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Title:
ANGLED COAXIAL CONNECTORS FOR RECEIVING ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR PINS HAVING DIFFERENT SIZES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/176817
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An electrical connector for receiving a central conductor of a coaxial cable adapter includes first and second body portions, a first electrical contact, and a coupling element. The first body portion has a first tubular portion disposed about a first axis and defines a first bore. The second body portion has a second tubular portion disposed about a second axis, which intersects the first axis, and defines a second bore. The second bore is configured to receive a coaxial adapter. The first electrical contact is secured within the first bore and has a first end within the first body portion and a second end outside of the first bore, and the first end of the first electrical contact has an opening in a side wall thereof. The coupling element is disposed in the opening in the side wall of the first electrical contact and extends in a direction of the second axis. The coupling element has a tubular wall and includes a plurality of spring members extending inward from the tubular wall such that the coupling element is configured to securely receive a central conductor of the adapter. The coupling element is configured to have a first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position and a second diameter, greater than the first diameter, defined by an inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element when the spring member are urged outwardly by the central conductor of the adapter.

Inventors:
ERIKSEN KIM LUNDGREN (DK)
Application Number:
PCT/US2017/026024
Publication Date:
October 12, 2017
Filing Date:
April 04, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
PPC BROADBAND INC (US)
International Classes:
H01R11/01; H01R9/05; H01R11/03; H01R24/38; H01R24/54
Foreign References:
US20130203288A12013-08-08
US20100146784A12010-06-17
US4881912A1989-11-21
US20130012062A12013-01-10
US20040137790A12004-07-15
US6106333A2000-08-22
US5122063A1992-06-16
US4655534A1987-04-07
Other References:
See also references of EP 3440742A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
STELACONE, Jay A. (277 South Washington St. Suite 50, Alexandria VA, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. An electrical connector for receiving a central conductor of a coaxial cable adapter, the connector comprising:

a first body portion having a first tubular portion disposed about a first axis, the first tubular portion defining a first bore;

a second body portion having a second tubular portion disposed about a second axis, the second axis intersecting the first axis, the second tubular portion defining a second bore, the second bore being configured to receive a coaxial cable adapter;

a first electrical contact secured within the first bore, the first electrical contact having a first end within the first body portion and a second end outside of the first bore, the first end of the first electrical contact having an opening in a side wall thereof; and

a coupling element configured to securely receive a central conductor of the adapter, the coupling element being configured to have a first diameter defined by a plurality of spring members in a rest position and a second diameter, greater than the first diameter, defined by an inner surface of a tubular wall of the coupling element when the spring members are urged outwardly.

2. The connector of claim 1, wherein the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion are electrically conductive.

3. The connector of claim 2, further comprising a first insulator separating the first electrical contact from the first tubular portion.

4. The connector of claim 3, further comprising a second insulator separating the coupling element from the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion.

5. The connector of claim 1, wherein the first axis intersects the second axis at a right angle.

6. The connector of claim 1, wherein the adapter is an amplifier or a splitter.

7. The connector of claim 1, wherein an outside diameter of the central conductor can range from the first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position to the second diameter defined by the inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element.

8. The connector of claim 1, wherein the coupling element is disposed in the opening in the side wall of the first electrical contact and extends in a direction of the second axis, and

wherein the plurality of spring members extend inward from the tubular wall.

9. The connector of claim 1, further comprising an insulator configured to guide the central conductive pin into the coupling element.

10. The connector of claim 9, wherein the central conductive pin is configured to limit a length of the central conductive pin that extends into the coupling element

11. An electrical connector for receiving a central conductor of a coaxial cable adapter, the connector comprising:

a first housing portion having a first tubular portion disposed about a first longitudinal axis, the first tubular portion defining a first bore;

a second housing portion having a second tubular portion disposed about a second longitudinal axis, the second longitudinal axis intersecting the first longitudinal axis, the second tubular portion defining a second bore, the second bore being configured to receive a coaxial cable adapter; a first electrical contact secured within the first bore and extending from the first housing portion, the first electrical contact having a first end within the first housing portion and a second end outside of the first bore, the first end of the first electrical contact having an opening in a side wall thereof; and

a coupling element disposed in the opening in the side wall of the first electrical contact and extending in a direction of the second axis, the coupling element having a tubular wall and including a plurality of spring members extending inward from the tubular wall such that the coupling element is configured to securely receive a central conductor of the adapter, the coupling element being configured to have a first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position and a second diameter, greater than the first diameter, defined by an inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element when the spring members are urged outwardly by the central conductor of the adapter.

