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Title:
TEXTILE AND GARMENT COMPRISING A DUAL-WEAVE OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/227232
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A textile comprising a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE is disclosed. Also disclosed is a method for manufacturing a textile comprising providing a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and weaving the weft and warp face to thereby manufacture the textile. The warp face and/or weft may comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE and elastane. The warp face and/or weft comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane. The UHMWPE may comprise DYNEEMA®. The textile may find application in a workwear garment, an outdoor wear garment or an active wear garment.

Inventors:
LELLIOTT, Michael (C/- Houlihan2, Level 1,70 Doncaster Road, Balwyn North Victoria 3014, AU)
CLARKE, Aidan (C/- Houlihan2, Level 1,70 Doncaster Road, Balwyn North Victoria 3014, AU)
Application Number:
AU2018/000095
Publication Date:
December 20, 2018
Filing Date:
June 13, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Saint IP Pty Ltd (C/- Houlihan2, Level 1 ,70 Doncaster Roa, Balwyn North Victoria 3014, AU)
International Classes:
D03D15/08; D02G3/04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
WARDEN-HUTTON, Paul David (Houlihan 2, Level 1 70 Doncaster Roa, Balwyn North Victoria 3104, AU)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

The Claims defining the invention are as follows:

1. A textile comprising:

a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE; and

a weft comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE.

2. A method for manufacturing a textile comprising:

providing a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE; and

weaving the weft and warp face to thereby manufacture the textile.

3. The textile of Claim 1 or the method of Claim 2 wherein the warp face and/or weft comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE and elastane.

4. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the warp face and/or weft comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural, synthetic or semisynthetic fibre and elastane.

5. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre comprise a non-elastic technical fibre.

6. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre comprises one or more of polyester; XT -2; modal; Coolmax; Thermolite or an animal fibre.

7. The textile or method of Claim 6 wherein the animal fibre comprises cashmere or merino.

8. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the warp face comprises a 1/1 ; a 2/1; a 3/1; a 4/1; or a 5/1 weave.

9. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein twarp face and/or weft comprise spun UHMWPE.

10. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the warp face and/or weft comprise cotton spun around a UHMWPE fibre.

11. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein when elastane is present, the weft and or warp face comprise, UHMWPE spun yarn spun around an elastane fibre.

12. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein warp face and/or weft comprise 5 to 40 %; 10 to 35 or 15 to 30% lateral stretch.

13. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the textile comprises a single layer.

14. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the UHMWPE comprises Dyneema®.

15. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the textile comprises 50 to 98%; 60 to 95%; or 65 to 92% cotton.

16. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the textile comprises 1 to 15%; 2 to 10%; or 3 to 6% UHMWPE.

17. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the textile comprises 1 to 35%; 2 to 30%; or 5 to 25% of a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre.

18. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the textile comprises 0.1 to 5%; 0.5 to 2%; or 0.75 to 1.25% elastane.

19. The textile or method of any one of the previous Claims wherein the textile comprises 90% cotton, 3% UHMWPE, 6% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and 1% lycra; 88% cotton, 6% UHMWPE, 5% natural, synthetic or semi -synthetic fibre and 1% lycra; 68% cotton, 6% UHMWPE, 25% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and 1% elastane.

20. The textile or method of Claim 19 wherein the 6% natural, synthetic or semisynthetic fibre is comprised of polyester.

Description:
TEXTILE AND GARMENT COMPRISING A DUAL- WEAVE OF

COMPOSITE MATERIALS

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to a textile and garment comprising a dual-weave of composite materials. In particular, this invention relates to a textile and garment comprising a dual weave of composite materials comprising cotton and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and optionally elastane.

BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION

[0002] Knit fabrics are one of the oldest and maybe the easiest way of producing a fabric. In a knit fabric the yarns make loops around each other, with the looping causing bending which results in softer fabrics that have greater volume than standard woven fabrics. Generally, knit fabrics are much softer and more flexible than woven fabrics. However, the fabric stability or shape retention is not as good as in woven fabrics. Therefore, knit fabrics are used in topswear like jumpers or sweatshirts or t-shirts or for bottoms in more sportive fields like sweatpants due to their softness and comfort.

[0003] A woven fabric is obtained by crossing weft yarns and warp yarns, in a weaving pattern whereby the weft yarns extend over and below one or more warp yarns to provide, with respect to the warp yarns, correspondent over portions and under portions.

[0004] Denim is a popular fabric that is produced by weaving weft and warp yarns in a twill design. Denim is a sturdy, cotton warp-faced textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads.

