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Title:
ANTI-WRAPPING DEVICE FOR A WEB PULLING ROLL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/065022
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A device for counteracting winding up of film for an apparatus for packing articles, the packing being formed by at least one web material conveyed over at least one pulling roller, wherein the device is disposed in relation to the pulling roller and extending at least partially around the pulling roller, whereby is achieved an easy, secure and functional device that efficiently counteracts and obviates the possibility of web material being wound around a pulling roller.

Inventors:
PEDERSEN STEEN (DK)
Application Number:
PCT/DK2017/050330
Publication Date:
April 12, 2018
Filing Date:
October 05, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
GRAM EQUIPMENT AS (DK)
International Classes:
B65H20/02; B65B9/06; B65H27/00
Foreign References:
US3233527A1966-02-08
EP2305482A12011-04-06
US20120241548A12012-09-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PATRADE A/S (DK)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A device for counteracting winding up of film, for an apparatus for packing articles, the packing being formed by at least one web material (2) conveyed over at least one pulling roller (4), characterised in that the device is disposed relative to the pulling roller (4) and extending at least partially around the pulling roller.

2. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to claim 1, characterised in that the device is provided directly or indirectly on an adjusting member (11) disposed relative to the pulling roller (4).

3. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to any of claims 1 and 2, characterised in that the device includes at least one spring element (12, 16).

4. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to claim 3, characterised in that the at least one spring element (12, 16) extends at least partially around the pulling roller (4).

5. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to any of claims 3 and 4, characterised in that at least a partial rotation of the adjusting member (11) adjusts the spring tension of the at least one spring element (12, 16).

6. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to any of claims 3 to 5, characterised in that the at least one spring element (12, 16) is configured to interact with at least one recess (15) in the pulling roller (4).

7. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to any of claims 3 to 6, characterised in that the at least one spring element (12, 16) is disposed substantially symmetrically relative to the conveyed web material (2). 8. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to any of claims 3 to 7, characterised in that the spring element is at least one leaf spring (16).

9. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to claim 8, characterised in that the at least one leaf spring (16) is between 0.2 mm and 0.4 mm in thickness, however preferably between 0.25 mm and 0.35 mm in thickness. 10. A device for counteracting winding up of film according to any of claims 1 to 9, characterised in that the device is at least partly made of stainless steel.

Description:
ANTI-WRAPPING DEVICE FOR A WEB PULLING ROLL

Field of the Invention

The present invention concerns a device for counteracting winding up of film, for an apparatus for packing articles, the packing being formed by at least one web material conveyed over at least one pulling roller.

Background of the Invention

In connection with packing of various products it is commonly known to use machines wherein the packing is formed by a web material, typically film webs or paper webs on rolls.

Various embodiments of these machines are used. Some have a vertical filling run and others have a horizontal filling run. For example, for packing coffee and potato chips there are used vertical feeding runs where the packing - a bag - is formed by a film web conveyed from above and down against the filling station, whereas other products, such as ice lollies or other kinds of confectionery, are packed when lying down, and a film web is formed into a tube around the product in that a longitudinal joint is made and subsequently a transverse joint is made, and separation of the joined products is possibly performed. Typically, each web material is individually conveyed over a pulling roller which is frequently common to several individual juxtaposed webs, and where the control units of the machine provide for conveying the web material according to need. If no need exists and thus no article to be packed in a single web path is present, there is no need either for advancing further web material in the web path concerned. When no advancing is occurring, the web material is just lying on the pulling roller, possibly having the untimely consequence that the web material can wind itself around the pulling roller, whereby an unplanned machine stop is necessitated.

Devices for counteracting winding up of film are known, where the devices are inflexible rails adapted to the profiles of the pulling rollers and where there is no contact with web material or pulling roller during operation, the devices minimising the risk but incapable of preventing the occurrence of film winding in practice, whereby the film can be stuck between a device and a pulling roller.

Object of the Invention

It is thus the purpose of the invention to indicate an easy, secure and functional device that efficiently counteracts and obviates the possibility of web material being wound around a pulling roller. This enables adapting the operation of the plant to actual capacity requirements without at the same time increasing the risk of an unplanned machine stop.

Description of the Invention

According to a first aspect of the invention, the above indicated object of the invention is achieved by a device for counteracting winding up of film for an apparatus for packing articles as described by introduction and in the preamble of claim 1, the packing being formed by at least one web material conveyed over at least one pulling roller, wherein the device is disposed in relation to the pulling roller and extending at least partially around the pulling roller.

Usually, the pulling roller has a friction material in the form of O-rings or silicon tube and where the friction material is preferably fixed in grooves or recesses in the pulling roller in order to prevent the friction material from moving in axial direction of the pulling roller.

