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Title:
WATER-DISPERSIBLE COLORING COMPOSITION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/041730
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A water-dispersible composition comprising a dispersion of a carotenoid pigment in combination with a formulation comprising a curcumin pigment.

Inventors:
FRECKER, Susan (3149 N Knoll Blvd, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53222, US)
KOEHLER, Klaus (Frederiksberg Allé 49 1, 1820 Frederiksberg, 1820, DK)
NAUD, Juliette (Dalgas Boulevard 118, 4tv, 2000 Frederiksberg, 2000, DK)
Application Number:
EP2017/071414
Publication Date:
March 08, 2018
Filing Date:
August 25, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CHR. HANSEN NATURAL COLORS A/S (Boege Alle 10-12, 2970 Hoersholm, 2970, DK)
International Classes:
A23L5/44; A23L5/43; A23L23/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2014033703A12014-03-06
WO2003034841A12003-05-01
WO2013167644A12013-11-14
WO2014033703A12014-03-06
Foreign References:
US20110177202A12011-07-21
JP2008063476A2008-03-21
US20110177202A12011-07-21
CN102652732A2012-09-05
US20130337024A12013-12-19
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A water-dispersible composition comprising: (1 ) A water-dispersible composition comprising a dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηι, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier and

wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier : carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :10 to 4:1 ; and

wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin, β-carotene, ocarotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin, capsorubin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin and lycopene;

in combination with

(2) A water-dispersible formulation comprising a curcumin pigment.

2. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 1 , wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin and β-carotene.

3. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the solid particles have an average size of at the most 2 μηη. 4. The water-dispersible composition of claim 3, wherein the solid particles have an average size of at the most 1 μηη.

5. The water-dispersible composition of claim 4, wherein the solid particles have an average size of at the most 0.4 μηη.

6. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :4 to 3:1.

7. The water-dispersible composition of claim 6, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :3 to 3:1.

8. The water-dispersible composition of claim 6, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :4 to 2:1.

9. The water-dispersible composition of claim 8, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate 5 emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :2 to 2:1.

10. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is a water-insoluble pigment.

10 11. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the dispersion comprises at least 5% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη.

12. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 1 1 , wherein the dispersion 15 comprises at least 8% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη.

13. The water-dispersible composition according claim 12, wherein the dispersion comprises at least 10% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of

20 solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη.

14. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, wherein the polysorbate is polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, polysorbate 80 or a mixture of these.

25

15. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 14, wherein the polysorbate is polysorbate 80.

16. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, 30 wherein the polysorbate water-soluble emulsifier is present in the composition in an amount of at least 5% (w/w).

17. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, wherein the polysorbate water-soluble emulsifier is present in the composition in an

35 amount of at the most 35% (w/w).

18. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, wherein at least 80% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier.

5 19. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 18, wherein at least 97% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier.

20. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, 10 wherein the pH of the water-dispersible composition is a pH from 2 to 5.

21. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, wherein the water-dispersible composition also comprises an antioxidant.

15 22. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, wherein the solid particles are being dispersed in the aqueous phase in the absence of a hydrocolloid.

23. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 22, wherein the hydrocolloid is 20 gelatin, gum arabic, beet pectin or starch octenyl succinate derivative.

24. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims, wherein the solid particles of claim 1 comprise carotenoid crystals covered with polysorbate and the solid particles comprise less than 0.5% (w/w) of fat, oil or wax.

25

25. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 24, wherein the carotenoid crystals are bixin and/or β-carotene crystals.

26. The water-dispersible composition according to any of claims 24 to 25, wherein the 30 solid particles comprise 0% (w/w) of fat, oil or wax.

27. Use of a water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding claims for the manufacture of an edible product or a pharmaceutical product.

28. The use according to claim 27, wherein the edible product or pharmaceutical product is a product with a pH of at the most 6.

29. The use according to claim 28, wherein the edible product or pharmaceutical product 5 is a product with a pH of at the most 4.

30. The use according to any of the claims 27 to 29, wherein the product is an edible product and the edible product is a food product or a feed product.

10 31. The use according to any of the claims 27 to 30, wherein water-dispersible composition is used as a colorant for a food product, a feed product or a pharmaceutical product.

32. The use according to claim 31 , wherein the product is a food product.

15

33. The use according to claim 32, wherein the food product is a beverage, wine gum, marmelade, jam, sugar confectionary, panned chocolate lentils, sausage casings, pasta, macaroni, cheese, prepared food or extruded foods.

20 34. The use according to claim 33, wherein the food product is a beverage.

35. The use according to claim 34, wherein the beverage is a soft drink.

36. The use according to any of the claims 34 to 35, wherein the beverage is a beverage, 25 wherein the pH is from pH 2 to 3.

37. An edible product comprising a water-dispersible composition according to any of the claims 1 to 26.

30 38. A method for preparing a water-dispersible pigment composition according to any of the claims 1 to 26, the method comprising preparing a dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles by comminuting the pigment in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier, to obtain a dispersion comprising the pigment in the form of solid particles of an average

39. The method according to claim 38, wherein the comminuting is done by milling.

40. The method according to any of the claims 38 to 39, wherein the pigment is 5 comminuted in an aqueous phase in the absence of a hydrocolloid.

41. The method according to any of the claims 38 to 40, wherein the polysorbate emulsifier is present in an amount of at least 5% (w/w).

10 42. The method according to according to any of the claims 38 to 41 , wherein the ratio of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in a range of 1 :10 to 4:1 .

43. The water-dispersible composition according to any of claims 1 to 26, wherein the water-dispersible composition (2) of claim 1 comprising curcumin pigment is:

15 a water-dispersible formulation comprising at least 1 % (w/w) of curcumin pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising a dispersant agent.

44. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 43, wherein the dispersant 20 agent is not polysorbate.

45. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 43, wherein the dispersant agent is gum arabic, locust bean gum, pectin, beet-pectin, gelatin or preferably starch.

25 46. The water-dispersible composition according to claim 44, wherein the starch is a starch sodium octenyl succinate derivative.

47. The water-dispersible composition according to any of claims 43 to 46, wherein the ratio (w/w) of dispersant agent:curcumin pigment is in the range of 1 :1000 to 1000:1 .

