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Title:
WATER SUPPLY NOZZLE FOR ORAL HYGIENE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/195076
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention refers to a water supply nozzle for oral hygiene and, in particular, to a nozzle or pick to be mounted on a water supply system for oral hygiene that comprises a head for the dispensing of water jets that alternate and converge at one point, in association with cleaning bristles. The nozzle preferably comprises an internal venturi duct for the passage of water that is connected externally through an air intake hole for the mixing with water.

Inventors:
SODO, Diego (Via delle Repubbliche Marinare 124/128, Napoli, 80147, IT)
Application Number:
IB2017/052604
Publication Date:
November 16, 2017
Filing Date:
May 04, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
INIZIATIVA CENTRO SUD S.R.L. (Via delle Repubbliche Marinare, 124/128, Napoli, 80147, IT)
International Classes:
A61C17/028; A46B11/00
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GIUGNI, Diego et al. (Via della Colonna 35, Pordenone, 33170, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Water supply nozzle (1 ) for oral hygiene that extends longitudinally along an (X-X) axis, comprising a first end (2) for connecting to a pressurized water supply device, and a second end (3;30;300;310) of the pressurized water outlet joined to the first end by means of a body (7), wherein the said second end (3;30;310) carries a cleaning head (4;1 1 ), the second end being provided with a closed bottom (31 ) and an opening (32), said head (4;1 1 ) comprising a rotating element (5) that is rotatably received at said second end (3;30;310) and is provided with a water flow diverter disc (50), and a closure cap (6;8;9) of the said opening (32) of the second end (3;30;300;310) comprising in turn a plurality of holes (65;86;91 ) of the water outlet selectively activated by said water flow diverter disc to converge the water at a point (P) at a predetermined distance from the outer surface of the said cap and at a predetermined angle with respect to the axis of rotation of the element of rotation (5), characterized in that the said cap (8) is provided with a first closing face (80) opposite a second face (81 ) of water supply, the second face (81 ) comprising said plurality (86) of the water supply holes distributed in a central portion of the second face (81 ), while peripherally there is a plurality of bristles (87) for the removal of plaque and food residue.

2. Nozzle (1 ) according to claim (1 ), wherein the said body (7) comprises an inner surface (71 ) wherein a first portion (72) extends substantially in proximity to the first end (2) and has a constant diameter, a second portion (73) instead extends from the second end (3;30;300;310) toward the first end (2), also having a constant diameter, and a third portion (74), intermediate between the said first and second portions, in turn comprising a narrowing (75) facing toward the second portion (73) followed by an enlargement (76), always facing toward said second portion, the body wall (7) further comprising a hole (77) for the air intake at the third portion (74).

3. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to claim (2), wherein the said hole (77) has a circular opening surrounded by a plurality of protuberances (78) that generally extend orthogonally to the axis (X-X) so as to create spacer elements to prevent the accidental occlusion of the hole during the use of the nozzle.

4. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to claim (2) or (3), wherein the hole (77) comprises an inner wall with narrowings (590) designed to create a narrowing that accelerates the air intake into the intermediate portion (74) of the inner wall (71 ) of the body (7) of the nozzle (1 ).

5. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to any of the claims from (1 ) to (4), wherein said rotating element (5) has a first face (51 ) facing towards the inner surface of the bottom (31 ) of the second end (32) and a second face (52) facing towards the cap (6), both faces, first and second, provided with a respective protruding pin (53, 54) for the engagement with the respective bottom surfaces (31 ) and cap (6) in order to allow the element (5) to rotate freely within the second end (32) on a (Y-Y) axis common to the said pins (53, 54) by a plurality of fins (55) that connect the first (51 ) and second (52) faces and against which the water originating from the dispensing device pushes in order to rotate the rotating element (5).

6. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to claim 5, wherein the said water flow diverter disc (50) has a circumferential cut (56) that extends between the rotation pin (54) and the outer circumference of the disc for a predetermined portion or sector of the disc.

7. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to any one of claims from 1 to 6, further comprising supporting elements (69) that surround said water outlet holes (65;86;91 ).

8. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to any one of claims from 1 to 7, wherein said end (30) comprises seats for the acceptance of a plurality of heads (1 1 ) of water supply, each being powered by a corresponding duct (12) of the water supply.

9. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to any one of claims from 1 to 8, wherein the second end (310) comprises a first cup-shaped portion (301 ) for receiving said head (4) and a second portion (302) that comprises a side wall (304) that limits with a bottom (305) a seats for receiving with a reversible join a coupling holder (306) for bristles (306) and/or sponge.

10. Water supply nozzle (1 ) for oral hygiene that extends longitudinally along an (X-X) axis, comprising a first end (2) for connecting to a pressurized water supply device and a second end (3;30;300;310) of the pressurized water outlet joined to the first end by means of a body (7), said body (7) comprising an inner surface (71 ) wherein a first portion (72) extends substantially in proximity to the first end (2) and has a constant diameter, a second portion (73) extends from the second end (3;30;300;310) towards the first end (2), also the second end having a constant diameter, and a third portion (74), intermediate between the said first and second portions, in turn comprising a narrowing (75) facing towards the second portion (73) followed by an enlargement (76), always turned towards the said second portion, the body wall (7) further comprising a hole (77) for the air intake at the third portion (74), characterized in that said hole (77) has a circular opening surrounded by a plurality of protuberances (78) that generally extend orthogonally to the axis (X-X) in order to create spacer elements to prevent accidental blockage of the hole during the use of the nozzle.

11. Water supply nozzle (1 ) according to claim (10), wherein the hole (77) has an inner wall provided with narrowings (590) designed to create a narrowing that accelerates the air intake into the intermediate portion (74) of the inner wall (71 ) of the body (7) of the nozzle (1 ).

12. Water supply nozzle (1 ) for oral hygiene that extends longitudinally along an axis (X-X), comprising a first end (2) for connecting to a pressurized water supply device and a second end (3;30;300;310) of the pressurized water outlet joined to the first end by means of a body (7), said body (7) comprising an inner surface (71 ) in which a first portion (72) extends substantially in proximity to the first end (2) and has a constant diameter, a second portion (73) extends from the second end (3;30;300;310) towards the first end (2), said second end also having a constant diameter, and a third portion (74), intermediate between said first and second portions, which in turn comprises a narrowing (75) facing towards the second portion (73) followed by an enlargement (76), always turned towards said second portion, the body wall (7) further comprising a hole (77) for the air intake at the third portion (74), characterized in that said second end (3;30;300;310) carries a cleaning head (4;1 1 ), the second end being provided with a closed bottom (31 ) and an opening (32), said head (4;1 1 ) including a rotatable element (5) that is rotatably received at said second end (3;30;310) and provided with a water flow diverter disc (50), and a closure cap (6;8;9) of said opening (32) of the second end (3;30;300;310) in turn comprising a plurality of holes (65;86;91 ) of the water outlet selectively activated by said water flow diverter disc to converge the water at a point (P) at a predetermined distance from the outer surface of said cap and at a predetermined angle with respect to the axis of rotation of the element of rotation (5).

Description:
"WATER SUPPLY NOZZLE FOR ORAL HYGIENE"

DESCRIPTION TECHNICAL SECTION OF THE INVENTION

[001] The present invention refers to a water supply nozzle of an oral hygiene waterpik and, in particular, to a nozzle or pick to be mounted on a water delivery system for oral hygiene consisting of a head with an improved cleaning effect and preferably equipped with improved hygienic capacity.

BACKGROUND TECHNOLOGY

[002] In the field of oral hygiene, for a long period of time, there have been devices of different features, ranging from the very common toothbrush, flosser and dental floss to the more sophisticated devices, including electric brushes and water jets systems.

[003] Notably, manual toothbrushes have a head with a set of bristles that are rubbed on teeth and gums to mechanically remove plaque and food residue. The equivalent electric toothbrushes differ for the movement of the head's electric motor that simulates a rotating, alternating and sometimes pulsating manual motion, but at a much higher speed and thus with a faster cleaning effect. In fact, the cleaning effectiveness of electric toothbrushes does compel quick brushing which can cause serious irritations, in particular for those who suffer from particular dental pathologies such as gingivitis. In addition, the strong vibrations these toothbrushes transmit to the teeth and, by extension, to the bones of the mandible and jaw are considered particularly annoying to some users.

