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Title:
TRACE ELEMENT SOLUTION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/171538
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The inventions discloses a trace element solution, which comprises at least the following metals: zinc; manganese; selenium; and copper; and which comprises Vitamin B12. The solution furthermore comprises butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12 and the inclusion of butaphosphan may have synergistic activity with the minerals.

Inventors:
SMITH, William, Alfred (36 Fitzwilliam SquareDublin, 2, IE)
Application Number:
IB2012/052389
Publication Date:
November 21, 2013
Filing Date:
May 14, 2012
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
WARBURTON TECHNOLOGY LIMITED (36 Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin, 2, IE)
SMITH, William, Alfred (36 Fitzwilliam SquareDublin, 2, IE)
International Classes:
A61K33/30; A23K1/175; A61K33/04; A61K33/24; A61K33/32; A61K33/34
Domestic Patent References:
2008-04-24
2011-12-01
2005-11-10
Foreign References:
US4335116A1982-06-15
US20110195158A12011-08-11
AU2008228597A12008-09-25
Other References:
See also references of EP 2849764A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GERNTHOLTZ, Richard, Otto, Paul et al. (Dr Gerntholtz Inc, P.O. Box 8, 8000 Cape Town, ZA)
Download PDF:
Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS

1. A trace element solution, which comprises at least the following metals:

(a) zinc;

(b) manganese;

(c) selenium; and

(d) copper; and which comprises Vitamin B12.

2. A solution as claimed in claim 1, in which:

(a) the ratio of zinc to manganese is at least 2:1;

(b) the ratio of zinc to manganese is at least 4:1;

(c) the ratio of zinc to copper is at least 2:1 or 4:1; and/or

(d) the ratio of zinc to selenium is at least 4:1 or 12:1.

3. A solution as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, which comprises the following concentrations:

(a) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;

(b) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;

(c) at least 2 mg/ml selenium;

(d) at least 6 mg/ml copper; and

(e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12.

4. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the concentration of the metals is at least 36 mg/ml.

5. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which comprises the following concentrations:

(a) at least 60 mg/ml zinc;

(b) at least 10 mg/ml manganese;

(c) at least 5 mg/ml selenium;

(d) at least 15 mg/ml copper; and

(e) at least 1.5 mg/ml Vitamin B12.

6. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the concentration of the metals is at least 90mg/ml.

7. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which comprises chromium and/or iodine.

8. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which comprises butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12.

9. A solution as claimed in claim 5, in which the inclusion of butaphosphan enables the Vitamin B12 to remain more stable.

10. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which is an injectable trace element solution.

11. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which is visually stable.

12. A trace element solution substantially as described herein with reference to the examples. A method of preparing a trace element solution substantially as described herein with reference to the examples.

A method of providing trace elements to animals substantially as described herein with reference to the examples.

Description:
TRACE ELEMENT SOLUTION

FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to a trace element solution.

More particularly, the present invention relates to a trace element solution supplemented with Vitamin B12.

BACKGROUND TO INVENTION

It has been found that there is a deficiency of certain trace elements in pastures for livestock in particular areas around the world. Various suggestions have been made to provide the required trace elements to such animals. Different chemical compounds and complexes have been investigated for applying the trace elements by way of licks, drenches or injections.

In general the problem with injectable solutions is that the concentrations of the minerals in the solutions is too low. This means that relatively large quantities have to be injected, which in turn causes tissue damage and also abscesses at the site of injection. Furthermore, it is generally the case that different trace elements seldomly are individually sufficient. This means that two or more trace element solutions have to be provided by way of separate injections.

ZA 1982/6778 (Laurie) discloses a trace element solution and a method of providing the trace elements to livestock. These trace element solutions include ethylene diamino tetra acetic acid complex of the required mineral in suitable quantities. However, the trace element solution includes no selenium or selenite compound.

