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Title:
BIOLOGICAL PREPARATION FOR PLANT PROTECTION, METHOD FOR ITS PREPARATION AND METHOD OF ITS USE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/010905
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A biological preparation for plant protection for use in biological plant protection against pests containing a carrier of a biologically active organism and a biologically active organism. The carrier of the biologically active organism contains a mixture of dry component and eggs, wherein the dry component is a blend of middlings and flour or only middlings or only flour and the amount of eggs relative to the amount of dry component is from 60 % by weight to 84 % by weight and the biologically active organism is entomopathogenic fungi, whose mycelium is located on the surface and inside the carrier and is capable of producing spores, whose are able to kill target pest species.

Inventors:
KUNCA ANDREJ (SK)
LALÍK MICHAL (SK)
GALKO JURAJ (SK)
Application Number:
PCT/SK2020/050007
Publication Date:
January 21, 2021
Filing Date:
July 09, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NARODNE LESNICKE CENTRUM (SK)
International Classes:
A01N63/30; A01N25/00; A01N25/08; A01N25/12; A01N25/22; A01N25/34; A01P7/00; C12N1/14
Foreign References:
CN101843196A2010-09-29
CN103058721A2013-04-24
Other References:
TUAN ANH PHAM ET AL: "Production of Blastospore of Entomopathogenic Beauveria bassiana in a Submerged Batch Culture", MYCOBIOLOGY, 30 September 2009 (2009-09-30), pages 218 - 224, XP055445092, Retrieved from the Internet [retrieved on 20180126]
RAVNEEL KUMAR ET AL: "Mango Pest Survey View project", JOURNAL OF SOUTH PACIFIC AGRICULTURE, vol. 20, 1 January 2017 (2017-01-01), pages 44 - 52, XP055739063
"Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests", 1 January 2017, ELSEVIER, ISBN: 978-0-12-803527-6, article S.T. JARONSKI ET AL: "Mass Production of Fungal Entomopathogens", pages: 141 - 155, XP055738956, DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00009-3
STEVEN EDGINGTON2 ET AL: "Photoprotection of Beauveria bassiana: testing simple formulations for control of the coffee berry borer", INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEST MANAGEMENT, vol. 46, no. 3, 1 January 2000 (2000-01-01), pages 169 - 176, XP055739668
SIAMAK ROSHANDEL ET AL: "The effects of natural substrates on the sporulation and viability of conidia and blastospores of Metarhizium anisopliae", BIOCONTROL IN PLANT PROTECTION, vol. 4, no. 2016, 1 December 2016 (2016-12-01), pages 94 - 104, XP055739788
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LITVÁKOVÁ A SPOL., S. R. O. (SK)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A biological preparation for plant protection for use in biological plant protection against pests containing a carrier of a biologically active organism and a biologically active organism characterized in that the carrier of the biologically active organism contains a mixture of dry component and eggs, wherein the dry component is a blend of middlings and flour or only middlings or only flour and the amount of eggs relative to the amount of dry component is from 60% by weight to 84% by weight and the biologically active organism is entomopathogenic fungi, whose mycelium is located on the surface and inside the carrier and is capable of producing spores.

2. The biological preparation for plant protection according to claim 1, characterized in that the middlings is from the group: cereal meal, corn meal, legume meal or mixtures thereof and the flour is from the group: cereal flour, com flour or a mixture thereof.

3. The biological preparation for plant protection according to any one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that it further comprises water if the mixture is not homogeneous enough.

4. The biological preparation for plant protection according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the carrier is in the shape of a spatial arrangements.

5. The biological preparation for plant protection according to claim 4, characterized in that the spatial arrangement is a sphere, a cylinder, a cube, a cuboid.

6. The biological preparation for plant protection according to any one of claims 4 and 5, characterized in that the diameter of the spatial arrangement is at least 0.5 cm.

7. The biological preparation for plant protection according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the carrier further contains substances supporting longer lifetime of the entomopathogenic fungi and these supporting substances are growth media, wherein the content of growth media in the carrier is up to 5% by weight.

8. The biological preparation for plant protection according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that it further contains pheromones or attractants.