The invention enables positioning the device according to wish and possibility on the tensioning device itself or at an arbitrary point in relation to the pulling roller. The device can e.g. be a ring that may be placed around the pulling roller and therefore extend at least partially around the pulling roller, rotating with it. The device can also be secured on a machine element and extend from there at least partially around the pulling roller, and thus not rotating as such relative to the pulling roller. This means that it is possible that the device either can be placed with a centre axis congruent with the central axis of the pulling roller, or that the device can have at least one fastening point disposed spaced apart from the central axis of the pulling roller, but where the device from there at least extends partially around the pulling roller.

The device operates by pressing the web material away from the pulling roller when the web material is not advanced and where the web material otherwise would be in contact with the pulling roller, with the risk of the web material being wound around the pulling roller.

In a second aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding up of film, wherein the device is provided directly or indirectly on an adjusting member disposed in relation to the pulling roller.

Besides placing the device at at least one fastening point spaced apart from the central axis of the pulling roller as mentioned previously, this will also enable adjustment of the position of the device. The device can be fixed or replaceably mounted directly on an adjusting member, or alternatively on a rail or other device mounted on an adjusting member, where the adjusting member is disposed preferably in parallel with the pulling roller. In third aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, the device including at least one spring element.

By means of the material and tension of a spring, this will enable determining in beforehand the force with which the device is to act on the web material. The spring element may e.g. be a ring, such as a piston ring, a Seeger circlip ring or a ring with one or more spring elements.

In fourth aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, where the at least one spring element extends at least partially around the pulling roller.

This enables using parts of an elastic ring, such as a three-quarter ring with 270° contact around the pulling roller or a complete ring of 360°, two or more part rings or corresponding arrangements. In fifth aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, where at least a partial rotation of the adjusting member adjusts the spring tension of the at least one spring element.

This enables adjusting the device fastened to an adjusting member whereby the adjusting member can be used for fine adjustment of the tension of the ring part. It may thus be parts of a resilient ring fastened to the adjusting member and where a greater or lesser rotation clockwise or counterclockwise fine-adjusts the device.

A preferred adjusting member is a shaft in parallel with the pulling roller, the shaft also being rotatable, whereby a device fastened directly or indirectly to this adjusting member can be set to a higher or lower tension that fits the pull of the web material against the pulling roller.

In sixth aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, where the at least one spring element is configured to interact with at least one recess in the pulling roller. This enables positioning spring elements in contact with pulling rollers, where there is an interactive effect between the recesses of the pulling rollers and the spring elements such that the spring elements can lie down in the recesses and preferably under the surface and outer diameter of the friction material during the advancing of the web material. In situations where pulling rollers do not have recesses, the spring elements can, however, still be under the surface (diameter) of the friction material if the friction material has greater thickness than the spring elements.

In seventh aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, where the at least one spring element is disposed substantially symmetrically in relation to the conveyed web material.

By symmetrical is meant here that a device with one spring element, the element is placed at the centre of the web material; in case of two spring elements, they are placed substantially at the same distance from centre, and so on. This enables achieving uniform contact with the web material such that the web material is not pushed or conducted away from the optimal direction of conveyance. In an eighth aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, where the spring element is at least one leaf spring.

This makes it possible to make a spring element capable of being fastened directly or indirectly to an adjusting member, wherein one, two or more can be juxtaposed or superposed, according to desire and need.

In ninth aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, where the at least one leaf spring is between 0.2 and 0.4 mm in thickness, however preferably between 0.25 and 0.35 mm in thickness..

This will enable using leaf springs with the desired properties singly or in combination with each other. If there is a need for a spring, it can have a thickness, if two springs are to be used, they may have the same thickness or a different thickness, etc. In tenth aspect, the present invention also concerns a device for counteracting winding of film, wherein the device is at least partially made of stainless steel.

This will enable using the device for foodstuff packing. Other alternative material choices are plastic and aluminium, either as separate elements or as part elements.

A device of stainless steel will contribute to reducing the static electricity arising due to the friction of rotating parts against the web material.

Description of the Drawing

The invention will now be explained more closely in the following by description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the drawing, where:

Fig. 1 shows an apparatus for packing;

Fig. 2 shows the path of a web material past a pulling roller; Fig. 3 shows two pulling rollers mutually displaced with mounted devices for counteracting winding up of film;

Fig. 4 shows an enlarged part of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 shows a device for counteracting winding up of film in an embodiment seen from above;

Fig. 6 shows a device for counteracting winding up of film in an embodiment seen from below.

In the explanation of the Figures, identical or corresponding elements will be provided with the same designations in different Figures. Therefore, no explanation of all details will be given in connection with each single Figure/embodiment.

