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Title:
BICYCLIC AMIDE, CARBAMATE OR UREA DERIVATIVES AS VANILLOID RECEPTOR MODULATORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2005/044786
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
This invention relates to bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives and salts thereof which are useful as active ingredients of pharmaceutical preparations. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the present invention has vanilloid receptor (VR1) antagonistic activity, and can be used for the prophylaxis and treatment of diseases associated with VR1 activity, in particular for the treatment of urological diseases or disorders, such as detrusor overactivity (overactive bladder), urinary incontinence, neurogenic detrusor oeractivity (detrusor hyperflexia), idiopathic detrusor overactivity (detrusor instability), benign prostatic hyperplasia, and lower urinary tract symptoms; chronic pain, neuropathic pain, postoperative pain, rheumatoid arthritic pain, neuralgia, neuropathies, algesia, nerve injury, ischaemia, neurodegeneration, stroke, and inflammatory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary (or airways) disease (COPD).

Inventors:
MOGI MUNETO (JP)
FUJISHIMA HIROSHI (JP)
TAJIMI MASAOMI (JP)
YAMAMOTO NORIYUKI (JP)
URBAHNS KLAUS (SE)
HAYASHI FUMIHIKO (JP)
TSUKIMI YASUHIRO (JP)
GUPTA JANG (DE)
YUASA HIROAKI (JP)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2004/012050
Publication Date:
May 19, 2005
Filing Date:
October 26, 2004
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BAYER HEALTHCARE AG (DE)
MOGI MUNETO (JP)
FUJISHIMA HIROSHI (JP)
TAJIMI MASAOMI (JP)
YAMAMOTO NORIYUKI (JP)
URBAHNS KLAUS (SE)
HAYASHI FUMIHIKO (JP)
TSUKIMI YASUHIRO (JP)
GUPTA JANG (DE)
YUASA HIROAKI (JP)
International Classes:
A61K31/16; A61K31/17; C07C235/38; C07C275/28; C07C275/32; C07D295/155; (IPC1-7): C07C275/28; C07C275/32; C07C235/38; A61K31/16; A61K31/17
Foreign References:
Other References:
TRIVEDI B K ET AL: "A series of conformationally and sterically constrained analogs of N-phenyl-N'-aralkylurea acat inhibitors", BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, OXFORD, GB, vol. 5, no. 19, 5 October 1995 (1995-10-05), pages 2229 - 2234, XP004135289, ISSN: 0960-894X
HONMA TERUKI ET AL: "Structure-Based Generation of a New Class of Potent Cdk4 Inhibitors: New de Novo Design Strategy and Library Design", JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. WASHINGTON, US, vol. 44, 2001, pages 4615 - 4627, XP002220243, ISSN: 0022-2623
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BAYER HEALTHCARE AG (Patents and Licensing, Leverkusen, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims
1. A bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (I), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof : wherein A represents wherein Qi and Q4 independently represent direct bond or methylene; Q2 represents CHR2, or CO, Q3 represents CHR3, or CO, wherein represents hydrogen, hydroxy, Cul 6 alkoxy, Cl 6 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C16 alkoxy, C16 alkanoyloxy or mono, di, or trihalogen; represents hydrogen, hydroxy, C16 alkoxy, C16 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C16 alkoxy, Ci6 alkanoyloxy or mono, di, or trihalogen; with the proviso that Q, and Q4 can not be direct bond at the same time; R2 and R3 can not be hydrogen at the same time; when Q, represents direct bond, represents hydroxy, C16 alkoxy or C16 alkanoyloxy; Q5 represents CH or CW, wherein Rs represents hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy, Cl 6 alkanoyloxy, or C, 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C16 alkoxy, C16 alkanoyloxy or mono, di, or trihalogen; Q6 represents CH or CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy, C16 alkoxy, Ci. 6 alkanoyloxy, or C16 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C16 alkoxy, C16 alkanoyloxy or mono, di, or trihalogen; with the proviso that Q5 and Q6 can not be CH at the same time; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; Xrepresents a bond, O orN(R4), wherein R4 represents hydrogen or C16 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; and Yrepresents CH2, O or NH; and R'represents aryl or heteroaryl, wherein said aryl and heteroaryl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, N di (C16alkyl) amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6alkoxyvarbonyl, sulfon amide, C16 alkanoyl, N (C16alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, C16 alkyl carbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C16 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, Cl 6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono, di, or trihalogen], Cl 6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], Ct. 6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, Ndi (C16 alkyl) amino, N (C38cycloalkyl) amino, Ci6 alkoxycarbonyl, Cl 6alkoxycarbonyl or C6 alkyl].
2. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (I), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein A represents Q1 and Q4 represent methylene ; Q2 represents CHR2 or CO, wherein represents hydrogen, hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy, Ci. 6 alkanoyl oxy or C, 6 alkyl optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen; Q3 represents CHR3 or CO, wherein R3 represents hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy, C, 6 alkanoyloxy, or C16 alkyl optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen; Q5 represents CH; Q6 represents CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy, Ci. 6 alkanoyloxy, or CI6 alkyl optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; Xrepresents a bond,OorN (R4), wherein R4 represents hydrogen or C16 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; Y represents CH2, O or NH; and Ri represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, Ndi (C, 6alkyl) amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6alkoxycarbonyl, sulfonamide, C16 alkanoyl, N 6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, C16 alkyl carbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C16 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, C16 alkoxycarbonyl or mono, di, or trihalogen], C16 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], Cl6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, N di (C16 alkyl) amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, Ci. 6 alkoxy carbonyl, CI 6 alkoxycarbonyl or Cl6 alkyl].
3. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (I), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein A represents Qi represents methylene; Q4 represents direct bond; Q2 represents CHR2 or CO, wherein W represents hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy or C, 6 alkanoyloxy; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1 ; Xrepresents a bond,OorN (R4), wherein R4 represents hydrogen or C, 6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; Yrepresents CH2, O or NH ; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, Ndi (C16alkyl)amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl)amino, C16alkoxycarbonyl, sulfonamide, C16 alkanoyl, N 6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, C, 6 alkylcarbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C16 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, Ci. g alkoxycarbonyl or mono, di, or trihalogen], Cl 6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], C16 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, Ndi (Cl 6 alkyl) amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, C16 alkoxycarbonyl, CI6 alkoxycarbonyl or Cl_6 alkyl].
4. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (1), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein A represents Q1 and Q4 represents methylene; Q2 represents CHR2, wherein W represents hydrogen; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen, hydroxy, C16 alkoxy or C16 alkanoyloxy; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; Xrepresents a bond, O or N(R4), wherein R4 is hydrogen or C16 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; Y represents CH2, O or NH; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, Ndi (Cl 6alkyl) amino, N (C38 cycloalkyl) amino, C, 6alkoxyzarbonyl, sulfonamide, Cri6 alkanoyl, N (C16alkanoyl0 amino, carbamoyl, Ci. 6 alkylcarbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C6 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, Cl6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono, di, or trihalogen], Cl 6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], C16 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, N di (CI6 alkyl) amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, C16 alkoxy carbonyl, C16 alkoxycarbonyl or C16 alkyl].
5. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (I), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein A represents Q, and Q4 represent methylene; Q2 represents CHR2, wherein W represents hydroxy, C16 alkoxy or C16 alkanoyloxy ; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen; m represents an integer from 1 to 3; p represents 0 or 1 ; Xrepresents a bond,OorN (R4), wherein R4 is hydrogen or C16 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; Yrepresents CH2, O or NH; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, Ndi (C16alkyl)amino, N(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, C, 6alkoxycarbonyl, sulfonamide, C16 alkanoyl, N (C16alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, Cl6 alkylcarbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C,6 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, C1_6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono, di, or trihalogen], CI6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], Ci6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono, di, or trihalogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N 6alkyl) amino, N, N di (C, 6alkyl) amino, N 8cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6alkoxy carbonyl, Ci. 6 alkoxycarbonyl or C,6 alkyl].
6. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (1), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein A represents Qs represents CH; Q6 represent CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy, Cl 6 alkoxy, C16 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C, 6 alkoxy or Cj. s alkanoyloxy ; m represents an integer from 0 to 3 ; p represents an integer 0 or 1 ; X represents a bond, O or N (R4), wherein R4 represents hydrogen or C16 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; Yrepresents NH, O or CH2 ; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted by one or two of substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, C16alkyl, trifluoroC16alkyl, C16alkoxy, trifluoroC16alkoxy and C16alkanoylamino.
7. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (1), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein A represents Q, and Q4 represents methylene; Q2 represents CHR2, wherein R represents hydrogen; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen, hydroxy, C, 6 alkoxy or C, 6 alkanoyloxy ; Q5 represents CH; Q6 represents CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy; m represents an integer 2; p represents an integer 0 ; Xrepresents a bond,OorN (R4), wherein R4 is hydrogen or C, 6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, Xrepresents a bond; Yrepresents NH or O ; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted by one or two of substituents selected from the group consisting of chloro, bromo, fluoro, nitro, methyl, methoxy, trifluoromethyl, trifluoroethyl, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoroethoxy, acetamido and propionylamino ;.
8. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (1), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a salt thereof as claimed in claim 1, wherein said bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (1) is selected from the group consisting of : N(7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydronaphthalen2yl)N' [4 (trifluoromethyl) benzyl] urea; 4 (trifluoromethyl) benzyl (7hydroxy5,6, 7, 8tetrahydronaphthalen2yl) carbamate; N (7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydronaphthalen2yl)3 [4 (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] propan amide; N (7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydronaphthalen2yl)N' (2 { [4 (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino} ethyl) urea; N (7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydronaphthalen2yl)N' {2 [4 (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl} urea; 2{[4(trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino} ethyl (7hydroxy5,6, 7,8tetrahydronaphthalen2 yl) carbamate; 2 [4 (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl (7hydroxy5,6, 7,8tetrahydronaphthalen2yl) car bamate; and N [4chloro3 (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]N' (7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydronaphthalen2 yl) urea; N(2{[4chloro3(trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino} ethyl)N' (7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydro naphthalen2yl) urea; N {2 [4chloro3 (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl} N' (7hydroxy5, 6,7, 8tetrahydro naphthalen2yl) urea; N (2 { [4chloro3 (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino) ethyl)N' (6hydroxy5, 6,7, 8 tetrahydronaphthalen2yl) urea; and N12 [4chloro3 (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl}N'(6hydroxy5, 6,7, 8 tetrahydronaphthalen2yl) urea.
9. A medicament comprising the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (1), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a physiologically acceptable salt thereof as claimed in claim 1 as an active ingredient.
10. The medicament as claimed in claim 9, further comprising one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.
11. The medicament as claimed in claim 9, wherein said bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (I), its tautomeric or stereoisomeric form, or a physiologically acceptable salt thereof is a VR1 antagonist.
12. The medicament as claimed in claim 9 for the treatment and/or prevention of an urological disorder or disease.
13. The medicament as claimed in claim 12, wherein said urological disorder or disease is urge urinary incontinence or overactive bladder.
14. The medicament as claimed in claim 9 for the treatment and/or prevention of pain.
15. The medicament as claimed in claim 14, wherein said pain is chronic pain, neuropathic pain, postoperative pain, or rheumatoid arthritic pain.
16. The medicament as claimed in claim 9 for the treatment and/or prevention of a disorder or disease related to pain.
17. The medicament as claimed in claim 16, wherein said disorder or disease related to pain is neuralgia, neuropathies, algesia, nerve injury, ischaemia, neurodegeneration, or stroke.
18. The medicament as claimed in claim 9 for the treatment and/or prevention of an inflammatory disorder or disease.
19. The medicament as claimed in claim 18, wherein said inflammatory disorder or disease is asthma or COPD.
20. Use of compounds according to claim 1 for manufacturing a medicament for the treatment and/or prevention of an urological disorder or disease.
21. Use of compounds according to claim 1 for manufacturing a medicament for the treatment and/or prevention of pain.
22. Use of compounds according to claim 1 for manufacturing a medicament for the treatment and/or prevention of an inflammatory disorder or disease.
23. Process for controlling an urological disorder or disease in humans and animals by administration of a VRlantagonistically effective amount of at least one compound according to claim 1.
24. Process for controlling pain in humans and animals by administration of a VR1 antagonistically effective amount of at least one compound according to claim 1.
25. Process for controlling an inflammatory disorder or disease in humans and animals by administration of a VRlantagonistically effective amount of at least one compound according to claim 1.
Description:
BICYCLIC AMIDE, CARBAMATE OR UREA DERIVATIVES AS VANILLOID RECEPTOR MODULATORS