[0005] A well known problem with denim fabrics is that fabrics obtained from 100% cotton yarns may be quite stiff and rigid. To solve this problem, denim fabrics have been provided with elastic yarns, usually weft yarns, which reduce stiffness of the fabric and improve wearability. These fabrics are called "stretch woven fabrics" or "stretch fabrics". In these stretch fabrics, the elastic yarn provides the elasticity required for the fabric to stretch and to recover the stretched portion. Because the elastic yarn is part of the fabric, a usual requirement is that it does not compromise the aspect and the look of the fabric. To this purpose, the elastic yarns often include a core made of an elastomer and a cover for the core that is made of inelastic fibers, generally cotton fibers, so as to mimic the appearance of a standard, non-elastic, 100% cotton yarn. [0006] The reference to any prior art in this specification is not, and should not be taken as, an acknowledgement or any form of suggestion that the prior art forms part of the common general knowledge.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0007] Generally, embodiments of the present invention relate to a textile and a garment comprising a dual weave of composite materials. In a particular embodiment, this invention relates to a textile and garment comprising a dual weave of composite materials comprising cotton and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and optionally one or more of a synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane. In a more particular embodiment, the textile and garment comprises a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft comprising cotton and UHMWPE and optionally one or more a synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane.

[0008] In a first form, although it need not be the only or indeed the broadest form, the invention resides in a textile comprising:

a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE; and

a weft comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE.

[0009] In a second form, the invention resides in a method for manufacturing a textile comprising:

providing a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE; and

weaving the weft and warp face to thereby manufacture the textile.

[0010] In a particular embodiment of the first or second forms, the warp face and/or weft may comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE and elastane.

[0011] In another particular embodiment of the first or second forms, the warp face and/or weft may comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural, synthetic or semisynthetic fibre and elastane.

[0012] The natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise a non-elastic technical fibre. The natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise one or more of polyester; XT-2; modal; Coolmax; Thermolite or an animal fibre. The animal fibre may comprise cashmere or merino.

[0013] According to either the first or second form, the warp face may comprise a 1/1 ; a 2/1; a 3/1 ; a 4/1 ; or a 5/1 weave. In a particular embodiment the warp face comprises a 3/1 weave. The weave may comprise a twill weave. The twill weave may comprise a 3/1 right hand twill. The twill weave may comprise a warp-faced twill weave. The warp-faced twill weave may have a predominance of warp yarns on the face. The warp-faced twill weave may be stronger and/or more resistant to abrasion and piling. The strength and resistance may be compared to non warp-faced twill weaves; other weaves; or other textiles.

[0014] The warp face and/or weft may comprise spun UHMWPE.

[0015] The warp face and/or weft may comprise cotton spun around a UHMWPE fibre. When elastane is present, the warp face and/or weft may comprise, UHMWPE spun yarn spun around an elastane fibre.

[0016] The warp face and/or weft may comprise 5 to 40 %; 10 to 35 or 15 to 30% lateral stretch. The warp face and/or weft may comprise 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 , 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 or 40 % lateral stretch. In particular embodiments the warp face and/or weft may comprise 20%; 28%; 30%; 23%; 18 or 16% lateral stretch.

[0017] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a single layer.

[0018] According to either the first or second form, the UHMWPE may comprise Dyneema®. The Dyneema® may comprise woven, laminated, diluted, and extruded UHMWPE. The UHMWPE may comprise DPI UHMWPE. The Dyneema® may comprise Dyneema® Fibre or white Dyneema® Fibre.

[0019] The textile of the first or second form may comprise 50 to 98%; 60 to 95%; or 65 to 92% cotton. The textile of the first or second form may comprise 50, 55, 60, 61 , 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97 or 98% cotton.

[0020] The textile of the first or second form may comprise 1 to 15%; 2 to 10%; or 3 to 6% UHMWPE. The textile of the first or second form may comprise 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 or 15% UHMWPE.

[0021] The textile of the first or second form may comprise 1 to 40%; 2 to 30%; or 5 to 25% of a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre. The textile of the first or second form may comprise 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 1 1 , 12, 13, 14, 1 5, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 or 40 % natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre.

[0022] The textile of the first or second form may comprise 0.1 to 5%; 0.5 to 2%; or 0.75 to 1 .25% elastane. The textile of the first or second form may comprise 0.1 , 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.75, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0, 1.1, 1.25, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 2.0, 2.25, 2.5, 2.75, 3.0, 3.25, 3.5, 3.75, 4.0, 4.25, 4.5, 4.75 or 5.0% elastane. [0023] In particular embodiments, the textile of the first or second form comprises 90% cotton, 3% UHMWPE, 6% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and 1% lycra®; 88% cotton, 6% UHMWPE, 5% natural, synthetic or semi -synthetic fibre and 1 % lycra®; 68% cotton, 6% UHMWPE, 25% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and 1% elastane. The 6% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise polyester. The 5% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise XT-2. The 25% natural, synthetic or semisynthetic fibre may comprise Modal; Coolmax or Thermolite.

[0024] In another embodiment of either the first or second form, the textile comprises 74% cotton, 23% polyester, 2% UHMWPE and 1% elastane. The UHMWPE may comprise DYNEEMA. The elastane may comprise Lycra®.

[0025] In yet another embodiment of either the first or second form, the textile comprises 60.5% cotton, 36% polyester, 2.5% UHMWPE and 1% elastane. The UHMWPE may comprise DYNEEMA. The elastane may comprise Lycra®.

[0026] According to one particular embodiment of either the first or second, form, the warp face and the weft are milled from the same yarn.