30

48. The use according to claim 32, wherein the food product is sauce.

49. The use according to claim 48, wherein the sauce is a pasta sauce.

35

Description:
WATER-DISPERSIBLE COLORING COMPOSITION FIELD OF INVENTION The present invention relates to a water-dispersible composition comprising a composition comprising a dispersion of carotenoid pigment in combination with a formulation comprising a curcumin pigment.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Coloring agents containing natural or synthetic coloring substances are commonly used as additives in the manufacturing of food products and pharmaceutical products.

The commercially available coloring agents can contain synthetic substances including substances that are normally referred to as dyes or azodyes, or such agents can contain pigments or other coloring substances of natural origin, e.g. in the form of plant material containing a coloring substance, or as more or less purified coloring substances separated from plant, animal or microbial materials naturally containing such substances.

Occasionally, food grade or pharmaceutically acceptable colorings agents are provided that contain coloring substances in the form of synthetic or artificial compounds having substantially the same chemical composition as natural occurring coloring agents. These types of coloring agents are also referred to in the art as "nature identical" colors.

In the present context, the expressions "naturally occurring coloring agents" and "natural pigments" also include "nature identical" colors.

Natural pigments or nature-identical pigments may be water soluble or water insoluble. The present invention relates to water insoluble pigments.

Any of the above types of available coloring agents including agents comprising food grade or pharmaceutically acceptable natural coloring substances can be water soluble, sparingly soluble in water and aqueous media or essentially water-insoluble. A water soluble coloring material or substance as such requires that the product to be colored has an aqueous phase in which the coloring substance is soluble. However, it may be desirable to obtain the color tone of a particular coloring substance that is insoluble or sparingly soluble in an aqueous phase or a mixture of such substances in a food product or a pharmaceutical product that does not comprise a phase in which the coloring substance is sufficiently soluble to provide the desired coloring. There is therefore a continuous industrial need for coloring agents containing coloring substances that are water insoluble or sparingly insoluble in water, which are in the form of water- miscible or water dispersible compositions having a high coloring efficiency.

Carotenoids which have yellow, orange or red colors occur widely in nature and important sources are plants including grasses, the annatto tree, citrus species, Capsicum annum, Crocus sativus flowers and marigold flowers, marine algae, yeast and some animals. Carotenoids can be divided into the following classes: carotenoid hydrocarbons, xanthophylls and apocarotenoids. Typical examples of carotenoids include bixin, β- carotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin and capsorubin occurring in paprika oleoresin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin, lycopene and derivatives hereof.

Carotenoids are generally understood to be essentially water-insoluble or sparingly soluble in water.

The working Examples of US201 1/177202A1 application describe coloring compositions comprising paprika oleoresin (carotenoid natural pigment) and the emulsifiers, polysorbate and "citric acid ester of mono- and diglycerides of edible fatty acids (E472c)". As known in the art and also explained in paragraph [0020] of the US application - paprika oleoresin is an oil-soluble extract of paprika that contains carotenoids such as capsanthin, capsorubin and β-carotene - accordingly, paprika oleoresin is oil with dissolved carotenoids.

Accordingly, the coloring compositions made in the working examples of US201 1/177202A1 may be described as oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion color compositions based on oil with dissolved carotenoids (paprika oleoresin) - i.e. liquid oil droplets (comprising dissolved carotenoids) dispersed in water.

According to paragraph [0045] the paprika oleoresin is mixed with emulsifying agents and agitated until completely dissolved to get a homogenous oil phase and an aqueous solution is added to the oil phase to get the oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion, which is homogenized in order to get smaller liquid oil droplets (comprising dissolved carotenoids) dispersed in water.

As understood by the skilled person in the present context - such "liquid oil droplets" are not understood to be "solid particles".

As known in the art - the term "emulsion" is used when both phases, dispersed and continuous, are liquids - i.e. like for example above discussed paprika oleoresin oil-in- water (o/w) emulsion compositions.

A solid-in-water dispersion, wherein the solid particles (e.g. solid beta-carotene particles) are dispersed in the water phase of the solid-in-water dispersion is not understood to be an emulsion.

Accordingly, a paprika oleoresin based oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion as described in the working examples of US201 1/177202A1 is not a water-dispersible composition comprising a dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid as the natural pigment in the form of solid particles as discussed herein.

In the working examples of US201 1/177202A1 were used at least 5 times more polysorbate than paprika oleoresin - i.e. the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier: carotenoid pigment was at least 5:1 . In line of this is there in paragraph [0033] explained that it is preferred to use at least 5 times more polysorbate than coloring pigment. For herein relevant commercial use, this may be seen as a too high amount of used polysorbate - one reason for this relates to that polysorbate may be said to have an unwanted unpleasant taste (see e.g. WO2013/167644A1 ).

Paragraph [0047] of US201 1/177202A1 reads: "If only polysorbate 60 is used as the emulsifying agent, the solution consisting of the composition and the lemonade medium becomes macroscopically inhomogeneous" - accordingly use of polysorbate as such did not work properly at the low pH of the lemonade medium.

The working examples of WO2014/033703A1 application describe solid-in-water dispersions comprising β-carotene pigment solid particles dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising different not polysorbate emulsifiers - the term "polysorbate" is not mentioned at all in the WO application. The relevant working examples use sugar ester as emulsifier and such sugar ester may be considered relatively acid labile and therefore not very stable at low pH values.

CN102652732A discloses the preparation of nanoscale water-soluble emulsions, with a particle size of 100-600 nm, by homogenization of carotenoids in an aqueous medium also comprising emulsifiers such as tween (polysorbate) or polyglycerol ester of fatty acid, and a hydrocolloid. The active compound (e.g. a carotenoid) is dissolved in an organic solvent/emulsifier (see e.g. Example 3) and the pigment is therefore not in the form of solid particles.

US2013/337024A1 describes oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion color compositions based on oil with dissolved carotenoids (e.g. lycopene - see [0250]) - i.e. liquid oil droplets (comprising dissolved carotenoids) dispersed in water. Since edible products, due to consumer taste preferences, extended shelf life etc., often have a low pH, the provision of new food grade coloring agents which are stable at low pH is highly desired.

Especially, water-dispersible coloring compositions/products based on water-insoluble carotenoid natural pigments, which do not precipitate at a pH below 4, are desired - e.g. to be used for coloring a soft drink.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The problem to be solved by the present invention relates to the provision of a novel carotenoid (e.g. bixin or beta-carotene) water-dispersible coloring composition with a relatively high concentration of water-insoluble carotenoid pigment and which does not precipitate at a pH below 7 and therefore may e.g. be used for coloring a soft drink.

