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Title:
CAPSULE AND CAP ASSEMBLY FOR A CONCENTRATED REFILL CAPSULE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/239612
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A cap assembly for a refill capsule and associated refill system is disclosed. The cap assembly (200) comprises an inner wall (202) defining a conduit (203) through the cap assembly (200) and an outer wall (204) surrounding the inner wall to form a circumferential void between the inner and outer walls (202, 204). A connecting wall joins the inner and outer walls (202, 204). The cap assembly (200) further comprises a closure member (208) which is sealed to the inner wall (202) with a peripheral frangible connection (210). The frangible connection (210) is disposed between a first peripheral recess (222) formed between the inner wall (202) and the downstream side (208b) of the closure member (208), and a second peripheral recess (224) between the inner wall (202) and the upstream side (208b) of the closure member (208).

Inventors:
DEN BOER SEBASTIAAN (NL)
BOOKELMANN MATTHIJS (NL)
RAMON WILLEM (NL)
ZWARTKRUIS SJOERD (NL)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2020/064242
Publication Date:
December 03, 2020
Filing Date:
May 22, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNILEVER NV (NL)
UNILEVER PLC (GB)
CONOPCO INC D/B/A UNILEVER (US)
International Classes:
B05B11/00; B65D81/32
Domestic Patent References:
WO2007145773A22007-12-21
Foreign References:
JP2012158361A2012-08-23
JP2011016588A2011-01-27
EP2660165A12013-11-06
JP2012158361A2012-08-23
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CORSTEN, Michael, Allan (NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A cap assembly (200) for a refill capsule, the cap assembly comprising:

an inner wall (202) defining a conduit (203) through the cap assembly (200), the conduit (203) extending from an upstream end to a downstream end;

an outer wall (204) surrounding the inner wall (202) along at least a first portion of its length, wherein the outer wall (204) is spaced from the first portion of the inner wall (202) to define a circumferential void (214a, 214b) between the inner and outer walls (202, 204);

a connecting wall (212) extending between the inner and outer walls (202, 204) to prevent fluid flow through the void between the inner and outer walls (202, 204); wherein the cap assembly (200) further comprises a closure member (208) configured to seal the conduit (203), the closure member (208) comprising an upstream side (208a) and a downstream side (208b), and a bearing surface (220) on its downstream side;

wherein the closure member (208) is sealed to the inner wall (202) with a peripheral frangible connection (210) located between proximal and distal ends of the conduit (203),

wherein the peripheral frangible connection (210) extends in a plane P, which is orthogonal to a longitudinal axis (A) of the conduit (203);

wherein the frangible connection is disposed between a first peripheral recess (222) formed between the inner wall (202) and the downstream side (208b) of the closure member (208), and a second peripheral recess (224) between the inner wall (202) and the upstream side (208b) of the closure member (208).

2. The cap assembly (200) according to claim 1 , wherein the bearing surface (220) extends in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis (A) of the conduit (203).

3. The cap assembly (200) according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the closure member (208) is tapered, e.g. conical or frustoconical, and extends from a base (220) to a peak (218), and wherein the closure member (208) is preferably hollow and open at the base, and more preferably oriented with the peak (218) in an upstream direction and the base in a downstream direction. 4. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the conduit

(203) has a first cross-sectional diameter upstream of the frangible connection (210) and a second cross-sectional diameter at the downstream of the frangible connection (210), and wherein the first cross-sectional diameter is greater than the second cross-sectional diameter.

5. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the circumferential void comprises a downstream void (214b) extending from an open downstream end and terminating in a closed end at the connecting wall (212).

6. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the void comprises an upstream void (214a) extending from an open upstream end, and terminating in a closed end at the connection wall (214).

7. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the void comprises an upstream void (214a) and a downstream void (214b), and wherein the upstream and downstream voids (214a, 214b) are separated from each other by the connecting wall (212).

8. The cap assembly (200) according to any of claims 5-7, wherein the outer wall

(204) downstream of the connection wall (212) comprises engagement means, e.g. a screw thread (230), configured to engage corresponding engagement means (404) on a refillable vessel (400).

9. The cap assembly (200) according to any of claims 6-8, wherein the outer wall (204) upstream of the connecting wall (212) comprises engagement means, e.g. a screw thread (232), configured to engage corresponding engagement means (106) on a refill capsule (100).

10. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the inner wall (202) comprises a protrusion or ridge (216) extending radially inwardly from an inner surface of the inner wall (202).

1 1. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the cap assembly (200) comprises polypropylene. 12. A cap system comprising the cap assembly (200) according to any preceding claim, and further comprising a plug (300), wherein the plug (300) is movably mounted within the cap assembly (200) for movement in an axial direction, and wherein the plug (300) is configured to bear upon the bearing surface (220) of the closure member (208) to break the frangible connection (210) as it is advanced in a proximal direction.

13. The system according to claim 12, wherein the plug (300) comprises:

a tubular body (302) with an open proximal end and an open distal end, wherein the open proximal end is surrounded by a first rim (304) that provides an proximal-facing abutment surface for bearing against the bearing surface (220) of the closure member (208);

a skirt extending around the tubular body (302), and comprising a tubular skirt wall (306) arranged coaxially with respect to the tubular body (302), the skirt wall (306) being spaced apart from the tubular body (302) in a radial direction to form a plug recess (308) between the skirt wall (306) and the tubular body (302),

wherein the skirt wall (306) extends from a skirt distal end at which it is connected to the distal end of the tubular body (303), to a free proximal end,

wherein the free proximal end of the skirt comprises:

an outwardly extending flange (310) comprising a distal facing abutment surface (312) for abutting a rim (406) of a refillable vessel (400), and

wherein the plug (300) is disposed within the cap assembly (200) such that the downstream end of the inner wall (202) is disposed within the plug recess (308).

14. A refill system (10) comprising the system according to claims 12 to 13, wherein the refill system further comprises a capsule (100) for containing a concentrated refill fluid, wherein the capsule (100) is engaged with the cap assembly (200) and wherein an internal volume of the capsule (100) is in fluid communication with an upstream end of the conduit (203).

15. The refill system (10) according to any preceding claim, wherein the capsule (100) comprises an opening surrounded by a rim (108), and wherein the rim (108) abuts the connecting wall (212) of the cap assembly (200), and wherein the refill system preferably comprises a shrink wrap cover extending around at least a portion of the capsule (100) and at least a portion of the cap assembly (200).

Description:
CAPSULE AND CAP ASSEMBLY FOR A CONCENTRATED REFILL CAPSULE

Technical Field

The present invention relates to a cap assembly for a concentrated cleaning product refill capsule system, the cap assembly comprising a frangible seal.

Background of the invention

Any discussion of the prior art throughout the specification should in no way be considered an admission that such prior art is widely known or forms part of the common general knowledge in the field.

WO2007/145773 describes a mixing unit comprising a sealed container joined to a second container.

JP2012-158361 describes a refill container that can facilitate refilling work.

Liquid cleaning and hygiene products such as multi-purpose surface cleaner, glass cleaner, or degreaser are often supplied in ready-to-use concentrations in a wide variety of containers, with a wide variety of dispensing systems. Typically, such liquid cleaning products comprise one or more active ingredients diluted with water (or another solvent) to a concentration that is suitable for use in the home or commercial environment.

Cleaning products supplied in a ready-to-use concentration are advantageous in that the products can be supplied in a safe and effective concentration, and can be appropriately labelled. Ready-to-use products are also more convenient for the user, since they do not require dilution or reconstitution before use.

