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Title:
TECHNICAL SWIMWEAR WITH COMPRESSION TAPING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/046258
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Embodiments can provide an article of technical swimwear, having an outside with: an abdominal area (101) bounded by one or more lines of abdominal compression taping (107); a chest area (102) bounded by one or more lines of chest compression taping (109); a plurality of shoulder straps (103); a rear area (104); and two leg areas (106), each having a front and a back, bounded by one or more lines of leg compression taping (110, 111); wherein each of the abdominal area, the chest area, the rear area, and the two leg areas are made of variable compressive fabric (112); wherein each of the lines of abdominal compression taping, chest compression taping and leg compression taping prevent an expansion of the variable compressive fabric; and an inside with: a chest liner (120); a pelvic liner (121); and a rear liner (122); wherein each of the chest liner, pelvic liner, and rear liner are made of a hyperlight liner.

Inventors:
ZIMMER, Matt T. (420 W. Clarendon Street, Prospect Heights, Illinois, 60070, US)
KORNAS, Angela T. (1232 Alexander Drive, Hatfield, Pennsylvania, 19440, US)
HOLLAND, Angela J. (505 Barrington Place, Lansdale, Pennsylvania, 19446, US)
POORE, Erin L. (310 Sycamore Lane, Blandon, Pennsylvania, 19510, US)
Application Number:
US2018/048281
Publication Date:
March 07, 2019
Filing Date:
August 28, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ELITE SPORTSWEAR L.P. (2136 N. 13th Street, Reading, Pennsylvania, 19604, US)
International Classes:
A41D7/00; A41D27/02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LANDOLFI, Steven M. (Pepper Hamilton LLP, 400 Berwyn Park899 Cassatt Roa, Berwyn Pennsylvania, 19312-1183, US)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

We claim:

1. An article of technical swimwear, comprising:

an outside comprising:

an abdominal area bounded by one or more lines of abdominal compression taping;

a chest area bounded by one or more lines of chest compression taping;

a plurality of shoulder straps;

a rear area; and

two leg areas, each having a front and a back, bounded by one or more lines of leg compression taping;

wherein each of the abdominal area, the chest area, the rear area, and the two leg areas are comprised of variable compressive fabric;

wherein each of the lines of abdominal compression taping, chest compression taping, and leg compression taping prevent an expansion of the variable compressive fabric; and

an inside comprising:

a chest liner;

a pelvic liner; and

a rear liner;

wherein each of the chest liner, pelvic liner, and rear liner are comprised of a hyperlight liner.

2. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, wherein the one or more lines of leg compression taping further comprise:

one or more front bands of leg compression taping;

wherein each of the one or more front bands of leg compression taping run lengthwise along the front of the two leg areas, wrap around the swimwear, and are attached to the rear area.

3. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 2, wherein the rear area further comprises a large circular opening; and

wherein the one or more front bands of leg compression taping are attached to the rear area at a border of the large circular opening.

4. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 3, wherein the one or more bands of chest compression taping are attached to the rear area at the border of the large circular opening.

5. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 2, wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping are attached to the one or more front bands of leg compression taping.

6. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, wherein the one or more lines of leg compression taping further comprise:

one or more rear bands of leg compression taping;

wherein each of the one or more rear bands of leg compression taping run lengthwise along the back of the two leg areas, curve around the swimwear at a hip, and run diagonally along an intersection between the abdominal area and the leg areas.

7. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping comprise a gentle hill shape.

8. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping comprise a chevron shape.

9. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, further comprising:

one or more lines of internal abdominal taping secured to the rear liner;

wherein the one or more lines of internal abdominal taping run around an inside of the abdominal area.

10. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, further comprising:

a spinal strip of internal compression taping;

wherein the spinal strip of internal compression taping is secured to a bottom of the rear liner and a top of an inside of the rear area.

11. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, further comprising:

one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping;

wherein the one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping are applied to the inside at locations that mirror at least one of the positions of the one or more lines of chest compression taping, the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping, or the one or more lines of leg compression taping.

12. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 1, further comprising:

one or more strips of midline liner located between the chest liner and the pelvic liner. 13. An article of technical swimwear, comprising:

an outside comprising: an abdominal area bounded by one or more lines of abdominal compression taping;

a chest area;

a plurality of shoulder straps;

a rear area;

two leg areas, each having a front and a back; and

one or more lines of full body compression taping;

wherein the full body compression taping crisscross the chest area, wrap around the technical swimwear to crisscross on the rear area, and wrap again around the technical swimwear to travel down the front of the leg areas;

wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping comprise a gentle hill shape;

wherein each of the abdominal area, the chest area, the rear area, and the two leg areas are comprised of variable compressive fabric;

wherein each of the lines of abdominal compression taping and the full body compression taping prevent an expansion of the variable compressive fabric; and

an inside comprising:

a chest liner;

a pelvic liner; and

a rear liner;

wherein each of the chest liner, pelvic liner, and rear liner are comprised of a hyperlight liner.

14. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 13, wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping are secured to the full body compression taping in the rear area.

15. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 13, further comprising:

a spinal strip of internal compression taping;

wherein the spinal strip of internal compression taping is secured to a bottom of the rear liner and a top of an inside of the rear area.

16. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 13, further comprising:

one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping;

wherein the one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping are applied to the inside at locations that mirror at least one of the positions of the one or more lines of chest compression taping, the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping, or the one or more lines of leg compression taping.

17. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 13, further comprising:

one or more strips of midline liner located between the chest liner and the pelvic liner.

18. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 13, further comprising:

one or more rear bands of leg compression taping;

wherein each of the one or more rear bands of leg compression taping run lengthwise along the back of the two leg areas, curve around the swimwear at a hip, and run diagonally along an intersection between the abdominal area and the leg areas.

19. The technical swimwear as recited in claim 13, further comprising:

one or more lines of internal abdominal taping secured to the rear liner;

wherein the one or more lines of internal abdominal taping run around an inside of the abdominal area.

20. A method of manufacturing technical swimwear, comprising:

sewing one or more bar tack reinforcements to two or more pieces of variably compressive swimsuit fabric at high stress points;

aligning two of the two or more piece of swimsuit fabric under a hot press wheel; joining the two of the two or more pieces of swimsuit fabric ultrasonically;

trimming a seam allowance; and

positioning compressive seam reinforcement tape directly over the center of the seams joined together.

Description:
TECHNICAL SWIMWEAR WITH COMPRESSION TAPING CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION S

[0001] This application claims the benefit of priority of U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 15/688,395, filed August 28, 2017, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference herein.

TECHNOLOGY FIELD

[0002] The present article and method of manufacture relates to swimwear with internal compression taping designed to improve athletic performance.

BACKGROUND

[0003] The abdominals are a targeted area that swimmers desire to compress as much as possible in order to streamline their body optimally, along with isolating and reducing muscle vibration to stabilize the core.

[0004] FINA, the international governing body for the sport of swimming, regulates the number of seams, the width of seams, the proximity of seams to each other, the permeability, the overall thickness of fabric for swimwear use in competition, and the like. What is needed is swimwear that uses curved control taping around the torso area to provide enhanced performance benefits to the wearer, while still complying with the current rules and regulations.

SUMMARY

[0005] Embodiments can provide an article of technical swimwear, comprising an outside comprising: an abdominal area bounded by one or more lines of abdominal compression taping; a chest area bounded by one or more lines of chest compression taping; a plurality of shoulder straps; a rear area; and two leg areas, each having a front and a back, bounded by one or more lines of leg compression taping; wherein each of the abdominal area, the chest area, the rear area, and the two leg areas are comprised of variable compressive fabric; wherein each of the lines of abdominal compression taping, chest compression taping, and leg compression taping prevent an expansion of the variable compressive fabric; and an inside comprising: a chest liner; a pelvic liner; and a rear liner; wherein each of the chest liner, pelvic liner, and rear liner are comprised of a hyperlight liner.

[0006] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more lines of leg compression taping further comprise one or more front bands of leg compression taping; wherein each of the one or more front bands of leg compression taping run lengthwise along the front of the two leg areas, wrap around the swimwear, and are attached to the rear area.

[0007] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the rear area further comprises a large circular opening; and wherein the one or more front bands of leg compression taping are attached to the rear area at a border of the large circular opening.

[0008] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more bands of chest compression taping are attached to the rear area at the border of the large circular opening.

[0009] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping are attached to the one or more front bands of leg compression taping.

[0010] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more lines of leg compression taping further comprise one or more rear bands of leg compression taping; wherein each of the one or more rear bands of leg compression taping run lengthwise along the back of the two leg areas, curve around the swimwear at a hip, and run diagonally along an intersection between the abdominal area and the leg areas.

[0011] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping comprise a gentle hill shape.

[0012] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping comprise a chevron shape.

[0013] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more lines of internal abdominal taping secured to the rear liner; wherein the one or more lines of internal abdominal taping run around an inside of the abdominal area.

[0014] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising a spinal strip of internal compression taping; wherein the spinal strip of internal compression taping is secured to a bottom of the rear liner and a top of an inside of the rear area.

