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Title:
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A BALISE AND A GUIDED VEHICLE FROM CROSS-TALK
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/091673
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention concerns an on-board device (1) and a method for protecting from cross-talk said on-board device configured for reading a telegram of a balise (4) installed at a point along a route followed by a guided vehicle (2) in which said on-board device (1) is designed to be installed, said on-board device (1) comprising: -a receiver (12) comprising an antenna for picking up the telegram transmitted by the balise (4) and configured for delivering a reception signal (S1) to a processing unit (14); -the processing unit (14) configured for processing the reception signal (S1) in order to read the telegram sent by the balise (4); and being characterized in that it comprises a test component (13) configured for adding to the reception signal (S1) and before its processing by the processing unit (14) a test signal (S2), said test signal being configured for acting as a noise for limiting a sensitivity of the receiver (12), making it therefore impossible to read a cross-talk signal.

Inventors:
PIMMEL, Pierre (59 rue Adolphe Pajeaud, Antony, Antony, 92160, FR)
Application Number:
EP2018/077013
Publication Date:
May 16, 2019
Filing Date:
October 04, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SIEMENS MOBILITY S.A.S. (150 Avenue de la république, Châtillon, 93527, FR)
International Classes:
B61L3/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015197286A12015-12-30
WO2018046217A12018-03-15
Foreign References:
GB2027244A1980-02-13
DE102013220868A12015-04-30
Other References:
"ERTMS/ETCS FFFIS for Eurobalise", 24 February 2012 (2012-02-24), pages 1 - 157, XP055112059, Retrieved from the Internet [retrieved on 20140403]
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MAIER, Daniel (Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Postfach 22 16 34, München, 80506, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
On-board device (1) for reading a telegram of a balise (4) installed at a point along a route followed by a guided vehicle (2) in which said on-board device (1) is designed to be installed, said on-board device (1) com¬ prising :

- a receiver (12) comprising an antenna capable of picking up the telegram transmitted by the balise (4) and configured for delivering a reception signal (SI) to a processing unit (14);

- the processing unit (14) configured for processing the reception signal (SI) in order to read the tel¬ egram sent by the balise (4);

and being characterized in that it comprises a test com¬ ponent (13) configured for adding to the reception sig¬ nal (SI) and before its processing by the processing unit (14) a test signal (S2), said test signal being configured for acting as a noise for limiting a sensi¬ tivity of the receiver (12) .

On-board device (1) according to claim 1, wherein the test signal is added into the antenna of the receiver (12) .

On-board device (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) technique is used for creating the test signal (S2) .

On-board device (1) according to one of the claims 1-3, wherein the processing unit (14) comprises a test signal demodulator (142) and/or a correlator configured for verifying that the reception signal (SI) comprises the test signal ( S2 ) .

On-board device (1) according to claim 4, wherein the demodulator is configured for detecting a change of the sensitivity of the receiver by measuring an amplitude of correlation peaks.

On-board device (1) according to one of the claim 1-5, wherein the test signal (S2) is realized by modulating a pseudorandom sequence (131) of bits known by the on¬ board device by a test message (132) .

On-board device (1) according to claim 6, wherein a correct working of the on-board device is determined through demodulation of the reception signal (SI) by means of the test signal demodulator (142) .

Guided vehicle (2) comprising the on-board device (1) according to one of the claims 1-7.

Method for protecting from cross-talk an on-board device (1) configured for reading a telegram of a balise (4) installed at a point along a route followed by a guided vehicle (2) in which said on-board device (1) is in¬ stalled, the method comprising the following steps:

- receiving an electromagnetic radiation by means of an antenna of a receiver (12) of the on-board de¬ vice ;

- outputting, by means of said receiver (12), a reception signal (SI) in response to the reception of said electromagnetic radiation; - receiving and processing the reception signal (SI) by means of a processing unit (14) in order to determine information comprised within said electro¬ magnetic radiation;

the method according to the invention being characterized in that it comprises

- adding to the reception signal (SI) and before its processing by the processing unit (14) a test signal (S2), wherein said test signal (S2) is configured for acting as a noise for limiting a sensitivity of the receiver (12) .

