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Title:
UNLOADER FOR A COMPRESSOR AND THE MAINTENANCE THEREOF AND COMPRESSOR PROVIDED WITH AN UNLOADER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/155272
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Unloader for a compressor, said unloader (1) comprising a housing (2) with an inlet (3) and an outlet (4), and whereby the unloader (1) is further provided with a piston rod (5) which is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner in the housing (2), whereby on one end (5a) of the piston rod (5) a valve (7) is provided to be able to close the outlet (4) and whereby on the other end (5b) of the piston rod (5) a piston (8) is arranged, the piston being arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner in a thereto provided cavity (9) of the unloader (1), said cavity (9) being at least partially delimited by a lid (10) which is provided on the housing (2) and which is also part of the unloader (1), whereby sealing means (11) are provided for the leakage-free movement of the piston (8) in said cavity (9), whereby the cavity (9) in which the piston (8) is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner is provided at least partially in the lid (10).

Inventors:
MARTENS, Kristof Adrien (nvBoomsesteenweg 957, 2610 Wilrijk, 2610, BE)
DE SCHAMPHELAERE, Pieter (nvBoomsesteenweg 957, 2610 Wilrijk, 2610, BE)
SMITH, Daniel Joseph (nvBoomsesteenweg 957, 2610 Wilrijk, 2610, BE)
Application Number:
IB2018/053462
Publication Date:
August 15, 2019
Filing Date:
May 17, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ATLAS COPCO AIRPOWER, NAAMLOZE VENNOOTSCHAP (Boomsesteenweg 957, 2610 Wilrijk, 2610, BE)
International Classes:
F04B49/03; F01L9/02; F04B49/22
Domestic Patent References:
WO2003102386A12003-12-11
Foreign References:
US1969507A1934-08-07
US4396345A1983-08-02
FR2341738A11977-09-16
US6397892B12002-06-04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
VAN VARENBERG, Patrick et al. (Arenbergstraat 13, 2000 Antwerpen, 2000, BE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims.

1.- Unloader for a compressor, said unloader (1) comprising a housing (2) with an inlet (3) and ah outlet (4), and whereby the unloader (1) is further provided with a piston rod (5) which is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner in the housing (2) , whereby on one end (da) of the piston rod (5) a naive (7) is provided to be able to close the outlet (4) and whereby os the other end {$b) of the piston red (5) a piston (8) is arranged, the piston being arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner in a thereto provided cavity (9) of the unioader (15 , said, cavity (9) being at least partially delimited by a lid (10) which is provided on the housing (2) and which is also part: of the unioader (1), whereby sealing means (11) are provided for the leakage-free movement of the piston (8) in said cavity (9), characterised in that the cavity (9) in which the piston (8) is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner is provided at least partially in the lid (10) ,

2.- Unioader according to claim 1, characterised in that the lid (10) is executed as a cylindrical casing (11) and a hood (14) whereby the piston (8) is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner in the casing (13) -

3.- Unioader according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that sealing means (11) are provided between a sealing surface of the piston (8) and a sealing surface of the lid (10) .

4. - Unloader according to any one of the previous claims, characterised In that said sealing means (11) cPmptise a seal (18) and/or a slide ring (17) .

5.- Unloader according to claim 4, characterised in that said sealine means (11) comprise a seal (18), and that this seal (18) comprises a single-acting seal (18) .

6. - Unloader according to any one of the previous claims, characterised in that: the lid (10) is mounted detachably on the housing (2) by means of bolts (12) .

7.- Unloader according to any one of the previous claims, characterised in that said cavity (9) or the housrng (2) is completely located or integrated in the lid (10).

8. - Unioader according to any one of the previous claims* characterised in that the piston (8) and the sealing means (11) are freely accessible when the lid ( 10 } is removed*

2.- Unloader according to any one of the previous claims, characterised In that the lid (10) is provided with a handle or handgrip (18).

10.- Method to replace the sealing means of an unioader (1) according to any one of the previous claims, said method comprising the following steps:

- dismantling the lid (10),

- replacing one or several sealing means (11), mounting the lid (10 ) .

11.- Compressor presided with a compressor element with an inlet for gas to be compressed and an outlet for compressed gas, characterised it that the compressor is provided with an asloader (1) according to any one of the claims 1 to said un loader (1) being connected with its out 1 et (4) to said inlet for gas to be compressed.

Description:
Unloader for a compressor and the maintenance thereof and compressor presided with an unloader

The present invention relates to an unloader for a compressor and more specifically an unloader with improved servicing .

