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Title:
AN ATTACHMENT SYSTEM WHICH ARE FITTING SLEEVE FOR THE SPACED ARRANGEMENT OF OBJECTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2001/046598
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention discloses an attachment system for the spaced apart attachment of two objects using a fitting sleeve having an essentially cylindrical sleeve section and an abutment element arranged at one end of the sleeve section, a locking means being provided on the sleeve section in the vicinity of the abutment element for positioning a first object to be attached on the abutment element. Moreover the attachment system comprises a screw element to be inserted through the fitting sleeve, the screw element having a screw head, which may be arranged on the abutment element of the fitting sleeve so that the screw element's shank projects past the sleeve section for attachment on a second object to be attached.

Inventors:
MUTH ANDREAS (DE)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2000/013053
Publication Date:
June 28, 2001
Filing Date:
December 20, 2000
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SAINT GOBAIN ISOVER (FR)
MUTH ANDREAS (DE)
International Classes:
F16B19/10; F16B29/00; (IPC1-7): F16B19/10; F16B29/00
Foreign References:
GB2240603A1991-08-07
EP0751305A11997-01-02
EP0896110A21999-02-10
EP0896106A21999-02-10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Herrmann-trentepohl W. (Forstenrieder Allee 59 M√ľnchen, DE)
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Claims:
Claims
1. An attachment system for the spaced attachment of objects (14 and 16), more par ticularly external cladding elements (16) on wall coffers (11), which between pro jecting coffer ribs (12 and 13) with coffer flanges (14 and 14') have insulating mate rial elements (15), preferably of glass or rock wool, comprising an abutment element (4) engaging the external sheeting externally and a screw element (2) penetrating into the insulating material elements and adapted to be screwed in the wall coffer and holding the abutment element (4) on the external cladding element (16), charac terized by a fitting sleeve (1) provided on the abutment element (4) and which pre ceding the abutment element (4) possesses a locking means (5 and 8) for positioning the external cladding element (16) between the abutment element (4) and the locking means (5 and 8) and through which the screw element (2) may be so inserted that the screw element may have its screw part (22 and 23) projecting from the fitting sleeve (1) screwed to the wall coffer (11) and the screw head (21) positions the end (7), which is opposite to the abutment element (4), of the fitting sleeve (1) on the coffer flanges 14 and 14').
2. The attachment system as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that in addition to a first receiving portion (24) for receiving a first object (16) to be attached, more par ticularly an external cladding element, between the locking means (5 and 8) and the abutment element (4) a second receiving portion for receiving a second object (14 and 14'), more particularly coffers (1)), whose distance from the first one of the ob jects to be attached is to be set at a predetermined value, is provided at the end (7), opposite to the abutment element (4), of the fitting sleeve (1), the screw element (2) holding the second object (14 and 14') or the wall coffer (11) on the end (7), opposite to the abutment element (4) of the fitting sleeve.
3. The attachment system as set forth in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the locking means (5) of the fitting sleeve (1) is formed by expanding the fit ting sleeve (1) on tightening up the attachment system by a projection or collar (26) formed by elastic and/or plastic deformation.
4. The attachment system as set forth in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the screw element (2) is a selftapping screw.
5. A fitting sleeve for the spaced apart attachment of objects (14 and 16), more par ticularly external cladding elements (16) on wall coffers (11), which possess insu lating material elements between projecting coffer ribs, more especially for the at tachment system as set forth in anyone of the claims 1 through 4, characterized in that the fitting sleeve (1) having an abutment element (4) with its sleeve hole is de signed for receiving an attachment element (2), more particularly a screw element (2) and is provided with a locking means (5 and 8) on a sleeve section (3) adjacent to the abutment element (4), which is able to be so widened for the attachment of the part (16) or external cladding element to be attached that the part (16) or external cladding element to be attached is held between the abutment element (4) and the locking means (5 and 8).
6. The fitting sleeve as set forth in claim 5, characterized in that the locking means (5 and 8) is constituted by one or more elastically deforming detent elements (8) which protrude from the sleeve section (3), preferably formed as a detent rail projecting at an angle from the sleeve section (3), such rail because pivoted at one end integrally on the sleeve section (3).
7. The fitting sleeve as set forth in claim 5, characterized in that the locking means (5 and 8) is constituted by an expanding zone (5).
8. The fitting sleeve as set forth in claim 7, characterized that expandable ribs (10) are distributed about the periphery of the expanding zone (5), such ribs widening on ex panding to form the locking means (5 and 8).
9. The fitting sleeve as set forth in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the locking means (5 and 8) is constituted by a plurality of radially outwardly extending ribs (8) spaced apart from each other in the peripheral direction.
10. The fitting sleeve as set forth in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the length of the fitting sleeve (1) between the abutment element (4) and the end (7) opposite to the abutment element (4), matches the predetermined fitting spacing of the objects to be attachment.
11. The fitting sleeve as set forth in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the fitting sleeve (1) is manufactured of metal and/or plastic.
Description:
An attachment system which are fitting sleeve for the spaced arrangement of objects The invention relates to an attachment system and, respectively, a fitting sleeve for the spaced attachment of objects and more especially of facade sheeting on wall coffers.

