:
Title: SYNTHETIC ROPE

Description

Technical Field

[0001] The invention relates to a synthetic rope, and more particularly, to a

synthetic rope where the load-bearing elements are man-made synthetic fibres of polymer origin.

Background Art

[0002] High demands are put on synthetic ropes that are designed, for example, for use on winches and cranes. The breaking load is expected to increase as well as the radial stiffness and the load shearing and strength conversion efficiency. As a result, attempts are being made to improve the fill factor. Higher fill factors or higher packing factors, however, lead to increased radial contacts of the various elements in a rope. These increased radial contacts may ultimately lead to increased abrasion and increased fretting and consequently reduced fatigue resistance.

[0003] US 1 ,868,681 discloses a rope comprising a plurality of strands of flexible material like Manila hemp fibres around a rubber core. The rubber core increases the elasticity of the rope and extends the life of the rope by cushioning and protecting the fibres.

Disclosure of Invention

[0004] It is a general object of the invention to avoid the drawbacks of the prior art.

[0005] It is a particular object of the invention to improve the life time of a

synthetic rope.

[0006] It is a specific object of the invention to decrease interaction along radial direction between elements in a synthetic rope. [0007] According to the invention, there is provided a synthetic rope comprising a core and at least a first layer surrounding the core. The first layer has first layer strands. The core has a fluted outer surface with spaced apart helical concave grooves. Each of the grooves contacts one of the first layer strands. The radius of curvature of the grooves is greater than the radius of curvature of a circle having the same cross-section as the cross- section of a first layer strand.

[0008] The terms“synthetic rope” refer to a rope where the strength or load- bearing elements are synthetic fibres, preferably man-made synthetic fibres of polymer nature or carbon fibres or basalt fibres.

[0009] The use of this fluted core with concave grooves has the advantage of reducing wear between and within the various first layer strands. [0010] A fluted core with helical concave grooves is known in the prior art of steel wire ropes. US-A-5,269,128, EP-B1 -0 652 989, US-A-5,797,254 and GB- A-2 320 933 (all of Bridon pic) disclose various embodiments of a fluted core member with helical grooves. The round steel strands of the steel wire ropes are accommodated in the groves. The profile of the grooves conforms closely to the shape of the steel strands and maximizes the area of contact with the steel strands. Applying this prior art type of fluted core member, however, would decrease the cross-section area available for load bearing fibres. [0011 ] According to a particular embodiment of the invention, the fluted core

comprises convex curves between the concave grooves.

[0012] THE CORE

[0013] The core is not hollow and, preferably, the core comprises a core load bearing member and, such as an independent fibre rope core (IFRC) which is equivalent to an independent wire rope core (IWRC) in wire ropes and, most preferably, a core cover such as sheathing. As this preferable embodiment of the core is also load bearing, this further increases the breaking load and tensile strength of the synthetic rope. [0014] The core with the fluted geometry is preferably made in advance, prior to the rope manufacturing. This means that the presence of the concave grooves is not the result of the core material flowing as a result of the surrounding layer strands. Instead the grooves provide a solid basis for the surrounding layer strands to avoid them from chafing against each other.

[0015] Suitable materials for the core are polymers like polypropylene,

polyethylene and polyester or an elastomer. Polyeolefins, high density polyethylene, polypropylene and polyethylene copolymers are preferred as they provide more strength to the core.

[0016] EXTRUDED LAYER

In a preferable embodiment of the invention, this core sheathing is an extruded layer.

[0017] The material of the extruded layer may be a homopolymer or a copolymer; a thermoplastic (plastomer), an elastomer and a thermoplastic elastomer, for example polyester copolymer under the commercial name of HYTREL ® and ARNITEL ® and ethylene octane copolymer under the commercial name of EXACT ® .

[0018] The core load bearing member may be a synthetic strand or a synthetic rope.

This synthetic strand may be a braided construction, which has the advantage of being torsion free.

This synthetic strand may also be a wire laid strand, which has the advantage of providing a higher strength and a higher fatigue resistance.

[0019] The load bearing member inside the core may also be a solid cylindrical or tubular member. This tubular member may be made of a material that is harder than the material of the extruded layer so that it provides more stiffness to the core.

