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Title:
TORSIONAL VIBRATION MONITORING AND DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEMS AND METHODS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/200204
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Embodiments of systems and methods described in this disclosure are directed to torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics systems and methods that can be implemented with a moving component (105). Further such embodiments can be used for executing various operations such as monitoring the vibration characteristics of the moving component (105), archiving vibration data of the moving component (105), diagnosing the vibration data of the moving component (105) to detect an abnormal vibration condition, and providing an alarm upon detecting an abnormal vibration condition. The various operations can be carried out in one or both of a time domain and a frequency domain. The frequency domain operations can be carried out by obtaining a set of frequency-domain snapshots of a time-variant signal that is obtained via one or more sensors (110, 145) coupled to the moving component (105). The time- variant signal can represent various motion characteristics of the moving component (105) such as a velocity behavior.

Inventors:
GOLEBIOWSKI MATEUSZ (CH)
MUELLER DIRK (CH)
ABRATE BASTIEN (CH)
BORRECA STEFARO (CH)
SCHILLING CHRISTOPH (CH)
KNOPF ERIC (CH)
KRUEGER THOMAS D (CH)
Application Number:
US2018/027064
Publication Date:
November 01, 2018
Filing Date:
April 11, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
GEN ELECTRIC (US)
International Classes:
G01H1/10; G01H1/00; G01H11/06
Foreign References:
US20140039809A12014-02-06
JP2007304057A2007-11-22
KR101409986B12014-06-20
KR101633972B12016-06-27
KR20160013395A2016-02-04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PEMRICK, James W. et al. (Global Patent Operation901 Main Avenue, 3rd Floo, Norwalk CT, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A method of using a torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system (115) coupled to a moving component (105), the method comprising:

receiving from one or more sensors (110, 145), a time-variant signal representing a motion characteristic of the moving component (105);

deriving from the time-variant signal, at various instants in time, a set of frequency-domain snapshots, each frequency-domain snapshot indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time- variant signal at a corresponding instant in time; and

processing the set of frequency-domain snapshots to derive information indicative of a torsional vibration characteristic of the moving component (105).

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the time-variant signal is received in real-time in the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system (115); wherein the various instants in time conform to a periodically repetitive pattern; and wherein the motion characteristic of the moving component (105) comprises a velocity behavior of the moving component (105).

3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein processing the set of frequency-domain snapshots to derive information indicative of the torsional vibration characteristic of the moving component (105) comprises identifying one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots, the method further comprising:

using the time-variant signal to identify one or more timing characteristics of the one or more oscillatory conditions, the one or more timing characteristics indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component (105).

4. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising:

periodically deriving an average spectral snapshot by using a subset of the set of frequency- domain snapshots; and

archiving the average spectral snapshot.

5. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising:

providing a frequency-domain alarm threshold;

comparing in real-time, each of the set of frequency-domain snapshots against the frequency- domain alarm threshold; and

generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of at least one of the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the frequency-domain alarm threshold.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the alarm threshold comprises a spectral envelope that is generated at least in part by using a subset of the set of frequency-domain snapshots.

7. The method of claim 6, further comprising:

providing a timer (625);

using the timer (625) to determine a period of time during which at least a portion of the frequency-domain snapshots in the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the spectral envelope; and

transmitting the one of the warning signal or the alarm signal when the period of time exceeds a threshold time period set in the timer (625).

8. The method of claim 1, further comprising:

providing a time-domain alarm threshold;

defining a bandpass filter (610);

propagating the time-variant signal through the bandpass filter (610) to obtain a filtered time- variant signal containing frequency components that are present within a bandwidth of the bandpass filter (610);

comparing in real-time, each of the filtered time-variant signal against the time-domain alarm threshold; and

generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of the filtered time- variant signal exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold.

9. A method comprising:

receiving from one or more sensors (110, 145), a time-variant signal representing a motion characteristic of a moving component (105);

obtaining a set of frequency-domain snapshots by sampling the time-variant signal at various instants in time;

identifying at least one oscillatory condition in the set of frequency-domain snapshots; and identifying a timing characteristic of the at least one oscillatory condition in the set of frequency- domain snapshots, the timing characteristic indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component (105).