One example of a widely used container system for cleaning products is a spray bottle comprising a trigger actuator. Such systems generally comprise a bottle comprising a body and a neck, the neck being configured to engage a removable spray nozzle. The spray nozzle is generally secured to the neck of the bottle by way of complementary screw threads on the neck and on the nozzle. After use, the container or vessel in which the cleaning product was supplied is typically discarded and a replacement acquired. Although the spray bottle in which cleaning products are supplied generally have a lifetime that extends beyond the point at which the cleaning product has been depleted, the practice of refilling spray bottles with cleaning product is not widespread in a domestic setting.

In a commercial or industrial setting, spray bottles are sometimes refilled for re-use by diluting a predetermined volume of concentrated liquid with water. The concentrated cleaning liquid may be supplied in a bottle, which typically has a larger volume than the spray bottles used by cleaning professionals due to the fact that the concentrate vessel is not carried throughout the cleaning process.

However, although it is known to supply concentrated cleaning fluids for dilution prior to use, the practice of refilling spray bottles with water and a concentrated cleaning fluid is not widespread due to the many challenges in safely and effectively managing concentrated products, especially in a home environment.

Handling of concentrated cleaning fluids requires care both during refilling of a spray vessel and with regard to storage of the concentrated liquid. To avoid risks to health, even more so than diluted cleaning fluids, concentrated cleaning fluids should be transported and stored securely, and kept out of reach of children and animals.

Moreover, concentrated (undiluted) cleaning fluids may cause damage to surfaces within the home and spillages should be avoided to avoid damage to clothing and household items.

Further difficulties may be encountered in ensuring that the concentrated cleaning product is diluted to a safe and effective concentration. Over-dilution of a concentrated cleaning fluid with water may lead to inferior cleaning results. Under-dilution of a concentrated cleaning fluid may present a risk to health, damage to household items and excessive consumption of the concentrated cleaning fluid.

Despite a desire to reduce the plastic waste generated by discarding empty bottles, and a desire to reduce the costs and resources required to ship and store ready-to-use cleaning products, refill systems that are suitable and convenient for use in domestic and professional settings are not widely available. The present inventors have been able to solve many of the problems associated with conventional cleaning product dispensing systems and have been able to develop a refill capsule system for use with spray bottles (and other cleaning product vessels) that can overcome many of the above problems.

An object of the present invention is to provide a refill capsule and an associated cap assembly that overcome the above mentioned disadvantages associated with current cleaning products that allows vessels or containers for cleaning products to be reused. It is another object of the invention to provide a refill system comprising a cap assembly that allows a user to safely and reliably deliver a predetermined volume of concentrated cleaning fluid to a spray bottle or similar vessel for dilution.

It is another object of the invention to provide a refill capsule and an associated cap assembly that allows for safe and reliable delivery of a concentrated cleaning fluid to a refillable vessel.

It is yet another object of the invention to provide a refill capsule and an associated cap assembly that can be simply and reliably coupled to a refillable vessel to discharge the concentrated liquid into the refillable vessel.

These and other objects are accomplished by the invention described in the following text and figures.

Summary of the invention

In a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a cap assembly having a frangible seal configured to close and seal a refill capsule for a concentrated cleaning liquid. The cap assembly comprises a frangible seal. The cap assembly is configured such that the frangible seal breaks as the cap assembly is engaged with a refillable vessel.

The cap assembly according to the invention is described in the claims appended herewith. Optional features are described in the dependent claims. The cap system according to the invention allows a volume concentrated cleaning fluid to be safely and conveniently stored and transported. The system can be engaged, for example by virtue of a threaded engagement, with a refillable vessel. Upon engagement of the system with a refillable vessel, the frangible seal is configured to break, thereby releasing the concentrated cleaning fluid contained in a capsule to flow into the refillable vessel.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention relates to a cap assembly for a refill capsule that provides an improved frangible seal.

In the following, it should be note that the term‘comprising’ encompasses the terms ‘consisting essentially of and‘consisting of. Where the term“comprising” is used, the listed steps or options need not be exhaustive and further steps or features may be included. As used herein, the indefinite article‘a’ or‘an’ and its corresponding definite article‘the’ means at least one, or one or more, unless specified otherwise.

The terms‘upstream’ and‘downstream’ as used herein refer to the direction of flow of fluid through the refill system during use, with fluid flowing from an upstream end to a downstream end. In the context of the present invention, fluid flows from an upstream refill capsule system into a downstream refillable vessel. The proximal direction is the upstream direction, whilst the distal direction is the downstream direction.

In specifying any range of values or amounts, any particular upper value or amount can be associated with any particular lower value or amount.

The various features of the present invention referred to in individual sections above apply, as appropriate, to other sections mutatis mutandis. Consequently features specified in one section may be combined with features specified in other sections as appropriate. Any section headings are added for convenience only, and are not intended to limit the disclosure in any way.

The invention is not limited to the examples illustrated in the drawings. Accordingly it should be understood that where features mentioned in the claims are followed by reference numerals, such numerals are included solely for the purpose of enhancing the intelligibility of the claims and are in no way limiting to the scope of the claims.

The present invention relates to a cap assembly for a refill capsule system. The cap assembly is configured to seal a container filled with concentrated cleaning fluid. The cap assembly comprises a frangible seal, which is configured to be broken as the cap assembly is screwed onto a refillable vessel.

The cap assembly comprises: an inner wall defining a conduit through the cap assembly, the conduit extending from an upstream end to a downstream end; an outer wall surrounding the inner wall along at least a first portion of its length, wherein the outer wall is spaced from the first portion of the inner wall to define a circumferential void between the inner and outer walls; a connecting wall extending between the inner and outer walls to prevent fluid flow through the void between the inner and outer walls.

The cap assembly further comprises a closure member configured to seal the conduit, the closure member comprising an upstream side and a downstream side, and a bearing surface on its downstream side; wherein the closure member is sealed to the inner wall with a frangible connection located between proximal and distal ends of the conduit. The frangible connection extends in a plane P, which is orthogonal to a longitudinal axis A of the conduit.

The frangible connection is disposed between a first peripheral recess formed between the inner wall and the downstream side of the closure member, and a second peripheral recess between the inner wall and the upstream side of the closure member.

By forming the fragile connection between two opposing recesses, the thickness (in a longitudinal direction) of the connection, and the width (in a radial direction) of the frangible connection at its thinnest point can be closely controlled. This may allow a frangible seal to be reliably manufactured, whilst providing a region of material that is thin enough to ensure that the seal fails when force is applied in a proximal direction to the closure member (e.g. when the cap assembly is screwed or pushed onto a refillable vessel). The bearing surface of the cap assembly can extend perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A of the conduit.

The closure member can be hollow and tapered, extending from a downstream base to an upstream tip. For example, the closure member may be conical or frustoconical. The closure member may be open at the base.

The bearing surface of the closure member preferably extends in a plane that is orthogonal to the longitudinal axis A of the conduit.

Optionally, the closure member can be hollow, and taper from a downstream base to an upstream peak. In some configurations, the closure member is open at the base. In such configurations, the bearing surface extends around the periphery of the base, and is thus located adjacent to the frangible connection. By providing an inverted hollow closure member as described above, the likelihood of the closure member settling and blocking the conduit after the seal has been broken may be reduced because the closure member can be configured to float within the fluid contained in the capsule body.

The conduit can have a first cross-sectional diameter at the upstream of the frangible connection and a second cross-sectional diameter downstream of the frangible connection, wherein the first cross-sectional diameter is greater than the second cross- sectional diameter.

