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Title:
TURNING TOOL FOR METAL CUTTING COMPRISING A COOLANT CHANNEL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/174921
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A turning tool (1) comprising a tool body (2) and a turning insert (3), the turning tool (1) comprising an insert seat (4) in which insert seat (4) the turning insert (3) is mounted, the insert seat (4) comprising a bottom surface (5) and a side surface (6), the side surface (6) com- prising a first surface (13) and a second surface (14), wherein the first surface (13) comprises a contact surface (19), wherein said contact surface (19) is in contact with a portion of the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3), the tool body (2) comprising a coolant channel (10), the coolant channel (10) extends between a coolant channel inlet (26) and a coolant channel outlet (11) opening into a void (24) between the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3) and the first surface (13) of the side surface (6) of the insert seat (4).

Inventors:
LÖF, Ronnie (Älgstigen 7e, Sandviken, SE-811 41, SE)
JOHANSSON, Adam (Odengatan 52A, Sandviken, SE-811 31, SE)
WIKBLAD, Krister (Rönnvägen 18D, GÄVLE, SE-802 69, SE)
Application Number:
EP2019/054952
Publication Date:
September 19, 2019
Filing Date:
February 28, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
AB SANDVIK COROMANT (811 81 SANDVIKEN, 811 81, SE)
International Classes:
B23B27/10
Domestic Patent References:
WO2018034133A12018-02-22
WO2008088627A12008-07-24
Foreign References:
JP2014046446A2014-03-17
EP1002608A22000-05-24
US3137918A1964-06-23
US20110033252A12011-02-10
EP3153257A12017-04-12
EP2446990A12012-05-02
JPH06254704A1994-09-13
EP3153261A12017-04-12
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SANDVIK ASSOCIATION (Sandvik Intellectual Property AB, SANDVIKEN, 811 81, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1.A turning tool (1 ) comprising a tool body (2) and a turning insert

(3),

the turning tool (1 ) comprising an insert seat (4) in which insert seat

(4) the turning insert (3) is mounted,

a longitudinal axis (A1 ) extends from a rear end (16) to a forward end (17),

the insert seat (4) comprising a bottom surface (5) and a side sur- face (6),

the side surface (6) comprising a first surface (13) and a second surface (14),

wherein the first and second surface (13, 14) form an angle (b) rela- tive to each other,

the turning insert (3) comprising a top surface (7), an opposite bot- tom surface (8), and a side surface (9) connecting the top and bot- tom surfaces (7, 8),

the bottom surface (8) of the turning insert (3) is in contact with the bottom surface (5) of the insert seat (4),

wherein the first surface (13) comprises a contact surface (19), wherein said contact surface (19) is in contact with a portion of the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3),

the tool body (2) comprising a coolant channel (10),

the coolant channel (10) extends between a coolant channel inlet

(26) and a coolant channel outlet (1 1 ), characterized in that the coolant channel outlet (11 ) opens into a void (24) between the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3) and the first surface (13) of the side surface (6) of the insert seat (4).

2. The turning tool (1 ) according to claim 1 ,

wherein the coolant channel outlet (11 ) is formed partly or com- pletely in the first surface (13).

3. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the channel outlet (1 1 ) is spaced apart from the side sur- face (9) of the turning insert (3) by a distance, which distance is 0.1 - 2.0 mm.

4. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the side surface (6) of the insert seat (4) comprises a third surface (15),

wherein the first surface (13) is facing the third surface (15).

5. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein a distance from the contact surface (19) to the top surface (7) of turning insert (3) is shorter than a distance from the contact surface (19) to bottom surface (8) of the turning insert (3).

6. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the contact surface (19) is adjacent to the void (24).

7. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein a distance from the coolant channel outlet (11 ) to the bot- tom surface (8) of turning insert (3) is shorter than a distance from the coolant channel outlet (11 ) to the top surface (7) of turning in- sert (3). 8. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein a distance from the longitudinal axis (A1 ) to the first sur- face (13) is greater than a distance from the longitudinal axis (A1 ) to the second and third surfaces (14, 15), respectively,

wherein the coolant channel outlet (11 ) is formed in the first surface (13).

9. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the coolant channel outlet (1 1 ) is arranged to direct a cool- ant stream in a direction away from the rear end (16) and away from the bottom surface (5) of the insert seat (4).

10. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims wherein the turning tool (1 ) comprises a shim (12), and wherein the bottom surface (5) of insert seat (4) is defined by a top surface of the shim (12). 1 1. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the turning insert (3) is symmetrically or substantially sym- metrically arranged around a center axis (A2) thereof,

wherein said center axis (A2) intersects the top and bottom surfac- es (7, 8),

wherein a distance from the longitudinal axis (A1 ) to the first sur- face (13) of the insert seat (4) is greater than a distance from the longitudinal axis (A1 ) to the center axis (A2) of the turning insert (3),

wherein the first surface (13) of the insert seat (4) is facing the cen- ter axis (A2) of the turning insert (3).

12. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the tool body (2) comprising a portion (22) which is tapered in a top view such that a width thereof is decreasing in a direction away from the rear end (16),

wherein a border surface of said portion is the first surface (13) of the insert seat (4).

13. The turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the top surface (7) of the turning insert (3) comprising a protrusion (23), wherein the protrusion is spaced apart from the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3), wherein a distance from the bottom surface (8) of the turning insert (3) to the protrusion (23) is greater than a distance from the bottom surface (8) of the turning insert (3) to an intersection between the top surface (7) and the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3).

14. A turning method comprising the steps of:

providing a turning tool (1 ) according to any of the preceding claims,

providing a metal work piece (20); rotating the metal work piece (20) around a rotational axis (R1 ) thereof;

setting the longitudinal axis (A1 ) of the turning tool (1 ) perpendicu- lar to the rotational axis (R1 ) of the metal work piece (20);

supplying a coolant to the coolant channel (10) such that a coolant stream is directed from the coolant channel outlet (11 ) towards the side surface (9) of the turning insert (3) such that said coolant stream is deflected towards first surface (13) of the insert seat (4); and moving the turning tool (1 ) in a direction parallel to or substan- tially parallel to the rotational axis (R1 ) such that a machined sur- face (21 ) is formed by a portion of the turning insert (3) wherein the longitudinal axis (A1 ) of the turning tool (1 ) is ahead of the ma- chined surface (21 ) being formed. 15. The turning method according to claim 14, further comprising the steps of:

setting an entering angle (a) of the turning insert (3) to be at least 3° but not more than 30°.

Description:
Turning tool for metal cutting comprising a coolant channel

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention belongs to the technical field of metal cutting. More specifically the present invention belongs to the field of turn- ing tools used for metal cutting in machines such as CNC- machines.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION AND PRIOR ART

The present invention refers to a turning tool according to the pre- amble of claim 1. In other words, the present invention refers to a turning tool comprising a tool body and a turning insert, the turning tool comprising an insert seat in which insert seat the turning insert is mounted, a longitudinal axis extends from a rear end to a forward end, the insert seat comprising a bottom surface and a side surface, the side surface comprising a first surface and a second surface, wherin the first and second surface form an angle relative to each other, the turning insert comprising a top surface, an opposite bot- tom surface, and a side surface connecting the top and bottom sur- faces, the bottom surface of the turning insert is in contact with the bottom surface of the insert seat, a portion of the side surface of the turning insert is in contact with the side surface of the insert seat, the tool body comprising a coolant channel, the coolant channel extends between a coolant channel inlet and a coolant channel out- let.

Such a turning tool is known from EP 3153261 A1 , where a turning tool comprises a turning insert mounted in an insert seat formed in a tool body. A coolant channel may be provided to a coolant chan- nel outlet spaced apart from the insert seat, below the turning insert as shown in Fig. 8. Said turning tool is advantageously used in lon- gitudinal turning as shown in Fig. 2, thereby forming a machined surface.

Although the above described turning tool and machining method has been found to provide significant positive benefits, the inven- tors have found that there is a need for an improved turning tool. Especially, the inventors have found that there is a need for a turn- ing tool which can be used for a longer time, especially in longitudi- nal turning during long time in cut, such as e.g. shafts having a length greater than 300 mm.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to provide an improved turn- ing tool which can be used for a longer time, especially in longitudi- nal turning during long time in cut.

This object is achieved with the initially defined turning tool, which is characterized in that the coolant channel outlet opens into a void between the side surface of the turning insert (3) and the first sur- face of the side surface of the insert seat.

