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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A BUILDING MATERIAL MIXTURE AND PRODUCTION METHOD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2022/103345
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a building material used in construction and landscaping sector and comprising waste paper discards, cement, compressing facilitative additive, latex additive and water.

Inventors:
ASLAN EROL (TR)
Application Number:
PCT/TR2020/051094
Publication Date:
May 19, 2022
Filing Date:
November 12, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ASLAN EROL (TR)
International Classes:
C04B18/24; B28B1/52; B29C43/02; C04B18/26
Domestic Patent References:
WO2013117929A12013-08-15
WO1995032161A11995-11-30
Foreign References:
US5350451A1994-09-27
DE212018000278U12020-04-15
Other References:
See also references of EP 4031508A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DESTEK PATENT INC. (TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
7

CLAIMS A building material mixture used in construction and landscaping sector and characterized in comprising waste paper discards, cement, compressing facilitative additive, latex additive and water. The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in comprising, waste paper discard of about average 10 - 78 %, cement of 10 - 70 %, compressing facilitative additive of 2 - 5 %, latex additive of 2 - 5 % and water of 2 - 5 % by weight. The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in comprising additionally hardening facilitating agent. The building material mixture according to claim 3 and characterized in comprising hardening facilitating agent at rate of 2 - 5 % on average by weight. The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in comprising additionally odour eliminating agent. The building material mixture according to claim 5 and characterized in comprising odour eliminating agent at rate of 2 - 5 % on average by weight. The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in comprising additionally antibacterial solution. The building material mixture according to claim 7 and characterized in comprising antibacterial solution at rate of 2 - 5 % on average by weight. The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in comprising additionally pumice at rate of 5 - 25 % on average by weight. . The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in comprising additionally perlite at rate of 5 - 25 % on average by weight. . The building material mixture according to claim 1 characterized in comprising, by weight, paper discard at rate of average 18 %, cement at rate of 50 %, perlite at rate of 10 %, pumice at rate of 10 %, compressing facilitator 8 additive agent at rate of 2 %, latex additive agent at rate of 2 %, hardening agent at rate of 2 %, odour eliminating agent at rate of 2 %, antibacterial solution at rate of 2 % and water at rate of 2 %.

12. Manufacture method for a building material used in construction and landscaping sector and characterized in comprising following process steps: i. Dehumidification of waste paper discard at dewatering machine, ii. Screening of dehumidified waste paper and separation of big parts into small particulates, iii. Mixing discards with cement, pumice and perlite at mixer, iv. Adding compressing facilitator and latex additive agents to water and adding it into mixer, v. While mixing in progress, respectively adding hardening accelerating agent, odour eliminating additive agent and antibacterial solution, vi. Adding the prepared mixture into bunker, vii. Pouring required amount from the bunker into form, viii. Shaping at press machine by applying vibrated compressing, ix. Removing from forms after drying process.

13. The manufacture method for building material according to claim 12 and characterized in reducing humidity of waste paper discard up to 30 % at dewatering machine.

14. The building material mixture according to claim 1 and characterized in use thereof in brick and pedestrian stone manufacture.

Description:
A Building Material Mixture and Production Method

Technical Field

Invention relates to a building material used in construction and landscaping sector and comprising discarded paper wastes, and a method for production thereof.

The invention particularly relates to a building material comprising waste paper discards, cement, compressing facilitative additive, latex additive and water.

Present State of the Art

In the current applications, paper discards with waste codes of 0303-07-08-09-10- 11 are destroyed at burning plants. Most of such paper causes high cost and energy consumption for elimination plants. Logistics of wastes to be discarded requires cost and workforce for contracting companies. Also after burning, ashes of them remain and the ashes are further to be destroyed.

In some applications available in the related art, not waste papers are eliminated by water and turned into sludge by means of re-connection-softening. Said sludge is used as interior insulation material in villa type housing. However, as such papers are not obtained from wastes, they have no contribution to recycling.

In the literature following application is seen related to the subject.

The application reference numbered “DE212018000278” of the system relates to a sludge waste dewatering machine rotated in compressing channel conically in a machine body and capable to compress sludge wastes spirally and dewater it. A method for recycling of pulp wastes providing recycling of and sending into economy the wastes by means of a pulp dewatering machine which narrows gradually. Paper coming to said machine, discards supplied for recycling become discards of dewatered (30 - 35 % humid) after processed by machine. Water is added into discard paper mixture during manufacturing in the invention. In said invention, humidity rate of discard paper is reduced to about 10 % and then wastes are added to narrow. Thereafter, the mixture formula is mixed and cast into moulds and brick, pedestrian stone and similar construction materials are made by means of pressing.

As a result, due to above described inadequacy of existing solutions, it has been necessary to make development in the related art.

Brief Description of the Invention

The present invention relates to a building material meeting the needs mentioned above, eliminating all disadvantages and providing some additional advantages, and a manufacturing method for it.