The frangible connection may be formed between the closure member and the conduit in a region of the conduit having the second, smaller cross-sectional diameter. The plug may be configured to push the closure member into the region of the conduit with the larger diameter, as the plug is advanced in an upstream direction. In other words, the system can be configured such that the proximal-facing abutment of surface of the plug is disposed in the wider portion of the conduit when the plug is in the second position.

By providing a region of the conduit having a larger cross-sectional diameter than the maximum diameter of the closure member, the likelihood of the closure member blocking the egress of fluid through the conduit it reduced. The outer wall downstream of the connecting wall can comprise engagement means, e.g. a screw thread, configured to engage corresponding engagement means on a refillable vessel.

The outer wall upstream of the connecting wall can comprise engagement means, e.g. one or more screw threads, configured to engage corresponding engagement means on a capsule body.

Optionally, the inner wall can comprise a protrusion or ridge extending radially inwardly from an inner surface of the inner wall.

The cap assembly is preferably molded to form at least the closure member, connecting portion, and conduit as a continuous molded piece. The connecting portion may be configured to be the thinnest portion of the cap assembly. The connection portion may be between 0.05 and 0.2 mm thick, more preferably between 0.1 and 0.2 mm thick. The cap assembly can be formed from a molded polymer material, for example a polypropylene material. The polymer material can be injection molded.

The cap assembly can be configured for engagement with a refillable vessel such that the frangible connection is broken as the cap assembly is engaged with a refillable vessel. For example, the bearing surface can be configured such that the rim of a refillable vessel bears against the bearing surface as the cap assembly is screwed onto the neck of the refillable vessel.

The cap assembly can form part of a cap system the cap assembly described above and further comprising a plug. The plug can be movably mounted within the cap assembly for movement in an axial direction between a first position and a second position. In the first position a proximal-facing abutment surface of the plug is located downstream of the frangible connection. In the second position, a proximal-facing abutment surface of the plug is located upstream of the frangible connection. In such configurations, the plug is configured to bear upon the bearing surface of the closure member to break the frangible connection.

For convenience, the tubular body of the plug and the conduit of the cap assembly can have a circular transverse cross-section. This can allow for easier manufacturing and assembly. However, it will be appreciated that other cross-sectional geometries are possible within the scope of the invention. For example, polygonal transverse cross- sections are also possible, as are elliptical transverse cross-sections.

The plug can comprise a tubular body with an open proximal end and an open distal end, wherein the open proximal end is surrounded by a first rim that provides a proximal- facing abutment surface for bearing against the bearing surface of the closure member. The plug also comprises a flange comprising a distal-facing abutment surface against which the rim of a refillable vessel can bear to move the plug between the first position and the second position.

Optionally, an outer skirt wall may be arranged coaxially with respect to the tubular body, the skirt wall being spaced apart from the tubular body in a radial direction to form a plug recess between the skirt wall and the tubular body.

The skirt wall can extends from a skirt distal end at which it is connected to the distal end of the tubular body to a free proximal end. The free end can comprise the flange on which the distal-facing abutment surface is provided, and may further comprise additional features configured to engage the cap assembly to more securely retain the plug in place within the housing.

For example, the free end of the skirt may comprise a radially outwardly extending flange that provides the distal-facing abutment surface for engaging the rim of the refillable vessel. The free end of the skirt may also comprise at least one radially outwardly extending claw configured to engage at least one screw thread on an internal surface of the outer wall of the cap assembly. The claws are configured to ride over the threads as the plug is pushed from the first position to the second position. However, the claws may prevent or limit the extent to which the plugs may be shaken loose from the cap assembly during transport.

Additionally or alternatively, it may also be possible to improve the security with which the plug is maintained in the first position during transport and/or storage by providing a circumferential ridge or protrusion on the inner surface on the cap assembly conduit and/or on the outer wall of the tubular body. To further improve the flow of fluid through the cap system, the plug may comprise one or more cut-outs to form a discontinuity in the rim of the tubular body. The one or more discontinuities may ensure that a flow path through the cap assembly is possible even if the closure member settles over the rim of the tubular body.

To provide yet further security against leakage between the capsule body and the cap system, a shrink wrap cover may be provided, extending around at least a portion of the capsule body and at least a portion of the cap assembly.

A refill system is also provided, which can comprises the cap assembly described above, and optionally the plug, and a capsule body for containing a concentrated cleaning fluid. In such a system, the capsule body is engaged with the cap assembly and an internal volume of the capsule body is in fluid communication with an upstream end of the conduit.

Advantageously, the capsule can comprises an opening surrounded by a rim, and wherein the rim may abut the connecting wall of the cap assembly. Such a configuration reinforces the connection wall against flexing.

The refill system can also comprise a shrink wrap cover extending around at least a portion of the capsule body and at least a portion of the cap assembly.

The invention will now be further exemplified with the following non-limiting figures and examples.

Figures

By way of example, the present invention is illustrated with reference to the following figures, in which:

Figure 1 shows a cross-sectional perspective view of a refill capsule comprising a capsule, a plug, and a cap assembly according to the present invention;

Figure 2A shows a cross-sectional view of the refill system before rupture of the frangible seal; Figure 2B shows a cross-sectional view of the refill system after rupture of the frangible seal;

Figure 3A shows a cross-sectional view of a cap assembly according to the present invention, the cap assembly comprising a frangible seal;

Figure 3B shows an enlarged view of the frangible seal of Figure 3A;

Figure 4 shows a cross-sectional view of a plug according to the present invention;

Figure 5 shows an enlarged cross-sectional view of a proximal end of a refill capsule system comprising the cap system of Figure 1.

Detailed description of the figures

In the detailed description of the figures, like numerals are employed to designate like features of various exemplified devices according to the invention.

Figure 1 shows a refill system for containing a concentrated cleaning fluid and configured for use with a refillable vessel. Figure 1 shows a cross-sectional view of an assembled refill system comprising a capsule body 100, a cap assembly 200, and a plug 300. As shown in Figure 1 , a longitudinal axis A extends from a closed end of the capsule body 100, through the cap assembly 200, and the plug 300.

As shown in Figure 1 , the capsule body 100 comprises a generally hollow receptacle configured to receive a volume of concentrated cleaning fluid. The concentrated cleaning fluid is contained within an internal volume 102 of the capsule body 100. The capsule body 100 comprises a neck 104 comprising an open end surrounded by a rim 108. The neck 104 comprises a screw thread 106 configured to engage a corresponding screw thread on the cap assembly 200.

The cap assembly 200 is configured to seal the capsule and extends from an upstream end to a downstream end. The upstream end of the cap assembly 200 is configured to engage the capsule body 100. The downstream end of the cap assembly 200 is the end configured to engage a refillable vessel, as will be described in more detail with reference to Figures 2A and 2B. The cap assembly 200 defines a conduit 203 through the cap assembly 200 though which fluid can flow to exit the capsule body 100. The conduit 203 extends through the cap assembly 200 from an open upstream end to an open downstream end. A closure member 208 seals the conduit 203 to prevent fluid communication between the upstream end and the downstream end of the conduit 203. The closure member 208 is sealed to the inner wall of the conduit by a frangible seal, which can be broken by applying pressure to the closure member 208.

The plug 300 is disposed within the cap assembly 200 and is configured to bear against the closure member 208 to break the frangible seal as the refill system is screwed onto (or otherwise engaged with) a refillable vessel. The plug 300 comprises an internal bore through which cleaning fluid can escape through once the plug 300 has been used to rupture the seal in the cap assembly 200.

