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Title:
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING MULTI-LAYERED BOARD HAVING AT LEAST THREE MEDIUMS WITH AT LEAST TWO MEDIUMS BEING DIFFERENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/184447
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A system and method for producing a board product characterized by having two corrugated mediums and at least one embossed medium in the board product. The board product may further include one or more facings that are adhesively coupled to either the corrugated medium, the embossed medium, or both. Generally speaking, a corrugated medium may be characterized as a paper product that exhibits flutes induced by a cross-corrugating process such that the induced flutes are perpendicular (or at least not congruent) with the machine direction of the paper product. An embossed medium may be characterized as a paper product that exhibits flutes induced by a linear-embossing process such that the induced flutes are aligned with the machine direction of the paper product. A resultant board product is stronger and more efficiently produced because of the linearly-embossed medium harnessing the natural strength of the paper in the machine direction.

Inventors:
GREENFIELD, Giles (1100 SW 27th Street, Renton, WA, 98057, US)
Application Number:
US2017/027624
Publication Date:
October 26, 2017
Filing Date:
April 14, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SCORRBOARD, LLC (1100 SW 27th Street, Renton, WA, 98057, US)
International Classes:
B32B29/08; B31F1/22; B31F1/24; B31F1/28; B32B3/28
Foreign References:
GB594328A1947-11-07
US20040076798A12004-04-22
US4126508A1978-11-21
GB2368074A2002-04-24
US4541895A1985-09-17
US3449157A1969-06-10
US1504218A1924-08-12
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
JABLONSKI, Kevin, D. (PC1420 Fifth Avenue, Suite 4200,P.O. Box 9130, Seattle WA, 98111-9402, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A board product, comprising:

a first medium formed from a first paper having a machine direction and cross direction, the first medium having one or more flutes aligned with the machine direction of the first paper;

a second medium formed from a second paper having a machine direction and a cross direction, the second medium affixed with respect to the first medium and having one or more flutes aligned with the cross direction of the second paper; and

a third medium affixed to the first medium.

2. The board product of claim 1 , further comprising a facing adhered to the first medium.

3. The board product of claim 1 , further comprising a facing adhered to the second medium.

4. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the first medium is adhered directly to the second medium.

5. The board product of claim 1 , further comprising a facing adhered to the first medium and adhered to the second medium such that the facing is affixed between the first medium and the second medium.

6. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the first medium further comprises flutes induced through embossing.

7. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the second medium further comprises flutes induced through corrugating.

8. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the third medium is formed from a third paper having a machine direction and a cross direction, the third medium affixed with respect to the first medium and having one or more flutes aligned with the cross direction of the third paper, wherein the third medium further comprises flutes induced through corrugating.

9. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the first medium further comprises flutes having a size corresponding to an E-flute profile.

10. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the second medium further comprises flutes having a size corresponding to a C-flute profile.

11. The board product of claim 1 , wherein the flutes in the first medium are not congruent with the flutes in the second medium.

12. A method for making a board product with improved structure, the method comprising: embossing a first paper in a machine direction, the embossing resulting in an embossed medium having flutes induced in the machine direction;

corrugating a second paper in a cross direction, the corrugating resulting in a corrugated medium having flutes induced in the cross direction; and

affixing the embossed medium with respect to the corrugated medium; and affixing a third medium with respect to one of the embossed medium and the corrugated medium.

13. The method of claim 12, further comprising adhering the embossed medium directly to the corrugated medium.

14. The method of claim 12, further comprising adhering the corrugated medium to a first side of a first facing and adhering the third medium to a first side of a second facing.

15. The method of claim 12, further comprising corrugating a third paper in a cross direction, the corrugating resulting in the third medium, the third medium having flutes induced in the cross direction.

16. The method of claim 12, further comprising adhering a facing to the corrugated medium such that the facing is disposed apart from the embossed medium.

17. The method of claim 12, wherein the embossed medium comprises flutes having an E-flute profile and the corrugated medium comprises flutes having a C-flute profile.

18. A machine, comprising:

a first paper feed roll configured to feed paper to a corrugating stage;

a second paper feed roll configured to feed paper to an embossing stage;

a third paper feed roll configured to fee paper to a medium forming stage;

at least one pair of corrugating rolls configured to cross corrugate the paper fed to the corrugating stage to produce a cross-corrugated medium;

at ieast one pair of embossing rolls configured to linearly emboss the paper fed to the embossing stage to produce a linearly-embossed medium;

at ieast one pair of medium forming rolls configured to induce fluting in the paper fed to the medium forming stage to produce a third medium;

a stage for combining the cross-corrugated medium and the third medium with the linearly-embossed medium.

