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Title:
USE OF FINE CALCIUM CARBONATE IN AN INORGANIC MORTAR SYSTEM BASED ON ALUMINOUS CEMENT TO INCREASE LOAD VALUES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/185072
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention pertains to a use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 µm, preferably of from 1 to 3 µm, in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, comprising a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B for initiating the curing process, component A further comprising at least one blocking agent selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, metaphosphoric acid, phosphorous acid and phosphonic acids and at least one plasticizer and water, and component B comprising an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water. Moreover, the present invention pertains to a use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 µm, preferably of from 1 to 3 µm, in an inorganic mortar to increase load values as well as to a method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, preferably of metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, in mineral substrates, such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone.

Inventors:
SHARMAK, Anna (Göggingerstr. 72, Augsburg, 86159, DE)
PFEIL, Armin (Karlstr. 5, Kaufering, 86916, DE)
GÖTZ-NEUNHÖFFER, Friedlinde (Nutzweiher 30, Erlangen, 91056, DE)
JANSEN, Daniel (Gerhart-Hauptmann-Str. 26, Fürth, 90763, DE)
Application Number:
EP2018/058428
Publication Date:
October 11, 2018
Filing Date:
April 03, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HILTI AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (Feldkircherstr. 100, 9494 Schaan, 9494, LI)
International Classes:
C04B28/06; C04B14/28; C04B40/06; E21D20/02; E21D21/00; F16B13/02; F16B13/14; C04B111/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2000014026A22000-03-16
WO2011151608A12011-12-08
WO2016142339A12016-09-15
WO2016112456A12016-07-21
Foreign References:
EP0005987A11979-12-12
US20140235760A12014-08-21
FR2918055A12009-01-02
US20140216653A12014-08-07
US4114384A1978-09-19
DE202009002645U12010-07-22
EP3078646A12016-10-12
US20070266906A12007-11-22
JPH08268744A1996-10-15
EP1852404A12007-11-07
DE102013018288A12015-04-30
Other References:
None
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . Use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, , preferably of from 1 to 3 μηη, in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, comprising a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B for initiating the curing process.

Use according to claim 1 , wherein component A further comprises at least one blocking agent and at least one plasticizer, and component B comprises an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water.

Use according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the aluminous cement component A is an aluminous cement component based on an aqueous-phase calcium aluminate cement.

Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one blocking agent selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, metaphosphoric acid, phosphorous acid and phosphonic acids.

Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the calcium carbonate has a residue in the range of from 0.01 % to 0.3% on a 45 μηη sieve, determined according to ISO 787/7.

Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the calcium carbonate is comprised in the initiator component B of the inorganic mortar system.

Use according to claim 6, wherein the calcium carbonate comprised in the initiator component B is present in the range of from about 3.0 wt.-% to 20.0 wt.-%, based on the total weight of component B.

Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the initiator component B comprises a mixture of alkali and/or alkaline earth metal salts, the at least one retarder is selected from the group consisting of citric acid, tartaric acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid, gluconic acid and mixtures thereof, and the at least one mineral filler is selected from the group consisting of limestone fillers, sand, corundum, dolomite, alkaline-resistant glass, crushed stones, gravels, pebbles and mixtures thereof. 9. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the initiator comprises a mixture of lithium metal salts.

10. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the anchors and post- installed reinforcing bars are anchor rods, threaded anchor rods, bolts or steel reinforcement bars.

1 1 . Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the mineral substrates are structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone. 12. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the inorganic mortar system is a multi-component inorganic mortar system.

13. Use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably of from 1 to 3 μηη, in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates to increase load values.

14. Use according to any one of the preceding claims in a method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates.

15. Method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, characterized in that an inorganic mortar system is used for fastening, which comprises a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B for initiating the curing process, wherein component A further comprises at least one blocking agent, at least one plasticizer and water, and component B comprising an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water, and which contains calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably of from 1 to 3 μηη.

Description:
Use of fine calcium carbonate in an inorganic mortar system based aluminous cement to increase load values

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention pertains to a use of fine calcium carbonate in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, comprising a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B for initiating the curing process, component A further comprising at least one blocking agent selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, metaphosphoric acid, phosphorous acid and phosphonic acids, at least one plasticizer and water, and component B comprising an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water. In particular, the present invention pertains to the use of fine calcium carbonate in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates to increase load values. Moreover, the present invention pertains to a method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post- installed reinforcing bars, preferably of metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, in mineral substrates, such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Many mortar systems exist which provide a good chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates or surfaces. For example, organic systems based on free-radically polymerizable resins are used when fast curing is desired. However, such systems are generally known to be polluting, expensive, potentially hazardous and/or toxic for the environment and for the person who handles them and they often need to be specifically labelled. Moreover, organic systems often show a much reduced stability when thermally exposed to strong sunlight or otherwise elevated temperatures, such as fire, thereby decreasing their mechanical performance when it comes to chemically fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars. In order to overcome these drawbacks, predominantly mineral systems based on aluminous cement have been developed. Aluminous cement has as its major constituent monocalcium aluminate and is widely used in the building and construction industries as the final products evidence a high level of mechanical performance over extended periods of time. Also, aluminous cement is resistant to bases and attains its maximum strength more rapidly than Portland cement and is capable of withstanding solutions of sulfates. Hence, aluminous cement systems are preferably employed in the field of chemical anchoring.