[004] In addition to or in combination with the aforementioned cleaning systems, devices such as water jet dispensers, also called waterpiks or waterjets, have also been developed. These devices precisely use water dispensed under pressure possibly in combination with the mechanical action of a bristle head.

[005] Generally, waterpiks are divided into four types:

- electric waterpik with a container for holding water, along with a pump connected to an irrigating pick that allows dental cleaning;

- battery operated waterpik where the same functions are carried out by a smaller sized device but with a much smaller water container;

- waterpik connected directly to the bathroom faucet with special adapters that draw in water irrigated at a pressure required for proper functioning; - manual waterpik with a small hand-operated pump and a small water container located in the handle.

[006] With all four types, various types of picks with various types of cleaning functions can be used on these devices, such as picks with variable water jet flows, picks with built-in bristles, and picks with flossers etc.

[007] In particular, all commercial picks have the feature of having one or more pulsating or continuous jets that are parallel to each other. Although its cleaning action is generally considered satisfactory, it has been observed that the water jet tends to remove the plaque or food residues but without giving off an optimal hygienic effect. In fact, on the one hand, this kind of jet - linear or pulsating - it is not able to completely remove plaque and food residue due to the anatomy of teeth and gums that create interdental spaces with very narrow slits and converging surfaces, so bits of food residue and plaque remain between those spaces and are known to be carriers or a breeding ground for the growth of harmful bacteria for gums and teeth.

[008] It follows that the use of water jets used with these devices cannot guarantee optimal hygienic action.

[009] To resolve this problem there is an electric waterpik on the market, that comprises a water container connected to a water dispensing pump through a nozzle dispenser, in association with an additional pump for a mixture of air with this water in order to create a water jet containing microbubbles. The oxygen effect is known to give off a disinfectant effect on the mechanical removal of water.

[0010] This type of waterpik is, therefore, advantageous from the point of view of the sanitizing effect. However, the device appears to be bulky because from a constructive point of view it is quite complex seeing that it requires at least one pump to dispense water mixed with air bubbles. In addition, the more complex a device is, the greater the chances of malfunctioning, the complexity of its realization and the high cost of production.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

[0011] The technical problem at the basis of this invention is to design a water dispenser nozzle for dental hygiene that is able to efficiently remove plaque and food residue, considerably improve the sanitized effect of a waterpik device and at the same time resolve the structural complexity of well-known waterpiks. Another technical problem is the optimization of the cleaning effect of the water jet.

[0012] This problem is resolved by a water dispenser nozzle capable of automatically directing the water jet of different angles thanks to a simple construction and preferably allows the mixing of air with the water taken from the container or directly from the domestic water network, without the need for electrically powered pumps.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES

[0013] Additional features and advantages of the nozzle according to the present invention will become apparent from the following description of some embodiments given as a pure non-limiting example, wherein:

- figure 1 is a schematic front view of a water supply nozzle for oral hygiene with an enlarged detail, according to the present invention;

- figure 2 is a schematic side and sectional view along the A-A line of the nozzle in figure 1 with an enlarged detail;

- figure 3A is a schematic axonometric view from the bottom of the nozzle in figure 1 with an enlarged detail;

- figure 3B is a schematic axonometric view from the top of the nozzle in figure 1 with an enlarged detail, according to a variation of the construction;

- figure 3C is a schematic axonometric view of the nozzle in figure 3B at a different angle with a sectional detail;

- figure 4A is a schematic axonometric and exploded view of a water supply nozzle for oral hygiene for a dispensing nozzle according to the present invention;

- figure 4B is a schematic axonometric view of the nozzle of the assembled figure 4A;

- figure 5 is a schematic axonometric view of a detail of the nozzle in figure 4A according to a different angle;

- figure 6 is a schematic axonometric view of a detail of the nozzle in figure 4B highlighting the direction of each of the water jets;

- figure 7A is a schematic axonometric view of a first element of the head of the nozzle of figure 4A, according to a first embodiment of the invention;

