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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
VENTED GARMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/045279
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The technology described herein relates to breathable, vented, and insulating garments. More particularly, the technology described herein relates to garments with chambers (130) to retain an insulating fill material (330). Openings (110) along seams (120) between the insulating chambers may achieve evaporative moisture or air transfer from the inside (proximal to the body of a wearer) of the garment to the outside environment. In an aspect, the garments comprise one or more insulated zones provided with one or more vented-insulation sections provided at locations on the garment configured to align with one or more areas of a wearer's body that are more sensitive to environmental conditions (e.g. temperature) and/or are prone to faster heat loss.

Inventors:
PEZZIMENTI, Luke A. (Inc.One Bowerman Driv, Beaverton Oregon, 97005, US)
SZE, Kevin C. (Inc.One Bowerman Driv, Beaverton Oregon, 97005, US)
KOSHKAROFF, Iustinia (Inc.One Bowerman Driv, Beaverton Oregon, 97005, US)
Application Number:
US2017/049840
Publication Date:
March 08, 2018
Filing Date:
September 01, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
NIKE INNOVATE C.V. (Dutch Partnership, One Bowerman DriveBeaverton, Oregon, 97005, US)
NIKE, INC. (One Bowerman Drive, Beaverton, Oregon, 97005, US)
International Classes:
A41D27/24; A41D27/28
Foreign References:
US20130276201A12013-10-24
US20160213077A12016-07-28
US20130277349A12013-10-24
US20140304896A12014-10-16
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HANNAH, Anne R. (Shook Hardy & Bacon LLP, 2555 Grand BoulevardKansas City, Missouri, 64108, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A garment comprising: at least one continuous garment layer comprising a first surface and an opposite second surface; and one or more vented-insulation sections, each of the one or more vented-insulation sections comprising: a first layer and a second layer affixed to each other at one or more seams, wherein the one or more seams define one or more chambers between the first layer and the second layer; a thermally insulating material contained within the one or more chambers; and a one or more openings on at least a portion of the one or more seams, wherein the one or more openings extend through the seam and through the first layer and the second layer.

2. The garment of claim 1, wherein the first surface is an interior surface facing a wearer's body when the garment is worn, and the second surface is an exterior surface facing the external environment when the garment is worn, and wherein the one or more vented-insulation sections are secured to the second surface of the at least one continuous garment layer.

3. The garment of claim 1, wherein the at least one continuous garment layer comprises one of a mesh material, a moisture wicking material, or a moisture managing fabric.

4. The garment of claim 1, wherein the thermally-insulating fill material comprises one or more of a synthetic fiber and down.

5. The garment of claim 1, wherein the one or more seams are created with an adhesive tape activated by an application of energy.

6. The garment of claim 5, wherein the one or more seams are further reinforced by stitching. 7. The garment of claim 1, wherein the one or more seams are created by stitching.

8. A vented garment comprising: a garment layer comprising a first surface and a second opposite surface; at least one vented-insulation section that comprises: a first layer; and a second layer, wherein the first layer and the second layer are affixed to each other at one or more seams, wherein the one or more seams define two or more chambers between the first layer and the second layer, and wherein at least one of the one or more seams comprises one or more openings, the one or more openings extending through the seam through the first layer and through the second layer, wherein the vented-insulation section is secured to the garment layer.

9. The vented garment of claim 8, wherein the first surface of the garment layer is configured to face toward a body surface of a wearer when the garment is worn, and wherein the first layer and the second layer of the vented-insulation section, each comprise an interior surface and an exterior surface, and wherein the exterior surface of one of the first layer or the second layer is configured to face toward the second surface of the garment layer when the vented-insulation section is affixed to the garment layer. 10. The vented garment of claim 9, wherein the vented-insulation section comprises less than 50% of the garment layer.

11. The vented garment of claim 9, wherein the garment layer is a continuous layer that is comprised of one of a mesh material, a moisture wicking material, or a moisture managing fabric. 12. The vented garment of claim 8, wherein the garment layer comprises at least one voided area, wherein the at least one vented-insulation section is affixed to the garment panel at the at least one voided area, and wherein the garment layer is comprised of one of a mesh material, a moisture wicking material, or a moisture managing fabric.

13. The vented garment of claim 8, wherein the one or more chambers between the first layer and the second layer contain a thermally-insulating fill material within the two or more chambers.

14. The vented garment of claim 8, wherein the at least one vented- insulation section is localized to correspond to areas of a wearer's body that are prone to faster heat loss, when the vented garment is worn.

15. The vented garment of claim 13, wherein the one or more seams are created by one of an adhesive, stitching, or adhesive plus stitching.

16. A method of making a vented garment comprising: providing a garment layer; providing a vented-insulation section, wherein the vented-insulation section is formed by: attaching a first layer and a second layer together at one or more seam areas to form the vented-insulation section, wherein the one or more seam areas are spaced to define exterior boundaries of a plurality of hollow chambers defined by the first layer and the second layer; forming one or more openings on the one or more seam areas, the one or more openings extending through the first layer and through the second layer; (1) filling the plurality of hollow chambers with a thermally-insulating fill material; and attaching the vented-insulation section to the garment layer at a predetermined location.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein the thermally-insulating fill material is down.

18. The method of claim 16, wherein the exterior panel and the interior panel are formed through a weaving or knitting process.

19. The method of claim 16, the predetermine location is configured to align with one or more areas of a wearer's body that are prone to faster heat loss, when the vented garment is worn .

20. The method of claim 16, wherein the one or more seam areas are created by one of an adhesive, stitching, or adhesive plus stitching.

Description:
VENTED GARMENT

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

Aspects of the technology described herein relate to a garment with vents that allow moisture vapor to exit the garment while still retaining heat from a wearer's body. More particularly, the technology described herein relates to breathable, insulating, cold- weather garments that keep the wearer warm and dry when the environmental temperature falls below a comfortable temperature for the wearer.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

With the desire to stay active year round, there is a need for breathable, insulating garments for use during physical activity in the cooler months of the year. Conventional cold-weather garments may not allow for moisture vapor from perspiration and/or sufficient body heat to escape from the inside of the garment. This is especially the case when the cold-weather garment includes insulation, because the insulation may significantly reduce the moisture-vapor transmission rate through the garment. The trapping of moisture from perspiration may be particularly problematic for garments constructed from water-resistant fabrics. For instance, garments with fill material such as down or fibers are generally constructed of textiles that are resistant to the fill material penetrating the textile, either partially or entirely. Such fill-proof textiles may be created using treatments such as a durable water repellant (DWR) or by weaving or knitting a textile of sufficient weight to retain the fill material. Although these approaches often render the textile water-resistant, they may trap moisture vapor inside of the garment, which may then lead to discomfort for the wearer and may make the garment less effective as a cold-weather insulating garment.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This Summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This Summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the claimed subject matter.

