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Title:
APPARATUS FOR DISINFECTING PAYMENT INSTRUMENTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/204546
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments, which is characterized in that it comprises a box-like supporting structure (2) which has at least one inlet (3) for the insertion in the box-like structure (2) of at least one payment instrument to be disinfected and at least one outlet (4) for the exit from the box-like structure (2) of the payment instrument. The box- like structure (2) supports conveyance means for conveying the payment instrument, along an advancement path, from the inlet (3) to the at least one outlet (4). Sterilizing means are provided along the advancement path which act on the payment instrument.

Inventors:
SPAGNA, Guido (IT)
SPAGNA, Alessandro (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2021/057610
Publication Date:
October 14, 2021
Filing Date:
March 24, 2021
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SPAGNA, Guido (IT)
SPAGNA, Alessandro (IT)
International Classes:
A61L2/10; G07D11/16
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MODIANO, Micaela Nadia (IT)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments, characterized in that it comprises a box-like supporting structure (2) which has at least one inlet (3), for the insertion in said box-like structure (2) of at least one payment instrument to be disinfected, and at least one outlet (4), for the exit from said box-like structure (2) of said at least one payment instrument, and which supports conveyance means for conveying said at least one payment instrument, along an advancement path, from said at least one inlet (3) to said at least one outlet (4), sterilizing means being provided along said advancement path which act on said at least one payment instrument.

2. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said sterilizing means comprise means of emitting a germicidal radiation.

3. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said means of emitting comprise at least one source (5) ofUV-C rays.

4. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said conveyance means comprise at least one entrainment assembly (6) which engages said at least one payment instrument for its entrainment along said advancement path. 5. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said conveyance means comprise at least one guiding channel (8) which defines at least one part of said advancement path and can be slideably engaged by said at least one payment instrument.

6. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said at least one guiding channel (8) has at least one portion (8a) extending downhill, proceeding from said at least one inlet (3) toward said outlet (4), in order to allow the sliding by gravity of said at least one payment instrument.

7. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said at least one guiding channel (8) is provided with windows (9) which are directed toward said at least one source (5) of UV-C rays.

8. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises at least two different inlets (3a, 3b), each one for the insertion of a respective type of payment instruments, said at least two different inlets (3a, 3b) being connected by way of respective conveyance means to a corresponding outlet (4a, 4b) for the respective type of payment instruments.

9. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises at least one first inlet (3a) for the insertion in said box-like structure of banknotes and at least one first outlet (4a) for the exit of said banknotes from said box-like structure (2), there being first conveyance means for conveying said banknotes from said first inlet (3a) to said first outlet (4a). 10. The apparatus according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises at least one second inlet (3b) for the insertion of coins in said box-like structure (2) and at least one second outlet (4b) for the exit of said coins from said box-like structure (2), there being second conveyance means for the conveyance of said coins from said second inlet (3b) to said second outlet (4b).

Description:
APPARATUS FOR DISINFECTING PAYMENT INSTRUMENTS

The present invention relates to an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments.

As is known, in order to prevent the spread of pathogens, the need is currently very felt to ensure the disinfection and sterilization of objects that are subjected to a contact with the hands of their user.

The systems known today for carrying out the disinfection of objects are not practical and adequate for executing the disinfection of payment instruments, such as banknotes, coins, payment cards or the like.

The aim of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments which is capable of improving the known art in one or more of the above mentioned aspects.

Within this aim, an object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments that is easy to install and practical in use, so that it can be conveniently used, not only in shops, supermarkets, public enterprises and the like, but also in a domestic context.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments that is capable of offering the highest guarantees of reliability and safety in use.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments that is structurally simple and offers relatively low space occupation.

A further object of the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks of the background art in a manner that is alternative to any existing solutions.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments that can be produced at low cost, so as to be competitive from a purely economic viewpoint as well.