- figure 7B is a schematic front view of the embodiment of figure 7A;

- figure 8A is a schematic axonometric view of a second element of the head of the nozzle of figure 4A, according to a second embodiment of the construction of the invention;

- figure 8B is a schematic front view of the element of figure 8A;

- figure 8C is a schematic side view of the element of figure 8A;

- figures 9A, 9B, and 9C respectively represent an axonometric view from the front, a side view and a plan view of a third component of the head of the nozzle, according to a third embodiment of the construction of the invention; - figure 10 is a schematic plan view of one end of the head of the nozzle of figure 4A, according to a fourth embodiment of the construction of the invention;

- figure 1 1 is a schematic and exploded view of one end of the head of the nozzle of figure 4A, according to a fifth embodiment of the construction of the invention;

- figures 12A-12C respectively represent an axonometric, lateral and planar schematic view of an element of the head of figure 1 1 ;

- figures 13A-13D respectively represent an axonometric, lateral, planar and sectional view along the A-A line of the plan view of an additional element of the head of figure 12.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0014] The idea behind the present invention is that to automatically perform an alternation of water jets pointed at one point alternately, but with different inclinations, creating a vortex effect of the water at the point of impact that is to be achieved. In this way, the cleaning capacity of the head is optimized by its washing function with pressure water as well as the only circular mechanical effect that draws out the residue part from the tooth or the gingival space that is to be cleaned. This point where the jets meet is obtained by an inclination of the jets and supporting teeth which together optimize the positioning of this meeting point. Also, preferably, the dispenser nozzle must at least allow the same performance of dispenser nozzles associated with electric waterpiks that mix with air. However, the object is to avoid the complex construction of said electric waterpiks that mix with air.

[0015] For this purpose, as shown in figures 1 and 2, with reference number 1 indicating a dispenser nozzle that extends longitudinally along an X-X axis, preferably rectilinear.

Nozzle (1 ) comprises a first end (2) of attachment to a waterpik or water supply device and a second end (3) for the outlet of pressurized water ending with a cleaning head (4)

(figures 4A-4B) or a nozzle (400) dispenser (figures 1 -3), said first and second ends are then connected by an elongated portion (7) preferably rectilinear and internally hollow so as to allow the water to flow between the aforementioned first and second ends.

[0016] The first end of attachment (2) as best shown in figure 1 , generally comprises the attachment pieces (21 ) for the waterpik eventually assisted by O-ring type seals (22).

Furthermore, this first end may preferably include a gripping portion (23) in order to facilitate the hold of the nozzle during the engaging or disengaging on the waterpik.

[0017] The second end (3) as shown in figures 4A and 4B, is preferably shaped like a cup with a bottom (31 ) (as shown in figure 5) and a circular opening (32) arranged along a substantially orthogonal Y-Y axis to the longitudinal X-X axis of the nozzle (1 ). On the inner surface of the bottom (31 ), a circular seat (not shown) is provided for receiving a first semi-spherical rotating pin of a rotating element (5) of the head (4) as described below. The inner surface of the side wall (33) of the second end (3) is also provided with an annular step (34) protruding towards the Y-Y axis in order to create the first sealing fastening means that work together with the second sealing fastening means provided on a closure cap (6) of said opening (32) of the second end (3) of nozzle (1 ).

[0018] Preferably, on the outer surface of the side wall (33), there is a notch (35) of reference for the correct positioning of the closure cap (6). The notch (35) is more preferably provided with a groove (36) for the engagement with a corresponding tooth of the cap (6) as explained below.

[0019] The head (4) conveniently comprises a rotating element (5) pivotally accommodated in the aforementioned second end (3) of the nozzle (1 ). In particular, this element (5) comprises a water flow diverter disc (50) that cooperates with a perforated closure cap (6) for the opening (32) of the second end (32) to dispense water at a predetermined distance from the outer surface of said cap and according to a predetermined angle α, β, γ with respect to the axis of rotation of the rotation element (5).