Method according to claim 9, wherein the electromagnetic radiation comprises an electromagnetic test signal emit¬ ted by a test antenna (133) of a test component (13) of the on-board device (1) for inducing said test signal (S2) in the antenna of the receiver (12) .

Method according to claim 9 or 10, wherein a Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) technique is used for cre¬ ating the test signal (S2) .

Method according to one of the claims 9-11, wherein the test signal (S2) is obtained by modulating, by a test message (132), a pseudorandom sequence (131) of bits known by the on-board device (1) .

Method according to one of the claims 9-12, comprising determining a correct working of the on-board device (1) via demodulation of the reception signal (SI) by means of a test signal demodulator (142) .

Description:
System and method for protecting a communication between a balise and a guided vehicle from cross-talk

The present invention concerns a system and a method for pro- tecting a communication between a balise and a guided vehicle on-board device from cross-talk, wherein balises are installed at points along a route followed by the guided vehi ¬ cle . The present invention is related to the problematic of cross ¬ talk that may occur when an on-board device of a guided vehi ¬ cle receives a signal (said signal being typically a "tele ¬ gram") from a balise mounted on a track of a railway network that is followed by the guided vehicle. Cross-talk refers to an undesired effect in the on-board device created by the re ¬ ception by said on-board device of an additional signal (also called hereafter "cross-talk signal") apart from the signal received from the balise it is reading, i.e. said telegram. Typically, there is cross-talk when a telegram is read from a balise that should not be read, like a balise on another track. The cross-talk signal might be received by an on-board device while no signal is expected, leading for instance to an incorrect localization of the guided vehicle. From a general point of view the present invention deals with balises (also called beacons) installed on a route or track followed by the guided vehicle and which are configured for exchanging data with the guided vehicle by means of an elec ¬ tromagnetic signal when the guided vehicle passes near, for example above/over, the balise. In particular, said balise is an Eurobalise, i.e. a balise which complies with the European Train Control System, and is installed between rails of a railway followed by the guided vehicle. "Guided vehicle" ac- cording to the present invention refers to public transport means such as buses, trolleybuses, streetcars, subways, trains or train units, etc., as well as load transporting means such as, for example, overhead traveling cranes, for which safety is a very important factor and which are guided along a route or railway for instance by at least one rail, in particular by two rails between which balises are placed.

In order to solve this problematic of cross-talk, it has been proposed to measure the amplitude of the signal received by the on-board device, and to cut the signal if it becomes un ¬ der a given threshold. Unfortunately, such a solution re ¬ quires to regularly check the gain of the on-board device in order to ensure that it did not change, or to use an on-board device comprising redundant independent receiving units for the reading of balise signals. Additionally, this solution requires the threshold being safety guaranteed, which is a complex task. An objective of the present invention is to propose a new system and method for protecting from cross-talk a communication between a balise and a guided vehicle on-board device, which are simple, efficient, and whose failure might be easi ¬ ly and cost efficiently detected.

For achieving said objective, the present invention proposes to incorporate into a reception signal outputted by an anten ¬ na of a receiver of the on-board device a test signal acting as a noise to limit the sensitivity of the on-board device as disclosed in the objects of independent claims 1 and 9. Other advantages of the invention are presented in the dependent claims . The present invention proposes notably an on-board device for reading a telegram of a balise installed at a point along a route followed by a guided vehicle in which said on-board de ¬ vice is designed to be installed, said on-board device com- prising:

- optionally an emitter configured for remotely powering the balise, in particular by means of radiant energy. Said emitter comprising for example an antenna compris ¬ ing an emitting loop for radiating energy, in particular radio frequency energy, the balise being then powered by said radiated energy and able to transmit, in return, an electromagnetic signal that is the so-called telegram;