In the specification and claims the expression EDTA refers to ethylene diaminotetraacetic acid (CioHi 6 0 8 N 2 or (HOzCHzChNCHzCHzN-iCHzCOzHh). US 4,335,116 (Howard) discloses mineral-containing therapeutic compositions containing EDTA complexes of trace elements. Notably, US 4,335,116 utilises tetra-sodium EDTA, a selenium glycine complex, and metal chlorides for the preparation of the EDTA complexes. Unfortunately, the chloride ions cause contamination and each complex solution is to be made individually. Furthermore, overnight time is required for complexing and heating up afterward to speed up the process, requires extra apparatus. If mixtures are required, the individual solutions are to be blended. If various concentrations as well as compositions are to be made, it can only be done in a cumbersome way, requiring extra apparatus. A further problem arises when mixtures of high concentration are needed. In certain cases it would be impossible to deliver them, because mixing is always accompanied by dilution. The maximum concentration achieved with this method was 13,5 mg/ml.

US 6,638,539 (Laurie et al) discloses a method of preparing a trace element solution, which includes the steps of providing at least one EDTA-complex, of providing a sodium selenite solution, and of combining the EDTA-complexes and the sodium selenite solution. However, the method enables production of a trace element solution of only about 55 mg/ml.

US 7,285,292 (Laurie et al) discloses a trace element solution, which comprises at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, manganese and chromium and which comprises a concentration of the metal(s) of at least 60 mg/ml. The solution further comprises at least one compound selected from the group comprising iodine, potassium iodide, sodium iodide, iron, iron chloride, zinc oxide, manganese sulphate, sodium selenite, copper carbonate, sodium carbonate, anhydrous disodium EDTA and sodium hydroxide. The trace element solution is prepared by a method consisting essentially of the steps of preparing a MnC0 3 mixture in a container; adding an EDTA/NaOH mixture to the container and subsequently adding at least one metal compound; and adding Na 2 Se0 3 to the container to obtain the trace element solution. The method also comprises the step of adding CrCI 3 .6H 2 0 to the trace element solution. Often various other nutritional, dietary or medical components need to be added to the trace element solutions. Though which seems easy to achieve by merely mixing has not proven to be easy as the resulted mixture or solution becomes unstable and murky over time and hence the solution needs to be discarded. The disadvantage is that the solutions cannot be stored for longer periods. Addition of further components is more difficult than it appears resulting in both physical solution instability and in some cases such as vitamin B12 addition - chemical instability.

It is an object of the invention to suggest a trace element solution for overcoming these problems. SUMMARY OF INVENTION

According to the invention, a trace element solution, comprises at least the following metals:

(a) zinc;

(b) manganese; (c) selenium; and

(d)copper; and comprises Vitamin B12. The ratio of zinc to manganese may be at least 2:1. The ratio of zinc to manganese may be at least 4:1. The ratio of zinc to copper may be at least 2:1 or 4:1. The ratio of zinc to selenium may be at least 4:1 or 12:1. The concentration of the metals may be at least 36mg/ml. The trace element solution may comprise the following concentrations:

(a) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;

(b) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;

(c) at least 2 mg/ml selenium;

(d) at least 6 mg/ml copper; and

(e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12. The concentration of the metals may be at least 90mg/ml. The solution may comprise chromium and/or iodine. The solution may comprise butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12. The inclusion of butaphosphan may enable the Vitamin B12 to remain more stable. The inclusion of butaphosphan may have synergistic activity with the minerals. The solution may be an injectable trace element solution. The solution may be visually stable.

The invention also extends to a method of preparing a trace element solution as described herein.

DESCRIPTION OF EXAMPLE

The invention will now be described by way of an example of a trace element solution in accordance with the invention.

The example relates to a trace element solution predominantly to be used for cattle and includes the mineral elements zinc, manganese, selenium and copper and Vitamin B12.

According to the invention, a trace element solution, comprises the following metals: (a) zinc;

(b) manganese;

(c) selenium; and

(d) copper;

and comprises Vitamin B12.