When it comes to chemically fastening anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, most of the known systems lack sufficient fluidity for most practical applications of the resultant compositions. Often such prior art compositions also evidence a tendency to crack in a relatively short time or do not exhibit the required mechanical performance, in particular under certain conditions such as under the influence of elevated temperatures, in different conditioned boreholes as well as over a long period of time. Moreover, known systems tend to exhibit a large extend of shrinkage when applied in a borehole which results in an insufficient anchoring of the anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars.

Therefore, there is a need for an inorganic mortar system, preferably a two-component inorganic mortar system, which is superior over the prior art systems. In particular, it is of interest to provide a system that can be used for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates without adversely affecting the handling, characteristics and the mechanical performance of the chemical anchoring system. Especially, there is a need for a system that provides increased load values when compared to the known systems. In addition, there is a need to improve load values by the addition of fillers or particles materials, such as an inorganic chemical anchor, to lower the consumption of more expensive binder material or to improve some properties of the mixed material. In view of the above, it is an object of the present invention to provide an inorganic mortar system, preferably a multiple-component mortar system, in particular a two-component inorganic mortar system, which has an excellent mechanical performance, also over a long period of time, and at the same time having increased load values when compared to the known systems.

Moreover, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, preferably of metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, in mineral substrates, such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone.

These and other objectives as they will become apparent from the ensuring description of the invention are solved by the present invention as described in the independent claims. The dependent claims pertain to preferred embodiments.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In one aspect, the present invention pertains to a use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, comprising a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B for initiating the curing process. Component A further comprises at least one blocking agent selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, metaphosphoric acid, phosphorous acid and phosphonic acids, at least one plasticizer and water, and component B comprising an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water.

In another aspect, the present invention pertains to a use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates to increase load values.

Finally, in another aspect, the present invention pertains to a method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, characterized in that an inorganic mortar system is used for fastening, which comprises a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B for initiating the curing process, wherein component A further comprises at least one blocking agent, at least one plasticizer and water, and component B comprising an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water, and which contains calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη. The mineral substrates, are substrates such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The following terms and definitions will be used in the context of the present invention:

As used in the context of present invention, the singular forms of "a" and "an" also include the respective plurals unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, the term "a" or "an" is intended to mean "one or more" or "at least one", unless indicated otherwise.

The term "aluminous cement" in the context of the present invention refers to a calcium aluminate cement that consists predominantly of hydraulic active calcium aluminates. Alternative names are "high-alumina cement" or "Ciment fondu" in French. The main active constituent of calcium aluminate cements is monocalcium aluminate (CaA CU, CaO AI2O3, or CA in the cement chemist notation).

The term "initiator" in the context of the present invention refers to a compound or composition that modifies the chemical environment to start a particular chemical reaction. In the present invention the initiator modifies the pH-value of the mortar suspension thereby de-blocking the hydraulic binder in the final mixture.

The term "retarder" in the context of the present invention refers to a compound or composition that modifies the chemical environment to delay a particular chemical reaction. In the present invention the retarder modifies the hydration ability of the calcium aluminate cement of the mortar suspension thereby delaying the hydraulic binder action in the final mixture.

The term "initial set-time" in the context of the present invention refers to the time at which the mixture of component A and component B starts to set after mixing. During the time period after mixing, the mixture stays in the form of a more or less fluid aqueous suspension or paste of solid products.

It has been surprisingly found out by the inventors, that the addition of a fine calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, to an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post- installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, comprising a curable aluminous cement component, preferably based on calcium aluminate cement, results in a significant increase of load values when compared to a system not comprising any fine calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη. It has also been found out that the addition of a fine calcium carbonate does not adversely affecting the handling, characteristics and the mechanical performance of the chemical anchoring system, especially when applied over a long period of time. Therefore, the present invention pertains to a use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, in an inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates, comprising a curable aluminous cement component A and an initiator component B in for initiating the curing process. In particular, component A further comprises at least one blocking agent selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, metaphosphoric acid, phosphorous acid and phosphonic acids, at least one plasticizer and water, and component B comprises an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water. Component A as used in the present invention is based on an aluminous cement (CA) or a calcium sulfoaluminate cement (CAS). The aluminous cement component which can be used in the present invention is preferably an aluminous cement component based on an aqueous-phase calcium aluminate cement (CAC). The aluminous cement to be used in the present invention is characterized by rapid set and rapid hardening, rapid drying, excellent resistance to corrosion and shrinkage. Such a calcium aluminate cement suitable to be used in the present invention is for example Ternal ® White (Kerneos, France).

If component A comprises a mixture of aluminous cement (CAC) and calcium sulfate (CaSC ), rapid ettringite formation takes place during hydration. In concrete chemistry hexacalcium aluminate trisulfate hydrate, represented by the general formula (CaO)6(AI 2 03)(S0 3 )3-32 H 2 0 or is formed by the reaction of calcium aluminate with calcium sulfate, resulting in quick setting and hardening as well as in shrinkage compensation or even expansion. With moderate increase of the sulfate content shrinkage compensation can be achieved.

Component A as used in the present invention comprises at least about 40 wt.-%, preferably at least about 50 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 60 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 70 wt.-%, from about 40 wt.-% to about 95 wt.-%, preferably from about 50 wt.-% to about 85 wt.-%, more preferably from about 60 wt.-% to about 80 wt.-%, most preferably from about 70 wt.-% to about 78 wt.-% of aluminous cement, based on the total weight of component A.