An unloader is a valve which is mounted on the level of the inlet of a compressor and which will control the amount of air a compressor can suck in. By opening and closing the compressor's air inlet using the unloader, the capacity of the compressor can be controlled. A problem with existing unloaders is in the servicing of the unloader, whereby the seal and the slide ring need to be replaced at regular times, approximately annually. To this end the unloader needs to be demounted. In the existing unloader of figure 1 for example, the unloader needs to be detached from the compressor and subsequently the lid needs to be removed by unscrewing eight prestressed bolts to replace the seal and the slide ring. Subsequently the piston rod can be uncoupled from the piston by taking apart the ring, the screw and the washer.

In short, many actions are required to get to the seal and the slide ring. Consequently, there is a greater risk of errors or mistakes. Moreover, all these actions need to be performed again in the reverse order to mount the unloader on the compressor again after replacement of the seal and the aline r ing .

Another problem is that a typical pnloader weighs approximately thirty kilogrammes, making demounting of the unloader from the compressor a hard job,

An additional problem is that the compressor, once the unloader has been removed, shows a big opening in which dirt or the like can end up . This dirt ends up directly in the inlet of the compressor and can cause considerable damaqe t.nere. another problem occurs when mounting it again after servicing, After installation, the seal on the piston will he fixed in the unloader largely blindly and uslag force, snob that., it can be damaged, resulting in an inadequate seal ing .

US 6,397, 892 describes a similar known type of unloader to vary the internal volume of a reciprocal: ing compressor cylinder. On dismantling it for servicing, the whole lid, consisting of the components In, 74, 78, 12 and 10, needs to be unscrewed, however, the piston rod is not exposed hereby, such that it is not possible to replace the seal and/or the slide ring of the piston.

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a solution to at least one of the aforementioned and/or other disadvantages . To this end, the insertion relates to an unioader for a compressor, the unioader comprising a hoesing with as inlet and an outlet and thereby the unioader is further provided with a piston rod which Is arranged moteably in a reciprocating manner in the housing, whereby on one end of the piston rod a vales is provided to be able to close the outlet and whereby on the other end of the piston rod a piston is arranged, the piston being arranged moveably in a reciprocating: manner in a thereto provided cavity of the unioader, said cavity being at least partially delimited by a lid which is provided on the housing and which is also part of the unioader, whereby sealing means are provided for the leakage-free movement of the piston in said cavity, characterised in that the cavity in which the piston is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner is provided at least partially in the lid.

The advantages are that the lid is made such that by removing the ltd, the slide ring and the seal are easily accessible.

Consequently, the entire unioader does not have to be demounted to replace the sealing means. Only the lid needs to be removed, whereby this lid only weighs a fraction of the entire unioader, typically only one and a half kilogrammes, and consequent iy is much easier to handle.

The consequence is also that the number of actions that has to be performed to replace the sealing means can be limited. For example, the piston rod no longer has to be detached from, the piston. moreover, the inlet opening of the compressor will not foe exposed, such that there is no risk that: dirt or the like will end up in the compressor,

It is not excluded for the invention that the cavity is entirely provided in the lid.

In a preferred embodiment tne iio is mane as a cylindrical easing and a hood whereby the piston is arranged moveafoiy in a reciprocating manner in the casing.

Alternatively, the lid can for example also foe made thicker and prodded with a: shaft in which the piston is arranged moveaby in a reciprocating manner, In a special embodiment the sealing means are provided between sealing surface of the piston andsealing surface of the lid.

This means the sealing means will ensure the sealing between the piston and the cavi ty in the lid. Said sealing surfaces of the piston and the lid will come into contact with each other.

In another embodiment said sealing means of piston comprise a seal and/or a slide ring. This seal can for example comprise a single-acting sea; Preferably, the lid is attached detachably on the housing by means of bolts.

It a special embodiment, said cavity is entirely integrated or located in the lid.

The piston and the sealing means are freely accessible when the lid is removed.: In a specific embodiment the lid is provided with a handle: or handgrip.

The invention also relates to a method to replace the sealing means of an onloader as described above, said method comprising the following steps:

a) demounting the lid of the housing such that the pistori becomes freely accessible;

b) replacing one or several sealing means; and

c) mounting the lid on the housing.

The invention also relates to a compressor provided with a: compressor element with an inlet for gas to be compressed and an outlet for compressed gas, said compressor being provided with an unloader with the characteristics of claim. 1, said unloader with its outlet being connected to said inlet for gas to be compressed.

With the intention of better showing the characteristics of the Invention, a preferred embodiment of an unloader according to the invention is described hereinafter, by way of as example without any limiting nature, with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein; figure 1 schematically shows an existing embodiment of an onloader;

figure 2 schematically shows a preferred embodiment of a mounted unioader according to the invention;

figure 3 schematically shows the section indicated in figure 2 with F3; and

figure 4 schematically shows a preferred embodiment of a demounted unloader according to the invention,

Figure 1 shows an existing embodiment of an unioader 1, The unioader 1 comprises a housing 2 with an inlet 3 and an outlet 1 ,

The outlet 4 is intended to be connected to the inlet of a compressor. The inlet 3 of the unioader 1 can be provided with or connected to an inlet filter, which will purify the gas that is sucked in by the compressor.