The ratio of zinc to manganese can be at least 2:1.

The ratio of zinc to manganese can be at least 4:1.

The ratio of zinc to copper can be at least 2:1 or 4:1.

The ratio of zinc to selenium can be at least 4:1 or 12:1.

As an example the concentration of the metals is at least 36 mg/ml.

As an example the trace element solution comprises the following concentrations:

(a) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;

(b) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;

(c) at least 2 mg/ml selenium;

(d) at least 6 mg/ml copper; and

(e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12.

In a further example, the concentration of the metals can be at least 90mg/ml. The solution can comprise chromium and/or iodine.

The solution comprises butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12.

The inclusion of butaphosphan may have synergistic activity with the minerals The solution is generally an injectable trace element solution. The solution is visually stable.

1. Objective of the study

The objective of the study is to develop a new formulation of an injectable trace element solution supplemented with Vitamin B12.

The new formulation is required to include the following characteristics:

(a) Active ingredients: Cu (6mg/ml), Mn (4mg/ml), Zn (24mg/ml) and Se

(2mg/ml), Vitamin B12 (0.6 mg/ml) (A further example of the invention is to obtain a product with the following formulation: Active ingredients: Cu (15mg/ml), Mn (lOmg/ml), Zn (60mg/ml) and Se (5mg/ml), Vitamin B12

(1.5 mg/ml))

(b) Application: Mineral and vitamin supplement

2. Formulation Plan

The formulation plan consisted of performing two consecutive phases with the aim to select at the end one of several formulation candidates.

- First phase consisted of feasibility formulation study:

Based on known injectable processes, with organometallics complex with EDTA, incorporation of vitamin B12 was screened by testing 3 possible different stabilizers.

- Second Phase consists in evaluating the physical and chemical stability of the formulations which have been developed during precedent phase with the aim to select stable formulation prototypes.

Physical stability study was performed at 5°C, 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH: TO, Tl, T2 and T3 months. A visual inspection was checked at different periods in order to control the absence of precipitation in the formulations. Assay of vitamin B12 was followed up on stability at 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH: TO, T3 and T6 months.

3. Formulation Studies

3.1. Phase 1: Feasibility study

Based on known injectable processes, salts of zinc, copper and manganese were dissolved in water and complexed with EDTA, and then salt of selenium is added.

Incorporation of vitamin B12 with different stabilizers was screened.

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin available as a dietary supplement. Vitamin B12 exists in several forms. Vitamin B12 cyanocobalamin is used for this study.

A vitamin B12 conforming to EP monograph was screened and received.

It is generally known that vitamins, and especially vitamin B12, are not very stable in solution and degradation is observed on storage.

According bibliographic researches and trials, the following stabilizers have been tested:

(a) Butaphosphan

(b) Glycine

(c) Antioxidants

Butaphosphan (according patent application US2011/0065665A1) Butaphosphan is a phosphonic derivative acid.

Butanol described in US2011/0065665A1 has been replaced by use of benzyl alcohol (1%).

Note: butaphosphan is used with vitamin B12 in Catosal ® formulation, from Bayer, and alone in Calphone ® formulation, from Bayer. Synonyms : Butaphosphan; (l-Butylamino-l-methyl-ethyl)-phosphinic acid

Molecular Formula : C7H18N02P

Formula Weight : 179.20

CAS Registry Number : 17316-67-5 In US2011/0065665A1: 10 % of butaphosphan, 0.005% of vitamin B12, 3.0% of n-butanol / 100% water Catosal ® formulation: butaphosphan (lOOmg), vitamin B12 (50μg), n- butanol (30 mg) / 1ml Calphone ® : formulation: butaphosphan (2g) / 500 ml

The following concentrations of butaphosphan have been tested:

-5% w/v: a dark clear solution without particles is obtained -10% w/v: a dark clear solution without particles is obtained

-20%w/v: incomplete solubilisation of butaphosphan

Then a quantity of stock solution of vitamin B12 was incorporated in the mix to have a final concentration of 0.15 % w/v.