9. A method for preparing the biological preparation for plant protection according to the present invention includes the following steps:

- the middlings and/or flour are sterilized at a temperature of 110 °C to 130 °C, a pressure of 210 kPa for 10 minutes to 30 minutes,

- after the middlings and/or flour have cooled down, eggs are added and the mixture is stirred until homogeneous,

- the carrier is shaped from the mixed mixture into a spatial arrangement,

- the shaped carrier is dried in a desiccator for 2 hours to 4 hours at a temperature from 40 ° C to 60 ° C

- the dried carrier is sterilized at a temperature from 110 °C to 130 °C, a pressure of 210 kPa for 10 minutes to 30 minutes,

- the carrier is left to cool down to room temperature,

- the cooled carrier is poured over by the suspension of entomopathogenic fungi, the concentration of spores per 1 ml is from 10 5 to 10 10, preferably 10 8, wherein the suspension of entomopathogenic fungi is prepared by mixing water and spores of entomopathogenic fungi,

- after pouring the suspension of entomopathogenic fungi over the carrier, the fungi are left to cultivate at a temperature from 15 °C to 25 °C for 10 days to 20 days in a sterile room, at an ambient humidity of at least 50%,

- fungi are cultivated for 6-7 days in total darkness, which induces formation of the fungal mycelium,

- once the fungal mycelium is overgrown over the entire surface of the carrier, the light is switched on, which is left on for 6-7 days, and the mycelium starts to produce spores when illuminated.

10. The method for preparing the biological preparation for plant protection according to claim 9, characterized in that the individual steps up to the step of pouring the carrier over with a suspension of entomopathogenic fungi are carried out in a sterile environment.

11. The method of using the biological preparation for plant protection according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that it is applied in the terrain by freely throwing it out on a clearing and/or is placed in a natural attractant (in the trapping bark) or in close proximity to a natural attractant, and/or is placed in a pit in the soil together with a pheromone or attractant and/or is placed in a technical apparatus where the target pest will be attracted by the pheromone or attractant and at the same time the preparation for plant protection is protected from direct sunlight.

Description:
BIOLOGICAL PREPARATION FOR PLANT PROTECTION, METHOD FOR ITS

PREPARATION AND METHOD OF ITS USE

Technical Field

[0001] The present invention relates to a biological preparation for plant protection, to a method of its preparation and to a method of its use, and belongs to the field of the environment, agriculture, forestry and forest management. The invention belongs in particular to the field of plant protection from pests.

Background Art

[0002] Chemicals, so-called pesticides, are most often used for plant protection from pests. In terms of environmental protection and occupational safety is their use problematic. Moreover, pests become more and more resistant to these chemicals and thus reduce or even lose their effectiveness against these pests. The application of pesticides is usually carried out by diluting the concentrate with water and applying it to the surface of the plants by spraying, thus forming a thin film on the surface, which also ensures the protection of the plants for several weeks.

[0003] Biological plant protection, which is more ecological and can be used even in an environment where it is not possible to use chemical preparations, e.g. for hygienic or ecological reasons, as biological plant protection products are effective for target organisms and are harmless to non-target organisms, including humans, comes increasingly to the fore.

[0004] One method of biological protection of plants from pests is using spores of entomopathogenic fungi, which infect the pest and cause its death.

[0005] Slovak Patent Document No. 288591 describes a strain of entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana , which is highly virulent for imagos of the European spruce bark beetle and aqueous suspension of fungal conidia is applied to surfaces of infested trees or to traps.

[0006] When applying the spore suspension using the regular method of pesticide application, i.e. diluting the suspension and applying it onto the plant’s surface, the entomopathogenic fungus is exposed to adverse conditions, mainly UV radiation and drought. In such adverse conditions, the mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus is inactivated, thereby limiting the effectiveness of the plant’s anti -pest protection to a maximum of 1 week.

[0007] In forestry, biological protection is most often used against insect pests by applying a solution of Bacillus thuringiensis bacteria spores against overgrown butterfly caterpillars on deciduous tree leaves or by applying the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana in the form of a powder or suspension. In the case of beetles (e. g. large pine weevil, European spruce bark beetle), whose larvae live under the bark and beetles live scattered in the growth, the application of the biological preparation in the same way as to leaf-eating insect larvae is ineffective. By spraying the wood surface, the spores of the fungus do not get under the bark at all, and such overgrowth would take several weeks through the pits.

[0008] The solution to these problems is to find alternative ways of applying spores. Various liquid or solid carriers are disclosed in the patent applications in order to prolong the duration of action of entomopathogens.

[0009] International patent application PCT/NZ2009/000217 describes the use of a strain of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana as a biological control agent for pathogenic insects, wherein the biological control is also performed by using an agriculturally acceptable liquid or solid carrier.