12. The connector of claim 11, wherein an outside diameter of the central conductor can range from a first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position to a second diameter defined by an inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element.

13. The connector of claim 11, wherein the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion are electrically conductive.

14. The connector of claim 13, further comprising a first insulator configured to electrically insulate the first electrical contact from the first tubular portion.

15. The connector of claim 14, further comprising a second insulator configured to electrically insulate the coupling element from the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion.

16. The connector of claim 11, wherein the first axis intersects the second axis at a right angle.

17. The connector of claim 11, wherein the adapter is an amplifier or a splitter.

18. The connector of claim 11, further comprising an insulator configured to guide the central conductive pin into the coupling element.

19. The connector of claim 18, wherein the central conductive pin is configured to limit a length of the central conductive pin that extends into the coupling element.

20. The connector of claim 19, wherein the central conductive pin has a tapered region complementary to a tapered opening in the insulator such that the cooperation between the tapered opening and the tapered region limit the length of the central conductive pin that extends into the coupling element.

Description:
ANGLED COAXIAL CONNECTORS FOR

RECEIVING ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR PINS HAVING DIFFERENT SIZES

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This nonprovisional application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional

Application No. 62/318,207, filed April 4, 2016. The disclosure of the prior application is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The present disclosure relates generally to the field of coaxial cable connectors and, more particularly, to angled coaxial connectors configured to receive coaxial cable adapters including electrical conductor pins having different sizes.

BACKGROUND

[0003] Coaxial cable assemblies are commonly used for transmitting electrical signals over a length of coaxial cable. Coaxial cable typically includes a center conductor and an outer conductor that are electrically isolated from one another by a dielectric. The outer conductor is grounded so that it operates as an electrical shield around the center conductor to prevent a degradation of the signal carried by the central conductor. A coaxial cable assembly includes a pair of coaxial connectors each having an outer conductive shell that is coupled electrically, typically by crimping a ferrule, with one end of the outer conductor of the coaxial cable. The center conductor at each end of the coaxial cable is connected to a central pin or contact of the corresponding one of the coaxial connectors. The central contact is electrically isolated from the outer housing by a dielectric.

[0004] Under certain circumstances in which a straight-line or linear connection is impractical or impossible, a right angle coaxial connector is used for making an angled connection. Usually, the central conductor of the coaxial cable is connected perpendicularly with the central contact of the right angle coaxial connector within an interior chamber provided proximate to the right-angle bend in the coaxial connector. The connection is established by soldering the center conductor and the center contact together after the coaxial cable is inserted through a cable opening in the connector housing so that the central conductor is positioned in the interior chamber. Access to the interior chamber from the exterior of the connector is afforded through an access opening, which is sealed by a removable closure. With the closure removed, a tip of a soldering iron is inserted through the access opening to create the solder joint. Subsequently, the removable closure is replaced over the access opening to seal the interior chamber against signal leakage and to prevent inward penetration of contaminants from the environment surrounding the right angle coaxial connector.

[0005] Conventional right angle coaxial connectors suffer from several deficiencies and shortcomings. For example, some conventional right angle coaxial connectors are difficult to assemble due to the soldering operation and the concomitant need to provide an interior chamber accessible through an access opening covered by a removable closure.

[0006] Other conventional right angle coaxial connectors can only receive coaxial cable adapters having central conductive pins of a particular outside diameter. In order to accommodate the needs of various users, an installer would need to maintain an inventory of numerous different conventional connectors that can receive the different- sized central conductive pins.

[0007] Accordingly, there is a need to overcome, or otherwise lessen the effects of, the disadvantages and shortcomings described above. Hence, a need exists for an improved angled connector that can accommodate coaxial cable adapters having central conductive pins of varying outside diameters.