The technology described herein generally relates to a vented garment that is insulating and breathable, which may facilitate the release of moisture vapor and heat from inside the garment. The vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein may be advantageous, for example, for a wearer undergoing physical exertion, such as aerobic activities (e.g., running, biking, hiking, snowboarding, skiing, etc.), physical labor, or other perspiration- inducing activities. When a person exercises, one possible physiological response is to cool down the body by releasing moisture in the form of perspiration. Perspiration still occurs in cold weather and might increase when a person wears heat- insulating garments. Therefore, an aspect of the technology described herein provides an insulating garment that may protect a wearer from external environmental conditions, while still allowing for moisture from perspiration to escape to the exterior environment. In addition, the technology may regulate an interior temperature of the garment by facilitating a transfer of heat through the garment.

In a first realization in accordance with aspects herein:

The technology described herein allows moisture and/or heat to escape from the garment through a plurality of openings formed on one or more seams joining, for instance, exterior and interior garment layers, each comprising an interior and an opposite exterior surface, where each opening in the plurality of openings extends through the seams, through the exterior and the interior garment layers, thereby allowing for ventilation between an interior and an exterior of the garment. The one or more seams may be formed by actively adhering the interior surfaces of the interior and exterior garment layers together with, for example, a suitable adhesive at predetermined portions of the interior and exterior garment layers. Alternatively, the one or more seams may be formed by stitching the interior and the exterior garment layers together forming seam boundaries for each seam. And in yet another aspect, the one or more seams may be formed by both adhering the interior surfaces of the interior and exterior garment layers and by adding stitching to upper and lower seam boundaries, thereby reinforcing each seam in the one or more seams. When the one or more seams joining the interior and exterior garment panels are formed, the one or more seams define a chamber between each pair of seams. Each chamber is filled with thermally insulating materials such as synthetic fill material and/or down for thermal insulation.

In a second realization in accordance with aspects herein:

The technology described herein is further directed to insulated garments that comprise localized insulation, wherein the localized insulation comprises one or more vented- insulation panels that allow moisture and/or heat to escape from the garment through a plurality of openings formed on one or more seams formed on the vented-insulation panels. Each of the vented-insulation panels comprise exterior and interior layers, each of the exterior and interior layers comprise interior and opposite exterior surfaces. The vented-insulation panels comprise a plurality of openings formed on one or more seams joining, for instance, the exterior and interior layers of the vented-insulation panels. Each opening in the plurality of openings extends through the exterior and the interior layers of the vented-insulation panels in a similar manner as described above with respect with the first realization in accordance with aspects herein. The vented-insulation panels may be specifically localized to garment areas that correspond with areas of a wearer' s body that are prone to faster heat loss by the production of perspiration and/or heat. Such areas of a wearer's body may comprise, for example, the chest region, thighs, armpits, upper back, and the like. Therefore, garments using the vented-insulation panels may have the vented-insulation panels localized to maximize the retention of heat while still allowing for moisture venting. The vented- insulation panels may also be located based on the comfort of the wearer when, for example, exercising.

In a third realization in accordance with aspects herein:

The technology described herein allows moisture and/or heat to escape from a garment comprising, for example, at least a first continuous garment layer with one or more vented-insulation sections on the first continuous garment layer at predetermined locations configured to align with areas of a wearer's body that are prone to produce more perspiration, or in the alternative, areas of the wearer's body that are prone to release more heat, thereby providing thermal insulation to these areas, without the added bulk of a conventional, full coverage thermally insulating garment. The vented-insulation sections comprising a plurality of openings formed on one or more seams joining, for instance, exterior and interior layers of the vented-insulation sections, each opening in the plurality of openings extending through the exterior and the interior layers of the vented-insulation sections. Therefore, garments using the vented-insulation sections may maximize the retention of heat and comfort for a wearer, while still allowing for moisture venting.

In a fourth realization in accordance with aspects herein:

The technology described herein allows moisture and/or heat to escape from the garment through a passage formed between, for instance, exterior and interior garment panels. In exemplary aspects, the interior garment panel may comprise an interior opening to the passage, and the exterior garment panel, which may be an insulated garment panel, may comprise an exterior opening from the passage. Each passage may have multiple interior openings and exterior openings. And each garment may have multiple passages. The technology described herein offsets the interior openings from the exterior openings to provide an indirect passage for moisture vapor and/or air to exit the garment. In other words, the offset openings cause the moisture vapor to traverse the passage when exiting the garment instead of passing directly through the interior opening to the exterior opening. Moreover, the offset openings also cause heat produced by the body to traverse the passage prior to exiting the garment thereby preventing rapid heat loss. Thus, an object of the technology described herein is to facilitate moisture transport out of the garment while maintaining an appropriate amount of heat loss.

Additional objects, advantages, and novel features will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and in part will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the following, or may be learned by practice of the technology described herein.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

The technology described herein is described in detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures, wherein:

FIG. 1A and IB are a front and back view of an exemplary vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 2 is a close-up view of a venting seam from the vented garment in FIG. l ;

FIG. 3A is a close-up view of a section of an exemplary aspect of the vented garment in FIG. 1 in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 3B is a close-up view of a section of an alternative exemplary aspect of the vented garment in FIG. 1 in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 4 is a view of a different exemplary vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 5 is a close up view of a venting seam with stiches from the vented garment in FIG. 4 in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 6 is a close-up view of a section of the venting seam from the garment of FIG. 4 in accordance with the technology described herein; FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a small section of the seam area in FIG. 6, where the insulating chambers are shown in relation to the openings in the seams in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 8 is an additional exemplary vented garment that comprises a mesh back section in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 9 is a view of an additional exemplary vented garment with vented- insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 10A is a cross-sectional view of the a vented-insulation section in FIG. 9 in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 10B is an exploded view of the cross-sectional view of the vented- insulation section in FIG. 10A in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 11 is a view of vented pants with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 12 is a front view of a vented top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 13 is a back view of a vented top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 14 is a perspective view of vented pants with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 15 is a perspective view of vented pants with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 16 is a front view of a vented top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 17 is a back view of a vented top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 18 is a front view of a vented top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 19 is a back view of a vented top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 20 is a front view of a vented fleece top with vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 21 is a front view of a vented jacket with a hood and vented-insulation sections in accordance with the technology described herein; FIG. 22 is a flow chart showing an exemplary method of making a vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein;

FIG. 23 is a flow chart showing an additional exemplary method of making a vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein; and

FIG. 24 is a flow chart showing another exemplary method of making a vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The aspects described throughout this specification are intended in all respects to be illustrative rather than restrictive. Upon reading the present disclosure, alternative aspects will become apparent to ordinary skilled artisans that practice in areas relevant to the described aspects without departing from the scope of this disclosure. In addition, aspects of this technology are adapted to achieve certain features and possible advantages set forth throughout this disclosure, together with other advantages which are inherent. It will be understood that certain features and subcombinations are of utility and may be employed without reference to other features and subcombinations. This is contemplated by and is within the scope of the claims.

