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Title:
SYSTEM FOR EXCITATION OF ELECTRONS FOR GENERATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/043513
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are directed towards a system for generation of electrical energy comprising a solar radiation collector; and an electric charge generating system whereby the electric charge generating system is configured to induce electrical excitation in the solar radiation collector. In one embodiment, the electric charge generating system is configured to facilitate harvesting of the telluric current for the generation of the electrical energy. In another embodiment, the electric charge generating system is configured to facilitate harvesting of the atmospheric ions for the generation of the electrical energy. In another embodiment, the electric charge generating system is configured to facilitate harvesting of the electrons that are produced as a metabolite by electrochemically active microorganisms present naturally in the soil for the generation of the electrical energy. Furthermore, the electric charge generating system is configured to induce electrical excitation in a solar radiation collector to facilitate the generation of the electrical energy.

Inventors:
BEJJU, Shailendra (8-2-120/114/A/1, Flat No. 101 C Block, Srinilaya Asian Manor,,Near TDP Office, Road No. 2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 4, 500034, IN)
Application Number:
IB2018/056343
Publication Date:
March 07, 2019
Filing Date:
August 22, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BEJJU, Shailendra (8-2-120/114/A/1, Flat No. 101 C Block, Srinilaya Asian Manor,,Near TDP Office, Road No. 2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 4, 500034, IN)
International Classes:
H01L31/053; H01L31/02; H01M8/16; H01M14/00; H01Q1/28; H02J7/35
Foreign References:
US20170133856A12017-05-11
RU2355074C12009-05-10
US20120119590A12012-05-17
US20110236724A12011-09-29
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Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A system for generation of electrical energy comprising:

a solar radiation collector; and

an electric charge generating system, whereby the electric charge generating system is connected to the solar radiation collector and is configured to induce an electrical excitation in the solar radiation collector.

2. The system of claim 1, wherein the electric charge generating system comprises of:

an electrolyte, wherein the electrolyte is configured to facilitate harvesting of the telluric currents;

a plurality of first electrodes, wherein the plurality of first electrodes is surrounded by the electrolyte; and

a plurality of second electrodes, wherein the plurality of second electrodes is surrounded by the electrolyte and the plurality of second electrodes is connected to the corresponding plurality of first electrodes.

3. The system of claim 2, wherein the plurality of first electrodes and the plurality of second electrodes are configured to harvest a larger amount of telluric currents nearer to the Earth's core.

4. The system of claim 1, wherein the electric charge generating system comprises of:

an inflatable object;

a conductive cord, wherein the conductive cord is configured to tether the inflatable object;

a static electric charge collector, wherein the static electric charge collector is connected to the conductive cord and the static electric charge collector is configured to facilitate harvesting of atmospheric ions.

5. The system of claim 3, wherein the conductive cord is configured to allow modification in the altitude at which the inflatable object is suspended in the atmosphere.

6. The system of claim 3, wherein the conductive cords is configured to harvest a larger number of atmospheric ions at a higher altitude.

7. The system of claim 1, wherein the electric charge generating system comprises of: a plurality of electrolytes, wherein the plurality of electrolytes facilitate harvesting of electrons produced by microorganisms;

a plurality of first electrodes, wherein the plurality of first electrodes is surrounded by the plurality of electrolytes;

a plurality of second electrodes, wherein the plurality of second electrodes is surrounded by the plurality of electrolytes and the plurality of second electrodes is connected to the corresponding plurality of first electrodes; and

a plurality of casings, wherein the plurality of casings are configured to enclose the first plurality of electrodes, the second plurality of electrodes and the plurality of electrolytes.

8. The system of claim 7, wherein the number of electrons harvested from the plurality of electrolytes are proportional to a number of the plurality of second electrodes in connection with a corresponding number of the plurality of first electrodes.

Description:
"SYSTEM FOR EXCITATION OF ELECTRONS FOR GENERATION OF

ELECTRICAL ENERGY"

TECHNICAL FIELD

[001] The disclosed subject matter relates generally to generation of electrical energy in a power plant. More particularly, the disclosed subject matter relates to a system for inducing electrical excitation in a solar radiation collector for the generation of electrical energy.