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the moving component (105) is a rotary component and the time-variant signal is generated by a speed sensor configured to generate the time- variant signal in real-time.

11. The method of claim 9 or claim 10, further comprising:

periodically deriving an average spectral snapshot by using a subset of the set of frequency- domain snapshots; and

archiving the average spectral snapshot.

12. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium with instructions executable by at least one computer for performing operations comprising:

receiving one or more signal samples;

deriving from the one or more signal samples, a set of time-domain snapshots, each time-domain snapshot indicative of a sampled velocity behavior of a moving component;

transforming the set of time-domain snapshots into a set of frequency-domain snapshots;

identifying one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots; and using the set of time-domain snapshots to identify a timing characteristic of the one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots, the timing characteristic indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component.

13. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of claim 12, wherein the moving component is a rotary component and the one or more signal samples are generated by a speed sensor configured to generate the one or more signal samples in real-time.

14. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of claim 12 with instructions executable by the at least one computer for performing additional operations comprising: periodically deriving an average spectral snapshot by using a subset of the set of frequency- domain snapshots; and

archiving the average spectral snapshot.

15. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of claim 12 with instructions executable by the at least one computer for performing additional operations comprising: using a subset of the set of frequency-domain snapshots to generate a spectral envelope;

comparing in real-time, each of the set of frequency-domain snapshots against the spectral envelope; and

generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of at least one of the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the spectral envelope.

Description:
TORSIONAL VIBRATION MONITORING AND DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEMS AND

METHODS

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

[00001] This disclosure relates to monitoring and diagnostics systems, and more particularly, to torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics systems and methods.

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

[00002] Moving parts are often accompanied by vibrations, some of which are normal and some of which can be harmful. An electric motor for example has a rotor that generates vibrations in the casing of the motor. The amplitude and nature of the vibrations can be attributed to various factors such as a rotational speed of the rotor and/or a load applied to the electric motor. In some instances, the rotor may develop an abnormal condition due to excessive wear and tear or due to other factors, the abnormal condition causing the rotor to wobble. If left unaddressed, the wobbling rotor can cause damage to other parts of the electric motor.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE

[00003] Embodiments of the disclosure are directed generally to torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics systems and methods, which can generate an alarm when torsional vibrations exceed one or more predefined thresholds.

[00004] According to one exemplary embodiment of the disclosure, a method of using a torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system coupled to a moving component can include receiving from one or more sensors, a time-variant signal representing a motion characteristic of the moving component; deriving from the time-variant signal, at various instants in time, a set of frequency-domain snapshots, each frequency-domain snapshot indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time-variant signal at a corresponding instant in time; and processing the set of frequency-domain snapshots to derive information indicative of a torsional vibration characteristic of the moving component.

[00005] According to another exemplary embodiment of the disclosure, a method can include receiving from one or more sensors, a time-variant signal representing a motion characteristic of a moving component; obtaining a set of frequency-domain snapshots by sampling the time-variant signal at various instants in time; identifying at least one oscillatory condition in the set of frequency-domain snapshots; and identifying a timing characteristic of the at least one oscillatory condition in the set of frequency-domain snapshots, the timing characteristic indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component.

[00006] According to yet another exemplary embodiment of the disclosure, a non- transitory computer-readable storage medium contains instructions executable by at least one computer for performing operations that include receiving one or more signal samples; deriving from the one or more signal samples, a set of time-domain snapshots, each time-domain snapshot indicative of a sampled velocity behavior of a moving component; transforming the set of time-domain snapshots into a set of frequency-domain snapshots; identifying one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots; and using the set of time- domain snapshots to identify a timing characteristic of the one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots, the timing characteristic indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component.

[00007] Other embodiments and aspects of the disclosure will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the following drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[00008] Having thus described the disclosure in general terms, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, which are not necessarily drawn to scale, and wherein:

[00009] FIG. 1 illustrates an exemplary torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system coupled to a moving component in accordance with an exemplary implementation of the disclosure.

[00010] FIG. 2 illustrates some example components that can be included in the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system shown in FIG. 1.

[00011] FIG. 3 illustrates a set of frequency-domain snapshots in a 3D format to indicate time and frequency relationships between the set of frequency-domain snapshots and a time- variant signal coupled into the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system shown in FIG. 1.