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative which is useful as an active ingredient of pharmaceutical preparations. The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the present invention has vanilloid receptor (VR1) antagonistic activity, and can be used for the prophylaxis and treatment of diseases associated with VR1 activity, in particular for the treatment of urological diseases or disorders, such as detrusor overactivity (overactive bladder), urinary incontinence, neurogenic detrusor oeractivity (detrusor hyperflexia), idiopathic detrusor overactivity (detrusor instability), benign prostatic hyperplasia, and lower urinary tract symptoms; chronic pain, neuropathic pain, postoperative pain, rheumatoid arthritic pain, neuralgia, neuropathies, algesia, nerve injury, ischaemia, neurodegeneration, stroke, and inflammatory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary (or airways) disease (COPD).

BACKGROUND ART Vanilloid compounds are characterized by the presence of vanillyl group or a functionally equivalent group. Examples of several vanilloid compounds or vanilloid receptor modulators are vanillin (4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzaldehyde), guaiacol (2-methoxy-phenol), zingerone (4-/4- hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl/-2-butanon), eugenol (2-methoxy4-/2-propenyl/phenol), and capsaicin (8-methy-N-vanillyl-6-noneneamide).

Among others, capsaicin, the main pungent ingredient in"hot"chili peppers, is a specific neurotoxin that desensitizes C-fiber afferent neurons. Capsaicin interacts with vanilloid receptors (VR1), which are predominantly expressed in cell bodies of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) or nerve endings of afferent sensory fibers including C-fiber nerve endings [Tominaga M, Caterina MJ, Malmberg AB, Rosen TA, Gilbert H, Skinner K, Raumann BE, Basbaum AI, Julius D: The cloned capsaicin receptor integrates multiple pain-producing stimuli. Neuron. 21: 531-543, 1998]. The VR1 receptor was recently cloned [Caterina MJ, Schumacher MA, Tominaga M, Rosen TA, Levine JD, Julius D: Nature 389: 816-824, (1997) ] and identified as a nonselective cation channel with six transmembrane domains that is structurally related to the TRP (transient receptor potential) channel family. Binding of capsaicin to VR1 allows sodium, calcium and possibly potassium ions to flow down their concentration gradients, causing initial depolarization and release of neurotransmitters from the nerve terminals. VR1 can therefore be viewed as a molecular

integrator of chemical and physical stimuli that elicit neuronal signals in pathological conditions or diseases.

There is abundant direct or indirect evidence that shows the relation between VR1 activity and diseases such as pain, ischaemia, and inflammatory disorders (e. g. , WO 99/00115 and 00/50387).

Further, it has been demonstrated that VR1 transduces reflex signals that are involved in the overactive bladder of patients who have damaged or abnormal spinal reflex pathways [De Groat WC: A neurologic basis for the overactive bladder. Urology 50 (6A Suppl) : 36-52,1997].

Desensitization of the afferent nerves by depleting neurotransmitters using VR1 agonists such as capsaicin has been shown to give promising results in the treatment of bladder dysfunction associated with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis [ (Maggi CA: Therapeutic potential of capsaicin-like molecules-Studies in animals and humans. Life Sciences 51 : 1777-1781,1992) and (DeRidder D; Chandiramani V; Dasgupta P; VanPoppel H ; Baert L; Fowler CJ: Intravesical capsaicin as a treatment for refractory detrusor hyperreflexia: A dual center study with long-term follow-up. J. Urol. 158: 2087-2092,1997)].

It is anticipated that antagonism of the VR1 receptor would lead to the blockage of neuro- transmitter release, resulting in prophylaxis and treatment of the conditions and diseases associated with VR1 activity.

It is therefore expected that antagonists of the VR1 receptor can be used for prophylaxis and treatment of the conditions and diseases including chronic pain, neuropathic pain, postoperative pain, rheumatoid arthritic pain, neuralgia, neuropathies, algesia, nerve injury, ischaemia, neuro- degeneration, stroke, inflammatory disorders, urinary incontinence (UI) such as urge urinary incontinence (UUI), and/or overactive bladder.

TA is the involuntary loss of urine. UUI is one of the most common types of UI together with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) which is usually caused by a defect in the urethral closure mechanism.

UUI is often associated with neurological disorders or diseases causing neuronal damages such as dementia, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke and diabetes, although it also occurs in individuals with no such disorders. One of the usual causes of UUI is overactive bladder (OAB) which is a medical condition referring to the symptoms of frequency and urgency derived from abnormal contractions and instability of the detrusor muscle.

There are several medications for urinary incontinence on the market today mainly to help treating UUI. Therapy for OAB is focused on drugs that affect peripheral neural control mechanisms or those that act directly on bladder detrusor smooth muscle contraction, with a major emphasis on development of anticholinergic agents. These agents can inhibit the parasympathetic nerves which

control bladder voiding or can exert a direct spasmolytic effect on the detrusor muscle of the bladder. This results in a decrease in intravascular pressure, an increase in capacity and a reduction in the frequency of bladder contraction. Orally active anticholinergic drugs which are commonly prescribed have serious drawbacks such as unacceptable side effects such as dry mouth, abnormal visions, constipation, and central nervous system disturbances. These side effects lead to poor compliance. Dry mouth symptoms alone are responsible for a 70% non-compliance rate with oxybutynin. The inadequacies of present therapies highlight the need for novel, efficacious, safe, orally available drugs that have fewer side effects.

W003/014064 discloses the compounds represented by the general formula: wherein X represents C3-8 cycloalkyl optionally fused by benzene, optionally substituted naphthyl, optionally substituted phenyl, optionally substituted phenyl Ci. 6 straight alkyl, phenyl fused by cycloalykyl, etc; Qaa represents CH or N; Raa represents hydrogen or methyl; Rbb represents hydrogen or methyl; and Y represents substituted naphthyl, as a vanilloid receptor antagonist.

W003/022809 discloses the compounds having vanilloid receptor antagonist activity represented by the general formula:

wherein P and P'independently represent aryl or heteroaryl; Ra'and Ra2 independently represent hydrogen, alkoxy, hydroxy, etc; n is 0, 1, 2 or 3 ; p and q are independently 0, 1,2, 3 or 4 ; r is 1, 2 or 3 ; and s is 0, 1 or 2.