[0020] The rotating element (5) has a cross-section, namely, a section along an orthogonal plane to the Y-Y axis, generally circular and has a first face (51 ) (figure 4A) facing the cap (6) and a second face (52) (figure 5) facing towards the inner surface of the bottom (31 ) of the second end (32). Both faces (51 ) and (52) are provided with a respective protruding pivot pin (53) (54) with the respective surfaces of the cap (6) and the bottom (31 ) to allow the element (5) to rotate freely within the second end (32) on the Y-Y axis common to said pins (53) (54). In addition, the first (51 ) and second (52) faces are connected by means of a plurality of fins (55) which the water coming from the dispensing device pushes against to move the rotating element (5).

[0021] It should be noted that the first face (51 ) is represented by the external face of the water flow diverter disc (50). This disc has a circumferential cut (56) (figure 4A) extending between the rotation pin (53) and the outer circumference of the disc for a predetermined portion or sector of the disc. For example, this cut (56) extends about 120 °, that is, about one-third of the circumference, since it has been proven that such an arrangement results in an improved cleaning effect than that obtained with nozzles according to the known technique. Additional angular amplitudes may, however, be expected according to particular needs or preferences. [0022] As previously explained, the head comprises a closure cap (6) of the second end (3). The cap is of a substantially circular shape with a circumferential edge (60) complementary to the opening (32) of said second end (3). Preferably, said edge (60) is provided with a centering notch (61 ) which cooperates with the notch (35) of the second end (3). More preferably, the notch (61 ) has a tooth (62) (figure 5) for engaging in the groove (36) of the notch (35) of the second end (3). In particular, the cap (6) comprises a first opening face (63) (figure 5) for the opening (32) opposite to a second face (64) (figures 4A and 7A-7B) for the dispensing of the clean water jets. The first (63) and second (64) faces are crossed by a plurality of holes for the dispensing of pressurized water jets (65) for the cleaning.

[0023] The first face (63) is provided with a protruding annular edge (66) that represents the aforementioned second means of engaging that cooperate with the first means of engaging or annular step (34) of the second end (3) to provide a sealing closure for the second end itself. The first face (63) is also provided with a semispherical seat (67) for engagement with the rotation pin (53) of the first face (51 ) of the rotating element (5) previously described.

[0024] The second face (64) comprises a protrusion (68), preferably a conical trunk, of which said holes (65) for the water dispensing open up on the free surface (68A). For example, these holes (65) are distributed on the free surface and form the vertices of an equilateral triangle, in other words, they are distributed over the surface along a circumference of 120 ° of distance from each other (figure 6).

[0025] In accordance with a preferred embodiment, as best shown in figure 6, the protrusion (68) is surrounded by supporting elements (69). These elements can be made up of rounded teeth that protrude with respect to the protrusion itself and act as a sort of support of the head (4) on the tooth or gum in order to ensure the correct position of use. In fact, their height or distance along the Y-Y axis with respect to the dispensing holes (65) is to ensure that when the head is resting on the tooth or gums, the jet of water coming out of each hole converges onto the predetermined point for maximum cleaning effectiveness.

[0026] In other words, as shown in figures 6 and 7A-7B, the water dispensing holes (65) are provided so as to deliver water jets A, B, and C converging towards the Y-Y axis of the head (4) at point (P) that is located at a predetermined distance from the holes itself.

[0027] Preferably, said holes have an internal channel at the cap (6) (not shown) that is configured to send a jet of water at an angle to the free surface (68A) of the protrusion channel is perpendicular to the free surface but the same surface is inclined in a manner so that it may reach the same target.

[0028] In accordance with an embodiment, as shown in figures 8A-8C, the head (4) may include a disc-shaped cap (8) for the closing of the opening (32) of the second end (3) of the water dispensing nozzle (1 ). This cap (8) is provided, as with said cap (6), of a first closing face (80) opposite a second face (81 ) for water dispensing. An external peripheral edge (82) is then provided with a notch (83) centering with the notch (35) of the second end (3) of the nozzle (1 ). Preferably, the notch (83) comprises a tooth (84) engaging with the groove (36) of the notch (35), again, of the second end (3).

[0029] In addition, the first face (80) has an annular projection (65) of interlocking engagement with the step (34) of the opening (32) to create a water seal and a plurality of holes (not shown) for the water dispensing.