List of designations

1 apparatus

2 web material

3 web

4 pulling roller

5 direction of conveying, web material

6 reversing roller

7 folding box

8 advancing roller/sealing roller

9 direction of rotation, pulling roller

10 device

11 adjusting member

12 spring element

13 fastening element

14 directions of rotation, adjusting member

15 recess

16 leaf spring

17 centre axis, pulling roller

18 friction material Detailed Description of Embodiments of the Invention

Fig. 1 shows an example of an apparatus 1 for packing, where web material 2 is conveyed in several juxtaposed webs 3. Fig. 2 shows the path of a web material past a pulling roller 4, where the web material 2 has a conveying direction 5, where the web material first passes a reversing roller 6 and then a pulling roller 4, before the web material 2 passes a folding box 7 on the way of the web material in direction of a advancing roller/sealing roller 8. The used pulling roller or rollers 4 are preferably driven by means of frequency- controlled gear motors (not shown). The speed of a pulling roller is adjusted by a control panel and is preferably set to the same speed as the packing speed in mm/s, and adapted to follow the production speed.

The Figure also shows that the pulling roller 4 has a direction of rotation 9 and that a device 10 is disposed relatively in relation to the pulling roller 4, extending at least partially around the pulling roller 4. It appears also on the Figure that the device 10, which extends at least partly around the pulling roller 4, is also fastened to an adjustment member 11 which is disposed relatively to the pulling roller 4 as well. Based on Fig. 2 the invention and its operation can easily be explained in that the web material 2 stops its movement in the conveying direction 5 when no advancing occurs by the advancing roller 8. This means that the web material 2 is without any tension, and the device 10 will thereby push the web material 2 away from the pulling roller 4, and winding up of web material 2 around the pulling roller 4 is thereby avoided. When the advancing roller 8 starts again, the web material 2 is again tensioned against the pulling roller 4, and the device 10 will also be pressed against the pulling roller 4.

Figures 3 and 4 show basically the same, though Fig. 4 in more detail, but the Figures show two pulling rollers 4 mutually displaced with devices 10 mounted for counteracting the winding up of film. The reason for two pulling rollers 4 is due to the fact that the webs 3 (see Fig. 1) on the apparatus 1 in question lie so close that the web materials 2 cannot lie side by side on one pulling roller 4 only, and the web materials 2 therefore lie offset such that the web material 2 of the one web lies on one pulling roller 4 and the web material 2 of the other web lies on the other pulling roller 4. Every web material 2 thus only passes one of the shown two pulling rollers 4. Each pulling roller 4 has friction material 18 on at least part of the surface that comes into contact with the web material 2 in order to achieve control of the web material 2, where the friction material 18 preferably is a number of O-rings, or e.g. a piece of silicon tubing.

The Figures show that the device 10 in the embodiment shown here includes two spring elements 12 for each web 3, and where the spring elements 12 extend at least partially around the pulling roller 4, where it also appears that the device 10 is disposed directly on a fastening element 13 and thus indirectly on an adjusting member 11 disposed relatively in relation to the pulling roller 4.

This means that when the web material 2 is without any tension, the spring elements 12 of the device will push the web material 2 away from friction material 18 on the pulling roller 4, and winding up of web material 2 around the pulling roller 4 is thereby avoided. When the advancing roller 8 starts again, the web material 2 is again tensioned against the pulling roller 4 and the spring elements 12 of the device will also be pressed against the pulling roller 4, whereby the spring elements 12 of the device will also prevent the web material 2 from coming in under or between the pulling roller 4 and the fastening element 13.

It also appears on Fig. 4 that the adjusting member 11 has clockwise and counterclockwise directions of rotation 14, whereby adjustment of the spring tension of the spring elements 12 is possible. It also appears on Fig. 4 that the spring elements 12 interact with recesses 15 in the pulling roller 4.

Figs. 3 and 4 also show that the spring elements 12 are disposed substantially symmetrically relative to the conveyed web material 2 (see Fig. 1) and that the spring element 12 is a leaf spring 16.

Fig. 5 shows that a device 10 for counteracting winding up of film in an embodiment seen from above, on which it also appears that the spring elements 12 of the device is disposed relatively in relation to the pulling roller 4 and extending at least partly around the pulling roller 4. It is also seen that the spring elements 12 are configured to interact with recesses 15 in the pulling roller 4 and that the spring elements 12 are disposed substantially symmetrically in relation to the conveyed web material 2 (see Fig. 1).

Fig. 6 shows a device 10 for counteracting winding up of film in an embodiment seen from below, on which it appears that the spring elements 12 of the device extend at least partly around the pulling roller 4.