Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLINICAL QUALITY AND SAFETY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/178028
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The system and method in accordance with the invention accepts a treatment order from a clinician, which is captured as data. The order data identifies, at a minimum, the patient to be treated, and the treatment to be administered. Additional data may be included. The data is transmitted to one or more fulfillment centers based on supply availability. The supplies are tagged with an information-carrying facet and transported to the patient point of care. At the patient point of care the supplies' data tag, the order date and the patient identity is verified. If verification is correct then the supplies are used to treat the patient. The process may be monitored and/or audited.

Inventors:
VALK, Jeffrey (68 Harrison Avenue, Floor 6Boston, Massachusetts, 02111, US)
ROBERTELLI, Glenn (68 Harrison Avenue, Floor 6Boston, Massachusetts, 02111, US)
Application Number:
US2019/021758
Publication Date:
September 19, 2019
Filing Date:
March 12, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
ADMETSYS CORPORATION (68 Harrison Avenue, Floor 6Boston, Massachusetts, 02111, US)
International Classes:
G06Q10/10; G06Q40/08; G16H10/00; G16H20/13
Foreign References:
US20060125356A12006-06-15
US20120303388A12012-11-29
US20150250948A12015-09-10
US20090167531A12009-07-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
WRIGLEY, Barbara A. (FOX ROTHSCHILD LLP, 997 Lenox Drive Bldg. #, Lawrenceville New Jersey, 08648, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed:

1. A method for clinical quality and safety control comprising: providing a processing unit having memory including one or more of patient information, known treatments for disease states, information regarding availability of supplies in one or more fulfillment centers, treatment diagnoses, outcomes, quality, environmental data and regulatory; initiatmg and accepting a first treatment order from a clinician relative to a first patient and a first treatment order including at least one or more medications or other supplies; cross-referencing the first treatment order with the information stored in the processing unit memory and verifying the first patient to be treated and the first treatment to be administered to the first patient by the processing unit; communicating by the processing unit the first treatment order for the first patient through one or more networks to an order management system operated by a fulfillment center, a selection of the fulfillment center based on information stored in memory regarding an availability at the fulfillment center supplies and medications contained in the first treatment order; tagging the ordered supplies with an information-carrying facet containing appropriate patient and administration information based on information contained in the first treatment order; transporting the ordered supplies to a patient point of care; scanning the information-carrying facet into a computing mechanism that communicates via one or more networks with the processing unit and again verifying the information with the first treatment order stored in memory in the processing unit; creating a first electronic administration record associated with the first treatment order for the first patient and making the electronic record accessible through the one or more networks, the electronic record including at least (i) the administration schedule of the first medication for the first patient including dosage and frequency; and (ii) communicating via the networks the first electronic administration record associated with the first medication for the first patient in the processing unit.

2. The method for clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 wherein the supplies in the first treatment order are cross-referenced by the processing unit with the disease state data stored in memory and verified by the processing unit for compatibility in treating the identified patient disease state,

3. The method for clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 wherein the order management system is integrated with the processing unit or located remote from the processing unit, the order management system accessible through the one or more networks.

4. The method for clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 further comprising ensuring the first treatment order is authorized after initiating and accepting the first treatment order from the clinician.

5, The method for clinical quality and safety control of claim 4 further comprising ensuring the first treatment order is authorized by presenting it to the clinician for review.

6 The method for clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 further comprising tagging the first treatment order with appropriate environmental data,

7 The method for clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 wherein said first treatment order is encrypted prior to, during or upon receipt by the order management system.

8. The method of clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 wherein said supplies are verified by the processing unit using the information-carrying facet for compatibility with a method of administration. 9 The method of clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 wherein upon receipt of the first electronic administration record by the processing unit, causing the processing unit to cross-reference the administration method with at least one of the first treatment order and other information stored in memory to verify compatibility.

10 The method of clinical quality and safety control of claim 1 wherein the steps repeated for multiple patients.

Description:
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLINICAL QUALITY AND SAFETY

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0101] Hiss invention relates to the delivery of medications within a hospital or clinical seting. More particularly, this invention relates to the quality and safety of the delivery of medications within a hospital or clinical setting.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[qίM)21 In a hospital or clinical setting, quality and safety of medication delivery is commonly the responsibility of the pharmacist This assignment is rife with structural challenges. For example, pharmacists have relatively infrequent contact with the patient, and both the initiation and administration of a medication order is put of their direct control Quality assurance of this life-sustaining function is therefore dependent on reliable information, a proposition which remains highly stressful and challenging for all involved

[0003] Today, medication workflow is similar to the following: A physician prescribes a medication and an associated administration regimen for a patient, often handwritten on paper. The pharmacist interprets this, fills the order, and sends it to the floor. A nurse must then administer the medication to the correct patient, in the correct dosage, with the correct frequency, at the correct time, for the correct duration. Information about what was done, when, and by whom must be recorded by each party; and the pharmacist must certify all steps have been performed as required,