[0015] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping; wherein the one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping are applied to the inside at locations that mirror at least one of the positions of the one or more lines of chest compression taping, the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping, or the one or more lines of leg compression taping. [0016] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more strips of midline liner located between the chest liner and the pelvic liner.

[0017] Embodiments can further provide an article of technical swimwear, comprising an outside comprising: an abdominal area bounded by one or more lines of abdominal compression taping; a chest area; a plurality of shoulder straps; a rear area; two leg areas, each having a front and a back; and one or more lines of full body compression taping; wherein the full body compression taping crisscross the chest area, wrap around the technical swimwear to crisscross on the rear area, and wrap again around the technical swimwear to travel down the front of the leg areas; wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping comprise a gentle hill shape; wherein each of the abdominal area, the chest area, the rear area, and the two leg areas are comprised of variable

compressive fabric; wherein each of the lines of abdominal compression taping and the full body compression taping prevent an expansion of the variable compressive fabric; and an inside comprising a chest liner; a pelvic liner; and a rear liner; wherein each of the chest liner, pelvic liner, and rear liner are comprised of a hyperlight liner.

[0018] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear wherein the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping are secured to the full body compression taping in the rear area.

[0019] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising a spinal strip of internal compression taping; wherein the spinal strip of internal compression taping is secured to a bottom of the rear liner and a top of an inside of the rear area.

[0020] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping; wherein the one or more lines of supporting internal compression taping are applied to the inside at locations that mirror at least one of the positions of the one or more lines of chest compression taping, the one or more lines of abdominal compression taping, or the one or more lines of leg compression taping.

[0021] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more strips of midline liner located between the chest liner and the pelvic liner.

[0022] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more rear bands of leg compression taping; wherein each of the one or more rear bands of leg compression taping run lengthwise along the back of the two leg areas, curve around the swimwear at a hip, and run diagonally along an intersection between the abdominal area and the leg areas.

[0023] Embodiments can further provide technical swimwear further comprising one or more lines of internal abdominal taping secured to the rear liner; wherein the one or more lines of internal abdominal taping run around an inside of the abdominal area.

[0024] Embodiments can further provide a method of manufacturing technical swimwear, comprising sewing one or more bar tack reinforcements to two or more pieces of variably compressive swimsuit fabric at high stress points; aligning two of the two or more piece of swimsuit fabric under a hot press wheel; joining the two of the two or more pieces of swimsuit fabric ultrasonically; trimming a seam allowance; and positioning compressive seam reinforcement tape directly over the center of the seams joined together.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES

[0025] The foregoing and other aspects of the present invention are best understood from the following detailed description when read in connection with the accompanying drawings. For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings embodiments that are presently preferred, it being understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific instrumentalities disclosed. Included in the drawings are the following Figures :

[0026] FIGS. 1A- ID illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0027] FIGS. 2 A- 2D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0028] FIGS. 3A-3D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0029] FIGS. 4A-4D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0030] FIGS. 5A-5D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0031] FIGS. 6A-6B illustrate perspective views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0032] FIGS. 7A-7D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping; [0033] FIGS. 8A-8D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0034] FIGS. 9A-9D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping;

[0035] FIG. 10 illustrates a graphical comparison of distance per cycle (DPC) versus swimming velocity between embodiments of swimwear described herein and conventional swimwear;

[0036] FIG. 11 illustrates a graphical comparison of distance per cycle (DPC) versus swimming velocity between embodiments of swimwear described herein and conventional swimwear;

[0037] FIG. 12 illustrates a graphical comparison of distance per cycle (DPC) versus swimming velocity between embodiments of swimwear described herein and conventional swimwear; and

[0038] FIG. 13 illustrates a graphical comparison of distance per cycle (DPC) versus swimming velocity between embodiments of swimwear described herein and conventional swimwear; and

[0039] FIG. 14 illustrates a flowchart depicting the method for manufacturing swimwear with compressive taping in accordance with embodiments described herein. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0040] Embodiments describe swimwear with strategically placed abdominal taping internally, externally, or both internally and externally that isolates and reduces muscle vibration and compresses the athlete's body for the greatest optimal streamlining while swimming competitively. The placement in and around the core of the athlete increases the stability (e.g., from drag causing undulation) and compression (also known as volume reduction) throughout the torso of the athlete - providing lower drag for their performance, which is essential to competitive swimming. By strategically adding taping internally and/or externally to this targeted abdominal area through the use of compressive garments, the compression and isolation can be increased while decreasing the vibration. An inverted "V" shape of the compression taping follows the natural body structure. The angled compression taping generally follows the shape of bottom of rib cage allowing for the athlete to breathe comfortably and move freely while compressing their core muscles in the abdominal area.

