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Title:
BIOSYNTHETIC PRODUCTION OF VARIANT STEVIOL GLYCOSIDES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/123877
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to novel steviol glycosides R6-1, R6-2A, R6-2B, R6-4A, R6-4B and R7-2 and the production of these novel steviol glycosides, such as through enzymatic bioconversion. The use of these novel steviol glycosides as sweeteners and in orally consumable products are also provided.

Inventors:
MAO GUOHONG (US)
BATTEN MICHAEL (US)
LUO YANG (CN)
YU OLIVER (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2019/066090
Publication Date:
June 18, 2020
Filing Date:
December 12, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CONAGEN INC (US)
International Classes:
C12P19/56; C07H15/24
Foreign References:
US20150031869A12015-01-29
US9522929B22016-12-20
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GE, Zhiyun et al. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method of producing rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) rebaudioside D3;

(ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and

(c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and

(P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B;

wherein the rebaudioside D3 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2A has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2B has the structure of:

2. A method of producing rebaudioside R7-2, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) one or more of rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside R6-2A, and rebaudioside R6-

2B; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and

(c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and

(P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R7-2; wherein the rebaudioside D3 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2A has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2B has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R7-2 has the structure of:

3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

7. The method of any one of claims 1-6, wherein a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B. 8. The method of claim 7, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar I of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A.

9. The method of claim 7, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar P of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2B.

10. The method of any one of claims 2-6, wherein two glucose are covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R7-2.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein the two glucose are covalently coupled to sugar I and sugar P of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R7-2.

12. The method of any one of claims 1-11, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

14. The method of any one of claims 1-11, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5.

16. The method of any one of claims 1-15, further comprising producing rebaudioside D3 by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

17. A method of producing rebaudioside R6-4A and/or rebaudioside R6-4B, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) at least one of rebaudioside Z1 and rebaudioside Z2; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and

(c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and

(P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-4A and/or rebaudioside R6-4B;

wherein the rebaudioside Z1 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside 72 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-4A has the structure of:

; and the rebaudioside R6-4B has the structure of:

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I.

20. The method of claim 19, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

22. The method of any one of claims 17-21, wherein a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A.

23. The method of claim 22, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar IV of rebaudioside Z1 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. 24. The method of claim 22, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar IP of rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A.

25. The method of any one of claims 17-21, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4B.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar V of rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4B.

27. The method of any one of claims 17-26, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3.

28. The method of claim 27, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3.

29. The method of any one of claims 17-26, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

30. The method of claim 29, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

31. The method of any one of claims 17-30, further comprising producing rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside Z2 by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

32. A method of producing rebaudioside R6-1, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) rebaudioside D;

(ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT); (b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and

(c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and

(P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-1; wherein the rebaudioside D has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-1 has the structure of:

33. The method of claim 32, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase.

34. The method of claim 33, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I.

35. The method of claim 34, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

36. The method of claim 35, wherein the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

37. The method of any one of claims 33-36, wherein a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-1.

38. The method of claim 37, wherein the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar V of rebaudioside D by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-1.

39. The method of any one of claims 33-39, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3.

40. The method of claim 39, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3.

41. The method of any one of claims 32-38, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

42. The method of claim 41, wherein the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

43. The method of any one of claims 33-43, further comprising producing rebaudioside D by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

44. The method of any one of claims 33-43, further comprising producing rebaudioside D by incubating rebaudioside A with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

45. The method of any one of claims 1-44, wherein the reaction mixture is in vitro.

46. The method of any one of claims 1-44, wherein the reaction mixture is a cell-based reaction mixture.

47. The method of claim 46, wherein the cell is selected from the group consisting of a yeast, a non-steviol glycoside producing plant, an alga, a fungus, and a bacterium.

48. A synthetic rebaudioside selected from:

(i) rebaudioside R6-2A having the structure:

(ii) rebaudioside R6-2B having the structure:

(iii) rebaudioside R7-2 having the structure:

(iv) rebaudioside R6-4A having the structure: I!

49. A composition comprising the synthetic rebaudioside of claim 48.

50. The synthetic rebaudioside of claim 48 for use as a sweetener.

51. An orally consumable product comprising a sweetening amount of a sweetener selected from the group consisting of rebaudioside R6-2A, R6-2B, R7-2, R6-4A, R6-4B, and/or R6- 1, wherein the orally consumable product is selected from the group consisting of a beverage product and a consumable product.

52. The orally consumable product of claim 51, wherein the sweetener is the only sweetener.

53. The orally consumable product of claim 51 or claim 52, comprising from about 5 ppm to 100 ppm of the rebaudioside.

54. The orally consumable product of any one of claims 51-53, wherein the orally consumable product has a sweetness intensity equivalent to about 1% (w/v-%) to about 4% (w/v-%) sucrose solution.

55. The orally consumable product of any one of claims 51-54 further comprising at least one additional sweetener.

56. The orally consumable product of claim 55, wherein the at least one additional sweetener is selected from the group consisting of a stevia extract, a steviol glycoside, stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, rebaudioside D, rebaudioside E derived from recombinant microbial biosynthesis , rebaudioside F, dulcoside A, rebaudioside M, rebaudioside V, rebaudioside W, rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside Zl, rebaudioside Z2, rubusoside, steviolbioside, sucrose, high fructose com syrup, fructose, glucose, xylose, arabinose, ihamnose, erythritol, xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol, inositol, AceK, aspartame, neotame, sucralose, saccharine, naringin dihydrochalcone (NarDHC), neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NDHC), rubusoside, mogroside IV, siamenoside I, mogroside V, monatin, thaumatin, monellin, brazzein, L-alanine, glycine, Lo Han Guo, hemandulcin, phyllodulcin, trilobtain, and combinations thereof.

57. The orally consumable product of any one of claims 51-56, further comprising at least one additive is selected from the group consisting of a carbohydrate, a polyol, an amino acid or salt thereof, a polyamino acid or salt thereof, a sugar acid or salt thereof, a nucleotide, an organic acid, an inorganic acid, an organic salt, an organic acid salt, an organic base salt, an inorganic salt, a bitter compound, a flavorant, a flavoring ingredient, an astringent compound, a protein, a protein hydrolysate, a surfactant, an emulsifier, a flavonoids, an alcohol, a polymer, and combinations thereof.

58. The orally consumable product of any one of claims 51-57, wherein the consumable product is selected from the group consisting of a food product, a nutraceutical, a

pharmaceutical, a dietary supplement, a dental hygienic composition, an edible gel

composition, a cosmetic product and a tabletop flavoring.

59. The orally consumable product of any one of claims 51-57, wherein the beverage product is selected from the group consisting of a carbonated beverage product and a non- carbonated beverage product.

60. The beverage product of claim 59, wherein the beverage product is selected from the group consisting of a soft drink, a fountain beverage, a frozen beverage; a ready-to-drink beverage; a frozen and ready-to-drink beverage, coffee, tea, a dairy beverage, a powdered soft drink, a liquid concentrate, flavored water, enhanced water, fruit juice, a fruit juice flavored drink, a sport drink, and an energy drink.

Description:
BIOSYNTHETIC PRODUCTION OF VARIANT STEVIOL GLYCOSIDES

RELATED APPLICATION

[001] This application claims the benefit under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) to U.S.

Provisional Application No. 62/778,422, filed December 12, 2018, and entitled

“BIOSYNTHETIC PRODUCTION OF VARIANT STEVIOL GLYCOSIDES,” the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[002] The field of the invention relates to methods and processes useful in the production of several specific steviol glycosides via enzymatic conversion as well as related compositions.

BACKGROUND

[003] Several steviol glycosides are found as compounds in Stevia rebaudiana leaves, and several of them have been widely used as high intensity, low-calorie sweeteners in food, feed and beverages. These naturally occurring steviol glycosides have the same basic diterpene structure (steviol backbone) but differ in the number and structure of their carbohydrate residue modifications (e.g. glucose, rhamnose, and xylose residues) at the C 13 and C19 positions of the steviol backbone. Interestingly, these changes in sugar

‘ornamentation * of the base steviol structure can affect the properties of the individual steviol glycosides themselves. These properties can include, without limitation: the taste profile, crystallization point, solubility, mouth feel and perceived sweetness among other differences. Steviol glycosides with known structures include stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, rebaudioside D, rebaudioside E, rebaudioside I, rebaudioside M, rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside N and rebaudioside O. In terms of commercial use rebaudiosides D and M have become generally regarded as safe (that is, it has‘GRAS * status) and are being studied for a wide range of uses in the food and beverage markets.

[004] On a dry weight basis, stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside C, and dulcoside A, account for 9.1, 3.8, 0.6, and 0.30 percent of the total weight of the steviol glycosides found in wild type Stevia leaves, respectively, while the other steviol glucosides, such as Reb D and Reb M are present in significantly lower amounts. Extracts from the Stevia rebaudiana plant are commercially available and, in such extracts, stevioside and rebaudioside A are most often the primary components and can be used as the starting components or substrates for further enzymatic activity. Comparatively, the other known steviol glycosides are typically present in the stevia extract as minor or trace components. For example, the amount of rebaudioside A in typical commercial preparations can vary from about 20% to more than 90% of the total steviol glycoside content, with the amount of rebaudioside B at about 1-2%, the amount of rebaudioside C about 7-15%, and the amount of rebaudioside D can be about 2% of the total steviol glycosides.

[005] Each of the different steviol glycosides can have different degrees of sweetness,‘mouth feel * and specific after-tastes associated with them. Relative to table sugar (i.e.,“sucrose”) the sweetness of steviol glycosides is generally significantly higher. For example, stevioside is 100-150 times sweeter than sucrose but has a bitter after-taste as noted in numerous taste tests, while rebaudiosides A and E are 250-450 times sweeter than sucrose and the after-taste profile is much better than stevioside. However, these steviol glycosides themselves still retain a noticeable aftertaste and lend themselves naturally to those applications in the food and beverage industries where this aftertaste or difference from sucrose can be masked or eliminated. In addition, the overall taste profile of plant-derived stevia extracts can be affected by the presence of the various steviol glycosides in the extract, which in turn may be affected by the environmental conditions experienced by the underlying plants and the extraction process used. These variations in plant production, weather conditions and extraction conditions can lead to inconsistent compositions of the steviol glycosides in the stevia extracts, such that taste profiles can vary strongly among different batches of extraction products. In such instances, these batches may not be useful for specific uses or formulations in the food and beverage industry. The taste profile of stevia extracts also can be affected by plant-derived or environment derived contaminants (such as pigments, lipids, proteins, phenolics and saccharides) that remain in the product after the extractions process. These contaminants typically have their own off-flavors, and can make the resultant extract undesirable for use in consumer products. In addition, the cost of isolating individual or specific combinations of steviol rebaudiosides that are not abundant or simply not present in stevia extracts may be cost and resource prohibitive.

[006] Generally steviol glycosides are formed by a series of glycosylation reactions of steviol, which typically are catalyzed by UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes using uridine 5'-diphosphoglucose (UDP-glucose) as a donor of the sugar moiety. In plants, UGTs are a very divergent group of enzymes that can transfer a glucose residue from UDP-glucose to steviol. In these reactions, stevioside is often an intermediate in the biosynthesis of various rebaudioside compounds. For example, glycosylation of stevioside at the C-3' at the C-13-0- glucose of stevioside yields rebaudioside A; while glycosylation at the C-2' at the 19-O- glucose position of stevioside yields rebaudioside E.

[007] It has previously been described that Reb D3 (13-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl- 6-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-P-Dglucopyranosyl)oxy] ezit-kaur- 16-en- 19-oic acid-(2-0-P-D- glucopyranosyl-P-D glucopyranosyl)ester) can be converted from Reb E by EUGT11 or the EUS enzyme. Reb Z (Z1 and Z2) can be converted from Reb E by the HV1 enzyme. A mixture of two compounds named Reb Z was characterized as 13-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-2-0-P-D- glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] e/zi-kaur- 16-en- 19-oic acid-2-0~P-D- glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl ester (Reb Zl), or 13-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-P-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy] enf-kaur-16-en- 19-oic acid-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-2-0-P-D- glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl) ester (Reb Z2).

[008] The steviol glycoside biosynthesis pathway involves conversion of ent- kaurenoic acid to steviol by the activity of enzyme KAH. It has been shown that UGT76G1 exhibits glucosylation activity towards steviol bioside forming rebaudioside B, and stevioside resulting in the production of rebaudioside A. In addition, the interaction affinity of KAH, UGT85C2, UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 has been evaluated for ent-kaurenoic acids and steviol.

A model for KAH showed highest affinity for the ligand steviol, followed by steviol-monoside and ent-kaurenoic acid. The docking results for the three-dimensional model of UGT76G1 suggested its highest binding affinity for ent-kaurenoic acid but also suggested that these enzymes have the ability to interact with more than one of the ligands in the steviol glycoside biosynthesis pathway.

[009] A practical approach to improve the taste quality of stevia extracts is to increase the yield of those rebaudioside compounds that have more desirable taste

characteristics in general and to do this via a more productive synthetic pathway. Of those steviol glycosides tested many believe that Reb M has the most desirable taste and chemical characteristics for use in a variety of food and beverages. As stated above, however, the plant has vanishingly small amounts of this compound present in its leaves.

[0010] Going further, the extraction process from plants, typically employs solid- liquid extraction techniques using solvents like hexane, chloroform, and ethanol for steviol glycoside recovery (Catchpole et al., 2003). However, solvent extraction is itself energy intensive, leads to problems of toxic waste disposal, requires extensive acreage for the plants themselves to be grown and yields a product that requires further purification/modification or bioconversion The use of fermentation and/or enzymatic bio-conversion technology can allow far the production of steviol glycosides in microbial species that can increase the selectivity, abundance and purity of desired steviol glycosides.

[0011] In addition to the above, while consumers approve and actively seek natural and biological sources for food, feed, flavor or medicinal components they are also concerned about sourcing, consistent taste profile and environmentally sustainable production. Microbial fomentation and production methods can invention provide rebaudiosides in quantities useful for a variety of industries and research while doing so in a more natural fashion than inorganic synthesis or current plant extraction techniques.

[0012] Accordingly, a need exists for the development of novel steviol glycoside variants as well as related production methods that can be performed economically and conveniently to further enable human and animal consumption.

SUMMARY

[0013] The present disclosure relates, at least in part, to the identification, synthesis and production of several steviol glycosides from various rebaudiosides. In some aspects, the present disclosure provides the use of Reb D3 in the production of Reb R7-2 or Reb R6-2. In some aspects, the present disclosure provides the use of Reb D in the production of Reb R6- 1. In some aspects, the present disclosure provides the use of Reb Z1 or Reb Z2 as the starting material for the production of Reb R6-4A. In some aspects, the present disclosure provides the use of Reb Z2 as the starting material for the production of R6-4B. The product steviol glycosides were identified by NMR analysis and after production were subjected to various taste tests and processing tests to identify their particular flavor and performance

characteristics.

[0014] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) rebaudioside D3;

(ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B;

wherein the rebaudioside D3 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2A has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2B has the structure of:

[0015] Other aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R7-2, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) one or more of rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside R6-2A, and rebaudioside R6-

2B;

(ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and

(c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and

(P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R7-2; wherein the rebaudioside D3 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2A has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-2B has the structure of:

; and

the rebaudioside R7-2 has the structure of:

[0016] In some embodiments, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

[0017] In some embodiments, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B. In some embodiments, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar I of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A. In some embodiments, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar P of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2B. In some embodiments, two glucose are covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R7-2. In some embodiments, the two glucose are covalently coupled to sugar I and sugar P of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R7-2.

[0018] the UDP-glycosyltransferase is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments, the UDP-glycosyltransferase comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments, the UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. In some embodiments, the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5.

[0019] In some embodiments, the methods further comprise producing rebaudioside D3 by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

[0020] Further provided herein are methods of producing rebaudioside R6- 4A and/or rebaudioside R6-4B, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising:

(i) at least one of rebaudioside Z1 and rebaudioside Z2;

(ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-4A and/or rebaudioside R6-4B;

wherein the rebaudioside Z1 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside Z2 has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-4A has the structure of:

B

; and

the rebaudioside R6-4B has the structure of:

[0021] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

[0022] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar IV of rebaudioside Z1 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar IP of rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4B. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar V of rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4B.

[0023] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

[0024] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the method further comprises producing rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside 72 by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

[0025] Other aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R6-1, the method comprising:

(I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising: (i) rebaudioside D;

(ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and

(iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT);

(b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and

(c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP- glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and

(P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-1; wherein the rebaudioside D has the structure of:

the rebaudioside R6-1 has the structure of:

[0026] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some emboiments, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some emboiments, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar V of rebaudioside D by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme is at least 80% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

[0027] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the method further comprises producing rebaudioside D by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the method further comprises producing rebaudioside D by incubating rebaudioside A with a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof.

[0028] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the reaction mixture is in vitro. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the reaction mixture is a cell-based reaction mixture. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the cell is selected from the group consisting of a yeast, a non-steviol glycoside producing plant, an alga, a fungus, and a bacterium.

[0029] Other aspects of the present disclosure provide rebaudiosides (e.g., synthetic rebaudiosides) selected from:

(i) rebaudioside R6-2A having the structure:

(ii) rebaudioside R6-2B having the structure:

(iii) rebaudioside R7-2 having the structure:

(iv) rebaudioside R6-4A having the structure:

(vi) rebaudioside R6-1 having the structure:

[0030] Composition comprising any one of the rebaudiosides (e.g., synthetic rebaudiosides) provided herein are also provided.

[0031] Further provided herein are the use of any one of the rebaudiosides (e.g., synthetic rebaudiosides) described herein as a sweetener.

[0032] Other aspects of the present disclosure provide an orally consumable product comprising a sweetening amount of any one of the sweeteners provided herein, such as selected from the group consisting of rebaudioside R6-2A, R6-2B, R7-2, R6-4A, R6-4B, and/or R6-1, such as wherein the orally consumable product is selected from the group consisting of a beverage product and a consumable product.

[0033] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sweetener is the only sweetener. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the orally consumable product comprises from about 5 ppm to 100 ppm of the rebaudioside. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the orally consumable product has a sweetness intensity equivalent to about 1% (w/v-%) to about 4% (w/v-%) sucrose solution.

[0034] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the orally comsumable product further comprises at least one additional sweetener. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the at least one additional sweetener is selected from the group consisting of a stevia extract, a steviol glycoside, stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, rebaudioside D, rebaudioside E derived from recombinant microbial biosynthesis , rebaudioside F, dulcoside A, rebaudioside M, rebaudioside V, rebaudioside W, rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside Zl, rebaudioside Z2, rubusoside, steviolbioside, sucrose, high fructose com syrup, fructose, glucose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, erythritol, xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol, inositol, AceK, aspartame, neotame, sucralose, saccharine, naringin dihydrochalcone (NarDHC),

neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NDHC), mbusoside, mogroside IV, siamenoside I, mogroside V, monatin, thaumatin, monellin, brazzein, L-alanine, glycine, Lo Han Guo, hemandulcin, phyllodulcin, trilobtain, and combinations thereof.

[0035] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the orally comsumable product further comprises at least one additive, such as selected from the group consisting of a carbohydrate, a polyol, an amino acid or salt thereof, a polyamino acid or salt thereof, a sugar acid or salt thereof, a nucleotide, an organic acid, an inorganic acid, an organic salt, an organic acid salt, an organic base salt, an inorganic salt, a bitter compound, a flavorant, a flavoring ingredient, an astringent compound, a protein, a protein hydrolysate, a surfactant, an emulsifier, a flavonoids, an alcohol, a polymer, and combinations thereof.

[0036] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the consumable product is selected from the group consisting of a food product, a nutraceudcal, a pharmaceutical, a dietary supplement, a dental hygienic

composition, an edible gel composition, a cosmetic product and a tabletop flavoring. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the beverage product is selected from the group consisting of a carbonated beverage product and a non-carbonated beverage product. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the beverage product is selected from the group consisting of a soft drink, a fountain beverage, a frozen beverage; a ready-to-drink beverage; a frozen and ready-to-drink beverage, coffee, tea, a dairy beverage, a powdered soft drink, a liquid concentrate, flavored water, enhanced water, fruit juice, a fruit juice flavored drink, a sport drink, and an energy drink.

[0037] Any one of the rebaudiosides or compositions provided herein, can be used in an analgesics, pest repellents, food or dietary supplement. Any one of such compositions are also provided herein. Any one of the compositions provided herein can be in an aerosol, liquid, gel or granular form.

[0038] In any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the cellular system is selected from the group consisting of bacteria, yeast, and a combination thereof, or any cellular system that would allow the genetic transformation with selected genes and thereafter the biosynthetic production of the desired steviol glycoside. In any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the cellular system is a microbial system, such as£. coli.

