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Title:
UTILIZATION OF MMOMENT OF INERTIA AND LEVER FOR MECHANICAL GAIN
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/125628
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
This invention provides output gain by rotating a solid wheel from the center of mass as an input and connecting a lever to the edge of the same wheel at 180 degrees apart to each other. Each lever is connected at 180 degrees apart at the input rotating wheel with a common fulcrum located near the output side. This lever, acting as a mechanical lifting device, drives one side of output gain driven by the ratio of the length of lever to and from fulcrum between input and output while the other side is provided by another lever at 180 degrees apart. A unidirectional rotor converts the lever motion of up and down to a rotational motion. Weight of materials in a system is recycled back as an input to a hydraulic lever that generates hydraulic pressure driven by the movement of the system weight as it bounces off the surface.

Inventors:
YEW, Hong, Cho (10278 Rayford Drive, Escondido, CA, 92026, US)
Application Number:
US2018/059758
Publication Date:
June 27, 2019
Filing Date:
November 08, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
YEW, Hong, Cho (10278 Rayford Drive, Escondido, CA, 92026, US)
International Classes:
F04B9/04; F15B1/02; F15B1/26; F16F15/28; F16H37/12
Foreign References:
US20180291895A12018-10-11
US4901589A1990-02-20
US20150190292A12015-07-09
US7862482B12011-01-04
US20110053731A12011-03-03
US7938419B22011-05-10
US20180066741A12018-03-08
Download PDF:
Claims:
7 S

1 ekisrcs: a Lever 4 connecting between said bottom of wheel well

1. Apparatus for a single system of utilization of mechanioa right side to near said top of wheel well on fee left cal gala comprising; side and drives by said system weight;

A type of leefe grooved rotating wheel driven by a center each of said lever has skilled area at connecting point at drive shaft: i said wheel well where said lever is connected, wherein two of a type of teeth grooved mating wheel driven by said slotted area allows said Sever to sieve tip and down said rotating wheel : as said wheel well moves up and down;

cross -pis thtn acts as a center of rotational axis for said each of the end of said lever 1, said lever 2. said lever 3. two meting wheels as well as a connection point for and said lever 4 has said connecting point acting as support tod for said two mating wheels; fulcrum;

a pivoting connection point near the edge of each said said fulcrum is supported by said vehicle axle frame mating wheel separated by 180 degrees apart from each vertical and horizontal for said lever I , said lever 2, said of said mating tvbee1 ; lever 3, and said lever 4;

a lever that is connected to said edge of said each mating

said connecting point from each said lever at each cad of wheel at the pivoting connection point separated by

said 180 degrees apart; said lever for hydraulic pump lever individually coneach of said lever having a slotted area for said pivoting nected to swivel connection point at said lever 1, said lever 2, said lever 3, and said lever 4.

connection point a; the input side of a 1uicrum allowing

each said lever to move np and down; 5. Apparatus of claim 4 wherein said hydraulic parap that a pivot fog point for said two of said Sever said near fee end generates and stores hydraulic pressure is further comprised of said levers acting as s fufcnuu as well as a support of:

point for said fevers and load; and s reciprocating lever feat moves hidhvetfeaal way cona support rod connected to· said support pin of said nected to and driven by one of said system weight; fulcrum. a swivel lever connection point at near fee top of said

2. Apparatus of claim 1 for cixi verting up and down reciprocating fever connected to one of said system motion to s rotary motion farther comprising: weight;

a unidirectional rod at the output sideofihe feleretm made a connecting fed atached to said reciprocating lever near to rotate in one dined ioa as said levers move up and the bottom bat before Mourn oa each side for bididown at the said output side; rectional movements;

said output rod made to rotate in other direction by a pumping piston on each side for bidirectional pressure installing said output rod by taming it 180 degrees generation; each said pumpingpiston with Check Valve horizontally; before and alter,

a type of teeth grooved output wheel mated us said output

said reciprocating leva· wife slotted amt for lever moverod;

ment hr both directions where said connecting rod is a pivoting connection point for said output rod and said atached;

lever OK each side of said output wheel at ISO degrees

apart; a fixed position acting as a fulcrum for said reciprocating said output rod connected to said lever on each side of fever,

said output wheel; a pivoting eeater cross-pin for said a swvvel connection point at both ends of each piston rod; output wheel; and an accumulator for excessive pressure storage and use a supporting rod that connects to said cross pin for when needed;