It is a known practice to provide the facades of industrial buildings with thermally insulated cladding essentially constituting of thermally insulating and external cladding. Since the thermally insulating materials which constitute the thermally insulating layer, are frequently not sufficiently resistant to weathering, it is necessary to provide external cladding, which is to be securely fixed to the building, and being for example in the form of trapezoidal metal sheeting. In this respect it is important for the secure attachment of such cladding that the thermally insulating material is not unduly compressed by same and the thermal insulating properties unfavorably influenced.

Such an attachment system, which has the above mentioned properties is for example dis- closed in the European patent publication 0 896 106 A2. The facade cladding in accordance with the said European patent publication 0 896 106 A2 comprises wall coffers, in which the thermal insulating sheeting is laid. For holding such thermal insulating sheeting, which preferably consist of mineral wool, coffer ribs are provided, which at the ends thereof pos- sess coffer flanges running parallel to the facade. By way of such coffer ribs and the coffer flanges the wall coffers are connected together and the thermal insulation sheeting held.

The thickness of the thermal insulation boards is here larger than the length of the coffer ribs so that the external cladding in the form of trapezoidal metal sheeting is arranged at a distance from the coffer flanges in order to avoid thermal bridges. For this purpose a cus- tomized self-tapping screw is utilized, which has two thread sections and a thread-free sec- tion placed intermediately thereof. The self-tapping screws are so introduced through pre- drilled holes in the trapezoidal metal sheeting that respectively the self-tapping tip cuts its way through the coffer flanges until the front part of its thread-free section, which has a larger diameter than the first thread section, engages the coffer flange. It is in this manner that it is possible for a predetermined distance between the external cladding in the form of trapezoidal metal sheeting and coffer flanges to be set. Owing to the second thread section the trapezoidal metal sheeting is held in engagement with the screw head.

This attachment system has proved quite successful in practice, but however the customized screws are relatively expensive because of the stepped, length-adapted thread, something also applying for the sleeve.

Accordingly one aim of the invention is to provide an attachment system which is simpler in structure and accordingly lower in price than the initially mentioned attachment system, a predetermined spacing of the arrangement of at least two objects having to be provided for.

This air is to be achieved in accordance with the invention by the structures with the fea- tures of claim 1 and, respectively, 5. Advantageous further developments are defined in the dependent claims.

The present invention is based on the recognition that for an attachment system for the spaced arrangement of objects, in the case of which access is frequently only possible from one side, it is also possible to provide only one single opening for receiving attachment means on the external one of the objects to the attached, a design is advantageous, in the case of which although the individual functions of attachment of two objects and holding of the objects at a distance apart is by a one system, it is however by separate structure parts.