The solution is based on that the present inventors identified that polysorbate is a particular useful emulsifier in order to make a concentrated (i.e. with high coloring power) carotenoid pigment solid-in-water dispersion product, wherein the solid carotenoid pigment particles are stably dispersed as small solid particles (e.g. size of less than 1 μηη) in the water phase and which do not precipitate at a pH below 7 and therefore may e.g. be used for coloring a soft drink. A carotenoid pigment such as e.g. bixin may have an orange color tone - if a more yellow color tone is wanted, the inventors have identified that this may be obtained by using curcumin color pigment. Said in other words, one may obtain the orange/yellow color tone of interest by using a suitable combination of carotenoid pigment and curcumin pigment composition(s) as described herein - this is illustrated in a working example herein.

The working examples 1 to 5 herein demonstrated that by use of polysorbate as emulsifier, it was possible to make concentrated (strength of at least 10% (w/w)) beta- carotene and bixin pigment solid-in-water dispersion compositions, which e.g. had following positive characteristics:

(i) : stable after storage for 3 months; since the examples demonstrated that the small average particle size (less than 0.5 μηη) of the solid pigment particles were stably maintained during 3 months storage;

(ii) : does not precipitate at a pH below 4; since a low and stable average particle size was obtained at pH 3.0-3.5.

As known in the art, there is a close link between a low average particle size and a high coloring power (e.g. high color brightness (Chroma)).

Accordingly, the fact that a low and stable average particle size was obtained in the examples demonstrated that a high and stable coloring power was obtained at pH 3.0-3.5.

Working examples herein show that it is possible to obtain a good carotenoid color products even with use of relatively small amounts of polysorbate as emulsifier - for instance in working example 1 was only used half of the amount (w/w) of polysorbate relatively to the amount of beta-carotene - i.e. the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier: carotenoid pigment is 1 :2.

In beta-carotene working example 3 herein is the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier: carotenoid pigment 1 :1 (i.e. same amount (w/w) of polysorbate and beta-carotene).

In WO2014/033703A1 (discussed above) were used significantly more emulsifier and the obtained solid-in-water dispersions therefore had a relatively lower color strength.

An advantage of the carotenoid water-dispersible composition as described herein is that they comprise a relatively high pigment concentration (such as e.g. least 5% (w/w)), which gives a more concentrated product. Advantages of a more concentrated product are shorter production process time per kg pigment and less expenses relating to e.g. transportation.

The low concentration of polysorbate water-soluble emulsifier needed in the coloring composition of the present invention to achieve acid stability as well as high tinctorial power assures that costs of production can be kept at a minimum and the inventors have found that no off-taste from the water soluble emulsifier is detectable in the finished colored edible product (e.g. a soft drink). An advantage of polysorbate as compared to e.g. emulsifiers such as polyglycerol and quillaja is that polysorbate is cheaper than e.g. polyglycerol and quillaja.

Further, in some countries (e.g. Europe and USA) there are some food regulatory legal restrictions in relation to e.g. polyglycerol and quillaja - to the contrary polysorbate is generally allowed to be used for food products in the majority of countries (e.g. Europe and USA).

Accordingly, a first aspect of the present invention relates to a water-dispersible composition comprising:

(1 ) A dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier and wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :10 to 4:1 ; and

wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin, β-carotene, ocarotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin, capsorubin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin and lycopene;

in combination with

(2) A water-dispersible formulation comprising a curcumin pigment.

As understood by the skilled person in the present context - the term "in combination with" should be understood as the two color pigments (i.e. carotenoid pigment and curcumin pigment) are used in combination in order to obtain a desired color tone (e.g. desired orange/yellow color tone) of interest in e.g. an edible product. Accordingly, the term "in combination with" may relate to that the two compositions (i.e. carotenoid dispersion (1 ) and curcumin formulation (2) of the first aspect) are formulated as independent separate formulations, which are then both added (i.e. in combination) to e.g. an edible product in order to obtain a desired color tone of the edible product.

Alternatively, the two compositions (i.e. carotenoid dispersion (1 ) and curcumin formulation (2) of the first aspect) may be formulated into a single composition (e.g. one liquid composition in a suitable package (e.g. a bottle)) and this single composition may then be added to an edible product. A second aspect of the invention relates to the use of a water-dispersible composition according to the first aspect and herein relevant embodiments thereof for the manufacture of an edible product or a pharmaceutical product.

A third aspect of the invention relates to an edible product or a pharmaceutical product comprising a composition according to the first aspect and herein relevant embodiments thereof.

A fourth aspect of the invention relates to a method for preparing a water-dispersible pigment composition of the first aspect and herein relevant embodiments thereof, the method comprising preparing a dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles by comminuting the pigment in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier, to obtain a dispersion comprising the pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη and a curcumin comprising formulation and combining the dispersion and the formulation.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The inventors of the present invention have found that a water-dispersible composition of the first aspect and herein relevant embodiments thereof provides a coloring agent with a very high tinctorial power and acid stability compared to conventional coloring agents currently on the market. The present invention relates to a water-dispersible composition comprising: (1 ) A dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier and wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :10 to 4:1 ; and

wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin, β-carotene, ocarotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin, capsorubin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin and lycopene;

in combination with

(2) A water-dispersible formulation comprising a curcumin pigment.

The dispersion comprising a carotenoid pigment The water-dispersible composition according to the invention comprises at least one carotenoid natural pigment.

As discussed above - occasionally, food grade or pharmaceutically acceptable coloring agents are provided that contain coloring substances in the form of synthetic or artificial compounds having substantially the same chemical composition as natural occurring coloring agents. These types of coloring agents are also referred to in the art as "nature identical" colors.

In the present context, the expressions "naturally occurring coloring agents" and "natural pigments" also include "nature identical" colors.

As known in the art - β-carotene is an example of a pigment that may be obtained directly from a natural source and/or be a so-called nature identical color.

The natural carotenoid pigment can be any food grade or pharmaceutically acceptable coloring matter derived from a natural source. Thus, the pigment may either be in a substantially pure form or it may be contained in the material where it occurs naturally such as a plant or animal material, optionally in combination with a food grade and/or pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

It is essential that the carotenoid pigments used in the current composition are solid water insoluble pigments. Hydrophobic pigments are not soluble in water at any pH value.