By such a turning tool, the inventors have found that the risk of plastic deformation of the insert seat is reduced, thereby increasing the time which the turning tool, and especially the tool body, can be used. By such a turning tool, the temperature is of the insert seat and es- pecially the temperature of the contact surface. Thereby the risk of deformation of the tool body is reduced if the tool body is made from a material where the yield strength of the material is reduced with increasing temperature.

The turning tool is suitable for longitudinal turning of a rotating met- al work piece, i.e. turning where the feed direction is parallel to the rotational axis of a metal work piece. Said turning tool is preferably suitable also for turning in a direction perpendicular to and away from a rotational axis of a rotating metal work piece, where the lon- gitudinal axis is perpendicular to said rotational axis. In other words, the turning tool is suitable for longitudinal turning using a first cutting edge adjacent to a nose cutting edge, and preferably suitable for turning in a direction perpendicular to and away from a rotational axis of the metal work piece to be machined (out-facing) using a second cutting edge adjacent to the nose cutting edge, where the nose cutting edge is between and connecting the first and second cutting edges, and where the longitudinal axis of the turning tool is perpendicular to the rotational axis of the metal work piece.

The turning tool comprises a tool body, preferably made from steel, and a turning insert preferably made from a wear resistant material such as cemented carbide, cermet or cubic Boron Nitride. The turn- ing tool is suitable for machining a metal work piece.

The turning tool comprises an insert seat, also known as an insert pocket, in which the turning insert is removably mounted or clamped, by means of e.g. a screw or a clamp or a lever.

The turning tool preferably comprises exactly one insert seat.

The rear end of the turning tool is coupling portion, suitable for con- necting to a machine interface of a machine tool, such as a CNC- lathe. The rear end may comprise a tapered polygon and a flange. The rear end may be square shaped in a cross section.

A longitudinal axis extends from a rear end towards a forward end. The longitudinal axis is a geometrical center axis of the rear end, i.e. of the coupling portion. A distance from the longitudinal axis to a distal portion of the turn- ing is greater than a distance from the longitudinal axis to a distal portion of the tool body. By such a turning tool, out-facing is possi- ble.

The insert seat opens towards the forward end.

The insert seat comprising a bottom surface and a side surface. At least a portion of the bottom surface and the side surface, respec- tively, are contact surfaces or support surfaces for contact with the turning insert. The bottom surface of the insert seat may be a por- tion of the tool body. Alternatively, the bottom surface may be in the form of a top surface of a shim or a shim plate. Such shim or shim plate is preferably made from cemented carbide.

The side surface comprising a first surface and a second surface, where the first and second surface form an angle relative to each other, where said angle is preferably 50° - 160°, even more prefer- ably 100° - 150°. Each of the first and second surfaces preferably comprises contact surfaces or support surfaces. The side surface is preferably part of the tool body.

The turning insert comprising a top surface, an opposite bottom sur- face, and a side surface connecting the top and bottom surfaces. The top surface comprises a rake face. The top surface preferably comprises chip breaking means, preferably in the form of one or more protrusions or depressions. The side surface comprises a clearance surface. An intersection between the top and side surfac- es form a cutting edge. The bottom surface of the turning insert, which bottom surface may be flat or non-flat, is in contact with the bottom surface of the insert seat.

The top surface of the turning insert is preferably 120° symmetrical or 180° symmetrical in a top view.

The first surface comprises a contact surface, wherein said contact surface is in contact with a portion of the side surface of the turning insert. In other words, the side surface of the turning insert corn- prises at least one, preferably two, support surfaces. Preferably, the side surface of the turning insert is in contact with a portion of the second surface.

The side surface of the turning insert runs uninterrupted from the top surface to the bottom surface. In other words, the side surface of the turning insert is a continuous surface, i.e. without any through-holes.

The tool body comprises a coolant channel formed in the tool body. Said coolant channel is thus an internal coolant channel.

The coolant channel extends between a coolant channel inlet, pref- erably opening in the rear end, and a coolant channel outlet formed in the first surface of the insert seat.

The coolant channel outlet is preferably circular or substantially cir- cular in a cross section, having a diameter which preferably is 0.5 - 3 mm.

The coolant channel outlet is preferably arranged opposite or sub- stantially opposite the side surface of the turning insert.