BACKGROUND

[001] Conventionally, non-renewable energy based power plants have been entrusted with generation and distribution of electrical energy throughout the world. However, application of these resources have had severe deleterious effects on the Earth's atmosphere. These deleterious effects range from emission of harmful greenhouse gases to creation of non-processable land waste. Fortunately, increased awareness about the deleterious effects of use of non-renewable energy resources has led to development of alternate energy generation methods.

[002] The most popular alternatives that have been exploited for energy generation in the recent years include wind energy, hydro energy, solar energy etc. Though, available in abundance, application of renewable resources for energy generation does have its own limitations. Firstly, their application requires setting up cost-intensive plants that require enormous area that should be specifically demarcated in a location that is abundant in the said energy resource. Secondly, the plant might be underutilized due to time-bound availability of some renewable energy resources, for example, sunlight. Recently some advancements have been made to optimize the use of these power plants, however they are still in nascent stages. Power plants based on renewable energy resources cannot become a viable power generation alternative as long as their intermittent nature is not addressed.

[003] In the light of aforementioned discussion there exists a need for a system and method that can effectively address the shortcomings discussed above. BRIEF SUMMARY

[004] The following presents a simplified summary of the disclosure in order to provide a basic understanding to the reader. This summary is not an extensive overview of the disclosure and it does not identify key/critical elements of the disclosure or delineate the scope of the disclosure. Its sole purpose is to present some concepts disclosed herein in a simplified form as a prelude to the more detailed description that is presented later.

[005] An objective of the present disclosure is directed towards a system that is configured to induce electrical excitation in a solar radiation collector. The solar radiation collector may include a solar panel or any other device that is configured to generate electrical energy by utilizing electromagnetic radiation from the sun.

[006] Another objective of the present disclosure is directed towards a system that facilitates a solar energy based power plant to generate electrical energy in the absence of electromagnetic radiation from the sun.

[007] Another objective of the present disclosure is directed towards a system that facilitates harvesting of electric currents that move through the Earth's surface.

[008] Another objective of the present disclosure is directed towards a system that facilitates harvesting of atmospheric ions that are present in the Earth's atmosphere.

[009] Another objective of the present disclosure is directed towards a system that facilitates harvesting of electrons that are produced as a metabolite by electrochemically active microorganisms present naturally in the soil.

[0010] Another objective of the present disclosure is directed towards optimizing the efficiency of a power plant.

[0011] Another objective of the present disclosure is directed towards facilitating harvesting of natural resources for power generation.

[0012] An exemplary aspect of the present subject matter is directed towards a system for generation of electrical energy comprising a solar radiation collector; and an electric charge generating system whereby the electric charge generating system is configured to induce electrical excitation in the solar radiation collector.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0013] Other objects and advantages of the present disclosure will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals have been used to designate like elements, and wherein:

[0014] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a system that is configured to generate electrical energy on exposure to an electromagnetic radiation.

[0015] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the system that is configured to generate electrical energy on being subjected to electrical excitation by an electric charge generating system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0016] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an exemplary electric charge generating system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0017] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an exemplary electric charge generating system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0018] FIG. 5 is a block diagram of an exemplary electric charge generating system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0019] It is to be understood that the present disclosure is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The present disclosure is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.

