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Title:
UTILIZATION OF IRRIGATION WATER SAVER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/215920
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A method to reduce the amount of irrigation water wherein the device (2) is made of combusted biomass in cylinder shape with a diameter of 4cm / 6cm / 8cm and is inserted in various depths (1) and in various sizes/lengths under the source of water irrigation (3) in proximity to a tree or plant, and in different numbers according to the season. The device (2) has ability to absorb and store irrigation water in high capacity, up to 300% higher than the surrounding soil ground, being a sustainable source to supply the roots of a tree or plant with water in areas which suffer from shortfall or rain, with poor type of soil and depletion of underground water reservoir. The device (2) absorbs water and makes the surrounding soil constantly moist and wet by allowing diffusion of water from the device (2).

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Inventors:
ALBUAINAIN, Mubarak Abdulla Mubarak (Madinat Zayed, Airport RoadAbu Dhabi, 3362, 3362, AE)
Application Number:
IB2018/053593
Publication Date:
November 29, 2018
Filing Date:
May 22, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ALBUAINAIN, Mubarak Abdulla Mubarak (Madinat Zayed, Airport RoadAbu Dhabi, 3362, 3362, AE)
International Classes:
A01G27/02; A01G9/24; A01G24/20; A01G29/00; B27N5/02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CEDAR WHITE BRADLEY (Burj al Salam, 2 Sheikh Zayed RoadDubai, 66300, AE)
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Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A method of reducing the amount of water used in irrigation of a tree/plant comprising:

The irrigation water saving device made of biomass in a calculated rate according to the agriculture season, wherein the device is manufactured by crushing, mixing, drying and then pressing the biomass in a cylinder shape that is hallow inside;

Placing said device under the source of irrigation water into the ground near and in proximity to said tree/plant at-;

- various depths for large tree at depth up to 100cm, medium tree at depth up to 50cm, plant at depth up to 25cm;

- varying length/sizes for large tree 25cm or longer, medium tree up to 25cm, plant up to10cm;

- different numbers for large tree 2 to 4 devices or more, medium tree 1 to 2 devices, plant to a minimum of 1 device.

The method of reducing the amount of water used in irrigation wherein said device has greater water absorbing ability than the sandy soil will permeate water to said tree/plant when it is fully absorbed by way of allowing diffusion of water to said tree/plant.

2. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the device reduce the amount of water used in irrigation of a tree/plant by placing said device under the source of irrigation water into the ground near and in proximity to tree/plant within the range depth of 50cm tol OOcm for large trees; reduce the amount of water used in irrigation within the range depth of 25cm to 50cm in proximity for medium trees; reduce the amount of water used in irrigation within the range depth of 10cm to 25cm in proximity for plants.

3. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the device reduce the amount of water used in irrigation of a tree/plant by placing said device under the source of irrigation water into the ground near and in proximity to tree/plant when the length of the device is 25cm or longer for larger trees; reduces the amount of water used in irrigation of medium trees when the length of the device is within the range of 15cm to 25cm; reduces the amount of water used in irrigation of plants when the length of the device is within the range of 5cm to10cm.

4. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the device reduce the amount of water used in irrigation of a tree/plant by placing said device under the source of irrigation water into the ground near and in proximity to tree/plant-;for large trees is 2 devices in winter and at minimum of 4 devices in summer; wherein the device reduce the amount of water used in irrigation of medium trees is 1 device in winter and at minimum of 2 devices in summer; wherein the device reduce the amount of water used in irrigation of plants a minimum of 1 device in season.

Description:
UTILIZATION OF IRRIGATION WATER SAVER

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims priority from Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) Application No. GC2017-33475, filed May 25, 2017. The entire contents of the above-identified application are expressly incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

BACKGROUND

The device as prior art is compressed and combusted cylinder made of crushed, mixed and dried to reduce the humidity percentage to 8-12 degrees biomass treated under temperature not less than 300 degrees. The natural lignin in biomass is liberated with wood fiber due to combustion and high temperature.

Lignin serves as glue and holds the wood particles (raw materials) together in a new form of high density cylinder in a round or square shape at diameter of 8cm./6cm./4cm. and hallow inside to be used as saver for irrigation water by the applicant as in a patent no. GC0004596 granted by Patent Office of the

Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf at 1 st January 2017.

SUMMARY

The defect on the prior art is fall short of method of the device wherein the prior art it gives the process and the steps of manufacturing the product by crushing, mixing, drying and combusting in cylinder shape and hallow inside in different sizes only but not the utilization and the method of using the device itself to reduce the amount of water used in irrigation.

A method to reduce the amount of water used in irrigation of a tree/plant, wherein the device of irrigation water saver (the device) is made of crushed, mixed at calculated rate according to the agriculture season, dried and pressed biomass in cylinder shape, hallow inside in different sizes is free of any chemicals

The method to reduce the amount of water used in irrigation wherein the device has the ability to absorb the irrigation water in higher capacity than the soil ground which make the device sustainable source of irrigation water in poor sandy soil, dry and hot weather areas, countries suffer from shortfall of rain and depletion of underground reservoir and drought & dissertation. The device will help reduce the amount of irrigation water consumption between 20% to 30%.

The method to reduce the amount of water used in irrigation wherein the device has high Water Holding Capacity up to 300% and holds the irrigation water for long time; the device will absorb the irrigation water gradually slowly. The device having greater water absorbing ability than the sandy soil thereby limiting the loss of water into the ground and maintaining a degree of moisture to the surrounding area under in proximity to said tree/plant

especially in poor sandy soil. The method to reduce the amount of water used in irrigation wherein the device when fully absorbed the water then it will allow diffusion of water which make soil surrounding the device under and in proximity to said tree/plant will remain wet and moisture around the clock for long time, therefore the roots will be supplied and fed by water from the device and wet surrounding area helping the said tree/plant to grow.