[0020] Alternatively, the load bearing core member may be an extruded fluted core of single solid polymer material having grooves with a radius of curvature as described above. The solid core may have an orientated structure which comprised elongated crystals orientated in the axial direction of the core.

[0021] The synthetic rope according to the invention may have a second layer surrounding the first layer. The synthetic rope may also have a third layer surrounding the second layer.

[0022] The second layer may comprise second layer strands. The third layer may comprise third layer strands. Some of the first layer strands, second layer strands or third layer strands each may have a braided or extruded strand cover. This strand cover has the advantage of compacting the enveloped strands and of mitigating abrasion with neighbouring strands.

[0023] As alternative to the braided or extruded strand cover on some or all of the first layer strands, second layer strands or third layer strands, or in addition to this braided or extruded strand cover, the first layer as a whole, the second layer as a whole (if any) and the third layer as a whole (if any) may have a braided or extruded layer cover. This layer cover has the advantage of compacting the enveloped layers and of mitigating fretting between successive layers.

[0024] The synthetic rope according to the invention comprises synthetic fibres.

[0025] SYNTHETIC FIBRE

[0026] The invention is applicable for all types of synthetic fibres of polymer

nature currently used in ropes. Examples of such fibres are polyamide fibres, polyester fibres, polyolefin fibres such as polypropylene and polyethylene fibres, and particularly high strength synthetic fibres such as high strength polypropylene (HSPP), high modulus polyethylene (HMPE) also known as ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMwPE), para- aramid fibres such as poly(P-phenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA) fibres, liquid crystal polyester (LCP/LCAP), poly(P-phenylene-2,6- benzobisoxazole) (PBO), meta-aramid fibres such as poly (m-phenylene isophthalamide fibres, copolyamide fibres of (terephthaloyl chloride, P- phenylenediamine, 3,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether), normally referred to as "copolymer aramid").

The polymer materials may be present not only in fibre format but also in other longitudinal format such as a tape, filament and rods.

Various different fibres may also be combined in one assembled yarn, strand and / or in one rope.

Brief Description of Figures in the Drawings

[0027] Figure 1 is a conceptual drawing explaining the difference between a fluted core member of a steel wire rope and a fluted core member of a synthetic rope according to the invention.

[0028] Figure 2 is a cross-section of a first embodiment according to the

invention.

[0029] Figure 3 is a cross-section of a second embodiment according to the

invention.

[0030] Figure 4 is a cross-section of a third embodiment according to the

invention.

[0031] Figure 5 is a cross-section of a fourth embodiment according to the

invention.

Mode(s) for Carrying Out the Invention

[0032] Referring to Figure 1 , the difference between a fluted core member of a steel wire rope and a fluted core member of a synthetic rope according to the invention is explained.

Take as starting point a hypothetical steel wire rope 10 having a fluted core member 12 with helical concave grooves, shown in dotted lines. The grooves follow the contours of the round steel wire strands. Each groove has a radius of curvature 14 that is about equal to the radius of the circumscribing circle of the steel strands 15, which is half the so-called tube diameter or equivalent diameter.

On the one hand, for a synthetic rope, this small radius of curvature 14 is not needed, even not desired.

On the other hand, for a synthetic rope a core with only convex parts may need to be avoided to prevent strands from shifting and abrading against one another. The wedge packing of the first layer strands leads to very small radii in the corners of those strands. An objective of the concave curves is to increase these radii.

In contrast with steel ropes, the radius of curvature 16 for the grooves of a fluted core member for synthetic ropes is greater than the radius of curvature 14, e.g. 10% greater, preferably 20% or more preferably 30% or 40% greater than the radius of curvature 14.

A fluted member that is adapted for synthetic ropes is shown in full lines on Figure 1. Between the equally spaced concave grooves 17, convex parts 18 may be present. [0033] Figure 2 shows a first embodiment of a synthetic rope 20 according to the invention.

The synthetic rope 20 has a fluted solid core member 22 with spaced apart concave helical grooves with a radius of curvature 24 that is greater than in the case of a steel wire rope. One single layer of first layer strands 26 surrounds the core 22, each first layer strand 26 fits in one concave groove.

[0034] Figure 3 shows a second embodiment of a synthetic rope 30 according to the invention.