[0010] Czech patent document no. 300 701 describes use of a strain of the entomopathogenic fungus Isaria fi iosorosea in pest and tick elimination. The elimination method is based on dispersing the entomopathogenic fungal spores in liquid or a solid inert carrier. The invention does not deal with life time of the product and, therefore, neither with its effectiveness in natural conditions, affected by UV radiation and drought. When applying the spore suspension using a method used to apply pesticides, the protection of plants from pests is limited to a short period of time.

[0011] Russian patent No. 2 308 191 describes a composition used for biological protection of plants that includes hard carrier containing wheat grains and microbiological source of lysine; the composition further includes succinic acid and a mixed culture of entomopathogenic fungi. The carrier is based on wheat grains. The invention does not deal with life time of the product and, therefore, neither its effectiveness in natural conditions, affected by UV radiation and drought. When spores of entomopathogenic fungi are applied on wheat grains, the exposure time and, therefore, effectiveness of the preparation is very short.

[0012] United States patent application US 2006/011066 describes a method of selective application of entomopathogenic fungi, using a device for contaminant attraction, where the fungal spores are attached to absorption material with gel reagent or other additives applied in order to maintain appropriate humidity, facilitating spore survival.

[0013] As biological protection of plants represents an environmentally friendly solution of protection from pests and demand for its use keeps increasing, it is desirable to look for new, progressive solutions how to ensure the longest possible protection period with the highest possible level of protection of plants from pests at the lowest possible cost, while ensuring biological protection from pests that are not affected by traditional methods of application.

Nature of Invention

[0014] The aforementioned problems are resolved by the biological preparation for plant protection against pests, which contains a carrier of biologically active organism, and the biologically active organism, essentially based on the carrier composed of homogeneous blend of dry component and eggs. The dry component is a blend of middlings and flour, with preferable ratio from 2: 1 to 1 :2 or only middlings or only flour. The amount of eggs relative to the amount of dry component is between 60 % and 84 %by weight. The biologically active organism is entomopathogenic fungus, whose mycelium has grown over and inside the carrier. Mycelium of this fungus produces spores on the surface of the carrier. Middlings, flour and eggs are commonly available raw materials both environmentally friendly and affordable.

[0015] The biological preparation for plant protection is designed so that it protects the mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus from adverse conditions, such as exposure to UV radiation or to drought conditions.

[0016] The solution according to the present invention represents a carrier of preferably spherical shape with mycelium of an entomopathogenic fungus located on the surface and within the volume of the carrier. The carrier can attain other spatial arrangements than spherical. For instance, it can be shaped as cylinder, cube or cuboid, etc. In adverse conditions, not favorable to the entomopathogenic fungus, such as drought or exposure to UV radiation, the mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus on the carrier’s surface is inactivated. Solution according to this invention maintains appropriate conditions for the entomopathogenic fungus inside the carrier. If external conditions reappear, subsequently, that are favorable to the entomopathogenic fungus, e.g. after reduction in UV radiation (seasonal change, relocation to shade, beginning of humid period, end of drought, etc.), the entomopathogenic fungus will re-grow from inside of the carrier to the surface and will again release spores to the environment, which cause death of pests, selectively depending on the strain and species of the entomopathogenic fungus.

[0017] The favorable conditions for mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus inhabiting the carrier are safeguarded by the carrier being produced from energetically nutritious ingredients and, at the same time, being able to absorb humidity from soil and/or from its environment. This way, the entomopathogenic fungus can live and sporulate (grow spores) even in summer months. The carrier can preferably obtain humidity from the environment (including soil) near the soil surface. This way, the biologically active entomopathogenic fungus can be maintained in its natural environment for its entire vegetation period (around 6 months), which represents a significantly extended effectiveness of the solution according to the present invention, either compared to superficial spraying of aqueous solution with entomopathogenic fungal spores or compared to a hard carrier that only contains wheat grains.

[0018] Middlings and flour are natural materials supporting fungal growth. The preparation of carrier can involve pure middlings only or pure flour only. The middlings are convenient to use as the price is lower than that of flour. The flour is convenient to use as it is milled to a finer fraction than the middlings. The most preferable embodiment, for both economical, technological and production reasons, is the use of mixture with middlings and flour.

[0019] In the manufacture of the carrier, cereal meal, corn meal, legume meal or mixtures thereof can be used and flour used can be cereal flour, corn flour or mixtures thereof.

[0020] It is possible to use barley meal, wheat meal, maize meal, oat meal or rye meal from cereal meal. The flour can be used smooth, but it can also be semi-coarse or coarse.