Physical stability study was performed on 5 and 10% w/v butaphosphan (with vitamin B12) solutions at ambient temperature:

-Tl week: dark clear solution

-T2 weeks: dark clear solution

-T4 weeks: dark clear solution

Glycine Glycine is an aminoacid. Glycine is used with vitamin B12 and selenium mineral in Biodyl ® formula, from Merial. Biodyl ® formulation: glycine (5.0g), vitamin B12 (0.050g), selenium (0.045g) / 100ml Glycine has been tried during development: 0.01% to 1% w/v.

Glycine conforming to EP monograph has been tested. Following concentrations of glycine have been tested:

-5% w/v: a dark clear solution with particle is obtained

-10% w/v: a dark clear solution without particle is obtained

-15%w/v: a dark clear solution without particle is obtained

Physical stability study is performed on 5 and 15%w/v glycine (with vitamin B12) solutions at ambient temperature:

-Tl week: dark clear solution with particle

-T2 weeks: dark clear solution with particle

-T4 weeks: dark clear solution with particle

Use of antioxidants Use of antioxidant is evaluated, with butylhydroxyanisole BHA and butylhydroxytoluene BHT. Other antioxidants have used: propyl gallate, ascorbic acid, rongalite, sodium metabisulphate.

Following antioxidant trials have been tested:

-1% w/v BHA and BHT: incomplete solubilisation As a result of low solubility of BHA and BHT in water, process solubilisation of

antioxidant(s) must be reviewed. Conclusion

In conclusion, satisfactory results with butaphosphan solutions were obtained with different concentrations.

Results after 4 weeks of physical stability study showed dark clear solution. These formulations were selected to go to next phase. 3.2. Phase 2: Laboratory batches

According results obtained with vitamin B12 and butaphosphan solutions, laboratory batches are performed.

(a) Formula 1

Excipients benzyl alcohol, edetic acid, sodium hydroxide and water for injection Process

Ingredients Operations

80% water Jjleat at 80°C

MnC03 Mix

1

ZnO Mix

1

EDTA/NaOH Mix

1

Heat at

1

Cu as carbonate or S04 Mix

Allow to cool at 50°C

benzyl alcohol Mix

I

Na 2 Se0 3 Mix

1

butaphosphan Mix

I

Vitamin B12 Mix

pH adjustment

Water 1

Qs (b) Formula 2

Excipients benzyl alcohol, edetic acid, sodium hydroxide and water for injection

Process

Ingredients Operations

60% water Heat at 80°C

MnC0 3 Mix

I

ZnO ► Mix

I

Mix EDTA/NaOH Mix

1

Heat at 100°C Cu as carbonate or S04 ► Mix

benzyl alcohol

Na 2 Se0 3 butaphosphan

Vitamin B12

pH adjustment

Water 1

Qs 4. Phase 2: Stability studies

A stability study at 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH was performed on formulations candidate during 3 months.

The aim of this study was to screen the formulations stable under ambient and

accelerated conditions.

A visual inspection will bo checked at different periods in order to control the absence of precipitation in the formulations: at 5°C, 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH : TO, Tl, T2 and T3 months.

Assays of Vitamin B12 were evaluated: follow up on stability at 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH : TO, T3 and T6 months.

Summary

The method of preparing a trace element solution in accordance with the invention thus enables the production of an injectable solution comprising an adequate trace mineral concentration and Vitamin B12 so that a 5 to 10 millilitre injection can make a significant impact on the trace mineral status of the animal and an injection is provided at a rate of between 1 ml per 50 kg bodyweight (BW) and 1 ml per 100kg BW, i.e. a practically applicable injectable supplement and a product that can improve the trace mineral status of an animal is provided. This is important as livestock producers will only inject livestock if a real benefit can be demonstrated. The subcutaneous injection is the preferred route to minimize tissue damage, but intra-muscular injection can also be used.