[0027] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a useable width of 45 to 70; 50 to 65; or 54 to 60 inches. The textile of the first or second form may comprise a useable width of 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 52.5 53, 53.5 54, 54.5 55, 55.5 56, 56.5, 57, 57.5, 58, 58.5, 59, 59.5 60, 60.5, 61, 61.5, 62, 62.5, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69 or 70 inches. In particular embodiments, the textile of the first or second form comprises a useable width of 59; 54.5; 57.5; or 59.5 inches.

[0028] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a weight of 6 to 16; 8 to 16; or 11 to 12 oz/yd 2 (ounces/yard 2 ). The textile of the first or second form may comprise a weight of 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 1 1 , 12, 13, 14, 15 or 16 oz/yd 2 . In particular embodiments, the textile of the first or second form comprises a weight of 11 or 12 oz/yd 2 . The textile of the second form may comprise a weight (washed) of 8 to 18; 10 to 16 or 12 to 14 oz/yd 2 . The textile of the first or second form may comprise a weight (washed) of 8, 9, 10, 1 L 12, 13, 14, 1 5, 16, 17 or 18 oz/yd 2 .

[0029] The textile of the first or second form may be abrasion resistant. The abrasion resistance may show no thread breakdown at 25,000 rubs; 50,000 rubs; 75,000 rubs; or 100,000 rubs. The abrasion resistance may be so no thread breakdown until 125,000 rubs. The abrasion resistance may be according to the martindale method.

[0030] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a warp tear strength of between 7,000 and 13,000; between 8,000 and 12,000; or between 8,500 and 1 1,500 grams. The warp tear strength may be greater than 7,000; greater than 8,000; greater than 8,500; greater than 9,000; greater than 9,500; greater than 10,000; or greater than 10,500. The warp tear may comprise 9,004.0 grams or 10,803.0 grams. The warp tear may be measured according to ASTM D-1424. The measurement may be modified.

[0031] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a weft tear strength of between 9,500 and 14,000; between 10,000 and 13,500; or between 10,500 and 13,000. The weft tear strength may be greater than 9,500; greater than 10,000; greater than 10,500; greater than 11,000; greater than 11,500; or greater than 11,750. The weft tear strength may be 1 1,818.0 grams; or the textile may be untearableThe weft tear strength may be measured according to ASTM D-1424. Untearable may mean no tearing at the maximum level tested. The measurement may be modified.

[0032] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a warp tensile strength of between 100 and 150; between 110 and 140; between 1 15 and 135 kg; between 120 and 130 kg; or between 120 and 125 kg. The textile of the first or second form may comprise a warp tensile strength of greater than 100; greater than 105; greater than 1 10; greater than 115; or greater than 120 kg. The warp tensile strength may comprise 122.0 kg; or 123.0 kg. The warp tensile strength may be measured according to ASTM D-5034. The measurement may be modified.

[0033] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a weft tensile strength of between 50 and 180; between 60 and 1 70; between 70 and 160; between 80 and 150; between 90 and 140; or between 95 and 130 kg. The textile of the first or second form may comprise a weft tensile strength of greater than 50; greater than 60; greater than 70; greater than 80; greater than 90; greater than 100; greater than 110; greater than 120; or greater than 125 kg. The weft tensile strength may comprise 100 or 128.0 kg. The weft tensile strength may be measured by ASTM D-5034. The measurement may be modified.

[0034] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a stretch textile.

[0035] The textile of the first or second form, may comprise a workwear textile, an outdoor wear textile or an active wear textile.

[0036] The textile of the first or second form may comprise a dark indigo colour.

[0037] In a third form, the invention resides in a textile manufactured according to the method of the second form.

[0038] In a fourth form the invention resides in a garment comprising the textile of the first form. The garment of the fourth form may comprise a workwear garment, an outdoor wear garment or an active wear garment. [0039] In a fifth form the invention resides in a garment comprising the textile of the third form. The garment of the third form may comprise a workwear garment, an outdoor wear garment or an active wear garment.

[0040] The garment of the fourth form or the fifth form may comprise jeans or pants, a jacket, a vest or a shirt.

[0041] The textile and garment of any above form may look like or substantially look like conventional stretch denim.

[0042] The textile and garment of any above form may feel like or substantially feel like conventional stretch denim.

[0043] The textile and garment of any above form may comprise a dye and/or a coating. The coating may comprise a black coating. The dye may comprise and indigo dye or a black dye. The Indigo dye may comprise a IDP Indigo dye. The black dye may comprise a 2DP black dye. The dye may be added in a stone process. The dye may comprise a dye from Archroma. The dye may comprise an advanced sulphur dye and/or sustainable dye stuffs.

[0044] The textile or garment of any above form does not comprise any additional protective fibre or textile layer such as, a Kevlar ® or para-aramid synthetic fiber layer.

[0045] According to any one of the above forms, the textile may be manufactured using one or more of a winding machine; a creeling machine; a warping machine; a sizing machine; or a loom. The winding machine may comprise one or both of a precision winding machine or a non-precision winding machine. The warping machine may comprise one or both of a high speed warping machine or a sectional warping machine. The sizing machine may comprise one or more of aa slasher sizing machine; a ball warp Sizing Machine; or a hank sizing machine. The loom may comprise a hand loom; or a power loom. The hand loom may comprise one or more of a primitive loom; a pit loom; a frame loom; a chittaranjan loom; a hatersley loom. The power loom may comprise one or more of an air jet loom; a water jet loom; a rapier loom; or a multiphase loom.

