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Title:
WELL BORE CONDITIONER AND STABILIZER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/051378
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A double stage drill string stabilizer adapted to condition the well bore and reduce vibrations in the drill string as the device passes thought the well bore is disclosed. The drill string stabilizer comprises a tubular body and at least two stabilizing elements protruding from the exterior of the tubular body. The at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other around the circumference of the tubular body.

Inventors:
SMITH, Joshua J. (460 South 350 West, Vernal, Utah, 84078, US)
ASCHENBRENNER, Joseph (1416 Surrey Court, Blackfoot, Idaho, 83221, US)
MEIER, Gilbert Troy (2221 N 3250 W, Vernal, Utah, 84078, US)
Application Number:
US2018/050208
Publication Date:
March 14, 2019
Filing Date:
September 10, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
EXTREME TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (1583 South 1700 East, PO Box 1656Vernal, Utah, 84078, US)
International Classes:
E21B17/10; E21B7/04; E21B17/16; E21B17/22
Foreign References:
US20130233620A12013-09-12
US9145746B12015-09-29
US20070163810A12007-07-19
US5667027A1997-09-16
US6109374A2000-08-29
US4156374A1979-05-29
US3916998A1975-11-04
US20060207801A12006-09-21
US20020020526A12002-02-21
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SMITH, Matthew et al. (1025 Thomas Jefferson St, NWSuite 17, Washington District of Columbia, 20007, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A drill string stabilizer, comprising:

a tubular body;

at least two stabilizing elements protruding from the exterior of the tubular body;

wherein the at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other around the circumference of the tubular body.

2. The drill string stabilizer of claim 1, wherein each stabilizing element further comprises at least one well bore contacting surface.

3. The drill string stabilizer of claim 2, wherein each well bore contacting surface is a polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) surface.

4. The drill sting stabilizer of claim 1, wherein the stabilizing elements are

separated by a plenum.

5. The drill string stabilizer of claim 1, wherein the at least two stabilizing

elements together provide 360° contact with a well bore and each stabilizing element provides an open line-of-sight path through the stabilizing elements.

6. The drill string stabilizer of claim 5, further comprising protrusions extending from each of the at least two stabilizing elements.

7. The drill string stabilizer of claim 6, wherein the at least two stabilizing

elements are angularly offset from each other such that the protrusions of one stabilizing element is not in line with the protrusions of another stabilizing element.

8. The drill string stabilizer of claim 1, wherein a pass -through diameter of the stabilizer is smaller than a gauge diameter of the stabilizer.

9. The drill string stabilizer of claim 1, wherein the at least two stabilizing elements are eccentrically positioned on the tubular body.

10. The drill string stabilizer of claim 9, wherein there are two stabilizing elements and the two stabilizing elements are diametrically opposed to each other around the tubular body.

11. The drill string stabilizer of claim 9, wherein each stabilizing element is

comprised of a race with a roller within the race.

12. The drill string stabilizer of claim 11, wherein the rollers are able to freely rotate within the races.

13. The drill string stabilizer of claim 11, further comprising a bearing positioned between the race and the roller.

14. The drill string stabilizer of claim 9, wherein each stabilizing element is

comprised of a stationary wear pad.

15. A bottom hole assembly (BHA), comprising:

a well bore drill; and

drill string stabilizer, comprising:

a tubular body;

at least two stabilizing elements protruding from the exterior of the tubular body; and

wherein the at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other around the circumference of the tubular body; wherein the drill string stabilizer is adapted to condition the well bore and reduce vibrations caused by the well bore drill.

16. The BHA of claim 15, wherein each stabilizing element further comprises at least one well bore contacting surface.

17. The BHA of claim 16, wherein each well bore contacting surface is a polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) surface.

18. The BHA of claim 15, wherein the stabilizing elements are separated by a plenum.

19. The BHA of claim 16, wherein the at least two stabilizing elements together provide 360° contact with a well bore and each stabilizing element provides an open line-of- sight path through the stabilizing elements.

20. The BHA of claim 19, further comprising protrusions extending from each of the at least two stabilizing elements.

21. The BHA of claim 20, wherein the at least two stabilizing elements are

angularly offset from each other such that the protrusions of one stabilizing element is not in line with the protrusions of another stabilizing element.

