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Title:
TILTING MOTOR VEHICLE WITH THREE OR FOUR-WHEELS, AND KIT FOR CONVERTING A TWO-WHEELED MOTOR VEHICLE INTO A THREE -WHEELED MOTOR VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/215599
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a tilting motor vehicle with three or four-wheels, of which at least two front wheels (10 10") comprising: -- a frame (6) extending from a forecarriage (8) which supports a pair of front wheels (10', 10"), to a rear (12) which supports one or more rear wheels (14), said frame (6) defining a steering sleeve (7); and a steering column (9) coaxially supported by the steering sleeve (7) along a steering axle S-S. The forecarriage (8) in turn comprises a forecarriage support frame (20). The forecarriage support frame (20) comprises: - a tubular body (21) rigidly connected to the sleeve (7) at an upper end (21a) of the tubular body (21) to axially extend said steering sleeve (7), the steering column (9) being arranged inside the tubular body (21); and - a fixing structure (22) for support means of the pair of front wheels (10', 10") such fixing structure (22) being associated with the tubular body (21) at a lower end (21b) thereof. The invention also relates to a kit for converting a two-wheeled motor vehicle into a three-wheeled motor vehicle, of which two at the front.

Inventors:
RAFFAELLI, Andrea (Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 2, Pontedera Pisa, I-56025, IT)
MARIOTTI, Valentino (Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 2, Pontedera Pisa, I-56025, IT)
Application Number:
IB2019/053718
Publication Date:
November 14, 2019
Filing Date:
May 07, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
PIAGGIO & C. S.P.A. (Viale Rinaldo Piaggio, 25 Pontedera, Pisa, I-56025, IT)
International Classes:
B62K5/08; B62K5/10; B62K13/04
Foreign References:
US20150197304A12015-07-16
CN202320641U2012-07-11
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ZANETTIN, Gianluigi et al. (Piazza Mario Saggin 2, Padova, I-35131, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Tilting motor vehicle with three or four-wheels, of which at least two front wheels (10 10 "), comprising:

- a frame (6) extending from a forecarriage (8), which supports a pair of front wheels (10', 10 "), to a rear (12), which supports one or more rear wheels (14), said frame (6) defining a steering sleeve (7); and

- a steering column (9) coaxially supported by said steering sleeve (7) along a steering axis (S-S);

said forecarriage (8) in turn comprising a forecarriage support frame (20),

wherein said forecarriage support frame (20) comprises:

- a tubular body (21) rigidly connected to said sleeve (7) at an upper end (21a) of said tubular body (21) to axially extend said steering sleeve (7), said steering column (9) being arranged inside said tubular body (21); and

- a fixing structure (22) for support means of said pair of front wheels (10 ', 10 "), which fixing structure (22) is associated with said tubular body (21) at a lower end (21b) thereof wherein said axial extension tubular body (21) is provided with a tubular appendix (210), which extends axially starting from the upper end (21a) of said tubular body (21), said tubular appendix (210) being configured to fit coaxially inside said steering sleeve (7) and to rotary support said steering column (9).

2. Motor vehicle according to claim 1 , wherein said frame (6) is a frame that can also be used for realizing a two-wheeled motor vehicle.

3. Motor vehicle according to claim 1 or 2, wherein at said upper end (21a) said tubular body (21) is provided with axial centring means (30) with respect to said steering sleeve (7).

4. Motor vehicle according to claim 3, wherein said steering sleeve (7) is provided at its lower end (7b) with a housing bell (71) for a thrust bearing, against which bell (71) said axial centring means (30) abuts.

5. Motor vehicle according to claim 3 or 4, wherein said centring means (30) are constituted by an end bush (30), which is fixed on said tubular body (21) and is configured to fit with said housing bell (71) of said steering sleeve (7).

6. Motor vehicle according to one or more of claim 1 to 5, wherein said axial extension tubular body (21) is rigidly connected to said sleeve (7) in correspondence with said tubular appendix (210).