- a receiver comprising an antenna, the receiver being

configured for outputting a reception signal in function of an electromagnetic radiation picked up or received by the antenna. Typically, the antenna of the receiver is configured for picking up the telegram transmitted by the balise, for instance in response to its powering by the emitter, and for delivering the reception signal to a processing unit. In this case, the electromagnetic ra ¬ diation picked up by the receiver antenna comprises the electromagnetic signal sent by the balise, i.e. said telegram. In particular, the telegram is produced by a transmitting loop of the balise and transmitted by the latter to the receiver through an air gap separating the receiver antenna from the balise transmitting loop. The reception signal results from current induced by the electromagnetic radiation in each receiving loop of the antenna of the receiver, said current providing a meas- ure of the amplitude of the electromagnetic radiation received by the antenna. When said electromagnetic radi ¬ ation comprises only the electromagnetic signal emitted by the balise, then the amplitude of the electromagnetic signal is typically a function of the position of the receiver antenna compared to the position of the balise; - a processing unit capable of processing the reception signal outputted by the receiver antenna notably in or- der to read said telegram, i.e. determine information comprised within the electromagnetic radiation picked up by the antenna;

the on-board device according to the invention being characterized in that it comprises

- a test component configured for adding to or incorporat ¬ ing into the reception signal and before its processing by the processing unit a test signal, preferentially a Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) signal, said test signal being configured for acting as a noise for limit- ing a sensitivity of the receiver. Preferentially, said test component comprises a test antenna configured for transmitting the test signal through the antenna of the receiver of the on-board device. The adding of the test signal to the reception signal makes it impossible to demodulate a cross-talk signal that would be received by the receiver because said test signal is configured for being spread into the whole reception bandwidth of the receiver, and therefore protects the on-board device from any cross-talk undesired effects. Preferentially, the test signal amplitude is limited to a predefined value in order to limit a signal to noise ratio for the reception signal. The test signal according to the in ¬ vention typically acts as a white noise inside the re ¬ ceiver bandwidth as it is spread in said bandwidth.

The present invention concerns also a method for protecting from cross-talk an on-board device configured for reading n

5

telegrams of balises installed at points along a route fol ¬ lowed by a guided vehicle in which said on-board device is installed, the method comprising the following steps:

- optionally remotely powering the balise by means of an emitter of the on-board device, or sending an initializa ¬ tion signal to the balise;

- optionally sending an electromagnetic signal (the so- called telegram) to a receiver of the on-board device, wherein said electromagnetic signal is produced by the balise, for instance in response to its powering by the emitter, or in response to a reception by the balise of the initialization signal sent by the emitter;

- picking up an electromagnetic radiation by means of an antenna of the receiver of the on-board device and out- putting a reception signal in function of the picked up electromagnetic radiation to a processing unit, wherein said electromagnetic radiation may comprise the electro ¬ magnetic signal emitted by the balise;

- receiving and processing the reception signal by means of the processing unit in order to determine information comprised within said electromagnetic radiation;

the method according to the invention being characterized in that it comprises

- adding to or incorporating into the reception signal and before its processing by the processing unit a test sig ¬ nal, preferentially said Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) signal, said test signal acting as a noise for limiting a sensitivity of the receiver, wherein said test signal is configured for spreading over the whole reception bandwidth of the receiver. Preferentially, the test signal is incorporated into the reception signal by emitting a test electromagnetic signal by a test antenna of a test component of the on-board device, said test electromagnetic signal being configured for being di ¬ rectly received or picked up by the receiver antenna.

According to the present invention, the test signal is a known signal whose characteristics are known and stored with ¬ in the on-board device in order to enable the latter to ex ¬ tract the test signal from the reception signal for test and verification purposes.

Further aspects of the present invention will be better understood through the following drawings, wherein like numer als are used for like and corresponding parts:

Figure 1 schematic representation of a preferred embodiment of a system according to the invention mounted on board a guided vehicle.

Figure 2 schematic representation of a preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention.

Figure 3 schematic representations of the DSSS signal and reception signal processed by the processing unit according to the invention. Figure 1 shows an on-board device 1 according to the inven ¬ tion mounted on-board a guided vehicle 2 which is configured to follow a route defined by a pair of rails 3. A balise 4 is installed on the route or rail track followed by the guided vehicle 2, for example between the rails 3. The rail track may comprise several balises 4 forming a system of balises 4, each balise being configured to exchange information with the guided vehicle 2 when the latter passes at proximity, for in ¬ stance above/over, said balise 4. The balise 4 and the on- board device 1 exchange information by means of electromag ¬ netic signals transmitted from the balise 4, respectively on ¬ board device 1, to the on-board device 1, respectively balise 4. During communication between the balise 4 and the on-board device 1 undesired cross-talk signal might be received from another balise 41 installed on an adjacent route defined by another pair of rails 31 in proximity of the balise 4 or any other component which might generate an electromagnetic field from a signal sent by the on-board device 1 and capable of interfering with the signal received by the on-board device 1 from the balise 4. For instance, a cross-talk signal emitted by another balise 42 installed on said adjacent route might be received by the on-board device 1 while no balise is in ¬ stalled on the route followed by said guided vehicle 2.