22. The BHA of claim 15, wherein a pass-through diameter of the stabilizer is smaller than a gauge diameter of the stabilizer.

23. The BHA of claim 15, wherein the at least two stabilizing elements are

eccentrically positioned on the tubular body.

24. The BHA of claim 23, wherein there are two stabilizing elements and the two stabilizing elements are diametrically opposed to each other around the tubular body.

25. The BHA of claim 23, wherein each stabilizing element is comprised of a race with a roller within the race.

26. The BHA of claim 25, wherein the rollers are able to freely rotate within the races. The BHA of claim 25, further comprising a bearing positioned between the and the roller.

The BHA of claim 23, wherein each stabilizing element is comprised of a stationary wear pad.

Description:
WELL BORE CONDITIONER AND STABILIZER

Reference to Related Applications

This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application Nos.

62/556,379, filed September 09, 2017, and 62/649,666, filed March 29, 2018, both entitled "Well Bore Conditioner and Stabilizer," and both hereby specifically and entirely incorporated by reference.

Background

1. Field of the Invention

This invention is directed to well bore conditioning and stabilizing devices and systems. Specifically, the invention is directed to well bore conditioning and stabilizing devices and systems that maximize both well bore contact and flow area.

2. Description of the Background

Stabilizers are common within the well bore drilling industry. A drilling stabilizer is a piece of downhole equipment used in the bottom hole assembly (BHA) of a drill string. Roller stabilizers are typically placed in the drill string a short distance above the motor. Stabilizers mechanically stabilize the BHA in the borehole in order to avoid unintentional sidetracking, reduce or eliminate vibrations that originate at the drill bit from traveling up the rest of the drill string, and ensure the quality of the hole being drilled. As shown in figure 8, existing roller stabilizers typically have structures, for example a number of small rollers 880 in a concentric array, that reach out toward the well bore and are intended to make close contact with the bore. Typically, drill strings have an outer diameter of 9.25" for a 12.25" diameter hole. As can be seen in figure 8, existing rollers have a diameter smaller than the diameter of the drill string. For example, existing rollers may have an inner diameter of 20%, 25% or 30% of the diameter of the drill string. The stabilizers are intended to transmit unwanted drill string vibrations through the tool to the well bore, damping them out from the system and sometimes they smooth the bore by pulverizing rough spots. However, in current designs, the rollers typically do not reach all the way to the walls so the stabilizer can fit in the hole. A desirable feature in a stabilizer is 360-degree contact between the tool and the bore walls. However, a competing desirable feature is for the tool to allow plenty of flow area through the stabilizing features. Therefore, in designing stabilizers, one must balance the percentage of contact between the tool and the bore walls with the amount of flow the tool allows. Furthermore, it is desirable to have a tool that can fit through the well bore yet maximizes contact with the well bore.

Summary

The present invention overcomes the problems and disadvantages associated with current strategies and designs and provides new tools and systems for conditioning and stabilizing drill strings during drilling well bores.

One embodiment of the invention is directed to a drill string stabilizer. The drill string stabilizer comprises a tubular body and at least two stabilizing elements protruding from the exterior of the tubular body. The at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other around the circumference of the tubular body.

Preferably, each stabilizing element further comprises at least one well bore contacting surface. In a preferred embodiment, each well bore contacting surface is a polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) surface. Preferably, the stabilizing elements are separated by a plenum.

Preferably, the at least two stabilizing elements together provide 360° contact with a well bore and each stabilizing element provides an open line-of- sight path through the stabilizing elements. The drill string stabilizer preferably further comprises protrusions extending from each of the at least two stabilizing elements. Preferably, the at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other such that the protrusions of one stabilizing element is not in line with the protrusions of another stabilizing element. In a preferred embodiment, a pass-through diameter of the stabilizer is smaller than a gauge diameter of the stabilizer.

Preferably, the at least two stabilizing elements are eccentrically positioned on the tubular body. Preferably, there are two stabilizing elements and the two stabilizing elements are diametrically opposed to each other around the tubular body. In a preferred embodiment, each stabilizing element is comprised of a race with a roller within the race. Preferably, the rollers are able to freely rotate within the races. The drill string stabilizer preferably further comprises a bearing positioned between the race and the roller. Preferably, each stabilizing element is comprised of a stationary wear pad.