[00012] FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary frequency-domain alarm threshold arrangement for detecting one or more abnormal spectral components in a frequency-domain snapshot in accordance with an exemplary implementation of the disclosure.

[00013] FIG. 5 illustrates an exemplary configuration of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system shown in FIG. 1 when used to implement the frequency- domain alarm threshold arrangement shown in FIG. 4. [00014] FIG. 6 illustrates some exemplary elements of a real-time protection system that can be used to execute a real-time protection procedure in the time-domain in accordance with an exemplary implementation of the disclosure.

[00015] FIG. 7 illustrates a computer that can be used to execute some computational components of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system in accordance with an exemplary implementation of the disclosure.

[00016] The disclosure will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the drawings, in which exemplary embodiments of the disclosure are shown. This disclosure may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the exemplary embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will satisfy applicable legal requirements. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout. It should be understood that certain words and terms are used herein solely for convenience and such words and terms should be interpreted as referring to various objects and actions that are generally understood in various forms and equivalencies by persons of ordinary skill in the art. Furthermore, the word "example" as used herein is intended to be non- exclusionary and non-limiting in nature. More particularly, the word "exemplary" as used herein indicates one among several examples, and it should be understood that no undue emphasis or preference is being directed to the particular example being described.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[00017] In terms of a general overview, certain embodiments described in this disclosure pertain to a torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system that can be coupled to a moving component and used for executing various operations such as monitoring the vibration characteristics of the moving component, archiving vibration data of the moving component, diagnosing the vibration data of the moving component to detect an abnormal vibration condition, and providing an alarm upon detecting an abnormal vibration condition. The various operations can be carried out in one or both of a time domain and a frequency domain. The frequency domain operations can be carried out by obtaining a set of frequency-domain snapshots of a time-variant signal that is obtained via one or more sensors coupled to the moving component. The time-variant signal can represent various motion characteristics of the moving component.

[00018] Attention is now drawn to FIG. 1, which illustrates an exemplary torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 coupled to a moving component 105 in accordance with an exemplary implementation of the disclosure. More particularly, the exemplary torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 is coupled to the moving component 105 by using a sensor 110 that senses a movement characteristic of the moving component 105. In this exemplary implementation, the moving component 105 is a rotary component and the sensor 110 is a speed sensor that senses a rotary velocity behavior of the rotary component. In other implementations, the moving component 105 can be any other moving component such as a reciprocating element or an element that moves linearly, and the sensor 110 can be selected to provide one of various types of motion information pertaining to the moving component.

[00019] As shown in FIG. 1, the sensor 110 is coupled to the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 via a communication link 111. The communication link 111 can be implemented in various ways such as in the form of a wired link, an optical link, or a wireless link, and by using various communication formats. The rotary velocity behavior of the moving component 105 can be transmitted through the communication link 111 as a time- variant signal 112 representing a motion characteristic of the moving component 105. The time- variant signal 112 can be an analog signal that varies in amplitude from instant-to-instant depending on instant-to-instant velocity variations in the moving component 105. In some example implementations, more than one sensor can be used. This aspect is indicated in FIG. 1 by the dashed line representation of a sensor 145, though more than one sensor can be used.

[00020] The torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 can include various operational elements such as a monitoring system 120, a diagnostics system 125, and a real-time protection system 130. The monitoring system 120 can be used to collect, process, and/or archive data pertaining to the rotary velocity behavior of the moving component 105 (obtained via the sensor 110). One exemplary procedure for executing such functionality will be described below in more detail. The data obtained via the monitoring system 120 can be stored in various storage media such as in one or storage elements (not shown) of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 and/or in various storage elements that constitute cloud storage 140.

[00021] The diagnostics system 125 can be used to process the data pertaining to the rotary velocity behavior of the moving component 105 and identify certain abnormal behavioral characteristics of the moving component 105. For example, the diagnostics system 125 can be used to process the data over a period of time and detect an oscillatory condition that is indicative of torsional vibration in the moving component 105. [00022] The real-time protection system 130 can be used to process real-time information provided by the sensor 110 and detect an abnormal condition or a potentially damaging condition in the moving component 105. For example, the real-time protection system 130 can be used to detect an abnormal condition when an amplitude of a filtered version of the time- variant signal 112 exceeds a predefined threshold. Upon detecting the abnormal condition, the real-time protection system 130 can transmit a signal to an alarm unit 135 for alerting an operator and/or a signal to a motion controller (not shown) for modifying a motion of the moving component 105 in order to address the abnormal condition.