This synthetic rope 30 has a fluted core member with concave spaced apart helical grooves. The core member has a load bearing member in the form of a synthetic strand with a core 31 and a surrounding layer 32 of six synthetic elements. The core 31 and the layer 32 are covered with an extruded layer 33 of a polymer material that gives the grooved shape to the core. The helical shape can be provided either by a rotating extrusion die or by having the fluted core rotating when twisting the surrounding strands. The concave grooves of the core have a radius of curvature 34 that is greater than in case of a steel wire rope; as explained in Figure 1. A layer of synthetic first layer strands 35 surrounds the core member.

Each such strand 35 is accommodated in a groove of the core thereby avoiding shifting of the first layer strands 35 and thus mitigating fretting. A layer of synthetic second layer strands 36 surrounds the first layer.

[0035] Figure 4 shows a cross-section of a third embodiment of a synthetic rope 40 according to the invention.

The core of this synthetic rope 40 has a cylindrical member 41 and an extruded layer 42 provided with helical grooves. A layer of synthetic first layer strands 43 surrounds the core. Each first layer strand 43 is enveloped with a braided cover 44. As an alternative to the braided cover

44, an extruded layer may be provided around each first layer strand 43.

A layer of synthetic second layer strands 45 surrounds the first layer. Although not shown on Figure 4, a braided cover or an extruded layer may be provided also around some or all of the synthetic second layer strands

45.

[0036] Figure 5 shows a cross-section of a fourth embodiment of a synthetic rope 50 according to the invention.

This synthetic rope 50 has a fluted core member with concave spaced apart helical grooves. The core member has a load bearing member in the form of a synthetic strand with a core 51 and a surrounding layer 52 of six synthetic elements. The core 51 and the layer 52 are coated with an extruded layer 53 of a polymer material that gives the grooved shape to the core. The grooves have a radius of curvature 54 that is greater than in the case of steel wire strands, as explained in Figure 1. A layer of first layer strands 55 surrounds the core. Each first layer strand 55 fits in a groove of the core. A layer of second layer strands 56 surrounds the first layer and a layer of third layer strands 57 surrounds the second layer. A braided cover 58 envelops the first layer thereby mitigating contact and abrasion between the first layer and the second layer and at the same time keeping torsions of the first layer limited. Instead of a braided cover 58, an extruded layer may be provided around the first layer.

Although not shown on Figure 5, a braided cover or an extruded layer may also be provided around the second layer.

[0037] Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4 and Figure 5 show embodiments of synthetic ropes 20, 30, 40, 50 with one, two or three layers. Each of these layers is shown with a particular number of strands. The invention, however, is not limited to the number of strands shown.

[0038] A synthetic rope according to the present invention may be used, for

example, on winches and cranes and other pulling and hoisting devices e.g. abandonment and recovery (A&R), knuckle boom crane, riser pull in, riser tensioners, drag shovel hoist, anchor lines and deep shaft hoisting drum and friction winding applications. In these applications, particular demands are placed on a rope as it passes over sheaves and pulleys, is wound under tension onto a drum containing multiple layers or is progressively loaded by friction through a traction drive. The design of the synthetic rope of the present invention enables it to be integrated onto such systems designed for steel wire rope with minimal system

modification and reduces internal wear and fretting mechanisms, where duty cycles or tensions are high.

[0039] Reference Numbers

10 hypothetical rope with cylindrical strands

12 rope core

13 round steel wire strands

14 radius of curvature of circle circumscribing the steel strands

15 circle circumscribing round steel wire strands

16 radius of curvature of invention grooves in core member

17 invention groove

18 convex part between grooves 20 synthetic rope of first embodiment

22 solid core

24 radius of curvature of grooves of solid core 26 first layer strand

30 synthetic rope of second embodiment

31 core of reinforcing core member

32 layer of reinforcing core member

33 extruded layer

34 radius of curvature of groove in extrusion layer

35 1 st layer strand

36 2 nd layer strand

40 synthetic rope of third embodiment

41 tubular core member

42 extruded layer

43 1 st layer strand

44 braided cover surrounding 1 st layer strand

45 2 nd layer strand

50 synthetic rope of fourth embodiment

51 core of reinforcing core member

52 layer of reinforcing core member

53 extruded layer

54 radius of curvature of groove in extrusion layer

55 1 st layer strand

56 2 nd layer strand

57 3 rd layer strand

58 braided cover enveloping the layer of first strands