Another embodiment of the invention is directed to a bottom hole assembly

(BHA). The BHA comprises a well bore drill and drill string stabilizer. The drill string stabilizer comprises a tubular body and at least two stabilizing elements protruding from the exterior of the tubular body. The at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other around the circumference of the tubular body and the drill string stabilizer is adapted to condition the well bore and reduce vibrations caused by the well bore drill.

In a preferred embodiment, each stabilizing element further comprises at least one well bore contacting surface. Preferably, each well bore contacting surface is a polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) surface. The stabilizing elements are preferably separated by a plenum.

Preferably, the at least two stabilizing elements together provide 360° contact with a well bore and each stabilizing element provides an open line-of- sight path through the stabilizing elements. Preferably further comprising protrusions extending from each of the at least two stabilizing elements. In a preferred embodiment, the at least two stabilizing elements are angularly offset from each other such that the protrusions of one stabilizing element is not in line with the protrusions of another stabilizing element. Preferably, a pass-through diameter of the stabilizer is smaller than a gauge diameter of the stabilizer.

In a preferred embodiment, the at least two stabilizing elements are

eccentrically positioned on the tubular body. There are preferably two stabilizing elements and the two stabilizing elements are diametrically opposed to each other around the tubular body. Preferably, each stabilizing element is comprised of a race with a roller within the race. Preferably, the rollers are able to freely rotate within the races. In a preferred embodiment, the at least two stabilizing elements further comprise a bearing positioned between the race and the roller. Preferably, each stabilizing element is comprised of a stationary wear pad. Other embodiments and advantages of the invention are set forth in part in the description, which follows, and in part, may be obvious from this description, or may be learned from the practice of the invention. Description of the Figures

Figure 1 Depicts a first embodiment of a conditioning and stabilizing device with two stages.

Figure 2 Depicts the first embodiment of the device shown in figure 1 viewed down the drill string.

Figure 3 Depicts a single stage of the first embodiment of the device shown in figure 1.

Figure 4 Depicts a single stage of the first embodiment of the device shown in figure 1 viewed down the drill string.

Figure 5 Depicts a second embodiment of a stabilizing device with two eccentric stabilizers.

Figure 6 Depicts a side view the second embodiment within the well bore.

Figures 7A-B Depict front views of the second embodiment within the well bore. Figure 8 Depicts a cutaway end view of a prior art stabilizer. Description of the Invention

One way to maximize both contact area and flow area of the stabilizer is to spiral the stabilizing structures. However, the suitability of the flow area is often judged by end users by looking for an open line-of-sight path through the features. A spiral that is too long or twists too tightly (which would not provide an open line-of- sight path) is believed to encourage the buildup of cuttings and will result in blockage of the flow area.

As shown in figure 1, to satisfy both 360° contact and line-of-sight flow path requirements stabilizer 100 utilizes two stabilizer sections or lobes 105 A and 105B divided by a plenum 110 that interrupts the stabilizing features. The features on the back lobe 105A are angularly offset from the front lobe 105B, and in this way 360° contact is still achieved. For example, as can be seen in figure 2, looking down the drill string, the front lobe 105A and back lobe 105B combine to have 360° contact.

Additionally, plenum 110 effectively interrupts the flow restrictions caused by lobes 105 A and 105B, so the stabilizer 100 operates with lobes 105 A and 105B that both satisfy the line-of-sight requirement, as shown in figure 4. Thus, while together lobes 105A and 105B do not satisfy the line-of-sight requirement (as shown in figure 2), lobes 105A and 105B individually satisfy the line-of-sight requirement (as shown in figure 4) and, in combination with plenum 110, achieve the desired flow of cuttings and prevent blockage of the flow area without limiting the contact of stabilizer 100 with the well bore.