[0020] The use of "including", "comprising" or "having" and variations thereof herein is meant to encompass the items listed thereafter and equivalents thereof as well as additional items. The terms "a" and "an" herein do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one of the referenced item. Further, the use of terms "first", "second", and "third", and the like, herein do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another. 1] Referring to FIG. 1, is a diagram 100, illustrating a system 102 that is configured to generate electrical energy on exposure to an electromagnetic radiation 112. The system 102 comprises of a solar radiation collector 104, an energy storage unit 106, a power conditioning unit 108, and a distribution unit 110. The solar radiation collector 104 comprises of an array of panels that may be configured to accommodate an array of photovoltaic modules within its structure. The panel may include a monocrystalline panel, a polycrystalline panel, a thin film panel, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The photovoltaic modules may be constructed using diametrically charged semiconductor materials that may include silicon, copper indium diselenide, cadmium telluride, gallium arsenide, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The diametric charges may be induced in the semiconductor materials by doping them with impurities. These impurities may include phosphorus, boron, indium, arsenic, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The introduction of impurities may influence the electrical charge and conductivity of the semiconductor material. On exposure to the electromagnetic radiation, the electrons in the semiconductor material may move up to an excited state from their initial ground state. This change of state of electrons may facilitate generation of the electrical energy. The energy storage unit 106 may include eutectic mixtures, molten salts, miscibility gap alloys, concrete, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The energy storage unit 106 may be configured to store the auxiliary energy. The energy storage unit 106 may further be configured to release the auxiliary energy to facilitate its conversion to electrical energy. The power conditioning unit 108 may be configured to condition the energy being released from the solar radiation collector 104 and the energy storage unit 106. The power conditioning unit 108 may include a step-up regulator, a step-down regulator, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The distribution unit 110 may be configured to distribute the electrical energy generated by the system 102.

[0022] Referring to Fig. 2, is a block diagram 200, illustrating the system 102 that is configured to generate the electrical energy on being subjected to electrical excitation by an electric charge generating system 202, according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The electric charge generating system 202 may be configured to harvest telluric currents, atmospheric ions, electrons produced by electrochemically active microorganisms, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The telluric currents may include natural electric currents that flow within the Earth's surface and oceans. The telluric currents may further include geodynamo currents that facilitate the generation of permanent magnetic field in the Earth's core. They may further include electric currents that originate from artificial man-made systems. The atmospheric ions may include the naturally occurring airborne ions that are present in the Earth's atmosphere. The electric charge generating system 202 may be connected to the solar radiation collector 104 and a resistor 204. The resistor 204 may include a linear resistor, a non-linear resistor, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. In one embodiment, the electric charge generating system 202 may be configured to induce electrical excitation in the solar radiation collector 104 of the system 102 in the absence of electromagnetic radiation 112. In another embodiment, the electric charge generating system 202 may be configured to induce the electrical excitation in the solar radiation collector 104 of the system 102 in the presence of electromagnetic radiation 112.