[0041] Embodiments of the present invention involve technical swimwear comprising compression taping positioned in such a manner as to minimize drag while the wearer is in the water by compressing the abdominal, chest, and leg areas of the wearer. In certain embodiments, the present invention can be able to isolate core compression without sacrificing breathing volume by attaching the ends of abdominal taping to compression taping connected to the legs. By curving the abdominal taping as it transverses the abdomen, embodiments of the present invention allow athletes to be able to pull the suit on over the larger hip circumference while still fitting snuggly around smaller waist circumference. In certain embodiments, a closed back suit continues this taping with the added benefit of using diagonals around the body to contour the back waist.

[0042] In an embodiment, the shape of the abdominal taping can follow the bottom of the ribcage, in order for it to not restrict breathing, while supporting the core muscles. The bonded seams can be very restrictive and can have little stretch, so the longer the seam line is, the larger the circumference it will be able to accommodate. The angled seam lines can increase the length of the taping seam, allowing more area to stretch the suit around the body.

[0043] In an embodiment, the swimwear can be comprised of one or more fabrics.

In an embodiment, the fabrics can comprise a mixture of nylon, polyester, and

spandex/elastane. One of the fabrics can be a variable compression fabric, and can be made from the fabric Spinergie, as way of a non-limiting example, which can be woven to have various degrees of side by side compression in one piece of fabric. In an embodiment, the swimwear can be lined with a hyperlight liner, which can comprise a mixture of nylon and elastane. The swimwear can be made from various nylon and polyester combinations, as well as with spandex/elastane combinations. In an embodiment, the seam reinforcement taping can be made from a polyester/spandex woven fabric with a polyurethane adhesive. In an embodiment, all fabrics can have a hydrophobic coating in order to repel water. In an embodiment, the taping can be performed with a metallic thread. The fabrics can be cut into pattern pieces according to the pattern dimensions. The position of the variable compressive fabric and the compression taping can create areas of targeted variable compression in the chest, core, and rear of the swimmer, maximizing performance.

[0044] The technical swimwear described herein was initially developed using a design sketch showing desired style lines based on the goals of compressing certain muscles. From that initial design, different positions of seamlines and how they are connected were experimented with by using style tape on a mannequin. After optimizing the function and aesthetics of the design, it was translated onto a previous model of suit using a live model to ensure that the seam lines were following the actual muscles of the wearer's body. At that point, a pattern was developed and a stitched sample was made.

[0045] Upon fitting the bonded samples on actual swimmers, the need was realized to raise the core compression taping as high as possible in order for the swimmers to get into the suit. As found in the experiments, the longer the seam lines, the easier it can become to get the suit on. Two versions of the closed back suit were developed to address the ability to pull a suit with a contoured back over the hips. One version had abdominal taping and front chest taping teirninating at the side seams of the suit. The other version continued the front chest compression taping around the back waist, over the opposite hip, and down the front of leg.

[0046] Due to the intersection of taping seams at the center back waist, the technical swimwear can achieve a very contoured fit, thereby eliminating a gap at the back waist that may be found in other suits. Swimmers may be able to get into these embodiments with the contoured back waist because of the long angled seam lines that spiral around the body. In order to address stress in the back of the suit at the intersection of all of the seams at the waist, some embodiments may increase the circumference around the waist, and bar tacks may be added above and below the intersection. In order to offer more support at the abdominal area, the top of front bottom lining can be raised in certain embodiments from the bottom core taping seam to the top core taping seam. Other embodiment may provide tighter fitting legs by reducing the circumference of the leg around the thigh area. Some

embodiments of the technical swimwear, for example swimwear for free style sprinting or ones where a thinner thigh area is desired in order for the legs to feel tighter than what was able to be achieved with the variable compression fabric on the inner thighs, may replace the variable compression fabric with the high compression fabric used throughout the rest of the suit. This embodiment helps achieve a tighter leg fit without altering the overall pattern. Neckline and armholes may be adjusted to provide more coverage and eliminate water getting into neck and armhole during swimming.

[0047] FIGS. 1A- ID illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 101, a chest area 102, one or more shoulder straps 103, a rear area 104 bounded by a back strap area 105, and two leg areas 106. In the embodiment shown, the rear area 104 can have a large circular opening 108. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 1A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. IB) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 112. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1A- 1B, the swimwear can have two lines of abdominal taping 107 that transverse the abdominal area 101, which can wrap around the swimwear such that they can be secured to the front bands of leg compression taping 110 at the point where it wraps around to the bottom of the rear area 104, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting me wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 107 transverse across the abdominal area 101, they can rise and fall in a gentle hill shape such that the shape of the abdominal taping 107 matches the contours of the bottom of the wearer's ribcage. Bands of chest compression taping 109 can crisscross the chest area 102, and can be secured to the border of the large circular opening 108.