structural «¾>ro«: a multi-position relief vtifve for drShresK pressure relief

3. Apparatus of claim 1 may be configured in a niaiti- levels;

systern in either series or in parallel. a reservoir; and

4. Apparatus of utiibaag a system weight and motion as an output lino feat is connected to a hydraulic motor. an input to a hydraulic pomp lever for hydraulic pressure as

a driving source is comprised of. 6. Apparatus of claim 4 may be configured in a muiti- hydraulic pump system that generates and stores hydraulic a Lever 1 connecting between the top of wheel well oa left

side and sear fee bottom of wheel well on the right side pressure and is farther comprised of; a multi-ractprocatiug fever sad only one ser of said accumulator. said reservoir, supported by a vertical frame sad driven by system

and said output release cylinder which are common parts tor weight;

a Lever 2 connecting between the top of wheel well on multi -reciprocating lever operaticas.

right side and near fee bottom of wheel well on fee left

side supported by a vertical frame and driven by said

system weight;

a Lever 3 eonuecting between said bottom of wheel well

oa left side to near said top of wheel well oa fee right

side and drives by said system weight;

Description:

UTHIZATION OF MOMENT OF INERTIA This hydraulic lever captures the vertical movements of a

AND LEVER FOR MECHANICAL· GAIN wheel well where damping functions are seeded. So, the vertical movements of each wheel well are driven by the

BACKGROUND AND DESCRIPTION OF THE stiffnes of the shock and vibration absorbing design of the

INVENTION wheel well, and each lever at dsSfcrexit locations will have different level of vertical movements.

1. Held of the Invention Since this hydraulic pump is as integral pan of the wheel well the hydrauiic pro ssaro level can be made adiestable for

Field of application Is in load carrying machines where desired ridfog comfort levels; as well as the desire to achieve improvements cart be made using rotational «feeds, levers, different pressure levels in addition to the exiting design that untdireotiottttl rod, and system weight . comes with the wheel well. Each set pressure level must he

Physical nature of a wheel held by a shaft at the center of maintained and only she pressure level above the set presfoe wheel allows less power to rotate while more power is sure level can be used.

provided at the edge of the wheel. This is based on moment Pressurized fluid is connected to a central accumulator to of inertia and parallel axis theorem. store excess energy aod release it when needed.

Guntnon application of this Is seen in flywheel applicaFIGS. 2 through 5 illustrate how the rotational solid rods tions To increase fee total power, more than one set of the and connecting levers work.

wheels, fevers, and rods can be installed since She added FIGS. 6 to 8 illustrate how the hydraulic system works. weight is riot an issue when die entire system recycles its

weight as an input to a hydraulic lever that generates i.i ROTATING SOLID WHEEL AND LEVER pressure driven by the weight of the system hi motion

applied to fee lever. For stationary systems recycling system FIGS. 2 through $ show block diagrams of a rotating solid weight may not be productive since foe system weight in wheel that has the moment of inertia as a inaction of mass motion will be far less than foe system weight in motion of and length. This is based on simple physics of moment of a moving vehicle bouncing oil the surface. Furthermore, inertia of fire solid wheel that is known as

system weight of a stationary system is not as critical as to

& transportation system where foe system weight itself is a

load that has to be transported.

By utilizing solid wheels, levers, and rods, energy savings

and improvements are achieved while the system weight is 1. moment of inertia at the center of mass, M is mass of recycled as an energy source driving the lever of fee the solid wheel, R is she length of fire radius of solid wheel , hydraulic pump for transportation systems. and I AW is the moment of inertia at the rim or edge of the

Current motor vehicles weigh several thousand pounds solid wheel based -an the pant lid axis theorem.

and fee weight Is dissipated or damped by different ways and Using this parallel axis theorem,

means. This invention allows recycling fee vehicle weight as 35

energy source There have been may different types of

recycling the moving mottos generated by fee weight of the

Rotating solid disk like a riy wheel provides and vehicle, but this one is based on using the vehicle weight to

wife Iiicnsi gam ai Hie rim.

generate hydraulic pressure by means of a lever action.