Accordingly in keeping with the invention a fitting sleeve is provided, which is constituted by a preferably cylindrical sleeve section and an abutment element arranged in this sleeve section. This means that each system part is comparatively simple in structure and in case of need standard components may be utilized so that expensive customized designs are un- necessary.

In this respect a first object to be secured is held by way of a locking means, provided on the sleeve section, between the abutment element and the locking means, a second object, to be secured at a distance, being arranged at the other end of the sleeve section, which is opposite to abutment element. This means that the fitting sleeve is so inserted through a prepared hole in the first object to be secured that it engages the abutment element. The second ob- ject to be secured at a distance from the first object is then in engagement with the other end of the fitting sleeve. The attachment of the two spaced apart objects is then accomplished using a screw element, which is inserted through the fitting sleeve and is screwed to the ob- j ect, which is located at the end opposite to the abutment element.

It is an advantage in this respect that two simple and inexpensive and furthermore multi- purpose components are combined as one attachment system. The individual parts, namely the fitting sleeve and the screw element do not in this respect have to be exactly adapted to certain situations, and in fact permit a large range of application with variations and changes in dimensions.

Preferably, the screw element is a self-tapping screw so that it is possible to do without any nut or structure to be secured on a thread.

The locking means for setting the object to be secured abutting the abutment element may, in the case of a preferred embodiment, be constituted by one or more elastically deforming detent elements, which extend radially outward from the sleeve section of the fitting sleeve and accordingly secure in place the object to be secured between the abutment element and the detent element. Such an elastically deforming detent element is comparable with a barbed hook, since the detent element is elastically deformed or, respectively, compressed on introduction of the fitting sleeve into the opening in the object to be secured, while a withdrawal of the fitting sleeve from the opening after elastic relaxation of the detent ele- ment is possible only with difficulty or breakage of the fitting sleeve. Preferably, the detent element or elements are constituted by a detent rail set at an angle to the sleeve section, such rail being pivoted at one end integrally on the sleeve section.

In the case of another preferred embodiment the locking means may be formed by an elasti- cally and/or plastically deforming compression zone which on tightening the screw element and thrusting the fitting sleeve against the second object to be secured so deforms that a collar is formed extending radially outward from the sleeve section, between which and the abutment element of the fitting sleeve the first object to be secured is fixed. An elastic and/or plastic deformation of a compression zone may be achieved by the provi- sion of a plurality of compressible ribs distributed around the periphery of the fitting sleeve, such ribs extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the sleeve and being separated apart by slits, in a limited portion of the sleeve section so that such sleeve section portion is pref- erentially deformed on loading by the screw element. Such a preferred deformation may also be produced by having a reduced thickness of the sleeve body in this portion or by the use of another material with less rigidity. Preferably the compressible ribs are outwardly convex and more particularly angled in the form of letter V, something which is advanta- geous for the application of a force for predetermined deformation of the compression zone.

Furthermore it would be feasible as well to have a combination of elastically, resilient detent elements and a compressible zone as a locking means. This could for example be realized by having ribs formed adjacent to the sleeve section and in the vicinity of the abutment, such ribs being arranged spaced out about the periphery and separated from each other by slits. These ribs may moreover be made with a thickness less than the thickness of the re- maining sleeve section. Furthermore it would be possible for the ribs to be curved so as to protrude outwardly, for instance by having parts thereof set at an angle to one another so that such ribs projecting slightly outward will be elastically deformable and act as a sort of detent element. This means that a part to be attached would already have a prefitting char- acter or form. The final fixation in place is then brought about by expanding the fitting sleeve and deformation of the ribs in an outward direction. The fitting sleeve is preferably manufactured of plastic, although it may be made of any other suitable and more especially of metal.

The above described locking means ensure an economic and reliable attachment of the ob- ject on the abutment element, and variations in dimensions, for example as regards the di- ameter of the opening and changes in the distance between the parts to be attached may be readily allowed for.

The fitting sleeve is preferably made of metal or plastic or a combination of such materials.