W003/053945 discloses the compounds having vanilloid receptor antagonist activity represented by the general formula :

wherein Pa represents phenyl, naphthyl or heterocyclyl; n is 2,3, 4,5 or 6; p is independently 0,1, 2,3 or 4; Rb'represents hydrogen, alkoxy, hydroxy, etc; and Ra2 represents

wherein X is a bond, C, O, or NRb8 ; and r, q, Rb3, e are defined in the application. W003/070247 discloses the compounds having vanilloid receptor antagonist activity represented by the general formula :

wherein Xc1, represents N or CWI ; Xc2 represents N or CW2 ; Xc3 represents N, NRC3 or CRc3 ; Xc4 represents a bond, N or CRc4 ; Xcs represents N or C; provided that at least one of Xel, XC2, XC3 and Xc4 is N; Zcl represents 0, NH or S; Zc2 represents a bond, NH or S; L'represents alkylene, cycloalkylene, etc ; Rcl R2, Rc3, Rc4, Rc5, Rc6 RC7, Wla are defined in the application ; and R represents hydrogen, aryl, cycloalkyl, and heterocylcle.

W003/080578 discloses the compounds having vanilloid receptor antagonist activity represented by the general formula: wherein Ad, Bd, D and Ed are each C or N with the proviso that one or more are N; Xd is an 0, S or =NCN; yd is an aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclyl or fused-carbocyclyl ; n is 0,1, 2 or 3; and Rd', Rd2, Rd3, Rd4, Rd5 and Rd6 are defined in the application.

The development of a compound which has effective VR1 antagonistic activity and can be used for the prophylaxis and treatment of diseases associated with VR1 activity, in particular for the treatment of urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence, overactive bladder as well as pain, and/or inflammatory diseases such as asthma and COPD has been desired.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is to provide a bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of the formula (1), their tautomeric and stereoisomeric form, and salts thereof :

wherein A represents Q, and Q4 independently represent direct bond or methylene ; Q2 represents CHR2, or CO, Q3 represents CHR3, or CO, wherein R2 represents hydrogen, hydroxy, Cl 6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; R3 represents hydrogen, hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, Cl 6 alkoxy, Cl 6 alkanoyloxy or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; with the proviso that Q, and Q4 can not be direct bond at the same time; R2 and R3 can not be hydrogen at the same time ; when Q, represents direct bond, R3 represents hydroxy, C, 6 alkoxy or Ci. 6 alkanoyloxy;

Qs represents CH or CR5, wherein Rs represents hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy, or C1-6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, Ci. 6 alkanoyloxy or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; Q6 represents CH or CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, Ci. 6 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, Cl 6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; with the proviso that Qs and Q6 can not be CH at the same time; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; - X-represents a bond,-O-or-N (R4)-, wherein R4 represents hydrogen or Cl 6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0,-X-represents a bond; and - Y-represents CH2, 0 or NH; and R'represents aryl or heteroaryl, wherein said aryl and heteroaryl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di- (C1-6alkyl) amino, N-(C3-8 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6alkoxycarbonyl,

sulfonamide, Cl 6 alkanoyl, N- 6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, C1-6 alkyl- carbamoyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C1-6 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], C,-6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], Ci. 6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (Cl 6 alkyl) amino, N-(C38cycloalkyl) amino, C-6 alkoxycarbonyl, C, 6alkoxycarbonyl or CI-6 alkyl].

In another embodiment, the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (0 can be those wherein; Q, and Q4 represent methylene; Q2 represents CHR2 or CO, wherein R represents hydrogen, hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy, C, 6 alkanoyloxy or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; Q3 represents CHR3 or CO, wherein R3 represents hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy, or C1-6 alkyl optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; Q5 represents CH;

Q6 represents CR6, wherein represents hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy, or Cl 6 alkyl optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; - X-represents a bond,-O-or-N (R4)-, wherein R4 represents hydrogen or C1-6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0,-X-represents a bond; -Y-represents CH2, 0 or NH; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (C1-6alkyl)amino, N-(C3-8 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6alkoxycarbonyl, sulfonamide, C1-6 alkanoyl, N- (C1-6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, Cl 6 alkylcarbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle, Cl 6 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, Cl 6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], C1-6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], Cj. 6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen],

phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N- di C1-6 alkyl) amino, N-(C3-8 cycloalkyl)amino, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl or Cs 6 alkyl].

In another embodiment, the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (I) can be those wherein; A represents Q, represents methylene; Q4 represents direct bond; Q2 represents CHR2 or CO, wherein represents hydroxy, Ci. 6 alkoxy or C1-6 alkanoyloxy; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; - X-represents a bond,-O-or-N (R4)-, wherein R4 represents hydrogen or C1-6 alkyl,

with the proviso that when m is 0, -X-represents a bond; -Y- represents CH2, O or NH ; and Rl represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (Cl 6alkyl) amino, N-(C3-8 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6alkoxyvarbonyl, sulfonamide, Ci. 6 alkanoyl, N- (C1-6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, Cl-6 alkylcarbamoyl, C3-8cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C1-6alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, C, 6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], C1-6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], C1-6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (Cl 6 alkyl) amino, N-(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl_6 alkoxycarbonyl, Cl-6 alkoxycarbonyl or C, 6 alkyl].

In another embodiment, the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (I) can be those wherein; A represents

Ql and Q4 represents methylene; Q2 represents CHR2, wherein R2 represents hydrogen; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen, hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy or Cl 6 alkanoyloxy; m represents an integer from 0 to 3 ; p represents an integer 0 or 1 ; - X-represents a bond, -O- or -N(R4)-, wherein R4 is hydrogen or C1-6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, -X-represents a bond; -Y-represents CH2, 0 or NH; and Rl represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (C1-6alkyl)amino, N-(C3-8 cycloalkyl)amino, C1-6alkoxycarbonyl, sulfonamide, Cl-6 alkanoyl, N- (CI-6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, Cl-6 alkyl- carbamoyl, C38cycloalkyl, heterocycle,

Ci-6 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, Cl 6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], CI 6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], Cl 6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N- 6alkyl)- amino, N,N-di(C1-6 alkyl) amino, N-(C38 cycloalkyl) amino, Cl 6 alkoxycarbonyl, Cl-6 alkoxycarbonyl or C1-6alkyl].

In another embodiment, the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (I) can be those wherein; A represents

Qi and Q4 represent methylene; Q2 represents CHR2, wherein R represents hydroxy, C1-6alkoxy or C1-6 alkanoyloxy ; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen; m represents an integer from 1 to 3 ;

p represents 0 or 1 ; - X-represents a bond,-O-or-N (R4)-, wherein R4 is hydrogen or C1-6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, -X-represents a bond; -Y-represents CH2, 0 or NH; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, cyano, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (Cl-6alkyl) amino, N- (C3_8 cycloalkyl) amino, C, 6alkoxycarbonyl, sulfonamide, Ci. 6 alkanoyl, N- (C1-6alkanoyl) amino, carbamoyl, C, 6 alkylcarbamoyl, C3-8cycloalkyl, heterocycle, C1-6 alkyl [wherein said alkyl is optionally substituted by cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, Cl 6 alkoxycarbonyl or mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], C1-6 alkoxy [wherein said alkoxy is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], C1-6 alkylthio [wherein said alkylthio is optionally substituted by mono-, di-, or tri-halogen], phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, [wherein said phenyl, phenyl moiety of said benzyl or phenyl moiety of said phenoxy are optionally substituted by halogen, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, amino, N- 6alkyl) amino, N, N-di (C1-6 alkyl) amino, N-(C3-8 cycloalkyl) amino, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl, Ci. 6 alkoxycarbonyl or CI 6 alkyl]. Preferably, the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (I) can be those wherein; A represents

Qs represents CH; Q6 represent CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkanoyloxy, or C, 6 alkyl optionally substituted by hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy or C1-6 alkanoyloxy; m represents an integer from 0 to 3; p represents an integer 0 or 1; - X-represents a bond,-O-or-N (R4)-, wherein represents hydrogen or C1-6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, -X-represents a bond; - Y-represents NH, O or CH2 ; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted by one or two of substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, C, 6alkyl, trifluoroC1-6alkyl, C1-6alkoxy, trifluoroC1-6alkoxy and C, 6alkanoylamino.

In another embodiment, the bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (I) can be those wherein; A represents

Ql and Q4 represents methylene; Q2 represents CHRZ, wherein R represents hydrogen; Q3 represents CHR3, wherein R3 represents hydrogen, hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy or C1-6 alkanoyloxy; Q5 represents CH; Q6 represents CR6, wherein R6 represents hydroxy; m represents an integer 2; p represents an integer 0 ; - X-represents a bond, -O- or -N (R4)-, wherein R4 is hydrogen or C1-6 alkyl, with the proviso that when m is 0, -X-represents a bond; - Y-represents NH; and R'represents phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl, wherein

said phenyl, naphthyl, pyridyl, or pyrimidyl are optionally substituted by one or two of substituents selected from the group consisting of chloro, bromo, fluoro, nitro, methyl, methoxy, trifluoromethyl, trifluoroethyl, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoro- ethoxy, acetamido and propionylamino; More preferably, said bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivative of the formula (» is selected from the group consisting of : N- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)-N'- [4- (trifluoromethyl) benzyl] urea; 4- (trifluoromethyl) benzyl (7-hydroxy-5,6, 7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl) carbamate; N- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)-3- [4- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] propan- amide; N- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)-N'- (2- { [4- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] - amino} ethyl) urea; N- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl) -N'- {2- [4- (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] - ethyl} urea ; 2- { [4- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino} ethyl (7-hydroxy-5,6, 7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)- carbamate; 2- [4- (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl (7-hydroxy-5,6, 7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2- yl) carbamate; N- [4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-N'- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2- yl) urea ; N- (2- { [4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino} ethyl) -N'- (7-hydroxy-5,6, 7,8-tetra- hydronaphthalen-2-yl) urea; N- {2- [4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl}-N'- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydro- naphthalen-2-yl) urea; N-(2- {[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl] amino} ethyl)-N'- (6-hydroxy-5,6, 7, 8-tetra- hydronaphthalen-2-yl) urea; and N- {2- [4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] ethyl}-N'- (6-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydro- naphthalen-2-yl) urea

The bicyclic amide, carbamate or urea derivatives of formula (I), their tautomeric and stereo- isomeric form, and salts thereof surprisingly show excellent VR1 antagonistic activity. They are, therefore suitable especially for the prophylaxis and treatment of diseases associated with VR1 activity, in particular for the treatment of urological diseases or disorders, such as detrusor overactivity (overactive bladder), urinary incontinence, neurogenic detrusor oeractivity (detrusor hyperflexia), idiopathic detrusor overactivity (detrusor instability), benign prostatic hyperplasia, and lower urinary tract symptoms.

