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Title:
CONDITIONING/STYLING TERPOLYMERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2000/068282
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
What is described herein are conditioning/styling terpolymers of vinylpyrrolidone (VP), dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide (DMAPMA) and C¿9?-C¿24? alkyl dimethylamino-propyl methacrylic acid quaternized monomers (QDMAPMA), in a defined compositional range. Hair and skin care compositions which include these terpolymers exhibit advantageous low tackiness and high humidity resistance.

Inventors:
Jachowicz, Janusz (14 Aunt Patty's Lane Bethel, CT, 06801, US)
Liu, Kou-chang (11 Drayton Place Wayne, NJ, 07470, US)
Mc Mullen Jr., Roger L. (200 Franklin Street Bloomfield, NJ, 07003, US)
Winkler, Thomas (45 Belle Avenue Maywood, NJ, 07607, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2000/009065
Publication Date:
November 16, 2000
Filing Date:
April 05, 2000
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ISP INVESTMENTS INC. (300 Delaware Avenue Wilmington, DE, 19801, US)
International Classes:
A61K8/72; A61K8/00; A61K8/81; A61Q5/00; A61Q5/02; A61Q5/06; A61Q5/12; A61Q19/00; C08F226/10; C08F220/34; C08F220/60; (IPC1-7): C08F26/06; C08F126/06; C08F26/08; C08F26/10; C08F4/12; A61K31/79; A61K7/06; A61K7/11
Foreign References:
US5997855A1999-12-07
US5321110A1994-06-14
US5603919A1997-02-18
US4956430A1990-09-11
US5626836A1997-05-06
Other References:
See also references of EP 1194460A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Maue, Marilyn J. (International Specialty Products 1361 Alps Road Wayne, NJ, 07470, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A terpolymer comprised of the following monomers; X, Y and Z; where: n is 3 to 6; R is H or ClC5 alkyl and wt% of X = 4095; where: P is O or NR2; Rl, R2, R3, R4 are independently H or C1C5 alkyl; R5 is Clci alkyl alkylene; and wt% of Y = 0.1 to 55; and where: P is O or NR2; Ri, R2, R3, R4 are independently H or ClC5 alkyl; R5 is a C2C16 alkylene; R6 is C9C24 alkyl; M is a halide, tosylate or phosphate anion; and wt% of Z = 0.25 to 50.
2. A terpolymer according to claim 1 wherein: X is vinyl pyrrolidone, Y is dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide, and Z is a CisCie alkyi quaternized derivative of an acrylic acid.
3. A terpolymer according to claim 2 wherein X is about 6090 wt%, Y is about 530 wt% and Z is about 130 wt%.
4. A terpolymer according to claim 2 wherein Z is C12 alkyl quaternized monomer.
5. A terpolymer according to claim 1 wherein the weight average molecular weight is 200,000 to 2,000,000.
6. A terpolymer according to claim 5 wherein said molecular weight is 400,000 to 800,000.
7. A terpolymer according to claim 2 which is water soluble or water dispersible.
8. A terpolymer according to claim 1 which forms a clear humidity resistant, hydrophobic film when cast upon a support surface.
9. A terpolymer according to claim 1 which is surface active and hydrolytically stable.
10. A terpolymer according to claim 1 which is a homogeneous terpolymer.
11. A cosmetic composition including about 0.1 to 10% by weight of the terpolymer of claim 1.
12. A cosmetic composition according to claim 11 which is a hair or skin care product.
Description:
CONDITIONING/STYLING TERPOLYMERS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to polymers for use in hair and skin care compositions, and, more particularly, to conditioning and styling terpolymers having advantageous low tackiness and high humidity resistance.

2. Description of the Prior Art Copolymers of VP and DMAPMA have been used extensively as active components of hair and skin compositions. While these copolymers are generally suitable polymers for such products as conditioners and shampoos, it is desired to provide new polymers having improved performance characteristics in these and other personal care products.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION What is described herein is a terpolymer of vinylpyrrolidone (VP), dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide (DMAPMA) and Cg-C24 alkyl dimethylaminopropyl methacrylic acid quaternized monomers (QDMAPMA), within a defined compositional range, for use in hair and skin care compositions, which are characterized by low tackiness and high humidity resistance.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The terpolymers of the invention comprises the following X, Y, and Z monomers, having the formulas given below: where: X is a vinyl cyclic amide, e. g. vinyl pyrrolidone; n = 3 to 6; R is H or C1-C5 alkyl and wt% of X = 40-95; preferably 60-90; where: Y is a derivative of acrylic acid; P is O or NR2; R1, R2, R3, R4 are independently H or C1-C5 alkyl; R5 is C2-Cl6 alkyl alkylene; and wt% of Y = 0.1 to 55; preferably 5-30; where: Z is a quaternized derivative of an acrylic acid; P is O or NR2; Rl, R2, R3, R4 are independently H or C1-C5 alkyl; R5 is a C2-C16 alkylene; and R6 is C9-C24 alkyl; M is a halide, tosylate or phosphate anion; and wt% of Z = 0.25 to 50, preferably 1-30.