19 The machine of claim 18, further comprising:

a fourth paper feed roll configured to feed a first facing to the stage for combining such that the first facing is adhered to one of the cross-corrugated medium and the third medium; and

a fifth paper feed roll configured to feed a second facing to the stage for combining such that the second facing is adhered to the other of the cross-corrugated medium and the third medium. 20 The machine of claim 18, further comprising a fourth paper feed roll configured to feed a facing to the stage for combining such that the facing is adhered to the cross- corrugated medium and adhered to the linearly-embossed medium.

Description:
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING MULTI-LAYERED BOARD HAVING AT LEAST THREE MEDIUMS WITH AT LEAST TWO MEDIUMS BEING DIFFERENT

BACKGROUND

[1] Modern paper-making techniques use paper machines at paper mills to produce roils of paper that, in turn, can be used by board makers to produce board products {i.e., corrugated board). As a result, rolls of paper may be produced from machines that operate continuously. Modern paper machines typically produce paper from a number of substances including wood pulp that comprise wood fibers (although other fibers may also be used). These fibers tend to be elongated and suitable to be aligned next to one another. The fiber starts as a slurry that can be fed onto a moving screen from a head box of the paper machine. In modern paper machines, the fibers tend to align with each other and align with a direction in which the screen is moving. This alignment direction of underlying fibers is called the major direction of the paper and is in line with the machine direction. Thus, the major direction is often simply called the machine direction (MD) and the paper that is produced has an associated MD value.

[2] When paper is used to make a board product, portions or layers of the board product may be corrugated. Traditional corrugating machines will corrugate the underlying paper product in the cross direction (CD) of the paper thereby failing to take advantage of the natural strength bias of the paper in the machine direction. Further, the greater natural strength qualities of paper in the machine direction are left unharnessed by cross corrugation techniques in board making solutions. As a result, companies that produce conventional board products remain entrenched in old production processes that limit the strength of the board product. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[3] Aspects and many of the attendant advantages of the claims will become more readily appreciated as the same become better understood by reference to the following detailed description, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

[4] FIG. 1 is an isometric cutaway view of a corrugated medium that may be part of one or more board products according to one or more an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein.

[5] FIG. 2 is an isometric cutaway view of an embossed medium that may be part of one or more board products according to one or more embodiments of the subject matter disclosed herein.

[6] FIG. 3 is an exploded isometric cutaway view of a board product having two corrugated mediums and at least one embossed medium according to an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein.

[7] FIG. 4 is an isometric cutaway view of a board product having two corrugated mediums and at least one embossed medium according to an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein.

[8] FIG. 5 is a diagram of aspects of a machine configured to produce the board product of FIGs. 3 and 4 according to an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[9] The following discussion is presented to enable a person skilled in the art to make and use the subject matter disclosed herein. The general principles described herein may be applied to embodiments and applications other than those detailed above without departing from the spirit and scope of the present detailed description. The present disclosure is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and features disclosed or suggested herein.

[10] By way of overview, the subject matter disclosed herein may be directed to a system and method for producing a board product made from paper products that have two corrugated mediums (sometimes called corrugated fluting) and at least one embossed medium (sometimes called embossed fluting). Because of these three mediums, this board product may sometimes be called a Triple Wallâ„¢ board. The board product may further include one or more facings (sometimes called liners or walls) that are adhesively coupled to the corrugated medium, the embossed medium, or both. Generally speaking, a corrugated medium may be characterized as a paper product that exhibits flutes induced by a corrugating process such that the induced flutes are perpendicular (or at least not congruent) with the machine direction of the paper product. That is, the corrugated medium has flutes in the cross direction of the paper. An embossed medium may be characterized as a paper product that exhibits flutes induced by an embossing process such that the induced flutes are aligned with the machine direction of the paper product. [11] When a board product is produced such that a corrugated medium and an embossed medium are adhesively coupled and flanked by a facing on either outside surface, the resultant characteristics of the board product is superior to conventional board product that use only corrugated medium. This is because the embossed medium is produced using a linear embossing process that takes advantage of the natural strength of the machine direction of the paper product. Additional permutations of the underlying concept of having a cross-corrugated medium and a linearly embossed medium in the same board product are possible, including disposing a facing between the corrugated medium and the embossed medium and having facings on one or both outer walls of the board product. These advantages and additional aspects of various embodiments of the subject matter disclosed herein are discussed beiow with respect to FIGs. 1-5.