According to an alternative embodiment of the invention, component A as used comprises at least about 20 wt.-%, preferably at least about 30 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 40 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 50 wt.-%, from about 20 wt.-% to about 80 wt.-%, preferably from about 30 wt.-% to about 70 wt.-%, more preferably from about 35 wt.-% to about 60 wt.-%, most preferably from about 40 wt.-% to about 55 wt- % of aluminous cement, based on the total weight of component A and at least about 5 wt.-%, preferably at least about 10 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 15 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 20 wt.-%, from about 1 wt.-% to about 50 wt.-%, preferably from about 5 wt.-% to about 40 wt.-%, more preferably from about 10 wt.-% to about 30 wt- %, most preferably from about 15 wt.-% to about 25 wt.-% of calcium sulfate, preferably calcium sulfate hemihydrate, based on the total weight of component A. In a preferred alternative embodiment of the two-component mortar system of the present invention, the ratio of CaSC /CAC of component A should be less or equal to 35:65.

The blocking agent comprised in component A as used in the present invention is selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, metaphosphoric acid, phosphorous acid and phosphonic acids, preferably is phosphoric acid or metaphosphoric acid, most preferably is phosphoric acid, in particular an 85% aqueous solution of phosphoric acid. Component A comprises at least about 0.1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.3 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.4 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 0.5 wt.-%, from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 20 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 15 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 10 wt.-%, most preferably from about 0.3 wt.-% to about 10 wt.-% of said blocking agent, based on the total weight of component A. In a preferred embodiment, component A comprises from about 0.3 wt.-% to about 10 wt.-% of 85% aqueous solution of phosphoric acid, based on the total weight of component A. Preferably, the amounts of aluminous cement and/or calcium sulfoaluminate cement by weight relative to the hydraulic binder total weight are higher than any of the following values: 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, 95%, 99% or are 100%.

The plasticizer comprised in component A as used in the present invention is selected from the group consisting of low molecular weight (LMW) polyacrylic acid polymers, superplasticizers from the family of polyphosphonate polyox and polycarbonate polyox, and ethacryl superplasticizers from the polycarboxylate ether group, and mixtures thereof, for example Ethacryl™ G (Coatex, Arkema Group, France), Acumer™ 1051 (Rohm and Haas, U.K.), or Sika ® ViscoCrete ® -20 HE (Sika, Germany). Suitable plasticizers are commercially available products. Component A comprises at least about 0.2 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.3 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.4 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 0.5 wt.-%, from about 0.2 wt.-% to about 20 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.3 wt.-% to about 15 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.4 wt.- % to about 10 wt.-%, most preferably from about 0.5 wt.-% to about 5 wt.-% of said plasticizer, based on the total weight of component A.

In an advantageous embodiment, component A as used in the present invention further comprises the following characteristics, taken alone or in combination. Component A may additionally comprise a thickening agent. The thickening agents which can be used in the present invention may be selected from the group consisting of organic products, such as xanthan gum, welan gum or DIUTAN ® gum (CPKelko, USA), starched-derived ethers, guar-derived ethers, polyacrylamide, carrageenan, agar agar, and mineral products, such as clay, and their mixtures. Suitable thickening agents are commercially available products. Component A comprises at least about 0.01 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.1 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.2 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 0.3 wt.-%, from about 0.01 wt.-% to about 10 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 5 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.2 wt.-% to about 1 wt.-%, most preferably from about 0.3 wt.-% to about 0.7 wt.-% of said thickening agent, based on the total weight of component A. Component A may further comprise an antibacterial or biocidal agent. The antibacterial or biocidal agents which can be used in the present invention may be selected from the group consisting of compounds of the isothiazolinone family, such as methylisothiazolinone (MIT), octylisothiazolinone (OIT) and benzoisothiazolinone (BIT) and their mixtures. Suitable antibacterial or biocidal agents are commercially available products. Exemplarily mentioned are Ecocide K35R (Progiven, France) and Nuosept OB 03 (Ashland, The Netherlands). Component A comprises at least about 0.001 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.005 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.01 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 0.015 wt.-%, from about 0.001 wt.-% to about 1 .5 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.005 wt.-% to about 0.1 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.01 wt.-% to about 0.075 wt.-%, most preferably from about 0.015 wt.-% to about 0.03 wt.-% of said antibacterial or biocidal agent, based on the total weight of component A. In a preferred embodiment, component A comprises from about 0.015 wt.-% to about 0.03 wt.-% of Nuosept OB 03, based on the total weight of component A.

In an alternative embodiment, component A comprises at least one filler, in particular an organic or mineral filler. The filler which can be used in the present invention may be selected from the group consisting of quartz powder, preferably quartz powder having an averaged grain size (d50%) of about 16 μηι, quartz sand, clay, fly ash, fumed silica, carbonate compounds, aluminas, pigments, titanium oxides, light fillers, and their mixtures. Suitable mineral fillers are commercially available products. Exemplarily mentioned is quartz powder Millisil W12 or W6 (Quarzwerke GmbH, Germany). Component A comprises at least about 1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 2 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 5 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 8 wt.-%, from about 1 wt.-% to about 50 wt.-%, preferably from about 2 wt.-% to about 40 wt.-%, more preferably from about 5 wt.-% to about 30 wt.-%, most preferably from about 8 wt.-% to about 20 wt.-% of said at least one filler, based on the total weight of component A. The water content comprised in component A as used in the present invention is at least about 1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 5 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 10 wt.- %, most preferably at least about 20 wt.-%, from about 1 wt.-% to about 50 wt.-%, preferably from about 5 wt.-% to about 40 wt.-%, more preferably from about 10 wt.-% to about 30 wt.-%, most preferably from about 15 wt.-% to about 25 wt.-%, based on the total weight of component A. The presence of a plasticizer, thickening agent as well as an antibacterial or biocidal agent does not change the overall inorganic nature of the cementitious component A. Component A comprising the aluminous cement or calcium sulfoaluminate cement is present in aqueous-phase, preferably in form of a slurry or paste.

The calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, used in the inorganic mortar system for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars in mineral substrates according to the present invention, is preferably in the form of an amorphous or crystalline calcium carbonate or a mixture thereof. In particular, the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι, used is precipitated, grinded and/or synthetically modified having a high BET. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the calcium carbonate used is in the form of calcium carbonate having a BET > 20 m 2 /g.

In a particular preferred embodiment, the calcium carbonate used has an average particle size (d50%) in the range of from 0.5 to 3.0 μηη, more preferably of from 1 .0 to 3 μηη, still more preferably of from 1.2 to 2.8 μηη, still more preferably of from 1.5 to 2.5 μηη, most preferably has an average particle size of 2.4 μηη.

The calcium carbonate used in the present invention is further characterized by a top cut (d98%) in the range of from 1 .0 to 20 μηη, preferably of from 5.0 to 15 μηη, more preferably of from 7.0 to 12 μηι, most preferably has a top cut (d98%) of 9.0 μηι.

The calcium carbonate used in the present invention is further characterized by a percentage of particles < 2 μηη in the range of from 30 to 70, preferably of from 35 to 60, more preferably of from 37 to 50, most preferably by a percentage of particles < 2 μηη of 40.

The calcium carbonate used in the present invention is further characterized by a residue in the range of from 0.01 to 0.3%, preferably of from 0.02 to 0.1 %, more preferably of from 0.02 to 0.05%, most preferably has a residue of about 0.02%, on a 45 μηη sieve (determined according to ISO 787/7). The fine calcium carbonate used in the present invention are commercially available calcium carbonates, such for example Omyacarb ® types from Omya International AG, Germany or CalPlex Extra from Calcit d.o.o. (Slowenia) or Calcilit Super G marketed by Alpha Calcit FQIIstoff GmbH & Co. KG, Germany)

Preferably, the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, used according to the present invention, is comprised in the initiator component B of the inorganic mortar system. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the calcium carbonate is comprised in initiator component B further comprising an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water. The addition of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, to the inorganic mortar system, such as an inorganic chemical anchors, is to lower the consumption of more expensive binder material and to improve some properties of the mixed material, especially to increase the load values.

Component B as used in the present invention comprises at least about 1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 2. wt.-%, more preferably at least about 3 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 4 wt.-%, from about 1 wt.-% to about 30 wt.-%, preferably from about 2 wt.-% to about 25 wt.-%, more preferably from about 3 wt.-% to about 20 wt.-%, most preferably from about 4 wt.-% to about 12 wt.-% of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, based on the total weight of component B. It is particular preferred that the calcium carbonate having an average particle size of 2.4 μηη is present in the range of from about 1 wt.-% to 30 wt.-%, preferably from about 2 wt.-% to 25 wt.-%, more preferably from about 3 wt.-% to 20 wt.-%, most preferably from about 4 wt.-% to 12 wt.-%, based on the total weight of component B. Component B as used in the present invention further comprises an initiator, at least one retarder, at least one mineral filler and water. To ensure a sufficient processing time, whereby the initial-set time is at least 5 min or more, at least one retarder, which prevents premature hardening of the mortar composition, is used in a distinct concentration in addition to the initiator component. The initiator present in component B is comprised of an activator component and an accelerator component which comprise a mixture of alkali and/or alkaline earth metal salts. In particular, the activator component is constituted of at least one alkali and/or alkaline earth metal salt selected from the group consisting of hydroxides, chlorides, sulfates, phosphates, monohydrogen phosphates, dihydrogen phosphates, nitrates, carbonates and mixtures thereof, preferably the activator component is an alkali or alkaline earth metal salt, more preferably is a calcium metal salt, such as calcium hydroxide, calcium sulfate, calcium carbonate, calcium formate or calcium phosphate, a sodium metal salt, such as sodium hydroxide, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate or sodium phosphate, or a lithium metal salt, such as lithium hydroxide, lithium sulfate, lithium carbonate or lithium phosphate, most preferably is lithium hydroxide. In one preferred embodiment the lithium hydroxide used in component B is a 10% aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide.

Component B comprises at least about 0.01 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.02 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.05 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 1 wt.-%, from about 0.01 wt.-% to about 40 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.02 wt.-% to about 35 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.05 wt.-% to about 30 wt.-%, most preferably from about 1 wt.-% to about 25 wt.-% of said activator, based on the total weight of component B. In a particular preferred embodiment, the activator is comprised of water and lithium hydroxide. The water content comprised in component B is at least about 1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 5 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 10 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 20 wt.-%, from about 1 wt.-% to about 60 wt.-%, preferably from about 5 wt.-% to about 50 wt.-%, more preferably from about 10 wt.-% to about 40 wt- %, most preferably from about 15 wt.-% to about 30 wt.-%, based on the total weight of component B. The lithium hydroxide content comprised in component B is at least about 0.1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.5 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 1 .0 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 1 .5 wt.-%, from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 5 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.5 wt.-% to about 4 wt.-%, more preferably from about 1 .0 wt.-% to about 3 wt.-%, most preferably from about 1.5 wt.-% to about 2.5 wt.-%, based on the total weight of component B. In a most preferred embodiment, component B comprises from about 2.0 wt.-% to about 20 wt.-% of a 10% aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide, based on the total weight of component B. The accelerator component is constituted of at least one alkali and/or earth alkaline metal salt selected from the group consisting of hydroxides, chlorides, sulfates, phosphates, monohydrogen phosphates, dihydrogen phosphates, nitrates, carbonates and mixtures thereof, preferably the accelerator component is an alkali or earth alkaline metal salt, still preferably is a water-soluble alkali or earth alkaline metal salt, more preferably is a calcium metal salt, such as calcium hydroxide, calcium sulfate, calcium carbonate, calcium chloride, calcium formate or calcium phosphate, a sodium metal salt, such as sodium hydroxide, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium formate or sodium phosphate, or a lithium metal salt, such as lithium hydroxide, lithium sulfate, lithium sulfate monohydrate, lithium carbonate, lithium chloride, lithium formate or lithium phosphate, most preferably is lithium sulfate or lithium sulfate monohydrate. Component B comprises at least about 0.01 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.05 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.1 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 1.0 wt.-%, from about 0.01 wt.-% to about 25 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.05 wt.-% to about 20 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 15 wt.-%, most preferably from about 1.0 wt- % to about 10 wt.-% of said accelerator, based on the total weight of component B.