[0046] In this specification, the terms "comprises", "comprising" or similar terms are intended to mean a non-exclusive inclusion, such that an apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include those elements solely, but may well include other elements not listed.

[0047] According to any one of the above forms, the testing may be modified by one or more home laundry. The modification may comprise one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten or ten or more home laundries. In one embodiment of any one of the above forms the modification may comprise three home laundries.

[0048] Further aspects and/or features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0049] In order that the invention may be readily understood and put into practical effect, reference will now be made to embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numbers refer to identical elements. The drawings are provided by way of example only.

[0050] Figure 1 is a schematic diagram showing a simplified representation of the textile according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0051] Figure 2 is a photo of the textile according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0052] Figure 3 is a flowchart showing the steps according to one embodiment of a method according to the invention.

[0053] Figures 4 to 4E are drawings showing various embodiments of a garment according to the invention.

[0054] Skilled addressees will appreciate that elements in the drawings are illustrated for simplicity and clarity and have not necessarily been drawn to scale. For example, the relative dimensions of some elements in the drawings may be distorted to help improve understanding of embodiments of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0055] Embodiments of the present invention relate a textile and garments comprising a dual weave of composite materials. In a particular embodiment, this invention relates to a textile and garment comprising a dual weave of composite materials comprising cotton and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and optionally one or more of a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane. In a more particular embodiment, the textile and garment comprises a warp face comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft comprising cotton and UHMWPE and optionally one or more of a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane.

[0056] As used herein, "textile" means any cloth, fabric, material or goods produced by for example, weaving, knitting, spreading, bonding, crocheting, knotting or felting. A textile may be produced by spinning raw fibres of wool, flax, cotton, hemp, or other natural or synthetic materials to produce long strands. Textile encompasses fabric and cloth as used in textile assembly trades thereby comprising any material made of interlacing fibres. The term "fabric" may be used in the textile trade to refer to a material that may be used in production of further goods such as, garments. The term "cloth" may be used synonymously with fabric or may be used to refer to a finished piece of fabric used for a specific purpose such as, a table cloth.

[0057] As used herein "yarn" means a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of a textile. Yarn can be made from natural and/or synthetic fibers. A yarn may be a spun yarn or a filament yarn.

[0058] In this specification "weft" means the thread or yarn which is drawn through, inserted over-and-under, the lengthwise warp yarns to create cloth. A single thread or yarn of the weft, crossing the warp, may be called a pick. Another term for the weft is the fill or the filling yarn. Each individual warp thread in a fabric is called a warp end or end.

[0059] As used in this specification "warp" refers to a yarn or yarns placed lengthwise, crossed by and interlaced with the weft, which form the lengthwise threads in a woven fabric.

[0060] Warp is the lengthwise or longitudinal thread or yarn in a roll, while weft is the transverse thread.

[0061] In this specification "denim" refers to a cotton warp-faced textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads. Accordingly, textile 100 may be referred to as a denim.

[0062] Denim fabrics may be 5/1, 4/1, 3/1, 2/1, 1/1 or sateen weave fabrics. The number indicates how many connection points there are in the smallest repeat construction unit, or weaving scheme, of warp and weft yarns. That is, 1/1 means that at each connection the warp yarn is changing its position, namely from upside of the weft (face side of the fabric) to the downside of the weft yarn (back side of the fabric). Whereas 2/1 means "two up, one down", i.e. the weft is floating under two warps and then changing position from down to up; every three weft insertions the warp yarn position is changed once. Similarly, in 3/1 construction every fourth weft insertion there is one warp yarn position changing and, in 4/1 every fifth weft insertion the warp yarn changes its position once. When there is a high number of positions without changing, i.e. the longer the weft portion floating under the warp yarns, the looser and softer are the woven fabrics. As a result, 1/1 weave produces a textile stiffer than a 4/1 weave.

[0063] The weave may comprise a twill weave such as, a 3/1 right hand twill. The weave may comprise a warp-faced twill weave. The warp-faced twill weave may have a predominance of warp yarns on the face. The warp-faced twill weave may be stronger and/or more resistant to abrasion and piling. The strength and resistance may be compared to non warp-faced twill weaves; other weaves; or other textiles.

[0064] As used herein a "composite" or "composite material" is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.

[0065] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing a simplified representation of textile 100 according to one embodiment of the invention. Textile 100 comprises a warp face 1 10 and a weft 120.

[0066] The warp face 1 10 comprises a composite 1 18 of cotton 1 12, UHMWPE 1 14 and elastane 1 16. From the teaching herein, a skilled person is readily able to select a suitable cotton.

[0067] FIG. 2 shows a photograph of textile 100. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, warp face 1 10 comprises a 3/1 weave. In other embodiments, warp face 1 10 may comprise a 1/1 ; a 2/1 ; a 4/1 ; or a 5/1 weave.