The on-board device 1 according to the invention comprises preferentially an emitter 11, a receiver 12, a processing unit 14 and a test component 13. The emitter 11 is for in ¬ stance configured for remotely powering the balise 4 by means of radiant energy, and/or for transmitting an initialization signal to the balise, and/or for storing data within the balise 4. The balise is configured for sending an electromag ¬ netic signal, i.e. the so-called telegram, comprising encoded information to the receiver 12 of the on-board device. The balise might be a self-powered balise. The balise may send an electromagnetic signal to the receiver when the latter is de ¬ tected, or may send said electromagnetic signal to the re ¬ ceiver in response to its powering by the emitter 11. An antenna of the receiver 12 is configured for receiving the electromagnetic signal of the balise and outputting, from its interaction with said electromagnetic signal, a reception signal SI that is sent to the processing unit 14 in order to determine the information provided by the balise 4. Said re- ception signal SI is the signal outputted by the antenna of the receiver 12 when said antenna induces a current from its interaction with electromagnetic radiations. If the electro ¬ magnetic radiation comes from a balise installed on the route of the guided vehicle, then the reception signal SI comprises information transmitted by the balise for said guided vehi ¬ cle. If said electromagnetic radiation comes from another ob ¬ ject which is either an object located on the track of the guided vehicle but different from a balise while capable of emitting electromagnetic radiation or a balise located on an adjacent route, like balise 42, then said reception signal may comprise information or data that might be wrongly inter ¬ preted by the processing unit 14, leading for instance to a wrong positioning of the guided vehicle with respect to the railway network.

Balises 4 typically use a Frequency-Shift Keying (FSK) tech ¬ nique for transmitting the telegram to the receiver 12. According to said FSK technique, digital information provided by the balise to the receiver 12 is transmitted by means of said telegram through discrete frequencies that encode infor ¬ mation: typically in case of binary FSK, a pair of discrete frequencies (see for instance the frequencies Fl and F2 in Figure 3) is used for encoding binary information in the form of a succession of 0 and 1 (e.g. one frequency encoding "0" and the other frequency encoding "1") . This is a known technique which does not need further detailed explanations. The reception signal SI outputted by the antenna of the receiver 12 and resulting from the reception of the telegram is a function of said discrete frequencies, said reception signal SI being then processed by a FSK demodulator 141 of the processing unit 14 in order to determine the information encoded in the telegram. The on-board device 1 according to the invention further comprises a test component 13 configured for adding to or incor ¬ porating into the reception signal SI which is outputted by the antenna of the receiver 12 in function of the electromag ¬ netic radiation received by the receiver antenna, a test sig ¬ nal S2, for instance added in series 134 to an output of the antenna of the receiver 12 or directly transmitted in the form of a test electromagnetic signal to the receiver antenna so that the reception signal SI induced in the receiver an ¬ tenna by electromagnetic radiation comprises said test signal S2. According to the present invention, the test signal S2 is the signal outputted by the test component 13 and incorpo ¬ rated or added to the reception signal outputted by the an- tenna of the receiver. According to the present invention, the wording "test signal" might refer to different kind of physical signals depending on the stage at which said wording is used: for instance it can refer to output current flowing through an output wire of the test component, and/or to said electromagnetic test signal radiated by the test antenna 133 of the test component 13, said electromagnetic test signal being created for instance by said output current flowing through the output wire of the test component, and/or to the part of the reception signal either coming from current in- duced by the electromagnetic test signal or from output cur ¬ rent directly added to an output of the receiver antenna by the test component. Therefore, the physical nature of the test signal can change depending on the context wherein it is cited. Nevertheless, in each case, the purpose of the test signal S2 is the same, i.e. it is a signal configured for acting as a noise in the whole reception bandwidth of the receiver 12 so as to limit the sensitivity of the on-board de ¬ vice 1. The test signal S2 outputted by the test component 13 is designed for spreading in the whole reception bandwidth of the receiver 12. Preferentially, the test signal S2 is a DSSS signal added to the reception signal SI. In particular, the DSSS signal is created by the test component 13 from a test message 132 modulated by a pseudorandom sequence of bits known by and stored within a memory of the processing unit 14. Preferentially, the test message 132 is also stored in a memory of the processing unit 14. Said pseudorandom sequence consists in particular in a radio pulse (also called "chip") whose duration is shorter compared to the duration of the test message. The chip sequence 131 is multiplied by the test message 132 in order to create the test signal S2. Preferen ¬ tially and if necessary, the test signal S2 is then centered inside the receiver bandwidth, for instance by modulating a carrier frequency. For this purpose of "translating" or shifting the test signal frequency into the bandwidth of the receiver antenna so that it becomes centered within the re ¬ ceiver bandwidth frequency, a Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) might be used for modulating the test signal S2. Said test signal S2 is then added to the reception signal SI. Ac ¬ cording to a first preferred embodiment, the test component 13 comprises a test antenna 133 for emitting a test electro ¬ magnetic signal for incorporating or adding the test signal S2 to the reception signal SI, wherein the test electromag- netic signal is configured for being received or picked up by the receiver antenna. According to another preferred embodi ¬ ment, the test signal S2 is outputted by the test component 13 and directly added to, or incorporated into, the reception signal SI, so that the latter comprises the test signal S2 before being processed by the processing unit 14.