[0021] In the case, the mixture of dry component and eggs is too dry, it is possible to add water to the mixture in such an amount that the mixed mixture is homogeneous.

[0022] It is preferable if the carrier is of spherical or cylindrical shape with diameter at least 0.5 cm. Such shape provides the entomopathogenic fungus with favorable conditions inside the carrier. The higher the diameter of the carrier, the higher the amount of suitable material it contains and the more suitable its environment (humidity) for survival and growth of mycelium of entomopathogenic fungi.

[0023] The carrier can preferably also contain substances supporting longer lifetime of the entomopathogenic fungi where the supporting substances are growth media with their content in the carrier up to 5 % by weight. Such growth media include Sabouraud Dextrose Agar, Fetal Bovine Serum, Grace's Insect Medium and other.

[0024] The carrier may preferably include pheromones or attractants, which attract the pests, thereby increasing the effectiveness of the preparation for plant protection according to this invention.

[0025] A method for preparing the biological preparation for plant protection according to the present invention includes the following steps: - the middlings and/or flour are sterilized at temperature of 110 °C to 130 °C, a pressure of 210 kPa for 10 to 30 minutes;

- after the middlings and/or flour have cooled down, eggs are added and the mixture is stirred until homogeneous;

- the stirred mixture is shaped into the carrier, preferably shaped as sphere or cylinder or cube or cuboid;

- the shaped carrier is dried in a desiccator for 2 hrs to 4 hrs at a temperature from 40 °C to 60 °C;

- the dried carrier is sterilized at a temperature from 110 °C to 130 °C, pressure of 210 kPa for 10 to 30 minutes;

- the carrier is left to cool down to room temperature;

- the cooled carrier is poured over by the suspension of entomopathogenic fungi, the concentration of spores per 1 ml is from 10 5 to 10 10 , preferably 10 8 , wherein the suspension is prepared by mixing water and spores of entomopathogenic fungi;

- after pouring the suspension of entomopathogenic fungi over the carrier, the fungi are left to cultivate at temperature from 15 °C to 25 °C (ideally 22 °C ±2 °C) for 10 to 20 days in a sterile room, at an ambient humidity of at least 50 %,

- fungi are cultivated for 6 - 7 days in total darkness, which induces formation of the fungal mycelium;

- once the fungal mycelium is overgrown over the entire surface of the carrier, the light is switched on, which is left on for 6-7 days, and the mycelium starts to produce spores when illuminated.

[0026] It is preferable if the individual steps up to the step of pouring the carrier over with a suspension of entomopathogenic fungi are carried out in a sterile environment, e. g. under a UVC lamp, which ensures the sterility of the environment.

[0027] The preparation for plant protection according to present invention is applied in the terrain by freely throwing it out on a clearing and/or is placed in a natural attractant (in the trapping bark) or in close proximity to a natural attractant and/or is placed in a pit in the soil together with a pheromone or attractant and/or or is placed in a technical apparatus where the target pest will be attracted by the pheromone or attractant and at the same time the preparation for plant protection is protected from direct sunlight. [0028] The entomopathogenic fungus carrier according to the present invention for use against insect pests is preferably used when the pests are beetles (e. g. large pine weevil, European spruce bark beetle), whose larvae live under the bark and beetles live scattered in the growth.

[0029] Many entomopathogenic fungi can be placed in the carrier according to the present invention, e. g. from the genera Beauveria or Metarhizium or Isaria.

[0030] The advantages of the biological preparation for plant protection according to the present invention are the long survival of the fungus in the carrier, the simple application in the terrain and the affordable price of the final product. The carrier can be freely thrown out on a clearing, placed in the trapping bark, in a special trap (technical apparatus) or to seedlings, which e. g. large pine weevil ( Hylobius abietis) actively seeks out and performs a mature or nutritious eat. The carrier is preferably placed e. g. into a trapping bark with dimensions of approx. 20 x 40 cm, which is made of fresh spruce bark and which attracts large pine weevil very well. The proposed carrier is covered with such a bark, the fungus on the carrier produces spores which attach to the large pine weevil imago, which was attracted by the scent (by primary attractants) of the bark, causing its infection. Thus, infected large pine weevil imago can be killed by an entomopathogenic fungus within one week, or it can transmit the infection when mated or in contact with another large pine weevil. This ensures a targeted and selective form of biological control of this pest.

[0031] The carrier according to the present invention can also be used as a substrate for other entomopathogenic fungi, e.g. Metarhizium , Isaria , etc. against forest or agricultural pests. Selection and attraction of target organisms (pests) is provided either by pheromones or attractants.