[0039] In one aspect, a rebaudioside or composition thereof, produced by any one of the methods provided herein, is provided.

[0040] While the disclosure is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specific embodiments thereof are shown by way of example in the drawing and will herein be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the drawings and detailed description presented herein are not intended to limit the disclosure to the particular embodiments disclosed, but on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.

[0041] Other features and advantages of this invention will become apparent in the following detailed description of preferred embodiments of this invention, taken with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0042] The accompanying drawings are not intended to be drawn to scale. In the drawings, each identical or nearly identical component that is illustrated in various figures is represented by a like numeral. For purposes of clarity, not every component may be labeled in every drawing. In the drawings:

[0043] FIG. 1. Biosynthetic pathway of R6-1, R7-2, R6-4A and R6-4B.

[0044] FIG. 2. Biosynthetic pathway of R6-2 and R7-2.

[0045] FIG. 3. UGT76G1 catalysis reaction to produce R6-2 and R7-2 from Reb D3. Panel A shows the HPLC retention time of rebaudioside D3(“D3”) standard. Panels B-D show R6-2 and R7-2 enzymatically produced by UGT76G1 at 2 hours (Panel B), 4 hours (Panel C) and 19 hours (Panel D).

[0046] FIG. 4. LC MS analysis of the produced R6-2 compound.

[0047] FIG. 5. LC MS analysis of produced R7-2 compound.

[0048] FIG. 6. The structure of R7-2.

[0049] FIGs. 7A and 7B. The structures of R6-2A (FIG. 7A) and R6-2B (FIG. 7B).

[0050] FIG. 8. Key TOCSY and HMBC correlations of R7-2.

[0051] FIG. 9. The biosynthesis pathway of R6-1 compound. [0052] FIG. 10. HV1 catalysis reaction to produce R6-lfrom Reb D. Panel A shows the HPLC retention time of rebaudioside D (“Reb D”) standard. Panels B and C show R6-1 enzymatically produced by HV1 at 6 hours (Panel B) and 24 hours (Panel C).

[0053] FIG. 11. LC MS analysis of the produced R6-1 compound.

[0054] FIG. 12. The structure of R6- 1.

[0055] FIG 13. Key TOCSY and HMBC correlations of R6-1.

[0056] FIG. 14. The biosynthesis pathway of R6-4A and R6-4B compound.

[0057] FIG. 15. HV1 catalysis reaction to produce R6-4 from Reb Z. Panel A shows the HPLC retention time of rebaudioside Z (“Z”) standard. R6-4 was enzymatically produced by HV1 at 3 hours (Panel B) and 24 hours (Panel C).

[0058] FIG. 16. LC MS analysis of the produced R6-4 compound.

[0059] FIG. 17. The structure of R6-4A and R6-4B.

DEFINITIONS

[0060] Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the disclosure belongs. Although any methods and materials similar to or equivalent to those described herein may be used in the practice or testing of the present disclosure, the preferred materials and methods are described below.

[0061] The term“complementary” is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and is used without limitation to describe the relationship between nucleotide bases that are capable to hybridizing to one another. For example, with respect to DNA, adenosine is complementary to thymine and cytosine is complementary to guanine. Accordingly, the subject technology also includes isolated nucleic acid fragments that are complementary to the complete sequences as reported in the accompanying Sequence Listing as well as those substantially similar nucleic acid sequences.

[0062] The terms“nucleic acid” and“nucleotide” are used according to their respective ordinary and customary meanings as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and are used without limitation to refer to deoxyribonucleotides or ribonucleotides and polymers thereof in either single- or double-stranded form. Unless specifically limited, the term encompasses nucleic acids containing known analogues of natural nucleotides that have similar binding properties as the reference nucleic acid and are metabolized in a manner similar to naturally-occurring nucleotides. Unless otherwise indicated, a particular nucleic acid sequence also implicitly encompasses conservatively modified or degenerate variants thereof (e.g., degenerate codon substitutions) and complementary sequences, as well as the sequence explicitly indicated.

[0063] The term“isolated” is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and when used in the context of an isolated nucleic acid or an isolated polypeptide, is used without limitation to refer to a nucleic acid or polypeptide that, by the hand of man, exists apart from its native environment and is therefore not a product of nature. An isolated nucleic acid or polypeptide can exist in a purified form or can exist in a non-native environment such as, for example, in a transgenic host cell.

[0064] The terms“incubating” and“incubation” as used herein refers to a process of mixing two or more chemical or biological entities (such as a chemical compound and an enzyme) and allowing them to interact under conditions favorable for producing a steviol glycoside composition.

[0065] The term“degenerate variant” refers to a nucleic acid sequence having a residue sequence that differs from a reference nucleic acid sequence by one or more degenerate codon substitutions. Degenerate codon substitutions can be achieved by generating sequences in which the third position of one or more selected (or all) codons is substituted with mixed base and/or deoxyinosine residues. A nucleic acid sequence and all of its degenerate variants will express the same amino acid or polypeptide.

[0066] The terms“polypeptide,”“protein,” and“peptide” are used according to their respective ordinary and customary meanings as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art; the three terms are sometimes used interchangeably, and are used without limitation to refer to a polymer of amino acids, or amino acid analogs, regardless of its size or function. Although“protein” is often used in reference to relatively large polypeptides, and“peptide” is often used in reference to small polypeptides, usage of these terms in the art overlaps and varies. The term“polypeptide" as used herein refers to peptides, polypeptides, and proteins, unless otherwise noted. The terms“protein,”“polypeptide,” and“peptide” are used interchangeably herein when referring to a polynucleotide product. Thus, exemplary polypeptides include polynucleotide products, naturally occurring proteins, homologs, orthologs, paralogs, fragments and other equivalents, variants, and analogs of the foregoing.

[0067] The terms“polypeptide fragment” and“fragment,” when used in reference to a reference polypeptide, are used according to their ordinary and customary meanings to a person of ordinary skill in the art, and are used without limitation to refer to a polypeptide in which amino acid residues are deleted as compared to the reference polypeptide itself, but where the remaining amino acid sequence is usually identical to the corresponding positions in the reference polypeptide. Such deletions can occur at the amino-terminus or carboxy-terminus of the reference polypeptide, or alternatively both.

[0068] The term“functional fragment” of a polypeptide or protein refers to a peptide fragment that is a portion of the full length polypeptide or protein, and has substantially the same biological activity, or carries out substantially the same function as the full length polypeptide or protein (e.g., carrying out the same enzymatic reaction).

[0069] The terms“variant polypeptide,”“modified amino acid sequence” or “modified polypeptide,” which are used interchangeably, refer to an amino acid sequence that is different from the reference polypeptide by one or more amino acids, e.g., by one or more amino acid substitutions, deletions, and/or additions. In an aspect, a variant is a“functional variant” which retains some or all of the ability of the reference polypeptide.

[0070] The term“functional variant” further includes conservatively substituted variants. The term“conservatively substituted variant” refers to a peptide having an amino acid sequence that differs from a reference peptide by one or more conservative amino acid substitutions, and maintains some or all of the activity of the reference peptide. A

“conservative amino acid substitution” is a substitution of an amino acid residue with a functionally similar residue. Examples of conservative substitutions include the substitution of one non-polar (hydrophobic) residue such as isoleucine, valine, leucine or methionine for another; the substitution of one charged or polar (hydrophilic) residue for another such as between arginine and lysine, between glutamine and asparagine, between threonine and serine; the substitution of one basic residue such as lysine or arginine for another; or the substitution of one acidic residue, such as aspartic acid or glutamic acid for another; or the substitution of one aromatic residue, such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, or tryptophan for another. Such substitutions are expected to have little or no effect on the apparent molecular weight or isoelectric point of the protein or polypeptide. The phrase“conservatively substituted variant” also includes peptides wherein a residue is replaced with a chemically-derivatized residue, provided that the resulting peptide maintains some or all of the activity of the reference peptide as described herein.

[0071] The term“variant,” in connection with the polypeptides of the subject technology, further includes a functionally active polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least 75%, at least 76%, at least 77%, at least 78%, at least 79%, at least 80%, at least 81%, at least 82%, at least 83%, at least 84%, at least 85%, at least 86%, at least 87%, at least 88%, at least 89%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99%, and even 100% identical to the amino acid sequence of a reference polypeptide.

[0072] The term“homologous” in all its grammatical forms and spelling variations refers to the relationship between polynucleotides or polypeptides that possess a“common evolutionary origin,” including polynucleotides or polypeptides from superfamilies and homologous polynucleotides or proteins from different species (Reeck et al., Cell 50:667, 1987). Such polynucleotides or polypeptides have sequence homology, as reflected by their sequence similarity, whether in terms of percent identity or the presence of specific amino acids or motifs at conserved positions. For example, two homologous polypeptides can have amino acid sequences that are at least 75%, at least 76%, at least 77%, at least 78%, at least 79%, at least 80%, at least 81%, at least 82%, at least 83%, at least 84%, at least 85%, at least 86%, at least 87%, at least 88%, at least 89%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99%, and even 100% identical.

[0073] “Percent (%) amino acid sequence identity” with respect to the variant polypeptide sequences of the subject technology refers to the percentage of amino acid residues in a candidate sequence that are identical with the amino acid residues of a reference polypeptide after aligning the sequences and introducing gaps, if necessary, to achieve the maximum percent sequence identity..

[0074] Alignment for purposes of determining percent amino acid sequence identity can be achieved in various ways that are within the skill in the art, for instance, using publicly available computer software such as BLAST, BLAST-2, ALIGN, ALIGN-2 or Megalign (DNASTAR) software. Those skilled in the art can determine appropriate parameters for measuring alignment, including any algorithms needed to achieve maximal alignment over the full-length of the sequences being compared. For example, the % amino acid sequence identity may be determined using the sequence comparison program NCBI-BLAST2. The NCBI- BLAST2 sequence comparison program may be downloaded from ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. NCBI BLAST2 uses several search parameters, wherein all of those search parameters are set to default values including, for example, unmask yes, strand=all, expected occurrences 10, minimum low complexity length=15/5, multi-pass e-value=0.01, constant for multi-pass=25, dropoff for final gapped alignment=25 and scoring matrix=BLOSUM62. In situations where NCBI-BLAST2 is employed for amino acid sequence comparisons, the % amino acid sequence identity of a given amino acid sequence A to, with, or against a given amino acid sequence B (which can alternatively be phrased as a given amino acid sequence A that has or comprises a certain % amino acid sequence identity to, with, or against a given amino acid sequence B) is calculated as follows: 100 times the fraction X/Y where X is the number of amino acid residues scored as identical matches by the sequence alignment program NCBI-BLAST2 in that program's alignment of A and B, and where Y is the total number of amino acid residues in B. It will be appreciated that where the length of amino acid sequence A is not equal to the length of amino acid sequence B, the % amino acid sequence identity of A to B will not equal the % amino acid sequence identity of B to A.

[0075] In this sense, techniques for determining amino acid sequence“similarity” are well known in the art. In general,“similarity” refers to the exact amino acid to amino acid comparison of two or more polypeptides at the appropriate place, where amino acids are identical or possess similar chemical and/or physical properties such as charge or

hydrophobicity. A so-termed“percent similarity” may then be determined between the compared polypeptide sequences. Techniques for determining nucleic acid and amino acid sequence identity also are well known in the art and include determining the nucleotide sequence of the mRNA for that gene (usually via a cDNA intermediate) and determining the amino acid sequence encoded therein, and comparing this to a second amino acid sequence. In general,“identity” refers to an exact nucleotide to nucleotide or amino acid to amino acid correspondence of two polynucleotides or polypeptide sequences, respectively. Two or more polynucleotide sequences can be compared by determining their“percent identity”, as can two or more amino acid sequences. The programs available in the Wisconsin Sequence Analysis Package, Version 8 (available from Genetics Computer Group, Madison, Wis.), for example, the GAP program, are capable of calculating both the identity between two polynucleotides and the identity and similarity between two polypeptide sequences, respectively. Other programs for calculating identity or similarity between sequences are known by those skilled in the art.

[0076] An amino acid position“corresponding to" a reference position refers to a position that aligns with a reference sequence, as identified by aligning the amino acid sequences. Such alignments can be done by hand or by using well-known sequence alignment programs such as ClustalW2, Blast 2, etc.

[0077] Unless specified otherwise, the percent identity of two polypeptide or polynucleotide sequences refers to the percentage of identical amino acid residues or nucleotides across the entire length of the shorter of the two sequences. [0078] “Coding sequence” is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and is used without limitation to refer to a DNA sequence that encodes for a specific amino acid sequence.

[0079] “Suitable regulatory sequences” is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and is used without limitation to refer to nucleotide sequences located upstream (5 * non-coding sequences), within, or downstream (3’ non-coding sequences) of a coding sequence, and which influence the transcription, RNA processing or stability, or translation of the associated coding sequence. Regulatory sequences may include promoters, translation leader sequences, introns, and polyadenylation recognition sequences.

[0080] “Promoter” is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and is used without limitation to refer to a DNA sequence capable of controlling the expression of a coding sequence or functional RNA. In general, a coding sequence is located 3’ to a promoter sequence. Promoters may be derived in their entirety from a native gene, or be composed of different elements derived from different promoters found in nature, or even comprise synthetic DNA segments. It is understood by those skilled in the art that different promoters may direct the expression of a gene in different cell types, or at different stages of development, or in response to different environmental conditions. Promoters, which cause a gene to be expressed in most cell types at most times, are commonly referred to as“constitutive promoters.” It is further recognized that since in most cases the exact boundaries of regulatory sequences have not been completely defined, DNA fragments of different lengths may have identical promoter activity.

[0081] The term“operably linked” refers to the association of nucleic acid sequences on a single nucleic acid fragment so that the function of one is affected by the other. For example, a promoter is operably linked with a coding sequence when it is capable of affecting the expression of that coding sequence (i.e., that the coding sequence is under the

transcriptional control of the promoter). Coding sequences can be operably linked to regulatory sequences in sense or antisense orientation.

[0082] The term“expression” as used herein, is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and is used without limitation to refer to the transcription and stable accumulation of sense (mRNA) or antisense RNA derived from the nucleic acid fragment of the subject technology.“Over-expression” refers to the production of a gene product in transgenic or recombinant organisms that exceeds levels of production in normal or non-transformed organisms. [0083] “Transfonnation” is used according to its ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and is used without limitation to refer to the transfer of a polynucleotide into a target cell. The transferred polynucleotide can be incorporated into the genome or chromosomal DNA of a target cell, resulting in genetically stable inheritance, or it can replicate independent of the host chromosomal. Host organisms containing the transformed nucleic acid fragments are referred to as“transgenic” or “recombinant” or“transformed” organisms.

[0084] The terms“transformed,”“transgenic,” and“recombinant,” when used herein in connection with host cells, are used according to their ordinary and customary meanings as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and are used without limitation to refer to a cell of a host organism, such as a plant or microbial cell, into which a heterologous nucleic acid molecule has been introduced. The nucleic acid molecule can be stably integrated into the genome of the host cell, or the nucleic acid molecule can be present as an extrachromosomal molecule. Such an extrachromosomal molecule can be auto-replicating. Transformed cells, tissues, or subjects are understood to encompass not only the end product of a transformation process, but also transgenic progeny thereof.

[0085] The terms“recombinant,”“heterologous,” and“exogenous,” when used herein in connection with polynucleotides, are used according to their ordinary and customary meanings as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and are used without limitation to refer to a polynucleotide (e.g., a DNA sequence or a gene) that originates from a source foreign to the particular host cell or, if from the same source, is modified from its original form. Thus, a heterologous gene in a host cell includes a gene that is endogenous to the particular host cell but has been modified through, for example, the use of site-directed mutagenesis or other recombinant techniques. The terms also include non-naturally occurring multiple copies of a naturally occurring DNA sequence. Thus, the terms refer to a DNA segment that is foreign or heterologous to the cell, or homologous to the cell but in a position or form within the host cell in which the element is not ordinarily found.

[0086] Similarly, the terms“recombinant,”“heterologous,” and“exogenous,” when used herein in connection with a polypeptide or amino acid sequence, means a polypeptide or amino acid sequence that originates from a source foreign to the particular host cell or, if from the same source, is modified from its original form. Thus, recombinant DNA segments can be expressed in a host cell to produce a recombinant polypeptide.

[0087] The terms“plasmid,”“vector,” and“cassette” are used according to their ordinary and customary meanings as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art, and are used without limitation to refer to an extra chromosomal element often carrying genes which are not part of the central metabolism of the cell, and usually in the form of circular double- stranded DNA molecules. Such elements may be autonomously replicating sequences, genome integrating sequences, phage or nucleotide sequences, linear or circular, of a single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA, derived from any source, in which a number of nucleotide sequences have been joined or recombined into a unique construction which is capable of introducing a promoter fragment and DNA sequence for a selected gene product along with appropriate 3 * untranslated sequence into a cell.“Transformation cassette” refers to a specific vector containing a foreign gene and having elements in addition to the foreign gene that facilitate transformation of a particular host cell.“Expression cassette” refers to a specific vector containing a foreign gene and having elements in addition to the foreign gene that allow for enhanced expression of that gene in a foreign host.

[0088] Standard recombinant DNA and molecular cloning techniques used herein are well known in the art and are described, for example, by Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. and Maniatis, T. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2 nd ed.; Cold Spring Harbor

Laboratory: Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., 1989 (hereinafter“Maniatis”); and by Silhavy, T. J., Bennan, M. L. and Enquist, L. W. Experiments with Gene Fusions; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., 1984; and by Ausubel, F. M. et al., In Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, published by Greene Publishing and Wiley-Interscience,

1987; the entireties of each of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference to the extent they are consistent herewith.

[0089] As used herein,“synthetic” or“organically synthesized” or“chemically synthesized” or“organically synthesizing” or“chemically synthesizing” or“organic synthesis” or“chemical synthesis” are used to refer to preparing the compounds through a series of chemical reactions; this does not include extracting the compound, for example, from a natural source.

[0090] The term“orally consumable product” as used herein refers to any beverage, food product, dietary supplement, nutraceutical, pharmaceutical composition, dental hygienic composition and cosmetic product which are contacted with the mouth of man or animal, including substances that are taken into and subsequently ejected from the mouth and substances which are drunk, eaten, swallowed, or otherwise ingested; and that are safe for human or animal consumption when used in a generally acceptable range of concentrations.

[0091] The term“food product” as used herein refers to fruits, vegetables, juices, meat products such as ham, bacon and sausage; egg products, fruit concentrates, gelatins and gelatin-like products such as jams, jellies, preserves, and the like; milk products such as ice cream, sour cream, yogurt, and sherbet; icings, syrups including molasses; com, wheat, rye, soybean, oat, rice and barley products, cereal products, nut meats and nut products, cakes, cookies, confectionaries such as candies, gums, fruit flavored drops, and chocolates, chewing gum, mints, creams, icing, ice cream, pies and breads.“Food product” also refers to condiments such as herbs, spices and seasonings, flavor enhancers, such as monosodium glutamate.“Food product” further refers to also includes prepared packaged products, such as dietetic sweeteners, liquid sweeteners, tabletop flavorings, granulated flavor mixes which upon reconstitution with water provide non-carbonated drinks, instant pudding mixes, instant coffee and tea, coffee whiteners, malted milk mixes, pet foods, livestock feed, tobacco, and materials for baking applications, such as powdered baking mixes for the preparation of breads, cookies, cakes, pancakes, donuts and the like.“Food product” also refers to diet or low-calorie food and beverages containing little or no sucrose.

[0092] As used herein, the term“stereoisomer” is a general term for all isomers of individual molecules that differ only in the orientation of their atoms in space.“Stereoisomer” includes enantiomers and isomers of compounds with more than one chiral center that are not mirror images of one another (diastereomers).

[0093] As used herein, the term“sweetness intensity” refers to the relative strength of sweet sensation as observed or experienced by an individual, e.g., a human, or a degree or amount of sweetness detected by a taster, for example on a Brix scale.

[0094] As used herein, the term“enhancing the sweetness” refers to the effect of rebaudiosides in increasing, augmenting, intensifying, accentuating, magnifying, and/or potentiating the sensory perception of one or more sweetness characteristics of a beverage product or a consumable product of the present disclosure without changing the nature or quality thereof, as compared to a corresponding orally consumable product that does not contain a rebaudioside of the present disclosure.

[0095] As used herein, the term“off-taste(s)” refers to an amount or degree of taste that is not characteristically or usually found in a beverage product or a consumable product of the present disclosure. For example, an off-taste is an undesirable taste of a sweetened consumable to consumers, such as, a bitter taste, a licorice-like taste, a metallic taste, an aversive taste, an astringent taste, a delayed sweetness onset, a lingering sweet aftertaste, and the like, etc.