7. Motor vehicle according to claim 6, wherein said tubular appendix (210) protrudes axially with respect to said steering sleeve (7) with an end portion (211) and is constrained thereto at said end portion (211) by means of coaxial screwing means (220).

8. Motor vehicle according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said frame (6) comprises a central portion (60) for connection between said steering sleeve (7) and a rear portion (61) and wherein said forecarriage support frame (20) comprises a strut (23) extending from said tubular body (21) or from said fixing structure (22) to engage said frame (6) in correspondence with said central portion (60).

9. Motor vehicle according to claim 8, wherein through said strut (23) said forecarriage support frame (20) forms a closed structure with said frame (6) near the forecarriage (8) for increasing the rigidity of the frame (6) itself.

10. Motor vehicle according to claim 9, wherein said central portion (60) develops symmetrically with respect to a centre plane (M-M) of said motor vehicle (1) and wherein said closed structure develops symmetrically with respect to said centre plane (M-M) of said motor vehicle (1).

11. Motor vehicle according to claim 8, 9 or 10, wherein said strut (23) is connected to said central portion (60) of said frame (6):

- by welding;

- by structural glues; or.

- by reversible fastening means, preferably a clamp.

12. Motor vehicle according to one or more of the previous claims, wherein said two front wheels (10', 10”) are kinematically connected to each other and to the forecarriage support frame (20) by means of a tilting kinematic mechanism (40) which guarantees them to tilt and / or steer.

13. Kit for converting a two-wheeled motor vehicle into a three-wheeled motor vehicle, including two front wheels, wherein said two-wheeled motor vehicle comprises:

- a frame (6) extending from a forecarriage (8) to a rear (12), said frame (6) defining a steering sleeve (7); and

- a steering column (9) coaxially supported by said steering sleeve (7) along a steering axis (S-S);

said conversion kit comprising a forecarriage support frame (20) which in turn comprises:

- a tubular body (21) which is destined to be rigidly connected to said sleeve (7) at an upper end (21a) of said tubular body (21) to axially extend said steering sleeve (7), said tubular body (21) being configured to receive inside said steering column (9); and

- a fixing structure (22) for support means of a pair of front wheels (10 ', 10 "), which fixing structure (22) is configured to be associated with said tubular body (21) at a lower end (21 b) thereof

wherein said axial extension tubular body (21) is provided with a tubular appendix (210), which extends axially starting from the upper end (21a) of said tubular body (21), said tubular appendix (210) being configured to fit coaxially in said steering sleeve (7) and to rotary support said steering column (9).

14. Kit according to claim 13, wherein at said upper end (21a) said tubular body (21) is provided with axial centring means (30) with respect to said steering sleeve (7).

15. Kit according to claim 14, wherein said steering sleeve (7) is provided at its lower end (7b) with a housing bell (71) for a thrust bearing, said axial centring means (30) being configured to abut against said bell (71).

16. Kit according to claim 15, wherein said centring means (30) are constituted by an end bush (30), which is fixed on said tubular body (21) and is configured to fit with the housing bell (71) of said steering sleeve (7).

17. Kit according to one or more of claims 13 to 16, wherein said axial extension tubular body (21) is configured to be rigidly connected to said sleeve (7) in correspondence with said tubular appendix (210).

18. Kit according to claim 17, wherein said tubular appendix (210) is sized to protrude axially with respect to said steering sleeve (7) with an end portion (211) and is configured to be constrained thereto at said end portion (211) by means of coaxial screwing means (220).

19. Kit according to one or more of the claims 13 to 18, wherein said frame (6) comprises a central portion (60) for connection between said steering sleeve (7) and a rear portion (61) and wherein said forecarriage support frame (20) comprises a strut (23) extending from said tubular body (21) or from said fixing structure (22) and is configured to engage said frame (6) in correspondence with said central portion (60).

20. Kit according to claim 19, wherein through said strut (23) said forecarriage support frame (20) forms a closed structure with said frame (6) near the forecarriage (8), once mounted, for increasing the rigidity of the frame (6).

21. Kit according to claim 20, wherein said central portion (60) develops symmetrically with respect to a centre plane (M-M) of said motor vehicle (1) and wherein said closed structure develops symmetrically with respect to said centre plane (M-M).

