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Title:
ATMOSPHERIC GAS BURNER MADE OF BIOSOLUBLE AND GEL-CAST CERAMIC FIBERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2003/012341
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention is related to a gas burner capable of bringing artificial 'fuel' disposed thereon to incandescence, known as a 'living-flames' gas burner, for use in a single-heating appliance, comprising a multi-panel element made of rigid gel-cast molded ceramic fibers or of bio-soluble ceramic fibers.

Inventors:
TEAGUE TIMOTHY (US)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2002/008625
Publication Date:
February 13, 2003
Filing Date:
August 01, 2002
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
THERMIC INVEST S A (LU)
TEAGUE TIMOTHY (US)
International Classes:
F24B1/18; F24C3/00; (IPC1-7): F24C3/00; F24B1/18
Foreign References:
US5400765A1995-03-28
EP0519718A21992-12-23
EP0267671A11988-05-18
EP0848796A11998-06-24
US3275497A1966-09-27
US6383421B12002-05-07
Other References:
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 014, no. 579 (M - 1063) 25 December 1990 (1990-12-25)
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Van Malderen, Michel (Bld de la Sauvenière 85/043, Liège, BE)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A gas burner capable of bringing artificial"fuel"disposed thereon to incandescence, known as a"livingflames"gas burner, for use in a single heating appliance, comprising a multipanel element (1,2, 3) made of rigid gelcast ceramic fibers.
2. The gas burner according to Claim 1, wherein said multipanel element comprises an upper panel (1) disposed on an intermediate panel (2) containing an empty inner volume (20) and a lower panel (3) to which a venturi tube (4) is connected for providing primary air to the burner by gas injection.
3. The gas burner according to Claim 1, wherein said multipanel element comprises a first upper panel (1) fastened to a second lower panel (3) including a hollowedout depression void (20), used as a mix chamber of primary air to fuel, a receptacle (5) being fastened to said lower panel (3) for mating a venturi tube supply system (4) for providing said primary air and fuel to the burner by gas injection.
4. The gas burner of Claim 3, wherein said receptacle (5) is also made of rigid gelcast ceramic fibers.
5. The gas burner of Claim 3, wherein the venturi tube (4) is mounted to the bottom (3) of the burner together with said burner receptacle (5).
6. The gas burner according to Claim 3, wherein said burner is provided with means for bringing secondary air to the front and back on the upper plate.
7. The gas burner according to Claim 6, wherein said means comprise aligned orifices (6,7) in the upper and lower panels (1,3), each said panel containing at least one said orifice.
8. The gas burner according to Claim 1, wherein the multipanel element is made of ceramic fibers soluble in physiological fluids or of ceramic fibers with low biopersistence.
9. The gas burner according to Claim 2, wherein said burner is provided with means for horizontally bringing secondary air to the front and back on the upper plate.
10. The gas burner according to Claim 9, wherein said means comprise corresponding aligned orifices (6) in the upper, intermediate and lower panels, each said panel containing at least one said orifice.
11. The gas burner according to Claim 1, wherein the multipanel element is covered by a deflector panel (80) in gelcast or biosoluble ceramic fibers for a reduction of carbon dioxide content in the flue gases and for oxidation of the flue gases.
Description:
ATMOSPHERIC GAS BURNER MADE OF BIOSOLUBLE AND GEL-CAST CERAMIC FIBERS Field of the invention [0001] The present invention is related to a new so- called"living flames"gas burner, i. e. a gas burner which flames heat up artificial"fuels" (giving a wood or coal look) to a particular degree of incandescence.

State of the art [0002] Examples of"living flames"gas burners are described in prior art documents, such as US-A-5,328, 356 and EP-0 848 796-B1.

[0003] These burners generally comprise metallic elements or pieces. Prior art designs use a metal mounting platter and unstable fastenings. The metal pieces are able to withstand high temperatures. Other non-metallic materials such as asbestos fibers or ceramic fibers resist at very high temperatures but are, or are suspected to be carcinogenic and should be avoided, especially in view of the manufacturing operations.

[0004] However, new technologies are coming more available such as gel-cast molded and so-called"bio- soluble"ceramic fibers. Gel-cast ceramics, i. e. ceramics processed by sol-gel technique, is a rigid dense material, using stable bonding solutions to significantly reduce the

possibility for airborne fiber exposure. For example, bio- soluble ceramics is only bio-soluble (or has low biopersistence) for a firing period of 14 hours at 1000 °F.

Aims of the invention [0005] The present invention aims to provide a "living flames"gas burner which is distinct from those of prior art in its overall material composition and design.

[0006] Additionally, the invention aims at providing a gas burner manufactured in materials which are known for not presenting carcinogenic properties and/or for providing significant exposure reduction for the consumer to airborne fibrous particles.

[0007] Another purpose of the invention is to provide a gas burner possibly devoid of any metal piece.

Summary of the invention [0008] The gas burner system according to the present invention comprises refractory ceramics constituted of gel-cast molded fibers. Alternatively bio-soluble ceramic fibers can also be used. Its thickness may advantageously be comprised between 7 and 40 mm.

[0009] Biosoluble fibers can dissolve in physiological fluids. This last characteristic allows these fibers to be distinguished from asbestos fibers or ceramic fibers known to be the source of pulmonary problems for the people manipulating them (i. e. during cutting operations).

[0010] These fibers may be under the form of rigid, self-supporting insulation boards or panels, have various properties such as good heat and thermal shock resistance, low thermal conductivity (which provides low and stable temperature of the primary air/gas mixture in the inner volume of the burner) as well as good mechanical resistance.