This aim and these and other objects which will become better apparent hereinafter are achieved by an apparatus for disinfecting payment instruments according to claim 1, optionally provided with one or more of the characteristics of the dependent claims.

Further characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become better apparent from the description of a preferred, but not exclusive, embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention, which is illustrated by way of non-limiting example in the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus according to the present invention; Figure 2 is another perspective view of the apparatus according to the present invention;

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the apparatus according to the invention with an upper cover removed in order to show the interior thereof;

Figure 4 is another perspective view of the apparatus according to the invention with the upper cover removed but from another viewing angle;

Figure 5 is a perspective view of a further embodiment of the apparatus according to the present invention;

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the embodiment of Figure 5 from another viewing angle; Figure 7 is a cross-sectional side view of the embodiment of Figure 5 with outer covering elements omitted;

Figure 8 is a perspective view from above of the embodiment of Figure 5 with the covering elements removed, in order to show the interior thereof; Figure 9 is a perspective view of an a further embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention;

Figure 10 is a perspective view of the embodiment of Figure 9 from a different viewing angle;

Figure 11 is a cross-sectional view taken along a central plane of the embodiment of Figure 9. With reference to the figures, the apparatus according to the invention, generally designated by the reference numeral 1, comprises a box-like supporting structure 2 which has at least one inlet 3, in order to allow the insertion in the box-like structure 2 of at least one payment instrument that it is desired to subject to disinfection or sterilization, such as, for example, a banknote, a coin, a payment card or the like.

The box-like structure 2 further has at least one outlet 4, through which the payment instrument inserted in the inlet 3 can exit from the box like structure 2, and it supports, inside it, conveyance means which make it possible to transfer the payment instrument from the inlet 3 to the outlet 4 along an advancement path.

According to the invention, sterilizing means are provided along such advancement path which act on the payment instrument in transit from the inlet 3 to the outlet 4, in order to eliminate, or at least significantly reduce, the load of pathogens present on the payment instrument.

Advantageously, such sterilizing means comprise means of emitting a germicidal radiation, which are constituted, conveniently, by one or more sources 5 of UV-C rays, which are in turn constituted, for example, by UV- C lamps.

Conveniently, the cited conveyance means can comprise at least one entrainment assembly 6 which engages the payment instrument, in order to execute the entrainment thereof along its advancement path inside the box like structure 2.

Such entrainment assembly 6 is, for example, constituted by at least one pair of motorized rollers 7, which are substantially parallel and mutually opposite, and are adapted to engage the payment instrument on mutually opposite sides.

Optionally, the conveyance means can also comprise at least one guiding channel 8 which is slideably engageable by the payment instrument and which defines at least one part of the advancement path of the payment instrument inside the box-like structure 2.

Conveniently, such guiding channel 8 has at least one portion 8a extending downhill, proceeding from the inlet 3 toward the outlet 4, in order to allow the sliding by gravity of the payment instrument.

Conveniently, windows 9 are defined in the walls of the guiding channel 8, and are directed toward the sources 5 of UV-C rays, so that the payment instrument that passes through the guiding channel 8 can be irradiated by the UV-C rays emitted by the sources 5.

Conveniently, the windows 9 are structured so as to ensure that there are no parts in shadow, with respect to the sources 5 of UV-C rays, on the surfaces to be treated of the payment instrument that is passing through the guiding channel 8.

Advantageously, in the box-like structure 2 at least two different inlets 3a and 3b can be defined, each one of which is designed for the introduction of a respective type of payment instrument.

In this case, each one of the two different inlets 3a, 3b is connected, via respective conveyance means, to a corresponding outlet 4a, 4b for the corresponding type of payment instrument.

With reference, in particular, to the embodiment shown in Figures 1- 4, in the box-like structure 2 there can be, for example, a first inlet 3a for the introduction of banknotes into the box-like structure 2.

Such first inlet 3a can be, conveniently, constituted by a slit positioned at one side of the box-like structure 2.