22. Kit according to claim 19, 20 or 21 , wherein said strut (23) is configured to be connected to said central portion (60) of said frame (6):

- by welding;

- by structural glues; or

- by reversible fastening means, preferably a clamp.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

“TILTING MOTOR VEHICLE WITH THREE OR FOUR-WHEELS, AND KIT FOR CONVERTING A TWO-WHEELED MOTOR VEHICLE INTO A THREE-WHEELED MOTOR

VEHICLE”

FIELD OF APPLICATION

[0001] The present invention relates to a three-or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle and a kit for converting a two-wheeled motor vehicle into a three-wheeled motor vehicle.

[0002] In particular, the motor vehicle according to the invention may be a motor vehicle equipped with two steering and tilting wheels at the front and a fixed axle drive wheel at the back.

STATE OF THE ART

[0003] Generally, the frame of a motor vehicle is made in one piece as it must comply with specific dimensional tolerances.

[0004] From a production point of view, this significantly limits the possibilities of creating a modular frame that can be used regardless in different models of motor vehicles by varying some specific, removable structural components.

[0005] A modular frame could be adopted as a common base in the construction of a two wheeled motor vehicle and a tilting three-wheeled motor vehicle (with two front wheels), by providing it with a removable forecarriage component, variable depending on the type of forecarriage. This would simplify the production process, opening up the possibility of retrofitting a two-wheeled motor vehicle to make it into a three-wheeled motor vehicle and vice versa.

[0006] In particular, it would be productively meaningful to construct a three- or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle, with two front wheels, using a base frame of a two-wheeled motor vehicle and varying only one forecarriage component.

[0007] From a production point of view, making a modular frame by using a removable structural element is complex since it requires:

- comparable construction accuracy to a one-piece frame in terms of tolerance; and

- ease of assembly, given that the additional (removable) structural part must be able to be mounted and fastened to the base frame quickly, respecting the times of a production line and without unduly complicating any retrofitting.

[0008] In the specific case of the construction of a three- or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle from a base frame of a two-wheeled motor vehicle, the removable forecarriage component must also meet the following specifications:

- increase the rigidity of the base frame, to enable it to withstand the stresses of a tilting motor vehicle; and - not require tolerances stricter than the general tolerances of the base frame design.

[0009] To date, a tilting three-wheeled motor vehicle (with two front wheels) made from a modular frame shared with a two-wheeled motor vehicle is not known of in the art.

PRESENTATION OF THE INVENTION

[0010] In the light of the above, there is therefore a need in the motor vehicle manufacturing sector to construct a tilting three-wheeled motor vehicle (with two front wheels) with a modular frame shared with a two-wheeled motor vehicle, which meets entirely or at least in part the above requirements.

[0011] Such need is satisfied by a three- or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle according to claim 1 and by a kit for converting a two-wheeled motor vehicle into a three-wheeled motor vehicle according to claim 13.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] Further characteristics and advantages of the present invention will be more clearly comprehensible from the description given below of its preferred and non-limiting embodiments, wherein:

figure 1 shows a schematic, lateral, perspective view of a frame of a three- or four- wheeled tilting motor vehicle according to one embodiment of the present invention, equipped with a forecarriage support frame complete with two tilting front wheels;

figure 2 shows a schematic, front perspective view of the frame in figure 1 ;

figures 3 and 4 respectively show a schematic, lateral, perspective view and a schematic, front perspective view of the frame in figure 1 , illustrated without the two front wheels;

figure 5 shows a schematic, lateral orthogonal view, partially in cross-section, of the frame in figure 3;

figure 6 shows a partially exploded view of the frame in figure 3;

figure 7 shows a schematic, orthogonal, lateral view, partially in cross-section, of the frame of a three- or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the frame being provided with a forecarriage support frame, illustrated without the two tilting front wheels; and

figure 8 shows a partially exploded view of the frame in figure 7.