Preferentially, the processing unit 14 further comprises a test signal demodulator 142 capable of demodulating the re- ception signal SI in order to ensure that the on-board device 1 is working properly. For instance, the test signal demodu ¬ lator 142 is configured for comparing the test message 132 stored in the memory of the processing unit 14 with the test message 132 extracted from the reception signal SI, wherein a divergence between the stored test message and the extracted test message might be interpreted as a failure of the on ¬ board device 1. Preferentially, the test component comprises a modulator, such as a DPSK modulator, for modulating the test signal S2 and providing the latter to the test antenna 133. Apart from the DPSK technique, other techniques for modulating the test signal S2 might be used in order to create a test signal S2 whose frequencies spread within the whole reception bandwidth of the receiver.

Figure 2 illustrates a schematic view of the steps of the claimed method, comprising

- optionally, remotely powering 81 the balise 4 by means of an emitter 11 of the on-board device 1 ;

- optionally, sending 82, by the balise 4, for instance in response to its powering by the emitter 11, an electromagnet ¬ ic signal to the receiver 12 of the on-board device 1, where- in said electromagnetic signal is preferentially a FSK signal encoding information transmitted by the balise 4 ;

- outputting or generating 83 a test signal S2 by a test component 13, wherein said test signal S2 acts as a noise for limiting a sensitivity of the receiver 12, wherein said test signal S2 is configured for spreading over the whole recep ¬ tion bandwidth of the receiver 12, and wherein said test signal S2 preferentially encodes a test message 132; - adding 84 said test signal S2 to (or incorporating said test signal S2 into) a reception signal SI outputted by an antenna of the receiver 12 of the on-board device 1, wherein said adding takes place before the processing of the recep- tion signal SI by a processing unit 14. Preferentially, the test signal S2 is added directly at the output of the receiv ¬ er antenna or into the antenna. Indeed, according to a pre ¬ ferred embodiment, the test signal S2 is added to the recep ¬ tion signal SI by means of inductive coupling with the re- ceiver antenna. For instance, the test component 13 comprises a test antenna 133 for sending a test electromagnetic signal to the receiver 12 in order to incorporate said test signal S2 to the reception signal SI outputted by the receiver an ¬ tenna through inductive coupling. In that case, the test sig- nal S2 is induced directly into the antenna of the receiver by the test electromagnetic signal emitted by the test anten ¬ na 133 and outputted by the test component 13. The test elec ¬ tromagnetic signal is in particular configured for being picked up by the receiver antenna. Indeed, the antenna of the receiver 12 is configured for picking up an electromagnetic radiation which comprises the test electromagnetic signal em ¬ bedding the test signal S2 and optionally the electromagnetic signal emitted by the balise and embedding said telegram, said picking up of electromagnetic radiation resulting in an output of the reception signal SI induced by the electromag ¬ netic radiation received by the antenna. In that case, the test electromagnetic signal acts as a noise for limiting the sensitivity of the receiver 12, spreads over the whole recep ¬ tion bandwidth of the receiver 12, and preferentially encodes the test message 132. According to another embodiment, the test signal S2 is a current signal directly added, for in ¬ stance added in series, to the reception signal SI outputted by the antenna of the receiver 12, so that the reception sig- nal SI comprises the test signal S2 before its processing by the processing unit 14;