Carotenoids which have yellow, orange or red colors occur widely in nature and important sources are plants including grasses, the annatto tree, citrus species, Capsicum annum, Crocus sativus flowers and marigold flowers, marine algae, yeast and some animals. Carotenoids can be divided into the following classes: carotenoid hydrocarbons, xanthophylls and apocarotenoids.

As discussed above in relation to the first aspect - the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of bixin, β-carotene, o carotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin, capsorubin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin and lycopene.

Bixin will at high pH change to norbixin which is water soluble.

The dispersion as described herein may comprise two or more different carotenoids - for instance 3% (w/w) of bixin and 6% (w/w) β-carotene, which give a composition with 9% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment. Preferably, the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of bixin and β-carotene.

In a particular embodiment the present invention relates to a water-dispersible composition comprising a dispersion of at least 2%, such as at least 3%, such as at least 4%, such as at least 5%, such as at least 6%, such as at least 7%, such as at least 8%, such as at least 9%, such as at least 10%, such as at least 15%, such as at least 20%, such as at least 25% (w/w) based on the dispersion, of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment as described above in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη or even less, see the below listed average sizes, said particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising at least one water-soluble polysorbate emulsifier.

In a particular embodiment of the present invention the water-dispersible composition as described herein is comprising a dispersion of less than 50% (w/w), such as less than 40% (w/w), such as less than 37% (w/w), such as less than 35% (w/w), such as less than 30% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment based on the dispersion. In preferred embodiments, the average size of the solid particles is at the most 9 μηη, such as at the most 8 μηη, such as at the most 7 μηη, such as at the most 6 μηη, such as at the most 5 μηη, such as the most 4 μηη, such as at the most 3 μηη, such as at the most 2 μηη, such as at the most 1.9 μηη, such as at the most 1 .8 μηη, such as at the most 1 .7 μηη, such as at the most 1.6 μηη, such as at the most 1.5 μηη, such as at the most 1.4 μηη, such as the most 1 .3 μηη, such as at the most 1 .2 μηη, such as the most 1 .1 μηη, such as the most 1 .0 μηη, such as at the most 0.9 μηη, such as at the most 0.8 μηη, such as at the most 0.7 μηη, such as at the most 0.6 μηη, such as at the most 0.5 μηη, such as at the most 0.4 μηη, such as at the most 0.3 μηη, such as at the most 0.2. In a particular embodiment of the present invention the average size of the solid particles of the carotenoid pigment is at least 0.1 μηη.

In a particular embodiment the present invention relates to a water-dispersible composition comprising at least 2%, such as at least 3%, such as at least 4%, such as at least 5%, such as at least 6%, such as at least 7%, such as at least 8%, such as at least 9%, such as at least 10%, such as at least 15%, such as at least 20%, such as at least 25% (w/w) based on the water-dispersible composition, of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment as described above in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη or even less, see the below listed average sizes, said particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising at least one water-soluble polysorbate emulsifier.

In a particular embodiment of the present invention the water-dispersible composition as described herein is comprising less than 50% (w/w), such as less than 40% (w/w), such as less than 37% (w/w), such as less than 35% (w/w), such as less than 30% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment based on water-dispersible composition.

In relation to measurement of size of the particles - in working examples herein were used Malvern MasterSizer and there was measured D(4,3). As known in the art - D(4,3) relates to mean diameter by volume (i.e. the same as mass).

Accordingly and as understood by the skilled person in the present context - the average size of the particles relates to D(4,3) measured Malvern MasterSizer.

Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from ethoxylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. Common brand names for polysorbates include Scattics, Alkest, Canarcel, and Tween.

As discussed above - polysorbates are very cost-efficient and this is a herein relevant advantage of the use of polysorbate as emulsifier as discussed herein.

The polysorbate may e.g. be polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, polysorbate 80 or a mixture of these.

In working examples herein was used polysorbate 80 and it may be a preferred polysorbate.

Suitable examples of polysorbate include polysorbate with E-numbers: E 431 , E 432, E 433, E 434, E 435 or E 436.

As known in the art - E-numbers are codes for substances that can be used as food additives for use within the European Union and the E-numbers are not changed over time and E-numbers therefore directly and unambiguously technically define a food additive of interest.

In a preferred embodiment the water-soluble emulsifier is present in the dispersion in an amount of at least 2% (w/w), such as at least 3% (w/w), such as at least 5% (w/w), such as at least 6% (w/w), such as at least 7% (w/w), such as at least 8% (w/w), such as at least 9% (w/w), such as at least 10% (w/w), such as at least 1 1 % (w/w), such as at least 12% (w/w), such as at least 13% (w/w), such as at least 14% (w/w), such as at least 15% (w/w), and such as at least 20% (w/w) based on the dispersion. In a preferred embodiment the water-soluble emulsifier is present in the dispersion in an amount of at the most 40% (w/w), such as at the most 35% (w/w), such as at the most 25% (w/w), such as at the most 24% (w/w), such as at the most 23% (w/w), such as at the most 22% (w/w), such as at the most 21 % (w/w), such as at the most 20% (w/w) based on the dispersion.

In a preferred embodiment the water-soluble emulsifier is present in the dispersion in an amount of 3% (w/w) to 40% (w/w), 5% (w/w) to 35% (w/w), such as 7% (w/w) to 30% (w/w), such as 10% (w/w) to 25% (w/w), such as 12% (w/w) to 24% (w/w), such as 13% (w/w) to 23% (w/w), such as 14% (w/w) to 22%% (w/w), such as at least 15% (w/w) to 20% (w/w) based on the dispersion. The low concentration of water-soluble emulsifier needed in the coloring composition of the present invention to achieve acid stability as well as high tinctorial power assures that costs of production can be kept at a minimum and the inventors have found that no off- taste from the water soluble emulsifier is detectable in the finished edible product (e.g. a soft drink).

As discussed above in relation to the first aspect - the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifiercarotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :10 to 4:1 , more preferably in the range of 1 :10 to 3:1 .

As discussed above - working examples herein show that it is possible to obtain good carotenoid color products even with use of relatively small amounts of polysorbate as emulsifier, which is an advantage of the present invention.

Preferably there is not used more polysorbate than required in order to make a water- dispersible composition as described herein.

In a particular embodiment of the present invention the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier to carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :4 to 4:1 , such as 1 :4 to 3:1 or such as 1 :3 to 3:1 . In a preferred embodiment of the invention the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifiercarotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :4 to 2:1 , such as 1 :2.5 to 2.5:1 or such as 1 :2 to 2:1.