[0068] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, weft 120 also comprises a composite 128 of cotton 122, UHMWPE 124 and elastane 126. The UHMWPE 124 may comprise spun UHMWPE.

[0069] In this embodiment, warp face 1 10 and weft 120 are milled from the same yarn.

[0070] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, composites 118, 128 comprise UHMWPE spun yarn 124 spun around an elastane fibre 126 (not shown).

[0071] Advantageously, by utilising elastane fibre 1 16, 126, warp face 1 10 and weft 120 comprises 20% lateral stretch. In other embodiments, warp face 1 10 and weft 120 may comprise 10 to 30 %; 15 to 25 or 18 to 22% lateral stretch. The warp face 110 and weft 120 may comprise 10, 11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 or 30 % lateral stretch.

[0072] In another embodiment (not shown), the warp face 1 10 and weft 120 may comprise a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane.

[0073] The natural synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise a non-elastic technical fibre. The natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise one or more of polyester; XT -2; modal; Coolmax; Thermolite; and an animal fibre. The animal fibre may comprise merino and/or cashmere. [0074] When warp face 110 and weft 120 comprises elastane and a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre, the warp face 1 10 and weft 120 may comprise 5 to 40 %; 10 to 35 or 15 to 30% lateral stretch. The warp face 100 and weft 120 may comprise 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 or 40 % lateral stretch. In particular embodiments, the warp face 1 10 and weft 120 may comprise 20%; 28%; 30%; 23%; 18% or 16% lateral stretch.

[0075] When the textile 100 comprises a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane it may comprise 50 to 98%; 60 to 95%; or 65 to 92% cotton. The textile 100 may comprise 50, 55, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97 or 98% cotton.

[0076] When the textile 100 comprises a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane it may comprise 1 to 15%; 2 to 10%; or 3 to 6% UHMWPE. The textile 100 may comprise 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 or 15% UHMWPE.

[0077] When the textile 100 comprises a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane it may comprise 1 to 40%; 2 to 30%; or 5 to 25% of a synthetic or semi -synthetic fibre. The textile 100 may comprise 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 or 40% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre.

[0078] When the textile 100 comprises a composite of cotton, UHMWPE, a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and elastane it may comprise 0.1 to 5%; 0.5 to 2%; or 0.75 to 1.25% elastane. The textile 100 comprise 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.75, 0.8, 0.9, 1 .0, 1.1 , 1 .25, 1.3, 1 .4, 1 .5, 1.6, 1 .7, 1.8, 1 .9, 2.0, 2.25, 2.5, 2.75, 3.0, 3.25, 3.5, 3.75, 4.0, 4.25, 4.5, 4.75 or 5.0% elastane.

[0079] In particular embodiments, textile 100 comprises 90% cotton, 3% UHMWPE, 6% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and 1% lycra®; 88% cotton, 6% UHMWPE, 5% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre and 1 % lycra®; 68% cotton, 6% UHMWPE, 25% natural, synthetic or semi -synthetic fibre and 1% elastane. The 6% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise polyester. The 5% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise XT -2. The 25% natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic fibre may comprise Modal; Coolmax or Thermolite.

[0080] Textile 100 may comprise a useable width of 45 to 70; 50 to 65; or 54 to 60 inches. Textile 100 may comprise a useable width of 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 52.5 53, 53.5 54, 54.5 55, 55.5 56, 56.5, 57, 57.5, 58, 58.5, 59, 59.5 60, 60.5, 61, 61.5, 62, 62.5, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69 or 70 inches. In particular embodiments, textile 100 comprises a useable width of 59; 54.5; 57.5; or 59.5 inches.

[0081] Textile 100 may comprise a weig ht of 6 to 16; 8 to 16; or 1 1 to 12 oz/yd 2 Textile 100 may comprise a weight of 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 or 16 oz/yd 2 . In particular embodiments, textile 100 comprises a weight of 11 or 12 oz/yd 2 . This weight may be referred to as weight (finished).

[0082] Textile 100 may also comprise a weight (washed) of 8 to 18; 10 to 16 or 12 to 14 oz/yd 2 . In particular embodiments, textile 100 comprises a weight (washed) of 8, 9, 10, 1 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 or 18 oz/yd 2 .

[0083] Textile 100 may be abrasion resistant. The abrasion resistance may show no thread breakdown at 25,000 rubs; 50,000 rubs; 75,000 rubs; or 100,000 rubs. The abrasion resistance may be so no thread breakdown until 125,000 rubs. The abrasion resistance may be according to the martindale method.

[0084] The warp tear strength of textile 100 may be measured according to ASTM D- 1424. The measurement may be modified. Textile 100 may comprise a warp tear strength of between 7,000 and 13,000; between 8,000 and 12,000; or between 8,500 and 1 1,500 grams. The warp tear strength may be greater than 7,000; greater than 8,000; greater than 8,500; greater than 9,000; greater than 9,500; greater than 10,000; or greater than 10,500. In particular embodiments, the warp tear of textile 1 00 may comprise 9,004.0 grams or 10,803.0 grams.