Advantageously, the refill system can be wrapped in a shrink wrap cover. The shrink wrap cover can cover the whole cap assembly 200 and the capsule body 100, or it may cover only a portion of the capsule body 100 and the capsule assembly 200. Advantageously, it may extend around the system such that the join between the capsule body 100 and the cap assembly 200 is surrounded by a shrink wrap cover. By shrink wrapping the capsule body 100 and the cap assembly 200 together, the likelihood of the cap assembly 200 being inadvertently removed from the capsule body 100 is further reduced.

Referring now to Figures 2A and 2B, use of the system will be described in more detail.

Figures 2A and 2B show an enlarged view of the refill system comprising cap assembly 200, and plug 300. The capsule body 100 is omitted for clarity. Figures 2A and 2B also show the upper portion of a refillable vessel 400 with a neck 402 that defines an opening in fluid communication with an interior volume of the vessel.

Figure 2A shows the system before use with the closure member 208 sealed within the conduit 203. As shown in Figure 2A, the refill system is supplied with the plug 300 disposed within the cap assembly 200. In the configuration shown in Figure 2A, the plug 300 is spaced apart from (i.e. not in direct contact with) the closure member 208. The plug 300 is mounted within the cap assembly 200 such that it is secured in place against accidental movement (e.g. during transport or storage). However, the plug 300 and the cap assembly 200 are configured such that the plug 300 can be pushed axially towards the closure member 208 by bearing on an abutment surface provided on the plug 300.

The plug 300 can be secured or mounted within the cap assembly 200 in different ways. An exemplary plug and cap assembly combination will be discussed in further detail with reference to Figures 3-6.

The cap assembly 200 comprises a screw thread 230 (or other engagement means) configured to engage the corresponding screw thread on a refillable vessel 400. The screw thread 230 allows the cap assembly 200 to be screwed onto the neck 402 of the refillable vessel 400. The screw thread 230 is provided on an interior surface of the cap assembly 200, whilst the screw thread 404 of the refillable vessel 400 is provided on an exterior surface of the vessel 400. Therefore, as the cap assembly 200 is screwed onto the neck 402 of the vessel 400, the neck 402 of the vessel 400 and the rim 406 with which the neck 402 terminates are guided into the cap assembly 200.

Referring now to Figure 2B, the plug 300 is disposed within the cap assembly 200 such that the introduction of the neck 402 into the cap assembly 200 tends to bear against the plug 300, pushing it in an upstream direction, towards the capsule and into contact with the closure member 208. As shown in Figure 2B, as the rim 406 advances within the cap assembly, the plug 300 is first brought into abutment with the closure member 208 and then begins to exert a force thereagainst as the rim 406 advances further. As the plug bears against the closure member 208, the force exerted against the closure member 208 increases to a point at which the frangible seal between the closure member and the conduit 203 fails, and the closure member 208 is pushed in an upstream direction such that it no longer seals the conduit 203.

Once the seal provided by the closure member 208 is broken, concentrated cleaning fluid flow from the internal volume of the capsule, through the conduit 203 of the cap assembly, through the internal bore of the plug 300, and into the refillable vessel 400 below.

Once the capsule has been emptied, the cap assembly 200 can be unscrewed from the neck 402 of the vessel 400, and discarded safely. By providing a refill system as described above, it is possible to provide a safe, convenient, and effective way of delivering a controlled quantity of concentrated cleaning fluid to a refillable vessel.

The abutment surface is configured to be brought into contact with the bearing surface of the closure member in such a manner that results in a net force being applied to the closure member along the longitudinal axis A, and perpendicular to the plane in which the frangible connection extends.

Accordingly, the abutment surface of the plug preferably has at least two fold rotational symmetry with respect to the longitudinal axis A. For example, the abutment surface of the plug can be provided by a continuous circumferential rim of the tubular body, terminating in a plane Q. Alternatively, the abutment surface can comprise a discontinuous rim comprising a plurality of projections equally spaced circumferentially around the rim of the tubular body, wherein the projections terminate in the plane Q. The projections may take the form of teeth spaced equally around the circumference of the rim. For example, in the case of an abutment surface comprising two teeth, the teeth may be disposed diametrically opposite each other.

Advantageously, by including projections equally spaced around the circumference of the tubular body, it may be possible to reduce the surface area of the proximal-facing abutment surface, which comes into contact with a seal to be broken. This increases the pressure applied to the bearing member (due to the reduced area over which the force is applied to the seal) and may in turn improve the reliability with which the seal fails. At the same time as reducing the surface area of the abutment surface, the equal spacing of the projections can ensure that the frangible connection is snapped, rather than asymmetrically peeling. Such an arrangement may allow the thickness of the frangible connection to be increased (thereby increasing the manufacturing tolerance), without significantly increasing the force required from the user to move the plug from the first position to the second position (e.g. by screwing the cap system onto the neck of a refillable vessel.

By providing a rotationally symmetric abutment surface configured to apply a net force along the longitudinal axis A, and perpendicular to the plane in which the frangible connection extends, the frangible connection can be configured to snap, failing around its circumference, rather than peeling from an initial breach around the seal. Such a circumferential failure of the seal can result in a snap or click sound that is audible to the user, thereby providing positive feedback that the frangible connection has been successfully broken and that the liquid contained in a capsule body can escape.

The cap assembly is preferably molded to form at least the closure member, connecting portion, and conduit as a continuous molded piece. The connecting portion may be configured to be the thinnest portion of the cap assembly. The connection portion may be between 0.05 and 0.2 mm thick, more preferably between 0.1 and 0.2 mm thick. The cap assembly can be formed from a molded polymer material, for example a polypropylene material. The polymer material can be injection molded.

For convenience, the tubular body of the plug and the conduit of the cap assembly can have a circular transverse cross-section. This can allow for easier manufacturing and assembly. However, it will be appreciated that other cross-sectional geometries are possible within the scope of the invention. For example, polygonal transverse cross- sections are also possible, as are elliptical transverse cross-sections.

Several advantages may be provided by the system described here, which may result in an improved refill system.

Improved cap assembly

The cap assembly 200 will now be described in more detail with reference to Figures 3A and 3B, which shows a cross-sectional view of the cap assembly 200. The plug 300 is omitted from Figures 3A and 3B.

The cap assembly described herein includes a number of improvements that may provide enhanced performance. The cap assembly may comprise an improved wall structure, an improved frangible seal, enhanced safety features, and improved audible and tactile feedback to the user. Each of these improvements will be described in more detail below. Moreover, it will be appreciated that the features described below may be incorporated in a refill system alone, or in combination with other features to provide a further improved product. As shown in Figure 3A, the cap assembly 200 comprises an inner wall 202 that defines a conduit 203 extending from an open upstream end to an open downstream end. A closure member 208 is positioned within the conduit 203 and has an upstream side 208a and a downstream side 208b. The closure member 208 is sealed around its periphery to the inner wall 202 with a frangible connection 210. The frangible connection is located between the upstream open end and the downstream open end of the conduit 203 and will be described as in more detail in Figure 3B.

An outer wall 204 extends around the inner wall 202. The outer wall 204 is connected to the inner wall 202 by a connecting wall 212 or a connection portion. The connecting wall 212 extending between the inner and outer walls 202, 204 prevents the flow of fluid through the cap assembly between the inner and outer wall walls 202, 204. The only route through which fluid may flow through the cap assembly is thus through the inner conduit 203 when the frangible connection 210 has been broken.