The water-dispersible composition as described herein may comprise other types of emulsifier than polysorbate.

However, it is preferred that at least 80% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier, more preferably that at least 90% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier, even more preferably that at least 97% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier and most preferably that essentially all of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier.

Preferably, the pH of the water-dispersible composition, the dispersion comprising the carotenoid and the water dispersible formulation comprising the curcumin is from 1 to 7, more preferably from 2 to 5 and even more preferably from 2.5 to 4. In a most preferred embodiment the pH is from 3.5 to 4.5.

In a particular embodiment the water-dispersible composition as described herein also comprises an antioxidant (such as tocopherols, rosemary extract, ascorbic acid or ascorbates).

In one preferred embodiment the solid particles are being dispersed in the aqueous phase in the absence of a hydrocolloid.

The term "hydrocolloid" as used herein refers to a protective colloid which prevents agglomeration of the pigments and thus provides wetting and dispersing activity. Examples of hydrocolloids include gelatin, gum arabic, beet pectin and starch octenyl succinate derivatives.

Starch octenyl succinate is the common name given to starch n-octenyl succinate which is made by treating starch with n-octenyl succinic anhydride at pH 8-8.5. This type of starch derivative is anionic due to a carboxyl group and hydrophobic due to the C 8 - alkene chain. The common E-number of starch sodium octenyl succinate derivatives is E1450 (see EU food additive legislation). Preferably, the solid particles of the first aspect comprises carotenoid (preferably bixin and/or β-carotene) crystals covered with polysorbate and the solid particles comprise less than 0.5% (preferably 0%) (w/w) of fat, oil or wax.

In a particular preferred embodiment, the water-dispersible composition of the first aspect and herein relevant embodiments thereof is a water-dispersible composition, wherein the water-dispersible composition comprises a dispersion of at least 10% (w/w) of β-carotene as the natural pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηι, said particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as the water-soluble emulsifier and wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier^-carotene pigment is in the range of 1 :3 to 3:1.

In relation to the embodiment immediately above - it is preferred that:

- the composition comprises at least 12% (w/w) of β-carotene, more preferably at least 14% (w/w) of β-carotene and even more preferably at least 18% (w/w) of β-carotene based on dispersion; - the solid particles have an average size of at the most 4 μηη, more preferably of at the most 2 μηη, even more preferably of at the most 1 .5 μηη and most preferably of at the most 1 .0 μηι; and/or

- the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier:3-carotene pigment is in the range of 1 :2 to 3:1 , more preferably in the range of 1 :2 to 2:1 and even more preferably in the range of 1 :2 to

1 .5:1 ; and/or

- wherein solid particles comprises β-carotene crystals covered with polysorbate and the solid particles comprise less than 0.5% (preferably 0%) (w/w) of fat, oil or wax. In a particular preferred embodiment, the water-dispersible composition of the first aspect and herein described embodiments thereof is a water-dispersible composition, wherein the water-dispersible composition comprises a dispersion of at least 10% (w/w) of bixin as the natural pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as the water- soluble emulsifier and wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifierbixin pigment is in the range of 1 :3 to 3:1.

In relation to the embodiment immediately above - it is preferred that:

- the composition comprises at least 12% (w/w) of bixin, more preferably at least 14% (w/w) of bixin and even more preferably at least 18% (w/w) of bixin based on the dispersion

- the solid particles have an average size of at the most 4 μηη, more preferably of at the most 2 μηη, even more preferably of at the most 1 .5 μηη and most preferably of at the most 1 .0 μηη;

- the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifierbixin pigment is in the range of 1 :2 to 3:1 , more preferably in the range of 1 :2 to 2:1 and even more preferably in the range of 1 :2 to 1 .5:1 ; and/or

- wherein solid particles comprises bixin crystals covered with polysorbate and the solid particles comprise less than 0.5% (preferably 0%) (w/w) of fat, oil or wax. As discussed above - a fourth aspect of the invention relates to a method for preparing a water-dispersible pigment composition of the first aspect and herein relevant embodiments thereof, the method comprising preparing a dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles by comminuting the pigment in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier, to obtain a dispersion comprising the pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη.

Preferably the comminuting is done by milling, preferably wet milling.

A preferred milling is ball milling.

As understood by the skilled person in the present context - preferred embodiments in relation to a water-dispersible composition of the first aspect may imply corresponding evident preferred embodiments in relation to the fourth aspect of the invention (relating to a method for preparing a water-dispersible pigment composition of the first aspect).

For instance, in relation to the method of the fourth aspect it may be preferred that:

- the pigment is comminuted in an aqueous phase in the absence of a hydrocolloid;

- the polysorbate emulsifier is present in an amount of at least 5% (w/w);

- the ratio of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in a range of 1 :10 to 4:1.

The second water-dispersible composition comprising a curcumin pigment

Preferably, the water-dispersible composition (2) of the first aspect comprising curcumin pigment is:

a water-dispersible formulation comprising at least 1 % (w/w) of curcumin pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising a dispersant agent.

The curcumin pigment can be any food grade or pharmaceutically acceptable coloring matter derived from a natural source. Thus, the pigment may either be in a substantially pure form or it may be contained in the material where it occurs naturally such as a plant, optionally in combination with a food grade and/or pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

The term "dispersant agent" should be understood as the skilled person would understand it in the present context. As understood by the skilled person in the present context, a dispersant agent works as dispersant agent in the sense that it stably disperses the solid pigment particles so there is not unwanted sedimentation of the solid pigment particles. As known to the skilled person - when there is unwanted sedimentation of the solid pigment particles the herein relevant color will be lost. As known in the art - an emulsifier is an example of a dispersant agent.

A dispersant agent may e.g. also be what in the art sometimes is termed a hydrocolloid. Examples of herein suitable hydrocolloids are gum arabic, locust bean gum, pectin, beet- pectin, gelatin or preferably starch.

5

A preferred starch is starch octenyl succinate derivative, preferably starch sodium octenyl succinate.

Starch sodium octenyl succinate derivative have the common E-number E1450 (see EU food additive legislation).

10

In relation to the water-dispersible composition (2) of the first aspect comprising curcumin pigment, it is preferred that the dispersant agent is not polysorbate.

In relation to the water-dispersible composition (2) of the first aspect comprising curcumin 15 pigment, the dispersant agent may e.g. be gum arabic, locust bean gum, pectin, beet- pectin, gelatin or preferably starch.