This technology is generally directed to a garment structure that facilitates the passive transfer of moisture and/or body heat from an internal portion of the garment to an external portion of the garment. For example, a garment may have an internal layer (e.g., interior panel) and an external layer (e.g., exterior garment panel), and aspects of the present technology are directing to transferring moisture vapor and/or heat from the internal layer to the external layer. The moisture vapor and/or heat can then dissipate or be dispersed into the space outside the garment.

The insulating vented garments in accordance with aspects herein, may be manufactured from light-weight fabric and may comprise a number of insulating, down, or synthetic fiber-filled chambers, optionally separated by seams. In one aspect, the garments may be woven or knit to comprise chambers created without seams. When seams are included in the garment, the seams separating the chambers may be spaced at varying intervals and may have any orientation and/or shape. In one example, the vented garment may be a standalone garment. The garment may be in the form of a vest covering a person' s body core area, a jacket or coat with sleeves, pants, a total body suit, shirts, tights, base layers, and the like.

In one exemplary aspect, the seams may be formed by, for instance, actively adhering two panels (such as an interior and an exterior panel) of woven/knit fabric together to form a garment panel or a vented-insulation section. The seams may be adhered together with, for example, a suitable adhesive material, by stitching or bonding the two panels of fabric together, or by both using the adhesive tape and stitching or bonding. In the case of certain fabrics, an adhesive may not be needed if the fabrics can be bonded without the use of adhesive.

In one example, the vented garments may be formed from one or more garment panels, each garment panel comprising an inner panel and a corresponding outer panel joined at one or more seams formed along predetermined sections to form chambers having a desired shape and size, where the seams may be formed by heat bonding, applying an adhesive to an interior face of at least one of the inner panel and outer panel and activating the adhesive, stitching along first and second seam defining edges, or using both bonding and stitching. Therefore, one or more chambers are formed between at least each pair of seams. The spacing of the seams may vary, as may the relative orientation of the seams and/or the shape of the seams, enabling the chambers to have different shapes and sizes. The chambers may be filled with down, or synthetic insulating materials. The seams may comprise a plurality of openings extending through the inner panel and the outer panel to form vents that allow heat and moisture from perspiration to escape from an interior of the garment to an exterior of the garment.

In another example, interior openings may be formed in the interior panel at the seam area, exterior openings may or may not be offset from the interior openings may be formed in the exterior panel at the seam area, and a passage may be formed connecting the interior openings with the exterior openings at the seam area. When the interior openings and exterior openings are both located in the seam area, then the seam may be formed by a method that does not seal the interior and exterior panels together within the seam area where the openings are located, such as by two parallel tracks of stitching or bonding thereby creating a passage that connects the interior openings to the exterior openings.

In another exemplary aspect, the insulating vented garment may comprise an additional interior panel that is affixed at one or more areas to an exterior garment panel having the chambers separated by seams. In this aspect, the additional interior panel may or may not comprise additional openings formed in the additional interior panel and the exterior openings may be formed in the seam area between the chambers. If provided, the interior openings may be offset from the exterior openings. A passage may then be formed in the space between the additional interior panel and the exterior garment panel having the chambers separated by the seams. Alternatively, if not provided, the additional interior panel may be a continuous interior panel that does not comprise any openings or voids. Or in other words, the fabric or textile of the interior panel comprises unbroken or uninterrupted threads throughout the interior panel.

In a further aspect, the technology described herein, when provided, the interior openings are offset from the exterior openings to provide an indirect passage for moisture vapor and/or heat to pass from the interior panel to the exterior panel. In other words, the offset interior and exterior openings create passages that may include one or more changes in direction and that is not completely perpendicular to the respective planes of the interior panel and the exterior panel. The indirect passage may also provide resistance to air movement and moisture that helps regulate the amount of air and moisture leaving the garment. In one exemplary aspect, the materials of construction and the length of the indirect passages can be used in a garment to provide an appropriate amount of resistance to achieve the desired moisture and heat transmission. Thus, an object of the technology described herein is to facilitate moisture transport out of the garment while minimizing heat loss.

The openings may be positioned in various portions of the interior and exterior garment portions. For example, in one aspect the openings are located in seam areas. The openings might be created in seams using various techniques. For instance, after the seams are formed, the seams may then be perforated/cut with a laser cutter, an ultrasonic cutting wheel, a water-jet cutter, a mechanical cutter, or the like to form the openings. With certain types of equipment, the affixing and perforating/cutting steps may be performed simultaneously, for example by using a welding and cutting wheel. The plurality of openings cut on the seams may be of different shapes and sizes and may create different patterns. The plurality of openings may be continuous along the seams, or may be intermittently placed along the seams. In addition, the plurality of openings may be placed strategically on seams located close to higher-perspiration areas (e.g., along the back of a wearer or under the arms of a wearer). The size and number of the plurality of openings may be optimized to allow a desired level of ventilation, while still maintaining heat insulation close to the body of the wearer. Materials of Construction

Vented garments in accordance with the technology described herein may be constructed using woven or knit fabrics. The woven or knit fabrics may be optionally treated with down-proofing chemical treatments, and/or water repellants that may also act as down- proofing treatments, such chemical treatments referred to as DWR (durable water repellant). Although DWR is a waterproofing chemical treatment, in addition to waterproofing the fabric, it is also very useful for down-proofing fabrics, especially light and ultra-light weight fabrics. For example, fabrics that may particularly benefit from DWR treatment for down proofing are light fabrics (89 g/m 2 to 30 g/m 2 ) and ultra-light fabrics (29 g/m 2 or lighter). In some instances, down can have sharp shafts that can poke holes through light-weight fabrics, making the fabric more susceptible to tearing or down loss over time. Other types of fill material, such as polyester fibers, may lack the sharp shafts of down but are still challenging to contain within a light-weight textile. Heavier fabrics, such as fabrics with weights in the range of 90 g/m 2 to 149 g/m 2 or even 150 g/m 2 to 250 g/m 2 or higher, may be inherently more resistant to down and may or may not need a down-proofing treatment depending on the specific type of fabric/textile. Both heavy and light-weight fabrics may be used in garments in accordance with the technology described herein. Lighter weight fabrics may be more desirable in the manufacture of athletic and/or high aerobic activity insulating garments to minimize the garment weight.

In exemplary aspects, the insulating garment may be manufactured from a light-weight fabric and may comprise a number of insulating, down, or synthetic fiber-filled chambers, separated by seams. Seams separating chambers may be located at various areas of the garment, spaced at varying intervals, and may have any orientation and/or shape. The seams may be formed by actively adhering an exterior or outer panel and an interior or inner panel of fabric together with a suitable adhesive tape material to form an exterior garment panel, by stitching the two panels of fabric together, or by both using the adhesive tape and stitching. In the case of certain fabrics, a tape may not be needed if the fabrics can be bonded without the use of tape.