[0085] The weft tear strength of textile 100 may be measured according to ASTM D- 1424. The measurement may be modified. The weft tear strength of textile 100 may comprise between 9,500 and 14,000; between 10,000 and 13,500; or between 10,500 and 13,000. The weft tear strength may be greater than 9,500; greater than 10,000; greater than 10,500; greater than 11,000; greater than 1 1,500; or greater than 11,750. In particular embodiments the weft tear strength of textile 100 may comprise 11,818.0 grams; or untearable. Untearable means no tearing at the maximum level tested.

[0086] The warp tensile strength of textile 100 may be measured according to ASTM D- 5034. The measurement may be modified. Textile 100 may comprise a warp tensile strength of between 100 and 150; between 110 and 140; between 115 and 135 kg; between 120 and 130 kg; or between 120 and 125 kg. The textile 100 may comprise a warp tensile strength of greater than 100; greater than 105; greater than 110; greater than 1 15; or greater than 120 kg. In particular embodiments, the warp tensile strength of textile 100 may comprise 122.0 kg; or 123.0 kg.

[0087] The weft tensile strength of textile 100 may be measured according to ASTM D- 5034. The measurement may be modified. Textile 100 may comprise a weft tensile strength of between 50 and 180; between 60 and 170; between 70 and 160; between 80 and 150; between 90 and 140; or between 95 and 130 kg. Textile 100 may comprise a weft tensile strength of greater than 50; greater than 60; greater than 70; greater than 80; greater than 90; greater than 100; greater than 110; greater than 120; or greater than 125 kg. In particular embodiments the weft tensile strength of textile 100 may comprise 100 or 128.0 kg-

[0088] As used herein, modified measurement may refer to one or more home laundry. The modification may comprise one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten or ten or more home laundries. In the measurements detailed herein, the only modification was to wash the textile with three home laundries before testing. This modification was adapted because in a majority of cases, denim is worn after being laundered. A home laundry means rinse; stone; enzyme; bleach wash; or other laundry method. Apart from the three home laundries, the rest of the testing procedure was the same.

[0089] Table 14 provides some further clarification on the measurement or testing procedures used. For stretch growth performance evaluation, three pounds (3 lbs) weight was applies as per test method ASTM D-3107.

[0090] Both weft 120 and warp face 110 may comprise DPI UHMWPE fibre spun with cotton.

[0091] The weft 120 and/or warp face 1 10 may comprise a cover over the UHMWPE.

[0092] As shown in FIG. 2, textile 100 comprises a single layer 104. The single layer 104 comprises a dual weave 101 that is made up of the two components of the warp face 110 and the weft 120 woven together.

[0093] The invention also provides a method 200 for manufacturing textile 100. A flowchart showing the steps of method 200 is provided in FIG. 3. In providing step 202 a warp face 110 comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE and a weft 120 comprising a composite of cotton and UHMWPE are provided. Then step 204 comprises weaving the weft 120 and the warp face 110 to thereby manufacture textile 100.

[0094] From the teaching herein, a skilled person is readily able to select a suitable weaving method. [0095] Textile 100 may be manufactured using one or more of a winding machine; a creeling machine; a warping machine; a sizing machine; or a loom. The winding machine may comprise one or both of a precision winding machine or a non-precision winding machine. The warping machine may comprise one or both of a high speed warping machine or a sectional warping machine. The sizing machine may comprise one or more of aa slasher sizing machine; a ball warp Sizing Machine; or a hank sizing machine. The loom may comprise a hand loom; or a power loom. The hand loom may comprise one or more of a primitive loom; a pit loom; a frame loom; a chittaranjan loom; a hatersley loom. The power loom may comprise one or more of an air jet loom; a water jet loom; a rapier loom; or a multiphase loom.

[0096] FIGS. 4A to E show various embodiment of garments 1 50 comprising textile 100. Although garments 150 are shown to comprise jeans or pants with side pockets (FIG. 4A), pants with reinforced knees and elastic ankles (FIG. 4B), shorts (FIG. 4C), a jacket (FIG. 4D) and jeans (FIG. 4E), garment 150 may also be embodied as a vest, a shirt or any other garment.

[0097] Garment 150 may comprise triple stitched seams and /or outer seams taped up with reflective tape on the cuffs. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 4A, garment 150 comprises triple stitched seams on the leg and crotch.

[0098] Garment 150 may comprise elasticated back panels to aid getting knees over a motorbike.

[0099] Textile 100 and garment 150 may comprise a dye and/or a coating. The dye may comprise a dark indigo dye or a black dye and the coating may comprise a black coating. The Indigo dye may comprise a 1DP Indigo dye. The black dye may comprise a 2DP black dye. The dye may be added in a stone process. The dye may comprise a dye from Archroma. The dye may comprise an advanced sulphur dye and/or sustainable dye stuffs.

[0100] Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is a type of thermoplastic polyethylene (PE). Also known as high-modulus polyethylene, (HMPE), or high- performance polyethylene (HPPE), it has extremely long chains, with a molecular mass usually between 3.5 and 7.5 million amu (unified atomic mass unit). The longer chain serves to transfer load more effectively to the polymer backbone by strengthening intermolecular interactions. This results in a very tough material, with a high impact strength. [0101] The UHMWPE may comprise Dyneema®. The Dyneema may comprise woven, laminated, diluted, and extruded UHMWPE. The UHMWPE may comprise DPI UHMWPE. The Dyneema® may comprise Dyneema® Fibre or white Dyneema® Fibre.