Preferably lobes 105A and 105B are identical. However, lobes 105A and 105B may be similar or different. Lobes 105A and 105B preferably have 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or more spiraled protrusions. The protrusions on each lobe may spiral in the same direction or opposite directions. Preferably, the protrusions are equally spaced about the drill string. However, the protrusions may be eccentric or have another distribution. Between each protrusion is preferably a gap to allow the flow of drilling fluid and cuttings. At least a portion of the protrusions have cutters 115 extending from them. Cutters 115 clean up roughness in the well bore as the tool moves by, and also ensure the bore will have the proper fit against the stabilizing features. Preferably, cutters 115 cover at least a portion of each protrusion. However, cutters 115 may cover all of each protrusion. Preferably, cutters 115 are positioned so that the cutting face is tangential to the drill string. Cutters 115 are preferably polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) surfaces. However, the cutters may be another material.

A second embodiment of the invention is directed to a stabilizer 500 with two eccentric rollers 550A and 550B. To keep rollers 550A and 550B in contact with the well bore 560, as shown in figure 6, while not getting stuck within the well bore 560, rollers 550A and 550B are offset axially so stabilizer 500 can fit through tight spots by twisting/flexing out of axial alignment with the well bore 560. For example, as shown in figure 6, the axis 555 of stabilizer 500 may be at an angle to the axis 561 of well bore 560 while stabilizer 500 is in use. Furthermore, as can be seen in figures 7 A and 7B, the pass-through diameter 565 of stabilizer 500 is smaller than the gauge diameter 570 of stabilizer 500. Thus, stabilizer 500 can fit through a well bore 560 that is narrower than the gauge diameter of stabilizer 500.

Preferably, each roller 550A and 550B is positioned within an eccentric bearing track or race 575 A and 575B. Between each roller and each eccentric bearing race is preferably a bearing. The bearings can be plain bearings, ball bearings, roller bearings, another bearing, or a combination thereof. The rollers can be hardened steel, have hardened inserts (e.g. PDC inserts) or abrasive coating for pulverizing, or may be ceramic in various embodiments. Preferably, as rollers 550A and 550B contact well bore 560, they are able to freely rotate within bearing races 575 A and 575B. However, in other embodiments, rollers 550A and 550B are fixed or have reduced motion.

Preferably, eccentric bearing races 575A and 575B are separated by a plenum along the spindle 580 of stabilizer 500. However, in other embodiments, eccentric bearing races 575A and 575B are in contact with each other.

Preferably, each roller 550A and 550B is eccentrically positioned such that the axis of the roller is offset from the axis of stabilizer 500. Preferably the eccentricity of each roller is diametrically opposed about stabilizer 500 from the other roller.

However, in other embodiments, the eccentricity of each roller may be at a different angle from the other roller. For example, the rollers may be 90°, 45°, 135°, or another angle apart. While two rollers a shown, in some embodiment, more than 2 rollers are employed at various positions. In embodiments where large rollers are not possible, two or more small eccentric rollers may be employed. In other embodiments where rollers are not possible, two or more eccentric wear pads may be used instead. Rollers 550A and 550B and the associated bearings are preferably large compared to traditional roller stabilizers (see figure 8). For example, the rollers of the instant application maybe have an outer diameter of 10", 11", 11.125", 12", or 13" and the bearing surface of the rollers may have an inner diameter of 8", 9", 9.15", 10" or 11". Preferably, the outer diameter of rollers 550A and 550B is 100%, 110%, 120%, 130%, or 140% of the drill string diameter, and the inner diameter (bearing surface) of of rollers 550A and 550B is 90%, 95%, 99%, 105%, or 110% of the drill string diameter. With the larger size of the rollers and bearings compared to existing rollers and bearings, the bearings preferably have greater longevity, extending the intervals between repairs compared to traditional roller stabilizers' repair intervals.

It is contemplated that aspects of any embodiment described herein can be employed in any other embodiment described herein. Furthermore, embodiments can be combined in any orientation. Other embodiments and uses of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the invention disclosed herein. All references cited herein, including all publications, U.S. and foreign patents and patent applications, are specifically and entirely incorporated by reference. The term comprising, where ever used, is intended to include the terms consisting and consisting essentially of. Furthermore, the terms comprising, including, and containing are not intended to be limiting. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered exemplary only with the true scope and spirit of the invention indicated by the following claims.