[0004] This process is cumbersome, unreliable, and has consequences for patient safety, security, legal liability and exposure, dependability of recordkeeping, clinical efficiency, and cost of care, among others,

[§§§5J What is needed therefor is an integrated set of tools designed to manage medication and associated information flows that includes controls that minimize error in the processes involved in the delivery, management, dispensing and administering the medications. The impact of such tools need not he confined to medication-related treatment, though. Similar benefits may be obtained in managing therapies that do not use medication, hut have similar workflows. Likewise, such benefits may be obtained for workflows in which supplies or materials are required for other purposes such as diagnostic use, hygiene and sanitation, patient comfort, quality control, maintenance, recordkeeping, compliance.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF TEE INVENTION

101)061 A system and method for clinical quality and safety is provided. The system and method includes initiating and accepting a treatment order from a clinician through to tracking, dispensing and administration of medications to individual patients in a hospital or clinical setting.

100071 A processing unit includes memory having patient information regarding patients in the hospital or clinical setting including age, allergies to medication, disease state that caused admission, known treatments that are effective in treating the disease state and the like. The processing unit memory also includes information regarding fulfillment centers and availability of supplies and medications by the fulfillment center. This information Is updated daily. In addition data including treatment diagnoses, outcome, quality, regulatory and other like data is stored in memory.

[0008] A first patient specific treatment order for a first patient and the treatment supplies that fulfills the order is input into the processing unit. The treatment may be a first medication or other type of supply (bandages, saline bags, washes, etc.) Information also input into the order includes dosage (if a medication is included in the order), administration including frequency, timing, and the like. The patient to be treated and the treatment to be administered is verified by the processing unit, Le that the patient appears in the hospital admission records and is currently a patient at the hospital and other like criteria as may be appreciated by those of skill in the art. The processing unit communicates the first patient specific medication order through one or more networks to an order management system operated by the fulfillment center that is integrated with the processing unit or which may be located remote from the processing unit, the order management system accessible through the one or more networks. The delivery of the information to an appropriate fulfillment center is based on the availability at the fulfillment center of the particular supplies and medications ordered The required supplies are requisitioned through the order management system and an updated count of supplies and medications at the particular fulfillment center is update in the processing unit. The ordered supplies and medications to be administered are tagged with an information-carrying facet containing appropriate patient and administration information. The ordered supplies that fulfill the ordered treatment are transported to the patient point of care. The tag is scanned into a computing mechanism that communicates via one or more networks with the processing unit and the information is again verified. Optionally the ordered supplies are cross-referenced by the processing unit with the disease state data stored in memory and verified by the processing unit for compatibility in treating the identified patient disease state

[8009] Administration of supplies including medications may he automated and verified by the processing unit. An electronic administration record associated with the first medication and the first treatment order for the first patient is created and made accessible through the one or more networks, and includes information regarding: (I) dispensing actions of the first medication including the administration schedule of the first medication for the first patient storing the at least the first electronic record associated with the first medication for the first patient in the processing unit. The electronic record is updated as the treatment schedule evolves

[0010] Those of skill in the art will appreciate that the processing unit is configured to process information and treatments orders related to multiple patients.

(Mil If These and other features of the invention will now be described below. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0111] For a better understanding of the invention, and to show how the same may be carried into effect, reference will now be made, by way of example, to the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0013] FIG, 1 is a flow diagram illustrating the system and method of clinical quality and safety in accordance with the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0014] Referring now to FIG, 1, the system and method in accordance with the invention accepts a treatment order from a clinician,, which Is captured as data. This capture may be electronic using a traditional desktop or laptop computer, a mobile or wearable device, handwriting or glyph recognition, an environmental interface such as voice recognition or gesture control, a pervasive computing or augmented reality system, or any other type of interface yielding data capable of being processed in the manner described below. f0015! The order data identifies, at a minimum, the patient to be treated, and the treatment to be administered. Additional data may include rationale for the treatment, the expected or desired outcome of the treatment, additional clinician notes, and/or any other information userid to the clinical process or required by regulation or protocol The order may optionally be cheeked to ensure the clinician is authorized to issue it for the patient to be treated. The order data may also optionally be presented to the clinician to verify that the information captured is as the clinician intended,

[0016] The order data may be optionally tagged with additional metadata such as time and place of the order, whether it was given remotely or at the point of care, pointers to relevant information handled by the described system or other external systems, and/or other information available to the described system at the time of the order. In addition, the order data may be optionally tagged to uniquely and verifiabfy identify the ordering clinician, using techniques, in isolation or combination, including but not limited to authentication against a trusted system, biometrics, secure tokens, and/or cryptographic signing. The order data may optionally be secured in transit using transport encryption.

[0017] The order data may optionally be validated for safety, potential efficacy, policy compliance, or other criteria. Such validation may be by one or more additional persons trained in this discipline, and/or by one or more computer systems, including those leveraging machine learning, expert systems, or other suitable approaches. The order data is transmitted to one or more fulfillment centers, with routing based on the supplies required to execute the order In the instance that the order calls for medication, fulfillment may come from the pharmacy in the instance that the order calls for medical devlce(s), it may come from central supply. These fulfillment centers may be on premise or remote.