At least one first outlet 4a is further defined in the box-like structure 2, conveniently situated on the side of the box-like structure 2 opposite the side where the first inlet 3a is and from which exit the banknotes from the box-like structure 2 which were inserted through the first inlet 3 a and subsequently entrained, from the first inlet 3a to the first outlet 4a, along an advancement path, by first conveyance means, which are advantageously constituted, in this case, by at least one entrainment assembly 6. Preferably, the advancement path of the banknotes inside the box-like structure 2 extends on a substantially horizontal plane and, conveniently, the entrainment assembly 6 has two motorized rollers 7, of which one is arranged above and the other, not visible in the figures, is arranged below, with respect to the advancement path of the banknotes, and both of which extend substantially transversely to the advancement path of the banknote.

Advantageously, along the advancement path of the banknotes defined by the first conveyance means there is at least one pair of sources 5 of UV-C rays. The sources 5 of each pair are arranged, respectively, above and below the advancement path of the banknotes, so as to irradiate, with their beams of UV-C rays, both of the opposite faces of the banknotes.

Preferably, there are at least two pairs of sources 5, respectively at least one first pair of sources 5, arranged proximate to the first inlet 3a, and at least one second pair of sources 5, arranged proximate to the first outlet 4b.

In this case, the sources 5 are, conveniently, provided by UV-C lamps which extend transversely with respect to the advancement path of the banknotes. It should be noted in particular that, at the first inlet 3a, there can be, conveniently, a resting surface for the banknotes which facilitates the introduction of those banknotes between a pair of fissured plates 10, which are mutually substantially parallel and mutually opposite, at least one respective UV-C lamp facing each one, so that the banknotes, while they advance between the fissured plates 10, can be irradiated on both their faces by the UV-C rays emitted by the UV-C lamps and passing through the fissures of the fissured plates 10.

Advantageously, the fissures of the fissured plates 10 are designed so that no part of the treated surfaces of the banknotes remains in shadow with respect to the sources 5 of UV-C rays. Conveniently, substantially at the first outlet 4a, there can optionally be another pair of fissured plates 10, further UV-C lamps conveniently facing them.

Also at the first outlet 4a, there can further be an inclined sliding surface 11 for the banknotes, above which a shell-like covering element 12 is arranged, protruding from the box-like structure 2, in order to facilitate the retrieval by the user of the banknotes exiting from the box-like structure 2 through the first outlet 4a.

Again with reference to the embodiment illustrated in Figures 1-4, in the box-like structure 2 there are, furthermore, at least one second inlet 3b, for the introduction of coins into the box-like structure 2, and at least one second outlet 4b, for the exit of those coins from the box-like structure 2.

The second inlet 3b is arranged, advantageously, at a greater height than the second outlet 4b and, in particular, it is connected to the second outlet 4b by second conveyance means which are constituted, preferably, by a guiding channel 8, in which the coins can slide, which has at least one downhill portion 8a, in order to allow the movement of the coins from the second inlet 3b to the second outlet 4b by virtue of gravity.

It should be noted that, in the embodiment illustrated in Figures 1-4, the advancement path of the coins defined by the second conveyance means and, more specifically, by the guiding channel 8 is, preferably, arranged substantially on a plane that is, conveniently, arranged, in turn, substantially vertically.

More specifically, the plane of arrangement of the advancement path of the coins is advantageously arranged substantially at right angles to the advancement path defined by the first conveyance means for the banknotes.

In detail, the second inlet 3b is for example defined in an inlet portion 13, connected to the guiding channel 8 and protruding from a side wall of the box-like structure 2, while the second outlet 4b is provided in an outlet portion 14, protruding from the same side wall of the box-like structure 2. Conveniently, the inlet portion 13 and the outlet portion 14 have a curved progression so that the second inlet 3b and the second outlet 4b are, respectively, directed upward and downward, in order to facilitate the introduction and the exit of the coins from the guiding channel 8.