[0096] As used herein, the term“w/v-%” refers to the weight of a compound, such as a sugar, (in grams) for every 100 ml of a liquid orally consumable product of the present disclosure containing such compound. As used herein, the term“w/w-%” refers to the weight of a compound, such as a sugar, (in grams) for every gram of an orally consumable product of the present disclosure containing such compound.

[0097] As used herein, the term“ppm” refers to part(s) per million by weight, for example, the weight of a compound, such as a rebaudioside of the present disclosure (in milligrams) per kilogram of an orally consumable product of the present disclosure containing such compound (i.e., mg/kg) or the weight of a compound, such as a rebaudioside of the present disclosure (in milligrams) per liter of an orally consumable product of the present disclosure containing such compound (i.e., mg/L); or by volume, for example the volume of a compound, such as a rebaudioside of the present disclosure (in milliliters) per liter of an orally consumable product of the present disclosure containing such compound (i.e., ml/L).

[0098] Steviol Glycosides are a class of chemical compounds responsible for the sweet taste of the leaves of the South American plant Stevia rebaudiana (Asteraeeae), and can be used as sweeteners in food, feed and beverages alone, in combination with one another or in combination with other sweeteners and taste modifiers.

[0099] Cellular system is any cells that provide for the expression of ectopic proteins. It included bacteria, yeast, plant cells and animal cells. It includes both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. It also includes the in vitro expression of proteins based on cellular components, such as ribosomes.

[00100] Growing the Cellular System. Growing includes providing an appropriate medium that would allow cells to multiply and divide. It also includes providing resources so that cells or cellular components can translate and make recombinant proteins.

[00101] Protein Expression. Protein production can occur after gene expression. It consists of the stages after DNA has been transcribed to messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is then translated into polypeptide chains, which are ultimately folded into proteins. DNA is present in the cells through transfection - a process of deliberately introducing nucleic acids into cells. The term is often used for non-viral methods in eukaryotic cells. It may also refer to other methods and cell types, although other terms are preferred: "transformation" is more often used to describe non-viral DNA transfer in bacteria, non-animal eukaryotic cells, including plant cells. In animal cells, transfection is the preferred term as transformation is also used to refer to progression to a cancerous state (carcinogenesis) in these cells. Transduction is often used to describe virus-mediated DNA transfer. Transformation, transduction, and viral infection are included under the definition of transfection for this application. [00102] As used herein, the singular forms "a, an" and "the" include plural references unless the content clearly dictates otherwise.

[00103] To the extent that the term "include," "have," or the like is used in the description or the claims, such term is intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term "comprise" as "comprise" is interpreted when employed as a transitional word in a claim.

[00104] The word "exemplary" is used herein to mean "serving as an example, instance, or illustration”. Any embodiment described herein as "exemplary" is not necessarily to be construed as preferred or advantageous over other embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[00105] The present invention relates, at least in part, to novel steviol glycosides, R7- 2, R6-2A, R6-2B, R6-1, R6-4A and R6-4B and methods of producing these novel steviol glycosides, such as through enzymatic conversion. The chemical structures can be confirmed by LC MS and NMR analysis. R6-1, R6-2A, R6-62B, R6-4A and R6-4B contain 6 glucosyl groups and R7-2 contains 7 glucosyl groups.

Precursor Synthesis

[00106] As previously stated steviol glycosides are the chemical compounds responsible for the sweet taste of the leaves of the South American plant Stevia rebaudiana ( Asteraceae ) and in the plant Rubus chingii ( Rosaceae ). These compounds are glycosylated diterpenes. Specifically, their molecules can be viewed as a steviol molecule, with its hydroxyl hydrogen atom replaced by a glucose molecule to form an ester, and a hydroxyl hydrogen with combinations of glucose and rhamnose to form an acetal.

[00107] One method of making the compounds of interest in the current invention is to take common or inexpensive precursors, such as steviol, stevioside, Reb E, Reb D or rubusoside, such as derived chemically or produced via biosynthesis in engineered microbes, such as bacteria and/or yeast, and to synthesize target steviol glycosides, such as through known or inexpensive methods, such as Reb D3 and Z.

[00108] Aspects of the present invention relate to methods involving recombinantly expressing enzymes in a microbial system capable of producing steviol. In general, such enzymes may include: a copalyl diphosphate synthase (CPS), a kaurene synthase (KS) and a geranylgeranyl diphosphate to synthase (GGPPS) enzyme. Preferably, in some embodiments, this occurs in a microbial strain that expresses an endogenous isoprenoid synthesis pathway, such as the non-mevalonate (MEP) pathway or the mevalonic acid pathway (MV A). In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the cell is a bacterial cell, such as E. coli, or a yeast cell, such as a Saccharomyces cell, Pichia cell, or a Yarrowia cell. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein.the cell is an algal cell or a plant cell.

[00109] Thereafter, the precursor can be recovered from the fermentation culture and used in chemical synthesis. Typically, this is steviol though it can be kaurene, or a steviol glycoside from the cell culture. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the steviol, kaurene and/or steviol glycosides is recovered from the gas phase while in other embodiments, an organic layer or polymeric resin is added to the cell culture, and the kaurene, steviol and/or steviol glycosides is recovered from the organic layer or polymeric resin. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the steviol glycoside is selected from rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, rebaudioside E, rebaudioside F, or dulcoside A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the terpenoid produced is steviobioside or stevioside. It should also be appreciated that in some embodiments, at least one enzymatic step, such as one or more glycosylation steps, are performed ex vivo.

[00110] As described herein, the enzymes used in the methods described herein have UDP-glycosyltransferase activities and are useful for developing biosynthetic methods for preparing steviol glycosides that are either not present in nature or typically of low abundance in natural sources, such as rebaudioside R6-1, R2-2A, R6-2B, R6-4A, R6-4B and R7-2, respectively.

[00111] The substrate can be any natural or synthetic compound capable of being converted into a steviol glycoside compound in a reaction catalyzed by one or more UDP- glucosyltransferases. For example, the substrate can be natural stevia extract, steviol, steviol- 13-O-glucoside, steviol- 19-O-glucoside, 2-bioside, rubusoside, stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside D, rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside Zl, rebaudioside Z2, or rebaudioside E. The substrate can be a pure compound or a mixture of different compounds.

[00112] Also described herein is a coupling reaction system in which the enzymes (e.g., UDP transferases) described herein can function in combination with one or more additional enzymes (e.g., sucrose synthase) to improve the efficiency or modify the outcome of the overall biosynthesis of steviol glycoside compounds. For example, the additional enzyme may regenerate the UDP-glucose needed for the glycosylation reaction by converting the UDP produced from the glycosylation reaction back to UDP-glucose (using, for example, sucrose as a donor of the glucose residue), thus improving the efficiency of the glycosylation reaction. [00113] Sucrose synthase catalyzes the chemical reaction between UDP-glucose and D-fructose to produce UDP and sucrose. Sucrose synthase is a glycosyltransferase. The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:D-fructose 2-alpha-D- glucosyltransferase. Other names in common use include UDP glucose-fructose

glucosyltransferase, sucrose synthetase, sucrose-UDP glucosyltransferase, sucrose-uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase, and uridine diphosphoglucose-fructose glucosyltransferase. Addition of the sucrose synthase to the reaction mixture that includes a uridine diphospho glycosyltransferase creates a“UGT-SUS coupling system”. In the UGT-SUS coupling system, UDP-glucose can be regenerated from UDP and sucrose, which allows for omitting the addition of extra UDP-glucose to the reaction mixture or using UDP in the reaction mixture.

[00114] Suitable sucrose synthase for use in the methods described herein include Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I.

[00115] Suitable UDP-glycosyltransferase includes any UGT known in the art as capable of catalyzing one or more reactions in the biosynthesis of steviol glycoside

compounds, such as UGT85C2, UGT74G1, HV1, UGT76G1, or the functional homologs thereof. In some embodiments, the UDP-glycotransferase used in any one of the methods described herein is UGT76G1. In some embodiments, the UDP-glycotransferase used in any one of the methods described herein is a UGT76G1 -sucrose synthase fusion enzyme. In some embodiments, the UDP-glycotransferase used in any one of the methods described herein is HV1 UTG. In some embodiments, the UDP-glycotransferase used in any one of the methods described herein is a HV1 UGT-sucrose synthase fusion enzyme.

[00116] Standard recombinant DNA and molecular cloning techniques used here are well known in the art and are described, for example, by Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. and Maniatis, T. MOLECULAR CLONING: A LABORATORY MANUAL, 2nd ed.; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., 1989 (hereinafter "Maniatis"); and by Silhavy, T. J., Bennan, M. L. and Enquist, L. W. EXPERIMENTS WITH GENE FUSIONS; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., 1984; and by Ausubel, F. M. et al., IN

CURRENT PROTOCOLS IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, published by Greene Publishing and Wiley- Interscience, 1987; (the entirety of each of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference).

[00117] Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the disclosure belongs. Although any methods and materials similar to or equivalent to those described herein can be used in the practice or testing of the present disclosure, the preferred materials and methods are described herein.

[00118] The disclosure will be more fully understood upon consideration of the following non-limiting Examples. It should be understood that these Examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the subject technology, are given by way of illustration only. From the above discussion and these Examples, one skilled in the art can ascertain the essential characteristics of the subject technology, and without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, can make various changes and modifications of the subject technology to adapt it to various uses and conditions.

[00119] Glycosylation is often considered a ubiquitous reaction controlling the bioactivity and storage of plant natural products. Glycosylation of small molecules is catalyzed by a superfamily of transferases in most plant species that have been studied to date. These glycosyltransferases (GTs) have been classified into over 60 families. Of these, the family 1 GT enzymes, also known as the UDP glycosyltransferases (UGTs) and UDP- rhamnosyltransferase, transfer sugar moieties to specific acceptor molecules. These are the molecules that transfer such sugar moieties in the steviol glycosides to help create various rebaudiosides. Each of these enzymes have their own activity profile and preferred structure locations where they transfer their activated sugar moieties.

Synthetic Rebaudioside R6-2A and R6-2B and methods of producing

[00120] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide a sweetener (e.g., noncaloric and/ or synthetic) that has been given the name“Rebaudioside R6-2A (Reb R6-2A).” Rebaudioside R6-2A has the molecular formula of C56H90O33 and has the structure of:

[00121] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide a sweetener (e.g., noncaloric and/ or synthetic) that has been given the name“Rebaudioside R6-2B (Reb R6-2B)” Rebaudioside R6-2B has the molecular formula of C56H90O33 and has the structure of:

[00122] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R6-2A and/or rebaudioside R6-2B. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the rebaudioside R6-2A and/or rebaudioside R6-2B is produced from rebaudioside D3. For example, in some embodiments, the method comprises (I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising: (i) rebaudioside D3; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate- glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and (iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of: (a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT); (b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B.

[00123] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar I of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar P of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2B. FIGs. 2 illustrates the numbering of sugars in rebaudioside D3, R6-2A, and R6-2B.

[00124] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B from rebaudioside D3 comprises a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT). In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is a uridine diphospho glycosyltransferase (e.g., UGT76G1 or a functional variant thereof). UGT76G1 is a UGT with a 1,3-13-O-glucose glycosylation activity. It has also been shown that UGT76G1 has 1,3-19-O-glucose glycosylation activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT76G1 is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments, the UGT76G1 is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments, the UGT76G1 comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments, the UGT76G1 consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

[00125] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B from rebaudioside D3 comprises a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is UGT76G1 and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:

9. In some embodiments, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the

Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the

Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

[00126] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B from rebaudioside D3 comprises a UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain. The fusion enzyme has the activity of the UDP- glycosyltransferase and sucrose synthase activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase domain in the fusion enzyme is any one of the UGT76G1 and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase domain is any one of the sucrose synthase (e.g., an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an

Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3, or a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase) and variants as described herein. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:

5. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. [00127] In some embodiments, any one of the methods of producing rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B described herein further comprises a step of producing rebaudioside D3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, Rebaudioside D3 can be produced by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycotransferase with and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the UDP-glycotransferase used to produce rebaudioside D3 from rebaudioside E is EUGT11. Methods of producing rebaudioside D3 from rebaudioside E is described in US Patent No. US9765104, and such methods are incorporated herein by reference. Rebaudioside D3 has the structure of:

[00128] In some embodiments, any one the methods of producing rebaudioside R6- 2A and/or R6-2B described herein further comprises isolating the produced rebaudioside R6- 2A and/or R6-2B.

Synthetic Rebaudioside R7-2 and methods of producing

[00129] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide a sweetener (e.g., noncaloric and/or synthetic) that has been given the name“Rebaudioside R7-2 (Reb R7-2).” The Reb R7-2 compound is a steviol glycoside with four glucosyl moieties attached at the C-13 hydroxyl of which three are attached in the form of an ether as a 2,3-branched glucotriosyl substituent; and another 2,3-branched glucotriosyl moiety at C- 19 as an ester.

[00130] Rebaudioside R7-2 has the molecular formula of CezHiooOss and has the structure of:

[00131] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R7-2. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the

rebaudioside R7-2 is produced from one or more of rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside R6-2A, and rebaudioside R6-2B. The reaction mixture for producing rebaudioside R7-2 can be the same as the reaction mixture for producing rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B. A glucose can be covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B. The enzyme can further covalently couple a second glucose to rebaudioside R6-2A and/or R6-2B, yielding rebaudioside R7-2. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to each of sugar I and sugar P of rebaudioside D3 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R7-2. FIGs. 2 illustrates the numbering of sugars in rebaudioside D3 and rebaudioside R7-2.

[00132] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the method comprises (I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising: (i) one or more of rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside R6-2A, and rebaudioside R6-2B; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP- glucose), and combinations thereof; and (iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of: (a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT); (b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R7-2.

[00133] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R7-2 from rebaudioside D3 comprises a UDP- glycosyltransferase (UGT). In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is a uridine diphospho glycosyltransferase (e.g., UGT76G1 or a functional variant thereof). UGT76G1 is a UGT with a 1,3-13-O-glucose glycosylation activity. It has also been shown that UGT76G1 has 1,3-19-O-glucose glycosylation activity.

In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the

UGT76G1 is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT76G1 is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT76G1 comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT76G1 consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

[00134] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R7-2 from rebaudioside D3 comprises a UDP- glycosyltransferase (UGT) and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is UGT76G1 and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an

Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, th e Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

[00135] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a iebaudioside R7-2 from rebaudioside D3 comprises a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain. The fusion enzyme has the activity of the UDP-glycosyltransferase and sucrose synthase activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or

compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase domain in the fusion enzyme is any one of the UGT76G1 and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase domain is any one of the sucrose synthase (e.g., an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3, or a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase) and variants as described herein. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5.

[00136] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the methods of producing rebaudioside R7-2 described herein further comprises a step of producing rebaudioside D3. In some embodiments, Rebaudioside D3 can be produced by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycotransferase with and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP- glycotransferase used to produce rebaudioside D3 from rebaudioside E is EUGT11. Methods of producing rebaudioside D3 from rebaudioside E is described in US Patent No. US9765104, such methods are incorporated herein by reference. Rebaudioside D3 has the structure of:

[00137] In some embodiments, any one of the methods of producing rebaudioside R7-2 described herein further comprises isolating the produced rebaudioside R7-2.

Synthetic Rebaudioside R6-4A and R6-4B and methods of producing

[00138] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide a sweetener (e.g., non-caloric and/or synthetic) that has been given the name“Rebaudioside R6-4A (Reb R6-4A).”

Rebaudioside R6-4A has the molecular formula of C56H90O33 and has the structure of:

[00139] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide a sweetener (e.g., non-caloric and/or synthetic) that has been given the name“Rebaudioside R6-4B (Reb R6-4B).”

Rebaudioside R6-4B has the molecular formula of C56H90O33 and has the structure of:

[00140] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the rebaudioside R6-4A is produced from rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside Z2. For example, in some embodiments, the method comprises (I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising: (i) rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside Z2; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and (iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of: (a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT); (b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (P) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-4A.

[00141] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside Z1 or rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar IV of rebaudioside Z1 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar IP of rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4A. FIGs. 14 illustrates the numbering of sugars in rebaudioside Zl, 72, and R6-4A.

[00142] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R6-4B. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the rebaudioside R6-4B is produced from rebaudioside 72. For example, in some embodiments, the method comprises (I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising: (i) rebaudioside Z2; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and (iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of: (a) a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT); (b) a UDP- glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (II) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-4B.

[00143] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside 72 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4B. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or

compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar V of rebaudioside Z2 by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-4B. FIGs. 14 illustrates the numbering of sugars in rebaudioside Z2 and R6-4B.

[00144] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-4A or R6-4B from rebaudioside Zl or Z2 comprises a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT). In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is a HV1 glycosyltransferase. HV1 is a UGT with a l a 1,2-19-O-glucose glycosylation activity. It has also been shown that HV1 UGT has 1,2- 19-O-glucose glycosylation activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3.

[00145] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-4A and/or R6-4B from rebaudioside Z1 or Z2 comprises a UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is HV1 UGT and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:

9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. hi some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

[00146] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-4A or R6-4B from rebaudioside Z1 or Z2 comprises a UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain. The fusion enzyme has the activity of the UDP- glycosyltransferase and sucrose synthase activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase domain in the fusion enzyme is any one of the HV1 UGT and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase domain is any one of the sucrose synthase (e.g., an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an

Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3, or a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase) and variants as described herein. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

[00147] In some embodiments, any one of the methods of producing rebaudioside R6-4A and/or R6-4B described herein further comprises a step of producing rebaudioside Z1 and/or Z2. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, rebaudioside Z1 and/or Z2 can be produced by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycosyltransferase with and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycotransferase used to produce rebaudioside Z1 and/or Z2 from rebaudioside E is UGT76G1 . Methods of producing rebaudioside D3 from rebaudioside E is described in US Patent No. US10081826, such methods incorporated herein by reference.

[00148] Rebaudioside Z1 has the structure of:

[00149] Rebaudioside Z2 has the structure of:

[00150] In some embodiments, any one of the methods of producing rebaudioside R6-4A and/or R6-4B described herein further comprises isolating the produced rebaudioside R6-4A and/or R6-4B.

Synthetic Rebaudioside R6-1 and methods of producing

[00151] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide a sweetener (e.g., noncaloric and/or synthetic) that has been given the name“Rebaudioside R6-1 (Reb R6-1)” Rebaudioside R6-1 has the molecular formula of C56H90O33 and has the structure of:

[00152] Some aspects of the present disclosure provide methods of producing rebaudioside R6-1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the rebaudioside R6-1 is produced from rebaudioside D. For example, in some embodiments, the method comprises (I) preparing a reaction mixture comprising: (i) rebaudioside D; (ii) one or more substrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-glucose), and combinations thereof; and (iii) an enzyme selected from the group consisting of: (a) a UDP- glycosyltransferase (UGT); (b) a UDP-glycosyltransferase and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture; and (c) a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain; and (II) incubating the reaction mixture for a sufficient time to produce rebaudioside R6-1.

[00153] In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, a glucose is covalently coupled to the rebaudioside D by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-1. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the glucose is covalently coupled to sugar V of rebaudioside D by the enzyme to produce rebaudioside R6-1. FIG. 9 illustrates the numbering of sugars in rebaudioside D and R6-l.

[00154] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-1 from rebaudioside D comprises a UDP- glycosyltransferase (UGT). In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is a HV1 glycosyltransferase. HV1 is a UGT with a l a 1,2-19-0- glucose glycosylation activity. It has also been shown that HV1 UGT has 1,2- 19-O-glucose glycosyladon activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the HV1 UGT consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3.

[00155] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-1 from rebaudioside D comprises a UDP- glycosyltransferase (UGT) and a sucrose synthase separately added to the reaction mixture. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the UGT is HV1 UGT and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase is selected from the group consisting of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3 and a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the sucrose synthase or sucrose synthase domain is an

Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9.

[00156] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, the enzyme for producing a rebaudioside R6-1 from rebaudioside D comprises a UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzyme comprising a UDP-glycosyltransferase domain coupled to a sucrose synthase domain. The fusion enzyme has the activity of the UDP-glycosyltransferase and sucrose synthase activity. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or

compositions provided herein, the UDP-glycosyltransferase domain in the fusion enzyme is any one of the HV1 UGT and variants as described herein, and the sucrose synthase domain is any one of the sucrose synthase (e.g., an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase I, an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 3, or a Vigna radiate sucrose synthase) and variants as described herein. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least 70% (e.g., at least 70%, at least 75%, at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, or at least 99%) identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme is at least? 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or 99% identical to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7. In some embodiments of any one of the methods or compositions provided herein, the fusion enzyme consists essentially of or consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7.