[OOiSJ Capability is available at the fulfilment center to fill the order, This may include human fulfilment personnel such as pharmacists or supply specialists, and may also include robotics and other fulfilment automation. The supplies required for the order are tagged with an information-carrying facet. This identification may occur either during fulfilment or at a previous point in the supply chain, such as during original manufacture, upstream provisioning, or retail sale. This facet may be a simple passive component such as a barcode, QR code, NFC tag, RFID tag, or the like; or may contain active components such as processing electronics and on-board storage; or may have any other embodiment capable of communicating information. The information conveyed by this component may he a simple ID, a reference to external information or systems, a full database of attributes and their history, and/or any other type of information.

[0019] The supplies are transported to the patient point of care. This may optionally be by a robotic mechanism or autonomous transport vehicle. Information pertaining to transport may optionally be captured, including transport mode, specific vehicle or apparatus, operator, route, time, distance, environmental data such as temperature and humidity, and other information. [0828] The supplies are verified at the patient point of care by examining the information on the supplies' tag(s), with the order data and the identity of the patient to he treated. The supplies are also optionally verified for compatibility with a specific method or device for introduction or administration to the patient. This may include verifying that a delivery device has sufficient precision, accuracy, and safeguards to deliver a medication of a given concentration. The supplies may also be optionally introduced or administered to the patient automatically according to the order data, such as by robotic means.

[8821] Data from the entire process may be optionally recorded to a data store. This data store may a centralized database, distributed ledger or distributed database, or any other type of repository for information. Data from ail or part of the process may optionally be verified cryptographically, such as through block chain technology.

[0022] The system and method in accordance with the invention is optionally monitored and/or audited either periodically or in real time, including by personnel with relevant expertise, and/or computer systems suitable to this task including those leveraging various artificial intelligence techniques.

[0023] In one aspect of the invention, the system captures a clinician's order to administer intravenous pharmaceutical medications to a patient. The order is captured via the user interface of a computing device, recorded in a data store, and then made available to the hospital pharmacy. At the pharmacy, an electronic memory chip is provisioned for the medication. The pharmacist fills the order, and attaches the chip to the medication container. Alternatively, the pharmacist may select medication in container to which a chip has been attached in advance. The system relates the specific container to the specific treatment order. This binds the medication container to information about its contents including medication, concentration, source, fill date, expiry' date, and other information about the medication; and links the specific medication container directly to the original clinician's order.

[0824] The chipped medication container is now sent to the patient point of care, where it is inserted into an intelligent infusion pump. This pump-container combination may be as described in. U S 9,242,039 ("System and Method for Differentiating Containers in Medication Delivery"), the entirety of which is hereby incorporated by reference. The method for verifying the compatibility of a fluid container with a fluid delivery device for delivery of a medication in accordance with a treatment plan includes providing a fluid container having a chamber structured to hold said medication therein, the fluid container including a geometric mating member extending from an outer surface thereof and a data fixture on said geometric mating member or container for sensing and transmitting information regarding one or more properties of said geometric mating member or said container or both; providing a delivery device operable to deliver said medication from the chamber of the fluid container, the delivery device including a geometric mating receptacle structured to physically mate with said geometric mating member, and communicate with said data fixture regarding said one or more properties of said geometric mating member, said container or both; providing sensing means positioned on said delivery device and operable for sensing and transmitting information about said container; verifying physical compatibility between the fluid container and the delivery device by mating at least a portion of the geometric mating member of the fluid container with the geometric mating receptacle of the delivery device; providing a controller in communication with said sensing means and said data fixture and operable to process information transmitted by said sensing means and said data fixture, said controller having stored information regarding a physiological condition of a patient and the treatment plan; accepting or rejecting said information transmitted by said sensing means and said data fixture regarding said one or more properties of said geometric mating member, said container or both; if said information transmitted by said sensing means or said data fixture regarding said one or more properties of said geometric mating member or said container, or both may be accepted by said controller then accepting or rejecting said information about said medication and determining whether said medication is compatible with said treatment plan; and if said medication is compatible with said treatment plan causing said delivery device to deliver said medication to a patient according to said treatment plan. [0025] The infusion pump is programmed with identification of the patient being treated, and connected to the referenced data store, giving it access to the original clinician’s order. Using these plus the information encoded on the medication container, the system can (1) verify that the correct medication is given to the correct patient, (2) automatically administer this medication with the correct dosage, frequency, time, and duration, and (3) create a complete record of the medication delivery lifecycle, from clinician order through delivery.

[0026] While the invention has been described with reference to the specific embodiments thereof, those skilled in the art will be able to make various modifications to the described embodiments of the invention without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention. The terms and descriptions used herein are set forth by way of illustration only and are not meant as limitations. Those skilled in the art will recognize that these and other variations are possible within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims and their equivalents.