[12] Prior to discussing the various embodiments, a brief discussion about cross corrugating and linear embossing is presented. As has been briefly stated above, conventional board products include a conventionally produced corrugated medium, e.g., a cross-corrugated medium. A cross-corrugated medium has flutes formed perpendicular to most underlying fibers of the paper product. This results in flutes that are not aligned with the majority of underlying fibers and, therefore, do not take advantage of the natural strength of the MD value of the paper (when compared to the CD value). Such a failure to harness the MD value of the paper leads to loss of opportunity in the manufacturing of board products when specific board strength is to be realized. That is, it will necessarily take more paper (heavier paper, larger flutes, and the like) to realize the required board strength. [13] A linearly-embossed medium is different from a cross-corrugated medium in that the induced flutes are aligned with the MO value of the paper product. This results in flutes that are aligned with the majority of underlying fibers and, therefore, take full advantage of the natural strength of the MO value of the paper (when compared to the CD value). Harnessing the MO value of the paper leads to efficiencies in the manufacturing of board products when specific board strength is to be realized. That is, it will necessarily take less paper (lighter paper, smaller flutes, and the like) to realize the required board strength. Aspects of making, producing, and using linearly embossed mediums are discussed in greater detail in U.S. Patent Application No. 15/077,250 entitled "SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INDUCING FLUTING IN A PAPER PRODUCT BY EMBOSSING WITH RESPECT TO MACHINE DIRECTION" and filed on March 22, 2016, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety and for all purposes. Thus, the aspects of linearly-embossed mediums will not be discussed further for brevity as the discussion now turns to FIGs. 1-5.

[14] FIG. 1 is an isometric cutaway view of a corrugated medium 120 that may be part of one or more board products according to one or more embodiments of the subject matter disclosed herein. This diagram shows an isometric view of a portion of a corrugated medium 120 that may be formed from a corrugating process as may be conventionally known. That is, flutes 121 are formed by passing the initial paper product through corrugating rolls in a cross-corrugation technique such that the flutes 121 are formed to be perpendicular (e.g., not congruent) with the majority of underlying fibers 125 of the paper product and are not congruent with the machine direction 122. As has been briefly discussed above, a cross-corrugated medium 120 does not harness the natural strength of the paper product in the machine direction as the flutes 121 are formed in the cross direction of the paper (e.g., incongruent with the majority of the underlying fibers 125).

[15] Notwithstanding its failure to harness the natural strength of the paper in the machine direction 122, the cross-corrugated medium 120 of FIG. 1 is relatively inexpensive to produce and is widely produced by readily available industrial corrugating machines. Such a corrugated medium 120 may be one component/layer of a board product as discussed below with respect to FIG. 3.

[16] FIG. 2 is an isometric cutaway view of an embossed medium 130 that may be part of one or more board products according to one or more embodiments of the subject matter disclosed herein. This diagram shows an isometric view of a portion of an embossed medium 130 that may be formed from an embossing process. That is, flutes 131 are formed from passing the initial paper product through embossing rolls to form flutes using a linear-embossing technique such that the flutes 131 are formed congruent with a majority of underlying fibers 125 of the paper. The flutes 131 are also formed congruent with the machine direction 122. A linearly-embossed medium 130 harnesses the natural strength of the paper in the machine direction 122 as the flutes 131 are formed in the machine direction 122 of the paper (e.g., congruent with a majority the underlying fibers 125). Therefore, a linearly-embossed medium 130 does harness the natural strength of the paper in the machine direction 122. Such an embossed medium 130 may be another component/layer of a board product as discussed below with respect to FIG. 3. [17] FIG. 3 is an exploded isometric cutaway view of a board product 100 having two corrugated mediums 120 and 140 and at least one embossed medium 130 according to an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein. In this embodiment, the board product 100 includes five layers: a first facing 110, a first corrugated medium 120, an embossed medium 130, a second corrugated medium 140, and a second facing 150. As is shown, the first facing 110 may form a top-side outer wall (although the top/bottom direction reference to alignment of the board product 100 is arbitrary) that is coupled to one side of the first corrugated medium 120. The coupling may be through an adhesive applied to the apex of each flute on the top-side of the first corrugated medium 120 such that the first facing 110 is glued to the first corrugated medium 120 where adhesive is applied. In other embodiments, glue may be applied to the entirety of the facing 110 prior to being coupled to the first corrugated medium 120