In a particular preferred embodiment of component B as used in the present invention, the ratio of 10% aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide/lithium sulfate or lithium sulfate monohydrate is in the range of from 10/1 to 6/1.

The at least one retarder comprised in component B as used in the present invention is selected from the group consisting of citric acid, tartaric acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid, gluconic acid and mixtures thereof, preferably is a mixture of citric acid and tartaric acid. Component B comprises at least about 0.1 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.2 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.5 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 1.0 wt.-%, from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 25 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.2 wt.-% to about 15 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.5 wt.-% to about 15 wt.-%, most preferably from about 1 .0 wt.-% to about 10 wt.-% of said retarder, based on the total weight of component B.

In a particular preferred embodiment of component B as used in the present invention, the ratio of citric acid/tartaric acid is 1.6/1.

The at least one mineral filler in addition to the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 1 to 3 μηη comprised in component B as used in the present invention is selected from the group consisting of limestone fillers, sand, alumina, crushed stones, gravels, pebbles and mixtures thereof, preferred are limestone fillers, such as various calcium carbonates. The at least one mineral filler is preferably selected from the group consisting of limestone fillers or quartz fillers, such as quartz powder Millisil W12 or W6 (Quarzwerke GmbH, Germany) and quartz sand. The at least one mineral filler of component B is most preferably a calcium carbonate or a mixture of calcium carbonates. Component B comprises at least about 30 wt.-%, preferably at least about 40 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 50 wt.-%, still more preferably at least about 60 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 70 wt.-%, from about 30 wt.-% to about 95 wt.-%, preferably from about 35 wt.-% to about 90 wt.-%, more preferably from about 40 wt.-% to about 85 wt.-%, still more preferably from about 45 wt.-% to about 80 wt.-%, most preferably from about 50 wt.-% to about 75 wt.-% of at least one mineral filler, based on the total weight of component B. It is preferred that the at least one mineral filler has an average particle size of not more than 500 μηη, more preferably of not more than 400 μηη, most preferably not more than 350 μπι.

In a particular preferred embodiment, the at least one mineral filler comprised in component B is mixture of three different calcium carbonates, i.e. calcium carbonate fines, such as different Omyacarb ® types (Omya International AG, Germany). Most preferably, the first calcium carbonate has an average particle size (d50%) of about 3.2 μηη and a residue of 0.05% on a 45 μηη sieve (determined according to ISO 787/7). The second calcium carbonate has an average particle size (d50%) of about 7.3 μηη and a residue of 0.5% on a 140 μηη sieve (determined according to ISO 787/7). The third calcium carbonate has an average particle size (d50%) of about 83 μηη and a residue of 1 .0% on a 315 μηη sieve (determined according to ISO 787/7). In a particular preferred embodiment of component B, the ratio of first calcium carbonate/second calcium carbonate/third calcium carbonate is 1 /2.6/4.

In a particular preferred alternative embodiment, the at least one mineral filler comprised in component B is mixture of three different quartz fillers. Most preferably, the first quartz filler is a quartz sand having an average particle size (d50%) of about 240 μηη. The second quartz filler is a quartz powder having an average grain size (d50%) of about 40 μηη. The third quartz filler is a quartz powder having an average grain size (d50%) of about 15 μηι. In a particular preferred embodiment of component B as used in the present invention, the ratio of first quartz filler/second quartz filler/third quartz filler is 3/2/1 . In an advantageous embodiment, component B further comprises the following characteristics, taken alone or in combination.

Component B may additionally comprise a thickening agent. The thickening agent to be used in the present invention may be selected from the group consisting of bentonite, silicon dioxide, quartz, thickening agents based on acrylate, such as alkali-soluble or alkali-swellable emulsions, fumed silica, clay and titanate chelating agents. Exemplarily mentioned are polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), hydrophobically modified alkali soluble emulsions (HASE), hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide urethane polymers known in the art as HEUR, and cellulosic thickeners such as hydroxymethyl cellulose (HMC), hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC), hydrophobically-modified hydroxy ethyl cellulose (HMHEC), sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (SCMC), sodium carboxymethyl 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose, 2- hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 2-hydroxyethyl methyl cellulose, 2-hydroxybutyl methyl cellulose, 2-hydroxyethyl ethyl cellulose, 2-hydoxypropyl cellulose, attapulgite clay, and mixtures thereof. Suitable thickening agents are commercially available products, such as Optigel WX (BYK-Chemie GmbH, Germany), Rheolate 1 (Elementis GmbH, Germany) and Acrysol ASE-60 (The Dow Chemical Company). Component B comprises at least about 0.01 wt.-%, preferably at least about 0.05 wt.-%, more preferably at least about 0.1 wt.-%, most preferably at least about 0.2 wt.-%, from about 0.01 wt.-% to about 15 wt.-%, preferably from about 0.05 wt.-% to about 10 wt.-%, more preferably from about 0.1 wt.-% to about 5 wt.-%, most preferably from about 0.2 wt.-% to about 1 wt.-% of said thickening agent, based on the total weight of component B.