[00023] FIG. 2 illustrates some additional elements that can be included in the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115. These additional elements can include a time- domain processing system 210 and a frequency-domain processing system 225. The time- domain processing system 210 can include interface circuitry (not shown) that receives the time- variant signal 112 provided by the sensor 110. In some exemplary implementations, a number of time-variant signals from a number of sensors can be coupled into the interface circuitry (in addition to the time-variant signal 112 provided by the sensor 110). The time-domain processing system 210 can further include signal sampling circuitry that samples the time- domain processing system 210 at various sampling instants (shown as tl, t2, t3 ...) and provides signal samples to the frequency-domain processing system 225, and in one or more example implementations, to one or more of the monitoring system 120, the diagnostics system 125, and the real-time protection system 130. In the example implementation shown in FIG. 2, the sampling instants are periodic and repetitive in nature. However, in some other example implementations, the sampling instants can be aperiodic or random in nature.

[00024] The frequency-domain processing system 225 receives the signal samples provided by the time-domain processing system 210 and transforms each signal sample into a frequency domain representation. Each frequency domain representation constitutes an instantaneous frequency-domain snapshot indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time- variant signal 112 at a corresponding sampling instant. Thus, a set of frequency-domain snapshots 220 can include a first frequency-domain snapshot 221 that is indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time-variant signal 112 at a sampling instant tl, a second frequency-domain snapshot 222 that is indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time-variant signal 112 at a sampling instant t2, a third frequency-domain snapshot 223 that is indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time-variant signal 112 at a sampling instant t3, and so on. In some example implementations, the set of frequency-domain snapshots 220 can be provided to each of the monitoring system 120, the diagnostics system 125, and the real-time protection system 130, in real-time in the form of a serial stream of frequency-domain snapshots over an indefinite period of time.

[00025] FIG. 3 illustrates the set of frequency-domain snapshots 220 in a 3D format to indicate time and frequency relationships between the time-variant signal 112 and the set of frequency-domain snapshots 220. The first frequency-domain snapshot 221, which corresponds to the sampling instant tl with reference to the time-variant signal 112, includes a number of frequency components spread out over a spectral bandwidth. Each of the second frequency- domain snapshot 222, which corresponds to the sampling instant t2 with reference to the time- variant signal 112, and the third frequency-domain snapshot 222, which corresponds to the sampling instant t3 with reference to the time-variant signal 112 (and so on) also includes a number of frequency components spread out over the spectral bandwidth. However, an amplitude of any particular frequency component will be different at various instants in time. For example, a frequency component at fl Hz can have a first amplitude at the instant tl, a second amplitude at the instant t2, a third amplitude at the instant t3, and so on. As another example, a frequency component at f2 Hz can have a certain amplitude at the instant tl, another amplitude at the instant t2, and yet another amplitude at the instant t3, and so on. Thus, it can be understood that the time-variant signal 112 can have various amplitude fluctuations at various sampling instants in time accompanied by various frequency components of various amplitudes during the various sampling instants in time. The various amplitude fluctuations, which can be expressed in radians/second, can be indicative in one example, of instant-to-instant velocity variations in the moving component 105. In other examples, the instant-to-instant variations can be indicative of various other conditions and characteristics of the moving component 105, such as oscillatory conditions, abnormal acceleration, and torsional deformation.