[0030] The second face (81 ) is basically a flat disc containing a plurality of holes for the water dispensing (86) corresponding to the holes of the first face. In particular, these holes are distributed in a central portion of the face, while peripherally there are a plurality of bristles (87) for the removal or plaque or food residue.

[0031] As previously explained, even the plurality of holes (86) is also configured to deliver water jets that converge at a point P located at a predetermined distance. The attainment of the said converging jets, as well as point P, is accomplished in the same manner as explained above. Even the number of holes and their distribution with respect to the Y-Y axis is identical to what has already been explained.

[0032] As an alternative to the just exemplified cap (8), the head (4) of the nozzle according to the present invention may include a cap that is completely similar to the cap (6) described with reference to figures 7A, 7B, and in addition a hood (not shown) which is inserted onto said cap (6). The hood fits on the circumferential edge (60) of the cap (6) from its second face (64) and shows a first face of engagement with said second face (64) and a second face opposite the first and comprises a plurality of holes and a plurality of bristles completely identical to the holes (86) and bristles (87) described with reference to the cap (8) of figures 8A-8C.

[0033] In accordance with a different embodiment, as shown in figures 9A-9C, a cap (9) generally corresponds to the cap (8) previously described with reference to figures 8A- 8C. In particular, the cap (9) can be modified with respect to cap (8) so as to include an additional plurality of through holes (90) arranged preferably along an external circumference with respect to the holes (91 ) for the water dispensing converging at said point P. Moreover, the cap is provided with bristles (92) arranged to surround said plurality of holes (90).

[0034] The additional plurality of holes (91 ) serves to dispense rinsing water when toothpaste for brushing is used on the teeth via the bristles (92). This system becomes very convenient for it does not force the user, especially senior persons or those with back problems, to bend under the faucet to rinse out a mouth full of toothpaste with water, as usual. Therefore, these holes (91 ) do not require particular configurations in order to deliver pulsing jets of water converging at one specific point. On the contrary, their function is to dispense water on a surface as wide as possible or at least on the surface covered by the bristles (92).

[0035] A fourth embodiment of the invention is shown in figure 10, wherein the second end (30) of the dispensing nozzle (not shown) has an elongated shape along the longitudinal X-X axis of the nozzle itself. Preferably, the form is parallelepiped with a larger rectangular base. On one of the main rectangular faces (37), two seats are provided for the acceptance of a plurality of heads (1 1 ), preferably two, of the water supply identical to the previously described head (4). It should be noted that these heads (1 1 ) are aligned along the X-X axis and each is powered by a corresponding water supply duct (12) from the hollow body (13) of the dispensing nozzle. Each duct comprises a Venturi portion and a respective hole for the air intake, as previously described.

[0036] The advantage of this embodiment lies in the fact that with two heads it is possible to mulheadly the fine cleaning effect previously described for it is possible to place into motion the rotating element (5) of the heads in two opposite directions, for example, inverting the inclination of the fins (55) in order to obtain a better leverage effect for the removal of food residue or plaque.

[0037] In addition, the heads (1 1 ) may be modified with the previously described components, such as the cap and hood with or without the bristles and the additional holes for rinsing.

[0038] A fifth embodiment of the invention is shown in figure 1 1 , wherein the second end (310) of the dispensing nozzle (not shown) is elongated along the X-X axis of the nozzle itself. As before, the second end (310) comprises a first cup-shaped portion (301 ) and a second portion (302) preferably in the form of a rectangular tray. The first and second portions are preferably aligned on the said X-X axis with the second portion (302) positioned between the first portion (301 ) and the hollow body (303) of the dispensing nozzle. [0039] The first portion (301 ) is identical to the second cup-shaped one (3) previously described, and in addition, it comprises a head that is completely identical to the previously described head (4) and its components and variants. Therefore, the reference numbers shown in figure 1 1 correspond to the components of the head of figures 4-7.