The presence of a retarder and thickening agent does not change the overall inorganic nature of the cementitious component B.

Component B comprising the initiator and retarder is present in aqueous-phase, preferably in form of a slurry or paste. It is preferred that the pH-value of component B is above 10, more preferably above 1 1 and most preferably is above 12, in particular in the range between 10 and 14, preferably between 1 1 and 13. It is particular preferred that the proportions of water in the two components, namely component A and component B, are chosen so that the water to aluminous cement ratio (W/CAC) or water to calcium sulfoaluminate cement (W/CAS), in the product obtained by mixing components A and B is lower than 1 .5, preferably between 0.2 and 1.2, most preferably between 0.3 and 1.1 . In a preferred embodiment, the ratio of water to calcium aluminate cement comprising calcium sulfate (W/(CAC+CaSC>4)) in the product obtained by mixing components A and B is 1 .0.

Moreover, it is particular preferred that the proportion of lithium in component B is chosen so that the lithium to aluminous cement ratio (Li/CAC) and lithium to calcium sulfoaluminate cement (Li/CAS), in the product obtained by mixing components A and B is lower than 0.05, preferably between 0.001 and 0.05, most preferably between 0.005 and 0.01. In a particular preferred embodiment, the proportion of lithium hydroxide in component B is chosen so that the ratio of calcium aluminate cement comprising calcium sulfate to lithium hydroxide ((CAC+CaS04)/LiOH) in the product obtained by mixing components A and B is in the range of from 1 .3:1 to 12.5:1 .

It is particular preferred that the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, in the product obtained by mixing components A and B is present in the range of from about 1 .0 wt.-% to 15.0 wt.-%, preferably from about 1 .5 wt.-% to 14.0 wt.-%, more preferably from about 2.0 wt.-% to 13.0 wt.-%, most preferably from about 3.0 wt.-% to 10.0 wt.-%.

Moreover, it is particular preferred that the proportion of retarder in component B is chosen so that the citric acid/tartaric acid to aluminous cement ratio and citric acid/tartaric acid to calcium sulfoaluminate cement, in the product obtained by mixing components A and B is lower than 0.5, preferably between 0.005 and 0.4, most preferably between 0.007 and 0.3.

In a most preferred embodiment, component A comprises or consists of the following components: 70 to 80 wt.-% of aluminous cement, alternatively 40 to 60 wt.-% aluminous cement and 15 to 25 wt.-% calcium sulfate,

0.5 to 1.5 wt.-% of phosphoric acid,

0.5 to 1.5 wt.-% of plasticizer,

0.001 to 0.05 wt.-% of an antimicrobial or biocidal agent,

optionally 5 to 20 wt.-% of mineral fillers, and

15 to 25 wt.-% of water.

In a most preferred embodiment, component B comprises or consists of the following components:

4.0 wt.-% to 20 wt.-% of a calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι,

0.1 wt.-% to 4 wt.-% of lithium hydroxide,

0.1 wt.-% to 5 wt.-% of lithium sulfate or lithium sulfate monohydrate,

0.05 wt.-% to 5 wt.-% of citric acid,

0.05 wt.-% to 4 wt.-% of tartaric acid,

35 wt.-% to 45 wt.-% of a first mineral filler,

15 wt.-% to 30 wt.-% of a second mineral filler,

5.0 wt.-% to 20 wt.-% of a third mineral filler,

0.01 wt.-% to 0.5 wt.-% of a thickening agent, and

15 wt.-% to 25 wt.-% of water.

Component A as used in the present invention may be prepared as follows: The phosphor-containing blocking agent is mixed with water, so that the pH-value of the resulting mixture is about 2. Plasticizer is added and the mixture homogenized. Aluminous cement, optionally calcium sulfate, and optionally mineral filler are premixed and added stepwise to the mixture whilst increasing the stirring speed, so that the pH- value of the resulting mixture is about 4. Finally, thickening agent and antibacterial/biocidal agent are added and mixed until complete homogenization of the mixture.

Component B as used in the present invention may be prepared as follows: The accelerator is dissolved in an aqueous solution of an activator, followed by subsequent addition of retarder and homogenization of the mixture. The filler(s) is/are added stepwise whilst increasing the stirring speed until the mixture homogenizes. Finally, the thickening agent is added until complete homogenization of the mixture.

Component A and B are present in aqueous phase, preferably in form of a slurry or paste. In particular, components A and B have a pasty to fluid aspect according to their respective compositions. In one preferred embodiment, component A and component B are in paste form thereby preventing sagging at the time of mixing the two components.

The weight ratio between component A and component B (A B) is preferentially comprised between 7/1 and 1/3, preferably is 1/3. Preferably, the composition of the mixture comprises 25 wt.-% of component A and 75 wt.-% of component B. In an alternative embodiment, the composition of the mixture comprises 75 wt.-% of component A and 25 wt.-% of component B. The inorganic mortar system, preferably the two-component inorganic mortar system, is of mineral nature, which is not affected by the presences of additional thickening agents of other agents.

It is preferred that the inorganic mortar system has an initial set-time of at least 5 min, preferably of at least 10 min, more preferably of at least 15 min, most preferably of at least 20 min, in particular in the range of from about 5 to 25 min, preferably in the range of about 10 to 20 min, after mixing of the two components A and B.