The inner wall 202 is arranged coaxially within the outer wall 204 to form a circumferential void 214 between the inner and outer walls 202, 204. In the embodiment shown in Figure 3A, the connecting wall 212 connects to each of the inner and outer walls 202, 204 part way along their length. This forms an upstream void 214a between the inner and outer walls 202, 204 upstream of the connection wall 212, and a downstream void 214b between the inner and outer walls 202, 204 downstream of the connecting wall 212.

By providing an upstream void 214a, the seal between the capsule body 100 and the cap assembly 200 can be improved because the inner wall 202 can be specially adapted for forming a seal between the cap assembly 200 and the capsule body 100 within the neck 104 of the capsule, whilst the outer wall can be 203 can be specially adapted to form a seal between the cap assembly 200 and the capsule around the neck 104 of the capsule body 100. In at least some examples, the outer wall 204 can provide a child- resistant closure with the capsule body 100. For example, the outer wall 204 can comprise a plurality of ratchet teeth (not shown) that mate with a plurality of ratchet teeth on the capsule body 100 to allow the cap assembly 200 to be screwed onto the capsule body 100, but prevent the cap assembly 200 from being unscrewed from the capsule assembly. The child resistant closure may prevent the cap assembly 200 from being unscrewed from the capsule body 100 entirely (or at least without breaking the cap assembly 200) or it may be configured to prevent the cap assembly 200 from being unscrewed from the capsule body 100 unless a predetermined axial force is applied to the cap assembly 200 in a direction towards the capsule body 100.

Moreover, by providing an upstream void 214a to accommodate the neck 104 of the capsule body 100, the neck 104 can be used to provide structural reinforcement to the cap assembly 200 to minimise the degree to which is flexes as pressure is applied to rupture the frangible seal 210. By minimising the degree to which the cap assembly 200 can flex under pressure from the plug, the frangible seal 208 is more likely to fail suddenly under pressure, resulting in a snap or click that provides audible and tactile feedback to the user that the seal is broken and that the concentrated liquid can be dispensed.

By providing a downstream void 214b, at least a portion of the plug 300 can be accommodated between the inner and outer walls 202, 204. This can allow the plug 300 to be retained within the cap assembly 200 during transport and storage, and held securely in place until the user screws the refill system onto a refillable vessel.

It will be appreciated that although the provision of an upstream void 214a and a downstream void 214b can be combined to provide enhanced advantages over known systems, in at least some examples the cap assembly can comprise only an upstream void 214a or only a downstream void 214b.

The conduit 203 provided by the inner wall 202 of the cap assembly can have a variable diameter along its length. For example, the diameter of the conduit 203 upstream of the frangible seal 210 can be larger than the diameter of the conduit 203 downstream of the frangible seal 210. By increasing the diameter of the conduit 203 upstream of the frangible seal 210, the closure member 208 can be pushed by the plug 300 into a region of the conduit 203 that has a larger diameter than the closure member 208. This further reduces the likelihood that the closure member 208 can occlude the conduit 203 to prevent the egress of cleaning fluid from the capsule body 100 through the cap assembly 200 and the plug 300.

In the embodiment shown in Figure 3A, the inner wall 202 is shaped with a barrel shaped or bulbous upstream end portion to provide a barrel seal for sealing with the neck 104 of the refill capsule body 100. Instead of comprising a cylindrical shape having sides that are substantially parallel, the upstream end of the conduit 203 is barrel shaped, steadily decreasing in transverse cross-sectional diameter (i.e. a cross-section in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A) from a maximum diameter upstream of the frangible seal 210 towards the upstream rim of the conduit 203. By varying the diameter of the conduit 203 at the upstream end, variation in manufacturing tolerances can be accounted for and/or a tighter seal can be provided between the capsule body 100 and the cap assembly 200 because the narrower open end of the conduit 203 can be inserted into the neck 104 of the capsule body 100, and a tight seal can be formed between the barrel sealing rim and the neck of the capsule body 100.

As shown in Figure 3A, the connecting wall 212 may further comprise a circumferential channel 234 or recess adjacent the inner wall 202 on the upstream side. The channel 234 reduces the thickness of the connecting wall 212 at the point where the inner wall 202 joins the connecting wall 212. This can increase the degree to which the upstream portion of the inner wall 202 can flex inwardly to fit within the neck 104 of the capsule body 100 (as shown in Figure 5).

The inner wall 202 downstream of the closure member 208 has a generally cylindrical form, with substantially parallel walls. However, as shown in Figure 3A, the inner surface of the inner wall 202 can comprise a radially inwardly protruding ridge or projection 216. The ridge or projection 216 can advantageously engage a corresponding projection on the plug 300, as will be described in more detail below with reference to Figure 5.

As shown in Figure 3A, the closure member 208 is positioned within the conduit 23 formed by the inner wall 22 and closes the conduit to prevent the passage of fluid therethrough unless the frangible seal 210 is broken.

The closure member 208 shown in Figure 3A comprises a conical or frustoconical shape, and extends from an upstream peak 218 to a downstream base 220. The base 220 is preferably open to allow access to the hollow interior of the conical closure member 208 from the downstream side. By providing a hollow, peaked closure member 208, the likelihood of the closure member 208 settling over the opening formed through the inner conduit after the seal has been broken is reduced. To the contrary, the buoyancy provided by the hollow closure member 208 means that the closure member tends to float away from the conduit 203.

The base 220 of the closure member provides a bearing surface against which a plug of a cap assembly can bear to apply pressure to rupture the frangible seal. The bearing surface 220 preferably extends in a plane R that is orthogonal to the longitudinal axis A of the cap assembly 200.

Figure 3B shows an enlarged view of the frangible connection 210 formed between the closure member 208 and the inner wall 202. As shown in Figure 3B, the frangible connection 210 extends between the outer perimeter of the closure member 208. The frangible connection 210 is preferably between 0.05 and 0.2 mm thick, more preferably 0.1 mm to 0.2 mm. However, the skilled person will appreciate that other dimensions may be chosen depending on the materials used and the dimensions of the system 10.

The frangible connection 210 is formed between two opposing recesses or channels 222, 224. The recesses or channels 222, 224 are shown in Figures 3B, which is a cross- sectional view. However, it will be appreciated that for a closure member 208 having a circular transverse cross-section, the recesses or channels 222, 224 may be formed as circumferential channels or annular grooves.

The first recess 224 is formed upstream of the frangible connection 210, between an upstream side 208a of the closure member 208 and an interior surface of the inner wall 202. The second recess 224 is formed downstream of the frangible connection 210, between a downstream side 208b of the closure member 208 and an interior surface of the inner wall 202. By forming a frangible connection 210 between two opposing recesses or channels, the thickness (in a longitudinal direction) and the width (in a transverse direction) of the frangible connection 210 can be controlled and minimised.

The channels 222 and 224 (or the channels) extend from an open end to a closed end, with the frangible connection forming the closed end in each case. The closed end of each recess or channel may advantageously have a rounded profile, as shown in Figure 3B. By providing a frangible connection between opposing rounded channels or channels, the width of the frangible connection at the thinnest part is closely controlled.

It will be appreciated that the transverse width of the thinnest part of the frangible connection 210 can be controlled by varying the radius of curvature of the rounded channels. The smaller the radius of curvature of the first channels or recess 222 can be chosen to be substantially the same as the second channel or recess 224. Referring again to Figure 3A, the frangible connection 210 preferably extends in a plane P that is orthogonal to the longitudinal axis A of the cap assembly 200. By providing a flat seal (with respect to the longitudinal axis A), the frangible connection 210 tends to snap arounds its circumference at substantially the same time as the plug 300 bears on the bearing surface 220. This is contrast to a frangible connection that extends in a plane extending at a non-perpendicular angle to the longitudinal axis A, which tends to peel from the‘lower’ end (the portion of the frangible connection that is first brought into close proximity with the plug) towards the‘upper’ end (the portion of the seal that is furthest from the advancing plug).