More specifically, in the embodiment shown, along the guiding channel 8 in which the coins roll, two downhill portions 8a are defined, arranged in mutual succession and positioned one above the other, and more precisely an upper downhill portion 8a, which extends from the inlet portion 13 to a curved connecting portion 15, situated proximate to the side wall of the box-like structure 2 that lies opposite to the side wall in which the inlet portion 13 is positioned, and a lower downhill portion 8a, not visible in the figures, which extends from the curved connecting portion 15 to the outlet portion 14.

Advantageously, each downhill portion 8a is provided with windows 9 in order to allow the exposure of the coins in transit along the guiding channel 8 to the germicidal radiation emitted by the sources 5.

In particular, the windows 9 of the upper downhill portion 8a are directed toward the source or sources 5 that are arranged above the advancement path of the banknotes, while the windows 9 of the lower downhill portion 8a are directed toward the source or sources 5 that are arranged below the advancement path of the banknotes.

It should be noted that the windows 9 provided along the guiding channel 8 of the coins are dimensioned so that the center of rotation of the coins is never in shadow with respect to the sources 5.

Operation of the apparatus according to the invention is the following.

The user introduces the banknotes to be treated into the box-like structure 2 through the first inlet 3a.

The banknotes introduced are irradiated, on their opposite faces, by the UV-C rays emitted by the sources 5 located proximate to the first inlet 3 a and they are gripped between the motorized rollers 7, so as to be entrained through the beams of UV-C rays emitted by the sources 5 located proximate to the first outlet 4a and, then, expelled from the box-like structure 2, adequately disinfected, through the first outlet 4a.

The user can carry out the sterilization of coins by introducing them into the box-like structure 2 through the second inlet 3b.

In particular, the coins introduced into the second inlet 3b pass through the downhill portions 8a of the guiding channel by gravity, becoming exposed on both of their faces to the UV-C rays emitted by the sources 5, before being expelled, adequately sterilized, from the box-like structure 2, through the second outlet 4b.

In practice it has been found that the invention fully achieves the intended aim and objects and, in particular, attention is drawn to the fact that the apparatus offers the possibility of carrying out an adequate disinfection of payment instruments, such as banknotes, coins, payment cards or the like, in an extremely practical and rapid manner.

The invention thus conceived is susceptible of numerous modifications and variations, all of which are within the scope of the appended claims.

Thus, for example, as in the embodiment of Figures 5-8, the apparatus according to the invention can be structured in order to allow the exchange of payment instruments between two users, for example a buying user and a selling user, in the context of an economic transaction at a sales point, such as a shop or the like, thus enabling the different users to operate on different and mutually opposite sides of the apparatus, so as to ensure the maintenance of a safety distance between the users themselves, in order to prevent the possible airborne spread of infectious diseases from one user to the other.

In this case, the box-like structure 2 can have a first side 102a, intended to be directed toward a first user, for example a shopkeeper, and a second side 102b, intended to be directed toward a second user, different from the first user, such as for example a customer. Also in this case, substantially at or proximate to the first side 102a, there is at least one inlet 3 and at least one outlet 4 for at least one payment instrument of at least one first type and, substantially at or proximate to the second side 102b, at least one inlet 3 and at least one outlet 4 for at least one payment instrument of at least one first type, which are connected, or can be connected, respectively, to the outlet 4 and to the inlet 3 that are situated on the first side 102a.