[0048] In an embodiment, front bands of leg compression taping 110 can run lengthwise along the front of the leg areas 106 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the swimwear to be attached at the rear area 104 at the border of the large circular opening 108. Rear bands of leg compression taping 111 can run lengthwise up along the back of the leg areas 106, curve around the hips of the swimwear, and then can run diagonally along the intersection between the abdominal area 101 and the two leg areas 106, such that a "v" shape is secured around the top of the leg area 106. As described above, variable compression fabric 112 can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping. Additionally, the abdominal compression taping 107 can be secured to the front bands of leg compression taping 110 to provide a targeted compression force that allows for the streamlining of the wearer without restricting vital breathing capacity.

[0049] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 1C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. ID) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a chest liner 120, a pelvic liner 121, and a rear liner 122. As shown, the compressive material 112 can be double layered, or can be paired with a layer of hyperlight material. In an embodiment, a line of internal abdominal compression taping can be run around the internal abdominal area, and can be secured to the rear liner 123.

[0050] FIGS. 2 A- 2D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 201, a chest area 202, a rear area 204, one or more shoulder straps 203, and two leg areas 206. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 2A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 2B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 212. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2A-2D, the swimwear can have two lines of abdominal taping 207 that transverse the abdominal area 201, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 207 transverse across the abdominal area 201, they can rise and fall in a gentle hill shape such that the shape of the abdominal taping 207 matches the contours of the bottom of the wearer's ribcage. Bands of chest compression taping 209 can crisscross the chest area 202.

[0051] In an embodiment, front bands of leg compression taping 210 can run lengthwise along the front of the leg areas 206 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the swimwear to be attached to rear bands of leg compression taping 211, which can run lengthwise up along the back of the leg areas 106, curve around the hips of the swimwear, and then can run diagonally along the intersection between the abdominal area 201 and the two leg areas 206, such that a "v" shape is secured around the top of the leg area 206. As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping.

[0052] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 2C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. 2D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a chest liner 220, a pelvic liner 221, and a rear liner 222. As shown, the compressive material 212 can be double layered, or can be paired with a layer of hyperlight material. In an embodiment, a line of internal abdominal compression taping 223 can be run around the internal abdominal area, and can be secured to the rear liner 222. A spinal strip of internal compression taping 224 can run atop the central axis of the back inside (as shown in FIG. 2D), and can be secured to the bottom of the rear liner 222 and to the top of the inside of the rear area 204.

[0053] FIGS. 3A-3D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 301, a chest area 302, one or more shoulder straps 303, a rear area 304 bounded by a back strap area 305, and two leg areas 306. In the embodiment shown, the rear area 304 can have a large circular opening 308. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 3A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 3B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 312. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 3A-3B, the swimwear can have three lines of abdominal taping 307 that transverse the abdominal area 301, which can wrap around the swimwear such that they can be secured to the front bands of leg compression taping 310 at the point where it wraps around to the bottom of the rear area 304, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 307 transverse across the abdominal area 301, they can rise and fall in a gentle hill shape such that the shape of the abdominal taping 307 matches the contours of the bottom of the wearer's ribcage. Bands of chest compression taping can crisscross the chest area 309, and can be secured to the border of the large circular opening 308.

[0054] In an embodiment, front bands of leg compression taping 310 can run lengthwise along the front of the leg areas 306 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the swimwear to be attached at the rear area 304 at the border of the large circular opening 308. Rear bands of leg compression taping 311 can run lengthwise up along the back of the leg areas 306, curve around the hips of the swimwear, and then can run diagonally along the intersection between the abdominal area 301 and the two leg areas 306, such that a "v" shape is secured around the top of the leg area 306. As described above, variable compression fabric 312 can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping. In an embodiment, areas of high compression fabric 313 can be used to provide targeted high compression on certain body areas. Additionally, the abdominal compression taping 307 can be secured to the front bands of leg compression taping 310 to provide a targeted compression force that allows for the streamlining of the wearer without restricting vital breathing capacity.

[0055] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 3C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. 3D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material 312. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a chest liner 320, a pelvic liner 321, and a rear liner 322.