Once of the advantages of the frangible connection breaking around the perimeter of the closure member 208 at the same time is that the frangible connection may fail suddenly, causing a snap or click as the frangible connection 210 is broken. The snap or click failure of the frangible connection can provide audible and/or tactile feedback to the user that the component sealing the refill system has been broken and that the concentrated cleaning fluid disposed within the capsule body 100 will be dispensed.

The plug

The plug 300 will now be described in more detail with reference to Figure 4, which shows a cross-sectional view of the plug 300.

The plug described herein includes a number of improvements that may provide enhance performance. The plug may comprise an improved wall structure, an improved bearing surface for rupturing the frangible seal, enhanced safety features, and features that contribute to improved audible and tactile feedback to the user. Each of these improvements will be described in more detail below. Moreover, it will be appreciated that the features described below may be incorporated in a refill system alone, or in combination with other features to provide a further improved product.

As shown in Figure 4, the plug 300 comprises a generally tubular body 302 defining an internal conduit therethrough, with a proximal-facing abutment surface 304 (for engaging the bearing surface 220 on the closure member 208). The proximal-facing abutment surface 304 is provided by the rim surrounding the open proximal end of the generally tubular body 302. In the embodiment shown in Figure 4, the plug 300 further comprises a skirt that extends around the tubular body 304. The skirt comprises a generally tubular skirt wall 306 that is arranged coaxially with respect to the tubular body 302, to provide a dual-walled plug. The skirt wall 306 is spaced apart from the tubular body 302 (in a radial direction) to form a plug recess 308 between the skirt wall 306 and the tubular body 302.

The skirt wall 206 is connected at its distal end to the distal end of the tubular body 302, and comprises a free proximal end. The free proximal end of the skirt 306 further comprises an outwardly extending flange 310 that provides a distal-facing abutment surface 312 for abutting a rim of a refillable vessel 400 (see Figures 2A and 2B).

By providing a plug 300 comprising an inner tubular body 302 and an outer skirt 306, the plug assembly 300 can be more securely retained within the cap assembly 200. For example, the plug recess 308 can accommodate a component (e.g. inner wall 202) of the cap assembly to retain the plug 300 securely within the cap assembly 200 until the user screws the system onto a refillable vessel 400.

The distal-facing abutment surface 312 at the free end of the skirt wall 306 can be configured to provide multiple additional advantages. For example, the free end of the skirt wall 306 can comprise a proximal seal 318 configured to seal against the connecting wall 212 of the cap assembly 200. The proximal seal 318 can comprise a circumferential ridge comprising a peak. The peak provides a small surface area to be brought into contact with the connecting wall 212, thereby improving the seal.

The free proximal end of the skirt wall 306 can also comprise a one or more claws 320 configured to engage the threads 230 of the cap assembly 200. The engagement of the claw(s) 320 with the thread 230 can provide additional security that the plug 300 will remain in place within the cap assembly 200.

The claw(s) 230 may also retain the plug 300 within the cap assembly 200 after the product has been used. Since the plug 300 must be pushed into the cap assembly 200 to rupture the frangible connection 210, the claws are preferably configured to such that they can ride over the threads 230 of the cap assembly as the plug 300 advances towards the closure member 208. The claw(s) 230 may thus comprise a distal facing concave surface and a convex proximal surface. As shown in Figure 4, the plug 300 may further comprise a circumferential ridge or protrusion 314 on an outer surface of the tubular body 302. The ridge or protrusion 314 can be configured to engage with a corresponding ridge or protrusion (e.g. ridge 216) on a complementary cap assembly 200. This may further improved the retention of the plug 300 within the cap assembly before use.

As shown in Figure 4, the plug 300 can also comprise one or more cut-outs or slots 316 in the wall of the tubular body 302. The cut-outs or slots preferably extend from the proximal rim 304 of the tubular body 302 partway along the tubular body 302. The discontinuity in the rim 304 formed by the cut-outs or slots 316 may advantageously improve the flow of fluid through the cap assembly 200 and the plug 300 after the frangible connection 210 has been broken, by ensuring that the closure member 208 cannot form a seal against the rim 304 of the plug 300.

In the embodiment shown in Figure 4, the plug 300 comprises two diametrically opposed cut-outs 316 (although only one is visible in the cross-sectional view shown in Figure 4). However, one cut-out may be provided, or three or more cut-outs can be provided in the tubular body 302.

Providing a discontinuity in the rim of the tubular body 302 may also provide the additional advantage of reducing the surface area of the abutment surface 304 that is brought into contact with the bearing surface 220 of the closure member 208, thereby increasing force per unit area exerted on the closure member 208.

Although not illustrated in the drawings, it will be appreciated that the closure member 208 may be modified (in addition to or as an alternative to the plug 300) to enhance the flow of cleaning fluid through the plug 300 and cap assembly 200 in a similar manner. For example, the closure member 208 may be modified to provide a discontinuity, such as a cut-out or recess, in the bearing surface 220 of the closure member 208 that prevents the closure member 208 from forming a seal with the plug 300 after the frangible connection has been broken.

As will be appreciated, a plug 300 comprising a planar rim 304 and a closure member 208 comprising a planar bearing surface 220 may form a seal against each other in the event that the closure member 208 settles over the opening of the tubular member 302 of the plug 300. Should the planar surfaces align and come into contact to form a seal around the perimeter of the rim 304, the closure member 208 could prevent the egress of fluid from the capsule body 100 after the frangible connection 210 has been broken.

However, by providing one or more cut-outs or slots in either (or both) of the rim 304 or the bearing surface 220, in the event that the closure member 208 settles against the tubular body 302 of the plug, fluid contained in the capsule may still flow through the tubular body 302 of the plug 300 by way of the openings formed by the slots of cut-outs.

As shown in Figure 4, the plug 300 may further comprise at least one barrier or beam 322 that extends across the distal opening of the tubular body 302. The beam 322 may extend across the diameter of the distal opening, or multiple beams can extend across the opening. The beam is configured to allow the flow of fluid therepast, but prevent or restrict the insertion of an object (e.g. a finger) into the conduit formed by the tubular body 302. This minimises the likelihood of the frangible connection 210 being broken inadvertently or improperly by way of an object passing through the tubular body 302.

The refill system

As will now be described with reference to Figure 5, when assembled, the capsule body 100, the cap assembly 200, and the plug 300 can provide a system providing yet further advantages.

Figure 5 shows an enlarged view of the distal end of the refill system 10. The neck 104 of the capsule body 100 is clearly shown, and the rim 108 that surrounds the opening in the neck 104. The neck 104 of the capsule body 100 also comprises one or more threads 106 extending around the neck 104 (on an outer surface), which are configured to engage corresponding threads in the cap assembly 200.