The compounds of the present invention are also effective for treating or preventing a disease selected from the group consisting of chronic pain, neuropathic pain, postoperative pain, rheumatoid arthritic pain, neuralgia, neuropathies, algesia, nerve injury, ischaemia, neurodegeneration and/or stroke, as well as inflammatory diseases such as asthma and COPD since the diseases also relate to VR1 activity.

The compounds of the present invention are also useful for the treatment and prophylaxis of neuropathic pain, which is a form of pain often associated with herpes zoster and post-herpetic neuralgia, painful diabetic neuropathy, neuropathic low back pain, posttraumatic and postoperative neuralgia, neuralgia due to nerve compression and other neuralgias, phantom pain, complex regional pain syndromes, infectious or parainfectious neuropathies like those associated with HIV infection, pain associated with central nervous system disorders like multiple sclerosis or Parkinson disease or spinal cord injury or traumatic brain injury, and post-stroke pain.

Furthermore, the compounds of the present invention are useful for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain, forms of pain often associated with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis or other forms of arthritis, and back pain.

In addition, the compounds of the present invention are useful for the treatment of pain associated with cancer, including visceral or neuropathic pain associated with cancer or cancer treatment.

The compounds of the present invention are furthermore useful for the treatment of visceral pain, e. g. pain associated with obstruction of hollow viscus like gallstone colik, pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome, pelvic pain, vulvodynia, orchialgia or prostatodynia, pain associated with inflammatory lesions of joints, skin, muscles or nerves, and orofascial pain and headache, e. g. migraine or tension-type headache.

Further, the present invention provides a medicament, which includes one of the compounds, described above and optionally pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

Alkyl per se and"alk"and"alkyl"in alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkanoyl, alkylamino, alkylamino- carbonyl, alkylaminosulfonyl, alkylsulfonylamino, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxycarbonylamino and alkanoylamino represent a linear or branched alkyl radical having generally 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 4 and particularly preferably 1 to 3 carbon atoms, representing illustratively and preferably methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl and n-hexyl.

Alkoxy illustratively and preferably represents methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, tert- butoxy, n-pentoxy and n-hexoxy.

Alkylamino illustratively and preferably represents an alkylamino radical having one or two (independently selected) alkyl substituents, illustratively and preferably representing methylamino, ethylamino, n-propylamino, isopropylamino, tert-butylamino, n-pentylamino, n-hexyl-amino, N, N- dimethylamino, N, N-diethylamino, N-ethyl-N-methylamino, N-methyl-N-n-propylamino, N- isopropyl-N-n-propylamino, N-t-butyl-N-methylamino, N-ethyl-N-n-pentylamino and N-n-hexyl- N-methylamino.

Cycloalkyl per se and in cycloalkylamino and in cycloalkylcarbonyl represents a cycloalkyl group having generally 3 to 8 and preferably 5 to 7 carbon atoms, illustratively and preferably representing cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and cycloheptyl.

Aryl per se and in arylamino and in arylcarbonyl represents a mono-to tricyclic aromatic carbocyclic radical having generally 6 to 14 carbon atoms, illustratively and preferably representing phenyl, naphthyl and phenanthrenyl.

Heteroaryl per se and the heteroaryl portion of the heteroaralkyl, heteroaryloxy, heteroaralkyloxy, or heteroarylcarbamoyl represent an aromatic mono-or bicyclic radical having generally 5 to 10 and preferably 5 or 6 ring atoms and up to 5 and preferably up to 4 hetero atoms selected from the group consisting of S, O and N, illustratively and preferably representing thienyl, furyl, pyrrolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, pyridyl, pyrimidyl, pyridazinyl, indolyl, isoindolino, indazolyl, benzofuranyl, benzothiophenyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, tetrazolyl, and triazolyl.

Heterocyclyl per se and in heterocyclylcarbonyl represents a mono-or polycyclic, preferably mono-or bicyclic, nonaromatic heterocyclic radical having generally 4 to 10 and preferably 5 to 8 ring atoms and up to 3 and preferably up to 2 hetero atoms and/or hetero groups selected from the group consisting of N, O, S, SO and SO2. The heterocyclyl radicals can be saturated or partially unsaturated. Preference is given to 5-to 8-membered monocyclic saturated heterocyclyl radicals having up to two hetero atoms selected from the group consisting of 0, N and S, such as

illustratively and preferably 1,3-dioxalanyl, tetrahydrofuran-2-yl, pyrrolidin-2-yl, pyrrolidin-3-yl, pyrrolinyl, piperidinyl, morpholinyl, perhydroazepinyl.

EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION The compound of the formula (1) of the present invention can be, but not limited to be, prepared by combining various known methods. In some embodiments, one or more of the substituents, such as amino group, carboxyl group, and hydroxyl group of the compounds used as starting materials or intermediates are advantageously protected by a protecting group known to those skilled in the art. Examples of the protecting groups are described in"Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis (3rd Edition)"by Greene and Wuts, John Wiley and Sons, New York 1999.

The compound of the formula (I) of the present invention can be, but not limited to be, prepared by Method from [A] to [H] below.

[Method A] The compound of the formula (I-i) (wherein m, p, A, R'and X are the same as defined above and Y1 represents NH) can be prepared by the reaction of the compound of the formaul (II-i) (wherein Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 are the same as defined above) or (II-ii) (wherein Q5 and Q6 are the same as defined above) and the compound of the formula (III) (wherein m, p, R'and X are the same as defined above).

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1, 2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane ; aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene; nitriles such as acetonitrile; amides such as N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF), N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) ; urea such as 1, 3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMI) ; sulfoxide such as dimethylsulfoxide

(DMSO); and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction can be carried out in the presence of organic base such as pyridine or triethylamine.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about room temperature to 100°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 48 hours and preferably 1 to 24 hours.

The compound (II-i), (D-ii) and (m) can be prepared by the use of known techniques or are commercially available.

[Method B] QzQ49O, NH2 czar I) la- zu (II-i) phosgene, N Y X R or... +--- 0 or triphosgene triphosgene, 1 NH 2 CDI or CDT (IV) (1-ii) Q Q5 I/ ("-") The compound of the formula (I-ii) (wherein m, p, A, Rl and X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) can be prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (II-i) (wherein Ql, Q2, Q3 and Q4 are the same as defined above) or (l : I-ii) (wherein Qs and Q6 are the same as defined above) with phosgene, diphosgene, triphosgene, 1, l-carbonyldiimidazole (CDI), or 1,1'- carbonyldi (1, 2,4-triazole) (CDT), and then adding the compound of the formula (IV) (wherein m, p, RI and X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) to the reaction mixture.

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1, 2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1, 2-dimethoxyethane ; aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene; nitriles such as acetonitrile; amides such as N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF), N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) ; urea such as 1, 3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMI) ; sulfoxides such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO); and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 20°C to 50°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 24 hours and preferably 1 to 10 hours.

The compound (IV) is commercially available or can be prepared by the use of known techniques and phosgene, diphosgene, triphosgene, CDI, and CDT are commercially available.

[Method C] The compound of the formula (I-ii) (wherein m, p, A, RI and X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) can be also prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (II-i) (wherein Ql, Q2, Q3 and Q4 are the same as defined above) or (H-ii) (wherein Q5 and Q6 are the same as defined above) with the compound of the formula (V) (wherein Ll represents halogen atom such as chlorine, bromine, or iodine atom) and then adding the compound of the formula (IV) (wherein m, p, Rl and X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) to the reaction mixture.

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1,2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane ; aromatic hydro- carbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene; nitriles such as acetonitrile; amides such as N, N-di- methylformamide (DMF), N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) ; urea such as 1, 3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMI) ; sulfoxides such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO); and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 20°C to 50°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 24 hours and preferably 1 to 10 hours.

The reaction can be advantageously carried out in the presence of a base including, for instance, organic amines such as pyridine, triethylamine and N, N-diisopropylethylamine, dimethylaniline, diethylaniline, 4-dimethylaminopyridine, and others.

The compound (V) is commercially available or can be prepared by the use of known techniques.

[Method D] Ql QvNH2 3 Q2\Q I 1 (Il-i) or NH2 or Q5 \ I/ Ho2-- diphosgene, (il ii) A'NyY2H ; X< m 4R'H triphosgene, O CDI or CDT The compound of the formula (I-ii) (wherein m, p, A, Ru rand X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) can be prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (IV) (wherein m, p, R'and X are the same as defined above and Ya represents NH or O) with phosgene, diphosgene, triphosgene, 1, 1-carbonyldiimidazole (CDI), or 1, 1'-carbonyldi (1, 2,4-triazole) (CDT) and then adding the compound of the formula (u-i) (wherein Ql, Q2, Q3 and Q4 are the same as defined above) or (II-ii) (wherein Q5 and Q6 are the same as defined above) to the reaction mixture.