The coolant channel outlet opens into a void or cavity or gap be- tween the side surface of the turning insert and the first surface of the insert seat. In other words, there is a gap between a portion of the first surface and portion of the side surface of the turning insert facing the first surface. Said void is thus arranged between the side surface of the turning insert and the first surface of the side surface of the insert seat.

The coolant channel outlet is arranged to direct a coolant stream towards the side surface of the turning insert such that said coolant stream is deflected towards the first surface of the insert seat. In other words, the side surface of the turning insert facing the first surface is arranged to deflect a coolant stream towards the first sur- face, where said coolant stream exits from the coolant channel out- let.

Said void comprises an outlet. Said void preferably opens into the forward end. In other words, said void preferably opens such that at least a portion of said coolant stream exits the void in a direction away from the rear end.

According to an embodiment, the coolant channel outlet is formed partly or completely in the first surface. By such a cutting tool, the inventors have found that the risk of de- formation of the tool body is further reduced. According to an embodiment, the channel outlet is spaced apart from the side surface of the turning insert by a distance, which dis- tance is 0.1 - 2.0 mm. By such a cutting tool, the inventors have found that the risk of de- formation of the tool body is further reduced.

According to an embodiment, the side surface of the insert seat comprises a third surface, wherein the first surface is facing the third surface.

By such a cutting tool, the performance in turning perpendicular to and away from the rotational axis of the metal work piece is im- proved, because the third surface can comprise a contact surface for such a machining direction.

The first surface is preferably parallel or substantially parallel to the third surface in a top view.

According to an embodiment, a distance from the contact surface to the top surface of turning insert is shorter than a distance from the contact surface to bottom surface of the turning insert. In other words, the contact surface to the top surface of turning in- sert is shorter than a distance from the contact surface to bottom surface of the turning insert.

According to an embodiment, the contact surface is adjacent to the void.

By such a cutting tool, the wear of the contact surface can be fur- ther reduced. According to an embodiment, a distance from the coolant channel outlet to the bottom surface of turning insert is shorter than a dis- tance from the coolant channel outlet to the top surface of turning insert.

Preferably, the coolant channel outlet intersects a plane comprising the bottom surface of turning insert.

According to an embodiment, a distance from the longitudinal axis to the first surface is greater than a distance from the longitudinal axis to the second and third surfaces, respectively, wherein the coolant channel outlet is formed in the first surface.

According to an embodiment, the coolant channel outlet is arranged to direct a coolant stream in a direction away from the rear end and away from the bottom surface of the insert seat.

By such a turning tool, the temperature of an active nose portion of the turning insert is reduced, thereby increasing the time which the turning tool can be used. In other words, the coolant channel outlet is arranged to direct a coolant stream in a forward direction and in an upwards direction, where the top surface of the turning insert is upwards of the bottom surface of the turning insert. According to an embodiment, the turning tool comprises a shim, and the bottom surface of insert seat is defined by a top surface of the shim.

The turning tool thus comprises a shim or a ship plate. Said shim is arranged between the bottom surface of the turning insert and the tool body. A bottom surface of the shim is in contact with the tool body.

The turning insert and the shim are both arranged inside a cavity or a cut-out of the tool body.

The shim is preferably made from cemented carbide. According to an embodiment, the turning insert is symmetrically or substantially symmetrically arranged around a center axis thereof, wherein said center axis intersects the top and bottom surfaces, wherein a distance from the longitudinal axis to the first surface of the insert seat is greater than a distance from the longitudinal axis to the center axis of the turning insert, and wherein the first surface of the insert seat is facing the center axis of the turning insert.

The turning insert is symmetrically arranged around said center axis such that the top surface of the turning insert is preferably 120° symmetrical or 180° symmetrical in a top view.

Preferably, in a top view a distance from the longitudinal axis to the coolant channel outlet is greater than a distance from the long itud i- nal axis to the center axis of the turning insert.

According to an embodiment, the tool body comprises a portion which is tapered in a top view such that a width thereof is decreas- ing in a direction away from the rear end, and wherein a border sur- face of said portion is the first surface of the insert seat.

Said portion is thus limited by a border surface defined by the first surface of the insert seat. Said portion is limited by a second border surface opposite the first surface of the insert seat. A distance from the longitudinal axis to the first surface of the insert seat is smaller than a distance from the longitudinal axis to said second border sur- face.