This rotational soiid wheel is connected to a uradirec-

The present invention is a tome multiplier design, by

means of utilizing foe moment of inertia jrom a rotating tional solid rod at a distance via two solid connecting levers in a crosscrossing way at 188 degrees apart at near ends of solid wheel and levers as well as recycling fee system weight

the bosh levers. This allows taking advantage of She to drive hydraulic levers and pistons as foe system weight

mechanical lever known as the law of the lever.

moves 'up and down pumping fee hydraulic fluid st each

As proven by Archimedes the law of fever shows that if moving direction. 45

the distance "A" from the fulcrum to where the applied inpm

Physics of a rotating mass, foe moment of inertia at fee

force“point A" is greater than the distance“b” from fulcrum center of mass, fee moment ofinerita atfee ri m or edge, and

a lover with fulcrum have been well known for hundreds of to where the output force‘'point if is geneRATED, then the years. This invention utilizes the rotating mass principle by lever amplifies the input force. This invention takes advantage of the law of lever that offers mechanical advantage applying input power to the center of the rotating masses and 50

(MA) that is expressed as

the», fcitatg the both eods of the reflating wheel driving

another rotating wheel at a distance via two connecting

levers. This invention is based fee proven mathematical

model that shows improvement of energy efficiency between

foe moment of inertia seen at foe center of mass; 1. M and. foe 55

moment of inertia seen at fee edge or rim of fee wheel I RIM where force. Pti-i«p«t force, aHever distance as: from input sine Us fulcrum, btoevar distance front output where M is tire mass .and R Is foe side to fulcrum.

radius of wheel Lever connected to the cate end of solid wheel at foe input

In addition to ibis moment of inertia provided by sedating side drives a unidirectional solid rod at the other sod of the wheels, she two levers also provide mechanical advantage lever. Bach lever is connected at 180 degrees apart at both driver· by the ration of fee length of lever to and from fee ends. Since each end of the solid «'heel at the input side Is fulcrum. connected to a lever at 188 degrees apart, two fevers drive

Utilization ofsystem weight by means of using the system the unidirectional solid rod at the output side as the Severs weight acting as an input to a hydraulic lever that pumps fee move up and dernt causing a rotational motion. Direetiea of hydraulic fluid as fee lever moves is another way of improvshe rotational motion of this umdirecuaual solid rod is set by ing fee output efficiency. the shape ofthe rod since fee Severs move only up and down. Ibis invention takes advantage of foe moment of inertia 19: Collection poim. from lever to wheel well wile;® provided by the solid wheel at. input side in addition to damping of motion is required

taking advantage of the lever actions. 28: Lever pivot porta. Fixed position. Connected to Iran»

By eorahfoiiig foese two simple methodologies, greater told acts as ibfcmtn,

energy savings and output improvements are achieved. 21; Swivel coonection point at fever tor double action

More than one set of this design can be installed as long hydraulic pnxnp connecting rod.

as space is available in stationary system. For transportation 21 A: Slotted ares for lever movements

systems foe added weight is recycled as input to hydraulic 22; Check Valve 1

levers which generate hydraulic pressure that is another past 23: Check Valve 2

of this invention. 24: Check Valve 3

By coupling fee rotating wheel and .moving levers, sub- 25: Check Valve 4

sinntia? gain at the output is achieved basal OH fee moment 26: Swtivei connection point at piston rod of inertia provided by fee rotating wheel and fee ratio of 27: Accumulator for multi-mats

length of levers as described abo ve. 28: Miilti-position relief valve for different pressure relief

Exact gain is drive» by the efficiency of fee design, levels

materials nsed, imperial mass, and material length. 29: Reservoir for multi-units

FIGS. 2 and 3 aw applicable where an output movement 38: Pumping piston

of op and down force is needed, such as hydraulic Sever 31: Vehicle axle frame vertical and horizontal whils FIGS. 4 through S are applicable where an output of 32: Slotted area for fever movements

rotational power is needed like generators, motors, vehicles, 32: Connection point' from lever to wheel well where motor cycles, and bicycles. damping motion is required

FIGS. 2 tbrossgh S utilize fee following items and func34; Lever pivot point. Fixed position. Connected to axle tions as fee Item numbers are called out in foe figures: frame and acts as falcrain.

1: f ever. This lever provides the mechanical gain driven 34 A: Lever pivot point. Fixed position. Conaoeted to axle by fee ratio between the length to and from fee Mcrom. frame and acts as fulcrum.