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1,2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane ; aromatic hydro- carbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene; nitriles such as acetonitrile; amides such as N, N- dimethylformamide (DMF), N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP); urea such as 1, 3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMl) ; sulfoxides such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO); and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 20°C to 50°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 24 hours and preferably 1 to 10 hours.

[Method E]

The compound of the formula (I-ii) (wherein m, p, A, R'and X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) can be prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (IV) (wherein m, p, R'and X are the same as defined above and Y2 represents NH or O) with the compound of the formula (V) (wherein Ll is the same as defined above) and then adding the compound of the formula (II-i) (wherein Ql, Q2, Q3 and Q4 are the same as defined above) or (II-ii) (wherein Q5 and Q6 are the same as defined above) to the reaction mixture.

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1,2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane ; aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene; nitriles such as acetonitrile; amides such as N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF), N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP); urea such as 1, 3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMn ; sulfoxides such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO); and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 20°C to 50°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 24 hours and preferably 1 to 10 hours.

The reaction can be advantageously carried out in the presence of a base including, for instance, organic amines such as pyridine, triethylamine and N, N-diisopropylethylamine, dimethylaniline, diethylaniline, 4-dimethylaminopyridine, and others.

[Method F]

The compound of the formula (I-iii) (wherein m, p, A, Rl and X are the same as defined above and Y3 represents CH2) can be prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (II-i) (wherein Ql, Q2, Q3 and Q4 are the same as defined above) or (II-ii) (wherein QS and Q6 are the same as defined above) with the compound of the formula (VI) (wherein m, p, R'and X are the same as defined above, Y3 represents CH2 and wherein L2 represents halogen atom such as chlorine, bromine, or iodine atom, hydroxy or the like).

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1,2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane ; aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene; nitriles such as acetonitrile; amides such as N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF), N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP); urea such as 1, 3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMp ; sulfoxides such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO); and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 0°C to 200 °C and preferably about 20°C to 180 °C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 48 hours and preferably 2 to 12 hours.

The reaction can be advantageously carried out in the presence of a base including, for instance, organic amines such as pyridine, triethylamine and N, N-diisopropylethylamine, dimethylaniline, diethylaniline, 4-dimethylaminopyridine, and others.

The compound (VI) is commercially available or can be prepared by the use of known techniques.

[Method G] similar procedure described in Method [A] - [F], using (Vil) instead of (Il-i) or (Il-ii) fff rTY- O H3C Step G'l H3C 0 0 (VIII) SVep G-2 Step G2 1 N\/YXR N Y ( X R HO I/O m reducing agent p \/% Step G-3

The compound of the formula (I-a) and (I-b) (wherein m, p, RI, X and Y are the same as defined above) can be prepared by the following procedures.

In the Step G-1, the compound of the formula (Vm) (wherein m, p, R', X and Y are the same as defined above) can be prepared in the similar manner as described in Method from [A] to [F] for the preparation of the compound of the formula (I) by using a compound of the formula (VE) instead of the compound of the formula (lI-i) or (II-ii).

In the Step G-2, the compound of the formula (I-a) (wherein m, p, RI, X and Y are the same as defined above) can be prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (VIT) (wherein m, p, Rl, X and Y are the same as defined above) with an acid such as hydrochloric acid.

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane, chloroform and 1,2-dichloroethane ; ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane ; alcohols such as methanol, ethanol; water and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 20°C to 100°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 24 hours and preferably 1 to 10 hours.

In the Step G-3, the compound of the formula (1-b) (wherein m, p, R1, X and Y are the same as defined above) can be prepared by reacting the compound of the formula (1-a) (wherein m, p, R', X

and Y are the same as defined above) with reducing agent such as sodium borohydride or lithium aluminum hydride.

The reaction may be carried out in a solvent including, for instance, ethers such as diethyl ether, isopropyl ether, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1, 2-dimethoxyethane ; alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, and others. Optionally, two or more of the solvents selected from the listed above can be mixed and used.

The reaction temperature can be optionally set depending on the compounds to be reacted. The reaction temperature is usually, but not limited to, about 20°C to 50°C. The reaction may be conducted for, usually, 30 minutes to 24 hours and preferably 1 to 10 hours.

The compound of the formula (VIT) is commercially available or can be prepared by the use of known techniques.

[Method H] similar procedure described in Method [A] - [F], using (Il-a) instead of (Il-i) or (II-ii) H .-. i /Q ( a) similar procedure described in Method [A] - [F], using (Il-a') instead of (Il-i) or (Il-ii) HO,,,, NH2 H Ho,,,, (Il-a') (I-c)

The stereoisomeric form of the compound (I), R form (I-c) (wherein m, p, Rl, X and Y are the same as defined above) can be prepared in the similar manner as described in Method from [A] to [F] for the preparation of the compound of the formula (I) by using a compound of the formula aI- a) instead of the compound of the formula (In.

The stereoisomeric form of the compound (n, S form (1-c') (wherein m, p, R', X and Y are the same as defined above) can be prepared in the similar manner as described in Method from [A] to

[F] for the preparation of the compound of the formula (1) by using a compound of the formula (n- a') instead of the compound of the formula.

The compound (II-a) or (II-a') can be prepared by the use of known techniques.

When the compound shown by the formula (I) or a salt thereof has an asymmetric carbon in the structure, their optically active compounds and racemic mixtures are also included in the scope of the present invention.

Typical salts of the compound shown by the formula (I) include salts prepared by reaction of the compounds of the present invention with a mineral or organic acid, or an organic or inorganic base. Such salts are known as acid addition and base addition salts, respectively.

Acids to form acid addition salts include inorganic acids such as, without limitation, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydriodic acid and the like, and organic acids, such as, without limitation, p-toluenesulfonic acid, methanesulfonic acid, oxalic acid, p- bromophenylsulfonic acid, carbonic acid, succinic acid, citric acid, benzoic acid, acetic acid, and the like.

Base addition salts include those derived from inorganic bases, such as, without limitation, ammonium hydroxide, alkaline metal hydroxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, and the like, and organic bases, such as, without limitation, ethanolamine, triethylamine, tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane, and the like. Examples of inorganic bases include sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, and the like.

The compound of the present invention or a salt thereof, depending on its substituents, may be modified to form lower alkylesters or known other esters ; and/or hydrates or other solvates. Those esters, hydrates, and solvates are included in the scope of the present invention.

The compound of the present invention may be administered in oral forms, such as, without limitation normal and enteric coated tablets, capsules, pills, powders, granules, elixirs, tinctures, solution, suspensions, syrups, solid and liquid aerosols and emulsions. They may also be administered in parenteral forms, such as, without limitation, intravenous, intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, intramuscular, and the like forms, well-known to those of ordinary skill in the pharmaceutical arts. The compounds of the present invention can be administered in intranasal form via topical use of suitable intranasal vehicles, or via transdermal routes, using transdermal delivery systems well-known to those of ordinary skilled in the art.

The dosage regimen with the use of the compounds of the present invention is selected by one of ordinary skill in the arts, in view of a variety of factors, including, without limitation, age, weight, sex, and medical condition of the recipient, the severity of the condition to be treated, the route of administration, the level of metabolic and excretory function of the recipient, the dosage form employed, the particular compound and salt thereof employed.

The compounds of the present invention are preferably formulated prior to administration together with one or more pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients. Excipients are inert substances such as, without limitation carriers, diluents, flavoring agents, sweeteners, lubricants, solubilizers, suspending agents, binders, tablet disintegrating agents and encapsulating material.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention is pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound of the invention and one or more pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients that are compatible with the other ingredients of the formulation and not deleterious to the recipient thereof. Pharmaceutical formulations of the invention are prepared by combining a therapeutically effective amount of the compounds of the invention together with one or more pharmaceutically- acceptable excipients therefore. In making the compositions of the present invention, the active ingredient may be mixed with a diluent, or enclosed within a carrier, which may be in the form of a capsule, sachet, paper, or other container. The carrier may serve as a diluent, which may be solid, semi-solid, or liquid material which acts as a vehicle, or can be in the form of tablets, pills powders, lozenges, elixirs, suspensions, emulsions, solutions, syrups, aerosols, ointments, containing, for example, up to 10% by weight of the active compound, soft and hard gelatin capsules, suppositories, sterile injectable solutions and sterile packaged powders.

For oral administration, the active ingredient may be combined with an oral, and non-toxic, pharmaceutically-acceptable carrier, such as, without limitation, lactose, starch, sucrose, glucose, sodium carbonate, mannitol, sorbitol, calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, methyl cellulose, and the like; together with, optionally, disintegrating agents, such as, without limitation, maize, starch, methyl cellulose, agar bentonite, xanthan gum, alginic acid, and the like ; and optionally, binding agents, for example, without limitation, gelatin, natural sugars, beta- lactose, corn sweeteners, natural and synthetic gums, acacia, tragacanth, sodium alginate, carb- oxymethylcellulose, polyethylene glycol, waxes, and the like; and, optionally, lubricating agents, for example, without limitation, magnesium stearate, sodium stearate, stearic acid, sodium oleate, sodium benzoate, sodium acetate, sodium chloride, talc, and the like.

In powder forms, the carrier may be a finely divided solid which is in admixture with the finely divided active ingredient. The active ingredient may be mixed with a carrier having binding properties in suitable proportions and compacted in the shape and size desired to produce tablets.