[00026] In one example implementation, the various sampling instants in time can be periodic with a repetition rate indicated by a period "p". In other example implementations, the various sampling instants in time can be aperiodic or random. When periodic, the repetition rate (period "p") can be set by a human entity such as a technician operating the exemplary torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115. In one example application, the period "p" can range from about 1 minute to about an hour. The spectral bandwidth (frequency range from DC to beyond f5 Hz), as well as the frequency resolution associated with the set of frequency- domain snapshots 220 can also be set by a human entity such as the technician interacting with the exemplary torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115. In one example application, the frequency resolution can be set to less than about 0.125 Hz. In some example applications, the spectral bandwidth and/or the frequency resolution can be selected on the basis of trying to detect one or more oscillatory conditions indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component 105. The one or more oscillatory conditions can include an amplitude of the time-variant signal 112 at a certain frequency (fl, for example) varying in an oscillatory manner (a slow sine wave, for example) over a time period (0 through t4, for example). A windowing function can also be used during conversions between the frequency-domain and the time-domain in some example implementations for operating upon individual time-domain snapshots to generate one or more of the set of frequency-domain snapshots 220.

[00027] In one or more example implementations, some or all of the frequency-domain snapshots 220 can be provided to the monitoring system 120, the diagnostics system 125, and/or the real-time protection system 130 (these systems are shown in Fig. 2). It can be appreciated that the amount of information contained in the frequency-domain snapshots 220, as well as the subtle nature of one or more oscillatory conditions that can be present in the frequency-domain snapshots 220, prevent processing of the frequency-domain snapshots 220 by a human operator, especially when done in real-time over a significant period of time. The processing carried out by one or more of the monitoring system 120, the diagnostics system 125, and/or the real-time protection system 130 can be generally characterized as operations executed in real-time (disregarding the small processing delays that may occur due to certain operations such as time- domain to frequency domain conversion).

[00028] Furthermore, it must be understood that in some embodiments, the set of frequency-domain snapshots 220 can be generated by the frequency-domain processing system 225 in real-time where each individual time-domain signal sample provided by the time-domain processing system 210 is converted into a frequency domain snapshot. Thus, the frequency domain snapshot 221 shown in FIG. 3, which represents a single time-domain signal sample, can be referred to herein as an instantaneous frequency domain snapshot. However, in some other embodiments, the frequency-domain processing system 225 can accumulate a set of time- domain signal samples provided by the time-domain processing system 210 (rather than individual time-domain signal samples) and use an averaging procedure upon the set of time- domain signal samples to generate a corresponding frequency domain snapshot that is an averaged version of the set of time-domain signal samples. Thus, the frequency domain snapshot 221, which represents an averaged version of multiple time-domain signal samples collected over a period of time, can be referred to in these other embodiments as an averaged frequency domain snapshot (tl will accordingly represent a time at which the averaged version frequency domain snapshot is generated/displayed/used).

[00029] FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 that can be used to detect one or more abnormal spectral components in an instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410. More particularly, the exemplary frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 can be used by the real-time protection system 130 to execute a real-time protection procedure to detect a torsional vibration in the moving component 105 and provide a warning via the alarm unit 135. The frequency-domain alarm threshold 405, which can also be referred to as a "skyline," can be defined by a human operator such as a technician interacting with the exemplary torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115. In one example implementation, the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 can be defined as a spectral envelope by using one or more averaged frequency domain snapshots or by using a subset of the various instantaneous frequency-domain snapshots shown in FIG. 3. The frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 can also be calculated based on a mechanical model of the moving component 105 and/or a mechanical model of a machine incorporating the moving component 105. When representing the mechanical model of the machine, the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 can represent an envelope (skyline) for all components of the machine.

[00030] In one exemplary implementation of a real-time protection procedure, a human operator first determines a frequency of calculation that is to be applied to the instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410. The frequency of calculation can range from 5-10 seconds in some example embodiments. The human operator can then determine a frequency range, a resolution, and a windowing function to be applied against the instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410. The windowing function can be applied to a time-domain signal as a part of a conversion into a frequency-domain signal. An alarm can be generated when one or more of the components of the instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410 exceeds a corresponding portion of the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405. False alarms can be avoided by setting a duration of time that must be exceeded during which one or more of the components of the instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410 exceeds a corresponding portion of the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405, before an alarm is generated.

[00031] FIG. 5 illustrates an exemplary configuration of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 when used to implement the frequency-domain alarm threshold arrangement shown in FIG. 4. In this exemplary configuration, the frequency-domain processing system 225 provides the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 and the instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410 to the real-time protection system 130. In other exemplary configurations, the frequency domain processing system 225 can provide to the realtime protection system 130, several instantaneous frequency domain snapshots and the real-time protection system 130 can generate the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 by using the instantaneous frequency domain snapshots.