Lever moves up and down independent of the rotational 35: Swivel connection point at fever for double action direction of foe driving wheel. hydraulic pump. Bach of this point is connected to item ISA

2: Connecting point for fever sad rotating wheel at ISO individually.

degrees apart. This separation m 180 degrees apart provides 35A: Swivel connection point at fever for double action a scissor like function at the output using the infcruns item hydraulic pump . Each of this point is connected to item ISA No. 9.

individually-

3: Slotted area for fever movement at fee input side. This

slotted area provides lever to move up and down as fee 36: Vehicle axle ftame vertical and horironial rotating wheel rocs Us ciroulsr path. 37; Slotted area for fever movements

4: Slotted area for fever movement at fee output side. Ibis 38: Cancelled, not «sect.

slotted area provides lever to move up sad down while fee 39; Cancelled, not need.

out put unidirectional rod connected to fee lever runs its 40: Cancelled, not used

circular path. 41 : Cancelled not used

S: Connecting point for unicfoectional rod and lever at fee 42: Cancelled, not 89bά

oiiipsit side. 43; Cyiindet

fo Unidirectional rad at Use output side Substantially 43A: Output release cylinder

equivalent shape allows contitanofus rotation in one direction 44 A: Lever 11

based on fee force applied hy fee levers , Reverse direction 44B: Lever 2

is obtained by rotating the rod borteonteHy. 44C; Lever 3

7: Center of tnass at the output rotating wheel of stem 8, 44D: Lever 4

Not shown la the Sgttre for simplicity. For analytical pur45; Piston tod

poses it is she same point where feu of center shaft for output 4SA: Connecting rod between piston rod and foyer wheel 15 is. 46: Reciprocating Input from vehicle weagfo bouncing off

8: Rotating output wheel the surface

9: Fives point for fever and a fixed position. Acts as a 47: To load

folcnnti far fever, 48: Wheel

lit: Mating wheel at fee inpat side 49: Bottom of wheel well

11: input from a rotating source and center of mass of 58: Wheel well support Seem .tor free vertical motion and rotating solid wheel 55 wheel angle adjustment

12: Rotating wheel at input fade. Rotation of this wheel 52: Top of wfteeS well

moves the fevers up and down independent of foe rotational

direction. 1.2 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES

13: Support rod for fee mating wheel at input side

14: Cross-pin for the mating wheel at input side FIG. 1 shows a simplified block diagram of fttveations in 15: Center shaft for output wheel a major functional flow diagram formant identifying Figures 16; Lever output reiated to foe major functional block.

17: Supporting rod for fee fulerum FIG 2 shows a top view of the rotating wheels and levers, 58: Lever FIG, 3 shows a side view of rotation wheels and levers of

.ISA: Swivel connection point for lever. Each of the FIG. 2.

swivel connection point of item 35 and item 353. are FIG .4 shows a top view tit the rotating wheels and fevers individaaily· connected to this item. with unidirectional output rotating rod and wheel This FIG. 4 has fee same items shown in FIG. 2 plus additional items daw». Moving vehicles and trains have gross vehicle and which provide functions of unidirectional rotating rod and cargo weighs bouncing up and down as they roll oa the wheel, surface providing input to this invention.

FIG. 5 shows a side view of mating wheel and levers for A hydraulic- motor that converts Sins hydraulic pressure counter clockwise rotation ai output side with unidirectional into mechanical force to chive work load. For this applicaoutput rotating rod and wheel. This FIG. 5 is a side view of tion, hydraulic circuits, pumps and motors are designed to FIG 4 with limited items shown for clarity'. form a hydraalio-powered face and transmission. A pump,

FIG. 6 shows a general view of lever with double action which is mechanically linked to & prime mover, draws fluid hydraulic pump. from a reservoir attd forces it So a motor. A motor, which is

FIG. 7 shows a general view el lever connections to mechanically linked to the workload, is actuated by this vehicle upper wheel well. force so foal motion or torque, or both, are conveyed to the

FIG. 8 shows a general view of lever connections So work.

'vehicle lower wheel well. Field of application is in load carrying atachiaes where moving motions are present sod where such motions need to

3.3 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF HOUSES be dissipated.