In one aspect, one or more portions of the insulating zones and/or the vented garment may be constructed using a weaving or knitting process (e.g. , a weaving or knitting machine may be programmed to form various structures or constructions described herein). For example, such weaving or knitting processes may be used to form a seamless or nearly seamless garment or portions thereof. Form Factor

The vented insulated garment described herein can take several forms. In one example of the garment in accordance with the technology described herein, the garment may be a standalone garment. The garment may be in the form of a vest covering a person's body core area, a jacket or coat with sleeves, pants, a total body suit, ski pants, a fleece, a clothing liner, and the like.

Alternatively, the garment in accordance with the technology described herein may be used as a removable interior-insulating panel having an exterior shell which may or may not be weather proof. This interior-insulating panel may also be worn as a standalone garment when detached from the exterior shell. Like in the previous example, the removable interior-insulating panel may be presented as a vest, a jacket, a body suit, and the like, depending on the type of garment and protection desired. For example, if the exterior shell is a long sleeved jacket, the interior-insulating panel may be presented as a vest, a jacket, or a jacket with removable sleeves to convert into a vest, depending on the amount of insulation desired. The interior-insulating panel may be fastened to the exterior shell by a zipper mechanism, buttons, hook-and-loop fasteners, or other suitable fastening mechanism or combination of fastening mechanisms.

Further, the vented garment may be engineered into an exterior shell. In other words, instead of being removable, an interior insulating and breathable panel in accordance with the technology described herein may be permanently attached to the exterior shell. This may be achieved by permanently affixing the exterior shell to the interior insulating and breathable panel at one or more areas using, for instance, stitching, bonding, welding, adhesives, and the like. Alternatively, an interior insulating and breathable panel may be integrated into an exterior shell panel by, for instance, integrally forming the interior insulating and breathable panel with the exterior shell using an engineered knitting and/or weaving process. Any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

Definitions

Exterior panel: As used herein the phrase "exterior panel" describes a panel on the exterior of the garment. The exterior panel may be exposed to the external environment, or may not be exposed to the environment, for example, if the garment is worn under another garment or layer. Exterior opening: As used herein the phrase "exterior opening" describes an opening in the exterior panel.

Interior panel: As used herein the phrase "interior panel" describes a panel inside of or interior to the exterior panel. A garment may have multiple interior panels.

Interior opening: As used herein the phrase "interior opening" describes an opening in an interior panel.

Water-Resistant Fabric: As used herein "water-resistant fabric" is a fabric that is substantially impervious to water. In some exemplary aspects, the term "water- resistant fabric" may be defined as a fabric that has greater than 1 ,000 mm of water resistance, which is the amount of water, in mm, which can be suspended above the fabric before water seeps through. However, values above and below this threshold are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

Non-breathable Fabric: As used herein "non-breathable fabric" is fabric that exhibits a low rate of moisture vapor transmission. In some exemplary aspects, a fabric may be defined as being non-breathable when it has a moisture vapor transmission rate less than 1000 (g/m 2 /d), which is the rate at which water vapor passes through the fabric, in grams of water vapor per square meter of fabric per 24-hour period (g/m 2 /d). However, values above and below this threshold are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

Weather-Resistant Fabric: As used herein "Weather- Resistant Fabric" is a fabric that is generally resistant to water and/or wind. In some instances, a weather-resistant fabric may comprise a fabric that is substantially impervious to water and exhibits a low rate of moisture vapor transmission.

Passage: As used herein the term "passage" is a space between garment layers where the garment layers are not directly connected. The passage is configured to and allows for the passage of moisture or moisture vapor and/or air.

Vented-insulation section: As used herein refers to a pod-type construction wherein a first/interior layer of pliable material and a second/exterior layer of pliable material are affixed to each other at one or more seams, wherein the one or more seams define one or more chambers between the first layer of pliable material and the second layer of pliable material. The chambers contain a thermally insulating material and the one or more seams comprise, at least in part, one or more openings on the one or more seams through the first layer of pliable material and through the second layer of material. The pod type construction is configured to cover only a portion of an exterior surface of the garment, for example, less than 50% of an exterior surface of the garment.

First/interior layer/panel: As used herein refers to a layer of material comprising a first/exterior surface and an opposite second/interior surface and, wherein the first/exterior surface is configured to face toward a body surface of a wearer when the garment is worn, and wherein the second/interior surface is configured to face toward the thermally insulating material contained within the chamber.

Second/exterior layer/panel: As used herein refers to a layer of material comprising a first/exterior surface and an opposite second/interior surface and, wherein the first/exterior surface is configured to face toward an external environment, away from the body surface of a wearer when the garment is worn, and wherein the second/interior surface is configured to face toward the thermally insulating material contained within the chamber.

FIGS. 1A and IB are a front view 140 and a back view 150 of a vented garment 100 in accordance with the technology described herein. The vented garment 100 in FIGS. 1A and IB may be made from conventional synthetic or natural fabrics. The fabrics may be knit or woven to make the down or fill proof, the fabrics may be water-repellent and/or fill proof fabrics, or alternatively, such as in the case of, for example, light-weight fabrics, they may be treated with waterproofing and/or down-proofing chemicals such as, for example, the chemical treatments referred to as DWR (durable water repellent). Since insulated garments may be down or synthetic thermal fiber filled, these fabrics, whether chemically treated or not, can prevent the fill from poking through the fabric and help prevent water moisture from the environment from entering inside of the garment. However, as noted earlier, a downside of these fill proof fabrics or chemical treatments on fabrics is that these treatments may decrease the ability for moisture vapor to evaporate from an environment that is internal to the garment, when the garment is worn by a wearer.

In an exemplary aspect, the vented garment 100 in FIGS. 1A and IB may be constructed by providing an interior panel and a corresponding exterior panel, for each section of the garment 100, the interior panel(s) and the corresponding exterior panel(s) may be cut out from a fabric piece(s) (not shown). An adhesive tape suitable for the particular type of fabric may be placed on the interior surface of one of the panels along predetermined sections of the panel to form chambers with a desired shape when the interior and the exterior panel(s) are affixed to each other. This affixing step can be achieved by, for example, aligning the panel without the adhesive tape on top of the panel with the adhesive tape, with its interior face facing the adhesive tape, once the adhesive tape is set in place. Then, the two panels may be pressed together with sufficient force and/or energy applied, to activate the adhesive tape to create a bond(s) between the two panels. The adhesive tape may be activated by, for instance, heat, or ultrasonic energy, or any other type of applied energy. Once the fabrics are bonded, seams, such as seam 120 are formed where the seams 120 define or delineate chambers, such as chamber 130, in between each pair of seams 120. In exemplary aspects, the interior panel and the exterior panel adhered together at the seams 120 form an exterior garment panel as shown in FIGS. 3 A and 3B.

The chambers 130 may then be filled with down, or synthetic-insulating fibers. Depending on the size and/or shape of the chambers 130 formed, the chambers 130 may be filled with down or thermal-insulating fibers either manually or mechanically.