The powders and tablets preferably contain from about 1 to about 99 weight percent of the active ingredient which is the novel composition of the present invention. Suitable solid carriers are magnesium carboxymethyl cellulose, low melting waxes, and cocoa butter.

Sterile liquid formulations include suspensions, emulsions, syrups and elixirs. The active ingre- dient can be dissolved or suspended in a pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, such as sterile water, sterile organic solvent, or a mixture of both sterile water and sterile organic solvent.

The active ingredient can also be dissolved in a suitable organic solvent, for example, aqueous propylene glycol. Other compositions can be made by dispersing the finely divided active ingredient in aqueous starch or sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution or in a suitable oil.

The formulation may be in unit dosage form, which is a physically discrete unit containing a unit dose, suitable for administration in human or other mammals. A unit dosage form can be a capsule or tablets, or a number of capsules or tablets. A"unit dose"is a predetermined quantity of the active compound of the present invention, calculated to produce the desired therapeutic effect, in association with one or more excipients. The quantity of active ingredient in a unit dose may be varied or adjusted from about 0.1 to about 1000 milligrams or more according to the particular treatment involved.

Typical oral dosages of the present invention, when used for the indicated effects, will range from about O. Olmg/kg/day to about 100 mg/kg/day, preferably from 0.1 mg/kg/day to 30 mg/kg/day, and most preferably from about 0.5 mg/kg/day to about 10 mg/kg/day. In the case of parenteral administration, it has generally proven advantageous to administer quantities of about 0. 001 to lOOmg/kg/day, preferably from 0.01 mg/kg/day to 1 mg/kg/day. The compounds of the present invention may be administered in a single daily dose, or the total daily dose may be administered in divided doses, two, three, or more times per day. Where delivery is via transdermal forms, of course, administration is continuous.

EXAMPLES The present invention will be described as a form of examples, but they should by no means be construed as defining the metes and bounds of the present invention.

In the examples below, all quantitative data, if not stated otherwise, relate to percentages by weight.

Mass spectra were obtained using electrospray (ES) ionization techniques (micromass Platform LC). Melting points are uncorrected. Liquid Chromatography-Mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) data were recorded on a Micromass Platform LC with Shimadzu Phenomenex ODS column (4.6 mm<) X 30 mm) flushing a mixture of acetonitrile-water (9: 1 to 1: 9) at 1 ml/min of the flow rate. TLC was performed on a precoated silica gel plate (Merck silica gel 60 F-254). Silica gel (WAKO-gel C-200 (75-150, um)) was used for all column chromatography separations. All chemicals were reagent grade and were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich, Wako pure chemical industries, Ltd. , Great Britain, Tokyo kasei kogyo Co. , Ltd. , Nacalai tesque, Inc. , Watanabe Chemical Ind. Ltd. , Maybridge plc, Lancaster Synthesis Ltd., Merck KgaA, Germany, Kanto Chemical Co. , Ltd.

'H NMR spectra were recorded using either Bruker DRX-300 (300 MHz for'H) spectrometer or Brucker 500 UltraShieled (500 MHz for 1H). Chemical shifts are reported in parts per million (ppm) with tetramethylsilane (TMS) as an internal standard at zero ppm. Coupling constant (J) are given in hertz and the abbreviations s, d, t, q, m, and br refer to singlet, doblet, triplet, quartet, multiplet, and broad, respectively. The mass determinations were carried out by MAT95 (Finnigan MAT).

All starting materials are commercially available or can be prepared using methods cited in the literature.

The effect of the present compounds was examined by the following assays and pharmacological tests.

[Measurement of capsaicin-induced Ca2+ influx in the human VRl-transfected CHO cell line] (Assay 1) (1) Establishment of the human VRl-CHOluc9aeq cell line Human vanilloid receptor (hVR1) cDNA was cloned from libraries of axotomized dorsal root ganglia (WO 00/29577). The cloned hVR1 cDNA was constructed with pcDNA3 vector and transfected into a CHOluc9aeq cell line. The cell line contains aequorin and CRE-luciferase reporter genes as read-out signals. The transfectants were cloned by

limiting dilution in selection medium (DMEM/F12 medium (Gibco BRL) supplemented with 10% FCS, 1. 4 mM Sodium pyruvate, 20 mM HEPES, 0.15% Sodium bicarbonate, 100 U/ml penicillin, 100 llg/ml streptomycin, 2 mM glutamine, non-essential amino acids and 2 mg/ml G418). Ca2+ influx was examined in the capsaicin-stimulated clones. A high responder clone was selected and used for further experiments in the project. The human VR1-CHOluc9aeq cells were maintained in the selection medium and passaged every 3-4 days at 1-2. 5x105 cells/flask (75 mm2).

(2) Measurement of Ca2+ influx using FDSS-3000 Human VR1-CHOluc9aeq cells were suspended in a culture medium which is the same as the selection medium except for G418 and seeded at a density of 1,000 cells per well into 384-well plates (black walled clear-base/Nalge Nunc International). Following the culture for 48 hrs the medium was changed to 2 uM Fluo-3 AM (Molecular Probes) and 0.02% Puronic F-127 in assay buffer (Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS), 17 mM HEPES (pH7.4), 1 mM Probenecid, 0.1% BSA) and the cells were incubated for 60 min at 25°C.

After washing twice with assay buffer the cells were incubated with a test compound or vehicle for 20 min at 25°C. Mobilization of cytoplasmic Ca2+ was measured by FDSS-3000 (=488nm, . em540nm/Hamamatsu Photonics) for 60 sec after the stimulation with 10 nM capsaicin. Integral R was calculated and compared with controls.

[Measurement of the capsaicin-induced Ca2+ influx in primary cultured rat dorsal root ganglia neurons] (Assay 2) (1) Preparation of rat dorsal root ganglia neurons New born Wister rats (5-11 days) were sacrificed and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) was removed. DRG was incubated with 0.1% trypsin (Gibco BRL) in PBS (-) (Gibco BRL) for 30 min at 37°C, then a half volume of fetal calf serum (FCS) was added and the cells were spun down. The DRG neuron cells were resuspended in Ham F12/5% FCS/5% horse serum (Gibco BRL) and dispersed by repeated pipetting and passing through 70 um mesh (Falcon). The culture plate was incubated for 3 hours at 37°C to remove contaminating Schwann cells. Non-adherent cells were recovered and further cultured in laminin-coated 384 well plates (Nunc) at 1x104 cells/50 ul/well for 2 days in the presence of 50 ng/ml recombinant rat NGF (Sigma) and 50 pM 5-fluorodeoxyuridine (Sigma).

(2) Ca2+ mobilization assay DRG neuron cells were washed twice with HBSS supplemented with 17 mM HEPES (pH 7.4) and 0.1% BSA. After incubating with 2 uM fluo-3AM (Molecular Probe), 0.02% PF127 (Gibco BRL) and 1 mM probenecid (Sigma) for 40 min at 37°C, cells were washed 3 times. The cells were incubated with VR1 antagonists or vehicle (dimethylsulfoxide) and then with 1 uM capsaicin in FDSS-6000 (#ex=480nm, #em=520nm / Hamamatsu Photonics). The fluorescence changes at 480nm were monitored for 2.5 min. Integral R was calculated and compared with controls.

[Organ bath assay to measure the capsaicin-induced bladder contraction] (Assay 3) Male Wistar rats (10 week old) were anesthetized with ether and sacrificed by dislocating the necks. The whole urinary bladder was excised and placed in oxygenated Modified Krebs-Henseleit solution (pH 7.4) of the following composition (112mM NaCI, 5. 9mM KC1, 1. 2mM MgCl2, 1. 2mM NaH2PO4, 2mM CaClz, 2. 5mM NaHC03, 12mM glucose).

Contractile responses of the urinary bladder were studied as described previously [Maggi CA et al: Br. J. Pharmacol. 108: 801-805,1993]. Isometric tension was recorded under a load of 1 g using longitudinal strips of rat detrusor muscle. Bladder strips were equilibrated for 60 min before each stimulation. Contractile response to 80 mM KC1 was determined at 15 min intervals until reproducible responses were obtained. The response to KCI was used as an internal standard to evaluate the maximal response to capsaicin. The effects of the compounds were investigated by incubating the strips with compounds for 30 min prior to the stimulation with 1 uM capsaicin (vehicle: 80% saline, 10% EtOH, and 10% Tween 80). One of the preparations made from the same animal was served as a control while the others were used for evaluating compounds. Ratio of each capsaicin- induced contraction to the internal standard (i. e. KCl-induced contraction) was calculated and the effects of the test compounds on the capsaicin-induced contraction were evaluated.

[Measurement of Ca2+ influx in the human P2Xl-transfected CHO cell line] (1) Preparation of the human P2X1-transfected CHOluc9aeq cell line Human P2Xl-transfected CHOluc9aeq cell line was established and maintained in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM/F12) supplemented with 7.5% FCS, 20 mM HEPES-KOH (pH 7.4), 1.4 mM sodium pyruvate, 100 U/ml penicillin, 100, ug/ml streptomycin, 2 mM glutamine (Gibco BRL) and 0.5 Units/ml apyrase (grade I, Sigma).

The suspended cells were seeded in each well of 384-well optical bottom black plates

(Nalge Nunc International) at 3 x 103/50 ! 11/well. The cells were cultured for following 48 hrs to adhere to the plates.