[0102] Elastane, also known as spandex or lycra®, is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber. It is a polyester- polyurethane copolymer that was invented in 1958 by chemist Joseph Shivers at DuPont's Benger Laboratory in Waynesboro, Virginia.

[0103] The following non-limiting examples illustrate the invention. These examples should not be construed as limiting: the examples are included for the purposes of illustration only. The Examples will be understood to represent an exemplification of the invention.

Examples

[0104] Initially, five textiles were prepared. The first textile had a useable width of 59" a weight of 1 1 oz/yd 2 , 20% stretch with a strong return to shape and a dark indigo colour. The composition of the first textile was 90% cotton; 3% UHMWPE I DPF; 6% polyester and 1% lycra®.

[0105] The second textile had a useable width of 54.5" a weight of 12 oz/yd 2 , 28% stretch with a strong return to shape and a dark indigo colour. The composition of the second textile was 88% cotton; 6% UHMWPE IDPF; 5% XT-2 and 1% lycra®.

[0106] The third textile had a useable width of 57.5" a weight of 1 1 oz/yd 2 , 30% stretch with a strong return to shape and a dark indigo colour. The composition of the third textile was 68% cotton; 6% UHMWPE; 25% Modal and 1% lycra®.

[0107] The fourth textile had a useable width of 57.5" a weight of 1 1 oz/yd 2 , 23% stretch with a strong return to shape and a dark indigo colour. The composition of the fourth textile was 68% cotton; 6% UHMWPE; 25% Coolmax and 1% lycra®.

[0108] The fifth textile had a useable width of 59.5" a weight of 11 oz/yd 2 , 16% stretch with a strong return to shape and a dark indigo colour. The composition of the fifth textile was 68% cotton; 6% UHMWPE; 25% Thermolite and 1 % lycra®.

[0109] Two additional textiles were produced, Blue and Stone Pony Denim (NDL-4428- A-01) and Black Pony Denim (NDL-4429-A-01).

[0110] Blue and Stone Pony Denim (NDL-4428-A-01): Fabric content: 74% cotton, 23% polyester, 2% UHMWPE (Dyneema®), 1 % Elastane (Lycra®). Weave: 3/1 Right Hand Twill. Weight (finished) +1-5%: 11.00 Oz/yard 2 . Weight (washed) +1-5%: 13.00 oz/yd 2 . Stretch: 18.00%. Dye Process: Indigo Pony uses 1DP Indigo dye/ white Dyneema Fibre (no coating). Dye Process: Stone uses Archroma - Advanced Sulphur dye - Sustainable Dye Stuffs (no coating). Tables 1 , 2 and 3 show some test results for this textile. Tests were conducted at 20.5° and 64.8% relative humidity by the mill. This textile has a blue colour.

[0111] This textile has: warp tear: 9004.0 grams; weft tear: 11818.0 grams; warp tensile: 122.0 kg; and weft tensile: 100.0 kg.

[0112] Black Pony Denim (NDL-4429-A-01 ): Fabric content: 60.5% cotton, 36% polyester, 2.5% UHMWPE (Dyneema®), 1% Elastane (Lycra®). Weave: 3/1 Right Hand Twill. Weight (finished) +1-5%: 11.50 Oz/yard 2 . Weight (washed) +1-5%: 12.50 oz/yd 2 Stretch: 18.00%. Dye Process: 2DP black dye/ Dyneema Fibre (no coating). Tables 4, 5 and 6 show some test results for this textile. Tests were conducted at 20.8° and 65.1 % relative humidity by the mill. This textile has a black colour.

[0113] This textile has: warp tear: 10803.0 grams; weft tear: untearable; warp tensile: 123.0 kg; weft tensile: 128.0 kg. By "untearable" is meant that the textile did not tear at the maximum level tested.

Abrasion Resistance:

[0114] The abrasion resistance of one swatch of each of the two additional textile was tested using the Martindale method (BS EN ISO 12947-2 : 1999). Both textiles showed no thread breakdown at 25,000 rubs; no thread breakdown at 50,000 rubs; no thread breakdown at 75,000 rubs; no thread breakdown at 100,000 rubs; and thread break down at 125,000 rubs.

[0115] The testing was conducted by Textile Testing International of 347-S, Quaid-e- Azam Industrial Estate, Kot Lakhpat, Lahore-547770, Pakistan in March or April 2018. EN 13595-1:2002 - "Protective clothing for professional motorcycle riders "

[0116] Samples are identified as shown in Table 7. Samples indicated with [1] were obtained by a sheet of material, composed by 6 circular specimens, diameter 160 mm. Samples indicated with f21 were obtained by a sheet of material, dimensions 220 x 220 mm. Samples identified with iT| were obtained by a sheet of material, composed by 5 circular specimens, diameter 160 mm.