In a different example of the vented garment, depending on the fabric material used, the seams may be created without the use of an adhesive tape. For example, the fabric may be formed from fibers that are reactive to different stimuli such as heat, sound waves, mechanical pressure, chemicals, water, and the like. Upon application of the stimulus to the fabric, the fibers may undergo a transformation that causes the fibers to adhere or bond to each other. In this aspect, the stimulus could be applied to only those portions of the fabric where seams are desired. Any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

In exemplary aspects, the seams 120 may be spaced apart in a generally horizontal orientation on the garment 100 as shown in FIGS. 1A and IB. Or the seams 120 may be spaced apart in a generally vertical orientation on the garment 100. The spacing of seams 120 may vary, as may the relative orientation of the seams 120 and/or the shape of the seams 120, enabling the chambers 130 to be different shapes and/or sizes. In some aspects, the seams 120 may be spaced such that there is minimal space between the seams 120 thereby resulting in a smaller-sized chamber 130 with less insulating fill. In other aspects, the seams 120 may be spaced more widely apart to create a larger-sized chamber 130 with greater amounts of insulating fill. In some exemplary aspects, spacing between the seams 120 may be greater than the width of the seam 120. In other exemplary aspects, spacing between the seams 120 may be greater than twice the width of the seam 120, and so on. Exemplary distances between adjacent seams 120 may comprise, for example, between 1 cm and 20 cm, between 2 cm and 15 cm, and/or between 3 cm and 10 cm, although ranges above and below these values are contemplated herein. In aspects, the spacing between adjacent seams 120 may be variable depending upon the desired amount of insulation needed at different portions of the garment 100.

The seams 120 may be perforated to form one or more openings during bonding, after bonding, and/or after filling the chambers 130. In exemplary aspects, openings 110 in the seams 120 may be formed using, for instance, a laser, an ultrasonic cutter, a water- jet cutter, a mechanical cutter, and the like. Provided the proper equipment, the seams 120 may be simultaneously formed and perforated in a single step to form the openings 110, although the seams 120 and the openings 110 may be formed in separate steps without departing from the scope of the technology described herein. In other aspects, the openings 110 may be integrally formed in the seams 120 during a knitting or a weaving process. As well, the seams 120 themselves may be formed during the knitting or weaving process. For example, a Jacquard head may be used to integrally knit the seams 120 and the chambers 130. Moreover, this same knitting or weaving process may be used to integrally fill the chambers 130 using float yarns at the time they are created. Any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

The openings 110 may provide ventilation and moisture management by allowing moisture vapor from perspiration and/or heat to escape to the exterior environment. The location of the openings 110 in the interior and exterior panels can vary in different aspects. For example, the openings 110 may penetrate both panels in the seam 120 (e.g. , penetrate the exterior panel, the adhesive (if used) and the interior panel within the seam 120). In another aspect, an additional interior panel may be provided, where the additional interior panel may or may not comprise openings. If openings are provided in the additional interior panel, the openings may or may not be offset from the openings 120, as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, and as discussed below. In another example, in a two-panel garment (e.g. , in a garment comprising just the exterior garment panel without the additional interior panel), the holes or openings 110 in the exterior panel in the seam 120 can be offset from openings in the interior panel at the seam 120 as shown and discussed below with respect to, for example, FIGS. 6 and 7.

FIG. 2 is a close-up view of one of the seams 120. The seam 120 may be formed as described above (e.g. , adhering an exterior panel to an interior panel at the seam 120 to form an insulated garment panel), and may be presented in a straight line (as shown), in a curved line, in a wavy line, or any other shape that may be useful, for example in forming and defining the chamber 130 and being visually appealing at the same time. The openings 110 may be of the same size, or different sizes (as shown). The openings 110 may be of different shapes such as circular (as shown), triangular, rectangular, or any other shape desired. The openings 110 may be evenly spaced in a straight line, curvy line, zig-zag, or any other suitable shape for placing the openings 110 on the seam 120. Additionally, depending on the size of the individual openings, there may be multiple rows of openings 110 on each seam 120. The plurality of openings 110 may be presented continuously along the seam 120 (as shown), or may be presented intermittently along the seam 120, or may be strategically placed on only a portion of the seam 120, for example, in the areas of high perspiration such as along the back of a wearer, under the arms of a wearer, between the legs of a wearer, and the like.

The garment construction may become more apparent in reference to FIGS. 3A and 3B, where an angled cross-sectional view 300 of a small section of the garment 100 is shown. The garment 100 in accordance with the technology described herein may be constructed from an exterior panel 310 and a middle panel 320 that together form an insulated garment panel 305, and an interior panel 344. In exemplary aspects, one or more of the panels 310, 320, and/or 344 may be formed from a fabric that is substantially impervious to water and/or a fabric that exhibits a low rate of moisture vapor transmission. Moreover, in exemplary aspects, the interior panel 344 may comprise a mesh material, or a material having moisture-wicking or moisture-management properties. Including a mesh material or a material having moisture-wicking or moisture-management properties as the interior panel 34 may increase wearer comfort, where the moisture management fabric is configured to move moisture from an inner-facing surface to an outer-facing surface of the garment.

The seam 120 and the chamber 130 may be created as described above in reference to FIGS. 1A and IB (e.g. , adhering the exterior panel 310 to the middle panel 320 at the seams 120 to form the insulated garment panel 305). The edges of the chambers 130 are formed by the seam 120. In other words, the seam 120 delineates and defines the chamber 130. The chamber 130 may then be filled with a fill material 330, such as down or synthetic fibers. In aspects, once filled, the vapor transmission rate of the garment 100 may be reduced even when the fabric used to form the garment 100 comprises a breathable material because the chambers 130 may hinder the transmission of moisture vapor through the garment 100. The openings 110 extending through the seam 120 of the insulated garment panel 305 may comprise exterior openings in that they open to the external environment. In exemplary aspects, the interior panel 344 may be somewhat loosely affixed to the insulated garment panel 305 at one or more locations such that the interior panel 344 may be spaced apart from the insulated garment panel 305 at areas where it is not affixed. In other words, a void or space 340 may be formed between the interior panel 344 and the inner- facing surface of the middle panel 320, where the space 340 may function as a passage for transmission of moisture vapor and/or air.

In accordance with another aspect herein, the interior panel 344 comprises a continuous panel/layer of material, wherein there are no breaks and/or deviations in the weaving/knitting patterns and/or yarns in the case of knit or woven textile materials, or there are no breaks/voids formed through the surface of a non-woven materials, as shown in FIG. 3A, or the interior panel 344 may comprises a plurality of interior openings, such as interior opening 342, as shown in FIG. 3B. The openings 342 may be thought of as interior openings in that they do not directly communicate with the external environment in contrast to the exterior openings 110. The interior openings 342 on the interior panel 344 are configured such that the interior openings 342 are offset from the exterior openings 110. In other words, there is not a direct communication path between the exterior openings 110 and the interior openings 342. This is indicated in FIG. 3B by the arrow 348 which indicates the route that moisture vapor and/or air would traverse when traveling, namely: 1) from the wearer's body, 2) through the interior opening 342, 3) into the space 340, and 4) out the exterior opening 110 where the moisture vapor may be discharged into the external environment.