During machining, said second border surface is preferably perpen- dicular to or substantially perpendicular to the rotational axis of the metal work piece to be machined.

According to an embodiment, the top surface of the turning insert comprises a protrusion, wherein the protrusion is spaced apart from the side surface of the turning insert, and wherein a distance from the bottom surface of the turning insert to the protrusion is greater than a distance from the bottom surface of the turning insert to an intersection between the top surface and the side surface of the turning insert. The protrusion comprises a chip breaker wall surface.

According to an embodiment, a turning method comprises the steps of: providing any of the above described turning tools; providing a metal work piece; rotating the metal work piece around a rotational axis thereof; setting the longitudinal axis of the turning tool perpen- dicular to the rotational axis of the metal work piece; supplying a coolant to the coolant channel such that a coolant stream is di- rected from the coolant channel outlet towards the side surface of the turning insert such that said coolant stream is deflected towards first surface of the insert seat; and moving the turning tool in a di- rection parallel to or substantially parallel to the rotational axis such that a machined surface is formed by a portion of the turning insert wherein the longitudinal axis of the turning tool is ahead of the machined surface being formed.

The moving the turning tool in a direction parallel to or substantially parallel to the rotational axis, commonly known as feed, is such that the first surface of the insert seat is facing the feed direction. The moving the turning tool in a direction parallel to or substantially par- allel to the rotational axis is such that the longitudinal axis of the turning tool is ahead of the active nose cutting edge of the turning insert.

A machined surface is formed by metal cutting. The cut is prefera- bly continuous. The cutting depth is preferably 0.5 - 10 mm, even more preferably 1 - 3 mm. The feed rate is preferably 0.6 - 1 .2 mm/rev. The cutting speed is preferably 100 - 500 m/min. The length of cut is preferably above 200 mm, for example between 300 mm and 1000 mm. The coolant pressure is preferably above 5 bar.

According to an embodiment, the turning method further comprising the step of setting an entering angle (a) of the turning insert (3) to be at least 3° but not more than 30°.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The present invention will now be explained in more detail by a de- scription of different embodiments of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a turning tool according to a first embodiment.

Fig. 2 is a further perspective view of the cutting tool in Fig. 1 .

Fig. 3 is perspective view of the cutting tool in Fig. 2 without the turning insert.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of the insert seat in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a side view of the tool body shown in Fig. 1 with the coolant channel and other features shown in hidden lines.

Fig. 6 is similar to Fig. 5 but without hidden lines.

Fig. 7 is a front view of the tool body shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is a top view of the cutting tool shown in Fig. 1 with the coolant channel and other features shown in hidden lines.

Fig. 9 is a cross sectional view along the line B-B in Fig. 8.

Fig. 10 is a cross sectional view along the line C-C in Fig. 8.

Fig. 11 is an enlarged view of a section of Fig. 10.

Fig. 12 is a top view showing a turning method including a cut- ting tool according to a second embodiment.

Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the turning insert in Fig. 12.

All turning tool figures have been drawn to scale.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

Reference is made to Figs. 1 - 11 , which show a turning tool 1 ac- cording to a first embodiment, comprising a tool body 2, a turning insert 3 and a shim 12. The turning insert 3 is mounted in an insert seat 4. A bottom surface 5 of the insert seat 4 is defined by a top surface of the shim 12. The insert seat 4 further comprising a side surface 6 formed by the tool body 2. As best seen in Fig. 4, the side surface 6 comprises a first surface 13, a second surface 14 and third surface 15 (hidden in Fig. 4). The first surface 13 is facing the third surface 15, such that the first surface 13 is parallel to the third surface 15 in a top view as seen in Fig. 8. Further seen in Fig. 8, the first and second surface form an angle b of 125° relative to each other.

As seen in Figs. 6-8, a longitudinal axis A1 extends from a rear end 16, comprising coupling portion suitable for connection to a ma- chine tool, to a forward end 17 of the turning tool 1. The longitudinal axis A1 is a geometrical center axis of the coupling portion. The in- sert seat 4 opens towards the forward end 17. Fig. 9 an 10 show cross sectional views along the lines B-B and C-C, respectively, in Fig. 8.