[0013] The elements or parts of elements common to the embodiments described below will be indicated using the same reference numerals.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0014] With reference to the aforementioned figures, reference numeral 1 globally denotes a three- or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle according to the present invention.

[0015] For the purposes of the present invention, it should be pointed out that the term motor vehicle should be considered in a broad sense, encompassing any motorcycle having at least three wheels, i.e. two front wheels, as described better below, and at least one rear wheel. Such definition therefore also comprises so-called quad bikes having two wheels on the forecarriage and two wheels on the rear.

[0016] According to a general embodiment, the three or four wheeled tilting motor vehicle 1 has at least two front wheels 10’, 10”.

[0017] The tilting motor vehicle 1 comprises a frame 6 extending from a forecarriage 8 supporting the pair of front wheels 10, 10”, to a rear 12 which supports one or more rear wheels (not shown).

[0018] As illustrated in the accompanying figures, the aforementioned frame 6 defines a steering sleeve 7 i.e. the portion of the frame intended to support a steering column 9 along the steering axle S-S of the vehicle. Generally, the steering sleeve 7 is diametrically crossed by a centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0019] The motor vehicle 1 further comprises a steering column 9 coaxially supported by the aforesaid steering sleeve 7 along a steering axle S-S.

[0020] It is possible to distinguish a left front wheel 10' and a right front wheel 10” in which the definition of left and right wheels 10', 10” is purely formal and means in relation to a driver of the vehicle. Said wheels are arranged to the left and right of the centreline plane M- M of the motor vehicle, compared to a point of observation of a driver driving it.

[0021] For the purposes of the present invention, the frame 6 of the motor vehicle may be any shape, size and may for example be of the lattice type, box type, cradle, single or double, and so forth. The frame 6 of the motor vehicle can be in one piece or in multiple parts; for example the frame 6 of the motor vehicle interconnects with a rear frame 13 which may comprise an oscillating rear fork (not shown) which supports one or more rear drive wheels (not shown). The aforesaid rear oscillating fork may be connected to the frame 6 by direct hinging or by the interposition of a lever mechanism and/or intermediate frames.

[0022] Preferably, the aforementioned frame 6 is a frame also utilisable for making a two wheeled motor vehicle.

[0023] The forecarriage 8 of the motor vehicle 1 comprises a forecarriage frame 20 to which the two front wheels 10’ and 10” are connected.

[0024] Advantageously, the two front wheels 10', 10” are kinematically connected to each other and to the forecarriage support frame 20 by means of a tilting kinematic mechanism 40 which enables the same to tilt and/or steer, in particular in a synchronous manner. The aforementioned tilting kinematic mechanism 40 can have any configuration as long as it is preferably functional to enable the front wheels to tilt and/or steer, in particular in a synchronous manner. [0025] Preferably, as illustrated in particular in figures 1 and 2, the tilting kinematic mechanism 40 is an articulated quadrilateral system. In particular, the tilting kinematic mechanism 40 is configured to be enclosed in height in the volume of the wheels.

[0026] Said forecarriage support frame 20 comprises a tubular body 21 that is rigidly connected to the steering sleeve 7 at an upper end 21a of said tubular body 21.

[0027] The aforementioned tubular body 21 is intended to axially extend the steering sleeve 7.

[0028] As illustrated, in particular in figures 5 and 7, the steering column 9 is arranged inside the tubular body 21.

[0029] The term“rigid connection” between the tubular body and the steering sleeve means that the tubular body has no degrees of freedom with respect to the steering sleeve and, in particular, cannot slide or rotate axially with respect to said sleeve.

[0030] The forecarriage support frame 20 further comprises a fixing structure 22 for support means of the pair of front wheels 10 ',10 ". Such fixing structure 22 is associated with the tubular body 21 at a lower end 21b thereof.

[0031] Thanks to the fact that the forecarriage support frame 20 is made as described above, that is, in extreme synthesis, as an axial extension structure of the steering sleeve rigidly connected thereto, the following technical effects are simultaneously obtained:

- stability of said structure, thanks to the rigid connection between the tubular body 21 and the steering sleeve 7; and

- ease and speed of assembly to the frame 6, since the connection to the frame 6 can be made in a single point, i.e. at the steering sleeve 7.