[00032] Irrespective of the manner by which it is provided, the real-time protection system 130 uses the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405 and one or more of the several instantaneous frequency domain snapshots to execute a real-time protection procedure to detect a torsional vibration in the moving component 105 and provide a warning. In some example implementations, the real-time protection system 130 is configured to execute a real-time protection procedure. As a part of this procedure, the real-time protection system 130 can transmit a signal to a motion controller (via a communication link 506) upon detecting a currently-occurring torsional vibration and/or upon generating a prediction of a future- occurrence of a torsional vibration. In some implementations, false alarms can be avoided by using detection logic (in the form of one or more timers for example) to detect excursions by one or more frequency components over the frequency-domain alarm threshold 405, when these excursions persist beyond a threshold time period. Excursions which occur within the threshold time period and do not result in transmission of a signal to the motion controller can be used in some implementations for various other purposes such as archiving and data collection. The communication link 506 can be implemented in various ways, such as in the form of a wired link, an optical link, or a wireless link, and the signal can be, for example, one of a message, a control signal, or a warning signal.

[00033] Upon receiving such a signal, the motion controller 505 can modify a behavior of the moving component 105 to prevent damage to the moving component 105 and/or to other elements associated with the moving component 105. It can be understood that in such exemplary configurations the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 can provide real-time protection of the moving component 105 by continuously monitoring frequency-domain parameters of the time-variant signal 112.

[00034] In some other example implementations, the real-time protection system 130 can transmit a signal to a user interface 510 (via a communication link 507) upon detecting a currently-occurring torsional vibration and/or upon generating a prediction of a future- occurrence of a torsional vibration. A human operator can use the user interface 510 for various purposes such as for querying the real-time protection system 130 and/or for issuing commands to the real-time protection system 130. One or more of these commands can be routed via the real-time protection system 130 to the motion controller 505, which can be located on a factory floor for example while the user interface 510 is located in a command center far from the factory.

[00035] FIG. 6 illustrates some exemplary elements of the real-time protection system

130 that can be used to execute a real-time protection procedure in the time-domain in accordance with an exemplary implementation of the disclosure. The exemplary elements can include a bandpass filter 610, an alarm generator 620, and a timer 625. The bandpass filter 610 can receive from the time-domain processing system 210 and/or the frequency-domain processing system 225, a signal that is represented by the time-variant signal 112 and/or the instantaneous frequency domain snapshot 410. The output of the bandpass filter 610 is a bandwidth-limited signal 615 that contains a limited number of frequency components. The bandwidth-limited signal 615, which is shown in real-time in the time-domain, as a filtered time- variant signal 623, is provided to the alarm generator 620. The alarm generator 620 can use one or more time-domain alarm thresholds, such as the time-domain alarm threshold 622, to detect any abnormal amplitude excursions in the filtered time-variant signal 623. One exemplary amplitude excursion 621 that exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold 622 is detected by the alarm generator 620 and processed by the timer 625 in order to determine a time duration over which the amplitude excursion 621 exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold 622. The time duration can be defined by a human operator based on avoiding false alarms being generated in response to momentary spikes in the filtered time-variant signal 623 (such as transients caused by power supply fluctuations).

[00036] An output signal from the timer 625 (or from the alarm generator 620) can be transmitted via a communication link 606 to the motion controller 505. The communication link 606, can be implemented in various ways, such as in the form of a wired link, an optical link, or a wireless link, and the signal can be for example, one of a message, a control signal, or a warning signal. Upon receiving such a signal, the motion controller 505 can modify a behavior of the moving component 105 to prevent damage to the moving component 105 and/or to other elements associated with the moving component 105. It can therefore be understood that in such exemplary configurations the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 operates to provide real-time protection by monitoring time-domain parameters of a bandlimited version of the time-variant signal 112.

[00037] FIG. 7 illustrates a computer 700 that can be used to implement some computational components of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 in accordance with one or more exemplary embodiments. Various other components of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115, such as signal interfaces, signal transmitters, signal receivers, signal sampling circuitry, and threshold-based alarm detectors, can be implemented in hardware and such hardware can be coupled to the computer 700 accordingly. In this exemplary implementation, one or more processors, such as the processor 705, can be configured to interact with a memory 730. The processor 705 can be implemented and operated using appropriate hardware, software, firmware, or combinations thereof. Software or firmware implementations can include computer-executable or machine-executable instructions written in any suitable programming language to perform the various functions described. In one embodiment, instructions associated with a function block language can be stored in the memory 730 and executed by the processor 705.