[0040] The second portion (302) comprises a side wall (304) that has a bottom (305) with a seat for the reversible enclosure of a coupling (306) for the bristles. In particular, the bottom (305) has an open portion (307) of engagement of said coupling (306) and a closed portion (308) which constitutes the channel for the passage of water from the body (303) to the cup (301 ) of the dispensing nozzle.

[0041] The coupling (306) comprises a support (309) with a first face (31 1 ) from which protrudes a plurality of bristles (312) and a second face (313) from which protrudes a reversible engagement foot (314) into the aforementioned open portion (307) of the second portion (302) of the end (310) of the nozzle (figures 12A-12C).

[0042] As shown in figures 13A-13D, the support (309) may be a general parallelepiped- shaped block of which the first face (31 1 ) has a series of blind or through holes (315) for the insertion of bristles (312) made of rubber, nylon or natural materials.

[0043] Additionally, the support (308) may be applied with a small sponge (not shown) soaked with an oral treatment fluid such as mouthwash. Alternatively, the sponge may receive from the dispenser or another device equipped with a container, a dental hygiene product so as to be soaked and to uniformly release the product in a highly effective and controlled manner without waste.

[0044] As is evident, the end (310) of the dispensing nozzle previously described allows for the great versatility of use thanks to a simple and combined construction in order to allow for the assembly of various components that allow integrated treatments in order to obtain a complete oral hygiene.

[0045] According to an embodiment of the invention, as shown in figures 1 -3, the second end (3) is preferably bent so as to be inclined with respect to the X-X axis and ends with a nozzle (400) for the dispensing of the air/water mixture for the removal of plaque and food residue and the contemporary disinfectant/hygienic treatment, in substitution of the aforementioned cleaning head (4). The nozzle (400) is a conventional hole, preferably surrounded by a plurality of teeth (410) (figure 2) that supports the tooth or gum to be treated in order to avoid the complete blockage of the nozzle itself.

[0046] Advantageously, the elongated portion or body of the nozzle (7) comprises an inner surface (71 ) that has a differentiated cross-section. In particular, this inner surface (71 ) comprises a first portion (72) that extends substantially in proximity to the first end (2) of the nozzle and has a constant diameter, a second portion (73) that instead extends from the second end (3) toward the first end (2), which also has a constant diameter, and a third intermediate portion (74) between said first and second portions.

[0047] In particular, as shown in detail in figure 2, the third portion (74) is characterized by a narrowing (75) directed toward the second portion (73) followed by an enlargement (76), always facing toward the second portion. In other words, the third intermediate portion (74) between the first portion (72) upstream of the water supply and the second portion (73) downstream, is a Venturi-shaped tube facing the nozzle (400) of the water supply.

[0048] In fact, the body wall (7) of the nozzle comprises a hole (77) (details of figures 1 and 2) which places in communication the outer environment with the hollow inner surface of the body itself in order to allow air intake for the venturi effect. For this purpose, the hole (77) is positioned at the beginning of the enlargement (76) of the third portion (74) so that the passage of the pressurized water from the narrowing (75) to the enlargement (76) along the X-X axis of the nozzle draws in the air from the exterior through the hole (77), mixing it with the water in the form of microbubbles.

[0049] Preferably, the hole (77) has a circular opening surrounded by a plurality of protuberances (78) that generally extend orthogonally to the X-X axis in order to create spacer elements to prevent accidental blockage of the hole during the use of the nozzle. In fact, these protuberances are separated from each other by lateral grooves (79) that allow the passage of air even when the protuberances should be located with their free edge in support of a user's lips or face. In addition, there is a free edge that is beveled in order to avoid the scratching of the user's lips or face (figure 3).

[0050] Preferably, the hole (77) has an inner wall provided with narrowings (590) (more visible in detail in figure 1 ) designed to create a narrowing that accelerates the air intake into the venturi tube or the intermediate portion (73) of the inner wall (71 ) of the body (7) of the nozzle (1 ).

[0051] In addition, the Z-Z axis (figure 2) of the hole (77) is preferably orthogonally directed toward the axis X-X of the body (7), that is, orthogonally with respect to the direction of the flow of water passing through the nozzle (1 ) from the first end (2) to the second end (3) to the flow out of the nozzle (400).