[0032] Furthermore, thanks to the fact that the forecarriage support frame 20 is connected to the frame 6 (via the tubular body 21) at the steering sleeve 7, i.e. at a portion of the frame 6 that is generally characterized by high construction precision, the connection of the forecarriage support frame 20 to the frame 6 can be made ensuring a constructional precision in terms of tolerance, comparable to a single-piece frame.

[0033] Preferably, the aforementioned forecarriage support frame 20 is made of metal material.

[0034] Advantageously, in order to facilitate the axial alignment of the steering sleeve 7 and the forecarriage support frame 20, at said upper end 21a the tubular body 21 is provided with axial centring means 30 with respect to the steering sleeve 7.

[0035] In particular, as illustrated in figures 5 and 7, the steering sleeve 7 is provided with a housing bell 71 for a thrust bearing at its lower end 7b. In the preferred case in which said frame 6 is also a frame utilisable to make a two-wheeled motor vehicle, said bell 71 is designed to house a thrust bearing (not illustrated) suitable to support rotationally about the steering axle S-S a support element for a front wheel, for example in the form of a support fork. Advantageously, such a support element is coaxially decouplable from the steering column.

[0036] Operatively, the aforementioned axial centring means 30 are configured to abut the housing bell 71.

[0037] In particular, as illustrated in figures 5 and 7, the aforementioned centring means 30 consist of an end bushing 30, which is fixed on the tubular body 21 and is configured to fit inside the housing bell 71 of the steering sleeve 7.

[0038] According to the embodiment illustrated in figures 7 and 8, the axial extension tubular body 21 is rigidly connected to the sleeve 7 at its upper end 21a by welding.

[0039] In particular, such welding is made between the aforesaid housing bell 71 and the end bushing 30.

[0040] In such case, preferably, the tubular body 21 may be made with the same cross- section as the steering sleeve 7. Alternatively, the tubular body 21 may also be made with a smaller cross-section than that of the steering sleeve, but in any case sufficient to allow the axial passage of the steering column and its rotation about the steering axle S-S.

[0041] According to the embodiment illustrated in figures 1 to 6, said axial extension tubular body 21 may in turn be provided with a tubular appendix 210.

[0042] In more detail, as illustrated in particular in figures 5 and 6, said tubular appendix 210 extends axially from the upper end 21a of the tubular body 21 and is configured to coaxially engage within the steering sleeve 7 and to rotatably support the steering column 9 inside it.

[0043] In this case, the tubular body 21 may be made with the same cross-section as the steering sleeve 7, while the tubular appendix 210 must necessarily have a cross-section comprised between the inner cross-section of the steering sleeve 7 and the outer cross- section of the steering column 9.

[0044] Preferably, according to the embodiment illustrated in figures 1 to 6, said axial extension tubular body 21 is rigidly connected to the steering sleeve 7 at said tubular appendix 210.

[0045] More particularly, as illustrated in figures 5 and 6, said tubular appendix 210 projects axially with respect to the steering sleeve 7 with an end portion 211 and is constrained thereto at said end portion 211 by coaxial screwing means 220.

[0046] Advantageously, the centring of the tubular body 21 and the tubular appendix 210 on the steering sleeve 7 can be accomplished by the aforementioned axial centring means 30, configured to abut with the housing bell 71. In particular, as illustrated in figure 5, the aforementioned centring means 30 consist of an end bushing 30, which is fixed on the tubular body 21 and is configured to fit inside the housing bell 71 of the steering sleeve 7. [0047] Operatively, the embodiment illustrated in figures 1 to 6 is more advantageous since it is characterized by a reversibility in the connection between the forecarriage support frame 20 and the frame 6. Connecting the tubular body 21 to the steering sleeve 7 by coaxial screwing means 210 and not by welding makes it easier and faster to mount and disassemble the forecarriage support frame 20 from the frame 6.