[00038] The memory 730, which can be implemented wholly or in part in the form of the cloud storage 140 shown in FIG. 1, can be used to store program instructions that are loadable and executable by the processor 705, as well as to store data for use during the execution of these programs. Such data can include data generated by the monitoring system 120, such as data pertaining to the rotary velocity behavior of the moving component 105 and/or data indicating an oscillatory condition, a torsional vibration condition etc. in the moving component 105. Depending on the configuration and type of the computer 700, the memory 730 can be volatile (such as random access memory (RAM)) and/or non-volatile (such as read-only memory (ROM), flash memory, etc.). In some embodiments, the memory devices can also include additional removable storage 735 and/or non-removable storage 740 including, but not limited to, magnetic storage, optical disks, and/or tape storage. The disk drives and their associated computer-readable media can provide non-volatile storage of computer-readable instructions, data structures, program modules, and other data. In some implementations, the memory 730 can include multiple different types of memory, such as static random access memory (SRAM), dynamic random access memory (DRAM), or ROM.

[00039] The memory 730, the removable storage, and the non-removable storage are all examples of non-transient computer-readable storage media. Such non-transient computer- readable storage media can be implemented in any method or technology for storage of information such as computer-readable instructions, data structures, program modules or other data. Additional types of non-transient computer storage media that can be present include, but are not limited to, programmable random access memory (PRAM), SRAM, DRAM, ROM, electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM), compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM), digital versatile discs (DVD) or other optical storage, magnetic cassettes, magnetic tapes, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium which can be used to store the desired information and which can be accessed by the processor 705. Combinations of any of the above should also be included within the scope of non-transient computer-readable media.

[00040] Turning to the contents of the memory 730, the memory 730 can include, but is not limited to, an operating system (OS) 731 and one or more application programs or services for implementing one or more computational components of the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system 115 disclosed herein (indicated by a reference numeral 732).

[00041] The computer 700 can include one or more communication connections 710 that allows for communication with various devices or equipment capable of communicating with the computer 700. The connections can be established via various data communication channels or ports, such as USB or COM ports to receive connections for cables connecting the computer 700 to various other devices on a network. In one embodiment, the communication connections 710 may include Ethernet drivers that enable the computer 700 to communicate with other devices on the network. The computer 700 can also include a graphical user input/output interface 725 that allows the computer 700 to be coupled to a suitable display through which a human operator can interact with the computer 700.

[00042] Many modifications and other embodiments of the example descriptions set forth herein to which these descriptions pertain will come to mind having the benefit of the teachings presented in the foregoing descriptions and the associated drawings. Thus, it will be appreciated the disclosure may be embodied in many forms and should not be limited to the exemplary embodiments described above. Therefore, it is to be understood that the disclosure is not to be limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and that modifications and other embodiments are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims. Although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation. Various aspects and embodiments of the present invention will now be defined by the following numbered clauses:

1. A method of using a torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system coupled to a moving component, the method comprising: receiving from one or more sensors, a time-variant signal representing a motion characteristic of the moving component; deriving from the time-variant signal, at various instants in time, a set of frequency-domain snapshots, each frequency-domain snapshot indicative of a spectral characteristic of the time- variant signal at a corresponding instant in time; and processing the set of frequency-domain snapshots to derive information indicative of a torsional vibration characteristic of the moving component.

2. The method of clause 1, wherein the time-variant signal is received in real-time in the torsional vibration monitoring and diagnostics system; wherein the various instants in time conform to a periodically repetitive pattern; and wherein the motion characteristic of the moving component comprises a velocity behavior of the moving component.

3. The method of clause 1, wherein processing the set of frequency-domain snapshots to derive information indicative of the torsional vibration characteristic of the moving component comprises identifying one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots, the method further comprising: using the time-variant signal to identify one or more timing characteristics of the one or more oscillatory conditions, the one or more timing characteristics indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component.