SUMMARY

[0008] According to various aspects of the disclosure, an electrical connector for receiving a central conductor of a coaxial cable adapter includes a first body portion, a second body portion, a first electrical contact, and a coupling element. The first body portion has a first tubular portion disposed about a first axis and defining a first bore. The second body portion has a second tubular portion disposed about a second axis and defining a second bore. The second axis intersects the first axis, and the second bore being configured to receive a coaxial cable adapter. The first electrical contact is secured within the first bore and has a first end within the first body portion and a second end outside of the first bore. The first end of the first electrical contact has an opening in a side wall thereof. The coupling element is configured to securely receive a central conductor of the adapter and to have a first diameter defined by a plurality of spring members in a rest position and a second diameter, greater than the first diameter, defined by an inner surface of a tubular wall of the coupling element when the spring members are urged outwardly.

[0009] In some embodiments of the connector, the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion are electrically conductive. According to some aspects, a first insulator may separate the first electrical contact from the first tubular portion and/or a second insulator may separate the coupling element from the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion.

[0010] According to various aspects, the first axis intersects the second axis at a right angle. In some aspects, the adapter is an amplifier or a splitter. [0011] In some aspects of the disclosure, an outside diameter of the central conductor can range from the first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position to the second diameter defined by the inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element.

[0012] According to some embodiments, the coupling element is disposed in the opening in the side wall of the first electrical contact and extends in a direction of the second axis, and the plurality of spring members extend inward from the tubular wall.

[0013] In various aspects, the connector may further comprise an insulator configured to guide the central conductive pin into the coupling element. In some aspects, the central conductive pin may be configured to limit a length of the central conductive pin that extends into the coupling element.

[0014] In accordance with various aspects of the disclosure, an electrical connector for receiving a central conductor of a coaxial cable adapter includes a first housing portion, a second housing portion, a first electrical contact, and a coupling element. The first housing portion is disposed about a first longitudinal axis and defines a first bore. The second housing portion has a second tubular portion and defines a second bore. The second housing portion is disposed about a second longitudinal axis that intersects the first longitudinal axis, and the second bore is configured to receive a coaxial cable adapter. The first electrical contact is secured within the first bore, extends from the first housing portion, and has a first end within the first housing portion and a second end outside of the first bore. The first end of the first electrical contact has an opening in a side wall thereof. The coupling element is disposed in the opening in the side wall of the first electrical contact and extending in a direction of the second axis. The coupling element has a tubular wall and includes a plurality of spring members extending inward from the tubular wall such that the coupling element is configured to securely receive a central conductor of the adapter. The coupling element is configured to have a first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position and a second diameter, greater than the first diameter, defined by an inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element when the spring members are urged outwardly by the central conductor of the adapter.

[0015] In some aspects, an outside diameter of the central conductor can range from a first diameter defined by the spring members in a rest position to a second diameter defined by an inner surface of the tubular wall of the coupling element.

[0016] According to some aspects, the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion are electrically conductive. In some embodiments, a first insulator is configured to electrically insulate the first electrical contact from the first tubular portion and/or a second insulator is configured to electrically insulate the coupling element from the first tubular portion and the second tubular portion.

[0017] In some embodiments, the first axis intersects the second axis at a right angle. In various embodiments, the adapter is an amplifier or a splitter.

[0018] According to some aspects, the connector may further include an insulator configured to guide the central conductive pin into the coupling element. In some embodiments, the central conductive pin is configured to limit a length of the central conductive pin that extends into the coupling element. In some embodiments, the central conductive pin has a tapered region complementary to a tapered opening in the insulator such that the cooperation between the tapered opening and the tapered region limit the length of the central conductive pin that extends into the coupling element. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0019] Features and advantages of the present disclosure are described in, and will be apparent from, the following Brief Description of the Drawings and Detailed Description.

[0020] FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional side view of an exemplary right angle coaxial connector in accordance with various aspects of the disclosure coupled with an exemplary coaxial cable adapter.

[0021] FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional side view of the exemplary right angle coaxial connector and exemplary coaxial cable adapter of FIG. 1.