Preferably, the starch is a starch sodium octenyl succinate derivative.

In relation to the water-dispersible formulation (2) of the first aspect comprising curcumin 20 pigment, it may be preferred that the ratio (w/w) of dispersant agent : curcumin pigment is in the range of 1 :1000 to 1000:1. In a particular embodiment of the present invention the ratio (w/w) of dispersant agent starch : curcumin pigment is in the range of to 4:1 to 1 :4, such as 3:1 to1 :3, such as 2:1 to 1 :2.

25 In a particular embodiment of the present invention the water-dispersible formulation comprises between 1 % to 35% (w/w) curcumin if the composition is an aqueous composition. The composition comprises at least 1 %, such as at least 2%, such as at least 5%, such as at least 6%, such as at least 10%, such as at least 15% (w/w) of curcumin. In a particular embodiment the formulation comprises up to 35%, such as up

30 30%, such as up to 25%, such as up to 20%, such as up to 15% (w/w) of curcumin.

If the formulation is a dry powder it comprises at least 40%, such as at least 50%, such as at least 60%, such as at least 70% (w/w), such as at least 80% (w/w), such as at least 90% (w/w), such as at least 95% (w/w) of curcumin.

35 The water dispersible composition comprising a carotenoid and a curcumin The water dispersible composition of the present invention is described as:

A water-dispersible composition comprising:

(1 ) A dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier and wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier : carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :10 to 4:1 ; and wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin, β-carotene, ocarotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin, capsorubin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin and lycopene; in combination with

(2) A water-dispersible formulation omprising a curcumin pigment.

The ratio of carotenoid to curcumin in the final composition is preferably 10:1 to 1 :10, such as 7:1 to 1 :7, such as 5:1 to 1 :5, such as 2:1 to 1 :2, such as 6:1 to 1 :3. In a particular embodiment the ratio of carotenoid to curcumin is not 1 :1.

In a particular embodiment the carotenoid is bixin and the ratio of bixin to curcumin in the final composition is preferably 10:1 to 1 :10, such as 7:1 to 1 :7, such as 5:1 to 1 :5, such as 2:1 to 1 :2, such as 6:1 to 1 :3. In a particular embodiment the ratio of bixin to curcumin is not 1 :1 .

The water-dispersible composition according to the present invention is useful in the manufacture of an edible product or a pharmaceutical product. An edible product may e.g. be a food product or a feed product.

The water-dispersible composition according to the present invention can be used as a colorant for food, feed and/or pharmaceutical products. The composition is particularly useful in low pH applications such as in application where pH of the product is below 7, such as below 6, such as below 4, or even below a pH of 3. Most food products are in the acidic range and a specific useful application includes coloring of beverage products. In beverage products the pH is typically around 2-3 and the beverage product is therefore preferably a beverage product, wherein the pH is from pH 2 to 3. Preferred examples of a food product are beverage, wine gum, marmalade, jam, sugar confectionary, panned chocolate lentils, sausage casings, pasta, macaroni, cheese, prepared food or extruded foods.

Preferred example of a beverage is soft drink.

Preferably, the food product is a sauce. In a particular embodiment the sauce is a pasta sauce.

In a particular embodiment the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical product comprising a composition according to the above description.

The present invention is further illustrated by the following items: Item 1. A water-dispersible composition comprising:

(1 ) A dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier and wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifier : carotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :10 to 4:1 ; and

wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin, β-carotene, ocarotene, apocarotenals, canthaxanthin, saffron, crocin, capsanthin, capsorubin, lutein, astaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin and lycopene;

in combination with

(2) A water-dispersible formulation comprising a curcumin pigment.

Item 2. The water-dispersible composition according to item 1 , wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is at least one pigment selected from the group consisting of: bixin and β-carotene.

Item 3. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the solid particles have an average size of at the most 2 μηη. Item 4. The water-dispersible composition of item 3, wherein the solid particles have an average size of at the most 1 μηη.

Item 5. The water-dispersible composition of item 4, wherein the solid particles have an average size of at the most 0.4 μηη.

Item 6. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifiencarotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :4 to 3:1.

Item 7. The water-dispersible composition of item 6, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifiencarotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :3 to 3:1.

Item 8. The water-dispersible composition of item 6, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifiencarotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :4 to 2:1.

Item 9. The water-dispersible composition of item 8, wherein the ratio (w/w) of polysorbate emulsifiencarotenoid pigment is in the range of 1 :2 to 2:1. Item 10. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment is a water-insoluble pigment.

Item 11. The water-dispersible composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the dispersion comprises at least 5% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη.

Item 12. The water-dispersible composition according to item 1 1 , wherein the dispersion comprises at least 8% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη.

Item 13. The water-dispersible composition according item 12, wherein the dispersion comprises at least 10% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη. Item 14. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the polysorbate is polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, polysorbate 80 or a mixture of these. Item 15. The water-dispersible composition according to item 14, wherein the polysorbate is polysorbate 80.

Item 16. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the polysorbate water-soluble emulsifier is present in the dispersion in an amount of at least 5% (w/w).

Item 17. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the polysorbate water-soluble emulsifier is present in the dispersion in an amount of at the most 35% (w/w).

Item 18. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein at least 80% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier. Item 19. The water-dispersible composition according to item 18, wherein at least 97% (w/w) of the total amount of emulsifier in the water-dispersible composition is the polysorbate emulsifier.

Item 20. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the pH of the water-dispersible composition is a pH from 2 to 5.

Item 21. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the water-dispersible composition also comprises an antioxidant. Item 22. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the solid particles are being dispersed in the aqueous phase in the absence of a hydrocolloid.

Item 23. The water-dispersible composition according to item 22, wherein the hydrocolloid is gelatin, gum arabic, beet pectin or starch octenyl succinate derivative. Item 24. The water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items, wherein the solid particles of item 1 comprise carotenoid crystals covered with polysorbate and the solid particles comprise less than 0.5% (w/w) of fat, oil or wax.

Item 25. The water-dispersible composition according to item 24, wherein the carotenoid crystals are bixin and/or β-carotene crystals.

Item 26. The water-dispersible composition according to any of items 24 to 25, wherein the solid particles comprise 0% (w/w) of fat, oil or wax.

Item 27. Use of a water-dispersible composition according to of any of the preceding items for the manufacture of an edible product or a pharmaceutical product.

Item 28. The use according to item 27, wherein the edible product or pharmaceutical product is a product with a pH of at the most 6.

Item 29. The use according to item 28, wherein the edible product or pharmaceutical product is a product with a pH of at the most 4. Item 30. The use according to any of the items 27 to 29, wherein the product is an edible product and the edible product is a food product or a feed product.

Item 31. The use according to any of the items 27 to 30, wherein water-dispersible composition is used as a colorant for a food product, a feed product or a pharmaceutical product.

Item 32. The use according to item 31 , wherein the product is a food product.

Item 33. The use according to item 32, wherein the food product is a beverage, wine gum, marmelade, jam, sugar confectionary, panned chocolate lentils, sausage casings, pasta, macaroni, cheese, prepared food or extruded foods.

Item 34. The use according to item 33, wherein the food product is a beverage.

Item 35. The use according to item 34, wherein the beverage is a soft drink. Item 36. The use according to any of the items 34 to 35, wherein the beverage is a beverage, wherein the pH is from pH 2 to 3. Item 37. An edible product comprising a water-dispersible composition according to any of the items 1 to 26.

Item 38. A method for preparing a water-dispersible pigment composition according to any of the items 1 to 26, the method comprising preparing a dispersion of at least 2% (w/w) of carotenoid natural hydrophobic pigment in the form of solid particles by comminuting the pigment in an aqueous phase comprising polysorbate as a water-soluble emulsifier, to obtain a dispersion comprising the pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη. Item 39. The method according to item 38, wherein the comminuting is done by milling.

Item 40. The method according to any of the items 38 to 39, wherein the pigment is comminuted in an aqueous phase in the absence of a hydrocolloid. Item 41. The method according to any of the items 38 to 40, wherein the polysorbate emulsifier is present in an amount of at least 5% (w/w).

Item 42. The method according to according to any of the items 38 to 41 , wherein the ratio of polysorbate emulsifier:carotenoid pigment is in a range of 1 :10 to 4:1.

Item 43. The water-dispersible composition according to any of items 1 to 26, wherein the water-dispersible composition (2) of item 1 comprising curcumin pigment is:

a water-dispersible composition comprising a dispersion of at least 1 % (w/w) of curcumin pigment in the form of solid particles of an average size of at the most 10 μηη, said solid particles being dispersed in an aqueous phase comprising a dispersant agent.

Item 44. The water-dispersible composition according to item 43, wherein the dispersant agent is not polysorbate. Item 45. The water-dispersible composition according to item 43, wherein the dispersant agent is gum arabic, locust bean gum, pectin, beet-pectin, gelatin or preferably starch.

Item 46. The water-dispersible composition according to item 44, wherein the starch is a starch sodium octenyl succinate derivative.

Item 47. The water-dispersible composition according to any of items 43 to 46, wherein the ratio (w/w) of dispersant agent:curcumin pigment is in the range of 1 :1000 to 1000:1 .

Item 48. The use according to item 32, wherein the food product is sauce.

Item 49. The use according to item 48, wherein the sauce is a pasta sauce.

The invention is further illustrated by the following non-limiting examples.

EXAMPLES

Example 1 : Composition with beta-carotene and polysorbate Composition of milled suspension:

Ingredient % Amount (g)

Dem. water 73.8 2952

Polysorbate 80 7.5 300

Ascorbic acid 3 120

K-sorbate 0.1 4

Acetic acid 0.6 24

Beta-carotene crystals 15 600

Citric acid to pH 3.0 - 3.5 Ball milling:

The color suspension was milled on a LabStar ball mill (Netzsch, Germany) in two steps.

The particle size of the milled beta-carotene crystals was measured on a Malvern Mastersizer. During the first milling step the mill was equipped with 450 ml of beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range 0.6-0.8 mm and a 0.2 mm slit on the mill. Milling was continued until all particles with a diameter of above 10 microns had disappeared.

The beads were then exchanged with 450 ml of smaller beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.3-0.4 mm.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d(4,3)) of 0.26 microns was obtained.

After storage for 3 months at 4 °C a mean particle size d(4,3) of 0.28 microns was measured. The viscosity of the composition was still very low after milling and this was still the case after storage for 3 months at 4 °C

Beta-carotene strength was measured: 12.48%. 0.032 g of the color formulation was dissolved in 250 ml of a standard soft drink medium with a pH value of 3.0 and measured on a Minolta Chromameter, CT310.

Chroma was measured at 96.51 , which is a high value.

Example 2: Composition with crystalline bixin and polysorbate

Composition of milled suspension:

Ingredient % Amount (g) Dem. water 73.8 2952

Polysorbate 80 7.5 300

Ascorbic acid 3 120

K-sorbate 0.1 4

Acetic acid 0.6 24

Bixin crystals 90% 15 600 Citric acid to pH 3.0 - 3.5 Ball milling:

The color suspension was milled on a LabStar ball mill (Netzsch, Germany) in two steps. The particle size of the milled bixin crystals was measured on a Malvern Mastersizer.

During the first milling step the mill was equipped with 450 ml of beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.6-0.8 mm and a 0.2 mm slit on the mill.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d (4,3)) of 0.73 microns was obtained.

The beads were then exchanged with 450 ml of smaller beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.3-0.4 mm and a 0.1 mm slit on the mill.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d (4,3)) of 0.28 microns was obtained.

After storage for 3 months at 4 °C a mean particle size d(4,3) of 0.28 microns was measured.

The viscosity of the composition was still very low after milling and this was still the case after storage for 3 months at 4 °C.

Bixin strength was measured: 13.0 %.

0.0385 g of the color formulation was dissolved in 250 ml of a standard soft drink medium with a pH value of 3.0 and measured on a Minolta Chromameter, CT310.

Chroma was measured at 90.18, which is a high value. Example 3: Composition with beta-carotene and polysorbate

Composition of milled suspension:

Ingredient % Amount (g)

Dem. water 66.3 2652

Polysorbate 80 15 600

Ascorbic acid 3 120

K-sorbate 0.1 4

Acetic acid 0.6 24

Beta-carotene crystals 15 600

Citric acid to pH 3.0 - 3.5

Ball milling:

The color suspension was milled on a LabStar ball mill (Netzsch, Germany) in two steps.

The particle size of the milled beta-carotene crystals was measured on a Malvern Mastersizer.