[0056] FIGS. 4A-4D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 401, a chest area 402, one or more shoulder straps 403, a rear area 404 bounded by a back strap area 405, and two leg areas 406. In the embodiment shown, the rear area can have a large circular opening 408. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 4 A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 4B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 412. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 4A-4B, the swimwear can have two lines of abdominal taping 407 that transverse the abdominal area 401, which can wrap around the swimwear such that they can be secured to the front bands of leg compression taping 410 at the point where it wraps around to the bottom of the rear area 404, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 407 transverse across the abdominal area 401, they can rise and fall in a gentle hill shape such that the shape of the abdominal taping 407 matches the contours of the bottom of the wearer's ribcage. Bands of chest compression taping 409 can crisscross the chest area 402, and can be secured to the border of the large circular opening 408.

[0057] In an embodiment, front bands of leg compression taping 410 can run lengthwise along the front of the leg areas 406 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the swimwear to be attached at the rear area 404 at the rim of the large circular opening 408. A rear bands of leg compression taping 411 can run lengthwise up along the back of the leg areas 406, curve around the hips of the swimwear, and then can run diagonally along the intersection between the abdominal area 401 and the two leg areas 406, such that a "v" shape is secured around the top of the leg area 406. The front bands of leg compression taping 410 can intersect the back hand of leg compression taping 411 at point about the wearer's hips. As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping. Additionally, the abdominal compression taping 407 can be secured to the front bands of leg compression taping 410 to provide a targeted compression force that allows for the streamlining of the wearer without restricting vital breathing capacity.

[0058] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 4C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. 4D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a chest liner 420, a pelvic liner 421, and a rear liner 422. Additionally, two strips of midline liner 425 can be used to gird the abdominal area, and a back liner 424 can be applied to the inside of the back strap area. The chest liner 420 can be bounded by the underside of the chest compression taping. In an embodiment, a line of internal abdominal compression taping 423 can be run around the internal abdominal area, and can be secured to the rear liner 422. The swimwear can have supporting internal compression taping 430, which can mirror the positions of the external compression taping, in order to provide greater strength to the swimwear and compressive force.

[0059] FIGS. 5 A-5D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 501, a chest area 502, one or more shoulder straps 503, a rear area 504, and two leg areas 506. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 5A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 5B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 512. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 5A-5B, the swimwear can have two lines of abdominal taping 507 that transverse the abdominal area 501, which can wrap around the swimwear such that they can be secured to the full body compression taping 509 at the point where it wraps around to the rear area 504, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 507 transverse across the abdominal area 501, they can rise and fall in a gentle hill shape such that the shape of the abdominal taping 507 matches the contours of the bottom of the wearer's ribcage. Bands of full body compression taping 509 can crisscross the chest area 502, can wrap around the swimwear to crisscross on the rear area 504, and can wrap around the swimwear again in order to travel down the front of the leg area 506, providing a continuous and consistent compression force throughout the entire length of the swimwear. Rear bands of leg compression taping 511 can run lengthwise up along the back of the leg areas 506, curve around the hips of the swimwear, and then can run diagonally along the intersection between the abdominal area 501 and the two leg areas 506, such that a 'V shape is secured around the top of the leg area 506.

[0060] As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping. Additionally, the abdominal compression taping 507 can be secured to the full body compression taping 509 to provide a targeted compression force that allows for the streamlining of the wearer without restricting vital breathing capacity.

[0061] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 5C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. 5D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material 512. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a chest liner 520, a pelvic liner 521, and a rear liner 522. Additionally, two strips of midline liner 525 can be used to gird the abdominal area. The chest liner 520 can be bounded by the underside of the chest compression taping. In an embodiment, a line of internal abdominal compression taping can be run around the internal abdominal area, and can be secured to the rear liner 523. A spinal strip of internal compression taping 526 can run atop the central axis of the back inside (as shown in FIG. 5D), and can be secured to the bottom of the rear liner 522 and to the top of the inside of the rear area. The swimwear can have supporting internal

compression taping 530, which can mirror the positions of the external compression taping, in order to provide greater strength to the swimwear and compressive force.

[0062] FIGS. 6A-6B illustrate perspective views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 601, a chest area 602, one or more shoulder straps 603, a rear area 604 bounded by a back strap area 605, and two leg areas 606. In the embodiment shown, the rear area can have a large circular opening 608. The swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 612. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 6A-6B, the swimwear can have three lines of abdominal taping 607 that transverse the abdominal area 601, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 607 transverse across the abdominal area 601, they can rise and fall in curved chevron shape. Bands of chest compression taping 609 can crisscross the chest area 602 in a "v" pattern, and can be secured to the border of the large circular opening 608. The chest compression taping 609 can also be attached around the wearer's body at the midline portion of the "v" pattern, to apply additional compression.