[00157] In some embodiments, any one of the methods of producing rebaudioside R6-1 described herein further comprises a step of producing rebaudioside D. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, rebaudioside D can be produced by incubating rebaudioside A with a UDP-glycotransferase with and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the UDP-glycotransferase used to produce rebaudioside D from rebaudioside A is EUGT11. Methods of producing rebaudioside D from rebaudioside A is described in US Patent Application Publication No. US20180037600, such methods are incorporated herein by reference.

[00158] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided herein, rebaudioside D can be produced by incubating rebaudioside E with a UDP-glycotransferase with and a substrate selected from the group consisting of sucrose, UDP, UDP-glucose, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the UDP- glycotransferase used to produce rebaudioside D from rebaudioside E is HV1 UGT or UGT76G1. Methods of producing rebaudioside D from rebaudioside E is described in US Patent Application Publication No. US Patent No. 10253344, such methods are incorporated herein by reference.

[00159] Rebaudioside D has the structure of:

[00160] In some embodiments, any one of the methods of producing rebaudioside R6-1 described herein further comprises isolating the producing rebaudioside R6-1.

Reaction Mixtures. Nucleic Acids and Cellular Systems

[00161] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the reaction mixture is in vitro, i.e., the method described herein is performed in vitro. For in vitro reactions, isolated enzymes (e.g., UDP-glycosyltransferase, the sucrose synthase, and/or the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzymes) can be added to the in vitro reaction mixture.

[00162] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the reaction mixture is a cell-based reaction mixture, i.e., the reaction is performed in a cell. For cell-based reactions, the enzymes (e.g., UDP-glycosyltransferase, the sucrose synthase, and/or the UDP- glycosyltransferase fusion enzymes) are expressed in a host cell.

[00163] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the enzymes (e.g., UDP-glycosyltransferase, the sucrose synthase, and/or the UDP-glycosyltransferase fusion enzymes) are expressed from nucleotide sequences encoding them, respectively. As such, nucleic acids encoding any one of the enzymes described herein are provided. The present disclosure further provides host cells comprising a nucleotide sequence having at least 80% (e.g., at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99% or 100%) identity to any one of SEQ ID NOs: 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell comprises a nucleotide sequence having at least 80% (e.g., at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99% or 100%) identity to SEQ ID NO: 2 and a nucleotide sequence having at least 80% (e.g., at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99% or 100%) identity to SEQ ID NO: 10. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell comprises a nucleotide sequence having at least 80% (e.g., at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99% or 100%) identity to SEQ ID NO: 4 and a nucleotide sequence having at least 80% (e.g., at least 80%, at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98%, at least 99% or 100%) identity to SEQ ID NO: 10.

[00164] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell is selected from the group consisting of a yeast, a non-steviol glycoside producing plant, an alga, a fungus, and a bacterium. [00165] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell is selected from the group consisting of Escherichia; Salmonella; Bacillus; Acinetobacter; Streptomyces; Corynebacterium; Methylosinus; Methylomonas; Rhodococcus; Pseudomonas; Rhodobacter; Synechocystis; Saccharomyces; Zygosaccharomyces; Kluyveromyces; Candida; Hansenula; Debaryomyces; Mucor; Pichia; Torulopsis; Aspergillus; Arthrobotlys;

Brevibacteria; Microbacterium; Arthrobacter; Citrobacter; Klebsiella; Pantoea; and

Clostridium. In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell is a bacterial cell (e.g., an E. coli cell). In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell is a yeast cell (e.g., a Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell).

[00166] In some embodiments of any one of the methods provided, the host cell is a cell isolated from plants selected from the group consisting of soybean; rape seed;

sunflower, cotton; com; tobacco; alfalfa; wheat; barley; oats; sorghum; rice; broccoli;

cauliflower; cabbage; parsnips; melons; carrots; celery; parsley; tomatoes; potatoes;

strawberries; peanuts; grapes; grass seed crops; sugar beets; sugar cane; beans; peas; rye; flax; hardwood trees; softwood trees; forage grasses; Arabidopsis thaliana; rice ( Oryza sativa ); Hordeum yulgare’, switchgrass ( Panicum vigratum)’, Brachypodium spp.; Brassica spp.; and Crambe abyssinica.

[00167] Expression of proteins in prokaryotes is most often carried out in a bacterial host cell with vectors containing constitutive or inducible promoters directing the expression of either fusion or non-fusion proteins. Fusion vectors add a number of amino acids to a protein encoded therein, usually to the amino terminus of the recombinant protein. Such fusion vectors typically serve three purposes: 1) to increase expression of recombinant protein; 2) to increase the solubility of the recombinant protein; and, 3) to aid in the purification of the recombinant protein by acting as a ligand in affinity purification. Often, a proteolytic cleavage site is introduced at the junction of the fusion moiety and the recombinant protein to enable separation of the recombinant protein from the fusion moiety subsequent to purification of the fusion protein. Such vectors are within the scope of the present disclosure.

[00168] In an embodiment, the expression vector includes those genetic elements for expression of the recombinant polypeptide in bacterial cells. The elements for transcription and translation in the bacterial cell can include a promoter, a coding region for the protein complex, and a transcriptional terminator.

[00169] A person of ordinary skill in the art will be aware of the molecular biology techniques available for the preparation of expression vectors. The polynucleotide used for incorporation into the expression vector of the subject technology, as described above, can be prepared by routine techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

[00170] Several molecular biology techniques can be developed to operably link DNA to vectors via complementary cohesive termini. In one embodiment, complementary homopolymer tracts can be added to the nucleic acid molecule to be inserted into the vector DNA. The vector and nucleic acid molecule are then joined by hydrogen bonding between the complementary homopolymeric tails to form recombinant DNA molecules.

[00171] In an alternative embodiment, synthetic linkers containing one or more restriction sites provide are used to operably link the polynucleotide of the subject technology to the expression vector. In an embodiment, the polynucleotide is generated by restriction endonuclease digestion. In an embodiment, the nucleic acid molecule is treated with bacteriophage T4 DNA polymerase or E. colt DNA polymerase I, enzymes that remove protruding, 3'-single-stranded termini with their 3'-5'-exonucleolytic activities and fill in recessed 3'-ends with their polymerizing activities, thereby generating blunt ended DNA segments. The blunt-ended segments are then incubated with a large molar excess of linker molecules in the presence of an enzyme that can catalyze the ligation of blunt-ended DNA molecules, such as bacteriophage T4 DNA ligase. Thus, the product of the reaction is a polynucleotide carrying polymeric linker sequences at its ends. These polynucleotides are then cleaved with the appropriate restriction enzyme and ligated to an expression vector that has been cleaved with an enzyme that produces termini compatible with those of the

polynucleotide.

[00172] Alternatively, a vector having ligation-independent cloning (LIC) sites can be employed. The required PCR amplified polynucleotide can then be cloned into the LIC vector without restriction digest or ligation (Aslanidis and de Jong, NUCL. ACID. RES. 18 6069- 74, (1990), Haun, et al, BIOTECHNIQUES 13, 515-18 (1992), which is incorporated herein by reference to the extent it is consistent herewith).

[00173] In an embodiment, to isolate and/or modify the polynucleotide of interest for insertion into the chosen plasmid, it is suitable to use PCR. Appropriate primers for use in PCR preparation of the sequence can be designed to isolate the required coding region of the nucleic acid molecule, add restriction endonuclease or LIC sites, place the coding region in the desired reading frame.

[00174] In an embodiment, a polynucleotide for incorporation into an expression vector of the subject technology is prepared using PCR using appropriate oligonucleotide primers. The coding region is amplified, whilst the primers themselves become incorporated into the amplified sequence product. In an embodiment, the amplification primers contain restriction endonuclease recognition sites, which allow the amplified sequence product to be cloned into an appropriate vector.

[00175] The expression vectors can be introduced into plant or microbial host cells by conventional transformation or transfection techniques. Transformation of appropriate cells with an expression vector of the subject technology is accomplished by methods known in the art and typically depends on both the type of vector and cell. Suitable techniques include calcium phosphate or calcium chloride co-precipitation, DEAE-dextran mediated transfection, lipofection, chemoporation or electroporation.

[00176] Successfully transformed cells, that is, those cells containing the expression vector, can be identified by techniques well known in the art. For example, cells transfected with an expression vector of the subject technology can be cultured to produce polypeptides described herein. Cells can be examined for the presence of the expression vector DNA by techniques well known in the art.

[00177] The host cells can contain a single copy of the expression vector described previously, or alternatively, multiple copies of the expression vector,

[00178] In some embodiments, the transformed cell is an animal cell, an insect cell, a plant cell, an algal cell, a fungal cell, or a yeast cell. In some embodiments, the cell is a plant cell selected from the group consisting of: canola plant cell, a rapeseed plant cell, a palm plant cell, a sunflower plant cell, a cotton plant cell, a com plant cell, a peanut plant cell, a flax plant cell, a sesame plant cell, a soybean plant cell, and a petunia plant cell.

[00179] Microbial host cell expression systems and expression vectors containing regulatory sequences that direct high-level expression of foreign proteins are well known to those skilled in the art. Any of these could be used to construct vectors for expression of the recombinant polypeptide of the subjection technology in a microbial host cell. These vectors could then be introduced into appropriate microorganisms via transformation to allow for high level expression of the recombinant polypeptide of the subject technology.

[00180] Vectors or cassettes useful for the transformation of suitable microbial host cells are well known in the art. Typically, the vector or cassette contains sequences directing transcription and translation of the relevant polynucleotide, a selectable marker, and sequences allowing autonomous replication or chromosomal integration. Suitable vectors comprise a region 5' of the polynucleotide which harbors transcriptional initiation controls and a region 3' of the DNA fragment which controls transcriptional termination. In some embodiments, it is preferred for both control regions to be derived from genes homologous to the transformed host cell, although it is to be understood that such control regions need not be derived from the genes native to the specific species chosen as a host.

[00181] Initiation control regions or promoters, which are useful to drive expression of the recombinant polypeptide in the desired microbial host cell are numerous and familiar to those skilled in the art. Virtually any promoter capable of driving these genes is suitable for the subject technology including but not limited to CYCI, HISS, GALI, GALIO, ADHI, PGK, PH05, GAPDH, ADCI, TRPI, URA3, LEU2, ENO, TPI (useful for expression in

Saccharomyces); AOXI (useful for expression in Pichia); and lac, tip, JPL, IPR, T7, tac, and trc (useful for expression in Escherichia coli).

[00182] Termination control regions may also be derived from various genes native to the microbial hosts. A termination site optionally may be included for the microbial hosts described herein.

[00183] In plant cells, the expression vectors of the subject technology can include a coding region operably linked to promoters capable of directing expression of the recombinant polypeptide of the subject technology in the desired tissues at the desired stage of

development. For reasons of convenience, the polynucleotides to be expressed may comprise promoter sequences and translation leader sequences derived from the same polynucleotide. 3' non-coding sequences encoding transcription termination signals should also be present. The expression vectors may also comprise one or more introns to facilitate polynucleotide expression.

[00184] For plant host cells, any combination of any promoter and any terminator capable of inducing expression of a coding region may be used in the vector sequences of the subject technology. Some suitable examples of promoters and terminators include those from nopaline synthase (nos), octopine synthase (ocs) and cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) genes. One type of efficient plant promoter that may be used is a high-level plant promoter. Such promoters, in operable linkage with an expression vector of the subject technology should be capable of promoting the expression of the vector. High level plant promoters that may be used in the subject technology include the promoter of the small subunit (ss) of the ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase for example from soybean (Berry-Lowe et al., J. MOLECULAR AND APP. GEN., 1:483 498 (1982), the entirety of which is hereby incorporated herein to the extent it is consistent herewith), and the promoter of the chlorophyll a/b binding protein.

These two promoters are known to be light-induced in plant cells {see, for example, GENETIC ENGINEERING OF PLANTS, AN AGRICULTURAL PERSPECTIVE, A. Cashmore, Plenum, N.Y. (1983), pages 29-38; Coruzzi, G. et al., THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 258: 1399 (1983), and Dunsmuir, P. et al., JOURNAL OF MOLEC. APPL. GEN., 2:285 (1983), each of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference to the extent they are consistent herewith).

Orally Consumable Products

[00185] The rebaudiosides produced using any one of the methods described herein (e.g., rebaudiosides R6-1, R6-2A, R6-2B, R6-4A, R6-4B, and R7-2) can be used as sweeteners. Other aspects of the present disclosure provide an orally consumable product having a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, and/or rebaudioside R7-2, such as selected from the group consisting of a beverage product and a consumable product.

[00186] Any one of the orally consumable products can have a sweetness intensity equivalent to about 1% (w/v-%) to about 4% (w/v-%) sucrose solution.

[00187] Any one of the orally consumable products can have from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6- 1. Any one of the orally consumable products can have from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-2A. Any one of the orally consumable products can have from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-2B. Any one of the orally consumable products can have from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-4A. Any one of the orally consumable products can have from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-4B. Any one of the orally consumable products can have from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R7-2.

[00188] The rebaudioside R6-1 can be the only sweetener in the orally consumable product. The rebaudioside R6-2A can be the only sweetener in the orally consumable product. The rebaudioside R6-2B can be the only sweetener in the orally consumable product. The rebaudioside R6-4A can be the only sweetener in the orally consumable product. The rebaudioside R6-4B can be the only sweetener in the orally consumable product. The rebaudioside R7-2 can be the only sweetener in the orally consumable product.

[00189] Any one of the orally consumable products can also have at least one additional sweetener. The at least one additional sweetener can be a natural high intensity sweetener, for example. The additional sweetener can be selected from a stevia extract, a steviol glycoside, stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, rebaudioside D, rebaudioside D2, rebaudioside E, rebaudioside F, rebaudioside M, rebaudioside V, rebaudioside W, rebaudioside Zl, rebaudioside Z2, rebaudioside D3, dulcoside A, rubusoside, steviolbioside, sucrose, high fructose com syrup, fructose, glucose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, erythritol, xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol, inositol, AceK, aspartame, neotame, sucralose, saccharine, naringin dihydrochalcone (NarDHC), neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NDHC), rubusoside, mogroside IV, siamenoside I, mogroside V, monatin, thaumatin, monellin, brazzein, L-alanine, glycine, Lo Han Guo, hemandulcin, phyllodulcin, trilobtain, and combinations thereof.

[00190] Any one of the orally consumable products can also have at least one additive. The additive can be, for example, a carbohydrate, a polyol, an amino acid or salt thereof, a polyamino acid or salt thereof, a sugar acid or salt thereof, a nucleotide, an organic acid, an inorganic acid, an organic salt, an organic acid salt, an organic base salt, an inorganic salt, a bitter compound, a flavorant, a flavoring ingredient, an astringent compound, a protein, a protein hydrolysate, a surfactant, an emulsifier, a flavonoids, an alcohol, a polymer, and combinations thereof.

[00191] In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a beverage product comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-1. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a beverage product comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-2A. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a beverage product comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-2B. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a beverage product comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a beverage product comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-4B. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a beverage product comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R7-2.

[00192] Any one of the beverage products can be, for example, a carbonated beverage product and a non-carbonated beverage product. Any one of the beverage products can also be, for example, a soft drink, a fountain beverage, a frozen beverage; a ready-to-drmk beverage; a frozen and ready-to-drink beverage, coffee, tea, a dairy beverage, a powdered soft drink, a liquid concentrate, flavored water, enhanced water, fruit juice, a fruit juice flavored drink, a sport drink, and an energy drink.

[00193] In some embodiments, any one of the beverage products of the present disclosure can include one or more beverage ingredients such as, for example, acidulants, fruit juices and/or vegetable juices, pulp, etc., flavorings, coloring, preservatives, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, erythritol, tagatose, glycerine, and carbon dioxide. Such beverage products may be provided in any suitable form, such as a beverage concentrate and a carbonated, ready-to-drink beverage.

[00194] In certain embodiments, any one of the beverage products of the present disclosure can have any of numerous different specific formulations or constitutions. The formulation of a beverage product of the present disclosure can vary to a certain extent, depending upon such factors as the product’s intended market segment, its desired nutritional characteristics, flavor profile, and the like. For example, in certain embodiments, it can generally be an option to add further ingredients to the formulation of a particular beverage product. For example, additional (i.e., more and/or other) sweeteners can be added, flavorings, electrolytes, vitamins, fruit juices or other fruit products, tastents, masking agents and the like, flavor enhancers, and/or carbonation typically may be added to any such formulations to vary the taste, mouthfeel, nutritional characteristics, etc. In embodiments, any one of the beverage products can be a cola beverage that contains water, about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-1, an acidulant, and flavoring. In embodiments, any one of the beverage products can be a cola beverage that contains water, about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-2A, an acidulant, and flavoring. In embodiments, any one of the beverage products can be a cola beverage that contains water, about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-2B, an acidulant, and flavoring. In embodiments, any one of the beverage products can be a cola beverage that contains water, about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-4A, an acidulant, and flavoring. In embodiments, any one of the beverage products can be a cola beverage that contains water, about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R6-4B, an acidulant, and flavoring. In embodiments, any one of the beverage products can be a cola beverage that contains water, about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm rebaudioside R7-2, an acidulant, and flavoring.

[00195] Exemplary flavorings can be, for example, cola flavoring, citrus flavoring, and spice flavorings. In some embodiments, carbonation in the form of carbon dioxide can be added for effervescence. In other embodiments, preservatives can be added, depending upon the other ingredients, production technique, desired shelf life, etc. In certain embodiments, caffeine can be added. In some embodiments, the beverage product can be a cola-flavored carbonated beverage, characteristically containing carbonated water, sweetener, kola nut extract and/or other flavoring, caramel coloring, one or more acids, and optionally other ingredients.

[00196] Suitable amounts of rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 present in the beverage product can be, for example, from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm. In some embodiments, low concentrations of rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2, for example, less than 100 ppm, and has an equivalent sweetness to sucrose solutions having concentrations between 10,000 ppm to 30,000 ppm. The final concentration that ranges from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 95 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 90 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 85 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 80 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 75 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 70 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 65 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 60 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 55 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 50 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 45 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 40 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 35 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 30 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 25 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 20 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 15 ppm, or from about 5 ppm to about 10 ppm. Alternatively, rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 can be present in beverage products of the present disclosure at a final concentration that ranges from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 10 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 15 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 20 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 25 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 30 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 35 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 40 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 45 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 50 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 55 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 60 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 65 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 70 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 75 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 80 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 85 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 90 ppm to about 100 ppm, or from about 95 ppm to about 100 ppm.

[00197] In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a consumable comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-1. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a consumable comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-2A.

In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a consumable comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-2B. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a consumable comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R6-4A. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a consumable comprising a sweetening amount of

rebaudioside R6-4B. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a consumable comprising a sweetening amount of rebaudioside R7-2. The consumable can be, for example, a food product, a nutraceutical, a pharmaceutical, a dietary supplement, a dental hygienic composition, an edible gel composition, a cosmetic product and a tabletop flavoring. [00198] As used herein,“dietary supplements)’’ refers to compounds intended to supplement the diet and provide nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, amino acids, etc. that may be missing or may not be consumed in sufficient quantities in a diet. Any suitable dietary supplement known in the art may be used. Examples of suitable dietary supplements can be, for example, nutrients, vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, herbs, botanicals, amino acids, and metabolites.

[00199] As used herein,“nutraceutical(s)” refers to compounds, which includes any food or part of a food that may provide medicinal or health benefits, including the prevention and/or treatment of disease or disorder (e.g., fatigue, insomnia, effects of aging, memory loss, mood disorders, cardiovascular disease and high levels of cholesterol in the blood, diabetes, osteoporosis, inflammation, autoimmune disorders, etc.). Any suitable nutraceutical known in the art may be used. In some embodiments, nutraceuticals can be used as supplements to food and beverages and as pharmaceutical formulations for enteral or parenteral applications which may be solid formulations, such as capsules or tablets, or liquid formulations, such as solutions or suspensions.

[00200] In some embodiments, dietary supplements and nutraceuticals can further contain protective hydrocolloids (such as gums, proteins, modified starches), binders, film-forming agents, encapsulating agents/materials, wall/shell materials, matrix compounds, coatings, emulsifiers, surface active agents, solubilizing agents (oils, fats, waxes, lecithins, etc.), adsorbents, carriers, fillers, co-compounds, dispersing agents, wetting agents, processing aids (solvents), flowing agents, taste-masking agents, weighting agents, jellyfying agents, gelforming agents, antioxidants and antimicrobials.