Advantageously, in this further embodiment, for reasons of compactness of dimensions of the apparatus, a single first inlet and outlet, defined on the first side 102a, can act, for the first side 102a, both as inlet 3 and as outlet 4, at least for a first type of payment instruments, and that a single second inlet and outlet on the second side 102a can act both as inlet 3 and as outlet 4 on the second side 102b, at least for the first type of payment instruments. In this case, the conveyance means extend between the first inlet and outlet on the first side 102a and the second inlet and outlet on the second side 102b in order to enable the transfer of the payment instruments inserted into the first inlet and outlet to the second inlet and outlet along an advancement path taken in one direction and, conversely, in order to enable the transfer of the payment instruments inserted into the second inlet and outlet to the first inlet and outlet along the same advancement path taken in the opposite direction. Also in this case, sensor means are provided which are adapted to detect the insertion of a payment instrument at the first inlet and outlet, by the first user, or at the second inlet and outlet by the second user; such sensor means are functionally connected to at least one entrainment assembly 6 for entraining the payment instruments in order to cause, following the detection, by the sensor means, of the insertion of a payment instrument through the first inlet and outlet, the actuation of the entrainment assembly 6 so as to obtain the entrainment of the payment instrument from the first inlet and outlet to the second inlet and outlet, or, conversely, in order to cause, following the detection, by the sensor means, of the insertion of a payment instrument through the second inlet and outlet, the actuation of the entrainment assembly 6 so as to obtain the entrainment of the payment instrument from the second inlet and outlet to the first inlet and outlet. In more detail, again with specific reference to Figures 5-8, in the first side 102a there is, preferably, a first fissure 103a, which provides the first inlet and outlet, in order to allow the insertion into or the extraction from the box-like structure 2, by the first user, of at least one payment instrument, preferably a payment instrument of a first type, such as a payment instrument with a substantially sheet-like shape structure and substantially rectangular, such as for example a banknote, a credit or debit card, a check or the like, and, similarly, in the second side 102b there is a second fissure 103b, which provides the second inlet and outlet and which, in its turn, therefore allows the second user to insert into or extract from the box-like structure 2 at least one payment instrument of the first type. Conveniently, the first slit and the second slit 103a and 103b extend substantially horizontally. Outside the box-like structure 2 there are, advantageously, a first insertion ramp 104a, for payment instruments of the first type, fixed to the first side 102a, below the first fissure 103a, in order to facilitate the insertion of payment instruments of the first type into the first fissure 103a by the first user, and a second insertion ramp 104b, fixed to the second side 102b, below the second fissure 103b, in order to facilitate the insertion of payment instruments of the first type into the second fissure 103 by the second user. As shown in Figure 7, the first fissure and the second fissure 103a and

103b communicate with a passage interspace 105 which can be passed through by payment instruments of the first type and is defined inside the box-like structure 2, between a lower perforated plate 106a and an upper perforated plate 106b, which are mutually facing.

The faces of the lower perforated plate 106a and of the upper perforated plate that are directed away from the passage interspace 105 respectively face toward one or more lower UV-C lamps 107a and one or more upper UV-C lamps 107b, which, advantageously, extend longitudinally between the first side and the second side 102a, 102b and which make it possible to irradiate, with the UV-C rays generated thereby, both faces of the payment instruments of the first type that pass through the passage interspace 105, during the transfer of the latter from the first fissure 103a to the second fissure 103b or from the second fissure 103b to the first fissure 103 a.

Advantageously, arranged between the first fissure 103a and the interspace 105 there is a first pair of entrainment rollers 108a, 108b, mutually superimposed, of which at least one is motorized, while arranged between the second fissure 103b and the interspace 105 there is a second pair of entrainment rollers 109a, 109b, mutually superimposed, of which at least one is motorized. The entrainment rollers 108a, 108b and the entrainment rollers 109a, 109b are adapted to engage the opposite faces of the payment instruments of the first type for the advancement thereof through the interspace 105. Preferably, the entrainment rollers of each pair are actuated by at least one respective motor. In particular, one of the entrainment rollers of the first pair, for example the entrainment roller 108a, is connected, at one end, to a first motor 110a, optionally by virtue of the interposition of a first speed reduction unit 111a, and, similarly, one of the entrainment rollers of the second pair, for example, the entrainment roller 109a, is connected to a second motor 110b, optionally by virtue of the interposition of a second speed reduction unit 111b. Conveniently, the entrainment roller 108a and the entrainment roller 109a, at their other ends, are connected, by way of gearwheels 112a, 112b, respectively to the entrainment roller 108b and to the entrainment roller 109b.