Primary purpose of the invention is to disclose a chemical mixture providing building construction by means of forming bricks from paper particulates of waste paper recycling and expiring.

Another purpose of the invention is to recycle wastes rather than discard of wastes arising from said paper industry and concert them into product.

A further purpose of the invention is to disclose a building material to provide saving in energy and work force by minimizing discard process and eliminating cost thereof.

In order to achieve above purposes, the invention is a building material used in construction and landscaping sector and comprises waste paper discard, cement, compressed facilitative additives, latex additives and water.

The structural and characteristics features of the invention and all advantages will be understood better in detailed descriptions given below and therefore, the assessment should be made taking into account the detailed explanations. Detailed Description of the Invention

In this detailed description, the building material mixture and manufacturing method providing thinning of wool fibres of the invention have been described in a manner not forming any restrictive effect and only for purpose of better understanding of the matter.

The invention relates to a building material used in construction and landscaping sector and comprising waste paper discards, cement, compressing facilitative additive, latex additive and water.

Waste paper discard referred to hereunder is treatment sludge of about 80 % humidity discarding papers of expired life during paper recycling.

Building material mixture of the invention is used in manufacture of brick, pedestrian stone and similar construction materials.

Building material mixture of the invention comprises waste paper discard of about average 10 - 78 % in weight, cement of 10 - 70 %, facilitative additive of 2 - 5 %, latex additive of 2 - 5 % and water of 2 - 5 %.

Building material mixture of the invention also comprises hardening accelerating agent. Preferably it comprises hardening accelerating agent at rate of 2 -5 % on average by weight.

Building material mixture of the invention also comprises odour eliminating agent. Preferably it comprises odour eliminating additive agent at rate of 2 - 5% on average by weight.

Building material mixture of the invention also comprises anti-bacterial solution. Preferably it comprises anti-bacterial solution at rate of 2 - 5 % on average by weight. Building material mixture of the invention additionally comprises pumice at rate of average 5 - 25 % by weight.

Building material mixture of the invention additionally comprises perlite at rate of average 5 - 25 % by weight.

Building material mixture of the invention comprises, by weight, paper discard at rate of average 18 %, cement at rate of 50 %, perlite at rate of 10 %, pumice at rate of 10 %, compressing facilitator additive agent at rate of 2 %, latex additive agent at rate of 2 %, hardening agent at rate of 2 %, odour eliminating agent at rate of 2 %, antibacterial solution at rate of 2 % and water at rate of 2 %.

Building material mixture of the invention according to another preferred application thereof, comprises, by weight, paper discard at rate of average 18 %, cement at rate of 50 %, perlite at rate of 20 %, compressing facilitator additive agent at rate of 2 %, latex additive agent at rate of 2 %, hardening agent at rate of 2 %, odour eliminating agent at rate of 2 %, antibacterial solution at rate of 2 % and water at rate of 2 %.

According to another illustrative composition thereof, said mixture comprises, by weight, paper discard at rate of average 18 %, cement at rate of 50 %, pumice at rate of 20 %, compressing facilitator additive agent at rate of 2 %, latex additive agent at rate of 2 %, hardening agent at rate of 2 %, odour eliminating agent at rate of 2 %, antibacterial solution at rate of 2 % and water at rate of 2 %.

Illustrative composition of building material mixture of the invention is given in Table 1 below:

Table 1 . Illustrative composition of building material mixture of invention

Manufacture method of building material of the invention comprises following process steps: i. Dehumidification of waste paper discard at dewatering machine, ii. Screening of dehumidified waste paper and separation of big parts into small particulates, iii. Mixing discards with cement, pumice and perlite at mixer, iv. Adding compressing facilitator and latex additive agents to water and adding it into mixer, v. While mixing in progress, respectively adding hardening accelerating agent, odour eliminating additive agent and antibacterial solution, vi. Adding the prepared mixture into bunker, vii. Pouring required amount from the bunker into form, viii. Shaping at press machine by applying vibrated compressing, ix. Removing from forms after drying process.

A preferred application of the invention reduces humidity of waste paper discard up to 30 % on average at dewatering machine.

Functions of raw materials used in the mixture of the invention are described below. Discards from dewatering machine are the parts which are main raw materials of brick.

Cement is added for use as building material of said discard.

Compressing facilitator additive agent provides easy stick of cement and discards and loosening. Compressing facilitator agent is preferably Sika® Paver HC-120.

Hardening accelerating agent provides quicker drying of cement. Preferably Sika® Rapid® 1 or 5 is used.

Latex additive agent enhances resistance against water. Where a better sticking and water-proof is desired, liquid synthetic rubber emulsion is added into cement sludge. Preferably SikaLatex® is used.

Odour eliminating additive eliminates smelling arising out of use of waste material.

Antibacterial solution provides antibacterial feature of end product.

Water provides mixture of said additive agents.

In conclusion, a recycling in building comprising all waste paper is provided by means of mixture developed under the invention.