[0063] Front bands of leg compression taping 611 can be run lengthwise along the front of leg areas 606 of the swimwear can be run diagonally along the intersection between the abdominal area 601 and the two leg areas 606, such that a "v" shape is secured around the top of the leg area 606. The front bands of leg compression taping 611 can wrap around and be secured to the large circular opening 608. Additionally, rear bands of leg compression taping 610 can run lengthwise along the back of the leg areas 606, can crisscross, and can traverse up the back of the leg areas 606 to the bottom of the abdominal area 604. As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping.

[0064] FIGS. 7A-7D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 701, and two leg areas 702. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 7A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 7B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 703. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 7A-7D, the swimwear can have two lines of abdominal taping 704 that transverse the abdominal area 701, which can wrap around the swimwear, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. As the lines of abdominal taping 704 transverse across the abdominal area 701, they can rise and fall in a gentle curve shape. One of the lines of abdominal taping 704 can wrap around the back of the swimwear and can travel down the midline of the back of the leg areas 702.

[0065] In an embodiment, a front band of leg compression taping 705 can run lengthwise along the front of a leg area 702 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the rear area of the swimsuit before travelling down the other leg area 702. The abdominal taping 704 can intersect the leg compression taping 705 at the top of the leg areas 702. As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping. In an embodiment, areas of high compression fabric 706 can be used to provide targeted high compression on certain body areas.

[0066] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 7C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. 7D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a pelvic liner 710 and a rear liner 711.

[0067] FIGS. 8A-8D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 801, and two leg areas 802. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 8 A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 8B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 803.

[0068] In an embodiment, front bands of leg compression taping 805 can run lengthwise along the middle of the front of the leg areas 802 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the hip area of the swimwear to then travel arcuately back down the middle of the back of the leg areas 802. As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping. In an embodiment, areas of high compression fabric 806 can be used to provide targeted high compression on certain body areas.

[0069] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 8C) and the back inside (as shown in

FIG. 8D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a pelvic liner 810 and a rear liner 811, which can be a single piece or separate pieces.

[0070] FIGS. 9A-9D illustrate outside and inside views of an embodiment of swimwear with compression taping. The placement of compression taping, as well as the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings described in this embodiment differ from other embodiments described herein. In the embodiment shown, the swimwear can have an abdominal area 901, and two leg areas 902. The front outside (as shown in FIG. 9A) of the swimwear and the back outside (as shown in FIG. 9B) of the swimwear can have areas of compression taping banded around areas of variable compressive fabric 903. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 9A-9D, the swimwear can have a line of abdominal taping 904 that transverses the abdominal area 901, which can wrap around the swimwear, providing an anchoring effect that increases compressive force without overly restricting the wearer's breathing space and athletic performance. The abdominal taping 904 can wrap around the back of the swimwear and can travel down the midline of the back of the leg areas 904. As the lines of abdominal taping 904 transverse across the abdominal area 901, they can rise and fall in a gentle curve shape. Additional lines of midline abdominal taping 906 can be used to compress the obliques of the wearer.

[0071] In an embodiment, a front band of leg compression taping 905 can run lengthwise along the front of a leg area 902 of the swimwear, and can wrap up and around the rear area of the swimsuit before travelling down the other leg area 902. The abdominal taping 904 can intersect the leg compression taping 905 at the tops of the leg areas 902. As described above, variable compression fabric can be used in between all areas of the compression taping such that the wearer's entire body is compressed within the bounds of the compression taping.

[0072] The front inside (as shown in FIG. 9C) and the back inside (as shown in FIG. 9D) of the swimwear can have one or more sections of hyperlight liner material, which can be used for the comfort of the wearer, as well as securing points for the taping and the variable compressive material. In an embodiment, the swimwear can have a pelvic liner 910 and a rear liner 911. In an embodiment, strips of supporting internal compression taping 912 can be placed in the same locations as the outer compression taping in order to provide additional seam support.

[0073] In all embodiments, placement of all compression taping and the arrangement, number, and location of the tapings are demonstrative, and are not exhaustive of all the possible combinations of arrangement, number, and locations that could be possible. Additionally, the position and method of securing variable compressive fabric together is not meant to be exhaustive, and additional combinations are contemplated.

[0074] As a use study, the technical swimsuits with compression taping in the abdominal area were compared with conventional technical swimsuits. Studies and world records indicate that swimmers swim faster in technical swimsuits. Previous studies showed that various fabrics, design, and fitting affects distance per stroke and speed through the water wearing technical swimsuits. Technical swimsuits improve swimmers' buoyancy, reduce frontal drag, and change some physiological parameters, such as oxygen consumption and blood lactate concentration. As result, athletes wearing technical swimsuits increase distance per stroke and improve swim times. The purpose of the study was to examine the

relationships between swimming velocity and distance per stroke for several technical swimsuits with compression taping in the abdominal area as compared to convention technical swimsuits.