[0023] Referring to Fig. 3, is a block diagram 300, illustrating an exemplary embodiment of the electric charge generating system 202 that is configured to harvest the telluric currents. The electric charge generating system 202 may comprise of a multitude of first electrodes 304a, 304b, 304c, 304d, a multitude of second electrodes 306a, 306b, 306c, 306d and an electrolyte 308. Furthermore, the electric charge generating system 202 may be connected to the solar radiation collector 104 and the resistor 204. The first electrodes 304a-304d and the second electrodes 306a-306d may be structured out of metals of dissimilar nature and may be surrounded by the electrolyte 308. The metals may include copper, iron, zinc, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The first electrodes 304a-304d and the second electrodes 306a-306d may be diametrically charged. For example, the first electrodes 304a-304d may carry a positive charge and the second electrodes 306a-306d may carry a negative charge. The first electrodes 304a-304d and the second electrodes 306a-306d may be connected through a series connection or through a parallel connection. The first electrodes 304a-304d and the second electrodes 306a-306d may further be configured to harvest a larger amount of telluric currents as they approach the Earth's core. The electrolyte 308 may include top most layer of the Earth's surface, sea water, and the like, without limiting the scope of the invention. The electrolyte 308 may facilitate the first electrodes 304a-304d and the second electrodes 306a-306d to harvest the telluric currents from the electrolyte 308 and generate the electrical energy. The electrical energy hereby generated may in turn induce excitation in the solar radiation collector 104. The electrical excitation may cause the electrons in the semiconductor material of the solar radiation collector 104 to move up to an excited state from their initial ground state. This change of state of electrons may facilitate further generation of the electrical energy that may be distributed by the distribution unit 110. 4] Referring to Fig. 4, is a block diagram 400, illustrating an exemplary embodiment of the electric charge generating system 202 that is configured to harvest the atmospheric ions. In an exemplary embodiment, the electric charge generating system 202 may comprise of an inflatable object 402, a static electric charge collector 404 and, a conductive cord 406. The conductive cord 406 may be fixed to the Earth's surface 408. Furthermore, the electric charge generating system 202 may be connected to the solar radiation collector 104 and the resistor 204. The inflatable object 402 may include flexible bags or pouches that may be configured to be inflated with any gaseous substance. The gaseous substance may be lighter in weight than the air surrounding the inflatable object 402 in order to allow its sustained suspension in the atmosphere. The static electric charge collector 404 may be connected to the conductive cord 406. The static electric charge collector 404 may be configured to collect a multitude of static electric charges 410 from the atmosphere. The conductive cord 406 may be configured to tether the inflatable object 402 to the Earth's surface 408. The conductive cord 406 may further be configured to provide a pathway for the static electric charges 410 to facilitate the production of electrical energy. The conductive cord 406 may further be configured to allow modification in the altitude at which the inflatable object 402 may be suspended in the atmosphere. The conductive cord 406 may further be configured to harvest a larger number of atmospheric ions at a higher altitude to generate the electrical energy. The electrical energy hereby generated may in turn induce excitation in the solar radiation collector 104. The electrical excitation may cause the electrons in the semiconductor material of the solar radiation collector 104 to move up to an excited state from their initial ground state. This change of state of electrons may facilitate further generation of the electrical energy that may be distributed by the distribution unit 110. 5] Referring to FIG. 5, is a block diagram 500, illustrating an exemplary embodiment of the electric charge generating system 202 that is configured to harvest the electrons produced as a metabolite by electrochemically active microorganisms present naturally in the soil. The electrochemically active microorganisms may include Shewanella oneidensis, Rhodoferax ferrireducens, Geobacter sulfurreducens, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. In an exemplary embodiment, the electric charge generating system 202 may comprise of a multitude of casings 502a, 502b, 502c, a multitude of first electrodes 504a, 504b, 504c, a multitude of second electrodes 506a, 506b, 506c and a multitude of electrolytes 508a, 508b, 508c. Furthermore, the electric charge generating system 202 may be connected to the solar radiation collector 104 and the resistor 204. The casings 502a-502c may be configured to enclose, the first electrodes 504a-504c, the second electrodes 506a- 506c and the electrolytes 508a-508c. The first electrodes 504a-504c and the second electrodes 506a-506c may be structured out of metals of dissimilar nature and may be surrounded by the electrolytes 508a-508c. The metals may include copper, iron, zinc, and the like, without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The first electrodes 504a- 504c and the second electrodes 506a-506c may be diametrically charged. For example, the first electrodes 504a-504c may carry a positive charge and the second electrodes 506a-506c may carry a negative charge. The first electrodes 504a-504c and the second electrodes 506a-506c may be connected through a series connection or through a parallel connection. The electrolytes 508a-508c may include moist dirt, moist soil, and the like, without limiting the scope of the invention. The electrolytes 508a-508c may facilitate the first electrodes 504a-504c and the second electrodes 506a-506c to harvest the electrons produced by the microorganisms present in the electrolytes 508a-508c to generate the electrical energy. In one embodiment, the number of electrons harvested from the electrolytes 508a-508c may be increased by increasing the number of electrodes connected in the electric charge generating system 202. The electrical energy hereby generated may in turn induce excitation in the solar radiation collector 104. The electrical excitation may cause the electrons in the semiconductor material of the solar radiation collector 104 to move up to an excited state from their initial ground state. This change of state of electrons may facilitate further generation of the electrical energy that may be distributed by the distribution unit 110.

[0026] Although the present disclosure has been described in terms of certain preferred embodiments and illustrations thereof, other embodiments and modifications to preferred embodiments may be possible that are within the principles and spirit of the disclosure. The above descriptions and figures are therefore to be regarded as illustrative and not restrictive.

[0027] Thus the scope of the present disclosure is defined by the appended claims and includes both combinations and sub combinations of the various features described herein above as well as variations and modifications thereof, which would occur to persons skilled in the art upon reading the foregoing description.