(2) Measurement of the intracellular Ca2+ levels P2X1 receptor agonist-mediated increases in cytosolic Ca2+ levels were measured using a fluorescent Ca2+ chelating dye, Fluo-3 AM (Molecular Probes). The plate-attached cells were washed twice with washing buffer (HBSS, 17 mM HEPES-KOH (pH 7.4), 0.1% BSA and 0.5 units/ml apyrase), and incubated in 40 ul of loading buffer (1 RM Fluo-3 AM, 1 mM probenecid, 1 uM cyclosporin A, 0.01% pluronic (Molecular Probes) in washing buffer) for 1 hour in a dark place. The plates were washed twice with 40 µl washing buffer and 35 1ll of washing buffer were added in each well with zip of test compounds or 2', 3'- o- (2, 4,6-trinitrophenyl) adenosine 5'-triphpsphate (Molecular Probes) as a reference. After further incubation for 10 minutes in dark 200 nM a, (3-methylene ATP agonist was added to initiate the Ca2+ mobilization. Fluorescence intensity was measured by FDSS-6000 (ex=410nm, en=510nm/Hamamatsu Photonics) at 250 msec intervals. Integral ratios were calculated from the data and compared with that of a control.

[Measurement of capsaicin-induced bladder contraction in anesthetized rats] (Assay 4) (1) Animals Female Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g/Charles River Japan) were used.

(2) Catheter implantation Rats were anesthetized by intraperitoneal administration of urethane (Sigma) at 1.2 g/kg.

The abdomen was opened through a midline incision, and a polyethylene catheter (BECTON DICKINSON, PE50) was implanted into the bladder through the dome. In parallel, the inguinal region was incised, and a polyethylene catheter (Hibiki, size 5) filled with 2 IU/ml of heparin (Novo Heparin, Aventis Pharma) in saline (Otsuka) was inserted into a common iliac artery.

(3) Cystometric investigation The bladder catheter was connected via T-tube to a pressure transducer (Viggo- Spectramed Pte Ltd, DT-XXAD) and a microinjection pump (TERUMO). Saline was infused at room temperature into the bladder at a rate of 2.4 ml/hr. Intravesical pressure was recorded continuously on a chart pen recorder (Yokogawa). At least three

reproducible micturition cycles, corresponding to a 20-minute period, were recorded before a test compound administration and used as baseline values.

(4) Administration of test compounds and stimulation of bladder with capsaicin The saline infusion was stopped before administrating compounds. A testing compound dissolved in the mixture of ethanol, Tween 80 (ICN Biomedicals Inc.) and saline (1: 1: 8, v/v/v) was administered intraarterially at 10 mg/kg. 2min after the administration of the compound 10 jug of capsaicin (Nacalai Tesque) dissolved in ethanol was administered intraarterially.

(5) Analysis of cystometry parameters Relative increases in the capsaicin-induced intravesical pressure were analyzed from the cystometry data. The capsaicin-induced bladder pressures were compared with the maximum bladder pressure during micturition without the capsaicin stimulation. The testing compounds-mediated inhibition of the increased bladder pressures was evaluated using Student's t-test. A probability level less than 5% was accepted as significant difference.

[Measurement of over active bladder in anesthetized cystitis rats] (Assay 5) (1) Animals Female Sprague-Dawley rats (180-250 g/Charles River Japan) were used. Cyclo- phosphamide (CYP) dissolved in saline was administered intraperitoneally at 150 mg/kg 48 hours before experiment.

(2) Catheter implantation Rats were anesthetized by intraperitoneal administration of urethane (Sigma) at 1.25 g/kg.

The abdomen was opened through a midline incision, and a polyethylene catheter (BECTON DICKINSON, PE50) was implanted into the bladder through the dome. In parallel, the inguinal region was incised, and a polyethylene catheter (BECTON DICKINSON, PE50) filled with saline (Otsuka) was inserted into a femoral vein. After the bladder was emptied, the rats were left for 1 hour for recovery from the operation.

(3) Cystometric investigation The bladder catheter was connected via T-tube to a pressure transducer (Viggo- Spectramed Pte Ltd, DT-XXAD) and a microinjection pump (TERUMO). Saline was infused at room temperature into the bladder at a rate of 3.6 ml/hr for 20 min. Intravesical pressure was recorded continuously on a chart pen recorder (Yokogawa). At least three reproducible micturition cycles, corresponding to a 20-minute period, were recorded before a test compound administration.

(4) Administration of test compounds A testing compound dissolved in the mixture of ethanol, Tween 80 (ICN Biomedicals Inc.) and saline (1 : 1: 8, v/v/v) was administered intravenously at 0.05 mg/kg, 0.5 mg/kg or 5 mg/kg. 3min after the administration of the compound, saline (Nacalai Tesque) was infused at room temperature into the bladder at a rate of 3.6 ml/hr.

(5) Analysis of cystometry parameters The cystometry parameters were analyzed as described previously [Lecci A et al: Eur. J.

Pharmacol. 259: 129-135, 1994]. The micturition frequency calculated from micturition interval and the bladder capacity calculated from a volume of infused saline until the first micturition were analyzed from the cystometry data. The testing compounds-mediated inhibition of the frequency and the testing compounds-mediated increase of bladder capacity were evaluated using unpaired Student's t-test. A probability levels less than 5% was accepted as significant difference. Data were analyzed as the mean + SEM from 4-7 rats.

[Measurement of Acute Pain] Acute pain is measured on a hot plate mainly in rats. Two variants of hot plate testing are used: In the classical variant animals are put on a hot surface (52 to 56 °C) and the latency time is measured until the animals show nociceptive behavior, such as stepping or foot licking. The other variant is an increasing temperature hot plate where the experimental animals are put on a surface of neutral temperature. Subsequently this surface is slowly but constantly heated until the animals begin to lick a hind paw. The temperature which is reached when hind paw licking begins is a measure for pain threshold.

Compounds are tested against a vehicle treated control group. Substance application is performed at different time points via different application routes (i. v. , i. p. , p. o. , i. t. , i. c. v., s. c. , intradermal, transdermal) prior to pain testing.

[Measurement of Persistent Pain] Persistent pain is measured with the formalin or capsaicin test, mainly in rats. A solution of 1 to 5% formalin or 10 to 100 ug capsaicin is injected into one hind paw of the experimental animal. After formalin or capsaicin application the animals show nociceptive reactions like flinching, licking and biting of the affected paw. The number of nociceptive reactions within a time frame of up to 90 minutes is a measure for intensity of pain.

Compounds are tested against a vehicle treated control group. Substance application is performed at different time points via different application routes (i. v., i. p., p. o. , i. t. , i. c. v., s. c., intradermal, transdermal) prior to formalin or capsaicin administration.

[Measurement of Neuropathic Pain] Neuropathic pain is induced by different variants of unilateral sciatic nerve injury mainly in rats. The operation is performed under anesthesia. The first variant of sciatic nerve injury is produced by placing loosely constrictive ligatures around the common sciatic nerve (Bennett and Xie, Pain 33 (1988): 87-107). The second variant is the tight ligation of about the half of the diameter of the common sciatic nerve (Seltzer et al., Pain 43 (1990) : 205-218). In the next variant, a group of models is used in which tight ligations or transections are made of either the L5 and L6 spinal nerves, or the L5 spinal nerve only (KN SH; CHUNG JM, AN EXPERIMENTAL-MODEL FOR PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY PRODUCED BY SEGMENTAL SPINAL NERVE LIGATION IN THE RA, PAIN 50 (3) (1992): 355-363). The fourth variant involves an axotomy of two of the three terminal branches of the sciatic nerve (tibial and common peroneal nerves) leaving the remaining sural nerve intact whereas the last variant comprises the axotomy of only the tibial branch leaving the sural and common nerves uninjured. Control animals are treated with a sham operation.

Postoperatively, the nerve injured animals develop a chronic mechanical allodynia, cold allodynia, as well as a thermal hyperalgesia. Mechanical allodynia is measured by means of a pressure transducer (electronic von Frey Anesthesiometer, IITC Inc.-Life Science Instruments, Woodland Hills, SA, USA; Electronic von Frey System, Somedic Sales AB, Horby, Sweden). Thermal hyperalgesia is measured by means of a radiant heat source

(Plantar Test, Ugo Basile, Comerio, Italy), or by means of a cold plate of 5 to 10 °C where the nocifensive reactions of the affected hind paw are counted as a measure of pain intensity. A further test for cold induced pain is the counting of nocifensive reactions, or duration of nocifensive responses after plantar administration of acetone to the affected hind limb. Chronic pain in general is assessed by registering the circadanian rhytms in activity (Surjo and Arndt, Universitat zu Kiln, Cologne, Germany), and by scoring differences in gait (foot print patterns; FOOTPRINTS program, Klapdor et al. , 1997. A low cost method to analyse footprint patterns. J. Neurosci. Methods 75,49-54).

Compounds are tested against sham operated and vehicle treated control groups. Substance application is performed at different time points via different application routes (i. v. , i. p., p. o. , i. t. , i. c. v. , s. c. , intradermal, transdermal) prior to pain testing.

[Measurement of Inflammatory Pain] Inflammatory pain is induced mainly in rats by injection of 0.75 mg carrageenan or complete Freund's adjuvant into one hind paw. The animals develop an edema with mechanical allodynia as well as thermal hyperalgesia. Mechanical allodynia is measured by means of a pressure transducer (electronic von Frey Anesthesiometer, DTC Inc.-Life Science Instruments, Woodland Hills, SA, USA). Thermal hyperalgesia is measured by means of a radiant heat source (Plantar Test, Ugo Basile, Comerio, Italy, Paw thermal stimulator, G. Ozaki, University of California, USA). For edema measurement two methods are being used. In the first method, the animals are sacrificed and the affected hindpaws sectioned and weighed. The second method comprises differences in paw volume by measuring water displacement in a plethysmometer (Ugo Basile, Comerio, Italy).