[0117] General: EN 13595-1 :2002, Clause 5.1 - Specifications: Performance level marked on garment and indicated in the informative note of the manufacturer shall be defined by the lower level achieved after testing in accordance with clauses 5.4, 5.5 and 5.6 of the Standard EN 13595-1 :2002 (clause 5.1.1). Garment that foresee cleaning instructions shall be in accordance with the requirements stated at clauses 5.2, 5.4, 5.5 and 5.6 of the standard EN 13595-2:2002 after at least five cleaning cycles as indicated in the information supplied by the manufacturer. NOTE: It is not necessary to repeat tests after cleaning if the cleaning process is also a trivial surface cleaning process that not impair the performance of the garment, for example using a wet sponge. Linear dimensional changes of the garment after cleaning shall not be more than ± 3% after cleaning in accordance with Standard EN 340 (clause 5.1.2).

[0118] Impact abrasion resistance: EN 13595-1 :2002, Clause 5.4 - Specifications: When subjected in accordance with EN 13595-2:2002, impact abrasion resistance shall satisfy the following minimum requirements based on the membership zone shown in Table 8.

[0119] Outcomes: Following the method described into the European Standard EN 13595-2:2002, the impact abrasion resistance shall be calculated after performing tests to 6 samples for each material. After performing the tests, it has been achieved the following results shown in Table 9.

[0120] Impact cut resistance: EN 13595-1 :2002, Clause 5.5 - Specifications: When tested according with EN 13595-4:2002, impact cut resistance shall satisfy the following minimum requirements based on the membership zone: Zones 1 and 2: 25 mm (Level 1), 15 mm (Level 2); Zone 3 : 30 mm (Level 1), 25 mm (Level 2); Zone 4: 35 mm (Level 1), 30 mm (Level 2).

[0121] Outcomes: Following the method described into the European Standard EN 13595-4:2002, the impact speed shall be fitted to 2.8 m/s for zones 1 and 2 while shall be fitted to 2.0 m/s for zones 3 and 4; for the test, a square sample with dimensions 200 x 200 mm was used. By performing the tests, the results shown in Tables 10 and 11 were obtained.

[0122] Burst strength: EN 13595-1 :2002, Clause 5.6 - Specifications: When tested according with EN 13595-3:2002, burst strength shall satisfy the following minimum requirements based on the membership zone: Zones 1 and 2: 700 kPa (Level 1), 800 kPa (Level 2); Zone 3 : 500 kPa (Level 1), 600 kPa (Level 2); Zone 4: 400 kPa (Level 1), 450 kPa (Level 2).

[0123] Outcomes: Following the method described into the European Standard EN 13595-3:2002, if the value of pressure reached exceed 50% of the value required for the membership zone without the failure of the sample, the test shall be stopped. By performing the tests, the results shown in Tables 12 and 13 were obtained. [0124] This testing was conducted by Dolomiticert Scarl, Zona Industriale Villanova 7/A, 32013 LONG A RON E (BL), web: www.dolomiticert.it. The testing was conducted in November 201 7.

[0125] Another significant advantage of textile 100 and garment 150 is that they provide 360 ° impact, burst and abrasion resistance.

[0126] Textile 100 and garment 150 look like or substantially look like conventional denim and feel like or substantially feel like conventional denim. This may lead to improved compliance and a decrease in injuries.

[0127] Advantageously, textile 100, garment 150 and method 200 utilizes one of the worlds strongest fibers, Dyneema's® Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene, in the warp and weft with a denim face.

[0128] Textile 100 and garment 150 wear like denim, it is single layer 104 and all-day- wearable, and being ballistic, will retain shape through wash and dry cycle. Textile 100 and garment 150 will never shrink.

[0129] Advantageously, single layer 104 means just that, the inventor has done away with Kevlar and other linings by weaving the textile 100 using a unique double warp beam 102 and blending a very strong fibre, UHMWPE, with cotton. The result is unprecedented strength and comfort.

[0130] Advantageously, by incorporating elastane, the textile 100 and garment 150 of the invention are comfortable and look great at work and outside of work.

[0131] Throughout the specification the aim has been to describe the invention without limiting the invention to any one embodiment or specific collection of features. Persons skilled in the relevant art may realize variations from the specific embodiments that will nonetheless fall within the scope of the invention.

Table 1: Test Results for Blue and Stone Pony Denim (NDL-4428-A-01) Part 1:

Table 2: Test Results for Blue and Stone Pony Denim (NDL-4428-A-01) Part 2:

Table 3: Test Results for Blue and Stone Pony Denim (NDL-4428-A-01) Part 3 :

Table 4: Test Results for Black Pony Denim (NDL-4429-A-01) Part 1 :

Table 5: Test Results for Black Pony Denim (NDL-4429-A-01) Part 2:

Table 6: Test Results for Black Pony Denim (NDL-4429-A-01) Part 3:

Table 7: Test Results for Black Pony Denim (NDL-4429-A-01 ) Part 3

Table 8: Impact abrasion resistance zones

Table 9: Impact abrasion resistance results

Table 10: Impact cut resistance single test results

Table 1 1 : Impact cut resistance final results

Table 12: Burst strength single test results

Table 13: Burst strength final results

14: Measurement procedure

Key: 3HL = 3 Home Laundries; As Received = right after fabric finishing (unwashed).