[00201] As used herein, a“gel” refers to a colloidal system in which a network of particles spans the volume of a liquid medium. Although gels mainly are composed of liquids, and thus exhibit densities similar to liquids, gels have the structural coherence of solids due to the network of particles that spans the liquid medium. For this reason, gels generally appear to be solid, jelly-like materials. Gels can be used in a number of applications. For example, gels can be used in foods, paints, and adhesives. Gels that can be eaten are referred to as“edible gel compositions.” Edible gel compositions typically are eaten as snacks, as desserts, as a part of staple foods, or along with staple foods. Examples of suitable edible gel compositions can be, for example, gel desserts, puddings, jams, jellies, pastes, trifles, aspics, marshmallows, gummy candies, and the like. In some embodiments, edible gel mixes generally are powdered or granular solids to which a fluid may be added to form an edible gel composition. Examples of suitable fluids can be, for example, water, dairy fluids, dairy analogue fluids, juices, alcohol, alcoholic beverages, and combinations thereof. Examples of suitable dairy fluids can be, for example, milk, cultured milk, cream, fluid whey, and mixtures thereof. Examples of suitable dairy analogue fluids can be, for example, soy milk and non-dairy coffee whitener.

[00202] As used herein, the term“gelling ingredient” refers to any material that can form a colloidal system within a liquid medium. Examples of suitable gelling ingredients can be, for example, gelatin, alginate, carageenan, gum, pectin, konjac, agar, food acid, rennet, starch, starch derivatives, and combinations thereof. It is well known to those in the art that the amount of gelling ingredient used in an edible gel mix or an edible gel composition can vary considerably depending on a number of factors such as, for example, the particular gelling ingredient used, the particular fluid base used, and the desired properties of the gel.

[00203] Gel mixes and gel compositions of the present disclosure can be prepared by any suitable method known in the art. In some embodiments, edible gel mixes and edible gel compositions of the present disclosure can be prepared using other ingredients in addition to the gelling agent. Examples of other suitable ingredients can be, for example, a food acid, a salt of a food acid, a buffering system, a bulking agent, a sequestrant, a cross- linking agent, one or more flavors, one or more colors, and combinations thereof.

[00204] Pharmaceutical compositions are also provided comprising any one of the rebaudiosides provided herein. In certain embodiments, any one of the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R6-1, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. In certain embodiments, any one of the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R6-2A, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. In certain embodiments, any one of the

pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R6-2B, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. In certain embodiments, any one of the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R6-4A, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. In certain embodiments, any one of the

pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R6-4B, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. In certain embodiments, any one of the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R7-2, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. In some embodiments, any one of the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can be used to formulate pharmaceutical drugs containing one or more active agents that exert a biological effect. Accordingly, in some embodiments, any one of the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure can contain one or more active agents that exert a biological effect. Suitable active agents are well known in the art (e.g., The Physician's Desk Reference). Such compositions can be prepared according to procedures well known in the art, for example, as described in

Remington’s Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mack Publishing Co., Easton, Pa., USA.

[00205] Rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 can be used with any suitable dental and oral hygiene compositions known in the art. Examples of suitable dental and oral hygiene compositions can be, for example, toothpastes, tooth polishes, dental floss, mouthwashes, mouth rinses, dentrifices, mouth sprays, mouth refreshers, plaque rinses, dental pain relievers, and the like. Dental and oral hygiene compositions comprising any one of the rebaudiosides provided herein are also provided.

[00206] Suitable amounts of rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 present in any one of the compositions provided herein, such as in the consumable can be, for example, from about 5 parts per million (ppm) to about 100 parts per million (ppm). In some embodiments of any one of the compositions provided, low concentrations of rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2, for example, less than 100 ppm, has an equivalent sweetness to sucrose solutions having concentrations between 10,000 ppm to 30,000 ppm. The final concentration can range?ranges from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 95 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 90 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 85 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 80 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 75 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 70 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 65 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 60 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 55 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 50 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 45 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 40 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 35 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 30 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 25 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 20 ppm, from about 5 ppm to about 15 ppm, or from about 5 ppm to about 10 ppm. Alternatively, rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 can be present in any one of the compositions provided, such as in any one of the consumable products of the present disclosure, at a final concentration that ranges from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 10 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 15 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 20 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 25 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 30 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 35 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 40 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 45 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 50 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 55 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 60 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 65 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 70 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 75 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 80 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 85 ppm to about 100 ppm, from about 90 ppm to about 100 ppm, or from about 95 ppm to about 100 ppm.

[00207] In certain embodiments, from about 5 ppm to about 100 ppm of rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 is present in a food product compositions. Such compositions are also provided. As used herein,“food product composition(s)” refers to any solid or liquid ingestible material that can, but need not, have a nutritional value and be intended for consumption by humans and animals.

[00208] Examples of suitable food product compositions can be, for example, confectionary compositions, such as candies, mints, fruit flavored drops, cocoa products, chocolates, and the like; condiments, such as ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise, and the like; chewing gums; cereal compositions; baked goods, such as breads, cakes, pies, cookies, and the like; dairy products, such as milk, cheese, cream, ice cream, sour cream, yogurt, sherbet, and the like; tabletop sweetener compositions; soups; stews; convenience foods; meats, such as ham, bacon, sausages, jerky, and the like; gelatins and gelatin-like products such as jams, jellies, preserves, and the like; fruits; vegetables; egg products; icings; syrups including molasses; snacks; nut meats and nut products; and animal feed.

[00209] Food product compositions can also be herbs, spices and seasonings, natural and synthetic flavors, and flavor enhancers, such as monosodium glutamate. In some embodiments, any one of the food product compositions can be, for example, prepared packaged products, such as dietetic sweeteners, liquid sweeteners, granulated flavor mixes, pet foods, livestock feed, tobacco, and materials for baking applications, such as powdered baking mixes for the preparation of breads, cookies, cakes, pancakes, donuts and the like. In other embodiments, any one of the food product compositions can also be diet and low-calorie food and beverages containing little or no sucrose.

[00210] In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, the rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 is the only sweetener, and the product has a sweetness intensity equivalent to about 1% to about 4% (w/v-%) sucrose solution. In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, the consumable products and beverage products can further include an additional sweetener, where the product has a sweetness intensity equivalent to about 1% to about 10% (w/v-%) sucrose solution. In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, every sweetening ingredient in the product is a high intensity sweetener. In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, every sweetening ingredient in the product can a natural high intensity sweetener. In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, the additional sweetener contains one or more sweeteners selected from a stevia extract, a steviol glycoside, stevioside, rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, rebaudioside D, rebaudioside D2, rebaudioside F, rebaudioside D3, rebaudioside Zl, rebaudioside Z2, rebaudioside M, rebaudioside W, rebaudioside V, dulcoside A, rubusoside, steviolbioside, sucrose, high fructose com syrup, fructose, glucose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, erythritol, xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol, inositol, AceK, aspartame, neotame, sucralose, saccharine, naringin dihydrochalcone (NarDHC), neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NDHC), mbusoside mogroside IV, siamenoside I, mogroside V, monatin, thaumatin, monellin, brazzein, L-alanine, glycine, Lo Han Guo, hemandulcin, phyllodulcin, trilobtain, and combinations thereof. In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, the consumable products and beverage products can further include one or more additives selected from a carbohydrate, a polyol, an amino acid or salt thereof, a poly-amino acid or salt thereof, a sugar acid or salt thereof, a nucleotide, an organic acid, an inorganic acid, an organic salt, an organic acid salt, an organic base salt, an inorganic salt, a bitter compound, a flavorant, a flavoring ingredient, an astringent compound, a protein, a protein hydrolysate, a surfactant, an emulsifier, a flavonoids, an alcohol, a polymer, and combinations thereof. In certain embodiments that may or may not be combined with any one of the preceding embodiments, the rebaudioside R6-1, rebaudioside R6-2A, rebaudioside R6-2B, rebaudioside R6-4A, rebaudioside R6-4B, or rebaudioside R7-2 has a purity of about 50% to about 100% by weight before it is added into the product.

EXAMPLES

Exam p le 1: Production of Novel Steviol Glycosides R6-2 and R7-2 bv Enzymatic

Bioconversion [00211] According to the current invention full-length DNA fragments of all candidate UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) genes were commercially synthesized. Almost all codons of the cDNA were changed to those preferred for E. coli (Genscript, NJ). The synthesized DNA was cloned into a bacterial expression vector pETite N-His SUMO Kan Vector (Lucigen).

[00212] Each expression construct was transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3), which was subsequently grown in LB media containing 50 pg/mL kanamycin at 37 °C until reaching an OD600 of 0.8-1.0. Protein expression was induced by addition of 1 mM isopropyl b-D-l- thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and the culture was further grown at 16 °C for 22 hr. Cells were harvested by centrifugation (3,000 x g; 10 min; 4 °C). The cell pellets were collected and were either used immediately or stored at -80 °C.

[00213] The cell pellets typically were re-suspended in lysis buffer (50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 25ug/ml lysozyme, 5ug/ml DNase 1, 20 mM imidazole, 500 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol, and 0.4% Triton X-100). The cells were disrupted by sonication under 4 °C, and the cell debris was clarified by centrifugation (18,000 x g; 30 min).

Supernatant was loaded to an equilibrated (equilibration buffer 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 20 mM imidazole, 500 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol) Ni-NTA (Qiagen) affinity column. After loading of protein sample, the column was washed with equilibration buffer to remove unbound contaminant proteins. The His-tagged UGT recombinant polypeptides were eluted by equilibration buffer containing 250mM imidazole.

[00214] The purified candidate UGTs recombinant polypeptides were assayed for glycosylation activity by using rebaudioside D3 (Reb D3) as substrate. Typically, the recombinant polypeptide (10-50 pg) was tested in a 200 mΐ in vitro reaction system. The reaction system contained 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 3 mM MgCh, 1 mg/ml Reb D3 substrate, 1 mM UDP-glucose or UDP and/or sucrose synthase (SUS) and 250mM sucrose. The reaction was performed at 30-37 °C and 50ul reaction was terminated by adding 200 pL 1-butanol at various time points. The samples were extracted three times with 200 pL 1-butanol. The pooled fraction was dried and dissolved in 100 pL 80% methanol for high- performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis.

[00215] HPLC analysis was then performed using a Dionex UPLC ultimate 3000 system (Sunnyvale, CA), including a quaternary pump, a temperature-controlled column compartment, an auto sampler and a UV absorbance detector. A Synergi Hydro-RP column (Phenomenex) with guard column was used for the characterization of steviol glycosides in the pooled samples. Acetonitrile in water was used for isocratic elution in the HPLC analysis. The detection wavelength used in the HPLC analysis was 210nm.

[00216] After activity screening, it was found that UGT76G1 (SEQ ID NO: 1) has strong activity to produce R6-2 and R7-2 steviol glycosides (FIG. 2).

[00217] As shown in FIG. 3, UGT76G1 can convert Reb D3 to R6-2 and the produced R6-2 can be converted to R7-2 continentally. R6-2 and R7-2 was produced at early reaction time (2hr, FIG. 3, Panel B). The produced R6-2 can be converted to R7-2 at later time points (4hr, FIG. 3, Panel C). Eventually, all Reb D3 and produced R6-2 can be fully converted to R7-2 compound (19hr, FIG. 3, Panel D).

Examule 2: Identification of R6-2 and R7-2 Production via LC-MS Analysis

[00218] In order to confirm the produced compounds, the produced compound were analyzed by LC-MS analysis comparing to standards and confirmed their identities.

[00219] Same samples from above enzymatic bioconversion were analyzed by LC- MS using the Synergy Hydro -RP column. Mobile phase A was 0.1% formic acid in water, and mobile phase B was 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile. The flow rate was 0.6 ml/minute. Mass spectrometry analysis of the samples was done on the Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer (Thermo Fisher Scientific) with an optimized method in positive ion mode.

[00220] The molecular formula of compound R6-2 has been deduced as C56H90O33 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts ions corresponding to [M+ H] + at m/z 1291.5401 (FIG. 4). The predicted structure of R6-2 is presented in FIG. 2.

[00221] The molecular formula of compound R7-2 has been deduced as C62H100O38 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts ions corresponding to [M+ H] + at m/z 1453.5921 (FIG. 5). The predicted structure of R7-2 is presented in FIG. 2, 6 and 7.

Examnle 3: The structure of R7-2 was analyzed by NMR:

[00222] The produced R7-2 compound was purified by semi preparative

chromatography as described above.

[00223] HRMS data were generated with a LTQ Orbitrap Discovery HRMS instrument, with its resolution set to 30k. Scanned data from m/z 150 to 1500 in positive ion electrospray mode. The needle voltage was set to 4 kV; the other source conditions were sheath gas = 25, aux gas = 0, sweep gas = 5 (all gas flows in arbitrary units), capillary voltage = 30V, capillary temperature = 300°C, and tube lens voltage = 75. Sample was diluted with pyridine and injected 50 microliters.

[00224] NMR spectra were acquired on Bruker Avance DRX 500 MHz or Varian INOVA 600 MHz instrument instruments using standard pulse sequences. The ID ( ! H and 13 C) and 2D (TOCSY, HSQC, ROESY, and HMBC) NMR spectra were performed in C5D5N.

[00225] The molecular formula of compound R7-2 has been deduced as C62H100O38 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts ions corresponding to [M+ NH4]* at m/z 1470.6222 and [M+Na]* at m/z 1475.5774; this composition was supported by 13 C NMR, and HSQC spectral data. The *H NMR spectrum of R7-2 showed the presence of two sp3 methyl singlets at d 1.33 and 1.39; two olefinic protons as singlets at d 5.00 and 5.74 of an exocyclic double bond; nine sp3 methylene and two sp3 methine protons between d 0.75-2.74 characteristic for the ent-kaurane diterpenoids isolated earlier from the genus Stevia. Enzymatic hydrolysis of R7-2 furnished a compound which was found identical to steviol based on NMR spectral data (Ohtani et al, 1992). The X H NMR spectrum of R7-2 also showed the presence of anomeric protons resonating at d 4.99, 5.05, 5.35, 5.38, 5.43, 5.82, and 6.40 suggesting seven sugar units in its molecular structure. Acid hydrolysis of R7-2 with 5% H2SO4 afforded D-glucose which was identified by direct comparison with authentic sample by TLC suggested the presence of six glucopyranosyl moieties in its molecular structure (Bedir et al., 2001; Chaturvedula et al., 2003; and Huan et al., 1998). Further, configuration of D-glucose was identified by preparing its corresponding thiocarbamoyl-thiazolidine carboxylate derivative with L-cysteine methyl ester and O-tolyl isothiocyanate, and in comparison, of its retention time with the standard sugars as described in the literature comparison (Tanaka et al., 2007). Based on the results from NMR spectral data of R7-2, it was concluded that there are seven D-glucosyl units in its structure attached to the steviol moiety. The basic skeleton of steviol in R7-2 was supported by TOCSY (H-l/H-2; H- 2/H-3; H-5/H-6; H-6/H-7; H-9/H-11; H-ll/H-12) and HMBC (H-l/C-2, C-10; H-3/C-1, C-2, C-4, C-5, C-18, C-19; H-5/C-4, C-6, C-7, C-9, C-10, C-18, C-19, C-20; H-9/C-8, C-10, C-ll, C-12, C-14, C-15; H-14/C-8, C-9, C-13, C-15, C-16 and H-17/C-13, C-15, C-16) correlations.

[00226] The *H and 13 C NMR values for all protons and carbons in R7-2 were assigned on the basis of TOCSY, HMQC and HMBC correlations and are given in Table 1.

[00227] A close comparison of the *H and 13 C NMR spectrum of R7-2 with rebaudioside D3 (Mao et al. 2017) suggested that this compound is also a steviol glycoside with four glucosyl moieties attached at the C-13 hydroxyl of which three are attached in the form of an ether as a 2,3-branched glucotriosyl substituent; and another 2,3 -branched glucotriosyl moiety at C- 19 as an ester. The above data accounted for six glucosyl units in the molecular structure of R7-2 leaving an identification of the additional glucosyl moiety on the 2,3-branched glucotriosyl substituent at C-13 position. Based on the key TOCSY and HMBC correlations shown in FIG. 8, the placement of the seventh glucosyl moiety has been assigned at C-6 position of Sugar P as in rebaudioside D3.

[00228] The large coupling constants observed for all the seven anomeric protons of the glucosyl moieties at d 4.99 (d, J=7.6 Hz), 5.05 (d, J=7.4 Hz), 5.35 (d, J=8.1 Hz), 5.38 (d, J=7.7 Hz), 5.43 (d, J=7.7 Hz), 5.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz), and 6.40 (d, J=8.1 Hz), suggested their b- orientation as reported for steviol glycosides.

[00229] Based on the NMR and HR mass spectral data as well as hydrolysis studies, structure of R7-2 produced by the enzymatic conversion of Rebaudioside D3 was deduced as 13-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-3-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-6-0-P-D-g lucopyranosyl-P-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-3-0-P-D- glucopyranosyl -P-D-glucopyranosyl)ester.

[00230] R7-2 (500 pg) was dissolved in 5.0 ml of 0.1 M sodium acetate buffer by maintaining pH at 4.5 and 100 uL of crude pectinase from Aspergillus niger (Sigma- Aldrich) was added. The mixture was stirred at 50° C for 96 hr and the product precipitated out during the reaction was filtered and then solidified. The resulting product obtained was identified as steviol by comparison of their *H NMR spectral data.

[00231] R7-2 (1 mg) is dissolved in MeOH (8 ml) and added 5% H2SO4 (25 mL). The mixture was refluxed for 16 hours, cooled to room temperature and then neutralized with saturated sodium carbonate. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (EtOAc, 2 x 25 ml) and the aqueous layer was concentrated and compared with standard sugars using the TLC system EtOAc/n-butanol/water (2:7:1) and CHzClz/MeOH/water (10:6:1) (Bedir et al., 2001; Chaturvedula et al., 2003; Huan et al., 1998); the sugars in R7-2 were identified as D- glucose.

[00232] R7-2 (1 mg) was hydrolyzed with 0.5 M HC1 (1.5 mL) for 1.5 h. After cooling, the mixture was passed through an Amberlite IRA400 column and the eluate was lyophilized. The residue was dissolved in pyridine (0.75 mL) and heated with L-cysteine methyl ester HC1 (7.5 mg) at 60°C for 1.5 h, and then O-tolyl isothiocyanate (30 uL) was added to the mixture and heated at 60°C for an additional 1.5 h. HPLC analysis of the reaction mixture was performed by a Phenomenex Luna column [C18, 150 x 4.6 mm (5 u)] using the mobile phase 25% acetonitrile-0.2% TFA water, 1 mL/min under UV detection at 250 nm. The sugar was identified as D-glucose (tR, 12.72) [authentic samples, D-glucose (tR, 12.64) and L- glucose (tR, 11.48 min)] (Tanaka et al., 2007).

[00233] A compound named R7-2 was obtained from enzymatic bioconversion of rebaudioside D3. The structure elucidation, and complete NMR spectral assignments ('H and 13 C) for R7-2 were made on the basis of extensive ID and 2D NMR as well as high resolution mass spectral data and hydrolysis studies, which suggested the structure as 13-[(2-0-b-O- glucopyranosyl-3-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-6-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl -P-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid-[(2-0^-D-glucopyranosyl-3-0^-D-glucopyranosyl -b-D- glucopyranosyl)ester (FIG. 6).

Examnle 5: Production of Novel Steviol Glvcoside R6-1 bv Enzymatic Bioconversion:

[00234] Full-length DNA fragments of all candidate UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) genes were commercially synthesized. Almost all codons of the cDNA were changed to those preferred for E. coli (Genscript, NJ). The synthesized DNA was cloned into a bacterial expression vector pETite N-His SUMO Kan Vector (Lucigen).

Each expression construct was transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3), which was subsequently grown in LB media containing 50 pg/mL kanamycin at 37 °C until reaching an ODeoo of 0.8- 1.0. Protein expression was induced by addition of 1 mM isopropyl b-D-l- thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and the culture was further grown at 16 °C for 22 hr. Cells were harvested by centrifugation (3,000 x g; 10 min; 4 °C). The cell pellets were collected and were either used immediately or stored at -80 °C.

[00235] The cell pellets typically were re-suspended in lysis buffer (50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 25ug/ml lysozyme, 5ug/ml DNase 1, 20 mM imidazole, 500 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol, and 0.4% Triton X-100). The cells were disrupted by sonication under 4 °C, and the cell debris was clarified by centrifugation (18,000 x g; 30 min).

Supernatant was loaded to an equilibrated (equilibration buffer 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 20 mM imidazole, 500 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol) Ni-NTA (Qiagen) affinity column. After loading of protein sample, the column was washed with equilibration buffer to remove unbound contaminant proteins. The His-tagged UGT recombinant polypeptides were eluted by equilibration buffer containing 250mM imidazole.

[00236] The purified candidate UGTs recombinant polypeptides were assayed for glycosylation activity by using rebaudioside D (Reb D) as substrate. Typically, the recombinant polypeptide (50-100 pg) was tested in a 200 mΐ in vitro reaction system. The reaction system contained 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 3 mM MgCh, 0.5 mg/ml Reb D substrate, 1 mM UDP-glucose or UDP and/or sucrose synthase (SUS) and 250mM sucrose. The reaction was performed at 30-37 °C and 50ul reaction was terminated by adding 200 pL 1 -butanol at various time points. The samples were extracted three times with 200 pL 1-butanol. The pooled fraction was dried and dissolved in 100 pL 80% methanol for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis.