[0075] The testing protocol included 6 x 20 yard swims. An athlete swam at various velocities: from aerobic pace (50% race effort) for the first swim to the max pace for the last swim (100% effort). The freestyle pulling position keeping a pull buoy between ankles was used for tests to avoid influence of kicking to distance per stroke. An athlete was swimming 20 yards without breathing in order to avoid influence of breathing technique and to standardize the testing conditions. Three swimming cycles were selected in the middle of testing distance to calculate the average swimming velocity and distance per cycle (DPC). The relations between DPC and swimming velocity were calculated for every swimsuit.

[0076] DPC shows the efficiency of swimsuits: the longer DPC at the same swimming velocity, the lower drag is created wearing a swimsuit. Swimmers can swim faster if they can maintain a longer DPC at the same tempo. The relationship between DPC and swimming velocity is described as a polynomial or a linear dependence: the faster athletes are swimming, the lower DPC and higher stroke rate. The world's best swimmers tend to swim at a longer DPC than other swimmers, and thus shows the efficiency of their swimming technique. The testing results showed that the relation between DPC and swimming velocity can be described as polynomial or linear.

[0077] To compare DPC and swimming velocity for various swimsuits, mathematical regression was performed. Since swimming velocity may change depending on athlete's effort and it is impossible to swim exactly the same speed during the test, regression models were created using the best fit mathematical function for every swimsuit. Polynomial and linear regression models of relationships between Distance per Cycle (DPC) and swimming velocity for tested swimsuits are presented in FIGS. 10- 13. As shown, the technical swimsuits with compression taping in the abdominal area according to

embodiments of the present invention (e.g., noted as Dolfin in the legend) had a longer DPC using both polynomial and linear mathematical regression models. This means that the present invention swimsuit had consistently smaller drag than the conventional swimsuit (Speedo LZR X Linear) for a particular swimmer. The results also show that in order to minimize drag, precise fitting is required.

[0078] FIG. 14 illustrates a flowchart depicting the method for manufacturing swimwear with compressive taping, in accordance with embodiments described herein. To manufacture the swimwear, bar tack reinforcements, which can be strong tacking created with thread that secures locations of stress points on a garment related to the position on the body and end-use, can be sewn to the variably compressive swimsuit fabric at high stress points to prevent tearing 1401. Two different pieces of fabric can be aligned under a hot press wheel, at which point the fabric will then have a light ultrasonic line bond for fusion 1402. In an embodiment, fabric can be fed at a consistent rate. The seams of the fabric pieces can then be joined together ultrasonic ally, or welded by high frequency 1403. Seam allowance can be trimmed, allowing for a temporary bond 1404. Lastly, the compressive seam reinforcement tape can be positioned directly over the center of the taping joining two seams joined together by hot air with precise conditions of temperature, time, and pressure 1405.

[0079] The present description and claims may make use of the terms "a," "at least one of," and "one or more of," with regard to particular features and elements of the illustrative embodiments. It should be appreciated that these terms and phrases are intended to state that there is at least one of the particular feature or element present in the particular illustrative embodiment, but that more than one can also be present. That is, these terms/phrases are not intended to limit the description or claims to a single feature/element being present or require that a plurality of such features/elements be present. To the contrary, these terms/phrases only require at least a single feature/element with the possibility of a plurality of such features/elements being within the scope of the description and claims.

[0080] In addition, it should be appreciated that the following description uses a plurality of various examples for various elements of the illustrative embodiments to further illustrate example implementations of the illustrative embodiments and to aid in the understanding of the mechanisms of the illustrative embodiments. These examples are intended to be non- limiting and are not exhaustive of the various possibilities for

implementing the mechanisms of the illustrative embodiments. It will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art in view of the present description that there are many other alternative implementations for these various elements that may be utilized in addition to, or in replacement of, the example provided herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

[0081] The system and processes of the figures are not exclusive. Other systems, processes, and menus may be derived in accordance with the principles of embodiments described herein to accomplish the same objectives. It is to be understood that the embodiments and variations shown and described herein are for illustration purposes only. Modifications to the current design may be implemented by those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of the embodiments. As described herein, the various systems, subsystems, agents, managers, and processes can be implemented using hardware components, software components, and/or combinations thereof No claim element herein is to be construed under the provisions of 35 U.S. C. 112, sixth paragraph, unless the element is expressly recited using the phrase "means for."

[0082] Although the invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is not limited thereto. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that numerous changes and modifications may be made to the preferred embodiments of the invention and that such changes and modifications may be made without departing from the true spirit of the invention. It is therefore intended that the appended claims be construed to cover all such equivalent variations as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.