[18] Likewise, a second facing 150 may form a bottom-side outer wail (again, the top/bottom direction reference is arbitrary) that is coupled to one side of the second corrugated medium 140. The coupling may be through an adhesive applied to the apex of each flute on the bottom-side of the second corrugated medium 140 such that the second facing 150 is glued to the second corrugated medium 140 where adhesive is applied. In other embodiments, glue may be applied to the entirety of the second facing 150 prior to being coupled to the second corrugated medium 140.

[19] Further, the first corrugated medium 120 and the embossed medium 130 may be glued to each other using adhesive. Because the flutes of the first corrugated medium 120 are aligned in the cross direction and the flutes of the embossed medium 130 are aligned in the machine direction, the contact points between these two mediums will be at the crossings of the apexes of the respective flutes. In this manner, the first corrugated medium 120 and the embossed medium 130 are affixed with respect to one another because of the adhesive holding one medium directly to the other. Similarly, the second corrugated medium 140 and the embossed medium 130 may also be glued to each other using adhesive. The flutes of the second corrugated medium 140 are aligned in the cross direction as well and the contact points between these two mediums will be at the crossings of the apexes of the respective flutes. In this manner, the second corrugated medium 140 and the embossed medium 130 are affixed with respect to one another because of the adhesive holding one medium directly to the other.

[20] When ail three mediums are assembled and affixed, the resultant board product 100 is stronger than conventional board product because the linearly embossed medium 130 takes advantage of the superior MD value of the underlying paper product. Further, the three mediums may be flanked by first and second facings 110 and 1 SO. As can also be seen in FIG. 4, the five layers, when assembled feature the embossed medium 130 having flutes that are perpendicular (or at least not congruent) with the flutes of the first and second corrugated mediums 120 and 140. This results in additional board strength because the flutes of the respective mediums are perpendicular with respect to each other (or at the least, not congruent). Other embodiments not shown may include any combination of three mediums and facings such that at least one medium is a corrugated medium 120 or 140 and at least one medium is an embossed medium 130.

[21] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the corrugated mediums 120 and 140 are shown with a flute profile known as C-flute. The flute profile is a standardized set of parameters detailing various measurements of the flute, such as flute height, flute pitch, number of flutes per lineal foot, and the like. Other standardized flute profiles include A- flute, B-flute, E-flute, F-flute, and R-flute. Thus, in this embodiment, the corrugated mediums 120 and 140 includes a sinusoidal C-flute pattern. Further, the embossed medium 130 is also shown with a C-flute profile, but, of course, the flutes are linear with respect to the machine direction of the underlying paper. The embossed medium 130 also may have a different shape in that the flute profile is characterized by a triangular pattern. In other embodiments not shown, the embossed medium 130 may have a different flute profile than the corrugated medium 120, such as E-flute profile.

[22] FIG. 4 is an isometric cutaway view of a board product 100 having two corrugated mediums and at least one embossed medium according to an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein. This view shows the exploded view board product 100 of FIG. 3 in an assembled form.

[23] As has been discussed with respect to FIG. 3 and 4, the induced flutes of the embossed medium 130 axe congruent with the machine direction 122. Thus, the underlying long fibers 125 (FIG. 2) of the paper remain aligned with the flute direction. Having the underlying long fibers 125 (FIG. 2) aligned with respective flutes results in an alignment of the flutes with the greater MD value of the paper (when compared to the CD value). Cross-corrugating techniques necessarily lead to having flutes aligned with the CD value of the paper. Differently, the linear embossing process takes advantage of the MD value of the paper by aligning the flutes in the machine direction. Therefore, the flute- inducing embossing process allows less total fiber to be used in achieving a specific strength of a resulting board product, such as board product 100. [24] Such a board product having a linearly-embossed medium 130 further leads to efficiencies on several levels and succeeds in realigning the interests of paper makers and board/box makers. First, linear embossing allows the paper maker to disregard any need to carefully control the alignment (or rather non-alignment) of the pulp fibers when first poured onto a screen on a paper machine. Paper makers, in order to improve strength in the cross direction, may employ paper machines that include a head box that combats the natural alignment of underlying long fibers in the machine direction. With linear embossing, the need for improved strength in the cross direction is reduced or eliminated. Therefore, the paper-maker can focus on improving the speed of the paper machine.