[00237] HPLC analysis was then performed using a Dionex UPLC ultimate 3000 system (Sunnyvale, CA), including a quaternary pump, a temperature-controlled column compartment, an auto sampler and a UV absorbance detector. A Synergi Hydro-RP column (Phenomenex) with guard column was used for the characterization of steviol glycosides in the pooled samples. Mobile phase A is water, and mobile phase B is acetonitrile. The detection wavelength used in the HPLC analysis was 210nm.

[00238] After activity screening, HV1 (SEQ ID NO: 3) was found to have strong activity to produce R6-1 steviol glycoside (FIG. 9). As shown in FIG. 10, HV1 can convert Reb D to R6-1. More R6-1 can be produced after longer reaction time (24hr, FIG. 10, Panel C).

Examnle 6: Identification of R6-1 Production bv LC-MS Analysis

[00239] In order to confirm the produced compounds, the produced compound was analyzed by LC-MS analysis comparing to standards and their identities confirmed.

[00240] Same samples from above enzymatical bioconversion were analyzed by LC- MS using the Synergy Hydro-RP column. Mobile phase A was 0.1% formic acid in water, and mobile phase B was 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile. The flow rate was 0.6 ml/minute. Mass spectrometry analysis of the samples was done on the Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer (Thermo Fisher Scientific) with an optimized method in positive ion mode.

[00241] The molecular formula of compound R6-1 has been deduced as C56H90O33 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts ions corresponding to [M+ H] + at m/z 1291.5430 and [M+ Na] + at m/z 1313.5245 (FIG. 11). The predicted structure of R6-1 is presented in FIG. 9 and FIG. 12.

Examnle 7: The structure of R6-1 was analyzed by NMR:

[00242] The produced R6- 1 compound was purified by semi preparative

chromatography as described above.

[00243] High resolution mass spectral data were generated with a LTQ Orbitrap Discovery HRMS instrument, with its resolution set to 30k. Scanned data from m/z 150 to 1500 in positive ion electrospray mode. The needle voltage was set to 4 kV; the other source conditions were sheath gas = 25, aux gas = 0, sweep gas = 5 (all gas flows in arbitrary units), capillary voltage = 30V, capillary temperature = 300°C, and tube lens voltage = 75. Sample was diluted with pyridine and injected 50 microliters.

[00244] NMR spectra were acquired on Bruker Avance DRX 500 MHz or Varian INOVA 600 MHz instrument using standard pulse sequences. The ID (*H and 13 C) and 2D (TOCSY, HSQC, ROESY, and HMBC) NMR spectra were performed in C5D5N.

[00245] The molecular formula of R6-1 has been deduced as C56H90O33 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts at m/z 1308.5693 and 1313.5236 corresponding to [M+ NH4] + and [M+Na] + ions respectively; this composition was supported by 13 C NMR spectral data. The ! H NMR spectrum of R6-1 showed the presence of two sp3 methyl singlets at d 1.12 and 1.48, two olefinic protons as singlets at d 5.01 and 5.64 of an exocyclic double bond, nine sp3 methylene and two sp3 methine protons between d 0.74-2.87 characteristic for the ent-kaurane diterpenoids isolated earlier from the genus Stevia. The basic skeleton of ent-kaurane diterpenoids was supported by TOCSY (H- l/H-2; H-2/H-3; H-5/H-6; H-6/H-7; H-9/H-11; H-ll/H-12) and HMBC (H-l/C-2, C-10; H- 3/C-l, C-2, C-4, C-5, C-18, C-19; H-5/C-4, C-6, C-7, C-9, C-10, C-18, C-19, C-20; H-9/C-8, C-10, C-ll, C-12, C-14, C-15; H-14/C-8, C-9, C-13, C-15, C-16 and H-17/C-13, C-15, C-16) correlations.

[00246] Acid hydrolysis of R6-1 with 5% H2SO4 afforded D-glucose which was identified by direct comparison with authentic sample by TLC suggested the presence of six glucopyranosyl moieties in its molecular structure (Bedir et al., 2001; Chaturvedula et al., 2003; and Huan et al., 1998). Enzymatic hydrolysis of R6-1 furnished a compound which was found identical to steviol based on NMR spectral data (Ohtani et al, 1992). The configuration of D-glucose was identified by preparing its corresponding thiocarbamoyl-thiazolidine carboxylate derivative with L-cysteine methyl ester and O-tolyl isothiocyanate, and in comparison, of its retention time with the standard sugars as described in the literature comparison (Tanaka et al., 2007). Based on the results from NMR spectral data of R6-1, it was concluded that there are six glucosyl units in its structure which was supported by the ! H NMR spectrum of R6-1 that showed the presence of anomeric protons resonating at d 5.04, 5.05, 5.24, 5.37, 5.57, and 6.36; suggesting six sugar units in its molecular structure. A close comparison of the *H and 13 C NMR spectrum with rebaudioside D suggested that compound R6-1 is also a steviol glycoside which has three glucose residues that are attached at the C-13 hydroxyl as a 2,3-branched glucotriosyl substituent as an ether and 2-substituted glucobiosyl moiety at C-19 as an ester leaving the assignment of the additional glucosyl moiety. The key TOCSY and HMBC correlations shown in FIG. 13 suggested the placement of the sixth glucosyl moiety at C-2 position of Sugar V.

[00247] The large coupling constants observed for the six anomeric protons of the glucose moieties at d 5.04 (d, J=7.6 Hz), 5.05 (d, J=7.4 Hz), 5.24 (d, J=7.6 Hz), 5.37 (d, J=7.4 Hz), 5.57 (d, J=7.7 Hz) and 6.36 (d, J=7.6 Hz), suggested their b-orientadon as reported for steviol glycosides.

[00248] The ! H and 13 C NMR values for all protons and carbons in R6-1 were assigned on the basis of TOCS Y, HMQC and HMBC correlations and are given in Table 2.

[00249] Based on the results of NMR and HR mass spectral data as well as hydrolysis studies, the structure of R6-1 produced by the enzymatic conversion of rebaudioside D was deduced as 13-[(2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-3-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-P-D-gluco pyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur- 16-en- 19-oic acid- [(2-0-{2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl } -P-D-glucopyranosyl-P-D- glucopyranosyl)ester (FIG. 12).

[00250] R6-1 (250 pg) was dissolved in 2.5 ml of 0.1 M sodium acetate buffer by maintaining pH at 4.5 and 50 pL of cmde pectinase from Aspergillus niger (Sigma- Aldrich) was added. The mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 48 hr and the product precipitated out during the reaction was filtered and then crystallized. The resulting product obtained was identified as steviol by comparison of their *H NMR spectral data (Ohtani et al., 1992).

[00251] R6-1 (500 pg) is dissolved in MeOH (3 ml) and added 5% H 2 S0 4 (10 mL). The mixture was refluxed for 16 hours, cooled to room temperature and then neutralized with saturated sodium carbonate. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (EtOAc, 2 x 15 ml) and the aqueous layer was concentrated and compared with standard sugars using the TLC system EtOAc/n-butanol/water (2:7:1) and CHiCli/MeOH/water (10:6:1) (Bedir et al., 2001; Chaturvedula et al., 2003; Huan et al., 1998); the sugars in R6-1 were identified as D- glucose.

[00252] R6-1 (500 pg) was hydrolyzed with 0.5 M HC1 (0.5 mL) for 1.5 h. After cooling, the mixture was passed through an Amberlite IRA400 column and the eluate was lyophilized. The residue was dissolved in pyridine (0.25 mL) and heated with L-cysteine methyl ester HC1 (2.5 mg) at 60°C for 1.5 h, and then O-tolyl isothiocyanate (12.5 uL) was added to the mixture and heated at 60°C for an additional 1.5 h. HPLC analysis of the reaction mixture was performed by a Phenomenex Luna column [C18, 150 x 4.6 mm (5 u)] using the mobile phase 25% acetonitrile-0.2% TFA water, 1 mL/min under UV detection at 250 nm. The sugar was identified as D-glucose (tR, 12.64) [authentic samples, D-glucose (tR, 12.54) and L- glucose (tR, 11.42 min)] (Tanaka et al., 2007). [002S3] The complete ! H and 13 C NMR spectral assignments for R6-1 were made on the basis of extensive ID and 2D NMR as well as high resolution mass spectral data and hydrolysis, which suggested the structure as 13-[(2-0^-D-glucopyranosyl-3-0^-D- glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur- 16-en- 19-oic acid-[(2-0- { 2-O-b-O- glucopyranosyl}-P-D-glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl)ester (FIG. 12).

Example 8: Production of Steviol Glycosides Rebaudloside R6-4A and Rebaudloslde R6- 4B by Enzymatic Bioconversion.

[00254] Full-length DNA fragments of all candidate UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) genes were commercially synthesized. Almost all codons of the cDNA were changed to those preferred for E. coli (Genscript, NJ). The synthesized DNA was cloned into a bacterial expression vector pETite N-His SUMO Kan Vector (Lucigen).

[00255] Each expression construct was transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3), which was subsequently grown in LB media containing 50 pg/mL kanamycin at 37 °C until reaching an ODeoo of 0.8- 1.0. Protein expression was induced by addition of 1 mM isopropyl b-D-l- thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and the culture was further grown at 16 °C for 22 hr. Cells were harvested by centrifugation (3,000 x g; 10 min; 4 °C). The cell pellets were collected and were either used immediately or stored at -80 °C.

[00256] The cell pellets typically were re-suspended in lysis buffer (50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 25ug/ml lysozyme, 5ug/ml DNase 1, 20 mM imidazole, 500 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol, and 0.4% Triton X-100). The cells were disrupted by sonication under 4 °C, and the cell debris was clarified by centrifugation (18,000 x g; 30 min).

Supernatant was loaded to an equilibrated (equilibration buffer 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 20 mM imidazole, 500 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol) Ni-NTA (Qiagen) affinity column. After loading of protein sample, the column was washed with equilibration buffer to remove unbound contaminant proteins. The His-tagged UGT recombinant polypeptides were eluted by equilibration buffer containing 250mM imidazole.

[00257] The purified candidate UGTs recombinant polypeptides were assayed for glycosylation activity by using rebaudioside Z (a mixture of Reb Z1 and Reb Z2) as substrate. Typically, the recombinant polypeptide (10-50 pg) was tested in a 200 mΐ in vitro reaction system. The reaction system contained 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 3 mM MgCk, 1 mg/ml Reb Z substrate, 1 mM UDP-glucose or UDP and/or sucrose synthase (SUS) and 250mM sucrose. The reaction was performed at 30-37 °C and 50ul reaction was terminated by adding 200 pL 1 -butanol at various time points. The samples were extracted three times with 200 pL 1-butanol. The pooled fraction was dried and dissolved in 100 pL 80% methanol for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis.

[00258] HPLC analysis was then performed using a Dionex UPLC ultimate 3000 system (Sunnyvale, CA), including a quaternary pump, a temperature-controlled column compartment, an auto sampler and a UV absorbance detector. A Synergi Hydro-RP column (Phenomenex) with guard column was used for the characterization of steviol glycosides in the pooled samples. Acetonitrile and water was used for mobile solution in the HPLC analysis.

The detection wavelength used in the HPLC analysis was 210nm.

[00259] After activity screening, HV1 (SEQ ID NO: 3) was found to have strong activity to produce R6-4 steviol glycoside (FIG. 14). As shown in FIG. 15, HV1 can convert Reb Z to R6-4. More R6-4 can be produced at later reaction time (FIG. 15, Panel C).

Examole 9: Identification of R6-4 Production by LC-MS Analysis

[00260] In order to confirm the produced compounds, the produced compound was analyzed by LC-MS analysis comparing to standards and their identities confirmed.

[00261] Same samples from above enzymatical bioconversion were analyzed by LC- MS using the Synergy Hydro-RP column. Mobile phase A was 0.1% formic acid in water, and mobile phase B was 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile. The flow rate was 0.6 ml/minute. Mass spectrometry analysis of the samples was done on the Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer (Thermo Fisher Scientific) with an optimized method in positive ion mode.

[00262] The molecular formula of compound R6-4 has been deduced as C56H90O33 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts ions corresponding to [M+ Na]+ at m/z 1313.5242 (FIG. 16). The predicted structures of R6-4A and R6-4B are presented in FIG. 14 and 17.

Example 10: The Structure of R6-4 was Analyzed by NMR:

[00263] The produced R6-4 compound was purified by semi preparative

chromatography as described above.

[00264] HRMS data were generated with a LTQ Orbitrap Discovery HRMS instrument, with its resolution set to 30k. Scanned data from m/z 150 to 1500 in positive ion electrospray mode. The needle voltage was set to 4 kV; the other source conditions were sheath gas = 25, aux gas = 0, sweep gas = 5 (all gas flows in arbitrary units), capillary voltage = 30V, capillary temperature = 300 °C, and tube lens voltage = 75. Sample was diluted with pyridine and injected 50 microliters.

[00265] NMR spectra were acquired on Bruker Avance DRX 500 MHz or Varian INOVA 600 MHz instrument instruments using standard pulse sequences. The ID (*H and 13 C) and 2D (TOCSY, HSQC, ROESY, and HMBC) NMR spectra were performed in C5D5N.

[00266] The molecular formula of R6-4 compound has been deduced as C56H90O33 on the basis of its positive high resolution (HR) mass spectrum which showed adducts at m/z 1308.5692 and 1313.5237 corresponding to [M+ NHt] "1" and [M+Na] + ions respectively, and this composition was supported by 13 C NMR spectral data. The NMR spectral data and HPLC of R6-4 indicated that this compound is a mixture of two major compounds R6-4A and R6-4B in the ratio of about 70:30, hence the ! H and 13 C NMR spectral data of R6-4 showed two peaks for majority of protons and carbons present in its molecular structure. The *H NMR spectrum of R6-4 showed the presence of two sp3 methyl singlets, two olefinic protons as singlets of an exocyclic double bond, nine sp3 methylene and two sp3 methine protons between

characteristic for the ent-kaurane diterpenoids isolated earlier from the genus Stevia.

Enzymatic hydrolysis of R6-4 furnished a compound which was found identical to steviol based on NMR spectral data (Ohtani et al, 1992). Acid hydrolysis of R6-4 with 5% H2SO4 afforded D-glucose which was identified by direct comparison with authentic sample by TLC suggested the presence of six glucopyranosyl moieties in its molecular structure (Bedir et al., 2001; Chaturvedula et al., 2003; and Huan et al., 1998). The configuration of D-glucose was identified by preparing its corresponding thiocaibamoyl-thiazolidine carboxylate derivative with L-cysteine methyl ester and O-tolyl isothiocyanate, and in comparison, of its retention time with the standard sugars as described in the literature comparison (Tanaka et al., 2007). Based on the results from NMR spectral data and hydrolysis studies it was concluded that there are six glucosyl units in the molecular structure of R6-4 which was supported by the ! H NMR spectrum that showed six anomeric protons resonating between d 5.03-6.44. Further, the large coupling constants observed for all six anomeric protons of the glucosyl moieties suggested their b-orientation as reported for steviol glycosides.

[00267] The *H and 13 C NMR values for all protons and carbons for compounds R6- 4A and R6-4B were assigned on the basis of TOCSY, HMQC, HMBC and ROESY correlations and are given in Table 3.

[00268] A close comparison of the [ H and 13 C NMR spectrum with rebaudioside Z (a mixture of Reb Z1 and Reb Z2) as well as from the key TOCSY, ROESY and HMBC correlations suggested that R6-4 compound is a mixture of two steviol glycosides of which the major compound is having three glycosyl units that are attached at the C- 13 hydroxyl as an ether and another three glycosyl units at C-19 as an ester as shown in R6-4A whereas the minor compound is having two glycosyl units that are attached at the C- 13 hydroxyl as an ether and four glycosyl units at C-19 as an ester that was represented in R6-4B.

[00269] Based on the results of NMR and HR mass spectral data as well as hydrolysis studies, the structure of R6-4 produced by the enzymatic conversion of rebaudioside Z which is a mixture of two major compounds was deduced as 13-[(2-0-{2-0-P-D-glucopyranosyl-fi-D- glucopyranosyl}-P-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en- 19-oic acid- [(2-0- {2-O-b-O- glucopyranosyl}-P-D-glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl)ester (R6-4A) or 13-[(2-0-b-ϋ- glucopyranosyl-P-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur- 16-en- 19-oic acid-[(2-0-[(2-0- { 2-O-b-O- glucopyranosyl^-D-glucopyranosyl } ^-D-glucopyranosyl)^-D-glucopyranosyl) ester (R6- 4B) (FIG. 17).

[00270] R6-4 compound (1 mg) was dissolved in 10 ml of 0.1 M sodium acetate buffer by maintaining pH at 4.5 and 250 uL of crude pectinase from Aspergillus niger (Sigma- Aldrich) was added. The mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 48 hr and the product precipitated out during the reaction was filtered and then solidified. The resulting product obtained was identified as steviol by comparison of their 1H NMR spectral data and co-TLC (Ohtani et al., 1992).

[00271] R6-4 compound (500 pg) is dissolved in MeOH (5 ml) and added 5% H2SO4 (15 mL). The mixture was refluxed for 24 hours, cooled to room temperature and then neutralized with saturated sodium carbonate. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (EtOAc, 2 x 25 ml) and the aqueous layer was concentrated and compared with standard sugars using the TLC system EtOAc/n-butanol/water (2:7:1) and

CHzQz/MeOH/water (10:6:1) (Bedir et al., 2001; Chaturvedula et al., 2003; Huan et al., 1998); the sugars in R6-4 were identified as D-glucose.