[0022] FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional side view of the exemplary right angle coaxial connector of FIG. 1.

[0023] FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional perspective view of the exemplary right angle coaxial connector of FIG. 1.

[0024] FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the exemplary right angle coaxial connector of FIG. 1.

[0025] FIG. 6A is a graph of the RF signal of a conventional angle connector configured to receive a 1.8 mm central conductive pin.

[0026] FIG. 6B is a graph of the RF signal of a conventional angle connector configured to receive a 2.0 mm central conductive pin.

[0027] FIG. 7 is a graph of the RF signal of the right angle connector of FIG. 1 when receiving a 1.8 mm and a 2.0 mm central conductive pin.

[0028] FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional side view of a conventional right angle coaxial connector coupled with an exemplary coaxial cable adapter. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0029] Referring to FIGS. 1-5, an exemplary right angle coaxial connector 100 according to various aspects of the disclosure includes a first conductive outer housing section 102 and a second conductive outer housing section 104 that together define an outer housing 105. It should be appreciated that the first and second conductive outer housing sections 102, 104 may be integrally formed of a single piece having a monolithic construction. In some aspects, the first and second conductive outer housing sections 102, 104 may be separately formed and integrally connected. The connector 100 may include a conductive coupling nut 106 mounted to the first conductive outer housing section 102, a central conductive pin 108 extending along a longitudinal axis 110 of the first conductive outer housing section 102, and an annular dielectric insulator 120 electrically insulating the central conductive pin 108 from first conductive outer housing section 102. The insulator 120 has a central bore 122 configured to mechanically support and align the central conductive pin 108 along the longitudinal axis 110.

[0030] The second conductive outer housing section 104 defines a cylindrical passageway 124 having a longitudinal axis 126 aligned generally at a right angle relative to the longitudinal axis 110. It is should be appreciated that the longitudinal axis 110 and the longitudinal axis 124 may be oriented relative to one another in an angular relationship that is non-perpendicular, including but not limited to 45° and 135°. The cylindrical passageway 124 may be configured to receive a portion of a coaxial cable adapter 180, for example, an interface post 182. The cylindrical passageway 124 communicates with a chamber 128 located inside the outer housing 105 by a passage 129. An insulator 130 may be disposed in the chamber 128 and provides the passage 129 from the cylindrical passageway 124 to the chamber 128. [0031] The insulator 130 provides a seal that protects the integrity of the electrical connection between a blunted, generally-conical back end 132 of the central conductive pin 108 and a receptacle of a complementary female electrical connector (not shown) with which the first conductive outer housing section 102 of the right angle coaxial connector 100 is coupled. The coupling nut 106 is configured to secure the right angle coaxial connector 100 mechanically with the complementary female electrical connector to prevent separation after the electrical connection is established.

[0032] As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the right angle coaxial connector 100 may be assembled with the coaxial cable adapter 180 that includes a central conductive pin 184, the conductive interface post 182 surrounding the central pin 184, and a dielectric insulator 186 electrically isolating the central conductive pin 184 from the conductive interface post 182. For example, the dielectric insulator 186 may be disposed about the central conductive pin 184 and between the central conductive pin 184 and the conductive interface post 182, as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 8. A length of the central pin 184 extends from an end of the interface post 182 of the adapter 180 and is configured to establish an electrical connection with the central pin 108. The coaxial adapter 180 may be a conventional coaxial cable adapter, for example, an adapter having a first end with a male interface post 182 and male central conductive pin 184. The second end of the coaxial adapter 180 may have a male interface post and female central conductive connector configured to receive a male central conductor.

[0033] The connector 100 includes a coupling element 142 configured to facilitate the electrical connection between the central conductive pin 108 and the central conductive pin 184. The coupling element 142 is received in an opening 109 in a wall of the central conductive pin 108. The coupling element 142 is connected with the central conductive pin 108 in a manner so as to provide an electrical connection between the central conductive pin 184 and the central conductive pin 108. The coupling element 142 is configured to receive central pins of varying sizes, thus obviating the conventional requirement of having a different right angle connector for each size of central conductive pin 184 of various adapters. The insulator 130 may include a tapered opening 131 configured to guide the central conductive pin 184 through the passage 129 and into the coupling element 142. The coupling element 142 may be formed of a metal or a suitable electrically-conductive alloy. As identified by the circled region of the central conductive pin 184 in FIG. 2, the central conductive pin 184 may have a region having a larger diameter than a remainder of the central conductive pin 184. The larger diameter region may be tapered in a manner complementary to the tapered opening 131 such that the cooperation between the tapered opening 131 and the tapered larger diameter region of the central conductive pin 184 may limit the length of the central conductive pin 184 that can extend into the coupling element 142.