- processing 85 by means of the processing unit 14 the recep ¬ tion signal SI in order to determine information comprised within the electromagnetic radiation picked up by the receiv ¬ er antenna, said electromagnetic radiation comprising for in ¬ stance information sent by the balise 4 and;

- optionally, testing if the on-board device 1 is working properly from an extraction of the test message from the re- ception signal SI.

In particular, in order to test the correct working of the on-board device 1, a variation of amplitude of the test sig ¬ nal S2 is preferentially automatically detected by the pro- cessing unit 14 by measuring a correlation between peaks of the chip sequence and peaks of amplitude of the test signal S2 as extracted by the demodulator 142, i.e. as obtained from the demodulation of the reception signal SI (the extracted test signal will be called hereafter "extracted test sig- nal") . Typically, the chip sequence is used by the processing unit 14 for testing the extracted test signal S2. In particu ¬ lar, the processing unit 14 uses the chip sequence for generating an autocorrelation function with the extracted test signal S2, wherein said autocorrelation function typically exhibits sharp peaks. In that case, the autocorrelation func ¬ tion provides a correlation signal wherein a low value corre ¬ lation signal is obtained when the chip sequence is time shifted in regards to the received test signal, and a high value correlation signal is obtained when the chip sequence and the received test signal are correlated. In particular, the high value of the correlation signal is proportional to the number of chips and amplitude of the chips. The pro ¬ cessing unit 14 is preferentially configured for detecting a change of the amplitude of the test signal S2 from changes in values of the correlation signal obtained from said autocor ¬ relation function, wherein a change of the amplitude of the test signal S2 outputted by the test component 13 is automat- ically detected as a change of the correlation signal value measured by the processing unit 14. Preferentially, the pro ¬ cessing unit 14 is configured for automatically signaling a failure of the on-board device 1 if the value of the correla ¬ tion signal is below a predefined threshold, which might be stored in a memory of the processing unit 14. Typically, a change of the amplitude of the test signal S2 is detected from a change of the amplitude of the correlation signal (i.e. for instance a change of the amplitude value of corre ¬ lation peaks of the correlation signal) . The correlation sig- nal might be in particular continuously measured over time by the processing unit 14 in order to continuously check the correct working of the on-board device 1.

Finally, Figure 3 shows a schematic representation of the FSK spectrum of the reception signal SI outputted by the antenna of the receiver 12 after reception of the electromagnetic signal emitted by the balise and the spread spectrum of the test signal S2 which is added to said reception signal in or ¬ der to ensure that cross-talk signal cannot be demodulated from the reception signal SI when the latter comprises the test signal S2.

To conclude, the present invention presents the following ad ¬ vantages compared to existing techniques:

- the test signal added to the reception signal can be au ¬ tomatically adjusted by the test component for ensuring an upper limit of the sensitivity of the receiver, by defining for instance a value for a signal to noise ra- tio that is very difficult to realize using known tech ¬ niques, such a value being typically 2.4dB. Indeed, FSK demodulation is not possible under a given signal to noise ratio, and therefore injecting in the reception signal a noise, specifically a white noise, of a given and known energy by means of the test signal enables to guarantee a maximal sensitivity of the receiver;

- the test signal acts as a noise added to the reception signal to limit the signal to noise ratio.

- the test message might be used to test a correct working of the on-board device;

- the proposed solution is an intrinsic limitation of the receiver sensitivity which does not require to double any part of the receiver;

- offline tests of the on-board device, which might be

performed at each initialization of the on-board device before the guided vehicle is moving on a track equipped with balises and for determining the threshold level of its receiver, can be strongly reduced or even suppressed, since a level of correlation peak gives direct ¬ ly an image of the receiver gain.