In the multi-component inorganic mortar system, especially the two-component inorganic mortar system, the volume ratio of cementitious component A to initiator component B is 1 :1 to 7:1 , preferably is 3:1 . In an alternative embodiment, the volume ratio of cementitious component A to initiator component B is 1 :3 to 1 :2.

After being produced separately, component A and component B are introduced into separate containers, from which they are ejected by means of mechanical devices and are guided through a mixing device. The inorganic mortar system is preferably a ready- for-use system, whereby component A and B are separately arranged from each other in a multi-chamber device, such as a multi-chamber cartridge and/or a multi-chamber cylinder or in two-component capsules, preferably in a two-chamber cartridge or in two- component capsules. The multi-chamber system preferably includes two or more foil bags for separating curable component A and initiator component B. The contents of the chambers or bags which are mixed together by a mixing device, preferably via a static mixer, can be injected into a borehole. The assembly in multiple chamber cartridges or pails or sets of buckets is also possible.

The hardening aluminous cement composition existing from the static mixer is inserted directly into the borehole, which is required accordingly for fastening the anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, and has been initially introduced into the mineral substrate, during the chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, whereupon the construction element to be fastened, for example an anchor rod, is inserted and adjusted, whereupon the mortar composition sets and hardens. In particular, the inorganic mortar system is to be considered as a chemical anchor for fastening metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars. Without being bound by theory, the blocking agent present in component A inhibits the solubilization of the calcium aluminate(s) in water, thereby stopping cement hydration which leads to the curing of the mixture. Upon adding the initiator component B, the pH- value is changed and the cementitious component A is unblocked and hydration reaction of the calcium aluminate(s) is released. As this hydration reaction is catalyzed and accelerated by the presence of alkali metals salts, in particular lithium salts, it has an initial set-time of shorter than 5 min. In order to retard the fast curing time (initial-set time), it is preferred that the at least one retarder comprised in component B as used in the present invention is so chosen to obtain an initial set-time of at least 5 min, preferably of at least 10 min, more preferably of at least 15 min, most preferably of at least 20 min, in particular in the range of from about 5 to 25 min, preferably in the range of about 10 to 20 min, after mixing of the two components A and B.

The role of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι, is considered to be a source of easily available soluble calcium carbonate resulting in additional post-curing of the cured mixture over long periods of time.

The role of the mineral fillers in addition to the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, in particular in component B, is to further adjust the final performance with regard to mechanical strength and performance as well as long term durability. By optimizing the fillers, it is possible to optimize the water/aluminous cement ratio which allows for an efficient and fast hydration of the aluminous cement. The inorganic mortar system comprising the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, can be used for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, preferably of metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, such as anchor rods, in particular threaded rods, bolts, steel reinforcement bars or the like into mineral substrates, such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone. In particular, the inorganic mortar system can be used for a chemical fastening of anchors and post- installed reinforcing bars, such as metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, in boreholes. It has been found out, that the use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι, in such an inorganic mortar system significantly increases the load values and hence load capacity in boreholes.

Hence, the use of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι, according to the present invention, in addition to mineral fillers present in the inorganic mortar system, is particular to increase load values. Moreover, the addition of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, to materials, such as an inorganic chemical anchors, is advantageous to lower the consumption of more expensive binder material or to improve some properties of the mixed material.

The calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι, comprised in the inorganic mortar is particularly applied in a method for a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, preferably of metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, in mineral substrates, such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone.

Moreover, the inorganic mortar system comprising the calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηι, preferably 1 to 3 μηι, may be used for the attachment of fibers, scrims, fabrics or composites, in particular of high-modulus fibers, preferably of carbon fibers, in particular for the reinforcement of building structures, for example walls or ceilings or floors, or further for mounting components, such as plates or blocks, e.g. made of stone, glass or plastic, on buildings or structural elements. However, in particular it is used for fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, preferably metal anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, such as anchor rods, in particular threaded rods, bolts, steel reinforcement bars or the like into recesses, such as boreholes, in mineral substrates, such as structures made of brickwork, concrete, pervious concrete or natural stone, whereby the components of the two-component inorganic mortar system are prior mixed, for example by means of a static mixer or by destroying a cartridge or a plastic bag, or by mixing components of a multi-chamber pails or sets of buckets.

The following example illustrates the invention without thereby limiting it.

EXAMPLES

1. Preparation of component A and component B

The cementitious component A as well as the initiator component B of the comparative example 1 and of inventive examples 2 to 8 are initially produced by mixing the constituents specified in Tables 1 and 2, respectively. The proportions that are given are expressed in wt.-%.

A typical mixing protocol for component A is as follows: weighting out the necessary quantity of water, introducing the water into a mixing bowl and slowly adding phosphoric acid thereto under stirring with a dissolver plate at 150 rpm for 2 minutes; adding plasticizer and homogenizing at 150 to 200 rpm for 2-3 minutes; adding the aluminous cement (Ternal White ® ) step by step whilst increasing the stirring speed continuously with increasing viscosity from 200 rpm to 2000 rpm to avoid lump formation, after addition stirring under vacuum (150 mbar) at dissolver plate speed of 2000 rpm and bar stirrer speed of 220 rpm for 5 minutes; adding slowly thickening agent and stirring at dissolver plate speed of 3000 rpm and bar stirrer speed of 220 rpm for 3-5 minutes; adding antibacterial or biocidal agent and homogenizing under vacuum (150 mbar) at dissolver plate speed of 3000 rpm and bar stirrer speed of 440 rpm for 5 minutes; finally stirring under vacuum (100 mbar) at dissolver plate speed of 1500 rpm and bar stirrer speed of 220 rpm for 10 minutes. Table 1 : Composition of component A.