The terpolymers of the invention are hydrophobically-modified cationic polymers having long alkyl-chains therein. A typical terpolymer thus has the following formulas: -t-CH2-CH---E-CH2-CH-i-E-CHs-CH-- N C=O C=O 0 1 H gH t ''m Ter (VP-DMAPMA-QDMAPMA) t-12-lB Suitably, monomer Z is prepared by tosylating DMAPMA as follows: CH2=CH C=O DMAPMA + Dodecyltosylate H Tse N 12 In preferred embodiments of the invention, X is vinyl pyrrolidone; Y is dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide, and Z is a C12-Cl8 alkyl quaternized derivative of an acrylic acid; X is about 60-90 wt%, Y is about 5-30 wt% and Z is about 1-30 wt%; Z is C12 alkyl quaternized monomer; the weight average molecular weight of the terpolymer is 200,000 to 2,000,000; preferably 400,000 to 800,000; it is water soluble or water dispersible; and forms a clear humidity resistant, hydrophobic film when cast upon a support surface; which is surface active and hydrolytically stable; and is a homogeneous terpolymer.

Cosmetic compositions of advantageous properties including about 0.1 to 10% by weight of the terpolymer can be prepared conveniently in this invention.

Preferably, the homogeneous terpolymers of the invention are made according to the method described by Kou-Chang Liu et al. in U. S. Patent 5,626,836.

EXAMPLE 1 The preparation of (dodecyldimethyl methacryloimidopropyl ammonium tosylate). [DMAPMA-Cl6Ts] A mixture of 360 g of dodecyl tosylate and 200 g of DMAPMA were slowly heated up to 70°C without a solvent.

Stirring was continued at 70°C for 2 hours. Then the reaction was cooled to room temperature and solidified product was further used in polymerization without purification.

EXAMPLE 2 Terpolymer of VP/DMAPMA/DMAPMAA-Cl2Ts Quat N-Vinylpyrrolidone (VP) (280 g) and deionized water (1400 g) are charged into a 2-liter resin pot equipped with a gas inlet, liquid inlet, a thermometer, and a condenser. The pH of the solution is adjusted to about 7.5 with KOH. Then a stream of nitrogen is introduced which bubbles through the solution during the reaction.

The solution is gradually heated to 65°C for Lupersol@ 11 catalyzed reaction, or to 78°C for a Vazo@ 67 initiated process. Then, DMAPMA (17.5 g) and DMAPMAA-Cl2Ts quat (52.5 g) are added continuously and uniformly into the pot with vigorous stirring for 4 hours so that the relative concentrations of the monomeric VP, DMAPMA, and DMAPMAA-Cl2Ts quat monomer remain practically constant throughout the reaction at predetermined levels.

As soon as DMAPMA and the DMAPMAA-C12Ts quat are introduced into the pot, Lupersol@ 11 (t-butylperoxy pivalate in mineral spirits) or Vazo 67 2,2-azobis (2- methylbutanenitrile), catalyst is added. The rate of the addition of the catalyst is such that 2 ml of Lupersol is completely delivered in 4 hours. Then the solution is held for an additional 3 hours at 68°C (or 78°C for Vazo 67 initiator). The product is an aqueous solution of a homogeneous terpolymer of VP, DMAPMA and a DMAPMAA-C12Ts quat has a predetermined composition indicative of the relative amounts of each monomer used in the process and is substantially free of any residual homopolymer or copolymer. The yield of the terpolymer product is substantially quantitative.

EXAMPLES 1-6 Terpolymers of VP/DMAPMA/QDMAPMAA-DTs (Dodecyl Tosylate Hydrophobe) Ex. Composition (wt%) Conc M. D Ti Resid Resid Resid VP/DMAPMA/% x103 x103 VP DMAPMA HDMAPMA QDMAPMAA-DTs w/w [cps] [ppm] [ppm] % C12OH 1 74/19.3/6.7 10 540 4.7 117 210 <100 0.34 2 74/19.3/6.7 15 560 4.6 163 640 <100 0.58 3 74/19.3/6.7 10 550 4.6 34.6 640 <100 0.58 4* 80/71/12.9 20--41. 4 - - - 5* 80/10.36/9.64 20--35--- 6* 77/20/3 20--26.8--- * Vazo 67 initiator used EXAMPLE 7 Preparation of cocoyldimethyl methacrylamidopropyl ammonium tosylate A mixture of 284.4 g of C16-Cl8 tosylate and 126.7 g of DMAPMA were slowly heated up to 70°C without a solvent. Stirring was continued at 70°C for 3 hours.