During the first milling step the mill was equipped with 450 ml of beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range 0.6-0.8 mm and a 0.2 mm slit on the mill.

Milling was continued until all particles with a diameter of above 10 microns had disappeared.

The beads were then exchanged with 450 ml of smaller beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.3-0.4 mm.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d (4,3)) of less than 0.30 microns was obtained.

The viscosity of the composition was after milling still very low.

Beta-carotene strength was measured: around 12-13%. Example 4: Composition with crystalline bixin and polysorbate

% Amount (g)

63.3 2476

1 1 440

4 160

0,1 4

0.6 80

21 840

Ball milling:

The color suspension was milled on a LabStar ball mill (Netzsch, Germany) in two steps.

The particle size of the milled bixin crystals was measured on a Malvern Mastersizer. During the first milling step the mill was equipped with 450 ml of beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.6-0.8 mm and a 0.2 mm slit on the mill.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d (v,0.5)) of 0.42 microns was obtained.

The beads were then exchanged with 450 ml of smaller beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.3-0.4 mm and a 0.1 mm slit on the mill.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d (v,0.5)) of 0.25 microns was obtained. After storage for 3 months at 4 °C a mean particle size d(v,0.5) of 0.28 microns was measured.

The viscosity of the composition was very low also after milling. This was still the case after storage for 3 months at 4 °C

Example 5: Composition with beta-carotene and polysorbate

Composition of milled suspension (Recipe 20 % beta-carotene):

Ingredient % Amount (g)

Dem water 54.3 21 18

Polysorbate 80 20 800

Ascorbic acid 4 160

K-sorbate 0.1 4

Acetic acid 30 % 0.6 80

Crystalline beta-carotene 21 840

Citric acid to pH 3.0 - 3.5

Ball milling:

The color suspension was milled on a LabStar ball mill (Netzsch, Germany) in two steps. The particle size of the milled beta-carotene crystals was measured on a Malvern

Mastersizer.

During the first milling step the mill was equipped with 450 ml of beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range 0.6-0.8 mm and a 0.2 mm slit on the mill.

Milling was continued until all particles with a diameter of above 10 microns had disappeared.

The beads were then exchanged with 450 ml of smaller beads (SiliBeads ZY, Sigmund Lindner GmbH, Germany) with diameters in the range of 0.3-0.4 mm.

Milling was continued until a particle size (d (v,4,3)) of 0.28 microns was obtained.

After storage for 3 months at 4 °C a mean particle size d(v,4,3) of 0.29 microns was measured.

The viscosity of the composition was still very low after milling. This was still the case after storage for 3 months at 4 °C

Example 6: Composition with turmeric and nOSA starch

4 kg of a suspension consisting of 27.3 wt% of nOSA modified starch (HiCap 100, National Starch, E1450), 9.1 wt% turmeric powder (95 % strength, Synthite, India), 0.1 % potassium sorbate, 4.2 % acetic acid and 59.2 wt% demineralized water was prepared. The suspension comprised 8.6% curcumin. When the starch had been dissolved and the turmeric powder had been sufficiently wetted the suspension was run through a pilot scale ball mill (LabStar, Netzsch, Germany) for 4 hours. The first hour the milling was performed using 450 ml 0.6-0.8 mm beads and a 0.2 mm screen, the last 3 hours the milling was done using 450 ml 0.2-0.3 mm beads and a 0.1 mm screen.

When the milling had been completed a mean particle size (d4,3) of 0.34 microns was measured on a Malvern MasterSizer. Example 7: nOSA coated curcumin in combination with polysorbate coated carotenoid - Production of colored pasta sauce and stability study

Two batches of 3500 grams of pasta sauce were prepared for the test:

The ingredients were blended, pH adjusted to 5.4-5.6 citric acid and homogenized in a 2 stage homogenizer (2 nd stage: 2 MPa, 1 st stage: 6 MPa).

The homogenized pasta sauce was split into batches of 1000 grams.

Color was added to each batch before spray drying_as appears in the table below. The values for dried product are based on calculations assuming 45 % solids in the dried product. Sample Bixin formulation prepared according Curcumin formulation prepared No to example 4, % according to example 6, %

% bixin % bixin % curcumin % curcumin formulation in formulation in formulation in formulation in liquid sauce dried product liquid sauce dried product

(calculated) (calculated)

SD 41 1 0.026 0.0587 0.012 0.0271

SD 412 0.034 0.0751 0.013 0.0298

SD 413 0.0165 0.0366 0.1087 0.2415

SD 414 0.0165 0.0366 0.0543 0.1207

SD 415 0.0165 0.0366 0.0272 0.0604

The pasta sauce was spray dried on a FSD Minor spray dryer (GEA Niro A S)

The spray dried powders were measured colorimetrically. They were then put into plastic bags in foil bags and stored for 8 weeks at 20 C in the dark. After 8 weeks they were colorimetrically tested again (see table below)

As appears from the table only insignificant changes had occurred after 8 week ' s storage at 20 °C.

Colorimetric Data of Spray Dried Cheese Powder

Storage Conditions: 8 weeks Ambient 20°C, Dark packaged in Plastic bag in Foil bag Colorimetric Instrument: Minolta CM-3700d (D65, 10°, %Reflectance)

SD 11 L* a* b* C* h° AL* AC* AH* ΔΕ 2000

Week 1 77.28 21.87 38.59 44.36 60.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Week 8 77.86 20.68 36.93 42.33 60.75 0.41 0.69 0.16 0.82 SD 412 L* a* b* C* h° AL* AC* AH* ΔΕ 2000

Week 1 75.69 24.54 38.63 45.77 57.57 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Week 8 76.63 22.94 36.55 43.15 57.89 0.68 0.87 0.17 1.12

SD 413 L* a* b* C* h° AL* AC* AH* ΔΕ 2000

Week 1 84.51 7.29 47.04 47.60 81.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Week 8 84.54 5.84 46.64 47.00 82.86 0.02 0.19 0.98 1.00

SD 414 L* a* b* C* h° AL* AC* AH* ΔΕ 2000

Week 1 83.18 12.19 43.79 45.46 74.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Week 8 83.52 10.88 42.03 43.42 75.49 0.23 0.68 0.59 0.93

SD 415 L* a* b* C* ° AL* AC* AH* ΔΕ 2000

Week 1 82.77 14.80 41.08 43.66 70.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Week 8 83.41 13.65 38.95 41.27 70.69 0.43 0.82 0.27 0.97