Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
APPARATUS FOR WET GRINDING OF WELDING ELECTRODES, PARTICULARLY TUNGSTEN ELECTRODES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/189497
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An apparatus (2, 22) for wet grinding of welding electrodes, in particular tungsten electrodes, including a drive motor for a rotating grinding wheel and means adapted to fix a welding electrode at a certain angle relative to the grinding wheel (4), wherein the fixing means include an angularly adjustable guide (6) for an electrode holder (8), the guide (8) arranged to be fixed at varying angular positions relative to a plane front side of the grinding wheel, the apparatus (2) including a disc-shaped cutting device (10) adapted to shorten welding electrodes to a defined length. By simple technical means it hereby becomes possible to simplify adjustment of the grinding angle while at the same time dealing with the work environment problems associated with e.g. grinding of tungsten electrodes in that the grinding of welding electrodes as such is performed by wet grinding.

Inventors:
ANDERSEN JENS OIEN (DK)
Application Number:
DK2013/050192
Publication Date:
December 27, 2013
Filing Date:
June 12, 2013
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
PAGAARD JAN (DK)
ANDERSEN JENS OIEN (DK)
International Classes:
B24B19/16; B23B5/16
Foreign References:
EP0822882A11998-02-11
EP1262279A22002-12-04
JP2008137113A2008-06-19
Other References:
See also references of EP 2861377A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PATRADE A/S (Aarhus C, DK)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An apparatus (2, 22) for wet grinding of welding electrodes, in particular tungsten electrodes, including a drive motor for a rotating grinding wheel (4) extending into grinding liquid in a grinding housing, and means adapted to fix a welding electrode at a certain angle relative to the grinding wheel (4), characterised in that the fixing means include an angularly adjustable guide (6) for an electrode holder (8), the guide (8) arranged to be fixed at varying angular positions relative to a plane front side of the grinding wheel, the apparatus (2) including a disc-shaped cutting device (10) which is adapted to shorten welding electrodes to a defined length.

2. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised in that the cutting device (10) is drivingly connected with the drive motor via a belt drive.

3. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised in that the cutting device (10) is adapted such that metal particles from a cutting disc in operation are directed towards a back wall in the grinding housing, and that in connection with the back wall there are means adapted for sprinkling the back wall with grinding liquid supplied from the top of the grinding wheel (4). 4. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised by including a digital display (13) which is adapted to show the actual angular position of the guide (6).

5. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised in that the electrode holder (8) is adapted for manual clamping of the welding electrode to be ground.

6. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1 , characterised in that the electrode holder (8) is adapted for manual rotation in the guide (6) during grinding of the welding electrode.

7. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised in that it includes an adjusting device (15) for adjusting the length of the welding electrode.

8. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised in that an upper annular part active length of the welding electrode for flat grinding of an outermost end of the welding electrode.

9. Apparatus (2, 22) according to claim 1, characterised in that the guide (6) is adapted for lateral displacement relative to the plane front side of the grinding wheel (4).

Description:
APPARATUS FOR WET GRINDING OF WELDING ELECTRODES, PARTICULARLY TUNGSTEN ELECTRODES

Field of the Invention

The present invention concerns an apparatus for wet grinding of welding electrodes, particularly tungsten electrodes, and of the kind specified in the preamble of claim 1.

Background of the Invention For use in TIG welding (tungsten inert gas welding) and plasma welding, tungsten welding electrodes are used which in order to achieve weld seams of high quality are to have well-defined pointed end. Surface properties as well as dimensions of the electrode point have particular significance to generating the electric arc produced by the electrodes and by means of which the welding wire for producing the weld seam is melted.

At the same time, the welding electrode is subjected to heavy wear due to the temperatures occurring at the welding operation so that already after a short period of time the welding electrode is not capable of producing weld seams of high quality. In practice, it is therefore often so that the welder carries a number of welding electrodes with him in order to replace them in the welding equipment. Alternatively, the welding electrodes are to ground again which, however, requires that the workplace has an e.g. mobile electrode grinding apparatus at its disposal. Grinding apparatuses of this type normally operate with a rotating grinding wheel where the welding electrodes are ground to point by pressing the electrodes against a side face of the grinding wheel at a desired angle. This grinding principle makes it complicated to vary the grinding angle or the point of the electrodes. Besides, it is known that this grinding principle or apparatus implies some unsolved work environment problems in connection with the aggressive grinding dust formed by grinding welding electrodes containing tungsten. DK/EP 0822882 T3 discloses an apparatus for grinding welding electrodes, in particular tungsten electrodes, the apparatus including a drive motor for a rotating grinding wheel and means adapted to fix a welding electrode at a certain angle relative to the grinding wheel, where the fixing means include an apparatus part arranged displaceably in parallel with the plane of the grinding wheel in a fixed, vertically extending guide, the apparatus part comprising two mutually displaced insertion openings or positions for an electrode holder, namely a first insertion opening or position opposite an arched angle scale corresponding to radius of the grinding wheel, and a second insertion opening or position situated and adapted to fasten the electrode in parallel with the plane of the grinding wheel as the vertical spacing between the insertion openings is equal to the spacing between the arched angle scale and the grinding wheel.

Object of the Invention

On this background, the invention has the purpose of indicating an improved apparatus for wet grinding of welding electrodes of the kind mentioned in the introduction, and which by means of simple measures will make it easier to adjust the grinding angle. Furthermore, the apparatus according to the invention deals with the said work environment problems which are known in connection with e.g. dry grinding of tungsten electrodes.

Description of the Invention The grinding apparatus according to the invention is peculiar in that the fixing means include an angularly adjustable guide for an electrode holder, the guide arranged to be fixed at varying angular positions relative to a plane front side of the grinding wheel, the apparatus furthermore including a disc-shaped cutting device which is adapted to shorten welding electrodes to a defined length.

By simple technical means it hereby becomes possible to simplify adjustment of the grinding angle while at the same time dealing with the work environment problems associated with e.g. grinding of tungsten electrodes in that the grinding of welding electrodes as such is performed by wet grinding. The apparatus according to the invention is suitably designed such that the cutting device is drivingly connected with the drive motor, preferably by a belt drive. With the object of optimising collection of metal particles from the cutting device, the apparatus according to the invention may advantageously be so designed that the cutting device is adapted such that metal particles from a cutting disc in operation are directed towards a back wall in the grinding housing, and that in connection with the back wall there are means adapted for sprinkling the back wall with grinding liquid supplied from the top of the grinding wheel.

With the object of enabling direct reading of the actual angle setting, the apparatus according to the invention is so designed that it preferably at the front side includes a digital display which is adapted to show the actual angular position of the guide. The electrode holder is adapted for manual clamping of the welding electrode to be ground in a simple and exact way. This means that individual variations of specific lengths of welding electrodes do not cause any problems.

Correspondingly, the apparatus according to the invention can be substantially simplified in that the electrode holder is adapted for manual rotation in the guide during grinding of the welding electrode.

The apparatus according to the invention may suitably be designed such that it includes an adjusting device for adjusting the length of the welding electrode.

In addition, the apparatus according to the invention may advantageously be designed such that an upper annular part of the guide is designed with a fine adjustment for stepwise adjustment of an active length of the welding electrode for flat grinding of an outermost end of the welding electrode.

In practice, this fine adjustment includes a stepwise rotation of the upper annular part guided by a number of locking balls - where e.g. each click adjusts the active length of the welding electrode by 0.1 mm - such that " three clicks will correspond to an actual upwards displacement of the welding electrode by 0.3 mm. The flat grinding is effected by rotating the guide for the electrode holder to a position where the welding electrode stands at right angles to the front side of the grinding wheel.

With the object of optimising the service life of the grinding wheel, the apparatus according to the invention may advantageously be designed such that the guide is adapted for lateral displacement relative to the plane front side of the grinding wheel.

Description of the Drawing

The invention is now described more closely in connection with the drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of an embodiment of an apparatus according to the invention;

Fig. 2 shows a detail in perspective view of the angular adjustment by the apparatus shown in Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 3 shows a detail in perspective view of the electrode holder for use in the apparatus shown in Fig. 1 ; Fig. 4 shows a detail in perspective view for illustrating how the electrode holder is rotated manually during grinding;

Fig. 5 shows a detail in perspective view of a mechanism for setting correct length of the electrode;

Fig. 6 shows a detail in perspective view of an upper rotatable ring used for retracting the electrode point 0.1 mm per click for grinding the outermost point of the electrode flat; Fig. 7 shows a detail in perspective view for illustrating how the electrode holder can be laterally displaced for better utilisation of the grinding wheel;

Fig. 8 shows a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of an apparatus according to the invention; Fig. 9 shows a perspective view of the apparatus in Fig. 8, as seen from the opposite side; and

Fig. 10 shows a perspective view of the apparatus shown in Fig. 8, as seen from the back side.

Detailed Description of Embodiments of the Invention

The apparatus 1 shown in Fig. 1 includes a rearwardly directed housing part which contains a not shown drive motor for a grinding wheel 4, the plane front side of which can be seen through a curving window 5 at the front side of the apparatus 2.

To the right of the window 5 appears an angularly adjustable guide 6 for an electrode holder 8, which guide 6 can be fixed at various angular positions relative to the plane front side of the grinding wheel 4 by means of a fixing screw 7. To the left of the window 5, an insertion opening 9 of a cutting device 10 can be seen. A welding electrode can be inserted in the insertion opening 9 with the object of cutting off a part of the length of the welding electrode for forming an electrode point which subsequently is to be ground into a point by means of the apparatus 2. With the object of avoiding cutting beard on the welding electrode and electrode point, respectively, the insertion opening 9 can advantageously be angled 1-2° relative to the plane of the cutting device.

At the left side of the apparatus 2 is seen a operating lever 1 1 for the cutting device 10. By moving the operating lever 1 1 downwards, a rotating cutting disc will be pressed against the side of the welding electrode such that an outer end part thereof will be cut off for forming the electrode point which is conducted to a collecting channel 12 at the back side of the apparatus 2 (Figs. 9 and 10). The rotating cutting disc of the cutting device 10 is drivingly connected with the grinding wheel 4 by means of a belt drive.

In Fig. 2 appears a digital display 13 clearly showing the actual angular position (34°) of the guide 6 for the electrode holder 8 relative to the plane front side of the grinding wheel 4. Fig. 3 served to show that the electrode holder 8 is adapted to be manually operated for clamping an electrode point in a known chuck with three-partite grip jaws.

Fig. 4 serves to indicate that the electrode holder 8 is rotated by hand during point grinding of an electrode point by pressing thereof against the plane front side of the grinding wheel 4.

In Fig. 1, a set screw 14 is seen under the pivotable guide 6, the screw 14 belonging to a device 15 shown in Fig. 5 for adjusting the length of the electrode point. The adjustment itself is effected by means of a knurled nut 16 on a threaded rod 17 in that an angular holder 18 can be displaced laterally.

Fig. 6 serves to show that an upper annular part 19 of the guide 6 can be turned clickwise, each click representing a longitudinal displacement of the guide of 0.1 mm as the annular part 19 is connected with the guide by means of a locking ball that interacts with a number of complementarily shaped recesses.

Three clicks thus correspond to a longitudinal displacement of 0.3 mm, which e.g. is used for displacing the ground electrode point in direction away from the grinding wheel 4 before the guide 6 subsequently is pivoted to a position perpendicularly to the plane front side of the grinding wheel 4. At this position, an exact plane grinding of the outermost part of the electrode point can then be performed by moving it against the grinding wheel 4 again. Fig. 7 serves to indicate that the guide 6 itself is adapted to be laterally displaced relative to a pivoting mechanism 20. Hereby is achieved a substantial increase in the capacity of the grinding wheel 4 which thereby can be reused a number of times corresponding to the possible lateral displacement of the guide, for example three grinding tracks on the grinding wheel 4.

Figs. 8-10 show a modified embodiment of a grinding apparatus 22 according to the invention where similar parts are denoted with the same reference numbers. Reference numbers of the drawing:

2 grinding apparatus (Figs. 1 -7)

4 grinding wheel

5 window

6 guide

7 fixing screw

8 electrode holder

9 insertion opening

10 cutting device

11 operating arm

12 collection channel

13 digital display

14 set screw

15 adjusting device

16 knurled nut

17 threaded part

18 angular holder

19 annular part

20 pivoting mechanism

22 grinding apparatus (Figs. 8 -10)