The interior openings 342 in the interior panel 344 may be distributed throughout the interior panel 344 and/or may be localized in certain areas depending on the level of ventilation and/or breathability needed in a certain area. In one exemplary aspect, the interior openings 342 on the interior panel 344 are configured to not overlap with the exterior openings 110 associated with the exterior garment panel 305. In another exemplary aspect, the distribution of the interior openings 342 in the interior panel 344 may be configured such that a majority of the interior openings 342 (e.g., greater than 50%, 70%, 80%, or 90%) do not overlap with the exterior openings 110.

The size and number of the openings 342 and/or 110 may be adjusted to provide different ventilation and breathability characteristics, while still maintaining the structural integrity of the fabric, and maintaining a high level of thermal insulation. For instance, a larger size and greater number of openings 342 and/or 110 in portions of the garment 100 may provide a higher degree of ventilation and breathability characteristics to these portions. In another example, a smaller size and a fewer number of openings 342 and/or 110 in other portions of the garment 100 may provide for a lower degree of ventilation and breathability characteristics. Thus, by adjusting the size and/or number of the openings 342 and/or 110, different ventilation and breathability characteristics may be imparted to different portions of the garment 100. In exemplary aspects, the width size of each individual opening 342 and/or 110 may range anywhere from 0.1 mm to 5 mm, and the spacing between each individual opening 342 and/or 110 measured from edge to edge, may range anywhere from 0.5 mm to 10 mm. Other sizes and/or spacing of openings 342 and/or 110 may be used without departing from the scope of the technology described herein.

Now, in reference generally to FIGS. 4-7, and particularly to FIG. 4, a front view of another different vented garment 400 is shown in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. With respect to the garment 400, the garment 400 may comprise an exterior panel adhered to an interior panel at seams 420 to form an insulated garment panel, where the seams 420 define chambers 430 that may be filled with a fill material. But the garment 400 may or may not have an additional interior panel as described for the garment 100. The vented garment 400 in FIG. 4 may be constructed in a fashion similar to that described above with regard to the garment 100 shown in FIG. 1 to form the seams 420. Moreover, the seams 420 may be further reinforced by adding stitching 470 along their upper seam boundary 510 and/or lower seam boundary 520, as can be seen in the close up view of FIG. 5. Although stitching is shown in FIG. 5, other methods of selectively affixing the seam 420 are contemplated herein such as use of adhesives, bonding, spot welding, and the like. Stitching 470 may be applied mechanically and/or by hand, and may use any type of thread, whether natural or synthetic. Likewise, stitching 470 may be applied before or after openings 410 are formed and/or before or after the chambers 430 are filled. In one aspect, the part of the seam 420 between the upper seam boundary 510 and the lower seam boundary 520 is configured to remain open (i.e. no adhesive or other bonding in between upper seam boundary 510 and lower seam boundary 520) to form a passage for moisture vapor and/or air to pass between the exterior and interior panels.

The vented garment 400 may be vented using through openings such as those describe in reference to vented garment 100 where the openings 110 on the seams 120 extend through the interior and exterior panels, or in the alternative, vented garment 400 may be vented using offset openings within the seams 420. In other words, the exterior openings 410 in the garment's exterior panel may be offset from openings in the garment's interior panel (better shown in FIGS. 6 and 7) at the seams 420. The offset openings force moisture to pass through a passage within the seam 420 formed between the interior and exterior panels. The arrangement of the exterior and interior openings is illustrated with more detail in FIGS. 6 and 7.

FIG. 6 shows an angled cross-sectional view 600 of a small section of the garment 400. The garment 400 in accordance with the technology described herein may be constructed from an interior panel 620 and an exterior panel 610, where the interior panel 620 is affixed to the exterior panel 610 at the seam 420 to form an exterior garment panel 605. The seam 420 delineates and defines in part the chambers 430. The chambers 430 may then be filled with fill 630, such as down or synthetic fibers.

In the example shown in FIG. 6, the seam 420 comprises both exterior openings 410 and interior openings 415 (shown as dashed circles) that are offset from the exterior openings 410. The exterior openings 410, in some exemplary aspects, are formed just through the exterior panel 610 and may be open to or in communication with the external environment, while the interior openings 415 are formed just through the interior panel 620 and are not in direct communication with the external environment. As used herein, the term "offset" means the interior area of an exterior opening 410 does not overlap with the interior area of the interior opening 415. The offsetting of the exterior openings 410 from the interior openings 415 forces moisture and/or heat exiting the garment 400 to traverse a passage within the seam 420 connecting the interior openings 415 and exterior openings 410 as shown in FIG. 7.

FIG. 7 provides a cross-section of the seam 420 to illustrate the offset nature of the exterior openings 420 and the interior openings 415 according to an aspect. As previously described and as shown in FIG. 5, the seam 420 is formed by affixing in part the exterior panel 610 and the interior panel 620 at the upper seam boundary 510 and the lower seam boundary 520. By just affixing the panels 610 and 620 at the upper seam boundary 510 and the lower seam boundary 520, a passage or space 710 is maintained between the exterior panel 610 and the interior panel 620 as shown in FIG. 7. Thus, as shown by the arrow 712, moisture vapor and/or air would leave the wearer's body by traveling through the interior opening 415, traversing the passage or space 710, and exiting via the exterior opening 410 where it can be dissipated into the external environment. The exterior openings 410 and the interior openings 415 are shown as evenly spaced and/or sized in FIGS. 6 and 7, but other arrangements are possible as described herein. Like the vented garment 100 of FIGS. 1A/1B, the vented garment 400 in FIG. 4 may be made from conventional synthetic or natural woven or knit fabrics. The fabrics may be water repellent and/or engineered to be down proof/fill proof, or alternatively, such as in the case of ultra-light fabrics (29 g/m 2 or lower) and light-weig ht fabrics (89 g/m 2 - 30 g/m 2 ), the fabrics may need to be treated with waterproofing and down-proofing chemicals, such as, for example, the chemical treatments referred to as DWR (durable water repellent).

In some exemplary aspects, the insulating chambers in the vented garment in accordance with the technology described herein may be formed by welding separate pieces of fabric at each seam, or as discussed earlier, may be formed by pressing two whole panels with adhesive tape in strategic places in between the two panels. In the example where the chambers may be formed by welding separate pieces of fabric at each seam, this would allow for the introduction of different textures, colors, or functionalities by introducing different types of fabrics at different sections of the garment. Further, as described earlier, in one aspect, one or more portions of the insulating zones and/or the vented garments are constructed using an engineered weaving or knitting process (e.g. , program a weaving or knitting machine to form these structures).