[0034] According to various aspects of the disclosure, the coupling element 142 includes a body member 144 having a cylindrical bore 146 extending therethrough. One end of the body member 144 includes a plurality of, for example, four, spring arms 148 projecting inwardly toward a center of the bore 146. At a rest (i.e., unstressed) position, the inner surfaces of the spring arms 148 define a passageway 150 having a smaller cross-sectional area than the cylindrical bore. The spring arms 148 are resiliency attached to the body member 144 so that an outwardly directed force of a sufficient magnitude causes the spring arms 148 to move outwardly toward the body member 144. Thus, the spring arms 148 can be structured and arranged such that the passageway 150 is slightly smaller than an outside diameter of the smallest central conductive pin 184 desired to be used with the connector 100, while the cylindrical bore 146 is slightly larger than an outside diameter of the largest central conductive pin 184 desired to be used with the connector 100. The coupling element 142 thus enables the connector 100 to be used with various adapters 180 having central conductive pins 184 of varying sizes.

[0035] The connector 100 includes an access opening 160 providing access to an interior of the housing 105 from the exterior of the connector 100. The access opening 160 is sealed by a removable closure 162. The removable closure 162 may be a plug, for example, a metal plug. In some aspects, the metal plug 162 may be brass. The closure 162 can be removed to facilitate assembly of the conductive pin 108, insulator 120, coupling element 142, and insulator 130 within the chamber 128.

[0036] It should be appreciated that the conductive elements of the connector 100 including, but not limited to, the housing 105, the coupling nut 106, the central conductive pin 108, and the coupling element, may be constructed of a metal, such as for example, brass, or suitable electrically-conductive alloy. The insulative elements of the connector 100 including, but not limited to, the insulators 120, 130, may be constructed of a plastic or any other dielectric material.

[0037] FIGS. 6A and 6B illustrate the inconsistent RF signals associated with a conventional right angle connector used with coaxial cable adapters having central conductive pins with 1.8 mm and 2.0 mm outside diameters, respectively. FIG. 7 illustrates the consistent RF signals associated with the right angle connector 100 according to the disclosure, when used with coaxial cable adapters having central conductive pins with 1.8 mm and 2.0 mm outside diameters.

[0038] Referring to FIG. 8, the circled portion of the central conductive pin 184 illustrates the length of the pin 184 that extended from the interface post 182 in a conventional right angle connector. The length of the pin 184 extending from the interface post 182 and exposed to an insulator had a negative effect on the RF signal quality. Referring back to FIG. 1, the length of the pin 184 that extends from the interface post 182 in the connector 100 according to the disclosure has been shortened, thereby having a positive effect on the RF signal quality.

[0039] Additional embodiments include any one of the embodiments described above, where one or more of its components, functionalities or structures is interchanged with, replaced by or augmented by one or more of the components, functionalities or structures of a different embodiment described above.

[0040] It should be understood that various changes and modifications to the embodiments described herein will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Such changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure and without diminishing its intended advantages. It is therefore intended that such changes and modifications be covered by the appended claims.

[0041] Although several embodiments of the disclosure have been disclosed in the foregoing specification, it is understood by those skilled in the art that many modifications and other embodiments of the disclosure will come to mind to which the disclosure pertains, having the benefit of the teaching presented in the foregoing description and associated drawings. It is thus understood that the disclosure is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed herein above, and that many modifications and other embodiments are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims. Moreover, although specific terms are employed herein, as well as in the claims which follow, they are used only in a generic and descriptive sense, and not for the purposes of limiting the present disclosure, nor the claims which follow.

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