Compounds are tested against uninflamed as well as vehicle treated control groups.

Substance application is performed at different time points via different application routes (i. v. , i. p. , p. o. , i. t. , i. c. v. , s. c. , intradermal, transdermal) prior to pain testing.

[Measurement of Diabetic Neuropathic Pain] Rats treated with a single intraperitoneal injection of 50 to 80 mg/kg streptozotocin develop a profound hyperglycemia and mechanical allodynia within 1 to 3 weeks.

Mechanical allodynia is measured by means of a pressure transducer (electronic von Frey Anesthesiometer, IITC Inc.-Life Science Instruments, Woodland Hills, SA, USA).

Compounds are tested against diabetic and non-diabetic vehicle treated control groups.

Substance application is performed at different time points via different application routes (i. v. , i. p. , p. o. , i. t. , i. c. v. , s. c., intradermal, transdermal) prior to pain testing.

Results in capsaicin-induced Ca2+ influx assay in the human VRl-transfected CHO cell line (Assay 1) are shown in Examples and tables of the Examples below : For practical reasons, the compounds are grouped in four classes based on activity as follows: ICso= A (< or =) O. lM < B (< or =) 0.5 gM < C (< or =) I RM < D The compounds of the present invention also show excellent selectivity, and strong activity in other assays 2-5 and assays for pain described above.

Preparation of starting compounds Starting compound A] 7-amino-1, 2,3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-ol

A mixture of 2, 7-dihydroxynaphthalene (3.24 g, 20.2 mmol), sodium bisulfite (2. 38 g, 22.9 mmol), and 28 % aq. ammonia solution (50 mL) in sealed stainless-steel reactor was heated at 150 °C for 4.5 hours. After cooled to ambient temperature, a mixture of ethylacetate and acetonitrile was added and then extracted aqueous 1N sodium hydroxide solution. The aqueous layer was acidified to pH 1, and the mixture was extracted with ethylacetate. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: ethylacetate/hexane = 1/3) to provide 7-amino-2-naphthol (0.54 g).

MS (ESI) rn/z 160 [M+H] +

'H NMR (CDC13-c) 5 3.80 (brs, 2H), 4. 82 (s, 1H), 6. 78 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.26-6. 83 (m, 2H), 6.90 (s, 1H), 7.57 (d, J= 7. 8 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J= 7.8 Hz, 1H).

Next, a mixture of 7-amino-2-naphthol (0.54 g, 3.39 mmol) and di-t-butylcarbonate (0.74g, 3.39 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (30 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. To the mixture was added water and extracted with ethylacetate. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by column chromatography (eluent: ethylacetate/hexane = 1/2) to afford tert-butyl (7-hydroxy-2- naphthyl) carbamate (615 mg).

MS (ESI) m/z 204 [M+H] + 'H NMR (CDC13-a) 8 1.53 (s, 9H), 5.22 (s, 1H), 6.59 (brs, 1H), 6.98 (dd, J= 2.5, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (d, J= 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.14 (dd, J= 2.1, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J= 8. 7 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (s, 1H).

Next, a mixture of tert-butyl (7-hydroxy-2-naphthyl) carbamate (61o mg, 2.35 mmol), ethyliodide (734 mg, 4.70 mmol), and potassium carbonate (650 mg, 4.70 mmol) in acetone (50 mL) was stirred at refluxing temperature for 16 hours. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: ethylacetate/hexane = 1/2) to give tert-butyl (7-ethoxy-2-naphthyl) - carbamate (440 mg).

MS (ES1) m/z 232 [M+H] + 1H NMR (CDC13-d) 61. 46 (t, J= 7. 0 Hz, 3H), 1.55 (s, 9H), 4.12 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 6.58 (s, 1H), 7.02 (dd, J= 2.5, 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (dd, J = 2.3, 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (s, 1H).

Next, in a flask containing tert-butyl (7-ethoxy-2-naphthyl) carbamate (530 mg, 1.84 mmol) and t- buthanol (0.53 mL) in tetrahydrofuran (25 mL) was collected liquid ammonia (150 mL) at-78 °C.

Lithium (38.4 mg) was added, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. After raising to room temperature, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure then water was added. The mixture was extracted with ethylacetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. To the obtained residue was added a mixture of tetrahydrofuran (38 mL) and aqueous 1N solution of hydrochloric acid (12 mL) and stirred at 45 °C for 45 minutes. The mixture was concentrated under reduced temperature and then ethylacetate was added. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting material was purified by silica gel column chromatography

(eluent: ethylacetate/hexane = 1/4) to provide tert-butyl (7-oxo-5,6, 7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2- yl) carbamate (177 mg).

MS (ESI) m/z 206 [M+H] + 1H NMR (CDC13-d) 5 1.52 (s, 9H), 2.53 (t, J= 6. 9 Hz, 2H), 3.00 (t, J= 6.9 Hz, 2H), 3.56 (s, 2H), 4.30 (brs, 1H), 6.41 (brs, 1H), 7.10-7. 15 (m, 2H).

Next, to a solution of tert-butyl (7-oxo-5,6, 7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl) carbamate (177 mg, 0.68 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added sodium borohydride (25.6 mg, 0.68 mml) at 0 °C. After stirred for 1 hour, water was added and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue was added 4N hydrochloric acid in 1,4-dioxane solution, and the mixture was stirred for 3.5 hours. After neutralized with saturated aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate, the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was recrystallized from diethylether to afford 7-amino-1, 2,3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-ol (78. 1 mg).

MS (ESI) m/z 164 [M+H] + 'H NMR (acetone-d6) 81. 69-1.75 (m, 2H), 2.64-2. 95 (m, 5H), 3.60-3. 80 (m, 1H), 4.02 (brs, 1H), 6.39 (d, J= 6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.41 (dd, J= 6.0, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H).

[Starting compound B] 7-Amino-1, 2,3, 4-tetrahydro-naphthalen-2-ol (enantiomer)

To a stirred solution of benzeneruthenium (D) chloride dimer and (1S, 2R)- (-)-cis-l-amino-2- indanol in degaussed isopropanol was heated at 80°C for 20 minutes under argon. The mixture was added to the solution of 7-amino-3, 4-dihydro-lH-naphthalen-2-one in isopropanol at room temperature. A solution of potassium hydroxide in isopropanol was added, and the mixture was stirred at 45°C for 1 hour. The mixture was passed through silica gel and washed with ethylacetate. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 7-amino-1, 2,3, 4-tetra- hydro-naphthalen-2-ol enantiomer.

The other enantiomer of 7-amino-1, 2,3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-ol was obtained in the same fashion replacing (IS, 2R)- (-)-cis-l-amino-2-indanol with (lR, 2S)- (+)-cis-l-amino-2-indanol.

[Starting compound C] (7-hydroxy-5,6, 7,8-tetrahydro-naphthalen-2-yl)-carbamic acid phenyl ester Cl o CIO- HO NHZ HO NO HO pyridine, THF H tudor

To a stirred solution of 7-amino-1,2, 3,4-tetrahydro-naphthalen-2-ol and pyridine in THF was added phenyl chloroformate, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at room temperature. To the product mixture was added water and extracted with ethylacetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was triturated with ethylacetate and hexane to afford (7-hydroxy-5,6, 7,8-tetrahydro-naphthalen-2- yl) -carbamic acid phenyl ester.

Example 1-1 N- [4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-N'- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl) urea A mixture of 7-amino-1, 2,3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-ol (70.0 mg, 0.43 mmol) and 4-chloro-3- trifluoromethylphenyl isocyanate (95.0 mg, 0.43 mmol) in N, N-dimethylformamide (10 mL) was stirred at 50°C for 2 hours. After the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: ethylacetate/hexane = 2.5/1) to provide N- [4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-N'- (7-hydroxy-5, 6,7, 8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl) urea (49.9 mg).

MS (ESI) m/z 385 [M+H] + 'H NMR (DMSO-d6) 8 1.59-1. 63 (m, 1H), 1.80-1. 88 (m, 1H), 2.56 (dd, J= 7.9, 16.1 Hz, 1H), 2.65 (dq, J = 9.5, 16.7 Hz, 1H), 2.78 (dt, J = 5.4, 16.7 Hz, 1H), 2.89 (dd, J = 5.4, 16.1 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (m, 1H), 4.73 (d, J= 6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.97 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (dd, J= 2.3, 8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (d, J= 2.3, 1H), 7.58-7. 62 (m, 2H), 8.10 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.62 (s, 1H), 9.06 (s, 1H).

Also, the following compounds are prepared in a similar manner. A m p-X-Y-R Example HO ci 1-2 0 0 bond N HO HO LJLjr'' ' F HO' 1-3 0 bond C C/jA i F F HA HO w 1-4 I 0 1 bond C HO HO 1-5 0 1-O-C HO Br 1-6 0 0-0-C // HO CI 1-7 0 2-NH-C // HO 1-8 0 2-NH-N / Ho cl 1-9 I 0 0 bond C F F HA HO j 1-10 0 0 bond C \/ A m p-X-Y-R Example Ho cri 0 0-0-N HO HQ 1-12 O 2 O N) o HA OMe 1-13 0 1-NH-N HO BER HO/ Br 1-14 1 1 bond N HO HO 1-15 1 2 bond N ""0 HO 1-16 1 2 bond N \/// 1-17 HO 1 2 bond c F No F F F F F 1-18 HO 0 1 bond C 1-19 HO /r" i \ 1-20 H I 0 2-O-C (i ocH3 0 A m p-X-y-R Example OMe 1-21 HOX 0 0-NH-C X I zu 1-22 HO (l l bond N _ \ 1-23 HO (l l bond N \- '