[0011] According to the invention, the rigid gel- cast or biosoluble ceramic fiber panels are air-tightly assembled by all means known per se, e. g. joint, screw, rivet, glue, etc.

[0012] Artefacts of solid fuel (wood, coal) made out of heat-resistant concrete, refractory fibers, etc. , are optionally provided on the burner upper plate.

Short description of the drawings [0013] FIG. 1 represents a perspective view of a first preferred embodiment of the gas burner according to the present invention.

[0014] FIG. 2 represents an exploded view of the different ceramic fibers plates composing the gas burner of FIG. 1.

[0015] FIG. 3 represents a cross-sectional view of the gas burner of FIG. 1.

[0016] FIG. 4 represents a perspective view of a second preferred embodiment of the gas burner according to the present invention.

[0017] FIGS. 5A and 5B represent a view of both upper and lower rigid gel-cast ceramic fibers panels composing the gas burner of FIG. 4.

[0018] FIG. 6 represents a cross-sectional view of the gas burner of FIG. 4.

[0019] In the drawings, the same reference numbers represent the same or similar elements.

Description of preferred embodiments of the invention [0020] A first preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 1. A burner is made of three air-tightly connected biosoluble or gel-cast ceramic fiber panels (FIG. 2) : an upper panel 1 overhanging an

empty inner volume 20 in a middle panel 2 and a lower panel 3, wherein a venturi tube 4 is connected (FIG. 3).

[0021] The fuel (gas) /oxidizer (primary air) mixture is brought in the inner volume 20 through the venturi tube which provides the primary air suction by gas injection 5.

Furthermore, secondary air is horizontally brought to the front 7 and to the back 6 of the burner.

[0022] On the one hand, this operation allows turbulence when secondary air meets the rising flow of the burnt gases, which results in the homogenization of the <BR> <BR> fuel (gas) /oxidizer (air) mixture, and on the other hand, it allows the cooling of the flames at their base, which makes them"weaker"as compared to real wood or coal flames.

[0023] The upper plate 1 presents additional holes (and/or slits) 21 which, on the one hand, are close enough to each other to cross-light the flames coming out of said holes and, on the other hand, have a section/depth ratio such as to avoid the backdraft in the inner volume.

Moreover, these holes are disposed along a very specific cutting path 21 in order to favor said cross-lighting.

[0024] The burner of the invention can be advantageously provided with a deflector 80 made of the same material, i. e. gel-cast ceramic fibers or ceramic fibers that are soluble in physiological fluids. This deflector is specifically adapted to said burner and has oxidizing properties, which render the flue gases cleaner.

[0025] A further surprising and unexpected advantage of the invention lies in the discovery that the use of deflector 80 provides a reduction of carbon dioxide content in the flue gases. Moreover, it was shown experimentally that this"catalytic"property is not dependent on the fuel used (wood, gas, oil, etc.).

[0026] A second preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 4. A burner is made of two air-tightly connected rigid gel-cast ceramic fiber panels (FIGS. 5). Bio-soluble ceramic fiber panels may also be used, but currently the market-available material is still very expensive and this limits its industrial attractivity.

[0027] According to the burner of the invention, a top portion (FIG. 5A) comprising an upper panel 1 is overhanging a bottom portion (FIG. 5B) comprising a lower panel 3, which has been hollowed out to create an air to fuel mix chamber 20, and presenting also a hole 30 to fit a venturi tube 4 (FIG. 5B). The venturi tube is thus connected to the bottom of the stove and the burner seats upon it (FIG. 6).

[0028] The bottom portion of the burner is designed to mate with the top portion using stable fastenings for completing it into a one piece burner system. A third cast fiber ceramic piece 5, attached to the bottom portion of the burner, has specific dimensions to act as a receptacle for the venturi supply system 4. The venturi system is mounted to the bottom interior of the stove, with a double cup receptacle 5,5A.

[0029] The top of the upper panel 1 (FIG. 5A), presents a very detailed surface topography 9 which resembles ashes and ember chunks and logs formed onto a "real"wood or coal burner surface. Moreover artificial logs may be disposed on this upper surface (not shown).

[0030] The fuel (gas) /oxidizer (primary air) mixture is brought into the void 20 through the venturi tube which provides the primary air suction by gas injection. The gas/primary air mixture is brought to the upper surface of the burner by a series of holes and/or slits 8 pierced in the upper panel 1 and connected to the mix chamber 20.

[0031] Preferably, these holes (and/or slits) 8 are close enough to each other to bring the flames coming out of said holes to cross-lighting and, on the other hand, have a section/depth ratio such as to avoid the backdraft in the mix chamber. Moreover, these holes are disposed along a very specific cutting path and surface topography 9 in order to further favor said cross-lighting.

[0032] The burner is furthermore provided with secondary air orifices 6,7 located and aligned in both panels 1,3.

[0033] On the one hand, this operation allows turbulence when secondary air meets the rising flow of the burnt gases, which results in the homogenization of the <BR> <BR> fuel (gas) /oxidizer (air) mixture, and on the other hand, it allows the cooling of the flames at their base, which makes them"weaker"as compared to real wood or coal flames.

[0034] The burner of the invention can be advantageously provided with a deflector made in the same material, i. e. rigid gel-cast ceramics (not shown). This deflector is specifically adapted to said burner and has oxidizing properties, which render the flue gases cleaner.

[0035] A further surprising and unexpected advantage of the invention lies in the discovery that the use of such a deflector provides a reduction of carbon dioxide content in the flue gases, as mentioned above.




 
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