[00272] R6-4 compound (1 mg) was hydrolyzed with 0.5 M HC1 (2 mL) for 1.5 h. After cooling, the mixture was passed through an Amberlite IRA400 column and the eluate was lyophilized. The residue was dissolved in pyridine (0.75 mL) and heated with L-cysteine methyl ester HC1 (5 mg) at 6 CPC for 1.5 h, and then O-tolyl isothiocyanate (30 pL) was added to the mixture and heated at 60°C for an additional 1.5 h. HPLC analysis of the reaction mixture was performed by a Phenomenex Luna column [C18, 150 x 4.6 mm (5 u)] using the mobile phase 25% acetonitrile-0.2% TFA water, 1 mlVmin under UV detection at 250 nm. The sugar was identified as D-glucose (tR, 12.38) [authentic samples, D-glucose (tR, 12.44) and L- glucose (tR, 11.30 min)] (Tanaka et al., 2007). Sequences:

UGT76G1: Amino Acid Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 1)

MENKTETTVRRRRRIILFPVPFQGHINPILQLANVLYSKGFSmFHTNFNKPKTSNYP HF TFRFILDNDPQDERISNLPTHGPLAGMRIPIINEHGADELRRELELLMLASEEDEEVSCL I TDALWYFAQSVADSLNLRRLVLMTSSLFNFHAHVSLPQFDELGYLDPDDKTRLEEQA S GFPMLKVKDIKS A YSNWQILKEILGKMIKQTKAS S GVIWNS FKELEES ELETVIREIP A PSFLIPLPKHLTASSSSLLDHDRTVFQWLDQQPPSSVLYVSFGSTSEVDEKDFLEIARGL VDSKQSFLWWRPGFVKGSTWVEPLPDGFLGERGRIVKWVPQQEVLAHGAIGAFWT HSGWNSTLESVCEGVPMIFSDFGLDQPLNARYMSDVLKVGVYLENGWERGEIANAIR RVM VDEEGE YIRQN AR VLKQKAD V S LMKGGS S YES LES LVS YIS S L

UGT76G1: DNA Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 2)

ATGGAGAATAAGACAGAAACAACCGTAAGACGGAGGCGGAGGATTATCTTGTTCC

CTGTACCATTTCAGGGCCATATTAATCCGATCCTCCAATTAGCAAACGTCCTCTAC

TCCAAGGGATTTTCAATAACAATCTTCCATACTAACTTTAACAAGCCTAAAACGAG

TAATTATCCTCACTTTACATTCAGGTTCATTCTAGACAACGACCCTCAGGATGAGC

GTATCTCAAATTTACCTACGCATGGCCCCTTGGCAGGTATGCGAATACCAATAATC

AATGAGCATGGAGCCGATGAACTCCGTCGCGAGTTAGAGCTTCTCATGCTCGCAA

GTGAGGAAGACGAGGAAGTTTCGTGCCTAATAACTGATGCGCTTTGGTACTTCGCC

CAATCAGTCGCAGACTCACTGAATCTACGCCGTTTGGTCCTTATGACAAGTTCATT

ATTCAACTTTCACGCACATGTATCACTGCCGCAATTTGACGAGTTGGGTTACCTGG

ACCCGGATGACAAAACGCGATTGGAGGAACAAGCGTCGGGCTTCCCCATGCTGAA

AGTCAAAGATATTAAGAGCGCTTATAGTAATTGGCAAATTCTGAAAGAAATTCTC

GGAAAAATGATAAAGCAAACCAAAGCGTCCTCTGGAGTAATCTGGAACTCCTTCA

AGGAGTTAGAGGAATCTGAACTTGAAACGGTCATCAGAGAAATCCCCGCTCCCTC

GTTCTTAATTCCACTACCCAAGCACCTTACTGCAAGTAGCAGTTCCCTCCTAGATC

ATGACCGAACCGTGTTTCAGTGGCTGGATCAGCAACCCCCGTCGTCAGTTCTATAT

GTAAGCTTTGGGAGTACTTCGGAAGTGGATGAAAAGGACTTCTTAGAGATTGCGC

GAGGGCTCGTGGATAGCAAACAGAGCTTCCTGTGGGTAGTGAGACCGGGATTCGT

TAAGGGCTCGACGTGGGTCGAGCCGTTGCCAGATGGTTTTCTAGGGGAGAGAGGG

AGAATCGTGAAATGGGTTCCACAGCAAGAGGTTTTGGCTCACGGAGCTATAGGGG CCTTTTGGACCCACTCTGGTTGGAATTCTACTCTTGAAAGTGTCTGTGAAGGCGTT

CCAATGATATTTrCTGATTTTGGGCTTGACCAGCCTCTAAACGCTCGCTATATGTCT

GATGTGTTGAAGGTTGGCGTGTACCTGGAGAATGGTTGGGAAAGGGGGGAAATTG

CCAACGCCATACGCCGGGTAATGGTGGACGAGGAAGGTGAGTACATACGTCAGAA

CGCTCGGGTTTTAAAACAAAAAGCGGACGTCAGCCTTATGAAGGGAGGTAGCTCC

TATGAATCCCTAGAATCCTTGGTAAGCTATATATCTTCGTTATAA

HV1 UDP-glycosyltransferase: Amino Acid Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 3)

MDGNSSSSPLHWICPWLALGHLLPCLDIAERLASRGHRVSFVSTPRNIARLPPLRPA V APLVDFVALPLPHVDGLPEGAESTNDVPYDKFELHRKAFDGLAAPFSEFLRAACAEGA GSRPDWUVDTFHHWAAAAAVENKVPCVMLLLGAATVIAGFARGVSEHAAAAVGKE RPAAEAPSFETERRKLMTTQNASGMTVAERYFLTLMRSDLVAIRSCAEWEPESVAALT TLAGKP V VPLGLLPPS PEGGRG V S KED A A VRWLD AQP AKS V V Y V ALGS E VPLR AEQ V HELALGLELS G ARFLW ALRKPTD APD A A VLPPGFEERTRGRGLV VTGW VPQIG VLAH GAVAAFLTHCGWNSTIEGLLFGHPLIMLPISSDQGPNARLMEGRKVGMQVPRDESDGS FRREDVAATVRAVAVEEDGRRVFTANAKKMQEIVADGACHERCIDGFIQQLRSYKA

HV1 UDP-glycosyltransferase: DNA Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 4)

ATGGATGGTAACTCCTCCTCCTCGCCGCTGCATGTGGTCATTTGTCCGTGGCTGGC

TCTGGGTCACCTGCTGCCGTGTCTGGATATTGCTGAACGTCTGGCGTCACGCGGCC

ATCGTGTCAGTTTTGTGTCCACCCCGCGCAACATTGCCCGTCTGCCGCCGCTGCGT

CCGGCTGTTGCACCGCTGGTTGATTTCGTCGCACTGCCGCTGCCGCATGTTGACGG

TCTGCCGGAGGGTGCGGAATCGACCAATGATGTGCCGTATGACAAATTTGAACTG

CACCGTAAGGCGTTCGATGGTCTGGCGGCCCCGTTTAGCGAATTTCTGCGTGCAGC

TTGCGCAGAAGGTGCAGGTTCTCGCCCGGATTGGCTGATTGTGGACACCTTTCATC

ACTGGGCGGCGGCGGCGGCGGTGGAAAACAAAGTGCCGTGTGTTATGCTGCTGCT

GGGTGCAGCAACGGTGATCGCTGGTTTCGCGCGTGGTGTTAGCGAACATGCGGCG

GCGGCGGTGGGTAAAGAACGTCCGGCTGCGGAAGCCCCGAGTTTTGAAACCGAAC

GTCGCAAGCTGATGACCACGCAGAATGCCTCCGGCATGACCGTGGCAGAACGCTA

TTTCCTGACGCTGATGCGTAGCGATCTGGTTGCCATCCGCTCTTGCGCAGAATGGG

AACCGGAAAGCGTGGCAGCACTGACCACGCTGGCAGGTAAACCGGTGGTTCCGCT

GGGTCTGCTGCCGCCGAGTCCGGAAGGCGGTCGTGGCGTTTCCAAAGAAGATGCT GCGGTCCGTTGGCTGGACGCACAGCCGGCAAAGTCAGTCGTGTACGTCGCACTGG

GTTCGGAAGTGCCGCTGCGTGCGGAACAAGTTCACGAACTGGCACTGGGCCTGGA

ACTGAGCGGTGCTCGCTTTCTGTGGGCGCTGCGTAAACCGACCGATGCACCGGAC

GCCGCAGTGCTGCCGCCGGGTTTCGAAGAACGTACCCGCGGCCGTGGTCTGGTTGT

CACGGGTTGGGTGCCGCAGATTGGCGTTCTGGCTCATGGTGCGGTGGCTGCGTTTC

TGACCCACTGTGGCTGGAACTCTACGATCGAAGGCCTGCTGTTCGGTCATCCGCTG

ATTATGCTGCCGATCAGCTCTGATCAGGGTCCGAATGCGCGCCTGATGGAAGGCC

GTAAAGTCGGTATGCAAGTGCCGCGTGATGAATCAGACGGCTCGTTTCGTCGCGA

AGATGTTGCCGCAACCGTCCGCGCCGTGGCAGTTGAAGAAGACGGTCGTCGCGTC

TTCACGGCTAACGCGAAAAAGATGCAAGAAATTGTGGCCGATGGCGCATGCCACG

AACGTTGTATTGACGGTTTTATCCAGCAACTGCGCAGTTACAAGGCGTAA

UGT76G1- sucrose synthase (SUS) fusion enzyme: Amino Acid Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 5)

MENKTETTVRRRRRULFPVPFQGHINPILQLANVLYSKGFSmFHTNFNKPKTSNYPH F

TFRFILDNDPQDERISNLPTHGPLAGMRIPIINEHGADELRRELELLMLASEEDEEV SCLI

TDALWYFAQSVADSLNLRRLVLMTSSLFNFHAHVSLPQFDELGYLDPDDKTRLEEQA

S GFPMLKVKDIKS A YSNWQILKEILGKMIKQTKAS S GVIWNS FKELEES ELETVIREIP A

PSFLIPLPKHLTASSSSLLDHDRTVFQWLDQQPPSSVLYVSFGSTSEVDEKDFLEIA RGL

VDSKQSFLWWRPGFVKGSTWVEPLPDGFLGERGRIVKWVPQQEVLAHGAIGAFWT

HS GWN S TLES V CEG VPMIFS DF GLD QPLN AR YMSD VLKV G V YLEN GWERGEIAN AIR

RVMVDEEGEYIRQNARVLKQKADVSLMKGGSSYESLESLVSYISSLGSGANAERMIT R

VHSQRERLNETLVSERNEVLALLSRVEAKGKGILQQNQIIAEFEALPEQTRKKLEGG PF

FDLLKSTQEAIVLPPWVALAVRPRPGVWEYLRVNLHALWEELQPAEFLHFKEELVD

G VKN GNFTLELDFEPFN AS IPRPTLHKYIGN G VDFLNRHLS AKLFHDKES LLPLLKFLR

LHS HQGKNLMLS EKIQNLNTLQHTLRK AEE YLAELKSETLYEEFE AKFEEIGLERGW G

DNAERVLDMIRLLLDLLEAPDPCTLETFLGRVPMVFNVVILSPHGYFAQDNVLGYPD T

GGQVVYILDQVRALEIEMLQRIKQQGLNIKPRILILTRLLPDAVGTTCGERLERVYD SE

YCDILRVPFRTEKGrVRKWISRFEVWPYLETYTEDAAVELSKELNGKPDLIIGNYSD GN

LVASLLAHKLGVTQCTIAHALEKTKYPDSDIYWKKLDDKYHFSCQFTADIFAMNHTD

FIITSTFQEIAGSKETVGQYESHTAFTLPGLYRVVHGIDVFDPKFNIVSPGADMSIY FPYT

EEKRRLTKFHSEIEELLYSDVENKEHLCVLKDKKKPILFTMARLDRVKNLSGLVEWY G

KNTRLRELANLW V GGDRRKES KDNEEKAEMKKM YDLIEE YKLN GQFRWIS S QMDR

VRNGELYRYICDTKGAFVQPALYEAFGLTVVEAMTCGLPTFATCKGGPAEIIVHGKS G FHIDPYHGDQAADTLADFFTKCKEDPSHWDEIS KGGLQRIEEKYTWQIYS QRLLTLTG VY GFWKHVSNLDRLEARRYLEMFYALKYRPLAQA VPLAQDD

UGT76G1- sucrose synthase (SUS) fusion enzyme: DNA Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 6)

ATGGAGAATAAGACAGAAACAACCGTAAGACGGAGGCGGAGGATTATCTTGTTCC

CTGTACCATTTCAGGGCCATATTAATCCGATCCTCCAATTAGCAAACGTCCTCTAC

TCCAAGGGATTTTCAATAACAATCTTCCATACTAACTTTAACAAGCCTAAAACGAG

TAATTATCCTCACTTTACATTCAGGTTCATTCTAGACAACGACCCTCAGGATGAGC

GTATCTCAAATTTACCTACGCATGGCCCCTTGGCAGGTATGCGAATACCAATAATC

AATGAGCATGGAGCCGATGAACTCCGTCGCGAGTTAGAGCTTCTCATGCTCGCAA

GTGAGGAAGACGAGGAAGTTTCGTGCCTAATAACTGATGCGCTTTGGTACTTCGCC

CAATCAGTCGCAGACTCACTGAATCTACGCCGTTTGGTCCTTATGACAAGTTCATT

ATTCAACTTTCACGCACATGTATCACTGCCGCAATTTGACGAGTTGGGTTACCTGG

ACCCGGATGACAAAACGCGATTGGAGGAACAAGCGTCGGGCTTCCCCATGCTGAA

AGTCAAAGATATTAAGAGCGCTTATAGTAATTGGCAAATTCTGAAAGAAATTCTC

GGAAAAATGATAAAGCAAACCAAAGCGTCCTCTGGAGTAATCTGGAACTCCTTCA

AGGAGTTAGAGGAATCTGAACTTGAAACGGTCATCAGAGAAATCCCCGCTCCCTC

GTTCTTAATTCCACTACCCAAGCACCTTACTGCAAGTAGCAGTTCCCTCCTAGATC

ATGACCGAACCGTGTTTCAGTGGCTGGATCAGCAACCCCCGTCGTCAGTTCTATAT

GTAAGCTTTGGGAGTACTTCGGAAGTGGATGAAAAGGACTTCTTAGAGATTGCGC

GAGGGCTCGTGGATAGCAAACAGAGCTTCCTGTGGGTAGTGAGACCGGGATTCGT

TAAGGGCTCGACGTGGGTCGAGCCGTTGCCAGATGGTTTTCTAGGGGAGAGAGGG

AGAATCGTGAAATGGGTTCCACAGCAAGAGGTTTTGGCTCACGGAGCTATAGGGG

CCTTTTGGACCCACTCTGGTTGGAATTCTACTCTTGAAAGTGTCTGTGAAGGCGTT

CCAATGATATTTTCTGATTTTGGGCTTGACCAGCCTCTAAACGCTCGCTATATGTCT

GATGTGTTGAAGGTTGGCGTGTACCTGGAGAATGGTTGGGAAAGGGGGGAAATTG

CCAACGCCATACGCCGGGTAATGGTGGACGAGGAAGGTGAGTACATACGTCAGAA

CGCTCGGGTTTTAAAACAAAAAGCGGACGTCAGCCTTATGAAGGGAGGTAGCTCC

TATGAATCCCTAGAATCCTTGGTAAGCTATATATCTTCGTTAGGTTCTGGTGCAAA

CGCTGAACGTATGATAACGCGCGTCCACAGCCAACGTGAGCGTTTGAACGAAACG

CTTGTTTCTGAGAGAAACGAAGTCCTTGCCTTGCTTTCCAGGGTTGAAGCCAAAGG

TAAAGGTATTTTACAACAAAACCAGATCATTGCTGAATTCGAAGCTTTGCCTGAAC

AAACCCGGAAGAAACTTGAAGGTGGTCCTTTCTTTGACCTTCTCAAATCCACTCAG GAAGCAATTGTGTTGCCACCATGGGTTGCTCTAGCTGTGAGGCCAAGGCCTGGTGT

TTGGGAATACTTACGAGTCAATCTCCATGCTCTTGTCGTTGAAGAACTCCAACCTG

CTGAGTTTCTTCATTTCAAGGAAGAACTCGTTGATGGAGTTAAGAATGGTAATTTC

ACTCTTGAGCTTGATTTCGAGCCATTCAATGCGTCTATCCCTCGTCCAACACTCCAC

AAATACATTGGAAATGGTGTTGACTTCCTTAACCGTCATTTATCGGCTAAGCTCTT

CCATGACAAGGAGAGTTTGCTTCCATTGCTTAAGTTCCTTCGTCTTCACAGCCACC

AGGGCAAGAACCTGATGTTGAGCGAGAAGATTCAGAACCTCAACACTCTGCAACA

CACCTTGAGGAAAGCAGAAGAGTATCTAGCAGAGCTTAAGTCCGAAACACTGTAT

GAAGAGTTTGAGGCCAAGTTTGAGGAGATTGGTCTTGAGAGGGGATGGGGAGACA

ATGCAGAGCGTGTCCTTGACATGATACGTCTTCTTTTGGACCTTCTTGAGGCGCCT

GATCCTTGCACTCTTGAGACTTTTCTTGGAAGAGTACCAATGGTGTTCAACGTTGT

GATCCTCTCTCCACATGGTTACTTTGCTCAGGACAATGTTCTTGGTTACCCTGACAC

TGGTGGACAGGTTGTTTACATTCTTGATCAAGTTCGTGCTCTGGAGATAGAGATGC

TTCAACGTATTAAGCAACAAGGACTCAACATTAAACCAAGGATTCTCATTCTAACT

CGACTTCTACCTGATGCGGTAGGAACTACATGCGGTGAACGTCTCGAGAGAGTTT

ATGATTCTGAGTACTGTGATATTCTTCGTGTGCCCTTCAGAACAGAGAAGGGTATT

GTTCGCAAATGGATCTCAAGGTTCGAAGTCTGGCCATATCTAGAGACTTACACCGA

GGATGCTGCGGTTGAGCTATCGAAAGAATTGAATGGCAAGCCTGACCTTATCATT

GGTAACTACAGTGATGGAAATCTTGTTGCTTCTTTATTGGCTCACAAACTTGGTGT

CACTCAGTGTACCATTGCTCATGCTCTTGAGAAAACAAAGTACCCGGATTCTGATA

TCTACTGGAAGAAGCTTGACGACAAGTACCATTTCTCATGCCAGTTCACTGCGGAT

ATTTTCGCAATGAACCACACTGATTTCATCATCACTAGTACnTCCAAGAAATTGC

TGGAAGCAAAGAAACTGTTGGGCAGTATGAAAGCCACACAGCCTTTACTCTTCCC

GGATTGTATCGAGTTGTTCACGGGATTGATGTGTTTGATCCCAAGTTCAACATTGT

CTCTCCTGGTGCTGATATGAGCATCTACTTCCCTTACACAGAGGAGAAGCGTAGAT

TGACTAAGTTCCACTCTGAGATCGAGGAGCTCCTCTACAGCGATGTTGAGAACAA

AGAGCACTTATGTGTGCTCAAGGACAAGAAGAAGCCGATTCTCTTCACAATGGCT

AGGCTTGATCGTGTCAAGAACTTGTCAGGTCTTGTTGAGTGGTACGGGAAGAACA

CCCGCTTGCGTGAGCTAGCTAACTTGGTTGTTGTTGGAGGAGACAGGAGGAAAGA

GTCAAAGGACAATGAAGAGAAAGCAGAGATGAAGAAAATGTATGATCTCATTGA

GGAATACAAGCTAAACGGTCAGTTCAGGTGGATCTCCTCTCAGATGGACCGGGTA

AGGAACGGTGAGCTGTACCGGTACATCTGTGACACCAAGGGTGCTTTTGTCCAAC

CTGCATTATATGAAGCCTTTGGGTTAACTGTTGTGGAGGCTATGACTTGTGGTTTA

CCGACTTTCGCCACTTGCAAAGGTGGTCCAGCTGAGATCATTGTGCACGGTAAATC GGGTTTCCACATTGACCCTTACCATGGTGATCAGGCTGCTGATACTCTTGCTGATTT

CTTCACCAAGTGTAAGGAGGATCCATCTCACTGGGATGAGATCTCAAAAGGAGGG

CTTCAGAGGATTGAGGAGAAATACACTTGGCAAATCTATTCACAGAGGCTCTTGA

CATTGACTGGTGTGTATGGATTCTGGAAGCATGTCTCGAACCTTGACCGTCTTGAG

GCTCGCCGTTACCTTGAAATGTTCTATGCATTGAAGTATCGCCCATTGGCTCAGGC

TGTTCCTCTTGCACAAGATGATTGA

HV1-SUS fusion enzyme: Amino Acid Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 7)

MDGNSSSSPLHWICPWLALGHLLPCLDIAERLASRGHRVSFVSTPRNIARLPPLRPA V

APLVDFVALPLPHVDGLPEGAESTNDVPYDKFELHRKAFDGLAAPFSEFLRAACAEG A

GSRPDWUVDTFHHWAAAAAVENKVPCVMLLLGAATVIAGFARGVSEHAAAAVGKE

RPAAEAPSFETERRKLMTTQNASGMTVAERYFLTLMRSDLVAIRSCAEWEPESVAAL T

TLAGKP V VPLGLLPPS PEGGRG V S KED A A VRWLD AQP AKS V V Y V ALGS E VPLR AEQ V

HELALGLELS G ARFLW ALRKPTD APD A A VLPPGFEERTRGRGLV VTGW VPQIG VLAH

GAVAAFLTHCGWNSTIEGLLFGHPLIMLPISSDQGPNARLMEGRKVGMQVPRDESDG S

FRREDVAATVRAVAVEEDGRRVFTANAKKMQEIVADGACHERCIDGFIQQLRSYKAG

S GAN AERMITR VHS QRERLNETLV S ERNE VLALLS R VEAKGKGILQQN QIIAEFE ALPE

QTRKKLEGGPFFDLLKSTQEAIVLPPWVALAVRPRPGVWEYLRVNLHALWEELQPA

EFLHFKEELVDGVKNGNFTLELDFEPFNASIPRPTLHKYIGNGVDFLNRHLSAKLFH DK

ES LLPLLKFLRLHS HQGKNLMLS EKIQNLNTLQHTLRKAEE YLAELKS ETLYEEFE AKF

EEIGLERGWGDNAERVLDMIRLLLDLLEAPDPCTLETFLGRVPMVFNWILSPHGYFA

QDNVLGYPDTGGQVVYILDQVRALEIEMLQRIKQQGLNIKPRILILTRLLPDAVGTT CG

ERLERVYDSEYCDILRVPFRTEKGIVRKWISRFEVWPYLETYTEDAAVELSKELNGK P

DLnGNYSDGNLVASLLAHKLGVTQCTIAHALEKTKYPDSDIYWKKLDDKYHFSCQFT

ADIFAMNHTDFIITSTFQEIAGSKETVGQYESHTAFTLPGLYRVVHGIDVFDPKFNI VSP

GADMSIYFPYTEEKRRLTKFHSEffiELLYSDVENKEHLCVLKDKKKPILFTMARLD RV

KNLS GLVEW YGKNTRLRELANLV WGGDRRKES KDNEEKAEMKKMYDLIEEYKLN

GQFRWIS S QMDRVRN GELYRYICDTKGAFV QPALYE AFGLTVVEAMTCGLPTFATCK

GGPAEnVHGKSGFHIDPYHGDQAADTLADFFTKCKEDPSHWDEISKGGLQRIEEKYT

W QIY S QRLLTLTG V Y GFWKH VSNLDRLE ARR YLEMFY ALKYRPLAQ A VPLAQDD

HV1-SUS fusion enzyme: DNA Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 8) ATGGATGGTAACTCCTCCTCCTCGCCGCTGCATGTGGTCATTTGTCCGTGGCTGGC