The manufacture of the fitting sleeve of plastic does offer the advantage that in the case of applications for thermal insulation purposes there will be an improved thermal insulating effect, since no cold bridges are formed, as might be the case with a fitting sleeve of metal.

Further advantages, characteristics and features of the invention will be comprehended from the following detailed description of working embodiments with reference to the accompa- nying drawings.

Figure 1 is a partial cross section in side elevation of an embodiment of the fitting sleeve in accordance with the invention with an inserted self-tapping screw for screwing metal facade sheeting to, and at a distance from, flanges of a wall coffer, the condition before final tightening up of the screw and expanding the fitting sleeve being indicated.

Figure 2 shows a cross section taken through an embodiment of the fitting sleeve of the invention.

Figure 3a shows a side view of a furthermore embodiment of the fitting sleeve of the invention.

Figure 3b shows a lateral elevation thereof.

Figure 4 shows the attachment of an external cladding element on a wall coffer in cross section.

Figure 1 is a side elevation and partial section of an attachment system comprises a fitting sleeve 1 with a self-tapping screw 2. In this case the fitting sleeve 1 is so placed between the objects 14 and 14'and furthermore 16, which are to be attached spaced apart, that is to say in the illustrated working embodiment, the superposed flanges 14 and 14'of adjacent wall coffers and the metal trapezoidal metal sheeting 16 that the cylindrical sleeve section 3 is inserted into a hole 17 in the facade sheeting 16 so that an abutment element 4 of the fit- ting 1, which is arranged at the one end of the sleeve section 3, in the form of a ring, en- gages the facade sheeting 16. Moreover, the other end 7 of the sleeve section 3, which is opposite to the abutment element 4, engages the coffer flanges 14 and 14'. A self-tapping screw 2 is inserted into the fitting sleeve 1 and its tip 22 makes its way through the coffer flanges 14 and 14'. This means that the screw head 21 comes into engagement with the abutment element 4 of the fitting sleeve 1, a washer 19 and a rubber seal 20 preferably being provided between the abutment element 4 and the screw head 21, it being preferred for the washer to be permanently attached to the rubber seal.

As will be more clearly in figure 2 adjacent to the abutment element 4, the fitting sleeve 1 of the invention possesses a deforming expanding zone 5 on the sleeve section 3, such zone being constituted by ribs 10 spaced from one another in the peripheral direction, the indi- vidual ribs 10 being separated from one another by slits 6. In the working embodiment il- lustrated the ribs 10 have a thickness which is substantially less than the thickness of the remaining sleeve section 3. Furthermore, the ribs 10 are designed so as to protrude slightly radially outward, this being achieved in the illustrated working example by two rib portions lOa and lOb set at an angle to one another. The ribs 10 are in this case elastically designed so that the ribs 10 may be slightly and reversibly thrust inward on insertion of the fitting sleeve 1 in the opening 17 in the facade sheeting 16, since the diameter of the sleeve section 3 is preferably matched to the diameter of the opening 17. The elastic design of the ribs 19 means in this embodiment of the fitting sleeve 1 that a prefixing or tacking operation on the facade sheeting 16 is performed. Preferably a separately formed receiving portion 24 is provided-see figure 1-between the ribs 10 and, respectively, the deforming expanding zone 5 and the abutment element 4.

Furthermore it will be seen from figure 2 that the slits 6 between the ribs 10 may be contin- ued right into the abutment element 4, so that recesses 9 in the abutment element 4 are pro- duced, which in the case of a plastic design facilitate demolding during manufacture of the sleeve. In the working embodiment illustrated six or eight slits in all are provided distrib- uted about the periphery, it however naturally being possible to have any other suitable number of slits.