Any weight or load pushing dawn onto the surihce is

FIG. 2 shows item 11 that is providing a rotational force captured and used as energy source «sing the fevers to move as the center of roust!onai force that drive» foe rotating wheel fee hydraulic pismps. This becomes more dynamic when it item 12. The edge of the item 1.2 is mated with two mating Is in moving motion. Regeneration of power occurs when wheel» of item 10 and each of the mating wheel bus foe lever «jovetnenl is directed to fee pump to move the load connecting point item 2 that is separated at 1 SO degrees apart Areas where the levers are installed are where the most between the two mating wheels winch are supported by item vehicle weight is pushing down to Hie surface, such as, 1.3 a fixed support rod. These two connecting points at 180 axles, wheel wells, motor mounts, arid swivel control aims. degrees apart drive fee connected lever item 1 through the Conventional wheel wells and axles typically have shock slotted area belts 3 providing the up and down motions. observer, cod spring, or leaf springs.

These two levers of item 1 has a pivot point item 9 that acts Based on lever principle, vehicle weight connected at one ass a foicTum in a fixed position. At item 16 a mechanical gain end of a lever and hydraulic pumps connected at the other is obtained based oa the ratio of fee distance between ittan end of lever is the busk idea of this invention. The moving 2 to item 9 and item 9 to item 16 «'here a load is to be motion applied to levers which drive hydraulic pumps in connected. During one revolution of item 19, stern 2 tranboth directions becomes rise energy source accumulated by sitions ftotn nearest to item 9 to rise farthest to item 9 varying the hydraulic pressure,

tire mechanical gain fount maximum to minimum at every'

half a cycle. Since each lever is connected ai 180 degrees 2. SUMMARY OF THE INvention apart to each other, mechanical gain provided by each ever

is at fee opposite to each other. The present invention provides a power utilizing moment

FIG. 3 shows another view of FIG. 2 looking fats fee of inertia from the rotating solid wheels, levers, rods, system side. Farts shown are limited to main parts for clarity. weight driving hydraulic pomp and motor.

FIG. 4 is an extension of FIG. 2 by adding a rotating Possible modifications may be made by adding more device at the end of fee levers so that a rotational force is totaling solid rods, fevers, or wheels, and mechanically provided as an output instead of providing an up and down isolating the existing pump/motor or by rearranging primp/ motion shown so FIG. Z. motors and other components.

FIG. 5 is another view of FIG. 4 looking from the side. The invention may be embodied in ofoer specific form» Parte shown are limited to man parts for clarity. without departing jfixun the spirit or essential characteristics

FIG. ® shows how a fever wife double action drives thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be coa- hydraulic pumps. sidered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive. foe

As shown la FIG. 6, fee reciprocating lever pumps pistons scope of the invention being indicated by the appended into unidirectional flow in the load cylinder. When live over claims rasher than by the foregone description, and all moves to the left. Cheek Valve 1 hem 22 opens, allowing fee changes which come with® the meaning and range of pressurized feed to move fete fee load. If:·.; same morion eqnivafcney of the claims are. therefore intended to be makes Cheek Valve 4 i«m 25 10 open, due to fee partial

vacuum created by fee expanding cylinder chamber, filling It will he appreciated that although the embodiments the left-side cylinder wife unpressuriacti liuid from fee described herein rela te to transporting load applications, the reservoir- So. the cycle continues as lever fe fe reciprocating disclosed invention is applicable to many ether types of motion. Each lever is connected to each lever connecting stationary system where up down power or rotational power point ffl I"1G. 7 item 35 aad item 3SA. However, reservoir, drives loads. For non-transporting applications, like station- accumulator, and output release cylinder «re common items say machines and ground fixed machines, She rotating solid which SJS connected to Individual double action hydra uric wheels, bars, and fee connecting levers improve energy pumps. effciiency. But the hydraulic pump drive» by she weigh1: of

FSGS. 7 ami 8 show lever connections for tipper wheel the working system may not provide much since foe system, welli and lower wheel well, respectively. is NOT moving and being stationary, and foe only depend¬

Slotted area Item 32 and hem 37 at the lever where it is able source motion is the shock and vibration.

connected to capture vertical movement allows the lever to

move up and down as foe weight of the system as wei.i us

wheels bounce up and down. This movement at the slotted

area is transmitted to the other end of the lever supported by

a felcma item 34 and item 34A This allows continuous

generation of hydraulic power as the system bounces up and