Description of Figures

[0032] Fig. 1 The course of the average mortality of large pine weevil imagos and their overgrowth rate by the mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana during individual controls

Fig. 2 Total average mortality of large pine weevil imagos and their overgrowth rate by the mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana for all controls

Fig. 3 Total number of dead large pine weevil imagos after the completion of the experiment

Fig. 4 Total percentage of survival of large pine weevil imagos after the completion of the experiment Fig. 5 Statistically significant difference in survival of large pine weevil imagos between "control" and "carrier"

Examples of Embodiments

[0033] The invention is further illustrated by the following non-limiting examples of embodiments:

Example 1

[0034] The biological preparation for plant protection according to the present invention contains an entomopathogenic fungus carrier which is overgrown with entomopathogenic fungal mycelium, i. e. on the surface and also inside and the mycelium produces spores. In this example of embodiment, an entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana is used which has a selective effect on killing the large pine weevil. The biological preparation for plant protection according to this example is specifically intended for the protection of plants against large pine weevil.

[0035] The carrier is a mixture containing 150g barley meal, 75g wheat flour, i. e. the amount of middlings and the amount of flour is in the ratio 2: 1 and further contains 3 eggs of size M (the weight of one egg is 54-63 g.), i.e. 162 g up to 189 g eggs. The amount of eggs based on the amount of middlings and flour is from 72% by weight to 84% by weight. The flour used is smooth.

[0036] The carrier has a spherical shape with a diameter of 2.4 cm.

[0037] The method for producing a biological preparation for plant protection according to this example of embodiment is as follows:

First, we sterilize the flour and middlings in an autoclave at 121 °C and a pressure of 210 kPa for 20 minutes. Then the ingredients are left to cool down. We pour the cooled flour and middlings into a food processor and add eggs. We stir until the mixture is homogeneous (about 1 minute), when there is more mixture, it takes longer. The mixed mixture is then inserted into the dough discharge gun, where the outlet opening is 24 mm. Using this gun, we extrude a puddle of the mixture, which we then place in a rollball size of 24 mm, where the carriers are formed into a spherical shape. Rollballs and extruders have different sizes (diameters), so it is possible to make smaller but also larger carriers. The carriers produced in this way are then placed in a fruit dryer at 50°C for 3 hours. After removing from the dryer, we store the carriers in petri dishes (diameter of the dish 20 cm, height 3 cm), or in another container suitable for use in an autoclave. From 30 to 40 carriers can be placed in one 20x3 cm petri dish. Thus, the carriers are sterilized in an autoclave at 121 °C and a pressure of 210 kPa for 20 minutes. The carriers are then left to cool down to room temperature. We perform all the above-mentioned operations under a UVC lamp, which ensures the sterility of the surrounding environment. We prepare a suspension of entomopathogenic fungi. The concentration of spores in 1 ml is 10 8 . The number of spores is determined under a microscope. The cooled carriers are then poured over by the suspension of entomopathogenic fungi. One carrier contains about 4 ml of a suspension of entomopathogenic fungi, i. e. when there are 30 carriers in one dish, we pour about 120 ml of a suspension of entomopathogenic fungi. The carriers prepared in this way are then placed in a sterile room where the temperature is 22°C (± 2°C). Cultivation at 22°C takes 14 days. At ambient humidity min. 50% the fungi are cultivated. Carriers poured over with a suspension of entomopathogenic fungi are 6-7 days in total darkness, which induces formation of the fungal mycelium. Once the fungal mycelium is overgrown over the entire surface of the carrier, the light is switched on, which is left on for 6-7 days. The fungal mycelium starts to produce spores when illuminated. This moment is very important. The carrier is preferably overgrown when we touch the mycelium and a coating of spores remains on our fingers. After these 2 weeks, we obtain a biological preparation for plant protection according to the present invention comprising a carrier which is completely overgrown with mycelium of an entomopathogenic fungus capable of producing fungal spores. The product is ready for application in the terrain.

Experiment in laboratory conditions

[0038] The experiment was performed in the laboratories of the National Forestry Center, Center of Forestry Protection Service in Banska Stiavnica with 360 large pine weevil imagos, and after two weeks of the experiment more than 90% of the imagos that came into contact with the entomopathogenic fungus were dead.

[0039] 300 imagos were placed in petri dishes together with the biological preparation for plant protection according to the present invention in five different variants of 60 imagos each and 60 imagos were used as a control in the absence of the biological preparation for plant protection.