A first sensor 113a is arranged proximate to the first fissure 103a, and is designed to detect the introduction of a payment instrument through the first fissure 103a by the first user, while a second sensor 113b is arranged proximate to the second fissure 103b, and is designed to detect the introduction of a payment instrument through the second fissure 103a by the second user. The first sensor 113a and the second sensor 113b are functionally connected to the first motor 110a and to the second motor 110b, so that, when the first sensor 113a detects the introduction of a payment instrument through the first fissure 103a, the first motor 110a and the second motor 110b are actuated so as to transmit a rotating motion to the entrainment rollers 108a, 108b and 109a, 109b in the direction that causes the entrainment of the payment instrument by the entrainment rollers 108a, 108b and 109a, 109b from the first fissure 103a to the second fissure 103b, and so that, when the second sensor 113b detects the introduction of a payment instrument through the second fissure 103b, the first motor 110a and the second motor 110b are activated so as to transmit a rotating motion to the entrainment rollers 108a, 108b and 109a, 109b in the opposite direction i.e. in the direction that produces the entrainment of the payment instrument by the entrainment rollers 108a, 108b and 109a, 109b from the second fissure 103b to the first fissure 103a.

Again with reference to the embodiment of Figures 5-8, there can also be, on or proximate to the first side 102a, an inlet 3 and an outlet 4, respectively for the insertion and the extraction, by the first user, of payment instruments of a second type, such as, for example, coins or the like, and, similarly, on or proximate to the second side 102b, an inlet 3 and an outlet 4 for the insertion and the extraction, respectively, of payment instruments of the second type, by the second user. For example, the inlet 3 for payment instruments of the second type which is situated on the first side 102a can be connected to the outlet 4 for the same payment instruments of the second type which is situated on the second side 102b via first conveyance means and, similarly, the inlet 3 on the second side 102b, for payment instruments of the second type, can be connected to the outlet 4 on the first side 102b, for payment instruments of the second type, via second conveyance means, which are different from the first conveyance means.

Preferably, the first conveyance means and the second conveyance means for payment instruments of the second type are arranged in the upper part of the box-like structure 2 and, in particular, above the passage interspace 105 for payment instruments of the first type. Conveniently, in the embodiment of Figures 5-8, the first conveyance means and the second conveyance means for payment instruments of the second type are constituted by respective guiding channels 114a and 114b, which can be passed through by payment instruments of the second type and are provided, conveniently, by tubular elements with a flattened cross-section. Advantageously, the guiding channels 114a and 114b extend downhill, so as to allow payment instruments of the second type to advance through the guiding channels 113a and 113b by gravity, starting from corresponding insertion slots 115a, 115b, which constitute the inlets for payment instruments of the second type, and up until corresponding collection receptacles 116a, 116b, which constitute the outlets for payment instruments of the second type, in which the payment instruments of the second type stop after passing through the guiding channels 113a, 113b, and which are provided by cradle elements which have lateral cutouts 117 in order to allow users to extract the payment instruments of the second type therefrom with their fingers. More specifically, the insertion slots 115a, 115b are accessible from outside at the upper wall of the box-like structure 2 and are arranged proximate to, respectively, the first side 102a and the second side 102b, while the collection receptacles 116a, 116b are arranged outside the box like structure 2 in a position protruding, respectively, from the second side 102b and from the first side 102a.