If the attachment system depicted in figure 1 is so moved into the final attachment condition by further tightening the self-tapping screw 2, the thread 23 of the screw shank 25 being further moved into the coffer flanges 14 and 14'so that the fitting sleeve 1 will be further thrust against the coffer flanges 14 and 14'and the expanding zone 5 starts to deform so that the ribs 10 are bent outward. As a result the ribs 10 develop a collar 26, which is indicated in chained lines in figure 1. After the maximum possible deformation or diameter of the expanding zone 5 has been attained or a selected torque applied, the desired spaced ar- rangement of the coffer flanges 14 and 14'and the facade sheeting 16 is complete. The fa- cade sheeting 16 is now located between the abutment element 4 and the collar 26 formed so that it is set in position. The distance of the facade sheeting 16 from the coffer flanges 14 and 14'is defined by the sleeve section 3, which has its end 7 engaging the coffer flange 14 and 14". The thread 23 of the self-tapping screw 2 holds the coffer flanges 14 and 14' against the sleeve section 3.

Figure 3 shows a further embodiment of the fitting sleeve 1 in accordance with the inven- tion, in the case of however instead of an expanding zone 5 on the sleeve section 3 an elasti- cally deforming detent element 8 is provided. This detent element 8 is designed as a resil- ient barbed hook so that the fitting sleeve 1 may be introduced into an opening 17 in facade sheeting 16 as in the arrangement of figure 1, the elastic detent element 8 deforming and giving away on introduction into the opening 17. After introduction of the fitting sleeve 1 into the opening 17, i. e. when the abutment element 4 engages the facade sheeting 16, the elastic detent element 8 will jerk back into its previous position and so prevent the fitting sleeve 1 being able to be withdrawn from the opening 17 again. The facade sheeting 16 is thus fully positioned by the introduction of the fitting sleeve 1 in a receiving portion 24 between the abutment element 4 and the elastic detent element 8.

Figure 3b shows that only one elastic detent element 8 is provided on the periphery of the sleeve section 3. Naturally more detent elements 8 can be installed.

In the working embodiment illustrated in figure 3, in the case of which an elastic detent element 8 is provided on the sleeve section 3 instead of an expanding zone 3, the final state of the attachment arrangement or system is again attained by introducing a self-tapping screw 2 right through the sleeve 1, the screw tip 22 again making its way through the coffer flanges 14 and 14'to be arranged at a distance from the facade sheeting 16 so far that the end 7 of the fitting sleeve 7 engages the coffer flanges 14 and 14'and the screw head 21 engages the abutment element 4.

Figure 4 now illustrates the embodiment of the attachement system as in figure 1 designed for the attachment of trapezoidal metal sheeting 16 on adjacent wall coffers 11. The wall coffers 11 have ribs 12 and 13 which abut each other and at their ends merge into coffer flanges 14 and 14', which are parallel to the facade face. At a distance from the coffer flanges 14 and 14'the trapezoidal metal sheeting 16 is arranged on the wall coffers 11 so that insulating elements 15 may be received, which preferably consist of glass or rock wool.

The attachment system of the invention comprising fitting sleeves 1 and self-tapping screws 2 is so employed that the fitting sleeve 1 is slipped through a hole 17 in the trapezoidal metal sheeting 16 and the abutment element 4 of the fitting sleeve 1 assumes a position on the outer side of the trapezoidal metal sheeting 16. A self-tapping screw 2 is now inserted through the fitting sleeve 1 and screwed into the coffer flanges 14 and 14'. The self-tapping screw 2 is tightened until the fitting sleeve 1 has its free end 7 in engagement with the coffer flange 14'. By further tightening of the self-tapping screw 2 the fitting sleeve 1 is deformed in the expanding zone 5 so that a radially outwardly protruding collar 26 is formed, which at the same time fixes the trapezoidal metal sheeting between the abutment element 4 and the collar 26. When the maximum expanding of the expanding zone 5 has been achieved, the desired attachment of the trapezoidal metal sheeting 16 in spaced relationship to the coffer flanges 14 and 14'is completed, and the length of the sleeve section 3 between the abutment element 4 and the free end 7 of the fitting sleeve 1 sets the distance between the coffer flanges 14 and 14'and the trapezoidal metal sheeting 15.