[0052] As schematically shown in figures 3B and 3C, the hole (77) may be engaged by a non-return valve (593) in order to prevent accidental water spillage that flows inside the body (7) of the nozzle (1 ). The valve can be any non-return valve known in the fluid- dynamics sector, such as a diaphragm which bends towards the interior of the nozzle (1 ) and opens the hole (77) in order to allow air intake and, vice versa, bends towards the exterior and closes the said hole in order to prevent the water flowing inside with a pressure greater of the air pressure flowing out of the same hole (77). Alternatively and solely for example, the valve may be sphere shaped and operate in a similar manner. Also, preferably, the valve is housed in a ring (592) protruding from the wall of the body (7) of the nozzle (1 ) and an axially open cylindrical sleeve (591 ) is inserted onto said ring. It would be more preferable if the sleeve (591 ) is made of silicone or soft rubber.

[0053] From what has been explained so far, it is evident that the reported drawbacks in the introductory part of this description have been overcome and important advantages have been achieved.

[0054] In fact, the arrangement of the venturi duct within the hollow body of the dispensing nozzle with an opening for the external air intake makes it possible to advantageously obtain a mixture with the water flowing into the said hollow body and wafted air from the outside without the use of extra appliances or systems that are electrically powered. As a result, the entire structure of the dispensing device is considerably simplified with savings of production costs and the complete elimination of the risks of malfunctioning or maintenance.

[0055] In addition, as previously explained, the dispensing nozzle of the present invention is simple from a constructive point of view and easy to apply to any type of water supply system.

[0056] Its use is also quite simple and does not require any specific attention or preparation from its users.

[0057] The projection or support system around the air intake holes will help prevent inadvertent blockages of the same that could affect the air/water mixture.

[0058] In particular, with the unique predisposition of the alternating water jets converging at a selected single point and at different angles, it is possible to obtain a sort of vortex effect around the cleaning zone so as to significantly increase the cleaning effectiveness of the water dispensed under pressure. In fact, it has been verified that this alternating action at a single point and at different angles manages to remove the most hidden plaque and food residue in narrow and tight spaces between contiguous teeth and respective gums.

[0059] In addition, the predisposition of spacer elements on the tooth or gum allows it to automatically calibrate the converging point of impact of the aforementioned water jets without forcing the user to worry about correctly positioning the nozzle. [0060] Similarly, the rotating disk allows for the dispensing of water in an equally automatic way with the aforementioned alternating effect in a simple and reliable manner.

[0061] The addition of an element with bristles also allows it to advantageously increase the cleaning effect even further thanks to the mechanical action of the bristles.

[0062] Therefore, the dispenser nozzle is particularly versatile, adaptable and complete for optimal dental hygiene. In addition, the nozzle can be used on any type of handle of any type of waterpik available on the market by a simple adaptation of the first end of the coupling to the waterpiks.

[0063] Further variants of the nozzle of the invention may be carried out by an the skilled person in the art while remaining within the scope of protection as defined by the appended claims. For example, it is possible to expect the application of the aforementioned nozzle to a conventional electric toothbrush that has an internal water intake system.

[0064] For example, a plurality of bristles may be provided directly around the protrusion (68) of the cap (6) as shown in figures 7 A and 7B.

[0065] The protrusion (68) may be eliminated and the outlet holes can be obtained directly on the flat surface of the second face (64) of the cap (6).

[0066] The angle of the water jets and their point of conjunction may vary according to particular needs or preferences, for example, by a particular conformation of the dental arch of a person.

[0067] The materials which the nozzle of the invention is made of may vary according to specific requirements, but in any case, they will be materials suitable for oral hygiene and certified by the Ministry of Health for this purpose. They are plastic materials commonly used, for example, for the production of conventional manual or electric toothbrushes.

[0068] Even the shapes may also be subject to custom modifications, as long as the pulsating or alternating effect of the jets with different angles and convergents in a single predetermined point remains pre-established, in order to obtain the aforementioned vortex effect and/or the aforementioned venturi effect.

[0069] Furthermore, it is to be understood that any combination of variants of the venturi system and the head system with alternating and converging jets are equally the object of the present invention.