The device will be placed in various ranges of depths and in different sizes/length and numbers according to the age, size of the tree/plant and season under the source of irrigation water and in proximity to said tree/plant.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

A method to reduce the amount of irrigation water wherein the device will help to save water irrigation and reduce consumption level by 20% to 30%.

The manufacturing operation of the device involves a number of stages in order to have a combusted cylinder made of mixed biomass as a final result and to be used in agricultural field.

The device has a Water Holding Capacity (WHC) up to 300% as approved by the analysis result carried out by the United Arab Emirates Ministry of Environment & Water that can make the surrounding soil of the device wet and humid for extended periods of time despite poor soil's type, high temperatures and quick evaporation especially in the summer time, drought period and shortage of rainfalls, and that is achieved by inserting the device vertically into the soil under the source of irrigation water.

The method to use the device (Irrigation Water Saver) to reduce the irrigation water amount for large trees, medium trees and plants by placing and inserting the device vertically under the source of irrigation water and in proximity to tree/plant:

- Large trees within the range depth of 50cm to 100cm;

- Medium trees (i.e. cotton, corn, pomegranate, banana, apple, orange, grape... etc) within the range depth of 25cm to 50cm;

- Plants (i.e. lettuce, cabbage, tobacco, beans, peas, eggplant, chili, tomato ...etc) within the range depth of 10cm to 25cm.

The size/length of the device is according to the size and age of the tree/plant:

- Large trees, the size of the device is within the range of 25cm or longer;

- Medium trees within the range of 15cm to 25cm;

- Plants within the range of 5cm to 10cm.

The numbers of the device required is according to the size, age of the tree/plant and the season:

- Large trees at a rate of 2 devices in winter and a minimum rate of 4 devices in summer; - Medium trees at a rate of 1 device in winter and a minimum rate of 2 devices in summer;

- Plants at a minimum rate of 1 device in season.

The device has the ability to absorb irrigation water when it is inserted vertically under the source of irrigation water, where the device will begin absorbing the water slowly and gradually up to the rate of 300% and holds the water for long time which make the surrounding area of the device under said the tree/plant constantly wet and moisture.

The method to reduce the amount used in irrigation water wherein the device will minimize the lost of irrigation water into the ground specially in poor sandy soil and will reduce evaporation in hot and dry climate, drought in the summer season and desert areas around the world and areas which lack of rainfall and suffer from depletion of underground water reservoir as a result of expansion in agriculture, farming, planting trees and forestry's.

The device when fully absorbed the irrigation water will permeate to supply and feed water to the roots in proximity to tree/plant by allowing diffusion of water from the device which help the said tree/plant to grow.

The necessity to find some solutions to participate and resolve this problem even in small scale by using irrigation water saver (the device) to reduce the amount at percentage from 20% to 30% of irrigation water.

Components of the Device (Irrigation Water Saver): 1 . Rice Husk or Rice Shell 2. Cotton Stalks

3. Corn Stalks

4. Bamboo

5. Sawdust

6. Tree Branches (as a substitute element in case the

above mentioned raw materials from numbers 2 to 4 is not available).

The device which is made of crushed, mixed and dried biomass and combusted into cylinder shape at 8cm. /6cm. /4cm. diameter in round and square shape with hallow inside. The device is free of chemicals and nematode and environmental friendly.

A method to use irrigation water saving device wherein the device reduce the amount of irrigation water for large trees, medium trees and plants, in order to minimize the problem of shortfall of water irrigation and to reduce a percentage from 20% to 30% of the consumption of water irrigation.

The method of reducing the amount of water used in

irrigation of a tree/plant wherein by placing a water saving device into the ground under the source of water irrigation and in proximity around said tree/plant, supplying it with water through the device and wet and moisture surrounding soil, said device having greater water absorbing ability than the sandy soil thereby limiting the loss of water to the ground and maintaining a degree of moisture to said tree/plant by allowing diffusion of water from saturated said device to surrounding area.

The device will be inserted under large trees vertically within the range depth of 50cm to 100cm; medium trees (i.e. cotton, corn, pomegranate, banana, apple, orange, grape... etc) within the range depth of 25cm to 50cm; plants (i.e. lettuce, cabbage, tobacco, beans, peas, eggplant, chili, tomato ...etc) within the range depth of 10cm to 25cm.

The size/length of the device is according to the size and age of the tree/plant.

Large trees, the size/length of the device is within the range of 25cm or longer, medium trees within the range of 15cm to 25cm and plants within the range of 5cm to 10cm.

The numbers of the device required is according to the size and age of the tree/plant and the season: large trees at rate of 2 devices in winter and a minimum rate of 4 devices in summer; medium trees at a rate of 1 device in winter and a minimum rate of 2 devices in summer; plants at a minimum rate of 1 device in season.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 shows the large trees:

Figure 1.1 shows the depth;

Figure 1.2 shows the size/length;

Figure 1.3 shows the drippers.

Figure 2 shows the medium trees:

Figure 2.1 shows the depth;

Figure 2.2 shows the size/length;

Figure 2.3 shows the drippers.

Figure 3 shows the plants:

Figure 3.1 shows the depth;

Figure 3.2 shows the size/length;

Figure 3.3 shows the drippers.