[25] Second, board makers can produce board products with less paper material. The linearly embossed layer 130 discussed herein lead to a fluted medium that requires less material for production. That is, in conventional corrugating machines, the paper needed for the fluted medium is greater than the paper needed for a facing portion (in linear terms). Thus, the efficiency gain is two-fold: less overall paper used in making corrugated board and greater strength in the resultant board by aligning the MD value in both flutes and facings.

[26] The embodiments as discussed with respect to FIGs. 1-4 have two corrugated mediums 120 and 140 that exhibit a sinusoidal shape of a flute. Further, the embossed medium 130 is shown as having a triangular flute profile. However, other embodiments may include different shapes for flutes of either medium including saw-tooth, trapezoidal, or any manner of a curvilinear shape. Additional aspects of the board product 100 of FIGs. 1-4 are discussed next with respect to the machine of FIG. 5. [27] FIG. 5 is a diagram of aspects of a machine 400 configured to produce the board product 100 (or other board products) of FIGs. 3 and 4 according to an embodiment of the subject matter disclosed herein. In this embodiment, the machine includes five feed rolls 410, 420, 430, 440, and 450 of paper that are used to produce a board product. These feed rolls include a first facing feed roll 410, a first corrugated medium feed roll 420, an embossed medium feed roll 430, a second corrugated medium feed roll 440, and a second facing feed roll 450. Note that the paper that is wound on the corrugated medium feed roils 420 and 440 is prior to corrugating and the paper that is wound on the embossed medium feed roll 430 is prior to embossing. The weights and composition of the paper for each respective feed roll may be different and designed specifically for the respective purpose.

[28] The paper from each roll may be unwound from each respective roll and fed toward a combiner 450 that is configured to combine the various layers of paper together to form a resultant board product. In various embodiments, the combination of feed rolls in the machine 400 may be different from what is shown in FIG. 5. For example, the configuration of feed rolls as shown in FIG.5 may produce a board product with additional layers. Such additional layers may be one or more additional liners between mediums such that a board product with six or seven layers may be produced. Additional layers in a board product may be well understood by a skilled artisan so the remainder of the discussion with regard to FIG.5 focuses on the embodiment of the board product of FIGs. 3 and 4.

[29] Prior to entering the combiner 450, at least some of the paper from the feed rolls may be passed through a stage for forming the paper into a medium. As used herein and in the industry, a medium may refer to a paper product that has been formed into paper having flutes. Thus, the first corrugated medium feed roll 420 may feed paper into first and second corrugating rolls 421a and 421b that are aligned with respect to each other. As the paper exits the first corrugating stage (e.g., corrugating rolls 421a and 421b), it becomes the first corrugated medium 120 as discussed above with respect to FIG. 1. The first corrugated medium 120 is then fed into the combiner 450 to be combined with other materials. Likewise, the second corrugated medium feed roll 440 may feed paper into third and fourth corrugating rolls 441a and 441b that are aligned with respect to each other. As the paper exits the second corrugating stage (e.g., corrugating rolls 441a and 441b), it becomes the second corrugated medium 140. The second corrugated medium 140 is then fed into the combiner 450 to be combined with other materials.

[30] Similarly, the embossed medium feed roll 430 may feed paper into first and second embossing rolls 431a and 431b that are aligned with respect to each other. As the paper exits the embossing stage (e.g., embossing roils 431a and 431b), it becomes the embossed medium 130 as discussed above with respect to FIG. 2. The embossed medium 130 is then fed into the combiner 450 to be combined with other materials.

[31] In the embodiment that produces the board product of FIG. 3, a first facing 110, the first corrugated medium 120, the embossed medium 130, the second corrugated medium 140, and a second facing 150 are combined in the combiner 450 using various techniques such as adhesion, curing, wetting, drying, heating, and chemical treatment. The resultant board product 100 features two cross-corrugated mediums 120 and 140 and at least one linearly-embossed medium 130. [32] While the subject matter discussed herein is susceptible to various modifications and alternative constructions, certain illustrated embodiments thereof are shown in the drawings and have been described above in detail. It should be understood, however, that there is no intention to limit the claims to the specific forms disclosed, but on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, alternative constructions, and equivalents falling within the spirit and scope of the claims.