[0048] Preferably, the frame 6 comprises a central portion 60 for connection between the steering sleeve 7 and a rear portion 61. In particular, as illustrated in the accompanying figures, said central portion 60 may consist of a single tubular element that forms the main structure of the frame 6 and that extends symmetrically with respect to a centreline plane M- M of the motor vehicle 1. Other portions of the frame defining the bottom of the motor vehicle 1 may extend from said central portion 60. According to alternative embodiments (not illustrated in the attached figures), said central portion 60 may be defined by two tubular elements that are connected to each other and that extend symmetrically with respect to said centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0049] According to the preferred embodiments illustrated in the accompanying figures, said forecarriage support frame 20 comprises a strut 23 extending from the tubular body 21 or from the aforesaid fixing structure 22, associated with the tubular body 21 , to engage the frame 6 at said central portion 60. Advantageously, said strut 23 can be connected to said central portion 60 of the frame 6:

- by welding;

- by structural glues; or.

- by reversible fastening means, preferably a clamp.

[0050] Advantageously, by means of such strut 23 the forecarriage support frame 20 forms a closed structure with the frame 6 near the forecarriage 8. In this way, thanks to the forecarriage support frame 20, the rigidity of said frame 6 is increased. In the preferred case wherein the frame 6 can be used to make a two-wheeled motor vehicle, or even a frame specifically configured to make a two-wheeled motor vehicle, the increased rigidity given by the forecarriage support frame 20 makes the frame 6 better able to withstand the stresses of a tilting motor vehicle with two front wheels.

[0051] Preferably, the aforementioned strut 23 extends in a mainly longitudinal direction, generally understood as the front-rear direction of extension of the motor vehicle 1. In particular, the strut 23 extends in a tilted direction starting from the tubular body 21 to connect to the central portion 60.

[0052] Functionally, the aforementioned strut 23 defines an additional constraint for the forecarriage support frame 20 and mainly bears the loads along the front-rear direction of extension of the motor vehicle 1 due to braking and yawing for asymmetrical loads entering from the front wheels 10’ and 10 For this reason, as illustrated in the accompanying figures, it is preferable for the strut 23 to extend from the aforementioned fixing structure 22, rather than from the tubular body 21. In this way, such stresses generated in the front wheels 10’, 10” can be discharged directly onto the frame 6 without the interposition of the tubular body 21.

[0053] Functionally, in such a configuration, thanks to the presence of the aforementioned strut 23, the tubular body 21 , extending parallel to the steering axle S-S of the motor vehicle 1 , may limit itself to withstanding mainly symmetrical vertical loads.

[0054] Preferably, as already pointed out, the aforementioned central portion 60 extends symmetrically with respect to the centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle, this meaning that the central portion 60 has its own plane of symmetry which is coplanar to the centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0055] Advantageously, the aforesaid closed structure made by means of the strut 23 which engages the central portion 60 of the frame 6, extends symmetrically with respect to the aforesaid centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle. In this way, the aforementioned closed structure is able to absorb and distribute stresses in a more balanced manner.

[0056] However, alternative embodiments may be provided (not illustrated in the attached figures) in which the aforementioned closed structure does not extend symmetrically with respect to the centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0057] The object of the present invention is also a kit for converting a two-wheeled motor vehicle into a three-wheeled motor vehicle, of which two are front wheels.

[0058] In general, such a two-wheeled motor vehicle (not shown in its entirety in the appended drawings) comprises a frame extending from a forecarriage to a rear.

[0059] The aforementioned frame defines a steering sleeve, which is intended to support a steering column along the steering axle of the vehicle. The two-wheeled motor vehicle further comprises a steering column inserted into the steering sleeve. Preferably, a support element for a front wheel is connected to the steering column, for example in the form of a support fork. Advantageously, such a support element is coaxially decouplable from the steering column.

[0060] The conversion kit comprises a forecarriage support frame 20 for a two-wheeled forecarriage, mountable on the frame of the two-wheeled motor vehicle, after disassembly of the forecarriage specific to that two-wheeled motor vehicle.