The cap assembly 200 is also clearly shown. The cap assembly 200 comprises the dual walled construction described above with reference to Figures 3A and 3B. An inner surface of the outer wall 204 comprises one or more threads 232 that are configured to engage the threads 106 on the capsule body 100. The cap assembly 200 is screwed onto the capsule body 100 such that the rim 108 of the neck 104 is disposed within the upstream void 214a. Advantageously, the rim 108 of the neck 104 abuts the connecting wall 212 of the cap assembly. By engaging the capsule body 100 with the cap assembly 200 such that the rim 108 of the capsule body 100 abuts the connecting wall of the cap assembly 200, the neck 104 of the connecting wall 212 against flexing as the plug 300 bears against the closure member 208. Moreover, by abutting the rim 108 of the capsule body 100 against the connecting wall 212 of the cap assembly, additional security against leakage from the capsule can be provided.

The cap assembly 200 is further configured such that the upstream end of the inner wall 202 (which is optionally configured as a barrel shaped seal, as described above) is disposed within the neck 104 of the capsule body 100. The inner wall 202 thus forms an additional seal with the neck 104 of the capsule body 100.

The engagement between the plug 300 and the cap assembly 300 will now also be described with reference to Figure 5. As shown in Figure 5, the plug 300 is disposed within the cap assembly 200. The plug 300 shown in Figure 5 is structurally similar to the plug described with reference to Figure 4.

As illustrated, the plug 300 is disposed within the cap assembly 200 such that the distal end of the inner wall 202 of the cap assembly is disposed within the recess 308 formed between the tubular body 302 and the skirt wall 306. During assembly, the ridge 314 on the plug 300 is pushed passed the corresponding ridge 216 on the inner wall 202 of the cap assembly. The engagement of the two ridges 216 and 314 may help to retain the plug 300 within the cap assembly 200 during transport and storage of the system 10.

The one or more claws 320 of the plug 300 may also help to retain the plug 300 within the cap assembly 200 by engaging the threads 230 on the interior surface of the outer wall 204. Preferably, at least two claws are provided to securely engage the thread(s) 230 on of the cap.

The combination of the plug 300 and the cap assembly 200 described herein may be configured to prevent the closure member 208 blocking the flow of fluid through the cap assembly after the frangible connection 210 has been broken. For example, as illustrated in the embodiment shown in Figure 5, the inner wall 202 of the cap assembly 200 can be configured to have a first diameter downstream of the frangible connection 210 and a second, larger diameter upstream of the frangible connection 210. To ensure that the closure member 208 is pushed or lifted into a position in which it cannot seal against the inner wall 202 of the cap assembly 200 after the frangible connection 210 has been broken, the plug 300 can be configured such that the rim or abutment surface 304 can be moved upstream past the point at which the frangible connection 210 joins the closure member 208 to the inner wall 202. This can be achieved by ensuring that the maximum distance of travel of the plug 300 is not limited by the cap assembly until the rim 204 has pushed the closure member 208 into the increased diameter portion of the conduit 203.

In the example shown in Figure 5, the maximum travel of the plug 300 towards the frangible connection 208 is the point at which the seal 318 on the skirt wall 306 abuts the connecting wall 212 of the cap assembly 200. In the embodiment illustrated, the rim 304 of the tubular body 302 and the seal 318 terminate in the same transverse plane. To ensure that the travel of the plug 300 is not limited until after the closure member has been lifted away from the narrower part of the conduit 203, the frangible connection 210 is positioned downstream of the connecting wall 212.

Alternatively (or additionally), the rim or abutment surface 304 of the plug 300 can extend proximally beyond the sealing surface 318 of the skirt wall 306.

The capsule body 100, cap assembly 200, and plug 300 can be made of any suitable material known in the art. For example, the capsule, cap assembly, and the plug may be made of polyethylene or polypropylene, and may be formed by injection moulding techniques. Advantageously, the capsule body 100 can be formed of polyethylene, whilst the cap assembly 200 and the plug can be formed of polypropylene.

It will be appreciated that aspects of the present invention include embodiments in which the features described above are provided alone or in combination with other features described here. For example, the frangible connection described above can be provided in a refill system having a cap assembly that screws directly onto the neck of a refillable vessel. In such systems, the cap can be configured such that the rim of the refillable vessel bears directly on the closure member to break the frangible connection and allow concentrated cleaning fluid to flow through the cap assembly into the refillable vessel.

Moreover, the plug described herein may be provided in a cap assembly having a different sealing arrangement to the arranged described herein. For example, the cut outs and slots in the plug assembly that prevent a closure member sealing against the opening in the plug can be employed in cap assemblies with different structures, and with different closure members.

While the invention has been described with reference to exemplary or preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular or preferred embodiments or preferred features disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

The present invention also comprises the following clauses:

Clause 1. A cap assembly (200) for a refill capsule, the cap assembly comprising: an inner wall (202) defining a conduit (203) through the cap assembly (200), the conduit (203) extending from an upstream end to a downstream end;

an outer wall (204) surrounding the inner wall (202) along at least a first portion of its length, wherein the outer wall (204) is spaced from the first portion of the inner wall (202) to define a circumferential void (214a, 214b) between the inner and outer walls (202, 204);

a connecting wall (212) extending between the inner and outer walls (202, 204) to prevent fluid flow through the void between the inner and outer walls (202, 204); wherein the cap assembly (200) further comprises a closure member (208) configured to seal the conduit (203), the closure member (208) comprising an upstream side (208a) and a downstream side (208b), and a bearing surface (220) on its downstream side; wherein the closure member (208) is sealed to the inner wall (202) with a peripheral frangible connection (210) located between proximal and distal ends of the conduit (203),

wherein the peripheral frangible connection (210) extends in a plane P, which is orthogonal to a longitudinal axis (A) of the conduit (203);

wherein the frangible connection is disposed between a first peripheral recess (222) formed between the inner wall (202) and the downstream side (208b) of the closure member (208), and a second peripheral recess (224) between the inner wall (202) and the upstream side (208b) of the closure member (208).

Clause 2. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the bearing surface (220) extends perpendicular to the longitudinal axis (A) of the conduit (203).

Clause 3. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the closure member (208) is tapered, e.g. conical or frustoconical, and extends from a base (220) to a peak (218).

Clause 4. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the closure member (208) is hollow and open at the base.

Clause 5. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the closure member (208) is oriented with the peak (218) in an upstream direction and the base in a downstream direction.

Clause 6. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the bearing surface (220) is adjacent to the frangible connection (210).

Clause 7. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the conduit (203) has a first cross-sectional diameter upstream of the frangible connection (210) and a second cross-sectional diameter at the downstream of the frangible connection (210), and wherein the first cross-sectional diameter is greater than the second cross-sectional diameter. Clause 8. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the circumferential void comprises a downstream void (214b) extending from an open downstream end and terminating in a closed end at the connecting wall (212).

Clause 9. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the void comprises an upstream void (214a) extending from an open upstream end, and terminating in a closed end at the connection wall (214).

Clause 10. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the void comprises an upstream void (214a) and a downstream void (214b), and wherein the upstream and downstream voids (214a, 214b) are separated from each other by the connecting wall (212).

Clause 1 1. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the outer wall (204) downstream of the connection wall (212) comprises engagement means, e.g. a screw thread (230), configured to engage corresponding engagement means (404) on a refillable vessel (400).

Clause 12. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the outer wall (204) upstream of the connecting wall (212) comprises engagement means, e.g. a screw thread (232), configured to engage corresponding engagement means (106) on a refill capsule (100).

Clause 13. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the inner wall (202) comprises a protrusion or ridge (216) extending radially inwardly from an inner surface of the inner wall (202).

Clause 14. The cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the cap assembly (200) comprises polypropylene.