The unloader 1 is further provided with a piston rod 5 which is arranged moveably in a reciprocating manner in the unioader 1 in a shaft 6 provided for this purpose in the housing 2.

On one end 5a the piston rod 5 is provided with a valve 7 to he able to close said outlet 4 by the reciprocating movement of the piston rod 5 in the housing 21 On the other end 5b of the piston rod 5, a piston 8 has been arranged moveable/ in a reciprocating manner in a thereto provided canity 9 of the unloader 1. The cavity 8 is provided in the housing .2 and is at least partially delimited by a lid 10 that can be mounted on the housing 2.

As can be clearly deducted from figure 1, the reciprocating movement of the piston 8 in the cavity 9 in the known way allows the valve 7 to be moved to close the outlet 1 of the unioader i or not .

To move the piston 8, use is made of a pressure difference in the cavity 9 between the top and bottom of the piston 8. To avoid the leakage of gas over the piston 8 as a result of this pressure difference, sealing means 11 have been provided which are applied on the contour of the piston 8. To replace these sealing means 11, the unioader 1 of the compressor needs to be removed and subsequently the lid 10 needs to be removed by unscrewing the prestressed bolts 12, Subsequently the valve 7 can be detached from the piston rod 5 and the piston 8 can be taken out of the unioader 1 by lifting the piston rod 5 until, the piston 8 lifts out of the cavity 9, to then remove and replace the sealing means 11. figure 2 shows a mounted unioader 1 according to the invention. The structure of the unloadar 1 partially corresponds with the structure of the known unloader of figure 1.

An important difference is that said cavity 9 in this case is provided in the lid 10, To this end, in this example, the lid 10 is made as a cylindrical casing 13 and a hood 14 or in ether words, like a kind of 'hat' on a housing 2 flattened at the top. Between the lid 10 and the housing 2, in this case a seal, for example in the foxes of an 0-ring 15, is provided, however, according to the intention this is not strictly necessary. Evidently, another type of seal, other than an 0-ring, can also: he applied. The cavity ยง is situated as a free inner space between the lid 10 and the housing 2,

According to a preferred characteristic of the invention, the lid 10 is further provided with a handle or handgrip IS which, in this example, Is provided on top of the lid 10, cut can also be provided on a side thereof,

The piston rod 5 runs via a shaft 6 in the housing 2 into said free space 9 under the lid 10, such that the piston 8 can move up and down in the lid 10, more specifically in said cavity 9 or free inner space,

On its contour, the piston 8 is provided with sealing means 11, as shown in figure 3, They comprise a slide ring 17 and a seal 18 in. this example, which ensure the sealing between the piston 8 and the inside 19 of the lid 10, In this case,, the seal 18 is a single-acting seal 18, as shown in the figure. This means that it will seal completely in one direction. In this case in the direction of the valve 7 toward the top of the lid 10. The indention is not limited to an embodiment comprising a slide ring 17 and a seal. 18, however, there are also other possibilities to execute said sealing means, for example by only providing a seal 18 or only a slide ring 17. To replace the seal 18 and the slide ring 11 in this case only the lid 10 needs to he unscrewed and removed from the boosing 2 by unscrewing the bolts 12 and lifting up the lid 10 using the handle or handgrip 16, as shown in the figures 2 and i.

It goes without saying that the connection between the housing: 2 and the rid 10 can be realised in all kinds of ways and is not limited to a bolt connectIon. For example ? clamping means, screws or the like can be used.

By removing the lid 10, the contour of the piston 8 is free and the seal 18 and the slide ring 17 are easily accessible for replacement, by taking then; out and patting in a new seal 18 and/or slide ring 17. The seal 18 and the slide ring 11 also remain in place correctly when the lid 10 is put over the piston 8 on the housing 2 and tightened by means of the bolts 12. The piston rod 5 stays fixed in the shaft 8 of the housing 2. Furthermore, when putting the lid 10 back on the housing 2, the lid 10 will slide from top to bottom over the single-acting seal 18, whereby this seal 18 cannot he damaged. Other advantages are that there is no need to demount the entire unloader 1 from the compressor as the housing 2 can remain mounted on the inlet of the compressor, and that the piston 8 and/or the valve 7 do not need to he detached from the piston rod 5. Further, the inlet of the compressor remains sealed against dirt, as the unloader 1 itself will not be demounted. The present invention is by no means limited to the embodiments described as an example and shown in the drawings, but an unloader according to the invention as defined by the claims can be realised according to all kinds of variants without departing from the scope of the invention.