[0061] In particular, the aforementioned forecarriage support frame corresponds to the forecarriage support frame 20 already described in relation to the three- or four-wheeled tilting motor vehicle 1 according to the present invention. [0062] For the description of the conversion kit, the same numerical references already used to describe the three-wheeled tilting motor vehicle 1 will therefore be used and reference will also be made to the same figures, which, according to a preferred form of application of the invention, represent a three-wheeled motor vehicle 1 obtained by conversion of a two wheeled motor vehicle using the conversion kit according to the invention. In the rest of the description, the frame of the two-wheeled motor vehicle will correspond to the frame 6 of the three-wheeled tilting motor vehicle 1 described above.

[0063] More specifically, the aforesaid forecarriage support frame 20 in turn comprises a tubular body 21 , which is designed to be rigidly connected to the aforesaid steering sleeve 7 at an upper end 21a of the tubular body 21 , to axially extend the steering sleeve 7. The tubular body 21 is configured to receive the steering column 9 inside it.

[0064] The aforementioned forecarriage support frame 20 further comprises a fixing structure 22 for support means of the pair of front wheels 10 ',10 ". Such fixing structure 22 is configured to be associated with the tubular body 21 at a lower end thereof 21 b.

[0065] Advantageously, in order to facilitate the axial alignment of the steering sleeve 7 and the forecarriage support frame 20, at said upper end 21a the tubular body 21 is provided with axial centring means 30 with respect to the steering sleeve 7.

[0066] In particular, as illustrated in figures 5 and 7, the steering sleeve 7 is provided with a housing bell 71 for a thrust bearing at its lower end 7b. Operatively, in the two-wheeled motor vehicle, such bell 71 is designed to house a thrust bearing (not shown) suitable to support rotationally around the steering axle S-S a support element for a front wheel, for example in the form of a support fork. Advantageously, such a support element is coaxially decouplable from the steering column. The assembly of the forecarriage support frame 20 on the frame 6 requires that the support element of the single front wheel be previously disassembled.

[0067] Operatively, the aforementioned axial centring means 30 are configured to abut the housing bell 71.

[0068] In particular, as illustrated in figures 5 and 7, the aforementioned centring means 30 consist of an end bushing 30, which is fixed on the tubular body 21 and is configured to engage in the housing bell 71 of the steering sleeve 7.

[0069] According to the embodiment illustrated in figures 7 and 8, the axial extension tubular body 21 is configured to be rigidly connected to the sleeve 7 at its upper end 21a by welding. In particular, such welding is carried out between the aforesaid housing bell 71 and the end bushing 30. In such case, preferably, the tubular body 21 may be made with the same cross- section as the steering sleeve 7. Alternatively, the tubular body 21 may also be made with a smaller cross-section than that of the steering sleeve, but in any case sufficient to allow the axial passage of the steering column and its rotation about the steering axle S-S.

[0070] According to the embodiment illustrated in figures 1 to 6, said axial extension tubular body 21 may in turn be provided with a tubular appendix 210.

[0071] In more detail, as illustrated in particular in figures 5 and 6, said tubular appendix 210 extends axially from the upper end 21a of the tubular body 21 and is configured to coaxially engage within the steering sleeve 7 and to rotatably support the steering column 9 inside it.

[0072] Preferably, according to the embodiment illustrated in figures 1 to 6, said axial extension tubular body 21 is configured to be rigidly connected to the steering sleeve 7 at said tubular appendix 210.

[0073] More particularly, as illustrated in figures 5 and 6, said tubular appendix 210 is sized to protrude axially with respect to the steering sleeve 7 with an end portion 211 and is configured to be constrained thereto at such end portion 211 by coaxial screwing means 220.

[0074] Advantageously, the centring of the tubular body 21 and the tubular appendix 210 on the steering sleeve 7 can be accomplished by the aforementioned axial centring means 30, configured to abut with the housing bell 71. In particular, as illustrated in figure 5, the aforementioned centring means 30 consist of an end bushing 30, which is fixed on the tubular body 21 and is configured to fit inside the housing bell 71 of the steering sleeve 7.