Then the temperature was raised to 80°C and maintained for 6 hours while stirring. Then the reaction was cooled to room temperature and solidified product was further used in polymerization without purification.

EXAMPLE 8 Terpolymer of VP/DMAPMA/DMAPMAA C16-Cl8Ts Quat.

The copolymerization of VP/DMAPMA/DMAPMAA-Cl6Ts Quat followed the same procedure as given in Example 2.

EXAMPLES 8-10 Polymers of VP/DMAPMA/DMAPMAA-Cl6Ts (Hexadecyl Tosylate Hydrophobe) Ex. Composition (wt%) Conc. <BR> <BR> <BR> <P> VP/DMAPMA/<BR> <BR> <BR> DMAPMAA-Cl6Ts % w/w 8 74/19.3/6.7 15 9 74/20/6 20 10 77/20/3 20 EXAMPLE 11 Preparation of Lauryl-Dimethyl Methacrylamidopropyl Ammonium Chloride A mixture of 350 g of DMAPMA and 280 g of chlorododecene (1.5: 1) was stirred with 111.2 g of water (15%) and 6 drops of concentrated sulfuric acid. The reaction mixture was heated up to 95°C and N2 was bubbled through it. The conversion was followed by GC. After 24 hours the reaction mixture was cooled off (95% conversion of vinyl chloride) and product was further used in polymerization without purification.

EXAMPLES 12-17 Terpolymer of VP/DMAPMA/QDMAPMA Lauryl Chloride The terpolymerization of VP/DMAPMA/DMAPMAA-C16 Cl quat followed the same procedure as described in Example 2.

Ex. Composition (wt%) Conc Mw D n Resid Resid 103x103VPLCLAVP/DMAPMA/% QDMAPMAA-LCL w/w [cps] [ppm] [ppm] 12 77/70/3 20 615 5.5 28 600 400 13 74/70/6 20 510 5.4 35 600 800 14 71/70/9 20 485 6.2 64 500 1300 15 93.3/3.7/3 20 493 5.3 13 200 400 16 86.5/7.5/6 20 550 6.8 14 400 800 17 79.8/11.2/9 20 575 7.2 30 300 1300 EXAMPLE 18 CONDITIONING CREAM RINSE FORMULATION Part A 86.4% Deionized H20 0.5% SLES (Cerasynt LP; ISP) 0.1% NaEDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt dihydrate; Aldrich) Part B 2.55 Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol (Lanette Wax O; Henkel Corporation) Part C 10% Aculyn 46 (modified polyethylene glycol, enzymatically modified starch ; Rohm & Haas) Part D 0.5% Conditioning Additive of Example 13 Instructions Heat Part A to 60°C with moderately slow stirring. Add Part B to Part A once Part A appears well mixed and homogeneous. Continue slow stirring and allow solution to cool to an ambient temperature. Add Part C while stirring and eventually add Part D.

EXAMPLE 19 CONDITIONING SHAMPOO FORMULATION Part A 15% Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate (Standapol A, Henkel Corporation) 15% Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (Rhodapon SB-8208/S, Phone Poulenc) 8% Cocamidopropyl Betaine (Mitratine CB, Phone Poulenc) 2% Lauramide DEA (Monamid 716, Mona Industries) Part B 1% Conditioning Additive of Example 13 58.8% Deionized H20 Part C 0.2% Diazolidinyl Urea/Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate (Germall Plus, ISP) Instructions Heat Part A to 60°C with moderately slow stirring for approximately 1e hr. or until solution becomes transparent. At the same time, heat Part B to 55°C while stirring until homogeneous solution is obtained. Add Part B to Part A while continuously stirring. Remove temperature source. Once the resulting solution has reached 45°C, add Part C. Continue to stir (slowly) until the target solution has cooled to an ambient temperature.

In the conditioners and shampoo formulations tested under actual use conditions in comparison with similar formulations with known polymers, the terpolymers of the invention have excellent wet combing, excellent dry feel and softness, and excellent wet feel.

Furthermore they are characterized by excellent styling properties in terms of stiffness, humidity resistance and dry and wet feel.

EXAMPLE 20 STYLING LOTION A styling lotion formulation was prepared in aqueous solution using 1% by weight of the terpolymer of Example 1 and 0.1% preservative.

EXAMPLE 21 STYLING MOUSSE A concentrate is prepared by dissolving 1 g of the terpolymer of Example 1,0.1 g of preservative and 98.9 g of deionized water.

A styling mousse formation is prepared by mixing 70 g of the concentrate and 30 of hydrocarbon propellant in an aerosol can provided with a mousse dispenser.

While the invention has been described with particular reference to certain embodiments thereof, it will be understood that changes and modifications may be made which are within the skill of the art. Accordingly, it is intended to be bound only by the following claims, in which: