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Title:
AQUEOUS COMPOSITION COMPRISING A CATIONIC POLYMER, AN ANIONIC POLYMER, AN ANIONIC SURFACTANT COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE CATIONIC COUNTERION, A FATTY PHASE AND A PIGMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/122382
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present application relates to a composition comprising, notably in a physiologically acceptable medium: a. water; and b. at least one cationic polymer (PC) chosen from methyldiallylamine polymers or diallyldimethylammonium polymers; and c. at least one anionic polymer (PA) chosen from methacrylic acid homopolymer salts; and d. at least one anionic surfactant comprising at least one cationic counterion; and e. a fatty phase; and f. at least one pigment; the weight ratio of the total amount of cationic polymer(s)/the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) ranging from 40% to 70%; the weight ratio of the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) to the sum of the total amount of anionic and cationic polymers and of the amount of water ranging from 5% to 25%. The invention also relates to a process for coating keratin materials, in particular the skin, notably the contour of the eyes, eyelashes or eyebrows, and keratin fibers, such as the eyelashes and/or the eyebrows, comprising a step of applying to said keratin materials at least one composition as defined above.

Inventors:
ILEKTI PHILIPPE (FR)
PLOS GRÉGORY (FR)
BOULARAS MOHAMED (FR)
PORET FRISTOT SYLVIE (FR)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2020/085791
Publication Date:
June 24, 2021
Filing Date:
December 11, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
OREAL (FR)
International Classes:
A61K8/73; A61K8/36; A61K8/44; A61K8/55; A61K8/81; A61Q1/10
Foreign References:
EP1832277A12007-09-12
EP1674076A22006-06-28
FR2528699A11983-12-23
FR2080759A11971-11-19
FR2792190A12000-10-20
EP0847752A11998-06-17
FR2679771A11993-02-05
EP1184426A22002-03-06
Other References:
VAN DE HULST, H.C.: "Light Scattering by Small Particles", 1957, WILEY
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MISZPUTEN, Laurent (FR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

[Claim 1] A composition comprising, notably in a physiologically acceptable medium: a. water; and b. at least one cationic polymer (PC) chosen from methyldiallylamine polymers or diallyldimethylammonium polymers; and c. at least one anionic polymer (PA) chosen from methacrylic acid homopolymer salts; and d. at least one anionic surfactant comprising at least one cationic counterion; and e. a fatty phase; and f. at least one pigment; the weight ratio of the total amount of cationic polymer(s)/the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) ranging from 40% to 70%, preferably from 45% to 65%; the weight ratio of the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) to the sum of the total amount of anionic and cationic polymers and of the amount of water ranging from 5% to 25%, preferably from 10% to 20%.

[Claim 2] The composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the water is present in a concentration ranging from 30% to 70% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition, preferably ranging from 40% to 60% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition, preferably ranging from 45% to 55% by weight relative to the total weight of said composition.

[Claim 3] The composition as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the methyldiallylamine polymer or diallyldimethylammonium polymer is chosen from homopolymers or copolymers comprising, as main constituent of the chain, units corresponding to formula (IX) or (IX'): formulae wherein k and t are equal to 0 or 1, the sum k + t being equal to 1; R15 denotes a hydrogen atom or a methyl radical; f and RM, independently of one another, denote an alkyl group containing from 1 to 22 carbon atoms, a hydroxyalkyl group wherein the alkyl group preferably contains 1 to 5 carbon atoms, a lower amidoalkyl group, or f and RM may denote, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, heterocyclic groups such as piperidyl or morpholinyl; Y is an anion such as bromide, chloride, acetate, borate, citrate, tartrate, bisulfate, bisulfite, sulfate or phosphate.

[Claim 4] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the cationic polymer is chosen from:

- diallyldimethylammonium chloride homopolymers having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-6; - copolymers of diallyldimethylammonium chloride and of acrylamide having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-7).

[Claim 5] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the cationic polymer is chosen from diallyldimethylammonium chloride homopolymers having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-6.

[Claim 6] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the concentration of active material of cationic polymer(s) ranges from 2.0% to 15.0% by weight, more particularly from 5.0% to 10% by weight, relative to the total weight of said composition. [Claim 7] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the anionic polymer is a sodium salt of methacrylic acid homopolymer, having the INCI name: Sodium polymethacrylate.

5[Claim 8] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the anionic polymer(s) is (are) present in a concentration of active material ranging from 1.0% to 13.0% by weight, more particularly from 3.0% to 10.0% by weight, relative to the total weight of said composition. l0[Claim 9] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the pigment is chosen from metal oxides; or chosen from iron oxides, titanium dioxides, and mixtures thereof; or chosen from iron oxides.

[Claim 10] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the 15 amount of pigment(s) ranges from 2% to 25% by weight, more preferentially from 4% to 15% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[Claim 11 ] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the anionic surfactant(s) in accordance with the invention is (are) chosen from:

20 i. alkyl phosphates; ii. alkyl sulfates, and in particular alkyl ether sulfates, alkylamido ether sulfates, alkylaryl polyether sulfates, monoglyceride sulfates; iii. alkyl sulfonates, alkylamide sulfonates, alkylaryl sulfonates, a-olefin sulfonates, paraffin sulfonates;

25 iv. alkyl sulfosuccinates, alkyl ether sulfosuccinates, alkylamide sulfosuccinates; alkyl sulfosuccinamates; v. alkyl sulfoacetates; vi. acyl sarcosinates, acyl glutamates, acyl isethionates, N-acyl taurates, acyl lactylates; vii. alkylpolyglycoside carboxylic esters, such as alkylglucoside citrates,

30 alkylpolyglycoside tartrates and alkylpolyglycoside sulfosuccinates, alkylpolyglycoside sulfosuccinamates; viii. fatty acids, in particular oleic acid, ricinoleic acid, palmitic acid or stearic acid, coconut oil acid or hydrogenated coconut oil acid; ix. alkyl-D-galactosiduronic acids; x. polyoxyalkylenated (C6-C24)alkyl ether carboxylic acids, polyoxyalkylenated (C6- C24)alkylaryl ether carboxylic acids, polyoxyalkylenated (C6-C24)alkylamido ether carboxylic acids, in particular those containing from 2 to 50 alkylene oxide, in particular ethylene oxide, groups; xi. mixtures thereof.

[Claim 12] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the anionic surfactant(s) is (are) present preferably in a total content of greater than or equal to 2% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition, preferably ranging from 2% to 10%, better still from 3% to 8% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[Claim 13] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the cationic counterion(s) is (are) chosen from a cation of mineral origin, in particular chosen from alkali metal cations, the ammonium ion (NhV) or organic cations.

[Claim 14] The composition as claimed in claim 13, wherein said organic cationic counterion(s) is (are) chosen from amines and amino alcohols, and more particularly is 1,3-dihydroxy-2-methylpropyl (aminomethylpropanediol).

[Claim 15] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 14, wherein the anionic surfactant is chosen from:

- C12-C22 preferably 4-C18, fatty acids, more particularly the salt of stearic acid and of aminomethylpropanediol;

- alkyl phosphates, preferably in a form neutralized by a cationic counterion of an alkali metal and more particularly the anionic surfactant having the INCI name: Potassium Cetyl Phosphate;

- acyl glutamates, preferably in a form neutralized by a cationic counterion of an alkali metal and more particularly the anionic surfactant having the INCI name: Sodium

Stearoyl Glutamate;

- mixtures thereof. [Claim 16] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein the fatty phase is dispersed and comprises at least one wax, at least one pasty fatty substance and/or at least one oil, and more particularly comprises at least one wax.

[Claim 17] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein the fatty phase is dispersed and comprises at least one wax chosen from beeswax, carnauba wax, cetyl alcohol, behenyl behenate and mixtures thereof.

[Claim 18] The composition as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 17, in the form of an eyelash product such as a mascara, an eyebrow product or a product for the contour of the eyes, such as an eyeliner.

[Claim 19] A process for coating keratin materials, in particular the skin, notably the contour of the eyes, eyelashes or eyebrows, and keratin fibers, such as the eyelashes and/or the eyebrows, comprising a step of applying to said keratin materials at least one cosmetic composition as defined in any one of claims 1 to 18.

Description:
Description

Title: Aqueous composition comprising a cationic polymer, an anionic polymer, an anionic surfactant comprising at least one cationic counterion, a fatty phase and a pigment

Technical field

[0001] The present invention relates to compositions intended for making up and/or caring for human keratin materials, such as the skin, and keratin fibers such as the eyelashes and eyebrows. It likewise relates to a process for making up and/or caring for said human keratin materials, consisting in applying the composition according to the invention.

[0002] In the area of eye makeup products, aqueous products make it possible to obtain high makeup performance results. However, the wear property of these products is not very popular with consumers because their deposit is sensitive to water. Furthermore, water-resistant (waterproof) anhydrous compositions and latex- rich (smudgeproof) aqueous compositions are known for their high wear property, but these compositions are not entirely satisfactory in terms of makeup removal.

[0003] Mascara compositions comprising a continuous oily phase and at least one polyelectrolyte such as the anionic polymer sodium polymethacrylate are known in the application; said composition comprising a water and/or water-soluble solvent content of less than 50% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.

[0004] Also known in the application are mascara compositions comprising a latex, at least 15% of self-emulsifying wax and water, which are able to contain film-forming polymers, notably a mixture of an anionic polymer such as sodium polymethacrylate and of a cationic polymer such as polyquaternium-10.

[0005] There is the need to find new aqueous compositions for making up the contour of the eyes, the eyelashes and/or the eyebrows and the contour thereof which make it possible to obtain good makeup performance results and a good wear property equivalent to a water-resistant (waterproof) product and which can be easily removed by a water-based eye makeup removal product.

[0006] In the course of its research, the applicant has discovered, unexpectedly, that this objective is achieved by using a composition comprising, notably in a physiologically acceptable medium: a. water; and b. at least one cationic polymer (PC) chosen from methyldiallylamine polymers or diallyldimethylammonium polymers; and c. at least one anionic polymer (PA) chosen from methacrylic acid homopolymer salts; and d. at least one anionic surfactant comprising at least one cationic counterion; and e. a fatty phase; and f. at least one pigment; the weight ratio of the total amount of cationic polymer(s)/the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) ranging from 40% to 70%, preferably from 45% to 65%; the weight ratio of the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) to the sum of the total amount of anionic and cationic polymers and of the amount of water ranging from 5% to 25%, preferably from 10% to 20%.

[0007] The applicant has discovered, surprisingly, that the compositions according to the invention are macroscopically homogeneous (a single phase visible to the naked eye), have an excellent wear property and can be easily removed with an aqueous makeup remover containing surfactants (of the micellar water or saline water makeup remover type).

[0008] This discovery forms the basis of the invention.

Subjects of the invention

[0009] Thus, according to one of its aspects, the present invention relates to a composition comprising, notably in a physiologically acceptable medium: a. water; and b. at least one cationic polymer (PC) chosen from methyldiallylamine polymers or diallyldimethylammonium polymers; and c. at least one anionic polymer (PA) chosen from methacrylic acid homopolymer salts; and d. at least one anionic surfactant comprising at least one cationic counterion; and e. a fatty phase; and f. at least one pigment; the weight ratio of the total amount of cationic polymer(s)/the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) ranging from 40% to 70%, preferably from 45% to 65%; the weight ratio of the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) to the sum of the total amount of anionic and cationic polymers and of the amount of water ranging from 5% to 25%, preferably from 10% to 20%.

[0010] A second subject of the present invention is a cosmetic process for making up and/or caring for human keratin materials, such as the skin, notably the contour of the eyes, the contour of the eyelashes, the contour of the eyebrows; keratin fibers such as the eyelashes and the eyebrows, consisting in applying to said keratin materials a composition as defined above.

Definitions

[0011] In the context of the present invention, the term "keratin material" is notably intended to mean the skin, notably the contour of the eyes, the contour of the eyelashes, the contour of the eyebrows; keratin fibers such as the eyelashes and the eyebrows.

[0012] The term "physiologically acceptable" is intended to mean compatible with the skin and/or its integuments, which has a pleasant color, odor and feel, and which does not cause any unacceptable discomfort (stinging or tautness) liable to discourage the consumer from using this composition.

[0013] The term "cationic polymer" is intended to mean any polymer comprising in its structure positively charged ionic groups associated with negative counterions.

[0014] The term "anionic polymer" is intended to mean any polymer comprising in its structure negatively charged ionic groups associated with positive counterions.

Aqueous phase

[0015] The composition according to the invention comprises an aqueous phase. [0016] The term "aqueous phase" is intended to mean a phase comprising water and also optionally all the solvents and ingredients that are water-soluble or water- miscible (water-miscibility greater than 50% by weight at 25°C) ; for instance lower monoalcohols containing from 1 to 5 carbon atoms such as ethanol or isopropanol, glycols containing from 3 to 8 carbon atoms such as propylene glycol, 1,3-butylene glycol, caprylyl glycol, pentylene glycol and dipropylene glycol.

[0017] The aqueous phase may contain a demineralized water or alternatively a floral water such as cornflower water and/or a mineral water such as Vittel water,

Lucas water or La Roche Posay water and/or a spring water. [0018] The water is preferably present in a concentration ranging from 30% to 70% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition, preferably ranging from 40% to 60% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition, preferably ranging from 45% to 55% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.

Cationic polymer [0019] The composition according to the invention comprises at least one cationic polymer chosen from methyldiallylamine polymers or diallyldimethylammonium polymers.

[0020] Preferably, the methyldiallylamine polymers or diallyldimethylammonium polymers are chosen from homopolymers or copolymers comprising, as main constituent of the chain, units corresponding to formula (IX) or (IX'): formulae wherein k and t are equal to 0 or 1, the sum k + t being equal to 1; R 15 denotes a hydrogen atom or a methyl radical; R 13 and RM, independently of one another, denote an alkyl group containing from 1 to 22 carbon atoms, a hydroxyalkyl group wherein the alkyl group preferably contains 1 to 5 carbon atoms, a lower amidoalkyl group, or R 13 and Ri 4 may denote, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, heterocyclic groups such as piperidyl or morpholinyl; Y is an anion such as bromide, chloride, acetate, borate, citrate, tartrate, bisulfate, bisulfite, sulfate or phosphate. These polymers are notably described in French patent 2 080 759 and in its Certificate of Addition 2 190 406.

[0021] Mention may be made, for example, of:

- diallyldimethylammonium chloride homopolymers having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-6 sold under the names Merquat 100 Polymer®, Merquat 106 Polymer® by the company Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc;

- copolymers of diallyldimethylammonium chloride and of acrylamide having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-7 sold under the names Merquat 550 Polymer®, Merquat 550L Polymer, Merquat 740 Polymer®, Merquat 2200 Polymer®, Merquat S Polymer® by the company Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc.

[0022] Use will more particularly be made of the diallyldimethylammonium chloride homopolymers having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-6.

[0023] The cationic polymer(s) in accordance with the invention is (are) preferably present in an active material concentration ranging from 2.0% to 15.0% by weight, more particularly from 5.0% to 10% by weight, relative to the total weight of said composition.

Anionic polymer

[0024] The composition according to the invention comprises at least one anionic polymer chosen from the inorganic or organic salts of methacrylic acid homopolymer, notably the alkali metal (i.e.: sodium, potassium) salts, the ammonium salts (NH4 + ), the amine or amino alcohol organic salts (i.e.: triethanolamine, 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3- propanediol).

[0025] Use will be made more particularly of the sodium salts of methacrylic acid homopolymer, having the INCI name: Sodium polymethacrylate sold under the names Darvan 7-N® by the company Vanderbilt Minerals LLC and Syntran EX150-19® by the company Interpolymer Corporation.

[0026] The anionic polymer(s) in accordance with the invention is (are) preferably present in an active material concentration ranging from 1.0% to 13.0% by weight, more particularly from 3.0% to 10.0% by weight, relative to the total weight of said composition.

Anionic surfactant

[0027] The composition according to the invention comprises at least one anionic surfactant comprising at least one cationic counterion, preferably at least one anionic surfactant in a form neutralized by said cationic counterion (salt).

[0028] For the purposes of the present invention, the term "surfactant" is intended to mean an amphiphilic chemical compound, i.e. one which has in its structure two parts of different polarity. Generally, one is lipophilic (soluble or dispersible in an oily phase). The other is hydrophilic (soluble or dispersible in water). Surfactants are characterized by their HLB (hydrophilic lipophilic balance) value, the HLB being the ratio between the hydrophilic part and the lipophilic part in the molecule. The term "HLB" is well known to those skilled in the art and is described, for example, in "The HLB system. A time-saving guide to Emulsifier Selection" (published by ICI Americas Inc.; 1984).

[0029] According to one preferential form of the invention, the anionic surfactants in accordance with the invention have an HLB greater than or equal to 8. The HLB of the anionic surfactant(s) used according to the invention may be determined by the Griffin method.

[0030] The term "anionic surfactant" is intended to mean any negatively charged amphiphilic molecule.

[0031] The term "cationic counterion" is intended to mean any positively charged ion or ionic group capable of neutralizing said anionic surfactant and of forming a salt.

[0032] The anionic surfactant(s) in accordance with the invention is (are) preferably chosen from: i. alkyl phosphates; ii. alkyl sulfates, and in particular alkyl ether sulfates, alkylamido ether sulfates, alkylaryl polyether sulfates, monoglyceride sulfates; iii. alkyl sulfonates, alkylamide sulfonates, alkylaryl sulfonates, a-olefin sulfonates, paraffin sulfonates; iv. alkyl sulfosuccinates, alkyl ether sulfosuccinates, alkylamide sulfosuccinates; alkyl sulfosuccinamates; v. alkyl sulfoacetates; vi. acyl sarcosinates, acyl glutamates, acyl isethionates, N-acyl taurates, acyl lactylates; vii. alkylpolyglycoside carboxylic esters, such as alkylglucoside citrates, alkyl polyglycoside tartrates and alkylpolyglycoside sulfosuccinates, alkylpolyglycoside sulfosuccinamates; viii. fatty acids, in particular oleic acid, ricinoleic acid, palmitic acid or stearic acid, coconut oil acid or hydrogenated coconut oil acid; ix. alkyl-D-galactosiduronic acids; x. polyoxyalkylenated (C 6 -C 24 )alkyl ether carboxylic acids, polyoxyalkylenated (C 6 - C 24 )al kylaryl ether carboxylic acids, polyoxyalkylenated (C 6 -C 24 )alkylamido ether carboxylic acids, in particular those containing from 2 to 50 alkylene oxide, in particular ethylene oxide, groups; xi. mixtures thereof.

[0033] The anionic surfactant(s) in accordance with the invention is (are) preferably present in a total content of greater than or equal to 2% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition, preferably ranging from 2% to 10% and better still from 3% to 8% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[0034] The cationic counterion(s) in accordance with the invention is (are) chosen from a cation of mineral origin, in particular chosen from alkali metal (sodium, potassium) cations, the ammonium ion (NH 4 + ) or organic cations.

[0035] Said organic cationic counterion(s) is (are) preferably chosen from amines and amino alcohols.

[0036] According to one particular form of the invention, said organic cationic counterion(s) comprise(s) a primary (poly)hydroxyalkylamine. [0037] The term "primary (poly)hydroxyalkylamine" is intended to mean in particular a primary dihydroxyalkylamine, it being understood that the term "primary" refers to a primary amine function, i.e. -NH2, and the alkyl group being a linear or branched - Cs, preferably branched C 4 , hydrocarbon-based chain, such as 1,3-dihydroxy-2- methylpropyl (also known as aminomethylpropanediol or AMPD).

[0038] The total content of cationic counterion(s) is preferably greater than or equal to 0.01%, more preferentially inclusively between 0.1% and 4.0% by weight, better still between 0.5% and 3.0% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[0039] According to one particular form of the invention, said anionic surfactant(s) is (are) chosen from

- C12-C22 preferably 4-C18, fatty acids, more particularly the salt of stearic acid and of the cationic counterion aminomethylpropanediol;

- alkyl phosphates, preferably in a form neutralized by a cationic counterion of an alkali metal and more particularly potassium. By way of example, mention may be made of the anionic surfactant in a form neutralized by its potassium cationic counterion, having the INCI name: Potassium Cetyl Phosphate, such as the commercial product sold under the name Amphisol K® by the company DSM Nutritional Products Europe Ltd;

- acyl glutamates, preferably in a form neutralized by a cationic counterion of an alkali metal and more particularly sodium. By way of example, mention may be made of the anionic surfactant in a form neutralized by its sodium cationic counterion, having the INCI name: Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate, such as the commercial product sold under the name Amisoft® HS-11P by the company Ajinomoto OmniChem;

- mixtures thereof.

Fatty phase

[0040] The composition(s) according to the invention comprise(s) a fatty phase, which is preferably a dispersed fatty phase.

[0041] The fatty phase may be present in a content of between 5% and 45% by weight, preferably between 10% and 45%, better still from 10% to 40% by weight by weight relative to the total weight of the composition. [0042] The dispersed fatty phase may comprise at least one wax and/or at least one pasty fatty substance and/or at least one oil. a) Waxes

[0043] Preferably, the composition(s) according to the invention comprise(s) at least one wax. This wax makes it possible to obtain thick, charging textures.

[0044] The term "wax" is intended to mean a lipophilic compound that is solid at ambient temperature (25°C), which may or may not be deformable, which has a reversible solid/liquid change of state, and which has a melting point of greater than or equal to 40°C that can range up to 120°C. In particular, the waxes suitable for the invention can have a melting point of greater than or equal to 45°C, and in particular greater than or equal to 55°C.

[0045] The term "lipophilic compound" is intended to mean a compound which has an acid number and a hydroxyl number of less than 150 mg KOH/g.

[0046] For the purposes of the invention, the melting point corresponds to the temperature of the most endothermic peak observed on thermal analysis (DSC) as described in the standard ISO 11357-3; 1999. The melting point of the wax may be measured using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), for example the calorimeter sold under the name MDSC 2920® by the company TA Instruments.

[0047] The measuring protocol is as follows:

[0048] A sample of 5 mg of wax placed in a crucible is subjected to a first temperature rise ranging from -20°C to 100°C, at the heating rate of 10°C/minute, then is cooled from 100°C to -20°C at a cooling rate of 10°C/minute and is finally subjected to a second temperature rise ranging from -20°C to 100°C at a heating rate of 5°C/minute. During the second temperature rise, the variation in the difference in power absorbed by the empty crucible and by the crucible containing the sample of wax is measured as a function of the temperature. The melting point of the compound is the temperature value corresponding to the top of the peak of the curve representing the variation in the difference in power absorbed as a function of the temperature.

[0049] The waxes may be hydrocarbon-based waxes, silicone waxes and/or fluoro waxes, and may be of plant, mineral, animal and/or synthetic origin. [0050] The wax may be present in a content ranging from 5% to 45% by weight relative to the total weight of composition, better still from 8% to 40% and even better still from 10% to 40% by weight relative to the total weight of composition.

[0051] As wax, use may in particular be made of hydrocarbon-based waxes such as beeswax, lanolin wax; rice wax, carnauba wax, candelilla wax, ouricury wax, Japan wax, berry wax, shellac wax and sumac wax; montan wax.

[0052] Mention may also be made of waxes obtained by catalytic hydrogenation of animal or plant oils containing linear or branched C 8 -C 32 fatty chains.

[0053] Among these waxes, mention may notably be made of hydrogenated jojoba oil, hydrogenated palm oil, hydrogenated sunflower oil, hydrogenated castor oil, hydrogenated coconut oil and hydrogenated lanolin oil, bis(1,1,1-trimethylolpropane) tetrastearate sold under the name Hest 2T-4S® by the company Heterene, bis(1,1,1- trimethylolpropane) tetrabehenate sold under the name Hest 2T-4B® by the company Heterene. [0054] Use may also be made of the wax obtained by hydrogenation of olive oil esterified with stearyl alcohol, sold under the name Phytowax Olive 18 L 57®, or alternatively the waxes obtained by hydrogenation of castor oil esterified with cetyl alcohol, sold under the names Phytowax Ricin 16L64® and 22L73®, by the company Sophim. Such waxes are described in application FR-A-2792190. [0055] Use may also be made of a C 20 -C 40 alkyl (hydroxystearyloxy)stearate (the alkyl group comprising from 20 to 40 carbon atoms), alone or as a mixture, in particular a C 20 -C 40 alkyl 12-(12'-hydroxystearoyloxy)stearate, of formula (I): wherein n is an integer ranging from 18 to 38, or a mixture of compounds of formula (1). Such a tacky wax is notably sold under the names Kester Wax K 82 P and Kester

Wax K 80 P by the company Koster Keunen. [0056] Mention may be made of microcrystalline waxes, paraffins and ozokerite, polyethylene waxes, waxes obtained by Fisher-Tropsch synthesis and waxy copolymers and also esters thereof; silicone waxes and fluoro waxes.

[0057] Mention may be made of the linear fatty acid monoesters of formula (1) below:

R3-O-R4 (1) wherein R 3 and R 4 are linear and saturated and have, independently of one another, a number of carbon atoms greater than or equal to 20, with R 3 representing an acyl radical, and R 4 representing an alkyl radical.

[0058] In particular, the fatty acid monoester according to the invention is chosen from arachidyl arachidate and behenyl behenate and more particularly behenyl behenate.

[0059] According to one preferred mode, use will be made of a wax chosen from beeswax, carnauba wax, cetyl alcohol, behenyl behenate, and mixtures thereof. b) Pasty fatty substance

[0060] For the purposes of the present invention, the term "pasty fatty substance" is intended to mean a lipophilic fatty compound with a reversible solid/liquid change of state, which comprises, at a temperature of 23°C, a liquid fraction and a solid fraction. In other words, the starting melting point of the pasty compound may be less than 23°C. The liquid fraction of the pasty compound measured at 23°C may represent 9% to 97% by weight of the compound. This fraction that is liquid at 23°C preferably represents between 15% and 85%, more preferably between 40% and 85%, by weight.

[0061] Preferably, the pasty fatty substances have an end melting point of less than 60°C.

[0062] Preferably, the pasty fatty substances have a hardness of less than or equal to 6 MPa.

[0063] Preferably, the pasty fatty substances have, in the solid state, a crystalline organization, which is visible by X-ray diffraction characterization.

[0064] For the purposes of the invention, the melting point corresponds to the temperature of the most endothermic peak observed in thermal analysis (DSC) as described in the standard ISO 11357-3; 1999. The melting point of a pasty substance can be measured using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), for example the calorimeter sold under the name DSC Q2000® by the company TA Instruments.

[0065] As regards the measurement of the melting point and the determination of the end melting point, the sample preparation and measurement protocols are as follows:

[0066] A sample of 5 mg of pasty fatty substance, preheated to 80°C and withdrawn with magnetic stirring using a spatula that is also heated, is placed in a hermetic aluminum capsule, or a crucible. Two tests are performed to ensure the reproducibility of the results. The measurements are performed on the abovementioned calorimeter. The oven is flushed with nitrogen. Cooling is performed by an RCS 90 heat exchanger. The sample is then subjected to the following protocol by being first of all brought to a temperature of 20°C, then subjected to a first temperature rise ranging from 20°C to 80°C, at the heating rate of

5°C/minute, and then is cooled from 80°C to -80°C at a cooling rate of

5°C/minute and is finally subjected to a second temperature rise ranging from -80°C to 80°C at a heating rate of 5°C/minute. During the second temperature rise, the variation in the difference between the power absorbed by the empty crucible and by the crucible containing the sample of pasty substance or wax as a function of the temperature is measured. The melting point of the compound is the temperature value corresponding to the top of the peak of the curve representing the variation in the difference in power absorbed as a function of the temperature. The end melting point corresponds to the temperature at which 95% of the sample has melted. The liquid fraction by weight of the pasty compound at 23°C is equal to the ratio of the heat of fusion consumed at 23°C to the heat of fusion of the pasty compound. The heat of fusion of the pasty compound is the heat consumed by the compound in order to pass from the solid state to the liquid state. The pasty compound is said to be in the solid state when all of its mass is in crystalline solid form. The pasty compound is said to be in the liquid state when all of its mass is in liquid form. The heat of fusion of the pasty compound is equal to the integral of the entire melting curve obtained using the abovementioned calorimeter, with a temperature rise of 5 or 10°C/minute, according to the standard ISO 11357-3:1999. The heat of fusion of the pasty compound is the amount of energy required to make the compound change from the solid state to the liquid state. It is expressed in J/g. The heat of fusion consumed at 23°C is the amount of energy absorbed by the sample to change from the solid state to the state that it has at 23°C ; constituted of a liquid fraction and a solid fraction. The liquid fraction of the pasty compound measured at 32°C preferably represents from 30% to 100% by weight of the compound, preferably from 50% to 100%, more preferably from 60% to 100%, by weight of the compound. When the liquid fraction of the pasty compound measured at 32°C is equal to 100%, the temperature of the end of the melting range of the pasty compound is less than or equal to 32°C. The liquid fraction of the pasty compound measured at 32°C is equal to the ratio of the heat of fusion consumed at 32°C to the heat of fusion of the pasty compound. The heat of fusion consumed at 32°C is calculated in the same way as the heat of fusion consumed at 23°C.

[0067] As regards the measurement of the hardness, the sample preparation and measurement protocols are as follows:

[0068] The pasty fatty substance is placed in a mold 75 mm in diameter, which is filled to about 75% of its height. In order to overcome the thermal history and to control the crystallization, the mold is placed in a Votsch VC0018 programmable oven, where it is first placed at a temperature of 80°C for 60 minutes, then cooled from 80°C to 0°C at a cooling rate of 5°C/minute, and then left at the stabilized temperature of 0°C for 60 minutes, and then subjected to a temperature rise ranging from 0°C to 20°C, at a heating rate of 5°C/minute, and then left at the stabilized temperature of 20°C for 180 minutes. The compression force measurement is taken using a TA/TC2Ϊ texturometer from Swantech.

[0069] The spindle used is chosen according to the texture:

- cylindrical steel spindle 2 mm in diameter for very rigid starting materials;

- cylindrical steel spindle 12 mm in diameter for sparingly rigid starting materials.

[0070] The measurement comprises 3 steps:

- a first step after automatic detection of the surface of the sample, wherein the spindle moves at a measuring speed of 0.1 mm/s, and penetrates into the pasty fatty substance to a penetration depth of 0.3 mm, and the software notes the maximum force value reached;

- a second step, known as relaxation, wherein the spindle remains in this position for one second and wherein the force is noted after 1 second of relaxation;

- a third step, known as withdrawal, wherein the spindle returns to its original position at a speed of 1 mm/s, and the withdrawal energy of the probe (negative force) is noted. The hardness value measured during the first step corresponds to the maximum compression force measured in newtons divided by the area of the texturometer cylinder expressed in mm 2 in contact with the pasty fatty substance. The hardness value obtained is expressed in megapascals or MPa.

[0071] The pasty fatty substance is preferably chosen from synthetic compounds and compounds of plant origin. A pasty compound may be obtained via synthesis from starting materials of plant origin.

The pasty compound is advantageously chosen from:

- lanolin and derivatives thereof;

- petroleum jelly, in particular that for which the INCI name is Petrolatum and which is sold under the name Ultima White PET USP® by the company Perenco;

- polyol ethers chosen from ethers of pentaerythritol and of polyalkylene glycol, ethers of fatty alcohol and of sugar, and mixtures thereof, the polyethylene glycol pentaerythritol ether comprising 5 oxyethylene units (5 OE) (INCI name: PEG-5 Pentaerythrityl Ether), the polypropylene glycol pentaerythritol ether comprising 5 oxypropylene (5 OP) units (INCI name: PPG-5 Pentaerythrityl Ether), and mixtures thereof, and more especially the PEG-5 Pentaerythrityl Ether, PPG-5 Pentaerythrityl Ether and soybean oil mixture sold under the name Lanolide® by the company Vevy, which is a mixture in which the constituents are in a 46/46/8 ratio by weight: 46% PEG-5 Pentaerythrityl Ether, 46% PPG-5 Pentaerythrityl Ether and 8% soybean oil;

- polymeric or non-polymeric silicone compounds;

- polymeric or non-polymeric fluoro compounds;

- vinyl polymers, notably chosen from: i) olefin homopolymers and copolymers; ii) hydrogenated diene homopolymers and copolymers; iii) linear or branched homopolymer or copolymer oligomers of alkyl (meth)acrylates preferably containing a C8-C30 alkyl group; iv) homopolymer and copolymer oligomers of vinyl esters containing C8-C30 alkyl groups; v) homopolymer and copolymer oligomers of vinyl ethers containing C8-C30 alkyl groups;

- liposoluble polyethers resulting from polyetherification between one or more C 2 -C 100 and preferably C 2 -C 50 diols;

- esters,

- mixtures thereof.

[0072] The pasty compound is preferably a polymer, notably a hydrocarbon-based polymer.

[0073] Among the liposoluble polyethers that are particularly preferred are copolymers of ethylene oxide and/or of propylene oxide with C6-C30 long-chain alkylene oxides, more preferably still such that the weight ratio of the ethylene oxide and/or of propylene oxide to the alkylene oxides in the copolymer is from 5:95 to 70:30. In this family, mention will be made notably of copolymers such that the long- chain alkylene oxides are arranged in blocks having an average molecular weight from 1000 to 10 000, for example a polyoxyethylene/polydodecyl glycol block copolymer such as the ethers of dodecanediol (22 mol) and of polyethylene glycol (45 OE) sold under the brand name Elfacos ST9® by Akzo Nobel.

[0074] Among the esters, the following are notably preferred:

- esters of a glycerol oligomer, notably diglycerol esters, in particular condensates of adipic acid and of glycerol, for which some of the hydroxyl groups of the glycerols have reacted with a mixture of fatty acids such as stearic acid, capric acid, stearic acid and isostearic acid, and 12-hydroxy stearic acid, preferably such as bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2 sold under the brand name Softisan 649® by the company Sasol,

- the arachidyl propionate sold under the brand name Waxenol 801® by Alzo,

- phytosterol esters, - fatty acid triglycerides and derivatives thereof, for instance triglycerides of fatty acids, which are notably C10-C18, and partially or totally hydrogenated such as those sold under the reference Softisan 100® by the company Sasol,

- pentaerythritol esters,

- esters of a diol dimer and of a diacid dimer, where appropriate esterified on their free alcohol or acid function(s) with acid or alcohol radicals, notably dimer dilinoleate esters; such esters may be chosen notably from the esters having the following INCI nomenclature: bis-behenyl/isostearyl/phytosteryl dimer dilinoleyl dimer dilinoleate (Plandool G®), phytosteryl/isostearyl/cetyl/stearyl/behenyl dimer dilinoleate (Plandool H® or

Plandool S®),

- mango butter, such as the product sold under the reference Lipex 203® by the company AarhusKarlshamn,

- shea butter, in particular the product of which the INCI name is Butyrospermum parkii Butter, such as the product sold under the reference Sheasoft R® by the company AarhusKarlshamn.

[0075] Among the pasty compounds, the following will preferably be chosen: bis- behenyl/isostearyl/phytosteryl dilinoleyl dimer, bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2, hydrogenated castor oil dimer dilinoleate, for example Risocast-DA-L® sold by Kokyu Alcohol Kogyo, hydrogenated castor oil isostearate, for example

Salacos HCIS® (V-L) sold by Nisshin Oil, mango butter, shea butter, vinylpyrrolidone/eicosene copolymers, and mixture(s) thereof. c) Oils

[0076] The composition(s) according to the invention may comprise one or more nonaqueous oils or fatty substances that are liquid at ambient temperature (25°C) and atmospheric pressure (760 mmHg).

[0077] The oil may be chosen from volatile oils and/or nonvolatile oils, and mixtures thereof. [0078] The oil(s) may be present in the composition according to the invention in a content of less than 5% by weight, preferably from 0.5% to 3% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[0079] For the purposes of the invention, the term "volatile oil" is intended to mean an oil that is capable of evaporating on contact with the keratin fibers in less than one hour, at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure. The volatile organic solvent(s) and volatile oils of the invention are volatile organic solvents and cosmetic oils that are liquid at ambient temperature, with a non-zero vapor pressure, at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, ranging in particular from 0.13 Pa to 40 000 Pa (10 -3 to 300 mmHg), in particular ranging from 1.3 Pa to 13 000 Pa (0.01 to 100 mmHg), and more particularly ranging from 1.3 Pa to 1300 Pa (0.01 to 10 mmHg). The term "nonvolatile oil" is intended to mean an oil that remains on the keratin fiber, at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, for at least several hours and that notably has a vapor pressure of less than 10 -3 mmHg (0.13 Pa).

[0080] These oils may be hydrocarbon-based oils, silicone oils, fluoro oils, or mixtures thereof.

[0081] The term "hydrocarbon-based oil" is intended to mean an oil mainly containing hydrogen and carbon atoms and possibly oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur or phosphorus atoms. The volatile hydrocarbon-based oils may be chosen from hydrocarbon-based oils containing from 8 to 16 carbon atoms, and notably branched C 8 -Ci 6 alkanes, for instance C 8 -Ci 6 isoalkanes of petroleum origin (also known as isoparaffins), for instance isododecane (also known as 2,2,4,4,6-pentamethylheptane), isodecane and isohexadecane, and for example the oils sold under the trade names Isopar or Permethyl, branched C 8 -Ci 6 esters, isohexyl neopentanoate, and mixtures thereof. Other volatile hydrocarbon-based oils, for instance petroleum distillates, notably those sold under the name Shell Solt by the company Shell, may also be used. The volatile solvent is preferably chosen from volatile hydrocarbon-based oils containing from 8 to 16 carbon atoms, and mixtures thereof.

[0082] Volatile oils that may also be used include volatile silicones, for instance volatile linear or cyclic silicone oils, notably those with a viscosity < 8 centistokes (8 c 10 6 m 2 /s) and notably containing from 2 to 7 silicon atoms, these silicones optionally comprising alkyl or alkoxy groups containing from 1 to 10 carbon atoms. Mention may in particular be made, as volatile silicone oils which can be used in the invention, of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, heptamethylhexyltrisiloxane, heptamethyloctyltrisiloxane, hexamethyldisiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane and mixtures thereof.

[0083] Mention may also be made of the volatile linear alkylthsiloxane oils of general formula (I): wherein R represents an alkyl group containing from 2 to 4 carbon atoms and of which one or more hydrogen atoms may be substituted with a fluorine or chlorine atom.

[0084] Among the oils of general formula (I), mention may be made of: 3-butyl-1 ; 1,1,3 ; 5 ; 5 ; 5-heptamethyltrisiloxane ; 3-propyl-1 ; 1,1,3 ; 5 ; 5 ; 5-heptamethyltrisiloxane ; and

3-ethyl-1 ; 1,1,3 ; 5 ; 5 ; 5-heptamethyltrisiloxane ; corresponding to the oils of formula (I) for which R is, respectively, a butyl group, a propyl group or an ethyl group.

[0085] The composition(s) according to the invention may comprise at least one nonvolatile oil, chosen notably from nonvolatile hydrocarbon-based oils and/or silicone oils and/or fluoro oils.

[0086] As nonvolatile hydrocarbon-based oils, mention may notably be made of:

- hydrocarbon-based oils of plant origin, such as triesters of fatty acids and of glycerol, the fatty acids of which may have varied chain lengths from C4 to C24, these chains possibly being linear or branched, and saturated or unsaturated; these oils are notably wheatgerm oil, sunflower oil, grapeseed oil, corn oil, apricot oil, castor oil, shea oil, avocado oil, olive oil, soybean oil, sweet almond oil, palm oil, cottonseed oil, hazelnut oil, macadamia oil, jojoba oil, alfalfa oil, poppy oil, pumpkin oil, sesame seed oil, marrow oil, rapeseed oil, blackcurrant oil, evening primrose oil, millet oil, barley oil, quinoa oil, rye oil, safflower oil, candlenut oil, passion flower oil and musk rose oil; or alternatively caprylic/capric acid triglycerides such as those sold by the company Stearineries Dubois or those sold under the names Miglyol 810®, 812® and 818® by the company Dynamit Nobel;

- linear or branched hydrocarbons, of mineral or synthetic origin, such as liquid paraffins and derivatives thereof, polydecenes, polybutenes, hydrogenated polyisobutene such as Parleam, or squalane;

- synthetic ethers containing from 10 to 40 carbon atoms;

- synthetic esters such as oils of formula R 1 COOR 2 wherein Ri represents a linear or branched fatty acid residue containing from 1 to 40 carbon atoms and R 2 represents an in particular branched hydrocarbon-based chain containing from 1 to 40 carbon atoms, on condition that Ri + R 2 is > 10, for instance purcellin oil (cetostearyl octanoate), isopropyl myristate, isopropyl palmitate, C 12 to C 15 alkyl benzoate, hexyl laurate, diisopropyl adipate, isononyl isononanoate, 2-ethylhexyl palmitate, isostearyl isostearate, alkyl or polyalkyl octanoates, decanoates or ricinoleates such as propylene glycol dioctanoate; hydroxylated esters such as isostearyl lactate, diisostearyl malate; and pentaerythritol esters;

- fatty alcohols that are liquid at ambient temperature, with a branched and/or unsaturated carbon-based chain containing from 12 to 26 carbon atoms, for instance octyldodecanol, isostearyl alcohol, oleyl alcohol, 2-hexyldecanol, 2-butyloctanol, 2- undecylpentadecanol;

- higher fatty acids such as oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid; and mixtures thereof.

[0087] The nonvolatile silicone oils that may be used in the composition according to the invention may be nonvolatile polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMSs), polydimethylsiloxanes comprising alkyl or alkoxy groups, that are pendent and/or at the end of a silicone chain, the groups each containing from 2 to 24 carbon atoms, phenyl silicones, for instance phenyl trimethicones, phenyl dimethicones, phenyltrimethylsiloxydiphenylsiloxanes, diphenyl dimethicones, diphenylmethyldiphenyltrisiloxanes and 2-phenylethyl trimethylsiloxysilicates. [0088] The fluoro oils that can be used in the invention are in particular fluorosilicone oils, fluoro polyethers and fluorosilicones as described in document EP- A-847752.

Pigments

[0089] The composition according to the invention comprises at least one pigment.

[0090] The term "pigments" is intended to mean white or colored, mineral or organic particles, which are insoluble in an aqueous medium, and which are intended to color and/or opacify the resulting composition and/or deposit. These pigments may be white or colored, and mineral and/or organic.

[0091] The amount of pigment(s) preferably ranges from 2% to 25% by weight, more preferentially from 4% to 15% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[0092] According to a particular embodiment, the pigments used according to the invention are chosen from mineral pigments.

[0093] The term "mineral pigment" is intended to mean any pigment that satisfies the definition in Ullmann's encyclopedia in the chapter on inorganic pigments. Among the mineral pigments that are useful in the present invention, mention may be made of zirconium oxide or cerium oxide, and also zinc oxide, iron oxide (black, yellow or red) or chromium oxide, manganese violet, ultramarine blue, chromium hydrate and ferric blue, titanium dioxide, and metal powders, for instance aluminum powder and copper powder. The following mineral pigments may also be used: Ta 2 0s, T13O5, T12O3, TiO, ZrC>2 as a mixture with T1O2, ZrC>2, Nb 2 0s, CeC>2, ZnS.

[0094] The size of the pigment that is useful in the context of the present invention is generally greater than 100 nm and may range up to 10 pm, preferably from 200 nm to 5 pm and more preferentially from 300 nm to 1 pm.

[0095] According to a particular form of the invention, the pigments have a size characterized by a D[50] greater than 100 nm and possibly ranging up to 10 pm, preferably from 200 nm to 5 pm and more preferentially from 300 nm to 1 pm.

[0096] The sizes are measured by static light scattering using a commercial MasterSizer 3000® particle size analyzer from Malvern, which makes it possible to determine the particle size distribution of all of the particles over a wide range which may extend from 0.01 m to 1000 pm. The data are processed on the basis of the standard Mie scattering theory. This theory is the most suitable for size distributions ranging from submicron to multimicron; it allows an "effective" particle diameter to be determined. This theory is notably described in the publication by Van de Hulst, H.C., Light Scattering by Small Particles, Chapters 9 and 10, Wiley, New York, 1957.

[0097] D[50] represents the maximum size that 50% by volume of the particles have.

[0098] In the context of the present invention, the mineral pigments are more preferentially chosen from metal oxides, in particular iron oxides and/or titanium dioxides, and more preferentially iron oxide pigments.

[0099] As mineral pigments that may be used in the invention, mention may also be made of nacres.

[00100] The term "nacres" should be understood as meaning colored particles of any form, which may or may not be iridescent, notably produced by certain molluscs in their shell, or alternatively synthesized, and which have a color effect via optical interference.

[00101] The nacres may be chosen from nacreous pigments such as titanium mica coated with an iron oxide, titanium mica coated with bismuth oxychloride, titanium mica coated with chromium oxide, titanium mica coated with an organic dye and also nacreous pigments based on bismuth oxychloride. They may also be mica particles, at the surface of which are superposed at least two successive layers of metal oxides and/or of organic colorants.

[00102] Examples of nacres that may also be mentioned include natural mica coated with titanium oxide, with iron oxide, with natural pigment or with bismuth oxychloride.

[00103] Among the nacres available on the market, mention may be made of the nacres Timica®, Flamenco® and Duochrome® (based on mica) sold by the company Engelhard, the Timiron® nacres sold by the company Merck, the Prestige mica-based nacres sold by the company Eckart, and the Sunshine® synthetic mica-based nacres sold by the company Sun Chemical.

[00104] The nacres may more particularly have a yellow, pink, red, bronze, orange, brown, gold and/or coppery color or tint. [00105] As illustrations of nacres that may be used in the context of the present invention, mention may be made notably of the gold-colored nacres sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Brilliant gold 212G® (Timica®), Gold 222C® (Cloisonne®), Sparkle gold® (Timica®), Gold 4504® (Chromalite®) and Monarch gold 233X® (Cloisonne®); the bronze nacres sold notably by the company Merck under the name Bronze fine® (17384) (Colorona®) and Bronze® (17353) (Colorona) and by the company Engelhard under the name Super bronze (Cloisonne®); the orange nacres sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Orange 363C® (Cloisonne®) and Orange MCR 101® (Cosmica®) and by the company Merck under the name Passion orange® (Colorona) and Matte orange® (17449)

(Microna®); the brown nacres sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Nu-antique copper 340XB (Cloisonne®) and Brown CL4509® (Chromalite®); the nacres with a copper tint sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Copper 340A® (Timica®); the nacres with a red tint sold notably by the company Merck under the name Sienna fine® (17386) (Colorona®); the nacres with a yellow tint sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Yellow (4502) (Chromalite); the red nacres with a gold tint sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Sunstone G012 (Gemtone); the pink nacres sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Tan opale G005® (Gemtone®); the black nacres with a gold tint sold notably by the company Engelhard under the name Nu antique bronze 240 AB® (Timica®), the blue nacres sold notably by the company Merck under the name Matte blue (17433) (Microna®), the white nacres with a silvery tint sold notably by the company Merck under the name Xirona Silver®, and the golden-green pink- orange nacres sold notably by the company Merck under the name Indian summer (Xirona®), and mixtures thereof.

[00106] Among the pigments that may be used according to the invention, mention may also be made of those having an optical effect different from a simple conventional coloring effect, i.e. a unified and stabilized effect such as produced by conventional colorants, for instance monochromatic pigments. For the purposes of the invention, the term "stabilized" means lacking the effect of variability of the color with the angle of observation or else in response to a temperature change.

[00107] For example, this material may be chosen from particles with a metallic tint, goniochromatic coloring agents, diffractive pigments, thermochromic agents, optical brighteners, and also fibers, in particular interference fibers. Needless to say, these various materials may be combined in order simultaneously to afford two effects, or even a novel effect in accordance with the invention.

[00108] The particles with a metallic tint that may be used in the invention are in particular chosen from:

- particles of at least one metal and/or of at least one metal derivative,

- particles comprising a monomaterial or multimaterial organic or mineral substrate, at least partially coated with at least one layer with a metallic tint comprising at least one metal and/or at least one metal derivative, and

- mixtures of said particles.

[00109] Among the metals that may be present in said particles, mention may for example be made of Ag, Au, Cu, Al, Ni, Sn, Mg, Cr, Mo, Ti, Zr, Pt, Va, Rb, W, Zn, Ge,

Te, Se and mixtures or alloys thereof. Ag, Au, Cu, Al, Zn, Ni, Mo, Cr and mixtures or alloys thereof (for example, bronzes and brasses) are preferred metals.

[00110] The term "metal derivatives" denotes compounds derived from metals, notably oxides, fluorides, chlorides and sulfides.

[00111] Illustrations of these particles that may be mentioned include aluminum particles, such as those sold under the names Starbrite 1200 EAC® by the company Silberline and Metalure® by the company Eckart.

[00112] Mention may also be made of metal powders of copper or of alloy mixtures such as the references 2844® sold by the company Radium Bronze, metallic pigments, for instance aluminum or bronze, such as those sold under the names Rotosafe 700® from the company Eckart, silica-coated aluminum particles sold under the name Visionaire Bright Silver® from the company Eckart, and metal alloy particles, for instance the silica-coated bronze (alloy of copper and zinc) powders sold under the name Visionaire Bright Natural Gold from the company Eckart.

[00113] They may also be particles comprising a glass substrate, such as those sold by the company Nippon Sheet Glass under the names Microglass Metashine®.

[00114] The goniochromatic coloring agent may be chosen, for example, from multilayer interference structures and liquid-crystal coloring agents. [00115] Examples of symmetrical multilayer interference structures that may be used in compositions prepared in accordance with the invention are, for example, the following structures: AI/SiCb/AI/SiCb/AI, pigments having this structure being sold by the company DuPont de Nemours; Cr/MgF 2 /AI/MgF 2 /Cr, pigments having this structure being sold under the name Chromaflair® by the company Flex; MoS 2 /Si0 2 /AI/Si0 2 /MoS 2 ; Fe 2 03/Si0 2 /AI/Si0 2 /Fe 2 03, and

Fe 2 0 3 /Si0 2 /Fe 2 0 3 /Si0 2 /Fe 2 C> 3 , pigments having these structures being sold under the name Sicopearl by the company BASF; MoS 2 /Si0 2 /mica-oxide/SiC> 2 /MoS 2 ; Fe 2 0 3 /Si0 2 /mica-oxide/Si0 2 /Fe 2 C> 3 ; TiCb/SiCb/TiCb and TiCb/ALCh/TiCb; SnO/TiCb/SiCb/TiCb/SnO; Fe 2 0 3 /Si0 2 /Fe 2 C> 3 ; SnO/mica/TiCb/SiCb/TiCb/mica/SnO, pigments having these structures being sold under the name Xirona® by the company Merck (Darmstadt). By way of example, these pigments may be the pigments of silica/titanium oxide/tin oxide structure sold under the name Xirona Magic® by the company Merck, the pigments of silica/brown iron oxide structure sold under the name Xirona Indian Summer® by the company Merck and the pigments of silica/titanium oxide/mica/tin oxide structure sold under the name Xirona Caribbean Blue® by the company Merck. Mention may also be made of the Infinite Colors® pigments from the company Shiseido. Depending on the thickness and the nature of the various layers, different effects are obtained. Thus, with the Fe 2 0 3 /Si0 2 /AI/Si0 2 /Fe 2 C> 3 structure, the color changes from greenish gold to reddish grey for S1O 2 layers of 320 to 350 nm; from red to gold for S1O 2 layers of 380 to 400 nm; from violet to green for S1O 2 layers of 410 to 420 nm; from copper to red for S1O 2 layers of 430 to 440 nm.

[00116] As examples of pigments with a polymeric multilayer structure, mention may be made of those sold by the company 3M under the name Color Glitter®.

[00117] Examples of liquid-crystal goniochromatic particles that may be used include those sold by the company Chenix and also the product sold under the name Helicone® HC by the company Wacker.

[00118] These pigments may also be organic pigments.

[00119] The term "organic pigment" refers to any pigment that satisfies the definition in Ullmann's encyclopedia in the chapter on organic pigments. The organic pigment may notably be chosen from nitroso, nitro, azo, xanthene, quinoline, anthraquinone, phthalocyanine, metal complex type, isoindolinone, isoindoline, quinacridone, perinone, perylene, diketopyrrolopyrrole, thioindigo, dioxazine, triphenylmethane and quinophthalone compounds.

[00120] The organic pigment(s) may be chosen, for example, from carmine, carbon black, aniline black, melanin, azo yellow, quinacridone, phthalocyanine blue, sorghum red, the blue pigments codified in the Color Index under the references Cl 42090, 69800, 69825, 73000, 74100 and 74160, the yellow pigments codified in the Color Index under the references Cl 11680, 11710, 15985, 19140, 20040, 21100, 21108, 47000 and 47005, the green pigments codified in the Color Index under the references Cl 61565, 61570 and 74260, the orange pigments codified in the Color Index under the references Cl 11725, 15510, 45370 and 71105, the red pigments codified in the Color Index under the references Cl 12085, 12120, 12370, 12420, 12490, 14700, 15525, 15580, 15620, 15630, 15800, 15850, 15865, 15880, 17200, 26100, 45380, 45410, 58000, 73360, 73915 and 75470, and the pigments obtained by oxidative polymerization of indolic or phenolic derivatives as described in patent FR 2 679 771.

[00121] These pigments may also be in the form of composite pigments as described in patent EP 1 184426. These composite pigments may in particular be composed of particles comprising a mineral core at least partially coated with an organic pigment and at least one binder for fixing the organic pigments to the core.

[00122] The pigment may also be a lake. The term "lake" means insolubilized dyes adsorbed onto insoluble particles, the assembly thus obtained remaining insoluble during use.

[00123] The inorganic substrates onto which the dyes are adsorbed are, for example, alumina, silica, calcium sodium borosilicate or calcium aluminum borosilicate, and aluminum.

[00124] Among the organic dyes, mention may be made of cochineal carmine. Mention may also be made of the products known under the following names: D&C Red 21 (Cl 45 380), D&C Orange 5 (Cl 45 370), D&C Red 27 (Cl 45 410), D&C Orange 10 (Cl 45 425), D&C Red 3 (Cl 45 430), D&C Red 4 (Cl 15 510), D&C Red 33 (Cl 17 200), D&C Yellow 5 (Cl 19 140), D&C Yellow 6 (Cl 15 985), D&C Green (Cl 61 570), D&C Yellow 1 O (Cl 77 002), D&C Green 3 (Cl 42 053), D&C Blue 1 (Cl 42 090). [00125] An example of a lake that may be mentioned is the product known under the name D&C Red 7 (Cl 15 850:1).

[00126] According to a more particularly preferred mode of the invention, the composition comprises a) water; and b) a cationic polymer of the diallyldimethylammonium chloride homopolymer type having the INCI name: Polyquaternium-6; and c) an anionic polymer of the sodium salt of methacrylic acid homopolymer type, having the INCI name: Sodium polymethacrylate; and d) at least one iron oxide; e) a wax chosen from beeswax, behenyl behenate, carnauba wax, cetyl alcohol and mixtures thereof; f) at least one anionic surfactant in a form neutralized by its cationic counterion chosen from potassium cetyl phosphate, sodium stearoyl glutamate, the salt of stearic acid and of aminomethylpropanediol and mixtures thereof; the weight ratio of the total amount of cationic polymer(s)/the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) ranging from 40% to 70%, preferably from 45% to 65%; the weight ratio of the sum of the total amount of cationic polymer(s) and of the total amount of anionic polymer(s) to the sum of the total amount of anionic and cationic polymers and of the amount of water ranging from 5% to 25%, preferably from 10% to 20%.

Additives

[00127] The compositions in accordance with the invention may also comprise at least one additive.

[00128] As additives that may be used in the compositions in accordance with the invention, mention may be made notably of antioxidants, preserving agents, hydrophilic gelling agents, fragrances, emollients, coalescers, plasticizers, moisturizers, vitamins, additional colorants, and mixtures thereof. [00129] Needless to say, those skilled in the art will take care to select the optional additional additives and/or the amount thereof such that the advantageous properties of the composition according to the invention are not, or are not substantially, adversely affected by the envisaged addition. Cosmetic compositions

[00130] The present invention also relates to a cosmetic composition comprising, in a physiologically acceptable medium, a composition as defined above.

[00131] The term "physiologically acceptable medium" is intended to denote a medium that is particularly suitable for applying a composition of the invention to the skin, notably the contour of the eyes, the eyelashes, the eyebrows and the contours thereof.

[00132] The physiologically acceptable medium is generally adapted to the nature of the support onto which the composition has to be applied, and also to the appearance under which the composition has to be packaged. [00133] The composition according to the invention advantageously has a solids content of at least 42.0% by weight, and preferentially of at least 44.0% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition, or even from 45.0% to 60.0% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[00134] For the purposes of the present invention, the term "solids content" denotes the content of nonvolatile matter.

[00135] The amount of solids content (abbreviated as SC) of a composition according to the invention is measured using a Halogen Moisture Analyzer HR 73® commercial halogen desiccator from Mettler Toledo. The measurement is performed on the basis of the weight loss of a sample dried by halogen heating, and thus represents the percentage of residual matter once the water and the volatile matter have evaporated off. This technique is fully described in the machine documentation supplied by Mettler Toledo.

[00136] The measuring protocol is as follows:

[00137] Approximately 2 g of the composition, referred to hereinbelow as the sample, are spread out on a metal crucible, which is placed in the halogen desiccator mentioned above. The sample is then subjected to a temperature of 105°C until a constant weight is obtained. The wet mass of the sample, corresponding to its initial mass, and the dry mass of the sample, corresponding to its mass after halogen heating, are measured using a precision balance. The experimental error associated with the measurement is of the order of plus or minus 2%.

[00138] The solids content is calculated in the following manner:

[00139] [Math 1]

Solids Content (expressed in % by weight) = 100

[00140] A composition according to the invention is advantageously creamy at 25°C and atmospheric pressure. It is characterized by a viscosity of less than or equal to 40.0 Pa.s, or even preferably less than or equal to 35.0 Pa.s, or even less than or equal to 30.0 Pa.s, measured at 25°C and atmospheric pressure by means of a Rheomat RM100®, mounted with a spindle 3 or 4, with a shear rate of 200 rpm and for 10 minutes.

[00141] Preferably, the viscosity of the compositions according to the invention ranges from 1.0 to 40 Pa.s., or even from 1 to 35 Pa.s, or even from 1 to 30 Pa.s.

[00142] According to one particular form of the invention, the composition is in the form of a direct emulsion comprising a continuous aqueous phase and a fatty phase dispersed in said aqueous phase. More particularly, the composition is in the form of a wax/water emulsion.

[00143] The composition used may in particular be in the form of an eyelash product such as a mascara, an eyebrow product or a product for the contour of the eyes, such as an eyeliner. More preferentially, the invention relates to a mascara. The term "mascara" is intended to mean a composition intended to be applied to the eyelashes. It may be a makeup composition for the eyelashes, a makeup base for the eyelashes (also called base coat), a composition to be applied over a mascara (also called top coat), or else a composition for the cosmetic treatment of the eyelashes. The mascara is more particularly intended for human eyelashes, but also for false eyelashes.

Applications

[00144] The present invention also relates to a process for coating keratin materials, in particular the skin, notably the contour of the eyes, eyelashes or eyebrows, and keratin fibers, such as the eyelashes and/or the eyebrows, comprising a step of applying to said keratin materials at least one cosmetic composition as defined above.

[00145] The present invention also relates to a process for coating keratin fibers, and in particular for making up the eyelashes, comprising a step of applying a cosmetic composition for coating keratin fibers as described above.

[00146] The present invention also relates to the use of a composition as defined above, for obtaining a deposit on the eyelashes which has a good black intensity.

Packaging and application assembly or kit

[00147] The present invention also relates to an assembly, or kit, for packaging and applying a cosmetic composition for coating keratin fibers, comprising:

- a device for packaging said cosmetic composition for coating keratin fibers as described above,

- an applicator for said composition.

[00148] Said applicator may be integrally attached to a gripping member forming a cap for said packaging device. In other words, said applicator may be mounted in a removable position on said device between a closed position and an open position of a dispensing aperture of the device for packaging said composition.

[00149] An assembly for coating keratin fibers suitable for the invention may comprise an applicator configured for applying said cosmetic composition for coating keratin fibers and, where appropriate, a packaging device suitable for receiving said composition.

Applicator

[00150] The applicator comprises means for smoothing and/or separating keratin fibers, such as the eyelashes or the eyebrows, notably in the form of teeth, bristles, spikes or other reliefs.

[00151] The applicator is arranged to apply the composition to the eyelashes or the eyebrows, and may comprise, for example, a brush or a comb.

[00152] The applicator may also be used for finishing of the makeup, over a region of the eyelashes or eyebrows that is made up or laden with the composition. [00153] The brush may comprise a twisted core and bristles held between the turns of the core, or may be made in yet another way.

[00154] The comb is, for example, produced from a single part by moulding of a plastic. [00155] In certain exemplary embodiments, the application member is mounted at the end of a wand, which wand may be flexible, which may contribute to improving the comfort during application.

Packaging device

[00156] The packaging device comprises a container intended for housing the composition for coating keratin fibers. This composition may then be withdrawn from the container by immersing the applicator therein.

[00157] This applicator may be firmly attached to a member for closing the container. This closing member may form a member for gripping the applicator. This gripping member may form a cap to be removably mounted on said container by any suitable means, such as by screwing, click-fastening, coupling, etc. Such a container may thus reversibly house said applicator.

[00158] This container may be optionally equipped with a wiper suitable for removing surplus product taken up by the applicator.

[00159] A process for applying the composition according to the invention to the eyelashes or the eyebrows may also include the following steps:

- forming a deposit of the cosmetic composition on the eyelashes or the eyebrows,

- leaving the deposit on the eyelashes or the eyebrows, it being possible for the deposit to dry.

[00160] It should be noted that, according to another embodiment, the applicator may form a product container. In such a case, a container may, for example, be provided in the gripping member and an internal channel can internally connect this gripping member to the application members in relief.

[00161] Finally, it should be noted that the packaging and application assembly may be in the form of a kit, it being possible for the applicator and the packaging device to be housed separately in the same packaging article. [00162] Throughout the application, the wording "comprising one" or "containing one" means "comprising at least one" or "containing at least one", unless otherwise specified.

[00163] Throughout the above description, unless otherwise mentioned, the term "between x and y" corresponds to an inclusive range, that is to say that the values x and y are included in the range.

Examples 1 to 3 and C-Ex1 to C-Ex3

[00164] Examples 1 to 3 according to the invention comprising a pigment, the cationic polymer (PC) polyquaternium-6, the anionic polymer (PA) sodium polymethacrylate, and an anionic surfactant in a form neutralized by its cationic counterion, and counterexamples C-Ex1 to C-Ex3 (outside the invention), in which the cationic polymer and the anionic polymer have been removed, were prepared. The concentrations of polyquaternium-6 and of sodium polymethacrylate are expressed in % by weight of polymer active material. [00165] In the absence of the PC and of the PA, the concentrations of the waxes and those of the anionic surfactants were modified in each counterpart composition so as to obtain a stable formulation (no phase separation) having a solids content of the same order as that of the corresponding example of the invention and guaranteeing an equivalent level of final volume (solids content: 43.5-44.7%) [00166] [Table 1] Protocol for preparing the examples and counterexamples

Mascara type compositions in accordance with the invention are prepared as described below.

Preparation of phase (1)

[00167] The starting materials were carefully weighed out beforehand using a balance (precision = 0.01 g). The ingredients of phase (1) were melted in a jacketed heating pan in which circulates an oil of which the temperature is controlled by means of a thermostatically-controlled oil bath. The setpoint temperature was set at 90°C. After total melting, the pigment was introduced with stirring using a Rayneri blender. Stirring was maintained until a homogeneous preparation was obtained.

Preparation of phase (2)

[00168] The water was preheated in an electric kettle to 95°C. The cationic polymer and the anionic polymer were mixed with the hot water and then the preserving agents and the base were introduced into the water in a beaker at a temperature of 80°C with stirring using a Rayneri blender.

Emulsification of phases (1) and (2)

[00169] Phase (2) was poured into phase (1) with stirring for 5 minutes at 90°C using a Rayneri blender. Phase (1) + (2) was then cooled to ambient temperature with stirring.

Appearance of the composition

The appearance of the compositions is observed. The following notations A, B and C are given:

A: Thick, black, smooth composition.

B: Thick, black, matt composition.

C: Heterogeneous composition with 2 liquid phases.

Protocol for evaluating the wear property:

[00170] An amount (mi) of the compositions is applied to a glass substrate having an area of 5 cm x 2.5 cm and left to dry for 1 hour. The dry sample was then immersed in a volume of 90 ml of water stirred with a magnetic stirrer at a speed of between 300 and 700 revolutions/min. After 1 hour of immersion in water, the glass substrate was left to dry at ambient temperature (25°C) and the amount (mf) of composition remaining on the dry deposit was measured. The wear property of each example is calculated by the loss of polymer after immersion in water expressed in percentage by weight, with the following equation: (mi-mf)/mi.

[00171] The appearance of the deposits after immersion in water is observed. The following notations A, B and C are given:

A: Deposit is intact on the support;

B: Deposit exhibits slight makeup removal; C: Deposit exhibits considerable makeup removal.

[00172] The results of the tests showed that examples 1 to 3 according to the invention, having a PC/PC + PA weight ratio ranging from 45% to 70% and a (PC + PA)/(PC+PA+Water) ratio ranging from 5% to 25% had an excellent wear property (loss of polymer after immersion in water < 50% and deposit intact after immersion in water A) contrary to the counterexamples C-Ex1, C-EX2 and C-EX3 not containing the PC/PA combination.

Examples C-Ex4 to C-Ex6 (outside the invention)

[00173] Counterexamples C-Ex4 to C-Ex6 outside the invention, which are identical respectively to examples 1, 2 and 3 according to the invention, but in which the anionic surfactant neutralized by its cationic counterion at 5% by weight has been replaced with a nonionic surfactant system at 5% by weight, were prepared.

[00174] [Table 2]

[00175] The use of the nonionic surfactant system in the presence of the cationic polymer and of the anionic polymer in counterexamples C-Ex4 ; C-Ex5 ; C-Ex6 outside the invention all resulted in unstable compositions constituted of two heterogeneous phases, contrary to their respective counterparts according to the invention 1, 2 and 3.