Phosphoric acid 85% marketed by Sigma-Aldrich Chemie GmbH, Germany; Ethacryl G marketed by Coatex S.A., France; Ternal White ® marketed by Kerneos S.A., France; Xanthan Gum marketed by Kremer Pigmente GmbH & CO. KG, Germany; Nuosept OB 03 marketed by Ashland Nederland B.V., The Netherlands.

A typical mixing protocol for component B is as follows: dissolving lithium sulfate monohydrate in a 10% aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide and water followed by dissolving citric acid and tartaric acid in this mixture and fully homogenizing it at 400 rpm; adding stepwise filler, starting with the roughest filler and ending with the finest one, adding the calcium carbonate with the respective particle size ranging of from 1 to 3 μηη while increasing stirring speed from 250 rpm to 1700 rpm and continuing homogenizing it at 1700 rpm for 2-3 min; finally adding thickening agent whilst stirring, and increasing stirring speed to 2200 rpm; finally continuing homogenizing at 2200 rpm for 5 min.

Table 2: Composition of component B.

Comparative

Example Inventive Examples

(Component (Component names)

name)

Function /

Compound B0 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7

Property

LiOH 10%

activator 2.31 2.31 2.31 2.31 2.31 2.31 2.31 2.31 (water)

accelerator 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 monohydrate

Water solvent 17.03 17.03 17.03 17.03 17.03 17.03 17.03 17.03

Citric acid retarder 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 Tartaric acid retarder 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 1

Tiller 1 d50% = 83

37,73 37,73 37,73 37,73 37,73 37,73 37,73 37,73 μητι

2 Filler 2 d50% = 7.3

24.77 24.77 24.77 24.77 24.77 24.77 24.77 24.77 μητι

3 Filler 3 d50% = 3.2

17.44 9.43 9.43 9.43 9.43 9.43 9.43 9.43 μητι

d50% = 2.7

4 Fine CaCCb - 8.01 - - - - μιη

d50% = 2.4

5 Fine CaCCb - - 8.01 - - - μιη

d50% = 2.4

6 Fine CaCCb - - - 8.01 - - μητι

d50% = 1.8

7 Fine CaCCb - - - - 8.01 - μητι

d50% = 1.7

8 Fine CaCCb - - - - - 8.01

μητι

d50% = 0.7

9 Fine CaCCb 8.01

μιη

d50% =

0Fine CaCCb 0.75-0.9 8.01 μιη

thickening

Optigel WX 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 agent

LiOH 10% (water) marketed by Bernd Kraft GmbH, Germany; U2SO4 monohydrate marketed by Alfa Aesar GmbH & Co. KG, Germany; Citric acid marketed by Sigma-Aldrich Chemie GmbH, Germany; Tartaric acid marketed by BCD Chemie GmbH, Germany; 1 Omyacarb 130-AI, 2 Omyacarb 15-H Al, 3 Omyacarb 2-AI, 4 Durcal 2, Industrie Spezial, 6 OmyaBrite 1300X-OM, 7 OmyaWhite 18-OM, 8 Omyacarb 1 AV marketed by Omya International AG, Germany, 9 Calcilit Super G marketed by Alpha Calcit Fullstoff GmbH & Co. KG, Germany and 10 CalPlex Extra marketed by Calcit d.0.0., Slowenia; Optigel WX marketed by BYK Chemie GmbH, Germany.

2. Determination of mechanical performance After being produced separately, the cementitious component A and initiator component B are mixed in a speed mixer in a volume ratio of 1 :3 and are introduced into a prepared borehole in concrete C20/25 having a diameter of 16 mm; dust was completely removed. The borehole was created by hammer drilling. Load values of the cured mortar composition are determined by introducing an R12 reinforcement bar, having an anchoring depth of 120 mm, into a borehole, having a diameter of 16 mm in accordance with approval aligned measuring conditions (dispenser unit, rebar elements with 012mm; 4 rebar elements per set, embedment depth 120mm, injection from hard cartridge with static mixer). The average failure load is determined by centrally pulling out the reinforcement bar with tight support using a hydraulic tool. Four reinforcement bar are doweled in place in each case and their load values are determined as mean value after a curing of 1 , 7, and 28 days, respectively. Ultimate failure loads are calculated as bond strengths and given in N/mm 2 in Table 3.

Table 3: Bond strengths in N/mm 2 .

"Curing time 19 days

As it can be seen from Table 3, almost all inventive systems show considerable bond strengths after 28 hours of curing as well as increased load values and hence, improved mechanical strength when it comes to a chemical fastening of anchors and post-installed reinforcing bars, in comparison to the comparative system does not comprising any calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη. The addition of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, results in a significant increase of load values when compared to systems not comprising any calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη. Moreover, it has been shown that the performance improves significantly in boreholes when high load values are desired. Furthermore, it was found that the inventive systems comprising calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, do not show any micro-cracks after curing. Hence, the inventive systems provide for a dense, sealed anchoring system which is an important pre-condition for obtaining improved corrosion and freeze-thaw resistance as well as provide for high load values. As it has been shown above, the addition of calcium carbonate having an average particle size in the range of from 0.5 to 3 μηη, preferably 1 to 3 μηη, to materials, such as an inorganic chemical anchors, results in an increase of load values and at the same time lowers the consumption of more expensive binder material and improves some properties of the mixed material.