[0040] 300 imagos were divided into five blocks of 60 imagps. Each block consisted of 10 petri dishes and each had 6 large pine weevil imagos. Biological preparations for plant protection according to the present invention were placed in each block with 60 imagos as follows:

• Block A: freshly produced biological preparations - not exposed to any negative effects.

• Block B: biological preparations placed for 120 hours under a UVC lamp, thus simulating solar radiation that kills the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana.

• Block C: biological preparations placed in a freezer at the temperature of -18 ° C for 120 hours to simulate frost.

• Block D: Biological preparations placed to the imagos for 24 hours and then placed into a sterile petri dish (without Beauveria bassiana spores) to see if brief contact of the imagos with the biological preparation was sufficient.

• Block E: biological preparations that were infected with the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana two months before the experiment and placed in a refrigerator at the temperature of 4°C.

• Block K: control imagos in the absence of biological preparation.

[0041] The degree of mortality and overgrowth of large pine weevil imagos by the mycelium of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana was assessed at each control as follows:

1- living individual

2- dead without overgrowth

3- dead overgrown to 1/3

4- dead overgrown to 2/3

5- dead overgrown over 2/3

[0042] The results are shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.

Experiment in external insectariums

Methodology

[0043] The experiment was performed in external insectariums of the National Forestry Center, Center of Forestry Protection Service in Banska Stiavnica in semi-natural conditions (natural alternation of temperature, light and humidity conditions, irrigation added artificially).

[0044] 20 breeding cages were used for the experiment. A pot with a substrate suitable for planting conifers was placed in each breeding cage, where 4 spruce seedlings ( Picea abies ) were planted at a distance of 25x25 cm. A total of 80 seedlings (20x4) were planted in the experiment. A trapping bark made of fresh spruce bark measuring 10x20 cm was inserted in the middle between the seedlings, which was folded in half (10x10 cm, by lining inwards). The bark was laid and lightly pressed against the substrate. A biological preparation for plant protection according to this example of embodiment, which produced spores of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana , was placed in the middle of the cages (10 pieces) in the middle of the bark. In this way, we simulated the use of this preparation in trapping barks, which are used to monitor the large pine weevil in terrain conditions. The other half of the cages were free of the biological preparation for plant protection in the trapping bark and served as a control. The seedlings and substrate were watered at regular intervals.

[0045] At the beginning of the experiment, 4 spruce large pine weevil imagos were placed in each cage. An additional 4 spruce hardwood imagos were inserted at each measurement (every 14 days). A total of 400 imagos were placed in all cages for the entire experiment (20 imagos in each cage). At the end of the experiment, we searched for all the imagos that were placed in the cages and evaluated whether they were alive or overgrown with an entomopathogenic fungus. The substrate from each pot separately was carefully examined to find dead imagos.

[0046] All dead imagos in cages in the presence of the biological preparation were also overgrown with the entomopathogenic fungus B. bassiana. The dead imagos in the control cages were not overgrown with the fungus and died of other causes.

[0047] The results are shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig.5.

Example 2

[0048] Example 2 is identical to Example 1, except that the biological preparation is cylindrical and the diameter of the cylinder is from 0.5 cm.

Example 3

[0049] Example 3 is identical to Example 1, except that water was added to the mixture of middlings, flour and eggs, since the mixed mixture was not sufficiently homogeneous. Sufficient water is added to make the mixture homogeneous after mixing.

Example 4

[0050] Example 4 is identical to Example 1 except that com meal is used. Example 5

[0051] Example 5 is identical to Example 1, except that wheat meal without flour is used. Example 6

[0052] Example 6 is identical to Example 1 except that coarse oatmeal is used without the use of middlings.

Example 7

[0053] Example 7 is identical to Example 1, except that the carrier also contains substances supporting longer lifetime of the entomopathogenic fungi, and these supporting substances are growth media, wherein the content of growth media is 3% by weight.

Example 8

[0054] Example 8 is identical to Example 1 except that a specific pheromone is used to attract the target pest species instead of the trapping bark.

Example 9

[0055] Example 9 is identical to Example 1, except that an artificial or natural attractant is used to attract the target pest species instead of a trapping bark.

Example 10

[0056] Example 10 is identical to Example 1 except that a specific pheromone or an artificial or natural attractant which is part of a biological preparation for plant protection is used instead of the trapping bark.

Example 11

[0057] Example 11 is identical to Example 1, except that a specific pheromone and/or an artificial or natural attractant is added to the trapping bark in addition to the preparation for plant protection to increase attractiveness.