4. The method of clause 1, further comprising: periodically deriving an average spectral snapshot by using a subset of the set of frequency- domain snapshots; and archiving the average spectral snapshot.

5. The method of clause 1, further comprising: providing a frequency-domain alarm threshold; comparing in real-time, each of the set of frequency-domain snapshots against the frequency- domain alarm threshold; and generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of at least one of the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the frequency-domain alarm threshold.

6. The method of clause 5, wherein the alarm threshold comprises a spectral envelope that is generated at least in part by using a subset of the set of frequency-domain snapshots. 7. The method of clause 6, further comprising: providing a timer; using the timer to determine a period of time during which at least a portion of the frequency- domain snapshots in the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the spectral envelope; and transmitting the one of the warning signal or the alarm signal when the period of time exceeds a threshold time period set in the timer.

8. The method of clause 1, further comprising: providing a time-domain alarm threshold; defining a bandpass filter; propagating the time-variant signal through the bandpass filter to obtain a filtered time-variant signal containing frequency components that are present within a bandwidth of the bandpass filter; comparing in real-time, each of the filtered time-variant signal against the time-domain alarm threshold; and generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of the filtered time- variant signal exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold.

9. The method of clause 8, further comprising: providing a timer; and using the timer to determine a period of time over which the at least a portion of the filtered time-variant signal exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold.

10. A method comprising: receiving from one or more sensors, a time-variant signal representing a motion characteristic of a moving component; obtaining a set of frequency-domain snapshots by sampling the time-variant signal at various instants in time; identifying at least one oscillatory condition in the set of frequency-domain snapshots; and identifying a timing characteristic of the at least one oscillatory condition in the set of frequency- domain snapshots, the timing characteristic indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component. 11. The method of clause 10, wherein the moving component is a rotary component and the time-variant signal is generated by a speed sensor configured to generate the time-variant signal in real-time.

12. The method of clause 10, further comprising: periodically deriving an average spectral snapshot by using a subset of the set of frequency- domain snapshots; and archiving the average spectral snapshot.

13. The method of clause 10, further comprising: providing a frequency-domain alarm threshold; comparing in real-time, each of the set of frequency-domain snapshots against the frequency- domain alarm threshold; and generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of at least one of the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the frequency-domain alarm threshold.

14. The method of clause 13, wherein the alarm threshold comprises a spectral envelope that is generated at least in part by using a subset of the set of frequency-domain snapshots.

15. The method of clause 10, further comprising: providing a time-domain alarm threshold; defining a bandpass filter; propagating the time-variant signal through the bandpass filter to obtain a filtered time-variant signal containing frequency components that are present within a bandwidth of the bandpass filter; comparing in real-time, each of the filtered time-variant signal against the time-domain alarm threshold; and generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of the filtered time- variant signal exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold.

16. The method of clause 15, further comprising: providing a timer; and using the timer to determine a period of time over which the at least a portion of the filtered time-variant signal exceeds the time-domain alarm threshold. 17. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium with instructions executable by at least one computer for performing operations comprising: receiving one or more signal samples; deriving from the one or more signal samples, a set of time-domain snapshots, each time-domain snapshot indicative of a sampled velocity behavior of a moving component; transforming the set of time-domain snapshots into a set of frequency-domain snapshots; identifying one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots; and using the set of time-domain snapshots to identify a timing characteristic of the one or more oscillatory conditions in the set of frequency-domain snapshots, the timing characteristic indicative of a torsional vibration in the moving component.

18. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of clause 17, wherein the moving component is a rotary component and the one or more signal samples are generated by a speed sensor configured to generate the one or more signal samples in real-time.

19. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of clause 17 with instructions executable by the at least one computer for performing additional operations comprising: periodically deriving an average spectral snapshot by using a subset of the set of frequency- domain snapshots; and archiving the average spectral snapshot.

20. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of clause 17 with instructions executable by the at least one computer for performing additional operations comprising: using a subset of the set of frequency-domain snapshots to generate a spectral envelope; comparing in real-time, each of the set of frequency-domain snapshots against the spectral envelope; and generating one of a warning signal or an alarm signal when at least a portion of at least one of the set of frequency-domain snapshots exceeds the spectral envelope.