Further, the vented insulating garment examples shown in the examples of FIGS. 1A and IB and FIG. 4 are vented cold-weather jackets or coats. However, the insulating vented garments in accordance with the technology described herein may also be constructed in the form of vests, pants, overalls, gloves, hats, and the like. FIG. 8 is an example of a vest 800 in accordance with the technology described herein. As seen in FIG. 8, the vest 800 may have seams 820 with a plurality of openings 810, forming thermally insulating chambers 840, which may be filled with down, or any other thermally-insulating material, such as polyester fibers. In exemplary aspects, the insulating portions of the vest 800 may be formed as shown in FIG. 3A and/or 3B and/or the insulating portions of the vest 800 may be formed as shown in FIGS. 5-7, any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein. The vest 800 may be used as a light-weight, breathable, thermal-insulation garment, for example by a runner. The vest 800 may comprise a mesh vent area 850 to provide additional ventilation.

In various embodiments, the vented-insulation sections or zones as described herein may be located in parts of the garment instead of throughout the garment. FIG. 9 shows a garment 900 with a right-chest vented insulation section 902, a left-chest vented insulation section 904, a left-arm vented insulation section 906, and a right-arm vented insulation section 908. The vented insulation sections 902, 904, 906, and 908 may be located to maximize the retention of heat while still allowing for moisture venting. For example the vented insulation sections 902, 904, 906, and 908 may be located in areas of the body that produce more perspiration or areas that produce more heat or need an increased amount of vapor escape, such as the chest region, thighs, and the like. Another example is that the insulation sections 902, 904, 906, and 908 may be located in regions of the body that are more sensitive to cold. The vented-insulation sections 902, 904, 906, and 908 may also be located based on the comfort of the wearer when exercising.

Turning now to FIG. 10A, a cross-section of the right-chest vented-insulation section 902 is provided. The right-chest vented-insulation section 902 can be installed within the garment 900 by, for instance, cutting out a portion of the garment 900 and adding the vented-insulation section 902 in place of the cutout area, or the vented-insulation section 902 may be placed over and joined to a garment layer (garment base layer) 1012. The vented- insulation section 902 is joined to the garment 900 at seam 1008 and seam 1010. The vented- insulation section 902 comprises chambers 1020 formed by joining an interior panel 1006 and an exterior panel 1007 at one or more seams 1005 to form the vented insulation section 902. In one exemplary aspect, the seams 1005 comprise offset exterior openings 1004 formed on exterior panel 1007 and interior openings 1002 formed on interior panel 1006. This configuration is similar to that shown in, for example, FIGS. 6 and 7. Alternatively, the seams 1005 may comprise openings 1004 that extend straight through the interior panel 1006 and the exterior panel 1007 (i.e. , the openings in the interior panel 1006 and the exterior panel 1007 are axially aligned with respect to one another). Additional interior openings may or may not be formed in a garment layer 1012 that faces the interior-facing side (next to the wearer) of the interior panel 1006 of the vented-insulation section 902, where a passage or space 1030 is formed between the garment layer 1012 and the interior panel 1006 of the vented insulation section 902. This configuration would be similar to that shown in FIGS. 3 A and 3B. Any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

FIG. 10B, shows an exploded view of FIG. 10A. The vented-insulation section 902 as briefly described above, is formed by joining an interior panel 1006 and an exterior panel 1007 at one or more seams 1005 to form the vented-insulation section 902. A thermally insulating material 1040 is contained between the interior panel 1006 and the exterior panel 1007 within chambers 1020 divided by the one or more seams 1005. In one aspect, and as shown in FIG. 10B, the garment layer 1012 may not comprise openings and may be continuous throughout. In a different aspect, the garment layer 1012 may be provided with one or more openings in the area provided with (covered by) the vented- insulation section 902. In yet another aspect, the garment layer 1012 may be provided with a cutout corresponding in shape and size with the shape and size of the vented-insulation section 902 such that there is no garment layer 1012 beneath the vented-insulation section 902 (not shown). The garment layer 1012 may comprise a mesh material, or a material having moisture-wicking or moisture-management properties. Using a mesh material or a material having moisture-wicking or moisture-management properties as garment layer 112 to form the garment, may increase wearer comfort.

Turning now to FIGS. 11-20, a number of exemplary configurations of insulation zones are depicted in accordance with aspects herein. The insulation zones shown in these figures comprise the vented-insulation sections having a configuration similar to that shown in, for example, FIGS. 3A, 3B, and/or FIGS. 6-7. For example, FIG. 11 depicts insulation zones within pants 1100. The right insulation zone 1104 and the left insulation zone 1102 are located in the shin areas, although aspects are not limited to these locations. Insulation zones may be located in other desired/suitable locations.

FIG. 12 depicts insulation zones within an athletic top 1200 in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. As shown in the perspective view of FIG. 12, the athletic top 1200 comprises a chest vented-insulation section 1210, right and left- shoulder vented-insulation sections 1220, and upper right and left-arm vented-insulation sections 1232. FIG. 13 depicts another perspective view of the athletic top 1200 and illustrates more clearly the right- shoulder vented-insulation section 1220 and the upper right- arm vented-insulation section 1232 in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. The garment/garment base layer may be constructed from a mesh material, or a material having moisture-wicking or moisture-management properties. The construction of a garment, for example, as shown in garment 1200, will increase comfort for a wearer as the need for layering multiple garments together may be eliminated by providing thermal insulation to only those areas in the garment configured to cover thermally sensitive or most exposed areas of the wearer's body that would benefit from having a thermally protective layer. Another advantage of a garment construction with zonal thermal insulation is that there is no bulkiness impeding motion (as in conventional thermally insulated garments) and therefore, the wearer is afforded to have greater range of motion, especially when provided in garments that are configured to conform to the wearer's body when worn, such as garment 1200.

Turning now to FIG. 14, insulation zones within compression pants 1400 are shown, in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. The pants 1400 are another example of garments that are configured to conform to the wearer's body when worn, and comprise a right-thigh vented-insulation section 1410 and a left-thigh vented-insulation section 1420. The pants 1400 also comprise a right-shin vented-insulation section 1430, and a left-shin vented-insulation section 1432. In exemplary aspect, the compression pant 1400 may comprise just the right-thigh vented-insulation section 1410 and the left-thigh vented- insulation section 1420. This aspect is shown in FIG. 15 which depicts compression pants 1500 having a right-thigh vented-insulation section 1510 and a left-thigh vented-insulation section 1520.

Turning now to FIG. 16, insulation zones within an athletic top 1600 are shown, in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. The athletic top 1600 comprises a right-chest vented-insulation section 1610 and a left-chest vented-insulation section 1612. The athletic top 1600 also comprises a left and right-shoulder vented-insulation sections 1614, upper left and right- arm vented-insulation sections 1616, and left and right- forearm vented-insulation sections 1618. Turning now to FIG. 17, a rear-view of the athletic top 1600 illustrates a right-back vented-insulation section 1620 and a left-back vented- insulation section 1630, in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein.

Turning now to FIG. 18, insulation zones within an athletic top 1800 are shown, in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. The athletic top 1800 comprises a chest vented-insulation section 1810, right and left-shoulder vented- insulation sections 1814, upper right and left-arm vented-insulation sections 1816, right and left-arm forearm vented-insulation sections 1812, and right and left-side vented-insulation sections 1818 (only the left-side vented-insulation section 1818 is shown in FIG. 18). Turning now to FIG. 19, a rear-view of the athletic top 1800 further shows a back vented- insulation section 1820 and the right-side vented-insulation section 1818 in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein.