Advantageously, the guiding channels 114a and 114b are facing, with at least one portion thereof, at least one of the UV-C lamps 107a, 107b. More specifically, the guiding channels 114a and 114b are arranged laterally between the upper UV-C lamps 107b and have, at least in their walls that are directed toward the upper UV-C lamps 107b, windows which are conveniently constituted by one or more longitudinal slots 118a and 118b, which extend parallel to the extension of the guiding channels 114a, 114b and which make it possible to expose the payment instruments transiting along the guiding channels 114a, 114b to the UV-C rays emitted by the upper UV-C lamps 107b without interfering with the regularity of the movement of the payment instruments along these guiding channels.

Figures 9, 10 and 11 show a further embodiment, in which, substantially at or proximate to the first side 102a, there is at least one inlet 3 and at least one outlet 4, mutually separate, for payment instruments of at least one type, and, substantially at or proximate to the second side 102b, at least one inlet 3 and at least one outlet 4, mutually separate, for payment instruments of the same type. More specifically, in the first side 102a mutually distinct first fissures 120a, 120b are advantageously defined, respectively a first inlet fissure 120a, which provides the inlet 3 for inserting into the box-like structure 2, by the first user, payment instruments of a first type, such as sheet-like payment instruments, such as for example banknotes, payment cards, checks or the like, and a first outlet fissure 120b, which provides the outlet 4 for the extraction, again by the first user, from the box-like structure 2, of payment instruments of the first type, while in the second side 102b mutually distinct second fissures 121a, 121b are defined, respectively a second inlet fissure 121a, which provides the inlet 3 for the insertion, by the second user, of payment instruments of the first type into the box-like structure 2, and a second outlet fissure 121b, which provides the outlet 4 for the extraction from the box-like structure 2 of payment instruments of the first type by the second user. The first inlet fissure 120a is connected to the second outlet fissure 121b, conveniently via a first passage interspace 122a, which can be passed through by payment instruments of the first type and is defined inside the box-like structure 2, advantageously between a first lower perforated plate 123 a and a first upper perforated plate 123b, which are mutually facing, while the second inlet fissure 121a is connected to the first outlet fissure 120b via a second passage interspace 122b, which is distinct and separate from the first passage interspace 122a and is also defined inside the box-like structure 2, between a second lower perforated plate 124a and a second upper perforated plate 124b. Conveniently, the first and the second passage interspace 122a, 122b are arranged mutually superimposed and lamps UV-C 125a, 125b are arranged below and above them. There are entrainment rollers 126a, 126b, 126c for entraining the payment instruments along the first and the second interspace 122a, 122b. For example, there can be intermediate entrainment rollers 126b, interposed between the first and the second interspace 122a, 122b, which cooperate, on one side, with upper entrainment rollers 126a and, on the other side, with lower entrainment rollers 126c in order to execute the entrainment of payment instruments both along the first and along the second passage interspace 122a, 122b.

Also in this embodiment, a first insertion ramp 127a protrudes from the first side 102a, below the first inlet fissure 120a, in order to facilitate the insertion of payment instruments of the first type into the first inlet fissure 120a by the first user, and a second insertion ramp 127b protrudes from the second side 102b, below the second inlet fissure 121a, in order to facilitate the insertion of payment instruments of the first type into the second inlet fissure 121a by the second user.

With this embodiment, differently from the embodiment of Figures 5- 8, it is possible to prevent a payment instrument of the first type, for example a banknote, that a user, for example the shopkeeper, gives back to the other user, for example the customer, from coming into contact with the insertion ramp on which the customer has previously placed his or her banknote, as a consequence becoming contaminated again.

Also, in the embodiment of Figures 9-11, in the upper part of the box like structure 2 there can be, advantageously, first conveyance means and second conveyance means for payment instruments of a second type, such as coins and the like, which are structurally similar to those described previously for the embodiment of Figures 5-8, to which the reader is referred for the related characteristics.

All the details of the invention may be substituted by other, technically equivalent elements.

In practice, the materials used, as well as the contingent shapes and dimensions, may be any according to the requirements and to the state of the art.

The disclosures in Italian Patent Application No. 102020000007597 from which this application claims priority are incorporated herein by reference.

Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly, such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.