TCTGGGTCACCTGCTGCCGTGTCTGGATATTGCTGAACGTCTGGCGTCACGCGGCC

ATCGTGTCAGTTTTGTGTCCACCCCGCGCAACATTGCCCGTCTGCCGCCGCTGCGT

CCGGCTGTTGCACCGCTGGTTGATTTCGTCGCACTGCCGCTGCCGCATGTTGACGG

TCTGCCGGAGGGTGCGGAATCGACCAATGATGTGCCGTATGACAAATTTGAACTG

CACCGTAAGGCGTTCGATGGTCTGGCGGCCCCGTTTAGCGAATTTCTGCGTGCAGC

TTGCGCAGAAGGTGCAGGTTCTCGCCCGGATTGGCTGATTGTGGACACCTTTCATC

ACTGGGCGGCGGCGGCGGCGGTGGAAAACAAAGTGCCGTGTGTTATGCTGCTGCT

GGGTGCAGCAACGGTGATCGCTGGTTTCGCGCGTGGTGTTAGCGAACATGCGGCG

GCGGCGGTGGGTAAAGAACGTCCGGCTGCGGAAGCCCCGAGTTTTGAAACCGAAC

GTCGCAAGCTGATGACCACGCAGAATGCCTCCGGCATGACCGTGGCAGAACGCTA

TTTCCTGACGCTGATGCGTAGCGATCTGGTTGCCATCCGCTCTTGCGCAGAATGGG

AACCGGAAAGCGTGGCAGCACTGACCACGCTGGCAGGTAAACCGGTGGTTCCGCT

GGGTCTGCTGCCGCCGAGTCCGGAAGGCGGTCGTGGCGTTTCCAAAGAAGATGCT

GCGGTCCGTTGGCTGGACGCACAGCCGGCAAAGTCAGTCGTGTACGTCGCACTGG

GTTCGGAAGTGCCGCTGCGTGCGGAACAAGTTCACGAACTGGCACTGGGCCTGGA

ACTGAGCGGTGCTCGCTTTCTGTGGGCGCTGCGTAAACCGACCGATGCACCGGAC

GCCGCAGTGCTGCCGCCGGGTTTCGAAGAACGTACCCGCGGCCGTGGTCTGGTTGT

CACGGGTTGGGTGCCGCAGATTGGCGTTCTGGCTCATGGTGCGGTGGCTGCGTTTC

TGACCCACTGTGGCTGGAACTCTACGATCGAAGGCCTGCTGTTCGGTCATCCGCTG

ATTATGCTGCCGATCAGCTCTGATCAGGGTCCGAATGCGCGCCTGATGGAAGGCC

GTAAAGTCGGTATGCAAGTGCCGCGTGATGAATCAGACGGCTCGTTTCGTCGCGA

AGATGTTGCCGCAACCGTCCGCGCCGTGGCAGTTGAAGAAGACGGTCGTCGCGTC

TTCACGGCTAACGCGAAAAAGATGCAAGAAATTGTGGCCGATGGCGCATGCCACG

AACGTTGTATTGACGGTTTTATCCAGCAACTGCGCAGTTACAAGGCGGGTTCTGGT

GCAAACGCTGAACGTATGATAACGCGCGTCCACAGCCAACGTGAGCGTTTGAACG

AAACGCTTGTTTCTGAGAGAAACGAAGTCCTTGCCTTGCTTTCCAGGGTTGAAGCC

AAAGGTAAAGGTATTTTACAACAAAACCAGATCATTGCTGAATTCGAAGCTTTGC

CTGAACAAACCCGGAAGAAACTTGAAGGTGGTCCTTTCTTTGACCTTCTCAAATCC

ACTCAGGAAGCAATTGTGTTGCCACCATGGGTTGCTCTAGCTGTGAGGCCAAGGC

CTGGTGTTTGGGAATACTTACGAGTCAATCTCCATGCTCTTGTCGTTGAAGAACTC

CAACCTGCTGAGTTTCTTCATTTCAAGGAAGAACTCGTTGATGGAGTTAAGAATGG

TAATTTCACTCTTGAGCTTGATTTCGAGCCATTCAATGCGTCTATCCCTCGTCCAAC

ACTCCACAAATACATTGGAAATGGTGTTGACTTCCTTAACCGTCATTTATCGGCTA AGCTCTTCCATGACAAGGAGAGTTTGCTTCCATTGCTTAAGTTCCTTCGTCTTCACA

GCCACCAGGGCAAGAACCTGATGTTGAGCGAGAAGATTCAGAACCTCAACACTCT

GCAACACACCTTGAGGAAAGCAGAAGAGTATCTAGCAGAGCTTAAGTCCGAAACA

CTGTATGAAGAGTTTGAGGCCAAGTTTGAGGAGATTGGTCTTGAGAGGGGATGGG

GAGACAATGCAGAGCGTGTCCTTGACATGATACGTCTTCTTTTGGACCTTCTTGAG

GCGCCTGATCCTTGCACTCTTGAGACTTTTCTTGGAAGAGTACCAATGGTGTTCAA

CGTTGTGATCCTCTCTCCACATGGTTACTTTGCTCAGGACAATGTTCTTGGTTACCC

TGACACTGGTGGACAGGTTGTTTACATTCTTGATCAAGTTCGTGCTCTGGAGATAG

AGATGCTTCAACGTATTAAGCAACAAGGACTCAACATTAAACCAAGGATTCTCAT

TCTAACTCGACTTCTACCTGATGCGGTAGGAACTACATGCGGTGAACGTCTCGAGA

GAGTTTATGATTCTGAGTACTGTGATATTCTTCGTGTGCCCTTCAGAACAGAGAAG

GGTATTGTTCGCAAATGGATCTCAAGGTTCGAAGTCTGGCCATATCTAGAGACTTA

CACCGAGGATGCTGCGGTTGAGCTATCGAAAGAATTGAATGGCAAGCCTGACCTT

ATCATTGGTAACTACAGTGATGGAAATCTTGTTGCTTCTTTATTGGCTCACAAACTT

GGTGTCACTCAGTGTACCATTGCTCATGCTCTTGAGAAAACAAAGTACCCGGATTC

TGATATCTACTGGAAGAAGCTTGACGACAAGTACCATTTCTCATGCCAGTTCACTG

CGGATATTTTCGCAATGAACCACACTGATTTCATCATCACTAGTACnTCCAAGAA

ATTGCTGGAAGCAAAGAAACTGTTGGGCAGTATGAAAGCCACACAGCCTTTACTC

TTCCCGGATTGTATCGAGTTGTTCACGGGATTGATGTGTTTGATCCCAAGTTCAAC

ATTGTCTCTCCTGGTGCTGATATGAGCATCTACTTCCCTTACACAGAGGAGAAGCG

TAGATTGACTAAGTTCCACTCTGAGATCGAGGAGCTCCTCTACAGCGATGTTGAGA

ACAAAGAGCACTTATGTGTGCTCAAGGACAAGAAGAAGCCGATTCTCTTCACAAT

GGCTAGGCTTGATCGTGTCAAGAACTTGTCAGGTCTTGTTGAGTGGTACGGGAAG

AACACCCGCTTGCGTGAGCTAGCTAACTTGGTTGTTGTTGGAGGAGACAGGAGGA

AAGAGTCAAAGGACAATGAAGAGAAAGCAGAGATGAAGAAAATGTATGATCTCA

TTGAGGAATACAAGCTAAACGGTCAGTTCAGGTGGATCTCCTCTCAGATGGACCG

GGTAAGGAACGGTGAGCTGTACCGGTACATCTGTGACACCAAGGGTGCTTTTGTC

CAACCTGCATTATATGAAGCCTTTGGGTTAACTGTTGTGGAGGCTATGACTTGTGG

TTTACCGACTTTCGCCACTTGCAAAGGTGGTCCAGCTGAGATCATTGTGCACGGTA

AATCGGGTTTCCACATTGACCCTTACCATGGTGATCAGGCTGCTGATACTCTTGCT

GATTTCTTCACCAAGTGTAAGGAGGATCCATCTCACTGGGATGAGATCTCAAAAG

GAGGGCTTCAGAGGATTGAGGAGAAATACACTTGGCAAATCTATTCACAGAGGCT

CTTGACATTGACTGGTGTGTATGGATTCTGGAAGCATGTCTCGAACCTTGACCGTC TTGAGGCTCGCCGTTACCTTGAAATGTTCTATGCATTGAAGTATCGCCCATTGGCT

CAGGCTGTTCCTCTTGCACAAGATGATTAA

Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I: Amino Acid Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 9)

MANAERMITRVHSQRERLNETLVSERNEVLALLSRVEAKGKGILQQNQIIAEFEALPE

QTRKKLEGGPFFDLLKSTQEAIVLPPWVALAVRPRPGVWEYLRVNLHALVVEELQPA

EFLHFKEELVDGVKNGNFTLELDFEPFNASIPRPTLHKYIGNGVDFLNRHLSAKLFH DK

ES LLPLLKFLRLHS HQGKNLMLS EKIQNLNTLQHTLRKAEE YLAELKS ETLYEEFE AKF

EEIGLERGWGDNAERVLDMIRLLLDLLEAPDPCTLETFLGRVPMVFNVVILSPHGYF A

QDNVLGYPDTGGQVVYILDQVRALEIEMLQRIKQQGLNIKPRILILTRLLPDAVGTT CG

ERLERVYDSEYCDILRVPFRTEKGIVRKWISRFEVWPYLETYTEDAAVELSKELNGK P

DLIIGNYSDGNLVASLLAHKLGVTQCTIAHALEKTKYPDSDIYWKKLDDKYHFSCQF T

ADIFAMNHTDFIITSTFQEIAGSKETVGQYESHTAFTLPGLYRWHGIDVFDPKFNIV SP

GADMSIYFPYTEEKRRLTKFHSEIEELLYSDVENKEHLCVLKDKKKPILFTMARLDR V

KNLS GLVEW YGKNTRLRELANLV WGGDRRKES KDNEEKAEMKKMYDLIEEYKLN

GQFRWIS S QMDRVRN GELYRYICDTKGAFV QPALYE AFGLTVVEAMTCGLPTFATCK

GGPAEnVHGKSGFHIDPYHGDQAADTLADFFTKCKEDPSHWDEISKGGLQRIEEKYT

W QIY S QRLLTLTG V Y GFWKH VSNLDRLE ARR YLEMFY ALKYRPLAQ A VPLAQDD

Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose synthase I: DNA Sequence (SEQ ID NO: 10)

ATGGCAAACGCTGAACGTATGATTACCCGTGTCCACTCCCAACGCGAACGCCTGA

ACGAAACCCTGGTGTCGGAACGCAACGAAGTTCTGGCACTGCTGAGCCGTGTGGA

AGCTAAGGGCAAAGGTATTCTGCAGCAAAACCAGATTATCGCGGAATTTGAAGCC

CTGCCGGAACAAACCCGCAAAAAGCTGGAAGGCGGTCCGTTTTTCGATCTGCTGA

AATCTACGCAGGAAGCGATCGTTCTGCCGCCGTGGGTCGCACTGGCAGTGCGTCC

GCGTCCGGGCGTTTGGGAATATCTGCGTGTCAACCTGCATGCACTGGTGGTTGAAG

AACTGCAGCCGGCTGAATTTCTGCACTTCAAGGAAGAACTGGTTGACGGCGTCAA

AAACGGTAATTTTACCCTGGAACTGGATTTTGAACCGTTCAATGCCAGTATCCCGC

GTCCGACGCTGCATAAATATATTGGCAACGGTGTGGACTTTCTGAATCGCCATCTG

AGCGCAAAGCTGTTCCACGATAAAGAATCTCTGCTGCCGCTGCTGAAATTCCTGCG

TCTGCATAGTCACCAGGGCAAGAACCTGATGCTGTCCGAAAAAATTCAGAACCTG

AATACCCTGCAACACACGCTGCGCAAGGCGGAAGAATACCTGGCCGAACTGAAAA

GTGAAACCCTGTACGAAGAATTCGAAGCAAAGTTCGAAGAAATTGGCCTGGAACG

TGGCTGGGGTGACAATGCTGAACGTGTTCTGGATATGATCCGTCTGCTGCTGGACC TGCTGGAAGCACCGGACCCGTGCACCCTGGAAACGTTTCTGGGTCGCGTGCCGAT

GGTTTTCAACGTCGTGATTCTGTCCCCGCATGGCTATTTTGCACAGGACAATGTGC

TGGGTTACCCGGATACCGGCGGTCAGGTTGTCTATATTCTGGATCAAGTTCGTGCG

CTGGAAATTGAAATGCTGCAGCGCATCAAGCAGCAAGGCCTGAACATCAAACCGC

GTATTCTGATCCTGACCCGTCTGCTGCCGGATGCAGTTGGTACCACGTGCGGTGAA

CGTCTGGAACGCGTCTATGACAGCGAATACTGTGATATTCTGCGTGTCCCGTTTCG

CACCGAAAAGGGTATTGTGCGTAAATGGATCAGTCGCTTCGAAGTTTGGCCGTATC

TGGAAACCTACACGGAAGATGCGGCCGTGGAACTGTCCAAGGAACTGAATGGCAA

ACCGGACCTGATTATCGGCAACTATAGCGATGGTAATCTGGTCGCATCTCTGCTGG

CTCATAAACTGGGTGTGACCCAGTGCACGATTGCACACGCTCTGGAAAAGACCAA

ATATCCGGATTCAGACATCTACTGGAAAAAGCTGGATGACAAATATCATTTTTCGT

GTCAGTTCACCGCGGACATTTTTGCCATGAACCACACGGATTTTATTATCACCAGT

ACGTTCCAGGAAATCGCGGGCTCCAAAGAAACCGTGGGTCAATACGAATCACATA

CCGCCTTCACGCTGCCGGGCCTGTATCGTGTGGTTCACGGTATCGATGTTTTTGAC

CCGAAATTCAATATTGTCAGTCCGGGCGCGGATATGTCCATCTATTTTCCGTACAC

CGAAGAAAAGCGTCGCCTGACGAAATTCCATTCAGAAATTGAAGAACTGCTGTAC

TCGGACGTGGAAAACAAGGAACACCTGTGTGTTCTGAAAGATAAAAAGAAACCG

ATCCTGTTTACCATGGCCCGTCTGGATCGCGTGAAGAATCTGTCAGGCCTGGTTGA

ATGGTATGGTAAAAACACGCGTCTGCGCGAACTGGCAAATCTGGTCGTGGTTGGC

GGTGACCGTCGCAAGGAATCGAAAGATAACGAAGAAAAGGCTGAAATGAAGAAA

ATGTACGATCTGATCGAAGAATACAAGCTGAACGGCCAGTTTCGTTGGATCAGCT

CTCAAATGGACCGTGTGCGCAATGGCGAACTGTATCGCTACATTTGCGATACCAA

GGGTGCGTTTGTTCAGCCGGCACTGTACGAAGCTTTCGGCCTGACCGTCGTGGAAG

CCATGACGTGCGGTCTGCCGACCTTTGCGACGTGTAAAGGCGGTCCGGCCGAAAT

TATCGTGCATGGCAAATCTGGTTTCCATATCGATCCGTATCACGGTGATCAGGCAG

CTGACACCCTGGCGGATTTCTTTACGAAGTGTAAAGAAGACCCGTCACACTGGGA

TGAAATTTCGAAGGGCGGTCTGCAACGTATCGAAGAAAAATATACCTGGCAGATT

TACAGCCAACGCCTGCTGACCCTGACGGGCGTCTACGGTTTTTGGAAACATGTGTC

TAATCTGGATCGCCTGGAAGCCCGTCGCTATCTGGAAATGTTTTACGCACTGAAGT

ATCGCCCGCTGGCACAAGCCGTTCCGCTGGCACAGGACGACTAA

Table 1. ! H and 13 C NMR spectral data (chemical shifts and coupling constants) for R7-2 compound

a assignments made based on TOCSY, HSQC, ROESY and HMBC correlations; b Chemical shift values are in d (ppm); c Coupling constants are in Hz.

Table 2. ! H and 13 C NMR spectral data (chemical shifts and coupling constants) for R6-1 produced by enzymatic bioconversion **.

a assignments made based on TOCSY, HSQC, ROESY and HMBC correlations; b Chemical shift values are in d (ppm); c Coupling constants are in Hz.

Table 3. *H and 13 C NMR spectral data (chemical shifts and coupling constants) for R6-4 (R6- 4A/R6-4B) compound M .

a assignments made based on TOCSY, HSQC, ROESY and HMBC correlations; b

shift values are in d (ppm); c Coupling constants are in Hz.

STATEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY / TECHNICAL FIELD

[00273] This disclosure has applicability in the food, feed, beverage, and

pharmacological industries. This disclosure relates generally to a method for the biosynthetic production of certain steviol glycosides via enzymes and/or modified microbial strain(s) and potential uses thereof as a sweetener for food products and beverages as well as related compositions.

References: :

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NATURAL PRODUCTS, (64):95-97.

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3. Ceunen, S., and J.M. C. Geuns, Steviol Glycosides: Chemical Diversity, Metabolism, and Function, J. NAT. PROD., 2013, 76 (6), pp 1201-28 (2013). 4. Chaturvedula, V.S.P. et al., (2003), New cytotoxic oleanane saponis from the

infructescences ofPolyscias amplifoliafrom the Madagascar rainforest. PLANTA MEDICA, (69): 440-44.

5. Daugherty, A.B., et al., Structured and Functional Consequences of Circular Permutation on the Active Site of Old Yellow Enzyme, ACS CATAL. (2015) 5:892-99.

6. Du J et al., (2011), Engineering microbial factories for synthesis of value-added products, J IND MICROBIOL. BIOTECHNOL. 38: 873-90.

7. GRAS Notices, USA Food and Drug Administration, United States Health & Human

Services. (2016) (relevant to steviol glycosides & polyglycosides).

8. Huan, V.D. et al., (1998). Oleancme saponins from Polyscias fructicosa.

PHYTOCHEMISTRY, (47):451-57.

9. Hausler A, and Munch T., (1997), Microbial Production of Natural Flavors, ASM NEWS (63): 551-59.

10. Mao, G. et al., (2017), Enzymatic Synthesis and Structural Characterization of

Rebaudioside D3, a Minor Steviol Glycoside ofStevia rebaudiana Bertoni, AMER. J.

PLANT SCIENCES, (8): 441-50.

11. Ohtani, K., et al., (1992). Minor diterpene glycosides from sweet leaves ofRubus

Suavissimus, PHYTOCHEMISTRY, (31): 1553-59.

12. Prakash L, et al.; Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Rebaudioside M Isomer from a Bio conversion Reaction of Rebaudioside A and NMR Comparison Studies of Rebaudioside M Isolated from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni and Stevia rebaudiana Morita, BlOMOLECULES, 2014 Jun; 4(2): 374-89. (Published online 2014 Mar 31. 2014).

13. Prakash L, et al., Development of Next Generation Stevia Sweetener: Rebaudioside M, FOODS, (2014), 3:162-175.

14. Qian, Z. et al., Improving the catalytic activity of Candida antarctica lipase B by circular permutation, J. OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. (2005) 127(39): 13466-13467.

15. Richman A., et. al., Functional genomics uncovers three glucosyltransferases involved in the synthesis of the major sweet glucosides ofStevia rebaudiana, PLANT J. (2005)

Jan;41(l):56-67.

16. Shockey J.M. et al., (2003), Arabidopsis contains a large superfamily of acyl-activating enzymes: phylogenetic and biochemical analysis reveals a new class of acyl-coenzyme A synthetases. PLANT PHYSIOL. 132 1065-76.

17. Tanaka, T. et al., (2007), Facile discrimination of aldose enantiomers by reversed-phase HPLC, CHEM. PHARM. BULL., (55): 899-901. 18. Topell, S. et al., Circularly permuted variants of the green fluorescent protein, FEBS LETTERS. (1999) 457(2): 283-89.

19. Wang J., et al., Pathway mining-based integration of critical enzyme parts for de novo biosynthesis of steviol glycosides sweetener in Escherichia coli, CELL RESEARCH (2016) 26:258-61.

[00274] All publications, patents, patent applications, publication, and database entries (e.g., sequence database entries) mentioned herein, e.g., in the Background, Summary, Detailed Description, Examples, and/or References sections, are hereby

incorporated by reference in their entirety as if each individual publication, patent, patent application, patent application publication, and database entry was specifically and individually incorporated herein by reference. In case of conflict, the present application, including any definitions herein, will control.




 
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