Clause 15. A cap system comprising the cap assembly (200) according to any preceding Clause, and further comprising a plug (300), wherein the plug (300) is movably mounted within the cap assembly (200) for movement in an axial direction, and wherein the plug (300) is configured to bear upon the bearing surface (220) of the closure member (208) to break the frangible connection (210) as it is advanced in a proximal direction. Clause 16. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the plug (300) comprises:

a tubular body (302) with an open proximal end and an open distal end, wherein the open proximal end is surrounded by a first rim (304) that provides an proximal-facing abutment surface for bearing against the bearing surface (220) of the closure member (208);

a skirt extending around the tubular body (302), and comprising a tubular skirt wall (306) arranged coaxially with respect to the tubular body (302), the skirt wall (306) being spaced apart from the tubular body (302) in a radial direction to form a plug recess (308) between the skirt wall (306) and the tubular body (302),

wherein the skirt wall (306) extends from a skirt distal end at which it is connected to the distal end of the tubular body (303), to a free proximal end,

wherein the free proximal end of the skirt comprises:

an outwardly extending flange (310) comprising a distal facing abutment surface (312) for abutting a rim (406) of a refillable vessel (400), and

wherein the plug (300) is disposed within the cap assembly (200) such that the downstream end of the inner wall (202) is disposed within the plug recess (308).

Clause 17. A refill system (10) comprising the system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the refill system further comprises a capsule (100) for containing a concentrated refill fluid, wherein the capsule (100) is engaged with the cap assembly (200) and wherein an internal volume of the capsule (100) is in fluid communication with an upstream end of the conduit (203).

Clause 18. The refill system (10) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the capsule (100) comprises an opening surrounded by a rim (108), and wherein the rim (108) abuts the connecting wall (212) of the cap assembly (200).

Clause 19. The refill system (10) according to any preceding Clause, further comprising a shrink wrap cover extending around at least a portion of the capsule (100) and at least a portion of the cap assembly (200).

Clause 20. A plug (300) for use in a cap assembly of a refill capsule, the plug (300) comprising: - a hollow tubular body (302) with an open proximal end and an open distal end, wherein the open proximal end is surrounded by a first rim (304) that provides a proximal abutment surface for bearing against a frangible sealing component of a cap assembly;

wherein thee proximal abutment surface is preferably configured to be brought into contact with the bearing surface of the closure member in such a manner that results in a net force being applied to the closure member along the longitudinal axis A, and perpendicular to the plane in which the frangible connection extends.

- a skirt extending around the tubular body (302), and comprising a tubular skirt wall (306) arranged coaxially with respect to the tubular body (302), the skirt wall (306) being spaced apart from the tubular body (302) in a radial direction to form a plug recess (308) between the skirt wall (306) and the tubular body (302),

- wherein the skirt wall (306) extends from a skirt distal end at which the skirt wall (306) is connected to the tubular body (302), to a free proximal end,

- wherein the free proximal end of the skirt comprises:

an outwardly extending flange (310) comprising a distal facing abutment surface (312) for abutting a rim (406) of a refillable vessel (400).

Clause 21. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the free end of the skirt wall (306) further comprises a proximal sealing rim (318) for sealing against a sealing surface (212) of a cap assembly (200).

Clause 22. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the proximal sealing rim (318) tapers to a peak.

Clause 23. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the sealing peak (318) terminates in the same plane as the rim (304).

Clause 24. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the tubular body (202) further comprises at least one cut-out (316) or slot to form a discontinuity in the first rim (304), preferably two or more cut-outs, and preferably, two diametrically opposed cut outs.

Clause 25. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the tubular body (302) comprises a protrusion or ridge (314) extending around an outer surface of the tubular body (302).

Clause 26. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the free proximal end of the skirt wall (306) further comprises at least one claw (320) radially outwardly of the distal abutment surface (312).

Clause 27. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the at least one claw (320) curves away from the distal abutment surface (312) to provide a distal concave surface and a proximal convex surface.

Clause 28. The plug (300) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the at least one claw (320) comprises two claws, preferably three claws, and more preferable four or more claws (320).

Clause 29. The plug according to any preceding Clause, wherein the abutment surface of the plug preferably has at least two fold rotational symmetry with respect to the longitudinal axis A. For example, the abutment surface of the plug can be provided by a continuous circumferential rim of the tubular body, terminating in a plane Q. Alternatively, the abutment surface can comprise a discontinuous rim comprising a plurality of projections equally spaced circumferentially around the rim of the tubular body, wherein the projections terminate in the plane Q. The projections may take the form of teeth spaced equally around the circumference of the rim. For example, in the case of an abutment surface comprising two teeth, the teeth may be disposed diametrically opposite each other.

Clause 30. A cap system for a refill capsule, the cap system comprising:

the plug (300) of any preceding claim; and

a cap assembly (200) comprising: an inner wall (202) defining a conduit (203) through the cap assembly (200), the conduit (203) extending from an upstream end to a downstream end; an outer wall (204) surrounding the inner wall (202) along at least a first portion of its length, wherein the outer wall (204) is spaced from the first portion of the inner wall (202) to define a circumferential void (214b) between the inner and outer walls (202, 204) extending from an open downstream end to a closed upstream end;

a connecting wall (212) extending between the inner and outer walls (202, 204) to prevent fluid flow through the void (214b), the connecting wall (212) forming the closed upstream end of the void (214b);

wherein the cap assembly (200) further comprises a closure member (208) configured to seal the conduit (203), the closure member (208) comprising an upstream side (208a) and a downstream side (208b),

wherein the closure member (208) is sealed to the inner wall (202) with a peripheral frangible connection (210) located between proximal and distal ends of the conduit (203),

wherein the frangible connection (210) extends in a plane P, which is orthogonal to a longitudinal axis (A) of the conduit (203); and

wherein the plug (300) is disposed within the cap assembly (200) such that the outer wall (204) of the cap assembly (200) surrounds the plug (300), and the inner wall (202) of the cap assembly (200) extends into the plug recess (308), and

wherein the proximal abutment surface (304) of the plug (300) is aligned with and opposes the bearing surface (220) of the closure member (208).

Clause 31. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the frangible connection (210) is disposed between a first peripheral recess (222) formed between the inner wall (202) and a downstream side (208b) of the closure member (208), and a second peripheral recess (224) between the inner wall (202) and an upstream side (208b) of the closure member (208).

Clause 32. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the bearing surface (220) extends in a plane that is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis (A) of the conduit (203). Clause 33. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the closure member (208) is conical or frustoconical, and extends from a base to a peak (218).

Clause 34. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the closure member (208) is hollow, and open at the base, and preferably wherein the closure member (208) is oriented with the peak (218) in an upstream direction and the base in a downstream direction.

Clause 35. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the outer wall (204) comprises engagement means, e.g. a screw thread (230) on its inner surface, and wherein the claws (320) are configured to engage the engagement means (230).

Clause 36. The system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the inner wall (202) comprises a protrusion or ridge (216) extending radially inwardly from an inner surface of the inner wall (202).

Clause 37. A refill system (10) comprising the system according to any preceding Clause, wherein the refill system further comprises a capsule (100) for containing a concentrated cleaning product, wherein the capsule (100) is engaged with the cap assembly (200) and wherein an internal volume of the capsule (100) is in fluid communication with an upstream end of the conduit (203).

Clause 38. The refill system (10) according to any preceding Clause, wherein the capsule (100) comprises an opening surrounded by a rim (104), and wherein the rim (104) bears against the connecting wall (212) of the cap assembly (200).

Clause 39. The refill system (10) according to any preceding Clause, further comprising a shrink wrap cover extending around at least a portion of the capsule (100) and at least a portion of the cap assembly (200).