Turning now to FIG. 20, insulation zones within a fleece top/jacket 2000 are shown, in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. The fleece jacket 2000 comprises a left-chest vented-insulation section 2004 and a right-chest vented-insulation section 2008. The body 2002 of the fleece jacket 2000 may comprise a breathable fleece material. A zipper 2006 can provide entrance to a pocket (not shown). The pocket can be constructed of mesh or another breathable material that works with the vented-insulation section 2004 to facilitate the transfer of heat and moisture through the fleece jacket 2000.

Turning now to FIG. 21, insulation zones within a hooded jacket 2100 are shown, in accordance with an aspect of the technology described herein. The hooded jacket 2100 comprises a left-chest vented-insulation section 2112 and a right-chest vented-insulation section 2110. The jacket 2100 may further comprise a hood 2118. The jacket 2100 also comprises a right- neck vented-insulation section 2114 and a left-neck vented-insulation section 2116, which might also align with a mouth and/or nose region of a wearer. As such, the right- neck vented-insulation section 2114 and the left-neck vented-insulation section 2116 might help to facilitate transfer of moisture, heat, and gas (e.g., carbon dioxide) away from a lower-face region of the wearer.

Turning now to FIG. 22, a flow chart showing an exemplary method 2200 of making a vented garment is provided. The vented garment could be a jacket, a vest, pants, full body suit, and the like and may comprise any of the configurations as described herein. At step 2210 an exterior panel, a corresponding middle panel, and an interior panel are cut out for a section of the vented garment. In an aspect, this process is repeated for each section of the garment and the sections, once completed at step 2260, are then connected to form the final vented garment.

At step 2220 the exterior panel and the middle panel are attached together at multiple seams to form an insulated garment panel. The multiple seams are spaced to define boundaries of a plurality of hollow chambers defined by the exterior panel and the middle panel. The hollow chambers can be different sizes and shapes to provide varying levels of insulation.

At step 2230 exterior openings through the multiple seams are formed. The exterior openings may have varying numbers as well as different sizes and/or different shapes. The openings can be formed via, for example, laser cutting, water jet cutting, mechanical cutting, and the like. Alternatively, when the panels are formed though an engineered weaving or knitting process, the openings may be formed through the weaving or knitting process. At step 2240, interior openings are optionally formed in the interior panel through any of the methods outlined above. The interior openings if, provided, can have different sizes and different shapes. At step 2250 the plurality of hollow chambers defined by the seams are filled with a thermally-insulating material, such as down or other synthetic fibers.

At step 2260 the interior panel is attached to an inward-facing portion of the insulated garment panel at one or more areas to form an exhaust passage or space defined by the interior-facing side of the insulated garment panel and an exterior-facing side of the interior panel. In an exemplary aspect, individual interior openings, when provided, generally do not overlap with individual exterior openings after the interior panel is affixed to the insulated garment panel. In other words, the interior openings, when provided, are offset from the exterior openings. The exterior and interior openings, when provided, are connected by the exhaust passages or space between the interior panel and the exterior garment panel.

In one aspect, one or more portions of the vented garment are constructed using an engineered weaving or knitting process (e.g. , program a weaving or knitting machine to form these structures). For example, the exterior panels and the interior panels may be formed together through the knitting and weaving process, where the knitting or weaving process may be used to form the seams and/or the exterior and interior openings. Any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

In an alternative method of manufacture, an exterior panel and a corresponding interior panel may be cut out for a section of a garment. Exterior openings may be formed in the exterior panel and interior openings may be formed in the interior panel. The exterior panel and the interior panel may be joined together at one or more seam areas to form an exterior garment panel. The panels may be joined together by, for example, stitching or bonding or upper part of the seam and stitching or bonding a lower part of the seam, where the areas between the stitched or bonded portions remain unaffixed. The exterior panel and the interior panel are positioned or aligned prior to the stitching or bonding process so that the interior openings are offset from the exterior openings at the seam areas and so that the interior openings and the exterior openings are in communication with each other via the unaffixed areas between the stitched or bonded areas.

The one or more seam areas define and delineate one or more chambers which may be filled with a natural or synthetic fill material. The spacing between adjacent seams, in turn, defines the size of the chamber formed between the adjacent seams. As such, the spacing between seams may be adjusted to provide varying levels of insulation for different portions of the garment. Moreover, the spacing, size, and/or number of the exterior openings and the interior openings may be adjusted to facilitate greater or lesser amounts of moisture vapor and/or air transport. For example, the size and number of openings may be increased, and the spacing between openings decreased, to provide a greater amount of moisture vapor and/or air transport, while the size and number of openings may be decreased, and the spacing between openings increased, to provide a lesser amount of moisture vapor and/or air transport. Further, these variables may be adjusted corresponding to where the openings are positioned on the resultant garment. For example, moisture vapor and/or heat transport may be greater on portions of the garment that overlay high heat and/or moisture producing areas of the body such as the back torso along the spine, the flank areas of the wearer the chest area, the thigh or shin areas, the upper arm areas of the wearer, and the like. Continuing, the variables associated with the openings may also be adjusted depending on whether the resultant garment will be used for a male or a female as heat and/or moisture transport needs may differ between males and females. Any and all aspects, and any variation thereof, are contemplated as being within the scope herein.

Turning now to FIG. 23, a flow chart showing an exemplary method 2300 of making a vented garment is provided where the garment comprises one or more vented- insulation sections, such as those shown in FIGS. 9 and 11-21, for example. The method comprises providing at least one garment base layer at step 2310, where the garment base layer may comprise knit or woven synthetic or natural fabrics made for comfort and/or performance enhancement such as moisture wicking fabrics, stretch fabrics, water-resistant fabrics, cotton fabrics, etc. Then, one or more vented-insulation sections constructed according to any of the aspects described above, and having specific shapes and sizes predetermined for their specific location on the finalized garment are provided, as described at step 2320. The one or more vented-insulation sections are placed adjacent to an outer- facing surface of the garment base layer at predetermined locations on the garment base layer as described at step 2330, and are affixed to the garment base layer such that the vented- insulation sections help form an exterior face of the garment once assembled, as described at step 2340. The finalized garment is then constructed from all respective garment base layers.

FIG. 24 is a flow chart that describes an alternative method of construction to the one described in FIG. 23, where the at least one garment layer is provided having one or more cutouts at step 2410. The one or more cutouts have a shape and size corresponding to the respective one or more vented-insulations section provided at step 2420. The one or more vented-insulations sections are affixed to the at least one garment layer at the corresponding one or more cutouts, thereby covering the one or more cutouts with the one or more vented- insulations sections, as described at step 2430.

It will be understood that certain features and subcombinations are of utility and may be employed without reference to other features and subcombinations. This is contemplated by and is within the scope of the claims.

Since many possible embodiments may be made of the technology described herein without departing from the scope thereof, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.