As seen in e.g. Fig. 1 , the turning insert 3 comprises a top surface 7, an opposite bottom surface 8, and a side surface 9 connecting the top and bottom surfaces 7, 8. The side surface 9 of the turning insert 3 runs uninterrupted from the top surface 7 to the bottom sur- face 8. Thus, a coolant stream directed towards said side surface 9 is deflected away from said side surface 9 and towards the first sur- face 13.

The intersection between the top and side surfaces 7, 9 form a cut- ting edge, comprising a nose cutting edge 25. As seen in e.g. Fig. 1 1 , the bottom surface 8 of the turning insert 3 is in contact with the bottom surface 5 of the insert seat 4, where the bottom surface 5 of the insert seat 4 is defined by the top surface of the shim 12. Fur- ther with reference to Fig. 11 , the first surface 13 comprises a con- tact surface 19 in contact with a portion of the side surface 9 of the turning insert 3. A distance from the contact surface 19 to the top surface 7 of turning insert 3 is shorter than a distance from the con- tact surface 19 to bottom surface 8 of the turning insert 3.

The second surface 14 comprises a contact surface in contact with the side surface 9 of the turning insert 3.

As seen in Fig. 5 and 8, a coolant channel 10 is formed inside the tool body 2, suitable for delivering or transporting a coolant fluid from a coolant channel inlet 26 formed in the rear end 16 to a cool- ant channel outlet 11 . The coolant channel outlet 11 is formed in the first surface 13. The coolant channel 10 comprises a plurality of connected coolant channel sections. The coolant channel outlet 11 is the end of a straight coolant channel section having a circular cross section of a constant diameter.

As can be seen in e.g. Fig. 4, the coolant channel outlet 1 1 opens into the insert seat 4. As seen in Fig. 1 1 , the coolant channel outlet 11 opens into a void 24, where said void 24 is formed between the side surface 9 of the turning insert 3 and the first surface 13 of the side surface 6 of the insert seat 4. The void 24 and the coolant channel outlet 11 is below the contact surface 19, where the top and bottom surfaces 7, 8 of the turning insert 3 defines up and down, respectively. The void 24 extends up to the contact surface 19.

As seen in e.g. Fig. 4, the tool body 2 comprises a portion 22 which is tapered in a top view, as in Fig. 8, such that a width thereof is decreasing in a direction away from the rear end 16. A border sur- face of said portion 22 is the first surface 13 of the insert seat 4. Said portion 22 is limited by a second border surface opposite the first surface 13 of the insert seat 4.

Attention is now drawn to Fig. 12, depicting a turning method. A turning tool 1 according to a second embodiment is provided. The turning tool 1 comprises a tool body 2 and a turning insert 3, shown in detail in Fig. 13. The principal difference between the turning tool according to the first embodiment and the turning tool according to the second embodiment is that for the turning tool 1 according to the second embodiment the rear end comprises a coupling portion which is square or rectangular in a cross section.

A metal work piece 20 is rotating around a rotational axis R1 there- of. The longitudinal axis A1 of the turning tool 1 is perpendicular to the rotational axis R1 of the metal work piece 20. A coolant fluid is supplied to the coolant channel via the coolant channel outlet such that a coolant stream is directed from the coolant channel outlet to- wards the side surface of the turning insert such that said coolant stream is deflected towards first surface of the insert seat.

The turning tool is set to go into cut. The turning tool 1 is moved in a direction parallel to the rotational axis R1 , towards the right-hand side in Fig. 12, such that the longitudinal axis A1 of the turning tool 1 is ahead of a nose cutting edge 25 of the turning insert 3 forming a machined surface 21.

A distance from the longitudinal axis A1 to the first surface 13 is greater than a distance from the longitudinal axis A1 to the second and third surfaces 14, 15, respectively. The turning method corn- prises the step of setting an entering angle a of the turning insert 3 to be around 25°. Attention is now drawn to Fig. 13, the turning insert 3, which is sub- stantially similar to the turning insert found in the turning tool ac- cording to the first embodiment, is 180° symmetrical around a cen- ter axis A2 thereof. Said center axis A2 intersects the top and bot- tom surfaces 7, 8, and is concentric with a hole for a clamping screw. The top surface 7 of the turning insert 3 comprises a protru- sion 23. Said protrusion 23 is spaced apart from the side surface 9 of the turning insert 3, and comprises a chip breaker wall.