[0075] Operatively, the embodiment illustrated in figures 1 to 6 is more advantageous since it is characterized by a reversibility in the connection between the forecarriage support frame 20 and the frame 6. The connection of the tubular body 21 to the steering sleeve 7 by coaxial screwing means 210 and not by welding makes it possible both to mount and disassemble the forecarriage support frame 20 from the frame 6 more immediately and easily.

[0076] Preferably, the frame 6 of the two-wheeled motor vehicle 1 comprises a central portion 60 for connection between the steering sleeve 7 and a rear portion 61. In particular, as illustrated in the accompanying figures, said central portion 60 may consist of a single tubular element that forms the main structure of the frame 6 and that extends symmetrically with respect to a centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1. Other portions of the frame defining the bottom of the motor vehicle 1 may extend from said central portion 60. According to alternative embodiments (not illustrated in the attached figures), said central portion 60 may be defined by two tubular elements that are connected to each other and that extend symmetrically with respect to said centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0077] According to the preferred embodiments illustrated in the accompanying figures, the aforesaid forecarriage support frame 20 comprises a strut 23 extending from the tubular body 21 or said fixing structure 22, associated with the tubular body 21 , and is configured to engage the frame 6 at said central portion 60. Advantageously, said strut 23 can be connected to said central portion 60 of the frame 6:

- by welding;

- by structural glues; or.

- by reversible fastening means, preferably a clamp.

[0078] Advantageously, by means of such strut 23 the forecarriage support frame 20 forms a closed structure with the frame 6 near the forecarriage 8. In this way, thanks to the forecarriage support frame 20, the rigidity of said frame 6 is increased. The increased rigidity given by the forecarriage support frame 20 makes the frame 6 of the two-wheeled motor vehicle better able to withstand the stresses of a tilting motor vehicle with two front wheels.

[0079] Preferably, the aforementioned strut 23 is configured so that, once the forecarriage support frame 20 has been mounted, it extends in a longitudinal direction, generally understood as the front-rear direction of extension of the motor vehicle 1.

[0080] Functionally, in the assembled condition, the aforementioned strut 23 goes to define an additional constraint for the forecarriage support frame 20 and mainly bears the loads along the front-rear direction of extension of the motor vehicle 1 due to braking and yawing for asymmetrical loads entering from the front wheels 10’ and 10". For this reason, as illustrated in the accompanying figures, it is preferable for the strut 23 to extend from the aforementioned fixing structure 22, rather than from the tubular body 21. In this way, such stresses generated in the front wheels 10’, 10” can be discharged directly onto the frame 6 without the interposition of the tubular body 21.

[0081] Functionally, in such a configuration, thanks to the presence of the aforementioned strut 23, the tubular body 21 , extending parallel to the steering axle S-S of the motor vehicle 1 , may limit itself to withstanding mainly symmetrical vertical loads.

[0082] Preferably, as already pointed out, the aforementioned central portion 60 of the frame 6 extends symmetrically with respect to the centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle, this meaning that the central portion 60 has its own plane of symmetry which is coplanar to the centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0083] Advantageously, the aforesaid closed structure made by means of the strut 23 which engages the central portion 60 of the frame 6, extends symmetrically with respect to the aforesaid centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle. In this way, the aforementioned closed structure is able to absorb and distribute stresses in a more balanced manner.

[0084] However, alternative embodiments may be provided (not illustrated in the attached figures) in which the aforementioned closed structure does not extend symmetrically with respect to the centreline plane M-M of the motor vehicle 1.

[0085] Regarding the technical effects obtainable from the aforementioned conversion kit, the same considerations apply already made in relation to the three-wheeled tilting vehicle 1 and which, for brevity of exposure, will not be repeated here.

[0086] As may be appreciated from the description, the present invention makes it possible to overcome the drawbacks mentioned of the prior art.

[0087] A person skilled in the art may make numerous modifications and variations to the tilting motor vehicle with three or four wheels and to the method for blocking the tilting movements of a tilting motor vehicle with three or four wheels described above so as to satisfy contingent and specific requirements while remaining within the sphere of protection of the invention as defined by the following claims.